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THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
Mfln able" CANDLING EGGS ON FARM IS PROFITABLE SSM Visiting Toilette Before the opening of the present season, when styles for It were In prep aration, some of the jfamous authorities dn Paris promised that the slim sll jhouetto would s become the fashion. (Whereupon the slender woman con gratulated herself because draperies were to return to graceful lines und ;her sllmness was to be emphasized In stead of being concealed. The plump iwoman approved also because she might hope to convey an appearauce 'of slcnderncss In draperies less ample land outstanding than those of the sum iincr senson. The transition from bouffant to istrnight lines has been rather gradual and much more upparcnt In street suits and afternoon gowns than In evening ;clothes. But the slim silhouette Is igalning ground. Skirts are full but istralght hanging, nnd they are soinc iwhat longer, which adds to the appenr (ance of height. But women did not jtako kindly to much added length in isults, nnd skirts now are not much be llow the shoetops. The handsome suit shown in the plc- In Millinery's At the cafe dinner tho loveliest mil linery Is to be seen to tho best advan Itage. Every womnn realizes that her 'hat and her blouse are sure to come In lfor close and deliberate Inspection (If they are nt nil worth looking nt) when sho dines in a smart hotel or restau rant And tho passing show Is worth going out of one's way to see. There are hats of all sizes and of all sorts of rich materials and intri cate workmanship. There nre shapes Inspired by hendweat in nil tho four corners, nnd more, of the world. They bring to mind far countries and re mote periods of hlstury. Tho imagina tion is kept busy, for the student of costuming, by all that Is suggested In this endless procession of really won derful hats. Three. brllllnnt examples of millinery nre pictured here. They Include a big picture hat' of" gray velvet with a shirred band of velvet about the sldo crown und n colli. of skunk fur. 3 Vs -j'i- y ssmbiiiiiiiii fhi J JLrx.y t'oHf . iS' ; ,V ' Hr, L ' if MrL 'isisisV 'M'-''"'U- ' -' sL' sbiiiiiiiiiiiW h IssiW'. . I'ibiibV in Silk Velours. turo is a line exponent of good style in the richest of materials. It is plain silk velours, or it might be made in Japnnese velvet. The skirt hangs straight, but is full and is laid In plaits about the waist. It is finished with a three-Inch hem and the weight nnd sup pleness of tlio material make It cling to the figure. The coat Is an unusual and original design nud is trimmed with plain vel vet In n dark color. The back Is long and shaped Into the figure at the waist line with small plaits. There Is a plait ed fan of velvet set over tho long panel. There Is a full double ripple over tho hips nnd n plain front. A belt extends from the side seams at th9 back and fastens In front. The cuffs are faced with velvet, and round but tons that finish them arc covered with it. A scarf of the same material made to wear with this suit adds n wonder fully chic finish to It. It Is wound about the throat and knotted at the left side, where a long pointed end bungs to the bottom of the coat Passing Show. Threo Boft shaded plumes are grouped at the back, and a bridle of black vel vet ribbon extends over tho brim and under the hair at the back. Tho plumes aro shaded from white to gray, and a white ostrich neckpiece ndds to tho charm of tho hat In tho second hat of black velvet a wreath of white ostrich is finished with n single short plume at tho back, and a small metallic pink rose secma placed In tho best of nil settings nt the front. To this hat a white fox neck piece lends moro than Its ordinary charm. Another brilliant black-and-white model Is made of a white felt shape with a wide puff of velvet on tho crown and overlapping tho brim. It Is splendidly trimmed with a pompon of white feathers at ono side and Is worn with a scarf of moleskin. Mole colored velvet might bo substituted for black, If Jt Is desired to match up the hat and neckpiece, la this day of matched sets. War Department Considers a Novel Steel Helmet WASHINGTON. Tho latest "engine" of military defense has been born In Washington. It Is n combination steel helmet nnd trench digger, de signed by Leonard D. Malum, formerly. In the United States nrmy, now n member of tho local polico department because of u belief that a permanent helmet was an unnecessary burden on tho soldier. Mnhnn hopes that his helmet will be adopted, howover, for, ho points out, It Is not n permanent headgear and need only bo worn while the men hro under uctual fire. The new helmet would not do nwny with tho present campaign hat. It Is mado of crucible steel nnd resembles tho grocer's sugar scoop. When marching, the helmet could bo cnrrlcd ns a part of the equipment, nnd while In camp It could bo used handily as n digger, bailer, or oven ns n mess kit, Mnhnn believes. Although Mnhnn does not assert that his helmet ever would do nwny with tho regulur trcnch-dlgglng tools, ho points out that In battlo bis helmet would protect tho head und neck, nnd still not do nwny with the cumpnlgn hut. Uncle Sam's Census Office Really Does Much Work THE; bureau of the census Is now completing tho manufactures census for 1014. This sounds ns though the figures might be ancient, but how about the time when this census was mado public Ave years after tho work was undertaken, and then we thought wo were lucky? As a matter of fact, very few of us realize tho tremendous amount of work thnt is turned out by Undo Snm's census office. In addition to tho manufactures census and the general population census, many other censuses are undertaken nt stnted In tervals, such as the tobacco census, now taken four times a year. The work of this division of the federal government, now tho grcntest statistical office in tho world, repre sents the outgrowth nnd development of n century and a quarter of period ical, and, in recent years, continuous, statistical Inquiry. While various labor-saving machines have been installed by tho govern ment from time to time, there Is, perhaps, no bureau of tho entire fabric of federal work, that has benefited moro by tho uso of modern machinery. In fact, the census office is doing today with tho uso of machines what would be absolutely Impossible if hnnd labor had to bo employed. From tlmo to time various reforms and Improvements have been Inaugurated In this office, nnd nt present the current work on nil lines Is practically up to dat(J a condi tion whfch has not until recently existed during the bureau's history. According to oftlclnls of tho bureuu, the first use of mechanical nppllnnces In tho compilation of census data was mado during tho closing months of tho work on the census of 1870, when a simple tallying machine was employed with good results. At the census of 1800 there wns Introduced n card system of tabulation, which, with modifications and improvements, is still employed. These cards are punched by what Is known as a verification machine, which Is almost human in Its work, throwing out all cards with errors. Following this, the cards aro put through an automatic sorting machine which takes care of some 800 cards a minute ; following which tho card Is placed In still another mnchirie, which counts them at the rate of 500 a minute, purely automatically, and finally they arc put Into still a fourth machine, which records each item of information indicated on tho card. Great Variety of Domes in the National Capital WASHINGTON possesses an unusual number of domed buildings. The student or lover of architecture finds hero not only a great many, but n great variety of domes, It' Is extraordinary that examples of all tho domes laSsJri encircling rows of columns, varl shaped windows and graceful segnifatnl ornamentations will always bo only adjuncts to Its Impressive feature its size. In height tho capltol domo reaches 287 feet Into tho air; its greatest diameter la 185 feet Washington's most beautiful dome surmounts tho Llbrury of Congress. This has n diameter of 100 feet, making It almost as largo as that of tho capltol; but, offhand, one would certainly say that it Is a much smaller dome. This is duo to Its shape. The library dome Is an Italian rcnnlssanco type and is a flnttened spherical vault. It Is built of stucco applied to a framework of Iron and steel, filled In with term cotta. Tho domed roof Is sheathed with copper, and over this is laid tho coating of gold leaf, 23 karats fine. As far as ornamentation goes, this domo is v tho most exquisite in tho United States. Tho Interior walls aro superbly painted nnd adorned with arabesques. Tho National museum possesses a domo neither hugo nor extremely ornate; yet it is ono of the most pleasing domes to tho architectural eyo that is found in the city. It recalls the domo of tho Pantheon at Itomo ; In tho matter of contour they are quite similar. These nre Washington's thro official domes. In addition to them aro several church domes of largo dimensions and varying ornatcness. Tho Jewish synagogues of tho city give n Byzantlno touch to tho cnpltal'fl archi tectural horizon. Tho synagogue nt the corner of Sixth nnd I streets has tho true Arabian dome. Washington Discovers ft Has an Official Motto U I USTITIA Omnibus." Discovered ; tho motto of tho city of Washington. J D. J. Donovan, secretary to tho bonrd of commissioners, recently re ceived from Edwin P. Manchester a letter inquiring whether It wus true thnt Washington Is tho only city in the United States without a motto. Secretary Donovan frankly ndr tnitted that he didn't know. Neither did several other officials. But not so Dr. William TIndnll, assistant secretary. Doctor TIndnll hns written a his tory of Wnshjngton dating back to tho time when tho town pump was located at Fourteenth street and Pennsylvania avenue, so ho ought to know. "Justltla Omnibus" (Justice for all), is Washington's motto. Tho legislative assembly on August 81, 1871, passed an act prescribirw u design for the seal of the District of Columblu. Tho legendary inscription on tho seal is "Justltla Omnibus." This, Doctor Tindall twya, is-obviously rbo motto of tho city of Washington and tho Dis trict, thoaga Washington Is bnly a geographical designation of a portion of' the District, and baa been so since February 21, 1871. detailed nt headquarters. Mnhnn's Invention mny result In tho introduction of tho steel helmet In Uncle Snm's army, for he hns sub mitted his design to the war depart ment, nnd It Is now In the hands of the ordnance division. The United States government hns nlwnys barred tho permanent steel helmet, which has been adopted ns n pnrt of the equipment of the Euro pean soldier, from tho American army of the favorite schools of architecture are grouped within tho limits of this city. Needless to say, the capltol dome Is Washington's dome par excellence. Its size alone gives It pre-eminence, and Its beauty ranks It among tho great domes of the world. Tho frame work of this domo Is of Iron and It weighs nearly 0,000,009 pounds. The kcynoto of Its ImprcsslvencsB Is Its masslvencss; Its curving sides, SEPARATING EQQS INTO GROUPS. Tho mnrkct demand for candled eggs has so Increased in tho last fow years thnt many egg farmers flro candling their shipments beforo they go to tho commission man or ul timate consumer. The call for eggs In vnrlouB degrees of freshness neces sitates egg brokers to grndo accord ing to blemishes nnd usage. For in stance, the hlgh-clnss restaurant trado demands strictly fresh eggs In various degrees of freshness and free from spots upon tho yolk, while tho baker, although desiring fresh eggs, will uti lize thoso slightly stale or having va rious blemishes, vlslblo but not of fensive. Tho sorting necessarily re sults in a different selling prico for each grndc. In general, however, tho farmer receives a uniform price, whllo the middleman profits by candling und selling ut different prices, nil ot which aro ubove tho flat price nnd tho farmer. Candling on tho farm, which re quires comparatively little tlmo nnd can be done at slight expense, Is bring ing farmers now In tho business n prlco nearer to thnt of tho city consumer. Although under Improved commercial methods nn expenslvo outfit Is used, tbo process does not rcquiro nn ex tensive outlay or any particular ma chine. Years ngo, beforo electricity was so generally used, farmers and egg men candled with nothing more elabo rate tlinn an ordlnnry spermaceti can dle and a darkened room. No ap paratus whatever was used to con dense tho light, and tho contents of tho egg wcro mndo vlslblo by holding the egg in front of Hie light. Some have becomo very expert at this and uso tho snmo method today. Tho light Is riot bright, however, nnd spe cial care must bo taken not to bring tho cnndlo too near the egg, ns tho shell becomes smoky very readily. To center the light nnd focus tho rays through tho egg in n more con DUST BATH ERADICATES LICE Where Fowls Are Confined, Boxful of Fine, Loose Dust Is Essential Coal Ashes Will Do. If fowls nre confined to a place where they cannot find dust to wallow in, n boxful of fine, loose soli or road dust should bo provided in which they can take a dust bath, as this is neces sary to their health, acting as n clean ser nnd llco-klller. If soil or dust Is not procurable sifted coal ashes will answer, but wood usheB should never bo used, ns the alkali In them destroys tho oil In the plumage and, what is equally ob jectionable, takes tho gloss off tho shanks. TUBERCULOUS HENS IN FLOCK Make Examination at Night While Fowls Are on Roost Destroy Those Appearlna Sick. Go through your flock ut night whllo the hens are on the roost nnd hnndlo tho birds. All that are emaciated or appear sick In nny way should bo killed and burned or burled deeply after covering with lime, Tho principal symptoms for tuber culosis arc emuclutlon, diarrhea, lame ness, enlarged liver und spleen. Usual ly tho two lust mentioned organs nnd tho Intestines nre covered with nodules in the advanced stage. WHY SOME HENS DO NOT LAY Poorly Constructed or Damp Houses May Be Cause Vermin MayAleo Be Reason for Condition. Poorly constructed or damp houses muy be tho cause for such nonluylng condition of the hens, Improper ven tilation or overcrowding of the laying houses, or perhaps unclean, insanitary surroundings. At certain sensons of the year ver min mny also cause such a condition of the laying stock, or In the full and early winter months molting of feath ers will cause the hens to stop laying. STUDY CHARACTER OF FOWLS Where Points Are Founa Indicating Good Layer Breed for That Ob ject Don't Mind Color. If we want eggs, let us first get a hen that lays, no matter what her color or shape. Lot us study her ex ternal character, nnd when we find that certain characters or points indi cate tho good layer, let us nrceu for those characters regardless ot any thing else. densed iorm n simple apparatus is now used on many farms. A plcco of 4 or 5-Inch tin tubing, 8 or 10 Inches long and having n shiny Inner surface, la fastened to nny kind ot n stand ard. Holes aro mado around tho lower rim for ventilation. Tho top is covered with a flat pleco of tin, amply perforated to allow air circulation und penult tho cnndlo to burn without smoking. A holo slightly smaller In diameter than tho circumference of nn egg 13 mado nbout three-quarters tho way up tho cylinder. Short tubing of the samo diameter may or mny not bo soldered at this opening to conduct tho rays out to tho egg. A Inrgo candle is placed inside thu cylinder on n firm, spring holder, the spring of which is ndjustcd by experi ment, so that tho candlo rises as it be comes of lighter weight in burning. Tho purposo is to hnvo (ho body of the llnmo always opposite tho aperture. The room or closet In which this ap paratus Is used is darkened nnd thu contents of tho egg show qulto plainly when tho egg covers the opening. Where available, an electric light bulb Is used instead of a candle, and better results aro obtained from ItH more powerful rays. Although many defocts nro vlslblo through tho can dling machine, farmers havo found tho recognition of some of tho moro com mon to bo a great advantage. Slnco candling Investigation work has been Independently conducted in severnl parts of tho country, a slight confu sion of terms has arisen, due to va rious nnmlng of tho defects, Tho terms used here nro thoso in most common usngc, but the important consideration Is not what the defect is called, but what It is. The illustration shows a candling apparatus In operation. Figs. 1 and 2 show how tho egg la held beforo tho light. Fig. 8 is an ordinary incubator lamp; 4, untested eggs; 5, infertllo t'KEs; 0, good eggs. tAVOID DRAFTS IN HEN HOUSE Attention Given at Right Time Wilt Prevent Roup and Other Trou bles Leave Window Open. Bo sure that tho house Is tight on three sides nnd thnt thcro is no chance for a draft to striko tho hens. If hens roost or nro placed In a draft during tho fall and winter, colds aro sure to develop, which mny result in roup and other troubles. The south Bide, or front, of tho poul try house may bo left comparatively open, but should bo under control, so that tho openings may be closed gradu ally as the weather becomes cold. Huvo muslin curtains in tho front of tho house, or leave u window partly open oven on tho coldest nights, to nl low somo ventilation In tho house. Fowls will stand considerable cold nir, provided It is dry, and ventilation will keep the ulr thoroughly dry in tho house. CLEAN MATERIAL FOR NESTS Worn-Out Straw or Hay May Cover Multitude of Lice and Mites Hens Shun Such Places. How long since tho nesting material In your hens' nests hns been renewed 7 Ten to ono tho worn-out straw or hay covers multitudes of lice and mites ly ing In wait for tho next unlucky hens that enter the nests. Wouldn't you shun thoso nests if you were a hen, und hunt n nest In Iho grass, or knock oft laying altogether? POOR VENTILATION OF HOUSE Overcrowding and Overheating De crease Vitality and Make Blrdo Easy Prey to Disease. Poor ventilation clnlms a large toll from tho flock. Overcrowding nnd overheating decrenso the vitality nnd make the birds an easy prey to In herent and ucqulrcd germs that mny havo lain loug In tho system awaiting u favorable opportunity to increnso and do mischief. EXHIBIT CHICKENS AT FAIRS Practice Helps to Encourage Interest In Poultry May Bring About Some Good Sates. Plan to exhibit somo of the fowls, und tho earlier chicks if big enough, at the nearest agricultural fair, if you have standard-bred stock, rv lolnp so you will help to encourugo interest In better poultry and may flutl that showing will make several sales at goo(J prices.