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The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, May 08, 1917, Image 6

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THE 8EMLWEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
UNITED STATES IS NOW EXPERT
i MAKING MONITIONS OF WAR
America the Unready, Is America the Unready No Longer Rich in
Machinery and Experience, This Country Can Now Turn
Out War Material in Staggering Quantities
High Etficiency Reached in Big Plants.
By SYDNEY BROOKS.
(Now York Times.)
Now York. America enters the
grent wnr bettor equipped on thojn
dustrlnl Hldo tlmn nt any momontipf
l.or history. Yet wlion It broke out
she wns virtually Innocent of the art
of making munitions. Of nil tlmt vust
Industry, which today employs capital
by the hundred million and men by
the hundred thousand, there was, HO
months ago, practically no tracu what
ever. A few companies here and there
wore engaged In the manufacture of
war material ns a Ride lino to their
normal business: and that was about
all.
Thanks to tho war orders of the
British government, America the un
ready Is America the unready no
longer. Indeed, when I think of Beth
lehom, with Its output of 800.000 com
plete three-Inch shells a month; of
the Dul'ont company, with an annual
production of H-fi.OOO.OOO pounds of
mllltury powder, of the Baldwin Lo
comotive company, which Is turning
out 800 V.'-lnch shells a dny; of the
American Locomotive company, which
Is tnnklng 000,000 loaded time fuses
a month an Incredibly Intricate com
ponent of which when the war began
It knew nothing whatever; of the Mid
valo Steel company, which Is equally
at homo with howitzers and light and
heavy shells; of tho great rltle facto
ries at Bridgeport, Won, Eddystono,
nnd elsewhere, which have now a ca
pacity of 15,000 rifles a day about 10
or 12 times tho output of the govern
ment nrscnals; of the 70,000 D.2 shells
a month, representing from 10,000 to
12,000 tons of steel, and filling ten
freight cars a dny, that oiie firm Is
manufacturing; of tho 20 other firms
that aro turning out ench from 12,000
to 75,000 shells n month in all tho
heavy grndes between fl-lnch and 12
Inch, nnd of tho 1,250,000 loaded time
fuses a month thnt aro likewise being
produced here when I think of these
and many similar achievements, I am
tempted to say that the war has been
not only tho commercial but the mili
tary salvation of America.
Demand for Machines.
Tho first effect of the war was to
rnlso among tho manufacturers In the
allied nations a hungry demand for
machines to make tho munitions. The
American machine tool manufacturers
found themselves on n sudden swamp
ed with orders. It was tho first trick
ling of tho stream thnt was soon to
become an unprecedented, overwhelm
ing Hood. Very quickly the allies dis
covered that, oven If they could get
tho tools, their own manufacturing re
sources would not for many crucial
inonthB, possibly not for a year or
more, cnablo them to overtake Ger
many's enormous lead. The call for
American tools was followed there
fore with another and wider call for
tho American finished product, for
American guns, American rifles, shells,
cartridges, and powder. There en
sued it llternlly frantic scrhmhlo for
anything- America could produco In
tho way of war material and equip
ment, not moroly for munitions hut
for foodstuffs, wagons, tools, shirts,
blnhkcts, barbed wire, horses, motor
enrs, trucks and lorries, railway ties,
canteens, harness and saddles, cotton
and knit goods, overcoats.
And this cntaract of orders caniu
pouring over tho American continent
just at a tlmu when all tho signs
pointed to a period of severo commer
cial depression. Its effects were felt
not merely by tho firms that actually
received tho orders, but by an extra
ordinary variety of contributory In
dustries. In tho Inst year, whllo going
over some of tho principal munition
factories lu tho United States, I have
been struck by nothing mora forcibly
thnn by tho extent to which the man
ufacture of military material is Inter
twined with nnd dependent upon the
productlvo energy of Innumerable oth
er Industries and interests.
All Sections Drawn Upon.
Take, for Instance, a concern like
tho Mldvnlo Steel company of Penn
sylvania. When It entered tho muni
tion business on a largo scale and se
cured contracts for guns, shells, and
rough forglngs, Its first care was to
provide Itself with new facilities. It
needed buildings; it needed machine
tools, nnd It scoured the country to
get them; It needed lathes and drill
presses, grinding nnd milling ma
chines, forging presses and blooming
mills; It needed electric cranes, hy
draulic pumps, heating furnaces, draw
benches, electric motors, generators,
and hollers; and it needed ores and
minerals In prodigious quantities. On
those nnd n thousnnd other neces
saries It authorized an Immediate ex
penditure of Homo $0,000,000, and to
trace where tho money went you
would have to travel from New Eng
land to Oregon and from Georgia to
North Dakota.
Or .to go to ono of tho colossal rifle
factories such as have been erected
nt Eddyatouo, n few miles outside of
Philadelphia; ut Hrldgoport, Conn.,
and at Won, N. Y. "Ask them where
they bought their raw material nnd
machinery, and you will receive In re
ply n comprehensive lesson in the geo
graphy of tho United States.
When, therefore, war orders began
to como lu, first In rivulets, then In
spates, and at last lu a torrential flood,
the whole country was fertilized. The
purchase of horses and the demand
for meat and grain In unheard-of qunn
titles filled to overflowing the pockets
of tho farmers. Tho boot, woolen,
clothing, and Implement nianufactur
ers were soon working overtime. Such
raw materials as brass, nickel, and
copper put on nn amazing spurt. In
deed, for a while It almost looked as
though the American Industrial ma
chine would bo subjected to a strain
It might not be able to bear.
Bid Against Each Other.
So little In the early days of the war j
was the business of purchasing Amor- ,
lean supplies reduced to a system that
not only were England. France, and
Russia competing with one another,
but the army nnd navy departments
of all three countries had their sepa
rate representatives over here cover
ing tho same ground nnd bidding
fiercely for the same commodities.
If things had gone on like that the
results would have been bad for the
allies, but, I think, worse for America.
There would have been much Ill
feeling, constant misunderstanding,
and more than a little litigation.
American manufacturers would have
got, and were, In fact, rapidly getting,
a had name In Europo; and it might
easily havo happened that the short
comings of n comparatively few Amer
ican contractors would have proved n
boomerang to all American prosperity.
Nor could the United States have
reached Its present level of uniform
well-being under the haphazard sys
tem of buying and selling that ob
tained In the first months of the war.
Some corporations would havo prof
ited abnormally; others would have
been left out In the cold, and whllo
trade In any event would have re
vived, Its revival would have been
much less diffused, much more un
even, and much more liable to sudden
setbneks. War business In those days
was practically the only business the
United Stntes was doing; It wns the
mainstay of the whole lndustrlnl fab
ric, and while It wns Important for
the allied governments, It was oven
more so for America, that It should
be handled with Judgment by respon
sible ngents, nnd In a way that would
bring in tho utmost benefit to nil par
tics. Appoint Purchasing Agent.
The British government In January,
1015, selected the house of J. V. Mor
gan & Co. to act as Its representative
In Atnerlcn, to safeguard It against
tho men of straw, supervise Its pur
chases, and bring order and common
sense Into the business of making con
tracts. Tho firm was to receive a
commission of 2 per cent on the first
$50,000,000, of tho purchases it was au
thorized to make, and 1 per cent there
after. It was not an exclusive con
tract. That Is to say, the British gov
ernment might buy through other
channels and agencies to any extent
4..1..1.4....l..j..l.4,4.4.4,.l..l,4.,M.4Ml
t WALKS 25 MILES TO
"DEFEND NEW YORK" $
Newark, N. J. Hearing that
tho Germans were bombarding
New York, Andrew Miller, a
farm hnnd, dropped his milking
pall and walked 25 miles ns fast
as he could hike to the marine
recruiting station here.
".Tust jjlvo mo a gun," ho told
the recruiting officer. "I don't
need a uniform these overalls
aro good enough. Let me draw
a bead on those Prussians and
It's good night to them I"
Miller wns quite jipset to learn
that the beautiful gilt nngel was
still perched on New York's mu
nicipal building and tho Ger
mans hadn't even declared war.
"Well, I ain't going to hoof
those twenty-five miles line'
again, anyway," said Miller. So
ho filled out a recruiting blnnk,
and soon was on his way to
Charleston, S. O.
UNITED STATES SUBMARINE TENDER
P r Jaas JUT IT"-" iriBTMi ,,
The Tallahassee, a submarine tender, a typo of tho United Stutes nuvy'i
flouting submarine bases.
A H. C. OF L COSTUME
This high ent of living costume won
n prize for originality at a masquerade
lu Boston. The roMume Is tailor-made
from burlap, vegetarian necklaco of
beans and wrist hag of burlap with
onion ornaments.
It pleased, providing It Informed Mor
gan & Co. of the character and amount
of Its purchases, such Information be
ing, of course, very necessary, to pre
vent any overlapping of orders. The
only other points of Importance In the
contract to which the French govern
ment became a party four or five
months later were that It wns term
inable by either side at any time nnd
that Morgan & Co. engaged to. disclose
the extent of their holdings In any
firm they might recommend to the
British government.
Since the war began the allied gov
ernments have spent In America on
munitions and raw material alone
about $2,500,000,000 rather over half
being for munitions and lather tinder
half for raw material. Some 75 per
cent of this sum, or nearly $2,000,000,
000, has been disbursed on tho advice
nnd under the guidance of Morgan &
Co. I suppose no firm In the whole
history of commerce has ever been
placed In such u position or Intrusted
with such a task.
The grent boom, of course, Is over.
No new orders for munitions are being
placed here now by the British and
French governments, and very few, If
any, repeat orders. In u few weeks
from now practically all the existing
foreign orders for American munitions
will have run out, though the pur
chases of raw material will continue.
Wo nre Hearing tho end of ono of the
most wonderful chapters In American
Industry, and Its lessons and Its ad
vantages can be treated now almost
In a historical spirit.
It makes u really great record, and
one on which all Americans may look
with equal gratitude and pride; grati
tude becauso It has been tho means of
equipping tho nation with some of the
most vital factors In Industrial pre
paredness, nnd pride because Ameri
can manufacturers, when put to the
test of a now and highly technical
business, have Justified all that hns
ever been snld In praise of their ver
satility, their enterprise, their big and
efficient ways of doing things.
MOUSE CLIMBS TO FATAL END
Start3 at Pretty Foot In Church at
Merchantvllle, N. J., but Grip
Is Deadly.
Merchantvllle, N. J. A hnrmless
little mouse came near creating a sen
sation at o"no of tho church services
Sunday mornlug. Tho mouse started
to roam around the auditorium and
found himself surrounded by beautiful
scenery In the midst of which he soon
discovered a neatly booted foot be
longing to one of tho young women of
the congregation. Without a moment's
hesitation he started to climb. Tho
owner of the boot grubbed tho mouse
In the middle of his Journey, getting a
strangle hold. She exerted so much
pressure that the creature fell to tho
lloor dead. An obliging usher removed
i he carcass.
MTIOMLF
OPI1AL AFFAIRS
Washington Society Women Are Ardent Patriots
ASIIINGTON. If you happen Into either ono of two of the city's best
known garages, nnd find u girl, or mntron. nerhnns. under n car. with
grouse dripping upon her fair fuce, nnd
for service with the armed forces of
tho United Stntes ns soon ns tho call comes from the wnr department through
the lied Cross.
More than u score of the drivers, many of them prepnred to donate cars,
nre qualifying us mechanicians to make field repairs. They nre being schooled
by experts in two big garages. The women nre qualifying rapidly, nnd thcro
are several who have won "diplomas" for skill In motor mechanics. They enn
tnke tlown and reassemble a three-gear car without a lock wnsher or cotter
pin left over. They know the parts nnd can call them by nnme, oven to all of
tho genrs and pins In tho transmission nnd differential. Furthermore, It Is
declared, they show surprising skill nnd strength.
Tho women interested nre "going at ft" with n vim. A gnrngemnn
facetiously snld he was getting frightened, because If many more of tho
women showed such skill tho day might come when society women would do
their own uutomohlle overhauling.
The corps has been divided into companies of ten ench with a captain.
Each Sunday morning th companies go to Fort Myer nnd practice
handling army motortrucks over rough ground. Ench one enlisted Is n skilled
driver of one or more types of passenger cars, electric or gasoline. Each Is
being Instructed In tho handling of henvler vehicles over difficult ground.
The drivers will handle nil motor units of the medical nnd lied Cross
departments, supply wagons as well ns ambulances behind the lines, nccordlng
to present plans.
Army officers arc co-operating In tho Instruction of the drivers, but Benin
of tho women nre giving instruction to fellow corps mcmbavB.
Purchase Not Altogether a Matter of Charity
4P USSY AVILLOHS, pussy wlllohs, lndy? FIcentscrbuneh?" Everybody
loves pussy willows, but no lady could possibly bo expected to waste a
nickel on switches bumpy with close-fisted buds nnd all tied around with n
dirty string. Still when you como
right down to It, u child's fight with
life Is Just as formidable If not so
scrlpturnlly Important us David's com
bat with Goliath, so tho woman, who
hnsi to grub uround for small yarns,
stnrtcd a conversation:
"Selling a whole lot, son?"
"Nome. Ain't sold nnlr hunch."
"That's bad. Where did they
come from?"
"I guethcrcd 'em yestyday down
yonder In Mun'gumry county, where I
lives. I hnster tromp roun' everwhlcherwny nn' can't hardly never sell n
thing, counter tho mnsh muhket, hut mammy she say I gottn keeper comln,
'cause how's we gwlno buy sugar nn' ten an' stuff, when nigs nlnter laying
free ylt, 'cept'n to set with? I'm like pappy. I druther work in tho country,
where I knows how to do whnttcr I got to do. He's ben dald mos'n two
years now."
"I like the country, too. Why don't you get n regular Job down there?"
"'Cause I ain't big enough to hire for a man, nn' they nil don't give
child'en nothln' hut bode nn' close but I gottn Job ahead runnln' nrrents nnd
freshlu' tho grass for a white lady that's boughtln a house down ynnder to
live In when warm weather comes an' I mout hepper In the gynnlen."
"Fine! I reckon I might ns well take those other two bunches und then
you can run along hoint nnd give my love to Montgomery county."
The boy started off as spry as a llznrd, and the woman took her switches
homo and put them in water.
Charity? Of course not business. Tho woman put tho little Incident
on a pad' and got paid for it and n story is alwnys worth Its price.
President Caused Flutter in Navy Department
PHESIDENT WILSON'S recently formed hnblt of dropping In on Secretaries
Lansing, Daniels and Baker lu the state, war and navy building, opposite
the White House office, for informal war preparation conferences, has in
spired the ofilclnls in these three Im
-10 newspaper men were crowded nround Mr. Daniels' desk, plying him with
questions. The president slipped quietly Into the room, nccompnnled by a
secret service man, took In the situation with one glance and stepped softly
to a couch, where he sat down to await his turn.
The president wns not noticed nt first. He wns discovered by n news
paper man, who npprlscd the secretary In n stngo whisper. Instnntly tho cor
respondents sepnrnted. Lieutenant Commnnder McCnndless Jumped to a
salute, and the president, laughing at the confusion he had caused, nrose to
his feet, greeted Mr. Daniels in cordial, but businesslike fashion, nnd apolo
gized for having broken up the conference.
Before the room was cleared the president and the secretary of the navy
had their heads together and were earnestly discussing plans of nnvnl pre
paredness. Tho president looked the picture of restored health, his color
was good and his ntep springy.
Illumination of Capitol
OWING to the continued Illness of
cnpltol, no definite steps were taken
lighting of the capltol dome. The cost
hut no special appropriation or legisla
tive authority Is necessary. There Is
plenty of current on tap In tho capltol
power house, and ill' thnt Is required
Is to direct the flow of current to tho
lighting units necessary to outline tho
dome In white each night. The Instal
lation of the tlood-llghtlug system for
the Inaugural ceremonies wns paid for
out of money appropriated by con
gress and the system installed Is n
permanent one.
Now thnt It Is rendy for use, tho
electric light bills do not have to ho reckoned with, any more than if thoso
In charge of tho capltol grounds determined to put nn extra lump post lu a
dark spot In tho park.
Although there seems to bo no possible objection to lighting the domo
ench night, Superintendent Woods desires to have the proper authorities give
their sanction formally. Scores of letters from citizens of this city, as well
ns from inaugural visitors, have heen received nt tho capltol, expressing do.
light and appreciation of tho lighted dome.
getting nil smeary, you will appreciate
the cornestness of nenrly a hundred
of Washington's best-known society
women in preparing ns motor mechan
ics to nld the nntlon In time of war.
A school for mechanicians hns
been started by tho Ited Cross corps
of woman ambulance drivers recently
organized by Mrs. .7. Borden Hnrrl
man, Mrs. Augustus P. Gardner, Mrs.
Lnrz Anderson, nnd others.
Ninety-three of the city's best
known girls and matrons nre enlisted
portant branches of the government
to put forth their best efforts to have
everything In readiness for the clash
with Germany.
The president hobs up at unex
pected moments nt all hours of the
day and Is In thorough touch with the
work In every bureau. The other day
Mr. Wilson nrrlvcd nt the nnvy de
partment while Secretory Daniels wns
giving his regular afternoon audience
to Washington correspondents. About
Dome Pleases Many
Elliot Woods, superintendent of the
for some time townrd the continued
of this lighting has not been figured,
BIG i M I
For Western Canada and the
160-Acre Homesteads.
"In a war like this, they also serve
and serve effectively who till the fields
and gardens.
"It cannot be repeated too orteu that
the world needs every ounce of food
It can produce this year, nnd that tho
growers of thnt food aro sure of good
prices. When men now of middle ago
were cnstlng their first ballot, 'dollar
wheat' was the farmer's Ideal of pros
perity. Today, we have two-dollar
wheat, with other grains und meats
and vegetables In proportion; und Indi
cations that any shift from these
prices Is as likely to be up as down.
"Every ncro must work. The farmer
who Increases his crops Is performing
n national service, as well ns assuring
prosperity for himself. There cannot
he too much, nnd unless n united and
consistent effort Is made, there will
not be enough." Chicago Journal.
Now that the United States has
Joined with the Allies, the sentiment
of tho pnst has merged Into the per
sonal Interest of the present. The duty
of tho loyal nnd patriotic citizen is to
bend every effort to bring the great
World's Wnr to a satisfactory conclu
sion, to assist In nil ways tho forces
that have been fighting at tremendous
odds tho giant power of autocracy.
Victory Is now assured; tho union of
the grent fighting force of the United
Stntes navy. Its military. Its financial
co-operation, its full and complete sym
pathy, will eventually bring nbout a
pence thnt will be solid and lasting.
Canada, Just across the border line,
Unit has no mnrk of fortification, no
signs of defense, welcomes the nssist
anco that the United States is render
ing, welcomes this new partner into tho
arena thnt is bnttling for o disruption
of tho forces that breed and begot tyr
anny and oppression, nnd fighting for
n democratic and free world. What a
sight It will be to see the American
and tho Canadian, with the Stars and
Stripes nnd the Maple Leaf of Canada
emblazoned In one fold nnd entwined
In their effort to rid the world of an
Incubus that has disregarded all laws
human nnd divine.
There Is a necessity for tho greatest
elTort ever was made, not only on the
battlefields of Europe, not only on the
mined and suhmnrlned sens, but lu
carrying out on the peaceful Holds
of agriculture, the plans so urgently
requested by those at the head of
the departments of resources. Tho
recent reports by tho Government
show a groat falling off In the amount
of grnln thnt may he expected from the
crop as of recent date, being only a
little over 00 per cent, 1C per cent
less than the nverage. Every patriotic
American will bend all his effort
towards Increasing this. He may not
shoulder n musket, but he can handle
n hoc, ho can drive a team nnd man
ago a plow. He will bo doing yeoman
service In this way, and assist In a
wonderful munner the man who Is
fighting In the trenches. If he does
not now own a piece of Innd. by all
means get one rent It, buy It get It.
There Is lot of vacant land thnt will
give ample return for his Inbor.
The desire to possess a home. o Im
prove It nnd to prosper, Is natural to
every American, and today unprece
dented offers nre being ninde to secure
the residence of the home-hunter. Tho
war condition Is draining the continent
of Its foodstuffs nnd economists are
endenvorlng to meet tho rapid deple
tion of the nntlon's stores of grain and
other farm products. Western Cnnnda
has proven her clnlni to being the natu
ral producer of economically grown
foodstuffs nnd Is endenvorlng to over
come n world's shortnge In necessities
by offering her lands, practically free,
to anyone who will take them nnd pro
duce. Lnbor Is senrce In Canada, and
Is now being bonused. Good wages are
offered and the time a farm hand Is
drawing pay In 1017, Is considered by
the Cnnndlan Government, the snme ns
residence duties on ono of the free 1G0
acre farms, that this Government Is
giving nwny, In order to settle the fer
tile prairies and bring nbout within
a few years n half billion nnnual crop
of wheat.
The most conclusive evidence Is
available to any Inquirer, thnt Western
Canada farm Innds will produco more
whent of'n better quality and at a
lower cost of production per ncro than
hns heretofore been known In grain
growing countries. It Is no Idle state
ment to say, that yields of fifty bushels
to tho acre of wheat are grown In Cun
pdn: the statement Is made In all seri
ousness nnd Is backed up by the let
ters nnd nflldnvlts of reliable farmers
In Western Canada. Thoso farmers
are enjoying the same home comforts
thnt their neighbors to the south par
ticipate; they have tho same good
houses, tho same good horses and
cattle, tho sumo good roads and com
munication, ns well as the mime good
social conditions, ami, best of nil, they
own their laud and what they onrn
they own for thciiiKelvim, lining a foun
dation for greater wealth and Inde
pendence AdverllMement.
A plow driven ly a motorcycle has
been Invented In keep tlu lee on skirt
ing rlflltH NMIOOfll.
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