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PLAN EXEMPTIONS FOR RECRUITING America to Guard Against Crip pling Factories Needed in Conduct of War. EXAMPLE IN ENGLAND SEEN National Consumers' Leaguo Warns Against Abolishing the Labor Reg ulatlon of Hours Watch Labor Situation Carefully. WuMlilngton. IJoforo t lie greater American nrmy Ih raised the council of national dofotiHo Ih expected to jiubllHli u llHt of those tradoH that can host wpuro men for the army, or a llHt of UiOHo willed should not deplete their Industrial forces. The lahor committee of the ndvlxory committee of the coun cil of national defense held a confer ence In Washington with lahor leaders and manufacturers at which plans wcro formulated for taking stock of tho labor resource.') of the country. The- United States expects to profit by the experience of Kngland and Ifrance, where In the rush of raising the first hlg armies men were taken from trades upon which tho efllclent conduct of the war depended, and It was found that the nation would have been better off If some of the trained and skilled artisans had remained In their factories. Also In England there was a letting down of Inbor regulations which resulted In such Impairment of output that tho elghMiour day for women and the universal day of rest were restored. In connection with tho ascertain ment of what trades can best spare men for war, President Italph Peters of tho Long Island railroad recently Is sued a statement to his employees In which he said that trulued railroad workers would bo of moro service to tho country In keeping tho roads In ef llclent operation than they would be In tho army or navy. Tho first call for r.00,000 men will make a severe drain upon some Indus tries, and In tho early stage of pre paredness of tho country those in au thority In Washington wish to muko sure that tho Industries the country needs to conduct tho war most vigor ously will not bo crippled. English War Induotrles. In this connection there Is Interest In Knglnnd's list of "war Industries' fixed upon after tho experience of the crip pling of Industries at the start of tho war. Tho lines of work which the Hrlt lsh government maintained as neces sary follow: Ilnttcrleii Illrnelilnp; and dyeing nrcworlcn Iirlckynrd.i IlniBlnnaldntr Button Industry Candles, Kremc.tullow Coincnt, lima Charcoal Chemical Industry Coko Cooporngo Knuincerlng Kooil Foundries Furnlturo Olnnn Hats Iron and steel Jewelry (cheap) Ieathor Linoleum Lumber Mai tin if MnttroB-cs MM ills Military Insignia Miss Maude Wefworo, president cf tie National League for Woman's ftvrv- Ice: Mrs. I'hlllp N. Moore, head of ih" Nntfonal Council of Women; hT'v i work even for women employed In war Alice Carpenter, c l elrman of tho wov fin's section of tin Women's National Service school, and Mrs. J. Willis Merlin, chairman of the board of dl lec'ors of tho Natlcnnl Leaguo for Women's Service, the league called at tention to those dangers. "The Impulse to service," tho letter Mild, "prompts eager men and women to give their all sons, fortunes, strength, homes, efforts of every kind to the country In war time. In their zeal and haste there Is danger that tho safeguards of tho life, health and vigor of working people will ho lost, and upon them success depends. In the whole Industrial history of the country we have never faced so criti cal a moment. The United States Is beginning preparedness on a colossal scale, and the wage-earners are called on to exert their fullest working ca pacity. They will respond to the call. It Is of supreme Importance for the elliclency of the nation as a whole that the energies of the army should be kept at their highest pitch. The league's warning wild that at he beginning of the war ICngland had Mispendcd laws llfiltlng the hours of siioDlIes factories: that tlic impair- nitifit of output in a few months led to an olllclal Investigation which In turn brought radical recommendations re- iMirdlnir the limitation of emergency measures, as n result of which the weekly day of rest was restored and the eight-hour shift for women went Into effect In all government munU lion works, and overtime was curtailed In all establishments. The leaguo made these recommendations : 1. Preserve short working hours, wherever they exist. 2. Maintain the present minimum of sanitation and safety. a. Keep the children In school, by, means of scholarships where neces sity. ' , . -I. Uphold tho standard of living for the family, whether the chief wage earner Is a soldier at the front or working on untlonal supplies at homo. The appeal was signed by Mrs. norence Kelley. general secretary of tho league, and Miss Paulino Gold mark, research secretary. Juniors of Washington Society Doing Their Bit WASHINGTON. In tho broad and ever Increasing work of organizing move mcntH for preparedness at home without bumpering work for relief abroad, tho fact has been lost to sight that tho Juniors of society aro "doing their bit." Parents nnd older broth ers and sisters have, per force, occu pied the foreground In this Incessant demand upon tlmo nnd means, but through tho winter younger brothers mid sisters, particularly tho Httlo iwomen, many of whom will remain In the social background for several years, have not lost an opportunity to laid in bringing Into various fund!) dollars for tho help of unfortunate (children of tho war. Chief among these children's or- vwwnvn- . taanlzatlons Is the Junior Society of Colonlnl Dames, composed of youn; daughters of Colonial Dumes, who stimulate the spirit of practical phll PRESIDENT POINTS OUT HOW ALL W HtLM TO FARMERS Increase tho production of your land and co-operate In the sale and distribution of your products. TO MEN AND BOYS Turn In hosts to the farms to help cultivate and harvest tho vast crops Imperatively needed. TO MIDDLEMEN Forego' unusual proflto and "organize and expedite shipments of supplies." TO RAILWAY MEN See to It that there shall be no "obstruction of any kind, no Inefficiency or slackened power" of the "arteries of the nation's life." TO MERCHANT8 Take for your motto, "Small profits and quick serv Ice." TO SHIPBUILDERS Speed construction of ships, for "the life of the war depends upon" you. TO MINERS If you "slacken or fall, armlen and statesmen are help less." TO MANUFACTURING MEN "Speed and perfect every process," for your "service is absolutely Indispensable" to the nation. TO GARDENERS By creating and cultivating gardens you can help "greatly to solve the problem of feeding the nations." TO HOUSEWIVES Eliminate wastefulness and extravagance. TO EDITORS AND ADVERTISING AGENCIES Glvo widespread circulation and repetition to this appeal. or un- thropy In many ways while increasing' among themselves and their young friends knowledge of what their forbears did In laying the foundations of the United States. The boys of this largo group of society nlrcady are responding to the Inpneal of tho Junior Patriots of America, Just organized by Mr. Hamilton (Fish, Jr., Mrs. Oliver Harrlman, Mr. J. Beaumont Spencer and Mr. Robert Ingersoll Brown. There are several military organizations, such as the (Knickerbocker Grays, in and near this city, which for many years have In stilled the spirit of mllltury discipline into the rising generations of boys, :flttlng many of them for service In tho National Guard, In which they have risen to high rank. But tho girls also have their won: to do in this emergency, and what they have accomplished Is only a suggestion of what daughters of leading families, still in their teens, Intended to do. Ono of tho chief organizers of this work was Miss Marlon K. Hoffman, dnughter of Mr. nnd Mrs. Iloffninn, and she, herself, sold nearly 100 tickets at $2 each. One of her chief aids was Miss Cathlccn Vanderbllt, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Reginald C. Vanderbllt. Flags Very Much in Evidence at the Capital lif ASIIINGTON this last two or three weeks would stir the patriotism of f tho most phlegmatic. Never not even at Inauguration time has the city been so beflagged as It Is right now. Old Glory Is waving from fully half the houses In the residence parts, and STEEL MILLS BUSY ON FEDERAL WORK I Domestic and Foreign Inquiries Turned Down in Rush to Supply Government. Motorcars Munitions NoedluH Oil mills Pncklnir Industry Paint Paper Petroloum Pianos Pottery Powder Prlntlnc nutihar Band bans 8nw mills ShlpbiilldlnK Soup Industry Slono Rurtlcal d renins RurKloat appliances Textiles Tolmcco Toyiwildni: Waters (aerated) Wlro Woodworkers PRICES ARE NOT CONSIDERED Disposes of Report That Financiers With Investments In These Prop crtlea' Wanted War May Sup ply Alllco With Ammunition. This list does not mean that tho Brit Isli found that all of tho articles rep resented wero needed In the conduct of tho war, but that thoso employed In the manufacture of tho named articles wcro generally skilled men, whose ex perlenco adapted them for work In other lines of Industry, If needed. Tho United StateB, because of the differ ence lu some basic Industries between this country nnd IOnglnnd, may strike some Items from the list and add oth ers. Because of the size of America's population and tho diversity of her lit dustrles, coupled with tho opportunity of profiting by tho experience of Kng land and France, those who hnvo stud led tho situation believe that the Unit ed States can ralso an army of 1,000,- 000 men without crippling tho Indus tries needed In tho conduct of tho war. This Is especially true of tho muni tlon Industry, at present highly organ Ized In the United States. But because It may bo necessary to raise largor ar mies, tho authorities see the Impor tance of mapping out a comprehensive program, It Is said by those who have co-operated with the labor committee, Tho labor committee will have branches In every state lu order to en ablo It to have at all times accurate re views of the labor situation. With the labor committee tire co-operating some experts who have studied the labor sit uatlon In Europe. Tho problem of lmv log women replace men in factories Is one of tho things being considered. Warn Against Ovcrzeal. Labor leaders have generally slgnl fled their willingness to forego for tho tlmo tho benefit of labor regulations, with tho understanding that they bo re stored after tho war. In this connec tion the National Consumers' leaguo has sent out u wurnlng against relax ing lilbor regulations, on tho ground Pittsburgh. The vast difference at which government agencies are en abled to buy iron and steel as com pared to that charged other consum ers Is startling. During tho week the government re ceived the option of paying $58 a ton for platen and $50 for steel bars and structural shapes. Deliveries aro to be made Immediately upon receipt of specifications at mill. This, lu some Instances, will bo overnight. This Il lustrates how well prepared the mills aro and mw rapidly they can turn out work lu emergencies. Tho great discrepancy between uuo- atlons given tho government and prl voto consumers cannot bo made clear In simple figures. During the past month Japanese buyers hesitated to pay 8c, or $100 a ton for ship plates. Last week they decided to place tho order when tho price was advanced to 10c, or $200 a ton, and producers re fused to take tho order. The govern ment Is being favored at the rate of $22 a ton lu building material at tho lowest possible quotation made by any steel maker. On steel bars tho government will receive an advantage of $27 n ton. While tho money con slderatlon Is large prompt deliveries Is far more Important. The report that financiers having their money In vested in manufacturing properties favored war for the purpose of reaping n llnuuclal harvest, Is disposed of. The facts are they will suffer great llnnii clal loss. May Supply Allies With Ammunition Only tho most favored and fortunate patrons of steel producers luivo been ablo to havo orders accepted tor ru ture delivery since war was declared. Until government work Is disposed of or scheduled, domestic and foreign or ders will not bo nccepted. It would not be surprising, If after the confer ence with Balfour and representatives of tho entente allies this government does not take over the handling of I munition contractu for its allies. Should this bo done Kuropean coun tries will bo amazed :t tho rapidity of manufacture lu thin country. Foreign governments will also save millions of dollars by having this country handle nil contracts for war supplies, and tho day of vast fortunes made In a few mouths from this source scorns to bo approaching an end. Refusal o.f mllU to accept orders for ulates have been numerous. Ono ress on government work. One of tho requirements of the government will be thousands of steel ranges lor Held use. These nre mnde of heavy sheets and can be turned out by hundreds' each day. Steel Is going forward to finishing plants for millions of small' shells. It Is doubtful If this govern ment will call for many large shells as they can be made more rapidly than guns to use them. Quotations of ship plates range from O.riOc, Pittsburgh, for delivery at convenience of mill, to 10c. Inquiries from foreign sources for largo tonnages of steel bars havo been turned down by mills. 9 WltU I M M 1 II III I I I . i -jJ Canners Busy on Government Work. Tin plate nuikers have received pref crence In deliveries of tin plate and sheet bars at request of government olllclals. Canners will be ntded In pro duclng tliu largest number of cans over made In the world. Foodstuff will bo ono of the nrmy and navy's tlrst requirements, and canners have been put on their mettle to supply It. Without an adequnto supply of bars they would be unable to meet the demand. Billets and bars arc noiu Inally quoted at $70 to $75 a ton. Mu nition makers aro Inquiring for seven Inch billets lu large lots. One com pany la seeking to place an order for 10,000 tons of slabs. High prices have had n tendency to check structural work. With the dls appearance ot tne prospect of large profits from government contracts, manufacturers will not be so anxious, to make extensions. Government steely will be given first consideration, and It will be up to government olllclals If there Is any lagging lu placing speclll cations with mills. Wire manufactur ers have withdrawn from tho market The American Steel and Wire com puny Is turning out u large quantity of wlro rope to bo mado Into nets fon harbor protection against submarines, It Is expected that considerable wire rope will soon be made for tho use of mine sweepers, us tho Atlantic ocean will undoubtedly be sown with a vast, profusion of mines to wreck ship Plug. from all the windows In the business district. It has been Interesting to watch the wuvo of patriotism grow nnd sweep over the city to see who succumbed and who did not. It was rather curious to uoto that as tno rover spread, tne cabinet re mained singularly aloof and Immune Until quite recently th Lanes were tho only members of the circle of ud ministration's olllclal ndvlsers who had put out their flag. Then the Lun sings and tho Danielscs, tho Iloustons nnd the Wilsons hung theirs out. Tho ,McAdoos had not up to that time unfurled their flag. I Thorn worn oortnln nnnnln wlm. lllro tlir T.nnps. linil linil thrlrs nut- fnr weeks the Boardmans, for Instance everyone knows that Miss Boardman Is "strong for tho flng." But that was about the only one of tho great man sions on Dupont circle that was showing its colors. The Lelters were not nnd Joe Lelter just recently elected head of the Army league! the William R. Illtt house and tho Robert Patterson house and the Edson Bradley house wero all undagged. With Hags wuvlng from the windows all around them, Senntor Lodge and Jills neighbor, General Crozler neither man whose patriotism wns open to iqucstlon left their houses unadorned until recently. On the other hand, tho entire Plnchot connection Gilford In tho old PInchot mnnslon on Scott circle, his nunt, Mrs. Charles Boughton Wood, In her big Rhode Island avenue residence next door, and his uncle William Phelps Eno, a block away on N street have all had dandy big flags waving "ever since the break." So lias Mrs. Dewey, widow of the great admiral, and opposite her Mrs. Eugeno Ilule, widow of ono senator and mother of another, Ml won Positive Proof That Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound Relieves , Suffering. Brideoton.N.J. "I cannct speak too highly of Lydla E. Pinkham'u Vegeta ble Compound for inflammation and other weaknesses. I was very irregular and would havo ter rible pains go that I could hardly tako a step. Sometimes I would bo so misera ble that I could not sweep a room. I doctored part of tho timo but folt no chancre. I later took Lydia E. Pink- ham's Vegetable: Compound and soon felt a change for tho better. I took it until I was in good healthy condition. I recommend tho Pinkham remedies to all women as I have used them with such good results." Mrs. MilfoudT. Cum MING9, 322 Harmony St, Penn's Grove, N. J. Such testimony should be accepted by all women as convincing evidence of the excellence of Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable Compound as a remedy for tho distressing ills of women such aa displacements.inflammation, ulceration, backache, painful periods, nervousness and kindred ailments. Another Paradox. "What Is the greatest spur to your ambition?" she asked of the young nrtlst. "The checks I get for my sales," ho nnswered, without a quiver. THE PAXTON Nebraska Directory DOCTORS MACH & M ACH DENTISTS 3rd Floor Patton Bltek IBth&FarnamSts., Omaha tlttt quipped DnUl OfHcta In Omtht. Kaiioiubl prlrtt. Hptelil dlioount to all ltpk lUInf ouUidt of Omfth. HOTEL Omaha, Nebraska EUROPEAN PLAN Rooms from 11.00 up single, 75 cents up double. CAFE PRICKS REASONABLE; Hotel Castle 632 S. 10th Street Omaha, Neb. New, absolutely fireproof. 300 ROOMS With private toilet $1.00; with prlvato bath SI. SO. FRED A. CASTLE, Proprietor MID-WEST ELECTRIC CO. 1207 Harney St. Omaha, Neb. 700 Cherry St. Des JMulnes, la. ELECTRICAL JOBBERS Distributors for General Klectrlc Co.: American Klectrlc Co., Telephones: O. A. Wood Preserver Co, V3T A. good stock of gonoral supplies, both cities. "E2 0"SA7Y PC Livestock JQJ Vf JLeJLjO Commission Co. SHIPMENTS SECURED BY $100,000.00 capi.taaild stpoc,l BEST PRICES AND FIIX8. South Omaha Chicago Kas. City Lively Old Tune Recalled His Days of Youth HE WAS at the dubious riRo when rt mun's friends chaff him about getting younger every day, and the thickness of his neck made you know that ho hud u doctor who warned hlni not to get excited and bring on old appy. But his pigeon-wing was fine I Ho cut It with boyish abandon as he skipped tho curb from asnhalt to naveniont tho other twilight, and as It Isn't tho usual thing to bo expected from a somewhat oldish nnd portly gentleman, ho felt called upon to chuckle an ex planation to his companion, whoso dignity matched his gray hairs. Also, being n man, ho naturally blamed the woman a shriveled leaf of something that may once havo had Its blooming In tho poet's gnrden of girls who was scraping out a tuno on a fiddle. It wns a squeaky flddlo and the bow called for moro resin, but memory helps a whole lot when the tune hnnnens to be "Turkey In tho Straw." It helped such a lot that as tho tiddler sawed tho (strings tho ancient air seemed to carry with It tho unstudied melody of a ivolco thut will cull no more: "Swing yo' purtnalisl All ban's sash-shay." "Old reels like that nlwnys go to my toes hold on, I must stake the little domo to n dime for reminding mo of my dnnclng days. Here's where you don't havo to shell out I don't bellevo you ever had a dauclug day lu your Hfo, you old stick, you!" "Oh, I might as well chip In. Tho poor old soul doesn't look as If she ever had n dancing day, either." And tho old stick slipped something Into the llddler-womun's open- mouthed bag. i BEST BUYERSSELLERS or cattle HoosmsHEEP STOCK YARDS-OMAHA Ill IIUM IM1MMIIMMIB111IMIIII1 that In the long run It will bo costly to offqr of 18,000 tons of ship plates. 2, mitSeuul defense. Tho leaguo paid ca pclal referenco to thu danger of re laxing labor limitations for woman workers. In a letter to Mrs. Norman doIt, Wliltcliouxe, head of thu Now York Stuto Womnn SufTriiKo party; 000stons of boiler platus. 0,000 tons of ship plates, plates for 2f0 locomo- tlvoH for export and a vast amount or tnlscollanooiiB material has boon turn, ed down. Mills are cloailng plants of everything which might linpeilu prog- REJECTED MAN PUTS ON WEIGHT; ACCEPTED Chicago. Harold Hvnns of Davenport, la., who was reject ed because he was 151 pounds below the required weight for navy recruits, was accepted a few days later when ho tipped the scale at 110 pounds. Kvans said an exclusive; diet of beef steak anil water gave him tho necessary Increase :n weight. Paints American Flag on House. Now Hrunswlck, N. J. To show that ho Is a loyal citizen although bom In Germany, Kdward Aruireln of Now Hrunswlck, N. J has painted an Amer ican flag on tho front of his hoiiyfc. Someone stole a ling tluit ho hung out so he resorted to paint. Aruireln wl'l soon got, his final naturalization pa. pers. Washington Mansion Devoted to Red Cross Work THERE Is n handsomo yellow-gray house on Massachusetts avenue whoso urncefully roundlntr windows nleasnntlv m-orinnk nnnnnt Pimi recent weeks this western bay window has taken upon Itself the Insunln of tho American Red Cross, which tells n story. The house was until recently tho Washington residence of Herbert Wadswortlt ; today It is the headquar ters of tho District of Columbia chap ter of the American Red Cross, and In Its transformation It has the distinc tion of being tho tlrst private residence In tho United States to have been turned over by Its owner to n city for use In Red Cross work. Two months ago the Wadsworth house was n beautiful homo filled with the appointments which bespeak luxury and ease; today the great chambers nnd halls are stacked with hos pltnl supplies and long tnbles are surrounded by women cutting out and basting hospital garments and rolling bandages, while tho former llbrury overlooking tlie circle now re-echoes the sound of clicking typewriters, for It Is tho olllco headqunrtors of tho chapter. Nearly every woman's club In Washington has becomo a wur-roHof organ ization and Is working for the cause. This relief work Is practically all con nected with the Red Cross, the arm of national rollef authorized by congress nnd that on which the army and navy rely In tlmo of war, Tho Wadsworth houso Is tho headquarters for all local Red Cross activity. NEBR7SSKR NATIONAL INSURANCE COMPANY LINCOLN, NEBRASKA Fire, tornado and ball Insurance, fnrm and town property, automobile and threshing ma chinery. Policyholders and agents participate In the profit's of this company. Agents wanted In open territory. lSth jeir. lacorportttd Jn. 4. 13 GOLD, SILVER and NICKEL PLATING Tableware and silverware made new. Prices reasonable. We Hut Old Dental Tektu. OMAHA PLATING COMPANY EitablUbed 1898. 70S S. 16th St., Omaha, Nth. Motel Loyal, Omaha Take Dodge Street Car From Stations ABSOLUTELY FIREPROOF T?ooc op without bath. XvtlLCo , $1J0 np wlth DaUli Tho Hotel With a Reputation R. E. BRYANT Proprietors O. E. CARtlEY IT PAYS TO SHIP CREAM DIRECT ALFALFA BUTTER CO., OMAHA Ask us to put your name on our quotation list that you may compare our prices with others DR, KNOLLENBERG, D. G. Specializes in all form of Articular Rheumatism, Enlarged Joints, Kidney Trouble and Nervousness I bare given Chronic Diseases special study and I unhesitatingly say that my draeless treatment Is not eicclled by iny specialist r gardlefcB ot what he claims. EXAMINATION rHEE. If after examination I accept your caso, I will Issue a written guarantee. My Guarantor) To Youi You don't pay If I fall, If you remain In my Sanitarium under my care and treatment. Letters of Indorsement on file at office. Dr. W. H. Knollenborg 24th and Farnam Sis., Omaha. Keb. Douglas 7235.