Newspaper Page Text
THE SEMI WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA.
SCORES THE KAISER PRESIDENT SAYS MILITARY MAS. TERS DENIED U. S. RIGHT TO BE NEUTRAL. FILLED COUNTRY WITH SPIES Failed In Attempt to Spread Sedition German People In Grip of Same Sinister Power That Has Drawn Blood From Us. Washington, Junu 10. President WHkoii In a Flag day addrotw dullv crcd hero on Thursday declared that we were forced Into tho world-wide war by the extraordinary Insult and aggressions of tho military masters of Germany. The president's address In part Is as followH: My Fellow Citizens: We meet to celebrate Flag Day because this flag wlilch wo honor and under which wo serve Is the emblem of our unity, our power, our thought and purpose as a nation. It has no other character than that which we give It from generation to generation. The choices are ours. It floats in majestic silence above the hosts that execute those choices, whether In peace or In war. And yet, though silent, It speaks to us speak to us of tho past, of the men and wom en who went before us and of the rec ords they wrote upon It. Wo celebrate tho day of Its birth; and from its birth until now it tins witnessed n great his tory, has floated on high tho symbol of' great events, of a great plan of life worked out by a great people. We are about to carry it Into battle, to lift It where It will draw tho fire of our en emies. We are about to bid thousands, hundreds of thousands, It may be mil lions of our men, the young, the strong, tho capable men of the nation, to go forth and dlo beneath It on fields of blood far n.vay for what? For some unaccustomed thing? For something for which it hns never sought the Are before? American armies were never beforo sent across tho seas. Why are they sent now? For somo new pur pose, for which this great flag has nev er been carried beforo, or for some old, familiar, heroic purpose for which It has seen men, its own men, dlo on ev ery battlefield upon which Americans bavo borne arms slnco the Revolution? Theso nro questions which must be Answered. Wo nro Americans. Wo In our turn serve America, and can serve her with no private purpose. Wo must uso her flag as she has always used it. Wo nro accountable at tho bar of his tory and must plond in utter frankness what purpose it Is wo seelc to serve. United States Forced Into War. It 1b plain enough how wo were forced into tho war. The extraordi nary insults and aggressions of tho Im perial German government left us no Belf-respectlng choice but to tnke up arras in defense of our rights as a free peoplo and of our honor us a sovereign government Tho military masters of Germany denied us the right to be neu tral. They tilled our unsuspecting com munities with vicious spies and con spirators and sought to corrupt the opinion of our peoplo in their own be half. When thoy found that they could not do that, their agents diligently spread sedition amongst us and sought to draw our own citizens from their allegiance, nnd soma of thoso agents wcro men connected with tho ofllclnl embassy of tho German government it self hero In our own capital. Thoy sought by vlolcnco to destroy our in dustries nnd nrrest our commerce. Thoy tried to Inclto Moxlco to tako up arms against us nnd to draw Japan In to a hostllo alliance with her nnd that, not by indirection, but by direct suggestion from tho foreign olllco in Berlin. Thoy Impudently denied us tho uso of tho high seas nnd repeated ly executed their throat that thoy would send to their death any of our peoplo who ventured to approach the coasts of Europe And many of our own peoplo wero corrupted. Men be gan to look upon their own neighbors with suspicion and to wonder in their hot resentment nnd surprlso whether thcra was any community In which hostllo intrigue did not lurk. What great nation in Bitch clrcumstnncos would not hnvo taken up arms? Much ns Wo had desired peace, It was denied us, and not of our own choice. .This flag under which wo servo would have been dishonored hud wo withheld our hand. No Emnlty Toward German People. But that is only part of tho story. Wo know now as clearly as wo knew beforo wo wero ourselves engaged that vo are not enemies of tho German peo plo nnd thnt they are not our onomlos. They did not originate or deslro this hideous war or wish, that wo should be drawn Into It; nnd wo nro vaguely con scious that wo nro flchtlmr their cause. us they will some day see It, as well as our own. They nro themselves In tho grip of the same Blntstcr power that las now at last stretched its ugly tnl- tins out and drawn blood from us. Tho whole world is In the crln of that now tr nnd Is trying out tho great battle Mich shall determine whether It is to be brought under its mastery or fling itself free. Tho war was begun by the mllltarv masters of Germany, who proved to bo also tho musters of Austria-Hungary. Taese men imvo never regarded na tlons ris peoples, men, women, and children of like blood nnd frame as themselves, for whom governments ex isted nnd In whom governments hud their life, They hnvo regarded them merely as serviceable organizations which thoy could by force or intrigue bend or corrupt to their own purpose lliey have regarded the smaller state, In pin llcular. and the people wm could be overwhelmed by force, as their nam nil tools nnd Instruments of domination. Their purpose htfs Ions been avowed. Tho deiiiHnds made by Austria upon .Serbia were a mere single step In n plan which compassed Europe anil Asia, from Berlin to Bngdnd. They hoped thorn demands might not arouse Europe, but they meant to press them whether thoy did or not, for they thought themselves ready for the final Issue of arms. Vact Empire Planned. Their plan was to throw a broad licit of Gorman military power and political control across the very center of Eu rope anil beyond the Mediterranean In to the heart of Asia: and Austria-Hungary was to he as much their tool and pawn as Sorbin or liulpirlii or Turkey or the ponderous states of the East. The ilreiim had Its heart at Berlin. It could have had a heart nowhere else! It rejected the Idea of solidarity of race entirely. The choice of peoples played no part In It at all. They ar dently desired to direct their own af fairs, would be satisfied only by undis puted Independence. They could be kept quiet only by the presence or the constant thrent of armed men. The. German military statesmen had reck oned with nil that and were ready to deal with It In their own way. And they have actually carried the greater part of that amazing plan Into execution! Look how things stand. Austria Is at their mercy. It has acted, not upon Its own Initiative or upon tho choice of Its own people, hut at Ber lin's dlctntlon ever since the war be gan. Its people now desire pence, but cannot have It until leave Is granted from Berlin. The so-called central powers nro In fact but a single power. Herbln Is at Its mercy, should Its hands he but for n moment freed. From Hamburg to tho Persian gulf the net Is spread. Why Berlin Seeks Peace. Is It not easy to understand the eag erness for pence that has been mani fested from Berlin ever since the snare was set and sprung? Peace, peace, peace has been the tnlk of her foreign office for now n year and more; not peace upon her own Initiative, but up on the initiative of tho nations over which she now deems herself to hold tho advantage. Through all sorts of channels It hns come to me, nnd In all sorts of guises, but never with tho terms disclosed which the German gov ernment would be willing to accept. That government still holds n valuable part of France, though with slowly re laxing grasp, and practically the whole of Belgium, It cannot go further; It dare not go bnck. It wishes to close Its bargain before It is too late and it has little left to offer for tho pound of fiesh It will demand. Tho military masters under whom Germany Is bleeding see very clearly to what point Fnte has brought them. If they fall back or aro forced back nn Inch, their power both nbroud nnd nt homo will fall to pieces like a houso of cards. If they can se cure peace now with tho Immense ad vantages still in their hands which they liavo up to this point apparently gained, thoy will hnvo Justified them selves before the Germnn peoplo; they will hnvo gained by forco what they promised to gain by It: an Immenso expansion of German power, nn Im menso enlargement of Germnn Indus trial and commercial opportunities. If thoy fall, their people will thrust them aside; a government accountable to tho people themselves will be set up in Germany as It has been In England. In tho United States, In Frnnce, and In all the great countries of tho mod ern tlmo except Germany. If they suc ceed they nro safe and Germany and tho world aro undone; If they fall Ger many Ib saved nnd tho world will bo nt penco. If they succeed, we nnd nil tho rest of tho world must remuln nrmed, as they will remain, and must mnko rendy for. the next step or ag gression; if they fail, the world mnj unlto for pence, and Germany mny bt of tho union. Seek to Deceive World. Tho present particular aim of the masters of Germnny Is to decclvo nil those who throughout tho world stand for tho rights of peoples nnd the self government of nations; for they see whnt Immenso strength the forces of Justlco nnd of liberalism aro gathering out of this wnr. Tho sinister Intrigue Is being no less actively conducted In this country thnn In Russia and In every country In Eu rope to which tho ngents nnd dupes of tho Imperial Germnn government enn get nccess. United States In W,ar for Freedom. The great fact that stands out above nil the rest is thnt this Is u People's war, n wnr for freedom and Justice nnd self-government nmongst nil tho mi ttens of the world, a war to make the world safe for tho peoples who live In It nnd have made it their own, the Gormnu people themselves included; nud that with us rests the choice to break through nil theso hypocrisies nud patent cheats nnd musks of hruto force nnd help set tho world free, or clsu stand aside nnd lot It be dominated i long age through by sheer weight of arms nnd the nrbltrnry choices of self constituted mnsturs, by tho nntlon which can mnlntaln the blggotot armies and the most Irresistible armaments n powcr'to which the world has af forded no parallel and In tho fuco of which political freedom must wither nnd perish. For us there is but ono choice. Wo hnvo made it. Woo be to tho man or group of men that seeks to stand In our way In this day of high resolution when every prluclplo wo hold dearest Is to bo vindicated and made securo for. tho salvation of tho nations. We aro ready to plond nt the bur of history unu our nag snail wenr n new luster. I- n i e sight for tho regulation Springfield rille that Is being tested by the quurteri.... ici s department of the United States Marine corps. 2 Gen. Sir Herbert Plainer, commander of the British army that made the recent big drive between Ypres and Armentleres. a Scene In the Bethlehem Steel works where Uncle Sam Is ranking heavy armament for su.ier-dreadnaughtH. 4 Alexander, king of Greece, who has been placed on the throne to succeed his father, Constnntlne, forced to abdicate by the allies. NEWS REVIEW OF THE PAST WEEK King Constantine of Greece Is Compelled to Abdicate by the Allies. SECOND SON SUCCEEDS HIM Liberty Loan of Two Billions Over Subscribed by People of United States Hope for Russia Re vives President Wilson's Great Flag Day Address. - By EDWARD W. PICKARD. Another ruler was pushed off his throne Inst week, nnd another nation probnbly added to thoso in uctlvo con flict with tho control powers. This time it la, Constantino I, king of the Hellenes, who has lost his crown. Af ter diplomatic Intriguing and open quarrels that had been going on over slnco tho war started, ho was forced by tho allies to abdicate, nnd his eld est son, the crown prince, was barred from tho succession becnuse of his pro Germnn proclivities. ConHtnntlne, however, wus allowed to preserve his dynasty, at least for the present, by nominating his second son, Alexander, us his successor. Tho abdication of tho king was brought about by Senator Jonnart of France, who went to Greece empow ered by tho nllles to settle finally the position of that country In the war. Ho Informed Premier Zalmls that troops wcro nt his disposal to curry out his decisions, but appealed to tho premier to uso his Influence townrd n peaceful arrangement. After consult ing the crown council, the king decid ed to quit, nnd his abdication was an nounced on Tuesday morning. Both Constantino nnd tho formor crown prlnco hnvo left Greece nlrendy. Muy r. ean Much to Allies. If Greece now decides to participate nctlvely in tho war, she can throw into tho field an army of 600,000 men, well trained but not sufficiently equipped. Venlzelos, the former premier and consistent opponent of Constantino's wnr policy, hns bnck of him 100,000 men, nnd though tho nrmy In general wns loynl to the ex-king, it Is predicted tho entire lighting forco of the nation will now tnke up nrms against the Toutonlc powers and Turkey. This might bring about n decided change In tho Balkan situation. With the Greeks ncttng with the nllles from tho south and tho reorganized Roumanian army nnd possibly the Russians striking from the north, tho line of communi cations between Germany nnd Turkey might well be cut and tho Turks-forced to sue for peace. " Alexander, tho new king of Greece, who Is twenty-four years bid, took the oath on Wednesday. It Is reasonable to supposo he will act in accord with tho allies, for he has kept free from all pro-Gormnn activities and seems to be ncccptablo to M. Jonnart. In fact, he cannot do much otherwise, for tho en tente forces promptly seized control of all of Greece. Professedly, their nlm Is tho restoration of tho constitu tional government of thnt country. It was stated scmlofilclnlly In Wnshlngton thnt tho United States had not taken nny part in tho deposing of Constan tino nnd hnd not been consulted by the entente powers. This emphasizes the fact thnt wo nro nllles of thoso powers In wnr, but not necessarily In diplo macy. Tho purpose of tho allies wns not ac complished ontlrcly without bloodshed. A Greek colonel at Larlssa fired on French cnvnlry, killing two officers nnd four privates. In tho brief tight Unit ensued GO Greok soldtors wero killed nnd H20, Including Bl officers, wero tnken prisoner. Liberty Loan a Great Success. Amcrlcn's reply to tho sneering as sertions of Germany that tho war is Wilson's war and Is not supported by tho peoplo of tho United States enmo with n loud sound when tho books on tho Liberty Lonn wero closed Frldny noon, It was announced thnt tho lonn of 52,000,000,000 had been handsomely oversubscribed, nnd tho significant fact is that It hns been taken up main ly by the Individual men, women and children of the nntlon, not by tho great llnnnciul Institutions. This not only Is ni6st desirable from an econo mic point of view, but Is conclusive evidence that the entire nation Is back ing tho government In the conflict against despotism. It was only neces sary that the people should be awak ened to the real situation, and this was done with energy nnd efficiency by the press und by Innumerable speakers throughout the land. Renewed Hope for Russia. Hope nnd despnlr concerning Bussln alternately take possession of the al lies. Just now it Is tho turn of hope, nnd there is n real prospect that the new republic not only can bo prevented from making sepnrute peace with the Teutons, but may even be restored as n potent military factor. Minister of Wnr Kerensky Is succeeding to some extent In re-establishing discipline In the army, nnd nn Incident on the Rou manian front, when three mutinous regiments were forced to uncondition al surrender by n lnrgo number of loynl troops showed thnt most of the soldiers nro disposed to back up the provision al government. Tho All-Russian coun cil of pensnnts, furthermore, pnsscd by a vote of T.,000 to 4 a resolution to cut off food supplies from Kroustadt if the town did not Immediately Join Its rev olutionary forces to those of Russian democracy, and demanding that the government at once force the absolute submission of Kronstndt. President Wilson's notcto Russia, defining America's war alis, was re ceived with much satlsfaqtlon every where except by the radical Russian socialists and in Germany, nnd was promptly followed by one from Great Britain which vlrtunlly stnted thnt Mr. Wilson hud spoken for his entente nl lles. Of course the lnterpretntlon of the phrase "penco without annexu tlons" Is still n stumbling block, for Grent Brltuln, Franco nnd Italy take the position thnt the restoration of "stolen" lands, such as Alsace-Lorraine, Italia Irredenta and other re gions, must not bo considered as annex ations. Tho Root commission, which had n triumphant trip across Siberia, Is counted on to do n great deal townrd bringing Russln to tho scratch again, and nt this writing it really looks as though she will not yield to the blan dishments of the knlser nnd his social ist and pacifist emissaries. The great change In Greece also Is looked upon as likely to Influence Russia because of tho effect It is sure to have on the Balkan situation. The very wenkness of the Russian provisional-government has caused the Germnn conscrvntlsts to abandon hope of persuading Russln to n separate peace, for as Herr Heydcbrand, their leader, says, such a course would be futile unless tho government were strong enough to combat tho allies Russia would be forsaking. Mr, Root nnd his colleagues and nlso tho American railway engineering com mission reached Petrograd on Wednes day. On tho same day the Russian mission to tho United States landed nt n Pnclfic const port nnd stnrted for Wnshlngton. It is headed by Boris A. Bakhmetleff ns speclnl ambassador. General Pershing In France. General Pershing and his staff, after several days of work and entertain ment In London, crossed over Into Franco nnd were enthusiastically re ceived In both Boulogne nnd Pnrls. The whereabouts of his expeditionary force culled by the Germnn press nn American urray bluff hud not been nn nounced at the time of writing. There wero two significant develop ments on tho battle fronts of Europe. Tho Italians, resting for the present from their advance on Trieste; made a vigorous attack on the Austrlans In tho Trcntlno, gaining somo Important posts and again threatening Trent. On tho Belgian front near the senconst thero wns grent nctlvlty by the nrtll lory, seeming to indicnto the Intention of tho nllles to try for n push In that region toward Ostend and Zeebrtiggc. The British made securo their gains of last week and ndvanced farther east and northeast of Messlnes, while the French repulsed all attacks farther to tho south. Tho allies seem to have adopted n now plan in France, ranking each drive n battle complete In itself; they hnvo demonstrated, they feel, thnt tho German military power enn be crushed, nnd tho speed with which this Is to ho done depends largely on the aid given by tho Uulted States, On Thursday It was announced thnt the Germans had abandoned important sections of their front, between Lys river and St. Yves. Wilson's Flag-Day Address. Flag Day, June 14, wus marked by the enthusiasm and solemnity by which it wns celebrated throughout the country, and also by n notable address by President Wilson in Washington. Mr. Wilson again set forth clearly the rea son why wo hnve entered the wnr, forced thereto by the Insults and ag gressions of the German government; he drew a vivid picture of the German Intrigues In the Balkans, Turkey, Per sia, India nnd Egypt nnd described tho grent German plan to throw a belt of military power and political contrbl across the center of Europe nnd Into the heart of Asia ; he told how far this scheme hnd been cnrrlcd townrd suc cess, nnd where It had been foiled, nnd then scnthlngly denounced the deceit ful efforts to secure peace that the Ger man government has been making for a year because It knows Its plan hns failed and is trying to preserve Its po litical power at home and, Indeed, Its very existence. The president fairly took the blue off tho friends nnd partisans of the Germnn government in this country. They will mnke no headway, he de clared, for they and their thlnly-dls-giilsed disloyalties aro known, nnd tho truth Is plainly seen by our people. "Woe be to the man or group of men that seeks to stand In our way In this day of high resolution," cried the chief magistrate, "when every principle wo hold denrest is to bo vindicated and made securo for the salvation of tho nations." Japan has been stirred to fresh lr rltatlon against the United States be cause our government sent a note to China regarding the dissension there and expressing the hope that tranquil lity might b'e established. The Japa nese nssert that their special position in China is vital and must he jealously guarded, and that the United States, In sending the note without first con sulting Japan, Ignored that special po sition. Secretary Lansing explains thnt tho Irrltntlon of Jnpnn wns caused by a bogus copy of tho American note pub lished In Tokyo. Jnpnn is about to send a commission to the United States to arrange co-operation In tho wnr between the two nu tlons, nnd to discuss the complex ques tions concerning the far East. Tho mission is to be headed by Viscount Klkujlro Ishll, formerly foreign min ister. Haiti and the Dominican Republic have both severed diplomatic relations with the Germnn empire. Every llttlo helps. Murderous Air Raid on London. The Germnns on Wednesday made another of their murderous und useless nlrplnne raids on London, dropping quantities of bombs mostly on the East end. Ninety-seven persons wero killed nnd 437 wounded. Among tho dend wero 10 women nnd 20 children. The raiders wero soon drlvefi off by British aviators nnd nntl-nlrcrnft can npn. It is n wonder that these repeat ed raids do not drive the British to reprisal on omo of tho unfortified cities of Germnny. Tho weekly report of the British ad miralty showed 88 British vessels sunk by submarines, the largest number for five weeks, but still far below tho mark set by tho Germans as necessary for the starvation of England. Among tho victims of U-boats reported during tho week wcro the American steamship Petrollte, the Leyland liner Anglian nnd tho South Atlantic liner Sequnnn. The last named was carrying Senega lese troops and 100 men were lost. An American steamship on arrival nt an Atlantic port reported that she had rammed nnd sunk n German subma rine. In congress the conference report on the nrmy nnd navy deficiency appro prlntlon bill was accepted and this grontest of wnr budgotn, carrying $3, ri00.000.000 was sent to tho president for his approval. The administration food control bill enmo up for discus, slon In the sennte and was bitterly attacked by Senntor Reed of Missouri nnd others because of tho power it proposos to lodge In n "food dlctntor" or somu other agency selected by tho president, itr. Reed nlso severely criticized Herbert O. Hoover, whom Mr. Wilson hns selected us hend of the food control ngency. mum RE STER NATION'S HOUSEWIVES TO FORM CONSERVATION ARMY. HOOVER OUTLINES HIS PLAN: Not to Walt On Congress Over-Subscription to Liberty Loan Will Not Be Accepted. Wnshlngton. Herbert C. Hoover bus Issued a statement outlining hi plans for enlisting the nation's house wives as actual members of tho food administration and appealed to them, to Join him In the fight for conserving food and the elimination of waste. He Is proceeding at the direction of President Wilson, who, without wait ing for congress to enact the adminis tration food bills, directed him to pro ceed with organization of the food ad ministration so far as it contemplates assembling volunteer efforts. Mr. Hoover's statement Is practi cally as follows: "Wo ask every wom an In the United States engaged lu the personal control of food to rogls ter for actual membership In the food' administration, thus entering directly into the national service. We shall later on ask various classes of men likewise engaged In food prepnrntion nnd distribution to nlso volunteer to the national services In their various branches. Since food will decide tho wnr, ench American womnn enn do a real national service by protecting the food supply of the nation. Ninety per cent of Amerlcnn food consump tion passes through the hands of our women. The proper assurance of tho food to our allies will not only en courage them, but It will mnlntaln' therii In wnr. "Tho high prices Which nre hearing so hard tin tho poor and the more moderate wage earners In this coun try nre partially duo to tho shortago of supplies In tho world's market. "A single pound of bread saved weekly for each person will Increaso our export surplus of wheat 100.000, 000 bushels, and nn avcrnge snvlng of 2 cents on each meal every day for each person will save to the nation for war purposes .$2,000,000,000 per annum. "The women of the nation will be gin registering July 1, nnd contlnuo for fifteen days. It will consist simply In nsklng every womnn In tho country to volunteer this Important service by signing nnd mnlllng to the food ndmlnlstrntor, conservation di vision, Wnshlngton, the following: pledge: "I nm glad to Join you In tho serv ice of food conservation -Tor our na tion, and T hereby accept membership In tho United Stntes food administra tion, pledging myself to carry out tho directions nnd advice of the food ad ministrator In the conduct of my household. In so far as my clrcum- stances pen 't." "On receipt of the pledge we wilt send our preliminary Instructions and. n household tag. to be hung In tho window. The Inslgnln of the food ad ministration will consist of the na tional shield, and we hope to hnve It displayed In every home In tho Unit ed Stntes. Tn nil of tho arrangements which wo plan to make during the forthcoming yenr for tho supply of our nllles wo will bear the first re gard to our own peoplo, that they shall have plenty, provided that they eat wisely and without waste." RU68 Army Ordered to Fight. Petrograd. The duma in secret ses sion hns bus pnsscd a resolution for nn lmmedliito offensive by Hussion troops. The resolution declnres u sep nrnto pence with Germnny or pro longed inactivity on the buttle front to bo Ignoble treason townrd Russia' allies. Oppose Seperate Peace. . A stirring proclamation placing tho council of workmen nnd soldiers' dele gntes on record ns irrevocably opposed to a sepnrnte pence wn3 adopted by the council; The proclamation was. prompted by Austrian and German ef forts to lure Russia into a separato peace. Small Investor to Keep Bonds. Washington. Secretary, McAdoo an nounced that no part of tho great oversubscription to the Liberty loan would bo nccepted and thnt his state ment of May 10, in which he declared' that the Issue would bo limited to $2,000,000,000 stood good now ns then. Tho announcement will result In paring down hundreds of the larger subscriptions uptll tho total reaches tho $2,000,000,000 limit. Tho oversuli scrlptlon will total between $700,000,. 000 and $000,000,000. It Is posslblo that nil subscribers up to $10,000 wllh receive their allotments In full. Slacker Given Year In Prison. Phllndclphln. Pn. F. D. Becker, a nntlve born American, wns sentenced to ono year's Imprisonment under tho peloctlve draft net for falling to register. lie hnd plended guilty, de claring that his sympathies wero with. Germnny. Asks Big Sum for Sailors. Washington Secretary Daniels ask ed congress for $700,000 Lfor-wrtVm-clothlng for bluo-Juckets on cold duty nt sen and for amusements lb keep, huppy in training camps.