Newspaper Page Text
THE 8EMLWEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE. NEBRA8KA.
"BUSINESS MEN'S WAR" FOR GREAT BRITAIN AND THE UNITED STATES "BELGIUM OF TODAY" I I I Most Efficient and Powerful Wen In Commerce and Industry Give Services to the Government That' Could Not Be Purchased What the National Council of Defense Is Doing for This Country. New York. This war 'may not liu n trndc struggle, lut on the shoulders of buHlncss men depends to a great ex tent the successful prosecution of It. Especially Ih this true In Great Brit nln and the United Status. In Ger many before the war the corporate interests, such us the steamship lines, banks and fuctorles, were closely linked with the government Wi an ef ficient race for world leadership. Tho government aided them; quite 'natur ally they aided the government when war broke out. With Great 'Britain and the United States the situation Is somewhat dif ferent. There was co-operation be tween the government and big busi ness, but not ho much the Intimate Teutonic sort. But tho situation is now changed nnd Instead of war being pushed to a finish one way or the other by tho government with little aid outside of floating bond Issues, the business men havo taken over do talls lack of action op which might be fatal. Great Britain has several hundred of the most efficient and powerful business men in the country perform ing Innumerable tasks to conduct the war on a strictly business basis. The number In this country Is larger, with the list growing dally. Tho service of none of these men, whether they be English or American, could bo purchased. Their earning capacity Is virtually unlimited. Yet nil of them have given without re serve or qualification their time and energy In aiding their country. It' Is not an nlarmlst view to thlnk what would havo happened to the cause of the allies had not the business men Hteppcd in and did what they have dono nnd are doing. 8eeklng Results. Not, of course, that the public knows Just what either tho British board or the national advisory coiil mission of tho national defenso coun cil fn this country has done. They seek results, not publicity, and for this reason it is possible only to havo n faint Idea of their achievements. It requires n strong imagination to visu alize Just what thoy havo dono, but their general results of cutting gov ernmental red tape, purchasing sup plies quickly and economically and analyzing tho resources of the nation with itho view to utilizing every bit of power nro almost sufficient In them selves. GOOD WORK WINS PROMOTION ColoneltKean Goes to France John D. Ryan 8ucceedB as Director of Military Relief. Washington. The splendid work of Col. Jefferson Ilandolph Kenn, medical corps U. 8. A., In organizing the bnso hospitals of tho army and navy for tho Red Cross, has brought him promotion. Ho has been ordered to Franco to tnko charge of tho 1R0 United States army ambulanco sections on the French front. Colonel Kenn Is a great grandson of Thomas Jefferson. Ho has been the director general of military relief of tho Red Cross since Juno 16, 1010, when ho was detailed from his army duties to make ready tho hospital sys- John D. Ryan. lem for the impending war. No nation over before organized base hospitals until it was at war and tho wounded Jylng on tho ground needing attention But so vigorous has been Colonel .(can's work that tho country now has 42 army and 5 navy baso hospitals, 18 hospital units and 60 ambulanco com pontes ready for service, before a sin do rcclmcnt has reached tho trenches, This organization has cost the Bed Cross S2.40O.O0O. Tho successor of1 Colonel Kenn as director general of military relief Is John D.,ltynii, president of the Alia condn Copper compuuy. Over In England public recognition was given the business man by Bonnr Law, member of the war council. In the house pf commons. "The ministry of munitions," he said. "Is a body of business men more -competent, I be- ' ilavo, than that to be found In any In dustrial undertaking In the country." The clothing department of the British war office has more than a hundred men attached to It alone men who were leaders In their par ticular Held before the outbreak of hostilities three years ago. Bonnr Law at Ihe time of his address In parliament stated that they could not bo bought by any salary the house of cotninmis could possibly give them. These men who have volunteered their services to the British govern mcii ami who are virtually working their bends off for It are the very men who are directly responsible for Brit ain's commercial supremacy. Engineers In Service. They are the ones who bridged and bored and tunneled the earth from China to Peru; who created great railway systems, who control "great combines, and who havo amazed men accustomed to government routine by the way In which they have ousted the old, slow, easy-going methods. None of these men was especially desirous of being known ; they did not care to emblazon their names before the public. Perhaps but few of the British, aside from those In shipping circles, know Andrew Weir, who Is now surveyor-general of supply at the British war olllce. Yet he was one of the foremost shipbuilders on tho Clyde before the war and Is now saving tho British nation Sri.OOO.OOO u week by efllclent methods. The new financial secretary to tho chancellor of the exchequer Is Sir Samuel Ilardman Lever. He was never a member of the house of parliament and for this reason there were many groans when ho was named for this -pos'ltlon. He, too, hns saved the gov ernment millions of dollars. Shipping Is controlled by Sir Joseph Maclay, a formidable business man on the Clyde, who was called Into service and who has since made remarkable headway with a dllllcult proposition. Sir Eric Geddes made possible the transporting of troops from one sec tor of the western front to another, yet politics has always been distaste ful to him and he hitherto confined himself strictly to the big Job of run ning the Northeastern railway. Cowdray In War. A mighty Job faces Lord Cowdray, head of the Air hoard, and has faced him since, he took olllce. . He Is bet tor known under the name of Pearson, being the head of the oil linn of that nnmo that successfully battled with the Standard Oil company. Lord Cowdray himself personally directed many of the marvelous engineering feats the llrm has carried through In Mexico and Canada. Ono of his part ners, Sir Ernest William Molr, is in charge of tho Inventions department of the ministry of munitions. Sir Ernest was resident engineer of the tunnels under the Hudson river In New York, hut this Is simply one of a long list of achievements. Lord llhondda, new food controller. Is a commercial man of front rank In England. He was once In politics, nut later quit, and wnen lie was called to his present post he was head of a great colliery alliance employing 20,000 men, and ho also found time to be a director In not less than -10 com panics. Lord Rothermero, who has charge of the army clothing department, president and founder of tho Anglo Newfoundland Development company which developed tho resources of that colony to a marvelous extent. Sir Alfred Mond, who commandeers hotels, tills public parks and erects buildings needed by the government overnight, ifiado millions as a manu fncturer of chemicals. This list Is necessarily Incomplete It does not narrate in detail .the ox plolts of the men mentioned. It gives, however, some Idea of tho Caliber o men who havo enlisted to aid the Brit Ish government. Their aid has been Invaluable; their success to bo mens ured more than by savings of tens of millions. Their savings, It might be said, are real and not Imaginative. Following England. What these men have done In Eng land and their results will best be told after the wa.' is over and men carefully analyze Just what they hnv done Is being done In America to a remarkably slmljnr degree, Never before were men with such earning capacities and with such keen ability to organize and dlrec an garnered ror uie same purpose, When it Is considered that such men as Howard Collin, one of tho great est engineers In t'u country; Julius Itosenwald, a mercantile power particular acumen; Thomas Edison, the electrical wizard; Daniel Wll lard. transportation expert, and oth ers, nro nil working toward a single goal -tho success of the United States In tho war it Is truly remarkable. Tho entire personnel of the ad visory commission of the national council of defense ureathes power. It Allegorlcally portrayed by Air.-. Reg inald C. Vnnderbllt nnd little AIIsh An ita Yoakum Fosdlck at a spectacle given for the benefit of the Bed Cross Newport. It. I. naturally would with men like Theo dore N. Vail, head of the Bell Tele phone system; Wallace D. Simmons, head of the largest hardware company the United States, and others on the list, all actively engaged In the council's work. There are men who re on the committees who leave im portant work to go to Washington and unravel knotty questions on trans portation, food and kindred subjects. Aiost of the big railroad men In the country are doing what they can to Id ; the big tlnanciers are joining In, so n'ro the miinuracturers. Aitnougn they have accomplished wonders since their organization a few months ago. If we could but ascertain the real ex tent of their efforts, of which only a few leak out now and then, It would deserve properly to be classed above twentieth century miracles. Merging the Railroads. It Is rather much of an old story now to tell of the merging of all tho railroads In the United States Into one continental system, doing away with competition for the sake of maximum national, efficiency In transportation. But It Illustrates to what extent the business men have gone and how willing they nre to use their power to aid the government. llallroads have not been alone in their sacrlllces; mnny lines of busi ness have dono something similar. Every move of this kind on the part of the business Interests lias shown the more clearly how vital their aid Is und how much less the govern- men could do without It, proving It Is a business man's war. In this connection, Grosvenor B. Clarkson, secretary of the council of national defense and of the advisory commission, said : Modem war means that battles are won not alone ny ngnting men hut by lighting Industries. War hns ceased to he a profession In which military men nloue are called. On tho contrary, It enlists the specialists of every Industry and every science from tho firing line clear back to the first line of defense. in the words of Howard Coflln, who started the movement for mobil izing the Industrial forces of Amer ica, 'twentieth century conflict de mands that the blood of the" soldier must he mingled with from three to live parts of tho sweat of the man In tho mills, mines and factories of tin; nation In arms.' " This sentiment of Mr. Clarkson crystallzes the thought as to the great change In conducting warfare. It applies equally as well In both Great Britain and tlte United Stntes and, perhnps the other allies, but British nnd American business men, more than those of France, Itnly anil Russia, are prosecuting the war, be cause upon them lies the task for financing the struggle. Englnnd helped her allies financially during the early days of the war, and now tho United States has taken over the Job for virtually tho entire world. They not only glvo money, but save It without being parsimonious, for, had It not been for their united sup port both governments Brltlhli and American would have been hundreds of millions of dollnrs worse off. The Injection of business men as directors of the war Is novel, but It has achieved results that could not have been obtained under tho older form of thluuH. PLAN TO IMPROVE HIGHWAYS Ohio Township Alms to Make Roads More Pleasant to Travel Over In Heat of Summer. "Coupled with a strong good-roads sentiment In nn Ohio township," says I nrm and Fireside, "Is a plan to lino the roads of the township with trees. The principal reason advanced by the I committee which has charge of tho project Is to make tho roads more pleasant to travel In tho heat of suni- ( mer. "In nddltlon, the trees will In n mens lire help to keep the surrounding ground moist by preventing rapid evap oration, thus keeping down tho dust. They will shelter travelers during storms, check tho erosion of ditches on hills, beautify adjacent property, nnd add to the general attractiveness of land values of the community. "Those who start such work are not likely to live long enough to see their plans fully completed nnd to enjoy the shnde. This fact lends u pathetic touch to tho project ns well as Indicating a sincere and unselfish desire to be of public service." SURFACES FOR HILLY ROADS Slipping and Skidding on Smooth, Hard Covering Is an Ever-Present Dread Among Farmers. Slipping on hilly ronds Is one of the unfortunate results which horses must suffer as a result of covering the ronds with hard surfaces, while the possibili ty of skidding on these slopes Is an ever-present dread among motorists. A special form of paving brick, culled "hillside bricks," Is made for use on grades exceeding one foot rise In 20 feet horizontal distance. These bricks have grooves cut across their tops to hold the shoes of the horses and the tires of the cars, and have been re ceived with much favor by road build ers. Recently the same object hns been attained with bituminous ronds built on hills, by leaving them with a Proving That All Flirtations Are Not Wrong WASHINGTON. Two women young enough to have birthdays were con fabbing In a car. One held a lace-swaddled infant. The other placed her heavier youngster on the sent beside her, and turning to her computilon, left the buby to look out for Itself. And the baby did. It started a flirtation which proved, of course, tlint the baby was a girl. She went for the mnn of her choice with a directness that caught the as tonished Interest of every passenger in the car except her mother, who was too busy talking to notice tho ro mance going on behind her back. The man sat below the buby with a vacant seat between. He was a shabby man with mud on his shoes and un all-over look of being out of a Job. He accepted the young person's ndvnnces with a futile that seemed shy of asserting Itself Shakespeare forgot to say that bad luck as well as a guilty conscience makes cowards of us all and when she had tugged at the maternal hand until she could slide ncross the vacant spaco and snuggle up to him the man shrank away. The baby snuggled closer and crowed jubilation. A prosperous citizen ncross leaned over to cluck confidentially to Juliet nnd to congratulate Romeo on bis conquest. Perhaps the prosperous one recognized that there must be something worth While In the hidden depths of n man never mind the muddy snoes wno couia attract tne commence oi u. baby, still wise with the inscrutable knowledge It had brought into the world with it. For when the mother, suddenly conscious of her offspring, gasped to find Its white embroideries fraternizing with tramp humanity awl whisked It to her lap, tho citizen took the vacated seat and said some kindly trifle. Romeo, doubtless encouraged by the victorious fact that be had Just fig ured up as u lady killer, and feeling, mnybe, that the man who spoke tho kindly words must have a kindly heart to back them, made apologetic refer ence to having walked from tidewater Virginia looking for work. That was all there was to it, except that as one passenger got out she wondered if if: Tho mnn who wanted work nnd the man who looked as if he could give It hud been brought together purposely. And If It had been intended thut u little child should lead them. PARSON RECRUITS FIVE AT A GERMAN PICNIC Superior. .Minn Uev. A. M. Ilarkness, Superior's "Fighting Parson." attended it German pic nic at Fergus Falls, Minn. Ac cording to recruiting olllcers he Induced five recruits for the reg ular army. Boasts 45 Languages. Cleveland, O. Cleveland often has been referred to as the "mulling pot" because of so many foreigners here. A tabulation of school census reports shows that 4.1 languages nre spokeu In this city. Speaker Receives Belated University Degree 4 . CHAMP Clnrk, for a plain, homespun Amerlcnn, has a terrific lot of alpha betical disarrangements after his name. For one thing, he Is nn LL. D. three times, und LL. D. raised to the third power certainly presupposes n large amount of knowledge. One of these degrees reached him only n few days ngo, nearly half n century after he had been fired from Kentucky university. It enmo about in this way: Two men Jumped on the young Beuuchump Clark when he was In his senior year and were giving him considerable of a pounding. Clnrk wus mad and in his rage endeavored to puncture one of his nssullunts with a shot from nn old fushloned pepper-pot pistol. This scrap resulted in Clnrk going before the fnculty, which was evenly divided for and against expelling the boy. The president of the university was absent, and the man acting in his place had a. eon at the school who would be in line for honors if Clark, who wus nearly top- man, should be fired. Well, Clnrk was tired; but when the president of the university returned he revoked the order, but Clark was sore then and had left for good, ne went to Bethany college, and did the junior und senior years In one. When ho graduated he hndaan nveruge of 09.08 per cent, and the missing two-tenths-of 1 per cent came about because he contracted indigestion enting corned beef nnd cabbage at ono dinner in midterm. This little Illness set him buck just enough to put him two-tenths to the bad on one of the monthly exams- Kentucky university, however, falling to give the speaker a diploma at the time he should have had it, increased the degree and sent it to him at the Inst commencement. Rough Surface on Hilly Road. rough surface. Tills method of con struction was developed by the Mas sachusetts state highway commission. According to Engineering News, the roadbed is covered with broken stone from two to three Indies in size, which is rolled until the bed is three inches, thick. This bed then bus hot asphalt applied to it by a pressure distributor at the rate of two and three-fourths to three gallons per square yard. This asphalt fills the spaces between the stones, but tho latter are so largo that their tops project somewhat above the asphalt binder antl thus nfford a foot hold in any but icy wenther. VALUE OF IMPROVED ROADS Value of Farm Increased by Getting Crops to Market Rapidly and Cheaply as Possible. Tho value of good roads is becom ing more and more recognized in tho United States every day. Wlso men nolnt to tho fact that tap-lino railroad spurs cannot bo constructed In the country for less than $75,000 a mile, nud that the cost of these must be paid by tho commodity transported over them. Tho good roads do not cost so much nnd nre just ns efficient. Everything that makes it ensler to get crops to tno market raises tbe value of farm lands by making them more profitable to tho farmer. Lesson in Poor Widow's Gift to the Red Cross THE Intense nnd widespread Interest in the work of soliciting funds for the Red Cross, nmong nil classes, is thus impressively described by Mrs. Alary Kotherlne Ilnnsbrough In the Tampa Tribune: "I rend in the morning paper of Morgan's gift of n million dollars to the Red Cross fund In New York city nud I compared it to a gift made In Tampa to the Woman's Red Cross com mittee of which I wns chairman. "Wo were working the very poor est district of Tampa, where the strug gle for existence is n raw tragedy, where the contributions, willingly made from the necessities of life, were nickels and dimes. In an ill-kept cot tage, bare of furniture nnd every sem blance of comfort, I found a woman and three children. Her shoulders were bent with labor, her hands were hardened with toll, her hair streaked with the gray of sorrow and poverty,, but her eyes were still alight with human sympathy. I talked to her a bit about my mission nnd the soldier boys we were sending away from the America they loved so well. Her eyes filled with tears and she asked wistfully : '"Would you let me give you two cents? It Is all I have and I would like to feel that I have helped some soldier even such n little bit.' "Suddenly I was carried back 1000 years to a temple In Jerusnlem. I saw the millionaires making their gifts and the widow casting In her mite nnd heard the voice of tho Master: 'She hath cast in more than they all.' ''The two cents may not buy comfort for u wounded soldier but the lnllu ence of its loving bestowal should touch every heart." Leads In Road Improvement. Tho Automobile club of Southern California, with Its 10,203 members, which claims to be tho largest organ ization of tho kind in the world, de clares that Callfornln is lending nil states in highway development. Rural Attitude Changed. Tho use of the automobile by farm ers has completely changed the rural attltudo toward motoring, nnd tens of thousands of men are making direct profits by catering to the passing mo torist. Prominent Women Furnish Hospital Equipment: fRS. WOODROW WILSON, wife of the president, and Allss nelen Wood- row Bones, a cousin of the president, have turned over to the Amerlcnn. Red Cross four dozen pairs of pajamus and an equal number of sheets and pillowcases which they have made with their own hnnds. Tills "bit" of personal service by the wife of the president Is an illustra tion of tho work which women of the cabinet and others prominent in official life nre doing as an Inspiration and ex ample to thousands of others. Several women of the cabinet, be sides giving sons to the service, also have taken the lead In organizing groups of women to sew on baso hos pital equipment. Mrs. Thomas R. Alur- shnll has organlzeo tho wives, daughters und sisters of senators; Airs. Champ Clark has been active in congressional circles; Mrs. William G. McAdoo has organized woinej employed in the treasury department; Airs. Franklin K. Lane, assisted vy the wives of bureau chiefs, has been leading woman em ployees of the Interior department in conducting sewing circles nnd first-aid classes at the Home club. Ellpt Wndsworth of tho war council of the society, In forwarding the gar ments mnde at tho Whito House, said: "The American Red Cross sends this special shipment at tho request of Mrs. Wilson to evidence her active und most pructlcnl Interest In tho work of mercy and relief carried on by the Red Cross societies. Wo trust that the shipment will reach you safely, as it carries with It such cordial good wishes from the Immediate family of the, president of tht United Stntes"