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THE 8EMI.WHEKLV TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA.
BRITISH RETREAT TO NEW POSIT ONS MOVE BACK TO MAKE SLAUGH TER MORE APPALLING. GERMANS DISREGARD LIVES i iV'' "k in u ii ' '"K i tut' luriiiiiiis limn- t nan a t.iKii i'l(ii u.ll develop shortly. , )cnr ago, had set u record, mill ord Tlic (icrumiiH, in tliu British view, I mince officers of the American, Brit tmiiixi ntrr lis!tit' tit cnrrjiiiig out ' and French corps freely conceded Hurl Masses of Men Directly Into the Face of Certain Death. Foe Get Farther Away from Supply. Paris Shelled from Afar. London, Mnrcli 20. Fighting of n most desperate diameter linn linen continuous on the western front since tho Initial attack last Thursday, hut no far the British hnve used few troops other than those which were lioldlng tho front lines. The new po sitions, according to latest reports, nro being held Intact hy the British nnd nre expected to withstand tho German onslaught. British shock troops havo been making as gallant a defenso as was ever recorded In the annals of tho Hrltlsh army, and as a result they have enabled the main body of tho forces to fall hack do. liberate!) and without confusion nnd occupy positions which had been pre pared long before tho Germnn offons lvo began. Tho Germans on tho other hand, operating under the eyes of tho em peror nnd tho crown prince, have been hurling vast hordes Into the fray with utter disregard for lives, and havo fol lowed Into tho abandoned position, getting farther and fnrthor away from their supplies and finding their communications Increasingly dltllcult. More than fit) Gorman divisions hnvo been Identified by nrtual contact, nnd many of tlieso men were slmplji her iTennlve, and it Is a who ol breaking through or admit drfent. In Oil connection. It In Intcnwfliig to note n statement made Saturday by i Germnn officer, who declnrrd Hint tin German offennlvo wan an net of des peration brought on by the fact thnt thr Fnthcrbmd must hnvo ponce. However, the Brltlnh take such n sertloiiN at their face value and are proceeding accordingly, The town of Chaiiny, southwest of St. Qucntlii, situated on the load to f'omplcgne, the gntewny to Pails, has been occupied by the Germans and, according to the Merlin olllclal com munications, everywhere between the Senium and the Olse rivers, the Ger mans nre pressing their advantage. Throughout Sunday along the en tire fiO-mllo battle front tho fighting they navor had dreamed of a mon stor gun with a range more titan thir ty miles. Confident British Will Hold Foe. Reports of huge losses on both sides reaching Washington from the Cambria front full to shnke official confidence In tho ability of the 'Brit Ish to checkmate the enemy In whnt has developed to be the biggest battle ever staged In the history of man kind. Canadians Spring Great Surprise, Canadian Headquarters in France, March 24. -While Germnn and Hrlt lsh troops were struggling far to the south In the opening clash of tho spring campaign, tho grcntest nro Jector gas bombardment of tho war was carried out by the Canadians Thursday night against enemy posl never censed for a moment, and . tlons between Lens and Hill 70. where Field Marshal Mnlg's men were At 11 o'clock u slgnnl rocket was tinahlo to withstand tho terrific on- font up. A moment later more than slaughts delivered by greatly superior jfi.OOO drums of lethal gas, slmultn- mrces, ground was given lint always noousiy roicnseu from projectors, were In orderly fashion. It now has been definitely ascer tallied that considerably more than n hurled Into enemy territory from the outskirts of Lens to Cite St. Auguste and Holso De DIx-IIult. From his million Germans have been brought fro,lt llnes nntl "trong points favoring to tho western front In an indnnvnr . "'iius carrion tlio poisonous clouds to crush tho British army holding I ,mck "I'011 lne enemy's dugouts, sup the line from the reirlnn nf Amu tn . Ports, reserves and assembly areas. the south of St. Qiientln. but It dally Tno w'c front wns lit by enemy becomes Increasingly evident tliat the flnm which could bo seen through enemy In his drive has.niel with oppn- tl,e nt'rtvy ,Ills while the enemy's sltlon not counted upon, and been un able to realize to tho full his objectives. Tn addition to Chnuny, the Germans are claiming the capture of both Pe- gas alarm nnd cries of distress could be heard from tho hostile trenches, Nine minutes later tho Canndlnn field artillery, supported by heavy guns and trench' mortars, opened up ronno and Ham. and to lmvn in. w,,n " ",ow bombardment, Increasing creased the number of prisoners tak- 1,1 vlolo'"''! ntll, 40 minutes later, the en to more than 110.000. In addition to nomy positions were swept with n 000 guns and lnrgo stores of war materials. According to official estimates of the casualties occurring up to Sun short. Intensive creeping bnrrago, ...1.fl. 1. m wiiicii rnKeo ins rorwara ana renr areas with high explosives, Caught by tho gas without a mo- day night In the great battle, more '""if m "l"'?? !V ""T WCr c'ncrK!"S ban "fiO.000 innii I.m.1 l.omi iriiin.i ' ""' .v kuii me, uie ... Ger wounded or captured In the four days' fighting. British estimates place the German WHERE GERMANS OPENED GREAT ATTACK i2ta ubenchcul Off t 3 4- 5 (to-L MILCS mans' casualties must have been very henvy, for the cffcctlvness of smaller gns operations bns been cm phatlcnlly proved by the evidence of prisoners, nnd tonight's bomhnrdmcnt was three times grenter than any thing of Its kind over nttempted by the Cnnndlans on the western front, and much grenter than anything ever munched by tho Germnns. Critical Hour of War. London, Mnrch 20. Tho official re ports represent the hnttle position In Franco ns undoubtedly grave. The newspapers recognize, but do not at tempt to appraise the situation or prophesy the course of events. They consider this tho critical hour of tho i, war. J Tho German seizure of Chnuny mny compel tho withdrawal of tho French I lines, In order to preserve contact nnd 1 alignment with the Hrltlsh. Much rests on the use of the nllled "army of maneuver" organized by the Ver sailles conference, which may prove the decisive force of tho battle. Tho Dally Mall says that If Field Marshnt Ilalg's report thnt the Ger mans broke through west of St. Quontln, uses the term "broke through" In the generally accepted military sense, It Is serious, but thnt time alone can show the correct Interpretation. Thin map shows that part of tho Hrltlsh lines In the region of Cnmbrai. where tho Germans mndo their fiercest attacks In opening their now offensive. Their nppnrent Intention was to drive wedges on both sides of tho Cambrnl salient. given two days' Iron rations and sent over tho top Into tho frightful miiel Strom niudu by the allied urtlllery, machine guns urn! rifles. Tho slaugh ter of the enemy Infantry as It ad' vnnced In clone formation over tho open lma been nppnlllng. Tho Hrltlsh losses hnvo been wlth'n tho bounds expected, duo to tho tactics of the commanders. Thu allies hnvo lost a considerable number of men In prisoners aiid a certain mini Iter of guns. Hut very few pieces ot urtlllery havo been taken by the Ger mans slnco tho first day. In fact, tint whole withdrawal him been executed In n masterly manner, showing how thoroughly the Hrltlsh hud planned for tho very events which havo oc curred. It Is permitted to say now whal Homo hnvo known for a long time iiumely, that the Hrltlsh never Intend ed to try to hold tho forward position! In this region If the Germaus attack ' ed In tho force ejpeeted. There la overy renron to believe losses at 200,000 men. While nothing olllclal has eoino from tho front throwing a definite light on the Brit ish losses, they nro estimated at ap proximately half those of the Ger mans. One of tho mysteries of the offens ive which has now been solved Is that the shelling of Paris is being done by a long range German gun. This statement Is contained In the Berlin olllclal communication, and n l'nrls dispatch says that one of the guns has been located near Laon about 70 mites from tho center of Paris. Throughout Sunday morning and Into tho mid-afternoon shells were dropped In Paris at intervals of from 12 to 20 minutes. Washington Officials Dumbfounded. Washington, D. a, Mnrch 2(1. The long-range bombardment of Paris by a Gorman gun, presumably seventy four miles away, announced ns a fact In thu French capital, dumhfounde I American ordnance ofllcers. The twenty-two-mlle bombardment of Dun- Drive Delayed By Flyers. With the French Annies in tho Field. During tho past months when tho Germnns lmvo been concentrating their troops, artillery, munitions nnd materials for an offensive, nllled nvl ators have kept up un unceasing re connaissance of uver.v sten taken and hnvo bombarded concentration centers and communication Hues to such an extent ns to doluy seriously the date of attack. From December 1, 1017, to Fcbru. nry 15, 1018, seventy-seven days cov erlng tho German's most Intense pre parations, French nlr forces alone made 22,M8 flights. French fighting planes brought down 101 Gerainn mnclilnes, of which only twenty-nlno fell "within the French lines, showing how the French nro keeping German planes over their own lines. Nlnoty-thrce other Ger. mnn planes were brought down so fnt buck of the German lines thnt It wns Impossible for their complete destruc tion to bo confirmed. Against this total of 107 victories In seventy-seven dnys, only thirty eight French machines were brought down by the Germnns. French observation plnnes made 1.'10!) flights over tho Germnn linos. In these (lights 21,!I82 photographs were taken. Meantime bombing squadrons (lying night and day, mined 200 tons of e.x jdoslves on centers of, concentration, lines of communication and munitions depots. ' Among the points bombarded with exceptional frequency were the fam ous Germnn chemical works at Lud wlgshaven. mineral' bases at Brley. the Snrry and ninny railway stations. Alms at Ports On Channel. London, -March 20. While cloudi of uncertainty obscure tho details of tho world's greatest battle, tho guns of which nro heard In London, there In n measure of relief felt that Ger many lias finally shown her bnnd. The purpose nnd method of tier long talked ol blow nro now plain. Illn denburg's objectivo Is undoubtedly tbo channel ports, but ho purposes to take tho first stop toward them by breaking through the allies' line near the junction of the French nnd Brit ish armies. Tho attack 1ms shown no now strategy, but appears to be simply a colossal idow with masses of guns anil men hitherto never used. Thero Is no surprlso that the British lino tfnB been forced lmck. Lines., of defenso hnvo bentbeforo nil great 6f fonstvos In this wnr. What tho Brit ish pnoplo look to tho army for Is that hronlr. Birth Rata Cut In Half. Washington, D. 0., March 20. Tho birth rate In Hungary has been cut' more thnn half by tho war, ns shown In statistics rend to the Hungarian chamber of deputies recently. In 1014 705.000 "chlldreli were born. In 1017 tho number was 328,000. Many Killed In Munition Explosion. London, March 20. Thirty German soldiers were killed and more than 100 others Injured und fiOO munition wagons were blown up by nn explo sion at Mevrlgnles station near Mens, Delglum, according to an Kxcliango Telegram dispatch from Amsterdam. . . .in. i ii oops advancing to a grenade attack under cover of u heavy barrage fire. 2 Italians moving a heavy gun up to position for the expected spring offensive. 3 Sergt. MuJ. A. W. James of tho Canndlan forces, who wns decorated In the presence of n huge crowd at Madison Square Garden, New York, for bravery In action after being badly wounded. s NEWS REVIEW OF THE PAST WEEK Germans Open Great Attack on the British Front North of St. Quentin. MAY BE THE SPRING DRIVE Allied Commanders Confident Their Lines Cannot Be Broken Seriously Teutonic Penetration of Russia Continues Ship ping Question Most Serious Dutch Vessels Are Seized. By E. W. PICKARD. "We nre at the decisive moment of tho war and one of the greatest mo ments in German history," telegraphed the kaiser to tho lUienlsh provincial council, nnd thereupon, Thursday morning, bis forces began n tremen dous bombnrdment of a wide stretch of the British front north of St. Quen tin. This wns followed by attneks by large masses of Infantry which were hurled against the British front In desperate efforts to brenk through. Tbo nssaults were extremely costly to tho enemy and up to tho time of writing had been of little avail, for though at some points the British ad vanced lines had been penetrated, Field Marshal Hnlg reported that on no pnrt of the long front of attack had the Germans attained their objective. Apparently Von Illndenburg was try ing to drlvo In n wedge on each side of the Cambrnl salient, and nt the same time his troops made vicious assaults on the French northeast of Verdun and near Helms, though these were con sidered as diversions rather than parts of tho main attack. The lines held by the Americans In the Lorraine and Toul sectors had not been assailed. The British were In no way sur prised by the attack of Thursday, and their commanders met It with supreme confidence. In every possible way they wore prepared to meet the assault, of which they had had ample warning. Whether this smnsh was really the opening of the threatened great spring drive of the knlser or not was uncer tain, lint American military experts doubted It. If it were, said they, It was the most hopeful -sign of the wnr so far. for Its defeat was certain. And such a defeat, they felt, would bring much closer the ultimate triumph of the cause of the allies. fea Intense aerial activity characterized the operations nil along tho west front last week. There were numerous com bats, In which the allies generally had tile best of it. and the British and French nvlutors mndo many raids on towns and1 military establishments back of the German lines. Mannheim especially was hard bit by the British. The American llyers also were very busy and won praise by their skill and daring. These developments lend backing to tbo statement of one war correspond ent that land fighting In France Is tem porarily In' abeyance and that tho allies expect to win the war there In the air, having already undoubted supremacy In that element, lie asserts that If the Germans make their great drive It must be made blindly, and the allies will promptly send their Immense uitvles of the nlr across and destroy the Hun's lines of communications, de pots and factories nnd his entire or ganization of supplies nnd re-enforce- mcnts. If this Is the plan, there is the grenter need for thu United States to speed up Its lagging production of bat tleplanes. Tho Providence Journal, heretofore remarkably well Informed, asserts that In this respect the Ameri can aircraft program for 101S Is an ab solute failure. fci While the kaiser delayed Ids blg'nt- tack nn the west front, the world lias waited In considerable suspense to know what the plan of the allies may be. This rests with the supreme couuull at Versailles In which Amer ica is still unrepresented and there Is reason to believe thnt It will decide to take the offensive without waiting for the Germnns to strike, as was Inti mated In these columns some weeks ngo. It Is believed that the council has nt its disposal an Immense army mndc up of reserves of tho various allied forces, and some wise observers think tho first great attack will be made in Italy, though there will be enough do ing In France nnd Belgium to keep the Germans busy und uncertain. Intense nctlvlty by both the Germans and French In the Verdun region, nnd cer tain movements In the American sec tion toward Metz Indlcnte coming op erations of magnitude on those parts of the line. The French made some re markably swift and successful raids, destroying enemy blockhouses nnd shelters that had takon three years to construct. fca On the Toul front the Americans were subjected to continuous shelling and the enemy also sent over airplanes thnt dropped large rubber balls filled with liquified mustnrd gas a new form of attack. Tho American artil lery maintained Its record for nccuratc fire, driving the enemy from several strong positions nnd nt times attacking the Germans heavily with gas shells. Secretary Baker In the course of bis visit to General Pershing's forces was under fire In the front line trenches, and one big shell exploded close to his nutomoblle, but he escaped Injury. On Tuesdny General Pershing ap proved the awarding of the first of the new American military crosses for bravery, the recipients being Lieut. John O. Green nnd Sergts. William Norton nnd Patrick Walsh, All of them previously had been decorated with the French war cross. Ja in Hussln, despite the acceptance of the peace treaty by the bolsbevlkl, the German armies hnve been steadily pressing forward, occupying town nfter town In the south, moving up toward Moscow and nlso iipproachlng so close to Petrograd that the seizure of the capital city was said to be a mntter of days or hours. All the allied diplomats left Petrograd, most of them retiring to Vologda, .'!50 miles east. American Ambassador Francis from there Issued an address to the Uusslnn people, warning them that if they submitted to the peace imposed by the central powers Russia eventually would be come n German province, und pledging tlie support of the American govern ment to any government in Hussln that would resist the German penetration. Mr. Francis acted without speclllc In structions from Washington, but his utternncifti received tho full approval of the administration. Tlie bolshevik government has been hurriedly moving to Moscow. Trotzky is there and says lie will act as minis ter of war If there Is to lie more light ing. The new volunteer nrmy Is being organized rapidly, with renewed dis cipline, and the press and people, nl rendy somewhnt disillusioned, cry out against the predntory ruthlessness of the Germans. The Transcaucaslan as sembly at Tillls refused to ratify the pence treaty and demanded Immediate wnr on Germany. The attitude of all the allies toward the bolshevik soviet Is becoming more sympathetic, but the hope of effective resistance Is rather t'alut. The hand of the conqueror falls more and more heavily on Itoumnnta, which Is now required to give up to the central powers not only all of her own .war munitions, but also those left In Uoumnnla by the allies. If she yields to this demand the representatives of j the allies will leave .lassy, rsa The supreme war council of the al lies at Versailles. Issued a statement denouncing Germany's political crimes against llussla and ICoumnnlu and re fusing to recognize the peace treaties with them. "We nre fighting, and menu tn continue fighting. In order to finish once for nil with tlds jwllcy of plun der," suld the council. In reply Chan cellor von Ilertllr.g asserted Germany had un Intention of robbing or dishon oring llussla and accused the allies of hypocrisy, untruthfulness und brutal ity. SQ There was no material change In tlie situation In the far F.ast, but the oppo sition to Japan's plan to occupy Vladi vostok seemed to Increase because, ot the persistent distrust of the 'Nrl plre'fj good faith. Trotzky warned the world thnt Gcrmnny and Japan had agreed to divide Bussla between them, but Trotzky's opinions are no longer entitled to very serious consideration. Ms Early Thursday morning two Brit ish and three French destroyers en gaged n force of Germnn destroyers off Duukerquo, and when the tight was over four enemy vessels had boon sunk. One British destroyer wns damaged, but the allied casualties -were slight. The same day Ostend waB heavily bombarded by British monitors and Helgoland wns attacked by airplanes. fly Eloquent nrgumcnt having fnlled to bring the Teutonic rulers to their senses or the Teutonic peoples to a realization of tho truth, and encour agement and sympnthy having met with no response from the Ilusslnns, President Wilson seems to have de cided thnt action, quick nnd forcible, Is the only thing that will bring tbo war to a close. He cheered up the country Immensely by calling Into con ference the bends pf the various war boards, who bad been named as ndvls ers to the chairman of the war Indus tries board In establishing co-ordinn-tlon. Hu Impressed upon these men again the need of harmonizing their work In order to hurry up shipbuild ing, Increase shipping facilities nnd provide materials for the production of munitions. The shipbuilding question Is the most pressing one, and the gov ernment Is somewhnt disturbed by the uncertain labor situation. It Intends to adopt a definite labor policy, as did Englnnd, but this has not yet been formulated. The matter of shlps also came to the front again In England, and In re sponse to public lemand Sir Eric) Geddes, first lord of the admiralty, gave out figures on the results of the submarine warfare. Total losses to the allies nnd neutral nations since the beginning of the war, he said, were 0, 000,000 tons, and be admitted the monthly losses nre 120,000 tons greater thnn the new ships built. To correct this. Sir John Jelllcoe Is to devote him self to combating the submnrlne, Lord Plrrle hns been made governor general of merchant ship building nnd ull avail jiblo men In the country will be put to building ships. Premier Lloyd-George said that by special effort the deficien cy could be made good in British ship yards alone. te A great help in solving this transport problem Is the seizure of about a mil lion tons of Dutch shipping by the United States and England. This wns accomplished on Wednesday after the Netherlands government had refused to put Into effect Its voluntary agreement to restore Its merchant mnrlne to nor mal activity. Most of tlie vessels taken will be used in carrying food from America to Europe, nnd President Wilson says Holland will receive uni pie' supplies of foodstuffs, In accord ance with the orlgjnul pact. Germany of course, has warned the Dutch that their ships now will be sunk, but it uever has shown much regard for the rights of neutral ships outside the pro r.crlbed zone. a After being ns.salled In vain by tho Hepubllcnns, the administration bill to establish u war Hnanco corporation was passed by the house Thursday with only two opposing votes. On the same day Hie president signed the bill which brings the railroads under gov ernment operation and control until 21 months nfter tho end of tho war. Ha Agricultural interests were relieved of anxiety by an order of the wnr de partment permitting men engaged in planting or cultivating crops to con tinue their work until finished, al though their draft numbers are reached. This does not npply to dairy workers. lea . Wisconsin, sinui tlngninder the Impu tations of disloyalty caused by La Fol lette and his doings und sayings, un dertook to redeem herself In the sena torial primaries, and succeeded In a measure. Joseph E. Davles, backed by the national administration, easily won the Democratic Humiliation, hut Con gressman I.euroot had a hard task de feating James Thompson, the La Fol lette candidate, for the Republican choice. The Socialist vote, unexpect edly heavy, was cast for Victor Berger, who Is under Indictment for vlolnitiig the espionage act.