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THE 8EMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA.
FACES DEATH IN Seattle Woman Tells of Plight of Americans in Russian City. LIVE LIKE RATS EIGHT DAYS Describes Terrible Experiences During Fight Between the Bolshevlkl and Cadets In Very Center of the Battle. Seattle, Wash. How Americans hud dled for olcht days In the basement of a hotel In Moscow, Itussla, while the buttle between the bolshevlkl and cadets loyal to the government raged over their heads, Is told In a vividly Interesting letter received hero by relatives of Mrs. Helen Meserve, for merly of this city, who has spent the lust three and one-half years with her husband In itussln. Harry Meserve, her husband, Is representative of the National City bank of New York In l'ctrograd and Moscow. "Living like rats and running from place to place to avoid the bullets of tlio machine guns and the shells of the larger guns," Mrs. Meserve says, "was an experience she hopes never to undergo again." The first part of her letter Is dated November 17, 1017, at Moscow. It says : "X'esterday wo wcro able to leave the hotel In Moscow and are now at the French military headquarters. For eight days wo were under bom bardment and for three hours the guns of the anarchists were turned directly on tho Hotel National, where great damago was done. All the windows were broken and the wnlls torn by tho big shells. Like Rats In Cellar. "Tho last few days we lived llko rats la tho cellar, running from place to pluco to safe shelter. During all tho bombardment wo did not take our clothes off and sat up two nights." Four duy Inter tho letter; was con tinued nt tho Hotel d'Europo In l'c trograd. Tho letter continues: "Wo arrived hero yesterday In n Itcd Cross trnln and aro leaving for homo Just us soon ns wo possibly can get out. I will try and tell a llt tlo more about our experiences In Moscow. "Tho firing began at ten o'clock at night. At first only n few shots wcro fired. There was positively no warn ing any kind, us wo know tho gov ernment hud been taken over by tho bolshevlkl (this party. Is composed of anarchists and socialists, the former in great majority). "Our rooms wero on tho corner of tho hotel and our windows wero rid dled with bullets whllo wo wcro dress- REMOVE THE CAUSE, Keeping In mind tho admonition, "Itetnove the cause anil accidents will cease, the British soldiers in France obey the order to pick up all nails they find on tho road and put them In boxes provided, for these nails puncture tires uml injuro tho feet of horses. TearTea Shortage Is Noted in Various Parts of Country. Decreased Schools Enrollment In and Resignations Bring Crisis. Normal May New York. Tho United Stntcs is facing n famlno of public school teach ers. Tho schools In various putts of tho country aro alrcudy suffering from a shortage of teachers. Men ami women in notlcenblo numbers, reports from different sections say, are re signing their positions In the schools to tuko up other kinds of work, But tho worst of the situation, as It Is ex plained by Dr. William H. Allen, who 1ms boon n leading student of school problems for many yenrs, Is the cer tainty of a greatly Incronsed shortago In tho future, as ovldenccd by tho full Ing oft In enrollments In touchers' training schools. SCOW BATTLE - li ig early in the morning preparatory It leaving. 'Wo, wero In the very center of the battlefield. Tho fight was between tho bolshevlkl and the cadets, the lat ter standing by tho government and the former trying to overthrow It. There was very little to eat In tho hotel, and again the Ited Cross men came to our rescue and we did our own cooking. "On .Sunday the cadets tool; posses sion of tho hotel. On Monday the bolshevlkl began to lire on It with rifles only. Nearly all the windows wero broken and wo lived In the halls. On Tuesday the big guns were turned Immediately on us and the two upper stories destroyed. The big gun firing continued for thrco long and horrible hours. LAY HEAVY HAND ON GERMAN LABOR Authorities Ruthless in Suppres sion ef General Muni tions Strike. CONSCRIPTIONMETHODSUSED Labor Journal Tells How Workers at Brunswick Were Tricked Into Trouble, Then Sent to Pris on for Long Terms. Amsterdam. Details of the Ger man military authorities' ruthless sup pression of an attempt ut n general strlko In all the munitions factories of Germany last August, no pnrtlculnrs of which were allowed out of the country at tho time, are published In tho Jour nal of tho German Metal Workers. In Hrunswlck, which Is the only dis trict particularized In tho guarded stoy published by tho Journal, martlul law was Immediately put Into force, and both male and female strikers wero sentenced to Imprisonment. "It will bo u long time before labor In Brunswick recovers from the wounds received," says tho writer of tho nrtl clc. His account of the strlko is In pnrt ns follows : "Tho great international strike bus come to an end In Brunswick, and tho labor movement Is richer by n very grievous experience. The Btrlko was brought out by a few agitators, and had been In preparation for u long time. "Tho authorities In Brunswick In deed know moro about tho threatened strlko than the leaders of tho local PREVENT ACCIDENTS "There never was a time when good public school teachers wero needed as they are now and as they will be In tho Immediate future." said Doctor Allen. "Tho whole problem of Anier lennlzutlon and training for citizen ship, as It must be met In the ele mentary public schools, Is fundamen tal, yet from all over tho country we hear of tho failure of young men and women to register In the training schools. Wo aro approaching a crisis." From Iowa comes the report that 100 schools havo no teachers at all In Philadelphia ns many substitutes aro needed In u month this winter ns are ordinarily employed In tho full school .your. Men hnvo gono to the wnr. nnd woman teachers aro resign ing constantly. Cincinnati reports tho fear of n teacher famine. I I. Claxton, United States com mlsslor.ar of oducntton, reports: "The shortiSgo Is constantly Increasing and Is embarrassingly large In some sections." "Tho entire hotel becnrAe- so filled with smoke and gas It was difficult to breathe, and we could scarcely see ten feet away. "Tho firing from the anarchists drove the cadets from our hotel, and on Tuemlny night the anarchists took poeilon. "The battle continued for four days more, the bolshevlkl filing from our hotel and the cadets llrlng back. On Wednesday the firing wns so heavy that tho halls were not even safe, and we went to the cellar, where wo stayed n couple of days and nights. "It was not only the firing -Hint was expected but the bolshevlkl had domnnded tho keys to tho wine cellar, which had been refused. No one know when they might use force and get them. Yon cannot lmaglno what aw ful looking people these men are. A largo part seemed to bo deserters from the army, and they looked as If there was nothing they would stop nt. "Finally the firing seemed to dimin ish, and on Saturday wo learned the cadets had been defeated." trade unions, who were unable to take counter measures to protect tho work ing people. "Tho most unscrupulous methods were used to persuade the workers to take part In tho strike. Humors wero put out to the effect that tho strlko was for tho purpose of putting an end to tho control of food exercised by tho authorities, also that It wns to exert pressure on the employers to grnnt de mands which had been put forward by the Metal Workers' union. It was also declared that not only In Ger many, but throughout tho world, In London, Paris and I'etrogrntl, work was to come to n standstill In order to bring about peace. "Tho number of persons out on strlko In Brunswick the first day wus 5,000, which was Increased the next two days by female workers from tho Jam and spinning factories. "On the breaking out of tho strlko tho minister of the interior summoned tho heads of tho workman's commit tees. They presented n series of de mands, Including fair distribution of food, the eight-hour day, grant of right of free assembly, Introduction of equal direct voting, peace without annexu tlons or Indemnities, permission to es tablish a labor journal and nonpuulsh ment of participants In the strike. "Tho minister would not discuss the demands. Ho stnted that work must bo resumed the next morning (Friday) or the matter would bo referred to the military command. Ho ndded that the working people would suffer heavily If, against wiser counsels, they persisted In tho strike. Tho strikers voted to continue tho strike. "A few hours nftcr this fateful deci sion had been taken the orders of tho military authorities wero pasted up In tho streets. Theso required that work should bo resumed on Friday morning, In default of which strict conditions of martlul law would be introduced. Special Military Court. "The Instigators of tho strike wcro tho first to return to work, while tho nmsis of tho strikers gathered ut fhelr meeting place, where, however, tho au thorities would allow no assembly to take place. "Meanwhllo a special military court has been set up, working day and night. The arrests and trials numbered moro than n hundred and terms of Impris onment up to ten months wero Im posed. Workers between tho ages of soventeen and forty-eight who wero subject to military service wero brought under military control and were ordered to perform certain work, for which they would receive only mil itary pay. "In many families the father or mother In some, Indeed, both parents - had been condemned to long terms of Imprisonment. We saw children in charge of grandpnronts. who mourned I In common the fate that had overtaken j them suddenly. Everything that could be associated with the strikers was ad ' versely affected. The working people and their organizations suffered most I ...... I .. mi... a 1 ii " ni'ti'iui. 1 tie iiegouanons on eco nomic matters, which had been Inltl atAl with the munitions linns with the co-operation of tho war olllee, have been suspended, and dissension has been sown In the ranks of labor." 1 ABOVE AGE LIMIT YET ENLISTS AS U.S. GUARD Sprlnglleld, 111. Presenting a faded honorable discharge from the army written on sheepskin nnd dated 1SS0, John B. I.undis, aged llfty-elght, has enlisted hero In the United States guards. Lie Is a veteran of Custer's famed Indian command. Although he Is eighteen years beyond tho ago limit, recruiting ollleers accepted him becauso of his splendid physical fitness. I.andls has one son In the uvlntlon sectlou In France. Deer Shot Proved Dear. Colchester, N. V. It cost Andrew Delnmater 5 180 to shoot a deer from a taxlcah. Mrs. Pauline Phillips saw Dolnmuter shoot the door as It ap proached some food she had plAccd near her homo fur tho animal. She got tho number of the tnxlcab and later Dolunmtor wus arrested. The uurno warden lined hi in $100. Gave the Slackers a Little Lesson in Patriotism WASHINGTON. A certain Chinese restuurnnt was crowded the other night. All the tables were occupied but one, when In came a mnn In khaki. While wnltlng for his order he spied an automatic piano In one corner of tho room. Over he went, pulled n flvc rent piece out of his pocket and dropped It In the slot. The plane Immediately began to pluy "The Star Spnngled Banner." The soldier stood up strnlght and looked around the room. Other diners rose to their feet, until all wero standing with the ex ception of a man and two women who were seated at a table on the other side of tho room. The soldier looked nt the seated ones, but his glances did not feuze them. be they thought that "The Slur Spangled Bnnner" played on an electric plnno wasn c mo same tiling as the national nnthom played by the Marine band. But the soldier didn't look at the mutter In that light. He walked over to the table of those who hnd remained sonted. "See here," he said, in firm but courteous tones. "As long as I wear this uniform I propose to see to It thnt the nntlonal anthem Is respected. I'm going to play that song some more, and when It Is played I want you to stand up." The musical Instrument hnd quite a repertoire. Tho mnn In uniform hnd to feed It a large meal of nickels before It got around to "The Star Spangled Banner" ngnln. When the strains of that song flnnlly rang out, the soldier stood strnlght. All the diners arose. Every man and woman stood, this time, while tho song ran Its course. The soldier looked pleased, but snld nothing. Ho kept feeding money into tho piano. Every time "The Star Spungled Banner" came around, every body In tho room stood up. Once more the nntlonal anthem enme around. This time tho man the two women who hnd refused to stand up In tho first place mndo for the door. The man had his hut on. "Attention I" ronred the soldier, In tones thnt shook the walls. Off camo the man's hat. And "The Star Spungled Banner" In triumph did flow from beginning to end before they did go. Baby Is Last Representative of Famous Family P niL SnERIDAN HI, three yenrs old, Is toddling about the nursery of his 1 home, 1833 M street northwest, todny, at play with his baby sister, ap parently oblivious to the fact that on his tiny shoulders rests the burden of sustaining the fnme of a line of Amer- fHEP 7? ,ctm 1,Blltcrs tnnt Produced such he- ) -& lLn res ns the famous Civil wnr general v f 'JtitF Gen. Michael Sheridan died of heart disease nt the age of seventy-seven yenrs. no hud oeen the companion of "Phil" Sherldnn in many of his most daring battles. Starting out In life with the Intention of entering the priesthood, ho had laid aside the robes for an army uniform, and In It won distinction that will carry his nnme far down in tho history of American fighters. Ho wns at Appomatox Court House at tho surrender of Gen. Itobert E. Lee. At the outbreak of the Spanish war ho was appointed adjutant general of the training camp nt Cnmp Thomns, Ga., and was soon made a brigadier general and chief of staff to General Brooks, commanding the Porto Itlco expe dition. He was In nctlvo service there until tho cIosq of hostilities. In 1902 he was retired with the rank of brigadier general, owing to ndvunced nge nnd Ill-health. He Wanted to Be Quite Sure Everything Was All Right HERE Is a well of human Interest In connection with the selective servlcs law and Its fulfillment, which bus, us yet, hardly been tapped. Consider those 10,000,000 questionnaires lllled out stories of pathos, humor and fact aro contained In those documents! Hero Is something that happened nt a local board recently, when regis trants were filling out their question naires. He was a poor country follow. How he got Into the city, and regis tered, and lllled out hts questionnaire, Is ono matter. What he said Is an other. After ho had answered all the questions, he turned to the lawyer who had assisted him nnd said: "Now, Is tnnt nil I hnvo to do with this thing?" "Yes, Just seal It and put it in the mall box." the lawyer explulned again. The registrant still sat. "You say that Is all I have to do?" he said, hesitatingly, at last. "Yes," replied the lawyer, good humoredly. "I.lck It, senl It up, and drop It In the mnll box. That Is all you havo to do." But the country boy still 'sat. After n bit ho shifted In his sent, and said: "Well, now. you say all I have to do Is Mick It and heal It uml put It in tho box.' " It Is to the eternal credit of that lawyer that he never cruckevi n smile, but encouraged tho earnest fellow, who finally went through the door, licking tho llnp of the envelope as he went. Secret of Giragossian's Motor Not to Be Revealed THE mystery that has surrounded Giragossian's free-energy Invention tho Garabed Is not to be cleared by the ofliclal tests ordered by congress. The secret of the Invention. If It proves n success, will not be disclosed until nfter tho war. The Garabed, Its Inventor JUST WAIT-I DOT GARABED ErVCnVflE SFCRPT GET) ,-Ch Inventor will not give. He left Washington to nf range for the tests on February -0. The scientists will he the only persons present with Glrngosslan at tho tests. Itobort Henuessy. tho Inventor's closest friend nnd tho only man to whom ho has confided the Kecret of tho Gurnbed, will not be allowed to witness' theso tests. Tho bonrd of scientists will be pledged to secrecy. When tho tests havo been carried out, they will bo permitted to make only one or two announcements. They inny say either "It works" or "It bus failed" nothing moro. Glrngo.Hsiun npyrouchos the tests with the uumo absolute confidence that he has displayed In overy step of the octg fight to huvo his invention tried era by the government. Site illl They went right ahead talking. May whose nnme he bears and Gen. "Mlko" Sheridan, the hnrd-flghtlng nnd hard riding brother of General "Phil." This weight of responsibility Is plnced on young "Phil" by the death of Brig. Gen. Michael V. Sherldnn, and that of his father, MuJ. "Phil" Sheridan, tho son ot the most famous member of tho fighting family. by the registrants of the land. Whnt claims, will be of great use as an en gine of war, and for thnt reason he does not wish Its secret to fall Into the hands of the Germans. Five New England scientists h: heforo them today Invitations to ho members of the board thnt will Judgo the Invention. Glrngosslan will not tell tholr nnmes. The tests will he held In Boston nnd "very poon" but the exact place and exnet date ihe , NE RVODS IREAKDOWN Miss Kelly Tells How Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound Restored Her Health. Newark, N. J. "For about thro years I suffered from nervous break down nnu got so weak I could hardly Btand, and hadhcad aches overy day. I tried everythine I could think of and was under a phy sician's caro for two years. A girl friend hnd used Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege tablo Compound and sho told mo about it From tho first day I tookitlbocraa tPWiE0 feel better K jS. NIV," r -, AVfcr.JV nD1 k no most any A.f3iVN kind of work. "1 havo been rocom mendinrr the. Cam. pound over" sinco and give you my per mission to publish this letter." Mis Flo KELLY, 476 So. 14th St., Newark, N. J. The reason this f amou3 root nnd herb remedy, Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, was bo successful in Miss Kelly's caao was because it went to th root of her trouble, restored her to normal healthy condition and as a result her nervousness disappeared. " How Telephone Equipment Prices Have Increased Hero are a few figures showing the advance In prices of telephone equip ment during the last thrco years : Glass Insulators - from $19.07 to $28.09 per 100. Iron telephone wire from $3.70 to $8.25 per 100 pounds. Copper telephone wire from $25.00 to $08.00 per mile. Telephone poles from 80 to 57 per cent depending upon kind. nnd size. These are a few of tho items selected from moro than COO articles used In the telephone business. Tho steadily Increasing cost of telcphono materials Is a problem which Is dally bo coming moro serious for the telephone companies. Better Than His Press Agent "George Washington was u most truthful man." "I havo always thought so. An evi dence of his truthfulness Is tho fact that ho never gave nny personal In dorsement whatever to that cherry tree story." KIDNEY TROUBLE OFTEN CAUSES SERIOUS BACKACHE When vnnr lnMr npVioo nnil l,t.,i der and kl'dnova tenm in hm riianrrlxi-aiJ B vo your nearest arug store ana get bottle of Dr. Kilmpr'n Rwnmn.Pnn It Is a physician's prescription for ailments ui me Kiuneys ana maauer. it lias stood the test of years and has a reputation for nuieklv giving results in thousands of cases. This nrenarfltinn en vorv TtHv i... been placed on sale everywhere. Get a bottle, medium or largo sire, at your near est druggist. However, if vnu Trlati firof n V.I. preparation send ten cents to Dr. Kilmer a. Lu,, uingflamion, js. 1., tor a sample bottle. When writing be sure and men tion this paper. Adv. Shock. "At tho restaurant tho other nleht GeorKO asked Miss Wrlnk how she would llko n little wild duck." "What did sho answer?" "She chanced color, nnd snld. 'Oh! this Is so sudden I' and fulnted." Soft, Clear Skins. Night nnd mornlne bathe the fnr with Cutlcura Soap and hot wuter. If more aro pimples first smenr them with Cutlcura Ointment. For free sam ples address, "Cutlcura, Dept. X, Bos ton," Sold by drupglsts and by mull. Soap 25, Ointment 25 and 50. Adv. Moro than 41,000,000 acres of coal lands In 1-1 states of tho United States are to be opened In 1018. When Vour Eyes Need Care Try Murine Eye Remedy No Bmirtlng Jnit Kti Comfort. M cent) at Druggists or mall. Witto for Ifreo ro Ua,i aiUUl.NEIiYJSUEMEBS CO., CUIOt(iO