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THE 8EMI.WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA.
1 jr. 1 i I, . i I,,. The Housewife aid the War 1 , , , , , . ...i ii... Helping the Meat and Milk Supply vft Mil, ; (Special Information Service. United State, Department of Agriculture.) SKIM MILK SEVEN TIMES BETTER FOOD THAN FEED. (Special Information Service, United States Department of AgUcuIture ) FULL DINNER PAILS FOR SCHOOL KIDDIES. POWER IN BRITISH POLITICS IN 'MIS ;ss?SKarv r wyz Made Into Home Che'e, Skim Milk Haa a Value Many Times Greater Than as h Stock Food Turned Into Meat Glass Case (Top) Displays Cheese Attractively to Buyers. DAIRY PRODUCT VERY ESSENTIAL Wl9cr Use of By-Products Is Clearly Shown to Be War Necessity. IMPORTS HAVE BEEN STOPPED Greatest Loss In Milk Industry is Fall ure to Use Skim Milk and Butter, milk for. Human Food Plan for Better Dairying. Dairy products arc essential to the well-being of the nation, nnd the dairy cow produces more food with less feed than nny other of our domestic ani mals. Before the war the United States received dairy products from about twenty foreign countries; now these supplies hnvo been largely stopped nnd It has become necessary not only to replace them at home, but also to export large quantities. In 1914. for Instance, we Imported ap proximately 04,000,000 pounds more of dairy products than we exported, not Including fresh milk and creum. In 1017 we exported S20.000.000 pounds more than we Imported. Our Milk Flow In 1917. The total amount of milk produced In this country In 1017 Is estimated to be 84,011,8r0.00(pounds. Large losses occur, nnd the greatest Is through the failure fully to utilize skimmed milk nnd buttermilk for human food. These products have nil of the food value of the whole milk except the fnt. A given quantity of them would produce seven times ns much food vnlue In the form of cottage cheese ns they would pro duce In the form of meat if fed to live stock. The possibilities of Increasing the supply of food by the fuller utiliza tion of these by-products are enormous. In brief, there should be .1 better utIII zntlon of skimmed milk nnd buttermilk, both ns food on the farm nnd through the market. Ways to Better Dairying. Detter results In dairying may be se cured by proper sanitation and care In producing and handling milk; by better care and utilization of pastures; by raising on the farm adequate sup plies or roughage, particularly legumes, nnd silage to take the place of grains so fnr ns Is practicable; by preserving for dairy purposes nil the high-producing nnlmnls nnd eliminating those that nro Inefficient; by feeding according to production so ns to secure the greatest yield of milk with the least quantity of feed, which necessitates a record of, production of individual cows; by the full utilization In the community of good bulls throughout the entire period of their usefulness and to their full capacity; and by the prompt con trol of disease. Producing Quality Beef. Live-stock markets during recent years have experienced a continual growing demand for well-fattened beef nnlmnls weighing from JUKI to 1.100 pounds. In order to meet this demnnd and secure the highest prices, breeders jue showing an Increased tendency to ward tlnlshlng off their beef cattle at younger ages. Stock raisers llnd It more prolltahlo to conduct their opera tions In this manner than to hold their cattle to advanced ages as was the custom some years ago, when pasture Innd was cheaper than It Is at present. Such a demand must necessarily be supplied by wcll-llnlshcd animals from fourteen to twenty months old carry ing u large percentage of blood of one of the eiuiy-inuturlng beef breeds, usually that of tho Hereford, Aberdeen Angus, or Shorthorn. To distinguish them from animals of ofi.ur beef elnsses, these yearlings have come to be designated as baby beoves. The use of better bulls with consequent Im provement In qunllty and early matur ity Is nn essential in the production of baby beef. The preparation for mar ket of I his class of beeves requires more skill tlinn Is necessary In the nro thic-tlcm of animals marketed nt more mature ages, hut, ns hns been stated, It Is also usually tnoro profitable. Heavier grain reeding is necessary, but ns the feeding period Is shorter n less amount of grain Is necessary to bring the cattle to maturity. S&irCrCrtrCrCrtrCrCrCiirirCrCr MILK THAT IS SPILLED WOULD FEED THOUSANDS Wo spill too much milk. There Is no use to cry over It after wards, but precautions before It happens would help consider ably. In an Investigation not long ngo. dairy specialists of the United States department of ag riculture learned thnt losses In hnndllng milk In the city pjunt averaged 2.15 per cent of the amount handled by 41 dealers. At that rate n dealer handling 5,000 gallons n dny would lose 107 gallons dnlly, or nearly 40,000 gallons In n year. The department's specialists name nine lenks for these losses. Milk-plant men especially can stop them, but anyone who handles milk cans will be able to help. Here are the ways In which losses are most likely to occur : 1. Leaky cans. 2. Careless handling of cans, both In transferring from cars and In dumping. 3. Inefficient draining of cans. 4. Leaky or battered appa ratus.' f. Fillers out of repair, as leaky valves. 0. Losses at the filler. This may bo caused by the valves not being properly adjusted, care lessness In handling, breakage of hollies, etc. 7. Carelessness In handling full cases of milk, thus break ing the bottles. 8. Loss from not removing all tho milk from the pasteurizer, pipes, pumps, tanks, or other ap paratus. 9. Loss during the process of pasteurizing nnd clarifying by evaporation and mecbnnlcnl wastage. About Sharing Milk's Cost. Serious Increases In the cost of pro ducing milk have resulted In recent years from feed nnd Inbor problems. This Increase Is In keeping with the In crease In the cost of almost all other commodities, nnd the consumer must expect to pay his portion of any legiti mate Increase In the cost of production occasioned by these conditions. On the other hand there Is need of more attention to better manngenient on the average farm devoted to the production of milk. The amount of mill; produced per cow is frequently so low as to reflect seriously oil the business ability of the owner. There Is no good excuse for slack business methods on the dairy farm. Direc tions for keeping records of milk yields and cost of production are furnished by each state agricultural college nnd by the United States department of agriculture. Keep a Clean Cow Barn. The most common defect In dnlrj stables Is a lack of cleanliness; cob webs on the celling and manure on the walls nro too common In some places. The dairyman must not nllow cobwebs, dust or dirt to accumulate If he ex pects to produce the highest grade of milk. With a tight, smooth celling and smooth walls without ledges this is not difficult. Whitewash should be freely applied both to the walls and celling ut least twice a year, as It helps to purify the stable and to keep It light. An abundance of light Is nocssary; four square feet of glasn for each cow Is generally sufficient If the windows are well distributed and not obstructed In nny way. If the ntnble Is located with Its length north and south It re celves the purifying benefits or both morning nnd afternoon sun. Lady lint hurst, the Indomltuble nnd fearless proprietor, editor and manager of the London Morning Tost, again npponrs In the spotlight when b.v proceedings Instituted by the gov ernment, her chief editorial assistant, Howell A. Owynne. nnd her military correspondent, Col. Charles A'Court Rcplngton, were lined $500 each nnd costs for the publication of nn nrtlcle iti the Post nssalllng t.io government and tho war cabinet for the conduct of the wnr In France. Lady Hathurst, ns tho sole sur viving child, inherited the pnper from her fnther, the lute Lord Glenesk, who died about eight years ago. She took active charge or the paper, and tin Journalistic world soon learned thnt she was actually running things at the office of tho Post, for she made rnpli' chnnges in the members of the stuff whenever It suited her whim or when she considered sire had uood rounds for finding fault. The reading world soon recognized thnt Lady Hathurst was ably upholding tho policy of Independent conservntlsm laid down by her father, nnd tho politicians quickly learned that she was a power In politics. Lady Hathurst has especially waged relentless war on the Times nnd on Lord Northcllffe. She personally declined to permit the advertisement of the London Times announcing the reduction of Its price to one penny some yenrs ago to. appear In the Post. It has been a lively Journalistic war. Some weeks ngo Lady Outburst Induced Colonel Ilcplngton, who had been the mili tary critic and expert of the Times for 15 years, to come over to the Morning Post to fill u like position. ACTIVE IN URGING FOOD RAISING He was Interviewed in his office nt food administration headquarters: "This Isn't n theory; It's u plnln cold fact that tho'Unlted States is con fronting tho most nppnlllng food shortnge In Its history, n shortage that may turn to famine for u large part of our population If we don't now and effec tively face the facts nnd prepare tho army and the ammunition to repel the silent Invasion of those unseen foes." DANIELS' ABLE Franklin D. lloosevelt, assistant secretary of the navy, a fifth cousin and his wife is a niece of Theodore lloosevelt, who also occupied the same position. Rut the first assistant sccre tnry of the navy Is altogether unlike his predecessor in that position. He Is little, rather than rugged. Ills fea tures are regular. Although he has good teeth, he does not often exhibit them. Ills voice Is soft and low. He Is of studious habits, but does not write books, although he is collecting material for Jilogrnphlos of America's early naval heroes. Frankllu Delano lloosevelt Is Just past thlrty-slx years old. He wns born in Hyde Purk, Duchess county, N. Y., January U0. 1882. Ills family is of Dutch origin. He was educated at (Jroton nnd Harvard university. Dur ing his senior year at Cambridge lie was editor of the Harvard Crimson, the college daily. He studied law at Co- lumbln university and was admitted to the bar in New York In 1007. The Democratic organization leaders In his home district persuaded him to accept tho nomination for the state senate In 1010, when he wns twenty-eight years old. The Republicans had won tlds seat every term for the previous 28 years and no one else was willing to accept the certain defeat that seemed to go with tho Democratic nomination. lloosevelt campaigned night nnd day, mak ing from four to six speeches every 24 hours. He wus elected. NAMED TO REBUILD BELGIUM or tno details or the Relglnn restora lion that nre now being worked out by De Rroquevlllo have to do with re forms that this country Is Just coming to, In a frantic nftertliQiight, as Indis pensable to getting Its war work done on time linnslm- r ini,n.H. . example. "Carrots nro cartridges, potatoes re bullets, every ear of corn, tomato, mlon, beet, bean, pea and grain of vlieat Is ammunition, nnd every man with a boo Is a 'food rookie' In .he treat war this country Is now wnrfng against the spectres, Food Shortage ind Famine and their offspring Dis ease, Malnutrition, Want and Misery," nld Mr. M. York llecklaw, prasldent f the national agricultural prlzu com mission. This commission Is n derivative of the garden city movement in con nection with which some 200 mayors of cities and towns in the environment of Vew York gathered 12 months ngo to discuss methods of developing p tbllc interest In gardens, so ns to Incivnse the yields of vegetables and fruits. Mr. llecklaw is a professional fanner of New York, who Is devoting his time to helping solve the complicated food problems oreutcd by tho world war. ASSISTANT Helglum, with her country overrun lij the enemy, Is preparing to surprise the world b.v the restoration on n seale never before conceived of whnt has been destroyed during the war. Tangible evidence of what muy be looked forward to in Rolglum ns u cer tainty Is to be found In tho recent crea tion of the ministry of reconstruction in that country. Fully ns significant as the creation of tho office Is the per sonallly of the man who has taken tho new portfolio. The prime minister him self, Raron de Rroquevllle, Is the min ister of national reconstruction, and he has a plan, or group of plans, for the social and Industrial rehabilitation of the people of his country that would do credit to tho most hard-headed and practical well fit re Idealists of Amer ica. Perhaps that comparison Is too complimentary to America, for some " iiiinnrin. llr If Any of tho Family la Entitled to Immunity From Food Hegulutlona It Is tha Growing Child Who Eats a Meal Away From Home Each School Day. LUNCH HOUR FOR SCHOOL KIDDIES Government Food Specialists Dis cuss Various Foods for Children. SUGGESTED BILLS OF FARE Skimping Meals for Youngsters Is Not a Necessary War Measure and Is Inadvisable Metal Boxes Most Favored. The school lunch has always had Its problems for the mother who Is eager to provide u wholesome noon repast for her school kiddles. Almost always the school lunch Is a hurriedly arranged Item among the mother's early morn ing duties, nnd It Is sometimes difficult to give this meal the nttention it de serves. War's food conservation problems have not helped In the mutter of school-lunch preparation, but If nny of tho family Is entitled to some Immun ity to food regulations, It Is the grow ing child who cats one of his meals away from home each school day. In the opinion of the food experts of tho United Stutes department of agricul ture, skimping menls for the young sters Is not a necessary wnr measure nnd Is Inndvlsnble. The food special ists have discussed In a publication or tho department or agriculture the foods thnt should mnke tin tho school lunch, the preparation and packing ofi luncues, nnd serving lunches pnrtly or wholly prepnred at schools. Some sug gested bills of faro ror the basket lunch nre given in another column. - Number of Foods Carried. The number or foods thnt can he easily carried has been enlarged of late by the possibility of using parnllln paper nnd parchment pnper, In which moist foods can bo wrapped so as to prevent them rrom sticking to other foods. Paper cups, Jelly glasses nnd so on, nre also a help, for In them sliced raw fruits, stewed fruits, cus tards, cottage cheese and other half solid foods can he curried. The qunllty or tho bread used in the basket luncli Is esneclnllv Imnnrinnt because It Is commonly served In the rorm or snniiwiciies nnd Is, thererore, to bo considered not only us a rood In Itscir but nlso ns n means or keeping other much-needed roods In good and appetizing condition, or of serving them In attractive ways. Variety In breads, too, Is tnoro Im portant nt this than nt other menls becnuso of the danger of monotony. wncnt nrend, whole-wheat bread, corn, rye, or ontmcnl breads: nut. mlslii. and date breads; beaten biscuit, rolls, crisp bnklng-powder biscuit, or sodn biscuit, and toast, zwieback and ernek. ers may be used In turn to give variety. nous Hollowed out can bo made to hold n large nmount of snmlwlrh nn. Ing, which Is nn ndvnntnge ut times. Advantage of Boxes. Many kinds of lunch boxes, nnlls. nnd baskets nre now on the market. The chief advantage or most boxes and pnns is thnt they nro made or metal and can, thererore, he enslly cleaned nnd scalded to keep them In snre con dltlon. Some boxes hnvo the ndvnii. tnge over palls that they can bo folded wncn empty nnd strapped with tho school books. Raskcts are ventilated and for this reason suitable for curry ing moist foods which are likely to spoil. Ther Is no reason, however. why small holes cannot be punched In metal boxes or palls to let In the nlr. Rnskets can. of course, be washed m- scnlded, but not eo euslly ns metal contnlncrs, nnd they should bo fre quently cleansed. Thero should, In fact, be no pnrt of ony food container thnt cannot be cleaned. For this rea son tho simplest boxes nnd baskets nro often bettor than the more elaborate ones with compartments In which to keep dishes, knives, forks nnd spoons. With tho Increase In automobile travel, well-constructed boxes nnd bnskets which can be easily cleaned have como on the mnrket with compartments for keeping food hot or cold nnd for hold ing liquids. These nre, of course, suit able only for children who ride back nnd forth, nnd particularly sultublo where several lunches ure put up la one household. SOME BILLS OF FARE FOR A SCHOOL LUNCH 1. Sandwiches with sliced, ten der ment for filling; baked apple, cookies or n few lumps of sugnr. 2. Slices of meat loaf or bean loaf; bread and butter sand wiches; stewed rrult; smnll frosted cake. 3. Crisp rolls, hollowed out and filled with chopped meat or fish, moistened and seasoned, or mixed with snlad dressing; orange; apple; a mixture of sliced fruits, or berries; cake. 4. Lettuce or celery sand wiches; cup custard; Jelly sand wiches. r. Cottage cheeso nnd chopped green-pepper sandwiches or u pot of cream cheese with brend-und-butter snndwlches; peanut sandwiches; fruit; cake. 0. Ilnrd-bolled eggs ; crisp bnklng-powder biscuits; celery or radishes; brown-sugar or maple sugar sandwiches. 7. Rottle of milk; thin corn bread nnd butter; dates; apple. 8. Raisin or nut brend with butter; cheese; orange; maple sugnr. f). Rnlceil lienn nml ln(t,i,.r. - . lt i sandwiches; apple sauce; sweet A chocolate. I Gas Kills Greenhouse Pests. ! Uydrocyanlc-acid gas Is the best weapon to use against Insects Infesting the foliage of ornamental plants in greenhouses. It is cheaper nnd mora effective than nny otlior menus nnd It Is successful ngalnst nearly nil In sects. It Is explained In n now publi cation of the United Stateh depart meat or agriculture, "Fumigation 'or Ornamental Greenhouse Plants Willi Hydrocyanic-Acid Ons," that In green houses containing a largo variety or plants slight Injury may result to the tender growths or some plants even when the fumlf-ntlon Is properly done. This Injury Is not permanent, how ever, and such plants will show uew vigorous growth In n short time, In fact, tho growth of many plants Is stimulated by this gas. t'tynnldo Is n very poisonous substance nnd extremo cure must bo used In Its handling. Mashed Potato Dishes. Most housekeepers know how- de licious mnshed potatoes can be mnde by beating them until light with hot mlk, butter or other good fnt, and salt and pepper, rour tnblespoonfuls of hot milk nnd ono tenspoonful of the fat for every medium-sized potato. To make the nmshed potatoes a little "dif ferent," they can be turned Into n p6-' tuto kimMIIo by lidding tho beaten white or eggs (two eggs to six medium-sized potatoes), piling lightly In n linking dish and baking In the oven till brown. Orated cheese added to this souflle l.i good. Won't Boil over. A rrult nle will mil boll nvn- tr m..i sugar Is put under tiie fruit.