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THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
Orr-or Ojdijnaiw The Housewife and the War Helping the Neat and Milk Supply if People t- (Special Information Bervlco, United Btntes Department of Agriculture.) PLAN YOUR MEALS TO SAVE FUEL (Spoclal Information Sorvlco, United Slates Department of Agriculture) ANTITICK WORK BENEFITS WHOLE COUNTRY LINCOLN'S SURVIVING SON ly Three and a Half Cents' Worth of Gas Were Required to Cook in Ovon This Entire Delicious Meal. WING FUEL IS PATRIOTIC DUTY usewives Are Urged to Prac tice Economy in Arranging Meals for Family. OK ENTIRE MEAL IN OVEN tipartment Vessel Which Enables ne to Cook Two or Three Vege tables Over. One Burner Is Worthy of Attention. t is just as much a patriotic serv for you to wave 'fuel as to Bave Id. War activities call for great intltles of fuel iu addition to the ml demand. To niuke tills supply illable every American must save, little thought In the planning of ir meals, with the saving of fuel in w, will make It possible to cave an jreelnble amount each day. Utilizing the Flame. Tor the woman who cooks with gas liquid fuel, many economies are ,ctlcable. The purchase of a com tment vessel which enables one to 'k two or three vegetables over one nor is a worth-while economy, ce Uie gas from one burner cooks i food ordinarily requiring three ners. Or If you have a colander a wire basket that fits over an or ary kettle you can steam su&uvege les as squash, peas or carrots over i kettle In which the potatoes are ling. tcniciuber that when the flamo ends up around the side of the isel you waste gas. Turn down the me after the boiling point is reached, ' the potutoes will not cook any re quickly In water that is boiling it than In water that is boiling wly. Hie greatest amount of gas wasted, ivever, is by the Indiscriminate use the oven. Ton often the oven Is titcii to bake a single dish when by little careful plnnnlug the whole mer can be baked by the heat ex uded upon one dish. Three Fuel-Saving Dinners, lore are three dinners planned to llzc the heat of the oven to the 3t advantage, all the hot dishes of ilch may he baked at the same time. I. eppers stuffed with Itlco ana Cheese, linked Potatoes. Baked Onions. Corn Dodgers. Butter. Sliced Tomatoes. Uaked Cocoanut Custard. II. ast Cuef with Browned Potatoes and Gravy. Baked Wholo Tomatoes. Kresh Celery. Bran Blsuult. Butter. Apple Betty. in. Smothered Veal. Olazcd Sweet Potatoes. Baked Corn. Pickles. Bread. Butter, ijlced Fresh Peaches or Baked Dried Peaches. Oatmeal Drop Cookies. It may not always be convenient to ve such a baked dinner, but if you light the oven to bake cake or even ick broad, think ahead far enough have some sort of fruit or pudding ndy to put in the oven for use at a ter meal. If such enre is used it ay prove better economy to make npient use of the oven. Save Time as Well .as Fuel. Another way to save fuel is tho use the flreless cooker for meat, cereals, id some vegetables. The main point tho conservation of fuel In cooking plnnnlng ahead how to make the si use of the smallest amount of el. A meal cooked with the aid of a oless cooker must be planned ahead, r time Is required for this type of cooking. You will find thnt the meals planned ahead carefully are better meals and you will bo surprised how much you can cut your fuel consumption. SAVING AND WASTING Save by Using: Dates, raisins, figs, to Bweeten puddings and cereals. Fruit and nut confections for candy. Honey, sirups, maple sugar, and molasses in cakes, cookies, and nil desserts. Less sugar In beverages. Thinner sirups or no sirups in canning. No frosting unless made with out sugar. Waste by Losing: Sugar dregs in coffee cups and iced-tea tumblers. Sugar leavings in cereal bowls and saucers. Sugar spilled in little lots in cooking. Sugar spent to make caramel for flavor or coloring. Good sugar spoiled in scorched food or by careless cooking. Pieces of cako or cookies or any sweetened dessert left to be thrown away. Sauerkraut Is In Season. Attempts have been made to keep populnr the tasteful and popular dish of sauerkraut by changing the name to Liberty1 cabbage. But if the rose will eraell as sweet by any other name, eo will sauerkraut taste as good to many people whether its name be changed or not. The essential points to make good kraut are the use of mature, sound cabbage, scrupulous cleanliness throughout the process, and proper care of tho surface of the brine after fermentation is completed. In, making sauerkraut for home pur poses the outer green leaves of the cabbage should be removed, Just as in prepnrlng the head for boiling. In addition, all decayed or bruised leaves should be discarded and the core re moved. If an Instrument for tills pur pose Is not available, It is advisable to quarter the heads and slice off the part of the core remaining on each quarter. The cabbage should be shredded by one of the hand-shredding machines sold upon the market for such purposes, or, If one Is not avail able, the heads may be cut Into thin slices with a slnw cutter- or a large knife. Tho shredded cabbage should be packed immediately into a perfectly clenn, water-tight receptacle, such as a elder or wine barrel, keg, or tub. As it is pneked into the receptacle add salt In the proportion of one pound of salt to forty pounds of cabbage, dis tributing It evenly throughout tho cab bage. Experiments have shown thnt approximately two and one-hulf pounds of snlt to each one hundred pounds of shredded cabbage give the best flavor to the resulting kraut When the barrel or crock is nearly full, the cabbage should be pressed down as firmly us possible and cov ered with a dean board cover. It is advisable, but not essential, that clean cloth be placed over the cabbage be fore the cover is put into place. The salt soon extracts a considerable amount of the cabbage julco from the cabbage, and a sufficient weight of clenn brick or stone should be added to cause the brine to rise up to the wooden cover. Set the container aside until fermentation lu complete and skim off any scum that forms. To prevent your little glri'n stock ings tearing with the suspenders, make an eyelet holo at the top of tho stocking, worked strongly round. Yon can then pass the suspender through the hole. Robert Todd Lincoln, the only surviving son of President Abraham Lincoln, who recently celebrated his seventy-fifth blrthdny anniversary, now makes his home in Washington. Itobcrt T. Lincoln was tho eldest son of the president. Ills curly schooling was received at nn academy In Springfield, 111. By the time he had attained college ngo his father was en abled to send him to the University of Illinois. Ills graduation from that Institution was followed by n term at Exeter academy, after which ho en tered Harvard university, where he wns a student during the greater part of the .Civil war period. Completing his course at nnrvard .n 1SG-1, young Lincoln applied for ad mission to the military service and wns commissioned captain, serving on the staff of General Grant throughout the final campaign of tho war. Following the nssnssinntlon of his father, Mr. Lincoln returned to Chicago, where ho resumed his law studies, and in ISO" wns admitted to the bar. Mr. Lincoln was appointed secretary of war in President Garlleld's cabinet In 3881. In 1880 ho was again called Into the public service, President Harri son appointing him as United States minister to Grent Britain. BRITISH LITERARY ENVOY and tho United States. Lord Chnrnwood, for some years beforo tho war an earnest advocate of a national and compulsory system of mllltnry training, lias sluce the outbreak of hostilities had much to do, first with voluntary enlistment, and later with the administration of tho mllltnry service acts. NEW IMPERIAL Prince Maximilian of Berlin, the new imperial chancellor of Germnny, has been known as the chief of the Delbmeck moderates and opponents of the pnn-Gcrmnns. Once before, upon the fall of Chancellor Michnelis, No vember 1, 1917, he wns put forward as the moderates' candidate for tho chancellorship. Ills nnme, however, did not go beforo tho emperor, ns Prince Maxlmlllnn objected for dynas tic reasons. At that time there were vague rumors concerning Prince Maximilian to the effect that in moderate circles there was under way a movement hav ing for Its ultimate objective the de thronement of Emperor Wlllinm and the choice of Prince Maximilian as his successor. These rumors, how ever, were never confirmed, although there seemed to be some foundation for them. In his book, "My Four Years in Germany," former Ambassador James W, inlllan and expressed admiration for him DID GREAT WORK FOR BRITAIN mendous energy, and early in August, 1014, ono fine morning 04 troop ships sailed from Bombay to France as a result of his labors. The following October Turkey declared war against England, and that meant that England had to protect the Suck canal. It was decided to send Indian troops to Mesopotamia. A new army was organized, and through tho efforts of Colonel Milne transported to Mesopotamia, together with all needed supplies. It Is well to remember nt this point thut there Is no wood and no stono In Mesopotamia ; nothing but a desert of sand, although centuries ngo that country was rich and fertile. It became necessary to transport everything needed for an army from Bombay by sea and then 700 miles on land from Basra, at tho head of the Persian gulf. The entire success of tho expedition depended upon organization of the transport service, and this service was put into successful pcratlon by Colonel Milne. Lord Chnrnwood, traveler, writer and home rule advocate, has come to this country at tho invitation of tho Illinois centennial committee. An au thor of n book on Abraham Lincoln, the British, peer delivered a lecture October fj on tho martyred president at the celebration In Springfield. Lord Clinrnwdod's trip Is of moro than usual importance, for ho is chair man of a subcommittee of tho com mittee for promoting nn intellectual entente ntivong tho allied nnd friendly countries, recently formed by tho Hoy al Society of Literature. Lord Cham wood's committee was formed for AmerIcan relations. Ho will remain until next January. A liberal, a supporter of Gladstone nnd home rule, nn ardent admirer of Lincoln and a student of his life ami times, the British peer is peculiarly fitted to promote mutual understand ing and sympathy between his country CHANCELLOR Gerard paid a tribute to Prince Maxl- Lieut. Col. J. S. Wardlaw Milne, l D. F who has been making a speak ing tour of the United States nt thq request of Lord Chelmsford, viceroy of India, has done some very remark able work for the British government since the war started In 1014. Colonel Milne Is commander of tho artillery garrison at Bombay, India; president of the advisory Indian ship ping board, a member of tho viceroy's council, head of the largest shipping concern in Bombay and ono of the largest Individual ship owners In tho near East. Having his experience, knowlcdgo nnd executive ability, Colonel Milne at the outbreak of the war was called upon by tho British government to or ganize a deep-sea transport system between Indian ports nnd France. His first work was tho shipping to tho west front men and supplies from India. Ho went to work with tre .-.J,. . A, Femate Tick Full of Cattle Filood; Shorthorn Heifer Free of FREEING SOUTH FROM PARASITE Impetus Given to Federal Cam paign by War Work With Need for More Food. VICTORY MEANS MORE MEAT Fever Tick Haa Done More to Impede Development of Southern States Than Any Othar Single Factor Dipping Vat Is Used. Tho stendy advance of tho federal, state and county forces fighting tho entile fever tick In ten southern states means benefits not only for the owners of llvo stock In tho states most directly concerned, but to llvo stock owners in nil other states, and In a larger senso to the nation us a whole and all tho nations associated In tho struggle against German autocracy. In the first place, a victory ovcrtho ticks will menu that Southern farmers will have no obstacle to the conversion of their excellent pasturo lands into good heat and milk. Noxt, It will mean a new nnd important market for Northern-bred llvo stock. Finally there will bo moro meat and moro milk for America and the allies. That is why the anti-tick fight, al though carried on only in 10 of the 48 states, is in reality a nntlonnl enter prise. A Destroyer of Food. To Americans hot acquainted with the destructive work of tho cattle fever tick it should be explained thnt tills little paraslto has done moro to Impede the development of tho South ern cattle industry than any other single factor. Tho tick not only sucks the blood of cattle, making them thin and scrawny, nnd uses for Its own purpose tho food that should go Into meat and milk, but It spreads among the cattle the serious splentlc or tick fever. Cattle seriously Infested with ticks become emaciated and weak, and thousands of them dlo every year. Tho method of fighting tho tlckrt adopted by tho United States depart ment of agriculture, in co-operation with the states and counties, Is the uso of tho cattle dipping vnt. At regu lar Intcrvnls throughout the summer cattle infested with ticks or likely to bo Infested are given a bath in the vats. The baths contain an arsenical solution which kills tho ticks. Repeti tion of the bnths and effective quaran tine mensures prevent the spread of ticks and fever, and nro gradually pushing tho freed urea toward the Gulf of Mexico nnd the Atlantic ocenn. When tho United States entered the world wnr the national congress saw fit to hasten the nntl-tlck work by In creased appropriations, aiming to les sen tho ravages of this parasite and increase our food supply. As a result of tho speeding-up process there wcro freed from cnttlo ticks nnd relensed from quarantine In 1017 n total of 70,754 square miles, which was prac tically 200 per cent Incrcaso over the average yearly accomplishment since tick eradication wns actively begun ten years ago. This area Included 127 counties nnd portions of counties, Into which pure-bred cattle from Northern Btntes or other tlck-freo sections may bo finfely Introduced for tho purpose of improving nnd building up the beef nnd dairy herds of tho South. Expect New Record This Year. There nro in operation now 20,070 dipping vnts at which during July of this year 0,080,2:12 dippings of cattle wcro officially supervised. There nro 2,202 federal, state and county em ployees devoting their entire time to tick eradication work, nnd It Is be lieved that tho accomplishment of 1018 will exceed that of Inst year. It Is ex pected that practically all of Louisiana and all of South Carolina, In addition fo areas In other stntcs, will bo freed th's year. V 'fiU'm B, Tick-Infested Shorthorn Heifer; C, Ticks; D, Young Ticks. last year was tho freeing of Mississip pi, which opens a tick-free high road to the gulf. When South Carolina is freed from quarantine there will bo a tick-free zone to tho Atlnntlc ocean. ,It wns estimated by the bureau oi animal Industry a few years ago that the total loss to tho cattlo industry ot the South due to the presence of the tick aggregated closo to $40,000,OOC every year. During the fiscal year 1016 there were shipped to market for im mediate slaughter 8,0115,875 cattle from the tick-Infested portions of tho South Had these cattlo been raised undei tlck-freo conditions, they would huvt nvernged nbout 200 pounds a heuc heavier, or 000,000,000 pounds In all The importance of such nn addition tt this country's food resources does not cnll for argument. $ GET ICE HOUSE READY $ $ $ Ico In tho dairy saves: Losses J from sour milk nnd cream, trou- J bio from high bucterla counts, inferior, low-priced butter nnd $ cheese. Got the Icq house ready $ for the winter harvest. $ Cooling Milk Saves Dollars. "Dairymen loso thousands of dollars annually because of poorly cooled milk nnd cream." This Is tho Introductory sentence of Farmers' Bulletin 070, en titled "Cooling Milk and Cream on th Farm," Issued by tho United State department of agriculture. Tho milk dealer has un extra level when he can provo to tho producer thnt moro core in tho production and handling of milk means moro money to him. It Is especially true thnt every reform along dairy and milk lines must be proved to be economical an well as beneficial from a sanltnry or health standpoint beforo tho produc er's Interest is aroused. Cooling of milk ns a rulo can be properly nnd practically done only where ico Is obtninnblo. But when It is realized that ico can bo had on farms producing 85 per cent of the country's milk nnd cream supply, one sees tho importance of taking advan tage of natural facilities. In other parts of the country whoro natural Ico Is not available, tho pro ducer can keep down the loss from, sour milk or cream by tuklng full' ad vantage of spring or well water. Exercise Sheep In Winter. If the lambs urc to be born stronf and vigorous, n moderate amount oi exercise Is neccss.ary for tho ewes dur Ing the winter. This can be obtnlnec by scattering their roughage over field nnd allowing them to work bncli nnd forth over it whllo eating, or bj feeding some of the roughage some dls tnnco away from their shelter. If win ter pastures aro used, no other up rangement for exercise Is necessary At no tlmo should tho pregnant ewes bo forced to wado through deep mud or snow, neither should they be chnsed by dogs nor forced to Jump over boards nor to pass through narrow doors, as? such treatment is suro td cause lost of lambs or of both owes and Iambs. If fleeces nro allowed to become soaked with rain or wet snow, colds nnd pneumonia will surely result. Dry snow, on tho other hand, has no ill effect, ns tho ewes readily shako It off. A Cheese Meat Substitute. Cottage checso Is n relatively cheap food worthy of moro extensive use in the homo In place of fiomo of the meat ordinarily eaten. Following, calico Boston roast, is n meat substitute nindo from cottngo cheese and beans. Mash u one-pound can of benns or equivalent qunntlty of home-cooked beans or cowpens, or put thorn through ji ment grinder. Add one-half pound of cottage choose and bread crumbs to make the mixture stiff enough to In? formed Into n roll. Bnko in a moder ate oven, basting occasionally with butter or other fat, nnd wnter. Servo with tomato sauce. Tills dish mny 1 llavored with chopped onions cooked until tender In butt"' or other fat anil