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THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA.
TRUCE UP TO ALLIES MUN8- PLEA REFERRED TO EN TENTE NATIONS BY WILSON. HAS NO FAITH IN WAR LORDS President Says People Must Act, Otherwise, Surrender Is Only Course for Germany. Washington, D. 0. President Wll- n armistice and peaco to tho allies, and nt the same tlmo has Informed the Berlin government that thoro can Im no nrinlHtleo eveent nnrni lei-n Hint J, , , . would innltc it Impossible for Ger- many to renew hostilities. Whlln cnnitfnifm' in limit finMioi- yvinio consenting to deal fuither Willi present authorities In Germany, the president has given them this warning: "ie if '.. tT..t..i c. x .... , v'u"z " t .u .,.,,, ummcin """merman nolo to President Wilson: wuniirciiini auiorraiB or uermany now, or if It likely to have to deal wiUi tlu'in later in reirard to Interna- Zli !i ,rr,n m n tlonnl obligations of the Gorman em- plrc, It must demand, not peace nego- tint ous. but surrender. Nothing rim ho gained by lcavln- this essentia M..7. .. ,caun ,ms C8sont"u '" As Iho note was sent broadcast over the world Sfref.irv Tiiinnitv .i .TrWu ., fc,wrctliry annuity at tho White IIouso gave emphasis to tho assurance given by nil tho members of the government that no Interrup- inn r h.a ,m. '. : , V . J i""'"'" ,a "' tcmpluted by correspondence between Secretary linker and President Wilson showing that moro than 2,000,000 American soldiers havo been embark- Ger,nn iW'nzoi a for tho war overseas. a retreat, destructions will always bo Approvol of the president's action necessary and nro In so fnr permitted was voiced everywhere among ofllc- !,y ,ntrnnllonnl law. Tho German ini wi.n ,innini .hi t. Z , troops nre under the strictest Instrue Jal, who declared that tho note de- tlons to spare private property and to mnnded tho surrender upon which exercise care for tho population to tho America and tho allies Insist, and nt ,,(,Bt of their ability. Where trans- n wny likely to hasten their rise to 'J'ho German government further de throw out tho knlsor nnd his war ,,,nt the Oermnn navy, In sinking lords comnletolv IVI1"?' ,,n8 ovor purposely destroyed compieteij. j0 ,,nntH wUJ thpjt. imsS0llRprs Th(J The President's Final Word. Ow-ninn government proposes, with Fdlowlnc is President Wilson's rn. JW""1 0 " these charges, that tho i tl .1!! V .1"5S1U0Ut Wilsons ie- rllc,s 1)0 cleared up by neutral comnils- ply lo tho latest German note: slons. Tn order to avoid nnvthlng that Ifnvltiff received tho solemn nnd ex- Jl1';"' '"'"'''Pf "l0 v,or,c oC f0"00- plldt nssuranca of tho German govern- H0 lnn,' Pyorninpnt has caused orders incut that it unreservedly accepts tho ' ", 'I'spntched to all subinurlne con- twins or peace laid down In ids ml- ' ,(JP1'S P'?'lnK tho torpedoing of dvoHS to tho congress of tho United '""'"'ngpr ships, without, however, for f. "?,.0 i o mil or January, 1018, and tho principles of settlement enunciated In IttH Hubsemicut addressos. nartlcu- lorly tho address of thn L7lh of Sen tcmber and that It desires to discuss tho details of their application and that this wish and purpose ewuwucd not from those who linvo hitherto dic tated German policy nnd conducted tho .present wnr on Germany's behalf but from ministers who speak for tho majority of tho relchstag and for nn overwhelming mnjorlty of tho Oermnn peoples; nnd having received also tho explicit promise of tho present German government that the humane rules of ctvllliswl wnrfnro will bo observed both on land and on sen by tho Gor man nrmed forces, tho president of tho united fitntcs feels that ho cannot de cline to take tin with tho govrnments with which the government of tho Unlteil States Is associated the ques tion of an armistice. Ho deems It his duty to say again, howpycr, that tho only armistice he wonld feel Justified In submitting fov consideration would bo one which should leave the Unltexl States and thp powerB associated with her In a position to enforco nny nrrnngements tluit mny be entered Into nnd lo make n renewal of hostilities on tho part or Germnny impossible. The president has tlKTcforo transmitted his corre po"dpiice with the present Oermnn mitliorltlefi to tho governments with which the government or tho United "tntes Is associated as n belligerent with tho suggestion that If those gov erninentR aro disposed to elTwt peace upon tho terms nnd principles Indlcat d. their military advisers and tho mil itary advisers of the United States bo asked to submit to thu governments associated ngulnst Germany tho nec essary terms of such nn nrnilstlce iik will fully protect tho Interests of the peoples Involved nnd ensuro to tho as sociated governments the unrestricted power to safeguard and enforce the de tails of the peaco to which the Ger man government hns ngrppd, provided they deem such an armistice possible from the military point or view. Should such terms of nrmlstlco bo suggested, their acceptance by Germany will af ford host concrete evidence of her un equivocal acceptance of tho terms and principles of peace from which tho wholo nctlon proceeds. Tho president would deem himself lncKlnc In candor did he not point out In tho frankest possible terms tho ronson exlrnordlnnry safeguards must ho flominndpd. Significant and Impor tant ns the constitutional changes oem to bo which nro spoken of bv the German forelcn secretnrv In hH notvof the COth of October, It'dop not npnenr Hint thrt prlnclnlo of n govern ment rcsponslhlo to tho Oermnn neo plo hns yet been worked out or that nny Kunrantees either exist or are In confrtimlnllon that tho alterations of prlnclnlo nnd of nrnctlco now partially ngrced upon will he reached. More over. It does not npnenr that tho heart of the nresont dllllculty hns been ranched. It mny be thnt future wnrs hnvo been brought under tko control May Not Get Colonies Back. London. In no circumstances Is It consistent with the safety, security tnd unity of the British empire that Germany's colonics should bo return ed to her, declared A. J. Hal four, tho British foreign secretary. In n speech mt tho Iununeon of tho Australian anfl Now Zealand club. Mr. Balfour aid tt was absolutely essential that tho communications of tho British em pire should remain safe, no naked If the German colonics wcro returned of tho German yieoplo, but the present war has not been; and It Is with the present war that wo are dealing. It is evident that tho German peo ple have no means of commanding tho i.cquloscenco of tha military authori ties of tho .empire In tho popular will ; that tho power of tho king of Prussia to control tho policy of the empire Is unimpaired J that the determining Init iative still remains with those who hnvo hitherto beau tho masters of Germany. Feeling that tho whole peace of the world depends now on plain speaking tttid straightforward nctlon, the presi dent deems It his duty to say without nny attempt to soften what may seem harsh words, that tho nations of the world do not and cannot trust thu word of thoso who havo hitherto been the masters of German policy, and to point out onro moro that In conclttd in!.' neace and nttcnntlnir to undo tho Infilnlfo Injuries and Injustices of this wnr the government of the United ,)0mlo 'wlin luivo becn nHWir,.ti 0f n genuine eonstlttttlonnl standing as tho real rulers of Germany, If 11 "luft ,,eal wltH 0,0 "lHltnry 'misters mid tho monarchal nutocrats 0f Germany now, or If It is likely to have to denl with them later In rognrd lo tllt' International obligations of tho . fiorinntl omplre. It must demnnd, not pence negotiations, but surrender. Nothing can he gained by leaving this oseiiiinl tiling unsaid. Text of German Note. K , tho omcmi text of u.o in accepting tho proposal for an evacuation of tho occupied territories ,,ie G(vnimn government has started fro,n tno nssumptlon that the proccd- ro f lMn evacuation and of the con- dltlons of an armistice should bo left to tho Judgment of the military ndvls prs nml t,l,lt ,no "Ctunl standard of power on both sides In the field has to form tho basis fbr arms safeguard- '"' "J"1 Knranteelng this stanilard. 1,10 Germnn government suggests to Ml0 pr,iq,iont to bring about nn oppor- tunlty for fixing the details. It trusts Mint the president ot the United States 'H approve of no demnnd which would bo Irroconcllablo with the honor or the German peoplo nnd with open- Ine n way to a peaco of Justice. The Oermnn government nrotosts LnKn,nHt the rcprouch of Illegal and In- , " X"""' ' . ! !".?:" .. "'V,0",, h,nt "l0"0 I" wl" irX sln8' fubmnrltie at sen bef ill.II l-V- fore Its reiurn. As the fundamental conditions for r.pnce, tho president ehnrnctorizes thu uesiruciion or every ariiiirnry power thnt enn separately, secretly and of Its own slnclo choice disturb tin peaco of the world. To this the German gov ernment replies: Hitherto the representation of lh people In the Germnn empire has not been endowed with nn Influence on tho formation of tho government. The constitution did not provide for n con curronco of the representation of the people In decision nn peace and war. These conditions have Just now under gone n fundamental change. Tho new government hns been form ed lir complete accord with tho wishes of the representation n tho peonle '""Wl " )n equal, universal, secret, direct franchise. The leaders of the t:reat parties of tho relchstag are mem bers of this government. In future no government can take or continue In ofllco without possessing tho confidence or the malorlty of tho relchstag. The responsibility of the chancellor of the empire to the representation of the people is belnir legally developed and safeguarded. The llrst act of the new government has been to lav before thn relchstng a bill to alter (ho constitu tion of tho empire so tlutl the consent or the representation or tho peoplo Is required for decisions nn war nnd pence. The permanence or the now system Is. however, gunrnnteed not only by constitutional siifemmrds. but ,,y J'10 unshakable deteinilii-itlon or tho German peonle whose vast ma lorlty stnndH behind these reforms and ,lV,V.n,,,1 tlH'lr energetic continuance. Iho (ineslloii or the president with whom ho and the governments iissoclntPd ncalnst Germnnv. are dnl Inif. Is therofore nnswered In a clear and unequivocal manner bv the state ment that the order or peace a"i mi crmlstlce hns come from a government 1 irnm armirarv ami rre- Mionslhlo Influence, Is sunnnrted bv the approval of he overwhelmlni: ma jority of the Gorman people. Hun Army Heads Address Soldiers. With tho French Army In France Field Marshal von Illndenburg. In an order to Gorman olllcers In tho Held, referring to negotiations ror an nrnils tlce, declares he approves the punce moves and Is obliged to support tho government. TTe nsks that the con Ildenco In him In the days or success ho continued. The German crown prince, In an or der to the group or armies under his command, reminds the olllcers or the responsibility they Incur when they loso a position or modify the lino in nny way without order. Copies of these documents have fallen Into the hands of tho French. what security was there thnt their original possessors would not uso! thorn os bases for piratical warfare. Tho doctrine that tho colonics should not ho returned, Mr. Balfour claimed, war not selflsh and Imperialistic. It was one In which tho Interests of th world wero nlmost ns much concerned os tho Interests of tho empire Itsolf. If tho empire was to remain united It was absolutely necessary that com munication between tho various parts should not bo nt tho mercy of an un scrupulous power. -mM-.w...-Tv:-rr l.-. i , , , MHIIIalal'l Mi ll W. ... ,vZV .V,W; ' sttZ XWi 3 PZiJtZy. 4 217? U a 1 Aerial torp. do, weighing ur.O pm.ad.s, used on the U-tjpe dirigible of of the Ainerlcnn soldiers who fell In th, victorious light in the St. Mil Viol L recaptured from the Huns and established as the capital of Belgium. EWS REVIEW OF THE GREAT WAR President Wilson Tells Germany That No Peace Will Be Made With the Kaiser. VIEWS OF HIS REPLY VARY Breaking Up of the Austro-Hungarlan Empire Seems an Assured Fact Huns Continue Retreat From Belgium Yanks in Fierce Fighting Northwest of Verdun. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. Wo nro willing to evacuate occu pied territories ,and arrange nn armistice based on the actual standard of power on both sides In the Held. Our land and sea forces havo not been been guilty of Ille gal and Inhumane actions, and we have ordered them not lo commit any more such actions. The Ger man government Is now free from any arbitrary and Irresponsible In fluence and Is supported by the ap proval ot nn overwhelming major ity of the German people. Ger many's Note to President Wilson. Considering tho assurances given by the German government. I cannot decline to suggest to the allied governments tho considera tion of an armistice, which, how ever, must leave the United States and Its allies In n position to en force the arrangements made and to mako Impossible a renewal of hostilities by Germany. It nppears to mo that tho kaiser nnd his crew still are In unlmpnlrcd control of the empire, and If we must deal with them, now or later, we must demand, not peace negotiations, but surrender. President Wil son's reply to Germany. The above summarizes brlctly but fairly the diplomatic exchanges of the week between Berlin and Washington. Germany's note, evasive, shullllng nnd altogether unsatisfactory, was received with contempt by tho press and people of tho United States and the allied countries. The president and his close advisers, It was said, were pleased only with the Indication that Berlin was moving step by step toward full acceptance of the allies' terms for an armistice and pence. The Imperial gov ernment's Indignant denial that Its land and sea forces have committed outrages was looked on generally as an insult to tho Intelligence of a world that knows such outrages have been committed and have not yet ceased. Uven while protestlm: ntmlus! the charges, the note says orders have been Issued to discontinue the Inhu mane practices alleged by President Wilson In his former note: and the Iltins who nro being driven from Bel- glum and northern France have not stopped the ruthless pillaging and burning of the places they are forced to evacuate, save In a few Instance. If tho orders to observe the rules or civilized warfare have been Issued. then there Is an end of the contention of the defenders of the Gorman people as distinguished from the German au tocratic government, namely, that the troops commit outrages only under the orders or the military command. No observing person can longer doubt thai we are at war not only with the Ger man government, hut with tin Inconsld orublo part of the German people, it may no tlint the Germans will over throw tho Ilohenxollerns nnd nil their gang, but If so, It will bo not because of the monstrous crime they have com muted, but because they have failed of their criminal purpose. There Is not in nil Germany one sign of repent ance, lnero is on y furious iiisim. iwlntment because the leaders have not been able to "mako good." Ha lt cannot be said truthfully that President Wilson's reply to Berlin aroused any wild enthusiasm. Most of uh icit as did senator Ashurst of Ari zona, who said: "I would have Germany to go to hell." Less blunt critics of the president felt thnt n. only reply called for was a demand for unconditional surrender and that Mr. w nson was losing ground by coutlnu lug the diplomatic discussion with n government with which, he very nron erly declares, tho United States cannot negotiate. There was general appro wil of the latter part of the note, which pronounced against any peace with the Kaiser, and the rest of It was praised by those who saw In it n clever move to alienate the German people from their military leaders. There was no doubt nnywhere of the rlghtness of the president's alms and Intentions, but many public men feared that his very admirable detestation of war and his fondness for wrltinc notes intent lend him into an embarasslng diplomatic maze. In reassurance, It may he said thut no armistice and no peace will be ar ranged that arc not entirely to the snt- isrnctlon of Great Britain, France and Italy, as well as the United States, and that these four allies hnvo acreed that Germany must be required to sur render. There will bo no cessation of hostilities on the pnrt of the allies un til Germnny not only evacuates occu pied territory, but also gives substan tial guarantees that will prevent re sumption of fighting by her; and tho entente allies are determined thut any discussions concerning an armistice shall take into full consideration the sen power, in which they are predoml n ant. to- In his delayed renlv to the noto from Austria-Hungary President Wilson in formed Vienna that events hnd made some of his famous fourteen points out ot date, notably that concerning the autonomy of tho oppressed peoplos In the dual kingdom, since the United States had recognized the indepeml ence of the Czccho-Slovnks and the na tional aspirations of the Juco-Slavs, Consequently he could not talk pence with those points ns a basis. Then followed an Imperlnl manifesto nn uounclng the formntlon of federal states In Austria-Hungary; the setting up of a state of their own by the Ger mans in Austria; the creation of a sovereign state by the Slovenes, Cront- lans and Serbs without reference to present political frontiers, and prog ress by the Hungarians toward full in dependence, with reports thnt they were about to apply to the entente governments for terms for n separate armistice and peace. The empire of Charles was fast breaking up, and there was the greatest depression In Vienna, where famine threatens and the authorities aro powerless. Conse quently, according to dispatches, the iMistrltin government Is becoming reconciled to the Idea of unconditional capitulation. Again, and yet again, the unduly op- tlmlstle.nnist be reminded that, from a military point of view, Germany Is still far from being defeated. Though she Is being forced to relinquish her grip on Belgium and northern France, she Is conducting her retreat In order and much In her own way, and though losing much material and thousands of men, Is carrying off most of her heavy guns and a great deal of her supplies, destroying the bulk of those left behind. She still has about 100 divisions on the west front, :0 of them being In reserve, and with these, with the men returned from hospitals and with those coming of military age she probably can hold out for many months on her shortened front. The Huns are ailing back to successive lines of de fense, pivoting on tho positions north f tho Argonne and on the Meuso heights, and with many thousands of machine guns in strong positions are making the advance of the allies as difficult and expensive as possible. The present government or Germany seem ingly doesn't Intend to glvo up the tight without making a desperate fin ish, and toward the end or tho week it was ald Ludendorff had drafted u proclamation to the people exhorting them to carry on the war to the utmost, since the allies would not grant them peace without humiliation. I All week long the Germans con tinued their withdrawal from Belgium, sometimes moving rapidly, and nt oth ers putting up a stouter resistance In order to rescue some stores or guns. In being driven from the Belgian coast somo 15,000 Huns were forced across the Holland border and were prompt ly Interned by tho FUUdi. Hnlg's Brit ish forces, ably seconded by the Bel ' Wcfitrrn NewsmiDrr Union! the Vmerlcnn nnw n f enl McnSmi l"c Mineral Me Graves of some ew of Bruges, gians, tho French and some Amerinnn divisions, drove forwnrd relentlessly umi oeioro tlio week closed were chas ing the last of the Huns out of Valen ciennes. To the south of Unit city, in the direction of Maubeugo and Mons, the British mnde n smashing attack, breaking through the enemy line of de fense on a wide front und threatening to outflank the lino of tho Scheldt which, further north, had hold up the progress of tho allies to some extent. By cutting tho banks of the Scheldt canal nnd other waterways the Ger mans flooded the country. The cap ture of Mons nnd Mnubeuge would be serious to the Germans, for those cities, which are united by a railroad, havo been the principal Germnn concentra tion and supply points on the Ardennes front. East of Lo Cateau, where tho Americans nro fighting beside Uio Brit ish, the allied progress was rather slow. Tho fall of Ghent In the near future seeming a certainty, tho Germans wero evacuating it; and the Belginn govern ment decided to establish Itself in the recovered city of Bruges. fca The French In the Lnon region moved forward somewhat, but the ad vance there was slowed up consider ably during the week. In the Cliam pngne the Huns were keeping up the most determined kind of resistance. and the Americans in the vnlkn of the Meuso were bearing the brunt or the severe lighting. It was the hardest kind of work, and at times tin Yanks had to fall back, but always they re turned to the combat and carried their objectives. Powerfully organized ma chine gun positions were encountered everywhere in that region of ravines and hills nnd forests, and to take these without too much loss it was' neces sary to maneuver post them and at tack from the flanks nnd rear. Further west, to the north of Grand Pre, tho Americans wero engaged in equally severe fighting, but there, too, they were slowly overcoming Uie stubborn resistance of the Huns. In this they were materially aided by the big bomb ing squadrons of the air forces which not only continually harassed the en emy In the lighting Hues but mnde re peated raids on his bases and supply trains. One-fourth of Germany's nvallablo military strength has becn plnced In the Champagne nnd Mouse sectors to hold back the Americans and French there, and the task theso allied armies are doing, while not showy, Is of tre mendous Importance nnd dllllculty. The Huns are trying desperately to save the Mezleres-Luxemburg rallwuy system, on which depend nil their communications in that region. It Is a satisfaction to know that tho Amer icans are giving a mighty good ac count or themselves there and that, while their own losses are not small, those or the enemy nro vastly larger. ta in the near East matters progressed favorably, the allies driving the Aus trlans northward nnd reuchlng the Piuuibe on the ltoumnulnu border, thus completing the Isolation of Tur key from tho central powers. A fur ther advance to Orsova, will open tho way for an Invasion of Austria. In Montenegro the process of clearing out the foe went forward rapidly. At Krusbovatz, In the center of Sorbin, German forces wero strongly resist ing the advent of the Serbs toward Belgrade. rat Turkey, which Is more than ready to make peace, lias a new scheme. Plans are being discussed to make Constantinople it free port and dis mantle the fortifications of tho Dnr- lanelles on condition thnt the allies guarantee the continuance of Constan tinople as tho capital of Turkey. It Is also proposed to grant autonomy to Arabia, Syria, Armenia nnd the Jew ish part of Palestine. PS The Germnns srem to delight In vio lating the senso of decency of civilized people. The latest example of this propensity Is the naming ot Jiaron von der Loncken us head of a commission pf neutral residents of Brussels which Is to Investigate chnrges of unneces sary devustatton during the retreat from Belgium. This baron played a leading role In the murder of Edith Cnvell, Ignoring the roproxeiiiatlous of Brand Whltlock and rifir '-nu to rv the nurse from death. STORM WREGKS SHIP VESSEL WITH OVER 300 ABOARD 1 HURLED ACROSS REEF. ALL BELIEVED TO BE LOST Many Women and Children Amontj Passengers. Efforts to Aid Strick en Craft Unsuccessful. Vancouver, B. C, Oct. 29. Tho 203 passengers, many of them women nnd children, and crew of 75 men were , lost when tho steamship Princes , Sophia foundered last Thursday night, i In the Lynn canal, north of Juneau. Alnskn, the Canadian Pacific railway i announced. Not a soul survived, ac- cording to a Juneau message, which said tho ship apparently was picked up by tho gale, hurled across Vander bllt reef and sent to the bottom In the o.eep waters on tho other side. Tho United States lighthouse ten der, Cedar, mnde an unsuccessful at tempt to get to the side of the Sophia nfter she started to sink, according to a message from the Cedar received here. Most of the passengers were Alaska residents who were en route to Can ada and tho United States for the winter. Nearly all members of the crow wero Cnnndlans. Captain Lock", the master, was one of the oldest navigators on the northern coast. Seventeen years ago the steamer Islander foundered near Uie spot where Sophia struck. Fifty-seven per sons perished. Blizzard Cause of Disaster. Juneau, Alaska, Oct. 29. Indicative of the terrific storm which caused the steamer Princess Sophia to plunge from her rocky ledge on Vnndcrbllt reef into the waters of Lynn Canal was the statements made by officer of the Canadian Pacific steamer Amy. which has returned from the scene of the wreck. The .officers said two feet of snow fell in 10 hours and n strong northenst wind then blowing later developed Into a blizzard which was responsible for thu Sophia's heavy loss of life. Four lowans Lost On Otranto. Washington, D. C, Oct. 29. The mimes of 200 of tho American soldiers who lost their lives in the sinking of tho transport, Otranto, October 0, in a collision with the steamer Kashmito off the Scottish coast wero made pub lic Sunday by tho war department. Three hundred and seventy-two sol diers aro believed to havo gone down with tlje ship, but tho exnet number will not be known until tho checking of tho names of survivors against the muster rolls of tho board has been completed. There were no Nebrns kans Included in tho list, which con sisted chiefly of, men from Illinois. Georgia, North and South Carolina and many other states. The Iownns in the list follow: Lewis W. Schuetz, Des Moines; William E. Cook, Anu mosa; Pearl W. Dickerson, AVllllams. and Verne Willy, Mitchell, la. ' Takes Power From Kaiser. London, Oct. 20. The German relchstag by a great majority hun adopted u bill placing the military command tinder control of the civil government, uccordlng to an Exchange Telegraph company dispatch from Copenhagen. Ollicial announcement was made in Berlin Saturday .night thut Emperor William has acceded to the request of General Luiiendorn. the first quartermaster general, that he bo permitted to resign. Ills resignation, coming nt a time when the German lino Is dally crumb ling under allied attacks, and the German border Is slowly but gradually being appronched by German's foes, it is believed, will still further shako tho faith of the Gwmmi people in their military machine. Awaiting Truce Proposal. Germany's answer to President Wil son's latest communication declure that Germany is now awaiting propos als for nn nnnistli'e. Tho answer speaks of "fnr-reachlng changes in tho Gorman coustltuhllonnl structure," and says the power to "make deciding conclusions" rests In the hands of the people's government." Noted Educator Succumbs. Washington, D. C, Oct. 29. Mr.-. Ella Fhigg Young, Chicago educator, died here of pneumonia. She was ou traged in government work. Mi. Young was engaged in teaching from 1802 to 1915. She became superin tendent of Chicago schools in 1009. being the first woman superintendent of a metropolitan school system In the Unlteil States. 48 Hours in Fire of Both Armies. London, Oct. 29, Corporal David Ferguson Hunter of the Highland Light Infantry, one of the "seven he roes of Mocuvres," has been awiu-disl the Victoria Cross. The Official Gn zetto says that Corporal Hunter wav detailed with six others to occupy an advance post close to the enemy line. For forty-eight hours he nnd Ids com. nuind hold on wiUiout food nnd water. The corporal nnd hl9 companions were under the fire of both the British nnd German guns.