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THE 9EMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE NEBRASKA.
A FINAL EFFORT TO ghan6e mm PASSAGE OF THE MEASURE IN THE HOUSE IS CONCEDED OTHER LEGISLATIVE DOINGS A Brief Digest of Other Important Legislation Being Considered by the Nebraska Legislature Lincoln. Tho last of the primary bills, H. It. 323, made a bid for per manence In house commltteo of tho whole when it was advanced to third reading by an eighteen vote margin, fifty membors having voted to advance. This Is taken by friends of the hill to assure passago in tho lower house. What the scnato will do Is anothor question. The bill Is said to havo many points in common with ono rccontly killed by tho scnato. H. It. No. 323 provides for the nomination of minor state officers by convention, such minor officers to be solectod by dele gates chosen from among delegates to the county convention who are to bo elected by the peoplo, "If we are a representative form of government certainly wo havo a right to rely upon our representatives," Baid Byrum, who nrgued that ono of tho evils standing in tho way of good gov eminent is the present system of choosing men of whoso qualifications tho people know nothing. He believed that better timber for state office will be secured through a delegation of nominating power to men who aro placed in a position to study such timber. Wildman opposed any tamp ering with tho primary. "How many of tho candidates did you know when you voted under the old convontlon system,' ho asked. Schmidt said that tho objections to tho present sys tem comes largely from profes sional politicians. Ho insisted thai tho peoplo are calling for more prim ary instead of leas. Appropriations of tho 1919 legisla ture will run nbovo $10,000,000. This is $6,000,000 more than tho appropria tions of tho 1917 session, an increase of 60 per cent. Tho lower house has approved forty-two appropria tion bills, carrying n total of $15,947, 000. Tho senate has approved twonty two of those hills, carrying appropria tions, aggregating $9,382,000 and 'has killed ono bill appropriating $100,000. Twonty bills, approved by tho Iioubo and carrying appropriations of $0,465, 0.00, aro awaiting sonato action or tho formality of third reading in tho lower house, Tho sonato is oxpocted to roduco some appropriations, but Increases already approved by tho sonato fi nanco committoo in gonernl appro priation bills are expected to olTset such deductions. Tho big bills inqludo appropriations of $3,390,000 for im proved roads, $2,914,000 for tho main tenance of ponal and charitable Insti tutions, $2,825,000 for the state univer sity and related activities, $1,695,000 for a now state cnpitpl (this boing ono third of tho six-year lovy), and $1,131, 000 for state normal schools. Representative A. H. Byrum' of Franklin county got a belated vindi cation from tho houso when it unani mously adopted a resolution which had been presented by him on Jan uary 21 and subsequently voted down. Tho resolution was ono commending tho record mado by national guards men from Nebraska who servod in tho lato war, and favoring tho re establishment of tho old Fourth and Fifth regiments as thoy existed beforo they wore called into tho federal Bervlce. Anothor effort was mado this wook to havo tho sonate concur in tho houso amendment to Sonato Fllo No. 244, which provides that now banks shall not participate in tho bank guarantoo fund for a porlod of two years, but again tho machinory got clogged, nnd it was put ovor anothor day. Tho bill originally gavo tho banking hoard powor to dony bank charters, but has bean amended by tho houso to its present form. Thursday when the voto for concurrence was tnken only seven senators opposed it. Tho hill was passed with tho emergency clause, and nil that remains to put it in opera tion is tho governor's slgnnturo. Amid scenos of confusion attending tho worst parliamentary tanglo of tho prcBont sossion, tho lowor houso re fUBod to pass Houso Roll No. 254, tho BChool redisricting bill. It was ono of the most Important bills pending before tho legislature. Tho bill had been approved in commltteo of tho whole Bomo timo ago and was later Bont back in an effort to meot objec tions of farmer ropresontatlvos, who complained that it did not gtvo tho school patrons a sufficient volco in de termining whether or not to adopt now and consolidated districts. Tho bill was introduced by Representative Jacobs of Custer county. The lowor house approved Houso Roll No. 394, authorizing tho stnto capltol commission to oxpond $250,000 of the $5,000,000 capltol appropriation for tho building of a building across tho stroot from tho capltol sito for Joint uso of tho stato supremo court, library and historical socloty. Tho building is to bo designed bo that miscellaneous offices may ubo it dur ing tho building of tho now capltol, saving ront. S. F. 258, by Governor McKolvie, authorizing tho stato tire commission er to condemn buildings by court pro cedure, whb passed by tho senate. The lower house reconsidered its lefusal to appropriate $25,000 for wel coming returning Nebraska soldiers at New York city and to pay for special caro for those who may bo invalids. It then passed the bill, 67 to 24. Tho result was accomplished, however, only at tho expense of some harsh words, in which some members charged that the governor was ap plying the party lash unduly. Repre sentative Wildman, who moved tho reconsideration, and Speaker Dalbey, took occasion to state that the gov ernor had had nothing to do with tho reconsideration, but had closed tho matter,i insofar ns he was concerned, when ho sent his personal chock to cover expenses already incurred la New York city. There was no ap parent indication of such activity as wns charged against tho govornor. The Nebraska sonate eolcbrated April 1 by considering and rocom mending for passngo throe road bills which hnvo passed tho houso and which compriso nn oxtonslvo road building program for tho stato during tho next two years. It was Senator AInlay's busy day. As chairman of tho sonato commltteo on highways ho pushed tho road building hills over the top. Tho bills . considered and recom mended for passago In committoo of tho whole wero H. R. 299, tho auto mobile registration and llcenso bill; H. R. 298, a bill designating und lo eating roads to bo tho first to recelvo state and federal aid; and II. R. 300,. a bill lovylng a tax of 3 mills on tho dollar to moot federal appropriations for road building. It was said tho lovy bill will produce $6,000,- 000 in two years to bo used with an equal sum from the government for road building, and while this may scorn to some a pretentious road build ing program, It is Bmnll compared with tho amount to bo spent in soma states. These bills wore with llttlo excep tion nccoptod by tho sonato without amendment. Tho automobile registra tion bill waB changed somewhat by tho sonato standing committoo, but tho only nmendmont to tho road loca tion bill was one presented by Chair man AInlay. Ho succooded in attach ing nn nmendmont which re-enacts section 6 of tho road law of 1917 which makes It certain that rond funds of any ono county shall not bo dtvort od to another county. It provides for projoct districts ,of not to exceed flvo counties in a district, no monoy to bo spont on roads in tho district unless the expenditure is approved by tho county boards of tho counties compris ing tho district. No changos wore mado in location 'of roads. Sears of Douglas failed to obtain the consont of tho majority to nmond the spoetl regulations ns set forth in tho nutomobllo registration bill. Standing committoo amendments wero adopted Those permit purchasers of now auto mobiles to bo agonts of doalors until they can drive home, or for a period of t,en days, to give tho purchaser time to roglstor his now car In his horn county, and also changes tho speed limit outside of cities whore a car meets a tenm to fifteen miles nn hour Tho twolvo mllo limit in cities and vil lages is stricken out. Tho bjll provides for a mlnlmurc llconso foo of $10. and CO conts for each additional 100 pounds In excess of 2,000 pounds. Tho increase feo is not to bo colloctcd from ownors whe hnvo paid tho annual llconso under tho prosont law. Tho llconso foes nr to bo divided botwoon tho now state highway fund and county rond drag ging funds, 75 por cent to tho Btnte fund and 25 per cont to tho county rond dragging fund. Slman of Wayno failed to got a majority to favor his amondmont increasing tho road drag ging fund to 35 por cont. Hongland of Lincoln also failed In trying to plnco tho registration of automobiles under tho secretary of stato whoro It now is, Tho bill glvos this work to tho Btnto board of highways und Irri gation, under Stnto Engineer Johnson. 1 Tho senato standing committoo rec ommonded for tho general nio House Roll No. 445 ,tho Omaha garbago bill. Tho bill as it passed tho houso gave any restaurant, hotol or commission houso tho right to dlsposo of garbago . subject to tho sanitary regulations ot the city. Tho senato amended the bill to includo any buslnoss in which gar hngo accumulates as a by-product. H. R, 443, by Van Patton. a bill np proprlatlng $1,500 for tho relief of Knthorryn Huffman, wob advanced to third roadlng after tho caso had boon thoroughly roviowod. Tho young wo man is said to hnvo .been mado crip ple for Ufo through an operation per formed on her foot at tho orthopodla hospital. It la claimed that sho has boon prevented from earning her liv ing ns a domostic. Sho wns an onv ployo at tho Btnto farm when sho was ndvisod to go to tho stato hospital to bo treated for fiat feet. It Is alleged that h6r feet wero put In cnBta and kopt thoro for twolvo woks. Dr. ,T. P. Lord and Dr. W. H. Orr are namod In tho hill ns having porformed tho oporatlon. Tho hill was nmondod by a provision rosorvlng to tho young womnn tho right to buo elthor doctor or both for dnmagoa. Tho Bonuto lndofinltoly postponed Sonato Fllo. No. 212, introduced by Senator Taylor, which providod that tho citizens, by a majority voto, In any community could form Industrial districts, voto bonds nnd ostablish community morenntilo establishments both for buying and selling commodi ties. S. F. 239, by Slman, providing for removing county cents by olocttons cnllod by a petition of 55 per cont ot tho voters, tho city getting tho high est number ot votos, It a majority, to bo it, wns recommended for passago in the scnato. 1 Hendquurters of General DIckninn, commanding the Amerlcnn nrmy of occupntlon In Coblenz. 2 Gcr man troops who served In East Africa received as heroes on their return to Berlin. 3 Cottln, who tried to as sasslnato 1'rcmler Clemeuceuu, receiving thte sentence of death. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Effects of German Protests and Threats Seen in Doings of the Treaty Makers. WILSON URGING MORE SPEED Advisability of Coming to Terms With Hungary and Russia Seriously Con sidered Counter-Revolution AgalnEt Bolshevism Bloody Strike Riots In Ger man Cities. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. Prodded by the public opinion of most of the world, and particularly by tho insistence of President Wilson, the pence delegates In Paris speeded up their work lust week and really ac complished something. Mr. Wilson, it wns reliably reported, told them that if results wero not forthcoming soon, ho might reveal to tho public the real causes of the delay, and just beforo that ho Issued a statement denying that the discussions over tho league of nations wero to blnmo In thnt re spect. No ono nation, said Mr. Wil son, wns solely to be blamed for hold ing up the peace treaty, but dispatches from Pnrls make it fairly clear that many of the hitches have been due to tho disparity between what the French dctnnml and what the Americans, sometimes bncked by the British, are willing to impose on tho conquered Germans. v If present Indications go for any thing, those snino beaten Huns are going to como out of tho peace con ference in fairly good shape. The "Big Four" last week concerned themselves mainly with the major questions of reparation, tho west bnnk of tho Rhine, Dnnzlg nnd Uio Italian frontier. Unofficially, Germany law been taking pnrt In tho conference, nnd Its argu ments, presented by public officials, the national assembly and the press, seem to ho having decided effect. Though Franco still asserts that the Huns should bo required to pay the last penny thnt can be got out of them, and In this aro supported by tho public opinion of most of tho civilized world, tho pence delegates, inllucnccd apparently by tho American represen tatives, lmvo been scaling down the amount of Indemnity more nnd more until tho prediction now 1b that It will bo lCss than ?20,000,000,000. How Germnny shall pay and how long a time shall be given her proves so com plicated a question thnjt It was consid ered probable last week thnt all that will be left for decision by n commis sion uftcr pcaco lias been declared. Germany bus a gold reserve of more than $500,000,000, and likely n part of this will be demanded ns a cash pay ment to bo disbursed In the devastated regions of Belgium nnd France. When tho matter of the Rhlnelnnd wns tnken up the effect of tho German protests ngaln was evident. It was virtually decided that there shall be no buffer republic on the left bank of the Rhine, but thnt that region shall bo neutralized and policed by allied troops until the indemnities are paid; thnt tho Snar coal busln shnll not be allotted to France, but shall Tenia In under German sovereignty, though Its products shall go to tho French for n certain period of years. It Is presumed that French nnd Belgian troops would hold the left bank of the Rhine, since the British have Insufficient forces for tho purposo nnd America docs not wish to lenvo any soldiers hi Europo after the treaty is signed. King Al bert of Belgium went to Paris last week, probably to discuss his coun try's share In this occupation. He called on Colonel House nnd President Wilson. MnrphnLFoch wns sent to Spa Wed nesday with fu)l Instructions for end ing the dispute concerning Danzig. Tho allies wished to have General Hal Icr and his Polish divisions landed at that port, and the Germans declared they could not permit It;' and tho ulti mate fate of Dnnzlg wus Involved In the mnttcr. Before Foch hud begun his negotiations n correspondent In Paris cabled that the "Big Four" had derided that Danzig should be mude a free port, nnd added that It was re ported the disposition of the Vistula valley would bo left to a plebiscite. A Rome paper asserted that the Italian frontier question had been set tled fnvorubly to Italy by the peace delegates. The infrequent communiques of the peace conference nre about as Inter esting ns excerpts from nn almanac, and less Informative. One bit of news was given out the fact that General Smuts had been dispatched to Hun gary to study the sltuutlon there. This did not pleaso the Paris press, which saw In it only another delay. It hnd been hoped that General Mangln would be. sent east to deal with the Hungarians. Official ndviccs from Budapest were to tho effect thnt the new soviet government wns establish ing Itself and maintaining order, and that it wps disposed to make large concessions to tho allies In return for food nnd fuel. It was supposed Smuts would open negotiations, for nn amicable agreement Bcln Kun nnd his associates Insist their government la communistic rather than bolshevis tic. The fact remains thnt Kun Is In constant communication with Lenlnc, whose secretury he formerly wns. The allied delegates also were said to bo considering the advisability of coming to nn understanding with the Russian soviet government nnd per mitting It to get food nnd materials. This, Lenlne says, Is all he wants; if It Is granted his government can make good, and then the allies can recognize It if they wish to. He declares he Is willing to make peace wlthoul includ ing Hungary In the pact and will then cease fighting nnd stop propaganda work in other countries. All tills, It wns reported, sounded good to the pence-makers In view of tho threats of Germany to form nn alliance with Rus sia op to allow Itself to "go bolshevik" If tho terms of the treaty should not be to their liking. Meanwhile the soviet troops of Russia were very busy carrying out their thrent to start ma jor operations on till fronts as soon as the weather permitted. They began a rather formidable lnvnslon of East Prussln and were met there by n Ger man army which has been organized by Von Hlndenburg. They continued their operations in the south nnd made repented und heavy attacks on tho nllled forces In tho Archangel region. There, however, they had little suc cess. But that tho northern Russian situation Is considered serious by the allies Is evidenced by the fact that tho British government announced thnt re enforcements would Immediately fol low the American troops then on tho way to North Russia. Official Russian wireless messages that enmo from Petrogrnd Thursday miiy change the Russian situation ma terially. They told of an untl-bolshe-vlst strike of the railway and trans port men which hnd stopped communi cations and prevented the city from getting any breud. Other dispatches said the lncnshevlkl nnd social revolu tionaries had actually started a revolt against the bolshevik regime and thnt Lenlne and Trotzky had come to a definite break over tl'ie former's Insist ence on some sort of u treaty with England, France and tho United Stntes. Trotzky, of course, holds the military control, nnd lie Is regarded as In a stronger position than Lenlne,' es pecially so long ns ho can provide ills troops with sufficient food. Interesting If not Important Is the Intercepted wireless message from Tchltcherln, Russian foreign minister, to Bela Kun of Hungary, saying: "The revolutionary movement cer tainly Is gaining in Amerlcn. Ameri can newspnpers say tho stntes of New York, Pennsylvania, Indlnnu, Illinois and Michigan are especially Impreg nated by bolshovlsm. A riot hns taken plnce In Philadelphia, which certainly must be attributed to bolshevlst lnllu enco." Poland Is sending distress calls be cause of the actions, of Von Hlndcn burg's nrmy In eastern Germnny. These troops, besides combating the advancing Russlnns, are said to be pil laging upper Silesia, destroying Its Industries systematically and taking away everything from the factories. Evidently the Huns do not Intend tho Poles shall find nnything,of value left In this territory If they are awarded It by the peace conference. It la n case of Belgium nnd northern France over again. Again setting out to overthrow the Ebert government, the Spartacans and minority socialists of Germnny have started general strikes In Berlin, Frankfort, Stuttgart and other cities. Bloody riots ensued In some plnces, notably Frankfort, where several hun dred persons were reported to have been killed. Ten thousand workmen there paraded the streets and looted a great warehouse that was full of foodstuffs and then battled with the government forces sent against them. The German troops opposite tho Cob lenz bridgehead occupied by the Amer icans were moved toward Frankfort, after permission wns obtained from the French military authorities in the Muyence bridgehead zone to enter the disturbed city. The streets of Stutt gart were filled with great crowds and with troops and there was much shooting; the government, at last ac counts, was master of the situation there. Martial law was proclaimed throughout the entire Rhlneland. The strikers demanded that Germany re sume diplomatic relations with Itus sia at once. In Berlin, though tho lenders of organized labor were sup porting the government, more than 150,000 workers were out by Thurs day night nnd more struck Inter. Iteu ter's correspondent In Berlin says sympathy with Spartaclsm Is spread ing among the better classes, Includ ing officials, teachers, clerks and peo ple In similar walks of life. They are all thoroughly discontented nnd argue that things cannot well be worse than they are, while bolshevism at least opens prospects of better things some day for their children in the way of food. The people assert that the only way the poor can be per suaded of the fallacy of bolshevism Is by giving tiiem liberal food rations, especially meat, bread and fats. The correspondent quoted said there was much talk of the Imminence of n new coup. The evident aim of the Spartacans wns to upset or greatly disturb the government before the meeting of the soviet congress, called for this week. Tills assembly is fraught with peril for Ebert and his associates, for the delegates may not tnke at Its face value Scheldemnnn's promise that the soviet principle shnll be "anchored firmly" In the constitution. The covenant of tho league of na tions was completed last week nnd submitted by tho drafting commltteo to the commission. What was done with the various amendments suggest ed wns not nnnounced. Orgnnlzed la bor In Great Britain at Its national conference adopted resolutions de manding that the league plan be in corporated in the peace treaty and proposing certain changes In the cove nant. It nsked that the principle of self-determination be extended to all colonics and dependencies, which, of course, would Include India, Egypt and presumably Ireland ; it also asked thnt conscription be definitely prohib ited nnd thnt the principle of univer sal military training nnd service be adopted In Its stead.. This will be of Interest to union lubor of tho United Stntes, which always has fiercely op posed anything like unlversnl military training. From fnr-off Abyssinia comes news ot two revolts ngnlnst the government, one headed by a grandson of King Jo hnnnes II, who died In 1889, nnd the other by tho governor of Dedlazmnch, wherever that mny be. It Is said the Abyssinian government will send n delegation to Paris to ask for the ad mission of the country to the league of nations. Spain also 1ms announced Its adherence to the league when It Is constituted. Political Interest In the United Stntes hist week centered in Chicago, where William Hale Thompson wns re-elected mnyor, despite his wretched wnr record. His victory gives his fac tion n commanding position In the Re publican nffalrs of Illinois, according to Its claims, nnd there Is talk again of trying to ohtnln for him the nomi nation for the presidency. Probably no other aspirant for that houor Is worried by this. GALE VISITS Oil SMALL PART OF CITY AGAIN; SWEPT BY TORNADO. PROPERTY DAMAGE IS LARGE Violent Storm Passes Through Threo Eastern Nebraska Counties. No Loss of Life Reported. Omahn, Neb., April S. Heavy prop erty damage, but few personal Injuries ot consequence resulted from n vic ious tornado that swept across the western roHldonco section of this city Inst Sunday night. Many homes wero unroofed nnd In some cases practi cally rulnd. It is romnrknblo thnt this twister swooped down upon the cjty nt almost the same hour of the snmo day of the week ns the storm of Easter Sunday, Ml 8, when 150 people wero killed, COO Injured and '2,500 buildings destroyed or damaged. The tornndo followed a path which, paralleled about a half mllo to t ne west the storm of six years ago. It seemed to travel in a most pecu liar manner. It would dip nnd lift several times within the length of a city block. The storm would demolish n structure, lift and strike another house directly in its path several hundred feet distant. In some in stances one, two nnd three houses would be left untouched while the buildings on either side of those which wero not damaged would bo to tnl wrecks. Then the tornado would travel a block, In some instances many blocks, without doing any dam. age. The terrific roar of the approaching storm Is said to have sounded a warn ing to hundreds of occupants of tho houses In Us path, .nnd many lives were saved by persons hurrying to cellars. Three Counties Suffer Damage. Lincoln, Neb., April 7. Violent windstorms, nt places reaching fiio proportions of a tornado, swept over Cass, Douglas and Otoe counties last Sunday night damaging property to tho extent of many thousands of dol lars. There was no loss of life as tho result of the storm. It extended as far south as Nebraska City. Near tho town of Elmwood, midway between Lincoln and Omaha, two farmhouses were partly wrecked and one completely demolished. Outbuild ings on two of these farms were blown away. At the farm of George Lenz, which was totally wrecked,' Mrs. Lenz was carried two hundred feet In the air nnd deposited In the orchard, but es caped with slight Injuries. Some live stock was killed at this place,' and wheat fields were badly damaged by n fall of hall which followed the wind. At Lincoln there was a high ,wlnd nnd heavy fall of rain but na damage of consequence. j Five States Storm Swept. Denver, April 7. neavy Snows, ne conipanled by n high wind In western .Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Montana nnd western Colorado, of Inst Satur day nnd Sunday badly crippled tele phone nnd telegrnph service. The storm, originating on the Pacific coast, swept through Montnnn, Utah, Wyo ming and western Nebraska. Forty-Second Soldiers Start. Coblenz, April 8. Two more train loads of hnppy, smiling wldlers of the Forty-second (Rainbow) division started Sunday afternoon for home by way ot Brest. The soldiers composed the One Hundred nnd Sixty-fifth in fantry regiment. New York City's famous Sixty-ninth. There wero cheers, but no tears, ns the trains pulled out. The soldiers were in the highest spirit) ns they waved farewells to their comrades who ore to follow within the next few days. German civilians stood In the background, but gnve no indica tion of their feelings. The Rainbow division hns turned ovor to the Fourth division (regulars) the prisoners in Its care. The Thirty-third division, consisting-' principally of Illinois national guards men, has been ordered to begin pre parations for returning to France, ac cording to a general headquarters dispatch. Treaty Ready By Easter. Paris, April 8. The preliminary peace treaty will be ready by Easter and the Germans will be risked to come nnd sign it nt the end of April or the beginning of Mny, Premier Lloyd George of Great Britain de dared In an Interview with Stephnne l.auzanne, editor of tho Matin. Strange Malady Takes Fourteen. Washington, April 8. A total of 183' cases of lethargic encephalltles, or "sleeping sickness" with 14 deaths, were reported to the United States public health service up to March 21). Yanks Will Visit Italy. Rome, April 8. Arrangements have been completed for American troops In France to visit tho principal Itallnn cities nt the rate of 1,000 soldiers a. day, before sailing for homo. Permits Teaching English Only. Dos Moines, Ia April 8. A bill pro viding for exclusive use of the Eng--llsh language In nil secular training in Iowa public schools passed the stato Mnate lust Friday, by a vote of 8tt. to III.