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THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
1 Turkish delcgntcs to tlio ponce conference who have been sent nack to Constantinople. 2 Prlvnte Paul lu Bolln niul Oorpornl Edwnrd J. Gillespie with their wives about to stnrt from New York on the second leg of their Journey from "France to Frisco." A American circus performauce for the Yanks at Bordeaux. France, nwuiting transportation hon e. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS How the United States Launched The Great Experiment of National Prohibition. EMERGENCY LAW IN EFFECT President Returns Home to Take Up ' Fight for League of Nations Sena tor Borah Charges That Wall Street Is Financing Leaguo of Nations Propaganda British Dirigible R-34 Meets With Disaster When Near End of Voyage. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. The United States has launched tho great experiment. JuBt after tho. treaty was signed that nominally brought the war to an end, our war time emergency prohibition act went into effect and tho entire country be enmo ofllclally "bone dry." Presuma bly deinoblllzntlqn will bo completed within two months or ho, and there will bo u "wet spell" at least In somo states until tho constitutional amend ment goes Into effect on January 10; At present thero Is considerable con fusion concerning tho scope and tho enforcement of tho emergency law. A federal court lias ruled In favor of beer and wine containing not to ex ceed 2 per cent of alcohol and In many localities tho dealers are taking a chanco and dispensing thoso drinks. yln most states tho old and now lnws on' prohibition prevent oven this. In any case tho manufacture and sale of all drinks with tho greater alcoholic content aro barred and Attorney Gen eral Palmer has ordered rigid enforce ment of tho law rotating to them. . Tho "wets" havo been making a gamo but losing fight, and tho "drys" havo rofused to yield at any point. Tho forces of tho latter In congress aro planning to pass measures to pro vent tho country from going on a whisky-drinking basis between thu tlmo of demobilization and January 1(1, and to put a stop to the sale of weak beer and light wines at once, regard less of court rulings. Though tho United States Is now tho only "dry" country, there may ho an- , other boforo very long, for tho United Kingdom alliance, encouraged by tho success of tho American prohibitionists, has opened a 'campaign to put Great Britain on tho snmo basis. American methods will bo followed and Ameri can speakers Imported. London corre spondents predict that to deprlvo tho Britisher of his ale, porter and beer would almost precipitate a revolution. British labor. Is against prohibition, but so Is American labor; and it may bo that John Bull will In tho not dis tant future bo reduced to drinking "lemon squashes" and "minerals," Tho world will watch tho American experi ment, ono of tho greatest ever mude In economics, with Intense Interest. Ills great task abroad completed ho far as might be, President Wilson has returned to his domestic duties. On the homeward trip ho signed bills and read documents and otherwlso pre pared himself for tho contest that con fronts him In tho United StntcH. Tho goal ho has set for himself Is the rati fication by tho senate of tho peace treaty,' Including tho covenant of tho Leaguo of Nations. Victory will not como easily, though It probably will come, maybo after tho covenant has been amended to meet the objections now made by a considerable number of senators. Thoso who aro against tho leaguo In any form aro very few, but BtubboVn. If Mr. Wilson Is equal ly stubborn, the whole matter Is likely o become a partisan Issuo despite tho efforts of many party lenders to pre vent this. It Is Intimated that, If tho senate mnkos evident Its Intention to refuse to ratify, the president will withhold tho trenty for tho tlmo being, and that would at pneo make It an out-nnd-oift party question, There Is precedent-for such a course. If tho Issue Is put up to the people to decide, they have had plain warn ing that, In case the United States becomes a member of the League of Nations, It will be called on soon to begin assuming International duties and responsibilities. Dispatches from Paris say President Wilson will pro pose to congress tho acceptance of a mandate for Constantinople and -for Armenia. Senator Borah, rampant opponent of the league, broke out In a new placo Inst week, with charges that the propa ganda of tho league to enforce pence, headed by ex-President Taft, Is financed by Wall street, Mr. Tuft's or ganization glories In the fact'that most of Its financial support comes from men of big business and broad vision. "It may be," said Senator Borah, "that the occasion for the opposition upon the part of small men Is not n limitation of vision; It may possibly bo that their Investments nre not tho sumo and their Interests uro not tho sume. "It may be that they nre confining themselves to the Interests of their own country and believe In the tradi tions and policies of their country, and It may possibly bo thut thoso who tnko a wider view of tho matter are thoso who huVo lnrgo Investments In other countries, and who proposo to hnvo more Investments there, which In vestments will bo worth very llttlo un less they aro underwritten by tho Unit ed States government." It Is not easy to seo why American business men should bo criticized bc causo they wish to seo pence perma nently established In Europe so that thoy can resume trade, commerce and Industry with tho Europeans., An In stance of what they are getting rendy to do is supplied by tho news that three great American construction con cerns havo been awarded a contract for tho rebuilding of tho Nuncy district of Franco at an estimated figure of $250,000,000, which sum may bo dou bled. Dispatches from Weimar declared that the national nssembly would at onco tuke up the pence treaty and that a mnjorlty for Its ratification was as surcil. Tho Germans had been notl lled that the blockade would bo lifted as soon its tho pact were ratlfted, and they expressed tho hopo that German prisoners of war would be released at tho snmo time. As it ti earnest of their good Intentions the Germans censed nil wnrfure on tho Poles simultaneously for somo time nnd not without a pro sallies, Released fiom danger In that direction, tho Poles turned nil their attention to the Gnllclan-Volhynlnn front, starting a counter-orfenslvo In which they claimed to havo broken tho Ukrainian resistance nnd regained control of Important towns aud rail ways. Thero Is no assurance, how over, that Germany will not again break out on the east front, for accord ing to correspondents she has. since tho armistice, reorganized an army of about 1,000,000 men and gathered equipment for three times that num ber, Including as many nlrphuies ns she had when she surrendered. Of course all this Is contrary to tho tonus Germany accepted, nnd If tha stories are truo the allies will havo to get busy .again. Tho Germans can be trusted In one respect, and ono only. They will eviulo tho treaty If It Is possible for them to do so. The French foreign oillco guvo out tho texts of tho proposed agreements of Franco with tho United States and Great Britain designed to protect France against unprovoked aggression by Germany. Tho pacts differ In that Grent Britain "consents to como" to tho rescuo of France, while the United Stntes "will bo bound to come imme diately." Various plans are being devised by tho Germans to save tho former kaiser from trial and punishment, including the formation of a national league for the "protection of his freedom nnd life." Von Bethmnnn-IIollweg, for mer Imperial chnncellor, formally asked the allied and associated pow ers to plnce him on trlnl Instead ol the former emperor, assuming respon sibility for all tho nets for which William Is blamed. Tho German gen eral stuff, which resigned, agreed to withdraw Its resignations if the gov ernment would promise not to give up tho ex-knlser for arraignment boforo a court. William is in no danger of his life from the allies, but that thoy still purpose to try him for his crimes Is evidenced by their warning to Hol land not to permit him to escape from Dutch territory, und by Lloyd George's announcement In tho house of com mons thnt William will soon be placed on trial In London. All matters concerning the peace treaties ure now In the hands of the now council of five, comprising Lan sing, Plchon, Balfour, Tittonl nnd Mnklno. Tittonl let It be known that Italy wished all territory taken from Austria to be definitely disposed of In the Austrian treaty, which meant that thnt pact could not be formulated for slme tlmo and not without a pro tracted debnte over the Flume ques tion especially. The Chlneso delegates said they ex pected to sign tho trenty with Aus trin, In which they found nothing ob Jectlonable, nnd thereby gain admis sion to the League of Nations despite the withholding of their slgnntures from tho German treaty. China prob ably will make a separate pence with Germuny. In refusing to sign the Germnn trenty the Chinese delegates disobeyed their Instructions from Peking, being influenced by the south China revolutionaries. Tho Turkish delegation to Paris wns sent back home In n hurry be cnuso Its Ideas concerning the main tenance of the Ottoman empire were quite contrary to the plnns of the al lies. Thoso plans, however, aro still Inchoate. Greece, which wanted pos session of Constantinople and renllzes that she cannot havo It, is urging that the United States accept the mandato for that city as well as. for Armenia, but thero Is more thnn a chnnco thnt tho Amerlcnns would not ngreo to this. Meunwhlle tho Greek forces in Asln Minor nro fighting three Turkish urmles over which tho government of Turkey suys it has no control. It wns predicted in Wushlngton thnt with the return of President Wilson there would bo n radical cliango In tho government's policy townrd Mex ico. Senator King of Utah, Democrat, said tho administration would prac tically Issue nn ultimatum to Currstn za, demanding guarantees for the pro tection of Amerlcun lives nnd prop erty In Mexico and hinting at Inter vention by tho United States. Tho public has Just learned the fncts con cerning the brutnl murder of John W. Correll, an Amerlcun citizen, nenr Tuitudco on June 10, nnd the assault on Ills wife. Thero Is every reason to believe that Cnrranzn soldiers were tho perpetrators of those shocking crimes. Having lived to see the triumph of tho cnuso for which she labored for many years, Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, honorary president of the National American Woman's Suffrage associa tion, passed away at her homo In Moyliin, Pa., nt the nge of seventy-one years. During the wur Doctor Shaw did excellent work ns chairman of the women's committee on the council of national defense, nnd for this she had Just been awarded tho distinguished service medal. Tho first "bnlloon" to cross the At lantic, the British dirigible l-'M, com manded by Major Scott, which wus to liuve arrived ut Roosevelt Held, Mln eoln, N, Y., late In the afternoon of July 5, came to grief In tho Bay of Fundy, between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. A United States destroy er was dispatched to her uld from the Otter Cliff stntlon ut Bar Harbor, Me. Tho airship evidently was following the coast Uno in a southwesterly direc tion toward New York. The dirigible started from East Fortune, Scotland, at 1 :48 on the morning of July 2, and dosplte the accident, tho achievement Is considered In uvlntlon circles us u success. Tho new motor thnt wns In stalled worked splendidly until near tho end of tho voyage, aud the crew of 211 men, Including one American, had nothing but pralso for the conduct of tho big airship beforo that. Scores of army and navy oillcers were at Mlneola to welcome the Brit ish flyers, nnd general sympathy was expressed. During tho voyage the di rigible had been In almost constant touch, by wireless with ships, and, nearlng tho end. with shoro stations. NEWS OF NEBRASKA Items of Interest to All Our Readers Gathered from All Over the State and Given Ift Brief. Carpontors .if Fromont havo prac tically won oat in their, strlko for 70 cents an hour. ' At Kcarnsy, a storm carrying hail and high winds sorlously damaged wheat and other crops by pounding largo fields of it down so that cutting will bo dlfllcult. Tho Smith Brothers, of tho Plain vlow Stock farm now located at Oc tavla, purchased eighty acres north west of Kearney at an average of two hundred and twolvo dollars an aero. The Auburn postofflcc and the South Auburn postofflce will be consolidated on September first. Auburn has had two postofflces within a mile of ono another for tho past thirty-five years. Contract for tho construction of 20.40 miles of earth road, from Kear ney to Pleasanton, a part of tho state highway system, was let to A. L. Cook, of Ottawa, Kans., at a cost of $67,000. Tho village board of Beemer has let tho contract for a cement bridge and spillway within tho corporato limits, to the Central Bridge and Construction company, of Wahoo, for the sum of 55200. Father John McCormack, for the last five years "head of the Xavler col lege at Cincinnati, O., has been selected as president of Creighton university to succeed Father A. J. Burrowes, acting president since March 27. C. B. Noyes, a retired farmer, com pleted the harvest of his potato crop from a half acre of land in the north west part of Fremont and received a check for $140.23 from tho dealer to whom he sold the' spuds. After July 1 Pawnee county will dispense with tho aid of an ex pert for tho time being.- Tho move is made necessary by tho lack of funds and all emergency work will bo at a itandstlll until tho necessary money is available. Tho farm of Joseph Kelllnghaus, a half section, lying three miles east of Becmer, sold for $300 per aore., With in a few hours the farm of Walter Reason, southwest of "West Point, in St. Charles township, sold for $400 per acre. Dextor T. Barrett, attorney for Grant L. Shumway, in tho applica tion for a bank charter for the Com mercial State bank of Scottsbluffs, which was refused by the state bank ing board,, announces that the caso would be appealed. Railway telegraphers in Nebraska havo received word from tholr organi zation chief that i ban has been Hfted on Western Union business. Tho result was that immediately tho railroad operators began to handle commercial messages. Sunday basoball won at North Bond with twenty votes to spare. The con test was bltterlv fought. Church peo ple, acting through tho mayor, stopped Sunday games recently and a refer endum was demanded. North Bend will organize a fast team. Tho Rev. Paul H. Buohring, presi dent of Hebron academy, ha3 reslgnod from that position to become a pro fessor of theology In the Lutheran seminary, at Capital University, Col umbus, Ohio. He is to take tho placo left vacant by tho death of Rev. F. W. Stellhorn, D. D. Tho sugar Jioet webworm Is doing damage in several sections of tho state, according to requests for as sistance coming to Prof. M. H. Swenk, stato entomologist. Thus far the damage has been confined chiefly to gardens, but Professor Swenk said he oxpected to hear of tho worm in tho beet fields soon. Things were humming in Kimball county tho past week from the vlow of tho sheriff and tho state agents watching tho traffic in liquor through there. Whon they had carefully sort ed and examined the hauls thoy had mado thoy reported to headquarters, two Ford cars, one Studobaker car and one chummy roadster held as carriers of tho thirst quenching product. An Incomplete list of grado cross ing accidents in Nebraska for the six months ending Juno 30, and excluding accidents in Douglas county, shows twenty-throo people killed and twenty injured in twelve accidents. Because of incomplete reports, it Is probable that tho number of injured Is five or six short of tho real number. Other accidents not recalled may havo hap pened to add to the totals. Pharmacists of the state are assured by Govornor McKelvlo In a letter Bont to tho association that tho soctlon of the Civil Code bill, relating to their practice, to which thoy havo objected, will bo recommended for revision In the call for a special session of the legislature in July. So far, this is tho only mattor which the govornor has stated will bo Included in the call be side tho suffrage amondmont. Tho most abundant wheat crop southern Nebraska has seen mature in many years stands yellow in tho fields while the farmors call for har vest hands, offering wagos without precedent. Tho following towns of the South Platte country havo sent hurry up calls for tho accompanying number of hands: Beaver City, 30; Crab Orchard, 10; Adams, 10; Arapa hoo, 100; Beatrice, 14; Friend, 10; Walton, 6; Waunota, 50; Weaplng Water, 15; Lincoln, 25; Max, S; Osce ola, 10; Plymouth, 10; Holdrogo, 100;' Syracuse, 12; Tecumseh, 10; Upland, 100, and Geneva, 200. Joo Stochnr won his July i wrest ling match with Strangler Lewis at Omaha In straight falls In an hour and) forty minutes nnd fourteen minutes re-' spectlvely, using a body scissors and! wristlock. Earl Caddock, world's champion, roforeed. Ex-Senator Wesley Pickens died at his home eight miles west of Fairbury where he had resided since 18G9 whon ho homesteaded the land at that place. Mr. Pickens was seventy-two years old,1 was married to Maria L. Bauer of Jef-' forson county in 1874. Besides his wife, soven grown children survive him. The bishop and prlestB of tho Lin coln dloceso in session at York passed a resolution that they extend to tho president of tho Irish republic their greetings oh his arrival in America,' and their congratulations to the repub lic on Us president, and to tho young-j est of democracies their earnest hopoj that tho right of self-determination! will bo speedily realized. July 2, a contract was let on 15.97! miles of earth road, Hamlet to ImJ perial. July 3, tho contract was let( for tho construction of 12.08 miles ofl earth road on tho CurtlB-Stockville project, and July 5, construction o 23.75 miles of earth road and inci dental repair work on the Lincoln highway from Falracres to the county line, was contracted for. Reports recoived at Fremont head quarters Indicate that tho campaign for Midland college funds is going for ward satisfactorily. West Point over subscribed its quota of $25,000 and at Fontancllc $15,000 has been pledged and the effort is still progressing. President Yearlan of the synod and the publicity agent, aro making their headquarters in -Fremont during tho campaign. , Damage estimated at no less than $100,000 resulted from cloud bursts In the vicinity of Ravenna. Tho town was flooded for the first timo in tho memory of the oldest citizens, the Burlington tracks were washed out for 700 feet west of town, forcing tho trains to detour by way of Brush, Colo rado, and crops wore seriously dam aged by tho washing and pounding thoy recoived. Several parties representing Omaiia trucking interests have been In east ern Saunders county looking over the situation with a view of establishing a truck lino from Omaha and South Omaha into Saunders county as far west as Wahoo. Thoy say that as soon as the bridge Is located at Yutan, which is expected vlU tie built this coming, year, ttol a large portion of freight will be handled between Om aha and Saunders county towns by auto trucks Vather than by railroad. A decrease of $642,507 in tho as sessed valuation of the first fourteen counties in the stato to report to tho state board of equalization is report ed by Secretary Osborne of tho board. Practically all of this decrease is found in the southern counties where poor crops during the past year cut down the amount of personal prop erty. Stock which could not be kept, without the usual amount of feed, was sold and the money invested in gov ernment securities which are non assessable he believes. South of the Burlington railroad, is found tho great est decrease. In Fillmore county alone, tho decrease in the valuation is $423,374. Sioux county shows a total decrease of only $2,184, whllo tho decrease in personal property is over $125,000. Agitators and disturbers, demanding oxhorbitant wages In the harvest fields of the state, and stirring up dis sension when rofused are to have no mercy as far as the state prosecuting authorities are concerned, according to Attorney General Davis. In a letter, sent out to all peace and prosecuting; officers of the state, ho points out that now stato laws gives ample power to tho authorities to prosecute agita tors who advocato principles of an archy or bolshovism and urges strin gent methods in dealing with such men. Whenever an emergency arises that is beyond the control of the local officials in dealing with disturbers of industry under this law, he informs tho officers that tho governor has the power to appoint any number of per sons necessary to enforce the provis ions of the law. Frank L. Dinsmore and Thomas Collins, the two oldest inmates of the state penitentiary, both serving life terms, were given their froedom by Governor McKelvie under the Fourth of July pardon act. The act gives the governor authority to pardon two pris oners, whoso records are perfect, each year on July 4. Collins, the oldest man in the penitentiary, has served nine teen years and four months while Dlnsmoro has boon a Lancastor resi dent for eighteen years and three monthB. Collins was sentenced to life imprisonment from Douglas county for murder at the September term of tho court In 1899 and was recoived at tho ponltentiary January 31, 1900. Dins more, was alco sentencod to life im prisonment from Buffalo county for murder. Ho was sentenced at tho March term of court In 1900 and ro coivod at the penitentiary April 30, 1901, at tho ago of 33 years. A state federation of business women's clubs was formed and dele gates elected to the national conven tion of business and professional womon's clubs to be held in St. Louis July 14-18, at a meeting of IniRlncsn women from over the state held at Lincoln. Delegates attending tho con vention wore Miss Aurolla Gates and Miss Lydla Yost of Hastings; Miss Reglna Mead, Miss Emma 'Sasstrora and Miss Mabel Hall of Omaha, Miss Agnes Swltzcr aud Miss Elizabeth Doll of Grand Island and Miss Cora Clary and Mrs. L. D. Gelger of Lincoln. LOiOl SCENE OF KAISER'S TRIAL LIKELY TO TAKE PLACE DURING. THE COMING FALL COUNT WILLIAM TO FACE TRIAL ON BRITISH SOIL. Lloyd-George Explodes Bomb Wherv He Announced News to the House of Commons Holland Yet to be Reckoned With May Refuse to De liver Him. Washington. Count William Hoh. onzollern, former emperor of Germany, will face tho international trial court in London, presumably somo tlmo dur ing tho coming autumn, for a crims against humanity and tho sanctity ot treaties and international law. The decision to take tho former em. poror and other accused persons ta. London has been a well-kept secret, nnd it is understood that Premier Lloyd-George, who made the first an nouncemont of the determination in a. speech before the House of Commons,' was responsible for tho decision. While on British soil awaiting trial, the head of the Hohenzollern's will boi imprisoned in tho Towor of London.' The allies, however, have yet to reckon with Holland. It appears that Dutch public opinion seems strongly to support the ex-Kaiser's right of asylum on their soli and thero are pre dictions that Holland may refuse to eive him up, and the belief prevails that the powers will not coerce her. Steps for his extradition may bo taken, soon, if in fact they havo not already begun. Dutch newspapers have discussed Count Hohenzollern's extradition over slnco he took refuge on their soil and the general sentiment is that it would be a humiliation for Holland to bo compelled to surrender him at the. demand of tho allies when such a de mand would bo untenable under the law. In England great trials of state, of. which thero has been none for many years, hvo always been held in West minster Hall, but it is said that the count will be denied that honor, and that the procedure will be laid down by a commission to be named by a committee which the allies will ap point to execute the provisions of the; troaty. Premier Lloyd George's announce ment regarding the trial came as a. surprise to America and even to tho American members of tho peace delov gation in London and to the world in general. Japs Expel U. S. Teachers Washington.T-Advices from the far east states that the Japanese papers! At Tsinan announce the. trial of the principal and two American teachers at the Presbyterian mission and two. American pastors of tho mission be fore the civil governor for "disturbing; the public peace." The principal, or tho school has been expelled for a. term of two years and the schoolclosed and sealed. In outlining the case the Japanse legation at Peking said the school had been closed because the toachers and students has issued leaflets attacking Japan. Aerial Mall a Success Cleveland. The first month of the operation of the aerial mall service between Cleveland and Chicago was completed without a break. 780,000" pieces ot mail was the total carried by th fifteen pianos used; sever pilots wero employed. The average speed was 101 miles an hour and the "record flight was made between the two cities in two hours and forty-nine minutes. Peru Celebrates With Revolt Lima. A revolution broke out here at 3 o'clock on the morning of July 4, President Pardo and tho members of his cabinet wore imprisoned. Gen eral A. A. Cacorso, former president, was in charge of the coupe, and later in the day turned control of affairs over to Augusto Leguia, president olect. No bloodshed. Hun Assembly Adopt New Flag Copenhagen. A new national em blom and a commercial flag has beea adopted by the German assembly by a vote of 211 to 89. Tho national, colors are black, red and gold, and the commercial flag approved is black white and red with black, red andi gold In the upper left hand corner. To Erect Monument to Yanks Paris. A monument to tho Amor lean soldiers who perished for France will be erected in May next year near tho tomb of Lafayetto in the Picpus. cemetery. The sculptor, Bartholome, has been entrusted with designing tho. monument. Named Mount Roosevelt Deadwood. On July 4 tho Black Hills district paid homeage to the memory of Theodore Roosovelt by dedicating Sheep mountain, one of tho peaks of the chain, to tho former president, and It will hereafter be known as Mount Roosovelt A bronze tablet at tho summit reads: "In mem ory of Theodore Roosevolt, the Amer ican. October 27, 1858 January 6, 1919." Govornor Potor Norbeck pre sided at tho dedication ceremonies nnd Major General Leonard Wood wa3 the." principal r: ..,.r.