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THE SEMUWEEKLV TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
OPPOSES FEDERAL RAIL OPERATION labor Leader Says "Political Autocracy" Cannot Conduct So Great an Industry. WANTS GOVERNMENT TO OWN Declares Men Operating Roads Have Made Life-Study of Work Change Would Give More of an Equal Opportunity. Washington, Aug. 11. "Organized labor Is not willing to have the gov ernment opornto the railroads becnuso It does not believe bo great tin Industry enn be conducted by nny political au tocracy," Glenn 13. Plumb, author of the l'lumb plan for control of tho roads, declared before the house lntcr ntnto commerce committee. In resuming his testimony Mr. Plumb was asked by Representative Sweet why, if tho government was to own tho roads, his phm did not give it authority to operate. "Because we do not believe In op eration by nny government body," tho witness replied. "We do not believe this grent Industry can be conducted by any political nutocrncy. If wo lenve flpcrntlon In tho hands of political np- polntecs we would place the rullway systems ultimately In the bunds of politicians, and that, wo admit, cannot be safely done. "Tho men operating tho roads have made a life study of It. We have pro vided nn Incentive to actuate every employee, and in this bill we have re moved restrictions placed upon them by capital." "You believe then," Mr. Sweet asked, "that your plan will give more of nu equal opportunity to those engaged In railroad work?" "We believe It restores to those In this Industry that equal opportunity of which they hnve been deprived." Representative Raybum referred to the brotherhoods' schema as a "soviet system." "I don't know much nbout Russian affairs," Mr. Plumb retorted, "so I enn't say as to that." "Rut would you consider It fair to workers In other Industry to socialize ihe railways solely?" Mr. Ruyburn nsked. "This plan, or modlfiactlon of It, can be applied to every Industry based on government grant or monopoly," Mr. Plumb said. "It can be followed In all these." Mr. Plumb repented ngaln that the Idea he advanced would lead to opera tion of the service and not of tho profits. Declaring that ho wished to sub stantiate his assertion made previous ly during the hearing that threats to unseat members of congress were a part of tho railroad unions' propa ganda In favor of tho Plumb plan, Representative Webster Introduced Into the record a stuck of several hun dred form letters addressed to him. Ml were printed and Identical In word ing on letterheads bearing the name if the brotherhoods of railway car men and clerks. "Wages have been Increased, the workday- shortened and labor and the family have had more of the necessi ties of life under the present govern ment control," the letters said. "Ho who obstructs tho government In tho policy of control or ownership becomes our direct enemy, nnd shall be posted throughout tho land. It ahull bo our chief policy to remove him from any political lino of trust tho public bus given Into his keeping." "Do you Indorso thut as a part of tho educntlonul plan you said you were making In favor of this bill?" asked Mr. Webster. Mr. riumb said ho did not Indorso tho wording, but remarked that "any body of citizens had tho right to use the ballot to protect any rights they may think are In danger." "The men are following tho example which has been thrust upon them by the opposition," ho continued, "It shows the condition throughout tho country. The mind of tho worklngman Is like n bed of tinder and, seeing n gleum of hope, he resorts to anything to attain It." BIG CONCESSION TO MINERS British House of Commons Passes the Seven-Hour Mine Work Day. London, Aug. 11. The house of com mons ndopted tho hill providing for u seven-hour day In the mines. Belgium Ratifies Peace Treaty. Brussels, Aug. 11. Tho chamber of deputies unanimously ratified the peace treaty with Germany. Illinois Bank Is Held Up. Chicago, Aug. 11. Four youthful whlto bandits nnd one elderly negro held up tho South Holland Trust and Savings bank, South Holland, III,, nnd escaped with about $7,000, of which $:5,000 was In cash. North Dakota Buys Flour Mill. Blsmnrck, N. D.. Aug. 11. Tho stato of North Dnkota, through the Stnte Mill and Elevator association, has pur chased n flour mill and Is now locat ing four largo mills and terminal elevators. "GIVE ME THOS W VOUK WHlk URGES FIRING SQUAD LABOR LEADER OFFERS REM EDY FOR PROFITEERS. Houste Body Told Rail Men Have Made No Plans for Strike Want Lower Prices. Washington. Aug. 7. Organized la bor has no concreto suggestion for re ducing the cost of living, but it may Inter advocate a firing sqund for prof iteers, Warren S. Stone, head of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, told the house interstate commerco committee. Frank Morrison, secretary of tho American Federation of Labor, told the committee that labor would not bo disappointed If it failed to have Its railroad plan adopted Immediately. It would simply gird Itself for tho educating of the people to tho point nt Which congress would bo sufficiently impressed. Mr. Morrison said ho believed that tho Plumb plan would be so satisfac tory that there would be no occasion for railroad employees to strike. "The railroads under this plan' he said, "will bo run without profit, with wage-earners and public getting all the benefit, the public n lower rate and the employees n reasonable compensation." Questioned by Chairman Esch after ho had presented his formal statement, Mr. Stone snld tho railway brother hoods were entirely opposed to return of the roads to the old system of con trol. In the event congress rejected tho Plumb plan, It would bo tho policy of labor to create enough sentiment out of congress to force Its adoption. "Wo have not and do not make nny strike threats," he said. "Wo hnvo not even demanded an increase In wages; preferring a reduction In tho cost of living." Asked by Chairman Esch if he had I any concrete suggestions, Mr. Stone I replied: "I think we might possibly offer mnny suggestions. Wo hnven't them In concreto form at this time. It might i bo that before we get through wo ' would advocate a firing sqund for i some people." I Mr. Stone added that unless con gress found a solution of the high cost of living problem within a few months America would see "its very worst period." "The people are not going to starve," said he. "They are going to die fighting." NEW KING RULES HUNGARY Archduke Joseph Forms Ministry to Replace Peldll Government Peas ants Hunt Communists. Budopcst, Aug. 8. The allies' mis sion In this city delegated government al nuthorlty to Archduke Joseph Wed nesday night, when tho Peldll govern ment resigned. Paris, Aug. 8. The peace conference was advised that tho newly formed Uungnrlan cabinet, headed by Jules Peldll, had been overthrown and thnt Archduke Joseph had established a ministry In Budapest. The message to tho conferenco re garding the cabinet stntcd that the members of the social democratic gov ernment, while they were In session nt tho national pnlace, were arrested by Hungarian police. The coup d'etat was corrlcd out without disorder. Peasants are reported to be hunting down communists who hnve fled to tho country from Budapest. It Is al leged thnt they are being Incited in this work by tho Roumanlnns. Find Bodies of Sailors. New London, Conn., Aug. 11. Tho bodies of Arnold Henderson, Chester, III., nnd Sidney G. Uhllk, Ilnmllton, III., seamen, drowned when the submarlno G-2 submerged with nn open hatch two weeks ago, have been recovered. Ready for Packer Suits. Chicago, Aug. 11. United States At torney Charles F. Clyno returned to Chicago from Washington with the complete plans of tho federal govern ment for tho criminal prosecution of the five big Chicago packers. E RAILROADS!" PACKERS UNDER FIRE "BIG FIVE" TARGET OF U. S. AT TORNEY GENERAL PALMER. Charges Clear Violations of Antitrust Law Hoarding Defined as Crime Goods Will Bo Confiscated. Washington, Aug. 8. Developments In tho government's drive on the high cost of living popped out so fnst that they tumbled over one another. Attorney General Palmer announced the bringing of antitrust suits against the five great pncklng concerns Ar mour, Swift, Wilson, Morris and Cudahy. At the same time the attorney gen eral ordered all agents of the depart ment of justlco to arrest profiteers, hoarders and other contributors to soaring food costs. Tho first arrests came in Pittsburgh whore a concern was wholesaling sugar nt 14 cents n pound. Food hoards may ho confiscated by the government. Intermingled with the cost of living situation was tho decision of the sen ate Interstate commerce committee to notify the president that It disagrees with his suggestion for a spcclnl wage board to (deal with railway employees' demands. Tho committee holds tho president has sufficient nuthorlty al ready to deal with tho situation. Antitrust suits against the five big meat packers will bo Instituted Imme diately by tho department of justice. Attorney General Palmer announced that the evidence before the federal trade commission nnd committees of congress Indicated "n clear violation of the antitrust laws," nnd that he had ordered "prompt action accordingly." Isldor J. Kresel of tho New York law firm of Jerome, Rand & Kresel will have charge of tho case. TAKE 22 MEN; RAID STILLS Illicit Whisky Made at Elgin Seized by Chicago Revenue Men Prisoners Are Held. Chlcngo, Aug. 7. Twenty-two men, fourteen stills and several hundred gallons of Illicit whisky were brought to Chicago after Internal Revenue Agents L. C. Ketlr, Mathow Weydert and Perry Fullmer descended on El gin, III., and raided an alleged Illicit still. The men were nrralgned before United States Commissioner Mark A. Foote and held for further hearing In bonds of $1,000 each. The men arrest oil were: John Drahoca, II. II. Juby, John Meyers, Joseph' PItkl, Steven Or bin, Georgo Sole, Steven Slohodn, Stev en Szosz, George Vlnrestzto, Joseph Kunos, Clark Wyounghonnl, Joseph Po tus, Peter Abrnhnm, Steven Iioros, Frank Captain and his brother Joseph and John Czekh MORE YANK BRIDES ARRIVE First German Women to Come to U. S. Since 1917 In Port. Now York, Aug. 0. The first Gor man wnr brides to come to thp United States since 1017 nrrlved here aboard the army transport Great Northern from Brest. They were Included among 210 young women of various na tionalities who married American sol- ! dlers ubrond. The Great Northern also brought nbout 22 officers, l.fiOO troops and 8.1 welfare wrirkors. The battleships Wisconsin. Maine. Kenr- surge, Alabama, Illinois and Kentucky arrived with contingents of midship- ! men, recent gruduntes of the United Mates nuvul academy at Annnnolls. aboard. They are on a practice crutso. i Poles Occupy Minsk. Paris, Aug. 11. Dispatches tmm Wnrsnw curry the onnonnepnintit h tho newspapers there that Polish 1 troops have occupied tho city of Minsk. ' Minsk Is some 200 miles east of tho borders of tho old province of Poland. 1 Demand for General Kruska. London, Aug. 11. The surrender of General Kruskn, commander of tho German prison camp at Knlsor, hns been demanded by the allies ns tho flist of the German officials to be tried for violation of International law. TELLS HINES TO El RAIL STRIKE President Instructs Director Gen eral to Fix Wage of the Workers. DECIDE DEMANDS ON MERITS Wilson Insists, However, Men Must Return to Work First Action Taken After Committee Decides Legislation Unnecessary. Washington, Aug. 0. President Wil son took tho railroad wage crisis Into his own Jinnds and told tho striking railroad shop employees to go buck to work If they wanted their demands for Increases considered. His request for legislation having boon regarded ns unnecessnry by the senate committee on Interstnto com merco, tho president snld n duty had been Imposed upon him to net nnd ho did so in no uncertain way In n letter to Director General Hlnes, which, In effect, orders railroad strikers back to work and to obey tho authority of their national organizations. Tho president notified tho director general to Inform tho railroad shop men thnt their demand for Increases would be considered on its merits, but thnt: "Until tho employees return to work nnd ngaln recognlzo tho authority of their own organization tho wholo mat ter must be nt n standstill." The president nlso said, referring to the "rnreful consideration" which the administration Is giving to tho high cost of llvlug, thnt this was a tlmo "when every employeo of tho railways should help to make the processes of transportation moro easy nnd econom ical rather than less, nnd employees who are on strike nro deliberately de laying a settlement of their wage prob lem and of their standard of liv ing." "They should promptly return to work," tho president's letter to Direc tor Hincs snld, "and I hope that you will urge upon their representatives the Immediate necessity for their do ing so." "I hope that you will mako It clear to tho men concerned thnt tho railroad administration cannot deal with prob lems of tills sort, or with nny problems affecting the men, except through tho duly chosen International officers of tho regulnrly constituted organizations nnd their authorized committee. "When federal control of tho rail roads began tho railroad administra tion accepted existing agreements be tween tho shopmen's organizations and the- several railroad companies and by agreement machinery was cre ated for hnndllng the grlovnnces of tho shopmen's organization of all the railways, whether they theretofore hud hud tho benefit of definite agree ments or nor. "There can be no question, there fore, of tho readiness of tho govern ment to deal In n spirit of fnlrness and by regular methods with any mut ters the men may bring to their atten tion. "Concerted nnd very careful consid eration Is being given by the entlro government to tho question of reduc ing tho high cost of living. I need hardly point out how .Intimately nnd directly this matter affects every Indi vidual In tho nation, nnd If transporta tion Is Interrupted, It will bo Impossi ble to solve It." Immediately upon receipt of the president's letter Director nines urged tho strikers to return to work In tho following letter: "Washington, D. C Aug. 0. Ince ntive Council, Railway Employees' De pigment, Amerlcnn Federation of Ln bur, B. M. Jewell, Acting President I 'car Sir: I Inclose n letter I huvo Just rcrclvod from tho president relntUo to the wage matter. It Is obvious thut It Is of tho hlght st Importnnce, not only In tho Interest of the public but In the interest of the employees themselves, thiii they shall Immediately return to work. "The situation having been clarified by tho definite Indication that emigres does not wish to take action In tho premises, tho railroad administration stands ready to take tip the wage ques tion on Its merits with the duly accred ited International officers and their au thorized representatives as soon ns tho employees return to work. "WALKER D. IIINKS, "Director General of Ilnllroads." Soldier Killed at Dance Hall. Des Moines, Aug. 0 Private Hlrum Iieehon, stationed nt Camp Dodge, wns fatally shot by n policeman, George weisn, nt a dunce nun. tiio shooting S was tho result of n dlsputo between i lie police and the soldier over refusal to admit Deeben and another soldier to tho hall. 1 Manhattan Car Line Quits. New York, Aug. 0. Its treasury ex hausted and unable to obtain further renllt, the Mld-Crosstown Rnllway compnny, operating crossfown cars on 2Sth nnd 29th streets, Manhattan, sus pi nded operation. American Will Be Umpire. Paris, Aug. 0. Rrlg. Gen. Harry II. Rnndholtz, on the Interallied mllltnry commission uppolnted by tho allies to arrange a settlement at Ruchurest will lcavo hero for Huugury as soon ns possible. FAIR BODIES FOOD CONTROLLERS ASKED TO APPOINT COMMITTEES. WAR TIME SYSTEM REVIVED Attorney General Proposes to Know What Profits Retailers Are Mak ing. Men Asked to Serve Free. Washington, D. C Attorney Gen eral Palmer has started a movement to ascertain how much of tho high cost of living Is due to excessive profits by retailers. In a message to all state food nd mlnlstrntors who worked with Ad ministrator Hoover during the wnr, the attorney general requested the ap pointment of n fnlr price committee In each county to. Investigate what Is be ing charged for retail necessities and, If ln excess of what the coinmltteo considers Just, to publish n list of fair prices for the guidance of the public. This Is the "extra legal" mentis of reaching profiteering, which Mr. Palmer recently Indicated was under consideration. He has frankly admit ted from the start that there was no means to prosecute directly n man guilty of extortion In prices. Retailers who are gouging the ultimate con sumer will hnvo to bo disciplined by public sentiment, which officials have no doubt Is sufficiently nlert to tho situation now to act vigorously, In clonr cut eases. Hoarders, on the other hand, can be renehed through the wur-tlme food laws or the Sherman net, and Mr. Pnlmer requested the state food ad ministrators to transmit to lihn nny evidence of hoarding or other viola tions of the law which they might en counter ln their work, with tho promise that the government's luw en forcement machinery would net promptly. "There Is n pressing necessity for the restoration of normal conditions," Mr. Palmer's telegram said, requesting tho men who did such effective work during the wnr to take up the burden again. They were asked to servo with out compensation, the nttorney general believing thnt the public service to be performed now Is as Important as when the country was engaged In hos tilities, nnd thnt no pntrlotle citizen would refuse the cull of duty. Congress on Monday commenced consideration of the high cost of living problems by giving consideration to the legislative recommendations mndo by President Wilson In his nddrcss. Tho cost of living question now over shadows oven the pence treaty and mnny other important affairs nt tho cnpltol. 'The department of justlco bus on nouncod that hoarded food stocks will ho taken over by tho government nnd plnced upon tho market to help re establish operation of tho luw of sup ply and demand. Loaded Car Leaps Into Flames. - Montreal Seven persons were burn ed to deojth In u fire on a scenic rail way nt Dominion park, nn amusement resort near this city. Tho cause of tho fire Is unknown, but It Is believed It wns started by n lighted cigarette or match. The fire stnrtcd In "Tho Mystic Mill," and the names' laid hold on tho skeleton structure of the railway. When the firemen nrrlved the mill wns n blitzing pyre nnd u few minutes Inter thnt part of the railway con- strttctojl over tho mill fell with a crush Into the roniing furnace. A car filled with merrymakers took a futul leap Into the flames. Coming from tho mill could ho heurd moans of agony nnd cries for help but the firemen found It posslblo to rescue only a few of the men, wo men nnd children trapped In the blazing structure. Coal Shortage a Reality. Des Moines, la. Tho midwest and southwest nro threntened by tho most serious coal shortage In years, primar ily because the mines now nro work ing only nbout half speed becnuso of the failure of the people to "shop early" In laying In next winter's sup ply of fuel. This Is Indleated by pro duction figures made available to lo cal initio operators nnd labor olllcluls by tho United Slates geological sur vey. According to these figures the 020 mines In Iowa, Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma mid Texas now ore working an average of only :i.4 days a week and producing li(17,8 lf less tons per week than tholr normal output. First German to Be Tried. London. The surrender of General Kruskn, rnmmuiidor of the German prison citinp nt Kaiser, has been de manded by the allies us the first of the eiioiny o'llleluls to bo tried for vlo lntlons of International law during tho war. Clemenceau to Attend League Meet. Pnrls. Premier Cloniencenu prob ably will attend the meeting of the league of nations In Washington this autumn, tho Echo do Paris reported recently. Power to Seize Foodstuffs. Minneapolis, Minn. Tho city coun cil has empowered tho mayor to seize and take control of nil food storage warehouses here with a view of tin dcrtnklng tho distribution of food stuffs seized therein at cost to the consumor. GOVERNMENT SELLING FOOD Omaha Postmaster Made Distributing Agent In Zone Comprising Six Middle West States. Oinnhn, Neb. Col. G. S. Ringham, chief qttarterinnster officer at the, Omaha army depot, has commenced the sale of foodstuffs hold hero by the, government. The snlo Is being made oy case lots, under n schodulo of prices Issued nt Washington, and now In the hands of nil postmasters. Under these Instructions goods can ho sold by credit to muulcpalltlcs, stnte, county nnd public Institutions ; and by cash payment, forwarded un der signature, to postmasters, acting as agents for the parcel post, Roy Scouts and employes of tho govern ment. Postmasters ln this zone shull be sold food for distribution through tho parcel post. They will recetvu and fill all orders for1 less than enso lots. Persons In this zono should mull or ders for any amount of food offered, for sale to Postmaster Funning of this city, and he will fill their order nnd send It through the pnrcel post These orders must be accompanied by tho price of the goods and purcel postage. Food Is being shinned from ou& quartermaster depot to another to give persons in all districts equal op portunity to buy. Orders tilled by the ounrtormnstcr depot directly will bo for case lots only. Prices quoted by the War de partment nro f. o. b. Omaha. The Omulin zone Includes Ncbrnskn. Cohmtdo, Wyoming, North nnd South Dakota and parts of Utah nnd Iowa, Says Europe Faces Famine. i London. Europe faces starvation the coming winter unless the United Stutes extends credits for the pur chase of food, according to a report to the pence conference. The Amer lcnn runner will not he nblo to snvo Europe by mere production, the report states. "America's food surplus will rot in the warehouses unless Eurono Is tided over the present financial crisis," It Is pohrted out. "Europe is unable to nay. ofthor ln cash or commodities." European labor tendencies also aro menacing tho food situation, accord ing to the Amerlcnn experts. Grent Rrltuln's decreased coul output, for instnnce, removes her greatest menus of buying food. Hoarding by snoculnlors Is the ex planation given for high prices ln tho United Stntos. Ry ollmlnntlng this fnctor, experts believe Amerlcu enn continue to export 18.000.000 tons of food to Europe without seriously de picting tier domestic supply. ' May Bring Dead Yanks Home. Washington, D. C Apparently there Is no French lnw prohibiting the removal of tho dend bodies of Amerlcnn soldiers from French soil "for u period of three years from .Jununry 1, 1010." The house foreign nlVnlrs committee hail been Informed thnt such u luw existed, but Secretnry Lunslng wrote Chairman Porter that while a bill along this line hud been introduced lu the French Chamber of Deputies, It hud not yet been noted upon. The foreign uffnlrs committee has before It a resolution proposing the immeilliito return of the bodies of the Amerlcnn soldiers killed In the wnr. ' Cities to Take Food Allotment. Washington, D, O.Under nn ar rangement with the War department. the entire allotment of surplus nrmy lood stores for New York state prob ably will bo taken un bv munlelnnll. ties of thnt stnte for distribution nnd then; will be no purcels post sales or sales by other federal nuclides In the stnte. Fifty Killed in Riot. Rerlln. Fifty persons were killed during disturbances neur Chemnitz, u railroad station .'18 miles southwest of Dresden. Troops were overpowered nnd disarmed by ii mob. Tho sol diers' horses were sluughtered and tho flesh distributed to the crowd. Many wounded persons aro In tho Chemnitz hospital. Storage Stocks Larger. Washington, D. C Although prices of almost nil Important foods huvo shown a substantial Increase during the last year, stocks of food held In storage on June 1, this year, were ap proximately 150 per cent greater than those held on June 1, 11)18, nccordlng to u motiinruiidum showing the rela tion between storage figures and prices issued by the federal tnde coinnilsfihi'n. Government stocks were excluded from the comparison. To Try Payors at Chicago. Chicago, III. The government's case against the live big packers will be. placed before tho federal grand Jury which meets hero two weeks hence. This mentis thut criminal prosouutlon will be instituted. Sugar Prices Drop. Chicago, III. Tvfo-cent reduction ln the wholesale price of sugnr has re sulted from Inquiries directed ugulust the price of the commodity. Strikers and Police Battle. New York. Three persons woro Wounded by revolver bullets, seven others so badly beaten that they may die and fiO or moro less seriously In jured In scores of riots between strik ers and police during the second day of tho Rrooklyn street car strike.