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THE SEMLWEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
UIWH rVFNINGl SUMMER SILAGE IS PROPER INSURANCE ArULJL 1 U JU I JLJ1JJMM . n n nm'r i nonro rviinum nm 1117 A Til fT Hi nimuriTt tfSi AUAlNdl Luoaca uummu urn vtfcrtincn 6nARX (HJAnAn wmui lm AUTHOR V THE ELVES' RIDE. 1 Mayor GiUcn of Newark supervising the sale by tho municipality to tho public of provisions bought from the government. 2 The U. B. 88, first German submarine to enter the Mississippi, in dry dock at New Orleans for minor repnlrs. 3 First photograph of the "million dollar fire" at Columbry-les-Belles, France, when junked air planes und other material were burned. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS President Addresses Congress on Cost of Living and the Pos sible Remedies. PACKERS TO BE PROSECUTED General Campaign Is Started Against Profiteers Railway Unions De mand More Pay, Urge the Plumb Plan and Threaten to Strike. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. The open season for profiteers has come. If there Is a bright spot in tho world's sky, that Is it. For tho rest the clouds are black enough to suit the most confirmed pessimist. Government - olllclals, Investigating bodies, Individual economists all have been earnestly seeking for tho prime causes of the high cost of living. Tho cold-blooded, greedy profiteer who bat tens on the misfortunes of the people Is the most easily discerned of those causes and Is going to be the first to be dealt with. All the sympathy he gets must come from himself. President Wilson appeared before congress1 Friday and delivered a schol arly essay on the subject, which In cluded various recommendations for legislative action, and told whnt the government already is doing In the way of curbing tho operations of the profiteers. He urged the permanent extension of the food control act, n law regulating cold storage, a law re quiring that all goods entering Inter state shipment be marked with the producers' price, prompt enactment of the pending capital Issues bill, and, what seems to the writer most Impor tant of nil, the passnge of a law re quiring federal licensing of nil corpor ations engaged In Interstate commerce. The president did not overlook the opportunity to push the Immediate ratification of tho peace treaty and league covenant. Ho devoted much of his message to assertions, In varied form, thnt until pence Is established only provisional and mnkeshlft results can be accomplished In the way of ro' duclng living costs. There can be no settled conditions anywhere In tho world, he declnred, until the trenty is out of the way. Such views did not meet with the approval of most of the Re publican congressmen, and their Indig nation was aroused by the fact thnt the president used the domestic issue as a weapon In the contest over the Lengue of Nations, Most prominent of the alleged profit eers are the Chicago packers, the "big five" who are reputed to control much of the world's food supplies. Some time ago they were investigated by tho federal trade commission and thnt body mnde a report thnt was bitterly at tacked by the defenders of tho pack ers. Now with that report as a basis President Wilson has directed the de partment of justice to institute ntonce civil nnd crlmlnnl proceedings against the big five. The attorney general stat ed that he was satisfied the evidence developed Indicated n clear violation of the anti-trust lnws, and thnt Isndor J. Kresel of New York was In chnrgo of the prosecution. The packers are to be nccused of unfairly nnd Illegally using their power to manipulate live stock markets, to restrict Interstate nnd International supplies of foods, to control the prices q dressed meats and other foods, to dofrnud both the producers and the consumers of foods, to crush competition, to secure special i privileges from railroads, stock yards I companies and municipalities, nnd to profiteer. The department of justice will proceed against them not only for violation of the anti-trust lnws hut also under the provisions of the food law of 1018 against the hoarding of food. As for the bends of tho big packing companies, somo of them profess to welcome the legal action as giving them n chance to demonstrate to the public their Innocence, hnrmlessness nnd help lessness, nnd nil of them repent their oft heard protestations that they are the victims of economic conditions be yond anybody's control. Their asser tions thnt they mnke nn almost Infln ltcsmnl profit? nnd often operate at a Ions do not seem to mnke much Im pression on either the public or tho ngencles of Justice. That their state ments are not always Ingenuous Is In stanced by the following assertion of the "commercial research department" of one of the big five: "The general high price level is not due to mnnipulntlon. This is shown by a recent report of the war Indus tries board, which proves that prices In other countries of the world have risen as much as or more than they have in the United Stntes, and thnt this has been true even in countries relatively unaffected by war conditions, such as Japan and Australia." The truth Is that Australia Is glutted with food products nnd Its people are struggling to keep prices up to a prof itable level. Also, while there was a big advance In the prices of Japan's chief food, rice, It was admittedly duo to the manipulations of hoarders nnd profiteers nnd was the cause of riots and of government nctlon. The sugar situation Is confusing nnd statements nro as conflicting as those relating to the packing Industry. However the government believes the sugnr men also are profiteering nnd three ofllclnls of the Pittsburgh branch of n Chlcngo concern were arrested. It Is asserted that sculpers have vast quantities of sugar stored away and that dealers are forced to buy where they can and pay what Is asked. In this, as In the case of other food prod ucts, the accused say the government is partly to blame for shipping vast supplies to Europe and thus creating a domestic shortage. The concerted attacks by federal and local authori ties caused Immediate and sharp de clines In the wholesale prices of many foods, but there wns little evidence that the consumer was profiting by the declines, which seemed to put some of the onus on tho retailers. The federal trade commission late ly has been making nn inquiry Into tho shoe business, and lias Informed con gress that the high prices of shoes are due to the unprecedented and unjust ified profits tnken by the slaughterers, tnnners, manufacturers and denlers. Here, again, the packers are hit. for they are charged with causing an un warranted lncrense In the price of hides, tho supply of which they are said to control. Following up the memorandum of the locomotive engineers presented to the president, fourteen railroad mil ons nctlng us a unit hnnded to Director General Hlnes n demand for wage In creases with a general program de signed to meet the present crisis, In volvlng the threat of a general railroad strike. They ask that congress appro prlate the money to provide Increased pay and thnt the proper rate-making body then determine what Increases If any should be mnde In rates. "Any permanent solution of the rail road problem must necessarily remove the element of returns to capital as the sole purpose of operation," say the unions, and so the director general Is asked to recommend to President Wll son thnt he try to obtain the passage by congress of the so-cnlled Plumb plan. This plan, In eliminating prl vnto capital from tho railroads, not only proposes but demnnds that tho present prlvnte owners be reimbursed with government bonds for "every hon est dollar that they have Invested"; thnt the public, tho operating manage ments, and lnhor share equally In cor porations to tnke over the railroads, and thnt In nil revenues In excess of the guarantee to prlvnte capital the op erators and employees share one-hnlf, "either by Increasing the menns for service without Increasing fixed charg es or by reducing the cost of the ser vice which the machinery then In ser render." Tho union lenders say that If the Plumb plnn Is rejected they will start a campaign both In nnd out of con gress thnt will compel Its ndoptlon, nnd they declare frankly that It Is their hope that It will lead to tho nationali zation of all other basic Industries. Senator Thomas of Colorado de nounced the demands of tho rail work ers as near-treason, nnd other mem bers of congress shared his opinion, though they were less outspoken. Alrendy the railroads of tho country are greatly hampered by the strike of the shop workers. This wns not au thorized by the nntlonal unions, and It began to collnpso when the president told the men their demands would not be considered until they resumed work. Both England and France nre han dling their tremendous labor difficulties fairly well. In the former the strike of city policemen seems to be a fail ure, though In Liverpool It was accom panied by serious rioting. In Frnnce the workers have tnslbly ngreed to postpone all strikes for six months nnd meantime they will join with tho em ployers and the government In enrnest efforts to solve the problems of wnges and prices to stlmulnte greater pro duction, which alone, It Is believed, can save their coutnry from economic dlsnster. It would be an unmeusur able blessing if some of the common sense that has moved the French ln borers to keep up production could be Instilled In the American workers so they might realize that in cutting off production they nre cutting their own throats. Chicago's race war, which at bottom wns largely Industrial and partly po litical, practically came to nn end, and on Thursday more than 3,000 colored employees of the packing houses re turned to work. As they wnlked In, n Inrge number of white employees laid down their tools and quit, some of them because most of the colored workers nre nonunion nnd others be cause they objected to luborlng under police nnd military protection. After Bela Kun and his communist government of Huugnry quit and made way for the Socialists things moved rapidly in Budapest. The Roumanlnn army, which had routed the Hungarian Red troops, advanced to the city and occupied It, and Roumanla Issued an ultimatum to Hungary which was not countenanced by the allied peace coun ell. Therefore French nnd American troops were sent to Budnpest and as sumed control and the Roumanians were told they must get out. Next the soclnlist government was overthrown and Its members nrrested nnd Arch duke Joseph assumed power with the title of governor of the stnte. He wns supported by the entente mission In the city and announced he would form n coalition cabinet with Stephen 1'rledrlch as premier. The Austrian peace delegates made their counter-proposals to the treaty terms submitted by the nllles. These were unexpectedly mild nnd the com plaints of tho Austrlans nre nlmost pathetic. They assert that too much territory Is tuken from their country citing especially the Tyrol and south ern Bohemia, and say tho war debt loaded on them is so heavy they are not sure the Austrian people can exist under such conditions. Japan, through Foreign Minister Uchlda, promises to restore Shantung to China on conclusion of arrange ments with the Peking government to curry out tho pledge given in the agreement of 1015. President Wilson, however, now reveals the fact that the Japanese pence delegates gave sub stantially the same promise In the In-tor-allled conference of April 30 with out any reference to the ngreement of lOlfi. The president believes the Jap anese statement' clears up the doubt about the Shnntung affair. Secretary of State Lansing told the senate for eign relations committee that Chlnn had never protested to tho president against tho Shantung settlement by the allied peace council; that the ciauso was accepted by the decision of tho president nnd thnt he, Mr. Lan sing, did not believe It was needed to obtain Japan's adherence to the League of Nations, Secretary of War Baker hns pre sented to the house and senate com mittees on mllltnry affairs tho admin istration hill for u pcrmnneut mllltnry policy. It calls for a regular army with a peace strength of 510,000 and a war strength of 1,250,000, the reserves to be provided through a modified form of the selective service act. Included Is a system of military training of three months for nil ellrlhle youths In their nineteenth yenr. This feature may gain for the bill the support of the advocates of unlvcrsnl military training, "Fly-HIgh, tho bird of the Elves," Paul Daddy, "wanted to tnke tho Elves foi a ride. "I haven't tnken you In ever nnd ever so long,' snld Fly-HIgh. 'My back fairly aches to take you riding. My brond wings long for somo little Elves to sit upon them.' '"We'd love to go,' snld tho Elves, nil where will you lake us, Fly- High?' I thought It might -bo nice,' snld Fly High, 'to have a complete chnnge.' " 'Where will wo go?' nsked the Elvos ngnln. We'll ride nlong a country rond, 'nriy. early In the morning before tho people come out to rldo nnd walk.' 'That sounds nice,' said the Elves. "And we will talk to the towers bj tho roadsides,' said Fly-Hlglt. 'We will sea what tho children see when they go walking and riding through the country. Wo will enjoy whnt they enjoy nnd then we will feel ns though we were better friends than ever with the children. '"Don't you think that will make a nlco change?' nsked Fly-High. "Wo do, wo do, Indeed,' snld the Elves. "So they all Jumped upon the great brond wings of Fly-HIgh, for It wns then early, early In tho morning. '"And we shouldn't delay a mo ment,' Fly-HIgh had said. "So off they started, and took a lovely trip, nlong a country rond. "Fly-High kept very close to tho rond. He was hardly up any dlstanco at all for they wunted to talk to the "Hello, Daisies." flowers nnd say good-morning to tho Dew Fairies, and to smile to Mr. Sun ns ho got up for the dny " 'How-do-you, Painter's Brush,' they said to the Painter's brush flow' ers. They're red, you know. " 'Good-morning, Buttercups. We're so glad to seo you. Arc you going to stay much longer? Wo do hope so.' " 'Not much longer,' snld the But tercups. 'Most of our fnmlly havo .gone already. We've stayed a little longer.' " 'Oh, we're sorry you're going, But tercups,' the Elves said " 'We'll bo hack next yenr, the samo aa usual,' said the Buttercups "'That makes us happy,' said tho Elves. 'We'd bo (jjilte heart-broken, If our friends, the different flowers, didn't come to visit tho earth each year.' " 'We'll come, Elves, never fear,' said the Buttercups, as they smiled so brightly. "'Hello. Daisies.' said tho Elves. 'You're good friends, good friends.' "The daisies smiled nnd bowed. 'So glad you think so, Elves, and the chil dren like us, tool' " 'Of course they do, snld the Elves. 'Children are sensible 1' "Tho dnlsles smiled nt the nice com pllment. '"Hollo. Milk-Weeds.' said the Elves, 'Hello, hello.' "Then ns they went along they enmo to n tiny babbling brook. There were growing by the bnnks of the brook lit tie blue forget-me-nots. "Ah. our dear, dear friends, the forget-me-nots,' said the Elves. "'Our dear friends, the Elves,' said the forget-me-nots, their little bluo faces smiling smiles. such adorable little " 'And there nro our good friends the hlnck-cyed Susans, or would you rather be called Ox-Eyed Daisies?' '"We don't mind nt all,' they said 'We like both names.' "'Yes.' said Fly-HIgh, 'It's fine to have two names, fine!' " 'Good-morning, pretty green ferns,' they said, as they passed somo woods. " 'How sweet they always arc,' add ed Fly-HIgh " 'Good, cood-mornlng, fields of grain, they said. "And so they went on, saying a good-morning to all tho flowers they passed, and they told little stories to ench other when they had time. Tho flowers told tho Elves how the chil dren had enjoyed them, nnd how they would be picked to decorate houses and the Elves told tho flowers somo lovely fairy stories. Wanted to See to Sleep. Llttlo Marian had been taken up stairs to bed. Her prayers hnd been snld, but the child seemed restless nnd clung to her mother as long ns possible. Finally she was tucked In cozlly and her mother was about to turn out tho light when a llttlo voice pleaded ; "Mother, please let the light burn so I can see to sleep 1" tWell-Constructed Silos Being (Prepared by tho TJnltod States Depart ment or Agriculture.) The time has nearly arrived for fill ing silos has quite arrived for build ing uddltlonnl ones If nioro Bpnco 18 needed. Materials nre high. It may bo a ques tion with the Individual farmer wheth er ho can afford to build a silo tills year. Realizing that possibility, the Unit ed States department of agriculture bolloves thnt many men may he In clined to glvo too much weight to con struction cost nnd not enough to silage value, nnd that thereforo the ad vantages of tho silo ought at least to bo restated. Advantages of Silos. nero nre some of the outstnndlng points In what tho department's dairy specialists think of silos: In general, moro cow feed can bo grown on an acre of ground In corn than in nny other crop. When put In u silo' It Is moro easily harvested and cared for than any oth er crop. Silage operations nro absolutely in dependent of weather conditions. Corn for sllngo can be harvested lu the rain. The silo mnkcB posslblo full utllizn tlon of coin that otherwise would be destroyed or dnmnged by frost. The silo makes It posslblo to keep more animals on n given acreage, whloli means more manure nnd con stantly lncrensed soil fertility. Harvesting' corn ns sllago clears the ground early so It can bo prepared for other crops. With sllago it Is not necessary to put so many ncres In hay. In nny other form n considerable por tlon of tho feeding value Is lost. Corn cured, as fodder loses nbout 40 per cent of Its feeding vnlue. Corn preserved ns sllngo loses only about 10 per cent of Its feeding vnlue, About 35 per cent of corn fodder Is wasted In feeding. Only nbout 5 per cent of corn sllngo Is wasted In feeding. In other sllngo crops, weedy growth that would not be eaten ut nil ns hay Is ull eaten as silage. Saved In nny other form, feeds bo come, In n measure, less pnlatablo nnd less nourishing. Sllngo Is nil succulent, and nil pain table. Sltage Feeding Pays. Statistics show that the percentngo of profitable herds Is almost thrco times ns high among herds that nro fed on sllago as among herds that ure not fed sllago. Whllo there mny ho somo possible question ns to the economy of putting up silos under extreme high prices, there can be no question nbout the economy of filling to cnpnclty those thnt are alrendy up. Every man who hns a silo should Urn not only to pu up enough sllngo to carry his herd through tho winter out to have somo for summer feeding, tit least In case of emergency. Even In the best of pasture regions cows frequently drop 20 to 50 per cent In production oven moro sometimes In midsummer when drought cuts the pnstures short. When the rnlns coio later, these cat tle do not return to 100 per cent pro duction. If there Is somo stuff In tho silo when tho dry weather comes, tho cows can be kept up In production through tho drought nnd cnrrled on nt maxi mum production through the season. Summer sllngo Is, to the dairy farm er, Insurance ngnlnst loss from drought. If ho has not sufficient capacity to carry over summer silage, more should be constructed as soon as It Is nt all feasible. Tho summer silo, to give tho most service possible, should be of smaller diameter than the winter silo, for In order to keep It In perfect condition silage must be fed to a grenter depth ench day In summer than In winter. As enmpnred with soiling crops, sum mer sllago saves labor at a time when lnhor Is urgently needed for other things. Dairy farmers aro realizing more snd rcoro every year that they must huvn summer sllas. Filled for Winter and Summer. PAINTING S.LOS FOR FUTURE USEFULNESS Of Great Importance to Protect Against Decay. Good Inside Coating Is Coal-Tar Solu tion, Thinned With Gasoline Wooden Staves Usually Begin to Rot at the Base. (Prepared by tho United States Depart ment of AKrlculturo.) Now that tho cost of constructing silos is high It Is more lmportnnt than over to protect against decay those that aro nlrcady built. A good Inside coating for silos, spe cialists of tho United States depart ment of agriculture sny, Is coal-tar so lution, thinned If neccssnry with gas oline, and nppllcd with n paint brush. Tho best plan Is to npply It one or two dnys beforo the silo Is filled, hut It can bo done successfully during filling, tho men In tho silo painting a strip as high as they can reach, and repeating tho process periodically until the top Is is renched. When put on In this way the material must bo thinned with gasoline which ovnporntes nlmost Immediately nnd leaves tho conl-tar dry enough not to Injure the sllngo. The same preparation Is good als for coating the outside wall. The only objection Is thnt black outside paint, Is not ns pleasing in appearance as thnt af a lighter color. Tho high cost of linseed oil and prepnred paints, how ever, cause many silo owners to neg lect painting with those materials, nnd n blnck outer cont Is certainly prefer able to deterioration for lack of paint. Wooden-stnve silos that hnvo begun to rot ut tho base where decay usu ally begins can bo saved by sawing: off the rotten portion. It Is neccssnry. of course, to block up tho silo beforo tho sawing Is done, nnd then to lower It grndunlly. Carefully handled, a silo can be sawed off and lowered absolute ly without Injury. After this operation there Is likely to be three or four years of Hfo left In n silo thnt without It would havo been worthless. RABBITS CHEAPEST TO RAISE Compared With Chickens Points Are In Favor of Rabbits Inexpensive Feed Given. (Prepared by tho United Stntes Depart ment of Agriculture.) It costs about 25 cents to rnlse a rabbit to tho age of three months. At that time It mny be mnrketed at the rate of 85 to 40 cents a pound nnd tho pelts nre worth from 15 to 75 cents, depending on the kind of rab bit nnd Its size. Oats, cabbage and wnter compose tho basic diet used by most of tho young growers. Compared with chicken raising, tho points nro In fnvor of thd rabbit, for tho hares nro very hnrdy and require Inexpen sive feed. Live Stock Notes Pigs nro ns clean as other nnlmnls If conditions nro ns they should be. c After weaning tho colt will need some feeds to supply ingredients fur nished by the mother's milk. If the driver lets tho horses' shoul ders get sore, even If strong uud sound, the horse Is useless. Sudnn grass Is a good hay for sheep, approximately equal In vnlue to ordi nary wild hay or timothy hay. Alfalfa, sweet clover, red clover, bluegrass, brome grass, barley, onts or rape nil make satisfactory hog pas tures. The sow should be given good, mllk producing feeds and site should be fed ull she will cat If her pigs nre to flourish. m The brood mnro previous to fouling time will require a llttlo extra care In her handling; she should not bet overworked.