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TI115 0RT1I PLATTE SEMI-WEKKIA" TltmUN'E.
REJECT 'S PLEA Five Hundred Thousand Men Are to Strike November 1, Says Leader. PRESIDENT'S APPEAL FAILS Sohn I Lewis, President of the United Mine Workers, Says Strike Ordor Stands Coal Operators Ac cept Arbitration Offer. Washington, Oct. 27. Efforts of Secretary Wilson to avert n Htrlke of conl miners In the central competl- tivo fields failed, the miners rejecting a proposal from President Wilson that MINERS WILSON - - U1U LUIlLIIIVI!inf.1 lit? III lllllllll!Ui , tie. . . . . i.A nui.,4.i...i i The operators previously had ac- ccpted the president's proposal. After ( the rejection by the miners the con- ferenco of the two scnlo committees hero was adjourned with every pros pect that the strike would occur No Jvember 1, as called. John L. Lewis, president of the XJnltcd Mine Workers, announced that tho strike order stood and that half a million soft coal miners would quit work November 1. Olllclnl notice that mediation efforts had failed will bo sent nt once to nil districts, ho stated. "The operntois accepted tho pres ident's offer In toto," Thomas T. Drewster, head of the Coal Operators' association, said. The president's appeal to the min ers rend : "I have been watching with deep Mid sincere Interest your efforts to Jirlng about Just settlement of the dif ferences between the operators and lie conl miners In the bituminous toal Holds of the country. "It is to be hoped that the good Judg ment that has been exercised by both jperators and miners in, years gone by in the adjustment of their dlffer nccs will again prevail In the present :rlsls. "All organized society Is depending apon the maintenance of the fuel sup ply for the continuance of Its exist ence. The government has appealed with success to other classes of work ers to postpone similar questions un til n reasonable adjustment could be, arrived nt. "With the parties of the contro versy rests the responsibility of seeing that the fuel supply of the nation is maintained. At this time, when the world Is in need of more supplies. It would be a cruel neglect of our high Silly to humanity to fall them. "I have read with Interest the sug gestion made by you that the wage scale committees of the operators and miners go into conference without res ervation for the purpose of negotiat ing an agreement as though no de mands had been made or rejected, having due regard to the interests of their respective groups. I am In ac cord with that suggestion. "No body of men knows better the details. Intricacies and technicalities of mining than do the miners and op erators. No body of men can work out the details of the wage scale on n more equitable basis. Their Judg ment would undoubtedly bo based upon a sum "total of knowledge of tho In dustry. "Whatever their differences inny be, no matter hnw widely divergent their viewpoints may be from ench other, it Is a duty which they owe society to make an earnest effort to negoti ate those differences and to keep the mines of our country In opera tion. "After nil, the public interest in this vitnl matter Is tho pnramount consid eration of tho government and admits of no other notion thnn that of con sideration of n peaceful settlement of the matter as suggested by you. "If for any reason the miners nnd operators fail to come to n mutual un derstanding tho Interests of the public are of such vital Importance in con nection with the production of coal thnt It Is Incumbent upon them to re fer the mntter In dispute to n board of arbitration for determination nnd to contlnuo the operation of tho mines pending the decision of the board." TROTZKY NOW AT PETROGRAD Declares He Will Defend the City "Street by Street" All Men Called. Ilelslngfors, Oct. 27. Leon Trotzky, tho Bolshevist wnr minister, has or- rivod in Petrogrnd and has announced thnt ho will defend tho city "street by street," Kvcry man up to seventy venrs of nco has been called to the colors. All theaters are closed, tho curfew being rung at eight o'clock every night. Packer Quiz Taken to New York. New York, Oct. 25. Preparations are being made by federal department of Justice ofllclals for tho transfer to this city of the government's fight ngalnst the high cost of food launched In Chicago early In September. British Seek Hungary Roads. Vienna. Oct. 2-1. England Is report .A Ki have offered a loan of $."500,000. 000 to Hungary with tho stipulation thnt the Hungarian rnuroauw pusa .ender Brltls nrroi. MRS. INEZ HAYNES IRWIN lira &tv Mrs. Inez tlnyncs Irwin, wife of Will Irwin, author and wnr correspondent, 1? in Washington to write tho first his tory of the national woman's party. Mrs. Irwin Ib herself the author of a dozen books nnd Is a constant con tributor to magazines. For severnl years she has been a member of the national woman's party's advisory council. FARMERS' SIDE GIVEN TILLERS OF SOIL DEFENDED BY KANSAS SENATOR. Demands Wider Market, and Asserts They Lose While Consumers Pay Higher Prices. Washington, Oct. 23. Tho farmers' side of the high cost of living question was presented to the senate by Senator Capper (Hep.) of Kansas, who declared that, while farmers arc selling their products at u loss on declining mar kets, consumers arc paying rising prices. Faulty distribution was blamed for the continuation of high prices. Illustrating the anomalous situation of farmers and consumers, Senator Capper said farmers, are selling their wheat nt n loss, adding: "It takes four nnd a half bushels of wheat to make u barrel of flour. The wheat raiser gets about 58.37 for the wheat; tho miller, $12.70; the baker, ?rS.70. and the hotelkecpcr here in Washington, as It Is doled out In thin slices. $.r)87." The government, through the grain corporation, said Senntor Capper, prof ited $2:1,000.000 at the expense of farmers last year, the fanner selling from 20 o 70 cents less than the iunrnnteed price. "Tho situntlon of the live stock farmer is even more deplorable," he said. "Farmers are selling their gram fed beeves and hogs for less than It cost to produce them, but the con sumer finds little or no change In the price of ment. "Executive departments," he snld, "should seek by every means nt their commnnd to open wider mnrkcts to tho fanner by lifting the embargo on whent and Hour to Europe, by extend ing credits to European governments nnd by lowering ocean freight rates." PRESIDENT SIGNS NEW BILLS Prohlb'tlon Enforcement Measure Is Still Before the Department of Justice. Washington, Oct. 23. President Wilson signed several bills recently passed by congress. Secretary Tumulty announced. The mensures Included the amendments to the food control bill designed to prevent hnnrdlng of nnd profiteering In food and clothing. Tho prohibition enforcement bill still Is before the department of Justice for n decision as to Its constitutional ity. The president hns until midnight of October 2S to net on the prohibition bill. Should he not net by that time the mensure automatically would be come a law. Unless President Wilson's executive activity of the Inst two days showed III effects upon the patient, the prohi bition enforcement bill with tho de partment of Justice's opinion on Its constitutionality was to be laid before him some time today. ROB OHIO BANK OF $5,000 Bandits Hold Up Depository at Perrysburg and Escape With Loot. Toledo, O.. Oct. 23. Bandits held up the Perrysburg Banking company bank nt Perrysburg, near here, nnd escaped with $5,000. Argentine Corn Exports Huge. Buenos Aires, Oct. 27. Newspapers here give prominence to the' growlnfi exportntion of corn, estimates beltu: made thnt It now Is going on at n rato of 100,000 tons n week. Lnrge quantities are going to the U. S, Allied Ships Move on Flume. Flume, Oct. 27. A lively movement of wnr craft of the allies stationed In Adriatic ports Ir In progress. Tho United States torpedo boat Foote, which has been stationed here, ha been ordered to Spnlato. WILSON IN PLEA TO LABOR MEET Lane Reads Presi ant's Letter Urging Groups to Remain In Session. UNION CHIEFS QUIT PARLEY Executive's Message Urges Action by Conference to Insure Industrial Peace During Reconstruc tion Period. Washington, Oct. 23. In n last ef fort to prevent the dissolution of the nntlonnl Industrial conference. Chair man Lane road to the delegates the letter dictated by President Wilson from hlsslck bed and urging the Im perative necessity for some action by the conference to Insure Industrial penco during tho reconstruction period. 'ho Industrial conference blew up. Tho lnbor group withdrew nfter the employers' bloc had killed n new res olution on collective bnrgulnlng. Pub lic nnd labor supported It, but capital cast a negatlvo vote. Samuel Gompers led his colleagues out of tho marble hall after n speech In which ho held the employers' group responsible for the break. Ho wild tho employers held the same nttltude as the T. W. W. The president's letter follows: "To the Industrial Conference: "I mn ndvlsed by your chairman that you hnve come to n situation which appears to threaten tho life of your conference, nnd because of thnt I am presuming to address n word of very polcmn nppcnl to you as Ameri cans. ( Tt Is not for me to assess the blame' for the present condition I do not speak .In a' spirit of criticism of any Individual or of any group. Hut hnvlng called this conference, T feel that my temporary Indisposition should not bar the way to a frank ex pression of the seriousness of the po sition In which this country will be placed should you ad' mm without having convinced the American people thnt you had exhausted your resource fulness and your pntlence In an effort to come to some common ngreement. "At n time when the nations of the world are endeavoring to find n way of avoiding Internntlonnl war. are we to confess thnt there Is no method to bo found for carrying on industry except In the pplrlt nnd with tho very method of wnr? Must suspicion and 'hatred nnd force rule us In civil life? Arc our Industrial leaders and our Industrial workers to live together without faith In onch other, constantly struggling for advantage over each other, doing nought hut what Is compelled? "My friends, this would be an Intol erable outlook, a prospect unworthy of tho largo things done by this people In the mastering of this continent; In deed. It would bo an Invitation to na tional disaster. From such a possi bility my mind turns away, for my confidence Is abiding thnt In thls land wo have learned how lo accept the general Judgment upon matters that affect the public weal. And this Is tho very heart and soul of democracy. "It l my understanding that you hnve divided upon one portion only of n possible large program which hns not fully been developed Before n severance Is effected based upon pres ent differences, I believe yon should stand together for the development of thnt full program touching tho many questions within the broad scope of your Investigations. It wn In my mind when this conference was vailed that you would concern yourselves with tho dlcovery of those methods by which a mensurable co-operation within In dustry may have been secured, nnd If now machinery needs to bo designed by which a minimum of conflict be tween employers and employees may rrnpnnubly be hoped for, thnt we should make nn effort to secure Its adoption. "It cannot he expected thnt nt every step all parties will agree upon each proposition or method suggested. It la to bo expected, however, that ns a whole, a plan or program enn be agreed upon which will advance further the productive capacity of America Mirough tho establishment of n surer and heartier co-operation bolween all the elements engaged In industry. The public expect not less thnn that you shall have that one end In view nnd stay together until the way Is found leading to that end or until i Is re vealed that the men who work nnd the men who manage Americnn Industry nrc so set upon divergent paths that all effort at co-operation Is doomed to fnllure. "I renew my appeal that with a full comprehension of the almost Incom parable Importance of your tnskf to this and to other peoples, nnd with full faith In the high natrlotlsin and good faith of each other you push your task to a happy conclusion." "WOODBOW WILSON." Embargo on Sale of Arms. Bl Paso. Tex., Oct. 27. An etnburgo on the sale ami shipment of nrms ami nmmunltlon on the border was put Into effect by the southern department of the United Stutes tinny, nccordlng to orders received hore. Form New Political Party. Pittsburgh, Pa.. Oct. 27,Fonnatlon of n political party among the em ployees of Pennsylvania railroads was announced by the central committee created by railroad men to co-operate with the steel strlUo. SENATOR JAMES E. WATSON Senator Watson of Indiana who at tacked the Investigators employed by the federal trade commission ns so cialists and bolsbevlsts. RAIL MEN TO FIGHT TRAINMEN WILL TRY TO ESTAB LISH REFORMS. War Planned to Force Government Into, Deal Before Roads Are Turned Back to Owners. Washington, Oct. 23. Bnllroad em ployees are prepared for a llnlsh fight with the railroad administration for Increased wnges, time and a half for overtime and Improved working con ditions before the government surren ders the roads to prlvnte control. Unmistakable notice to this effect hns been served by Timothy Shen of the firemen, nppenrlng before tho board of railway wages and working conditions. "If our demands for n living wngo should not bo met when tho time ap proaches for turning back the rail roads to their private owners," Mr. Shen said, In testimony, "we shnll de mand as n condition precedent to tho change the realization of tho funda mental rights of labor, the living wage, tlie eight-hour flay on nil federal-controlled roads, time anil one-hnlf for overtime nnd other principles to which tho government pledged Itself during tho war, which have now been made n.part of the treaty of peace and which so far the railroad administra tion has never fulfilled." While Mr. Shen was appearing on behalf of the firemen only, it tins been recognized generally that wage In creases for any one class of railroad employees mennt nn ndvnnce for nil. SI SPARKS FROM A THE WIRE Stockholm, Oct. 23. For tho second time the presentation of the annual Nobel peace prizes will be postponed. The prizes for 1018 nnd 1011) are still to be awarded. Philadelphia, Oct. 23. Ray Baker, director of the United States mints, Mild at a conference of nssay experts here that all the mints In the country ure turning out 75,000,000 pennies monthly anil that there are now 3,500, nOO.OOO In circulation. Tulsa. Okla., Oct. 23. J. T. McCoy, seventy-live, prominent oil man of Oil City, Pn., was killed hcn struck by a motor car near the home of his daughter, Mrs. F. A. Gillespie. Mr. McCoy was here to attend a family reunion. He has been an otl operator In the Pennsylvania oil fields for tho past -HO years. RAIL BILL IS REPORTED OUT Measure In the U. S. Senate to End Federal Control Carries Anti Strike Clause. Washington. Oct. 21. The bill pro viding fdr return of railroads to pri vate ownership and operation under federal supervision was reported out liy the senate Interstate commerce committee. No changes were made In tho measure as finally revised Insl week, the antlstrlke and all other Im portant provisions remaining. The vote on reporting the bill was 14 to 1, Senator La Follette (Hep.) of Wlscon dii, who opposes nntl-strlke legisla tion, being tho only opponent. The measure will become effective thirty duys after enactment. Chalrmnn Cum mins plans to have It In position for tho senate debato Immediately nfter the peace treaty & disposed of. U. S. Attorney In Alaska Killed. . Ketchikan, Alaska, Oct. 27. Steven Bagan, aged thirty-three, nsslstanl United States attorney, was shot and Instantly killed on Front street and the authorities ure holding In custodj Pat Slmnnahun, Kruvosky Beats Gunboat Smith. Sun Francisco, Oct, 27. Kayo Kru vosky won a decision over "Gunboat Smlth In n fast four-round boxing match here. It was Smith's first ap pearance on tho coust after a long absence. s URGED CROSS BHD President Wilson Prepared Mes sage Before Illness. WORK YET TO BE COMPLETED To Finance Operations and to Carry Out Constructive Plans in Eastern Europe, Organization Requires Increasing Membership. Washington, D. C Before his pres ent Illness President Wilson prepnred tho following message, In which he urges tho people of tho United State to generously respond to tho third roll cull of the Bed Cross: As president of tho United States and as president of the American Bed Cross I recommend and urge a gen erous response to tho Third Bed Cross Boll Cull, which opens on November the second with the observance of Red Cross Sunday and appropriately closes on November tho eleventh, the first anniversary of the signing of the ar mistice. Twenty million adults Joined the Red Cross during the wnr, prompted by a patriotic desire to render service to their country and t'o the cnusc for which the United States was engaged In war. Our patriotism should stand the test of pence as well as tho test of war, and It Is an Intelligently patriotic program which the Bed Cross pro poses, a continuance of service to our soldiers nnd suitors, who look to It for many things, nnd a transference to tho problems of peace at home of tho ex perience and methods which It ac quired during the war. Stress on Membership. It Is on membership more thnn money contributions that the stress of the present campaign is laid, for the Red Cross seeks to associate tho people In welfare work throughout the land, especially In those communities where neither ofllclal nor unofllclnl provision bus been made for adequate public health nnd social service. It Is In the spirit of democracy thnt tho pcoplo should undcrtnke their own welfare activities, und the National Red Cross wisely Intends to exert upon community action n stimulating nnd co-ordinating Influence nnd to plnco the energies of the organization be hind all sound public health and wel fare agencies. The American Red Cross does not purpose Indefinite prolongation of Its relief work abroad, a policy which would lay an unjust burden upon our own people und tend to undermine tho self-reliance of tho peoples relieved, but thero Is n necessary work of com pletion to be performed before tho Americnn Red Cross can honorably withdraw from Europe. The congress of tho United States has Imposed upon the Red Cross a continuing responsi bility abroad by authorizing the secre tary of war to transfer to the Amcrl cun Red Cross such surplus army med ical supplies and supplementary nnd dietary foodstuffs now In Europe as shall not be required by the army, to bo used by the Red Cross to relievo the distress which continues In certain countries of Europe as a result of tho wur. Program Deserves Support. To finance these operations, to con clude work which wnB begun during the war, and to carry out some com paratively Inexpensive constructive plans for nsslstlng peoples In eastern Europe to develop their own welfare organizations, tho American Red Cross requires, In addition to membership fees, a sum of money small In compar ison with tho gifts poured Into Its treasury by our generous people during-the wnr. Both the greater enduring domestic program nnd the lesser temporary for eign program of the Red Cross de serve enthusiastic support, and I ven ture to hope thnt Its pencc-tlme mem bership will exceed rather than fall below Its Impressive wnr membership. WOODBOW WILSON. Two Mules. A colored man driving n mule at tached to a Junk wagon meandered along the Mission road. Suddenly the mule's feet took root. He "posolutcly nnd absotlvely" refused to budge. The darky, with a sigh, dismounted und tried all the arts of his race, from per suasion with a shovel hnndlo to down right cruelty. For hnlf an hour he worked, but the mulo only remained glued fast to tho road. "Why don't you sell him and buy an auto, uncle?" called a cop who had been enjoying the fun. "Huh 1" growled tho colored man. "That mule'd tnko that as a pussonul victory. He's been tryln' to shake mo for n week. No, sir. Ah reckon Ah'll stick it out." American Interests in China. The Koochow branch of the Ameri can Association of China was recently formed. Tho now organization will largely enre for American commercial Interests, which nrc Rapidly expand ing In the Foochow consular district, and will tnke the place of an Ameri can chnmber of commerce, tho intra- ber of local Americans being too few ' to support a chnmber of commerce. Strict Business. "Would you throw a tomato at that speaker?" nsked a rough auditor. "No," replied th grocer; "not unless h puld for It In advance." FOR PRESERVATION OF GAME Vast tracts of Land In Various Coun. tries Have Been Laid Aaldo -Not Yet Crowded. Naturalists havo expressed n fear that, with the exploitation of the waste places of the earth, the bigger wild ani mals, especially If they are more troublo than they nre worth, like llon, tigers, the rhinoceros nnd the hippo, will be crowded off the mnp by nil encroaching man. There Is reason In this fear, and however much Hie tiger or the Jnguar, say, or even the great snnkes, mny bo disliked, yet there Is n sentiment In the world ngalnst rendering nny spe cies extinct. This Idea, with others, has led to the establishment of great nntlonnl pnrks, which nre really great game preserves. Ono of tho largest of these Is In Can ada, and Is called .Tusircr park. It Is a land of lake and river nnd mountain between the Saskatchewan river and the Yellowstone pass. It Is nearly ns big as Wales, nnd la the haunt of bears and elks, of beavers and skunks and foxes, and Its rivers teem with fish. There Is room for them, nnd a few more visitors ns well. Then there Is the Yellowstone pnrk, In Wyoming. It Is 3,57ft square miles In area nnd Includes a lake 22 miles long. New Zealand hns two nntlonnl parks. Luke Wakatlpu, 112 square miles In extent, Is the, center of tho one In tho southern Island, and the other In tho north Island Includes the famous lake district of the southern hemisphere. L0PSIDEDNESS IS THE RULE No Two Component Parts of the Hu man Body Will Be Found Exactly Alike. Everybody Is lopsided I It mny como ns a bit of n shock to a pretty girl to be told that her eyes are odd, that one eyebrow Is higher than the other. Facts nre stubborn things, however, nnd she can find consolation In that the rule Is without exceptions. Tho sight of the two eyes In the snme head vurles, as everybody knows, but It will be news to many that tho ears'nro not mntes. Our auricular or gans are unequal In their power of hearing nnd they differ In size, con tour and elevation. This lopsided rule applies to every limb ns well as every feature. For Instance, one of your legs" Ib slightly shorter than tho other. The two sides of the human body differ the one from tho other In every particular, being governed by the two lobes of tho brain. . Hero ngaln the rule of lopsldo holds good, for, nccordlng to scientific ex perts, the right lobe rales the left sldo of the body and the left tho right. Professor Mny Havo Been Wrong. The fumous Professor Mctchulkoff gnvo It ns his opinion a few years ngo that old age was duo to the for mation of certain poisons In tho sys tem. The most deudly of theso poi sons are called lndols und phenols, and the professor's theory was Unit they could bo destroyed by eating sugar. Unfortunately, however, few peoplo can absorb enough sugar to destroy the poisons, but the professor did not let this trouble him In the least. He found, he asserted, that tlfere Is a mi crobe In dogs culled "the glycobactcr," which, If put Into tho human system, will manufacture n large amount ot sugar with which It will fight the ln dols und the phenols nnd rid tho sys tem of these enemies to youth nnd beauty. Doctor MetchnlkofTs theory crented n grent amount of Interest nmong men of-science, especially In France, but apparently It "hung fire" somewhere, nnd we nre still growing old, although dogs nro us common In our midst as ever. Indo-lsrael Notion. The anthropological evidence Is nil ngalnst the notion of n Jewish an cestry of North American Indlnns. Their skull formation would show rather n relationship with tho Mon gols. It Is very unlikely thnt Jewish pottery or clay tablets were ever dis covered In North America. All tra dition nnd nil ethnological science would be disturbed by such n find. But the Hebrew longungp, In Its Aramaic dialects, spread throughout tho East eight or six hundred year before our Chrlstlnn era, nnd wan the ofllclal langungo of diplomacy and of commerce. Even If traces of thnt lan guage were to be found In Canada, It would provo nothing more thnn thnt eastern traders hnd made their way Into that country years ngo. Consider ing the narrowness of tho seas between the new and the old worlds on the Pacific side, this would not bo a very wonderful mntter. Pleasurable Occasion. "I was u member of tho largo and Intelligent audience In Hclllollnger's hnll Inst night," snld old Gaunt N. Grlnnm, "and greatly enjoyed your speech on tho burning Issues of tho day." "I mn Indeed llnttered, I nssnre you, sir " sonorously replied Hon. Brady Lowder. "And may I ask what por tion of It especially pleased you?" "The entire oration. I have always been very fond of puzzles, nnd l gave me much plensuro to try to discover what were the burning Issues of the day, and, having done so, why yrm should not let them burn." Judg,