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THE NOKTIT PLATTE ST5ATT WTWTvLY TRTRUNR
E BREAKS UP 11 ROW Government's Offer of, 14 Per Cent Increase Is Rejected. U. S. FAILS TO END TIEUP Coal Men's Parley Adjourns Sine Die Operators Agree to Accept Gar field's Proposal, While Lewis Claims Injustice to Miners, Washington, Nov. 28. Tho govern want's ofTcr of u 1-1 por cent Increase of wages wns ilutly rejected by tlio conl miners. Aft a result tlio conference between tlie minors nnd operators iidjourncd slno die with the settlement of the wage ontroversy still "In the itlr." No provision was niado for the resumption of the conference, the miners dec-hiring "that they were going homo nnd Kit tight." The miners' rejection camo after tho operntois hnd ncccpted the govern ment's proposal ns a basis for n sot 'Moment nllhough they declared that tho Increase without raising tho price of conl to the public would mean tho loss of profits to n large number of mines and would seriously Interfere with production. After iho rejection tho opcrntors tendered a compromise offering to sub mit (ho entire dispute to n board of arbitration. This also was refused by tho miners nnd tho conference took an adjournment. Statement by Lewis. Tho following statement was dictat ed by Acting President John L. Lewis of the United Mlno Workers "Tin. minora nn.i nnn-ntn'ra ,lnf " " conference adjourned slno die. The mine workers' representatives declined to recommend to the miners any nc- rantnniH! nf tim 14 nor m inpr,.no offered. "Tlio opcrntors pretended to bo will ing to grant this 11 per cent Increase, but In the same breath stated tlmt they would bo uiinblo to operate a large number of their mines unless they had an Increnso In tho selling prico of coal. It would bo foolish for us to attempt to mako nny agreement with tho op erators unless their mines wero to bo operated T!m nnsltlnn nf flin mlno wnrfcora Is unchanged. We hold that tlio Unl- ted Stntes government ennnot break Its word. Tho nlodco clvon l.v Snore- tnry of Labor Wilson to grant a 31.0 per ccnt Increase In wages must bo re- deemed. "In mv ludcmont Doctor fliu-noi.i nnd tho cnblnet hnvn rnmmlttoil Mm most colassn b under n tho lndustrlnl history of our nation. Thnv nrn blind. ly following an academic theory with- ICE out regard to Justlco to tho mlno work- uon nuor "enunciation or tno govern ors or tho effects of such theory upon Incnt's 8l"-tlon. Without reservation. tho people of tho country. Says Justice Is Denied. "Tho responsibility for tho crisis now confronting tho nation must llo upon those statesmen who aro using tlio powers of tho government to oppress unu ucny justlco to tho great element of citizenship directly concerned in tho mining Industry. "I cunnot bellevo that tho people of our country will Indorse a policy of oprcsslon and . repression which means continued Industrial chaos, and Intcnso suffering on the part of tho mlno workers and our entlro citizen ship, The letter sent to Doctor Garfield vl 4 by tho operators of tho central mm ifotltlvo conl field, accepting tho gov ernment's wcr, rends: "Itocognlzlng tho seriousness of tho present crisis and tho urgent need of ......... i 0 ... 1 lTn.try.. tr ,U' W0 W,S" t0 ndv,fi0 juu i.iui, iu your approval anil conditioned upon the mines resuming operations immediately, the operators' Bcnlo committee of tho central com petltlvo coal field accept, as n basis for tho settlement of tho present wngo controversy nnd termination of tho strike, tho figures submitted by you to tho Joint meeting of opcrntors and minors Ueld yesterdny evening, name. ly, nn nvcrago Increnso of 14 per cent to uc granted to all classes of mine In. bor, such Increase to bo apportioned In accordance with tho wngo bases thnt aro acceptable to tho employees and employers, thus preserving present differentials. Othcrwlso thnn as above, modified In complete accordance with your proposal, tho present contract In all Its term nnd conditions to bo con tinued In full forco and effect until March 31, 1022, "Wo linto already notified tho miners to una cirect. Saya Profits Eliminated. "At tho same tlmo wo wish to call your attention to tho fact that tho nc- m T T . ,ncrcaso in wages without any Incrcaso In selling prices entirety eliminates tno profits of n iuikc umi:r ui wines, aucn n largo nuuiui-r, in mti, wo icnr mat tho pro- UUCUOn or COni Will Do Ser OUSlv nf. fected. Wo understand thnt operating BinusucH ior juiu aro not now In your possession, and wo shall rely upon tho government, wnen Buch stntlstlcs nro properly assembled and presented, to mnuo such adjustments n wiling prices ns will permit these mines to make such fair nnd reasonnblo profits ns uiey nro enimeu to under tho Lover law." William Grocn, aocretnry of the Uni ted, niino workers, snld: "Secretary of Labor Wilson states uiat tno mlno worker nro entitled to an Increase In wnges amounting to .'51.0 per cent. Mr. Gartlold says 14 per cent. Obviously theso two conclusion conflict with each other nnd, to say tho least, aro confusing. Tho mine workers know the figures of Secretary of Labor Wilson aro approximately correct and the llgurcs of Doctor Gar field are erroneous. Tho mlno workers challenge tho figure!? of Doctor Gar field and cannot nnd will not accept them. Wo will nccept tho figures of n responsible cabinet ofllccr, Secretary Wilson. "Doctor Garfield, because of the re sponsible position which bo occupies, has done a great Injustlco to n million minors In America. Ills statement and decision has served to Inject Into tho settlement of tho minors' wage contro versy an almost Insurmountable ob stacle. In that respect his nctlon ap proaches the commission of a moral crime against tho public. "Mlno workers cannot mlno conl at tho figures fixed by Doctor Garfield. Tho acceptance of his conclusion would menu untold sacrifice, pufferlng and deprivation on tho part of the miners and their families. The prob lem of decent .wages nnd a decent American stnndard of living, together with an ndeqtiate production of coal cannot be solved as a college professor would work out a problem In geometry, algebra or theoretical philosophy. "The practical wny to solve tho present problem of coal production Is to grant tho miners an Increase In wnges sufficient to meet tho Increnro In the cost of living and to guarantee them an American stnndard of living. Thoy will then risk their lives In the mines, accept all the hazards of th6 Industry and mlno a steady stream of coal sufficient to meet every require ment." Garfield's Ruling.' Acting under Instructions from tho cabinet, United States Fuel Adminis trator Garfield told tho coal miners and tho operators that tho wage In crease for tho inlners should bo 14 per cent nnd that the prlco of coal to tho- .,, ,,.,,,, . . " " "" , . Thls declaration, coming from tho government ns a basis for settling tho wiiro controversy, wns received with H'fiu uinouumuuium uy uuiu uiu miners and tho opcrntors. Somo of tho minors' representatives dcclnrcd that tho offer of a 14 per cent liicronsp, In tho fnco of tho fact that Secretary of Labor Wilson had of fered them 31.0 per cent, was an In sult. They dcclnrcd that tho miners would starve Idle rather thnn go back to tho mines at this wage Increase. Tho operators, who havo been ex- POCtillg that tllO government WOUld SCO thcm tliroB'1 on nny wage increnso, t,cc'ared at their margins would not permit them to give the miners tho 14 I,or ccnt out of t,,olr own Pocketa Thy snl(1 tlmt 14 woiml brcnk mnny oC 1,10 wenitor mines nnu tnnt it meanc ln and sacrifice of years of earnings and savings. A,,u "inuurs ior uie most pari horo thclr disappointment In silence. hut from 1,10 mlncrs came dcnuncln- muillut mincing worus, uie miners XT , , . ... , "nn,cm nnu: lhr0UBh l' ,n f,I,0.(1 tho Kvcrnmcnt 'r wo noura. , Doctor Garfleh stood adamant In the fac ,f Questions nnd tho crl Iclstn , , iV . M ?. ,m l fns Questions nnd firmly but kindly told tho mlncrs tlmt what ho hnd laid heforo them was purely n series of facts. Doctor anrfield snld his statement wns made on tho facts nnd tho figures In tho enso ns ho had Investigated It. Ho said that It was as If one looked up KS0 nfm thcro V'10 t,mo: I "Thn plonk tolls nn tho limir. nnr Tho clock tells you the hour, and that Is what I have done. I toll you that per ccnt of Increnso which should bo nppllcd to tho miners' wnges. on tho average to cqunllzo wages with tho InU LUni ML IIV said Doctor Garfield rlso In tho cost of living Is 14 per cent," Shot From Other Barrel. Dr. Garfield was equally Insistent on his finding thnt the price of conl nhould not bo raised nt this time. Tbls was a shot fired from tho other barrel of his double-bnrreled statement to tho con ference. He made It clear that the facts, as he found them, meant thnt If tho miners' wages wero Increased 14 per ccnt, ns ho snld should be done, thnt the burden should bo borno en tirely by tho operators and not by the public. Dr. Garfield also mndo a third state ment, which almost ranks In Impor tance with his two mnln propositions. This wns thnt government control of prlco will be mnlntnlned nt present. This means thnt the government does not Intend to relnx Its grip on tho coal sltuntlon through holding prices within n maximum limit. "It seems to mo that tho reasonnblo way to deal with this situation," Gar field snld, "Is to glvo tho Industry os a whole an average Increase commen surate with tho Increnso In tho cost 0f living and then let that amount of increnso bo apportioned in nccordanco with tho wngo basis that Is accept- ahlo to tho employers nnd the employ oes. "Thn nrosont iiPL'ntlntlnn RtnnilH l.v itself, hut It Is far from disposing of tho fundamental controversy between operators and mine workers. That controversy Is bound to be n conthni. lng ono as matters now stand. There- fore, to aid In applying tho principles which havo governed us and which should govern In reaching conclusions In the future, It Is urged that congress make provisions for collecting definite nnd trustworthy Informntlon concern lng tho conl nnd coko Industry and for the tabulation of tho snmo In nuivrter- ly reports." 1 Gorman prisoners of war rcMimert to their homes from England and decorated with (lowers. 2 The Glenn L. Martin bomber, largest nlrplne In the United States mall service. 3 Men of the United Stntes mine sweeping fleet that has Just come homo after two and one-half years of duty, mostly In the North sen. CURRENT EVENTS Carranza Refuses to Release Jenkins and Hostilities With Mexico Impend. ARMY AND NAVY ARE READY Government's Efforts to End Coal .. . .. .. ... Strike by Negotiation Fail, Min ers Rejecting Garfield's Offer of 14 Per Cent Wage In crease. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. It appears at this writing thnt the brcnlIng fo!nt with Mexico hns been reached at last or should one say again? Carranzn's government, defy ing the United Stntes, has flatly re fused to release Consular Agent Jenk ins In response to tho demand made by our state department. Since that demand was In the nature of an ulti matum, threatening unpleasant con sequences, it would seem either Wash ington or Mexico must back water, or hostilities will result. Tho Mexican foreign office said the demand of the United Stntes was not based on any legal foundation or prin ciple of International law; that the executive department ennnot under Moxlcnn law Intervene now In nn nffnlr that Is strictly In the hands of state courts ; that tho Imprisonment of Jenk ins wns neither nrbltrnry nor unjusti fied, nnd thnt he Is preventing his own freedom by refusing to give ball. Mex ico's assertion that Jenkins, ns a con sular agent, was not Immune from nr- rcst Is not contested In Washington, but Secretary Lansing has stated that his department hns more Information bearing on this case than has been made public, nnd presumably It Is this Information thnt led to the demand for tho relense of Jenkins. Beports from Mexico thnt have comd through ofllcinl chnnnels show that the Mexicans have done all possible to dis credit Jenkins. The court nt I'uebla re fused to hear witnesses who would re fute the story that ho wns seen In conference with members of the gang that kidnaped him; nnd according to tho correspondent of a newspaper of Mexico City, a number of peons de clared tho judge and police Inspector had exercised pressure on them to tes tlfy against Jenkins. It was believed In Washington that tho administration would maintain Its firm stand In the crisis. Otherwise, said the well-posted, congress would tnko up the matter promptly after con vening, call for nil the fncts In the caso and proceed to frame n definite policy. In both house nnd senate, it wns asserted, the great majority was In favor of a showdown with Carranza, who for years has flouted the United States and In Innumerable ways ills played his open hostility. Thnn; Is no forgetting or forgiving his nttltude and notions during the wnr, which the gov ernment knew nil the time and with which the public Is becoming better ac quainted every day. Should armed Intervention be nec essary, we aro In good condition for quick action, for the army has hnd mis possinuity in mind for some months. Along the border these forces nro now available. Both wings of tho aviation service, Including in aero squadrons, ten balloon companies, five regiments of field nrtlllery, ten of tho 111 regiments of cavalry remaining In the army organization, three roiri ments of engineers, one brigade of in fantry, with four within calling dl tnnco in uie central department. 10 motor transport companies, one field hattnlion nnd two telegraph battalions of the signnl corps, l:i or more pack trains nnd all the additional force of supply to care for an army of thnt size The marine corps Is ready for the emergency, and so Is the navy. With a lleet In the Pacific as well as tho Atlantic, forces could bo landed on both coasts. If the navy needs more men the reserve Torce can be called on, and that Includes n large part of the extra personnel In service during the wnr. Besides looking on the arrest of Jenkins as deliberately designed to af front the United States, the state de partment officials say the execution last week of Gen. Felipe Angeles also Indi cates tho hostile attitude of Carranza toward this country. Angeles was the foremost Mexican soldier of tills day, and wnstho outspoken ndmlrer of the United Stntes. But he had been the chief aid of Villa and was captured; therefore he was condemned and shot o death. While this mny have been technically Just, It Is likely that the life of so eminent n -man would have teen spared If he had not so freely given voice to his friendship for this nation. Less startling, perhaps, than the Mexican crisis, but of no less moment, Is the collapse of the government's ef forts to end the coal strike by negotia tion. "Its final offer to tho miners was a 14 per cent wnge Increase. This tho operators voted to accept, and the min ers, through Acting President Lewis, rejected. Mr. Lewis declared that "rc- ponslblllty for the crisis now confront ing the nntlon must bo upon those statesmen who are using the powers of the government to oppress nnd deny ustlco to the grent element of citizen ship directly concerned In the mining Industry." The operators and the miners then adjourned sine die, and It seemed that there was nothing left for the govern ment except to tnko over and operate tho mines. Tho government's compromise offer, approved by the cabinet nnd made by Fuel Director Gurfleld, provided there should bo no Increase in tho price of cool to the consumer nnd that a Joint ndvisory bonrd of operators and min ers should be created, with Secretary Lnno ns chalrmnn, to work out the de tails of wngo adjustments nnd furnish Information nnd advice in future dis putes. This offer must hnve been mnde without hope of Its acceptance, for Secretary of Labor Wilson previ ously bad declared the men were en titled to nn advance of 31.0 per cent. and the opcrntors hnd offered nn ad vance of 20 per cent. The ncccptnncc of Mr. Wilson's con clusions mny bo affected by tho fact that he wns a minor himself. Lewis says the men consider his offer n pledge which the government must re deem. Former Secretnry of the Treasury McAdoo projected himself Into the con troversy with n stntement thnt the op orators hnve been making excessive profits since the wnr began nnd can well afford to pay much higher wnges without Increasing the price of coal, He said the treasury's records of ex cess profits taxes would prove this, Of course the operators entered Indig nant denial, and Carter Glass, still sec retary, came to their defense with n modified refutation of McAdoo's asser tion as to profits. While the dispute goes on the coun try's stock of fuel shrinks alarmingly, In some regions, however, the mines nro being operated steadily. Out in the Sheridan (Wyo.) field the United States nfilclnls, civil and military, solved the trouble surprisingly and ef fectively. They learned that the min ers had voted to return to the pits but were prevented from doing so by n campaign of Intlmidntlon by tho rndl cals. The military, therefore, at the request of the sheriff, rounded up nearly three score nllen ngltntors nnd sent ' them to Fort MncKepzle. A meeting of the miners' union wns then called, and the entire strike situation explained by Major Dean, whereupon tho men voted unanimously to end the strike Friday. Governor Allen of Kansas has called for volunteers to work tho mines nnd protect the people of the stnte from "unspenknble suffering," and hundreds of men have responded. Union leaders say these volunteers will be regarded as strike-breakers. D'Annunzlo. tho Itnllnn firebrand seems to havo as many schemes of an nexatlnn as tho kaiser had. According to various reports, he plans to return with strong forces to .nrn nnd proceed thence to Sebenlco; nftor seizing thnt city, he will attack Spalato, and there he may run nfoul of the American navy, which Is guarding that part of Dalmittlu; also ho is snld to aim at establishing a militarist government at Trlest, and now lias emissaries In thnt city. Tho allied officials In Paris, how. ever, now have renewed hope that n compromise settlement of the Adriatic question will Ijo renched, satisfactory to all pnrties, Including D'Annunzlo. This Is the expected result of conver sations there between British, French, Italian and .Tugo-Slav representatives. Tlio Jtigo-Slovs aro still nervous and I claim to have Information thnt Italy j plans to toko all of Dalmatla and Mon tenegro, Maxim LItvinoff, representing the soviet government of Busslu, Is In Co- penhngen conferring with British emis saries. Prlmnrlly tho matter In hand Is the exchange of prisoners, but Llt- inoff ndmitted that If tho British at titude was favorable, peace negotia tions would bo tnkon up. He headed tho bolshevik delegation that met the representatives of the Baltic states In Dorpnt, nnd the lntter say his manner wns cold nnd threatening throughout, nnd that unless he behaves otherwise In Copenhagen It will be difficult to ne gotiate with him. Tho Bultlc stntes al ready hnve lost faith In the bolshe vlst's professed desire for peace with them. The soviet government of Itus- sla has announced new victories over Denlklne's forces nnd further ndvances In the Omsk region. On Thursdny Premier Stambullwsky of Bulgaria signed the treaty of peace between his country nnd the allies. The pact was signed by all the allied nations except Boumnnla and .Tugo- nltintr the slenlnc strh. BuEla lustrm. i,uif,a ua Slavla, which are aw of the treaty with Austria s to pay an indemnity of $445,000,01)0; to surrender nil works of art and other ' ilunhlcs taken from allied countries; to abolish compulsory military service, and to reduce its army to 20,000 men. It Is deprived of Thrace and of Strum- nltza. the latter going to Serbia. Gormnny. nt last reports, was still holding out on signing the protocol which uie amen iuuioii uiw up, mm govermnet thnt more killings of Ai the supreme council hns expressed its crlcans woulu ien( t0 a change In pot surprise and displeasure nt this course. lcy o thls government townrd Mexico- j no council ioiu uie ueranuia mui u tho treaty of Versailles wero not put Into effect on December 1 the respon sibility would rest entirely with their government. In nnother note to th German delegation nt Versailles M. Clemenceau, ns president of the coun cil, sternly refused to devlnte from the terms of the tnhty In favor of German prisoners employed In recon Btructlon work In the devastated part of France, nnd ho used some very plain language concerning German brutality and Insincerity. Another Irish crisis is at hand, for the British government, according to dispatches from Dublin, has issued n proclamation prohibiting and suppress ing the Sinn Fein and other like or ganizations In all countries and bor oughs In Ireland. It s believed the British now havo 150,000 troops In Ire land, and on the other hand the sup porters of the Irish "republic" claim they have an army of at least 100,000, ready to light for the cause. The new Labor party held Its first nntlonnl convention In Chicago Inst week, and It was scarcely what could be called a success. The official list of delegates showed that 728 presented credentials, but a good many of them wero killed and scores Injured nnd faded away before the convention heavy property damage by n vWndsum camo to a close. Moreover, not one which readied n velocity of 80 mile of the 124 International labor unions an hour In some plnces nnd which va wns represented, und of the .14,000 to- accompanied by sleet, snow and ntfn, cnl unions In the American Federation which swept ncross the central valley of Labor and 0,000 Independent unions and southern hike region bust Safnr- only 042 sent delegates. One delegate day. from Boston said about 80 per cent of i Five persons were killed In soutli those In attendance were Socialists em Michigan. Two men lost their lives and cx-Socinllsts. Among those who In Indianapolis, when one wns electro deserted the convention were tho mem- euted by a broken wire nnd another hers of tho Nonpartisan league, headed blown from a ladder. A woman wa by Governor Frnzler of North Dakota, struck dead by a cornice from a build- The platform adopted is almost lden tlcnl with those of other radical Property damage will run into hun dreds of thousands of dollars. .Ml- souri. Illinois, Indiana and Michigan groups, When the congressional committee wont to Ellis Island to Investigate the cases of the radicals held hero for de portation it ran into a hunch of tur tnrs. The reds refnsed to be ques tioned, nnd moreover were on u hun ger strike because they wore separated from cnllers by burs. Of course the obvious courso Is to let them starve, nnd tho applause would he general. It was also disclosed that Frederic Howe, former commissioner of Imml gratlon nt the Island, had maintained , l" Pr anient froni the Sutton dl a strangely sympathetic attitude t vision of Plymouth In tho balloting of mind townrd the reds who hail boon Novombor 15. The reault was an- caught In the federal net. There may be more about him later on. ADARIE1S ROBBERY YEGGMEN STAGE UNPRECEDENT ED HODLUP AT OMAHA. SECURE 65.000 IN BOOH Overpower Two Watchmen and Blow Two Safes In Downtown De partment Store. Omaha, Neb. Yeggmen obtained ap proximately S?G.r),000 In loot Inst Sun day morning from the department sl,ore of Hayden Brothers In Uie heart of Omaha's business district, in one oC the most daring robberies In Uie his tory of the mlddlowest. Binding (wo night watchmen bund and foot ami while a policeman on the outsldo was walking his beat, three robbera spent the greater part of the night In the store in blowing open two safes, The yeggmen rested some time dur ing the night, went to the grocery de partment und ate "midnight lunch," (unused themselves by playing a pho nograph and dancing and then re sumed work. Included in the loot was currency, gold, bonds and checks esti mated at ?4S,0()0 and Jewelry valued at about .$17,000. Gold nnd silver esti ninted nt $50,000 wns left behind lift cuuse It was too heavy to carry. The robbers caused three explosion with nllro-glycerlne in the blowing open of two safes In the ollice on Uie second lloor of the store. That the yeggmen were profession als was evidenced In .the manner la. which they did the job. Every article which is known to have been handled by the men during Hut robbery has been examined, und uoL a. single finger print could be founiL Finger stalls were used by each of the. operators, thus destroying any possi bility of getting their finger prints.. KILLED BY MEXICANS. Relations Between U. S. and Carranza. Brought Nearer the Break. Washington, D. C James Wallace, American citizen, was shot and killed, by Carrauzlsta soldiers near Tample Nov. 20. The .State department was advised: of the killing and immediately ordered a thorough Investigation. Details of this latest outrage were lacking, but administration official did not hesltnte to characterize it a "almost tho last straw" In the chain of "aggravating Incidents which lias 0CCIled thc attention of the department for several months." Wflln, referred to is bel of the State The Wallace referred to Is bellevd hero to bo E. T. Wallace of the Gulf. Beflnlng company, about 40 years old, und one of the company's best mem TC tl,n 1lonHHnnttnti nf Vnll!lfl t , he ,B U)C e, hUj offldal of the j Gu,f Rellnlng conipany to be killed he Uwi, n.i i nif-htii Amorionn to he ,,' ,.,,. n,llv 2o -min whcI1 n,,. state departnient warned the Carraua, MEXICO DEFIES U. S. Refuses to Release American Consular Agent W. O. Jenkins. Mexico City. .Declaring there Is "re legal foundation, nor principle of In ternational law" upon which tho United States bases Its demand for the lui- mediate release of William O. Jenkins, United Stntes consular agent a Puebla, the Mexican government. through llllnrlo Medina, unner-sccre- tnry of foreign relations, stated it was Impossible to nccede. It Is asserted that the executive de partment ennnot, under Mexican law. intervene nt this moment In an affair which Is strictly In the hands of tttitte courts. It is declared the Imprison ment of Mr. Jenkins was neither un justified nor arbitrary and that Mr. Jenkins is preverting his own freedom by refusing to give bnll, for which rea son, it is said, "ho cannot be consider I ed a victim of molestation," STORM KILLS EIGHT. Great Damage Done By Gale and Snow In Four States. Chicago. At least eight person - . lng in M uncle, inn. suffered Intensely by the storm First Snow in 25 Years. Phoenix, Ariz. Know fell hens Nov. 2S. Otllelnls of the weather hurcan said It wns the first November snow since tin station was established her.' In IS!).! Woman Elected to Parliament. Plymouth. Lady Aster, Amerk-.ni-born wife of Viscount Astor, was elect- nounced after a count of the ballot; here.