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THE NORTH PLATTE SEMI-WERKLY TRIBUNE.
HUNGER STRIKER DIES N PRISON Fitzgerald Dead after Sixty eight Pays Continueo Refusal to Take Food BRITISH GOyiNERS STRIKE Dank Deposits Gain Over $4,000,000,000 for Year Ending June British Coal Miners On Strike. Cork, Trclntwl. Tho first death among tin; hunger strikers In Cork Jull occurred .Sunday. Fitzgerald died at 0:15 o'clock, having fasted (18 days. Tlio condition of Fitzgerald and Murphy had become ho grave thnt, with tlio consent of tin oilier hunger Htrlkors, the prlKon doctors wcro per mitted to give Fitzgerald medical treat ment. A Cork Rpeclallnt was also call ed In. Fitzgerald was arrested for shooting Private Soldier Jones, otitHldo Formoy church on September 1, 11)1!). He warn one of 11 men who went on a lumber strike In the Cork Jail, whoso cases for a long time have hpen tho Houreo if vmdunnont on the part of medical au thorities. Nearly a month ago Dr. Pearson and Dr. Battlsconibo; the jail' physicians, expressed profound amaze ment that the men who were abstain ing from food were still alive and conscious. British Coal Miners On 8trlke. London. The British government has accepted tho challcngo of the strik ing: coal miners for a night to the finish. Ah 1,000,000 men left the mines Sat urday In response to a strike call, Pre mier Lloyd-Geor;e iHsued an ofllclal statement placing all the hlame upon the strikers, and asking co-operation of the people to avert an Industrial strike. The premier Intimated the govern ment was confident of the outcome, and urged there he no alarm. Jron and steel plants nre closing down voluntarily. Tho strike really began Friday when the night shift failed to report, in two Holds! The effect on Industry was Instanta neous. Iron and steel mills In the Yorkshire district closed voluntarily. INCREASE IN BANK DEPOSIT8. Gain of Over Four Billions for tho . Fiscal Year Ended In June. Washington. Hank deposits In the United States Increased $1,01 5,1 (M.000 during the year ended June .'10, said a statement lsstil by Comptroller of the Currency Williams, Loans and din counts Increased !fr,80r,7:i(!,000. Total resources of all retorting hanks of tho United States, not Including federal reserve hanks were given Jn the comp troller's statement as $53,070,108,000. This did not Include $1,1! 1 4,0 10,000 re discounts of national hanks. The cap ital surplus and profits of all hanks were reported at $5,1)53,083,000, an In crease since June HO, 1010, of $018,- aou.ooo. Will Pay Anglo-French Loan. New York. It Is announced nt. the banking house of J. P. 'Morgan & Co. that the firm Is ready to pay the S.r)00,000,000 Anglo-French loan. It was said that more than $200,000,000 will le paid lu cash. The remaining amount of the Issue has been bundled In tho open market. Equal Suffrage for Nebraska. Lincoln, Neb, Formal announce ment of the right of the women of Ne braska to equal eulYrnge Is made In a proclamation by Governor McKolvIo announcing the result of the vote on the amendment to thu state constitu tion. Pueblo, Colo, Much property dam age has been done by heavy snows In the region south of here. Many small buildings have been wrecked, bridges washed away by swollen streams and telephone and telegraph communica tions with that region destroyed. No Iors of Ilfo Iiiih been reported. Washington, P. C Prosecution of Anthracite coal operators for profiteer ing has been decided upon by Attor ney General Palmer. "Night Riders" Active In Tennessee. Memphis, Tenn. First Indication of possible "night rider" activity In west Tennessee Is reported In a 'dispatch from Somerville, telling of the destruc tion by flro of a cotton gin and 18 bales of cotton nt, Warren, Tenn. Tho gin was valued at $12,000. Fair Price Organization to Disband, Washington, D. C The campaign conducted by tho Department of Jus tice against tho high cost of living will be ended and the entire fair price or ganization disbanded November,!. Washington. Workers In the gov ernment coal mines of Alaska have threatened to call a strike unless tho government meetH their demands for a wngo Increase of $1.50 a day. Demands of tho miners cro reported to the In terlor department by tho chairman of tho Alaskan railroad commission, who Bald the workers demanded an answer by November 7. The chairman added that similar de mands probubly would be made by other classes of Inbor on the govern ment railroad project If those of the joiners were met. finance boardnot revived Secretary Houston Tells Farm ers Prices Are Surely on Down Grade. Claims Holding Up of Credit Will Work Untold Hardship Stato Lo6es 3,369 Farms In Ten Years. Washington, p. C. Secretary Hous ton has reiterated to representatives of agricultural Interests that the treas ury would not bo a party to the with holding of any commodity from the market In order to maintain artificially high prices. Spokesmen for the delegation were frank In their criticism of Mr. Hous ton's recent Htntemcnt that prices had begun to recede, but the secretary told them as frankly that his statement properly represented conditions. Secretary Houston said the decision of the treasury not to revive the war finance corporation had been approved by the president and "numerous prom inent senators and representatives." Loses 3,369 Farms In Ten Years. Washington, D. C For the decade from 1010 to li!0, Nebraska lost 3,300 farms, or 2,0 per cent of the 120,078 farms within the state lu 1010, accord ing to the director of the census. Tho number In 11)20 is 120,300. The de crease was not great enough to show a loss from the 11)00 figure of 121,52.". A "farm" for census purposes Is all the land which Is directly farmed by one person, either by his own labor alone or with the assistance of em ployes. When a landowner Iiiih one or more tenants, renters, croppers or managers, the land operated by each Is considered a farm. Where these "lost" fnrms went Is a matter not explained in the census re turns. BLAME FEDERAL RESERVE. Farmers Claim Withholding of Credit Has Brought Them to the Verge of Ruin. Washington, D. C. "General bank ruptcy and ruin are Inevitable" unless some Immediate remedy Is found to relieve the present price situation as It affects the farmer, says a report submitted to the agricultural confer ence here by a general committee ap pointed to study tho situation. The report was unanimously adopted. The committee blames the federal reserve system for present prices, charging that It "has arbitrarily with held from assisting the basic Industry of this country to maintain r. level of prices that at least meet tho cost of production." Drive to Extend Membership. Hastings, Neb. The holding of wheat for $3 a bushel and a drive to extend the membership of tho Na tional Wheat Growers association throughout the state, are urged in calls Issued by the olllcers of the as sociation here. The membership drive is to start on October 20 and continue until the day of the county meetings ten days later. Nearly .'to comities In tho south Platte section have been or ganized. Big Source of Immigration. Washington, D. C Forty-five per cent of tho Incrense In population through alien Immigration In 1020 was made up of English, Scotch, Irish and Welsh. These groups did not come all from the British isles, for the fig ures Include those coming from Can ada, which was an Important contribu tor, but they servo to Inudlcato tho changes now progressing In the sources of our Immigration. Washington, P. C Mrs. William It. Wilson, wife of the secretary of labor, Is dead at her home hero. Invites U. S. to Take Part. Washington, P. C The league of nations council has unolllclally Invited the United States to appoint a repre sentative on the league commission wlilch Is to undertake a settlement of the dispute between Finland and Swe den, over the Aland Islands. Washington, D. O. Pomnd through Its legation here, has made Informal request of tho State department for tho extension of aid by tho United States to Poland In tho form of food supplies. First Steamer Since the War, Constantinople. About one thou sand Creek, Armenian and Jewish emi grants have sailed from here for America on board tho Turkish ship Out PJumal, under charter by Creeks, tho first steamer departing for an American port from Constantinople since tho war. Washington. The supreme court has refused to reconsider Its decision of last June 7, sustaining validity of the prolllbltlou amendment and provi sions of the enforcement act. Wheat In the United States. Washington, P. C Stocks of wheat In the United States on October 1 totaled 008,000.000 bushels, according to estimates by the department of agri culture. This compares with 717,000, 000 bushels lu the country on tho snmo date last year. California Land Open to Entry. Sacramento, Calif. Approximately 0,300 acres of homestend and desert land In the Eureka and Sacramento laud districts of California will be opened to entry December 3. 1 John O'Kane and his bride, Ml ly after their wedding under the "Irl pointed Chinese minister to the Unite! South Brooklyn shipyard, which killed NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENT Campaign of Assassination Is Making the Irish Problem More Difficult. ASQUITH ASSAILS PREMIER Large Part of the Island Faces Block, ade Poles and Russians Sign "Peace Without Victory" Amer lean Agricultural Producers Object to Lower Prices. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. The Irish problem, Instead of ap proaching a solution, seems to have taken a new lease of troublous life, and the woes of the Emerald Isle are Increasing Instead of diminishing. This deplorable fact Is due directly to tho campaign of murder, arson and Intimi dation that Is being carried on by what Sir Hamur Greenwood, chief secretary for Ireland, calls the Inner circle of as sassins. The dally and nightly as saults on the police and other officials of the British government provoke the latter to bloody reprisals which nre to a considerable extent condoned and excused by the government. Premier Lloyd George made n speech nt Car narvon which was Interpreted by his opponents as a justification of the re prisals. He said that 2!18 policemen had been shot, of whom 10!) had been shot dead, and the patience of the po lice had given way, with the result that they hit back. Lloyd George de clared that If. as was contended, there wns war In Ireland, then the war must bo waged on both sides. But when policemen were shot In the back by Sinn Felnors the premier said, It was not war but murder. He asked wheth er, under the system of terrorism which made It Impossible to obtain evidence, It was any wonder the police shot the murderers. Herbert H. Asqulth. former premier, who sees a chance to return to pow er, declared Lloyd George's speech was a "condonation of tho hellish policy of reprisals," and nnother part of It ho construed as "repudiation, rood and branch, of dominion home rule." Ile Is rallying all antl-governuient forces for a fight, as soon as parlia ment opens, over llrltlsh government In Ireland. Before that time the dele gation from the Irish peace conference Is to be received by the premier, and It Is bolloved he will then make a new olTor to Ireland. Meanwhile the gov ernment, says Sir Ilamar Greenwood, Is determined to crush the campaign of assassination, and If necessary will Increase the police force In the Island to many thousands. One threatened result of the campaign of assassination Is the virtual blockade or a largo part of Ireland through a withdrawal of the mall and telegraph service and the entire closing down of Irish railways. This would mean wide spread distress and heavy loss to farmers and traders. Whenever par ties of troops present themselves for conveyance the rail workers refuse to operate the trains, and the railway directors now have agreed mi the hi stunt dismissal of these men. The car rying out of this policy probably will result In the cessation of railway traf fic within a month. The British secret service believes It has proof that the Irish "republic" Is being aided, financially and by the distribution of arms and the organiza tion of an espionage system, by the Hod organization headed by Victor Kopp. soviet envoy In Berlin. Kopp handles funds from Hussla and organ Izes Jiropaganda through newspapers and agents, and the secret service says It has established the connection of this Intrigue with revolutionary move ments In Ireland and other parts of the British empire. A dispatch from Paris says Sinn Fein agents have been trying to purchase submarines from Italy and France, but were told that Great Britain would consider the selling of submerslbles to them an act of war. O'Connor, sister of the prominent - h republic" colors at Collrldgo. Ireland. 2 Pr. Alfi states. 3 View of the oil tanker C. and Injured many persons. The signing of a peace treaty and armistice by the Polish and soviet Bus "inn delegates at Klga. reported a lit tle prematurely last week, took place in October 12. The armistice was to become effective at midnight October IS. JolTe, head of the soviet delega tion, described the pence as "a peace without victory and without Van quished."' and disinterested observers at Blga agreed that that described It. Hence It was predicted that the pact would not be very pleasing to either the Poles or the Russians. A peculiar complication In the nf , fairs of that part of Europe arose through tho seizure of Vllnn, the capi tal of Lithuania, by troops under the command of General Zollgouskl, who resigned from the Polish army before the occupation. Ills force Is made up of both Poles and Lithuanians. He established n council of six In the city, and that body Is planning a provision al government for central Lithuania pending the question of the self-determination of the Inhabitants of thnt district. The Polish government dis avowed the occupation of Vllnn by Kcllgouskl, the Lithuanians were said to be mobilizing for the recapture of the city, and It was reported thnt rep resentatives of the League of Nations might be asked to straighten out the situation. As has been said before, the Rus slan soviet government Is now free to devote nil Its strength to the crushing of Baron Wrangel In south Russia. But the baron Is wasting no time, and late dispatches from Constantinople say his Dnelper river campaign Is mak ing excellent progress. He had Just captured two Bolshevik battalions, oc cupied two Important towns and de stroyed a largo munitions plant. The report that Makno, the guerrilla lead er, had deserted Wrangel Is confirmed, but several of bis hands have been routed. Semenoff. the Siberian nntl Bolshevlk leader, has given his adher ence to Wrangel and asked orders from him. Every dny brings Its batch of re ports of mutinies and revolts against the soviet rule, and In. London It was believed the downfall of the Lenlne and Trotzky regime was near. Seri ous fighting was said to be taking place In Moscow, the troops storming barri cades in the streets. Bolshevik ef forts elsewhere were collapsing. The Armenian and Georgian armies were preparing to unite to defend the two republics against the Bolshevik Turks, Tartars and Azerbeldjanlans. France and Turkey have made an agreement by which the French will police Ad ann, Tarsus and Mersone for the pro tection of Armenia. Eaiil Curzon, British foreign secre tary has fold the Uusslan Bolshevik foreign minister that the British navel forces have been ordered to attack on sight any Russian submarines encoun tered on the high sens this because leading members of the soviet have de clared that government considers It self In n state of war With Great Brit ain. The various factions of tho Italian Socialist party, assembled lu conven tion, have been having a struggle for control. The moderates appear to have the whip hand anil have refused to let the party commit Itself In favor of soviet rule for Italy. The confer ence voted solidarity with Russia but the majority stood fust against the Communists and made It plain they wanted no repetition In Italy of what has happened to RussIii.n Their, lead ers declared the Russian difficulties came from the rottenness of the pres. ent regime and that the Bolshevik gov ernment would be unable to transport products to other countries even after the blockade Is lifted. Later In the week Socialist leaders and those of the Genral Confederation of Labor published a Joint manifesto ordering demonstrations In every town In Itnly to force the government to recognize soviet Russia. They said a general strike of rail workers had been ar ranged. England's labor anxieties were cen tered on the action of the coal miners whose delegntes, after rejecting the wage proposals of tho mine owners, decided thnt notice of a strike, given some time ago, should expire on Sat utlontst. Immediate newly up- cd Sze. W. ltowe after an expl osion In a urday. This wns taken to mean that the strike would go Into effect on Mon day. The operators offered a wage In crease of one shilling a day to staqt with and later two shillings, the min ers to guarantee a certain minimum of production. The men had a suspi cion that they were to be tricked into doing more work, and rejected the of fer by a vote of about live to one. The miners' strike, it was admitted, would throw hundreds of thousands of workers In other Industries out of em ployment and bring about a serious crisis In the country's economic Inc. The Iron and steel manufacturers in the Yorkshire districts at once be gan preparations to shut down their plants. The government for weeks has been getting ready to handle the situ ntlon. There wns a chance that the other members of the triple alliance the railway men and transport work erswould be able to set up machin ery for mediation and at least delay the strike. King Alexander of Greece, who wns bitten by n monkey some two weeks ago, has been near death from blood poisoning, nnd at this writing Is not out of danger. A noted French spe cialist was hurried to Athens and ex pressed the opinion thnt the king's case was of the most critical sort but not hopeless. That the price reduction movement which appeared to be "really started recently would not please everyone was a certainty. The trend "back to ward normal" made a hit with the con sumer, but not with the producer. I Now the latter Is protesting vigorous ly, the lead being taken by the grow ers of whent, cotton and tobacco and the live stock men. The wheat men want $3 n bushel and the cotton men -10 cents a pound. Leading agricultur al producers met In Washington, voiced their griefs, talked of a farmers' strike nnd ndopted resolutions severely criticizing- government financial authori ties and calling on them for aid In bringing about higher prices. Senator E. D. Smith of South Carolina ured that the farmers curtail production and withhold their crops from the mar ket until prices were sntlsfactpry. For this he was criticized by- Benjnniln C. Marsh, necretary of the Farmers' Na tional council., who said : "We must guard against some of the wild statements made here. There Is no panic. Let's get away from Bol shevik statements. "1 was astounded when Senator Smith suggested that the farmers strike, for that's what It amounts to. If I am not mistaken, he voted for the bill to make strilces by labor a fel ony. When senators get up and say they don't understand the federal re serve act, I think It Is time we should get a few farmers In the senate. The farmers are not going to stop produc ing, but the farmers can call the bluff of the federal reserve board." Dr. W. J. Splllman, former chief of the board of farm management of tho Department of Agriculture, said: "It Is quite clear that the federal reserve board and the secretary of the treas ury are using the authority placed In their hands for the purpose of ma nipulating the market." Next day W. P. G. Harding, gover nor of the federal reserve board, con ferred with the producers and under took to pacify them. He urged them to keep cool, nnd expressed the belief there will bo a reaction from present low prices. Ho told them he favored putting their crops on the market grad ually. He warned against any attempt to withhold commodities, and point ed to the recent financial panic In Japan and the present Cuban sugar situation as examples of what might follow elTorts to boost prices to arti ficial heights. Through Senntor Pat Harrison, chairman of the Democratic speakers' bureau. Governor Cox has challenged Senntor Harding to n Joint debate on the Issuo of the League of Nations at any time and placo convenient to Mr. Ilnrdlng and the Republican campaign management. The Democratic man. agers pointed out that both candidates would be In Ohio during tho closing weeks of the campaign, and thought tho debate might be easily arranged. Sinn Felner revol MEXICO URGES "FREPORTS' Congress Asked to Establish: Ports for Admission of Goods Free of Duty. PRICES HAVEJEACHED APEX! Hoover Predicts Continuous Downward: Readjustment From Now On. Wheat Makes a Big ' Advance. Mexico City. One of the bills bo fore the Mexican congress, Intended, to encourage . foreign capltnl to como here, provides for the opening of threo "free ports." One Is to be nt Puerto de Mexico, on tho Gulf of Mexico, bo low Vera Cruz; unother nt Sallna. Cruz, on the west const, and the thlrdi nt Guaymas, In the state of Sonora,. this beJng the home town of' President de la Huerta. It Is proposed to make these three towns Industrial nnd warehouse cen ters. Foreign merchnnts nnd manu facturers will be permitted to ship Into these district all sorts of ma terials, duty free. If the raw mate rials are manufactured Into merchant able goods in the free districts the goods may he shipped abroad without the payment of duty. If shipped Into other parts of Mexico, the usual duty Is to be paid. Vera Cruz Interests nre lighting the bill becnuse they see In the proposed, "free port" of Puerto do Mexico a. blow to the prestige and Importance of Vera Cruz. Other oppowers say that whisky speculators are fcack of the "free port'" idea. Wheat Makes Big Advance. Chlcngo, III. Whent made a big ad vance In price after news became pub lic that President Wilson had asked) Governor Allen of Kansas for Informa tion which might indicate that the recent big fall In the value of wheat was due to any artificial causes. December delivery ran up 13c to 13V4c to $2.21, nnd closed unsettled at $2.17-. to $2.18. Announcement of recent large Brit ish purchases of wheat on the Pacific coast counted nlso as a bullish factor,, and so, too, did word of an unusual export demand for corn during the last, few days. HIGH PRICES REACH APEX. Hoover Predicts Continuous Down. ward Readjustment from Now On. Topekn, Kan. The apex of the hlglk, cost of living has been reached im, America, and from now on prices will undergo a continuous downward read-r jnstment,s Herbert Hoover declaredl here In an address to the Topekn. Rotary club. "If this prlre readjustment Is not based on a plan providing ensy stages. In Its descent It will go down with a crash nnd result In the destruction of countless Industrie"," continued 'Air. Hoover. "America needs n national program to control this downward re-, adjustment and to protect our In dustries from rulon. "Labor wages do not need to come down with the high cost of living It" labor increnses production." Greek King's Condition Serious. Athens, Greece. Only the strong constitution of. King Alexnnder of Greece Is relied npoiTby his physicians to bring him through the crisis of his. Illness, resulting from the bite of a monkey n short time ngo. The govern ment, alarmed at the serious turn In,' the king's condition, discussed the question of a regency nnd decided that the council of ministers would take up the task of administering the country In the event of the king's condition be-' coming worse. Cuba Appeals for Financial Aid. Washington, P. C. Cuba has ap pealed to the American government for aid in Its present financial difficulties., The nppenl has been taken' under con sideration by olllelnls to see if some plan of aslstance can be worked out. Coins "Phoney" Money In Federal Pen.. Leavenworth, Kans. Frank E. CreK lor was found guilty by a federal, court of making counterfeit half dol lars while confined In federal prison. Thlrty-five Years in Penitentiary. Gallatin, Mo. Hugh Y. Tnrwater wns found guilty by n Jury of second' degree murder for the death of Wes ley L. Robertson, a veteran newspa per publisher here, December 23, 1010. Tnrwater was sentenced to 35 years In. the penltentlnry. Leavenworth, Kans. Eckhnrdt von. Schack, former Gerninn consul general at San Francisco, has been granted a parole from the penitentiary, but Is ad verse to leaving the prison because a deportation warrant awaits him. "High Ups" Involved In Revelations. Chlcngo, 111. As a result of the? amazing whisky ring revelntlons la CJiIcago prohibition officials are mak ing Investigation.". In practically every city In the United Stntes, It Is an nounced. Particular effort is being made to ascertain as to whether federaf em ployes have aided the ring to obtain permits for whisky. According to reports thnt have been, received by Commissioner Kraiwr, at least two members of congress and of ficials tire involved lu the revelation.