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THE FIRST BOAT BUILDER. Some Interesting Facts Concerning a Common Insect. Would you believe (hut K was our constant and most affectionate (rloiid, 1 ho mosquito, who hullt. (ho (li'Bl. boat? Often on small pools you may soo a liny. soot-bluek hnrgo floating about. ThlH is filled with neat rows of eggs. No matter how wild a storm rages, The Queer Boat. (ho little boat, Ioh!!((1 and tumbled from side to Hide, will never sink. In a few days out. of It como quan titles of wrigglers, hungry us wolves. They fen at on the scum und minute vegetation thut eovors the pool, und in a week or two from each wriggler emerges u mosquito. At first their wings ure wet and closely folded. So ouch mosquito uss his; larval skin for The Mosquito. u fairy boat, to float about In while ho airs and dries his wings, but as soon as ho is ablo to fly, off ho goes to lunch upon you or me, or tho first person ho can spy. Cincinnati En quirer. Three Brave Little Ones. Ono summer evening two hoys and n girl who wore rowing off Sea Mow In tho Islo or Wight woro horrified to see a man slip on tho slimy green weeds on tho landing stage and fall into tho water just vs tho South Sea Bteamor was leaving. Grown-up peo ple are famous for losing their heads In tho presence of sudden dangor, hut these young children kopt theirs. Pulling to tho spot as fast as they could, they soon camo up with tho man and lot him seize hold or tho boat, but In order to prevent him from capsizing It they got him to work himself along to tho stern. A PICTURE PUZZLE. Cut diagonally und plnco so as to make a complete picture. Philadel phia Loader. On Street in Wife's Kimono. Peoria, 111. Peter A. Weast, a mil lionaire distiller of Peoria, tho other afternoon promenaded eight blocks through tho business streets In this city, clad only in his wlfo's kimono nnd a pair or Jupnneso slippers. At tho end of his journoy ho received ono dollar, tho amount of a wager mado by James Brown, a frlond, who bet him this amount that ho would not wear tho flimsy garment from his office to tho cleaning establishment where his wife had asked him to do liver it. Finance. Tho agrocnblo visitor, says Judgo, smiled upon tho son of tho houso and Hiild: "Willie, If you reclto that poem your mother taught you, I'll give you a penny." "Not likely! I enn get a nickel any where for reciting it," Willio replied Busy Girls of Italy. The Italian women ure industrious. Even while walking along the streot tho Romun girta are busily onir.',god In Quitting. AC TREE-'N-EQUAL. Story of a Cow that Belonged to a Little Girl Long Ago. Hobble lived ling, long ago, when tho colonists wore tnklim a firm stand for freedom. liver since tho child was born tho war of Independence had been raging, und when only a weo maiden, her stout little heart beat furiously when she heard tho story of tho famous "Boston Tea Party." Tho following year, when England situ! up the harbor of IJoston, her eyes flushed fire, und she then resolved to stand close to her country and hor people. I lor brother John had been shot, dead at tho battle of Hunker Hill, and Debbie wept hot tours In hor coarse homespun apron; but sho dried them In a sort of strange delight when brother Tom buckled on his sword and followed George Washington to tho war. When Bobble hud been eight yearn old, two very Important events hap pened. Ono was tho signing of tho Declaration of Independence, and tho oilier was the birth of a calf in hor father's burn. The calf sho named "Free-'n-Equal," and tho animal giew up to deserve name. Free-'n Equal was Debbie's only playmate, as there were no other eh'ldren within six miles of hor homo. Debbie confided all her secrets to this favorite, and even consulted Soon after Tom died, during that awful winter ul Valley Forgo, and '.hen Debbie sobbed hor grief in Free- 'n-Equal's sympathetic ear. Her fa ther and her remaining brothers went to join the army. The cow's low nioo-o" plainly said to tho girl: "I'm very sad over your misfortunes," nnd then tho girl shook her head proudly, brushed away hor tears and ex claimed: "I'll take care of mother!" The Britishers soon surrounded tho Smith home, ami Debbie nnd hor mother lived n poor, lonely and des perate life In their midst. Ono day, when tho child returned homo with a bundle of sticks on her back for the day's cooking, her mother mot hor at tho door and said: "Debbie, they have driven off Free-'n-Equal." "They!" gasped tho girl. "Who?" "Tho Pritish soldiers. They tied a rope aroundilior horns and drove hor Into, camp." Debbie uttered a cry and darted from tho houso, and ran the yellow sunbonnot back on hor shoulders and hor brown curls covered with dust ran miles, until she reached Lord Cornwallis' headquarters. Without waiting for permission, sho passed sentinels and all and walked Into tho room where Cornwallis and somo of his men sat eating and drinking. "I m Dobbio Smith, and I came to got Free-'n-Equal!" "Who may ' that person bo?" in quired the general. "My cow. They curried her off." "Who ure you, nnd where do you live?" "I'm Dobbio Smith. I live 'three- miles from bore, und " "Your father?" "He's In Gen. Gates' army, Mr. Cornwallis." "Oh, ho Is a rebel, Is ho?" "Yes, sir," answered Dobbio, proud ly. "And so are my brothers." "Hank rebels, and yet you come hero for your cow. Is sho n rebel, too?" "ir sho had loss horn and two loss legs, I have no doubt she'd bo a rod hot ono." Lord Cornwallis laughed loud and long. Then lie said: "Como bore, my little maid. I myself will soo that you get your cow back safe. And, perhaps," ho added, unfastening n pair of silver knee buckles which bo woro, "perhnps you will accept these from ono who wishes no harm to thoso rebels." Then he arose, and holding high his glass, he said: "Hero's to tho health of as fair a little rebel us wo shall meet, and God bless her!" Slip dropped a courtesy, clasped her gift to her heart and ran home, glad to have her Freo-'n-Equul all her own again. The Night After the Feast. She Was Indignant, little girl camo homo flushod indignation because sho had A with been "kopt in" to correct hor exam ".Mamma, I'll never speak to pies. Jennie Smith again as long us 1 live," sho oxelulmod. "Why, what has Joanlo done to deservo that?" "ne cause well, because 1 copied all hor arithmetic, and every sum or hers was wrong." Shakespeare at the Seashore. Stolln What was tho sununor re sort like? Holla A hamlet ,Ui Romeo Jort out. N. Y. Sun. THE GREEDY BOY. fixing of The cost THE FACTORS IN PRICES OF COMMODITIES. PRODUCTIONAND DISTRIBUTION Equity In Division 67 Profits to All ! Engaged In Producing, Manufac turing and Selling. Woro tho masses of people bettor Informed us to principles underlying business transactions nnd commorco In general thoro would bo less cuuso for complaint as to matters pertain ing to buying and selling of com modities. Ono of tho faults, If it mny bo so termed, is tho Inclination of tho pcoplo to complain about prices they must pay for goods required for do mestic and other uses. Thoro can bo no doubt but that In many districts retail merchants exact exorbitant prices, this to an extent is the fault of tho people who are Httlo acquainted with real values. Thoro are three Im portant things to be considered in tho fixing of the selling price of all com modities. These factors are tho cost of tho raw muterials, tho expense of manufacturing and the expense of dis tribution. From commercial transac tions neither of these basic elements can bo eliminated. The farmer who Is tho grower of corn, wheat und other cereals that comprises food stuffs, re ceives compensation for his product In accordance with tho laws of sup ply and domnnd, und tho values that may regulate tho monetary markets of tho world. The producer of cotton In the southern states, must receive for his product compensation that is based upon the cost of labor, manu facture and what finished articles in the cotton lino may bring in tho mar kets or the world. Tho producer of tho raw materials must pay for his labor, ana for his investment in farm lands and farm equipment. The man ufacturer who buys the raw products must take into consideration tho ex pense of labor, the malntonanco of his manufacturing plant, the interest upon tho amount invested, and also various other items, nnd the sum of those with what ho can secure for his finished product, regulates tho price that he pays for tho raw material. In the distribution of goods the middle man plays an important part. He is tho go-between tho producer of the raw material tho manufacturer, and tho manufacturer and the consumer. He cannot well bo eliminated from commercial transactions. Ho per forms a service that neither tho pro ducer of tho raw material or tho man ufacturer can more economically per form. Tho mlddlo men aro tho job bers, tho commission agents and tho retailors; each performing his special service in tho mattor of distribution. Tho consumer Is tho end of tho chain, the final buyer of commodities who utilizes them for his own use and tho uses of his family. There should bo a margin or profit in each of the different transactions that will allow equltablo compensation to each and every ono Interested In tho production of a finished article. All goods have a real value and this value Is deter mined solely by tho elements referred to herein. Tho consumer must expect to contribute his mite towards tho support of all engngod in commorco. Ho is the beginning link, as well as tho ending link of every transaction. Tho farmer who grows wheat, when ho forces tho grocer from whom ho buys bis flour to soli the flour at a low rate, indirectly has an influence in lowering the market for tho wheat that ho produces. When tho consum er demands that goods bo sold at a price below tho cost of production, ho invites substitution of inferior goods, ndulteratiou of tho articles and en courages a system that is unwhole some. TOWN HELPS. It is easy to ostimato tho business importance of a placo by tho appear ance of its stores. Dingy, dirty ap pearing business places always givo a bad impression and aro generally indi cative of tho character of tho business men of tho town. Good newspapers aro Important fac tors In building of towns. Well filled advertising pages, as well as local news pages speak for tho prosperity of a placo and makos an Impression upon the readers that assist tho town to greater prosperity. f Large trees grow from Uttlo seeds. A small industry in a town may not appear to bo much but by proper nurs ing It may develop Into an entorpriso of national importance. In every manufacturing undertaking thoro is a turning point that means failure, or success. Each small Industry that Is established In a town should receive tho most caroful attention of tho J towns-people and bo given tho support The people should understand that they never receive something for nothing, or receive anything of value for less than Its value unless under some abnormal circumstance. Of lato years thoro has a system grown up of offering groat bargains in various kinds of goods by cntnloguo sent through the malls, and presenting at tractive and Illusive advertising that goods aro being sold at loss than cost. Tho Intelligent man or woman will carefully consider all the circum stances rolntlvo to such offers, nnd will bo guided accordingly. It Is evi dent that when special bargains aro made thoro aro conditions that justify such bargains; that goods aro not of standard grade, aro stale, or deterior ated in some manner. Also thoro has a system of offering "free premiums" grown up that Is unwholesome, and to an extent an imposition upon tho peo ple as the system compels them to pay for articles that aro not essential for them to have. The man who buys sugar does not care to be forced un der tho guise of paying for sugar to pay for a paper of pins or a package of needles, even though theso may bo a "free premium." It is well to bear theso points In mind, and a little study into business economics and principles will be highly advantage ous to the one who desires to know nbout the proper value of goods he must buy. PUBLIC OPINION. Power of the Country Press and Its Influences Upon the Community. While- the influences of tho groat city papers aro recognized and tho great magazines fill a necessary field, neither of theso conveyors of general Information can ever supplant tho field that is occupied by the country press. The homo paper Is tho medium that convoys local Intelligence to its read ers. It fills a place in the journalistic world that no other publication can ever supplant. The country press is one of tho greatest powers in tho molding of public opinion. It may not be up to tho highest classical standard, but its rough literary gems aro contin ually shining resplendent and cast their rays in the most remote corners of tho land. It is a power for good. In Its reflections of events, In tho local field aro shown the progress of the people whom it represents. It is the mirror of the condition of the town and the country. Tho residents of every community should take the greatest prldo In assisting in making the home press more powerful. Stand up for your homo paper. It is the one staunch advocate of your local Wtor ests and to an extent is indicative of either your prosperity or your lack of progress. Starlings Egg-Stealers. A correspondent, writing from Leitb, England, expresses a strong opinion Urn tstarliugs rob small birds' nests. Somo years ago there was a largo tree opposite my dwelling-house. There was a hole In the trunk of tho tree about ton feet from the ground, and sparrows built their nests in tho cavity. I have timo and again seen starlings driving away tho parent birds, enter tho nests, taking hold of tho eggs with their bills and fly ing away with them. A gravedigger in Banffshire onco told mo that a yellowhammer had built its nest in tho churchyard, and It contained four eggs. Ono day a starling attacked the hon bird as sho sat on hor eggs. Tho yellowhammer defended her nest and made a great noise, which attracted his attention, but boforo he got up to tho nest tho yellowhammer had been killed by the starling, and tho latter was on tho nost and breaking and eating tho eggs. Forty years ago starlings woro rare birds in many parts of Scotland, but now they aro to bo soon In thou sands everywhere, and there can bo no doubt they havo somo destructive habits. that It should havo In order to make It successful. Commercial clubs nro Important fac tors in tho development of resources of small towns. To tho farmer tho commercial club of the homo town Is as Important ns It Is to thoso residing within tho limits of the town. It Is tho aim of tho club to lmprovo tho town and In doing so It must benefit tho surrounding country. Thus wo see plainly tno reason why tho pro gressivo farmer should take as much Interest in tho town commorcial club ns If ho were a resident of tho town. A Wireless Safety Appliance. Tho wireless snfoty applianco of a Gorman niarlno engineer is set to work during fogs and heavy weather, and acts automatically when two ves sels approach within n cortaln dls tanco. Tho action closes tho steam plpo to tho screw of each vessel. This chocks tho machinery, gives 1lmo for reversing tho engines nnd Dvoventa collision. Bnltlnioro Sun, TIRED BACKS. Tho kidneys havo a great work to do In keeping tho blood pure. "When they get out of order it causes backache, headaches, dizziness languor and distress ing urinary troubles. Keep the kidneys well and all these suffer ings will bo saved you. Mrs. S.A. Moore, proprietor of n res taurant at Water vllle, Mo., says:- "Be fore using Doan's Kidney Pills I suf fered everything from kidney troubles for a year nnd n half. I had pain la tho back and head, and almost contin uous in the loins and felt woajy all the time. A few doses of Doan's Kid ney Pills brought great relief, nnd I kept on taking them until in a short timo I was cured. I think Doan's Kid noy Pills aro wonderful." For salo by all dealers. GO cents a box. Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y, NO GAIN AND SOME LOSS. Neighbor's Comment In Which There Seems a Strain of Sarcasm. "Yes," tho leader of the amateur brass band was saying, "it's curious to seo what an effect learning to play a horn has on some persons. I used to bo a pretty good bass sing er, but I can't sing worth a cent now." "Does learning to play a horn spoil the voice?" asked his next-door neigh bor. "It did mine." "How do you account for it?" "I don't know how to account for it. Strains tho vocal chords, per haps,. All I know is that I blew my voice out through the mouthpiece of my cornet." "Did you have a good voice?" "Everybody said so." "Then it's a great pity you ever learned to play a horn," rejoined his neighbor, shaking his head sadly. "I er think 1 should have enjoyed hearing you sing." Youth's Com panion. Long Time to Sweep. Everything, even a magnificent church, must be regarded from tho point of view of the beholder. A Lon don paper says that two country girls, who acted as if they might be enjoy ing a holiday from domestic service, were observed walking down the aisles of St. Paul's Cathedral. Under the great domo one of them stood and gazed around her with an air of such wonder that a spectator might well suppose that sho was awestruck by her solemn surroundings. But when she spoke, the idea was dissi pated. "Oli, Sarah," she exclaimed, "wouldn't this place take a long timo to sweep?" Too Much Exposure. Elsie is a laundress of color. She is well past youth, wears a paronnial smilo and sports a single front tooth of much prominence. Recently she missed one of her visits to a patron, and when she next put in an appear ance she wa3 suffering from a bad cold. When asked how sho took such a serious cold sho said: "During the recent festivities our club gavo a ball. The gentleman what's paying attention to me is very particular, so I had to go in full even ing dress, and I had to leave off a few pieces, and it got me." Brains are Built i from certain kinds of FOOD Try Grape-Nuts "America has become a land of ner vous emotionalists, largely owing to our sins against tho dietetic health laws of nature. "Only outdoor exorcise in a cold cli mate would enablo vigorous individ uals of our species to digest tho viands forced upon alimentary organs enfee bled by sedentary occupations," wroto Dr. Felix Oswald. Brain workers must havo different food than lnborers, becnuso bruin work uses up parts of tho brain and nerve centers, while physical labor uses up other iiarts of the body. Grapo-Nuts, a food for brain work ers, prepared by scientific food makers, is a pure, natural food mado from se lected parts of field grains known to contain the natural phosphate of pot ash and othor elements required by tho system In rebuilding und repair ing tho brain nnd norvo centers. This food Is skillfully cooked at tho factory and is ready to bo served instantly with cream. At all first-class grocers and mado by tho Postum Co., at Battle Creek, Mich. Read tho Httlo health classic, "Tho Road to Wellvllle," la pkgs. "There's a Reason."