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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, January 11, 1901, Image 1

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Reviews Conditions in South Carolina and
Recommends Legislation Deemed De
Gentlmen <f the General Assembly:
It is gratifying to me to welcome
you as tbc rep: cientatives of the people
und r such f,vor.ble conditions. Yon
come as the first. Legislature to as.
semble in Ssutb Carolina in the new
centurv. The nineteentb centur; has
bcen oue ot marktd progress and de
velot ment in all the [arts and sciences,
and it containe lessons which we may
learn with profi' to ourseires and
whicl, may be of use to us in legislat
in for tbe future. Those who con
stituved the first Legislature one bun
died years ao little dreamed of the
advaice in all linos ot industry and of
the discoveries and itveitions which
have signal:zed the century just passed
into history. We cannot r(alizo or
even conceive th.e advances that will
be made during this century upon
which we are entering. There seems
to be almoct no limit to the achieve
mcnts of the humian mr.d. It is for
us t contribute our part Lto make the
world better and liappier by our hav
ing lived in it and to leave to our
children a goodly heritage and a name
untanr.ish a. It is ycur privilege to
meet and to counsel iyith one another
aLd to consider and (nactsuch laws as
v.ill be of betiefit not only to the
present but to the future growth and
development of this grard old com
The march of material progress and
the development of the State, to
.hich I had the pleasure to refer one
3 ear ago in greeting the memters of
tte Legis~ature, has kept up. *ilb
steady and sure step. The business
depression through which the people
bad passed aid w bich was almost on
precedented seems to bave been fol
lowed by a revival which is touching
all brancbes of industry. The in
creased price which our farmers have
received for their staple crop makes
large amend for the falling off in the
yield. Our farmers [are learning the
importance of diversified farming and
in consequerce are becoming more in
f You need no better eviderce .f the
rogress and prosperity of the State
than that presented in the figures con
tained in the annal report of the Sec
retary of State. From this report it
will be seen that approximately fften
million dollars were inyested the past t
vear in South Carolina companies;
and while a large proportion of it is in
ti re fast be- de
coming as well a manufacturing State.
We now lead all Southern States in
the manufacture of cotton goodsand
are scond only to Massachusett' in ev
the number of spindles, and at the St
present rate of progress tti soon lead tr!
all the Sra~3 i on in this im- t
portatit branch of industry. It is welth
to keep this fact in mid as you de
liberate. . pe
Taxa'ele values have increased $4, m
245,695 d'1ring the past year, as will it
be seen fr: m the Comptroller Gene- he
ral's repoit, but the increase is not
near as larg as it should ber would th
Sbe it our system ot assessment and l
t axatian were sa revised and amended '
atohave placed on the tax books all
thbe property of the State now escap
ing taxation and if that which is as- r
se-sed were equitably assessed. r
Peace and good order have charac- p
terized our people during .the past
year. We have not been visited by I
plague oir pestilence and no report of th
mob violetnce has marred the record or
stained the fair name of the State,1
though in one or two cases the strong
arm of the military had to be called e
into requisition,~ but the mbjesty of es
the law was maintained and no blood ?
was shid. In one case thero was tb
str:oig provcation e'r summary jas
tice, but with the assistance of the mil-t
itary the culprits were protected, law- t
kssness was prevented, and through s
the ordinary channeb ot the courtSstb
ste:ii ju-tice will be administered and t
the penaly paid. aw
You as the chosen represenitatives ofW
the peop-e sheu d guard withb jealous
eye their interests and welfare which to
have been comtmitacd to your keeping', i
rcmemnbeirig al ways tthe rest onsibllitk
which re-t upon yori.
The' governor oext reviewed the fi
nancial cot di ion of the State which li
w as shown: to be excellen t as e videnced I
by the fact that the treasurer hadc
to borrow no money. He also spoke ~
with pleasre of the satisfactory set- fa
tremn~ot of the claim of the UnitedP
State s gaiist the State. The B ne
Ridge rain oad bond.. which amount
t o 537.000 and ate a l art of theiState's b.
debt, were recommernded paid.
Speaking ot the State's education~al
prosperity, Goveri or McSweeney said: v
Encouraging reports enme from the ci
s ih' o. anid coleges of our own State, o
iniculiog that they have entered upon
an era of un ampled prosperity, And il
vet imuch remiainis to be done to in- a
crea~e t: e efiicircy of onr public
siK o lN. Tae'first essential is teachers d
of ligh ti orai (cracter a~nd a ~fate p
p~ofss aent. teachers fi
r~nt:s for~ profes
fsionahl raiiiethaun ever befor.', as d a
thav hw a hirher average of intelhi- 5
gemice amti professiontii m i:ess; but they 5
iCre too of ten poorly pa'd for their ser- a
vi. e., and the best results cannot bet
< peca d untW the scht ols, instead of a
. vsa: g fm. bs from t nahers. of- c
rer adequate pay and demand good
The importance , f evyin an addi
tional tax for the support of te coun
rv schools cannot be too strongly
arged upon our people. This will en
ble them to employ competent teach
are for lenger terms; it will enable
them to give their children elementary
Lnd preparatory training at home; and
it will tend to check the abnormal 11ow
)f population from the country to the
own; it will be beneficial from every
point of view. While It is possible for
the graded .chols to become too me
:hanical and inelaitic, the irregularity
in attendance at the country schools
renders it impossible to hav graded
nstruction or systematic work SinOe
the State offers free education in order
Lbat its people mar be fitted for the
Inties of citizenship, it is worthy of
:onsiderstion whether, within proper
limits of term and age, it shou'd not
require attendance at-the schools.
He seconded the suggestion made in
State Superintendent McMahan's re
port providing for a more efficient
ounty supervision. He Cso recom
ended the placing of the department
>f education on an equal basis with the
ther departments by providing en
arged quartgra for the State superin
endent's offie.
In regard to, the dispensary, Gover
ior McSweeney said:
The dispensary has been well man
ged during the past year, as the state
neut of the board of. directors and the
tate commissioner, wh'ch will be sub
nitted to you, will show
The dispensary system and the man
igement of the liquor question have
occopied much of the attention of each
egislature since the system was in
tugurated. The dispensary has also
ieen, an issue in every campaign in the
Rtate since it was passed and has been
nore strongly opposed possibly than
6ny other law that was ever placed
mon the statute books of this State.
ery argument that could be brought
o bear against it has been presented
oy some of the ablest intellects of the
ate, and yet after a thorough canvass
>f each county -end a presentation of
he case to the people the system has
een endorsed by decided majorities
in four different occanions and the
rinciple is incorporated in ourorganic
Under the constitution the Legisla
are may license individuals or corp
rations to sell under the rules and
ulationa overni t die essarx
a verdict cv e has been
edly in favor of the dispensary
der management of the State.
is referen - made to emphasize
iat seems to me the duty of
ery patriotic citizen w ves his
te and believes in democratic
ne and republican institutions, and 1
it duty is to submit to the voice of .
people and go to work earnestly a
d conscientiously to improve and g
rfect a law which has received so f
y endossements from those whom 5
directly concerns. The courts have t
Id that under the police regulations ,
a State has a right to take cbargo of j
a sale of whiskey. The question 1
in reduced to its last analysis is not i
, o1f principle but of 'expediency i
lat is the best method of dealing r
rh this evil so astouscure the beat r
mts. That is the question.i
The present system, as-it may be im- g
oved from time to time,- is the best s
lution yetaevised, and is growing 1
public favor; much of the prejudiee r
at has eristed against the law is be- a
g removed, and many of those who j
poe the system are In favo Aof h
forceent of the law. As pubhlic
titiment grows in its favor it will be
sier to enforce it. The mayors and a
tend:nts of the towns and cities of I
State, in response to a circular
dich I issued during November, state i
at the law is well enforced and that a
a sentiment of the towns is for a1
ict enforcement The exceptions are
e cities of Columbia and Charlestoni
da few counties in which the sale ofr
iskey Is prohibited by law. In fact
those counties in which no dispen
ric are established it would conduce
a better .enforcement of law and
ere would be less illicit sale of whis
ty t dispensaries were established.
Lhe cities naused4he dispensary can
>t be rigidly enforced so 1o g as pub-t
sentiment upholds violators of the
w and grand juries fail to fini true
is and petit juries to convict whben
ss are made and the evidenci far
shed. As pub~ic sentiment grows in
vor of the law in these cities and the
ijudice against it dies away convic
ns for violations will be bad and it
then be mot-e rigidly enforced.
As a rule, howeve', the law has
ten well enfot ced, and it has been
ith a ,mall constabularv force but
ith the aid of the municipal officers.
.1 law is violated. It there were no
ola tors of law and this were an ideal
nntry there would he no need of law
courts to try and punish offenders,
he United States government with its
limitable resources has failed to stop
I violations of the revenue laws.
It has becomne castomary for county
ispensers to sell to any one who ap
lies to purch ae without being identi
d or without signing the application
in his own true name and signature"
nd without stating "for whom or
rhose us. it i- required." Amp'e pro
isio is made for the course to be par
ied for violations in the adrmini-tra
ton ot the law, The count y diapensers
re responsible to the county boards of
onrol and they are apnoit t-d by the
Sate board of directots on the recom
mendation and with the advice and
consent of the senator and representa
tives from each county. That brings
the case right up to the door of the
members of the General Assembly.
I again commend to you the advis
ability of abolishing the county boards
of control and of devciving their do
ties upon the mayors or intendants of
the towns, and the county supervisors
of the counties, in which dispensaries
are located. The towns and counties
are dirctly interested in the proper
management of local dispensaries, and
the daties thus imposed would not be
onerous. i also recommend that
county dispenters be elected by the
people as other county officers are
eleeted, for a term of two years. They
% ould then be responsible to the peo
plc for a proper conduct of the busi
ness placed in their bands.
From the report of the State bosid
of dir ectors it will be seen that the net
profit to the - cil fund Irom the busi
ness for he Ia -i ar, after expenses
are paid i. $176,012:18, and to the
towns ald cot-it e, $298,10 28. This
report cov.:, eleven months, as the
fiscal year ha. been cbanged so as to
close November 30.
In dealing with this question I fiel
sure that you will be guided by a love
for your State and an earnest purpose
and a sincere dosire to do that which
will be for the best interests of the
gr3atest number, and not be actuated
by.prejudice or partisanship.
On the subject of local legislation, his
excellency had the following to say:
In my last annual message I directed
the attention of the Legislature to the
inhibition contained in the conftitu
tion against the passage of local or
special laws concerning certain sub
jects, and called their attention to the
expense and evils of such legislation.
I desire again to call your attention to
this subject, and also to a recent de
cision of our Supreme Court, which
has declared one of these local laws
unconti-utional. The Court in de
livering Its opinion on this subject in
this particular case says: "In order
that a law may be general it must be
of force in every county in the State,
and while it may contain special pro
visions making is effect different in
certain counties, these counties cannot
be made exempt from its entire opera
on." It has been the cut tm of the
Legislature in mony instances as
a general law and then add a prov
exempting certain counties from its
operations. Almost every county in
this State is an independent republic,
government law, and at ilmoste Wy
session of the Legislature changes a
amendments are made, so that it
difficult to know just what the law
in any county.
A geological survey the governot
suggested as a great need of the State
ommenting in part as follows >
The mineral indust- oflhis State
&&-e er ' s derable atten
in, and a good survey would unn
oubtedly prove of Incalculable help t
d encouragement. The State of
outh Carolina is by no means de- a
:ient in mineral wealth, but just
hat unexplored treasures it holds can c
ever be known unless an intelligent,
igorous, authorized survey be made.
iside from the resultant monetary
alue of such survey, facts and statist- {
would be placed in the hands of
he people that would enable them to :
cognize and utilize muc~h natural
esources not now even known to be
existence. An impetus would be
iven to mineralogical anid geological 4
tudy and work in our schools and col- 4
ges, where as yet they are considered
ater insignificant and of minor con
equence; and the coming, generation i
e prepared to take an active personal I
nterest in the development of their
ative State along this line as they i
OW are interested~ in its mercantile,
d agricultural, and manufacturing I
rogress. The United States Govern
nent furnishes any Stete as much ad- I
itional money toward State surveys
,ssuch States themselves put into the
york-in most cases considerably1
nore-and the question of State ox- I
enditures or increased State tax could
>t, therefore, conflict with popular
The following tecommendation in
egard to boards of health was mnade:
I would also suggest and recoim
nend that the'board of health of each
unnty, town, e.r c'ti be subordinate
o the State board ot health; and it
hould be made the duty of the health
afficers of these local boards to repor t
inch facts and statistics as may be re
mired unoer instruction from, and iu
Lcordance with, blanks furnished by
he State board; and it should be the
luty of such boards to enforce all rules
d regulations issued by the State
,oard for the preservation of the pub
ic health, and for the prevention cf
ndemic, epidemic an:1 contagions di
mesee. The State board of health
bhuld have power to remaove health
)fficers of any of these local boards
tor failure to keep a record of these
statistics, make reports, answer let
ers of inquiry concerning the health
f the people, and likewise a fine
hould be imposed for neglect of duty.
[f such powers were granted to the
State board of health it wouid be a
comparatively easy matter to suppress
smallpox in any of the towns of the
There is no more important sulbject
to command your thoughtful attention
and to demar d wise legislation than
tbe preservation of the health and
ives of the people. If a State borard
f health is to be tuaintained and an
appropriation made for its operations,
uboity shonld be given it to use this
fund to the best interests of the people.
The governor's mesnsgo was con
clndtd as follows:
I have thus endeavored to review
briefly the different departments of
the State government, and to make
such suggestions as have seemed to me
to be proper and demanding your at.
tapion. In expediting the business
tMat shall come before you I am ready
to give you such assistance and co
operation as may be In my powor. I
trust that your S3hsion may be a pleas
ant and harmonious one, and that in
your deliberations ycu may be guided
by an earnest and sincere desire to do
those things which shall redound to
the advancement and happiness of the
people whom Ion hite the honor to
Iii addition to the above the gover
not's message also contained the fol
lowing recommendations:
That a law be passed regulating
child labor in mills.
That the State continue to own its
farms and work them with convict
That the h ring of convicts be dis
That the $24,500 asked for the South
Carolina Institution for the Deaf and
Blind for the purpose of Improvements
That the present appropriation of
$100,000 for pensions be continued.
That the voluntary troops of the
State militia be liberally provided for.
That one or two additional circait
judges be e'ected so as to discontinue
the special courts.
Ti'hat the two amendments to the con
stitution voted on %t the last election
be made.
That an insurance examiner be ap
Deatb of m Begler.-CoIiege Boys and
Girls Return.
It is with feelings of profound sor
row that we announce the death of
Mrs. Martha Seigler, which occurred
at the home of her daughter, Mrs.
Jenkins, in Colombia, on Friday, the
6th inst.
Tue deceased had been in a declin.
log state of health for some time, bu
as not thought to be seriously ill
til a short while before her death.
- - having
WOman, a
lcted the funeral services in a very
ching and impressive manner.
Mrs. Seigler has five children who
rvive her,,viz : Mrs. Sain and Mrs.
Wolfe, of Orangeburg; Mrs. Jenkins,
f Columbia; Mr; J. W. Seigler, of
innsboro; and Mr. Wm. J. Seigler,
if Longtown.
We extend our heartfelt sympathies
the bereaved ones in this their great
Mliss Fan i- L"' Ford. the popular
d efficientL ie.her .f the Upper
hool, returned trom her home on
sturday whither she had gone to
ond the holidays. School will re
en today.
Miss Nettie Brico, who has had
arge of the Lower School, has de
ided not to return. We have not
ard a. v. t w bo will succeed her.
Miss J.-nnle Gladden is visiting rela
rs at W~ innaboro.
Mr. Laban Bush, of Hopkine, is vis
ing at Mr. D. W. Tidwell's.
Mr. David Smith, of Sumter, is vis
ting his father and mother, Mr. F. and
irs. D. G. Smith.
Miss Nannie Tidwell, who has been
rsiting relatives at Hopkins, has re
red home.
Mr. R. N. Beeves has returned to
!ort Hill to resume his studies at
~lemson A gricultural and Mechanical
Miss Sallie Lee Harrison has re
wned to Greenville to attend the
Presbyterian college.
Mr. W. L. Meilichamnp has returned
Frman, after spending the hoidays
Miss Mary Harrison, of Ridgeway,
svisiting relatives in Longtown.
T bre w as quite an enj.*yable party
tMr. D. W. Tidwells on Friday even
g of last week.
M r. Will Stewart, of Columbia, vis
td relatives here on Saturday and
Mr. Jenkins and Misses Maggie and
Aice Jenkins, of Columbia, came up
nu Saturday to attend Mrs. Seigler's
Mr. Jno. W. Seler, of Winnsboro,
came down on Saturday to attend his
mother's funeral.
Miss Mamie Haynes, who has been
visiting relatives at Winnsboro, has
returned home. D x E
January 7, 1901.
Persons who suffer from indigestion
can not expect to live long. because
tbey cannot teat the food required to
nourish the body and the products of
the undigested foods they do eat poison
the blood. It is important to cure
indigetion as soon a possible, and
tbe best method of dong this is to
use the preparation known as Kodol
Dyspepsia Cure, It digests what you
eat and restores all the digestive or
gans to pbrfect health, McMaster Co.
Enb 10 Cents for E
ton 1Raiseb t
9f1 MEHS
And when you want any
ING be sure and call on us.
-*g.+*L ow-Tid
We have The Winnsboro B
bbund to come to all who trad
Quick Sales an
Polite attention to all. Go<
fnnded. Yours for biz,
-D. V. Wa
)bear Drug Co.|
he Peoples eBank, of Winnsboro, ,1
South Carolina, Plaintiff,
ol. Wolfe, Hi. C. Wolfe, David C. B. I
Wolfe, Sara W. OemPortes Re
becca C. Brannon, Etta L Nathan,
D. J. Kaufman, Isabelle Bauch, and
Rose E. Lytton, Liefendants.
opy Summnons. For Relief. Complaint
- nt Srved. 1
ro the Defendant above-named:
- O ar heebysummoned and re- I
Y qiredto answer the complaint e
,tsastion, which is filed in the
Be of the Clerk of the Coort of
omo Pleas, ftor the said County,
oth said oplnt on1linbeeibe
r at their o ces above Tbe Winns-1
boro Bank, Winnsboro, S. C., within 1
wenty days ufter the service hereof,
xilusie of the day of such service;
and if you fail t'o answer the complaint
within the time aforesaid, the plaintiff
n this action will apply to the Cour'
or the relief demanded i the com
Plaintiffs Attorneys.
o all of the defendants above-named
except the deftndant Sara W. Des
Take notice that the complaint in I
this action (together with the sum
mons, of whieh '' e foregoing is ai
opy,) was 6't. in the oEce of the
Clerk of ti e ,ott of Common Pleas,l
t Winsboro, County of Fairfield, In
he State of South Carolina, on the
1--Gt Plaintiffs Attorney'.
rw NOvWma
pert Vounb of Cot
a 1t0 to the
thing in the line of DRY
We can supply all your wants
a Prices.,*.o
ank on our side; prosperity b- .,
e with us. Our motto:
d Small Profit.
ds exchanged or mouey re
ker & Co.
Given nader m band ths
anuary, A, D. 190.
142 Judee of Prbate.
etters of Aduainliti om.
4y. B. JOfrBTONMt., Marobes.
RA HughS. Wye th
W~s~i~acome to gns~hm
f administration of the estati and
I Mrs. Eliza Weir, deeeas'sd:
These are, therefore, to cite and
i all and singular the
reditors of the said Mrs. l el4!
eased, that they be and ietbb
tin the Court of .be heMA at
'aleld Court House, S. , c.en I5
yofJanuq next, afr ulsi
ldanltram aahoul ot~~a~d
Given under my hand, this day
anuary, A. D.19.
142 Judge of Probate.
etters of A dippanatration
y B. B. JOHKBTOf,Mr.,Pestedudge:
WHER AS., Mrs. SallieG. M t~e-\
maesuit to me - grher~
tters of administration of ~S~rand
fcts of Stark P. Martin, aeceaeed
These artherefore, to eite andadmon
sh all adsingular the kMndred and
reditors of the said Stark P. Martin,
re me, in the Court of t
e held at FarfieldCourt SC.,
i the 18th dhtet ofJnrpl fter .
nbwt~a Aeseof, at
renoon, to showaneIf
hthe said a
anuar, Anno Domin 1901
142t udgeo ~rb~
9yjB . . JORfBTO,BEg.JsugEPbte -
WX HEBEAS, J. E. McDongTd hat&
TVmadesuit to me i grauthiml
md eflects of Wi111am ,Eoeboroqfg
These are therefore t1 -6t14 and ad
noish all anid singular thfe kindred and
redtors of the said WIant fBie
borough, deceased, that they be andal
pear before me in the Court of ?r0
bate, to be heid at FaIrfield Court
Eouse, South Carolina, on the 16th
Lion hereof, at 11 o'cleekd
coon, to show cause, If ay thaikm
why the said Admn I~~
ot begranted.
Given under my band thi3 yj
. December, Anno Donii )JS9
8.-ft. JOHSTON.
14.x2 Judgef Probat.. - .

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