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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, March 19, 1901, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218612/1901-03-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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Mr. Editor: As I have been rc
peatedly.requested by several o'd yete
ransand their &ons to write a sketch of
Hs ood's briga or the soldier's li'e
in hetrenees at Peteisburg, I hae
consented to comply with their request
in y'bumb!e and.fecble way, hoping
If you choose to publish it your many
readers wli 'excuse mistakes and short
eominga. Some detailed accounts. of
the part borne by one brigade in ihat
terrible si is indicative of the ser
vice of otbers,and wbe the narrative
must necessarily Ib largely personal
to the command to whicb I belonged.
The record of thdir devotion is that'of
all who there followed the sword of
Hsgeod's brigade consisted of the
11 h South Carolina, Colonel Gault;
21st South Carohna, Colonel Barnes;
(I think) 25th South Carolina, Colonel
Simonton, (known as the Eutaws;)
27th South Carolina, Co'onel Gaillard;
and the 7th Battalion, (known as lion's
Swamp Angler.) This battalion had
eight companies at. one time; each
comp'ny being 100 men strong.
Hagood's brigade left the coaxt of
Suth Carolina about May the 1st, 1864,
with 4.600 strong, as fiie a command
and as well squipped and efficered as
ever marehed to battle.
The .adorned regiments ',f the bri
gade arrived In the city of Petersb erg
on the nigh' of the 5th and pushed out
en the R. & P. railroad, four mi'
rom the city of Petersbuig te
t re was heavy fightirg go' a:
day, Gen. Butler having lat d d a
force of 30.000 at Drewerts Boiff.
runnirg up and cutting the railroad at
.-Port Watthall. Owing to a broken
engine the 70h Bat alion did not arrive
In the city rinti 11 o'clock on the 6 b
We were moved rapidly by rail up the
road within one-half mile of the fight
Ing. There we jumped (f the care
and.double-quicked to the field jast in
time to join in the victory and ate the
Yankees disappearit-g ih:oogh the
wooda under cover of their gunboats:
Wola on tie batraemId all Tibt nightW
pat,. ack to SwSI
-ting his advince. They came tp
a~cut the 10th, attacked our lines, and
for about 45 miennes there was as hard
aid bl6ody a battle for the time 's a
was Jought in that csrmoalgn. The
11th was in the bottest of ihe fght and
uffered heavily. The Battalion was
about 400 yards across the creek in the
rear, held as reserves. We were or
dered to attack them on their right
In making this move we had to wade
Vwift Creek nearly shou'der deep,
holding oar guns and accoutrements
above.our- hads te keep them dry.
We. erossed in a Lurry and all right.
Wpburried on within a few 3 ards of
them, but were e~ncealed by t1 e
wods When on the eveof charging
them, we were ordered back scross
* the orek in go' d order. We were
* not engsged but were exposed to their
fire. We lost one man from Co. 13.,
R'ergeant John Robinson; he fell just
at my left a few feet off. He was car
ried back to the rt ar and died that
night; ;he was a good man and a gal
lant soldier. After thi- fight the enemy
tell back to and ocenpitd the work~s
near Drewery'd Brnff We followed
them up and entrenched our b:igade
just in their ftont. Nere we bad
beavy skirmiehing day and t.ight up
till the 16 hi W hen the fi eel blow
came on t be morning of the 16:b about
6 u'tclock amidst a heavy fog, our en
tire lines made a desperate asaan t on
thuir works which were 'tnbbornly
held for nearly t wo hours a hen tbes
gave way, leaving a battery of sever il
guns and the fie d co rered u ith their
dead. Hetre Bagood'a men covred
themselves in glort. Never did men
stand up facing death more nobly than
the irr ps eneaged in the ta'tle of
Dr.ewery's B i f! on the 16.b o! Miay.
1864. Our loss wa' great, tat that
*or the ernemy was much gre'ter. Thbe
next day Busler withdrew his troops
anid joined Gralnt on the northi4ide
of the James river. Tte L--s of the
7.h Battalion was the greatest in this
light of its history up to ihi, date. The
total I do no? now re m mber. bt:t I do
remember Co. II., e uimanded by thet
ga-lant Capt. J. H. Bro ks, of Edge
field, lest 19 killed straight out, and1
40 wounded. He himn slf was woumnded
in three places, but never did leave the
field till all was uoser. He bad his dead
mes ca~rried to one place andi buried in
one grave. Co. B., (Rion's old com
pany.) kcst, 9 killed, and 20 old
wounded1. J. E Harrison, J.sc'b P.
. teet, Al:en Trapp, Alex B 'zzard,
Isaac Perry, Lee Bagley were amning
the dead. Coer Beater Barnes i b
L. ertson, a torah ot just 13, fell wt~ile
leadi:g the Battahron -ith his cal'rs
fi ing in the briezi. Jeff Divi4 was
on the field thai day at d wit ness d a
* great part of the figh'. He said 'hbtt
evening to Genera: Beauregard while
et.muienting en the troops that were
e'ngaged that das , -pointing at th~e 7t h
Batta i in said, thbere is as fine a r' gi
ment as there was in the Conteierate
service. This .fiht wound tup tbe
campaign on ihs South side or tne
James for several a eek P.
Well, I must bal', I bsve stra~ed far
Sfrom the sul;ct. I sat down to write
itten ti
though tbere could te voutnes -
on this ut.j c-, but for fear ot wo
ing your readers I must come to tb
After the disastrous repulse at Cold
Harbor in June, Grant lingered for a I
few days on that front of Richmond ]
uod then determined to transfer his <
operations to the south si4e. Of tie 1
James, making Petersburg ASl inr- I
mediate ol j -ctive. At this time Hoke's i
division, ot whic'h Hagood's brigade I
was a part, was or'ered to the detense
of Pe'ersburg. At noon on tha .5;P
6mith's corps of the Federal army lWas I
before the eastern defense ot Peters- i
burg. Hagood's btigade reached the 4
citV at dark, while hurricdly beleg i
marched tbrourL the city. Tte whose <
town ws in an upt'at from excite- I
meot aswe passed thotigh;.1he.streets <
were thronged with frightened women <
and children. As we mmved on a. me j
one cal'ed out, "What brigade i. that ?'i
Col Rinn, at the head of the Battalion, I
answer, d, "Hagood's. Su-h Caro-ina 1
brigade." Down the' went on their I
knees, crying, "Thank God, we are I
safe now; Hagood's brigade has saved i
us twice before !
On the 18 h. while quietly awaitirg
for orders to chbage 'tie- heavy works
of the enemy, Col. Nelson. of the 7th,
was i-tand dg by -Hs g.od's side-on tWe
rigbt of the lirie whien 4R1oke's- ai'd
bronght the order to adyosse. The men
who had been lol!ed off to follow his
lead were inttnly wa chog him. sind
when he*as'd'rte.edO g,' hot
speaking a word,. be.drew his handker
chiet from his breakt and raised it
aloft. The -mensprang over the para
pet with a' 5ell'and rushed. upon the
enemy across the inteiv. nirng space,
he moving upon the 'right of the line.
W hen thc y were driven back, Ajd. bao
laid down amid le oat-, aeepirg eA
their fird and awaAibg .ahe Ccii g of
the supporters, be moved: ereet aong
the whole length of his linea..Jutas
he res- hed the left, he fell .It was
learned that be was killed. Thus f, It
a patriot and gallant saldier. Mjar I
Rion was in command of the brigade
skirmishers on thit fatal day and he
did his work nebly. He was wouid'd
in the arm ea ly in the day, but would
niot leav-- the field until tight. Our
less in cffimera said m-n that day was.
very heavy. If can' take 0"ei sace. to
nime them. Col. Rion assumed com
mand of the Batta'ion the nix airn
ig. After this bloody battle G t
iat down sod laid siege to Ity
The Confederates fell ecu
vied the works known 6..
Now, f - tua , eg
e 0 loary dftails from the atros
ri quired to si. in line of battle upon
the bayonet, guns in band and - tlers
at their post for the half h-mr after
dat k. Fr-m this time till an hour be:
fore day-light one-half of the men not
on ctner duty were kept awake at a
time in the same poition while the
other half were allowed to gat.wbat
sleep they could. In the buttrn of
the trencn thtir arms and tceoutrc
ments vere laid Lpide -bat --near at
hand, and distutbed by the. iequait.
passage of inspecting officers or fatigue
parties blAndering..ajong in the dark
over their prostrate formn. From in
bar before day until after good day
light all were aroused- and stood to
attms fully (quipped aid prepared ta
repel aseanl'. Again during the dav
only one-half were allowed to lay off I
their equipments at a time, and ni ije 4
were permitted day or nightWt leave
their asgned places in the treceb.
without special permission. The coun.
pany < fficers remained at all times
with their men in the trench; the field
officers had thetr respective pit- some
-six to ten feet in t ear 'of the general
trerci, anid were permitted to ue
theim except when the men were stand
ing to 'trm4. The men in the trenches '
served as sharpshooters by regular de
tail. Trhe constant use of the ihont:
ders in shooting produced bruises and
soreness 10o that they accustomed them-i
selvt s to resting the rifie on the para
per and firing-it .-ss a p:istol. .Th1 ac
curacy <f their fire was fr qiently
synken <f by Jebtr w- iters to the
northern papers, and. cur mnei, as at
Wagner, became very f~r.d of it. It
wvas a resief to the passive end urance
which in-de up so large a part of their
duty. Such severe ser vice continued
day in anid day out for so long a time
was trying to the last degree~ upon
mnen alred, jaded by an ~c uat cam
pignae. F.ar some time during Ju) I
not a fiddd ficer -wsepreyent tor cittts I
anid tour on' or five req'miente of the
brigade were commap&I by, ileutei- ~
antP, To presetvd aniythig illpe or
g atiza icti and effietsy,'Gen Hfigs-odi
was compel'ed to consolidate egntupa
mies temp~orarsly arid to aeign to dut y~
as commwi-sioned <ffiers L~O icommnis
sionied a fficers and cram privates. In E
doing this he relecied men who had'
htherto been' mentiond tor good con
duct in battle. Not a day passed with
out more or less casualties, and fr& m
the fac! that the wounds were gener
ally in the head or upper part of the
person, and from the enfeebled state
of the g. neral health of the men, they
we-re most-y fatal. Diseases of a low
tie: vous ti pe carried the men to tle
field infirmity and at one time there
were five hundred cases In liagt o-I's
alone. The regimefital surgeons w ere'
there; the company surgeons were
more or less sheltered as near as p 's
bible to the trencher. Litter-bcarers
broughut the Wounded to them, and
after temporary treatm- nt they wet-e
ci spatched in ambulances to the in
flrmnary. Tbe variou, ponst hospita's in
Petersburig and Richmond rect ived the
severe case-.
The foregoing narrative has g;vea s
the out-line of the military events anad
I nrennndings-the naked skeleton of
is bstvry; but it is difficut to con
ey to one who has not had a similar
rperience an idea of the actual reality
labor and Enfieringe of the men]
P L those long hot summer months
i ut relief the trenches of
tersbrg.Seld'm were men ever
tersburg. t-ndure as much as was
,W~led upon to4-,
equi red of the 0oops who occupied
he trenches of Per sburg during the
no~nths of June, 'ly and August.
4 was endua ance wit ut relief, sleep
eneswtoteiennt ;inactiv.ty
vithout rest; consta-t f.rehenuion,
-equiring ceasels3 w at. The
i vou syst* m a strain
jejYja STU MW"contunual. . e
d till tie spirits became deesd
ilmost be% ond enduranca. Dyter
lar, as soon as the mists which o0'
prung t-he couitry gave- way to tb
lawn and un it -ight spread her wel
ome mantle over the earth, the sharp
hooting was incessan-, the c~nstanl
atile ut stmall arms, and the spiteful
isting ot bullets never ceased and
rasonly dr'owned by the daily bemn
)ardment from the heavy guns. N<
>lace along the line could be con-idered
afe; the most sheltered were penc
rated by glancing bu'lots and man)
evere wound4 were roc-ived in thi
wav. The trenches ttemselves wer(
itthy, and thongh policing was rig
diy enforced, it was impossible t(
,eep down the constant accumulption.
Ver Mn Abounded and diseases o1
rariou kinds showed theinsblves,
Ihe d-gertive organs tecame impaired
)ythe iAtians, is.ud and the manne
n N'-ich ti-ev were cooked; diarri mi
ind dviseit ry were universal, and
he legs . and: the, - feet of the
nmn swelled until they could not wea
hei; shoesand the 41th of thir .per
o4from the searcttf of water was
tlmost unbearab!e. Bat all of thh
hbv Wbrriud and stood all their suf
etitg with nnfiuching conslancy and
iever yei dad till disease drove the
o the hospital On the 30th of Jolu
it d ty light Grant sprung a mine undet
he sadiant orn the Baxter road held bi
Ell;ott's South Carolina brigade. Tb4
)re-ch was immediately assailed and
>cpied but the enemy were unable
o get beyond the erater where he wat
ield at bay until the arrival of rein
'orcements expelled him and our origi
ial lines were re-estabilsbd. Thi
vas perhaps the most pr' minett even
if the Peige but it is not within tht
cope (f this sketch to go into iis de
ails, Hagooda brigade being in n<
; n-nnected wi h tt.
The aghtii . rh e crater was des
>erate. the- e sustftains
S200 cas*'a les ad ia-g a toss o1
>vkr 6,00O to +b'heem
elle wiig ve rees sppeared In' a Ps
)urg paper du'inkr rh' seige. Th4
rerses nisy lack smoothness but thos
who were the-e will recognize thi
ealidm of the picture:
irty and haggstrd,
Almost a blackgnar.l,
roey bore him away
rom the terrible fray;
Trom the clash and'Ihe rattle
n thedrnt rank of battle,
almost dad. shot through the head.
Ebey repched his gory ambulance bed,
lie ambulauce jltts,
3ut the driver bott-,
and away he' ilies,
3rowning the cries
)f the poor private;
llad to arrive at
rhe hospital door where to be sure,
rhe surgeon he thinks can efect s
quick cure.
on worn and pale,
with plaintive wail,
tIl alone he dies,
lat nob~dy cries;
Mar away the c'ar
N" the dead-honsa away,
Vho care' whoever shed tears
)ver ragged and dirty soldiers' biers.
i box of pine,
isy three tee' by nine,
'bey plac d him in,
kway from the din -
)f battle und strife,
'hern hurried for life,
Jnder the stones tn bure the brunes
)t the poor soldier wh 'm nobody
mont ns.
n his home far away,
a letter s m4 dav,
'erhapa may tell.
fow th- poor so'di'r fell!
hen 'ears. ah, how deep
The lov d one will weep,
WJhen they h ar that the hier
)f him they so loved aw ke not a tear.
Hasg'od's br izade served sixty-five
ays in the 'trenches of Petersa urg
nteri' g 'h m with 2,8000 men and
fflices when withdrawn on the 20:b
f Anan-t to take part ir. the Weldon
nad fight ti next da3' he had but 59
ffil'ers arnd 681 men present for dut;.
Ve1l do I remember the morning
when thbe batltaiion filed out of the
rtnches of seetng Col Rion with Mrs.
ion and Dr. lishan standing on
be parapet, Ci 1 Ri-in beirg in the
itv at the hospital, his arm tnot yet
sealed aart his w ife was there with
i'm tursinig him ie hearing of the
riovement of the b igrade came over to
-e his battalion leav- the trenches and
')give them words of cheer and comn
-rr. It aas wi-h 'omne d fficn'ty that
rar. Rion and Dr. Hanaban kept
imn from folosving us. Col. R on
e d graar esteerm for his b leved bit
alion and the men hard rquially the
ame for him Li:tte did he think the
ext time he should see the battalion
'a a few dias, there would not be I.r
0 men in it for duty. There in trai
errible battle of the 2ist of August
he write received his dischare uti
never saw that gallant bandlg' as a
To ar dead:
Nor slall their glary be forg t
WbRe time her rcird kee
Or honor guards the hallow spet
Whet valor proudly flee .
Co. B (Lyle's Rides) 7 h Ba-talion
Hagood Brigade.
White Oak, -8. C., iTch 12, 1901.
The merited repu tion for cagrin
pileo, 4ores and sk D diseases acquired
iy DeWitt's Witt a Hazel Sayve, has
led to the makin of worthiess counter
fetn Be suret get only DaWitt's
Salve. Mca er Co.
in , March 12.-Dr. Louis
d ay ethe delegate of Nicara
gas veral other Central Ameri
can ntries at the recont Cuban
medicsi oongress, is in Washington as
the gneat of tie Nicarauguan minister,
Senor Core.. Dr. Debayle Is the son
In4aw of ex-Presidet t S--rasa of N ee
ragna. He savs tha medical delegate.
recenly assembled in Cuba were Im.
presed by. the -remarkable sai' ary im
provement. going on through the en
terprise of the Americans, and par
ticalarly by the scientific experiments
being cor.ducted to learn the cause ae-d
to cheek tfm progress of yellow fever.
"Tn experiments e yellow fever
are bist cnducted just outside of
Habaisas" said be, "under conditions
which make most exact resalts attain
able. Cetain apartments are f.led
with je!low fever ilth of all kinds,
withi dgree of temperature and an
amou$tof moisture exactly similar to
tlbe edditions which breed yellow
fever ere animals, and in some
cases ' lmen, expose themselves
withi" 4oo determining just how
far o. aLd infec'ion can. be
spread the worst possible corn
dit In other apartments the best
sani tions prevail, except In
the c of mosiktoes. confine In
jars we,! to cirotate througli
the b e su experament is being
made. 'M s demeefisWed be
yond . bat these moquitoes,
when sted with the Tellow
fevee it by their bite.
te in fretwo to
th . rcoi there i
t ii dr have lived
for from thirty to fifty days, showiet
that there is no danger from this
cause. As a result of these American
experiments the delegates to the
corgress were of the opinicn that the
iscertrinment' of the cause of yellow
fever had gone beyond the experimen
tal stage, and that it was now on ac
cepted toedical fsct that a particular
class of mosquitoes conveyed the di
sease. I will also report to the gov
ernments which I rer resented. I do
not mean to say that this is absolutely
the only way of communicating the
disease, but it Is c'rtainly proved that
it is the mest effieient cause of the
spread of the disease in yellow fever
loca'iuiea.- Such a conclusion is pot
only of importance to Citba, but to all
countries similarl r affected, as well as
to the United States and other ajs
cent territory likejy to be invaded by
such a plague. Already the American
administration has established this
valuable scientific fact and has reaped
gr eat practical benefit from it. Tuere
are now not more than four or fie
cases of yellow fever in Hahana, and
at times the number Is a; low as two
c ises; whi, h is an exceptionally good
The Americans are to be congratu
lated also on the excallent sanitary
conditions throughout H abans. Mod
era sanitation has been carried into
every house, perfre' methods of plumb.
ing taking the place of def.active and
dangerous old systems. The streets
are kept scrupulously elea, garbage
is evstematically removed and not o-ily
the public but all private localities are
kept in the best sanitary condition.
This alone speak4 tuch for the bene
ficial .ir.fience which the Americans
have exerted.
A. to po'itical con litions, I fnod the
Cubans have a natural aspiration for
self-government, al hough they are
quit" willing to concede guarantees to
the United States whtch will prevent
foreign aggression. With these views
prevailing, there seems to be little but
detail to arrange to afford Cuba a free
government and at the same timi
give just security to the United States."
Negroes Are to Teat Constitutionallty of
... LouisIana Diafranchisement
Washington, March 7.-The execu
tive c~wmittee cf lbe National Afro
American counicil which has been
holding its thri annual se-sion here
baa given public expression on "sev
eral question; of vital importance to
the rica we represent."
A circular i.?ued say s the disfran
chisement of American citizens Is a
menace to ihe permanence of the re
public, and appeal i' naade to congress
to publish the ti t of all disfranchise.
ment State laws, together with the ap
proximate number of cit'zens whose
suiB age rights are denied. The coun
cii prowl-es it will call on the colored
people everywhere to suppoitth
movement to test the ecnsitti'nallty
Akll IReadg fop I
'D. V. Wa
of the Louisian. disfrancbisement
The coancil declars fa ther that the
"sYtes of Isisry practiced in Ander
0so0eonnty,, Bnth Carolino, accides
ally d.ds ldsa murder. triaals
the ei nest attention of the Pone !to
the a ,Mr a- tlje
Ap s tsade- a trial by jar)
for every person ~eharged with ierime,
for swift and certain punishment ol
the guilty by due process of law,
which last, it is esi, was suggested by
gihe burnietg s'ire of two ha man te
Ings daring the past few moqths".
is all right, if you are too fat;
and all wrong, if too thin already.
Fat, enough. for your habit, is
healthy; a little more, or less, is
no great harm. . Too fat, consult
a doctor; too thin, persistently
thin, no matter what cause, take
Scott's Emulsion of. Cod Liver
There are many causes of get
ting too thin; they all come
andci these two heads: over
work anid urider-digestion.
. Stop over-work, if you can;
but, whether you can or not,
take Scott's, Emulsion cf Cod
Liver Oil, to balance yourself
with your work. .You can't live
on it-true-but, by it, you
can. -There's a limit, however;
-you'll pay f<ot..
Scott's Erniulsion cf Cod Liver
Oil is the readiest cure for
"can't eat," unless- it comes of
your doing no work--you can't
long bc well and strong, without
some sort of activity.
-The genuine has
this picture on It,
take no other.
If you have not
tried it, send for.
free sam pie, its a
greeable taste will
su r ris eyu.N
Chemists, -~
409 Pearl. Street, -
New' York.
50c. and $1.00; all druggists.
]!;quitable b.ifi.Assurance Society of
the Unised States desires to announce
the appoitimient of M r.- J. M. E liot t
as Resident Agent for W innsboro and
NGS, and
(OuP Ir)speetOT
r Prices.+..
1ker & Co.
Aresil n he ma ket to o
Paint aid Painters'8 a
eced fir t-cias iIseu
stands the test of ..me a.
To Paint
with cheap~ paint iN false eco
which none can affird. Good paot
i; an investmDt .that pays. larg
d~vidied, and we want
The Town
and country to call and-:examlceonr
stock of Paints, Oils, Brushes and
Painters' Sopplies. If you want to
paint anx thing from a rocking chaIr to
your house it will, pay. you to call sad
see us. . 4 - -
Yours respectflly,
Furnishes Lumber, Building Materials
of all kinds, and are contractors
for brick or wood houses.
Their representative,.
MR. J. M. McROY,
Is now in Winnuboro dou-g work for .
the cotton - mills and erecting several
dwellings ini town. ..
Information will be given by Mr
MecRoy at #' innsboro. 11-13 Sin
Tutanc MaRKS
qulckWf ascran our opino fre
$dinentinI PoalTf nale Com iea
Binsrctl of e 5 F b St. - -t
Poatns tan improduntr annd retown
Aphroerty atlu6t pe eety pe r nom

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