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PUBLI8HED SEYI-W EEKLY,
WINNSEORO PRINTING Co.
J. FR V E F0JSLIE., - - - EDITOR
TERMS. TN ADVANCF:
ix Moiths....................... .75
WINNS1 OR C . S. C.
Frid.ty. December 13 - - 1901
Mr. Carne.zie has ofiered to
give $10,000,000 to t he cause of
The address in regard to good
roads published in this issue has
been sent out as a special pam
phlet by the agricultural depart
Ment # Washington, .and is well
ofth -your re ai
Carolina o, ac~ount
her two senators are playm,,
fool in Washington and wherever
else they happen to meet, the
eyes of the world are fixed upon
her on account of the great expo
sition that has already been
opened in her metropolis.
While the farmers of this county
are casting about for other crops
another year, it might be well for
them to experiment with broom
corn, which has been found to l e
a very profitable crop in other
sections of the State. We have
seen some fine enough specimens
that were raised here in Fairfield
county to lead us to believe that
the crop here would pay well.
Superintendent McMahan de
serves great credit for nipping in
the bud what purported to be
* another chart scandal. On ad
vice from Piekens county tha t an
agent there was trying to sell a
map contrary to the regulations
of the State board, he at once
authorized the counity supertin
tendents of all the counties to be
on the lookout for such agents.
What a blessing to thle Stato
would it have been to have had
some of this same alertnes;s afw
The legislature of G9eorgiai la
acted wisely in pasn 8 wera
to congress asking that the pro
ceeds of certain cott~on e~im ls.
amonting to over .tU,( 00,0 0.
be devoted to (ducat it'l in the~
South. The legisat urecs of fh
States will (do well toa simi
memorials. There is nop0
getting this maomy bac to te
was taken in a'ny o1M r way, and
it mayb osillvg ti fi
to t&bes fori ;u tiod .r
poses. Certainlyi coul'd t. t
devoted to a beatr purpeis:
there should be such a uni:1y 0
action on the part of the mate
interested that congress wil 1he
compelled to grant thie request.4
The mass meeting calledI for
to-morrow should be well at
tended. The caill is signied by
strong? business men, a fact tha
makes the pr'oposition a mnatter
of business. On such a business
proposition every section of thec
county should be well represented
in order thaLt there may be such
an expression of Opinhion as to
enable those in charge to deter
-hould take. If the proposition
is not worthy of consideration,
you should comel out and say so;
if it is worth a favorable cen
sileration, come and give it your
In rcsponse to numbers of in
quries that we have made, we
have g-athered the information
that there has been but little
grain sown in the county so far.
Two reasons are given: the one
the dryness of the land, the other
the inability of the people to
supply themselves with the neces
sary seed. There is much truth
in both of these reasons, but we
fear that there is a third reason
that is as much or more a factor
than either of the above, viz.: that
many people are' demoralized on
account of the present condition
~nstane where the land has been
in a suitab~e condition and where
'grain has been obtainable, little
has been sown, possibly from the
force of habit. In this connection
we wish to emphasize the fact
that it is highly necessary for the
farmers to sow as much grain as
possible so as to enable them to
Ihave food for themselves and
stock next summer without hav
ing to buy corn at such exhorbi
tant prices as $1.25 or $1.50 a
bushel. Were we in a position
to act the part of a philanthropist
towards the people of this county,
we would direct our efforts in
par't towards this important fea
tui e of sowing grain. If there is
anything a farmer can go in debt
for at this time, it is the seed and
the labor for sowing grain, and if
there is any adlvance that mner
chanits and others can -wisely
make to the people-it is the grain
with which they can sow down
their lands. Sow grain is the
watchlwordl we would now have
sounded in every farmer's cars
and next summer we would change
it to sow peas.
flossy Dale Dots.
Cards a' re out announcing the
:rnaria e of Miss B~essie S ewart,
1n hter f Mr. R. J. Stewart, of
.Iy Dal te, to Mr. W. E.Carter,
r. A. G. Dookman had the
a dar mieto losze his dwelling,
' rooked ltun neighbor
.n Tuesdayv last. Mr. t
. h-a ft his home about 10
, 1-k i. .fr Columubia; the
'*1 i eik ulace ab.ut 2.:30
... he tire, I understand,
er C . ut ia the aitti,-. A farm I
'io.-h place broke~ open the
S:L a i ie th:e contents of
a 3,=.No in:surauce that I t
.1 w ('~~. ft
I' hop 8 re wil be a good (
2 indan"e next Satardaty at the s
somel plan to hl('p ib . aborers of ~
our convutv. TheyV need it and ~
that- hid.~ If tihings take the ~
u-ual couirse it will be rather ~
ltc, but I have confidence in the
promoters of the plin to think
that if the proposition is ezn
(orsed in mass meeting they can
make a move to put the money in 1
circuhtion in advanca. I endorse &
any fair means to help an imp~ov
eshed peop~le, for the times are
ery dark. T'. 1B. McK. f
A meeting of the peop
requested for Saturday, Dec
M., in the Court House at V
advisability of issuing cout
the highways with a view t
the people for the winter n1
T. K. Elliott,
A. S. Douglass,
W. R. Rabb,
T. W. Lauderdale,
W. R. Doty,
GOING IN DEBT FOR GOOD ROADS.
(Continued from page one.)
Economy is wealth. There
may be a difference of opinion as
to the kind of economy which
creates wealth. The miser econo
mizes, but the more economy of
his kind the worse for the com
munity in which he moves. But
there can be no two sides to the
nature of the advantages accru
ing to a people by getting rid of
mud and making good roads.
This $8,000,000 saved annually in
Iowa would cause the State to
blossom as the rose. It would
settle the question of the prac
ticability of making Iowa a suc-'
cessful manufacturing State. ItI
would put an end to till differences
between the railroads and the
people, because it would solve
the problem of cheap transpor
tation. It would add materia!ly
to every man's ability to earn a
living by making such a distribu
tion of the millions saved as
come naturally through the laws
of traffic. It is just that kind of
a saving which helps everybody
and harms no one. It is the key-'
note of business economy. If a
man gets &long with one suit of
clothes, one pair of boots, and
one hat when his comfort and
happiness requires and his cir
cumstances permit two of each i
kind, and this economy is general, ko
the business of the country be
comes depressed, and failures are
wealth. But let each man'
0 yed by badingf
goo roads equal- the -amount I
saved by economizing on clot~h
ing, and the country prospers an
the people thrive, because the
saving, is taking from what is now
absolute waste. France is finan-!
cially stable and strong, and her
people are busy and prosperous,,
because nothing is permitted to|
go to waste, aind yet there is not
country on the globe where the Ij
masses realize so much right
down real enjoyment of the
pleasures of life as the French.
They have good stone roads ini
France and the Government built
There are times when the de
moralized condition of the busi
ness of this country may be
traced diructly to bad roads.
Stringency in the money market
may be attributed as often to bad
roads as to any other cause. Hard,
times, dull times, labor unem
ployed, fluctuating prices, reducedf
r~ailroad earnings, spasmodic
speculation in stocks, corners in I
eat and brcadstuffs, are often ,
he immediate results of bad
oads. Mud, besides being a
apacious fiend, is a harp-hearted li
ng. R. G. Dun & Co., of New I
ork, in a recent review of the
~ondition of, trade, says that "the t
~trigency in money markets here t
Lu at some other points is mere j
argely due to slow collections, 1
vhich appear to result from t
evere weather and impracticable ir
oads than from any form of com -
nercial unsoundness or inability It
o distribute products. * **
it Chicago, partly because of
lad roads receipts of many pro- c
lucts declined." t
So it is that mud rules the I
and. It -is a great conqueror. I
t is worse than an invading 3
~rmy. So greatt a foe requires I
he united efforts of the people j
o dethrone it. In this struggle j
very line of business in the laud
bould be united, and there cer
ainly is no interest which has
2re at stake in the success of c
his grand reform, or which 0
hould be more determined and nl
tive in urging the great work h
>rward, than the National and F
tate banks of Iowa.r
Ofiice files, blank books, 0
egal blanks, etc., at The
4ews and Herald office. s
Paper bags and wrap
ing paper at The News.Il
nd Herald office..
le of Fairfield County is
ember 14th, at 12 o'clock
Vinnsboro, to consider the
ity bonds for improving
o giving employment to
W. C. Beaty,
Jas. P. Caldwell,
Jas. L. Bryson,
J. F. McMaster,
M. W. Doty.
A Card of Thanks.
KAr. Editor: Please let me
,hrough the columns of The News
and Herald express my highest
ippreciation for all the kinduess
bestowed upon myself and family
by the members of my own
.hurch and of our sister churches.
[t has never been my pleasure to
erve a more kilid and indulgent
people than those of Winnsboro
and Greenbrier congregations. I
have never lived in any com
rnunity where the members of
ther churches, and those belong
ing to no church at all, have been
nore kind and generous than those
f Winnsboro. My stay in Winns
boro has been both delightful and
profitable on account of the rea
ions mentioned above. I have
greatly enjoyed my association
with the pastors of all the
3hurches. My family and sell
will always think of our short
;tay in Wiunsboro with great
pleasure to ourselves. I can ask
3o greater favor for my successor
,han to ask for him the same
kindness you have all bestowed
upon me and mine.
So let me now say to all many
-hanks for kindness rendered and
;o breath a silent prayer for God's
richest blessing upon all wbc
aave in the least way rendeted
yur stay in Winnsboro pleasatit
tad helpful. Goodbye to ill.
)ur home in the city at tbe 601
if the hills stands open to l
I am very truly yours,
E. P. Taylor.
Winnsboro,_Dec. 10, 1901.
- COLORED TEACHERS MEET.
There was a very interesting
mud profitable meeting held at the
~olored graded school building
>n Saturday, December 7th.
This event marked the 01 ea~
ng of the county institutes to
>e held monthly for the benefit
f the colored teachers of Fair
Rev. J. A. Tillman as principle
>penene.1 the meeting with de
'otional exercises after which he
tated in a clear and concise
anner, the object of the meet
The subject of reading was
hen taken up anud discusse I
reely by his assistant gying
ome practical and modern
aethods about the teaching of
he same--3hort talks from others
Aritmetic was then presented
iy the principal in an attractive,
ernest and practical way that
eceived the approval of all
>resent. He was commended for
is masterly effort.
After urging upon the teachers
he importance of these meeting,
he body adjourned to meet again
he fourth Saturdaiy in January,
902, at which time we expect to
ave Supt. Rosboro present to
each how to keep tly.aschooil
egister. The subjects of reindhag
ud arithmetic will be continned
nless further notice.
The following teachers were
resent: Rev. J. A. Tillman, prin
ipal; Miss C. C. Preston, assis
tnt; Misses Amanuda Robinson,
earl Starks, Annie B. Russell,
lla B. Means, Leathia Russell,
laggie J. Craig, Lupinda Smith,
~ev. E. M. Glover, Mr. G. W.
hnson, Winnsboro, S. C., Mr.
B3. Boulware, Flint Hill, S. C.
A striking evidence of the in
rease of interest in matters of
lucation in this State is the
umber of counties that are now
Dding teachers' associations.
rom all over the State comes
ports that these meetings are
eing well attended, and the plan
pursumng a uniform course o
ork' is in high favor. Surcly
ere is a better day ahead for
auth Carolina schools.
1do1 Dyspepsia Owre
Digests whet you es.
-Men's and Boys' (
Big lot of Men's e
$1.50 kind at $1.25.
Don't miss this sale, y4
hard times. We will make
made of rubber.
Your harditime friend!
C. B. GLADDE
AT IT AGAIN.
Tillman and McLaurin Carry on Their
Quarrel In the Senate.
Washington, Dec. 9.-The
spectators in the crowded gal
leries ef the senate thought for a wf
time tlis afternoon that they re
were to witness the spectacle of Pe
two Palmetto State senators re- tu
digning their seats. It ws one de
of the most dramatic scenes wit- ag
nessed in the historic chamber ta
for many years, when Senator r
Tillman challenged Senator Me- th
Laurin to quit the senate in com. f
pany with him and go home and
wash their dirty linen. One of
the amusing features of the en
tire affair was that after the two
South Carolinians had pitched in
and lugged at each other, the 20
grave and sedate Senator Hoar of
Massachusetts got a chunce to
review the law and the precedent
in suej-cases, from all of which 25
he drofthe conclusion that the
seats *etre realjy vacant because
the two senators after they had
once resigned to the governor
codld not recall Itheir resigna
fight with Senator
McLaurin rising to a question of
personal p*ivilege. Senator Till-S
man sat but a few feet away and
scowled fiercely as his colleage
proceeded. Mr. McLaurin re
ferred to the criticisms of him
self in the public prints and to
the newspaper statements that he
had been denied admission to the
Democratic caucus. He insisted
that he was still a Democrat and
was urging the appointment of
Demiocrats to office, but when he
could not get Deniocrats ap
pointed he wanted to see decent
epublicans appointed for the
accommodation of the people of
Ihis State and for the benefit of
th e pblic service. Senator Jones
of Akansas took a hand and said
he had asked Mr. McLaurin last
spring whether he wanted to be,
included in the Democratic can- a
cus and McLaurin told him he
did not wish to go into the
Democratic caucus, as it might
be embarrassing to him, never
theless he wished to attend. |
1Senator Jones added that for
two years Mr. McLaurin had been
voting with the Republicans and -
he (Jones) had said on the Re- 1
publican side of the chamber that
he did not think the Democrats
would like to have charged to
them any committee assignments
that might be given to M~r. Mc- A
Senator Tiliman finally got a
word, and while responding, as
statedl above, declared that a
little later he would reply at
greater length. He said he hoped
thttematter of resignations,
discussed by Senator Hoar, might
be taken up by the committee on
While Senator Hoar was talk
ing during the controversy Mr.
McLaurin tried to break in but
did not succeed. Senator Hoar
declared that in 125 years there
had been about 200 resignations ci
of senattors and Senator McLau
rin's case was the only one where so
the resignation had been wvith- ca
As the wrangling cont'nued the
senate went into executive ses
Ethel--If ten men were to ask
you to marry them, what would 1
that be? am
Amy-What would it be? Ian
Amy-And if one should ask or e
you what would that be?
~Ethel-I dont know. What?
A me-A wondr.-London Thun .x
lothing at Cost.
very day Shoes,
)u can't afford it these
ycu think your dollar is
rhe office of the County Auditor
11 be open for receiving tax returns
im January 1st to February 2th
:urns to be made of real etate and
rsonal property. A penalty will
erue when parties fail to make re
ms within the above mention
tes. All male citizens between the
es of 21 and 60 years are liable to poll
r, unless otherwise exempt, and are
urdto make return of ame
heAuditor or his deputy will be at
e following places on the days speci
Albion, Monday January 13.
Buckhlead, Tues gy, January 14.
Wolling, Wednesday, January 15.
Drosbyville, Thursday, January 16.
Woodward. Friday, lanuary-17.
White Oak Saturda Januar 18.
Gladden's Grove, onday, January
Flint Hill, Wednesday January 22.
Longtown, Thursday, ianuary 23.
Dentreville, Friday, January 24.
9. L. Cooper's, Saturday, January$
Blythewood T esda, January 28.
idea, Wednesdy, January 29.
Efore, Friday, January 31.
renkinsville Tuesday, February 4.
Wonticello,, Wednesday, February 5.
J. L. RICHMOND,
2-13 Auditor Fairfield Co.
Sea.-on your Sausage
.,.with . ..
Needs nothing more.
If you prefer to season
it we have Sage, Cayenne
and'Black Pepper, and a P
full line sf Spices.
In your search for
don't fail to come in and
Phone No. 9.
WTe Are Selling
a beautiful line of
and many other .. .
Come and see our
We carry the finest line of
JTLERY to be found*
.ith of Richmond. You
ai get something nice for a
W. SEIGLE R.
MONEY TO LOAN.
will make .loans in reasonable
>unts on first mortgages of farming
le, at seven per cent. straight inter
P'ayments in instalments in not
than five years, and no brokerage
ommissions har. Apply to
Winnsboro, S. C.
oA. E. DAVIS