Newspaper Page Text
PUBLISHED WEEKLY. WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 21, 1905. ESTABLISHED 1844.
HISTORY OF MT. ZION SOCIETY,
And the College Established Under iti
Ausplces~in Winnsboro, S. C.
(By D. B. McCrciqht, Publishcd ii
The Nev and Herald la 1S67.)
With what particular individual
originated the scheme of organ.
izing a Society for the especial
promotion of education through
out the State of South Carolina,
there is no record to show; at
least, no one to which the authoi
has as vet had access.
So far as the history of the Mt.
Zion (or Sion) Society is placed
upon record, the names of twelve
citizens of South Carolina must
claim the credit of this laudable
The first item of the record of
the Yb. Zion Society which is
extant, is contained in a pamp
hlet published for the Society by
Nathan Childs & Co., of Charles
ton, in 1784. This pulMication
embraces. accordiug to its own
title page, the "Rules of the Mt.
Zion Society, established at
Charleston, in South Carolina,
January 9, 1777, and incorporated
by by an Act of the General As
einbly of the said State, February
13, 1777. To which is prefixed
the Act for its Incorporation."
This pamphlet recites in
twenty-four Articles, the rules
adopted for the good government
of the Society, and besides these
rules, there is a list of the names
of all the members of the Society
who enrolled themselves up to
the 8th of October, 1784. These
number 433. Of these only the
names of twelve members appear
upon the record as having adopt
edthe rules alluded to.
Before giving these rules, as
well as a complete list of the
names of the members enrolled
up to 1784, it will be proper to
give the names of those famous
These are: Francis Adams,
Robert Buchanan, Robert Ellison,
Joseph Kirkland, John Kennerly,
John Milling, David Milling,
William Strother, Richard,
Thomas Taylor, John Winn, and
The Society was organized in
the midst of martial scenes and
events. On the very day of its
formation, an order was issued
by Gen. James Moore, command
ing in Charleston, dividing and
rearranging the troops. Thomas
Waodward, Thomas Taylor, and
Joke Winn, were delegates to the
Provinaial Congress, and also
connecede with the military.
It was not long before quite a
jnumber of the most distinguished
eitizens of South Carolina en
vrolled their names as members of
the Mt. Zion Society. Many of
these being citizens of Charles
ion, all the meetings were held
there, of thea Society proper, but
authorized Committees were
aparxnitted to be formed by any
die gentlemen, memnbers of the
,60eiety, who resided in the
John Winai was the first presi
d east and Robert Ellison and
William Strother the first
The general design of the
Society as Arst formed is set forth
ja the preamble of the rules
adopted. This preamble is pre
fameed with two verses from the8
Old Testament and reads as
Preamble.-Arise, shine, for
Ithe Light is come, and the Glory
of the Lord is risen upon thee,
t o appoint unto them that mourn
iu Sion, to give unto them Beauty
for Ashes; The Oil of Joy for
snograing, the Garment of praise
for the Spirit of heaviness; that
thev migh~t be called the trees of
riglhteousness, the Planting of the
Lord, that he esght be glorified.
-saiah lit. 1, and li, ;3.
When we east onr .ea around
.and behold a rising geineration4
the greatest part whereof uaust
llw in ignorance, on account. of
I them being no place of instruction
ce~ar thei, where they can be
properly aducated: Also, when we
behold the orphan left forlorn,
ad the children of indigent
parents, growing up muore like a
race of savages than C'bastians,
jbeceming thereby uisel.ess to thir~i
country, to society, and themxu
,ske;we cannot help being
eensibjle to those tender feelings
swhich the Divine Being has im
pressed oa our natures, as a
,spar to prompt ns to lend a help
iing hand tG SE~cossist ass
"If we will look into 4Niew o
- tasos and consider the geno
oas .sads which are there planted
thiat miht, if rightly cultivated
hnnobk 4An-r lies and makt
their virtue venerable to futurity,
surely they cannot, without tears,
reflect on the many fine geniuses,
in the remote parts of this State,
who are entirely buried in oblivion,
through lack of education.
"Our ecuntry calls, nay the
voice of reason cries aloud to us,
to promote knowlegde as the
finest cement of a State; and
Conscience insists that it is our
indespensable duty to instruct the
ignorant in the Principles of
Christianity. The more efficaci
ously to do which,
We, whose names ars annexed
hereunto, have cheerfully entered
into a Society," &c.
Dying of Famine
is, in its torments, like dying of
consumtion. The progress of
consumption, from the beginning
to the verv end, is a long torture,
both to victim and friends. "When
I had consumption in its first
stage," writes Wm. Myers, of
Cearfoss, Md., "after trying differ
ent medicines and a good doctor,
in vain, I at last took Dr. King's
New Discovery, which quickly
and perfectly cured me." Prompt
relief and sure cure for coughs,
colds, sore throat, bronchitis, etc.
Positively prevents pneumonia.
Guaranteed at McMaster Co.'s,
Obear Drug Co.'s and John H.
McMaster & Co.'s drug stores,
price 50c. and $1.00 a bottle.
Trial bottle free.
The Rev J. M. Carlisle Dead.
Spartanburg, June 7.-Special:
The Rev. John M. Carlisle died
here this afternoon.
About the year 1800 three
sturdy brothers came over from
Ireland and settled in Fairfield
County. They were William,
John and Henry Carlisle. The
Rev. Jno. M. Carlisle was the son
of John, and he was born in
Fairfield County 78 years ago.
He did not have the advantagre
of a collegiate education, but
went to the best schools 'in his
county. With much 'study and
solid reading he knew much more
than some men with diplomas
from colleges. In December,
1844, when about 18 years old,
he joined the South Carolina
Conference. He served missions
11 years; circuits 16; stations 11,
and a pre;iding elder's district
four. He has been on the retired
list about 19 years. For some
time he was chaplain in one of
the South Carolina regiments, and
made an excellent chaplain.
There are only two preachers in
tbe conference, who have served
longer than M~r. Carlisle. They
are the Rev. A. M. Chreitzburg,
who joined in 1839; and the Rev.
John A. Porter who entered in
Mr. Carlisle was an earnest,
strong, acceptable preacher.
After the old style, he started
his sermon in a slow, dignified
manner, but he soon warmed up,
and always preached a good ser
non, replete with solid thought
and wise suggestion. With
clearness and force he eliucidated
his text and stuck to it, the logical
arrangements of his discourses
He had th~e satisfaction of see
ing two of his sons, John E. and
Mark L., members of the South
Carolina Conference. His other
three sons, E. L., of Ma~rlboro
county, Chs H. and James K.,
of this city, are highly esteemed
for their excellent and upright
Ilives. One daughter, Mrs. Jen
nings, lives in Spartanburg.
News and Courier.
A Bad Scare.
Some day you will get a bad
gaars,, when you feel a pain in
your bowe.l; and fear appendi
citis. Safety lies in Dr. Kink's
New Life Pills, a sure care, for all
boe and stomach diseases, such
as headache, biliousness, costive
ness, etc. Guaranteed at McMas
ter Co.'s, Obear' Drug Co.'s and
John H. Mc Master & Co,'s drug
stores; only 25c. Try them.
Send postal card to Secretary
Agriculture, Washington, D. C.,
for Farmers' Bulletin, No. 25,1
which will tell you more aboutI
peanuts, their raising and use,
tie any other publication, and
I nterestin~g to Auhng Syr.ro.
"I have had asthma for three oi' tour
yers andl have tried about all the
cough and asthma cures in the mar
ket," says Daniel Bantz. of Ottervilie,
Iowa, "and have recised treatment
from physicians in New York and
h:er citie, but gtot very little benefit
l. tried Foley's Honey and Tar.
whi N IL~$~..t 'mnnielate relief and I
wil nevw id ettoi ;t in r house.
DEVELOPING THE CATAWBA.
Great Plant to be Developed on Ca
tawba River--One at Great Falls to
be a Big Affair --The Catawba Pow
er Company Behind the Work--En
gineers In the Field--Towns Around
Will be Supplied With All Sorts of
Power--Some Interesting Facts.
( Charlotte Observer, Jitme 1-. )
For the last two or three months
many rumors have been afloat.
Sometimes they have been vague
and at others almost definite, to
the effect that a movement was
on foot to make some large water
power developments on the Ca
tawba river, south of the Catawba
Power Company's plant. Those
who are interested have steadily
refused to give any information
in connection with their purposes
and intentions. Out of what has
been seen, however, and of land
transactions, the records of which
are open to everybody, the evi
dences all point towards the de
velopments which may be de
scribed tentatively as follows:
The plans are now nearly per
fected for the development of the
water power at the Great Falls,
on the Catawba, near Chester and
Winnsboro. At this point propei
ties have been gotten together
extending up and down. the river
for a distance of eight miles, con
trolling 173 feet fall. This power
will be developed in units, one
third its total capacity; each unit
will givefrom 25,000 to 30,000
horse power. At one of the
points the developments can be
quickly and cheaply made. This
work will be undertaken without
further delav and can be finished
from within a year to 18 months,
according to the flow of the river.
It is the idea of those interested
to put power into Gastonia and
onsiderably more power into
Charlotte. Connection will be
made from the Great Falls to the
atawba Power Company's plant
uch a way that any of the plants
:an be run in co-operation with
ny other. The main line will
:arry the current at 41,000 volts.
The same people also -own the
Wateree river power, near Cam.
len, and when the three new de
velopments are completed at the
3reat Falls, then the Wateree
power will be developed for 25,
)00 or 30,000-horse power. Tak
ing the five developments togeth
3r, viz.: the Catawba Power Com
pany's plant, near Rock Hill, the
hree new proposed developments
it the Catawba Falls; and the
levelopments of the Wateree
power, near Camden, all of which
rare within 40 miles, there will be
i power of 110,000 horses all told.
This power, on the bas's of 30
spindles per horse 'power on
:oarse goods, would operate
3,300,000 spindles; on a basis of
t spindles per horse power on*
ne goods, it would operate
,40,000. This is on a basis of
he minimum flow of the river,
md if the average flow should be
~osidered and the value of the
storage basin should also be con
idered, these developments when
yompleted would operate 5,000,
)Q spindles. Of cotirse all this
power will not be used for run
ing cotton spindles. Part of it
is already in use in Charlotte for
ighting 'the city, for running
nachine shops, and for all sorts
>f manufacturing interests. The
3mpany expects to bring its
wires and currents this way to a
very large extent. 'The *pas are
2ot yet completed, but it may be
arranged to carry power to Co
lumbia and Charleston. Of course
Winnsoro, Chester and Rtock
Hill will get an ample supply for
all their needs. Lancaster and
.onroe will also come in for
power from these developments.
Charlotte and Gastonia will make
the principal points of distribu
tion from this section, but the
power will be supplied wherever
jt ma be needed within the
vicinity of Oharlotte. The high
pressure mains will be rin to
Charlotte and Gastonia so that
fron these points power may ba
istributed in any direction in
the neighborhood. Plans are
now baing prepared for the first
development so that in that way
the work is -already begun. As
soon as the plans are in shape to
do so, the work will begin ou the
round and if tbere are no seri
~us and continuous floods in the
river, the people who have the
matpr in charge hope to have
the first gr4ii; of M,000Q-horse
power at the Catawba Falls in
operation by this time next year
or certainly in the early fall at
Work has already been going
on for nearly two months under
the direction of Mr. W. S. Lee,
-r emaer of the Catawba
Power Company's plant. A force
of engineers and draftsmen are
at work in the Piedmont building
on the plans-and a force of en
gineers and surveyors are at work
in the field;
It has not yet been determined
whether the first dam and power
heuse will be put out to contract
or bvilt by day labor. In either
eveitz the work will be done
under the direction of the mana
ger here, Mr. Lee. Each of these
four new developments will re
quire something like a million
dollars or over. The pole lines
and other necessary auxiliary
investment to make the entire
aggregate investment something
like five million dollars or more.
Dr. W. Gil Wylie, of New
York, has been here several times
lately and steadily refuses to
talk, but whenever he comse
something happens and he is
readily organizing this entire Ca
tawba powei. business and it may
be counted on that all his plans
will go through all rigbt. In
truth, as above stated, the work I
is already well begun.
It was a huge task, to under
take the cure of such a bad case i
of kidney disease, as that of C. F. i
Collier, of Cherokee, Ia., but i
Electric Ritters did it. He writes:
"My kidneys were so far gone, 1
could not sit on a chair without
a cushion; and suffered from
dreadful backache, headache, and
depression. In Electric Bitters,
however, I found a cure, and by
them was restored to perfect
health. I recommend this great 1
tonic medicine to all with weak f
kidneys, liver or stomach., Guar
anteeed by McMaster Co., Obear
Drug Co. and John H. McMas- r
ter & Co., druggists; price 50c. 1
CHANCE LLOR HARPERS PORTRAIT
- - e
Given the Supreme Court-Career Of
A Distinguished South Carolinian.
(The State, June 91) I
It was noted in The Statseyeiter
day that the surpreme court of
South Carolina had been made
the custodian of the portrait of
Chancellor William Harper, the
ompatriot of O'Neall and David C
A few years ago the walls of
the court room were bare, but
now there look down upon the /
attorney and jurists of today the e
faces of many of the great and
just judges of the years that have
aown. There are portraits of
Ather judges in the keeping of I
heir descendants and these por
raits should be added to the gal- L
eay which adorns the supreme
wurt room, where the tempera
ture is kept even all the year and ~
where fire or mold cannot de- e
stroy. Col. U3. R. Brooks, clerk of F
bhe court, is very careful of the a
portrait entrusted to the court as b
well as those donated. Among E
bhe portraits now held by the "
ourt are those of~Mr. James L. F
Petigru, Chief Justice John Bel- c
bo O'Neall, Chancellors Dargan, ti
ob Johinstone and Harper and t
hidges Munro and Heyward.c
CHANCELLOR WITJJAM HARPER.
Dhancellor William Harper was n
born Jan. 17, 1790. His father, ay
minister in the Methodist church, A
3ame to America with Coke, At- a
berbury and Brazier. He landed E
in Charleston and preached in
Iruity church in 1791. He was e
after wards in charge of the Meth
adist church at Newberry.
By Rev.Mr. Harper's first wife
there were two children, William
ud Wesley. William Harper tl
graduated from the south Caro-n
lina college in* the third class-ini
1808. Instead of an oration he
recited a poem which was highly
William Harper studied medi
ine for a while in Charleston anda
afterwards read law in the officea
of Col. John Joel Chappell. He c
ws 44mpted to the her in 4
and became and remined a part.:
ner of Col. Qhappl1 until the lat
tr was elected to congress. He0
rst won distinction in the case t
of Butler vs. Haskell,
In 1818 he and John Caldwell
were elected trustees of the South
Carolina college. John Murphy, e
afterwards governor, was the first
alumnus elected to that board a
and Harper was the next. a
In 1816 Mr. Harper was elected
to the legislature from Richland a
pp'nty and with D,~ E- Rger,'E
Ben C. Yancey and W. DI. Martinb
advocated the creation of a court ta
of appeals. Mr. Harper mar
ried the daughter of David Coal-'
ter 'and with Mr. Coalter moved
to Mississippi in 1818, where he I
rose rapidly and was soon elected
cancellr. It is said that "heb
fulfilled the onerous duties of
office until the poverty of his
compensation forced him to re
Eign." Upon the death of Mr.
Coalter, Mr Harper returned to
South Carolina in 1823 and in:
December was elected State xe
porter .He was the first to fill
this office as a court office, al
though Messrs. Nott and- Mc
Cord, under contract with Faust,
State printer, had published four
volumes of reports. Mr. Harper
served as reporter one year 1824.
During that time he argued, with
Mr. James L. Petigru, then attor
ney general, the great cose of
Stoney vs. McNeil. He made a
masterly argument in reply to
In the recess of the legislature
in 1826, Mr. Harper was ap
pointed by Gov. Manning to
iucceed Mr. John Gaillard in the
United States senate. Mr. Harper
lid not offer for reelection and
Judge Smith was sent back to the
enate, from which the election of
3en. Robert Y. Hayne in 18221
ad excluded him.
In 1827 he removed to Char
eston where he practiced law
with great success and in 1828
was elected to the !iouse of rep
esentatives and became speaker
mucceeding John Belton O'Neall
n that office. That year he was
)lected to succeed Chancellor
'hompson, resigned. For two
rears he served in this capacity
Lnd his decisions are said to be
'remarkable for the care, ability
d just judgement with which
hey were prepared and decided."
In 1830 he and Judge O'Neall
vere placed on the appeal bench,
he other member being David
ohnson, afterwards governor.
In 1832 Judge Harper was a
ember of the nullification con
,ention. In 1835 the court of ap
>eals was discontinued and
udges Johnson and Harper were
Under an act of 1842 Judge Har
>erwas given leave of absence
r six months, which he spent in
?urope. The narration of his trav
Is was very interestibg. Ee
lied on the 16th of October, 1847.
He had long been an invalid,
t his death carried mourning
ver the entire State.
It is said that his talents were
f the first order. "He was heard
rith deiight in deliberate assem
lies, but to be appreciated prop
rly had to be heard in the con
ultation room. His memory
ras stored with cases, and he had
ronderful facility for applying
bem." His memory is said to
ave been marvelous. Poetry,
tw and literature alike were at
is fingers' ends.
Judge Harper was remarkable
so for the patience which he
hibited while on the bench.
[a was one of the kindest of men'
ad had the least vanity of which
umsn nature is susceptible.
[Es loved his family and friends
ith unchangeable affection.
[s died in the faith of the Epis-.
opal church. Judge O'Neall's
ibute is: "He merited every
ing which love or friendship
David Coalter, father-in-law ofI
udge Harper, died at the sum
ter home of another son-in-law
T. C. Preston, at Abingdon, Va.j
.mong the srurviving relatiesi
E Chancellor Harper are J
agood Means, David Harper
[ans, John G. Mobley and Bev
ely M. English of this city.
The Key to Success.
The following sentence from
i report of the Mosley Coin
ission which came over from
gland to study educational
nditions in America, is full of '
holesom.-~ truth and is a correct
efinition of true education:,
"Education cannot be regarded
s successful unless it creates the I
ppetite for knowledge and if al
Iil4 legyes shool with the
irst for knowledge strong with-|
him he carries with him not|
uly the key to success in after'
fe, but the most priceless gift
st a teacher can impart."
Found a Cure for Dyspepsia.
Mrs. S. Lindsay, of Fort Willian),I
utario, Canada, who has suffered
ite a number of years from dyspep
a and great pains in the stomach, was~
ivised .by her druggist to take V~'.
rlain's Stomiach andi Liv Tae
he did so and , 4 f' indI that they I
gy? 4e nje a gre'at i eal of good. I'
ave rever lhad any suffering since I
egau using them." If troubled with
yspepia or indigestion why not take
ese Tablets, get wvell and stay well'.
or sale by Obear Drug Co.
During the summer kidney irren,
rities are often caused by esxcex W.
.rinkin~ or being overht 9A4~
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signatnre of
and has been made under his per
sonalsupervision since its Infancy.
Allowno one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Tinfanm and Children-Experience against Experiment.
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend.
CENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
The.Khid You Ha Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
I have them open and top in all grades,
and can satisfy you in price, and will
make terms to, please you. Give me a
call before purchasing a buggy. I carry
a full line of ,
BUGGY HARNESS, LAP
ROBES, EXTRA BUGGY
TOPS and STORM APRONS..
M. W. D OT Y.
SCREEN DOORS and WINDOWS for keep
out flies and other insects.
ICE CREAM FREEZERS for making the
cheapest and best desserts. The White
Mountain Freezer is the best on the market.
J. W. SEIGLER.
We are glad to announce that we are now better prepared
than ever before for doing all kinds of
and that we shall be glad to be favored with any work you
may have. When needing anything repaired bring it to us
or phone us in regard to same.
All busiuess entrusted to us will be promptly attended
R. T. Matthews & Son.
The News and Herald.