Newspaper Page Text
The ANature of Electricity i
Remains One of the Unsolved Problems
of the Century.
By Professor A E. Dolbear. S
+++++++osog ERE on the threshold of the new century we are confronted
- - - - - -with the question "What is electricity?" and the answer
- plied by the question seems to demand a something
which could be described by one who knew enough, as one
0 would describe some new mineral or gas or thing. Some
eminent scientific men are befogged by the question, say it
*#**Me***t is some ultimate unknowable thing, and hopeless as an in
b * quiry. If it be a something it must be described by Its
constant properties as other things are. If it be unlike
everything else then it cannot be described by its constant properties as
other things are. If it be unlike everything else then it cannot be de
scribed by terms that apply to anything else. All material things have
some common properties. A glowing coal is an incandescent solid, a flame
is an incandescent gas, but neither glow nor flame exists apart from the
matter that exhibits the phenomena. Both are conditions of part-4'ular kinds
of uatter. If electric phenomena are different from gravitative or thermal
or luminous phenomena it does not follow that electricity is miraculous or
that it is a substance. We know pretty thoroughly what to expect from it,
for it is as quantitatively relalted to mechanical. and thermal and luminous
phenomena as they are to each other; so if they are conditions of matter,
the presumption would be strGngly in favor of electricity's being a condi
tion or property of matter. and the question, "What is electricity?" woulC
then be answered in a way by saying so, but such an answer would not be
the answer apparently expected to the question. To say it was a property
of matter would be not much more intelligible than to say the same of gravi
tation. At best it would add another property to the list of properties we
1already credit it with, as elasticity, attraction and so on. In any case the
mature of electricity remains to be discovered and stated in terms common
to other forms of phenomena, and it is to be hoped that long before this new
century shall have been completed. mankind will be able to form as adequate
an idea Qf egetricity as it now has of heat.
The Happy *
- Married Man's Face }
spuiugBj,#C By Walter Beverley Crane. (\oe # $
HERE is an 4xpression in the face of a good married mait
who has a good wife that a bachelor's cannot have. It is
indescribable. He is a little nearer the angels than the
T sweetest cotillon leader living.
How often. or, how often, in looking o'er the happy
features of my dearest friend I have envied that bactific ex
pression and wished 1 could change faces with him: Faces,
I say, not places.
For the variations of the intensity of magnetic action,
either from time to time, or as we proceed from place to place, are among
thte most interesting of all the phenomena of terrestrial magnetism.
No one ever mistakes the good married man. It is only the erratic
one who leaves you in doubt. The good one can protect all the unprotected
females, and make himself generally agreeable to the ladies, and yet nevet
leave a doubt on any mind that there is a precious little woman at home
worth all the world to him.
For we have seen already that from hour to hour. and from day to day.
there are changes in the extent of the minute oscillations of the suspended
magnet, and that these changes indicate variations in the intnsity of the
magnetic force under diurnal and annual solar influences.
Roof garden students and astronomers, scientists and waiters, add tc
these variations a change which has a period corresponding to the motion:
of the moon, and it becomes evident that it is to an influence as subtle and
as pervading in its character as gravitation itself that the terrestrial mag.
-net owes its powers.
Yes, there is an expression in the face of a good married man "that won't
SWhat Business Men
Demand of Boys
By illamHosea Ballou, Author and,
OYS need, most of all, to be taught how to 6beerve -and
Istudy, to study things themselves, rather than the names 01
B! things; to acquire correct habits of thought, to investigate
and discover for themselves what they wish to know. TC
_____this end it seems to me our schools are doing excellent
I work. But in what, if any, respects do they fail to meet the
I dmandis of business men? In conversation with severa!
men of large experience in my office, and as I have met
them-' in hank, counting room, at lunch and elsewhere. I havc
put the question, "In your experience as a business man what sort of school
training does a boy need?"
The question applies, of course, only to boys untrammeled by require.
ments for admission to college. All were agreed that boys shotuld leave school
with a more thorough training in the rudiments of education, particularly in
what used to be known as mental arithmetic.
If I may generalize, let me say, to sum up, that business men ask:
That our schools give boys a more practical training; that they guard
against mental indigestion as we wvould against physical indigestion.
That such training be more thorough, par-ticular-ly in arithmetic and ac
That more attention be given to English composition, spelling and pen
That the school (and perhaps the home) teach the gospel of WORK,
WORK, WORK! This lesson well learned will surely win promotion, give
- character. studying quality, persistence. stick-to-a-tiveness and, coupled with
thrift, will enable any bright boy to grapple wIth the problems of life and tc
climb ambition's ladder.-New England Grocer'.
P Is the Education i
WithMen a Failure?
By Dr. Ely Van: de Warker.
*9+++. OES co-education educate ? This is the supreme question. 11
* * it precuares men andI women for the higher utilities, if it in.
*~ : sures to its graduates a broad culture and a high standard
of character, and gives this to a degree equaled by the col.
___ lege for men, or the college for women, it must be giver
* ~ consih'eration. It dloes not, and, from the limitations with
wich co-education uinpos es, it cannot. Co-education is a
hyri bred from an unnatural union between two systems
that contain irreconciable differences- It presents no meth
od of self-adjust ment to the needs of women.
It appears that women have been made to believe, and the notion has
been fostered by the equal suifragist cult. that if she were educated after- the
manner- of man she could do man's work in the way- hat men do it. The se~x
problem is actually ignored as non-existent. Ne w-oman ever did man's worli
after his ways. or thought his thoughts after his manner of thinking. She is
first unsexed and then treated co-educationally. There is no escaping from
this conclusion: neither do the advocates of the method meet the qtuestion.
They sim ply assert. dogmatically, that it is better for her to be so edtucated.
CRANBERRY DE'MPLINGS. 1SiiaSypos
- Rail out a layer of dumpling crust "el uz zy"eauae
thin: spread thickly with wet cran- eunciznofruyow.pn
-berries roiled in sugar. rol. up. p~fin Caga cqananenYo r
the edges tightly together. and steam e t.ra mli'adstsidti
ter ptuddug sauSimnlar -Symptoms.
One up f pverii.- suar.c:'el "Wel3i.h suraz. Ezry" eacuthed rely
withone arg tabesponfeofIa n ctizaed af Prunyorse upon
ter thn eatlihti-' it hi . ~ on' re! smili' o an sanimale that
of ne gg hunti smoo wth a ry bu- .a rn. Beathn inthe a woyorl thel
Bte th whdite toce ad st fohlix s ::rwthiexptaspinte
lightly but thoroughly, Iheap on a hae n tigat htswa
glasdish sphkiewithnuteg, icBes mhao '-inTom wason's repl.
stndhoethesiandJ aaden.iagheal-. Tht' wha
A VRY (I[I LYNCHING
First News of the Work of a Barn
well County Mob on Friday Reach
ed Governor Heyward Yesterday in
an Official Report From Sheriff.
Colnnbia. Special.-Two negroes
were lynelied in Barnwel'eounty Fri
day, and t he firt news of the crime
as ie"eived inl Columbia Tuesday
vin (;(overnor Heyward r-eived the
oilicial report of the sheriff. From
lite rel or i 1is eVier.t that the lynch
ill." waVs on1e of the m1(0t u llnrovoked
c imes recently eornmitted. and Gover
nor Hleyvard will order a flhorough
investigition of the whole affair and
endeavor to place tle responsibility
where it belongs.
According to the report by sheriff
('reech. Iwo negroes. Frank and his
sei Joln. DeLoach approached the
house (of laynes Craddock to colleet
a debt. Sonie words passed and Crad
dock was killed. The two negroes
were arrested. anild while waiting- until
they could be taken to Barnwell were
colfinled inl a shed. Here a lolj of
white miien took them out and riddled
their bodies with bullets. Afterwards
W. H. Hunter. a white mai. who ap
pears to have had the prisonprs in
charge. wired Sheriff Creech thai the
prisoniers had escaped.
A jury of several white meii and
five negroes he'd ain inquest and
broughbt inl a verdiet that tile men had
come to their deaths througli guiir-lot
and pistol wounids at tie hands of
parties unikiiown to the Jury. The
sheriff is making an investigation of
tle whole affair and as soon as possi
ble will imako another report to tle
The mysterv about the whole af
fair is tile imaiiner ot which it wZas
kept out of the newspapers. Chief
Constable HIlammet. who has just re
turned fro iBarnwell. said that morn
ing that tlie news had just reached
there. and a gentlemaii remarked this
afternoon that lie had heard of it for
tie first tiie last night from a gen
tileman froni Barnwell. It is ole of
tihle most insTerious lvnhiinis'on rec
ord in this State.
Homicide at Salley.
Col i uibia. Special.-Piaul Frasier
and Ienry l\illianis. t wo negroes were
broughit to Columbia for safe-keepinrg
and lodged in tle State penlitentiary.
The negrovs are charged with the kill
ini12 (of E. 11. Fisher. a prominent mer
chant at Salley. in Aiken county. and
according to those who came up ton
the train the killin was a deliberate
aid cold-bloded murder. Mr. Fisher
had a warranat out for the arrest of
Frasier foi diisposning of property tin
(der a lien and~ wvith a constable went
to serve it. As soonl as lie entered
Frazier's house both of the negroes
fired at bim. The tirst shots (lid not
take effect and as Mr. Fisher reached
for his own weapon the negroes tired
again. killinug the man instantly. Thie
constable saw that he could not ar
lest the iiegioes andl went back for
help1. Thle neg'oes at on1ce at tempted
to esp a ~ cm tlegramis were sen~ 1to
Colunmbia. Charlstoin. B.ranchvillec and
'.iigust a for t heir aiprehensionl. Thiey
were caughlt. however, a few miles out
from the town niid -irani2eits made
at on1ce fo4r their removal to Columbia,
as thle whle cotltlir was arouse(I at
lie kill ing and vi ilencee was fearedi.
Deputy L. L. WIllams took inle inn.
securielv'li indeaffed. across the 11 o(un-11
Iry ali placeil thenim1 oi iar the traulil
foir (ohunbia us qulickly as possible.
At thle peniiteintiary the necuroes will
not4 talk, althlough one :.f them ad
miittedl that both11 had been drinkinz.
3ir. F'liher was a proinent mlerchan1!t
:nll iis well conne jict ed Ii4throughout t
)ranugebu rg andi A iken sec'tion.
, Mill Bmployee Killed.
A hhwvi lie. Special.-Mr. W. W.
Sprose, all elipli vee of' ie A bbe'vil le
('Ottol mii illI. tliet Sii urdahiy aftteriilanll
froim i l~l ulies suistainied severatl dia s
ago whlile at work in tie mill. One oft
his arms was badly crusledl anld am
putat ion was necessary'. MIr. Sprouise
was aii induisterous and~ respectedl citi
zen. H~e wvas 70 year of ge and1
leaves a large family.
Negro Shot White Boy.
sonl. of Blackshlurg. brtought to ii
c'ity' Tom Poistel!. a negri . from iiear
Ri neksbui~rg ando i ldg'edh hm in jl
writlh sllootin~g a s~iialh wliite btl I
til leg. lite llegroit iniilltdins ni
1:: ('harg~ed that at the time' otf th
sil(4tt ini' l'istell was ihrnnk anti ili
orderly. Til boy. whlose nl ne :s
'-erittuslyx hutrt. althoiugh thle result
canno14t b~e definitelv foreseen at tis
Fusilade in Railway Coach.
Molut 'armel. Ill.. Specil.-Two
min were kil led4. a third was p~roblyx
fat inlly injutred Hin every windo. was
sho t (iut tof a passeniger coach 4o1 the'
Souillern lRaiwav. wneni two inen ini
(custo(dy for' Iarieenyv triedh toi 1'eue~
by killing a c'nlst able. Iniciden t a ly
25 piasseng'ers in thle ear were keptI
tdodging butllets ftir several minutes.
Struck by a Train.
(;reenivillec. Special.--Jli Bondius. a
co1lredlil dri e ' for H(1d2es Drayv' comi
pally. was5 run itver by switeli e'ligine
on the t'hiariesioll athI e\sterii t aro
lina railway Sat urtda' af'ternlooll ani
it is thtuight he will die from effec'ts
ofl injuries0 recived . The 'woundedl~
manl was attenided by Dr. (. B. Ealrle.
The nlegroi was atitempit inig toi cross the
railway tracks on1 Boyce 5treet. when
le was struck by the train. hurlhing
the driver high in the air' and come
nletelydemo~lsno- the wanon.
Occurrences of Interest From
All Over South Carolina
MANY ITEMS OF STATE NEWS 6
A Batch of Live Paragraphs Cover
ing a Wide Range-What is Going t
On in Our State.
General Cotton Market.
Galveston dull.. ..... ...11 13-16 v
New Orleans qluet.. ..1....11 3-4 t
Mobile dull..............11 1
Savannll dull and easy.. ..11 11-16
Baltimore nominal.. ....1..11 7-S s
New York quiet..........11 7-S j
Charleston stea(ly.. ..-....11 3-S o
Boston quiet.. .. .. ..11 95
Philadelphai quiet.. .. .. .. ..13 20
Houston easy.. ........11 11-16
Augusta quiet.. ..........11 5
Memphis steady .. ..'.... 11 -16
Louisville firm.. ... ..1.. i 13-16
Charlotte Cotton Market.
These figiiures represents prices paid 3
Good mid(lling.. ... .......11 60 '
Strict middling.. ...... ..11 1-2 d
Miiddling................11 3-S s
Good middling tinges.. .. .... 11 3-S y
Strict middling tinges.. .. ..11 1-4 1
Stains.. .. .. ....10 1-4 to 10 3-4 s
Columbia. Special.-The Incorpora
ted Farming Association. of Aiken
county, has been foried as a result
of the work of Commissioner Watson
and his New York representative.
Mr. Raymond L. (riffies. The colony
will settle 2.200 acres in Aiken coun
ty with a number of families and a
lo-operative farm will be established
in the course of the next few weeks.
Mr. Chas. Weintroub, president of
the association, was in the city comn
pletin, arrangeiments for the colonv
and he is most enthusiastic about
the prospects for bringing a large
number of families here about 25
b.failies, or about 100. persolls who
will be broug-ht here 11 t. They will
come from Russia and are all Eiiglish
peaking, having lived in 'his country
for some time. A peculiar perisonai
characteristic feature of these people
is that practically al' of them are
blondes. Thev are describd as a
hard working. industrious race. and
with the desirable land they have se
ured are bound to suceeed.
Messrs. Watson and Griflies have
been at work on this scheme since
last fall and the coon is a direct ]
result of interviews published in the
New York Herald with Conmissione
Watson :md Governor Heyward. M-.
Griffies camne to Columbia as the ren
reentative of this State in New York
and since here has conferred with the
commissioner of immigrration on a
number of plans for bringing settlers
to this action of the country. There
are also a number of industrial plants
in contemphation, antinouncemen ts con
erning which will be made later.
Boy Killed Playmate.
TUion. Special.-A terrible tragedy
marred. th$ Christmas pleasures i.:
he Sedalia r eighborhood of this
ounttv. wvhen Wednesday about 2
o'cloeck Clarence Rochester. aged 15
years accidentally killed instantly a
colored boy narne'd Swet Thomas. with
whom lie was playing'. The boys hlad
beeit throwvig upi their caps to be shot
at with a single barrel breech-loading
slio tgun. The cap onl one oft thle shells
failed to explode. ihongh it was sntap
ped about a dozen times. The last
tm itCihe negro ithra~v up his cap andi~
.iist as lie wvas (catehingz it. while in
fon1t o f thle gu n, it went off. blowingr
off thle top) of his hieadl. to) th hi lorror
of his white playmate, who ts areat ly
d ist ress'2d over lhe eenrrence. Thle
coroner's verdict was t hat the kill ing
Boy Shot His Sister.
Newvport News.. Speial.-Roseland
Cook. thle little daumghiter ot Mr. T. A.
(ook,: of Hiampton. was shot in the
eve by ier brother Ma iviln. witlh an
air rifle, which came as a Christmas
presenit. Tebywsaiming at a
target ii the folding doors of th par
lors at his father 's home. and p)ulled
the tigger. just as thle door was
throiwn open anid hi:- sister entered.
To Review Rice Industry.
SatItery. special a'2ent of thle nited'(
States Aguriecullural Diepa rtmient .ps
:u' thiroughi (Charlestn for 1' l'1leton)1
formaitftioni regardinig lie ind' ustriv.
Mr. Slat tcrv formerly ilanted rice in
t'ulleto~n county b)u1 for more titan
a year' he has byeen in thme employ oif
he governtmenlt. with ht!eadquaters('1 at
I ake (Chlarles. La. Mr. S!attery is of
he opinitn that tee si sill a brig'ht
I aimure for the i2Initst ry in Somuh b Caro
i.a. and he does t~ :idvise t he abant
donment of the iindiustry oni a(reolunt of.
any temporary reverses.
For Saving a Prisoner.
Gover'nor~ Heyward'l has r'eceived the
expenCise are'oun't (It Sher'itf 'reech of
Barwell in bringintg to thle peniten
iary. tot soafe keeping thie neg'ro .Jim
Hall, who was accused of throwing a
irock at a ladv in Al le-nda!e i bout .10.
lays ago). On aiceoti 1 t l 'e insistent
efforts of the peopb to kill thme tr
~ro. thle sheriff was foredt tol the ox
tremity of sendlint hiian ar~ound by Sa
vannah antd back by Augusta to Co
Ilumbia. The entire ceiense is e)
The Bank of Fairfield.
Winnsboro. Special!.-lThe stock
holders of tile Bank ot Fa irtied1 held
a mneetintg aitd elected Wi. R. Rabb.
presient: Thomas 'A. Trayvlor. vice
ier. andil the fol lowing b1o4ard oft direec
iors: T. W. Travlor. J. M.h Jennin.
W. R. Rabb. D). V. Walker. Dr. J. (.
P~uehanani. Dr. J1. .1. Rober tson. (Col.
LeRoy Spritigs. F. R. Mceektn. R. Y.
Turner. John L. Mitmnaugh. . R. far
lee, T. W. Ruff, S. C. Catheart and
SONS Of R[VOLUTION
lan to Establish a Branch For South
The National Society of the Sons
C the American Revolution wishes
) establish a society in this State.
overnor Heyward is inl receipt of a
-tter to that effect from Gene.ral and
[oi. Francis Henry Appleton of Bos
n. Mass., in which lie says: "1 with
thers, am greatly interested to se
ire the establishment of a State so
iety of this society in your State.
'here must be many of your citizens
-ho are descendants of those who par
icipated in the *Revolution of '76.'
e hope that you are eligible and will
tart the movement or induce some
ther eligible person to do so. Fifteen
r more persons can associate them
elves together and form a State so
iety. From each member 50 cents a
ear is required for the expenses of
ie national society and the annual
ues can be made what each State de
ides. The next annual meeting is to
c held at Boston. by delegates, April
0 and May 1st, 1906.
"We wish very much that you
ould favor us and come here as a
elegate at that time. President Roo
evelt is a member through the Em
ire State society of New York. We
eg of you totart it or to get it
tarted in your grood old State."
The Neals Shoals Plant.
Union, Special.-The electrical
ower plant at Neall's shoals and the
ine are now all completed and on
Vednesday a current of 13.,200 volts
cas sent over the line for the first
ime. Everything worked like a charm
ud the power can be switched on at
suffalo cotton mills in almost a io
ient's notice. At the Union cotton
nills the motors have not vet been
eared up, but the transformers have
At Neal's shoals Sunday night.
3nroad river was unusually high on
eouiit of the excessive rains. the
vater being five feet above ilie top
if the (lain and it was estimated that
lie highest water would prevail at
olumbia Sunday night about 12
Charleston's Union Station.
tre proceeding for the construction of
le new union station. The bond of
he contraetors has been forwarded to
.lumbia and as soon as it is passed
ipon by architect Milburn and by the
aw department of the railroads. the
oistI'uction will be started. The site
s being marked out for the piling and
reparations are being made for the
etting of contracts for the piling, wir
ng and plumbing. Mr. J. A. McCor
nack has been appointed the assistant
:o Stuperintendent of Construction
Ruby'. The station is to be built by
3 rant Wilkins of Atlanta, who was
he lowest bidder, his bid being .$152.
)00. As soon as the contract and bond
tave beein signed, no delay will ensue
n the actual constr'uction of the much
ieded union d@Nt.
A Knight Templars Visit.
Chai'leston. Special.-Southi Caro
ina commander'y No. 1. Knights Temn
plai'. :.ave begun arrangements for
he entertainment of' Apollo comn
mander'y of Troy, N. T., which will
isit Charleston andl other Southern
ities next April. The New York
-omni~eryie'~ is a v'ery (list ing'uished
-ommlid( and it is prioposed to make
he visit of thie commanden a memo
able occasion for thle Teniplar 3Ma-I
onrvI of the State. The military fea-I
ur.s of thle ori'i zait ioni aire to be
spciall'played and it is expected
hat lhe e.mmo deries at (Coluimbia.
part anihmi a'ndi Greenvill wc~~ill be
'ral I est ivi jcs .,iih are to mah inlie
isit of the New York kntights.
Saluda Cotton Growers.
Saluda. Special.--At a i'eceint meet
og' of thle Saluda county; cot ton -grow
r1s' oen\'ition the f'ollowiing ufieers
ve'e elec'ted for the incomuing year:
apt. JIas. Hi. Watson pr.esidlent :'J. W'.
ledsoe. vice president: 31. 31. Payne.
eretarv: II. ( . Wh'lite. treasurer:
\essrs~ H. WI. :'ouchi. L. B. Blease
md W. F". W\hitile were' elected~i dele
rat es to the St ate c'onuvent ion which
nets iln Columbna ni .Jan. 8.
The Failure of Grandy & Sons.
U(now'n ('i!itra'iigi I1rm ut' (irand. &
*Sons ofi thIiis i'ityV~i wa adjudgled bank
'-uplt byUit e i(d States D istiict Judgae
rawitev in ( 'lilarest iii. voluntar pe
'ii Iirallt. T al antiorized statement
hat the liabilit iis or lie coniitrae(toris
re inc i the uin1i!hbrhod ''f .9S%.000
hile iheir is-ts v ill not fo;t ui
nore t ilin .$1-5.f0lias oeeii inane.
"Squadron Week" Programme.
(hai'lestion, Special.-The progi'an
rises5C of --squaiidr'on week '' next
eek. There will be mnany' sports fori
le seamen and mar'inies of the vessels.
including eveiits on the water as well
i on land. anid substantial prizes will
) offered to the su(ccssfuli men conii
esting. The programme will exteind
ver several days. The enlisted men
w~ill also be othlerwise entei'tained with
mtigs at the Sebuetzenplatz. where
vster i'oasts and other forms of' enter
ainmen t tor t heir especial benefit will
The York County Court.
Yorkville. Spe'ial.-The court of
'omnon plueas adIjo urnied sine die Fri
lay afternoin and .Jiudge Hy'driek left
Lor his home at Spartanhurg. D~uring
as stav at Yorkvile. the judge has
uvon he admiration of thle people of
>nii townl and~ 'outiitX tor' the most
ible and 'our'teo'us manner in which
ie conducted the business of the
SHIPMtNTS Of LIQUOR
Assistant Attorney General De
clares Where the Liability of the I
Common Carier Terminates.
In view of the fact that so many
counties have voted out the dispensary
and the "drummers'' have come in (
soliciting orders for whiskey to be
shipped into the State, the following I
opinion written by the assistant at
torney general under date of Dec. 19,
1903, will be of interest:
Columbia, S. C., Dec. 19, 1905.
Wm. M. Hamer, Esq.,
Dillon, S. C.
Der Sir: Yours of December 18th
has been received. You are right in
the idea you seem to intimate, it is
only when required by the State offi- S
cers that it is the duty of the attor- )
ney general to consult and advise with (
them on questions of law relating to
their official business.
The opinion of mine to which you
refer must have been one in which I t
briefly stated what had been decided c
by the supreme court in these two A
cases, the State vs. Chastain. 49 S. C. t
172, April 9th, 1896, holding that un- v
der the dispensary law it is a criminal a
offense to store and keep in possession I
alcoholic liquors for personal use e
without having fixed on the vessel con
taining it label.s obtained from the i
State commissioner. On this question, a
the members, of the supreme court
were equally'divided. The later case
of the State vs. McGee,.55 S. C. 247, 1
was decided without dissent June 3. e
1899, holding that liquor purchased
without the State for personal use is j
not contraband, simply because the a
purchaser does not procure and attach
to it from the State chemist a certifi- e
cate of purity, as provided in the dis
pensary law. In an opinion given by t
Hon. U. X. Gunter. Jr., now attorney
general, on March 16th. 1900, when he t
was. assistant attorney general. he s
says: "It has been clearly settled by
a long line 6f decisions of the United e
States court beginning with Bowman
vs. Railway company, 125 U. S. 465.
to Vance vs. Vandercock. 170 U. S. f
43.. reviewed iii the decision of our 1:
own court in the State vs. Holleyman, i
31 S. E. 362, 33 S. E. 367. that no pen
alty attaches to the importing of
liquor into this State for personal use.
It is also well settled that in ordinary
consignments delivery to the carrier t
is a delivery to the consignee. Hence, t
when a dealer in another :state recei- I
ves an order for liquor from this State t
at the place of the consignor, and as
such a transaction is inter-state com- t
merce when the liquor is ordered for I
personal use no action lies either in
personam or in rem. * * * The mere t
ordering of the liquor by a person in i
this State for-his personal use, 'rom I
another State, the purchase price to i
be collected .on delivery, does not con- s
stitute a sale in this State and is not 1
in contravention of the laws of the
State in regard to alcoholic liquors.'' t
In an opinion of Mr. WV. H. Town- t
send, then assistant attorney general, I
Sept. 4, 1905, he says: " The State law
cannot prohibit drummers or salesmen
from soliciting orders in this State for f
thre sale of liquor by a non resident in
a-nothrer State. to be shipped fito. thisi
State for deliver as snuch transaction
is purely one of interstate commerce.
over which this State has no control.'' 1
Splendid Cotton Results.
The present year is not famed for1
lar'ge cotton crops in South Carolina.
Still, a farmer of Chester county has
just soldl nearly $900 worth of cotton
from the work of two plows, and all
this without a poumd of fertilizer.
Another has realized 15 heavy bales.
500) pouds b~eing the average weight
o f the bales. from one liow. This far1
mner' has made this year 13 bales
f'r'om 1(5 aces. With suich. results as
these w~hyv should South Carolina far
muers go to Texas to raise cotton ?
South Carolina Items.
The cease of Ross vs. thre Street rail
way of C'oluinmbia was concludledl
Fridiay when the jury awarded
$4.300 to Ross. The plaintiff was
foreman of the construction gang and
w'e injured in a collision near
Smith 's branch last year. He was
representedl by J. Q. Marshall. J1. S.
Muller and Andlrew Crawford. The
amount demanded was $25,000. ]
A meeting of the teachers in Aiken
county was held at thre Aiken insti
tute on Saturday and the Aiken coun
ty Teachers' association was organiz
edl for the p~urpos(e of carrying on
courses of study leading to the bet
tering of the work.
At an extra communniientioni of thre
Surmmerton lodge. No. 105. A. F. M..
Monda nit. the following officers
wereinsalld:H. M. McKnight. W
M.: .i. Q. Mathis. S. W.: M. R. Mood,
J1. W.: JTeff M. D~avis. treasurer; J.
('. Lanhamr. secretary: R. B. Smyth.
S. 1).: A. .J. Richrburg. J1. D.: C. M.
Davis, P.: M. arid H. S. DesChamps.
steward; :J. E. Tennant, tiler.
-Robbery at Swansea.
Swvansea. Speial.-The store of T.
L. Martin at this place was broken i
to by some tunknown persons. shtppos
ed to have been tramnps. Tire mis
creants br'oke openi tire back door of1
the store and went out tihe front door.1
breaking the lock and glass of the I
same. They broke open the money1
drawers. burt failed to get any money.1
However. they secured abotut $40 or
$30 worth of goods.
Plot Nipped in Columbia.
Washningtonr. Special.-Thre State
Departnment Ihas received informationi
by cable that an attemp~t was madle
in B~ogota to dlispose of President
Reves as an inreident to a plot for
Iverthirowinig tire government. In I
cosequencee there was marry arrest 1
of prmnn men. wvho were to be
tried by court marshal. Among them
was a former mi'nister of. tire cabinet
arid five leaders of tire opposition.
No details are given of the reasons I
r. the .>ttempt upon General Reyes. 1
110 ARE KILLED
tussian Riots Continue With
OVERS THE WHOLE COUNTRY
usiness is Suffering Seriously From
Strike in Russia-Letters All Cen
sored-Attempt to Kill Prefect of
Police at St. Petersburg-Soldiers
Surround Hotel and Bring Up Ar
tillery-Two Regiments of Cos
Moscow, By Cable.-Firing ii the
treets continued until midnight
Vednesday night. The Governor
eneral issued an appeal to the peo
le, which is displayed in the streets,
rging the citizens not to trust to
ie false interpretations given the re
ent manifesto and calling on them to
ive up the strike and take sides with
e troops and the police in the preser
ation of order, resting on the assur
nee that the lawful authorities will
now how to protect lives and prop
London. By Cable.-The St. ietis
urg correspondent of The Times. in
dispatch dated December 26, says:
"Governor General Doubasoff. tele
raphing reports that 15,000 persons
ad been killed or wounded at Mos
"The latest news from Moscow says
hat the first regiment of Dun Cos
acks. Tvern dragoons .and the Nes
-izh regiment of infantry mnined
nd are confined in their barraeIs.
"I ani informed from a good source
hat 2,000 persons were killed and 10.
00 wounded. The revolutionists are
iaking no headway but they show up
igns of exhaustion."
All over the city there are marks
f the battle which has iaged in the
treets for three days, and the distant
ooming of cannon shows that the
hting is not yet at an end. Houses
ave been completely demolished by
he artillery, and everywhere- win
ows have been smashed by butlets.
Governor General Doubasof t has
rohibited the opening of windows.
he better classes are afraid to ven
ure on the streets owing to the fact
hat numerous bombs and other dead
v missiles are being thrown from
lie windows and roofs of houses.
ear the triumphal arch could be seen
oday. the red flags of the insurgents -
Ivine above their barricades. Sol
iers surrounded the Continental Ho
el and artillery was brought -up as it
ras claimed that a shot had been fired
rom one of the windows. It was
rith difficulty that the landlord per
uaded the troops not to demolish the
As the correspondent enteredi the
elephone exchange he saw two agita
ors shot by a passing patrol. Artil
ery can be heard at work near the .e
Two attempts on the life of the pre
et of police by students, one of them
won,~ was frustrated. Thie stu
The Bourse Gazette savs it is report
d that General De Dioulin. pirefet of
olice of St. Petersburg. has heen
nformed by telephone that the muir
~er of dead or wounded at Moscow
mmber 10.000 and that when ques
oned tonight the general (lid not
leny that such a report had bee'n re
Thle mehaiits here u nplain' that
hev are suffering seriously from ;he
t rike in Russia. and arc no)t reciv
niz the information in regard to the
itunation there, as all letters are care
The correspondent of the St. r
~etersurg Times. wires that i sre '
orted there, that a muilit ary - ed
)lot hats been discovered by the au
horities. Fifty arrests i:a'e . been
nade in connection with this discov- -
Fruitmen in Conventir..
Des Moines. Ta.. Special.-The -
Western Association of Fruit Grow
rs opened its annual mecetiaz Jhere.
he attendance is quite large and
Smeeting presents inany i:erest
oa "atur'es. Many promin.o: frit '
'oweris and experts from this aInd
Aiher frait States are in s..t':lance
md some highly important: papers
iae been promised to be readt.
Wcdding Present for Miss Resevelt.
Washingpon. Special.-The' Presi
lent's attention has been ezn.l to a
isatch from Baker City.0" 'O the
?acel that a subse'riptio ut1
e starited for1 a weddinig er ' n o
Miss Alice Roosevelt. dn
Roosevel t st.ated tha: whil . (ep
y appreciate'd the evidence ;'.od
4vil. he hoped nothi::gof kd
w(uld be und~ertakeni. In fr- 1,.h
vjshedl part icularlyv tha.Zt the' !rvo'e
oullection 4of1 funids soi' no he
Three Killed, Several Eart.
Meridian. Miss., Special.-in: a rear
nd1( (colhilio on the Albamna and1(
Vieksbrgz railroad att Cimakey. Mon'I
la' nizht. two) trainmen we:-e killed
md three seriouisly jinjured 4 :d a
rain load oft passengers badly shakeni
;p. The dead are: Vance L~ader, a
iCar1o fireman. Peter Kenosky. a
ramp. FLnzineer Tucker and his fire
na of lie freight and Enuineer
oker' of the p)assenger were also. ini
Alleged Baron Under Ar-est.
Newm Yor'k, Special.-Baron !.reder
'k Scelield, whose residens." is in
hliladelphia, was arrested he:-e chiarg
d with securing money tunderi false
retenses. The police say that Coun
essllka K. Palmay who is living at a
Cew ork hotel chargzes that several
veeks ago she loaned the baron a large
tm of money. taking his automobile
i a security. and that she afterwards
earned that the automobile did not