Newspaper Page Text
Russian Affairs Grol
LABOR TROUJBL[S ADDED
Plans of Revolutionists Misearry.
Meeting at Sveaborg Collapsed. Sit
uation Greatly Changed. Order for
General Strike Probably be Counter
mandrd--Baltic Squadron not in
Hands of Iutineers-Emperor Or
ders Court Marshall for Those Im
plicated in Meeting at Fortress of
London. By Cable-A dispatch from
Helsingzfors says that serious conflicts
between Communal police and the So
cialist Red Guards occurred.
Warsaw, By Cable.-General Mark
graffsky. chieif of the Warsaw Gen
darms, was shot and killed.
St. Petersburg, By Cable.-A col
lapse of the mutinw at Sveaborg,
coupled with a breakdown of the
plans of the Revolutionists to secure
possession of the Baltic Squadron and
provoke an immediate rising of Cron
stadt, greatly changes the situation.
The sy-- of the government offi
tials have risen and those of the Rev
olutionists are correspondingly depres
sed. Arrangements for ordering gen
eral strike Saturday may be counter
The strike ia Finland is already a
failure. The latest reports show that
all rumors that the Baltic squadron
was in the hands of mutineers were
untrue. When lie mutineers ,ho were
led by the ag4itators from the shore
and who believed that the squadron
was coming to their r.escue found that
hope in that direction was erushed,
dissentions broke out among them
and they turned their guns upon each
other. Those who had determined to
die rather than surrender fired into
the ranks of their more faint hearted
-eomrades who hoisted the white flag.
Number Dead and Wounded.
During the night the mutinous sail
ors, soldiers and sappers and miners
seized Fort Constantine at Constradt
but were subsequently dislodged and
compelled to sirrender, after heavy
fighting with the1 loyal regiments.
A hundred rere killed and many
wounded, including Admiral Boaki
wvisheff. Some mutineers succeeded
in boarding a st 3amer and escaping to
edRiroons iD-mh o-S. f7a- K CMF
Mutiny at Constadt.
The wildest rumors are in circula-.
tion. one of which is to the effect that
the mutiny has )roke out at Constadt
has caused the utmost alarm, which
has been increased by the fact that
telephone communication with Cronx
stadt again is interrupted.
It is asserted that four mutinous
warships have arrived at Cronstadt
and that thle gun> of that fortress have
been trai-ed on them. but that the
fire has not yet been opened.
An odicial telegram from Helsing
fors announces taat all the mut~ineers:
of the Fortress of Sveaboarg surren
dered arid that by order of the Emper
or, court martialk have been instituted
for the trial of the men implicated.
The prisoners are being landed in
batches guared by loyal troops. They:
are sullen and seem to have little
thought of the punihment, whieh
Neff Guilty of Granid Larnceny.
Warsaw, N. Y., Special.-The jury
in the case of John W. Neff, former
county auditor of Erie county, in
dicted for grand larceny in the first
degree in connection with the Old
North Street Cemetery deal in Buf
fdlo returned a verdict of guilty.
The specific charges on which Neff
was tried was the stealing of $7,500
from Erie county on October 1.
Conditiol. of CottOn.
Washington, Special.-The crop
estimating board of the Department
of Agriculture. firxds the average con
dition of eotton July 25, S2.9 com-,
pared with 74.9 last year and 91.6
in 1904 and the ten year average of
S2. By States. 'Virginia. 83; North
Carolina, 75; South Carolina. 72;
Georgia. 74; Flo -ida, 72: Alabama,
83; Mississippi, SS; Louisiana, 8S;
Texas. 86: Arkansas. S9; Tennessee,
SS; Missouri 95; Oklahoma. 92; In
dian Territory. 83.
At Negro Conference
Washington, Special.-The sessions
of the Negro Young People's Chris
tian and Educational Conference given
mainly to the reading of papers. A
vote of thanks wa s accorded Rev. S.
S. Lawton. of )rurge. South Carolina,
who in a brief addiress counselled the
tiZ thle whites anad paying more atten
tian to follbwirj tae flag.
Train Kills . tged Farmer.
Hagersdo~wn, Md .. Special.-James
Drury. aged seventy-five years .a
promiinent farmuer, was 'run over and
killed by a Westrnf Maryland pas
senner traiu at Ciharlton Station. on
the Potna ' n!!c \ d.ivti~slin. lHe was
walklag on the tra ik, in a cut, to the
station to t::kR' the train which strue~k
him. Both D~rury' feet were cut off
an.i the back of hi, head v;as crusiien.
w More Complicated
Crew of Ship Mutinied.
Startling news reached here to the
effect that the crew of the armored
cruiser Pamyate Azova mutinied ff
the Esthonion Coast ana are now in
full possession of the ship, which
sailed notbward in the direction of
the Finish Gulf.
The Captain Killed.
St. Petersburg. By Cable-It is stat
ed that tIie captain and four other ofli
cers of the armoured cruiser Pamyate
Azova were killed by the mutineers
who took possession of the warship.
' is rumored that the Emepror and
the imperial family have fled from
Peterhof to Barskoe-Selop.
Immediate Strike Ordered.
London, By Cable.-A dispatch
from St. Peterburg says that an extfa
ordinary conference of all revolution
arv bodies decided on an immediate
general strike, the exact date and hour
to be settled at the meeting soon.
and in the meantime railways and fac
tories have been ordered to prepare
for future events.
Fnr Officers Killed.
The Associated Press is officially
informed that only four officers were
killed and four wounded at Cronstadt.
No figures regarding the losses in
rank tand file are given.
Those Injured and Dead.
An oicial statement of the Con
stradt mutiny gives the following list
of officers killed and wounded:
"Naval captains Rodioneff, Dogro
welsky, Schomoff, Stayanowsky;
wounded, Rear Admiral Beclemscheff,
Captains Krinitzki'and Paton and~En
Big Strike On.
St. Petersburg, By Cable.-St. Pet
ersburg is in darkness. The employes
of the electric lighting plants, al
ways the earliest barometric record
on political conditions, ceased work
in obedience to the call for a general
strike. This call already has been
obeyed by 2,000 factory hands in the
Says Dead Reach Thousands.
Helsingfors, By Cable.-A soldier
who came from the Sveaborg fortress
during the day said the casualities
from the fighting of Wednesday
would be shown to number many
more than 500, expressing the opin
ion that the totals would run into the
thousands. The garrison consisted
of 6,000 men.
Cheatham is Oensured.
Atlanta, Ga., Special-The commit
tee of five to which was commited
,the investi~zation of the charges
brought by State Representative An
derson against certain officers of the
Southern Cotton Assoc'iation, met
here. after concluding the taking of
testimony. The meeting to consider
the evidence and formulate the re
port to President Jordlan, was held
behind closed doors. The report was
completed and sent to President Jor
dan. and is to b~e forwvard1ed by himi.
to the executive committee of the as
sociation for finial aetion at the meet
ing. which is to be held at Fat
Springs Septemnber 6.
'-ith reference to Mr. Cheatham
the report says:
"Mr. Cheathamn having admitted to
your uommittee such dealings in the
names of himself and for Michael
0O'Grady and P. A. Lee. such action
on his part while an officer o fthis
association meets with our strong
est disapproval and condemnation.
"The A. P.''
Boy Injured in Mill
Jonesville, Special-William Briggs
a boy about 17 years old, and an op
erative in the yarn department of
Jonesville Manufacturing Company
was eaught in the machinery in the
eard room and fatally injured. Dr.
W. 0. Southard, attending physician
stated that he entertained no hope
for hic reco'very.
Commercial Law League.
Ashe-.ille. Special.-The 12th au
nual convention of the Commercial
Law League of America adjourned
Thursday afternoon after electing
the following officers: President, H. G.
W. Dinkelspiel, San Francisco; first
vice president. Edgar F. Brown. Sy
racuse, N. Y.: second vice president,
George M. Napier, Atlanta: third vic
president, Henry Deuteh, Minneape
lis; treasurer. WV. 0. Hart, New Or
leans; recording sec'retary. WV. F. Car
roll. New York. Members of execut
tive committee: E. P. Allen. Minne
apolis, and A. V. Cannon. Cleveland.
Bound Over For Peonage.
Pensacola, Fla., Specia.-An in
vestigation of the alleged peonage at
the Jackson Lumber Company'
camp at Lockhart, Ala., by the United
States commissioner was held and rec
sulted in three men being held to the
United States Court tria.l under
heavy bond. They are Robnrt Galla
gher, superintendent; WV. N. Grace
and Oscar S. Sanders, employe-s of
St. Petersburg. By ('able.-Aa offi
eil telegram from Heclsingfors an
niounces that all the mutineers of the
fortress of Sveaborgz have surrender
ed and that by order of the Emperor
court matrtials are being instituted
for the trial of the men implicated.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Corn
pany announced a rednetion of the
(one-way passenger rates to 2 1-2 cents
a mile nud will issue transferable
mileag tickets at a fiat rate of $20.
SOUl CAROLINA CROPS
Condition of South Carolina Crops
For Week Ending Monday, July 30,
1906, as Given Out by the De
Like the preceding one. the current
week has had an excess of cloudiness
and a markel d1-tieenev yn sunshine,
al;houigh in parts of the Stwte there
were one or two clear days.
The temperatures were unseason
ably low during most. of the week.
The daily maximum temperatures
were generally between 82 and SS de
grees except on one, and in places two
days when they rose to 90 degrees,
or above, over practically the entire
State. The highest maximum temper
ature was 9S degrees at Blackville on
the 27th and the lowest minimum tem
perature was 60 degrees at Bowman
on the 26th. The average tempera
ture for the week was about four de
grees below normal.
There were frequent and sone
heavy showers during the week. The
rainfall was quite evenly distributed
and was generally in excess of the
week's normal amount in all parts
of the State. A few localities only
had less than the normal rainfall.
The soil everywhere is saturated.
Low lands and swamps have much
surface water on them. Except over
small areas in the western and north
central counties where the week's
rainfall was less than an inch, the
weekly amount ranged from one
inch to over five inches, with a maxi
mum amount of 5.46 inches at Clem
Destructive hailstorms occurrd in
a few of the western and central coun
ties, and high winds, accompanying
thunderstorms did much damage lo
cally in the central counties.
Eeunion at Saluda.
Saluda, Special.-On July 28, 1896,
the cornerstone of the court house for
Saluda county was laid here and Sat
urday marked the tenth anniversary
of that event. The day has been
regularly celebrated, sometimes in one
way, sometimes in another. Saturday
there was a reunion of the old soldiers
of the county and this, together with
the sessions of the district conference,
brought a large crowd to this town.
The number of those who followed
Lee and Jackson and Hampton and
Butler in the dark days are growing
fewer each year. There were about
a hundred here Saturday and they
were made to enjoy themselves. The
town was turned over to them. Kind
nesses were shown them. They were
in fact made much of by their sons
and daughters who cherish their glor
ious deeds of valor on the field of ba
tie as a rich heritage and whose en1
slee.ves and missing limbs are regard
das badges of highest honor. The
veterans, with Larkin Rice, a private
in Company K, Fourteenth Southi
Carolina regiment, in command, were
formed in a line on the public square,
where addresses on the incidents of
the war were made bv Veterans W.
S. Wightman, B. F. Sample. Sr., and
athers. A free barbecue dinner was
~ervedl to every- veteran present. This
they enjoyed to their heart's conten~t.
In the afternoon they gathered1 in
aluads uder the shade of the oaks
and "fought all their battles o'er.''
25 Men Engaged in a Terrible Fight.
Greenville, Special.-Ed. and Joe
Mfanning, young white men living
near Lowndesville, in Abbeville
county, went aeross the Savannah
river into Elberton county, Georgia.
Sunday to a negro baseball game.
Three negroes were killed, but no one
seems to know just how the fight be
un. Ed. Manning was shot and will
iie. Pistols and ball bats were used
as -weapons and 25 men, white and
black, fought for half an hour like
Chester Farmer's Institute.
Chester, Special.-Farmiers in the
eastern part of the county have for
the past several days manifested a
lively interest in the holding of a
Farmers' Institute. They have comn
pletedl arrangements for one to be
held at Richburg, August 1. The
speakers will include Professors Mor
rnson, Shanklin and sowe other mem
bers of the faculty of Cl emson col
lege. The sturdy farners of that sec
tion believe they can ..et hetter results
from oceasions like this than, can be
realized by running wild over a politi
Minister Dies Suddenly.
Greenville. Special.-Rev. J. L.
Vass, a Baptist minister of this eity,
after filling an appointment at a coun
ry churchi Sunday. went to the home
otf a frienid to spend the night. and
died suddenly about midnight. Hie
was a man of considerahle p~rominence
in church circles and has a son who
holds a professorship in Furman
Change of Date.
Gov. Hleyward has issued an an
nouncement of a changee in the date
for the special meeting of the trus
tees of the negro college at Orange
butrg. set f~or August 17. The new
date. arrangzed to suit the convenienc'e
of severa lW members of t he board who
eould not otheCrwise attend the meet,
is Aturis! 29. At 1t1is meet: ng some
thin: de:in ite,. will be done a nout
the p;re-sidhnlr, wh~ich T. E. M.iUkr has
Injured by Explosion.
Chester, Speial.-Albert Sample,
the -year-old son of Mr. S. N. Sam
p'le of the Nicholson hotel, was seri
rusly injured by an explosiomn in the!
rooms of a bottling establishment Fri
dlay. He was taken to a Charlot te
hospital for treatment, but it is fear
ed that the sight of one of his eyes
is seriously and perhaps permanantly
Occurrences of Interest from
All Over South Carolina
MANY ITEMS OF STATE NEWS
A Batch of Live Paragraphs Cover
ing a Wide Range-What is Going
On in Our State.
General Cotton Market,
Galveston, quiet...... .. .. ..10 7-8 1
New Orleans. quiet.. .. .. ....10 5
Mobile, nominal.. .. .. ....10 7-16
Savannah. quiet and steady..10 9-16
Norfolk, steady.. ........11 1-16
Baltimore. nominal.. ......11 1-S
New York. quiet.. ........10.90
Boston. steady .. .. .. .. ....10.90
Philadelphia. quiet.. .. .. ....11.15
Houston, steady.. ........10 :3-4
Augusta. quiet.. .. ............
Memphis. quiet.. ..........10 3-4
St. Louis. quiet.. ..........10 7-S
Louisville. firm.. .... .. .. ....11
Charlotte Cotton Market.
These prices represent the prices
paid to wagons:
Good middling.. ..........111-4
Strict middling... .. .. .. ... 1-1-4
Middlin.. .. .. .. .... .. 1114
Good middling tinged . . ........11
Stains......... . .. .. ....9@10
White Man Kills a Negro.
Yorkville, Special.-Mr. W. J.
Whitner, superintendent of Glenn
and Allison's at Fishing creek, killed
Minge Armstrong, colored. The ne
gro came late to work and Mr. Whit
ner asked him the cause, wben he
threw a shovel of dirt on Mr. Whit
ner, who asked the meaning of that.
The negio then attempted to strike
him w'th a shovel and Whitner went
towards his house, the negro follow
ing. Whitner and his little brother
held the door to keep the negro out
and the negro tried to break down
the door. Whitner got his shotgun
and went around the house and ask
ed the negro what he meant. He
then advanced on Whitner with the
shovel drawn. After being told to
stop he kept on coming and Whitner
shot him in the neck, killing him.
For New Railroad.
Anderson. Special.-A meeting will
be held at Townville on the 10th of
August in the interest of the proposed
railroad from Westminister to Town
ville. The campaign meeting, which
had been arranged by the county ex
ecutive committee for the 8th of Au
gust at Townville was cancelled at
the regigest of the people of that sec
tion. They hvant a railroad and
other enterprises that will help to
build up their fine country. Solicitor
Julius E. Boggs and Capt. H. H. Wat
kins of this city will make address~es
on that occasion in the interest of
Items of State News.
A number of letters have been re
elved by Gov. Heyward,. commending
him for his course in the matter of
comimuting the sentence of Bob
Small, the young white man in Djar
lington who killed a negro.
Three years ago last June Pink W.
Hutto of Norway eame to Columbia,
surrendered himself to the pentiten
tiary authorities and commenced to
serve a sentence of three years on the
charge of killing his own brother. He
is now appealing to Gov. Heyward to
restore his citizenship. Hutto at the
ime that he surrendered himself de
lared that lie had to kill his brother
to protect himself and his own fam
ilv. that his brother was blind drunk
and was a dangerous man.
Stamp Clerk Appointed.
Greenville, Special.-Mr-. R. G. Me
Pherson has been appointed stamp)
cerk at the Greenyille factory of the
Amedean Tobacco company. Hereto
fore the stamps used by this branch
have been cancelled at the Columbia
office of the internal revenue collector
but oa account of the growth of the
business it is neceessary to bave a
stamp elerk at the factory. The ap
pointment was made by Collector
Miah Jenkins. Mr. McPherson is a
well known business man.
Must Give Correct List.
New York. Special.-An order di
recting the Mutual Life to show cause
why a writ of Mandamus should not
be issued demanding it to file a ror
ret lis.t of policyholders, was issued
by .Just ice Giegerich in the Supreme
Court. The order was issued upon
the applicatiou of Col. Shook of Ten
nessee through counsel for the Inter
nal Polievholders Committee.
Value of Mills.
Greenville. Special.-The state
boa rd of equalization in Columbia
has assessed the value of cotton mill
prop)ert ies in SoutIh Carolina at $46.
000,000. In 19)05 t he raluatio'n wa
$41.00.000, showing uan Iincrease of
live mijllions in one year. Of the .$15.
100.000 valuation. $1 0.001)000 is in
ie thlree (cOm :lies of Greenvillhe. Spair
:i''nur and Amie rson. The State
o ardl pas~td a resoldution fixbrz' the'
basis~ of mill assssimemnits at h0pe
White Man Hanged.
Charleston. Special.-William Mar
us, the first white man executed in
Charleston county since the civil war,
was hanged for the murder of his
bigamous wife on Sullivan's Islan l
last April. The victim was stabbed -
forty times with an ice pick. Marcus
had a wife and five children living in
Money in Good Roads.
In his report describing the won
ders of the achievement of the
American farmer the Seeci-c:ary Of
Agriculture does not fail to speak a
word of hearty commendation for the
attempts that have been made, in a
few localities, to improve the condi
tion of American roads. In no other
thing are the people of this country
so far behind those of Europe as in
character of the public highways.
Of course, we have greater ditances
to cover than other civilized peoples;
in many cases the population is not
so dense, and then all Europe has the
advantage of us in having had centu
riesin which to work at this busi
ness. But, whatever the reason may
be, the incontestible fact is that our
country roads, even in the most
thickly settled and the most prosper
ous districts of this land, are usually
no better than they were sixty, and
not improbably a hundred years ago.
There is many a road in England
upon which a man may not find a
loose stone as big as his thumb in the
distance of a mile. No doubt we
have been laggards in this important
matter, because railroad building be
gan and developed with marvellous
rapidity before Americans had
money enough and a fair chance to
engage under proper conditions in
the construction and repair of ordin
ary roads and the rapidity, ease and
cheapness of travel and 'freightage
by rail helped to obscure, and per
haps to diminish, the seriousness of
the injuries Inflicted by the insAffi
clency of the wagon roads. But it
will be plain enough to anybody whc
shall take the trouble to look into the
matter that good roads, made ac
cording to the best modern methods,
have a large cash value to any com
munity that is compelled 'to use
them. The matter of convenience
and agreeableness cannot be ignored,
but the money view is likely always
to be the more impressive to the or
dinary man. A bad road represents
loss to the people who have to keel
it in repair, to the persons who use
it for hauling purposes, and to the
A coating of sand on a clay road
s a good thing, but the more this
sand inclines to gravel the better.
Good gravel would be far superior.
The exact amount of sand to use wil
generally have to be defermined b3
experiment in each locality. Apply
the sand when the road is wet bul
not rutted. It will not be of much
value till it becomes mixed with thE
lay and thus forms a sort of arti
icial hard pan. On the other hand
f sand is applied to hard clay it wil
be a positive nuisance until we1
weather comes and allows it to be
:ome mixed with the clay. It i:
nly suitable for roads of compara
ively light traffic.
Ciay on sand usually gives better re
suIts than sand on clay on accoun1
f the excellent natural drainage af
forded by the sand foundation. I1
should be applied .in a layer about sia
inches deep, well harrowed, smoothei
off with a grader, and roiled till hard
nd smooth. After the rolling, fron
ne to two inches of sand from th<
sides should be uniformiy spread
over the road by use of a road
grader. Clay thus applied will no1
have reached its best stage unti
mixed with the sand.
Neither sand on clay nor clay or
sand should be japplied till the bec
ias been properly graded and shapec
for a permanent road.
Repairs to this class of road wil
consist in maintaining the drains anc
culverts in good condition 'and ap
plying such material to the surfaci
as was originally used to build th4
road. Care chould be taken in ap
plying this new material when fillinj
ruts to see that It Is properly 1ev
elled. If very much new material is
added it is better to harrow and rol
For siome time past extensive ex
periments have been conducted ii
Europe, and more especially I1
France, In an endeavor to ascertaix
the most practical and economica
method of preventing dust being
raised from streets and roadways
Three processes have been given ex
haustive trials-oiling, watering witi
deliquescent salts, and tarring. Thi
most successful of the experiment!
were those made with coal-tar, th4
cost of this application, in France
amounting to about 2.5 cents pe:
square yard, but this cost is reduce
to a much smaller figure when it i:
considered that the application save!
wear upon the roadbed amounting t(
at least 2 cents per square yard pe:
annum. Chloride of calcium worke<
fairly well, except for the opthalmii
effect upon the eyes of those usin~
The use of tar or oil upon the road!
of the United States, except in a ver
few localities, would not be possible
most of the highways being sof
dirt" roads. To be of any practica
benefit the road to which the oi
of tar is applied must be well built
smooth, and hard. A macadamlize(
road with the tar coating gives cx
cellent results.-Harpe'r's Weokly
It is r:-ported that the consu;Mp
tion of horse ii'eat in Neuremlbu-i
where a few years ago it was quite
insignificant, h'as now increased s<
greatly that the facilities for hors4
slaughtering at the municipal abat
toir have become insufficient, and th4
city council has been obliged to con
sider the construction of a new abat
teir for horses, the cost of which
estimated at $43,000.
- A number of the local dramatic
c itics, to gailn practical experience
are occupying the stage at the prin
cipal theater in Tokio. Large audi
enees watch their histriouiC efforts
8OUTHEIN '- f
4 T0PICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLANT
At first glance this subject May
not seem worthy of especial con
sideration. We are inclined to think
that apples grow so plentifully and
easily that they do not need very
much attention. But there are
apples and apples. There are mil
lions of very poor apples put on the
market every year. They are poor
for several reasons. The variety is
not good, the soil was not prepared,
the culture was lacking, and insects
have put in their work. Diseases
of various kinds have injured the
flesh, the flavor and the looks of
these apples. Some one set the tree
or it came up by accident and con
tinues to cumber the ground.
The truth is that a first-class apple
is scarce and quite expensive. This
should not be so. Apples keep
well and can be shipped with safety
over long distances. It costs the
same to get a barrel to hold poor
fruit as to hold good fruit. The
freight is the same, the time re
quired to handle them is the same,
and a poor tree takes as much room
in the orchard and draws as much
nourishment from the soil as a choice
When we plant an apple orchard,
we should select the choicest apples
that will grow in our section. If we
do not know, we should consult a
reliable nurseryman. In almost
every part of the country there are
gbod apples that are especially
suited to that section. These local
varieties are often superior in flavor
and flesh to any of the highest
brands. To illustrate this point, we
call attention to the fact that while
Georgia is not considered an apple
growing State, there are several
varieties, .developed locally from ac
cidental seedlings now growing in
Georgia, that are not surpassed in
flavor of flesh or keeping quality
by any apple that comes into the
Several of the choicest apples that
do well up North will not pay to
plant down South. A fine Northern
fall apple becomes a poor summer
apple down South, and a good winter
variety becomes a failure by ripen
ing in the fall. The difference in
the length of the seasons is an im
Having selected your trees and
your soil, you will greatly improve
your chances, for success by using
dynamite to blow the holes for set
ting, instead of digging in the usual
way. It is cheaper and better. Use
two and a half feet of fuse and four
ounce cartridges, and you will have
a hole pulverized about four feet
deep and five feet across. Put in
your trees and fill in with nice rich
earth, and the tree will grow 'off
more rapidly and live longer and
bear more and finer fruit.
As potash greatly helps the trees
to be healthy, and improves the
flavor and color of the fruit, it should
be used freely around the roots of
the trees. In cultivation be careful
that the single-trees do not strike
the trees and skin them. Plant the
orchard in peas or cotton or clover,
and use potash and phosphate freely
upon these crops. Plow deep while
the trees are small, and shallow after
they have grown large. Avoid break
lug the roots as much as possible.
As the roots will run through all
the ground between the rows search
lug for food and water, it will be
profitable to see that they do not
strike poor soil. Use such manure
and fertilizers as will feed them
freely. Peas and clover will furnish
the nitrogen, and if you will supply
the phosphate and potash, you will
have full crops of well grown and
highly flavored and beautifully col
Spray freely, beginning before
they bloom and repeating until the
fruit begins to color for ripening.
For the fungus diseases use the cop
per mixtures, and for insects use
kerosene and paris green.
A little space and time and intelli
gence. will enable every family to
h'ave apples almost the year round.
Apples are cheaper than doctors'
bills and more profitable than
peaches. Plant them in the yards,
plant them along the roads, plant
them between the pecans.-J. B.
Hunnicutt, in Southern . Fruit
'Chufas For Hogs.
Allow me to subm.it a few obser
vations on pork raising in the South.
I assume first that there is a good
breed or- grade of hogs as a basis
to begin with, also pasturage, such
as rye, bermuda grass or vetches,
to tide through the spring months.
Next I would have a lot of oats as
a grain ration to begin with about
July 1. Next soy beans planted
early, as a close follower, which
A woman, whose identity is con
cealed is a new witness for the pro
secution in the Thaw case.
At Governor Ide's request troops
have been sent to put down the Pul
ajane risilng in Leyte. P. IL
More arrests are promised in the
Hartje dilvorce case andl it is said
more strailin~r revehitions than any
vet made may be ecl)(ted.
The funeral of Russell Sage was
held at First Presbyterian Church.
Far Rockaway. Long Island.
Leader Charles F. Murphy states
Tamimany may support William R.
Hearst for Geyernor.
C'harles }Thimm returned from
abroad with a large batch of new
Nine persons are believed to be
dead and seven seriously injured as
a :-esult of a Great Northern's train
going into Diamond Lake, in the State
A RM ]V OTES.
ER. ST OCKMAN AND TRUCK GRC WER
come in in August: cow-peas for
Septermber and October'. Then chu
fas, which will also come in in Oc
tober and last throughout the winter
if the supply is. not exhausted ear
lier. In addition to these, I would
feed liberally every evening a ration
of wheat bran or wheat middlings,
or the two mixed together.
With this rotation or system, one
should produce good pork in abun
dance at a cost of less than five
cents per pound; Spanish peanuts
might be substituted with profit for
soy-beans and cow-peas, or better
still, come in as a link connecting
the two. These crops are not only
valuable as hog food, but are le
gumes, except .the oat and perhaps
the chufa, all easily grown and very
valuable as nitrogen-gatherers, ha
mus-suppliers, etc., feeding well both
the pig and the land.
Of these several crops I regard
the chufa the most valuable, as it
is easily grown, grows, well bn their
soil, and Ws adopted-td any s~il that
produces swekt potatoIes we'll. On
good sandy loam it grows to perfec
tion. An acre of such land in chufas,
I am sure, equals a bale of eotton
or fifty bushels of corn, and the pig
pays for the picking (no small
item). I have fattened (with good
hogs to begin with) more than one
thousand pounds of pork per acre
on chufas alone of the best quality,
with the exception of about ten days'
feeding of corn Just previous to
slaughtering. Otherwiso the meat
would have been a little sofe and
I have -had about twenty years'
experience in" growing-' the chufa,
hence I believe I know something of
its value. As a winter feed for
brood sows and pigs, I know of noth
ing better or half so cheap, as they
remain in the ground all winter
without serious hurt, with no pro
tection except their own tops. I now
have a lot of pigs and sleek-made
so by the run of the patch from
which my pork was nicely fattened.
As a health food, nothing I have
ever tried equals it. In all my ex
perience I have never had a sick
hog in the chufa patch, and the per
centage of diseased or lumpy livers
were scarcely noticeable. I am of
the opinion that a chemist might ex
tract from the chufa a medicine
highly valuable to the human fam
ily.-H. C. D.A Moore. County, .N. C..
in the Progressive Farmer.
From a Six-Acre Farm.
G. W. Baker, who owns four acres
of land in the suburbs of Gaffney,
last year rented two acres from a
neighbor and went to work and from
these six acres, after supplying his
rather large family bountifully. from -
his farm,. he sold from one and two
third acres 340 bushels of sweet po
tatoes for $272. From two acres of
land in cotton he sold $98 worth, and
from his snap bean patch he sold $35
worth -of beans, making - a total of
$415 in cash received for .the surplus
products made on this small farm.
Besides this above Mr. Baker made
fifty bushels of corn and killed 500G
pounds cof pork, which he grew at
home and fattened with the products
of his farm. During last year Mr.
Baker worked muchi away from
hpme. Among other things he
earned enough by work to pay for a
one-horse wagon and mule, with
which he made his crop. We had of
ten heard about Mr. Baker's crop,
and a few days ago we asked him
about it. The above facts were ob
tainied from him, and no one who
knows him will doubt any statement
he makes about his work or anything
else.-Cherokee (S. C.) News.
How to Cure Hay.
W. J. Spillman, agrostologist of.
the Department of Agriculture, gives
a careful account of a very useful
method of curing hay. "Harvesting
on this far~m is avery interesting pro
cess," says Mr. Spillman.. - "The
method of curing is as follows:
"The grass is cut in the afternc.on.
The 'first night's dew never hurts it.
Let it lie the next day until noon. It
is then put Into curing cocks, whica
are made 'to lie fiat. These cocks are
upset the next morning, and in the
afternoon four of them are made into
ore weathering cock. Let it stand
thus for oine day; then haul to the
barn or rick."
As there are many persons these
days'who areturning to farming with
little or no experience, the explicit
directions given by Mr. Spillman will
doubtless prove most valuable, al
though, of course, they may require
some modification with varying con
ditions of weather and quality of
When a man really has the robe
of righteousness he Is not afraid to
let it touch his neighbor,
Items of Interest.
Queen Wilhelmina disappointed the
Hollanders regarding an heir to the
Secretary Root was elected an hon
orary presidenit of the Pan-American
Cogress at: Rio Janeiro.
The American Institute of Mining
Engineers and the British Iron and
Steel Institute are meeting in joint
sesson in London.
C'ol. A. M. Shook, of Teinnessee. de
elares the Mutual Life should h~ava
an1 entirely new maniaeent~ if the
interests of the policy holders are
to be proteted, and calls the "con
script'' fashion of securing~ trustees
Premier Stolypin, of Russia, not
iied all governors-general that it is
to be war to the knife with the re
Drunken Conssacks started an anti
Jewish a?gitation in Odessa. several
Jews beitg killed and many t.hrown