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SE)~ Valparaiso, capital of the province of Valparaiso, is the principal city on the South American west coast. It is Chile 6 fe:rtifed seaport and has a populatron of about one hundred and ifty tho;:-znd, having grown from si:: thousar. in !82. It is one of the 2nost ;.;ressive cities of South Ameri"ca. is connected by rail with San tiago, the capital, sixty-eight miles distant. Paralleiing the Chilean coast of twenty-three hundred miles is the same mountain chain which lies at the back of the State of California, and through which the earth's tre mors ran which so completely trans formed San Francisco. There are two sections of Valbar aiso, one devoted to commercial ac tivity and the other to domestic life, that part of the city fronting the water, on which immense ware houses and spacious docks and quays are built, having been in the early days of Valparaiso the centre of its thrift. As Valparaiso began to grow there was a gradual movement Lack from the shore front, until to-day the opes leading to the heights are oc cupied by magnificent residences, the homes of the big merchants of the city, all built to endure, and forming one of the show sights of the Chilan city. Of course, the streets in the old quarter are crooked and narrow, but the enterprise which struck the city three decades ago !s seen in the regu lar, wide and perfectly equipped thor oughfares in the Almendral. In a southern direction from the city run the Nuevo Malecob and Gran Abe mida, joining out in the country in what is known as one of the best thoroughfares in the world. Valpa-raiso's harbor is protected on THE PORT 0 ree sides by steep hills, which rise ' a he-ight oL 1700 feet, and are ter ,raced by rows of wooden houses. The [finer buildings of brick and stone, are situated below on the level, which is practically all made ground. The harbor is open to exposure from the north, an- is a dangerous anchorage for vessels at all seasons of the year. In ordinary weather there is always a heavy surf, and when a storm occurse"vessels are fre quently torn adrift from their an -chorage and dashed to pieces on the beach. The Chilean Congress recent ly decided to have a breakwater con structed to protect the shipping at a cost of $20,000,000. r- There arc several wharves on the water front where ships of small ton nage can go alongs'.de, but the larger steamers have to anchor in the bay and discharge and load their freight by lighters. The ',rincipal steamship line to Valparaiso is the Pacific Mail Steam Navigation Company, which operates a service from Liverpool via the Straits of Magellan and a coast service between Valparaiso and Pan Ina. The town section of the City of a .paraiso i: called the Almendral. In it the principal business houses, the Park, and the Plaza Victoria are situated. T.te streets are broad, reg Sotomiayor Square on Water Front. ular, and well built. One of the fin est new stone houses in this section is the five-story building erected and owned by the Mercurlo newspaper. The terraces on which the wooden houses are situated are reached from the lower - ection of the city by means of electric elev ators. To the northwest of the Almen dral is the qu'arter- known as the Pu erto, in w~hich the public buildings, warehouses, a,.d docks are situated. The streets in this older section o: the "ry are nrrw and crooked and the majority of the buildings old in -'-ucture and design. The "Puerto" has three famous sa Isn't it the' Truth?: "Say, paw." cueried little Tommy Toddles, "w ho are the city authori ties?" "The cit" athorities, my son." re plied Todls S"., "'are ofieials who claim to hav.'e'no authority when the dear pu.blic Jants something done." --Chicago News Few Diamoi(1 Vteddings. Only one couple in 11,u00 live to ceilebra~etir diamo~.nd wedding. "D~eath B'rd" of New Guinea. The o""' venomious bird known is the " death bird " of New Guinen. The bite of this bird causes intense pain in every part of the body, loss of sight, convulsions andi finally death. Suds D~ay. In every and under the sun, whethe' in Mia, Africa, Europe or Ameica. 'io;'day is universally rec ognizei as th~e generai wash day. VIEWS IN VALr iPORT DEVASTA S NAMES DNDERIJNE . LAE 'Or TOWNS PonTED DE loons which have been known to sailors of :-: nations for over fifty years. They are called the "Fore top, "M~airtop," and "Mizzentop," respectively, and a., still frequezted by the crews of sailing ships in the harbor. Valparaiso is one of the' few remainin; ports where sailin rhips can be seen in any numbers. The majority of them are engraged in the nitrate carryi-g trade. The town is situated in what seis mologists term the "earthquake blt" andi haawysbensujctt 1' VALPAAIS shakes moi-e or less severe. Several shocks have been felt in Chile this year, and have caused considerable alarm to the inhabitants. At one N CALLE BLANCO, oos Wh h er.e nont. yars.h ripeyol ae ofa11e. t isForn byrtune, crwif ruetha shiphs ineft harowrittenrasodsn of theaa Sets reann~ots her ailing. Ch1ipcao bner-Oeiany. ubes Th NaotAl of e iae.eggdi The nitrat carrve tradea. oie The d tone.I is diatcult whto ses moidethsc ter the ediarheable ing, hand throug alwas besujec Theo shaersoe or lvebusinessSandall socksal e elains. l i hleti yeagneti coaves ae cosiderup plieairm ,r to th nai BntishA one naiv aar eiensi ui ARAISU, C ILA [ED BY EARTHC \,T ~ O .. STIOYM% __ )ISTRICT VISITED BY EARTHQ Arica, one of the seaport towns, on May 5. Prolonged and severe shocks were experienced at Valdivia April 24. There is about $60,000,000 of for eign capital, mostly German and Brit ish, invested in various industries in Chile. A few years ago the capital was principally British, but now the Germans predominate. The Valpa raiso electric street railway system was constructed by a German com -A BIRD'S-EYE VIE pany, but It is now owned by a local concern. About 20,000 persnnsare employed in Chile by British companies in the extraction and preparation of nitrate IN VALPARAISO. of soda for export. The late Colonel North, who was called the "Nitrate Kig nFd-1.W - - ' PORION SHOWN\ ON HILL AT TI Profounxd Observation of a Travele(r. If a mani had to wait half as long for his dinner at home as he does at the swell city cafe lhe would do'. things that would give the neighbors some thing to talk about fojr weeks. Washington (Kani.) Register. Remetmbe'rs ar of 1812. M~rs. Ru!th Allen Smith, of Put ney, Vt.. who is in her 3 ICd year', distinct.: recalls th a departure of her brothiers to the war 'f 1812. A Western Saint. A :.:igan millionaire died the other day leaving twenty-seven dif ferent w.ills. Hie will be canonized by the Mlichigan bar. - Cleveland Leader. Animials Swift in Travel. The swiftest dog in the world, the Russian wolf hound, has made record runs that .how twenty-four yards to the second, while the gazelle has shown a measured speed of more N jUAKE AND FRE A - gr a U;AKE first to open up the nitrate trade In Chile, and made several million dol lars by it. The Chilean Government owns and operates the railroads, which are be ing extended in 'all directions. The most important line in course of con struction is the Trans-Andean Rail roadwhichwill, when completed,ena ble persons to travel from Valparaiso passengers to travel from Valparaiso to Buenos Ayres in forty-eight hours V OF VALPARAISO. and bring Chile two weeks nearer to Europe. It is excpected that the line will be opened toward the end of 1908. Another railway is being built from the Peruvian frontier to the Straits of Magellan, with branch lines to coast ports, mining districts and agricultural centres. .Chile has been visited by severe earthq uakes'about every sixty years. In the last severe earthquake, in 1835, the Isle of Santa Maria was up .lifted in three different localities, eight, nine and ten- feet, but all this land subsided a few weeks after ward. At the same time two great waves rolled over the town of Talca huano. Valparaiso's chief manufactures, are cotton goods, machinery and iron goods. Much mineral water is bot tled there, while the sugar refineries and the brewing and distilling inter ests are large. From the city are ex ported nitrate, in which millions are invested, grain, wool, leather, guano, saltpetre and copper, although this mineral has not been developed to its fullest extent, Valparaiso suffered a disastrous earthquake in 1855, it was bombard ed by the Spanish in 1866 and suf fered from a terrific tidal wave 'on June 30, 1899, which wrecked the railroad and did a great deal of dam age in other directions. Chile threw off the yoke of Spain in the early part of the nineteenth century. It consists of twenty-four provinces and territories and con tovs 290.829 square miles. G OWR TH BY-ES HE IGH.4 Kin CaredJy oNecste Kin Ewad id't crr cal4t ca rried.id Heretoe Newcas''tle's chief mlagistrates havo be-en plain maycrs; henrceforth they' are to be lord mayors. Prince and Pauper. Most any man cani make a tool of himself. It is wvhere he warnts an e egant job and doesn't care for the epense that he gets son~e woman to hel) him.-Puick. Unworthy of Remembrance. My Dear Friend-I beg you to lend me 6000f. Then forget me forever. 1 ama not worthy to be remembered. -From a Letter Found by the Paris Figaro. Chief Buddhist Sovereign. The kinig of Siam is the only in dependent Buddhist sovereign in thi world, and is. therefore, looked upo, as the chief supporter of the- religioL STILL I ONFUSION Earthquake Sufferers Not Yet j Free from Danger BUSINESS RESUMiNG SLOWLY 1, Some Business Houses Opened at I Valparaiso. City Under Martial Law, Traffic by Water and Rail Re sumed Postal Service Also in Operation-Great Trouble in Bury ing Dead Since Cemeteries all Des stroyed Coffins Piled High-Great Dread of Outbreak of Plague Many Leave City. Valaparaiso, By Ca!e.-Some busi ness houses have ope! (-d, for the first 1i time since the earthquake. Telephone C1 and telegraphic communication with ed Santiago has been re-established. The pc city is still under martial law. As h2 the first installment the government it has appropriated $4,000,000 for the ne relief of the destitute. su The custom house has been re-open- va ed and traffic by water and rail has er been resumed. Postal service is also tr. in operation. st: On of the greatest difficulties en- ov countered by the authorities is the in- m term^nt of the bodies recovered from . the ruins, as all cemeteries were de- da stroyed. At various temporary mor- cil gues heaps of coffins are accumulated, de waiting the designation of their Ot places of burial. a The work of recovering tie bodies t, is being pushed to the utmost in order to avoid an ePidemic, in fear of which " ti many famles are leaving the city. to Through the whole length of Brazil to Avenue and all over Victoria Square sheds have been constructed to shel ter the homeless from the severe rains. ha Sh Valpariaso, By Cable.-The loss of Ca life by the earthquake of Thursday, it August. 16, probably will not be short pa of 3,000, while the property destroyed co is estimated at $100,000,000 and pos sibly was in exces of that sum. in Order is being maintained with the ab utmost severity by the military, po- co lice and armed citizens' patrols, who wl are empowered to shoot looters on the via spot. The authorities are showing the utmost energy in the protection of fic property. vil With the first terrible shock of the no earthquake. buildings collapsed, their pr wills falling in with a tremendous noise. The inmates in many cases were unable to escape. The shock was followed almost immediately by a thi fierce storm, the wind prostrating in walls t'hat had been weakened by the ict earthquake, and these broke trolley so wires, which flashed incessantly. The tri second shock was even mor~e severe loi than the first. in Five minutes afterward fires started rel in every direction, and the whole pr town, which had been momentarily or; in darkness, was illuminated by gi- pe gantic flames. The firemen made a les desparate fight, though there was lit- Tr tle water. as most of the mains had of been broken by the earth tremble. The ic Victoria Threatre (opera house) and vI the Naval Club were utterly destroy- tic ed by the earthquake, and' the Nat ional Theatre succumbed to earth quake and fire. So Contracts Awarded, ern Norfolk, Va., Special.-The board Gr of governors of the Jamestown Expo- 'li Mn:L has awarded to J. W. Davis. of a Newport News, the contract for the cit erection of the Educational and His- Br torie Arts buildings at a cost of ed $86,000. Steamer on Reef is Doomed. Honolulu, Special.-The stranded t steamer Manchuria, off Rabbit Island, to is suffering great damage and those St at the scene of the wreck think the aEsse] is doomed. Four of her eight St boilers have been rendered useless, th repeated shocks against the reef hay- th ing damaged the foundations of the pt boilers. The port engine also is use--S .4ss on account of the breaking of -its eh ,:in pipe. TI May Join Cuban Revelters. ml MIexico City, Special.-Central Am ercian revolutionists are said to have b~een preparing to go to Cuba to .join the revolutioniefs there, if the rcelu- Ti' tion mn Gut:'emrala succeeded. The Ge C'uban revolution 'bas been in prepara- re'C tion fer severai monthe past. New G York backers o fine Guatemalan revo- up lutionists are backing the Cubans. Both par'ties had representatives in a all Spanish-American countr'ies. i San Francisco Sends Aid. Wash inet on. Special-.-San Francis" co made the Erst American conri bw~ tion for the relief. cf the Vainarain: earthquake sufferers. A di'patch re I "Cieid bthe Sint Dear tfr> MIinister Ilieks, at Santiag~o. anno:me ed a donation of $1.000~t( was re'e :ed t o Anxiety is Now Zubsiding. tes MIinister .John Ihieks, at Santa go de Chile. has sent a cablegram to t i the State Department saying that an iety over the earthquake is subsiding in both Valparaiso and Santiago, al- at though at the date of the sending of cc thle dispatch, mild shoeks continued a to be felt, lie savs that the financia! ~ and business situation is serious and I that there is fear of a panic. Sub-n scriptions are being raised for the a UBA -HAS TROUBLE acal Warfare Threatened in Western Section 00 REBELS CONCENTRATING 'hile the Uprising Has Apparently Attained Its Maximum in the East ern End of the Island Insurgents in Force Are Threatening the Cap ture of Pinar Del Rio and Other. Towns in the West-Government,s Action in Arresting Havana Plot ters Has Effect of Overawing Sym pathizers in Capital. Havana, By Cable-The indications e that the revolution in eastern iba has already practically reach its maximum. The government and ople generally believe the movement s received about all the accessions will be likely to gain. The prompt ss of the government in arresting spected leaders and plotters in Ha, na and elsewhere and in sending re foreements to the disturbed dis cts has had an excellent effect in -engtening public confidence and erawing sympathizers with the >vement. On the other hand, quitude in the nar del Rio region hroughout the y. peaceable inhabitants of the ies of Penar del Rio. Conscolacin i Sur, Saju Juan del Martin'ez and ier western towns are in hourly prehension of the attack and the mipation of those places. The fact it probably one thousand insur tits are tending to concentrate in province of Pinar del Rio upon vns inadequately guarded by small tachments of rural guards, mostly ?xperienlced in warfare, make the uation grave; but as the insurgents ve not assumed and strongly offen e attitude or interfered with trains crving troops, horses and supplies. is inferred that they are not pre red, or lack the nerve to try for itrol of the territory. An official of the Western Railroad .ormed the Associated Press that solutely no tronble has been en antered anywhere along the line, ich is the main artery of the pro ice of Pinar del Rio. There have been many rumors of hts at various points in the pro ice of Pinar del Rio, but they have L been confirmed by government or ?ss dispatches. To Raise Funds for Sufferers. Washington. Special.-Funds for relief of the earthquake sufferers Chile will be received by the Amer -n Red'Cross and sent to Valaparai and other stricken cities for dis bution through the American dip natie and consular represenitatives that country. The National S'ec ary Magree sent dispatches to the 3sidents of 26 State branches of the tanization asking them to issue ap als for Chilean relief funds. Char Hallman Keep, the National, ensurer of the American Red Cross, Washington. will receive cont ribu ns from persons living in the states. ieh have no red cross organiza 12s. News in Blief. l'here was a fight between two of ith Carolina,s candidates for Gov ior, Messrs. Jones and Brunson, at eenville on Tuesday. Neither was et in the fracus. )n account of trouble between the izens and the negro soldiers, Fort own, in Texas, has been abandon as an army post. Favor Speaker Cannon. Springfield. Ili., Special.-Before SRepublican State Convention met name candidates for Secretary of ate. Superintendent of Public In uetion and three trustees for the ate Universitv. it was conceded it Speaker Cannon would receive 3 emphatic endorsement as the Re blean Presidential candlidate and nator Cullom be endorsed for re etion to the United States Senate. Le resolutions will give the Roose It's administration strong endorse mnt. Civil War Feared. 'ape Haytien. Hlayti. By Cable. e advies from Santo Domino, say neral Guellito. at the hecad of 900 -olutionists, will join the troops of neral Navarro and make:Z anU attack on Monte (Christi. The gzovernment Saunto Domiingo hias sent 1200 men ainst the revolutionists. It is be ied a desparate civil 'var will fol pounty Local Option. Columbuns. 0.. Specia.-The county 'al option has the centre of the age. preliminar to te meting of lJ:Drmocratie State Conenio and: prospeets seemi to he very gZod a fizht on the floor of the conven mi over the subjct. The dCcisionl 1l probably rest with the county leaswho have be~tun to appea3 d their position is iunknown. Railway Men Meet. -es of the Railwayr onducvtor' As ein t ion of the Seaboard fr om Ral .:h. ..Tar!:sonville., Birnmin'4ham. Sa ninh. Atlanta. Amerieus. Monroe (d Hamlet, arc in session behind !sed doors in Portsmouth, pr epar in. ne0w wage seale and rules governing ndluctors, which probably will be esented t-o President WXalter WXed sdav. The conductors will ask for increase in wages but the amount Late JVetvx In Brief e MINOR MATTERS OF INTEREST News h:s been sent out frn sa lome Botello. Mex.. that men were killed al t1at place i- a big rock quarry being operated by the National Railroad of 3Iexieo. An tionio Perez the foreman of the quar ry, was among the killed. While the Polk county. Florida, authorities were taking Will Law rence, a negro, to Tampa to prevent him being lynched, an infurated mob at Mulberry, also in Polk county, hanged John Bapes. a negro. and rid dled his body with bullets. Bapes attempted to kill Capt. Hughes. a prominent white citizen. Lawrence was charged with attempted criminal assault on a young white woman, General Manager Ewing of the Dark District Tobacco Growers' as sociation of Tennessee, has ordered an advance of about 50 cents per 100 pounds ii the price of all medium and good grades of dark leaf tobacco. The order ap!ies to the whole of the Dark district and is brought. about by shortasoe andl unfortunate condition of the growing crop. In a difficulty at the Planters' Chemical company plant, at Tallade -a, Fla., J. G. Powell. assistant su perintendent. was shot and killed by Jim Sims, a negro. and P. T' Crown, mperintendent. was shot through the thigi1. The trouble was caused by an impudent message the negro had sent the superintendent. Powell's father Lives ia Houston. Texas. and Crown is a VirginiaD. The negro escaped. A report has been circulated of a itched battle in a Colorado Southern !onstruction camp, 15 miles west of jakdale in which five whites and five iegroes were wounded. several fLa ally. The sheriff has sent deputies :o the scene, but as it is remote from ailway and telegraph lines, details irie not yc obtainable. President Roosevelt wrote a letter :o Congressman James E. Watson. of Rushville, Ill., urging the election of i Republican House of Representa .ves in crder to avoid economic dis ster from 'he country. The Gould Western Pacif e system s extending its lines into Oregon. There ara prospects that Alexandor )owie and Voliva will patch up peace n Zion. The Demeerats of Illiifois are dis )osed to is:ore Bryan.s expressed vish and indorse him for President. Vice-President Fairbanks w.as given in enthusiastic reception at Fort Ben amin Harrison, Indiana, where he re iewed the troops. ''Bob'' Etheridge, a negro. was ;aken to the scene of his attempted ssault on a child in South Carolina uld shot to death. The 16-year-old da'ughter of Geo. ~Vaddell, a North Carolina farmer, was assaulted, strangled and thrown nto a marl pit. Charles F. Murphy, leader of Tam nany Hall, says that he is for Jerome f he is the choice of the convention. The legislative committee wnhich in restigated the 'XVilliamsburg Insane asylum failed to agree and will sub nit majority and minority reports. Bids were opened in Washington ~or sites for Federal buildings in Fair nont and Grafton, W. Va. Mr. Gustavus C.:Jacobs, owner of he Riverside plantation in Chester ield county, Virginia, was killed by a ick from a horse. Dr. Lee B. Boyers, a physician, and Dr. A. R. Badgely, a dentist, were ar ested in fairmont, W. -Va.. charged >y Dr. G. WV. Keener, an optician, ~vith performing a criminial operation. A report of the chief clerks of the ~wo houses of Congress shows the ppropriations of the last session to are totaled $879.5S9,1S5.16. an in ~rease of $59.404.505.20 over the pre rious year's budget. Mr. Lewis P. Nelson. 87 years old, >f Culpepper, Va., is dead. The negro troops at Brownville, 'exas, have been ordered to a front er post as a result of the recent shoot ~ng affray in which they "klled one vhite man and wounded another. The Isthm'ian Can:al Commission has nv ited bids to furnish 2.500t Chinese ~oolies to dig the Paiinm etunal. pre scribing ahuost prohibitive condit ions. Dispatches from Chile sI ow that the panie resulting from the earth- - :uake has subsided, and Goyernment is active in raking relief met.sures. In an interview, Alexander Gueh of saidi the (zar 's intentions ar~e good but he is in ignorance of the real conditions. Census rcports show that 242.52S n'atives of Mary.land are nor. livina' in other Srtte. The Pasilie Mai Steatmshni Com pan s sZticIe Mafnc:huria went a:round oni a ree at Rnbbi sand. oneC of the Hiawaiiian~ trou. and~ all the passengers were ta 'n arshore. Stewart Battle. telegraph operator at ( ollier's Station. on the Adantie (;a.; i .ie railroad, was killed by lihtning while at work at his key. The Cubani doverniment is .much disturbed over the revolutionary nmovemenit directed against President Palma. WVilliamn Jeni::ius Bryan sailed for hmte fronm Giberaltar. Tunis. By Cable-A violent tornado acompaniedl by a terrific hail storm andl lightning killed c-ight farmers and hundreds of head of cattle.