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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, December 12, 1906, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218612/1906-12-12/ed-1/seq-6/

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Where the strong winds beat and batter,
bween and scatter
FrOth and foam.
There the ocean's somber swelling,
6hakes v landr.-ardooking dwelling
with a summoning from honie.
Where the rich earth dreams and dozes,
Ripe with roses.
Plowed and sown.
Through the treetops' wind and thunder,
1"olilm, und3erI
6till1 hea- the world-deep wonder of my
mothers monotone.
lay F
The fire blazed and crackled in the
grate, the crimson curtains were
closely drawn, and, comfortably en
sconced in the most inviting of easy
chairs, Judge Lindsey sat ruefully
contemplating a huge pile of un
opened letters that lay on the table
before him.
Letters there were of all sorts and
sizes-letters in big envelopes, busi
ness letters-from ladies, who, trust
ing in the well known liberality of
the judge, ventured to appeal to him
in behalf of some pet missionary so
ciety-from young ladies who had
been robbed by cruel guardians
from young men in need of money to
start themselves in business-all
mingled in one shapeless mass, loom
ing up steenly, as if to szare him out
of countenance should he attempt to
sink back in hisiuxurioas chair and
crjoy the_6,ce far niente, spoiling
the f.,*er of his cigar, until with a
pfevish "pshaw!" he, dr.shed it into
the grate, then paused a. moment, as
if to summon resolution, and, plung
ing in his hand to the very bottom of
the pile, drew forth a dainty little
billet which he -enet and forthwith
began to read. It ran as follows:
"Judge Lindsey-This is strictly a
business let'er and conndential. But
.irst, as we have no mutual acquaint
ance to perform the du::y, I must in
troduce myself. I am twenty years
of age, neliher pretty nor clever, but
I have a heart to appreciate honest
integrity of character, as exemnified
in yourself when you refused the
bribe of Mr. Burnette, truly a fortune
in itself, rather than sally your soul
by assisting to defraul a widow of
the inheritance willed to her by a be
loved husband. And I am constrained
to write this to tell you how much I
admire, and even love-not the pol
ished gentleman on whose escutcheon
rests no stain-but him who in an
age of unparalleled corruption, holds
fast his integrity, unmoved by the
* clamor of friends or the promptings
of interest.
"I was losing faith in all mankind.
You have restored it, and I, thank
* you. I implore you to believe that
this is no impertinent jest, but that
I am writing earnestly and from my
. "In all probability we shall never
mneet on earth. Indeed, I could
scarcely wish it, for what could you
think of me, save that I was bold and
uinmaidenly? But wherever you may
be, like guardian angels shall go with
you, the prayers of,
*The event here recorded transpired
soon after the trial of the famous
Burnette will case, where the family
* of the deceased contested the will of
their son, the parents protesting
against allowing the whole property
to revert to the young widow, on the
ground that the deceased had died
childless, together with the fact that
the wife had brought no dower to her
husband, Mrs. Burnette having been
a poor girl at the time of her mar
Judge Lindsey had been the de
ceased millionaire's legal adviser In
the management of his estate, and
had assisted in framing the will, the
event having occurred when the son,
Henry Burnette, was in sound and
vigorous health, some three years
prior to his death. And it was the
lawyer's intimate knowledge of his
son's affairs that led the elder Mr.
Burnette to appeal to him to take
charge of the case, offering Judge
Lindsey a heavy bribe in order to in
duce him to do so, and' a share also
in his son's estate, should he succeed
in winning the case. But Judge Lind
sey had re.iected the bribe with scorn,
and refused to act in direct opposi
tion to the dictates of his own heart.
And it was this act in his life to
which the writer referred in the ex
traordinary letter the .judge now held.
in his hand. If some artist, engaged
in a grand allegorical painting, and
seeking'for a personification of aston
ishment, could have transferred to
canvas the expression of Judge Lind
sey's face as he finished reading the
'dainty missive, his fortune had infal
libly been made. Was ever a bach
elor of six-and-forty so addressed be
fore?-and it was a lady-the per
fumed paper and delicate chirography
left no doubt of that-young and
fair, or she would not have denied it.
The heart of the dignified lawyer
beat as rapidly as that of a maiden
in her teens while he began to ex
perience a curious glow in the region
of that organ, and a tingling sensa
tion in his veins as if the blood flowed
freer and faster, when his eye acci
dentally fell upon one of those obtru
sive communications addressed to
him in a masculine hand, and he
awoke from his dream.
What had he to do with love--that
namby-pamby passion, fit only for
beardless you.ths and romantic schoot
girls? Was he, a man of the world,
to be disturbed by an anonymous let
ter? He would have none of it, and
would thrust the whole thing from
his mind. He would throw the letter
into the grate-no, he would keep it
as a curiosity; and so the dainty bil
let was locked in his desk, and the
lawyer resumed his duties.
From this houar a marked change
came over Judge Lindsey's whole
life. Wherever he went, at home or
abroad, a presence, invisible to all
but himself, accompanied him; a fair.
Xhere the Flying Dutchman lunges,
!eels and ph:nzes C
Peak and corIb,
Chere before my blood pnlsatcd
was fated
Forth to fare with heart elated when the
seas should bid me roam.
r may sink. my shin unhelmed, t
Nave o'erwhelmed,
Wind o'erthrown:
[,ut the sea can never borrow
tain of sorrow.
And I sail at dawn to-morrow for the
magical Unknown.
-Youth's Companion.
starry blue eyes-he admiried blue- t
eyed women-that peered into his C
at every turn. In his dreams he pur- I
sued a light figure mounted on a
dashing steed, that flew before h'm I
.ike the wind, its rider ever lookingI
smilingly back and tantalizing him by
keeping just out of his reach.
Ridiculous infatuation! Yes, very; 3
and we can only account for it on the I
supposition that even for the wisest I
of us there is a time to laugh, a time z
to weep, and a time to make fools I
of ourselves-and that Judge Lind- c
sey's time had come.
He who had heretofore been care- c
less about his dress, now surprised I
his tailor with an order for a fash
ionable suit of clothes; and instead of I
lighting his cigar, as was his custom C
-the crusty bachelor!-with invita- t
tions to Mrs. Jones' soiree dansante, r
and Mrs. Smith's ball, accepted them,
was introduced to various young I
ladies of all sizes and complexions, I
took them into supper,plunged boldly
into the melee of the table to secure C
them creams and chicken salad, till 2
the report actually gained credence s
that Judge Lindsey had become one
of the first "ladies' men" in the city; a
whereas, if the truth must be told, 1
be was only searching for that foolish
little Althea.
The winter passed; still he had not
Cound the ideal of his dreams. But
de was not disheartened,as one might
aturally have supposed; on the con
trary, as the weeks passed, he grew
more hopeful and sanguine in his be
lif that at some unexpected mo
ment he should meet the one whose
letter had made so deep an im-pres
sion on his mind. And so it proved,
for on a bright afternoon in May,
when sauntering in the park, his at
tention was suddenly arrest'ed by the a
ppearance of two ladies walking in
front of him. From her tall form
and stately bearing he recognized in
the elder lady a former friend. But it
was uponi the graceful, petite formof
the one beside her that his gaze be- 2
caine riveted, and, prompted by some
sudden impulse, he hastened his steps
and was soon quite near them. And '
here one of the ladies accidentally
dropped her pocket handkerchief,
when a sudden puff of wirni sent it
futtering almost at Judge Lindsey's I
Both ladies halted, evidently in- C
ent on securing the prize.
"Permit me, madam," said Judge 1
Lindsey, instantaneously stooping and t
picking it up. C
But on lifting it daintily in his
fngers, what was his astonishment
on beholding in a corner of the deli- E
ate cambric the talismanic name, f
Atheal 'C
And here-introduced to him as s
Wiss Westbrook-stood his ideal with t
blue, haunting eyes, rosy mouth, t
snowy cheek, just tinged with a faint C
blush, with sloping shoulders, arch- d
Ing neck and queenly air-all as he
had dreamed.
As these thoughts passed through
his brain with the rapidity of light- ~
ning, he glanced up in time to .git- f
ness the sudden start, the C.eep blush, ~
Lhe halt-repressed exclamation at the I!
tterance of his name, and assurance E
became doubly sure.I
Presently, under pretense of exam
[ning some plant or chrub, he drew 5
the elder lady a little one side and,
in a low tone, said:c
"Mrs. Van Dorn, I am most anxious a
to extend my acquaintance with your
:ousin, Miss Westbrook, and can you
manage It for me without her knowl- I
edge of the fact?"
"Nothing is easier," she began. I
"Mrs. Van Dorn, you are an angel," t
he nterrupted, eagerly. t
"No doubt," said the lady, with at
light laugh. "But as I was about to C
remark, if you will take a seat in my C
carriage I will invite you to dine 1]
with us."
And so It was settled. ~t
Not suspecting that her handker.- '
chief had betrayed her, Miss West- d
brook was in mortal dread lest some a
accident might reveal to him the
knowledge.that she was the author
of the letter that had been written I
six months before. But as Judge ~
Lindsey made no reference to the i
past, she trusted that the circum- ~
stance had been blotted from his s
After dinner was over, Judge Lind- a
sey begged the young lady to favor r
him with some music, and she com- E
plying, he conducted her to the piano. r
Her playing was at first nervous and C
unequal, but as the beauties of the I
theme 'gradually developed, hers
cheeks flushed, her rr3y lips parted, '
a soft fire burned in her eyes, and I
then flashed forth golden notes, 3
choral harmonies, and soft, dying 1
"Charming! exquisite:" burst from E
the lips of her enraptured auditor.
"Is it not"" she said, simply.
"When I play that I always fancy
myself in some dim forest, and I
think I hear the wind sighing amid i
the pines, and the birds calling from s
their green recesses."
"Miss Westbrook," he returned, c
gently, "I know not which most to 1
praise, your admirable genius, s
"Pray don't compliment me-I do
not deserve praise; music for me is a c
pleasure. a recreation, a delight." t
"If this lovely, artless child be not
Althea" he said to himself, "I do not i
cae to find1 her,"
Dairyin. in the South.
The following naper was read be
fo-, zhe S:ate Farmers' Institute at
Clemson College by D. Harris, of
Pczen1:n, S. C.:
I1r. Chairman, Lac,ez and Gentle
I do no- see -hy Professor Harper
assigned me this duty when t!ere
are others who could hav3 handied
this subject so much better than I.
11y :=ubjec is *Dairying in the
South." Now let us consider the
dairy cow for a moment and see if
-we can do without her. Milk is the
natural food for man and all animals.
The first nourishment the new born
babe takes is milk, and it is the same
.with the new born calf, ih fact, this
is the first food of all animals. Con
sider for a moment what a very
small percentage could be raised if
it were not for mill:. Then, again,
take. for instance, the sick, and milk
is one of the most nourishing die-,
that are used in the sick room.
As I see it the dairy cow should
occupy one of the first places on the
farm. Outside of her importance,
which I have already spoken of, let
us see if It cannot be made profit
able. One of the great beauties of
the dairy cow is she does not run on
a credit system. She settles her ac
counts every twenty-four hours. and
if properly handled will pay you a
nice dividend on the money paid for
her. I know of no investment that
will pay as ha.ndsome a profit as a
dairy cow. She will pay for herself
andi all expenses in twelve months.
Let us investig:te this and see iF
it is not true. The average grade
Jersey cow will cost you S40. She
will give 3500 pounds of milk in
twlve months, which is a low esti
mrte. This is about 440 gallons o.
milk. This milk at a low estimate
can be sold at twenty cents per gal
lon. Now every one knows this is
ten cents below the average price
paid in our towns and cities. but we
mnst mane cu: estimates on a con
servative basis. At twenty cents per
gailon 440 gallons of mil: will bring
SSS; the cost of the cow is S10, cos'
of f-ed $^0, which rMakes the to'a.
os: for cow and feed $70. Now we
have t e cost o' cow. The 440 gal
ons of mil: sells for SS, the man
ure for $12. the calf S5, total grosl
ircone of the co w ,105. Deduct the
cost of cow and feed. $70, and -ou
will have 'S-> "ef: to her credit.
T want to ask you if you can make
an investment of $700, which would
be the cost of a herd of ten cQws and
their feed. and enter any other busi
ness and in twelve months make such
a dividend on your investment. The
quickest road to a dollar is through
a dairy cow. Her cost, as well as
her expenses for twelve months, you
still have a profit of fifty per cent. on
your investment. One man can milk,
feed and take care of ten head.
The great beauty In dairy farmmna
is that it pays both .ways. Any dairy
farmer can double the production ol
his farm in ten years. This withi:
itself would be a handsome profit.
I have tr-ied to show you what
,seful and necessary animal the
dairy cow is, and that she can bs
made profitabie, and i can say to you
Ithat there is no place on the globe
e-e dairying can be made as prof
itable as in this Southlar.d of ours.
Why? Beeause we aav.e more natur
al advantages than in other countries
which I have investigated. T, have
met dairymen from all over these
United States, and being intere.sted
in dairying have~ discussed the sub
ject fully with them, both as to feeds
and the price obtai,ned for their pro
duct. Why, gentlemen. we get twice
as much for our milk ahd cream as
the Northern and Western dairymet
get for theirs. There is no place or
the globe that so many varieties oi
forage crops can be raised in one
season as in the South. Why, we
can raise two crops on our land e
year-besides, we can grow many
more varieties of grazing grasse!
than the Northern and Western sec
tions, and it is more nutritious, as i1
as a longer season in which to gro~
and mature. It is not so woody a
The Department of Agriculture ai
Washington sees what a great indus
try the South has lying at her doo:
undeveloped, and the Governmeni~
has appropriated 320,000 to help de
velop dairying in the South. The de
partment is ready to send men of ex
perience to your farms to help yot
start the industry and wrork it out
o you can make it profitable. Wha1
more can you ask for? This appro
priation the South should feel undei
many obligatiods to CongressmaI
Lever for obtaining. It means grea1
things for the South if our peopl4
will take hold of It and develop it.
A, gentlemen. If the farmers o:
our old State would put just one
half of her cottonl fields in Bermuda
grass and go into dairy farming
Proverbs and Phrases.
No one is bound to do impossibilitie!
The cross on his breast and the
dvil in his acts-From the Span
And we must render account of ev
ery idle werd, so must we likewise o:
our silere.-From the Dutch.
A coward never forgrave; it is no
his naure.-From the French.
Luck follows the hopeful, ill luce
the fearfl.-From the German.
e not arrogant when fortun
sris, nor dejected when she frowns
Everybody's companion is nobody'
friend.--From the Germans.
No hand of strife is pure but thta
which win.-Daniel.
Don 't follow in the footsteps o
your competitors, set the pace.
TfhEe isn 't very much hope for th
ar suent who is unable to draw hi
ow own cluso::s.
I o man can tL.!oughly ap)preciat
ie b!essedne:cs ut-tii after he i
The following afternoon saw h,n
gain in the Van Dorn mansion. He
ad given -o card, but inquired sim
ly for Miss AlithCa, who, as she ree
gnized hi:u on entering, became
eadly pali., and trembled so violent
F that it -7;as with e-:ident diiculty
he reached a sofa.
"Miss stbrook," commenced the
udge, who, v;hile pitying her agita
ion, yet wye1omed it as an omen of
uccess--"Miss V.'estbrook, I ha-:e an
nporzant question to ask you-but
rst, I have a littile story to tell. Some
aonths ago I received a letter from a
-oun- lady, who signed her named
Oithe. Shall I repeat it?"
"No! no!" she zaid, putting out
ter fair hand as if to ward off a blow.
'I was mad, mad, to do so unwoman
y an act. Oh, how you must despise
"Despise you, my dear child? I
tave no other sentiment for you than
ove and admiration," said Judge
,indsey, impressively. "For years I
ad closed my heart against all af
ection, but your letter, so naive, so
mprudently and innocently frank.
hriled through my being like a ray
f sunshine. And since the hour I
eceived it, your tancied image has
ontinually haunted me, for, try as
would, I could not banish you from
y thoughts. If I have loved you
ot knowing you, how much deeper
s my affection now that I have seen
-ou! And if you could return my
ove, I should consider that there was
tothing further in this life worth
sking for. Dear Althea, can you bid
e hope?" he added, with an inexpli
able quiver in his voice.
Althea did not speak; indeed, she
ould not, but she lifted her eyes to
is, and smiling through her tears,
xtended her fair hand. And Judge
,indsey, completely mastered by the
utrush of tenderness at the sudden
ought that this sweet young girl
eally loved him, actually folded his
erms about her protectingly, and
:issed away the two large tears rest
ag on her cheeks.
Althea was not angry, but she
rew back a little in timid happiness,
.ad he could now sit beside her and
peak less constrainedly.
In half an hour he left the house
n engaged man, his soul not his own,
ut in the keeping of the fair young
irl, to whom he had beund himself.
New York Weekly.
An alloy of sinty parts copper, cne
art tin and thirty-nine parts zine is
ound to offer great resistance tu the
ction of sea water and has been
rgely used in naval construction.
' A transporter bridge, the first of
:s kind in England, was ordered Sep
mber 12. It spans the River Esk,
nd consists of a car, suspended by
ables from rails worked by electric
otors, in towers on each side of the
A pocket telephone is uset by the
~iena police. In every street of im
otance in the city special call boxes
ave been placed, and every oZcer on
uty having occasion to communicate
Tith his station has only i.o pull out
.is pocket apparatus, adjust it to
he wire in the box, and com:nuni
ation et once is estalished.
An automobilist of great dxperi
noe suggests that it is a good Idea
or the driver of a car to show his
ompanion on the front seat how to
witch off the ignition current In case
he driver suddenly became incapaci
ated. By this simple operation the
ar can quickly be stopped, and the
amage it Is liable to do if it runs
rild will be reduced.
Gregorio Lecca, of Villadama, Nue
o Leon, has invented a new machine
or the extraction of fibre from plants
hch, according to Modern Mexico,
said to be very successful and eco
omical In its operation. -A model
iachine at work at the Golondrina
acienda is said to have demon
trated with maguey fibre, that, while
Is considered one of the most diml
ult fibres to extract, the machine
andles it with ease.
When the whole of the twenty-one
ew lines now proposed are complete,
~ondoners will be able to make jour
eys from twenty to forty miles en
Irely by light railway and tramcar,
raversing the metropolis from north
south and from east to west, with
ut using either train,, omnibus or
ab for assistance. The London Ex
,ress makes ' this claim with satis
action, and adds the statement that
he total length of line that will ulti
iately become available to th.e Lon
oner with a desire for travel will be
t least 400 miles.
Richard Weinberg takes up once
2ore, in the "Biologisches Central
latt," the question of the origin of
arious pygmy races of mankind, and
heir relation to the earliest repre
entatives of the huma~n species. Be
ause the dwarfs of Africa appear to
e superior In intelligence to sur
ounding negro races of greater stat
re, some have argued that they rep
esent the primitive type of human
iferentiation. Weinberg thinks it
2ore probable that the pygmies are
imply a variety, and that they no
iore represent the original type of
ian than do the taller races. Even
'et it is found that the human stat
re is subject to notable variations,
nd that these variations have an
iffect upon heredity.
*Parliament of Man.
"To be or not to be, that is the
uestion!" cried Hamlet in a loud
oice, but it was destined that he
hould proceed no further.
"Mr. Chairman, I rise to a point of
rder," interrupted the Ghost, who
ad been sitting in one of the rear
eats, "the motion to adjourn is not
Confronted thus by Robert's Rule
f Order, the Noble Dane paled, mut
ered incoherently and sat down.
Lterward he had his speech inserted
a the Congressional Record.-Wom
n-= ome Companion.
What Truth Has Chiefly Appealed to
You from Our Year's Lcss.ns?
OSjects of the Scripturc.-2 Tim.
Christ proclaimed.-John 20:20-31.
Sin rebuked.-Heb. 4:113.
Saints built up.-1 Cor l.:21-2S.
Li.es c!Zansed.-Isa. 0:1-3.
The unchangeable Word.-Rev. 22:
From the shepherds of ;ethlehem
we learn how heaven may gorify our
common worl.
From the wise mcn ol the East we
learn that the height of w.-nc is to
bow at Jesus' feet.
From the boy Jesus in t0e temple
we learn that the onlyr bus.'nass of our
life ought to be our FaLter's busi
From Christ's temptation we learn
that whoever has his Bible in his
heart is armed against the devil.
From the calling of the disciple we
learn that the first duty of a Chris
tian-as of a soldier-is to obey.
From tl:.e Beatitudes we learn that
if we seek what the world o'.lls happi
ness we shall never find what Christ
calls happiness.
From the parable of the two foun
dations we learn that the most im
portant thing in life is to start right.
From the paraable of the sower we
learn that not even Christ can teach
us unless we listen.
From the parable of 1he tares we
learn that the only way -o cutwit the
devil is to watch by night as well as
by day.
From the healing of the Gadarene
demoniacs we learn never to despair
of any one.
From the death of John the Baptist
we learn how glorious a failure may
From the feeding of the -Ee thous
and we learn that our success does
not depend on the size of our gifts to
Christ, but on our giving what we
From the Syro-Phenician woman we
learn that Christ rejoices to be com
pelled by human faith.
From Peter's confession we learn
nbt to wait to be perfect before tGsti
fying for Christ.
From the transfiguration we learn
that heaven with all its glories is
close around this earth.
From the parable of the good
Samaritan we learn to "do the next
From the rich young ruler we learn
to pray to be delivered from the temp
tation of wealth.
From Zacchens we.learn that a lofty
soul is better than a tall body.
From Christ's trial we learn to fear
the terrible power of fanaticism and
selfishness, lest it seize upon our own
hearts also.
From the crucifixion we learn how
God loves us.
From the resurrection we learn to
live "by the power of an endless
Missions-A World-Wide Responsibil
ity.-Luke 24. 45-47.
Daily Readings.
This the signifioance of the life of
Christ.-Luke 2. 30-32; Rev. 5. 9.
We are his representatives in this
work.-Lukte 24. 4S.
The Church's baptism not given for
a local, but for a world-wide con
ques.-Aets 1. 8.
The Missic\ary Program -Acts 28.
A missionary hymn.-Psa. 9G.
Prayer and promise.-Psa. 23.
It is to be feared that many pro
fessed Christians read John 3. 16 thus:
"For God so loved the Anaglo-Saxons."
But the missionary enterprise
stands for the opposite. Its watch
word is: "The World for Christ."
Anything short of this is unworthy
the name of Christian, for Christ died
for "the world." His last command,
given just before he left the Judean
mountain top, to be seen no more,
was: "Go ye into the world and preach
the gospel to every creature." There
fore, we must go or send, or be re
creant to our trust. "'Ours not to
reason why," but to obey. We are
not to stop to consider whether or
not the heathen can be saved without
the gospel; nor are we to question
whether missions are a success or
not; or demur on any account what
ever. There is the unqualified, un
conditioned, naked, "GO." In a cer
tan bank where this writer has done
business there is, hanging over the
barrier behind which the bank Offi
cials are, the picture of a masked
man who holds in his hand a pistol
which is pointed at the customer or
visitor. It matters not that he
moves to the other end of the room,
Dr anywhere within the room, he will
still be looking straight into that
d1eadly tube and into those unrelent
ing eyes. The "Go ye" of Jesus is
like that, only it Is full of the urgency
of a love and yearning for lost souls
that stopped not at death itself. Let
the church shirk the obligation to
go, and her light will go out. The
missionary spirit is her light. It is
sad that the leaders of the church
for so many centuries were so un
bl to realize their solemn duty.
Japanese in San Francisco.
As to the schools, the Japanese
Government perfectly understands
that the people of this State are not
under the slightest obligation to tas
themselves to teach Japanese the Eng
lish language or to admit Oriental
pupils at all into our sdhools wherE
their presence may be distasteful tC
our'own people. In view of the fact
that we have not In this city sufficieni
buildings to 'accommodate our owI
pupils, the Japanese Government wIl
see that our provision of s-pecia
schools for the instructions of Orien
tals is an act of the most kindly con
sideration on our part. The Japan
ese Government also knows that ii
view of the restrictions placed on oui
people in Japan and its dependencies
it is in no position to complain i:
we should conclude to exercise th<
right which the Japanese have formal
ly recognized by treaty to- exclud<
those classes of their people whosi
pr-esence here Is certain to result Ii
conditicns and acts which would it
terrupt the friendly relations betwee:
the two nations. - San Francisci
rARM 10 TES.
she could make just as many bales
of cotton as she is now making and
the cro: is costing the farmers to-day
by using the manure from their
herds and f.ccls.
Think fo:- one moment how it
would change the loo":s of t:is coun
try and maake a good impression on
the stranger as he passed through
our Southland, to see these old red
hillsides covered with green grass
and nice herds of cattle and Eocks
of sheep grazing on them.
Gentle:nen, this kind of farming
is the hi *est type of agriculture.
I know there are men sitting in this
audience who are ready to say dairy
ing and stock raising cannot be made
profitable in the South. Thirty
years ago was the South a cotton
manufacturing country? No. I
a man had predicted then that
twenty-five years from then would
see South Carolin'a one of the lead
ing cotton manufacturing States in
the country, there were people who
would have said that man is crazy.
Now, gentlemen, why is South Car
olina one of the leading cotton man
ufacturing States? Because she has
put brains and capital into the in
dustry and because she has more
natural advantages than the New
England States. To-day the cotton
mills of the South are paying the
largest dividends of any other State.
I- hope that I may live to see the day
come when' our people will quit say
ing that we cannot raise as fine cat
tle, hogs, sheep and horses in South
Carolina as can be raised in Ken
tucky or the Northern States, for I
teii you it is not true, for history
tells us that the South has produced
as brilliant men as any country and
if it is true of men, why cannct it
be the same with producing fine ani
mais. The fault is not in the con
ditions around you, but in your own
I hope to see our own men ele
vated above a cotton patch, a mule
a.nd a free negro. Gentlemen, this
kind of farming, I have been speak
ing about, a free negro cannot do;
but he can ralse cotton and comue in
competition with you and his cotton
bale will bring on the market just
as much as yours. In fact he has
bsen pricing your cotten for the last
twenty yearZ.
We hear 'Far-:rs say there is no
-market for dairy products. Why
should a man say that, when there
are at least $400,000 or.$500,000
worth of butter shippe.d into South
Carolina every year and sold to our
people? I tell you every dollar's
worth of that butter can be raised
by .the farmers of South Carolina.
Now, brother farmers, we will
have to change our method of farm
labor and the sooner we begin it the
better off we will be. How are we
to do this? By diversification and
rotation. The farmer who rotates
his crops, improves his soil, improves
his surroundings, improves himself
and makes it easier for the next
generation to travel life's journey.
He is a race benefactor, making, as
he does, this world better and better
the longer he lives in it and contin
ues his good deeds. The farmer who
rotates his crops will feed, clothe
and educate his children better than
his one crop neighbor. His children
will love him :,etter and he will love
them better. The community will
speak well of him while he lives and
go into true mourning when he is
gone.-Columbia State.
Cotton, 'Hog, Hominy. -
Colonel J. B. Killebrew, in South
ern Farm Magazine, says:
In the cotton growing districts of
the South It is all important that the
farmers should practice a diversifica
tion of crops, at least to such an ex
tent as to make their own breadstuffs
and provisions. Hon. M. C. Butler,
of South Carolina, declares that cot
ton may be rais'ed at six cents per
pound when the planter makes his
own hog and hominy, or his bread
and meat. To buy these important
necessaries with the proceeds of the
cotton crop will make the cost of pro
ducing the cotton not less than eight
cents per pound. It is a most oppor
tune moment when the cotton plant
ers have risen otit of the slough of
despond in which they have wallowed
for years to enter upon a line that
will make them always independent.
There is no better money crop on
earth than cotton, and yet all this
money may be required to supply the
ordinary comforts and necessaries of
life. Nothing will compensate the
planter for the loss of independence.
By raising his own supplies he will be
able to hold his cotton for a good
price. The raising of these supplies
will also diminish the acreage of cot
ton and so increase its price by a re
duction in the size of the crop. This
Is a practical problem that may be
easily solved by the harmonious ac
tion of the great army of cotton
R eflections of a Bachelor.
Some giL! are so immodest they
protelid they haven't got any ankles.
There is always somebody groan
ing about the mortgages; it used to
be the farmcrs; now it's the automo
bile owners..
No matter how bad anything turns
out, there is alwayvs comfort in it for
a lot of people who are able to say
they told you so.
When you hear a woman bragging
-about all the things around the house
her husband can do to perfection,
that ' her way of not fretting because
he can 't make much of a living for
I Mainy of our anticipated pleasures
are an'ything but pleasures after we
A evnic is a person who says hate
Sful i.ngs because he is unable to
attraer attention in any other way.
A man never realizes how homely
ite really is ur.il he has his picture
tak.ca in a nroJu?
Late Jees :
~In7'Brief A
The death of Charles Francis Wy
man, Russian vice-consul for New
England. was announced. It is stat
ed also that Mrs. Wyman is in a
critical condition. Mr. Wyman's ser
vice as Russian vice-consul extended
over 22 ycars.
Ednund D. Fiske, a traveling sales
man of Chicago. was found dead in
his room at a local hotel, and it iA
believed that he committed suicide,
Telegrams in his pockets would seem
to indicate that Fiske took his life
because of family estrangement.
The railroad commission has re
fused the application of the Hocking
Valley Railway Company for an ex
tension of time within which to com
ply with the provisions of the act re
quiring all railroads in Ohio to so
equip their cars that 75 per cent of
the cars in all trains shall be operat
ed and controlled by airbrakes.
A traction car on the Dayton and
Xenia line, filled with suburbanites
and persons from Xenia. was struck
by a Cleveland, Cincinnatti, Chicago
and St. Louis (Big Four) freight en
gine which was backing out of the
Union station about midnight, and 18
passengers were badly injured. None
of them will die.
The subtreasury transferred $1,
550,000 to San Francisco.
William D. Carver, aged 30 years,
local manager of Makeever Bros.,
mine owners and developers, of New
York and Chicago, shot and killed
himself at his home, 322 Melwood
street, East End.
William E. Tillotson, aged 64 years,
a woolen manufacturer and one of
the wealthiest men in Pittsfield, died
following a strcke of apoplexy. He
was unmarried and is :a large prop
erty owner in Chicago.
Sir Edward J. Reed, formerly chief
constructor of the British Navy, is
dead. He was born in 1S30.
William Geer, of New London, fire- -
man on a Central Vermont freight
train, was killed in a headon collis
ion between his train and a north
bound passenger train, near the
Montville station, and several passen
gers were shaken up and bruised, but
none fatally injured.
A training squadron of three cruis
ers, under command of Rear Admir
al tomeoka, late president of the Na
val Cadets' SchQol, will start from
I Yokohama January 5, and, it is ex
pected, will arrive at San Francisco
on February 18.
On the appeal of the Goldsmith's
Company the Appeal Act decided that
old or silver cases of all foreign
made watches, whether with or with
out works, must be assayed and hall
marked before they can be sold in
Great Britain. The jewelers intend
to appeal to the House of Lords.
Three steamers which arrived from
the Mediterranean - brought 4,670
steerage passengers. The Slavonia
brought 2,008, the Konigin Luise
1,24 and the Moltke 1,2SS.'
J. Pierpont Morgan and many oth~
r noted financiers will attend the
funetal of Samuel Spencer, which
will take place in Washington Sun
day. Offiials are making a search
ing investigation into the wreck at
Lawyer, Va., in which seven persons
lost their lives.
President Roosevelt heard the
views of Senator Flint, of Californ
ia, and Dr. Benjaimin Ide Wheeler,
on the Japanese problem.
'The death of President Spencer, of I
the Southern Railway, has postponed
an important case in the Court of' Ap
Rear Admiral Converse recom
mends that no marines be assigned'
to service aboard ships of the navy.
A Norfolk negro preacher defends
President Roosevelt's dismissal of ne
gro troops.
President Roosevelt is to sendspee
ial messages to Congress urging cit
izenship for the Porto Ricans and
praising the administration of the
Panama canal.
A Kentucky woman left over $30,
000 to relatives 'in .Hardy county,
West Virginia.
Mayor Schmitz, of San Francisco,
was arrested on his way home after
crossing the California border.
William R. Hearst modified the
statement that he would never again
be a candidate.
Ten prisoners escaped from a Long
Island jail,having cut the bars. It
is believed with saws concealed in a
baby visitor's clothes.
A~ fine of $1S,000 was imposed up
on the American Sugar Refining Co.
for rebating.
Judge Linebarger, who has just re
turned from the Philippines, favors
free trade with the- islands and re
gards war with Japan as inevitabl..
In the course of a hearing in New
York before the Interstate Commerce
Commission the charge was made that
The prosecution in the case of Cor
nelius P. Shea, of the Chicago Team
sters' Union, on the charge of con
spiracy, sprung a surprise on the de
fense by having three of the defend
ants turn State 's evidence .
Th edirectors of the Pelgram & My
ers Silk Company at Paterson, N. J.~
voted an increase of wages to all the
mill hands. The incease, which van
es from 5 to 15 per cent, was made
voluntarily and was a surprise to the
The Kobe correspondent of the
Lendon Standard cables that a float
ing mine, a legacy from the Russo.
Japanese war, has been driven ashore
a Akita, on 'the west coast of Hon
do, where it exploded, killing 10 vil.
laer and wounding 56.

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