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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, May 25, 1910, MEMORIAL EDITION, Image 2

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Address of the
At the Reunion of the Sixti
in 1879, With General E
(The News and Heralu
Comrades: You have been assem-!
bled once again for the advancement
of the purposes of our Association.
Vain would be any attempt to express
the mingled feelings with which I
greet you today, nor is it necessary
to make it, for d'oubtless the occasion
stirs ,in us all the same conflicting
emotions, deeply, inexpressibly sad,
and yet gloriously inspiring. It car
ries us back to your enthusiastic re
sponse to the call of the State for
your services. Through the sicken
dng drudgery of the camp of instruc
tion.. through the higher test of your
unselfish, dutiful devotion, reenlist
ment on the spot where your term of
service expired, through the weary
marches and heavy battles, of a pro
tracted war, aye, and through glori
s charges and thrills of .victory, to
.ring us at last to overwhelming dis
aster, defeat and ruin. But we need
not traverse the whole field of war
tor cause. Many an hour in your ca
reer would furnish abundant food for
the most varied and intense motion.:
I would :recall, briefly cite, by way of
illustration, one short hour's work of
which, so far as I know, there is no
record, no report having ever been
made of it. It was on a day when
"the colors," this identical stand of
colors, was made by special order of
your Colonel, the only guide to the
Regiu:kt, that you l-d the notable
advance of the Second Brigade of the
Firt Division in the Battle of Seven:
Pines, which excited so much of ad
miring comment in high military cir
cles at the time. In that brief hour
you broke and dispersed the enemy
in four distinct combats, in each of
which you were greatly outn-umbered,
beating him back for about two nile:
Of course, my comrades, when so
much was achieved, it was necessarily
attended with severe loss to our
selves-more than one-half. On this'
field, Captains Gaston and Crosby,
LyLes and Phinney and Walker and
too many of our brave officers and
men poured out their lives for South
Carolina, filled the full measure ofT
their duty without regard to cost or',
danger, leaving the consequences to
the God of our native land. It was
not my fortune to be with you, but
overwhelmingly sad must have been
your roll call, and the gloom of
mourning ov erhaung your bivouac fires:
on that night. But even then, my'
comrades, you know that there is not
only consolation, but a power in the
thought of heroic action and duty
ncobly done, that can fiash a halo of
glory .upon the sad and ghastly scene'
of a bivouac on the battle field.
Close?y connected with and deeply
interested as I was in the Regimeut,'
I have always felt a delicacy, perhaps
4aise, in sounding its praises, and an
nounc.ing its heroic deeds; and I had
hoped tuat the distin:guished soldiier,;
who was at that time Brigadier Gen
eral commanding tne brigade, would
be with us today, and tell the story1
of Seven eines. But, my comrades,
General Richard H. Anderson, having
* . finished 'his work here, has been sum-(
moned to join his and our great
Chieftain, and is now on the other
side, resting .in the shade with Jack- i
son and Gregg in the vast army of
our comrades over there. South Car
olina had no more devoted son, or val-'
jant and distinguished warrior than.a
that modest and unassuming gentle
man, "Fighting Dick Anderson" (Ap
plause). You have, my comrades, to
day formed again on -these colors, t
and marched .with them to martiali
anusic. And although they are the
ensign of no country, but merely the~
battle flag of a crushed cause, and are
now, .in the eyes of the world, the :
symbol of defeat, I fail to discover on
your brow the faintest shade of a
shadow of shame. (Applause). Youi
followed it in the days of its glory
and powcr, when it was borne proud- ,e
ty thro-ugh the storm of battle to fi
* wave over victories won. Crushed to
earth, trodden in the dust, you st.ill :1
clin,g to it with tenderness. You have
4iterally followed it through good re-<
port and evil report. What higher
evidence could be produced of God- *
givenaconsciousness of the right? <
Whatever it may be to others, my.
comrades, it is to us a sacred relic
of the ti:ne when we were all animat
ed by one common spirit of self-sac
rifloing devotion to country. (Al)
B3ut I am encroaching upon the reg
qilar order of business. It is my pleas
ing duty to introduce the orator of*
the day. You all, my comrades, re
aneber a fair youth, who, by his gen-.
tIe and .genial manner, in conscien-i
tious discharge of duty endeared him-1
self to us all. He was knocked out -
of service at an early period of the.
.war by a disabling wound; and on
cz:in home enlisted in the service
> the Confederates, we were always;
isposed to resent indignantly the
harge that we were fighting from
aerely selfish consideration-that It
vas a low spirit of zeal for African
lavery, which impelled the Southern
"tates to that last and confessedly
lesperate measure, a withdrawal
rom the Union. No, gentlemen, while
he question of slavery figured promi
iently in the beginning, progress and
:ermination of our struggle; while it
,as made the subject of innumerable
leclarations and resolutions,-the
ore and the marrow of the difficulty,
the kernel and essence of the dis
pute is to be found in the antag
mnistic views and interpretations of
he very nature and structure -of the
Government itself. It was a differ
mene that reached to the fundamen
tal law of the land, and struck at the
very heart of the Constitution-the
one party holding that this is a gov
ernment of the people, and the other,
that this is a government of States;
the latter view admirably expressed
by one of the greatest statesmen of
our country, and he a Carolinian, in
these words: "Resolved, That in de
legating a partion of their powers to
be exercised by the Federal Govern
ment, the States retain, severally,
the exclusive and sole right over
their own domestic institutions and
police, to the full extent to which
those powers were not thus delegated,
and are alone responsible for them,
and that any intermeddling of one
r more States, or a combination of
the citizens, with the domestic insti
tutions and police of the others, on
any ground, political. moral or religi
ous, or under any pretext whatever,
with a view to their alteration or sub
version, is not warranted by the Con
stitution, tending to endanger the do
:nestic peace and tranquility of the
States interfered with, subversive of
the objects for which the - Constitu
tion was formed, and, by necessary
onsequence, tending to weaken and
destroy the Union itself."
In that declaration, you have a
statement of the powers of the gover
ment and thie rights of the States
a declaration that was endorsed, that
was heartly maintained, by the whole
South-a declaration that was resist
ad by those who held that slavery
was the "sun of all villainies," and
hat as a domestic institution it could
ot claim, and should not receive, the
protection of the Constitution. Here
vas a difference that discussion, con
:ession and compromise only widen
d, and yet one so vital and practical
;hat it must be settled. After years
f fierce and bitter agitation, after
:he most manifest, persistent efforts
.o interfere with the institution, after -
he avowed purpose was taken in the:
arious ordinances of secession,
~vhether or not that was the wise,
r the proper remedy. need not now
e discussed. There were wise states-:
nen, and sincere, earnest patr&ots,
ho differed about that. The truth:
s, the case was very much like that
)f the man who was very fond of
ushooms, and went to a scientific
riend and asked him how he could
eli a mushroom fromi a toodstool.
he wise man replied: "The only way
s by eating it. If it kills you, it is a
c~dstool; if it doesn't, it is the
nushroom."~ I rather think secession :
ias proved the toadstool.
This. however, is by the way. The
oint that I wish to present is that
e war was not in its primal cause
pro-slavery and anti-slavery." I
eel that we stand .upon higher
~rounds, that we were contending for'
'ights and principles which were real,
:t present and as pre~cious as they
'ere in 1860, although it is nearly
eventeen years since the emancipa
ion proclamation. (Applause). They
rere principles of the Government,
.nd so long as the Government exists
hey will live. They may be ignordd,
hey may be trampled under foot, but
.ey cannot be destroyed without
:hanging the very form of the Gov-I
rment, and he who supposes that
vith the emancipation of the slave,
d the abolition of the peculiar in
titutions, therefore, all questions of
ifferences are settled, will find him
elf sadly disappointed. What have
e witnessed in the late .extra ses
ion of Congress? Did we not have
here a discussion as protracted. ear
iest, vital and. 1 had. almost said as
ble as in the convention of 17S7,
vhen the very principles of the Gov
mnment were announced, and inter
)reted what radical divergence of
inion was developed in reference to
he very question stated by 3Mr. Cal
oun in the resolution already quot
d, and who does not see and feel that
:his is but the opening of a great
;truggle, and that if we have laid
side the implements of war, yet that
ur battles are to be fought over on
:elds, happily, where victories are
)loodless. This is one of the iewsons
)f our contest, which deserves espec
al emphasis. It d-d bring to t(de
ront certain ideas, it did give a dis
inctive prominences to ecertain im
ortant principles and wi,i for them
place, which they could have secur
dd in no other way, and when men of
ther nations and other days. stand
ghast at the immense sacrifice of the
... .Cn-- etru.ne, shall ask them
There is a 14
knowing that yc
pay for.
you can rest ass
is just as we r<
the price is as 1<
dising will perrm
We know t
dealing has plai
position that
We are alwa
M ower!
We are ager
Wood's Celebre
Not Made or Coi
Just as good as
market and ce
lowest prices.
- best value to be
Repairs for
in stock and al
their regular a
for them.
See Us for Mc
W. C. flea
Late Dr. Grier
Regiment at Winnsboro
ratton's Introduction.
1, August 9th, 1879.)
)f the Church Militant. We have all
vatched with pride and gratification
jis constancy and even tempered
ouTage in the pursuit of his duty
,hrough all the depressing and des
perate gloom that weighed upon the
tate, and his steady growth and. de
velopment to higher and higher
stages of usefulness, until we can
justly claim for him that he has won
his spurs in that service. He needs
o introduction, when I tell you that
the Rev. Dr. Grier is our own brave,
boy, Moffatt Grier (prolonged ap
Dr. Grier then irose and after the
applause had subsided, he said:
"General, allow me to thank you
for your kind words of introduction.
However deeply I may feel that what
nou have said is undeserved, I am yet
none the less grateful."
He then continued, as follows:
Dr. Grier's Address.
Fellow Citizens and Comrades of the
Sixth Regiment: This is a sight that
moves and stirs my heart like a vi
sion of th,. dead. "It is like a dreai
when one awaketh," standing here in
this presence, In the presence of these
men, -in the presence of this old flag,
planted rightly in this temple, dedi-'
cated to the cause of Truth and Jus
tice-what memories crowd upon me!
In a moment the dead past is resur
rected. From its crowded graves,
green and fragi'ant. ten, thousaind
fo-,ns start into life until mind and
ti;.a - are full-too full for utterance.
t is seventeen years the 5th of May
last, my comrades, since I looked into
your faces. How well I remember it.
Every instance of the brief but vig
orous fight is distinctly before me.
And especially do I remember, and I
feel that I must mention it, the mag
nificent advance of the Regiment in
Face of the enemy. and .under a rat-:
.ling fi-re. as fhe Colonel gave the or
aer, "Forward, march!" The line
was perfect-every man was in posi
ion, every movement was as proper.
nd as exact as "dress parade." It
vas a steady tramp of Regulars, with'
1ll the pluck, high resolve and un
uenchable enthusiasm of fiery Cru
;aders. (Applause). You had many,
battle after that, but you never be
aved bette-r than in the first fight.
.nd if the Sixth Regiment had done
othing else but advance as it did
.nto the fight at iliamsbu.'rg; if it
md disbanded, it would have f-urnish
d such an exhibition of perfect drill,
oldiery bearing and dauntless cour
mge as 'would have earned higher
)raise from friend and foe. That act
vas itself a splendid promise-a prom
se which was nobly 'redeemed in four
-ears of hard service. On that day
ou received your baptism of fire,,
nd I received my discharge. Today
ee meet again and call the roll. How
anny are absent. forever absent, from
hese delightful gatherings. ''No
*und can wake them to glory again."
n mid-time of their days, and in the'
lory of their strength, they laid
henselves willing victims on the al
ar of the country, but though they
nswer not our call. and. though we
ee them ne~t, yet they speak to us, to
u hearts, and they -appeal .to us by
111 that is sacred and holy and unsel
sh devotion to truth, in lofty patriot
sin, to cherish their memory, vindi-:
ate their motives, and last. but not;
east, to care for their families. We
we it to them, we owe it to our
elves, we owe it to history. to as
ert on all proper occasions, with hon-'
stt manly sincerity the convictions.1
-iich led to sacrifices unparalled in
his century.. and to declare the real
ssues at stake in a conflict so stu
endous and appalling: There is great
Lner lest in allowing others to
ne our history for us, we permit
he truth to be perverted, and our
elves to be placed in false position.
t is surprising how general is the
npression that slavery was the issue
-that we fought for its perpetuity:
.nd extension, while the North bought.
or its abolition. This impression is
viespread, not only among those
rho are interested in fostering it. but.
mong ourselves. It is, as we con-,
eeive, a grave and radical mistake,!
Lnd we cannot allow such a view to'
ncorpo'ate itself into history with
)ut an earnest protest. It was the'
ccion and only the occasion of the:
trugle; and the destruction of the
eeliar instituti-on w'as an incident.
ndd only an incident of its progress
nd end. To show we are not speak
2g at random, or presenting a theory,
'ou have this distinct and emphatic.
nnouncement by the Federal Con
rees after the War had fairly open
d-Tht this war is not prosecuted
'or the purpose of overthrowing or
[iterfering with the rights of estab-)
ished institutions of the Southern
states." This clear and explicit dis
laie1r by a co3mpetenlt authority<
aus t be accepted as satisfactory and
)t of satisfaction in
u get just what you
ry Here
ured that everything
present it, and that
)w as good merchan
1at this method of
:ed us in the high
this business now
rs ready to serve you.
-. -: -:- S. C.
s '&Rakes'
ts for Walter A.
ted Mowers and
trolled by a Trust
any mower on the
nf be sold at the
Positively the best
all Mowers
.less prices than
gents are asking
>wers and Rakes.
ty Compnly.d

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