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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, August 17, 1910, Image 1

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-s Sm-e
- vnnsoro S W"ednesday, August 17, 1910. \Established z844rj
Published Senn-Weekly. -______________
The CongrCssio.1a
Taxation, the Ne:rj Q:
of the Prollems Dis:u
The cngressional c
opened here last Tuesday
ing August 9th at 11 o elG
in the court house yard.
meeting was called to order iy
clerk of court J. W. L%-!es
first introdaced Conresman
D. E. Finley. .ar. Fs ws
sorry that time did no r i
him to discuss all the S
suies of nitional im nportan-ct:.
He would however try to e::
plain a few things e
thought the people snou< -:nor
Of course national pUlities were
not as interesting in this state
in which two parties exist He
had for the last twenty yeaS
given his views on every YuO:C
question. He had representea
his people both in te legisla
ture anm m the senate. .H
thought no more approprianonl
should be made than were neeu
ed to carry on the govern:ent.
He was chairman o tre wva
and means committee ana one
or two others. Appropria'iom
should be watched becaL,se
were maae from the t c
ed from -ie people. Since 1I77
exnenses have greatlv increased
as have also t.e axes. .e
taxation in the s: a was drc
but.the taxation of" :L he n a -i,
was indirect. Tne e.'e~ tt
ferences betwCe t heD .
and the Re,bi1 o
taxation ara xt separation n
state an union.
believe-ir taxation f r
Republicans believe In tax.tin
for protection as .
T axes 1-ave, ie si, mcreasea
48.2per cen- sice IS57 . >en
tari is higher than snea
revenue, the peole form coM
binations and controj 'sitriu
ilon, "Pj- cea rigs
suit f this S the pr
competitLn. He sad :tha be
ore 1867 there -was h t
tusts, but since that time trasts
have fixed the prices on thimgs
we must nave. He named du
L- ferent kinds of trusts to I,IUS
trate. He sho_-.d urther noW
thn -,rotective tari..pL freg
gocds out of fhi:D country and
thus - paed zne w,ay rta
trusts of this Coun- ry to earg
excessive prices n goods of thr
own manufacture. Trusts are
the cause of aie high cosjo
living to-day. Tne Democras
have done all they couild toUe
feat the pr.esent taridr bill bu
it was beyond their power to do
so; they could not even makie an
amendment to the bill. The
f uture w:as, he thought, bright
for Democrats. He cited in
stances showing ho.w the Demo.
crats had increased in the last
few years. He sh'owedi th'at
where in one or two mstrie
* Republicans had eleered their
the Demtcrats had now assum-ed
* control and are electing their
frvorities by even a greater a
jority than. the Repu'oleans had
previously done. T ne Rc publi
e ans are taking more :none;
away from the tax pjayers than
they need to run the govern men;.
The tariE is a dry subject to
discuss but it was so important
that a discussion was necessary.
He had voted against the appro
priations for battle ships; against
an increase in the army and
.-.hnert-hings which to him looked
extravagant. The people or .ne
U. S. are the greatest mi1lar \
people in the world so ras
taxes go.. Sonme pensins smich
L he did not believe in col o
be stopped because the north
ern. Democrats voted fo thm
r People are .turn:ng awyIe
the Republicans ' i n ansas
r Nebraska and Iowa. Insu-gents
are looming up.
A division !s going onI in' SOes
bof the Western and Central
states and this kvill helpth
D emocrats. We ntst ;keep up~
the figt. He thiks the Demo
crats%i gvlain the nouse this
vear. Harmnon is a ooai mn.
high man andC a Kal Demuc;-rs.
her are sat to M so again
Tae Sou&ua t-ih kisa o:
Carnplaign Opens
,;on and the Tariff Som*.
sS.d by the Candidates. I
iision had the power nov:
to ix rates. This was pul b
in bV the Democrats. He Cd b(
no: approve of the postal sav
in.t- bn but the bill had been is
OaSsed. The Republicans favor- n
ed tne ank with out restrictions. ai
Thl-- Democrats don't want all d<
their money centralized in some M
big norzhern city. The Republi -1
cans plan w3uld tend toward ea
sch a centralization. Such alf2
centralization would be espec- fc
ily harmful in time of pani sc
What we- want is to keep our tc
money at hr-me. He had led
a.ghts against the kind of bank at
which the Republicans had pro- b<
posed. h
Ding the twelve years he :e
.:as rin ofce the Mexican War n
Veterans pension:had increased 0,
from 88 to S20. He was m favor
ol improving our rivers. He was i
not making war on the railroads T
but h tiought improvm. the v
rivers would~help freight rates. v
Te -ranortation trust is the :
trus our. county has. '.,
ie aslone what he could fcr
M this discrict and he had el
some-h-g to show for his, et- o
or s to puL Nhe1 buiking. ;i
insborc could not have a post q
Cnice- because the post office here R
was not a 2nd class post office.
We hav:e gotten four publie build- -
;ngsZ whihn-,mounts topractical'y
He hai helped to frame law t
flee e has grown greatly
i the last 7 years. Ic is here toi
stay, and no one can recall
W ha,-e imroved the postal I
service in tOvn-s as well as I U
tie ecantry. H e sa;'d the poE
ta Uepartmlent was largely se,
spoi and c 1e 1 g1ve a few..
gures to show ho-v much wa.,
o C to the ~sapp-rti o toe rur- a
free deliver . was not orgu- r
naorn fI the IUai Tree delivery. h
The governenr had not e-i
tendev this departmenMt anV thqs J.r
i-rd er-tha Tr Tas t not b e1
on'ie. I nave served you as
aithfully a s I c . When .
rt ook my seatI h tae n
a back on. I don' say mnov
por nents W;i have o t a b r4
seaZ but I wil say that GO men
do over 75 oer cent of the vork
done in coigress and those )i0 h<
men are old men. H
An issue had been brought in b<
to this campaig'n which he was it
sorrt of. Hie hiad not brought ti
the.issue in but since it was in, w
he would have to express hisy
vews. Mr. Henry says he n
:ants to repeal the 14th andg
1th amendments. I agree withg
that. But when he says we
mst give tribal representation: H
allow a colored representative for in.
every 200Q negroes to the legis- tc
lature then I don't agree. Th'e t
negro is unnit for a representma-l
tive in the government. M.e
Henry can't do this if he goes, et
but the question in itself will do e
harm both to the whites and to e
blacks. I am sorry he brought ta
the issue in antl I think he will m
Snaly conclude that hocis wrong. st
Mr. 1'inley spoke about an d
our in the small crowd that a
was present and when he took ,
his seat, he was applauded. s
Mr. Henry. the second speak- ta
er. immedaely began on the is- h
sue. He d" not think Mr. Fin-i
e was sorry that he had brought i
in'he issue. Do you think l<
am crazy? Do you think I a""t
nhting whites?" He had helped
ti redeem this country: he ha
raid for g,uns out or his own 'i
oee with/ whilch to ngoht in1 i
thisverycoun V. I the: peopl
hee ',Do youi think I am
.a~ &# to repeal an amnd
~et1. i that sond like bro-r
Wafi"s th auestion not settli. ' e
B3.aus m'ore negroes are gam).m
-o en'o-f: buying land, etc. Since :-'
Me .. Finle stre jo pek r
eec for frcm some negroes buu
ouldin't sell it. He needed- mon-)
to send his children to sehoo
;- he would not sell land to the
?groes to get it. He wanib;to'
)ntro] the negro without u*in.g-*
.ns. He could not- represen.
ols and did not want to. SGe:
divided with morals on 'onal
de and negroes backed by mo ke
on the other and things will An
dangerous. Ve have dangn
th on the inside and outside pa
e are like a ship under -wh.ic
a mine that is lying harmleslSa
)w, but is ready to eYplode ad i
y time. What he wanted
was to cut the wire to
ain land. We are helpless
ng as negroes can voe W p
m't make those people wh.w aC
thers died for it give u0
r nothing. We must gie n
mething in return. He o:'..0
give che negro the rio'
tition and how would v"e
it? We would require h
a certain age. They o
ve a certain amount of o 4
-ty. and on top of that e,er
?gro must be the loyal husbaii
one wife. Is that calling th'
gro into politics? The negie
eaks down under such morals..
he Y, nkees will say that if.
u can improve their morals.
hy go and do it. Suppose we
ve every 2.000 negroes one rep
sentative with the r ogt of pe
tion. not to vote, he bein
ected by the negroes. He W:a
)posed to miscegenation-ig' re
2on, educatioln and in plis
e referred to tihe heAdline.i ainr
occk Hill paper ich read:
CanidteHenry soun p. Ii tL
al death knell." He saiL r,ha4
le negro could no) b sent
.other county n aer
M, ::hy. He S wiln to il..
o der apart of o*ur rep:ese.m1a y
Xn in Coges s to ge t re cry
to% %v on hadslf,a r
,en cia t ts coun d,
; rears and he was proud of, ig
e' elieved that if any on.s
Culd _eli o that he avorecti
Ce ncgoes ha ou would Uelw0u e
n that he was a har re wa4s.
kigto th en Tuture. He waz
rain bai unless ,v:'e gn sh
,igs in u: ands we voulA
Ve t uSe guns. He was wiligtL
g to grant- negro Trustees. lu
rs, eC., if he got wA n. th
aed. Had the p)eople an'. s
jE-ctioLnt the negroes runninc th
grO schooIs? They ran tne
Vn c"'urchles, why, cou.,,d :_n, ho
t runthi r own schools? H4
anted to Show the peole tat de
ey must give someth-ing to ge da
msething. h
As to the tarirf. M-r inle,h
a said, saw hope in tne future..t
e had heard that same story H<
fore and nothing had come of on
.You have to whisle srme- to
mes to keep your courage up sp
hen you are passing a grawe m
ird. He had advocated the ca- xv
il and people were going to see co
>d come fromn it. They x were pe
>i to see the sea coast tos:g m
ie South become large cities. ter
e had a plan to reduce the tard tr
.He did riot believe in docipg us
o mnuch at once. He wante ce
reduce the tarlit little Lyit a
eHe showed~ now a tras: fr
>uld nut a small business man g
it ;f business. Thie Repu't pa
ms thought w:e were not :dead- ta
1: the:y are scared to turn 'The g
.riff over to us. We shoun ta
rgents" wanted the ta'-r re-ce
iced arnd we wanted it reduced. d
eshould take down the tarii' th
all brick by brick. The "in- to
irgets are meeting us al h
ay." Itmay take a long t"ie so
et what we~ want. but it hadth
en a long time and we dtior cc
e what we wantedi. 'h .ar
wall had gone up) higherC and ta
as a taste~ of th swensorn
e low tai and thefe kie
ould come to s an ask uo cO
ore. \Ve nave a *ew ne m~~
emocra;-tic part wn dontI be- er~
::e in reducing the 'ai . r
As t tr. Fn's orina
yo ngt e reset u b
Bei' sas in fav oia':hen a
!fore his ^riends said ne was
ars ahead of his zime. He he
aited 12 years and is now rui
f again. Finley says himse
at he was on one comnIta
at did not mcet.
He had- been solicitor for
ig time and he did not make
-ing out of it. Last year h
pt an account of his expense,
d it cost him more than .5C
er his salary to live. and h
d not lived e::aaan.
He concluded his speech b
ing that he was not afraid t
cuss any question anywherE
.ON. T. B. 2UTLER.
f[on. T. B. Butler was the ne:_
eaker introduced. Two year
&he had asked for their vote
dhe had received enough t
er -theecond rac.: He wa
wever defeated but had not
,i before them to ask ther
ei reiconsideration of him. - H
lWays tried to appeal to th
o1',sense of the people. H
Onjzed ,the right of thos
m who were now in the rac
f any one else to enter th
There were.not many dii
between them in thi
whieh. they wer
05 -e . ~l. . H
both i
~ Ie fate ani
nig'h vasa: pr'ett
"Idd .yse t. Theo.e-E
grs to he 4ple. S:Me :o
n* see to tik that i.if the
s' letFinley te-wjn't-grE
mal. TYhat is not so. Fir
aol ne is no te.d -fath
L ret eliv . Y'ou n ee
Pif h-,e S :opLS. 'Vhat d
: It a be 0ou get a Tel
i e.If if gobd nee d:n
ar okkanwho had gte.
'Se *e reeC f.ro iS Cor
essmen. They were an e'
addiin gaage .seec
fe days a .'n ne
ey showed a wonrjerful ,ter
nev to c : For a few day
e ntlemar trid to nPut
1-(i by try~ing to )us
bkinto the oround ever
> g. This d'id no gooc
,Ever. and at last one morr
when he went out to his gai
n after being away for a fe
, ne found that the thing
- chmbed the fence and h
.a more long-necked gourd
an he knew what to do wit
Sthought little things are th
es that count. He would lik
take the money that ws
ent on seed, etc., add it.up an
ike it do some good. H
mied to know why WVinnsbor
uld not have a pcstoffice. .Th
ople get very little for th
me they spend on the gos
amrent. HIe did not fa;'or e:
vagant appropriations. H
e aliat to .illstr'ate :rhe e:
ssive charges, caused by :b
rin. That hat could coniexe
"nnland and -be sold for
eat deal less than the owne
id fo it were it not for th
rif.An since the hat cann<
mi 'th is country our mam.
etr can charge anythin
e; wish. They do not add
~itimate profit as they shoul
but they get all they-can froi
e people instead. He - wante
get rid of the taif. any wa
could. He would like to se
ne of that money that goes t
e Nrthwest to reclairm Ian
:e to the South irts:ead.
If we have been sending po
experts to Congress for
1g timte he woumld like to see
ane made? and some otraE
nd o expert sent instead. Wh
uat not we get spmie of the
mney for our- roa~cs? Knler
er mail goes over' a road tas
ad is khown as a "ost" roa(
di the government can aid
s: road. He would like to se
e U. S. Go'.ernment say .ths
ther thie mail or,~the Wire
uld be used by people for gant
ng on.Cebtrn ete ge refer:
to Pasozn and what he ha
ne with wh~eat as ari illustre
aif gatabling. He referr,
. Elegs statenient the
2g~'syvice made manh unjit
rid edeaskudeta eg
.0:eme one else is elected. He did
no mean to say that he would
- o all that he said ought to be
Ione, but that if he was elected
e he would try to. He got off a
joke to illustrate his point. As
a to Mr. Henry's .-egro question,
a he was opposed to it. He thouLht
e Lhe least that was said the better:
it would be. If he is allowed
reoresentation in the Legislature
e ae miqht also be allowed repre
;entation in the Congress. Let
y h,im st as he is.
o He was sorry that he did not
.-ave more time to talk to the
People. It was near dinner time,
and he did not want to :mpose
t on the people.
s Mr. Butler did not speak as
s,long as did the other candidates.
He sat down amid aolause. Af
er Mr. Butler's speech the meet
1ng adjourned.
e Hiickory Ridge Notes.
arMers are through with
e their , work now. Crops are:
a looking fine hiter the nice rain
ithat fell' on the 7th. We have
nothing to do now but eat water
s melons, go to picnics and parties.
e The young people seem to enjoy
e themselves now. Friends a-d
, ratives eiijoyed a nice little
epien at e :home of Mr. and
us j R n onrthe 10th.
11 The eb'Yh
oladfes,-all stayed at home "to, pre
eiparie' dinner-and to'getready for
Sthde ish soup.. A gre: many
1i fish were caught, and a fine big
pot of soup was enjoyed with all
the -other - chi-cken . and,eake.
f The afternoon-was spent by the
ladies hbrse back riding, led by
Li.ss Lila Black, of Jonesville,
S. %.. The day seeme1 to be a
tleasant one for ail.
e Miss L,la Black - of Joncsille,
d S. C.. MissGillie -Kid( of S-mith,
. C.. and .i. ad Mrs. Aires{
Th onas of McCnnei S. .;
with- their sweet lte ar
t arion% re tin r. aqd M.
f Miss Lary 1imms. fa Colum
snding her vaca
.ion at Ir home .e h
Th' ._boys w sthave
-and partes an Z.
s der field and cotton patch
a Iake haste boys, hurc.qp, 1
eervthing goes on asav-seems,
to going now I -beleve-we
-I have a weddng' or two
around here in the near ^eature.
I heard one boy say that he had
v .ore to the' conclusion that it
S, was just as hard to get along
e without a wife as it was to get;
s on with one. Now mind, b6y,
it takes two to marry.
e Well I must -close, woul be
e gad to naiar from all the girls
e and ao.gsr Write me a letter
C SOonl.
e Always your friend,
Old Hickory.
e Flint Hill Locals..
QaMr. and Mrs. J. WV. Durham
Srd children are visiting Mrs.
2Durham's sister, Mrs. Sarah
e Gettx's at Lugoff. S. C.
SMr. Falconer Bray of Rockton
a was a visitor in the neighbor
rhood recently.
SMrs. J. C. Willingham anoi
,mgh?ter Miss NTannie reture
1 rom Timmonsville, S. Q. ,last
Mr. T. B. Willingham ard son,
d ugene of Blairs, S. C., was j
n visitor' to friend1s and relatives
d the nast week.
vMiss Lutie Durham spe'nt Sun
e da" at home.
Dr. H. M. Durham ihas re- I
urned to Blythewood\ after
snending Sunday at home.
Mis Maud Willinghark.T will
a leavxe to-day to visit friends at
a Sipsonville. Gray Court and
r affney, S. C.
Miss Bertha Durham hgs re
tturned home after spending the
past we ek with her sister; 'Miss
Mr. W. A.NeladMsT
Mobley wi'll visit friends~
e Massey Dale this week.
State Reuinic 'Spartan ur.
- Te state -ion of UJni d
d Cofierate' irans will e
T~e -railroads har granted' a re
lu%ce te of a egnjt a iig
eah y Then i f Sparta
~r fakng gr ~ rep
tns .!~te enterta rnrlent .
sand LeR
Miss Flern-iken i. Jerusi21.
Letter No 4.
Hotel Germania, Nazareth.
We started, at 6:80 a. m. on
>ur twelve days journey, through
:he country to Damascus.,.Our
:wo weeks stay in Jernsalem'-has
)een so delightful, we were
loathe to leave.
We had our last glimpse of the
2ity from Mt S_opeus on the
north, then we wound down
chrough the hills till it was los
-o sight. We passed some"inter
esting thinr--on the *ay,. sucll
as Gibeah of Ben 'anin,, ancient
Seeroth, here twe rmurderers of
fshbasheth lived. We only got
a glimpse of 3israt and Bethel
as we wou6d ' dovn into the
valley of thidves. Ab6it noon-we
stopped in he plaiins of Shiloh'
under the shad ome fig,
trees, to haveA 041unch. .:gS
in the East are r lch'larger than
ours (something ike the um
brella- China) and mpke -ine
The colony at Jerusalei had
given usa nice lunch Perhaps
you would be interestedioknow
wvhat it was. Mutton,- ha bis
cuit, potato chips, cheese, Girts'
eggs, jelly, cake and.lemo
Mr. Barrakat spread a
grass mat .n the ground, an
we used our carriage cush
xt ats. We laughe ad
ad finished
-inkoha we n&e
ate witfiur an
erminded of the .
didn't like melon been
ways got it in his ea
lunch, the gentlemen
exploring and Tve took
of their abserce to
steamer rugs dowa for _;J
No sooner hadvwe-gbt'
however than a herd
tain goats.. came,trooin
on us from th al a
is unnecessar ..
up as h0vitv
after the ho
th-7on -h
four we r
(German) W
comfortable ....
drink any
confine ourselves te
bottled lemotide-t ,
At 6 -we are w ou oA i
the Synagogue of thSnaii.
They profess tolavee 6
cop y of Joshua and the e - ''
teuch. This is the mnost_
city of Palestine and.ismn
ed in Gen. XiI-G3 as "Siehem
Tomorrow we leave at~
light for* Mazart. via -
and we w.ill -use saddi eK
art of the way.- '
~We reached Jenin at
rested for several hours
our lunch. This is a smnal
and . the natives came a
circled around us m
amazement. some of then
fetly nude. You ought haN
seen~ them wondering. v one ~
hair when wve took of
Mr. Barrakat ~hadQc i a
wlting for us here;
drove to Mazare!ne
bautiful plains of
They ard level and equ1yfI
and as you view the ~
hills of Mazareth, you are
to believe- the colodng a~
On the e't'rose MtV.
with thae altar of sarf
summit. on the east Mt.i?n
little Herniion- and Tabor
Transfiutration: Nestlingt
foot of thse is Nain, Jesr~
Enidor and Shunem. Ato ~
down we reachid Nazaretl&In
is delightTally cc6I here an dk
hotel is fine' so -we are enjy~
ourselves to 'the fnll. Wei -
remain two days then we
Tybetrs and Caperniub.
sail across the Sea of '
Samak- where we tae
Damascus. Will write t6e&
FOR RENT 1911. Pl~e~
as Thos. ~eic ~a
+ab3out7 nu
wa- S C.
1509 ac
run th ~1o
-p r

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