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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, March 30, 1916, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218612/1916-03-30/ed-1/seq-3/

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Important Measure in Nationa
Preparedness Program Sup
ported Solidly By Dem
Washington, March 21.-The
Tillman bill to provide for th<
erection or purchase by th(
government of an armor plat(
factory at a cost not to exceec
$11,000,000 was passed by th(
senate late today by a vote of 5E
to 23. The house naval commit
tee has set aside tomorrow fo
consideration of the measure
with a view to reporting it to
the house promptly.
Democratic senators supported
the bill solidly, regarding it as
one of the important measures
included in the national prepared
ness program now being has
tened to completion. Nine pro
gressive republicans joined with
the majority in voting for the
bill. They were Senators Borah.
Clapp, Cummins, Gronna, Ken
yon, Norris, Poindexter, Sterling
and Works.
Passage of the measure in the
house is regarded as assured.
Adminstration leaders are plan
ning to bring it up soon after
passage of the army reorganiza
tion and immigration bills.
The bill, which has the appro
val of the administration and
Secretary Daniels, was bitterly
opposed by several republican
senators. At committee hear
ings on the measure, officers of
the Bethlehem and Midvale steel
companies, two of the three con
derns which furnish armor to
the government appeared and
the threat was made that their
plants would ha7e to be disman
tIed as soon as the government
entered upon the business, leav
ing no source of supply for the
navy's immediate needs. The
opposition in the senate was led
by Senators Penrose, Oliver, Lip
pitt and Lodge.
R. A. Cooper.
Laurens Advertiser.
There have been many and va
ried newspaper comments on the
advent of Mr. Cooper mnto the
gubernatorial race. Some criti
cize him for entering the race,
~-on the ground that it will weak
t en the cause of the law enforce
ment element by dividing its
strength and also on the ground
that Gov. Manning is entitled to
another term. Othiers acknow
ledge his title to become a can
-didate without further comment,
while still others come out defi
nitely on his side. The propor
tion of these different views is
about the same as may be judged
from the comments printed in
last week's paper. The larger
daily papers, as a whole, have
been rather reticent in express
ing themselves.
The chief objection brought
fourth is on the ground that
Gov. Manning's and Mr. Cooper's
platform in the past campaign
were practically the same and
for Mr. Cooper to justify his
claim to the office now he must
find fault in Gov. Manning for
advocat-ing just those things
which he himself was pledged to
do. We do not know Mr. Coop
er's plan of campaign, but we
see no necessity for him to at
tack Gov. Manning's record.
That record has been made and
is already public pr'operty. There
is no reason why Mr. Cooper
should go into it unless he
chooses to, for he might feel
willing for the voters to pass on
it without anything farther than
what Gov. Manning himself may
wish to say about it. Judging
from the urgent requests that
Mr. Cooper says he has been re
ceiving, a large number of peo
ple have already formed their
opinion of the governor's record,
and it only remains forMr. Coop
er to give his platform and views
as to the future' so that they
may decide for themselves
whether or not they are depend
*ing upon the right man. It may
certainly be depended upon that
Mr. Cooper will not say or do
anything that will in any-wise
compromise himself with a law
less element. His record as a
prosecuting officer in the courts
is sufficient to blight any hopes
along that line.
It is real early to predict witi
any degree of certainty as to the
prospects of any candidate ir
the race, but we rather thini
that many papers have underes
timated the strength of Mr
Cooper and are not aware.of th<
strong current runnmng in his
favor. Of course he may be de
ceived in this himself, but tha
is a matter of his own judgemen
and does not at all argue that hi
shoud not respond: to it.
United States Endeavoring to
Bring About Its Adoption.
Washington, March 24.-The
establishment under the terms
of the United States cotton fu
tures act of official cotton stan
dards for the United States has
been accompanied by an earnest
effort to secure the adoption of
these standards by the cotton
trade in Europe as well as in this
country. A brief history of this
movement is contained in Ser
vice and Regulatory Announce
ments No. 7 of the Office of Mar
kets of the United States De
partment of Agriculture, which
has just been published.
Although the attempt to secure
the adoption abroad of the new
American official standards was
not altogether suscessful, this
new oublication shows that much
has been accomplished toward
bringing about uniformity of
standards. For various reasons
the Liverpool Cotton Association
did not see fit to adopt the Amer
icam official standards, but has
revised its standard to a form
which is said to accord at least
in value with the American
standards and which replace
by a single set the three sets
formerly in use, representing
respectively upland. Gulf and
Texas cotton.
This tribe standard seems to
have grown up in Liverpool be
tween 1833 And 1913. It seems
also to have been the result of a
process of evolution caused by
the increasing necessities of the
cotton trade and was built up
from time to time by the addi
tion of types or boxes of stan
- When the United States cotton
futures act was passed and ex
perts began the work of prepar
ing the. new standards it required
the desirability of securing urn
versal adoption for the new stan
dards was recognized. For rea
sons given in detail in Service
and Rezulatory _Anouncements
No. 7, however, it was found un
dersirable to adopt the Liver
ool standards for upland cotton.
In order, therefore, to explain
the proposed American standards
and to urge their adoption in
England, Germany and France,
two members of the Depart
ment of Agriculture visited Eu
rope in the fall of 1914.
A number of conferences with
representatives of the Liverpool t
Cotton Association were heldi3
and it seemed at one time proba- a
ble that this association would I
adopt the American standards, I.
one or two minor changes havingi
been made at their request. The
association. however, was un
willing to take definite action
until March 1, 1915. It was im- I ]
possibile under the law for the
American government to defer
until that date the promulgation I
of the American standards and 1
accordingly no agreement on
standards with Liverpool was
On December 15, 1914, the offi
cial cotton standards of the Uni
ted States were established and
promulgated and their use on
the future exchanges became
practically compulsory on Febru
ary 18, 19I5. They have been
adopted voluntarily by all of the
spot cotton exchanges ofth
United States.
The representatives of the de
partment also visited Bremen
and Havre and conferred with
German and French cotton mer
chants in regard to the adoption
of the American standards by
those exchanges. The Havre
exchange has taken no action,I
but the question is still open with!
Bremen and that exchange has
stated its expectation of adopting
the standards if they prove to
be suited to ;the conditions of
the cotton trade at Bremen.
t is believed that these confer
ences did much to promote uni
fomty in cotton grades for
tie future, but owing to the dis
turbed conditions caused by the
w~ar no dlefin1ite agreements were
On last Saturday afternoon
the ladies of Chester gave Dr.
S. WV. Pryor, president of the
Pryor hospital which was burned,
a linen shower to help replenish
the linen closet for the hospital.
'It was quite a surprise to Dr.
Pryor, and he was deeply touch-*
ed by this thought of the ladies.
The Sumter Watchman and
Southron says that the Sumter
tLight Infantry, Co, N. G. S. C.
tto go to Mexican border at any
time, if the call comes for it, and
it is expecte at any time.
One Hundred an Thirty-nine
Homicides Reported With
in Twelve.Months.
Not only is the annual death
rate for negroes in South Caro
lina larger than fcr white people
but the annual birt rate is small
er, according to figires completed
yesterday by the bireau of vital
statistics. The death rates, based
on returns for 19t5, are: For
whites. 12.6; for legroes. 17.4.
The birth rates are' For whites,
29.1; for negroes, 2017 One hun
dred thirty-nine honicides were
Of the 24.501 deaths occuring
last year in South Carolina, mak
ing an annual death rate per 1,
000 population of 15.2; 9,141
were white people, 15,350 were
negroes, and 10 were Indians.
There were 44,950 births, dis
tribpted as follows: White
males, 11,015; white fenales, 10,
127; negro males, 12,110; negro
females, 11.512; Ingli imales, 2;
Indian females, 184 "The an
nual birth rate for tate is
One section o e"eort is
riven over to a tfon
)f pellagra, fromii h there
ere 1,460 deathIf iS$th Caro
ina in 1915. Thiss' eaie* ranks
ourth in its toll, thtiee -lead
ng ones being: Disesig of the
irculation, 2,539; pulmonary tu
>erculosis, 1,991; diseases of the
idney, 1,646. These four caus
s of death are responsible for
pproximately one-third of the
Both the number and the per
entage of deaths from Oellagra,
trranged by the counti -, are
riven, showing the foio ing re
ults in part: Charleston ith a
leath rate of 208 per 000;
umter, 159.2; Greenwoo 52.6;
'hester; 147.3; Greenville, .1.2;
lichland, 131.2 Anderso 21;
-eorgetown, 114.4; York, .4;
'lorence, 98.8. Tne rem er
f the counties range lowe an
ese, the lowest being C ,en
on with a rate of 32.1
Other causes of deatb, 'th
heir toll, are: Intestinal d eas
s, 1,306; pneumonia, 1,23 tv
~hoid fever, 553; cancer, ~13;
tysentery, 502; malaria, 65;
ironehial pneumonia,- : ;
rhooping cough, 20'7; diphth -Ia,
10; general acciddnts, 557, ui
ide, 43; railroad accidents, 53.
Aproximately 32 per cent of
e total number of deaths in
915 were of children under Ifve
ears of age. The total arra4 red
y races are: WVhites, 2.834; ne
~roes, 5,983; Indians, 5. In each
nstance the numberhof deaths
f males exceeded that of the
~orresponding females. Not
~onsidering this one period the
argesst number of deaths occur
ng in the several succeeding de
ades follows: White men, from
0 to 70; white women from, 30
:o 40; negro men and negro wo
~en, from 20 to 30.
The largest death rate in South
Jarolina is in Richland co'unty
vith a rate of 29.8, which is fol
owed closely by Charleston
~ounty with 28. These excessive
ates are due largely to* the
leaths in hospitals and for: the
laths not accounted for in
state institutions. Other couities
with high death rates: George
own, 21; Florence, 20.5; Sunter,
L9.4; Berkely, 18.1. The lo.vest
ate, 9.8, is found in Siuda
Florence county won the ban
er in the percentage of bi ths.
with 44.1, followed by Inrry
ounty with 41.5 The next oun
y is Clarendon with 35.3, folow
ed closely by Calhoun, Cheter
field, Darlington, Lee, Ma'ion,
Qrangeburg, Pickens, Suiiter,
nd Williamsburg. Rieliand
ounty has a birth rate of 28.3
nd Cnarleston county, 23.7 The
lowest birth. rate is recorce d in
Aiken county with 19.6.
One of the foulest murdes in
the annals of any county was
committed in a desolate pat ot
Barwell county last Wedniesday
night. The victim was a white
woman about thirty years old,
who lived alone at the old funily
homestead. An investigatbn of
the premises showed that her
assailant had entered the louse
through one of the front win
dows. She escaped througi the
back and ran several huidred
yards from the house Iafore
he caught her. She was cioked
to death. On Thursday ore ne
gro suspect had been arrested,
but it is said that the evience
against him is by no means con.
clusive. The officers wiil. not
stop until the guilty oie is
Elbert Bede Says:
It's never too late for our ene-!
mies to mend their ways.
We all believe in the single
term- until we get into office.
It's getting so Mexico isn't:
even a good place for Mexicans.
Why don't they use rubber in- I
stead of silk thread in our paper
Churches are members of the
volunteer fire department-they
save from fire.
The man who can get out of a'
trunk after being put in there
with legs and arms tied, is quali
fiEd to dress in a Pullman!
The get together spirit is sus
ceptible to misconstruction. It is
possible to get together in ways
that could not in anyway be con
sidered co-operation.
The man reading the other
side of your paper in a street
car thinks you are a boob if you
don't ask him if he is ready to
have you turn the page.
The greater the demand for
iron and steel for engines of war,
the greater the dividends on Car
niegie's steel stock, therefore
the greater his contributions to
the cause of peace.
After a person's face becomes
marked with sin and intemper
ance it is impossible to entirely
remove the traces by even the
most upright life-but a life of
:crime will auickly disfigure the
nee spotless window of the
We presume that under
government ownership of rail
ways every congressman would
feel compelled to furnish trans-,
portation to his constituents in
iabout the same manner he 'now
furnishes garden seed and pub
lic documents.
Horsehair is used in Russia for
making a great variety of articles.
Brushes are made from it, the
manes being kept for soft brushes
White horsehair is considered'
the most valuable for this pur
pose, and black the second best.
The long hair of horses' tails is
utilized for fishing tackle, violin
bows, military head-dress, and
:cloth for pressing oi. Shorter
I hair is used for stuffing mattres
es and furniture and -furniture,
after having been cleaned wit
soap and water. The values of
borsehair varies greatly accord
ing to grade. On the Petrograd
mark4.one pood (36.11 poundsy
of . unprepared~ horsehair (gray
manes) may be purchased at 6
te 8 rubles, ($8.50 to $I1.40 per
100 pounds.), while long horse
air manes fetch a price of $107
per 100 pounds, and even more.
The prices paid for Russian
abroad are much higher.
Thompson's Strain Imperial
~Ringlet" Plymouth Rock Eggs
for hatching, $1.00 for 13.
D. W. Young's Strain Whiter
eghorn Eggs $1.00 for 15.
J.E. Bruce.
Made in 14 varieties, of
a ering a choice for every a
purpose-at every prnce
Shade have distinctive
g,.yle and a characteristic qual
ity that lends a new charm to
your home. 'Let us show you
many exclusive features
such as the enclosed roller
end that is dust-proof and
rust-proof-the handsome
electro nickel or copper
pated firesding-pl
the shade comes with slat in
hem and fixtures READY
Paint io
Paint costs more
did last year. It v
year than it does
going to paint a bu
this year or next,
now. You will sa
The largest shoe fact4
makes less than one-fl
shoe output, but the F
builds half of all the E
America. This volu
supply the demands
looking for economy
yours today! Runabc
$440; Coupelet $590; T
$740. All prices f. o.
For your trien
Crofert an
t always pays
ri The News
tsk the man 3
:! UP!
this year than it
'ill cost more next
now. If you are
ilding of any kind
buy the material
re much by doing
)ry in the country
)rtieth of the entire
>rd Motor Company
utpmobiles made in
me is necessary to
of people who are
at a low cost. Get
t $390; Touring Car
>wn Car $640; Sedan
d or yourslef
d Knapp
$3.50 to $6.00
to advertise
and Herald.
ho does.

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