Newspaper Page Text
FOR BACHELORHOOD MAN OF THIRTY-FIVE YEARS DECLINES TO PAY THREE DOLLAR BACHELOR TAX. IS CLES L ElSLAMIN LM * Refuted Either to Get Married, or Pay a Tax for the Purpose of Eseeping a Term in Jah. Great Falls, Mont.-Declaring that "spinsters are responsible for my not being married in tkeir refusal of my V ininn the 'past," Wi!ial AtLE ser, J4a member of the board of directors of the Montana sta:e fair, noci:ied the assessor of Chouteau county that he will refuse to pay poll tax of three dollars levied by the last legislature Upon bachelors. "Tax the spinsters of the same age and I will gladly pay, but otherwise it is class legislation and I stand upon my rights," he declared. Furthermore I refuse to get married to escape jail and I refuse to pay a bachelor tax to scape jail." : Benson Orders Wages Reduced. Washngton.-Just one concrete r sult came out of a series of confer eaces here looking to a settlement of aa. ship owners, he sipping board andte marine workers. There was the wage dispute betwem he Ameri an order by Chairman Benson to all operators of government merchant craft to reduce wages 15 per cent. Taft Begins Lectures. New York.-William Howard Taft opened his series at political lectures here with an excoriation ef corpora tion inftuence in political eampaigns' whieh is steadily dwindling down. To Lay Case Before Harding. Washington.-Failing to reach an agreement with the shipping board and American steamship owners on a basis for re-adjusting wages and * ons in conference here, repre sezaatives of the unions announced the would lay their case before Proddent Harding. Receivership for Germany. Belin,- An international recelver for -to control repars 4b.et to the aDies f.tein th ei the opposition of what is known as the Stianbs group. Regular Quarterly Dividend. New York.-Directors of the Beth Ishem Steel Corporation declared the regular quarterly dividend on both classes of preferred and common New Trial 'Denied to Towniey. St. Paul, Minn.-The state supreme court denied a new trial to A. C. 'Townley, president of the National Non-Partisan League, and Joseph Gil-. bert, former organization manager of the league, convicted on a charge of conspiracy to teach sedition. -Ten Workers Killed. Pamplona, Spain. - Ten workers were killed and a dozen others badly burned through an accidental explo sion In the cartridge factory of Juan Mdartulez Goni, in outskirts of town. ~town. _ _ _ Cause Widespread Discontent. Washington.-Modificationl of Fed eral grades on spring wheat was asked of Secretary Wallace by representa tives of Minnesota, North and South Dakota on the ground that they are too technical to be applied by the country buyers and are causing "wide Sspread discontent" among the farm ers. Sailing Dates Are Advanced. * Baltimore.-Sailinlg dates advanced on outgoing steamships, urgent haste In loading cargoes and unusual ef forts are being made to sign up crews In advance of the threatened strike of marine workers. I. W. W. Leaders Jump Bond. Chicago.-The real leaders in the group of I. W. W. convicted for anti government war-time conspiracies have jumped their bonds. Lieutenant Ward Dies. Hampton, Va.-Lleut. Thogas H. Ward, poet adjutant of Langley Field, who was severely injured when a De Haviand machine, in which ho was riding, crashed to earth, died at the post hospital without having regained sensciousnless. She's a Real 3. A. Rt. Zastford., Conn. -Mrs. Sarah Boa worth Bradway, a real 'daughter of the American Revolution, will ob serve her one hundred and third birth day anniversary at her home here. Unidentified Liberty Bonds. Memphis, Tenn.-Attornleys for the state still had before them the task of identifying liberty bonds marketed in Memphis as among those stolen in the holdup of a messenger of the Brooklyn brokerage firm of Kean, Taylor & Co. last November. USE PM tB ED BO S Inferior Sires a Great Handicap. Clemson College, May .-With thf Increased interest in swine in thi state, there wil be a large demani for breeding animals. On account oi this demand, a number of persons wil: be tempted to use inferior boars ani sews. While It cannot be hoped t< have all of the sows purebred at thii time, yet there Is no excuse for the use of grade or scrub boars. There are sufficient purebred boars. if prop early distributed and properly man aged, to make evesy market hog in the state at least Ilet percent pan Why the Purebred Sire? here ape six goods reasons for ts Me a purebred bear. L Lg and strenger pigs ar, preduced. 1. The pigs grow faster aod mak4 cheaper ains. S. The pigs reach market weighi sooer. 4. The pigs are more uniform. 5. The pigs meet the market de mand, thereby bringing a highei price. 6. Pork production is made more profitable. On account of the increased valu( of the litters produced, any farmel with eight or ten sows could well af ford to keep a purebred boar. Al least, several farmers in a neighbor hood can oo-operate In the purchase sad use of a purebred boar. Througi judicious managemest, a purebred bear for emry twenty-five or thirti sows- is sauffcient. At this time when every advantagq must be taken to realise a proat fre arminag operUens, let no one handi esp himself by using Inferior stoek. JA yar antmals march with thi purebreds." "BETTER SIRUS-SETTER STOC K Livestock Leaks. Prepare to Care for Animals eA Manure. Clemson College, May.-Are yet redy? It Is said that opportuanty knoeks at the door of every man some time during his life., and the questic which you must ask yourself Is, "A= I ready?" Are you ready to ge Ilte the livestock game? Is your land wet fenced? Have you the right sort ei pastares? Do you raise yor own feed or must you buy It? It pays to grind your ax before you start. 11 you plan to go into the livestock buil ess be sure you are ready and then go in to stay. Animals make loads of manure. Are you pepared to save It? The horse -11 pibducs 9 M the ow13 -&A~hia &La- tons, M oq~ andt -"epSoofa ton per yeas Wi you save this manure? Tha best Internatiodstl harvesten in the world for corn and velvet beans are cattle and hogs. The beet inter national manure spreaders .are hogs and cattle. The grandest fertiliser ii al the world Is manure. On the average a ton of baruyar4 manure will contain 10 pounds of nit rogen, 5 pounds of acid, and 10 pounds of potash. It also contains a large amount of organic matter which oul South Carolina soils need and mnusi have. Experimental Results With Manure Did you ever stop to think tha more than half the fertilizing value of manure 'is in ; le liquid manure The Ohio Experiment Station fount out that enough manure was lost b: seepage in twelve months' time, ever where liberal amounts of beddini were used, to pay for concreting th' floor. Ohio and Cornell Stations havy proved that manure exposed in thi barnyard will lose approximately 5' percent of its value. If it Is allowel to heat, the loss runs from 10 to 11 percent greater. t is a comnfon praCtice to han manure to the field and place it ir piles. This is not a good plan. I should be immediately spread ove1 the soil, and the thinner it Is spread the better. A ton of manure thin13 spread will be worth more than one thickly spread. Thirty-five years work at the Pennsylvania Expeimen Station goes to prove that manure Pu on at the rate of 12 tons per acre re turned $3.29 per ton, while manur put en at the rate of 20 tons per acr yielded only $2.29 per ton. Pastures for Pigs. Cemson College. May-We canno make the hog business go in this stat unless we make good use of our graz g season. A pi- in a pen Is Ias> and expensive, while the pig on pas tue is happy, thrifty. and profitable Every experiment sta'4on, every e2 tension department, and every pros perous hog raiser in this country be leves in good pastures (or hogs. What can we. grow in South Caro lia that hogs will pasture? Rape, rye, soybeans, cowpeas, Bermuda, les pedesa, velvet beans and many othel pastures do well in this state. Sup pose we try some of these pasturel and cut our grain ration in two. Will hogs de well on pasture alone No it is best to feed a little graih while the hogs are en the pasture Two or three ears of corn to eaci shote per day will work wonders. The pasture will maintain the animal ant the grain will make gains in weight. An acre of good pasture will re turn 'ren 300 to 600 pounds of pork Forty dollars per acre is not ba4 when the nigs do the work. MRKETINO FARM PRODCUII Co-operative Selling Will Give Grower Large Share of Consumer's Dollar. Clemson College, May 2.-In mar I keting farm products, co-operatively or otherwise, certain things muist be done. Most of these necessary steps are included in the following. C (1) The commodity must be assem- I bled or concentrated. (2) It must be graded and standar- t dised.t (3) Part of the crop must be ware housed or processed. (4) The marketing operation must be Saaaced. (5) Cheap transportation mut be provided. (6) Expert saleemansp mst be breught ino play. (7) 1%e commodity must be retailed or distributed to consumers. The above mentioned steps coming between the growing and the cosum ing of a crop are at present largely conducted by the so-called middlemen. By looking over the list it is seen that the "middlemen" includes the rail roads, bankers, jobbers, retailers, warehousemen, and in the case of some commodities the manufacturers, 3 in addition to speculators. Co-operative marketing by the grow ers, if it accomplishes its object, will effect saving in those steps between the growing and consuming of a com modity where loss or ugnecessary waste now occurs. In other words, a c-coerative marketing association of growers will do those things nece w sary which are not now being done ( efficiently and will leave alone those things which art being done properly. 9 The following principles of coopers tive marketing have been put into ( practice by the California associations I and elsewhere and clearly apply to a the cooperative marketing of any y commodity.e (1) Organisation by commodity or f crop (2) Membersehip limited to growes and to landlords who receive a part t of the crop as rental. (8) Binding erop contracts between e growers and association. (4) Grading of the crop or commod ty and pooling according to grade. (6) The business of the association to be handled by 2perts. (6) Organisation without capital stock and therefore a non-divided paying assoc*tiaS. All profits are paid to growers, thus making the as .sciation purely co-operative. Organizaton- by Commodity. 0 It seems well established that or- b anisation of a ftrmers' association Q by oommodity rather than by localt? Is essential for succesS, An orgsasa .4 l.d% the prpoSO of ng pemmuts b ly unable to cope. with involved in marketing cotton or tobac co. It would not be advisabl to ti to combine the marketing of cotton and peanuts but It would b4 entirely feasible to market several kinds of truck crops through the same organ Iisation because of the similarity of the problems Involved. LImited Membership. Since there~ is no stock and hence no dividends in a purely co-operative as sociation there is no inducement for anyone to join except those having -the commodity to sell. In order that the association might represent pri marily the Interests of growers, mem bership is limited to actual growers' Iand landlords who receive part o~f the crop as rental. The Crop Contract. The crop contract is essential for the reason that it gives the association title to the commodity for purposes of marketing. Without such contract the association could not market the com-! modity because it would have no con Itrol over it. The ~crop contracts createt a basis upon which the association can more readily borrow money for making advances to growers as first payments. Grading and Pooling. When a member of an association Idelivers his crop it is immediately graded and he is given a receipt for the amount of each grade delivered. His product is then mixed in with that of other members and lots of each grade are made up. These lots are called pools. His interest in each pool is represented by the proportion which the product delivered by him to the pool bears to the total amount in that pool. In this way every man re ceives the same price for the same article. Trained and Expert Management. Farmers are too busy with produe ion ever to become expert and efdi cient at handling these seven steps Is marketing. A co-operative marketing association of growers, If large enctegh. may employ the best talent in exia tence to work for the growers In elim inating waste and loss in any one or in all of these steps. Pure Co-eperation Vs. The Stock -Company Plan. Organiatlon without capital on a nom-dividend paying basis is an es aential principle wblch has the follow ag advatages: (a) It makes it una neesay to raise large amounts of capital stock; (b) It is sanctioned by the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; (c) It turns all profits back to the growers,. only operating expenses being de- - ducted Where co-operative marketing asso ciations operate largely rural life is more stable and farming offers a more certain living to those who engage in it by re:ason of the fact that many of the elements~ of chance are removed rom the industry. NOTICE. state of South Carolina, County of Fairfield. n the Court of Common Pleas. Px Parte: Lucinda Giles, Petitioner. Notice is hgreby given that the bove named Petitioner has filed a >ctition in the office of the Clerk of he Court of Common Pleas for Fair irl County, praying that the Judge f Probate for Fairfield County may e appointed Guardian of the estate f Anna Belle Boyd, an infant under he age of six years, upon the ground hat no fit, competent and responsi le person can be found who is wil ing to attend to such Guardianship. he estate of said Infant consists of h3 sum of about Eight Hundrel and ,ifty Dollars in Cash. Lucinda Gilec, Petitioner. G. W. Ragsdale, Attorney for Petitioner. 5-6 THE GREAT REDEEMER" COMING MAY 6th. A Metro feature on a par with The Faith Healer" and "Miracle Ian."' You will regret it if you fail o see this. To be presented May 6. NOTICE. An eamination for teachers in the fblie - Schools will be held at the urt House Saturday, May 7th, be inning at 9 o'locek a. m. All papers will be forwarded to olumbia and graded .by the State oard of Examiners for Teachers, nd State certificates issued by that loard to all who pass. All teach rs whose certificates expire during e year should take this examination. 'hose who are teaching under spe jal permits should by all means take is examination and secure certifi tes. J. L. Brice, Co. Supt. of Education. 'RESH SWEET MILK delivered ev ery morning; quart. and pints. Lpply7 to W. D. Cathcart. 'OR SALE-Fresh creamery butter; rders left at datheart & Wylie's will e promptly filled. 50e per pound. . C. Catheart. tf OR SALE-Choice varieties of to 4ULES AND HORSES-I have two mules and two horses that will ork anywhere you hitch them. If rou have to buy one see these before ro trade. W. R. Doty, Jr. TRAYED OR STOLEN from my place at Adger, red and white ~rade Ayrshire heifer about 3 years ld. Had on small bell when last een. Notify J. H. Cathcart. A Tonic For Women "I was hardly able to drag, I was so weakened," writes Mrs. W. F. Ray, of Easley, S. C. "The doctortreatedmeforabout two months, still I didn't get any better. Ibhad alarge fam ily and felt I surely must 'do something to enable me to take care of my little ones. Ilhad heard of CARDUI The Woman's Tonic "I decided to try It," eon. ..esMr.R. . . "I took eight botides in al . .. Ire gined my strengh and have had no more trouble wflu wo -al weakness. I have ten Childreu and am able to do 3! my hosework and a lot ou. do.. . I ca sur secm mend Cardui." Take Cardui today. II am be jst what yo nei. FOR RENT. A nice new Bungalow with sew rage and electric lights. . Also a desirable storeroom for +nt . 0. Boa SUMMONS FOR RELIEF. The State of South Carolina County of Fairfield. C3urt 6f Common Pleas. J. E. McDonald, Plaintiff, against J. A. Knight, Defendant. SUMMONS FOR RELIEF, (Complaint not Served.) To the Defendant above named: You are hereby summoned and re quired to answer the complaint in this action, which is filed in the office of th-, Clerk of Court of Common Pleas for the County of Fairfield in said State, and to serve a copy of your answer to the said complaint on the subscribers at their offices, at Winns. bor.>, S. C., within twenty days after FIiRE Steals the w the rate of a Only by sound insuranc ed from losses a fire ma, premium won't break I We Pay Mone See Us Winnsboro Insur SPECIAL We now have a truck set forlyour laundry and dry-( return it to you on Thursdi patronage. CHESTER : W. P. STRc Riding Cult UseagoodMa Isave time iBig Discoui anid :1:K. R.Ml Butter~I We have Butter to sell Also Sweet Milk and B dencel A. B. CA' O \S- a DIXIE HOUSE COMPAN the service hereof, exclusive of the day of such service; and if you fail to anwer the complaint within the time aforesaid, the plaintiff in- this action will apply to the Court for the relief demanded in the Complaint. D: ted at Winnsboro, S. C., April 6th, A. D., 1921. J. E. McDonald, Jr., Plaintiff's Attorney. To the absent defendant, J. A. Kn'ght: You will please take notice that the summons, of which the fore gcing is a copy, together with the complaint herein, were filed in the office of the Clerk of Court for the County and State aforesaid on the th day of April, 1921. J. E. McDonald, Jr., Plaintif's Attorney. ealth of thematton at million dollars'a day. :e can you be protect K cause you. A small rou, but afire might' y For Ashes. Now. ance and Realty Co. NOTICE -vice in your town. Call leaning on Monday and iy. Will appreciate your LAUNDRY UDn,PROP. ivators chmnery and and labor. nt. Come t :Master I 'or Sale, at 40 Cents per Pound. utter Milk at My Resi I'HCART pped from factory in easy-to dle sections. Quickly and easily ted by our simple instructions. olutely rigid and weather tight. ible walls in most designs. En luring. Delightful to live in. Designs changed to suit your deas, without charge, if general -- dize retained. Sketches supplied fee. tate kind of house you want to build and we will send spe cial suggestions and free illustrated booklet which gives designs, floor plans, descriptions and money-sav ing prices. 160 COSGROVE AVENUE, NORTH CHARLEsTON, S.C.