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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, May 13, 1921, Image 2

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Weevil Picking.
Clemson College, May 9.-The cot
ton boll weevil requires a long time to
come from its winter quarters in the
spring and early summer. These pests
begin to emerge usually during the
latter part of March and while nearly
all of them will be out by the first
week in June, yet there are stragglers
that will nit come out until the first
week in July. They feed upon the
tender leaves and the tips of the buds
urtil the cr-:ares begin to form.
Whenever weeviis are present in no
ticeable r-7:nm)rs on the youn- co'
ton, it will p-y to go over the fi, C
carefully onc c.r :i::e and r""1
these overwintered weevils fro- t!
buds, says Prof. A. F. Conrad. ero
logist. This can b,, don mo-t c.':1o'
ically and effectively just before !.
time with the utmost care, thc mt
jority of the weeri!A may lie g e
before any eggs have been laid. Th
weevils may b, killei *-r :shing
them when caught or by putting them
tin a vessel containing water with a
fim of kerosene over it. The collec
tion of weevils bdfore the'squares are
formed, it is estimated, will not pay
where upon thorough search less than
N1 weevils per acre are found. To
catch weevils from, the plants, the fol
lowing method is generally used: One
hand is held horizontally under the
tip of.the plant so that when this tip
is bent over with the other hand it
may be readily caught. This method
ja based on tbe fact that the weevil
"plays possum" and will drop to the
Vound like dead when disturbed. The
*perator will soon .learn this. A great
many weevils will escape by dropping
to the ground so quickly that they are
not even noticed by the collector.
- Square Picking.
Where an attempt at square pick
Ing is contemplated, - the following
should receive careful consideration.
First, collecting should be begun
about ten days after the first bloom is
seen In the field. Second, unless the
:work is done thoroughly it is not pro.
Stable, and this means uqt only that
squares must be picked from the
/ground, but also those that have dried,
en the plants, as well as those that
sh&ow by their unnatural pale or yel
lqw color, or by flaring, that they are
Injured so that those squares hang
tng o1 the plants may not give the we
evil suficient time to come out be
fore the next collection. This means
that collection should be made about
every ifth day.. Fourth, the collec
tion of squares should be continued
.r at least six weeks. Fifth, the col
lection of squares is generally advis&
during - the flrt few weeks of the
square forming 'period where wsevils
H ,ve live& through the winter in large
-a slndring of the plants as rapidly
le Seventh, itis estimated
at it wllnot pay to pick weevils or
sguares unless low' priced labor is
available. Frequently this can be
secured by the employment of women
and children who have an interest In
the crop.
Those who are planning to use the
calcium arsenate poisoning merthod
for controlling the boll weevil are di
rected to Circular 162, U. S. Depart
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D.
C., which gives explicit Information
in the fewest words possible.
- To Control Chicken Lice.
.. Sodium Fiuorid Most Satisfactory..
Clemson College, May.-Pontb'y lice
do not suck blood. They feed on por
tions of the feathers or on the scales
of the skin. The greatest loss from
lice is possibly that of young chickens
which may become infested from the
mother hen, even before they become
dry \after leaving the egg shell
Though there are several kinds 0!
poultry lice, they can all be controllec
by the same method.
Sodium fluorid appears to be the
most satisfactory chemical to use for
the control of all kinds of poultry lice.
The treatment must be thorough, and
every jowl in the poultry yard must
be treated, because If one infested
chicken escapes, it may then be buu
a sort time until the entire flock is
again infested. The commercilal form
of sodibm fluorid may be obtained at
most drug stores. Small amounts or
"plnches" of this chemical should be
placed on different parts of the body
of the chicken as follows: Place the
fowl on a table ip an open vessel, hold
the-legs .and wings in qne band, and
with4 the other hand place a small
pirich "Of the chemical next to the skfti
among the feathers on the head, neck
ech thigh, underside of spread wings,
ad diistribute by pushing the fingers
aong the feathers. One pound will
treat about 100 hens. For young chicks
the head, back and body are the only
prsthat are necessary to treat.
Wash the hands thoroughly after
using chemical. It will not injure the
hands, but it is frequently irritable to
seres. It should of course never be
taken internally.
The reading farmer Is the leading
farmer. Do you take a good farm pa
per and do you get the bulletins frozs
your agricultural college?
Increase the farm income by grow
'iug tisber on poor soils, stees
slopes, rocky lands, and urnused cor
Beat V'ay to Rapidly Develop Fine
Milk Cows.
Clemson Sollege, May 9.-The pu
pose of bull associations is to bring
about the rapid development of pro
ductive milk cows of good conforma
tion. This is accomplished principally
by the joint purchase, ownership, use,
exchange, and sale of good purebred
dairy bulls. A recent census report
shows 203.000 milk cows in SVth Car
olina. Most of these cows are not kept
in dairies, but are used on farms and
in villages to furnish the family milk
supply. Not more than one-half of one
per cent are purebreds. The ma
jority of these milk cows do nol
carry enough dairy blood to give them
a tendency to produce milk profita
bly; therefore the families owning!
such cows are without milk, except
for a few months after their cows
freshen. By introducing the blood of
highly developed dairy cows through
their sons the calves from our pres
ent milk cows may become handsome
ly profitable cows.
The Organization.
A bull association consists of three
or more communities owning at least
three high class bulls. Each commu
nity is known as a block of this asso.
clation. The number of members in
each block will depend on the number
of cows owned. Since each block
should consist of 30 to 60 cows owned
within one and one-half to two milet
of the community cent'er, one man
owning 40 cows might form a block
alone, while the - next community
might have 20 members owning a to
tal of 50 cows. The associatior is
managed by a board of directors con
sisting of one member selected from
each block to serve onb year. This
board of directors manages and con
trols all the business and the associa
tion, makes proper arrangement of
the' blocks, selects, purchases, and
sells the bulls of the association, fixes
the rate.of compensaflon for bull seN.
vice arranges for keepers and their
compensatign, and for the care and
handling of.bulls.
How to Organize an Association.
The success of a co-operative bull
association depends largely on the
care used In Its organization. Before
an organization is attempted, the far
mers Interested should obtain as
much information as possible regard
ing the plan of: operation. This in
formatiorr can be secured from the
county agricultural agent or from the
Extension Service of Clemson Col
lg4. Active work by the county agrk
cultural agent Is necessary in order
to perfect a bull association, since
Stakisb. tine 9t some one ver
nch Interestd to Me ebth e risby
4 the domniti get th mto
After those interested have been In
fomed as to the plans th. qounaty
agent should call a- meeting in each'
community sutable flor a block. At
this meeting the plan of operation of
the bull association should be gone
*over and explained by the county
agent, a dairy specialist, or a member
of an association already in opera
tion. Those present desiring to be
come members should sign an agree
ment somewhat like the following:
"We, the undersigned farmers of
-------- county, realizing the
need of more profitable dairy cows
and the Importance of purebred dairy
bulls of good breeding, hereby agree
to become members of the proposed
co-operative bull association, provided,
that satisfactory constitution and by
laws can be drawn up and adopted,
and that a block can be formed with
in reach of our farms."
At this community meeting a dele
gate or director should be elected to,
attend the county meeting at which a
cositto and by-laws are drwn up
and directors elected. This county
meeting Is held after all the communi
ties Interested have held their local
meelings. The assessment for pur
chasing the bulls is levied by the di
rectors equally on each block. 'I'his
assessment may be 'apportioned to the
members of the blocks In either of two
ways. If there is a rather thick cow
population among the members, the
assessment may be made on each cow
subscribed. If the members have only
a few cows each, the assessment may
be made on the "ghare" . basis, each
member taking an equal amount of
stock. For example, suppose $300.00
bulls are to be purchased. If there are
ten members owning 30 cows In one
block, the assessment on "per cow'
basis would be $10.00 for each cow
subscribed. On the "share" basis, It
would take $30.00 worth of stock for
each member In that block.
By using these high class bulls one
after another the farmers can rapidly
develop fine milk cows. The calvee
from the first bull used will carry 50,
per cent improved blood. When they
in turn are bred to the next bull, their
calves will carry 75 per cent improved
blood. The next cross carries 87 per
cent and the next cross 98 per cet
improved blood.
Some Advantages of Bull Associations.
1. Better and fewer bulls at les
2. Opportunity for line breeding by
purchasing bulls suitably bred to
breed to one another's daughters.
3. The exchange of bulls every two
rears, 'by means of which continued
se of the bulls can be had until their
value as breeders is proved.
4. The introduction of purebred
5. The establishment of one breed
DICTIONARIES are in use by busi- r
ness men, enginecrs, bankers,
judges, architect-, physicans,
farmers, teachcrs, librarians, cler
gymen, by surcerful men and
women the z. 1 over.
Are You Equ' -ed to Win?
The Nev : cnal provides
.ecs t e.ccs.It isen all
] ing teachr, a universal ques
eee?~e'cy and ad
4 . .'oc;a r. IyT:rrr.. 27C Pages.
6 ' -. !: e Plates.
3J,6.t) Geooeruhic-. StUjects. -.2,00()
.j ,r.ph ica! Enries.
Regular and Idia-Pazpcr Editio-is.
iren pages.
- en . Free. a
- . -.I of Pocket
--- - namo hi
G. & C.
Soprfield, Mass.
See the' official government pu
tures taken on the Western Fron1
when our 30th Division broke tb
See Forbidden Fruit on May 2
the Great Human Drama of Moder
arried Life.
after i
- Patn1
out in a
-'Any~ .s.'e
ia universal
of U. S
fit now.
The State of South Carolina,
County of Fairfield.
court of Common Pleas.
J. E. McDonald, Plaintiff,
J. A. Knight, Defendant.
(Complaint not Served.)
To the Defendant above named:
You are hdreby summoned and re
quired to answer the complaint in this
action, which is filed in the office of
th Clerk of Court of Common Pleas
for the County of Fairfield in said
State, and to serve a copy of your
answer to the said complaint on the
subscribers at their offices, at Winns
bor. S. C., within twenty days after
the service hereof, exclusive of the
day of such service; and if you fail
to anwer the complaint within the
time aforesaid, the plaintiff in this
action will apply to the Court for the
relief demanded ih the Complaint.
Dted at Winnsboro, S. C., April
6th, A. D., 1921.
J. E. McDonald, Jr.,
Plaintiff's Attorney.
To the absent defendant, J, A.
Kn'ght: You will please take notice
that the summons, of which the, fore
geing is a copy, together with. the
complaint herein, were filed in the
office of the Clerk of Court for the
County and State gforesaid on the
6th day of April, 1921.
J. E. McDonald, Jr.,
Plaintiff's Attorney.
A nice new Bungalow with sew
erage and electric lights.
a Also a desirable storeroom for
rent. J. 0. Boag. *
=a tire--and, a famous treed.
rWdged among'.motorist and
Alik A= the world's foremost
i&'of Cord tIW buiding.'.Al.
ltieing the ame 'repeatd
y, tire after tire and ason
stripe around the sidewanl is
red as a trade.rnarkinthe U.8.
e valueni
N it's'surprising the number
Lifferent tire views that come
:hance talk at the curb or in
the leisure of afriend's garage.
Almost every day you come
across the man human enough
to believe he can outguess
the cut-price tag on 'job-.
lots," "discontinued lines" and
"surplus stois."
His opposite is the hard
pan car owner who stick~s
year in and year out to a
standard brand as the only
rational econorny.
* * *
will remernber the scarcity
Tires last year.
ship at the 14: b- abe -
There are n.'U.S. Tires to be
off-no ac latior3- no
~elling of aniy U. S. brand -no
of tires fromn onec pa:t of the
ted Statez *
~ield' Mot
Everyone who has a washing m
Washing Machine Drainers that
chine whenever it is convenient
circular. Also one of our Little
away with the unsightly clothes
an ornament than an eyesore sm
out clothes is. Write for circulai
Columbia 1
823 West Gervais Street,
Columbia Lumber MI
Sash, Doors and Blinds,'
press and Oak, Flooring
ing, Moulding, Door and
Buggy I
For quick sale, 7
harness, retail pr
A. B. CA
:ountry to another to "find a n~
* * *
There are 92 U.s. Factory Bi
ach ohe gets its share of U.~
There is a broadi, constant, e'
riution of U. S. Tires alway
n from these Branches to the
Buy a U. S. Tire anywhere
-in a community of 5o0people
r even less--and you get a
fresh, live tire of current
roduction-with all the orig
nal service and mileage the
actory put into it.
The owner 'of a medium or
ight - weight car stands on
xiual ground with every other
:ar owner.
Any United States Tire is
ersam fuP1 money's worth-bai
writh a leadership policy of
uality, buying convenience az
or evebody.
it s Tin
Rab bar Camp
)r Comps
ichine ought to have one of our
will automatically drain the ma
ly near a faucet. Write us for
Giant Clothes Reels, which does
line and really is more or less of
ch as the usual way of hanging
and price.
upply Co.
Columbia, S. .
mnufacturing Com a
turers of
[nterior Finish, Pine, Cy
Ceiling, Weatherboard
Window Frames.
sets single buggy
ice $30, now $20
.. Tires....
ren dis
h. 4
a UnE- "The diferent i~

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