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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, August 19, 1921, Image 4

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The News and Herald.
P. 31. DEES
Editor and Publisher
Entered in the post office at Winns
boro, S. C., as second class mail mat
Clemson College, Aug.- Exten
sion Circular 29, "Co-operation for
Selling," has been issued for use in
promoting the campaigns now being
put on in this state for co-operative
marketing. The circular is a four
page publication and contains "an
outline of the principles of of co
operative marketing," showing brief
ly the problem, what constitutes
marketing, general principles, the
crop contract pooling, etc.
Below is a brief summary of the
circular, which m'ay be had upon ap
1. The farmer needs and is en
titled to a larger share of the con
sumers dollar.
2. Co-operative marketing is a
business organization of farmers, by
farmers, for farmers.
3. The purpose of co.operative
marketing is to substitute the mer
chandising of'products for the dump
ing of products by (a)stabilizing the
market. (b) lowering the cost of
handling and distribution, (c) sell
ing skillfully to best advantage.
4. A co-operative marketing as
sociation is a non-stock, non-profit
organization, based cn commodity, is
legal and permanent.
5. The contract is a binding, mu
tual agreement to sell through the
association's expert selling force.
6. Pooling the product results in
better grading, better financing, less
competition and therefore better
7. It can be done in South Caro
lina, for it is being done successful
8. Someebody else can't do it for
You. If you are interested in your
business salvation you want co
ve marketing. If you want
tive marketing the only way
t what you want.
The cotton crop continues to de
terioate, not only in Georgia and the
Carolinas, but also in Oklahoma,
Texas and other states. If this de-.
terioration continues, the fir"l yield
will fall far short of the govern
ment's estimate of 8,203,000 bales.
It is reported that a private bureau's
estimate of the crop condition at this
tune is 57 per cent, of normal, in
dicating a yield of 7,400,000 bales,
or nearly a million bales less than
the government's first estimate.
But the course of the market will
-probably be governed by three fac
te rs: Whether or not the Federal
Reserve Banks will assist farmers
I.-to market their cotton over a pe
riod of several months instead of be
ing compelled to sell as fast as pick
ed; whether Or not the demand will
besufficient to force prices up, or
whether or not the weather and boll
weevil conditions continue so unfa
vorable that the yield will be even
smaller than present conditions in
It is unlikely that cotton grading
from strict low middling to ordinary
w11 decline much, if any, from the
present level. On the other hand,
-there is a good chance for these
grades to advance, -because differ
ences in price between lower grades
are still too wide. If the 1921 crop
is picked as fast as it opens there
will be few low grades, and this will
result in a narrowing of differences.
which means that the owners of
such cotton will profit materally.
Japan was one of the first coun
tries to experience a financial crisis
following the world war, It is in
teresting to know that this country
has recently bought heavily of cot
ton in the South, and everyone hopes
that other Far-East nd Europeant
countries will soon be able to en
ter Our markets. -If they are, no
doubt American mills will follow
1f: suit, and we will be another step
Snearer normal conditions.
.Library of entertainment in 12 vol
"A thousand hours of enjoyment
with the world's best writers"
Reasonable terms. Apply News
anid Herald.
Clemson College, Aug.-An aver
age winter cover crop of bur clover,
hairy vetch with rye or oats, or a
crop of crimson clover plowed un
der next spring, will add to every
acre forty-five to fifty pounds of ni
trogen will save about the same
amount from leaching out in the
drainage water. This amount of ni
trogen added and saved is equal to
500 pounds of nitrate of soda per
acre, will give results for three years
following, and is the most profitable
form of fertilizer we can buy, ac
cording to Extension Service agro
Nitrogen is the most expensive
element in commercial fertilizer and
is the one most deficient element in
our soils. In fact it is the limiting
element in crop production and must
be suipplied to increase crop yields.
Over $26,000,000 left this state in
1920 for commercial nitrogen aiono.
and up to the present time in 1921,
ovcr $10,000.000 has been spent foi
the same element. And yet there is
enough nitrogen in one square mile
of air to do the whole world 50 years
for crop prouction, 35.000 tons of
it in the air above every acre, just
waiting to be converted into avail
able form for corn and cotton if we
will pull it down and use it.
God has provided a simple, easy
way of pulling it down by means of
a great variety of beans, peas and
clovers, which we can grow in South
Carolina and which we can use from
January first to December thirty
first and never miss a cash crop.
A summer legume, such as cow
peas, for plowing under once in
three years will never build up our
depleted soils in South Carolina. We
have long, warm winters with heavy
rainfall, and winter cover crops are
absolutely necessary for soil im
provement. It is not so much the
plant food that we use in this state
that is making our fertilizer bill so
high, but it is what we lose during
the winter from our bore soils that
hurts. We lose more than we use.
Winter cover crops will help save it.
Prevents Soil Erosion.
Winter cover crops will also help
prevent soil erosion. It is always
the finest soil particles, the most'
soluble plant food, the very cream
of our soils, that are swept off down
our gullies into our creecs and riv
rs. As a naiion we ane having an
anecessary loss from ero
NOW-aTgne of 40M, ons ofr
surfaee sol,--a grbater amount than
was removed in digging th Panama
Canal. Conservatively,this is equal
to $100,000,000 worth of fertility.
This loss is enormous in the Pied
mont section ofSouth Carolina, and
cover crops will help to prevent it.
Increase Organic Matter.
Another thing very deficient in
our 'South Carolina soils and which
lies at the foundation of soil fertil
ity is organic matter. We cannot
have a rich productive soil unless it
contains large amounts of actively
decomposing vegetable tisse to help
make the mineral plant food5 avail
able in the soil, to serve as a food
for the millions of micro-organisms
which inhabit the soil and work for
us day and night, to loosen up the
texture of a clay soil, or bind to
gether the large grains of, a sandy
soil and to increase the available
internal surface of the soils over
which the roots of crops can spread
and grow.
Vetch and crimson clover seed
can be delivered to any county in
South Carolina for from eight to ten
cents per pound,-the cheapest they
have been since 1914. Two dollars
put into seeds for winter cover crops
will increase the yields of carn and
cotton next year from 20 to 40 per
cent, and will be worth an average
of $20.00 to $25.00 on every acre in
this state for the next year and the
vears to come.
Notice is hereby given that orig
inal certificate number one hundred
and forty (140) of the Fairfield Ag
ricultural Society, dated March 18,
1920, issued to R. H, Phillips has
been lost or destroyed and that the
undersigned will apply to said so
ciety for a new certificate on the
26th day of August, 1921.
An entirely new set of Stoddard's
Essays for sale cheap. Easy terms.
Apply to News and Herald.
Rub-My-Tism is a great pain
killer. Relieves pain and soreness.
Rheuma'dsm. Neuralgia. Sprains. etc.
The Story of
Our States
"KIA, the
oldest town in
Illinois, is on
0 the site of an
Indian village
and it was
here that
Father Marqg:ette, after his first
discovery of the Illinois river,
established a Jesuit mission In
f 1675. Four years later La Salle,
the French explorer, passed
through the Great Lakes, landed
at the Chicago river and pushed
on to the Illinois river, which he
+ named after the Indian tribes
living in that region. Here he
4 built a fort and sent his boat
back to Montreal for further sup
plies. When his vessel did not
return he started home on foot
and sicceeded in finding his way
to Montreal through a thousand
miles of tangled wilderness. He
gathered together another expe
dition and returned to the fort,
which he had left in charge of
his companion Tonty. The fort
he found in ruins. but finally suc
ceeded in locating and rescuing
Tonty, who had been driven out
by the Iroquois Indians.
This riverway to the Mississip
pi became one of the leading
averaues of communication be
tween the French In the North
and Louisiana. French settlers
soon located here and estab
lished the most friendly rela
tions with the Indians. In fact,
though the Illinois country was
ceded by France to England in
1763, the sentiment of the Idi
ans and French together was so
hostile that it was several years
before the territory could be oc
During the Revolution it was
George Rogers Clark and his ex
pedition into the territory north I
of the Ohio which captured Kas
kaskia and drove the English
from this province. Various
states claimed rights to parts of
this territory, but these wore
finally ceded to the federal gov
ernment and in 1787 it was
formed into the Northwest Ter
ritory. This tract extended from
Pennsylvania to the Mississippi
and was eventually divided into
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Michi
in 1818 Illinois was admitted
as the twenty-first state with an
* area of 56,665 square miles. The
state is one of the most level in
* the country and is often called
the Prairie State. Politically
Illinois is the most important
state in the Union next to New
York and Pennsylvania as it has f
(@ by McClure Newspaper syndicate.)
SThe Story of
IOur States
THE discov
~~ lery of
Alab ama is
Scredited to De
0 * Soto in 1540.
The English
~ a Ise laid
I claim to this
territory and included it in the
grant to North Carolina. But
it was the French who first set
tIed here erecting in 1702 Fort
!St Louis on Mobile Bay and
,founding the townlof Mobile nine
yer ater. Mobile was for
*many years the capital of Louisi
Iana. France in 1763 ceded the
territory east of the Mississippi
Sto England and the northern part
of the present State of Alabama
Swas joined to the Illinois terri
ttory. The southern portion was
Iknown as West Florida. Serious
Sconflict with the Indians was
+kept up for many years. In fact,
$even as late as 1812, there was
*an uprising of the Creeks which
resulted in terrible atrocities and
y massacres.
During the Revolution West
*Florida remained loyal to Eng
land, but was seized by Spain
*only to be turned over to the
*United States in 1813. This Mo
bile section was then added to
*the northern district and the
*State of Alabama was formed
and became the twenty-second
Istate of the Union in 1819.
IThe meaning of the name Ala
Ibama is variously interpreted.
* It was the name of an Indian
tribe which inhabited this ter
ritory at the time of De Soto's
first visit. After this tribe the
Sriver was named and the state
I was called Alabama after the
river. The Indian word was sup
posed to mean "Here we rest,"
and these words are used on the
state's coat of arms, but this in
terpretation is doubtful and its
real meaning is uncertain. Ala
Ibama is sometime-s called the
i Plantalnon State. Its area is 51,
I 998 square miles.
(@b'; M[cClUre Newspaper syndicate.)
Advertising in The News ai
Heral gets results.
Attentien. Boys and Girls.
Wouldn't you boys like to have a
ice baseball outfit? Wouldn't you
girls like to have a nice tennis outfit
or an Eastman kodak? Mr. Wesley
D. Chitty is soon coming to your
Lown to offer you these things or
any other nice thing you may desire
and for just a few hours pleasant
work. And fun! Oh, gee! Just
lots of it, and some pleasant sur
prise. Go to the post-office and send
me a postal, Chester, S. C., so I'll
know to look you up in a few days
when I reach trere.
(Second article donated by Mrs. G.
B McMaster.)
It is an old-fashione:1 house that
stands ivy-twined, way back from
the road in a grove of oaks. There
is a rock wall leading from the gate
to the house, on each side of which
grow large trees of crepe myrtle.
The flower beds of this garden arp
bordered with boxwood. under which
in early spring come myriad flower
faces of crocus, hyacinths and snow
drops. In one corner of the yard is
a large tree of mimosa.
This old house has no porch. There
are stone steps leading into a wide
hall with rooms on each side. On
the right is the parlor. Over the
mant'i is a pictjre in plaster Paris
with the U. S. eagle and the fami
ly cat of arms; a picture of Thomas
Jefferson and one of Georfye Wash
ington, around which vines are
twined. There were only thirteen
states when this house was built, s'o
'n this picture there are only thirteen
stars. The mantel and wainscoting
are beautifully carved. The Brus
sels carpet, the claw-foot mahogany
sofa, straight chairs and antique
ornaments make this old' room a
picture when once seen never to be
forgotten. There is a grand-father's
clock, which stood in the halls and
ticks the time away.
From the back of this beautiful
old home slopes the garden of four
terraces to the bank of the creek.
'his is a very historic old place, for
here the first cotton gin was made
by Hogger Homes, the pattern of
which Eli Whitney later stole. In
one corner of the yard an old log
smoje house stands, from which
Tarleton and Sherman both stole ba
con. From the upstairs window.
Cornwaisggazed over the land and
called it "Fairfield", from which the
county gets its name. During the
floated from this old Confed e
home. It stands today :a proud relic
iof the past.
The place referred to above wsas at
one time the home of the father of
Mrs. Geo. B. McMaster.
Come to the big dairy meeting.
Let's make Fairfield county a dairy
county and beat the boll weevil.
Mr. Schmolke of the dairy division of
Clemson College, and who is an ex
pert on the marketing of dairy pro-:
ducts, will be here on next Tuesday,
the 23rd of August, to talk to us
about the building of a creamery at
Chester or Winnsboro. The meet
ing will be in the court house at
11:30 o'clock and every farmer and
business man in the county should
be present at this meeting.
All th'ose who are going to plant
alfalfa this fall should see the county
agent at once in reference to getting
lime ordered, as 33 tons is a mini
Imum car load and hardly any farm
er would want that amount. Re
Imember that alfalfa planted at the
Iproper time, which is about the last
of September or the first of Octo
ber, is very important. Don't make
the mistake and plant your alfalfa
Stoo late, like many farmers do ev
,ery year.
Mr. S. F. Castles, of Rockton,
made 187 bushels of wheat on nine
acres of land, without the use of
any commercia.l fertilizer, cotton seed
or stable manure. This should be
encouraging to those who are think
ing of planting some wheat this fall.
Mr. Farmer don't give your chick
ens away, for it is possible that the
county agent and home demonstra
tion agent can help you dispose of
The Valley Falls Woolen Company,
of Valley Falls,, R. I., offers
the following proposition to those
who have wool for sale. They will
take the wool in the grease and re
turn the finished bed blanket, all
bound and ready for the bed, or
suiting cloth ready for the tailor.
They make a straight manufactur
ing charge of $1.00 per pound on
bed blankets, figured on the finished
-weight of the blanket, gndr $1.15
dper finished yard of cloth. Write
them if you are interested_
Have your
Car washe
It pays to have an au
and oiled up at a gai
sionally. Ask us
only costs $1.00.
We also 'polish you
H. W. Hana
Cash Gro<
We carry a full stock of
selected groceries. Also
fresh meats which are . he
most sanitary manner.
Delivery in town or n
W. B. Porter's
4 e
Put it to
Power TI
While th3 Fordson Tracto
in plenty to drag plows a
through the heaviest soi]
enough, smafl enough ax
controlled that it can hand
m iany tasks cabout the far
save you time, money and
In fact the Fordson will do
I job, both draw-bar and belt,
ly and at less cost than it
with any other form of pov
Imonth the whole year 'rout3
dependable Fordson will i
paying investment, becaus
bilitns, its economy and ef
We will gladly explain and
to you the many Fordson:
ing, time-aving features,
or phone.
to washed
rage oCca
why? It
r car for
fresh, well
a full line of
mndled in a
Phone 151
nill village
r has power
nd harrows
, it islight
id so easily
i1y be put to
m, that wiRl
every power
more quick
can be done
rer. So every
d the always
prove itself a
e of its cape
Call, write

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