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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, October 19, 1881, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1881-10-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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' ? 'j
Era, ETC.
Iuaea ine
r Loring's
iscribed as
e person;"
ect truth,
on to the
On its
was repre,
ction that
ore. The
ittle mind
ity. Any |
ction op- (
together, i
n speech .
attention '
which fol- ^
his coffee
to all ap- |
if he had
I : Bjfom the remote ,
HA. new contribuEfs
little library (
by on the table,
Ks to the means by
Riose first advances
SpLs present position.
Re of dignity was
V ?
HRShe had a priest for
V book with the rev- ,
Kautliograph inscribed ^
Fee to yonr liking, ^
Hp sugar if yon please."
R?ras proud of her hand,
Hf the meritorious details
n She took up the sugar- "
Wsuavity and grace; she
f sugar into the cup, with a *"
easure in ministering to the j
es of her illustrious guest. !
z _ !
I hp gwu uivyii, jcvn/wsxt luaviiw
ffway," she said with the ap- ?
pf sixteen superinduced upon
y of sixty. ?
Ben well was an adept at moral q
of all kinds. On this occasion ?
the disguise of pastoral sim- ,
1 to
an idle old man at this horu ^
jemoon," he said. "I hope I j
aping yon from any household 0
I: o
|rally enjoy my duties," Miss a
pswer?d. " To-day they have
jjo agreeable as usual; it is a
be to have done with them. 0
humble position has it? a,
I k
[acquainted with Miss Not- t<
racter, hearing these words, s<
b at oncc changed the subject, i o
fcpoke of " her humble posi- b
I invariably referred to some g,
fcred to her dignity, and she p
fcly ready to state the griev- ^
11 length. Ignorant of this c
iFather Benwell committed I &
|r. He inquired, with court- J
1st, what the housekeeper s | I
Ight be. j a
I they are beneath your! w
IL Miss Xotinan, modestly. j d
e time, I shonld feel it an I
> the benefit of' your opin- >(
L so like to know that jon o
jether disapprove of my ^
jr some provocation. Yon p
he "whole responsibility of c
Sinners falls on ins. And, e
company, as there is this
responsibility is particu- e
d a timid person like my- q
dinner-party, Miss Not- 1;
, no! Quite the reverse.
tlomftn?IMV, "Rnmnvrir*." f
^^H^HHBBenwell set down Lis of
B way to Lis lips. He at once 1
Brrect conclusion tLat tLe in- s
H Romame must Lave been *
* i
Wccepted after Le Lad left the *
Pe- ~ a
BSS^^Tomayne and Stella together, (
Her circumstances which would J
Mrdly improve their acquaintance, c
H as plain to him ?s if he had heard *
Hpnfessed in so rnany words. If he '
only remained in the gallery he E
Kit have become acquainted with the '
persuasion used to induce a
HRH unsocial as Eomayue to accept '
? ?-r t" _-l? i._ I
IF niatlOli. "X uavo m>ocii i/j
he thought, bitterly, "for bo- ^
>ic in the dark."
Anything wrong wi.L. the coffee?' ^
potman asked, anxiously. '
nSsshed on to his fate. He said:
yfing whatever. Pray go on."
||?Notman went on.
Hi see, Father, Lady Loring waa
Sly particular about the dinner
occasion. She said: 'Lord LorRinds
me that Mr. Romayne is a
Btle eater, and yet very difficult
aBe in what he does eat.' Of
B[ consulted my experience, and
&d exactly the sort of dinner
Hs wanted under the circum9k
I wish to do her ladyship the
Bustice. She made no objec the
dinner in itself. On the
l she complimented me on
Swas pleased to call my ready
H. But when we came next to
Win which the dishes were to
B1-" Miss Notm&n paused in
I of the sentence and shndthe
private and poignant rewhich
the order of the
ed up.
ime Father Benwell had dist
mistake. He took a mean
bf Miss Notman's susceptikip
his own private inquiries
Irval of silence.
UDj i'-oiorance," he said;
?or dinner is a matter of
I acd one dish. I don't nnfcifference
of opinion on a
r three people only. Lord
lioring, two; Mr. Romayne,
Htperhaps I am mistaken ?
gfcs Evrecourt makes s
|jl Father
"A very charming person, .Miss Notroan.
I only speak as a stranger. You,
no doubt, are much better acquainted
with Miss Eyrecc-Tsrt
"Much better, indeed, if I may presume
to say so," Miss Xotman replied.
"She is my lady's intimate friend : we
have often Ulked of Miss Eyrecuurt
during the many years of my residence
in this house. On such subjects her
ladyship treats mo quite on the footing
of an hum 1)1 a fripTuI- A cnmnlpw r-nn
? ? ??
trast to the tone she took, Father, when
we came to the order of the dishsa.
^e agreed, of course, about the soup
and the fish, but we bad a little, a very
little divergence of opinion, as I may
call it, on the subject or the dishes to
follow. Her ladyship said, ' First the
sweetbreads atnl then the cutlets.' I
ventured to suggest that the sweetbreads,
as white meat, had better not
immediately follow the turbot, as white
fish. 'The brown meat, my lady,' I
said, 'as an agreeable variety presented
to the eye, and then the white meat, recalling
pleasant remembrances of the
white llah.' You .see the2>oint, Father?''
"I see, Miss Xotman, that you are a
consummate mistress of an.art which is
(juiie beyond poor me. Was Miss Eyrecourt
present at the little discussion?"
" Oh, no! Indeed I should have objected
to her presence; I should have
er?a tr^c o t?/"\nr"k r* ah* aP T-? ah
muo a wui^ vut ui uu
proper place."
' Yes, yes; I understand. Is Miss
Eyreccurt an only child?"
Ail only cliild now. She had a sister,
Tho is dead.
" Sad for the father and mother, Miss
"Pardon me, sad for the mother, no
loul>t. The father died long since."
"Ay! ay! A sweet "woman, the
nother"? At ie.uf, I think i have heard
Miss Noiman shook her head. " I
ihould vrish to cruard mvself against
speaking unjustly of any one," she said;
' but when you talk of a ' sweet woman,'
'ou apply (as it seems to me) the
domestic virtues. Mrs. Eyrcccuvt is
issentially a frivolous person."
A frivolous person is, in the vast
najority ox cases, a person easily peruaded
to talk, and not disposed to be
eticent in keeping secrets. Father
5enwell began to see his way already to
he necessary information.
"Is Mrs. Eyrecourt living ia LonLon?"
he inquired.
"Oh. dear, no! At this tiiuo of year
ho lives entirely in oilier people's
ouses?goes from one country seat to \
notlipr. and cvilr thinks of nmusini? I
erself. No domestic qualities, Father,
lie would fcnow not!ting of the order of
he dishes! Laily Loring, I should have
old you, gave way in the matter of the
weet bread. It was only at quite the
itter part of jay ' menoo," as the
'rench call it, that she showed a spirit
f opposition?well, veil! I won't dwell
n t.liat. i wil i nnlv axle vou. P-itlipr. !
t what part of a dinner an oyster-ome)i?a.
jMixrlii -iA ) ia
Father Benwell seized bLi opportunity
f discovering Mrs. Eyrecourt's present
ddress. " My dear lady," he.said, "I
now no more ^Uen the omelette ought
5 he served than Mrs. Eyrecourt her.
slf! It must be very pleasant to a lady
f her way of thinking to eujoy the
eauties of nature inexpensively?as
een in other people's houses, from the
oint of view of a welcome guest. T
render whether sbe is staying at any
ountry-seat w-.-icb I happen to have
een?'' {
"She may be in England, Scotland or f
reland, for all I know,'' Miss Xotman |
nswered, with an unaffected ignorance
rliicli placed her good faith beyond
,oubt. "Consult vour own taste,
'alter. After eating jelly, cream and
3e-pndding, could you even look at an
yster-omelette without shuddering? j
Vould you believe it? Her ladyship
iroposed to serve the omelette with the
heese. Oysters, after sweets! I am
iot (as yet) a married woman ?"
Father Benwell made a iust desperate
Sort to pave the way for ono more
[uestion before lie submitted to defeat.
'That must bo jour fanlr, my dear
ady!" ho interposed, with his peraasive
Miss Notman simpered. " You ccnuse
mo, Father," she said, softly.
" I speak from inward conviction,
liss Notman. To a looker-on, luce my;elf,
it is sad to see Low many sweet
vomen, vho
jous^ijcTiis of worthy men, prefer to
?ada single life. The church, I know
jxaits the single life to the highest
>lace. But even the church allows ex:eptions
to its rule. Under this roof,
or example, I think I see two excepions.
One of them my unfeigned respect
" (he bowed to Miss Notman) " for)ids
me to indicate more particularly.
Che other seems, to my humble view, to
je thi? young lady of whom we have
?een speaking. Is it not strange that
Miss Eyrecourt has never been married?"
The trap had been elaborately set;
father Ben well had every reason to
mticipate that Miss Notman would
walk into it. The disconcerting housekeeper
walked up to it?and then
nroved unable to advance a steo further.
*'I once made the same remark myself
to Lady Loring," she said.
Father Benwell's pulse began to.
quicken its beat. "Yes?" he murmured,
in tones of the gentlest encouragement.
"And her ladyship," Miss Xotman
proceeded, "did not encourage me to
go on. 'There are reasons for not
pursuing that subject,'she said,' reasons
into which I am sure you vriil not expect
ne to enter.' She spoke with a
flattering confidence in ray piudence
which I felt gratefully. Such a contrast
to her tone when the omelette presented
itself in the order of the dishes!
As I said just now, I am not a married
woman. But if I proposed to my husband
to give him an oyster omelette
after his mrddinsrs and his pies, I should
not be surprised it he said to me: ' Jly
dear, have yon taken leave of your
senses ? I reminded Lady Loring
most respectfully that a cheese omelette
might be in its proper place if it followed
the sweets. ' An oyster omelette,'
I suggested, 'surely comes after the
birds ? I should be sorry to say that
her ladyship lost her temper-I will
only mention that I Lept mine. Let
me repeat what she said, and leave you,
Father, to draw your own conclusions.
She said: '"Which of us is mistress in
this house, Miss Notman ? I o: dcr the
oyster omelette to come in with the
cliee.se.' Tht:o was not only imtabilil
there was contempt?oh, yes! contem
?in her tone. Out of respect for ra
self, I made 110 reply. As a Christia
I can forgive; as a wounded gent]
woman, I may not find it so easy
Miss Xotman laid herself back :
her easv-chair?she looked a; if she hi
suffered martyraom, and only regretti
having been obligou to mention i
Father i>enweli surprised the wound*
gentlewoman by rising to his feet.
"You are not going awav alrcad
Time dies l';ist iu your society, de:
iuiss -Notman. I have cngageaie]
?and I rm late for it already.*'
The housekeeper smiled sadly. " 2
least let me hear that you don't disa]
prove of my conduct under trying ci:
cumstanees," she said.
Father Benwell took her hand.
" A true Christian only feels o3ens<
to pardou them," he remarked, in h:
priestly and paternal character. " Yo
have shown me, Miss Notman, that yo
are a true Christian. My evening ha
indeed been veil spent. God bles
! yon I"
lie pressed her hand; slteu on lie
the light of his fatherly smile; h
sighed and took his leave. Miss Not
man's eyes followed him out with devo
tional admiration. ?
Father Benwell still preserved hi
serenity of temper when he was out o
the housekeeper's sight. One impoi
tant discovery he had made, in spite o
fhft rliitlenlfcies nlaced in his wav. A com
promising circumstance had unquest
ionably occurred in Stella's past life
and a man was, beyond all doubt, ii
some way connected with it. "M;
evening has not i een entirely throw:
away," he thought, as lie ascended th<
stairs which led from the housekeeper':
room to the hallCEATlilR
Entering the hall, Father Benwd
heard a knock at the house-door. Th<
sen-ants appeared to recognize th'
knock?the porter admitted Lord Lor
Father Benwell advanced and mad'
Iiis bow. It was a perfect obeisance o
its kind?respect for Lord Loring, tin
obtrusively accompanied by respect fo:
" Has your lordsb'p been valking ii
the park ?" he inquired.
" I have been out on business," Lord
Loring answered, " and I should like tc
tell you abopt :l. If you can spare me
a few minntes come into the library,
Some time since," he resumed, 'yhenihe
door was closed, " I think I mentioned
that my friends had been speaking tc
mo on a subject of some importance?
the subject of opening my picture-gallery
occasionally to the public."
I remember," said Father Ben well.
" iias your lordship decided what to
" Yes. I have decided (as the phrase
is) to ' go with the times,' and follow
til? example 01 umer uwuwa ui ^uvbiuc
galleries. Don't suppose I ever doubted
that it is my duty to extend, to the best
of my ability, the civilizing influences
->l art. My only hesitation in the matler
arose from a dread of some accident
happening, or some injury being done
to the pictures. Even now, I can onlj
persuade myself to tiy the experiment
under certain restrictions."
" A \rise decision undoubtedly," said
CTaJ-Iisvm T>/-v/ill U Tn a ft 9
JL' auuwu ?.? ?
this you could scarcely open your gallery
to everybody who happens to pass
the house-door."
"I am glad you agree with rue,
Father. The gallery will be opened foi
the first time on Monday. Any respectably
dressed person presenting a visiting
card at the offices ox the librarians ir
Bond street and Regent street, will receive
a free ticket of adm ssion, the
number of the tickets, it is needless tc
say, being limited, and th* gallery being
only opened to the public two days
in the week. You will be here, I suppose,
on Monday?"
" Ceitaiuly. My work in the library,
as your loxdship can see, has only b&
" 1 fl111 vwv ansious iuhjuu cm; auus.w:
of iLie experiment," said Lord Loring
"Do lock in at the galley, csc-e-m
isi?e4&-?iTn-t^7i^ and tel.'
me what your own impression is."
Having expressed his readiness t;
ussist " the experiment" in every possi
ble way, Father Benweil still lingerec
in the library. He was secretly oot*
scions of a hope that he nr'ght, at th<
|leventh hour, be invited to joix
Itomayne at the dinner table. Lore
Loring only looked at tho clock on th<
mantelpiece ; it was nearly time to dres:
for dinner. The priest had no alterna
fcive but to take the Lint, and leave th<
house. ^
Five minutes after he had withdraw]
a messenger delivered a letter-for Lore
Loring, in which Father Benwell's in
terests were directly involved. The le!
ter was Jy\r-Spllomayho. It containe
his excuses for breaking his engag<
ment, literally at an hour's notice.
"Only yesterday.'' he wrote, "I ha
a return of what you, my dear friem
call' the delnsion of the voice.' Th
nearer tho hour of your dinner et
proaches, the more I feel the dread tli?
I the same thing 'iuty happen in yor
| house. Pity me and forgive me."
? - * * t y t* ?
| ?'ven gooa-narureu coring im
: some difficulty in pitying and forgivin
i when bo road those line?. "This so:
; of caprice might be excusable in
i woman," he thought. ''Amanougt
! really to be capable of exercising son:
! self-control. Poor Stella! And wh;
| will my wife say V
He walked up and down the iibrar
: with iiwsila's disappointment u:>d Lac
I Loring's indignation prophetic illy pr
! sent in his mind. There was, ho were
I no help for it?he must accept his r
: sponsibility, and be the bearer of tl
bad news.
He was on the poLt of leaving t]
' Jibrary when a visitor appeared. T!
I visitor was no less a person th
! RnrnftTTiA himself.
i " Have I arrived before my lectci
i he asked, eagerly.
Lord Loring shoved him the letter.
' " Throw it into the fire," he sai<
"and let me try to excuse myself f
having written it. Yon remember t
happier days when you used to call r
I the creature of impulse ? An impul
| ff&cfa'ced that letter. Another impu]
ty, brings me hero to disown it. I can
pt onlv explain rny strange conduct I>y
iJ- asking you to heip me at the outset.
Qi Will you carry your memory back
Le- to the day when the physicians
to consulted on my case ? I want
you to coriect me if I inadvertently
tn misrepresent their opinions. Two of
iC^ them were physicians. The third and
f1* last vras a surgeon, a personal friend of
!t* yours; and lie, as veil as I recollect,
told you Iiotv the consultation ended ?"
" Quite right liomaync?so far."
7" "The first of the two physicans,r
Romayne proceeded, " aeclared my case
ar to bo entirely attributable to nervous
derangement, and to be curable by
^ purely medical means. He proposed,
first of all, to restore 1 the tone of my
stomach,' and this done, to administer
medicines, having a direct influence
on the brain and the nervous
CTofom T cnno lr tyri atonil *r?
^3 "j""*'***' 45iiv*?uu;, kj 14 iff xxx
g plain English, that I believe was the
u substance of what he said:
u "The substance of what he said,*
ts Lord Loring replied, "and the sufca
stance of his prescriptions?which I
think, you afterward tore up ?"
x "If you have no faith in a prescrip
tion," said Eomayne, " that is, in my
opinion, the best use to which you can
if \X/1> if nn W> /% f/% xl^yv ? - f
?>uu xu. uucu iu t\j liio UU1JLL UI
the second physician ho differed with,
tbe first as absolutely as one man can
8 differ with another. Tbe third medical
authority, your friend the surgeon,
took a medical course, and brought the
- consultation to an end by combining
- the first physician's view and the second
- physician's view and mingling the two
; opposite forms of treatment in one
i harmonious result ?"
7 Lord Loring remarked that this was
' aot- a very respectful way of describing
a fche conclusion of the medical proceed0
lugs. That it was the conclusion, how
sver, lie could not honestly deny.
" As long as I am right," said Romavne,
"nothing else appears to bo
of nracli importance. As I told you at
1 the time, the second physician appeared
? to me to be the only one of the three
5 authorities Tvho really understood my
- case. Do you mind giving me, in a
few words, your own impression oi
= what he said?"
f " Are you sure that t shall not dis.
tress you ?"
r " On the contrary, you may help me
1 11
w uope.
i "As I remember it," said Lord Lor- !
ing, "the doctor did not deny the in- \
I fluence of the body over the mind. He :
i was quite -willing to admit that the 1
. Bcate of tout nervous system might be
? o (
one among other predisposing causes j
, which led you?1 really searccly like to \
I go on." ]
, " "Which led me," Eomcyne continued,
. finishing the sentence for his friend, ]
. " to feel that I never shall forgive my- ^
self?accident or no accident?for Lav- (
, ing taken that man's life. Now go
? >
I _ _ | V
i voice," Lord Loring proceeded, " is, in
the doctor's opinion, tlie moral, result
. of the morbid state of vour m; "'1 at the
time when you really heard the ^oice ou
, the scene of the duel. The iimueuctj
acts physically, of course, by means of
certain nerves. But it is essentially
a moral influence; and its powers over
: you is greatly maintained by the self.
accusing view of the circumstance*
. which you persist in taking. That, in
Bubstance, is my recollection of what
j the doctor saii"
*' And when he was asked whatremo
dies he proposed to try," Romayne in(
quired, " do you remember hid answer?
1 The mischief which moral influences
hare caused, mortal influences alone
. can remedy.'"
" T rftmpmber. said Lord Lorinj?
p j "And lie mentioned, as examples of 1
i J what he meant, the occurrence of some j
. new and absorbing interest in your life, j
? or the working of some complete <
> change in jour habits of thought?oi '<
. perhaps* some influence exercised ovet *
s you by a person previously unknown, (
appearing under unforseen circumstan- :
ces, or in scenes quite new to you." <
, Eomayne's eyes sparkled. !
"Now you are coming to it!" ha ;
cried. "Now I feel sure that I recall
3 correctly the last words the doc Lor said: ;
? -v T -f l ! 1
? I-If Mr*. KomayuG "follows raj auvice. j
L* should not be surprised to liear that
' the recovery which we all wish to see,
bad found its beginning in such appar*
* entlv trifling circumstances as the ton*
of some other person's voice, or the in*
fluence of some other person's look.'
That plain expression of his opinion
3 only occurred to my memory after I
| had written my foolish letter of excuse.
I spare you the course of other recollections
that followed to come at onee to
the result. For the first time I have the
hope, the faint hope, that the voicf
which haunts me has been once alreadj
1 controlled by one of the influences o 1
^ which the doctor spoke?the- influences
L. of a look."
> If he liad said this to JLadv Loving,
i instead of her husband, she would have
understood him at once. Lord Loring
asked for a word more of explanation,
d "I told you yesterday," Romayne ani
swered. "that a dread of the return of
*> ?
e the voice Lad been present to me all the
)- morning, and that I had come to see
bt the picture with an idea of trying ii
lt changc would relieve me. "While I was
in the gallery I was free from tM
.t dfead and free from the voice. When
g 11 returned to the hotel, it toriui e<i
rt | me?and Mr. Penrose, I grieve to say,
a | saw that I suffered. You and I attribit
j nted the remission to the change oi
ie scene. I now believe we were both
it i wrong. Where was the change ? In
i Baai-ner VATI arifl Tjftdv LoiiuST I SaW tll6
p I two eldest friends I have. In visiting
j your gallery I only revived the familiar
, ! associations of hundreds of other visits.
r j To what influence was I really indebted
j for my respite ? Don't try to dismiss
ie ; the qaestion by laughing at my morbid
: fancies. Morbid fancies are realities to
ie ; a man like me. Remember the doctor's
,ie | words, Loring. Think of a new face,
jjj j seen in your house ! Think of a look
| that searoned my heart for the first
?? i time?"
j Lord Loring glanced once more at
i the clock on the mantelpiece. The
j, j hands pointed to the dinner hour.
' " Miss Eyrecourt ?" he whispered.
^ *1 Yes?Miss Eyrecourt."
The library door was thrown open by
A servant. Stella herself entered tha
i room.
& ' (To be Ccn'thvaedo -
Hindoo Domestic Life.
A notable feature in the domesti
life of the Hindoos is the concentratio:
of households. Father ancf sons, wit]
the sons' wives and children, all cor
gregate together nnder the one rooi
That roof is enlarged to meet the en
larged requirements, but the establish
ment of separate homesteads appears t<
be opposed to national instincts, ens
toms, and religion. Ii> the town or ii
the country the senior of the family i
the common father of all its members
and in this respect there has probabl;
been little change for some thousand
of years. No legal act is signed, no im
portant business negotiated, no ne~v
vvuubt/uuu lUliUCU, UU JLi'tl III IV CtJJttllUUJU,
connected with birth, marriage, o:
death permitted until the head of thi
family has been consulted in the fiis'
instance. Nor is this an idle ceremony
His voice is supreme, and all the mem
ber3 of the household so regard it. Ii
the daily distribution of food th<
younger members of the family ar<
helped first-, and the mistress of th<
household seldom attends to the othei
matters until the important portion o:
the day's duty is completev ^QQQ%
sions of festivity the
household and his misti,e5^"aie"enjo"iaec
both by social law and practice, to fast
until the last guest has been served.
Even then the mistress"will not take
her meal until her husband has finished
eating ; but this is a practice of selfdenial
familiar to the female members
of Hindoo households. Festival days
are very numerous in India, and wellconstituted
families pride themselves
on a rigid attention to punctilious observances
during such times.
The mistress of the family is usually
content with the food left by the male
members of the household. It is unusual
for any particular food to be prepared
for her, especially when in good
health. The thought of her being the
head of the household is supposed to
be sufficient to make her despise all deprivations.
She does not seek personal
comfort. She would have all the members
of the household live happily and
contented together. Brothers and
sisters, husbands and wives, domestics
and slaves are treated alike with consideration
by the intelligent and devoted
head of the family. There
is a OPrfnin eimnUfnHr in +.T10
domestic life of the well-regulated
Hiiidoo household that is very charming.
For instance, at a feast or festival,
all the members of the household
consider themselves botind in honor to
attend chiefly to the comfort and enjoyment
of too guests. They never think
of their own wants in comparison. It
is only vhen the guests have been
abundantly supplied and attended to
that they think of themselves. Among
the higher castes the food consists
chiefly of wheat and maize, flour, grain,
pulse, clarified butter or ghee, milk and
sweet3. Fish and meats, particularly
caution and fowls, are not objected to
by the lower castes if they can procure
them, but beef is an abomination as
joining from a sacred animal, and pork
is abhorred as vile, and as containing
;he germs of disease. Only outcast
Sindoospartake of these last. Like the
Rn/l/IVn'oto +!-?s\
~ Ci-lO Cil3lCft U1 JJUUUUU3
reverence the sanctity of life. They
ire warned by religions writings against
shedding of blood, against the infliction
>f pain, against the tailing of life.
They hold every living animal as sa;red
as_?.JinniaiL.Jjeing; in Bengal,
in article of diet by- ;"-a)lv used as
radiction to their religious tenets. JNor
loes this abstinence from animal food
mpair the physical strength or warlike
rigor of the best classes of Upper India,
rhe Mahratta cavalry have been praised
'or endurance and courage by -all wri;ers
and the Gurkas and Tiiingas are
idmitted to make first-rate soldiers,?
dry, obedient to discipline, ready to
ndure fatigue and hardship, and by no
neans deficient in energy and courage.
The household expenses are usually
lefrayed by the senior member or head
?f the family, who is supplied with
unds by all the residents in the household
possessed of separate incomes. It
s not usual for any interference to
j>e caused by the other members as to
he details of the daily expenditure, nor
s any attempt usually made to apporion
those expenses ratably. The whole
s done in a spirit of mutual conciliation
md family affection ; nor are quarrels
is to the gature of the provisions supplied
matters of frequent occurrence.
Living under the same roof and partaking
of the same food constitute the
jhief ingredients of domestic concord
md amity among the Hindoos. Their
system 01 caste renders me iamiiy circie
eery exclusive and prevents much indiscriminate
entertainment. In many
respects the Hindoo life resembles that
ancient Greece. In both we find the
same reverence for the family homestead,
the same comparative freedom of
svomen in the management of the households,
and the same embodiment of
mythological legends in the ancient
history of the country. In culture and
civilization the Bengalis are the Athenians
of India. ^
The Great Bamboo of Japan.
In a paper recently read before the
Horticultural Society of Victoria, Mr.
F. C. Christy, describing a specimen of
the Japanese gigantic bamboo, now
growing in the society's gardens in
Melbourne, says: "It is cultivated in
groves on the hillside or valley, in deep
volcanic chocolate soil?not-in wet situations,
but where there is a moderato
amount of moisture. In early spring
the bamboo throws tip large onsets, or
stickers, around the parent plant; these
are about 3 inches or 4 inches in diameter,
and are removed when about 12
inches above the ground, leaving three
or fonr to mature, which apparently
mature during the summer, or in about
six months, and attain a height in one
summer of from 4=0 feet to 80 feet, according
to soil and situation. The
groves consist of several hundred bamboos,
planted about 12 feet apart, kept
free from weeS^Sid undergr3|frh of
every kind. The bamboos prodnce
dense shade; a bamboo grove is one of
the coolest retreats in summer; the shade
and shelter produced contribute in a
great measure to their luxuriance. This
bamboo rarely seeds, and the few seeds
produced are said to be most difficult
to germinate; the propagation i3 by the
removal of one-year-old matured stems
with roots; the young offset taken in
spring invariabiy withers and dies.
The young offsets removed to strengther
the growth of those required for commerce
when matured are edible; slicec
and boiled they are tender and crisf
I and of a very delicate flavor, and art
served at table as an ordinary vegetable
the offsets at the same tender ag<
(when about G inches or 12 inche:
through the ground) are also sliced anc
preserved with giDger, and form th<
commercial preserve 'chow-chow.' Whei
the bamboos are matured, they are cu
near to the ground, and used for scaf
fold poles, fences, guttering for houses
down pipes, underground drains, garden
seats, ladders, and a thousand othe
purposes. Tbis bamboo will grow 0]
Australian mountain sides, and in an;
valleys where ordinary shelter and ricfc
deep soil can be procured, and wil
stand fourteen degrees of frost." Thi
plant appears to be well adapted fo
cultivation in the United States.
Married women nowadays make lov
to their husbands in a ronndabout waj
They usually say : "Just to think ho'i
I hated you when X fcret oet you !*
^ l'earl Finis ins; on the Bank* ol'Ceylou?.Wiles
of Glisteniijj: Oyster Shells.
t. Ceylon has for centuries been famed
; for the richness and value of its pearls.
Its oyster banks are said to have furnished
those with which the voluptuous
0 Cleopatra quaffed in her wine to ihe
health of Marc Antony. The "barba-;
Q ric pearl" was ever a favorite ornament'
s among the Greek and Roman ladies ; I
and it is still as highly prized by the I
'v native princes of India.
g On the 29 th of February, 1858, I ar- j
rived in the bay of Condahetry, an in-!
v vited guest on board her Britannic
7 majesty's frigate Desolator. The inr
spector of the pearl banks was also on
2 boirj, with his own boat and crew; his
I cutter was fitted up very comfortably
with awnings and cushions, precautions
' I soon found highly necessary on such
j service. Early the next morning I
j landed with the inspector at Silawo1
torre, a small village. It was a miser5
able, place, consisting of but a single
. row of mud huts standing on hot and
f dusty solitude, with a few lonely,
| less sand^plains, save the distant white
' walls of "Doric," a lofty government
, building, which glistens so brilliantly
in the rays of the morning sun as to
make one's eyes blink again. For miles
; around lay countless heap3 of snowy
oyster shells Bleached by the storms
of many monsoons. Eidge over ridge,
heap upon heap, they seemed to have
no end ; and one might well have imaoiriA/1
f Viof. ill 1 An n? ranva r?o c?f er\r>
'-Q? N/v* wwwvj AM AWiAQj J O Uj UUillO
conflicting armies of oysters liad met
to do battle on those sea-washed sands,
and left their many hecatombs of slain
nnbnried on those wastesThere
were a few dirty women and
thin-faced children on the beacb, whose
curiosity had for the moment overcome
their sloth. Farther on, nnder three 1
palm trees, stood the "Adapannar," or '
headman of the district, a fine-looking,
grey-headed old man, attended by his
deputy and a few seedy-looking fol- 1
lowers, armed to the teeth with paper
umbrellas and painted sticks. The ]
next morning we stood out for the oys- j
ter banks, near which the anchor was *
dropped, and for several days the '
inspector and his men were occupied in }
placing buoys, with little red and blue i
tiags attached, on the edges of those
beds which were to be "poked." The j
weather was oppressively hot; the sky j
was without a cioud to break the inten-, *
siiv 01 cue sun s rays: tne sea breeze i*
blew faintly and fitfully, scarcely rip- i J
pling the surface of tlie water, which j ?
seemed as though it was a sea of molten j1
metal. The work of marking com-1 ?
pleted, we returned to our anchorage. I j '
could not help being surprised at the i c
pantomimic change whi?h had come ! a
over tho dull mud village and dusty I c
plains. It was as though Harlequin \ j3
had, with his wand, transformed all j * '
those piles of shells into living masses : 8
of dusky human beings. The very 13
sands of the plain seemed to be redolent
of life. The miserable row of low,
dirty huts had either been leveled to
the ground or were hidden from sight
by numberless gaily-colored booths of
all shapes and sizes, ornamented with I ^
the pale green leaves of the palmyra j ?
and cocoa-palm. There were thousands j ?
of natives flocking to the beach. Our tj
anchorage was opposite a flagstaff, and
about^us lay fally^^^^.v' .J*
went ashore. It seemed incredible
that the gay place I then beheld could j ^
have been the same that not many days i 0
since I had left so silent and desolate. ! s
ji i t J5_ n. i n
AU mess tnousaiius were gatueieu tu share
or deiive some profit from the \
fishing about to take place.
At one cf the large arrack-booths
a crowd of boatmen were assembled '
listening to the harangue from the tall,
ungainly figure. I found out he was a *
"shark charmer." The divers are so j ^
persuaded of his mystic power over ?
the monsters of the deep that nothing j:
could induce them to venture *ith- J;
out his presence. This "charmer" st->od
over six feet higb, a dark, long-baired
Brahmin, with bright, cat-like eyes
and heavy eye brows, the brawny neck
and arms ornamented with strings of j
The day before the fishing the Deso- c
lator once more stood for the bunks, fc
with every stitch of canvas set, having ^
on board the inspector and government: fc
agent. The boats with the divers i t
were to leave at midnight. In order to [ s
see as much as possible?and I gener- j
| ally manage to see all that is going on | a
i when traveling?I remained to accom- j ?
panj the fleet, with the old "Ada- j r
panaar," in his ten-oared critter. The j 1
night was pitchy dark ; a large bonfire j f
blazed aloft, lighting up bazars, palm i
trees and temples, in one lurid blaze. | c
The "shark-charmer" stood on the sum- !?
mit of a pile of oyster shells gesticnlat- j (
ing wildly, and as the glare of the fire j t
shot past him he appeared to be i s
clothed in flame. | s
The appointed time for sailing grew j j
Wuj-im$uu&j$ent forth a few thunder-1 i
ous notes, and^wft^iyy^ja^dennes^U
the dancing, singiiig ^dtTHHl^Bj
ceased; the boatmen and divers rushecrR
to their places in the boats. More than 11
four thousand huma?i beings were i <
packed into those frail boats. The! t
'Adapanaar" showed'me his boat; we j j
seated ourselves, and he gave orders to : j
make all ready. Then arose a low, in- ]
distinct murmur, which gradually j
swelled into something like hollow <
thunder, the echo of thousands of voices. <
The boatmen rose upon their benches, <
flung high their arms, and roiled their ]
shining eyes. "What could all this' 1
mean ? Was it a mutiny ? No; the <
"shark-charmer" was missing and not a i j
boat would put to sea. A detachment!'
of Malay riflemen were dispatched ir i
search of the holy truant, who soon j
brought in the charmer, staggering j
drunk with arrack. The "Adapanaar" !
gave the final signal; half a dozen j
rockets shot into the air, and away went j
the two hundred boats in gallant style, j
The land breeze was jresh, and our fleet!
made rapid way. The large yeiiow j
masts, pointed high in air, with their i
beautifully white transparent sails fil-1
ling with the breeze and lit up by the '
| bonfire onthe shore, seemed as thought j
| they were a part of huge winged crea-1
' tares of the deep hastening to their sea j
; homes far away. It was still dark, and,,
1 looking out, 1 perceived a bright light!
1 at the mast head of the Desolator. We '
were close to the banks, and I went on
1 board the frigate. The sun rose brightj
" and gorgeous. The eyes of all were \
upon the Desolator, awaiting the ex-1
' peet-ed signal. Five divers in each
; boat were mounted on the gunwales, j
' armed with their diving stones, nets!
i and ropes. Minutes seamed hours, ;
? i The union jack fluttered in the breeze,
* j and just as it touched the mast-head :
i i one thousand divers plunged silently j
J! into the sea. I shall not easily forget i
| the sensation I experienced when I saw
that crowd of human beings sink, as by j
> magic, in the depths below, leaving bu j
1 a few bubbles to mark their downward
r path. A minute elapsed, and not one i
1 of all the thousand appeared?a minute
^ and a-half?two minutes; still not a
? j soul rose to the surface ! Two minutes
! and a-quarter had flown! I turned to
s i the "Adapanaar" in an agony of anxiety,
r , but he was calmly smoking his cheroot!
I How my heart beat when I first saw a
: dozen heads and shoulders?then fifty
e ! ?then five hundred and more ascend to
! the surface, bubbling and spluttering.
v ! And then the bustle and excitement h^
gap.. The bc^troaB helped to pall flj
j the nets full of oysters; the divers
! climbed into their boats to see their fish
! counted.
' From the commencement of the aiv- j
ing, the old "shark charmer" stood in j
the stern of his boat in the center of j
the fleet; now and then he muttered a ;
prayer or charm, flourishing his long j
arms about. About mid-day we were
startled by hearing a shrieking and
a howling in one of the boats, followed
by a terrible commotion, and loud cries ;
of "a shark! a shark!" Cur boat im-1
mediately pujled to the scene of com- j
motion, and there, sure enough, one of j
those monsters of the deep had been at!
work. A diver was being pulled into a j
boat, lacerated and bleeding profusely,
the water around being deeply tinged
with blood. One leg ^as nearly severed
from liis body, and the pain caused him
to faint away. The alarm went round
from "boat to boat, and very soon the
crews'*were pulling for shore. The inspector
sent for the old shark charmer
and asked him how he dared to permit
a shark to injure a diver in the employ
of the British government? The old
rascal replied that while he was taking
izecf' by a gun"; thousands were again
on the beach awaiting our return, anxious
to hear of our success. As we drew
near a long, wild shout rent the air.
The next morning the oyster auction
began. There were many wealthy traders
there from ail parts of India ; some
returned home rich beyond their ex- .
pectations, but many went back ruined,
beggared and broken-hearted.
The natives of Jndia have a singular .
belief with regard to the origin of pearls. ,
It is that those beautiful concretions are ,
congealed dewdrops, which Buddha, at j
certain months, showers upon earth, -
and are caught by the oysters while ]
floating on the water to breathe.
The priests, as is usual in all religious <
systems, ever alive to their own inter- ,
e=ts,keep up the strange belief.and make {
it a pretest for exacting from the divers j
what are termed <;cbarity oysters," for
the use of Buddha, who, when thus pro- j ?
piated, according to their showing, will j
render the fish more rich in pearls in j
future seasons. Thus ended my first *
md last pearl-fishing excursion. Two j<
lays more and I was again on board the k
Desolator, bounding over the waters to e
oin my ship.
Superstitions About Love. *"
No event in human life has, from the v
iarliest times, been associated with a s
nore extensive folk-lore than marriage. J
Beginning with love divinations these
ire of every conceivable kind, the anx- e
ous maiden apparently having left no 0
; one unturned in her anxiety to ascer iir>
lior in tliA mf>rric>fri? sf.ato Snmo
mt the common brake or fern just
,bove the root to ascertain the initials n
if her future husband's name. Again, ~
tuts and apples are very favorite love- v
ests. The mode of procedure is for a ?;
;irl to place on the bars of a grate a ^
.ut, repeating this incantation :
If lie loves me pop and fly; P.
If he hates me live and Cie. ^
Great is ihe dismay if the anxious
ice of the inquirer gradually perceives
b.e nut, instead of making the hoped- ?'
3r pop, die and make no sign. One a|
leans of divination is to throw a lady- ug
into the air, repeating meanwhile
iie subjoined couplet:
Fly away east and fly away west,^ ^
jved one resides it is regarded
jghly-favorable omen. Another species rp
f love-divination once observed con- ^
isted in obtaining five bay leaves, four ^
f which the anxious maiden pinned at ?r
be four ocrners of her pillow, and the
- .1 ? !? -II. T? ? ~ ~ '
iim in tne miacue. jli sub was aoj.- ^
anate enough to dream of her lover, ifc ^
ras a sure sign that he would be mar- .
ied to her in the conrse of the year.
'riuay has been held a good day of the ~C(
reek for love omens, and in Norfolk ^
he following lines are repeated on ^
hree Friday nights successively, as on
he last one it is believed that the young
idy will dream of her future husband :
' To-night, to-night, ia Friday night,
Lay me down in dirty.white,
Dream who my husband is to he ;
And lay my children by my side, j o:
If I'm to live to be his bride." y
In selecting the time for the marriage ii
eremony precautions of every kind ?
mve generally been taken to avoid an l?
mlucky month and day for the knot to b
>e tied. Indeed, the old lioman no- u
Af.iT7 worri'irroa orA TinlnAfrv o
arrives to this day in England. June j fi
s a highly popular month. Friday, on : ti
.ccouQt of its being regarded as an in- I ii
.uspicious and evil day for the com-! p
aencement of any kind of enterprise, j t]
s generally avoided, few brides being j o
ound bold enough to run the risk of v
ncurring bad luck from being married I
>n a day of ill-omen. In days gone by o
Sunday appears to have been a popular o
Uy for marriages. It is above all t]
hings necessary that the sun should c
ihine on the bride and it is deemed ab- p
solutely necessary by very many that g
;he shoul 1 weep on her wedding-day, if fc
t ly only a few tears, the omission of 1
fltffckiact being considered ominous t
feature happiness. It is, too, t
ill-luck for either the i o
wio^WBjbdegrooffi to mtet a fun- j f
jral on going to c.- coming from church, i a
* * -" J Art 1 All A A^ 1 ^ T?. i
A.i> it IS LiCiVLIX l,V \Jii.o \sx v OU5SCA !
i bride on her return home fr^ enures-^
is often robbed of all the plus about j
lier dress by the single women present. <>
from a beiief that whoever possesses j
rae of them will be married in the ;
sourse of a year and evil fortune will t
sooner or later inevitably overtake the $
bride who keeps even one pin used in i
the marriage toilet. " Flinging the t
stocking" was an old marriage custom <
in England. The young men took the >
bride's stockings and the girls those of t
the bridegroom, each of whom, sitting at 2
the foot of the bed, threw the stock- f
ing over their heads, endeavoring to j
make it fall upon that of the bride or j
her spouse ; if the bridegroom's stock- ]
ing, thrown by the girls, fell upon rue | <
bridegroom's head it was a sign thi>* j (
they themselves would soon be married j j
and similar luck was derived from tip/ j
falling of the bride's stockings, thrown I ]
by the young men. There is a super- ]
fctitious notion in some places that when f
the bride retires to rest on her wedding i
night her bridesmaids shouid lay her i
stockings across, as this act is supposed to
guarantee her future prosperity in ;'
the marriage state.
An Arab's Trick.
The Bedonin Arabs are noted for their I
sharp thefts practiced upon one another
no nn frov.ilprti A writpr in I
it.> ? C1X t-O VAA V.W.M.
Chambers's Journal tells of an Arab ex- j
pedient that would do credit to a trained |
detective :
An Englishman traveling in the i
East, not being quite satisfied with the j
appearance of the mare he rode, asked |
his Arab servant if he was sure she got!
her allowance.
,;Oh, yes," he replied, "my country- j
men often steal from one another and ;
rob their friend*' horses ; but I can always
find it out if your mare has been
cheated. I put seven or ei^ht pebbles
in with the barley, counting the number
exactly. The mare never eats the pebbles,
ar.d if any one steals from the
barley, he is sure to take two or three
i pebbles with it. If I find the pebbles
: shoit in the morning, I have hard
I words, and they cannot tell how I know,
i and so they give up cheating her."
We judge OT^e^s by jAet we feel
U*apabie of judge tie
The "biggest thing" in English watering-places
is Brighton, which is sometimes
called Londoa-by-the-Sea, and
which in size and solidity corresponds
with the great metropolis, and is a
worthy and appropriate "annex" to it.
It is practically no further from Belgravia
than Coney Islan.l is from Madison
Square. The fast trains whirl down to
it in little more than an hour, at a cost
to the passengers of from eight shillings.
RP^nrtfl tr> f.wplvA sltilUnfrs
O 7 ?? 7 " " w-'v ? ? ?? ?""J
first class. A business man may leave
liis office in the city at a late hour in
the afternoon, and have time for dinner
and a walk on the pier, or a drive along
the King's Road before dark. It is London
repeated on a small scale, "without the
smoke and the slums, and with a purer
atmosphere, though with scarcely less
of a crowd. The shop3 are London
shops, the actors at the theater belong
to London companies, the faces and
dresses have become familiar to the
Strand or Piccadilly, and the Cockney
dialect, with its soft drawl and misused
aspirates, is heard oftener than any
other. Like London, too, its social <
affiliating; and while in one quarter i
coronets' are no rarity, and a prince j
leads society, in another the excursionist ]
of a day, or the tradesman spending a ]
two weeks' holiday, smokes his briar or :
cutty and eats his shrimps without feel- i
ing the depravity, and without realizing i
that Brighton was not made especially I
for the delectation of his own class. i
But though practically incorporated i
with it, Brighton is fifty miles away .]
from the city, and lying between the i
two are undulating English landscapes, <
with many shady lanes and ancient vil- ]
iages, through which the train flies '
svhen it is once beyond the spacious g
limits of London. Under the Box Hill s
lonnei; "which is the scene of a story by i
Dharles Reade, and has often done ser- \
rice in fiction; over the lofty spans of j
-he Seven Bridges, through deep and '
'riable cattings of chalk and limestone d
-this is the way to London-by-the-Sea; i
ind as we come nearer to it the land is s
lillier, the foliage less abundant, and t.
locks of sheep are seen fattening on it
he nutritous grasses of the breezy
South Downs.
It is to be remembered that, with the
ixception of the crescents and squares Sj
.nd intersecting streets, there is no ^
ireak in the three miles of buildings ^
rhich abut on the sea; the houses, n
hops, baths and hotels are set together g1
rithout any unoccupied lots between ^
hem. "Rnf, tr> fnllv enrrmrAhAnd tViA
xtent of Brighton, one should go out ^
n the pier, and then the place may be a]
een in its complex and substantial enirety.
Compared to it, the most ej
rowded American -watering-place?Coey
Islan d, At lantic City, or Long Bran ch ^
-is nothing more than a camp. It is ^
eritably, and cot in any fancifulness
f nomenclature, a city by the sea - a ^
ity modeled on London, and having ra
le structural permanency of the metro- CI
olis. It is not built on the banks of a
ver, nor at the hea: of a gulf, nor in j?
le shelter of a bay. It is immediately Xi
a the coast; the chalk cliffs, "with their m
rassv summits, are at either side of it, ^
ad the water is never more than a few ^
ards from the esplanade. The solidity m
ad compactness of the frontage of to
uildings, and the heights covered with ^
ouses, are things which must excite the m
onder of any one who sees them for Q%
jtiict L1U;P: ,,
" 1 tJP
ie fishermen, and the coa-i-guard.
hough the fashionable season does not ^
egin until late in September or early ^
t October, the excursionists crowd it ^
om the early summer until late in the tj(
sar. From August to December the ja
imate is most salubrious?"warm, elasc
and braeing. An east wind keeps ^
i&itors away in the first months of the
gar, and the place is then deserted ex- fj.
;pi by a mere handful of people? &e
Dout one hundred and four thousand? *
ho constitute the resident population.
-Harper's Magazine. 0I
The Poison Sumac. P1
This sumac is terrible in its effects, W:
ften causing temporary blindness. ac
ears ago it became the fashion to wear
nmense wreaths and bunches of articial
flowers inside and outside of
idies' bonnets. The flower-makers, gJ
eing hard pressed for material, made q
se of dried grasses, seed-vessels, burs, w
ad catkins; these were painted, dyed, ^
rosted and bronzed, to make them at active.
I became greatly interested ^
1 the business and the ingenuity dislajed,
and spent much time examining
ae contents of milliners' windows. On ^
ne occasion, when standing before a
ery fashionable milliner's window on ,
'ourteenth street, I was horror-stricken
n discoveiing that an immense wreath ^
f grayish berries, which constituted
lie inside trimming: of a bonnet, was ,
omposed entirely of the berries of the gj
oison-sumac, just as tj^y had been }
athered, not a particle of varnish,
ronze, or other material coating them. ^
?he bonnet, when worn, would bring
he entire mass of villainous berries on ^
he top and sides of the head, and a few ^
>f the sprays about the ears and on the ^
orehead. Stepping into the store, I
ddressed the proprietor and asked her
f she knew that the bonnet was trimmed
^^^gjterries of one of the most ?
known in the United (i
me in a sort of 11
Juzzled that I ?
vas mistaken^^^^^^^^^gAived "
hose flowers
igo. " Madam," Irepliea^^^^^^^H
)e a mistake somewhere, for thosPHBI
he berries of the poison-sumac, which a
loes not grow in Europe." She gave me t
me angry look,asked me to please attend f
o my own business, and swept away from j,
ne to the other end of the store. A a'
ew days after this I read in the daily
papers an account of the poisoning of a
lumber of small- girls employed in a
French artificial flower manufactory in
jreen street. I at once guessed the v
?ause. I visited the factory mentioned, s
introduced myself to the proprietor,
:old him what I know about the poison
Denies?and was rudely requested to s
make myself scarce. After these two
idventures I made up my mind to keep
oiy botanical knowledge (poisonous *
though it mi^ht be) to myself.?Harocr's
You?g People. ^
Skull Dimensions. j
The researches of Professor Flower,
the well-known English anatomist, show ,
some interesting results in relation to
the comparative sizes of the heads of ;
different races of people. The largest
normal fckuil he ever measured had a ,
capacity of as much as 2,075 cubic centimeters;
the smallest, belonging to an
individual of the nearly extinct people
inhabiting Central Ceylon, measured
only 900 centimeters. The largest average
capacity of any human head he has
found belongs to a race of long, flatheaded
people on the west coast of
Africa. Although of small stature, the
Laplanders and Esquimaux have very
large skulls, the averaee measurement
of the latter being 1,546. The English
skull, of lower grades, measures 1,542;
the Japanese, 1,486; the Chinese, 1,424 ;
the modern Italian, 1,475 ; the ancient
Egyptian, 1,464; the Hindoo. 1,306.
" Scj&il bonnets are shown in felt,"
says a fashion exchange. Yts, and ihey
are also shown and felt. The impression
they rtalie on the old Kan's poeketb^jl
ie most decidedly
? ?
3Iainc S-rdi^es.
If Connecticut is the land of wooden
nntmegs, Maine must be the land of
herring sardines. There are said to be
twenty-two establishments on the Waghington
county coast, whereof two-thirds
are in Eastport, in which herring are
pnt np as sardines in tin boxes made
ricro in imif-atinn nf t.liasp rrsis^ Typ tTifl
French, beaung French labels, preserved
in cotton-seed oil which is asserted
on the cans to be choice olive oil.
"No admittance" it notified at the entrance,
but the role is not enforced.
Herring are brought in from th6 bay in
large quantities, and are unloaded at
the several wharves where the factories
are erected. They are carried in baskets
into a large room provided with
rough tables, where a gang of boys and
girls from ten to fifteen years are waiting
for them, each armed with a knife.
Some of these children are dexterous.
A single cut removes the head and from
one to two inches of the shoulders of
each fish, and at the same time draws
the greater part of the "innards." The
f-ft-il ia mnw ni* Ipsa rATmvvpd Viv nnn+.KA*
parts of the herring at a single establishment
frequently amount to several
hogsheads a day. These parts are boiled,
pressed for their oil, and the refuse is
sold for manufacttfre into dressing for
soil. It is not yet possible to mannfac;ure
olive oil and anchovy paste out of
;he heads of the herring. The bodies
ind tails of the herring are washed, bid
ipon wire racks, baked in a great oven,
packed in tin boxes by girls, covered
yith cottcn-seed oil, the boxes are sollered,
heated again in the oil and-final- - y
packed in wooden boxes for shipment
the process need not be described at
rreat length. It does not appear to be
i very cleanly process, but very likely
fc is as much so as that of putting up
eritable sardines. The larger fish are
rat up in oval tin boxes and are called
'sea trout." Still other herrings are
tabbed "eagle fish." And, finally, there
s a process of putting up the fish in a
piced preparation which gives them
he name of "mustard sardines."?Basin
Death Warnings.
Superstitions associated with the last
fcage of life, says a recent English pubcation,
are very numerous. Every
icident out of the common course of
atural events is seized upon by the
aperstitious as a death -warning. The
owling of a dog at night is the sign of
pproaching death. An ox or a cow
reaking into a garden is an ill omen,
id it is still a saying when a person is
angerously ill and not likely to recov:,
"The black ox has trampled upon
: ? a ?j-t, ? ^^>1.
the hovering of birds around a
ouse, and their tapping against the
indow-pane. Among the death-pretging
birds may be mentioned the
.ven, the crow and the swallow. The
owing of the cock, also, at the dead
: night is regarded as eqnally ominous.
an apple or pear tree blooms twice a
iar it denotes a death in the family.
bere is a popular idea prevalent in
ancashire that to build or even to relild
a house is always fatal to one
ember of the family, and we are also
Id how the household clock has been
lown to depart from its custoary
precision in order to warn its
raer of approaching death by striking
irteen. From a very early ?>eriod
>riod which precedes death. Again,
e interval between deatJh ana tamai 1
is generally been associated with
xious superstitions, fears and prac3es.
Thus as soon as the corpse is
id out there is still a widespread cusm
of placing a plate of salt npon the
east, the reason being, no doubt, to
. event the boddy swelling; although
tere i3 a belief that it acts as a charm
gainst any attempt on the part of evil
)irits to disturb the body. In the
jrth of England it was customary,
lly a few years ago, to carry "the
jad with the sun" to the grave, a
ractice corresponding with the Highnd
usage of making "the deazil," or
alking three times round a person
icording to the course of the sun.
A DldUA. IT (UilUl ovvij* *
The smartest Texan, and in fact, the
nartest farmer I ever met, is old Sam
raves' who lives on a 100-acre farm
est of Waxahatchie, in Central Texas.
fter Mr. Graves had shown me his cate
and cotton, he took me over to see
is woods
" Well, what of it? " I asked, as he
Dinted ont a ten-acre f -rest. ' k
" What of it ? Why them's black walats,
sir. Ten acres of 'em. Planted I
foTl OOTA Spp thftV
ill ljjy Oc:ii.? vgu jvuiw ~ ^
e ten inchese"through. Good trees,
And sure enough there was ten acres ^
E hand planted walnut trees. They -i
;ood aboat 200 feet apart, 200 to the I
ire?in all 3,000 trees.
" Well how did you get your money m
ack?" I asked. fl
" Black walnuts are worth $2.50 a fl
ushel, ain't they?" I'll get 400 bushel
lis year. That's 81,000. A hundred
olJars a year is good rent for land
orth$15 an acre, ain't it?"
" Weil, what else ?" I inquired,
rowing interested. 9
"The trees," continued Mr. Graves,
are growing an inch a year. When
ley are 20 y?ars old they will be ninejen
inches through. A black walnut fl
ree nineteen inches through is wortn
i3. My 2,000 trees 10 years from now
^to^orth $30,000. If I don't want ? H
can cnt half of them, fl
of walnuts toAI
he crop.
ars an acre a
in't it ? *?Chicago TriclI
In JSit&etic Wife. E
"Say, ril tell you something if you
ron't "blow it," was the way one man 1
aluted another. _ \ 1
"All right?go ahead." j
"You won't give it away until I say
"Not a word."
"Well, my wife has got to be an jesheh>."
"No?" 1
"Cure's you're born. I have suspected "
ihat she was working that way for some
;ime past, but it's only within a day or
;wo that I became positive."
"Well, that's wonderfal. Say, how ,
does she act ?" J
"Languid?very languid. She lops A
around, drawls her words, writes sad
poetry, and the sight of an old pie-tin fl
or a banged up chromo entrances her.
Congratulate me on my luck."
"I do?I do. That is?"
"What?-' H
"Don't build hopes too fast. Be sure
you are right a d then go ahead. I la- I
bored for a whole year under the delusion
that my wife was developing as an res
thetic, and when 1 came to
father he said she was always more than.
half-idiot by nature. Go slow?go slow. V
The difference between an aesthetic and fl
a fool is so mighty small that you can'^flf
afford to make a mistake and be place^
in a box."?Free Press. fl
As the James brotj^^^^L^^fl
out ia a card denyh*
the stage nearLa^
dijs sinc^^l

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