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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 02, 1881, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1881-11-02/ed-1/seq-4/

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Tbe Prisoner's Paradi-*~-'The Old Jail? !
The " i.i'e Men"?The Daily Routine?
T??* Pnddleand Dark Celln? Chapel cad !
A correspondent of a New York paper
has been visiting the Sing Sing prison,
about which he sajs: Turning from
the verdure-clad hills and the park-like
acres which inclose Sing Sing to the immense
buildings which lie at its foot I
and within its high walls, there is the j
place of confinement for State criminals, ;
where thev are dreadfullv punished, i
and vet so well treated that this prison !
is familiarly called the prisoner's para-:
dise. Erected in 1S25 und many times
enlarged and improved, it has held the
most notorious convicts of this State.
Its stone corridors are well worn, the
rutted flags telling of the tramp of the
army of beings who have by their rnisdoiogs
banished themselves from the society
of their fellow-creatures. The long
row of cells look gloomy and dingy and
unrelenting, and one unaccustomed to
this place cannot but see the ghost of
misery within the bars of each door,
and speculate upon the degradation, remorse,
the hope and despair of the
wretches who have occupied them.
The mess room, with its seats for 1,200,
r- - is also suggestive of the keen punishment
of this prison, for although
there is full and plenty to eat, and such
as is served is excellent, yet to be compelled
to herd with such a company
and eat off tin, sitting on a stool, is not
1 . . 11. . t L
.luxurious, 10 say ine least.
After a tour of the old jail cue is
sternly impressed with the fact that it
is a place of punishment. A term in
S.ng Sing pris a means hard labor,
w aich a man mu-t learn to do, do well,
and this while suffering every deprivation
that makes life agreeable. This is
the intention, most faithfully carried
out. There are 1,500 convicts in thepris?
d, 300 of whom are colored. Besides
ths officials and guards there are 300
men each day on the grounds teaching
the convicts the trades. Xine hundred
are employed in the foundrie?, where
stoves and ranges are made under contract,
and the remainder are distributed
in the laundry and shoo shops.
The convicts all look hearty and
Thr>?:? whn arrive at the iail ill
generally come to good health after
growing accustomed to the regular way
ox living?early hours, plain fool and
wholesome labor. Once get accustomed
to the latter, they dislike a holiday, for
that means being shut in their cell?.
Sunday5, when they gel but two meals,
and are confined from 10:30 o'clock a.
si. nntil the next morning, they call
" Hell day." How busy a place is Sing
Sing prison may bo known from its not
only having become self-supporting,
but from its clearing about Si,000
monthly besides.
There are forty men in this prison
serving terms for life. Michael Gorman,
who murdered his wife, has been
1 r\Y> f.TTOn T'C
^'iic VIU^V !?.? ^ WW*V?
:- _ He is an old man, and takes care of the
rszs^ chapel. Ishmael Freeman, a colored
3u?thodist preacner, also a wife murjF
dtr=:r, is in for lift; Hayes, who killed
Delaney, has passed nine years of his
' life sentence, and is so well behaved
that he is a waiter in the principal
keeper s office.
J. Llojd Haigh is ike most noted
criminal in Sing Siogr, from his social
position before his disgrace. He is in
the shoe-packing department, and, like
all the gentlemen prisoners," gives
no trouble. "JoGnny- nope, tne uans
burglar, is serving his eighth term, and
this for twenty years. Ira West, a lad
of seventeen years, is imprisoned for
life for burning a barn, and, with the
others who have seen better days, has
to labor with the lowest class of
criminals, and march to his meals or
cell with his hands on their shoulders,
be they white or black.
Shaving the heads of convicts has
been abolished at Sing Sing prison.
Their hair is cut short and their faces
are shaved weekly. They are not permitted
to have newspapers, but books
** ' * -.11 3 J3
ana story journals are auuweu uuu sapplied.
Two papers of tobacco weekly
are <?iven to each man?nearly all chew
?and it is said that many of the female
Busp ' prisoners when there chewed the narcotic
weed also. Letters may be received
daily and written monthly.
Friends are allowed to visit for half an
hour every two months.
In conversation with the principal
keeper, John Dixon, who, for twenty
years, has stood firm and faithful at
his post, hit- views upon punishing
convicts were obtained. Without the
nse of the "paddle," or leather implet.
0 r* i- - il. u .
menu lor nagging, ne states it wuuiu uc
impossible to keep in subjection the
hundreds of desperate characters who
are to prison, and who make an effort
there to imitate their comrades and
'to fight their say, as they have been
if. - :'y accustomed to doing. About three times
& a wet-k Mr. Dixon is called upon to
paddle a criminal, -who is handcuffed
and fastened to the wall by the "brace*
lets" before punishment. The dark cclls
are ten in number, and adjoin the room
? where the padding is administered.
Theie is absolutely nothing in these
eelis but the stone walls and floor, and
??v ^ ??nef 1 l*A AH '
kilt? ILkk'll ill ^/UU<0UU^CU L lauow j.um uuv
latter to rest. Oaly bread is given them
while ia this durance vile, which is
frequently more dreaded than flogging.
Tee chapel of the prison is one of its
most interesting apartments. Services
are held here Sunday by a Methodist
preacher, and monthly by a Catholicclergyman.
A choir of the convicts,
who sing finely, delight the congregation
with excellent music. Two of the
convicts are physicians, "sent up" for
malpractice. They are employed in the
hospital, where there are nine men
disabled by burned feet from accidents
in the foundry. This department looks
Very neat and comfortable.
Deiil Worshipers.
An interesting account (says St.
James's Gazette) of the Yezidis or devil
worshipers is given by Major Trotter,
consul lor Kurdistan, in a memorandum
on the different races inhabiting his
consular district, just primed in the
further correspondence respecting the
condition of the populations of Asia
Minor Syria. The dt?vil worshipers are, j
pays Major Trotter, a very curious race
of people, v>ho are scattered in groups ;
about the consular district to the num-'
ber of about 20,000. They universally
\ pp'j^k the Kurdish language. They are
\ beiievbd bj sorae to bo the remnants of
the lost tribe?. A Syriac manuscript
of date A. D. 323-3, contains the statement
that tiie Yeztdis, or Izidis, are cf j
Hebrew descent. The great peculiarity j
aboat them is tbeir religion, w>- *s
ba^ed on the idea that there* * o
spiriU of nearly but not ov- ?i
power, the good and lh. At
present the good is in the a ^ant,
but the turn of the other may some day
come: and as the good spirit cannot
fro n his nature possibly do them hurm,
it is in their opinion of great importance
to be on good terms with the evil
spirit. Their religion is, however,
mixed up with several forms of Christianity,
and they use, it is said, the rite
of baptism and make the sign of the
- _ cross. Their religious center is at.
Sheikh Adi, a village in the mountains
ea?:t of Mosul. The Yezidis hare teen
accused by the Snnnite Moslems, who
detest and despise them, of the perpetration
of the most horrible orgies dur
in? tbeir nocturnal ceremonies; but
Major Trotter believes the accusations
to r.e false. These woo know them
be t tpeak rather favorably of them
than otherwise. They are, however,
famous freebooters. The Turkish of5cial*,
in order to t-r;ng them under conscription.
insist that they are Moslem s
and enroll them as soldiers in the distrfrts
where they are mostly found.
Their habits are generally agricultural
and pasteria.1, and the devil worshipers,
TTu-itevcr mav be their merits, are not a
well-educated race.
An Indiana woman is the proud owner
^*of a washboard over one hundred years
W <.]d. Washboards never wear out in
It is said that in the intestines of flies
an 1 other insects are Mood-vessels, the
smallest branches * hereof are 200,000
tian*? less than a hair in sizs.
The True 3Ietbod.
The world, if ever it is to "be reformed
by men, and through men, can only be
so by the personal intercourse of living
men?living epistles, not dead ones.
Love, meekness, kindness, forbearance,
unselfishness, manifested in human
seuls, uttering themselves by word,
look and deed, and not-by mere description
of these sentiments, or essays upon
them,can alone regenerate man. Neither
money, nor schools, nor churches can
ever be substituted for living men.
Not ministers going their rounds like
policemen,with black clothes and "white
neckties, nor elders taking statistics,
nor deacons giving aims, or ladies,
tracts?ail good; but we want Chris!
tians, whether they be smiths, or shoemakers,
or tailors, or grocers, or coach
diivers, or advocates, to remember their
own responsibilities,their own immense
influence for goou, and to be personal
' ministers for good.
Says Spurgeon: "Love to Christ
; smooths the path of duty, and wings
; the feet to travel it: it is the bow which
impels the arrow of obedience; it is tlie
mainspring moving the wheels of duty ;
; it is the strong arm tugging the oar of
} diligence. Love is the marrow of the
| bones of fidelity, the blood in the veins
; ofpintv, the sinews of spiritual strength:
i ves, the life of sincere devotion. He
I that hath love can no more be motion !
less than the aspen in the gale, the sear
: leaf in the hurricane, or the spray on
; the tempest. As weJi may hearts cease
! to beat as lo^e to labo-. Love is inj
siincc with activity; it cannot be
' idle; it is full of energy; it cannot conI
tent itself with littles ; it is the wellspring
of heroism, and great deeds are
the gushings of its fountain ; it is a
! giant ; ic neapeia mountains upuu
| mountains, and thinks the pile bnt lit|
tie; it is a mighty mystery, for it changes
i bitter into sweet; it calls death life, and
| life death ; and it makes pain lesspainj
fal than enjoyment."
j *
Kelifflonn News and Notes.
The Baptists in France are said to
j ka~e doubled in ten years.
France pajs ten million dollars yearly
[ in salaries to prelates and clergy.
The new version has 3S4 changes in
j the epistle to the Ephesians, which
I **at? fains nnlv 1 ;"r> verses.
The Southern Presbyterian church
i has two churches m the province of
J Pernambuco, Brazil, and two other con!
gregstions. /
The sales of the Mbody and Sankey
; hymn-books, which are called by the
! name of Gospel Hymns, have reached
I 9,337,000 copies.
Bishop Huntingdon has ordained two
young Indians as deacons in the Episcopal
church. They were taken prisoners
three years ago, and will now return
as missionaries t-j their tribes.
A single Methodist college, the Ohio
Wesleyan university, is represented by
two missionaries in Japan, six in China,
three in India, one in Italy, two in
South America and one in Mexico.
The Rev. Mr. Soper, a Methodist
j missionary in Japan, on a recent tour to
! the north of Tokio, baptized twentynine
persons of both the educated and
uneducated classes, who had been converted
through th6 labors of one of the
native preachers and assistant.
In France a man is not allowed to be
an active Young Men's Christian association
member after he has attained
to the age of thirty years. In England,
age is not taken into consideration, the
Earl of Shaftsbury, president of tne
London association, being eighty years
of age.
The Presbyterian German Theological
seminary at Bloomheld, N. J., lias
sent out more than thirty edacated GerI
man missionaries who are now preachi
ing to their countrymen in the United
States. Another institution, at Dubaque,
Iowa, is also educating German
Anecdote of Calhoun.
Few statesmen have wielded such a
powerful personal influence as John C.
Calhoun. His hold upon the young
men of th9 South was wonderful iu its
tenacity. He so fascinated them that
j they became his enthusiastic disciples,
and were proud to call him master.
His sway over the conservative educated
class, clergymen, doctors, judges,
lawyers, journalists, w?s as powerful as
over the young men. He was not a
man of the people. From them his habit
of abstruse tftought and the severe logic
of Lis utterances seemed to divorce
him. Yet even the uneducated classes
loved him. They did not understand
the man, but they trusted the statesman,
and obeyed the leader.
An anecdote shows the characteristic
power of the great South Carolinian,
and perhaps indicates one of the quali
ties of his character that gave him influence
ovor the common people.
When Mr. Calhoun beg.m his political
career, a fierce struggle rased in
South Carolina. One party sought to
overthrow an aristocratic feature of the
State constitution. The proposed
change was earnestly resisted by the
conservatives, and tho contest excited
the whole community.
Mr. Calhor.n and Mr. Yancy were the
leaders of the hostile parties. Each
was the idol of bis band. They met in
public debate, aud then followed one
of the strangest scenes in American poii
ItjL 1 liiuv;* pil^HWT V/Ulli^COUU
himself a convert- ?o his rirai's viows,
and joined his party.
Yaiity's frieuds were almost struck
dumb with surprise. One of them, an
eccentric man known as ' Uncle Jacob
Marvin," was a violent partisan, who
could see nothing right in an enemy
i and nothing wrong in a friend. He
| loved Taney, and hated Calhoun. Wheu
he heard that hi.? friend and leader hud
gone over to his personal foe and political
enemy, he swore, with much blasphemy,
that he would trash Calhoun.
Straightway he started to execute his
j threat. Find'ng Calhoun, who had been
informed of Marvin's vow, walking on
the piazza of his hotel, the angry partisan
took a stand where his enemy would
nass him.
Mr. Calhoun approached, bowed,
spoke a kind word of salutation, held
oat his hand, which was not taken, and
then with a bland smile passed on.
" Uncle Jacob" was spellbound.
, Several times Calhoun passed and re
| pacsed, each time with the same gentle!
uanlv palutation. At last the unmanned
! " Jacob" could no longer withstand the
genial advances of his great adversary.
Impulsively he grasped Calhoun's hand,
and telling him his errand, begged his
Arm-in-arm the two walked the piazza,
while Mr. Calhoun, in language adapted
to "Uncle Jacob's" understanding,
cautiously pressed his political views.
The fierce partisan became another
of Calhoun's converts--, and after that
i one of the fiercest of his followers.- j
Youth's Conn pinion.
Pearls ia Tennessee.
A mstrr ncfrr Vioc C V^TTI T) Cf Ttn "ITi
, UL VT illUU JIXJ Aitt-a1 ?.^ ***
Rutherford comity. Term. A correspondent
At first only a few persons could be
i found wading in the river and assidnI
ously hunting mussels which yielded
I fine pearls, wbi<jh were readily sold,
i Now not less than 500 people are en!
gaged daily in raking the bottom of the
! stream, delving down in the mud for
! mussels, which are piled along the
J banks, opened and critically examined
; for the treasures contained in many of
| them. It will not be long before a
mussel may not befound in theriverin
the locality mentioned. The Americans
informant says that one pearl was secured
that brought SSO in New York.
The general range of value, however,
was from fifty cents to $25.
There are 390 educated fem.ile physicians
in active practice in twenty-six
states of our Union?the majority in
Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania.
: :
. lp?
Increasing Farm Mannre.
A very good plan for increasing tne ]
snpply of home-ma^e manure is prac- [
ticecl by the New York nurserymen,,
which may be adopted by farmers gen- |
I erally with equal success. It is j
merely by placing iD alternate layers
rich stable manure and tnrf or sods nntil
the heap is some six feet high and as
long as you please, and then, after a :
time, beginning at one end of the pile j
to turn the whole over. As the and sods j
rot thev will absorb the rich gases I
- ? i i. * -1. !
i generated by tne man tire, ana wuira
| might otherwise escape, thus formin ga
i most excellent compcst for all kinds of
! crops.
The Constituents oi Plants.
Most farmers are apt to think that crops ,
; derive most of the substances they feed i
j npon from the soil. This is a mistake.
Take, for instance, the hay crop; the
carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, which
constitute ninety-two per cent, of the
organism of the plants, all come from
the atmosphere and enter into their
structure, while the other eight per
cent, is made up of nitrogen and Eiiierai
elements derived from the soil. j
i if onr.or tViftf, all tlift I
! XAV^ U1W
! farmer has to do is to supply the nitro
gen and mineral ni3tter by means of
i fertilizers containing tliem, the other
| ninety-t<vo per cent, being supplied by j
i the atmosphere ; hence the necessity j
I for frequent stirring of the soil for the !
; free admission of the air.
j For many years the use of salt as a j
i fertilizer has been highly recommended
i by certain agriculturists, while on the i
j other hand there hivo aho been many !
j cultivators of the soil who could secure j
I no benefit from its use. Practical ex-'
perience shows that on some lands the :
application of salt is decidedly ben- j
elicial, on others absolutely iojuriqus, ;
while on still other soils no effects are
I'otahh lor Crops.
I Grain farming, where tJie straw, fodJ
der, hay, etc., are all consumed on
| the farm, does not exhaust the soil so
j much of its potash as of its phosphoric
acid and nitrogen, these latter being
the principal constituents of the grain;
and therefore when wheat is sown on
a clover lay it is not necessary to apply
potash to tho land?nitrogen and phos!
phoric acid being the principal elements
to supply here. An 1 so in the spring,
J ff you wast to know whether your land
| is^deficienc of potash or not, put a little
j hen manure on a row of corn, on anI
nf'liAi- a Trsirtnrft of hen manure and
ashes, and on a third ashes alone. If
the land is deficient in potash the difference
in the prodnct will show it in the
i superiority of that in the last row.
How to secure from an,acre of ground
j the greatest possible amount of proi
duce, v>ith the least possible expense,
i is the great problem of farming. Xatui
ral conditions place certain well-defined
j limics, within which is simply a matter
| of f-cience and practice to solve this
j problem.
i Kerosene poured on the nests of cat|
erpillars until thoroughly saturated will
j destroy them.
J-/-LJ aui^uui is vvu cvo icuiguj a\jj*
| lies on cattle by one who says lie knows
' it is effective. It should be sprinkled
all over the body and worked into the
! Baked Tomatoes.?These should be
; peeled and prepared as for stewing;
| mix well with bread crumbs; cover well
on top with bread crumbs and pieces of
butler ; bake three quarters of an honr.
Cream of Tartar Drtstc.-Two spoonfuls
of cream of tartar, the grated rind
of a lemon, half a cup of loaf sugar
and one pint of boiling water. This is
a good summer drink for invalids, and
is cleansing to the blood.
Egg Sauce.?Take yolks of two eggs
boiled bard ; mash them with a tablespoonfal
of mustard, a little pepper and
j salt, three tablespoonfuls of vinegar and
I three of salad oil. A tablespoonfnl of
catsup improves this for some. This
sauce is very nice for boiled fish.
Honei Cake.-One quart strined honey j
half pint soda, half pint melted butterf
one teaspoonful sugar dissolved in hal, I
cup warm water, half nutmeg and teaspoonful
ginger. Mix these ingredients
and then work in flour to roll. Cut in
thin cakes and bake on buttered tins in
a quick oven.
Fish Sauce.?One-quarter of a pound
of fresh butter, one tablespoonful of
finely chopped parsley, a little salt and
pepper and the juice of two lemons.
Cream the butter; mix all well together, :
adding at the least a teaspoonful of j
mayonnaise. Less l9mon jcrico may be !
used if preferred.
Tomato Soup.?To one quart of -water |
i add eigbt large tomatoes, cut them in j
j small pieces, boil for twenty minutes, !
| then put in half a teaspoonful of soda, j
| let it boil a few minutes more, then add j
i o v\i-r>f r\? mi IV KAQSlYn fLR <
j CU*J\J IIU a Miuv v/i. k)?? vvv 3 W-? |
i you won id oysters; breadcrumbs, sago, j
| barley cr rice may be added.
j Potato Pudding.?One pound pota-;
j toes boiied and well mashed, one-quar- j
i ter pound of butter stirred in while !
| warm, two ounces of sugar, the rind of
j half a lemon chopped fine with the
j juice, a teacupful of milk ; butter the
j tic, put in the mixture,. <ind bake in a ;
| moderate oven for half an hour ; two j
i eggs may be added.
Scotch Tart.?Take a deep square ;
j tin and line it with rich paste, select j
j pleasant tarl apples, peal and core, qnar- i
| ter and .cut in bits. Fill the paste with
I apples end cover the whole with a layer
j an inch or more thick of sugar, and
i sprinkle with small bits of butter. Bake
j in a quick oven and have it well browned,
j When rightly made the apple is soft
j and candied. Serve warm.
Measuring by the Eye,
A correspondent of the Boston Tran- i
senpt suggests that the childern should
be exercised in measuring by the eye.
! He eays that years ago, when he went
j to school in a little weather-beaten
j schoolhous9, the scholars had most sxcitj
ing contests over the teacher's favorite
j exercise of iiavmg them estimate:
i with the eye the size and weight of
different objects in the room.
He would hold np his cane and have
each scholar teli how long he thought
it was, and it was a Incky child that
could come within a half a foot of the
right length.
He would measure an urchin and
then have the scholars try to repro!
duce the measure on the wall. He j
! would mark off an inch, or a foot, or a >
i yard, in some conspicuous place, and |
| then see how near anybody could i
j come to chalking the same length up- j
j on the blackboard.
! And it was astonishing how wide :
| astray one would go. The fact is, our j
; eyes deceive r.s ridiculously, even upon |
I the commonest things.
i At first thor.ght which -would you j
I say \?us the taller, a three-year-old i
j child, or a barrel of flour ? And could j
' anything but actual measurement con-;
! vince you that the same child is half as j
j high as a six-footer ?
j There is on old saying that a child
| two years old is half as tall as he ever
| will be, and after a few experiments;
j in measuring one can easily believe it, j
j but not before.
A Beautifnl Science.
j Astronomy is a beautiful science. Wc
are told that if a railway was run from
I the earth to the nearest fixed star, and
| the fare was one penny for every huni
dred miles, and if you were to take a
mass of gold to the ticket office equal
to the national debt?or $3,800,000,
000?it would not be sufficient to pay
for a ticket to the nearest fixed star j
aforesaid. If this be the case, it matters j
very little to us whether snch a railroad I
is ever constructed. It wonld be mighty j
discouragiDg to go to the ticket office j
withamass of gold eqnal to 83,800,000,- j
000 and be informed that the fare was '
$5,678,032,000. If the ticket agent'
j wouldn't trust till we got back we'd be j
| compelled to forego the trip.?HforrLs-1
j toicn Herald.
3IJlk Diet for the Sick.
Let me feed a sick patient, and who !
will may give the medicine. In all ill-!
ness far more depends upon the proper j,
feeding of the sick person than is gen- i ,
erallv believed. If the strength is sus-; (
lained from the beginning by nourish-! !
ment, given judiciously, there i3 a better .
prospect of its being equal to the de- i:
maud tbat must be made upon it later. :;
*? ii... j.- A '
I5egm( men, irorn me u.isu vu 8**^ ;.
liquid nourishment in small quantities j,
frequently. It is more easily swallowed j
and digested than anything solid, how- j
ever delicately prepared, and as there
is generally thirst, it is, as a rule, readily i
taken. The chief reliance must be j
placed on milk. One pint is equal to a ! i
full-sized mutton chop, and it is incom-;!
parably more nourishing than animal j
broth, not excepting beef tea, that has j;
too long held a rank to which its merits j
are far from entitling it.
Boiling meat coagulates the albumen, ;
the principal nutritive element, converting
it into a solid which is carefully
eliminated when the broth is strained, j
leaving behind a mass of shreds floating
in water. Milk, on the contrary, j
contains fourteen per cent, of solid!
matter, and is ricii in tlio constituents j
necessary to supply tlie wants of the !
system. One-eighth part lime-water j
added to the milk will prevent it from
disagreeing with the most fastidious '
stomach. Where there is no nausea a
small tumblerf ul may be given every two ,
hoars. If there is the slightest tendency
to sickness it must be cn.i:ted
for an hour or two, and then resumed
in very small quantities, a tablespoonfnl
or less being given, iced, or as cold
as possible, every half hour until the
! disagreeable feeling has passed away, i
If the sick person is fond of milk, he i
will take it for some time without growing
weary of it; when it b^ins to pall
i the nurse must tax her ingenuity to
j make a change. If stimulant is ordered, j
it may be put in the milk. A teaspoon-!
ful of sugar, with a few drops of essence :
of vanilla, alternated with essence of |
lemon or rose water, makes a pleasant j
variety. If tea and coffee are permitted i
by the physician, enough of either to {
flavor the m;ik mav be added without j
: pruu uuj.iiaj-ij ljyju-iiuuo cuovu.
When the yolk of an egg cannot be
borne, the white may be given with perfect
impnnity. Albnmenized milk is
prepared by shaking in a wide-mouthed
bottle or jar one pint of milk with the
whites of two eggs. These are so thoroughly
incorporated by this process
! that few would suspect their presence,
| and the mixture is much more nourish- j
ing than the milk alone. A delicious j
! egg-nog is made by beating the yolk of I
| an egg separately asd adding to it three
j teaspoonfuls of sugar, with the juice of j
i half a lemon squeezed on it; when well j
i mixed the milk is poured in; the white ]
beaten to a stiff froth with a small tea- J
spoonful of sugar and a few drops of j
monle juice is heaped on the top or j
beaten through the milk, accordir ~ to j
the fancy of the maker. Orange juice ;
may be substituted for the lemon, or i
sherry used to give it flavor when stim-;
ulant is allowed. Albumenized water :
I is a refreshing and at the same time a i
nourishing drink. It is prepared like !
j the milk, by shaking together the whites j
! of two eggs and a pint of cold water, j
j and flavored with lemon juice, a slice of!
| lemon being left floating in the glass, j
j Cold toast-water can be used to make it. j
Sometimes when an invalid is tired of!
! milk in every other form he will take it j
j in the shape of ice-cream; not the de-j
; leterious compound consisting princi- j
pally of corn-starch, and in which the
cream is conspicuous by its absence,
but wholesome home-made ice-cream,
i with nothing in it but good, rich cream,
pure sweet milk, white of eggs?the
yolk3 should be omitted except for convalescents?a
little sugar and flavoring.
A thin boiled custard, made with two
eggs to a pint of milk and given cold, is
j a pleasant cnange. O'atmeai, inaian j
j meal and barley gruel, made with j
I plenty of milk, are desirable articles of j
| diet." If chocolate or cocoa can be
| borne, a little added to the milk will
| disguise the taste of which the palate
j has grown weary. In short, milk being
! the staple, there is practically no limit
I to the various ways in which a clever
nurse can disguise it, to the great comfort
and benefit of her patient, who
would be more surprised than any one
if he were told he wasliviog principally
on milk and eggs.?.Vrs. Scovil in Christian
The Power of the Press.
One of the old-time editors of
Michigan was boastiDg the other day
that he had never been sued for libel,
or attacked in his sanctum, but he c- aid
call many narrow escapes. Twenty-five
years ago lie was running a re a- not j
paper cn Use line of tlie Michigan Cen- j
tral railroad. A man named Carson,
who was running for some county office,
was given a bad racket, and the editor
received a note that if he had anything j
more to say he might expect to receive ;
a good pounding. He had a still more j
bitter attack the next week, and the ;
paper was hardly mailed before in
walked Carson, the candidate, accompanied
by a brother and two cousins.
The four were strapping big fellow?,
and each was armed with a horsewhip.
The two compositors and the "devil"
1. ?- 11 ,1 TT~ 4-U^
got oui< wimau speeu. xie reaxt^cu mc j
situation at onc-e, and began:
" Walk in, gentlemen; I presume yon j
have come to horsewhip meV"
"We have," they answered.
"Very well. Have you thoroughly j
considered the matter?"
"It doesn't need any consideration,"
replied Carson. "You have lied about
me, and I'm going to lick you within an
inch of your life!"
"Just so, my friend, but first hear j
wnat j. nave to say. uia von ever near
of the press beicg stopped because the
editor was cowhided?"
v< I dunno."
I " Well, you never did. Lick me all
yon choose, and my paper comes out
week after week just the same. The
power of the press is next to the lever
which moves the universe. It makes
or break3 parties, builds np or tears
down, plants or destroys. Aggravate i
the editor and the press becomes a !
sword to wound and kill. Wallop me
if you will, but next week ITU;ome out |
more bitter than ever."
There is ;:n e mbarrassin gsilence right
here, and the face of jsach-h^rse-^hipper
had an anxious look.
" It will go out to the world?to <
America, Canada, England, France?
aye ! clear to Jerusalem, that the Carson
family of this country live on roots and
Johnny-cake ; that they stole a dog from
a blind man ; that they murdered a peddler
for a pair of two shilling suspenders
; that the women are club-footed
and the men work their ears when they
sing ; that the "
'' lV7A *A/rrt 1 ftv A*ir\fiAT?
W ii'Uv OiiO JlOp^UJliXX OUVOW^.iVW
price to 1 he Herald ?" interrupted Carson.
" Only twelve shillings a year."
"Put us four down."
"Very well?six dollars?that's correct.
Run in and see me?all of you,
and if any of you want to see any of my
Detroit exchanges I shall "be only too j
glad to : erve you."?Free Press.
<)ueer F reak of Nature.
| Here is about the most strictly local
| work of a whirlwind on record. A ship
: with $300,000 of British goods is passing
Rio Janeiro on her way to China. Sbe
s sailing cine knots, with no cloud in
; sight. The captain in his cabin hears
a crash. Goes up to find the mainmast
Ijing over the starboard side, with raizzentopmast,
foretopsail yard and foretopgallantmast?the
mainmast twisted
cn nea'-tne decs. ine mate saia ne |
had heard a rushing sound ; the whirl- ]
wind struck the sails on the mainmast j
with a thud?those on other masts be ine
xmtonched?acd away went the mast
and spars mentioned. The ship was
otherwise all right, the wreck was cut
away, and she sailed safely mto Bio.
? ...
The stage settings of Hooley's Thra- j
ter, in Chicago, are so arranged on ISun-'
days as to represent a pulpit, and the ;
congregation that gathers is very large. 1
.?*=*[email protected]
Fire Days and N'ishtn of Azony o"i a Spar In
Mid-Ocean?Crazed by snficrluar.
James E. Karris, the shipwrecked
mariner from Philadelphia, who was
placed in St. Joseph's infirmary a few
days ago, has recovered from his delirium,
and by request he has prepared
for the Xeic3 a narrative of his miraculous
escape. He writes: We left Philadelphia
with a cargo consisting of 210
tons of coal, bound to "Wilmington, X.
C. Onr crew consisted of five men?
two seamen, one cook, the captain and
mate; the oldest man on board was
only twenty-three years of age. After
we rounded Hatteras we were struck by
a Hurricane, 'rue vessel was wxeuaeu
almost instantly, and all of us went into
the rigging. I had made up my
mind to die. I did not think it was
possible that I could be saved. The
thought never once crossed my mind.
I thought my time had come and made
up my mind to die like a man. I shook
hands with the captain and bade him
good-bye, asked God to bless us and
save us, and then a sea swept over and
the vessel began to sink. I -was under
the water some time before I discovered
the vessel was sinking. When I did I
let go of. the rigging and commenced
swimming towards the surface and
came near suffocating before I reached
it. The first thing I did on reaching
the surface was to get out of my clothes,
so I could swim better. Then I saw a
piece of white pine scantling SoatiDg
off. I succeeded in getting hold of that
and managed to keep myself afloat with
it. It was about four inches square and
fifteen feet long. Shortly after I got
hold of this the captain came up. He
was then nearly gone and did not have
life enongli Hardly to Keep ms neau out
of the water. He soon sank and I never
saw him more. His Dame was Enoch
Camp, a native of "Philadelphia, aged
about twenty-one. He was very handsome.
I have been sailing with him
fciuce January 1, 1881, and we were like
two brothers. Thus the vessel and all
on board perished except myself who,
through the providence of God, was
My dog was clinging to the piece of
timber with me. When the vessel went
over he was in the cabin; how he managed
to get out I do not know. Sometimes
the seas would strike us, knocking
us away from the piece and nearly
"3 *-<" VY7k/vr> -If TTT/vn7/3 QC OTJ7Q V
UrUWxJJLLig Ux>. ?t uca aw ?tuuau
we would swim back to it again. The
poor dog was nearly drowned, and his
master not ranch better. He wonld swim
up to me and pnt his head on me and
whine so piteously, asking me the best
ho could to save him, and to end his
sufferings I killed him and pushed him
away from me. And then (God forgive
me) I tried to drown myself, as I expected
every moment to be cut by a
shark, and I knew I could not live much
longer that way nohow, so I let go and
T\T2l"U rv\/vnKVi nr>??n T
SUCX. YVItU cjica oiiu. iuuuvu v(.vu, j.
drank salt water by the pint. I could
stay under very well tuatil I would go to
draw in my breath; then the water
would rnsh up my nose, suffocating me.
Then I would have to come up again. I
made two attempts to drown myself,
and then gave it up and awaited until
God saw fit to take me. I often sit and
think how it was possible for me to be
saved, and how I was saved I do not
I was on that piece of timber about
six hours. Sometimes the sea would
mo off and throw it some distance
from me; then I would swim back and
get hold of it again. After a long time,
or just before night, I discovered a
larger piece of timber floating ahead of
me. After trying very hard I finally
reached it and crawled upon it. I found
it to be a piece of the cabin about fom
feet wide and twelve feet long, with
three small windows along one side
about 32 by 18 inches. I never had anj
hope of being saved until I got on this
piece. I began to have some hope then
of being saved if I did not starve tc
death. I wished then for my poor dog
I had killed. I was laying at fall length
on my raft, clinging on each side with
my hands, when I happened to look ovei
the side, and, oh, heavens and earth!
there I wag followed by a pact 01 nungvy
sharks "swimming all around me.
Yon can just imagine how I felt, and
how I cluncr to that raft. Why it was
they never interfered with me while ]
was in the water I do not know, unless
it was because I kept in motion all the
Sometimes the sea would break ovei
my raft and capsize it. Then I would
crawl on top of it again as quickly as
possible, thinking all the while of the
sharks around me and expecting every
moment to be seized by them. It was
now very dark, and the wind wa3 moderating
in a measure and the sea was
going down somewhat. It was still
** - - -ii
squally ana continued so an mgut,
with rain. Naked, and tlie rain beating
down upon me, I felt as though some
one were pelting me with gravel. I
was cold, too, shaking all over, and my
teeth knocking together all night.
How I prayed for morning. It was the
longest night I ever spent in my life.
Finally day came and the squalls blew
harder, but I did not think the seas
were so high, which was a good sign.
I was now beginning to feel thirsty and
hungry, and when it would rain I would
hold my head up, open my mouth and
try to catch some rain water, but the
salt spray would fiy in my mouth. The
sharks still kept watch about my raft.
Throughout the day I kept a lookout
for vessels, though I knew if one
should sight me it could not rescue me
" * mi _ 3 /Hi j \
ill tnac gaie. xne any ^ ixiursuayj
passed away and darkness settled down
again upon the face of the deep. The
wind moderated considerably during
the night, and the sea grew quite
emooth. It was calm nearly all day
Friday. I had not seen a single sail,
and was so thirsty I could have drank
my own blood. The sharks were still
about. Friday and Saturday passed
with nothing to mark them.
My mouth and throat were parched.
I was exposed to the sun long enough
Saturday to bum my body. Saturday
night I did not feel right in my head.
I was growing delirious, and knew it,
and tried to shake it off, but could not.
Jnst about dark I saw a vessel five or
six miles off, in the direction of which
T nraa ^ nff,incr_ and another off to the
right. I soon saw that the ono to the
right was a light ship. J. imagined that
I was close to land, so close that I
could see it plainly, and cried aloud foi
help. Then I would listen to hear
some one answer. I thought I had
some one with me, and I sent him in a
small boat to get me some watei
and I waited for him to return,
Then I would imagine some one was
handing me a pitcher of ice water. I
would grab it and drink, only to find
it salt. I would try to stand up and
would fall over board, I was so weak.
Then I thought my raft was on land,
I could see the trees and bushes plainly.
Then I would jump off the raft, thinking
I was on land, and would go twc
or" three feet under water. I made
several attempts during the night to ge<
off on land, but always found water,
At times I would think I was about tc
run into a tree and would put out mj
hands to stop myself and would gc
overboard. Then I imagined I was or
land, about 12 miles from Wilmington
W C,.. and was naked. I saw men ai
work, a "white and colored man and*?
woman. I asked them for water and
they sent me to their boss. I went tc
him and he showed me a lighthouse
and told me I would have to go there
before I got water. Then he put me
In a flat-car that ran on a railroad and
I had to propel the car along with mj
feet. I could not get any closer tc
the lighthouse, let me work as hard as ]
ccnld. Neither could I escape form
the man who sent me there. Then I
would think the windows in rov iafl
were beautiful springs of water, and
would get on my hands and knees tc
drink, only to find it salt.
Sunday morning the snn rose out ol
a clear horizon, not a cloud visible in
the heavens. I discovered I wus on
my raft again, but could not thicls
how I got there. That is the last
thing I remember until Monday evening.
"What 1 suffered and went through
j with I can never tell. Capt. S. ]
i Foot8, of the steamship Santiago c
j Cuba, says he picked me up Monch
1 morning, somewhere abcnt Bull's ba
,3 ? t a il.i i _ .1 *1
uoijuiuua, axiu lrom icat Jiiiiu
man's hands and his crew I receiv*
the very best of treatment.?Savanna
(Ga.) Times.
The ChameleniL.
In a lecture at the London Zooiog
cal Garden by St. George Mivart, son
curious things were told of the cham
leon. His eyes move with comple
independence of each other; one mt
be directed upward and forward, whi
the other may gaze downward and bae
! ward. Its tongue is a wonderful orga
six or seven inches long, with a cu
; like depression at the tip. Its lin
j movements are verv slow and delibe
J 1 XI
are; inose 01 us eyes ana tongue, on tj
contrary, are remarkably rapid.
The chameleon lives largely up<
flies, and at first sight it would see
impossible that so apparently torpid ai
slnggish an animal should be able
reach and seize creatures active ai
possessing the power of flight. At tJ
warm season, when the chameleon's a
petite is keen, it may often be observi
! when a fly has been introduced into i
j cas;e to move about with comparati'
; celerity, attentively watching the fii
; movements, now with one and now wi
! the other eye. Sooner or later the i
i settles for a few seconds somewhe
! within half a foot's distanca of the ch
meleon's head. Then the chameleor
mouth may be observed to open and t]
apex of the tongue to protrnde. In i
Virto olinf rt/vni? nr\A fllfl flrr li
jLLLSUa-J-i U llf XJ.UO OUUU a^vtiU OXIV4. biiv *JIj J-i
disappeared. In fact the chamelei
has spit out, as it were, its enormous
I extensible tongne upon the inse<
secured it bj the viscid secretion wi
which the tongue is coated, and aga
withdrawn that organ together with tl
: prey, but the whole has been effect*
with such amazing rapidity that tl
observer's eye cannot follow'the mo\
ments of the reptile's tongue. It
projected and withdrawn without t!
slightest noise, but in the twinkling
an eye. It is this tongue which is,
> i ? iV .1 i
it were, tne cencer oi me cnameieoi
organization, and this tongue-mo veme
is the very essence of its exii-tenc
Without it the animal's life would be ii
possible, while the very slowness a]
deliberation of its, other movements a
a gain, >ince they enable the chamelei
to advance upon its prey within shootii
distance without alarmiDg it.
Carious Sea Inhabitants.
Thprp is <l ^nntirmal warfare coino- (
in the deep?a constant struggle fort]
means of sustaining life. The carni
orous devour the vegetarians, and t!
mud-eaters swallow both animal ai
vegetable forms ; and this runs all t]
i way down the scale, from the shark ai
the equally ravenous bluefish to t]
least of tne annelids. These last?tl
' sea-worms?are wtry, but they cann
escape their enemies. If thsy were
' confine themselves to the bottom
where thev feed, and where many
them prow to the length of a foot
two?they might in a measnre escap
though they would still he a prey tot]
. scrip and other fish that know how
. dig for them; bnt they ]ove to swi
i particularly at night and in the bree
i ing season, and then they are snapp*
np in countless numbers. They ha
; almost every variety of forms, and th<
; structure is marvelous?monsters wi
i hooked jaws at the end of a probosc:
. and with sides of bluish green, th
j throw off an infinite variety of iridesce
11 hues. Somo of the spa-worms ha
1 j scales, others have soft bodies ; sor
i are sluggish, and curl themselves i
, into balls when disturbed: others a
restless, particularly at night; some a
round, others fiat; some build tubes
! sand and cement, woven together, t
they make a colony of mauy hundri
i membe'-s; the tubes of others are sc
. and flexible, and some, when disturbe
i withdraw within their crooked, calc
; reous tubes, and close the orifice wi
i a ping. One variety of the serpnlte h
l three dark-red eyes; another variety h
clusters of eyes on each tentacle. T
! amphipods were accounted of no gr?
. value till it was shown by the Fish Co]
mission t*at these small crustacea fr
[ nish a vast amount of food for both sj
; and fresh-water fishes. Indeed, the
; j is not a creature that swims or cra^
i that does not bee me the food of foi
i other animal. A beach-flea is caught i
by a scup or a flonnder, and squi
, make terrible havoc among young mac
ereJ, while sharks and stingrays fi:
| something appetizing in the gasterpc
aud Book Ravine.
~i"' I? 1"? i
Mr. Ryan, librarian of the Kilken:
Library Society, made books his ido
denying himself every luxury and no1
few necessaries in order to add to I
collection; the well-famished libra
of which he was custodian being insu]
i cient to satisfy his literary craving
He lived in the upper part of t
' society's premises, but admitted no o
to enter his rooms for any purpo
' I whatever. On his sudden death,
: 1866, their privacy was perforce invade
Eis bedroom, or what passed for sue
was found to contain nothing in t
way of furniture save an old sofa, whi
had served him for a bed, upon whi
lay a pair of old blankets, his sc
nightly covering. Piles of books we
I heaped . up promiscuously in eve
: direction. So in his sitting-room, the
was scarcely space to move for du
> covered volumes, of which the own
had apparently made very little uj
! contented, like many another coliectc
wi:h merely having acquired them,
wealthy eccentric living in a Fren
i provincial town was not open to ti
reproach. He dwelt aloco ia a seciud
II house, admitting no one but a ch:
woman, who prepared his meals, anci
I ocr^r-f: trim hrouffht him thirtv
r? " ?/
forty journals at a time. One day ev
they could not obtain admission, a:
the police were called upon to int<
vene. Upon entering the solitary be
room in the house?a room as squal
as it well could be?the recluse
found dead on the bed, which cou
only be reached by passing through t
ravine, the sides of which were coi
posed of thousands of newspapers a:
' novels, whose perusal had been the sc
delight and occupation of his wast
life.?Chambers' Journal.
>"ot on Speaking- Terms.
In the San Franci^o custom hor
' there was employed .light watchm
1 a character calied i>arney McGlor
McGlone was known as a good humor*
i ready-witted felloe, but haviDg had t
misfortune to incur the enmity of 1
superior officer, the latter soug
s | eagerly with persistent malice to fi:
'I i - ?jy;.:?t ?,
grounds suihui^hij uuuu wmuu tv j
commend Barney's removal. Night afi
night he watched, pouncing down
unexpected hours, only to find Earn
vigilant at his post. Not a word won
pass between them, the officer alwa
retiring baffled and mortified. At Jeng
? his persistency was rewarded. Bam
! had been putting in his time at "poke:
' instead of strengthening himself
sleep for his weary vigil from midnig
1 until morn, and the night being ve
' chilly, he wrapped himself in his ov.
' coat and tried to steal fitful snatches
1 sleep, hoping the night would be t
i cold for his relentless pursuer to cc
' tinue his hunt. He reasone.i direci
1 opposite from the officer, who, guid
! by the music of Barney's snoring, wi
' malignant joy stood watching t
' sleeper in triumph a moment, and th
u "McGlone!" No answer. "X
! Glone !" he shouted. Barney awe
J with a cold chill running down hisbs
r j at the sonnd of Iiis enemy's voice, b
! j kept silent, and ?implv stared at his :
: terlocutor. " McGione!" he aga
\ i shouted, "I've canght jou asleep/' B;
' ney, now thoroughly alive to his dangi
;! exclaimed: " You did not, sorr." "Th
! I why didn't you answer me when I call
> ljO jou?" *' Because, be jabers, I war
I on shpakin' turnis wid yon, so;r." B;
n*y was reported, but his esphnati
i j as given was acct-pted for truth, and 1
i i miraculous presence cf minJ saved h:
; j his position.
! A cook ought to be at the head of
! provisional government
E. j A Persistent Gimlet Man.
ie ; "I should like to sell you a gimlet," !
lJ ; said a careworn-looking man, as he:
-' i walked into an office the other day.
: "We have eo use for one," replied
j i the cashier. !
| "But you should always look into
the misty future," went on the iiend,
i demurely. "Next winter you will j
: want to 'make holes in jour boot-heels, j
;i-! so you can get your skates on."
19 j "I use c:Ul> skates?no straps re- ;
e-: quired."
te! "You may want to screw some i
ay j boards together sorae time, me oia-1
le I fashioned method of driving the screw j
k- j in with a hammer is pernicious, as it i
n, i deteriorates the tenacity of the fangs
p ' of the screw, as it were."
ib j "Nothing to-day, sir."
t- ! "This gimlet also acts as a cork- j
iie I screw."
j "I don't want it."
Dn ; "It may be used as a tack-hammer, j
m j a cigar-holder, and a tooth-brash."
id j "I don't want it."
to i "It is has an eraser, a pen, an ink- j
id ! stand, a table for computing combe
| pound interest, and a lunch-box atp
tachment." .
?d j "I can't help it; I don't want it."
its | "I know you don't; you'r one of
ve i t.hosa mean men that won't buy a gim- j
f's j let unless it has a restaurant and a trip :
th j to Europe and an Italian opera com-:
3y ; pany attached. You're the kind of a I
re j man who ould lire near an electric
a- ! light to save a gas bill."
i's i And the peddler walked out with his j
he I mental plumage on the perpendicular, j
in | ?Xtsic York Star.
as j ?
Dn ! A Card.
lv i [olen Falls (N. Y.) Times.]
it, i Glen* Falls, N. Y., Dec. 14, 1S80.
th j Hev. IUb. L. N. St. Oxge:
in j Bear Sir?Will you please state below
tie what satisfaction St. Jacobs Oil gives
?d j you,which you got of us some time ago, j
be i asd oblige," Leggett & Busn. j
e- j Very elective,
is i l. n. St. Oxge.
be j
of The largest boat on the great lakes is
as being built at Cleveland, Ohio. It is to
l's be of iron, 302* feet in length, 39 feet
nt breadth of beam, and 25 feet depth of
:e. hold, and to have a capacity of 3,200
;n- tons.
1(3 j
| [Cleveland Leader.]
J Mr. Orlando Weatherbee, fays an ex;
change of ours, proprietor "The Spencer
? j rharmaey," Spencer, Mass., report*:
; My customers speak very highly of the
I ?reat German remedy, St. Jacobs OJ, ;
| it having always given excellent sati-- j
3n i faction. One of them, Mr. Henry i
! Uclcher, has been greatly benefited by i
v~ J us use in a case of severe rheumatism, i
2e : Jiud he refers to it in terms of highest !
id I Praisot
I The reigning monarch of Abyssinia j
j cuts off the noses of those who take j
; snuff and the lips of those who smoke, j
Ot ! 44 Lies ! I53s TJrs !"
I V>> or, foaf rriTT frip'wl for if VO!lTrOnld Sflft I
; the strorij:, healthy, blooming ni*D, women j
! and children that have been raised from beds i
of i of sicklies-*, suffering and almost death, by the \
or ' use of Hop Bitter.-, you wonll say, " Truth, j
lP j glorious truth." Seo" "Truths" in another!
^ | column.
to i Frozen meat is being shipped from '
m ! Australia to England with success.
d. j
" ! It Is s!ran:;c any one will suffer from derangements
. brouiht on by imnr.re blood. when SCOVILI/S SARSAi'.r
l'Aiur.i.A AN'DSTn.i.ixntA.cr blood and liveb
th SYRUP will restore health to the physical organization.
It !s a strengthening syrup, pleasant to take, and the BEST
> BLOOD Pl'KIFIlii: ever discovered, curing Scrofula,
at Syphilitic disorders. 'Weakness if the Kidneys, Erysipelas,
nt jlaiaria. Nervous disorders, Debility, Bilious complaints
^.g and Diseases of the Blooil, Liver, Kidneys, Stomach,
i Sd.u. etc.
? 0 J
j Ecley'M Carbolic Tree lies prevent all conta3P
1 gious disease.*", such as Diphtheria, Scarlet Fever,
re ! Whooping Cough, and cure Coughs and Colds,
re j Pleasant to the taste and a good disinfectant.
Sd t
To CURE Croup. Spawns, Diarrhcea, Dvsenterv and
)IC Sea Sickness, taken internally, and GUARANTEED
^ I !>erfectly harmless; also externally. Cuts, Bruises,
? Chronic Rheumatism. Old Sores, Pains in the limbs,
a- bade and chest. Such a remedy is De. TOBIAS'
in i j sTNo one once trying it will ever be without it:
as j over GOO physicians use it. j
US ' 25 Ceatu will Bay a Treatise upon" iibe j
kg | Horse and his Diseases. Booh of 100 pages. Valuable '
. j to every owner of horses. Postage stamps taken.
!at| Sent postpaid by NEW YORK NEWSPAPER UNiON,
31- j ?-10 Worth Street New York.
116! 5
re S u
I Deef Cattle? Med. Nat.livo wt. 9 @ 11%
116 ! Calves?Good to Prime Teals.. 5 (gi 9
cip * @ 5M
ds ' ijanibs 6%
,ir. Hogs?Live 7
'A | Dressed, city...'. ?>>[email protected] %/i
i ?irv <rrwvl to fancv 6 SO (ct 8 50
>d. i ' West'eni/g'od to choice 7 10 @ 9 00
I Wheat?No. 2 Bed 1 55%@ 1 56%
No. 1 White 1 51%@ 154
! Rye?State iW @
nv i Harlcv?Two-rowed State 85 @ oJ
la i Corn?UnaradedWesternMixed 63 @ 76%
L ' i Southern Yellow 72%@ 73
' ! Oats?White State 52 @ 56
lis J - Mixed Western 43 @ 47
.it ; tlav?Timothy 90 @115
ffi. i Straw?"So. 1, Rye 65 @ 75 j
j Hops?State, 1S81 22 @ 26
J i L'ork?jless, new, lor export...19 75 @20 00
! Lard?City Steam 12 40 @12 40
tie | lie.ined 12 72%@12 72%
ica Petroleum?Crude 7 @ 7l/t .
j Kelined 7%@ 7% t
, ' Butter?State Creamery 28 @ 36 j
>0. : Dairv 23 @ 26 ]
li, Western Im. Creamery 21 @ 27
be ! Factory 13 @ 18% j
c]j I Cheese?State Factory 10 % 13
j OK1U13 ...... w
, I Western 8 @ 12
>ie ! Eg;:??State and Penn -~Yt? 23
lie ! Potatoes-Early Eose.*tate.bbl 2 00 @ 2 75 j
,-y " BCFFALO.
Steers?Extra 6 25 @ G 75 i
* Lambs?Western 5 00 @5 65 j
s'" Sheep?Western 4 00 @ 4 40 ;
ic-r ! Hogs, Good to Choice Yorkers.. 6 50 @ 6 70 j
;e j Flour?C'vGronnd, No. 1 Spring 6 75 @7 25
' ; Wheat?No. 1. HardDuluth.... 1 59%@ 1 GO i
)r,? Com?No. 2 Mixed 72^@ 72^ i
j Oats?No 2 Mix. ^'est 50 @ 50 !
ch. ; Barley?Two-rowed State 90 ? 90 j
"j Leer? Extra plate and family.. 14 50 @15 00 J
1 Hop??Live 7%@ 1% |
lf" ; Hogs?City Dressed S%@ 9
t a : iY>rk?Extra Prime per bbl... .1G CO @1G 50
or ! Fio;:r?Spring Wheat Patents.. 8 00 @ 9 00 '
PT1 ; Cora?Mixed and l'ellow 7G @ 77 !
- I Oats?Extra White 54 @ 57 j
j Rye?State 115 @ 115 !
21*- j Wool?Washed Comb & Delaine 44 @ 46 !
d- ' Unwashed " " SO @ 31
' ! Beef Cattle?Live weight 5 @ G%
f? I Sheep 4 @ 5%
id | Lamus 5%@ G}? |
he : Hogs, Northern 9 *@ 9 j
j i Flour?Penn. Ex. Fanulv, lair. 7 50 @ 7 50 j
, ! Wheat?No. 2 Eed ." 1 49 @ 1 55 I
)le j itye?State 1 00 @ 1 00 !
ed Corn?State Yellow 7G%@ 77 I
" - * a*i, l
] wT.ih?AllXeU HV ""74 !
Ikittor? Creamery Extra. Pa.... 85 @ 36 j
Cheese?New York Full Cream. 13 @ 14 j
: Petroleum?Crude 7% j
l?e ! llefined 77% j
SB i : . "T |
s| ^ I
nd |
re-! Female? Weaknesses.
*63T '
' _ j Xo better remedy in the whole materia medicahaa
; yet been compounded for tbo relief and cure of ,
j Female Complaints, of the ordinary kind, than |
lid Vf.gchse. It seems to act in these cases with nn- !
| wonted certainty, and never fails to give a new and j
-Jf j healthful toco to the female organs, to remove re- :
'tQ j taxed dfibiJity ar.d unhealthy secretions, and restore |
6T j a healthful vigor and elasticity. One of the most j
r ? ! common of these complaints is Leucorrhtta < r j
.' j Whites, which are brought on either by the presence j
; of Scrofula in the system, or by some affection of the ;
lit | womb, or even by general debi'ity. For ail these :
rv j complaints, and wh"n <lan;,r>-r Region to threaten j
. v.oasan at the l.trn of life, Yix.-tixe can be com- ;
A* ! minded without'jualification. The great prevalence j
0 l ' f these disorders, and their cure by Vegetbje, has i
00 anipiy shown that the sure alleviating agent remains ;
_ cot y<-; to be discovered, but is already known, and
'* j is a favorite %vitii American ladies. Too long has it J
V ! beent he custom to prescribe nauseating and uncer- '
ed 1 tain remedies in place of what is pleasant, efficacious
.k to c.irry you safely through -ad disc3ee.
en i
Jc- A Splendid Medicine?Heart and Kid- !
^ ney Disease, Female Weakness* j
ut GuiGGSvrLi.r, 111., July 25.187x. !
ID- It. Stevens, l>o>ton?Dear Sir: I was aiUictt.i
v.-'h llnifl .lud Hi'iHey ?, iirrl other Fttiuti* \
Ih-ss-'x, ;i;jd doctored wi; h several physicians and
jr. r i i ived no beneat until I tried your Ykc.i.tinf., .iad
a:t'T :ai;ns two bottles I was completely cured,
jr, an 1 hav?: been a bealthv woman e-.<-r since, aUhouch
j an: it: inv Gilth year. I do heartily r-.-conuuend it as
a s;0?-2idid niodkim* to all atihcted as I have bleu, '
f>f1 ana 1 biess ihc day that it 1>11 into m<- hands.
J1* MKS. il.ua i HOUSON.
Q t _____
|i Yegetisie.
H. R. STEVENS, Boston, Mass,
, Vegetinejs Sold by All Druggists.
.. The Pulse.
? one knows what a norma!
/it is a variable element. The
? , table may be of interest:
Not even> , , . ,
i _ v * newly-born infant. 130 to 140
ffj: ? S 1st year 115 to 120
following*^, od year 100 to 115
Pulse in tht^^ ?e&T , 95 to 105
Pulse durinj ? 'th to -^th year 80 to 95
Pulse during ? 14th t0 21st year 75 to 80
Pulse during! : 21st to 60th year 70 to 75
Pulse during 75 to 80
Pulse dnrinja -aatory or acnte diseases the
pU|^ 4U:"fji jise to 120 or even to 15# in
pulse may ra
the adult, and become so u. ^ - ? j
the child that it cannot be counted. .
Muscular exertion, mental excitement, I
digestion, alcoholic drink and elevation
above the sea level, accelerate the
pulse, and, as a general rule, it is more
frequent in the morning than in the
evening. It is lower in sleep, and from
the effect of rest, diet, cold or bloodletting.
The pulse of a grown woman
exceeds that of a man of the same age j
as much as ten to fourteen beats a minute.
and according to some authorities
is less frequent in the tall than in the
short person, the variations being about
four beats for each six inches of height.
Only Hair A lire.
There are hosts of men and women who, to
coin a phrase, are only half alive. That is to
say, they have seldom" if ever any appetite, are
nervous, weak, firfgetty and troublcu by numberless
small pains and aches. In the presence
of vigorous, exuberant vitality they seem mere
pigmies. Sach persons are usually fond of
frequently dosing themselves, swallowing in
tiie coarse of the year enough drugs to stock
any apothecary's shop of average dimensions.
This, of course, defeats instead of furthering
the end in view, viz., the recovery of health and
vigor. Were they to seek it from an unfailing
source of vitality," Hostctter's Stomach Bitters,
how diflerent would be their case. Tlien vigor
* * ' A- ? ? fr-n-nnno !
\VO':!U return to meir uouluuku ?w
slow of health to their wan cheeks, their trembling,
uncertain gait would grow firm and
clastic, appetite, that grandest of all sources,
would gi\e a relish for the daily food, were it
ever so coarse, and refreshing slaep would
crown the tasks of the day. Miraculous
escape: A few mornings
ago Mose Schaumburg. on returning
from market with a basket full of
spare ribs for bis Sunday dinner, was
horrifjed at seeing four or five of Lis
children leaning half way over the
second-story window. "Schildren,"
exclaimed the ercited parent, "go vay
irom dot window. Yen you all falls
out and preaks your necks den you
vill say it vas not you vot done it.
Go pack, I dells you."
Not a Beveraee.
"They are not a beverage, but a medicino,
with curative properties of the highest degree,
containing no poisonous drugs, fhoy do not
*- ??* '1 "*" ?n olr<Mj?Tr /IfclinitotPfl svstem. but
I'CiVl uunu MU y
build it up. One bottle contains more hops,
that is, more real hop strength, than a bar cl
of ordinary beer. Every druggist in Rochester
sells them, and the physicians prescribe them."
?Rochester Evening Express on Bop Bitters.
The man who gets into a pickle isn't
always sharp.?Lowell Citizen.
Fob dyspepsia, indigestion, depression ot
spirits and general debility in their various
forms, also as a preventive against fever and
ague and other intermittent fevers, the
Fereo Phosphorated Er.ixip. of Calisaya Bass,
made by Caswell, Hazard & Company, New
York, and sold by all druggists, is the best
tonic; and for patient recovering from fever
or other sickness it has no equal.
Yegetixe.?The great success of the YegercrE
as a cleanser and purifier of the blood is
shown beyond a doubt by tho great numljers
who have" taken it, and'rcceivcd immediate
relief with such remarkable cures.
25 Cents Will Buy
a Treatise upon the Horse and his Diseases.
Book of 100 pages. Valuable to every owner
of horses. Postage stamps taken. Sent postpaid
by New York Newspaper Union, 150 W oith
Street," New York.
Bed-Bags, Roaches,
Rats, cats, mice, ants, flies, insectB, cleared out
by "Bough on Bats." 15c., druggists.
Petrolia, Pa., Jan. 5, 1S79.
Messes. Kzsszdy <? Co.:?My hair is growing
out so fast that I can almost see it growing myself
through the use of your Caddolixe.
(Tills engraving represents ti? JbBBgsf&ftbealtlirstate.}
For Conrfcs, Cold!*, Cronr, Bronehlric and all
other affections of the Throat and LUNGS?, it
stands unrivaled and utterly be vond all competition.
It approaches so near a specific that " Ninety-five "
per cent, are permanently enred where the directions
are strictly complied with. There is no chemical
or other ingredients to harm the young or old.
J. N. HARRIS & CO., Proprietors,
N Y y u?ti ,
Macaclay'sEis-O Taine's History of is rut J?i
? eury or England. |l?o?. Lltcraturo. I i'ce li irri:i,ie
- i > l'so 12mo vois. { glSmoroL bandiOmtly y utaj'-jn*
*'y zLi'.h:onl> Ji.uu*"' bound, for ouly oO co>. ai ?c. i
MANHATTAN EPOS CO, 18 W. 14th St, K.Y. P.O. Box ?K0.
TimTflU The Strongest, Cheapest and most
A ?jl" V1J Patented July. 1881. Steel Posts fo!
Wire or Board Fences will last a lifetime.
If vou would save money or desire emrloymeat
send for illustrated circular. Address
A. TODD, Pultneyvillc, Y?
c;y war wasts jfoxrr: r?>??u*oW.
U roi rrxat * Luxor.a.ct tnowticht, fiowiof
PTC w'ui-icera or a lie*** crowtJi of hair on b*ic V
INVIGORATE the HAIR aajvr.er* don't I^huiafcuyrniL
IrrtherroAt Sp*niin diwrcr? whkh L>> MEV?& YET
FAILED. StadONLY MX C?NT3 to I*. J. <.ONZAL?2,
2cz 1C4D. &*coo. Ma*?. of til ;rri?ailoao.
Fi 5t? SB gsa f ^ sknd your AODEES8 to Solo MansFZ
Jta S'C B w nfactmvr*. 330 7th Av<?.. N. Y.
e:*; T^^i"hacUi3? articlesin cfteworld: lsajnpl* r'/et,
Y fw/wtl' Adtoiss Juy Brouiua. Detroit. Mich.
? 3 a AGENTS. Outfit free. Address
a I a P. O. Vtckery. Awgrmtn, Mo.
Q A T T,dMT5,T9r WANTED to sell Stationery
Ijii in iO.il .CiX< <joo<js oncommission. Send
stamp for terms. PHCENIX PUB. CO.. Warren. Pa.
>77 A Ca:a:c?ue free. A<!J??. S:aoaarO
* J* A AsiTicauj T'tlthCc. J'itUberg)i.P3.
^TTO-G ??volver*. C&uiocn* frtc. iutdn^
^5T U X\S O Grot Vert. Gen ITerfa. Plmbcneb, P*.
C* "70 A liliK.. $12 & day ai tsoiae easily made. Coetij
?J 1 L. 1/1,1', TSTT, J. Cj\ lT.rrr.o?a
^M ? ?i !> ii nit,, wad
I Iff! iii} SliJf! IE *if
i 11 if ^WS P 1 1,
1 to lifts & I ii
| j>r. ?.r^TTAr*rr, hzadachk pil
} r.Jiort time bor.h SICK arid ZS'URVOUS
t th? r.crvo::-; system, clconsc the Eton:
I regclar iiscUhy action of the bcvrels,
1 A f::il sl^o ix>x of these valuable P"
3 T.-Iete caw. 3nai:-;?i to any address on.
cLamr?' ^~cr salo "by all'dra^Ist*; at
| Used and approved by the kstKn*
* i' mi-iu ??m? ^
| The most Valuable
CcBghi, Cclds, Sere Threat, Croup a
?~Try them. ?5 and ?0 cent ijtt a
The Cincinnati Enquirer lately published '
the following horse story, -which we give
just as it appeared: WA curious instance xjli
of sagacity in the horse occurred recently '
in the stables of Mr. A Tough man, situated i f: '
on North Elm street Mr. T. has for a long ;C%
time been in the habit of using St. Jacobs . - i
Oil, the Great German Eemedy, in his ex- .
tensive stables. Among Sir. T.'s many
horsesis a great,powerful Canadian draught ???,:
horse. This animal in course of time got
T.^ he 1""^ the St. Jacobs CTtl
. .. -uc./ "^Wxom Dusmess,
bottle very well; so well',
recently on Mr. T.'s return'..?
upon entering the stables he '^ught^PBjlMMBjS
licking the sore shoulder of a beast whim
stood beside him: the animal, giving a wise ; w
v?, W
survey to his licking work, turned his head
and caught up with his teeth from the box <38^ J
used as its receptable a bottle of St. Jacobs
Oil. He threw the bottle on the floor sis?
with violence enough to break it. and then W&B
deliberately licked up the St. Jacobs Oil
??we have
ClUQ UppiICtl it Lij iuv/ vuvi ? 7 seen
the laws of association belied by beings
with less sense than Toughman's horse.
The word has passed among us, and when ,-^r
we see a man who won't try the Oil, we . i
say, * He is worse than Toughman's hoise.'3 ' ; 3
To many this may appear as a very " tough "
story; and were there not proofs innumer- * ' ;-}?
able of the efficacy of the Great German
Remedy they would be justified in so
designating it The testimony, however, is 33
plentiful and pointed, and is from people 4K
whose long experience in matters appertaining
to horseflesh entitles their opinions - to
profound consideration and respect.
Egr ofbusiness-weak- Wtw man of let- v
n ened by the strain of WW ters toilii; ?r over m Id- M
your duties avoid Bff nlgit wort, to res- B aB
stimulants and use W tore brain nerve and BE nF
9 Hop Bitters. E waste, use Hop B. g
M d^n^o!n0or0<tosipaBaoa^^S?aremar- B ?-*
rlcd or single, old or B young, sneering from B
9 poor health or languish Ifing on a bed of sick
ness, rely on H o p jg Bitters.
I Whoever you,are, ipffv Thousands die an- B % *
n whenever your feel iljfc f? nnally from some B
8 that your system afeji form of Kidney H
9 needs cleansing, ton- 425^t>disease that might B ?*
?? heen nrevcnied H ! C."
B lw? or stanmauaif, w*
withoutintoxicating, ^S'^by * timely use of
taho Hop fr?-r??< HopBttters V
BAreyvadv?- '^HK
pepsia, 0. I. C.
or urinary com- ?:r???? . "
plaintf disease iHi . Qg|
as I hop ?gg -m
Y^<7iH De W^nmrnft tobacco,or
ekes ftBnTFRS mL
If yon are sim- Wl Ul1 _,So]dbydrag
ply weak and |1J iirwro gjsts. Scndta? -/m10vrspirited,try
3 NEVER areolar. -V;?|
itt It may ||| hop Brmss
save your 8 LA V "~?
life. It hii ? f/\I L XTa ^Js
saved hun- M. Bot?ea*r,z.T.
CJredS. jBHBBBMiB 4 Toronto, Oct. ?Vj
if? MloMe Depot, |d
Hn|! 465 FULTON ST., '
Iijortait to tie Mifls of America,
cure EVEBY FORM OF DISEASE known to J- .
man. without medicine, changes of diet, or occnpa- "V
tion. 200,000 PERSONS, once HELPLESS INVA- a.
LIDS, are now rejoicing In the blessings of EE- . --" 7<?L,
All checks and postofflce orders for "XTILSOSIA" 2SsB
suits must be made_pavable to WIT. wjiSON, 465 - .-: w
Send for circulars, price list and other memoranda >& ,J. aS
regarding the "WILSOXIA."
we give from the list of thousands of " WILSONIA" ?
patients the following . ^feSSfs
Tjr-DTJTrcTrv^ATrvT', REFERENCES: " -23
Hon. Horatio Seymour, XT tics, V Y.; Hon. Peter 35253?
Cooper. Hon. Thurlow Weed, Commodore C. K. Gar- - vsJjjS
rison, General S. Graham, Judge Levi Parsers, of '
N. Y. City; J. B. Hoyt (merchant). Snrcce St., N. Y-; 'lig&A
D. V. Fairweathor. (merchant). Spruce St., If. Y.; E.
B. Stimson (merchant). Spruce lit., Is. Y.; Thomas K I
Hall. 164 Clinton Ave.. Brook)-n: Colonel Bayard *4
Clark, 54 E. 49th St.K.Y.; Hon. John Jlitchell (treasnrer),
Brooklyn: Mn. B. Eobb.-'fJS W> cfcoff St. JtTtlya. j
Cyclopedia War. A
The great Library of Univ*i>al Knowledge rtM
now completed, large type edition, nearly 40,000 /
topics in every department of human knowledge, <
abont 40 percent, larger than Chambers' Encyclopedia,
10 par cent, larger than Appleton's, 20 per cent. . * fl
larger than Johnson's, at a mere fraction of their t M
cost. Fifteen large Octavo Volumes, nearly 13.000 x
page*, complete in cloth binding. 813: in half Jww
Ma, 820? in foil library sheep, marbled edges, 839*
Special terms tociub* , ?^ ?'
$10,000 REWARD >? Viffl
and August. Send cnick for specimen pages and -i-*t < M
full particulars to AilERICAN BOOK EXCHANGE,
Jobs B. aides, Manager. 764 Broadly, New Yod?.
IE! IS ?i I
Parson*' Pnrgativn Pill* niake New Kick Ja
Blood, and will completely change the blood in the j
entire system in three months. Any person who ;J
will take one pill each night from 1 to 12 weeks m*v be > "." J.sS
restored to sound health, if such a thing be possible. '- -.-i
Sold evervwhere or sent by mail for 8 letter stamps. --V
I. S. JOHNSON & CO., Boston,
iormerly Bnngor, >lc. I
5,00C Ajrent* Wanted for Ute of ^
t contains the full history of his noble and eventfo fl
life and dastardlv assassination. Millions of peopl
are waiting for this book. The best chance or rote.
life to make money. Beware of "catchpenny "iasi
ta: ions. This is the only authentic and folly illuttrated
life of our martyred President Send loi
circulars and extra terms to acents. Address . B
NATIONAL PUBLISHING CO., Philadelphia. Pa. ?
"Pat Ss.ll fl 1 PTQ for Fathers, Mothers, Widow* ^ JH
* 001Ui.CAo, Cmldren, etc. Thousands yet
entitled. Pensions for anvwound or disease. Bounty H
yet due to thousands. Pensioners entitled to Increase
of Pension. New laws and decisions. Tints ?JB
limited. Apply at once. Inclose two stamps for
laws, blanks and instructions.
? TT O * H- ?'ELSTON & CO- jm
Box 72.->. U. S. Cuum Arroaxrrgg. Washington. D. C.
?aWMDO! si
end aoTT to cso, U fully I'Jutrated, ?xpUls?J and bletiy nocoa
mtrdedia Nct. No.. UTS^pi<e4C
Seed tor It. PurtibU, low < yr'v7l ?~. h-rr-imtttr
power. Nctdfd tiff&nMn In ^esrj, OooJ besides* fot
\7Ia:?r c.- Srrmmrr tsd Tery proSfdhl*. XUkesw*]}* tecaitboi S|
roci *arwheri, W? w*at tb* naiae* et roes tfcat dm4 wdfe
Send sump fnr niiutrsted price !l*t ind terms to Juceoti
Ke^oWcQIsaTstgCc., 23 Sa? Start, gry?gt,^S.l
Fac-Simues 01 u. s. ireasr
Consisting of nine exact Imitations of United State
Treasury Notes, and nine of National Bink Bills, L
in all. or various denominations. As a rare and In
Cutaneous means of detecting counterfeit mone. |H
tbey are invaluable. Price. $2 a package. L.A IB
3IAYHT5W & CO., New lJork cky/PO. Box
IPs 1 AC* ?.'S>Pw 1
El 0 B 0:10 Package-four
JbJLWKJ* doses?win cure In ev
ery case. Price one def
lar. Sold by Druggists or sent by mall. DR. JL. H, H
HARRIS, Pittsburgh, Pa.
S5 to S 2 C*?y,da.y at home. Samples worth Wfroe.
^ AUU*qWiJUJ?BW awu*vn.anui^.tiiwi.
ADELIGUTITL SrrUATIOJr.ffte torn malaria.?p!eadid
buildings, elegant *ppoia:3H?oLj. unequal!*! fae::>- ties,
t'cillful pbyiidac*. ill chronic di??a.?? *aceet?fnl!y ?
treated. Moderate rate*. -SiCTttOTxMeOrtAlCA
YAHNft MPN If you wooldieara Telegraphy i<- H
lUUriU mCI* four months, and be certain of t
situation, address Valentino Bros.. JanesviUe. Wis. K
A LLEX'S Brain Fc<>d*mresN'emrasDeMEty<^
yi. Weakness of Generally' Orcan*. SI?aHdrufm-sw; > .
Send for Circular. Allen's Vhartnaey.313 Firstav.jf. Y.
A-jSEXj?WAX3!EO>fop Jbo-Bpet ?*-ggga?fe
ii Sellini: Kctoiial BoofcrSSd Bibles. Prices reduced
83percfc. National P^htlshirg Co., Philadelphia. P> jfl
ecC a week in yocr own town. Terms and 45 ontfl*"^
?? free. Add's H. EjCtxett& Co..PortIan<lMaln<>
FORSlOadayadd's W.E.Bowditch, Boston. Mm C^fl
? jfl
LS euro mo3t Tronderfolly In a very
HEADACHE; and while acting on 9|
acli of excess of bile, produces: a
Ainifiih m
ILLS, Trlth fall directions for a coir- I
rccoipt of nino three-ccni postage I
Hoc. Sole Proprietors,
COMPACTS:, Soltlcaore, hZd. ^
^^IVasdine Cold Cresca,
Treatment oil VaseEae '
OojijjS, BUBSB, ^3jeiiae Toilet Scass, ."^SSS
TS, Uliil.ELAlNi, ronpotWtctayriaUarMefe - "^v
i^TK vaseles c?m, . f
Ad Diphtheria, etc. An a?r eeabia form of takp
r ell onr goods. ' ingVudineiattniaBy.
a EiFosrnoy.1??(j i i -^Sfll
dpmitiox. cqi??ee &c0..2jx - -jm
; ' -J

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