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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 09, 1881, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1881-11-09/ed-1/seq-4/

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- VN
Athes an a Fertilizer.
Unleached wood ashes contain all the
constituents of plant food that the ordinary
or worn out soil needs, except
nitrogen. By their chemical action,
tbey render much of ihe inert nitrogen
in soils available, and in that way may
be said to furnish nitrogen. This is true
? of lime, and on this power of making
nitrogen available, the greatest value of
lime, when applied as a fertilizer, depends.
Ashes also have a good mectian
ical effect upon the soil, especially heavy
clay soils, which are mile lighter and
more porous, so that air and water circulate
more freely. Ashes do not suffer
waste by being washed out, to the extent
ihat is true of the more soluble and
concentrated fertilizers sold in the
markets?their effects are therefore
more lasting.
I'aclting Fruit in Krai:.
Using wheat bran for packing tender
specimens of fruit, to prevent bruising,
lias been long practiced, but an improvement
b?.s been made by which, in
addition to this protection, the fruit is
preserved from decay. The bran is
slightly charred by a patented process.
"We are informed that delicate Califor*
or?/1 rvlnma TiQVA T1 fill! 8
i?i<b aua v ? ? ?.
j-hipped East with safety, and that the
caibonized bran prevents decay long
enough for the fruit to be sold off gradually
as wanted; but the claim that
ripe peaches may be thus kept till
Christmas will doubtless be found to
fail, as they have enough of the elements
of decay within them to prevent
- so desirable an attainment.? Country
fet niiht nv.d Verbenas.
Nothing is more easily grown and
there is nothing more showy for the
lawn or "front yard" thar a bed of petunias.
The small flowered sorts, of
which the blotched and striped are the
best, are the most profusf of bloom; but
* ~ -rA i" nro CAAfiA-n
my UW?VCJ~S> Ui IJLIare
of the largest s:z9 and deepest
color, some sort being or the richest
violet-purple, othfrs are beautifully
veined, and one cvrious kind is crimson
with a broad margin of green. Petunia
seed nay be rovu either in the open
ground or earlier in a frame or in boxes
in the house. When the plants are
transplanted co the bed where they are
to bloom, they should be set at least
eighteen inches apart in order that they
mav become fully developed.
Verbenas are ranch used for beading,
and tnose grown irorn seea usuruj give
much better satisfaction than these
from cuttings. This, because they are
healthier and of stronger growth, flower
more profusely, and are also quite fragrant,
especially the light-colored sorts.
The teed germinate slowly but surely,
and it is best to get them started as eariy
as possible. Cove: them about a quarter
of an inch deep and take care to keep
the soil moist and warm until they germinate,
which will be in about two
weeks from sowing. It is a common
mistake to set verbena plants too thickly
in the beds, especially seedlings, which
should have at least two leet oi space,
or even more if the soil is rich, as it
should be to produce an abundance of
fine flowers.?Farm and Garden.
A. fnlly developed spavin had better
be left alone, as in such a case nothing
can be rained by treatment. When the
ailment is discovered early, or treatment
is begun before any material disorganization
has taken place, success
may attend the treatment and a stop
put :ts progress. There is no positive
cure Tor spavin ; that is, the horse
can never be made sound again. All
th*t may be accomplished by any
method of treatment consists in a cessation
of lameness; but to all intents and
purposes the horse remains spavined;
for the uaiiy of the small bones, result
ing from rhe disease, can never again be
~ dissolved. Vprions remedies are employed
for tlit-. purpose of alleviating
the condition, among which is the application
of blisters, setons and the hot
iron. The insertion of one or two tape
?setons along the inner side of the diseased
hock joint is sometimes followed
by better result i than either blistering
or firing. But great care is necessary
in the application of setons at that place,
lest the joint should accidentally be
pnnctureU by the seton needle. If
? - * ~ y?Q"tr y&ma'.r> ir>
CSC tV/US 2?1~C? UOCVl mixzj uiaj ?.**
s ;rted during, a month. Sometimes a
repetition of blisters may be sufficient,
such as ointment of Spanish fly, one
part of the pondered Spanish fly mixed
with four parts of hog's lard, and to
which is added a little oil of turpentine;
or an ointment made of one part of biniodide
of mercury ^ith twelve pircs of
hog's lard. If firing is resorted to blisters
may be applied simultaneously?
that is, immediately thereafter -and
should then be applied to a large sur4ace.
When a blister is applied the
^ ' tail should be tied up dTiring the day of
_ blistering. Generally the bony enlargement
of spavin will remain after any
method of treatment, as well as more or
less stifiness of the hock joint, in consequence
of the permanent nnity of two
or more of the bones of which the joint
is composed.?Prairie Fanner.
Itaiberry and : tra wherry Culture.
A correspondent in the Farm avd
Fireside says: In reply to yonr inquiry
in regard to the best methods of culture
of the small fruits named, and whether
it is best to set the plants this fall or
next spring, our experience j astmes us
in saving that fail planting is much the
best and will increase the yield of the
strawberry crop quite materially, but
?*r ill- not- -that of the raspberry, as the
plants must first have one month's
growth. Whether the land i3 in sod or
not manured heavily, plow deeply,
harrow thoroughly and let the land lie
fallow. By tlltt middle of October cross
plow lightly and furrow out?letting
the rows be six feet apart one way and
three feet the other. For blackberries
- * ? ^
let tue rows dc seven upaiu ajj.
each crossing fet a blackberry cr red
raspberry plant, setting tbem about as
deep as they stood before tiiey were
taken from the nursery. The "tip" of
tbe black raspberry plants are usually
set. Let the crown?that is, where the
stem leaves the mass of fine roots?be
^?gcTtw? inches below the general level
of tbe surface soil. Just before winter
sets in throw a shovelful of well rotted
n; mure over each lull. Cultivate frequent
ly the next season. One row of
early ro*e or other early maturing varieties
of potatoes can be grown midway
l>et ween the rows of raspberries or blackberries.
About, ihe time the potatoes
are ready to dig, cut or pinch back the
tops of the plants to a uniform height oi
t.?oandaha!f feet. After the potato
crop is removed top dress heavily with
well rotted manure,cultivate thoronghlv
and sow turnip seed broadcast. If
practicable mulch the plants just before
winter with some well rotted manure
and use the turnip tops alone. As to
the strawberry plants set them in regufWrco
a half feet ar>art and
AC?l XV ?- ? , _-x_ _ .
one foot apart in the row. This is for
field cn]tnre. Set the plants at any
time from tiie middle of August to the
middle of October. When winter sets
in half conceal the plants with wheat
straw or corn stalks, which may be gathered
up where the fodder is used foi
feeding stock. There is less danger oi
injuring the plants if the corn stalks oi
sorghum bagasse is used instead ol
straw. Plants ara frequently smothered
> by applying too much straw, but this
"vldom happens where the corn stalks
or bagasto is used.
Floorinj* fur I'ocltrv IIoumfk.
In the construction of poultry-houses,
tho flooring is an important item. Th<
health and comfort of the fowls shoulc
be considered, without which the build
ings as well as the fowls, prove profit
ies?s. There are various materials ir
^ ? nse, such as wood, cement, bricks, as
phaltum, etc. The first mentioned is
objectionable, on account of its tendency
to absorb noxious odors of the droppings,
thas producing a disagreeable
aDd unhealthy stench. Where the
building is inclosed, ei ther with or without
the aid of the dirt-et rays of the sun,
dampness will uri-e Miid the stench js
t ~ !
I intolerable. A liberal sprinkling of;
i wood ashes, or, what is better, air- i
! slaked lime, will correct much of this.
1 Coal ashes are not so good. When they
i once become thoroughly damp, they
! never dry off, but form a sort of cement
; or plaster that with the accumulation
of the droppings, becomes slippery and
: disagreeable, especially in winter. So
long as the droppings freeze up solid
and remain so, it is well enough ; but
: if the building has a southern exposure
j of glass, this is not the case. During
the winter there will be few days when
the inside temperature at midday does ,
not rise to thirty-four degrees, even !
when the mercury outside will range
about zero.
Cement v, ill do very well if frequently
i (- If-ar'p*; off. but the best material :hnt
11 have jet come aTO?s is pavement of
! cobble stones, deeply imbedded in
gravel, and loose earth scattered over
| the top, which may be intermixed with
: an absorbent which is easily swept up
j with a stable broom and frequently re!
moved. This I have found the very
j best flooring for all purposes. The accumulations
are quickly and easily re;
moved, and a fresh absorbent added as
I often as necessary. In the corners of
i the apartment, where the droppings do
! not accumulate, will be found fine
; places for the fowls to wallow, which
! appears to be necessary to the growth
| and thrift of the fowl:?. Aquatic fowls
j cleanse themselves with water, and
| ifinn. Dims uu il wiui u.ucu? xoaczc
1 should be sufficient drainage in and
around the building to remove the surj
face water that is oftentimes troublesome
in late winter and spring, during
. sudden thaws. Dampness is a pretty
i sure precursor of roup, in its very worst
; and incurable stage, for it runs into
canker and eating sores that may for a
| time disappear, and to all appearance
j be cured, but will break out again.
The flooring of the poultry house is
1 the most essential part, since this
i breeds disease and death when in a
; filthy condition, and it behooves the
keeper to look well to it. The birds
themselves are helpless, and must suffer
if not cared for. First remove the
j droppings, then sprinkle liberally some
| dry absorbent, after which there may be
' scattered once or twice some drying
material, that will hold the stench and
; moisture. Food should never be
| thrown on the floor, where they snatch
| it up hastily, thus swallowing much
I unwholesome filth, but regular feed
J boxes should be provided, and the fowls
! be well supplied, that they may eat at
I lpisnrp. Mrreli darnaare is done by long
j fasting, and then feeding hastily. A
i supply of 'water should always be at
I hand, but the vessel should net overi
flow sufficient to cause a dampness
| about where they stand.
If constant humidity pervades the
i building, for which there is no escape,
i it causes disease. To this effect venti|
lators are frequently attached, but if not
I well situated, often do more injury than
| good by causing a draft. Fowls naturI
ally seek the ground, and do much better
whep using a ground fioor, but it
should be raised above the surface, and
have sufficient drainage. Stones collect
dampness, but there should be an
I aosoroeiit to ilOUl It. .a.JLir-?.lu.Acu uuic
! is the very best loose material that can
! be fornd for this purpose. The roost:
ing poles should have a scaffold underj
neath to catch the droppings, which, if
j daily removed, renders the cleaning of
j the floor quite easy. ? C. B., in Country
J Gentleman.
Household Hints.
Green tea will revive rusty black lace
I and render it as good as new.
| It is said that a few cloves, scattered
on buttery shelves, ana occasionally renewed,
will drive away ants.
Tarnished gold embroidery may be
j cleaned with a brush dipped in burned
j and pulverized reek alum.
j It is a good idea to have a dish of
sliced lemons for any kind of fish, and
I especially for those broiled or fried,
j Crackers, which have been kept in the
' house some time and have become soft,
| may be freshened by leaving them in a
I hot oven for a few minutes.
A Breakfast Dish.?Remove llie
skins from a dozen tomatoes ; cut them
up in a saucepan; add a little butter,
: pepper and salt; when sufficiently
j boiled, beat up five or six eggs, and
] just before you serve turn them into
! the saucepan "with the tomatoes and stir
j one way for two minutes, allowing them
time to be done thoroughly.
To Cook Eice. ?One of the best ways to
o'ook rice is to steam it; best because it
is no trouble ; all that is needed is to
be sure to put in plenty of water. If you
j wish for rice pudding and have not
planned for it hours before by cooiung
the rice in ihis way, you can have it in
a surprisingly short time. One cup of
rice will make croquettes and pudding
enough tor a family of lour.
Baked Tomatoes, (Southern mode.)?
. Prepare the tomatoes the same as for
I stewing; put in a deep dish; mis
j through the tomatoes plenty of bread
I crumbs or relied cracker, plenty of but!
ter; pepper and salt to taste; have a
! thick layer of the cracker on top ; bake
! in a moderate oven until of a good
! brown.
i Pat a ta Pr-ffs.?Take mashed oota
I toes and make them into a paste, with
I one or two eggs; roll it ont with a dust
j of flour and cut round with a saucer :
have ready some cold roast meat (an'
; kind), free from gristle and choppfd
I fine, seasor^d with e?it, pepper, thyjie
| or pickles cut up fine; piace then, on
| ohe potato and fold it over like a puff,
! pinch or nick it neatly around and bake
i for a few minutes.
NicoDEMrs Pop-Corn.?rufc into an
j iron kettle one tablespoonful of butter,
I three of water and one teacupful of
| white st)gar (pulverized is best); boil
j until ready to candy; then throw in
I three quarts of corn, nicely popped ;
! stir briskly until the candy is evenly
j distributed over the corn ; set the ketj
tie from the fire ; stir until it is cooled
a little and you have each grain sep|
arate and crystallized with the sugar;
care should be taken not to have too
j hot a fire, lest you scorch the corn when
i crystallizing. Nuts of any kind pre!
pared in this way are delicious.
A Touching Romanc?.
A poor young girl came one day into
j one of the bureaus of the Mont-de
! Piete of Puri3 to pawn a bundle of
' clothes upon which they gave her only
j three francs. For fifteen consecutive
i years she came regularly to pay the in;
terest on this modest sum, amounting
j to a few centimes, without having sufii'
j cient cash to redeem the clothes. The
; administration, struck by the care that
! she took to preserve this little deposit
1 of clothing, sought information concern|
ing her, and learned that working unj
ceasingly at her miserable home in a
; poor little deu, this ouvrisrc in linen,
| good and honest, was scarce able to
j earn enough to supply her daily living,
and that in spice of her roils and
; pains, she had never been able, in fifteen
year's time, to raise the three francs
i necessary to redeem her precious littli
j bundle. There was evidently in the
' -3 ~ trAVrton cr\
j UUHUUUV Ut tLilo \>vuiau, o\> irtvv*
. ! rious and so good, and } et beautiful, a
| noble courage which took its source in
I i noble sentiments. They requested her
| to come before the administration of
: the Mont-de-Piete, and there she was
[ I asked to take away, without payment,
5 : the modest bundle of necessaries of
i ! which she had been so long deprived.
; It then that they comprehended the
j beautiful spirit of this unfortunate.
i The little bundle was composed of a
! petticoat and a woman's ./Jc7; >i of some
; i cheap stuff. Scarcely war, it opened
[ , when she took these things in both
. j bands and covered them with kisses,
. | melting into tears. This "sas all that
t I was left to her by her poor mother who
: had died fifteen years previously, and
j in order to preserve these preciou.; relj
ics, she had borne religiously her pious
{tribute, as one goes to the cemetery to
; place flowers upon the tomb of a loved
j one on the day of a funeral anniversary.
j The President is a widower, but that's
not saying he will always remain one.
\ ' ~ *
y [
|M | s' |,m
GUkikg fop. the Sick.?Art one who j
Las been so sick as to require attention '
during the night, as well as through j
the daj, soon learr.s what a great dif- j
ference there is among night watchers. :
Under the care of one person, the j
patient will pass an uncomfortable j
night, while in the care of another, the i
night will be restful unci even pieasant. i
In country places, especially, we are ,
liable to lie called upon at any time to i
"sic up with" or to "watch" with a very j
sick leighbor. This is a friendly office j
which we should always be ready toper-'
form. But few families can well bear !
the expense of a hired nurse, even
where such is within resell, and even
where one is employed, it is usually
necessary that the care at night be j
given by volunteers. One should always
obey an invitation to watch with cheer- i
fulness, as he cannot know how soon he i
may need the Fame service himself, j
There are a few general rules which j
. should be observed by a'l who undertake
the care of a very sick person?
Always take a dressing-gown and slip-.
pers or in warm weather a thin coat
instead of the dressing-gown. In very j
r< iroofno- ,vi nor <7o near the sick i
person, until the clothing and hands are
| properly wgrmed. A person who is j
greatly prostrated, often has the senses j
; highly sensitive. The sense of smell,)
for example, is sometimes so exalted j
and acute as to notice odor3 that are j
not perceptible to the well.
I One of the important things for an ;
. intending watcher is (if his daily occu- i
pation is one that is likely to give a I
marked odor to the clothing) to change !
; throughont. Those who smoke should ;
! preserve the same precaution, as tne
: odor of stale tobacco smoke is most dis;
tressing to an invalid, even if he
1 smokes himself jjfcta^ing^
possession of the sick person for the"
night, learn the hours for ad ministering
' medicine and food, and write them i
; down. It is seldom the case that a sick i
j person should be roused from sleep to J
' take medicine ; but be sure and ascer-;
I tain what directions havo been given by i
: the physician in this respect, if the |
! patient is very ill never whisper in his j
presence ; if anything is to be asked of |
a member of the family, do it out of j
j the room. Avoid all unnecessary mov- j
| ing about, and all noise. If in winter, j
and the coal fire has to be replenished,
1 prepare beforehand Xer this by taking
1 some old newspapers and doing up the
I coal in parcels?do this outside of the
I room, of course. A parcel or coal thus !
I done up can be placed in a stove or I
' grate without making any noise. So j
where ice is to be given to the patient :
let it be broken up beforehand, and :
then, if ice is scarce and care must be i
j taken to preserve i-, put it in a soup j
| plate and cover it with another, then 1
place the plates between two feather;
pillows, and it may be kept for a long j
time. See that the heat from the tiro |
' does not fall unpleasantly upon the i
patient, and take care that the lamp is j
: properly shaded. In warm weather, |
when the windows are open, be careful i
of a sudden change daring the night, j
i and see that 110 drafts fall upon the sick j
| person. When medicine is to be given, !
; always mtasure and prepare it out of
the sight of the patient, so that he may
not be thinking of it beforehand. When
the watcher is a friend, the sick person
i is often tempted to talk, and thus inj
duce fatigue. If the arrangement of
the room allows it. the attendant should
| sit out of sight, but where he can hear
I the least whisper.
; The Caiie of the Feet.?What a vast
j amount of human suffering might be
: prevented did parents properlv care for
| the feet of their children, w e cto not
I now refer to the matter of cleanliness,
too often disregarded, but to those
points which affect the development of
I the feet, and directly concern the fu!
ture comfort o: the individual. Fortuj
nately the days in which the foot was
: squeezed into the smallest possible
; shoe or boot, have gone by. But life?
j long trouble may result from wearing
1 shoes that are too large. "When a shoe
j fits badly, and there is with every step a
i constant concussion of rubbing, the skin
i thickens at that point. At first this :
; trouble may belong only to the surface j
| skin or cuticle, but after a time the true j
I skin is affected, and in some cases even
! the muscles may become involved, and
j painfully diseased. These troubles,
! email owi wll ATI !
J larger and on the ball of the great toe,
| "bunions," and on the heel, "Ribes."
I All have the same origin, an undue,
! long continued local pressure, and are
j ail of ti-e same nature, being an at;
tprrmi to resist this pressure bv a thick
XT j. v
I ening and hardening of the skin, while
j the parts below become exceedingly
sensitive and painful. Corns of whati
ever kind may result from a pressure of
! too tight a shoe, or the frequent rubI
bing oi one that is too loose. Young
people should always have well fitting
j shoes, and if they wear woolen stock!
ings all the time, they will be more
j likely to escape corns than wilh cotton
i ones.
To rare corns, the first thing to be
i done is to remove the cause; that is,
J avcid the pressure. So long as the
j irviiating pressure exists, application of
! plasters, etc., will be of little service.
! A different shoe, one that does not
i touch and rub the part, will often effect
a cure. A thick buck-skin, with a hole
; cut to admit the com, and distribute
j the pressure to the surface around it
j will often afford relief. In a corn, not
i only is the skin unnaturally thick!
ened, But the fiesh below is irritated
! and sensitive, hence any remedy must
j first be directed to the removal of the
: hardened skin, which may be done with
} a razor, taking care always to not cut
too deep. Some corns extend downward,
like a peg, pressing upon the
tissues below; these are excessively
painful, and may give rise to serious
nlcers. In every city and large town
| there are skilled chiropodists, and
where a respectable one is at hand,
I it is better in such cases to con;
suit him. But avoidance is better
I than any of the many remedies, none of
j which can be effective so long as the
] cause remains. Soft corns between the
; toes are often distressingly painful.
These are also produced by undue pres!
sure, or by friction due to badly fitting
shoes; they are kept moist by perspij
ration, and are usually very sensitive,
i Thev are often cured ureirtrpTe^reafing
: a plug of cotton wool between the toes,
: which, by relieving the pressure, removes
the cause, and the care takes
place. Benefit is said to result from
wetting the cotton with tincture of
arnica, or iu spirits of turpentine, but
: having found the cotton alone efhca:
cious, we have not tried either.
A corn upon the sole of the foot
sometimes occurs. To c:-re this, wear
a large shoe or boot in which is placed
an insole of binder's board, thick pasteboard,
in which is to bo cut a hole,
| properly large juifc where the corn
i touches. This distributes tlu weight
| over the whole sole and relieves the
Children, especially boys, often suffer
greatly from chilblains. In their fondness
for winter sports, especially skat
mg, ciiuaren, it weir :oei are no- actually
frozen, let theci get very cold.
While the feet are very cold, they go
suddenly to the fire and warm them
The consequence is a derangement of
the circulation in the feet, and a painful
itching i nd burning, which are apt
j to return whenever the feet become
cool, and are afterwards warmed. In
cases where the system is not in good
condition, chilblains may become very
troublesome and require the care cf a
physician. It is said that- kerosene is
very efficacious in relieving the pain
from ordinary chilblains. "We have
found relief in the use of a wash of one
part of muriatic acid io seven parts of
water, but that was before kerosene
came into common use.
The nails of the toes should be
properly trimmed at frequent intervals.
Young people are apt to overlook this,
; and by neglect the nails, upon great
toes especially, get a curvature in-'
i wards that may cause great trouble in J
after life. Where the nails get this!
curvature, a tendency of the edges to !
j curve inwards and to form a cylinder,
they cause one of the most painful af- j
fections possible. This trouble often j
results from too short a shoe, and al-!
lowing the nail to grow too long. '
"Where the trouble is slight, the cutting
of the nail deeper at the center than at
the corners wili relieve it. If the nail
is very thick and hard, it should be
scraped in the center by means of a
piece ox broken glass, and when thin I
enongh, the corners may be lifted and
a bit of cotton or lint put under each
corner.?A qriculiuriit.
I"uk:io\vn Heretofore, it will not Return for
Thousands of Year*, if Ever?What Wan
I.,earne?l of it.
The great comet (Comet B, 1SS1) being
now, except in telescopes, a thing
cf the past, it may be ?ell to gather together
the results obtained by different
scientific men from their studies of it.
Tho comet was seen by the naked eye
in South America and Australia at least
a month before it was observed here.
It was then a much fainter object than
when it had arrived at its perhelion,
which "was about coincident with the
date of its northern discovery. Good
observatories exist at Rio Janeiro, Cordoba,
in South America, and at Mel
bourne and Sidney, in Australia. JLiie
observations of it taken in these places,
in its incipient stage, while not revealing
anything new as regards its constitution
or structure, have been valuable in deducing
the form of its orbit and its
identity with previous comets. The
northern observations have been more
varied and productive.
;ihe first of these was for the purpose
of gaining data for a computation of its
orbit. The results show that if it ever
returns it will only be after the lapse of
thousands of years. They also sbow
that if it has ever been here before
there is no record of it so well authenticated
as to identify the two objects.
Our comet maybe a fractional part of a
still greater cornet which long ago was
forced by some internal convulsion to
shift for itself, and which has since folIntcrwl
tlm nf if.s nn.rer;t throuffh
The second class of observations were
those going into the details of its physical
appearance. They have shown that
violent forces have been continnally
acting within, and render the disruption
theory probable. Great streams of
luminous gas wonld issue from the nucleus.
Envelopes would form themselves
around it and be dissipated. The
masses of haze surrounding it would
show ever-changing shapes, and all appearances
would indicate strong forces
operating witliin its mass, which forces
were stirred into life by approach to
the sun and diminished by recession.
The spectroscopic observations have
given, in the words of "William Hng/-linc
flia rr-aof T? n <-/! i c!l linflinvit.v in this
61U,;! J
line of work, the following results :
" Part of the light from comets is reflected
solar light, and another part is
light of their own. The spectrum of
tlii3 light shows the presence in the
comet of carbon, possibly in combination
with hydrogen." The nuclens is
probably solid, and reflects solar light,
just as the moon does, while the stream!
ers, the envelopes and the tails are
masses of carbon or hydro-carbon gasses,
! emitisg light of their own.
! Besides, the proof of the fact that
j cornels can be photographed, the results
! obtained by the camera in photographI
ing the comet itself are not very valuable.
But the photographs of the spectrum
are of the highest utility, afford
! ir.g the means of leisurely and certainly
j determining the position of the bright
j lines and the character of the substances
; which produca thc-m, and enabling
i spectroscopists to compare with one
: another their charts.
Such is a brief summary of results
obtained from the productive comet.
Xever was one more carefully observed
or by better observers or instruments.
; Nothing new as to comets in general
has been obtained, but old theories have
been established and a mass of observations
taken which someday will much
assist in settling the still enigmatical
question as to what the origin, nature,
and purpose of comets are.
lifJl.'i rencn JiaiiuiHi-utrc.
E. P. Clark is employing about 10
hands and making about 4,000 lead
pencils a day. He buys his cedar in
i Florida, and it is received here in slabs
of pencil length, of two thicknesses, one
for tbe lead to go in, and the other to
cover over it, as yon "will see by examining
the end of any lead pencil. Four
little grooves are sawed in the thicker
sla js. for the leads, which are kept in
hot glue and taken out one by one and
inserted in the grooves. Then the thin
| slab is glued to the leaded slab, and
thus united they are run through a
i molding machine, four pencils coming
! from each slab. After the ends are
rasped by an invention of Mr. Clark,
the pencils are run between grooved
wheels, at considerable pressure, for
the only finish they get. This burnishes
them, and they are then tied in dozens,
and boxed for sale, mostly in plain
| woods, and of three degrees of hardness.
! Ticonderoga graphite is used. It comes
! in a fine black powder, and is mised
i with German white clay, about half and
I half, and then ground with moisture,
i forming a paste. This is pressed in dies
into lengths of four leads, which are cut
and then baked at enormous temperatnre.
The pencils sell at 85 cents,
l 81.50 and $2 a gross, and they are good
} pencils, writing smoothly and evenly.
Mr. Clark says he makes 100 per cent.
J selling the pencils at 85 cents a gross,
j and the retailers make a good thing
selling them at a cent a piece. The
graphite costs 25 cents a pound and the
: clay little more thau the freight, and
i the more clay used in the lead3 the
harder they will be. Mr. Clark makes
several other small articles besides his
indellibie pencil, of which latter he sells
about $300 worth a month, and sends to
all parts of the world. The cedar used
for these pencils is cut from fallen trees
j in Florida swamps.?Hampshire ucizette.
Red Rainbows.
It may be remembered liow severelj
I Mr. Holman Hunt was taken to task foi
j depicting a rainbow of only one color
| ?red. We do not know whether Mr.
' Hunt attempted to justify himself; at
| all events it would seem from a corre
I spondence in Nature that he Deed have
fliad little difficulty in doing so. To
I last week's Nature .1 correspondent, t: A.
' M.," writes that while staving with Mr.
1 Tennyson at Aldworth, near Haslemere,
! on August 21, he, along with some of
the members of the family, saw about
sunset, stretching across the southeastern
sky, a well-marked rainbow of a
I uniform red or pink color, which Mrs.
| Tennyson compared to a "pink postage
! stamp." Ml*. David Murray, the artist,
1 writes to the current number that " A.
I M.'s rainbow" exactly corresponds with
I the same phenomeron <:as seen by Lim
, on the ?ime date at Ccrre, Arrari," and
; Professor Sylvanus Thompson writes
that he himself saw in July, 1877, over
the La^e of Lucerne, at sunset, a rainbow
showing only orange and red
colors. Professor Thompson also points
| out that in the copy of Raphael's
; " Madonna di Foligno " in the Dresden
i gallery, there is a semi-circalar red and
j yellow rainbow. Mr. Hunt hfte both
I nature and artistic precedent on his
I side.?Pad Jl[all Gaze'le.
The Xaa in the Moon.
The face, or disk, of the moon is
! brighter in seme places than at others.
! 'T'I-.q ^<,-.1- twis ovo sn nrrnnfrpd ns to
! represent the eye*, ncse and month of a
i man, and the whole disk represents the
. face of a human being. So the nicon
appears to us, but people in other couni
tries claim that they see other things in
j the moon. The Tartars behold a
" woodcutter, bearing on his back a
I hugeHmndle of wood, and supporting
i himseJf with a staff." The Japanese
| saj that\thev see a raVbit, in a sitting
! posture. ^PCis long ears stand erecf-, and
before him 2S a large mortar. In liis
forepaws he j&olds a pestle, and is generally
busy grading rice. But the teloscope
shows 'that the dark spots are
really hnge m^^sin for the
surface of the n^n ? ^>out as uneven
as that of the ea
' w
r.. "
Where the Nineteen Dead IVIen Who Have
U overned the United State* Were Lnid.
Washington's remains were in 1877 removed
from the old vault where they
had hitherto lain to a roomy brick vanlt,
simple and substantial. His body and
that of his wife are inclosed in coffins oi
"T^> - -A A AVlA VvAftVl'n/* on
X X> cli-ilit mutuic, unc uccuxxu.^
American shield, the other the words,
"Martha Washington." These are
placed in the vestibule of the vault
proper, which is closed against the public
with an iron gate. John Adams and
his son, John Qaincy Adams, sleep side
by side beneath the" Unitarian Churcl]
of Quincy, Mass., their wives with them,
The tomb is an apartment in the froni
part of the cellar, walled in with large
blocks of roughly-faced granite, and
j having for a door a granite slab sever
| feet by three, witli massive hinges and
I lock of wrought iron.. In the churcl
above, on either side of the pulpit, are
I tablets of clouded marble, each surmounted
by a bust and inscribed witr
the familiar epitaphs of the only fathei
and son that ever held the highest office
; in the gift of the American people.
Jefferson and his wife and claughtej
i were buried in a thick growth of woods
a few hundred yards to the right of the
I road leading from Charlottesville, Va..
to Monticelio, in a sma.ll private ceme!
tery ubout one hundred feet square. Il
: was time tnat its care snouia oe unaer
; taken by the public, for when the Nev;
: York World's correspondent visited tli<
, spot two years ago he found the inclo!
sure matted ^ith weeds, the wall.'
j breached, the graves trodden level witl
i the ground, and the coarse granit<
| obelisk over Jefferson's resting placi
I chipped and battered by relic-hunter:
i till onty two lines of the inscriptioi
! wM-fl f?p?ir>lierable. Madison reDOses ir
; such a scene and amid such surround
: insr" as the me^ion of his name woulc
' leJtrone to loook for. 'Montpelier, nea:
: Orange, Va., in the eenter of a softb
! picturesque region, is a fair and trin
estate, and the cemetery-lot in thecente:
of a level field, well kept and neatl;
turied. Erom a pedestal of four piece:
: rises a graceful and slender obelisk
; inscribed with Madison's name an(
! birth-date, while by its side a less loffa
j shaft marks the resting-place of th<
! fairest of Republican queens, Dolb
: Madison. Monroe's body reposes ii
Hollywood Cemetery, Virginia, on a]
| eminence near its extreme southwesteri
! limit, commanding a beautiful view o
Richmond and the James. Above th<
body is a huge block of polished Yir
ginia marble supporting a cofiln-shapec
block of granite, on which are bras
plates suitably inscribed. The whol<
is surrounded by a sort of gothic tempi
?four pillars supporting a peaked roof
I to which something of the appearand
of a bird-cage is imparted by filling i]
the interstices with iron gratings.
Jackson and his beloved wife Rache
; are bnned in a corner of the garden o
the Hermitage, eleven miles from Nash
! ville, on the Lebanon pike. The toml
j is a circular area of Tennesseee lime
1 stone, eighteen feet in diameter, ap
1 proached by three steps; eight fiute<
j columns support an entablature an<
! dome, surmounted by an urn. In th
| center of the area is a square suppori
! ing a pyramid. Jackson lies on the lefl
under a plain stone slab ; his wife o:
i the right. Magnolia trees encircle th
i grave, on which a small clump of hies
i ories cast tlieir shade. Van Buren's
! body rests in the center of the Va:
' Buren lot in the northeastern corner c
the cemetery at Kinderhook. Above i
is a plain granite shaft 15 feet higl
bearing a simple inscription about ha]
; way up one face. Inscriptions on tw
i other faces are in memory of his wif
j and their son, Martin. The lot is ur
: fenced, unbcrdered "unmarked by shru
! or flower. Harrison's body in 1879 la;
j in a plain brick vault on the summit of
hillock at North Bend, 0., fifteen mile
from Cincinnati. A thick undergrowt!
then covered the hillock, and the torn'
was not marked by a single letter. I
was understood that the body was to b
j removed to Spring Grove Cemetery, a
; Cincinnati. Tyler's grave is a turfe
| mound in Hollywood Cemetery, at Kiel]
! mond, ten yards from that of Monroe
j No stone marks it, though the State i
| ultimately to erect a monument abov
i the spot but a deodar and a magnoli
j stand sentinel over it, and it is sui
; rounded with flowers.
Polk's burial-place is in the garde:
I of the mansion he purchased on the ev
of his death. The site is the corner c
Vine and Union streets in the city c
Nashville, and the tomb is near the gat
- ?in the center of a smooth grass-pic
. round which runs a shell path of da:
: zling whiteness. The monument,' is c
i limestone?Doric columns supportin
the usual aichitrave, frieze, cornice an
attic. The monument proper is a ston
i rising some five feet from the floor an
i bearing the long record of Polk's publi
i services. In 1879 Taylor's body was s
; Cave Hill cemetery, Louisville, aw&i'
icg removal to Frankfort, where a sui
> | able monument was to be erected ove
! it, close to that which marks the res tin
j place of Eichard Mentor Johnson. Fil
more's grave is in the peaceful an
i pretty forest .Lawn cemetery, tnre
iniles north of Buffalo, almost upon th
! crest of its central liill. A lofty sha:
: of polished Scotch granite rests on
pedestal of the same material, supe:
> imposed on a base of Lockport ston<
; its only ornament, a slight moldin
running round the pedestal. It is ii
; scribed with "Fillmore" in large raise
I letters, and on the faces of the shaft ai
! inscriptions in memory of the Preside:
and the different members of his famil;
' The monument rises at the head of h:
grave; a great Norway spruce casts ii
1! shadow on the foot. Pierce's grave isi
the Minot inclosure, adjoining the ol
> i cemetery at Concord, N. H. Abuve it:
i i a monument of pure Italian marble,
;: spire with cap, die and plinth resting o
> a base of granite and surrounded by
1I draped cross. "Pierce" is carved o
the plinth, and there is a brief inscri]
i' tion on the panel of the die. His wii
and their two sons are buried near hin
i Buchanan's tomb is in Woodward Hi
cemetery, at Lancaster, Pa. It is ii
closed by a fence of black iron wit
; posts of mottled granite, the iron bai
i being interlaced by a fragrant hedge <
rosea. The grass within is velvety an
dotted with rosebushes. The body resi
Ill a vault OI ueavv xuasuury cuvcic
s! with large limestone flags. A base <
New Hampshiife granite supports
, monument in tho Roman style?a sii
gie block of lir.lian marble, wrongl
: with heavy molded cap and bas<
' carved with an oak-branch studded wit
j leaves and acorns, and simply inscribe(
. Lincoln's monument is a great pile <
marble, granite and bronze, in Oa
Ridge cemetery at Springfield, III
| with the description of which all Ame
ican readers have been made familn
| from time to time. The body of tt
: President lies in the catacomb in
; leaden cofiin, inclosed in a cedar cas
within a sarcophagus of rich white ma:
ble, having carved en one end th
1 word "Lincoln." Johnson's grave :
on the summit of a lofty cone-shape
eminence half a mile southwest <
Greenville, Tenn. The mcnument is <
; marble 011 a base of granite. Froi
piers or. each side of the graves of Johi
. son and his wife springs a granite arc
of thirteen stones; on this rests tb
monument proper, a plinth suitably h
scribed, a die carved with the Constiti
tion (minus the Fourteenth and Fi:
teenth amendments) and an open Bib]
on which rests a hand as if in the act (
taking an oath, and a tapering shaft c
marble festooned at the top with th
i American 2ag and surDiosnted by a
eagle with outstretched wings. Gar
field's remains, as all our readers kno^
lie in Lake View cemetery, Cleveland
j Ohio.
! The names of 52,000 poor familic
are on the official lists of Paris. Tb
city supports 2S,0G0 orphans and founc
lings, and provides for 15,000 mothei
who arc unable to take care of tnen
selve?. No other city in the world lis
so many poor.
, i We can, without hesitation, say that Dr. Bull
Congii Syrup has givfcu the* best satisfaction
We r.ave- sol?.l an immense amount of it durii
;!:< p:i>t v,inter. WALLACE, HILTON \ C'.J
j J iiT.ggists, Lock Have!), Pa.
Romances of Artist Life.
Handel, the father of mnsic, had few
! romances in his long life of eighty
years. Several ladies tried to conrt
him, but as soon as he saw their aim, he
; broke away from their influence. He
declared that his life was wedded to his
. art, and he determined not to give to
: family cares what he had dedicated to
i mnsic. In the days of his greatest pop,
nlarity, when the air of London was
i full of Handel, when people sang him
;' in the streets and the band played him
in tne palace gardens, ana au literature
. was stamped with his Dame, he, like the
s youth in "Escelsior," stopped not to
l listen to the whispers of love, but only
. made new resolutions to make greater
;. triumphs for music. The purpose never
! faltered until it had produced the "Pasi
toral Sjmphony" and the "Hallelujah
i Chorus."
[ Haydn's life was as barren of romance,
i In the days of his youthful poverty he
> met Anne Keller, a barber's daughter.
The barber ofTered him work at powderi
ing wigs. He became attached to Anne,
: and promised to marry he% In better |
i I days, when he had become the associate ,
j of "princes, he returned to Anne and j
r fulfilled Ms promise. He was an amiable i
j man, and would have made happy the !
;: life of a woman as cheerful as himself ; j
, j but Anne was a chronic fault-finder.
-1 "His religion," says one, "turned on the
t \ love of God, hers on the fear of the '
devil. She passed easily irorn mass ro ;
71 mischief-making, and from beads to '
i broils." Her tongue proved too hot for i
- Haydn ; it spoiled his musical work, j
5, So he agreed to support Anne like a :
t lady if she would only live apart from
j him, which she consented to do, and the ;
i musician had rest from the nagging of:
3 his ill-chosen partner. This certainly is
11 not a romance.
ij Beetlioven had but one romance?he j
- became enamored of the Countess Guic-;
I ciardi, his immortal beloved, "my angel, j
r my all, my life." The countess married
7 another person, and Beethoven therei!
after devoted himself to his art; conr
tenting himself with the love of cnildren.
7 He had deep affections, and drowned
s; them in music. He did not, like Handel,
, find full consolation there, but was often
1 1 restless, ill at ease and verv lonely. He
j once said, "0 Providence, vouchsafe rue
i one day of pure felicity."
f! Touching, indeed, was the romance of i
i the life of Schnbert?youngSchubert,un- |
i appreciated,and carrying about with him !
i! continual sorrow and the seeds of a fatal ;
f disease. In 1818 he passed the winter !
e ' with Connt Esterhazv at Vienna, and J
- j there met the lovely Marie, the count's j
11 daughter. He became Marie's music I
s ; teacher and loved her. She admired his j
e genius, but did not return his affection. !
i "YYm have dedicated none of vour works
y I . . (
to me," she said to him one day, playe
; fullj. "What's the use?" said Schubert;
a i "you already have all." Had not art
; been hi3 comforter, he would have been
1 inconsolable. Tbe disappointment threw
f a shadow over his life, but did not cloud
j his geuius. He died at thirty-one. We
t> have seldom seen more bitter words than
- ; those which express his views of the
- j value of his own life : "Imagine a man
3 j whose health will never come again;
I j whose brilliant hopes have come to
e I caught; to whom the happiness of love
j and friendship offers nothing but sor1
row! Every night when I go to sleep I
a ' hope that I may never wake agaiu."
e j They made his grave near Beethoven, in
> j the crowded cemeterv of Wahring.
;5 ' That was a bright day when the gentle,
q i sensitive Chopin, whose beauty was a
,f | magnetism, and whose manners were a
t! charm, stopping at Paris on his journey
a | to .London. wnere ne never arrived, met
f | Madam George Sand. Chopin was
o marked by consumption for death ; but
e all the fullness of sunshine seemed to
L. come into his life before the final
b eclipse. What friends he met in Paris?
j Liszt, Pieyel, Heine, Meyerbeer! He
a was beset by society, feted in the most
s I brilliant salons, sought for by people of
li | rank, admitted to the highest circles,
b j Madam Sand was at this time the reign;t
j ing intellectual queen. The genius of
e Chopin enchanted her. She said of it:
,t I "There is no mightier art than this, to
a awaken in man the sublime conscious L.
i ness of his own humanity. Remorse,
?. | violence, terror, control, despair, ens
| thusiasm, faith, disquietude, glory ;
e these, with a thousand other nameless
a emotions, belong: to music. There we
. wander to and fro in the dim air, and,
like iEneas in the Elysian fields, all we
q behold is greater than earth." Madam
e Sand drew Chopin to her as by magnefc,f
s m. He begun to love her, to worship
>f her. She had a Platonic affection for
e him?was 'his friend, nothing more.
,t | Consumption smote Chopin down amid
| his delights. From the perfumed bouJ
-"I-" ~ C "U / * rrr/\y*> f Q TT* AIT T>Or?
)? I U'JilS Ul JL Ul JLO UC J.VJ. u-i-j. c
g ! man. and Madam Sand accompanied
j j him. On the sunny shores of the
! Mediterranean new life seemed to come
! to him. Madam Sand was his comc
I panion, nurse, and the world lighted up
Lt I again. He returned to Paris. He offered
k j his hand to Madam Sand in marriage,
t-: She refused. She had never contemsr
I plated a relation like this. She was ung
| willing to put her freedom as an autlior1_
ess and public leader into the fetters of
d i wedlock. They quarreled, separated,
ie | and Chopin's heart was broken. Cone
sumption speedily completed the work
ft | it nad begun, and the woman he had
a reproached did not come back to sustain
r. | him in these dark hours. The two met
j in the sunshine of dream-land and parted
g' j amid its glooms.
i. Let us turn from these unhappy scenes
d ] to a more cheerful picture. Berlioz, in
s one of his letters, recently published
it j abroad, says : "In the summer of 1833,
r.! Henrietta Smithson, being ruined in
[s j fortune and half-cured of a broken limb;
ts ' I married her. The day of our marriage
Q she had nothing in the world but her
d | debts. I had only 300 francs, and these
is : wore lent me." Berlioz, after hard eia
1 forts, paid his wife's debts, and the two
,n were happy, and were devoted to each
a other in their artist lives.
n j Schumann married for love, and his
3.; wife was his inspiration and heljoer. He
e . could not have done without her. After
a> ; he became insane she watched over him
11; like a mother; and after his death, the
j.; best interpreter of his music to the
ji I world was noble Clara Schumann.
5f: A Husband's Love.
d It is easy enough to win a husband.
Is 1 Most any attractive little dumpling with
d a bright eye and coaxing voice can
if gather in a noble husband but it is
a! pretty difficult to retain him. Noble
i-1 husbands are thicker than hair on a
it I dog, but the grand difficulty is to draw
' out their true nobility and secure it at
h home.
1. If the wife only understands her busi>f
ness she can introduce the soothing
i racket in her new field of operations and
j walk away with the whole business,
r-; Most men like to be loved and soothed,
ir ' There is something in the man's great,
te i rough, earne.st nature that can be won
a ; quicker and easier with gentleness and
ic i pie than by the logic of the broomr-1
handle and a bilious course of reason;e
1 ing with bread and milk diet.
is i "We have seen a girl who understood
d her business take a reformed road aagut
)f ! by the nose, so to speak, and lead him
){; through life in such a way that he
n wouldn't know but he was boss of the
i-1 ranch. So perfect was the delusion
h ! that when she asked him to bring in a
;e ! scuttle of coal, or get up in his night
i- shirt and kill a burglar that he knew was
i- j nothing but n. bobtail cow fonr blocks
f.! away, he alwajs went, and he felt as
;e 1 though he counted it a mark of special
>f1 favor that a poor nnworthy worm of the
>f 1 dust, like him, should be sought out
e and delegated to go and chase a lame
n : cow across nine vacant lots with on old
- barrel stave and clothed in nothing but
r a little brief authority and a knit underi
We cannot exactly describe this magic
i power of a devoted wife over her busts
; band, and we do not intend to try it. It
e : is an unseen motive, a nameless leverl-1
age that makes the husband get up in
's ! the dead hour of the night and se^. the
l- : pancake batter near the parlor stove,
is A man need not think that because he
gets up and looks for burglars in the
night and is otherwise obedient that it
is because he has no backbone.
It is simply because he is the husband
ie of a woman of whom he ought to be
The Origin of the Chinese Pigtail.
A recent imperial edict on the sub- !
ject calls oiir attention to the origin of
the pigtail, which is now the distinctive
mark of a native of the Flowery Land.
It is one of the strange phenomena of
that country, where everything is so
ancient, and where so few innovations
have been tolerated, that this practice,
which was originally the badge of con~
1 *3 on/"\4- TO TT o/?_
5U';U1U aa?v uvc iuvi vaj uv
cepted, 1 t permitted to intertwine
itself so aosely with the national life
that it would now require forcible measures
to induce people to forego it. For
in the days before the Manchu cod quest,
when the throne was occupied by tne
great dynasties of antiquity, the Chinese
allowed their hair to grow as best
it pleased them; and they were even
known to some of their neighbors as the
"ioug-haired race." But when the great
soldier Xoorhachu marched southwards
from Moukden to conquer China and
establish the Manchu dynasty, he gave
an order to hi> lieutenants to compel
the people, as they submitted, to snave
tlieir heads in token of their surrender.
The Maiichus were thus enabled to discover
at a glance which of the Chinese
were vanquished and which were not;
while the thoroughness of their success
was expressed in the most formal and
emphatic manner.
[AlDany Dairy I'roas and Knickerbocker.] i
V.'e perceive by one of our Massachusetts
exchanges that Dr. Lorenzo Waite,
of "Westfield, an eminent phvsician of
Berkshire county, strongly indorses St.
Jacobs Oil. With it he cured a case of
Sciatica that resisted all regular professional
treatment, and that had in
fact been abandoned as incurable.
Sad parting: "It may be months,
darling, before we meet again," lie said,
squeezing her hand as if that grip were
his last; "mountains and valleys will
divide us, forests and prairies, perhap
the river of death itself. Can I do anything
more than I have done to make
you cherish my memory and keep your
love for me unchanged ?" " Oh, yes,"
she exclaimed, choking down hor sobs,
"buy me a box of tortoise shell hairpins
before yon start."
? j
[La Fayette (Ind.) Sunday Times.]
Our city druggists report an immense
sale of St. Jacobs Oil, saying the demand
is based upon the popularity of
its success. Wherever it has been used,
it has proved its value a thousandfold,
and receives its best encomiums from
those who have tried it.
Qrv,oil rrtlla nr cf.ir?Vc! nf bread are
served with soup. Potatoes and bread
are usually served with fish, but many
people prefer to eerve only bread. Butj
ter is not served at the more elegant
; dinners. Two vegetables will be su?5!
cient in any course. Cold dishes should
! be very cold, and hot dishes hot.
We Believe
; That if even' one -would use Hop Bitters freely
j there would be much less sickness and misery
| in the world; and people are fast finding thin
j oat, whole families keeping well at a trifling
cost by its use. Wc advise all to try it.? U. &
| A. Rochester, X. 1'.
; Mrs. Burke, of Omaha, made $1,000
i at the Nebraska. State Fair by riding
; ten miles in twenty minutes and thirty |
fonr seconds. She used four horses
and made six changes.
j Beef Cattle?Med. Nat.live v.-1. 0 (Tr. 11
I Calves?Good to Trime Veals.. 5 (a; n
j Sheep 4 51^
I Lambs (j;!4
Hogs?Live, 5 y/f? 7
Dressed, city 3."*
I Flour?Ex. State, good to fancy G 55 @ 8 50
Western, good to choice 0 Si) (<$ 0 00
Wheat?No. 2 Bed 1 43 <<?, 1 4S;!4
No. 1 White 14(%@ 1 48
Bye?State 1 05 @ 1 O'J
Barley?Two-rowed State 35 @ 39
i Corn? Ungraded'WesternMixed 65 @ 71
Southern Yellow IT-/^ 73
; Oats?White State 53 Oi 5G%
Mixed Western 45 (<? 4!)
I Hay?Timothy 95 @ 1 05
j Straw?No. 1, Bye 70 @ 80
J Hops?State, 1881 22 30
I Pork?Mess, new, for export...19 75 f<?20 00
Lard?Citv Steam n at (?uo?
Iietined 12 20 @12 20
; Petroleum?Crude 7 @ 8
Refined T,3*? 7%
Butter?State Creamery 2G @ 37
Dairy 23 ? 2S
Western Im. Creamery 21 Of. 30
Factory 13 @ 1!)
I Cheese?State "factory 10 @ 13
Skims 3 ? 9
Western 8 ? 12
Eggs?State and l'enn 25 ? 25%
1'otatoes?Early Kose. Stat e,bbl 2 50 (>]> 2 75
I Steers?Extra 6 23 ? C 75
J Lambs?Western 5 25 (<r. 5 75
Sheep?Western 4 00 @ 4 40
Hogs, Good to Choke Yorkers.. 0 50 Or. G 83
Flour?C:y Ground, Xo. 1 Spring G 75 Or, 7 25
Wheat?-so. 1. Ward Dulnth.... 159%? 160
Com?No. 2 ML.ed 72%? 72%
Oats?Xo- 2 Mix. West 51 ? 51
Barley?Two-rowed State 90 ? 90
Beef?Extra plate and family. .14 50 ?15 00
j Hogs?Live 7"4? 8
| Hogs?City Dressed 8%? 9
' ? tu.:? I.I.I i/> no zc\
| 1'OI'K?JLXll'il X nine pel ?ijl. . . .xu w ^AU av
i Flour?Spring Wheat Patents.. 8 75 tf/. 'J G2%
j Com Mixed and Yellow S2S4
I Oats?Extra Wliite 5S CO
Rye??tate 115 (<t 115
Wool?Washed Comb & Delaine 44 @ 40
Unwashed " " 30 @ 31
Beef?Extra quality G 627 25
Sheep?Live weight [email protected] o%
Lambs (5
Hogs, Northern 9 @ 9
Flour?Penn. Ex. Family, fair. 7 50 @7 50
Wheat?Xo. 2 lied 1 51 <?? 1 51
live?State 1 CO (?1 00
j Com?State Yellow 74%<?$ 75
j Oats?Mixed 43 4S
Butter?Creamery Extra Pa.... 35 (< '. 3<>
! Cheese?New Y'ork Fall Cream. 13 (Tc 14
j Petroleum?Crude 7Vj
lletined 7%@ 1%
As if there were not sufficient excitement
at the usual horsy-race, these meetings on
the turf nearly always close with a grand
steeple chase. This kind of race combines
all the excitement of the regular race, with
the super-addwl element of danger which
seems to give further zest to the sport.
Horses, and good ones nt that, often receive
: soiriv: mjuiiWi itiuvu jvnuti uivu& j/iai.u[
cally useless lor long periods. At least
\ this* was the state of affairs until owners
! and breeders of line stock be.nan to freely
i use St. Jacobs Ori,, the Great German
I Remedy (or man and beast. This invaiu'
able article to horsemen has so grown into
favor on account of its phenomenal efficacy
i in diseases of domestic animals, especially
! the horse, that it would be difficult indeed
j to discover a horsemen unacquainted with
its magical potency. The Philadelphia
ib -aftSg
1 ? rv ?. .. 1
Easy in a recent is>ne says: "But |
one <">1* tli?' nv>?t ?rt;sut d< wlopr-nvnts
i concernin.i >t. J.srnns < ;ii, isthi'distv.verv
that it lias props-rti?-s which an* I-eniileial i
: to the animal as wdi as {<? the human i
species. It has, nf lat?\ been in a'-tiw de- 1
I mand amonjr liwry nirn and others i.>r use j
j on hors.'s sufil-riiis: !'r? >:ii sprain* < r ahra- !
sions. The most ] >r- i n> t i r-.-i.t::; ;-ku. ?\vn :
of in this conn'.H-jMMi. is in..; reiat: d i y Mr. i
David Walton, a vvll-known l*"ri?-n?I, who i
keeps a liwry >ta:>li* at 1 :\Vr?h Tw.-lfth
street. Mr. Walton ~t:?r?-s that he was
boarding a valuaKc }. >!>( !>?. :?.nirir.-r to
Benjamin MeCinr.'. also a re-id'-nt oi
North Twelfth street. A [i-w weeks a no
< the ar.ima! .-ii',)ji<-d and i r.d'v s;?i:?is.:-?I his
| les^niakin- him wry lame.' Mr. Walton j
j used !W ? : < -Hi! ' ' "v'>' ' ' "*! lllu
ani:n:i: : v. OHC
; wk. t!wr< v..- 1 i:-r any more,
for the auimal was v*^''
rrtmr luc Trmrtntf ocxrim
Is the time to grapple with dyspepsia. To allow
such a remorseless foe to health and comfort
to take undisputed possession of the
stomach, i?to surrender needlessly the zest of
life, and bccome a voluntary martyr to unspeakable
piins and penalties. No malady is
more difficult to cope with, none in its chronic
form so obstinately resists medication. But j
tackled at its inception with Hostetter's j
Stomach lii-ters, dyspepsia spee lily vanishes,
canying with it the multifarious symptoms j
which attend it, and which in their chameleon j
chafes inspire more erroneous beliefs regard- j
their cause than those of any other disease. |
vViiui 0:1 the stccjadi, heartburn, water brash,
iwl:>;f!>tirtiw. nain after eatiiic. a sinking: sensa- 1
iion at the pi: of the stomach between meals;
these ami many other harassing indicia of the
complaint make a speedy exit when the grea?
stomachic is persistently resorted to. It improve*
the appetite, strengthens the nerves,
counteracts the effects of fatigue and exposure,
and is a reliable antidote to the poison of !
The hot earth in the vicinity of Link- c
ville, Oregon, is a great curiosity.
Through this earth is constantly as- I
cending a hot vapor, and both earth J
and vapor are strongly impregnated
with remarkable curative properties.
Lady BeautSfier*. o
Ladies, you cannot make fair skin, rosy s
checks and "sparkling eves with all the cosmetics
of France", or beamitiers of the world, while
in poor health, and nothing win give you aucu
good health, strength and beauty as Hop Bit- i
ti-ra. A trial is certain proof. See another i
column. I
The entire debt of the United States t
does not amount to the gross income of
the people for five months in the year.
In 1865 the debt amounted to $78.25 ?
per capita; in 1880 it was $37.74.
indigestion, dyspepsia, nervous prostration
and all forms of general debility relieved bv
taking Mensman's Peptonize!!)'Beef Tonic, the
only preparation of beef containing its entire
nutritious properties. It contains blood-making,
force-generating and life-sustaining properties;
is invaluable in all enfeebled conditions, whether
the result of exhaustion, nervous prostration,
overwork, or acute disease, particularly if
resulting from pulmonary complaints. Caswell,
Hazard & Co., proprietors, New York.
we do not ol'ten speak of any proprietary
medicine, but from what we hive read and
heard of Allen's Lang Balsam, we shall take
the liberty of saying to those who are troubled
with a cold, cough, or any throat'or lung affection,
that from the testimony afforded, we have
such confidence in this article, that were we
afflicted ia that way, we would make a trial of
its virtues. Beware of the fatal consequences
of neglecting this timely warning. Now, before
it is too late, use Allen's Lung Balsam,
which will cure the disease. Every druggist
in the land sells it.
4>."5 f>nfs Will BilV
a Treatise upon the Horse and his Diseases.
Book of 100* pages. Valuable to every owner
of horses. Postage stamps taken. Sent postpaid
by New York Newspaper Union, 150 Worth
j Street, New York.
j!S~Pocket Scale, 25c. Howard 3Ifg Co., N. Y.
" Rouarh on Rats." i
Ask Druggists lor it. Jt clears out rats, mice, <
roaches, bed-bugs, flies, vermin, insects. 15c.
To make new hair grow use Cat-bolixe, a
deodorized extract of petroleum. This natural *
petroleum hair renewer. as recently improved,
is the only thing that ?viU really produce new
hair. It is a delightful dressing.
Thousands Speak.?Vegetine is acknowl- I
J edged and recommended by physicians and
apothecaries to be the best purifier and cleanser
| of the blood yet discovered, and thousands
speak in its praise who have been restored to
William J. Coughlin, Somerville. Mass., says: In
the fall of 1S7GI was taken with bleeding of the lungs,
followed by a severe cough. I lost my appetite and
llesli, and was confined to my bed. In 18771 was adI
mitted to the hospital. The doctors said I had a hole
j in lay limp as big as a half-dollar. At one time are!>ort
went around that I was dead. I gave up hope,
but a friend told me of Db. William Hall's Balsam
| for thk Lungs. I got a bottle, when, to my surprise,
' I commenced to feel better, and to-day I feel better
j than for three years past. I write this hoping every
on>% afflicted with diseased lungs will take Dn. William
Hall's Balsam, and be convinced that consumption
can be cubed. I can positively say it has
done more good than all the other medicines I have
taken since my sickness.
1?.1 iiiv.-trun oi 1 Lj.iivo
I To CURE Croup, Spasms, Diarrhcea, Dvsefiten; and
Sea Sickness, taken internally, and GUARANTEED
[ perfect lv harmless; also externally, Cuts, Bruises, ,
I Chronic Rheumatism. Old Sores, Pains in the limbs,
I back and chest. Such a remedy is Da. TOBIAS'
| rs"No one once trying it will ever be without it;
| over Gw physicians use it.
?'J WUl? Bill 1JU) 11 HCilllK UPUU IBC
! Horse and his Diseases. Book of 100 pages. Valuablo
i io every owner ol' horses. Postage stamps taken.
J 50 Worth Street. New York.
Vegetine also acts as a most powerful and grateful
1 onie; and this feature is most noticeably experience;!
by persons recovering from acute diseases, and by
...u? ;ik.
! to their sex alone. Invariably has it boon found to
| increase the tone or power of the nervous system, by
; aiiioh. in turn, all other portions of the frame are
strengthened. and the quality of the blood improved.
! To man. woman or child it will impart strength
a lien strength is wanting. It will revitalize the system
of the poor over-worked being whose life is
being frittered awav in endless cares and anxieties;
i it wilt infuse the strength of iron and the roseate
I tint of health into the weak sinews and bloodless
countenauce of women crushed by many hardship
' tad oppressed by the dangers of child-bearing: it
i Till give new life to the pallid and emaciated child
! a'hose appetite is gone, whoso movements are feeble
*ud nerveless, and whose whole system is one of
decay and debilitation. Veoetink is a true tonic,
and iiot a deceptive stimulant: ine good that it im!
parts to-day is not succeeded by injury to-morrow.
Rev. O. T. Walker says:
Providence, R. I., 1G4 Transit Street.
! II. R. Stevens. Esq.:
; I feel bound to express with my signature the high
value I place upon your Vegetine. My family have
used it lor the last two years. In Nervous Debility
. it is invaluable: and I recommend it to all who may
i need an invigorating, renovating tonic.
o. t. walker,
| Formerly Pastor of Bowdoin Square Church, Boston.
Boston, Mass., Jan. 13, 1877.
Mr.. H. R. Stevens:
J)rar Sir?I have boon nsing Yegetine for some
; time with the greatest satisfaction, and can highly
; recommend it as a great cleanser and purifier of the
blood. J. L. HANAFORD,
Pastor of Egleston Square X. E. Church.
H. R. STEVENS, Boston. Mass.
Vegetine is Sold by All Druggists.
I tj n m .? n n m
tac-biimies 01 u. s. Treasury
Consisting of nine exact Imitations of United States
Treasury Notes, and nine of National Bank Bills. 18
in all. ot various denominations. Asa rare and instantaneous
means of detecting counterfeit money
thev are invaluable. Price. $2 a package. L. A.
MA V MEW & CO.. New York City. P. O. Bos 1201. 1
yMacaulay sHis-IJ Tallic a History of |l| full dr.
sei-y of Ensland. FlSntr. Literature. 1 l'se Uif ktMm
> l'sre 12mo vols, f 112nio vol. handsomely If cut a,
clotU:oaly #2.00*'bouau, for only fret.
MA NHATTAX BOOK CO. 1(5 V. 14th St.. X.Y. P.O. Box
73?1T1711T1 The Strongest, Cheapest and mast
? llisviJ Patented July. 1881. Steel Posts for
Wire or Board Fences will last a life.
time. If you would save money or desire employ. J
ment send lor illustrated circular. Address
A. TODD, PnltneyviHe. X.Y. ;
G A TJ"J7 T'TXTC ? A never-talliu:; tvnievij lor
Oil V Jh X HaO Neuralgia, Nervous and
Sick Headache, Toothache. Earache anil all nervous
diseases. Relieves in 20 minutes. Sent by mail on
receipt of 15 cents in postage .stamps, bv
W. J. STOWELL, :K> N. Bond St.. Baltimore. Md.
C 4 T TCWTY WANTED to sell Stationery
ijA I iriJlufjli Goods on commission. Send
stamp for terms. l'H'KXIX PUT>. CO.. Warren. Pa.
11 3 B AGENTS. Outfit free. Address
g B P. O. Vickery. Angnxtn. Mc. ;
ft X'Tk selling articles in the world: 1 sain pi.fret.
AiJilrvi-s Juy Uron?on, Detroit. Mich.
G M 3" B -A SUNT) YOUR ADDU?> to Sole ManirSWSoad
E V utaeturers. 3:io 7tli Ave.. N. Y. 1
eKfn COfl iht day at home. Samples worth free. >
<5 o iu Address Stissos &Co.. Portland. Main*. j
\xj A rp.?TTT?C: A.!.!rcfs, Stacnarf
Vv r4A ?L WAruir...nnTVstchCo..r:tt.?bi;r)?!i.Pa.
^^TTTT^T 2 Rovo:vorK- C?taio?ue .'rec. -vM.vu,
%a3T <U Great *><t. Gun TTnr'it?. Pittsburgh. r*. J
^ 7 O A TTEEK. ?12 a day at home easily made. Costly <
0 ' Oiltiit tree. Add's Tet.'E & Co.. A'.unista.Ma'.ne. '
Do You
For Sale by all Drug'/iats, Stati>
* ?~"~ ' ' ' s
If vnu cannot find ono in your town s.-n.l w *2-?
| 1>y mail. HOWARD
fisfl 0. L&NSELL'S ASTH!
S' <nt?j ii?Tias#trusBiciJSoye?iBb?twe?nliI?*n<J<3n
; s!ci?aatta<lrecelv!nffnob?neet,Ivr??ct>aip?l!*<J
<^?y ?ttd o!g!it siring for br??tl; my gufferics'
' ^ nrs?!: tvc m;-f>un.ime roota tn^l heri? andtn
st^jaass; ^.v-'aacerfjii cure tor asthma ?r cata
U; jC'SgfMg. la FIVE MINUTES,?o tno p*u<ut can He down
g?n<: mo yotr tdJrtM for ?trUl p?clus? FREE C
Sc.- <>:_ ' " ''*k\ r4ne?adUbyniillonr?c?lptot the pric?5|.0<
rhteeagravlng represents the Lungs in a healthy state.)
For Coaa-hs. Colds, Croup, Bronchitis and all
ther affections of the Throat and LUNGS it -y*
tands unrivaled and utterly beyond all competition.
t approaches so near a specific that " Ninety-five " *
>er cent, are permanently cured where the direcions
are strictly complied with. There is no chemial
or other ingredients to harm the young or old.
J. N. HARRIS & CO., Proprietors,
y Y N P 12
*8^ of business,weak- cSJS? jna.n of let- ^p<b
reofdiStK?tmlnof W
5 your duties avoid \gy fSx H I
stimulaats&nd uoo g tore brsnnnerreand H
S Hep Bitters. 3 w?**, u*, Hop B. B +5
H Tf TAn are younff acd n suffering from any In- 9
1 d&S*k? ortoaipa 3 tioa ; if Jw are mar- fl ^
3 ricd or single, old or gyoua^,8UU1^aff%? IS
9 poor health or languish oa * beci 04 5ic^" B ^
S ness, rely oa Hop 2 Sitters.
N T/>niu* r S?. Thousands <Be an- W
R TTioercr yott ?"S naanyrrow scaio
Sj whencrer youreei t|g 12 - li-' . if i.in^v 0
I that yonr j i
| [jff^hare b?cn presented B . t
I MSS; l iby a timely^eo^ ?
* tafco Hop ,4?^ HopBttters ?
# Bitters. M58M I
! pfpsia," foci no i ,'~T7~JJ. |. C. B
? or urinary coir.- Egr 31 ^ absolute R
a piazTu, u__ ATk a acd lrrcsiiu.- be ^
3 oi the JfonaA, Jj !J I | U ? ble cure for R TgS
H bowel*, blood. rj* X.iU JL 1 drunkenness, 23
Hi liver orncrvM 7 c j 8 ^ 0( opium, 5g JS.
i You Will be S iinnTrnn! tobacco, or ?
H cured if you use B " U11 I L L'l ? aar>?tiC3.
i H?? Bm?:? 1; Oil I LIU Mab7toit. i y
S Ityoua ^ S F i ??SrScndSr fl ;
I fiS4&g 11 NEVES I a**"- I
g iti It may S rA > ? | HCPBrrms I
M saveyour | ' r A J I ? arc CO- B
I SKiTiSJ|rAIL ??>"1
a drecis. "i ^ Toronto. Ost. J
:^ iABD!ACT?BY - |
||p|ijP M V&olesale Depot,
465 FULTON ST., :0
Important to tie Mais of America.
They cure EVERY FORM OF DISEASE known to ^4
mail, without medicine, changes of diet, or occupation.
are now rejoicing in the blessings of RESTORED
All checks and postofiBce orders for "WILSONIA"
suits mast be made pavable to WM. WILSON, 465
Scad tor circulars, price list and other memoranda
regarding the "WILSONIA."
We give from the list of thousands of " WILSONIA"
patients the following
Hon. Horatio Seymour, Utica, N. Y.; Hon. Peter "V
Cooper. Hon. Thurlow Weed, Commodore C. K. Gar- .
rison, General S. Graham, Judge Levi Parsons, of '
N. Y. City; J. B. Hoyt (merchant), Spruce St., N. Y.;
D. V. Fairweather, (merchant). Spruce St., N. Y.; E.
B. Stimson (merchant), Spruce bt., N. Y.: Thomas
Hall. 184 Clinton Ave.. Brooklyn: Colonel Bayard
Clark, 54 E. 49tn St., N.Y.: Hon. John Mitchell (treasurer),
Brooklyn: Mrs. R. Robb,30o Wyckoff St.,B 'klyn.
hbals m
mwa1wivi v m m v m mt m mm
Cures Consumption, Colds. Pneumonia, Influenza,
Bronchial Difficulties, Bronchitis.
Hoarseness, Asthma, Croup, Vk'Wooninjr -a
Cough, and all Diseases of the Breathing
Organs. It soothes and heals the Membrane
of the Lnnrti. inflamed and poisoned by the
disease, and prevents the night sweats and
tightness across the chest which accompany "V
it. Consumption is not an incurable malady.
HALL'S BALSAM will cure you, even \
though professional aid fails. J V
amaa?a??a?MBaaag U|
Payne's Automatic Engines.
Reliable, Durable and Economical. iriUfurnish a Ji
borne poicer >riUi ft lens fuel and renter Vutn any oilier
Engine ouilt, not fitted with an Automatic Cut-off.
Send tor Illustrated Catalogue "J,"for Information & \
Prices. B. W. Payne & Soss. Box 860, Corning.
Parsons' Purgatlvo Pill* make New Eica .
Blood, and will completely change the blood in the '"I
entire system in three months. Any person who
will take one pill each ni?ht from 1 to 12 weeks may bo
restored to sound health, if such a thins be possible.
Sold everywhere or sent by mail for 8 letter stamps.
I. S% JOHSSON ?fc CO., Boston, Mass.,
formerly Bangor, 31 e.
5.000 A pent* Wanted for JLIfe of
It contains the full history of his noble and eventful
life and dastardlv assassination. Millions of people
are waiting for this book. The best chance oi your
life to make money. Beware of " catchjienr.y " imitations.
This is the only authentic and fully illus. .
trated life of our martyred President Send for \
circulars and extra terms to agents. Address
Q/xI/Iiato for Fathers, Mothers,Widows.
-* Or wOlUlcx Sj Children, etc. Thousands yet
entitled. Pensions for anv- oundor disease. Bounty
yet due to thousands. Pensioners entitled to Increase
of Pension. New laws and decisions. Time _ ;
limited. Apply at once. Inclose two stamps for
laws, blanks and instructions.
E. H. ?ELSTOX & CO..
Box 72.". U. S. Claim Attorneys, Washington, D. C.
><mtro-Plllcnc, otdy hair Mlrcnt known. Pr- B # C
vuinenilii dissolves snpcrJiuous hair.root and branch, H
91 in tive miUMlQs.xcilhouZpain,di*rolorntion,or injury. M
g|j soad,2 5taap.sforpanicqlars. thk^*xlcoxcii*mzcax.
P) PrjcyxUATTQX Co.t6QU Spmcc St.? Philadelphia, Pa. J
iicu. Dunina,?;
ind how to nte, Is fa!!y lllc*tnated, explAlncd and highly neonmended
la " Ascrisas Agricdtcist," Nor. No., 1ST), paffo ' *
Send for it. Portable, low priced, woifced by son, hor*? or steam
power. Needed by fjnn rs Jn every cocnty. Good bcjlness for
V\1 nt?r or Summer *n.i very profitable. SlAies wells In earth or
rock anywhere. We want the names of men that need wells.
S-nd stamp for 711 as crated price list and terms to Asenta.
K?o "Well EsivitJ: Ce., 29 ^10 Street, Sfay 7er?, 7.2. JL
llj 9 AkM A pleasant,speedyeuro
I I f for PILES. One pack- \
jBv B( age?four doses?will
euro in every case. Price _
one dollar. Sold by druggists or sent by mall. Ad- /
dress DR. L. H. HARRIS?, Pittsburgh, Pa^
TljVlTU !S MIGHTT. Tb?"(mo?al aad x-TV .
I IsVJ I n ?lj" Pier. MARTIN LZ the Great / >3jEfefc\
Spaniih Sec* asd Wiiird will far 30 craU with a**, / feyK? \ '
bc:s;bt, color of ?jts, mod lock of hair, *eod a coaaacr/ _ } |
ricrca* of Tour future bujbaod or wjfe. prrche'-os^caBy; ? \
prcd:ct?S. w:tb name, tia? mad plaec of oie^tio.-, and .4, I
Jit* cf raamarc. Morcr retunifd to all not *att*Bed. "^3flSVi3&V '
lddreu Prof. L. Xarticex, 10 Moot'/ PI. Bottco. Mw. ? I
\l 'ANTED AGENTS forthe authentic ami complete
>v LifeofJAMKs A. Gakfielh. from childhood t? ^
burial,by Col. I;. H.Couwell.with introduction by HEs T
Excellency John D. Long, Gov. of Mass. The work 2s I
tirst-class.and Jinely illustrated. Everybody will waimi
ihi* book. Address B. B. KUSMXL. Boston, Masy.
/nilWfi M PM If you would learn Telegraph v i li
i uunu four months, and be certain of iv
situation. address V;il.-ntine_Bros., .Jaai-svijie, WifB.
V LI,EN'S Bruin Food-cures Xervou*Debility ?fcc ^
Weakness of Generative Organs. S l ?al! druggist**.
Send lorCircular. A1???hS Pharmacy.:}!:{First av..X*A T.
\ <JENTS WANTED for the Best and I'a.?resC^I .
t\. belling Pictorial Books and Bibles. Prices rednce< U J
i:5 !*er rt. National Publishing Co.. Philadelphia, Pp L &
tcb a week in your own towr.. Term* and > "> <>:/. It
PO" Irci-. Add's H. HaM-Ktt.'cQ>..l'"n!:tnd.Ma.g ^
l Want" ~ .' I
jiievs and Hardirarc Dealer#. ^
~ ?
in postage ???n nips and w.- v.ill f-n l a simple
>!! "(;. CO.. ::iit Br?a<I;viiv. Now York.
kin with ASTV.MA or PHTHISIC, tr*?t*>? by eminent
iluriot tue ijwi r.v? v-.ii* vi u.y IUnr?s to sitoumy chiir - ' ??
i wero bcyon.1 description. la <Jetp?!r I experimented on :
h*nogtheni<rdlcinc tl.ns oMtiued. I fortonately diaomred <
3?H, warranted to relieve ilia roo*t tJotborncMis o/AUim i
iiwt and ileep cotafort?My. icy pwrsoo net ftllly titUScd j
aiader to th? proprietor an2 i'ae taoney wUlborsfnaded.crjc
;? CHARGE. Should your drcjjjtat not keep the r?moo7, lfi
(j. Kor?*l? by *11 I>rt?Rl?t?. Addreat D. LAXCELL. Pra.1 ^

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