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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, December 07, 1881, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1881-12-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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by wilkie colijxs.
-Anno?, of?
p?r^ THE LADT," " THE NEW ilAO
There was no obstacle to the speedy
departure of Boraavne and his wife from
Vange Abbey. The villa at Highgate?
called Ten Acres Lodge, in allusion to
the measurement of the grounds surrounding
the house?had been kept in
PVi perfect order by the servants of the lare
7 - Lady Berrick, now in the employment
tof her phew.
Un tne morning aiier tueir aruvu at
the villa Stella sent a note to her mother.
The same afternoon Ivlrs. Eyr*;court arrived
at Ten Acres, on her way to
garden-party. Finding the house, to
her great relief, a modern building,
supplied with all the newest comforts
and luxuries, she at once began to plan
a grand party in celebration of the rejT
turn of the bride and bridegroom.
" I don't wish to praise myself," Mrs.
Eyreeourt said; " but if ever there was
a forgiving woman, I am that person.
i We will pay no more, Stella, about your
truly contemptible wedding?five people
altogether, including ourselves and the
gcw Lorings! A grand ball will set yon
right Kith society, and that is the one
thing needful. Tea and coffee, my dear
Bomayne, in your study; Coote's quadrille
band; the supper from Gunter's;
tho grounds illuminated vrith colored
lampi>; Tyrolese singers among the
trees, relieved by military music?and,
if there are any African or other savages
now in London, there is room enough in
these charming grounds for an encamp
meni, uauues, iuu ou tixc
rest of it, to end in a blaze of fireworks."
A sudden fit of coughing seized her,
and stopped the further enumeration of
attractions at the contemplated ball,
i Stella had observed that her mother
- looked unusually worn and haggard,
through the disguises of paint and
powder. This was not an uncommon !
result of Mrs. Eyrecourt's devotion to
the demands of society; but the cough
was something new as a symptom of exhaustion.
"I am afraid, mamma, you have
been over-exerting yourself," said Stella.
"You go to too many parties."
" Nothing of the sort, my dear; I am 1
as strong as a horse. The other night j
I was waiting for the carriage in a draft j
(one of the most perfect private con- j
p certs of the season, ending with a de^
lightfnlly naughty little French play),
and _I caught a slight.colcL A-glass of
V water is 'all I want". Thank you. Komayne,
you are looking shockingly se~
^*~rious and severe; our ball will cheer
you. If you would only make a b>nfire
^ of all those horrid books you don't know
* how it would improve your splits,
Dearest Stella, I will come and lunch
here to-morrow?you are within such a
nice, easy drive from town?and I'll
bring my visiting-book and settle about7
the invitations and the day. Oh, dear
me, how late it is! I have nearly an
hour's drive before I get to my gardenia
party. Good-bye, my turtle doves, good
i} bye."
She was stopped on the way to her
carriage by another fit of coughing. But
^ she still persisted in making light of it.
1 u I'm as strong as a horse," she repeated,
as soon as she could speak?and skipped
into the carriage like a young girl.
; "Tour mother is killing herself," said
; Komayne.
' "If I could persnr.de her to stay -with '
^ ns a little while," Stella suggested, "the 1
,p > rest and quiet might do wonders for her.
Would you object to it, Lewis?"
"My darling, I object to nothingexcept
giving a ball and burning my
books. If your mother will yield on
^ those two points, my house is entirely at
^ her disposal."
He spoke playfully?ne looted, ms
* best, since he had separated himseli i
from the painful associations that were I
now connected with Tange Abbey. Had ;
v " the torment o' the voice" been left far j
b away in Yorkshire ? Stella shrank from
approaching the subject in her husband's
presence; but she was bold enough tc
hope. To her surprise Komavne himself
referred to the General's family.
" I have written to Hvnd," he began.
"Do ron mind his dining with us today?"
"Of course notP
" I want to hear if he has anything tc
tell me abont those French ladies. He
undertook to see them in your absence,
and to ascertain how?" He was unable
i to overcome his relnctance to pronounce
& the next words. Stella was quick tc
'lerstand what he meant. She finI'''
id the sentence for him.
||P ? Yes," he said, " I wanted to heai
5, the boy is getting on, and if there
Ug^y hope of curing him. Is it?r
^^fflK&^embled as ho put the question, "Is
^gg^reditary madness ?"
the serious Importance oJ
HghT the tTUth SteIla 0nl*v rePliec!
hesitated to aslr if there
r- ^^\'CK>a ?f madness in the family.
' "I ^^PP050'" sIie a(^ed, "you would
not lLN^e see k?J aad iG^?e ?f ids
ces of recovery for yourself?"
"^lfelS?BPose?" he burst out, with
sndcten aug^nku_ ^-^u niight be sure,
fe The bare idea oSLseein? 1x1x11 tunis me
P cold Oh, when^^11 Ifor5et-r when
shall J forget! w5&,? sP?^e ?f ^lr>'1
| first ^ he said, with rellgyed stability,
sftat a moment of s??eilce* "iou
s. or 17"
- 1 ? "??* Kftrm.
k " It was my fault, love?EKV~
less and so gentle, and he suc^ 3
sweet face, I thought it mi^^* sootne j
you to see him. Forgive me^"6
never speak of again. B^^Te J
any notes for me to copy ? You%know,
Lewis, I am your secretary now." 1
So she led Komayne away to his* study |
and his books. "When Major j Hynd ;
arrived she contrived to be the ^rst to i
jtioo him. " Say as little as possible :
about the General's widow and her son," ;
she whispered.
The major understood her. "Don't
Vi - ? be uneasy, Mrs. Romayne," he answered.
' r? ?. i n * ,
" i Know joTir nnsoana wen enougn to }
8g5& v ' " : 7':g?lfe'
- " .
know what yon moan. Besides, the
new* that r is good :: ,vs."'
1'orji tvn.- i:i ihe couM
speak iiS"ro particularly. When the servants
ha i 1 '-ft tlie room, after dinner, thmajor
made his report.
"I am going to agreeably surprise !
you," he began. "All responsibility to- j
ward the Oreneral's lamiiv is taicen on |
our hands. The ladies are on their way i
l>ack to France."
Stella was instantly reminded of one 1
of the melancholy incidents associated i
with her visit to Camp's Hill. " Madam ;
Marillac spoke of a brother of hers who
disapproved of the marriage," she said. !
" Has he forgiven her ? "
" Tliat is exactly what he has done, i
Mrs. Komayne. Naturally enough, he
felt the disgrace of his sister's marriage .
to^such a man as the General. Only the
other day he heard for the first time that ,
she was a widow, and he at once traveled I
to England. I bade them good-bye yes- !
terday?most happily reunited?on their ;
journey home again. Ah, I thought i
you would be glad, Mrs. Bomayne, to :
hear that the poor widow's troubles are ;
over. Her brother is rich enough tc ;
! place them all in easy circumstances?he ,
! is as good a fellow as ever lived."
"Have you seen him?" Stella asked, ,
0 v
"I have been with him to the asy- i
"Does the boy go back to France ?r
"Xo. We took the place by surprise,
and oaw how well-conducted it was. The
boy has taken a strong liking to the pro- ;
: prietor?a bright, cheerful old man, whc I
| is teaching him some of our English j
j games, and has given him a pony to ride !
j on. He burst out crying, poor creature,
i at the idea of going away?and his i
| mother burst out crying at the idea of ;
1 leaving him. It was a melancholy scene, j
| You know what a good mother i>?no i
I sacrifice is too great for her. The boy j
! stays at the asylum, on the chance that ;
j his healthier and happier life there may i
: Via?v\+/-? nnvflliim "Rv tins wo.v. TtmniVTiiv
I his uncle desires me to thank you?"
" Hynd, you didn't tell the imcle niv :
name ? "
Don't alai*m yourself! He is a gen- j
! tleman, and when I told him I was ;
I i
pledged to secrecy, he made but one in- i
quiry?he asked if you were a rich man. |
I told Iv'm you had eighteen thousand a |
| " WellV"
"Well, he set ihat matter right be- '
tween us with perfect taste. He said: j
'I cannot presume to offer repayment j
to a person so wealthy. We gratefully j
accept our obligation to our kind un
known friend. For the future, how- ,
ever, my nephew's expenses must be paid
from my purse.' Of course, I could only
agree to that. From time to time the | '
mother is to hear, and I am to hear, how '
j the boy goes on. Or, if you like, Eo- | 1
| mayne?now that the General's family j ;
have left England?I don't see whv the j 1
j proprietor might not make his report j :
j directly to yourself."
"No!" Eomayne replied, positively, j 1
T.CkT -frro oc ora " t
JL4w U XMiMtUi ttO. . - - ? - . srg
"Very well The asylum is close by,
at Hampstead?that was what made me
think of it. WHi you give ns some !
music, Mrs. Romayne"? Not to-night? <
Then let ns go to the billiard-room; and, ' :
as I am the worst of bad players, I will :
ask yon to help me beat your accomplished
j On the afternoon of the nest day Mrs.
Eyrecourt's maid arrived at Ten Acres
with a note from her mistress.
"Deabest Stella?Matilda must bring you
my excuses for to-day. I dou't in tho least understand
it, but I seem to have turned lazy. It
is most ridiculous?I really cannot get out of |
bed. Perhaps I did do a little too much yester- j
day. The opera after the garden-party, and a
n frpr tho f.-iera. and this tiresome couch '
all night after the balL Quite a series, isn't it ? j ,
Make my apologies to our dismal Romayne, and j (
if you drive out this afternoon come and have a j
chai with me. Your affectionate mother,
"Emily Eyeecoukt. i 1
t:P. S.?You know what a fidget Matilda is. '
If she talks about me, don't believe a word she :
says to you."
Stella turned to the maid with a sink
ing heart. 1
"Is my mother very ill ?' she asked. ! <
" So ill, ma'am, that I begged and I i
prayed her to let me send for a doctor, i 1
You know what my mistress is; she J <
wouldn't hear of it. If you would '
please to use your influence?" J ^
"I will order the carriage instantly, j and
take vou back with me." j '
v !
Before she dressed to go out Stella i ]
showed the letter to her husband. He ; 1
spoke with perfect kindness and sympa- j
thy, but he did not conceal that he j
shared his wife's apprehensions.
"Goat once," were his last "words to
her; "and if I can be of any use send
for me." ,
It was late in the evening before Stella s
returned. She brought sad news. *
The physician consulted told he] J
plainly that the neglected congh anc <
the c 'nstant fatigue had together madf i
the case a serious one. He declined t< ]
say that there was any absolute dangei c
as yet, or any necessity for her remain ?
ing with her mother at night. The ex
perience of the next twenty-four hours,
at most, would enable him to speal- t
positively. In the meantime the patienl c
insisted that Stella should return to hei
Tinshanr? P.vati nmlrr fh? infinence oi i
opiates, IMrs. Eyrecourt was still drowsih r
equal to herself. " You are a fidget, nr\
dear, and Matilda is a fidget; I can'!
have two of you at my bedside. Good .
night." Stella stooped over lier ant j '
kissed hoi*. She whispered: " Three j .
w. eks notice, remember, for the parry!" j
By the next evening: the malady had !
assumed so formidable an aspect that i '
the doctor had his doubts of the patient's j '
chance of recovery. With her husband's1 (
full approval Stella remained night am'
day at her mother's bedside.
Thus, in little more than a month j
frnm flio <7rtv nf his mnrrinlinmnvrir 1
was, for the time, a lonely man again. \ ]
The illness of Mrs. Eyre court was un- i
expectedly prolonged. There were in- 1
iervals during which her vigorous con- j j
stitution rallied and resisted the progress
of the disease. On these occasions; ]
Stella was able to return to her husband <
for a few hours?subject always to a
message which recalled her to hei ?
mother, when the chances of life or i
death appeared to be equally balanced. 1
Komayne's only resource was in ins :
books and iiis pen. For the first time
since his union with Stella he openeJ 3
the portfolios in which Penrose had col- j i
lected the first introductory chapters of i
his historir-al work. Almost at ever?
page the familiar handwriting of his
secretary and friend met his new. It
was a new trial to his resolution to be
working alone; never had he felt the
absence of Penrose as he felt it now.
He missed the familiar face, the quiet
pleasant voice, and, more than both, the
ever welcome sympathy with his work.
Stella had done all that a wife could do
to fill the vacant place; and her husband's
fondness had accepted the effort as addT-r^
rr o-n /-\fIt nv Alinrm f n 1 /?rno.
X-U^ V*XXl4X AJL& CV IMV AV'Wf V. A \^l?.
ture who had opened a new life to him.
But where is the woman who can intimately
associate herself with the hard
brainwork of a man devoted to an absorbing
intellectual pursuit ? She can
love him, admire him, serve him, believe
in him beyond all other men;
but (in spite of exceptions which only
only prove the rule) she is out of her
place when she enters the study while
the pen is in his hand. More than once,
when he was at work, Romayne closed
the page bitterly; the sad thought came
to him: " Oh, if I only had Penrose
here!" Even other friends were not
available as a resource in the solitary
evening hours. Lord Loring wa3 ab
sorbed in social and political engagements.
And Major Hynd?true to the
principle of getting away as often as
possible from bis disagreeable wife and
bis ugly children?had once more left
One day. while Mrs. Eyrecourt still
lay between life and death, Iiomayne
found his historical labors suspended by
the want of a certain volume which it
was absolutely necessary to consult. He
had mislaid the references written for
him by Penrose, and he was at a loss to
remember whether the book was in the
British museum, in the Bodleian library,
or in the Bibliotheque at Paris. In this
emergency a letter to his former secreA
"l-T r. 1,.-? 4-1. ?
lary wuuiu xuriusn mm *>jlin mu mi w
mation that he required. But he was
ignorant of Penrose's present address.
The Lorings might possibly know it?
bo to the Lorings lie resolved to apply.
PiOinayne's first errand in London was
to sec Lis wife and to make inquiries at
Mrs. Eyrecourt's house. The report was
more favorable than usual. Stella
whispered, as she kissed him, "I shall
soon come back to you, I hope!"
Leaving the horses to rest for awhile,
he proceeded to Lord Loring's residence
on foot. As he crossed a street in the
neighborhood iie was nearly run over ]
by a cab, carrying a gentleman ancl his
luggage. The gentleman was Mr. "WinEerfield,
on his way to Derwent's hotel.
Lady Loring very kindly searched her
card basket, as the readiest means of assisting
Romayne. Penrose had left his
card, on his departure from London, but
no address was written on it. Lord
Loring,- unable -himself to give the required
information, suggested the light
person tjo. coucult. - ?-> ..-r?pr-?
" Father Benwell will be here later in
the day," he said. " If you will write to
Penrose at once, he will add the address.
Are you sure, before the letter
goes, that the book you want is not in
1*1 rO
Luy juururv ;
" I think not," Komayne answered ;
"{but I will write down the title and leave
it here with my letter."
The same evening he received a polite
note from Father Benwell informing I
him that the letter was forwarded, and
that the book he wanted was not in
Lord Loring's library. " If there
should be any delay or difficulty in obtaining
this rare volume," the priest
added, " I only wait the expression of
<rour wishes to borrow it from the library
of a friend of mine residing in the
By return of post the answer, affectionately
and gratefully written, arrived
Li-om Penrose. He regretted that he was
not able to assist Fiomavne personallv.
But it was out of liis power (in plain
words lie liad been expressly forbidden
by Father Benwell to leave the service
dii which he was then engaged). In reference
to the book that was wanted, it
svas quite likely that a search in the
catalogues of the British museum might
liscover it. He bad only met with it
liimself in the National library at Paris.
This information led Komayne to
London again, immediately. For the
first time he called at Father Benwell's
lodgings. The priest was at home, expecting
the visit. His welcome was the
perfection of unassuming politeness.
He asked for the last news of " poor
Mrs. Eyrecourt's health " with the svmj
athy of a true friend.
"I had the honor of drinking tea
vith Mrs. Eyrecourt, some little ime
since," he said; "her flow of conv_-rsa.ion
was never more delightful?it
seemed impossible to associate the idea
>f illness with so blight a creature
\nd how-'"ell she kept the secret of
rour contemplated marriage! May I
>ffer my humble congratulations and
jood wishes ? "
Eomayne thought it needless to say
hat Mrs. Eyrecourt had not^Jbeen
rusted with the secret, until the wedling-day
was close at hand.
" 3Iy -wife and I agreed in wishing to
>e married as quietly as possible," he
mswered, after making the customary
"And Mrs. Romayne'? pursued
Father Benwell. " This is a sad trial tc
lier. She is in attendance on her mother,
[ suppose V
" In constant attendance; I am quite
ilone. To change the subject, may 1
isk you to look at the reply which 1
have received from Penrose ? It is m\ j
?xcuse for troubling you with thif j
> 1 >11.
Father Benwell read the letter with j
the closest attention, in spite of his
habitual self-control his vigilant eyes
I lightened as he handed it back.
The priest's well-planned scheme (like
Mr. Bitrake's clever inquiries) had
failed. Ho had not even entrapped
Mrs. Eyreconrt into revealing the marriage
engagement. Knr unconquerable
-mall-talk had foiled him at every point
Even when he had deliberately kept hi?
-eat after the otliei guests at the tea;al>lo
had taken their departure, she rose
ivith the most imperturablo coolness
md left him.
"I have a dinner and two parties to*
'1.1.. 3 * ' J. i.1. ^ 1* - 1 "I
[llglll-, UUU Llll&lbJUbb LLLU LI LUG \\ ilCll J
lake my little restorative nap. Forgive
me?and do come again!"
Wlien he sent the fatal announcement
I of the iaarriage to Eome, he had been
i obliged to confess that he was indebted
! for the discovery to the newspaper. He |
j had accepted the humiliation; he had
I accepted the defeat?but he was not
! beaten yet.
i "I counted on Bomayne's weakness,
' and Miss Eyrecourt counted on Ro:
mayne's weakness; and Miss Eyrecourt
It . ? c Qr\ 7 Cit "1 f TVTtt frtw rrnll
; Xlcto U XU XLL r t'UlU Will
1 ?
i come.
j In that manner lie had reconciled
j himself to his position. And now?he
1 knew it when he handed back the letter
j to Piomayne?his turn had come!
j " Yon can scarcely go to Paris to conI
suit the book," he said, " in the present
! state of Mrs. Eyrecourt's health."
"Certainly not."
"Perhaps yon will send somebody to
search the catalogue at the British
museum V"
"I should have done that already,
Father Benwell, but for the very kind
allusions in your note to your friend in
the country. Even if the book is in the
museum library, I shall be obliged to
go to the reading-room to get my information.
It would be far more convenient
to me to have the volume at
home to consult, if you think your friend
will trust me with it."
"I am certain he will trust vou with
; it. "Tv friend is Mr. Winterfield, of
| Bcauj_ house, North Devon. Perhaps
you may have heard of him T
"Xo; the name is quite new to me."
"Then come and see the man himself.
He is now in London?and I am
entirely at your service."
j In half an hour more Romayne was
| presented to a well-bred, amiable gentle!
man, in the prime of life, smoking, anc
reading the newspaper. The bowl o;
his long pipe rested on the floor on one
side of him, and a handsome red anc
white spaniel reposed on the other. Before
his visitors had been two minutes ir
the room, lie understood the motive
which had brought them to consult him, ;
and sent for a telegraphic form.
" My steward will find the book and
forward it to your address by passenger .
v,rain this afternoon." he said. " I wilJ .
tell him to put my printed catalogue of
the library into the parcel, in case I have '
any other books which may be of use to '
With these words he dispatched the ,
telegram to the office. Eomayne j
attempted to make his acknowledg- i
ments. Mr. Winter field would hear no ^
ackn owledgments.
" ?>Iv dear sir," he said, with a smile (
that ^brightened his whole face, " yov ]
are engaged in writing a great historical 1
work, and I am an obscure countrj
gentleman, who is lucky enough tc
associate himself with the production oi
a new book. How do you know that 3 |
am not looking forward to a complimen- ,
tary line in the preface? I am the j
obliged person, not you. Pray consider i
me as a handy little boy' wlE^Jfisvon' ' *
smoke?" ]
Not even tobacco would soothe ?
Eomayne's wasted and irritable nerves, j
Father Benwell cheerfully accepted a t
cigar from a bos on the table.
"Father Benwell possesses all the *
social virtues," Mr. "Winterfield ran on. (
" He shall have his coffee and the brere?* 1
sugar-basin that the hotel can produce. (
I can quite understand that your literary ^
labors have tried your nerves," he said
to Eomayne, when he had ordered the
coffee. " The mere title of your wort
overwhelms an idle man like me. ' The r
Origin of Religions'?what an immense
subject! How far must we look back to r
find out the first worshipers of the 6
human family ? Where are the hieroglyphics,
Mr. Eomayne, that will give ?
you the earliest mformation ? JLa the I
unknown center of Africa, or among the ^
ruined cities of Yucatan ? My own idea, ^
as an ignorant man. is, that the first of
all forms of worship must have been the s
worship of the sun. Don't be shocked, e
Father Benwell?I confess I have a cer- 1
tain sympathy with sun-worship. In the
East especially the rising of the sun is *
surely the grandest of all objects?the c
visible symbol of a beneficent Deity,who
gives life, warmth and light to the world i
of his creation." ?
"Very grand, no doubt," remarked
Father Ben-well, sweetening his coffee,
" But not to be compared to the noble *
sight at Borne, when the pope blesses g
the Christian world from the balcony of
Saint Peter's." c
"So much for professional feeling!" a
said Mr. Winterfield. "But, surely, r
something depends on what sort of a *
man the pope is. If we had lived in the ^
time of Alexander the Sixth, would you a
have called him a noble sight ?" s
"Certainly?at a proper distance," s
Father Benwell replied, briskly. " Ah,
you heritics only know the worst side of 0
that most unhappy pontiff! Mr. "Win- J
terfield, we have every reason to believe j
that he felt (privately) the truest; remorse."
"T shnnlfJ rftfinirfi vfirv evir7pnr>fi t li
1 J O - " ? - ' ?WW to
persuade me of it." 0
This touched Komavne on a sad side 8
1 a
of his own personal experience. "Perhaps,"
he said, " you don't believe in
remorse T ii
"Pardon me," Mr. Winterfield re- 2
joined. "I onlv distinguish between ^
false remorse and true remorse. We g
will say no more of Alexander the Sixth, v
Father Benwell. If we want an illus- b
tration, I will apply it, and give no offense.
True remorse depends, to my
mind, on a man's actual knowledge of g.
his own motives?by no means a com- j,
mon knowledge, in my experience. Say, u
for instance, that I have committed d
some serious offense? 1
Romayne could not resist interrupting ^
him. " Sav you have killed one of your i$
fellow creatures," he suggested. I ii
"Very well. If I knew that I eailji | ^
meant to kill, for some vile purpose ol I 0
my own, and if (which by no means -r(
always follow) I am really capable oi ^
feeling the enormity of my own crime? ^
that is, as I think, true remorse. Mur- ^
derer, as I am, I have, in that case, some o:
moral worth still left in me. But, if 3 o
I p
did not mean to kill the man?if his
death was my misfortune as well as his j
?and if (as frequently happens) lam
nevertheless troubled by remorse, the j it
true cause lies in mv own inability fairly ! T(
to realize my own motives before I look j
to results. I am the ignorant victim of I ^
false remorse; and if I will only ask my- j &
self boldly what has blinded me to the ! R
true state of the case. I shall find the
mischief due to thau misdirected appreciation
of my own importance, which
is nothing but egotism in disguise."
" I entirely agree with you," said
Father Benwell; " I have had occasion
to say the same thing in the confessional."
Mr. TFinterfield looked at his dog,
and changed the subj^pt.
(To be continued.)
With any ink usually employed in
writing reduced from ten volumes to
six, and to which four -volumes of glycerine
have afterward been added, Professor
Attfield has been able to obtain
transcripts of manuscripts in an ordinary
thin paper copying-book without the
use of a press. When a sheet of paper
is written over with tb;sink, it is placed
under one of the shei-rs of the book,
and then a piece of blotting paper laid
over the thin paper .lakps up, when
pressed in the commor.%-a_v?sJ?-n~ J3??36S
flf.-HTll- TrVii/^Vi mor
were made with a
newly-invented preparation .of steel,
which seems to present great resistance
to missiles. The metel.was only threefiftieths
of an inch in thickness, and the
inside uf the cnirass was lined with a
thin layer of wool. The entire weight
of the piece of armor, which was intended
to protect only the heart and
lungs, was two pounds and a-half; but
of eleven rounds cf ball cartridge fired
at the cuirass at a distance of 175 yards,
although eight of the bullets-struck it,
only two penetrated the metal, and
these were found to be flattened and
retained in the woolen lining#
Some observations on meteors, conducted
this year between July 25 and
July du, were recorded m a paper by
Mr. Cruls, which was read before the
French Academy. As the honary average
increased rapidly between the evening
and the morning honrs, and as a remarkable
recrudescence occnrred immediately
before sunrise, the presumption
was that the stream of meteors
moved in a direction opposite to that of
the earth. This conclusion received
further support from the fact that the
meteors scon after five a. il moved with
greater velocity, and were very brilliant.
Their direction was probably very little
inclined to the plane of the ecliptic.
Barometric pressure has a very sensible
influence on the discharge of water
from springs. Mr. Baldwin Latham has
ascertained that whenever there is a
rapid fall in the barometer there is a
corresponding increase in the water
flowing, and with a rise in the "barometer
there is a diminution in the flow,
liie gaugings of deep wells also confirm
these observations. Where there
is a large amount of water held by capillaritv
in the strata above the water
Line, at that period of the year when
wells become sensitive and the flow
from the strata slnggish, a fall in the
oarometer coincided with a rise the
water-line, and tinder conditions of high
barometric pressure the water-line was
The Journal of Science ?ays that in
)rder to account for the mysterious
disappearances of persons, now so common,
a French writer suggests the existence
of a disease not yet recognized,
which, without any previous warning,
Fttdde&ly-vjesoljes iheigjf*ient into va- .
J?*L, W pVlCOOCD IU liwY'; ?iu?
lessed the disappearance of a friend
vith whom he was walking. A very
iimple consideration overturns this hypothesis.
We can scarcely assnme that :
;he disease causes the sudden vaporiza;ion
of clothing, boots, keys, knives,
noney, trinkets, and all that the paient
had about him at the time of his
lie appearance. Yet no one has ever
'ound in the street a complete suit of
ilothes from which the body of the :
nearer escaped.
The essence of friendship is entire- 1
lacQ o fnfal marmonimif.TT onrl frncf.
Truth is too simple for us; vre do :
lot like those "who unmask onr illu- .
Souls are not saved in bundles. The
Spirit asks of every man, how is it with ;
hee ? :
No real happiness can exist in that
leart discontented with itself, and '
vhich seeks to make others so.
Our good deeds rarely cause much gos
ip among our fellow-citizens, but our (
ivil ones leap immediately into noto- '
ietv. 1
You may safely commit the child's .
ilothes to the servant, but the rest of ^
he little one you had better take care
>f yourself. '
Pleasure is very seldom found where (
t is sought. Our brightest blazes of ,
gladness are commonly kindled by un- ]
ixpected sparks. ]
To discover a truth and to separate it 1
rom a falsehood is surely an occupation
worthy of the best intellect, and not at ]
ill unworthy of the best heart.
Neither worth nor wisdom come with- 1
iut an effort; and patience, and piety, '
,nd salutary knowledge, spring up and J
ipen from under the harrow of afflic- ;
It is better to meet danger than to <
rait for it. He that is on a lee shore. ^
.nd foresees a hurricane, stands out to
ea and enconnters a storm to avoid a. ^
hipwreck. 1
A person who is too nice an observer I
?f the business of a crowd, like one .
?ho is too curious in observing the ]
abor of the bees, will often be stung ;
or his curiosity. ^
"With respect to the authority of great j
lames, it should be remembered that j
te alone deserves to have any weight j
r influence with posterity who has (
hown himself superior to the particular ?
nd predominant error of his own <
imes. 1
i *
Small miseries like small debts hit us q
so many places, and meet us at so t
aanv turns and corners, that what thev t
rant in weight they make up in nnm-1 j
er, and render it less hazardous to ! i
tand the fire of one cannon ball than a j t
oliey composed of such a shower of 11
iullets. I1
L. j
The Language of F:ies. 1
An English scientist has made the i
urprising discovery that flies have a 1
mguage of their own, inaudible to a
naided human ears, though, no doubt,
istinctly audible to the ears of insects. 1
!his is not the buzzing tone common to \
11 flying insects, which is produced by i
lie rapid movement of their wings, and c
; but a mere incidental effect, as mean- a
agless as are the sounds of our foot- c
ills wnne we are waiKing ana conver3- u
ig with a friend, but it consists of a
ther tones made voluntarily, no doubt, c
3r the purposes of limited communiea- J
!on with one another. n
The discovery was made by means of n
ae newly invented microphone while t'
lagnifying the tramp of a fly wal king p
n a table, till it sounds as loud as ihat P
f a horse passing over a wooden bridge, p
iy close observation, during these ex- a
eriments other sounds were heard dif- c
*rent from those of its footfalls and i E
ings, which proved to be its trumpet- c
ig calls issuing from its proboscis, and ^
ssembling somewhat the distant whinring
of a horse. Such are some of the
>sults of that marvelous instrument n
hich acts for the ear of rru-n as the tl
acroscope does for tne eye.?Scientific j ^
'eporter. j ?
How tlic Busings iOlannared I'pon a l.avec j
Scale? l'rintioz Sweet Devices on Lozenges?The
Dlint Drop.
There is probably no one article manufactured
within the bounds of the
Uni-ed States which is more universally
a favorite, and the mention of which
calls up more pleasant associations to
old and young, than candy. The baby
cries for it. school-bovs and school-girls i
demand if, and?principally in the form
of caramels ? it is alleged to be of the
greatest possible service to yonng men
in their courting days, not. of course, j
for their own proper use, but as a propi
tiatodf offering to their respective
divinities. In this particular it far
excels afe fascinating but deceitful ice
cream. Jid'has the additional advantage
of being icseason all the year round.
Staid fathers of families affect to disdain
theIpothBome'dainty, and are apt
to inforr^fcsar, offspring that candy will
spoil theifieeth and ruin their digestion,
usually, however, ending the
homily the production of sundry
^-O- I.-; joy&
which candy brought to them. id
the long ago, and to all it is a thing of
beauty and a joy forever.
A reporter of the Tribune was afforded
an opportunity of making a tonr
of inspection through one of the largest
candy manufactories of the West, and
of seeing for himself the different processes
employed in the conversion of
the pure white sugar into the manu- :
factured article. Asked what particu- 1
lar department he would lirst examine, 1
the scribe decided to begin the review .
where he began his personal experience ]
?namely, with stick candy?and lie
was led to the floor devoted to its manufacture.
At one end of the large room
a couple of men were industriously em- '
ployed shoveling white sugar into large
copper boiling pans, each holding fifty
pounds. Side by side with these were \
half a dozen similar pans in which the .
syrup was boiling fiercely. The sugar ]
when sufficiently boiled, is poured upon ]
marble slabs, fenced in with square }
pieces of iron, and there allowed to cool '
until fit for handling. The process of f
C+ v-\*f rt V.vAmr*inr-lnv 1
UO'.jL^ii^ iuan^o it ux o* cviv/i, i
and to get rid of this it is "pulled." A 1
man take3 a thirty-pound chunk of tlie | [
stuff, liaugs it on a large iron hook and '
draws it cut at arm's length. Then he
doubles it over the hook and pulls again, |
repeating the process until the entire
mass assum'es a snowy whiteness. It _c
is then divided up into pieces of suita-1A
ble size and rolled by hand on a wooden ! ,
table. This makes rolls some ten feet
in length?but along comes a boy with |a
a'queer shaped pair of scissors, and cuts J
it into suitable lengths. If onlj the *
childish consumers could get hold of *
that boy and reason with him the one f
cent stick of candy, which is the jn- I
venile's delight, might be made a Jittle |
longer. But this superior beinfr, net'
lectful of liis opportunities, goes on all j
day clipping candy as if bis weapon 1j
were the sliears of Fates, and never Jj.
once puts his lingeis to his mouth. j r
The question as to how the stripes, j r(
those famous spiral stripes of delicate j "
pink, got on to the candy had always 0
puzzled the reporter, even as the knot- E
ty problem of how the apple got inside c
the dumpling bothered King George. ?
And yet it, is simple enough. On the out- Jside
of the cylindrical lump of white
candy the workman lays longitudinal ?
strips of colored candy prepared in similar
manner? A soientkte twist is given J
to the mass; the workman gets hold of ^
one end of ifc, pulls it out into a long S
sfrino- whifOi isrnllerl hv his hnv Vip-1 npv.
and there is the stick candy with its col-! ^
ored stripe. Half a pound of colored . *
sugar suffices .to ornament a .batch of J.
fifty pounds. The dear candy, the li'ghtbrown
variety, is not pulled. The process ?
employed in the manufacture of "drops" .
is identical with that of making white r'
stick candy, except that the stuff a'ter s
being pulled is run through rollers. a
These have depressions on their face of P
the size of the "drop' required, and 5
one shaking-up suffices to break the a.
cakes into hundreds of little pieces. The t'
coloring used for these is mostly carmine,
or cochineal, or harmless vegeta- :!
ble colors. Hoarhound candy is not I.
pulled, and is cat in sticks by a handroller.
To make rock candy in the esfab- ^
lishmen1" visited from four to live barrels
of sugar are dumped into an immense
copper kettle heated by steam, s'
and there boiled until the proper con- a
sistency is obtained. The syrup is
poured into deep oval tin pans, in which 0
cotton threads are strung from end to a
end. Thesa arc convf:ved to tbo errs- P
tallizing room, -where a temperature of a
150 degrees Fahrenheit is constantly "
maintained, and remain there two or
three days. The crystals iorm on the 5
5 rings, and there is your candy, red or
white, according as you have added or ^
Dmitted the carmine. Jelly goods, ] P
creams and other varieties are crystal- a
lized in the same way, and the men who e
handle them need no overcoats while at
work in this department.
Creams, gum-drops, jujubes and i
paste goods are made in molds iiiied i ^
with corn starch. A board, on which a I a
iozen or more representations cf the i
iron, square or other shape required, j
ire melded in relief, is pressed into the a;
5taich, and the melted sugar is poured 0
into the depressions thus made. When ^
jool they are sifted out and taken to
the crystallizing room.
Lozenges are manufactured in an en- 0
:irely different way. Crashed sugar is
poured into a big mill in the basement,
md pounded until it is as fine as flour. ^
Five or six barrels of this are thrown "
;nto a trough, some gum and the requisite
amount of flavoring essence are ^
idded, and the entire mass dumped i ^
uto the mixer, from whence it emerges ! j;1
n the form of a thick dough. This is ! ^
run through rollers into sheets, about j ^
;our feet long and two feet wide, and i S?
carried to the stamping table. Ee:; j
stands a man with a pad saturated with j m
;armine and a stamper, on which the i
.etters to be imprinted on the lozenge j
?innocent aid to boyish and girlish Sir-'
;ation?are yet in type. And thus it is j j,
;bat "Do you love me?"' and "Are yon j
rr.in<r to fcbft hall this evsniuc ?" armear i <l-/
ipoi. the lozenges. These are cut from o"j
;he sheet by girls armed with ordinary ij;
in cutters of the kind familiar to every fr
icusewife, and after a three days' expe- k,
ience in the purgatorial sweat-box the 0j
ozenges are ready for racking and ship- sj
nent. English mint and all the count- ; uc
ess variety of plain lozenges are cut by ! ai
i machine. ! m
To make cocoanut paste the indigesti- ' 0I
)le frnit is cast into a machine res em- i w
ding a quartz-crusher, and comes out g
n a condition of pulp and shreds. The : Cl
ream for chocolate drops and sticks i
.re cast in starch-molds and dipped in ! ^
hocolato mixture. Mint-drops are i vj
Iropped singly on tins, and caramels ! pj
ro hni'or? cm! frit Onfc. The SUffar I
igar, dear to the heart of budding i ^
outh, is cast in a starch or }>ia.sttr i
aold, and afterwards painted and hied j w!
.p by hand. All sugar fruits, toys and !
he like, which appear in such great ! jv
irofnsion at holiday times, are cast in | s'0
faster molds and hand-painted. The ! ^
reralent idea that these articles are j f
mong the more objectionable forms of
andies is an erroneous one, as they are !
lade of the finest white sugar, and the j "c
oloring matter is certified to as innoc-1 la
ous.?Neir York Tribune. pi
_ OT, IS
-fuxnougu e:inv iu mc ^cmuu, ??& au- u<.
ounce, at the request of Mr. Vennor, at
bat during the coming winter "water er
ill as usual freeze "with its slippery ac
ide up. in
The CunnSas; Thai Has Been"I*ut Into Aril- ! '
tficinl J.imbs.
"I presume that most persons believe ! s
that our harvest time is after a war," j 3
said Mr. Brad lev, a New York maker of I *
artificial limbs ; "but the fact is that!'
we do not care particularly about war. j
There is too much thoroughness about I '
the wars of modern times. They de- | J
strov mc-n rather than maim them. Now, ' *
our business is to patch up maimed ^
men, not to dispose of dead ones. Our j c
best helpers, in a business way, are the j *
railroads. They maim, in nine cases I
out of ten, in a way to benefit us. For
instance, at the close of the war there *
wer'e only nine or ten thousand ex-sol- ?
diers drawing pensions for the loss of a J:
leg or an arm. There were only two ^
pensioners in the receipt of pay from
ihe Government for the loss of bcth ?
legs and both arms. Now, I suppose
that most 'persons fancied that there a
must nave been Hundreds 01 thousands r
of such sufferers by the "war. Of course ^
pen- ?
wearers of artificial limbs in the United ^
States. Why, the little city of Provi- F
dence has sent in a requisition for ten 11
legs within the last four months. The ?
railroads have been responsible for fourfifths
of this increase of maimed persons."
"Of course, then, the business of f1
manufacturing artificial limbs has in- tr
creased largely since the war ?" the ,e.(
reporter said. ^
"It h-3," Mr. Bradlv rejoined. " But I .
it has spread as it lias increased. Forty 13
fears ago, or even twenty years ago, P]
rou could not get an artificial limb
worthy of the name outside of New York
31* Philadelphia. Now tiiere is an artiiicial
limb maker, and sometimes more ,
:han one. in every large city. There are j ,
>ix firms in New York, all within a few ;
jlocks of each other. So this business
!s almost as much cut up as any other ?t
aowadays. But, after all, a man who et.
rants a first-class leg or arm comes to ^
S'ew York, it may not be too much to *?
>ay that New York makers have sur- ^
passed those of France and England, for- ^
nerly incontestablv the best. Orders j
:ome from Europe and from the ends of j
;he earth to New York." ar
441 suppose that the supplying of
pensioners of the Government from
heir maimed legs and arms is still a i
:onsiderable part of the business ?" the j
e-norler aneried. i
It is," Mr. Bradley replied. " The j
government gives each pensioner an j ar
.rma or leg every five years. We sup-!
>Iy a great many cf these. Bat, natu- j
ally, there are fewer veterans of the | ev
>ar to supply every live years." j w!
" The leg of to-day is very different! %\J
roru that of twenty years ago," Mr. j S1<
Jradley went on. "Then it was a :
Leavy, loose-jointed, cumbersome, creaky | ni
, If air. Every one remembers how easy ! r?
t was to tell a man with an artificial j
eg as soon a3 he came within sight or j ja.
tearing. The creaking was perhaps | ,
be most disagreeable part of the affair. | ai:
. bat has been done away with by means
if one or two little patented improveaents.
The principal one of these is a : fr
oncealed screw at the joint of the leg ! ~
nd foot that enables the wearer of the |Jr
eg to stop the creaking at any time.
)nce upon a time he would have to
end it back to the maker to have the
Dint tightened, and the cost would have
ieen $10. Xcy he can. do iiior himself iia
rithout a cent of cost. Then there is a fn
ontr ivance worked by a band passing
.own from the shoulder strap to throw *e:
he leg forward as the wearer moves
'hisis particularly useful to ladies as "e
k rvncTioc tlio clrirfc trif'h nn mArc r-fifnrf
han the action of the natural limb oc- ,
asions. Bat, above all, the snpport of j fr
tie body has been transferred to a dif- j
srent part of the leg. Formerly, the 1 !~
tomp rested on a cushion in the socket, I
nd the weight fell upon this sensitive j
ioint of contact. Mow, by means of: c*
teei braces, the region of contact is i F"
l^nost entirely at either side of the i
high, where there is, comparatively, no j ?*
ensitiveness. A man with an artificial j ?*
2g, nowadays, can do almost anything ! ^ei
hat a man with two natural legs can. i
'or instance, in this letter here, a man i
rites that he has traveled horseback _
nd afoot thousands of miles over I )'e:
Vyoming, Colorado, and Mexico on one-" j Dn
" What provision is there for a per- J?
on who loses the whole or a part of an 5,1'
rm asked the reporter. _
Mr. Bradley stepped to a case of flesh- cfs
olored artificial members and took out |
n arm. The hand was covered with a j
erfect-fitiing glove. There was an j *ai
rm to be woj n by a woman hanging I *s.
est to the one that he selected, and I dls
iie small hand was encased in a long, j
lany-bnttoned white kid glove. Mr. j
Sradley put a loop at the end of a ! W1:
-hite woollen band attached to the up- i ?ec
er part of the arm around his right j *??
rm, slipped the band about his should- j *ri
rs, and then inserted his hand into the j
Dcket of the artificial arm. Then he j -*-1
>ok off and replaced the reporter's hat, j a.n
;e artificial liagers being worked by ; ^
leans of mechanism in tlie socket. He j *-"
Iso raised and held an open book np ; ?*
efore him. j j211
" I am not at all expert in the man- | j**
gement of these arms," Mr. Bradley j
bserved ; "but, if I had to depend ! e$l
pon one of them for the remain-, ?w(
ei* of my life, I suppose that I j .
ould soou leara to make the best 1U
l it. The stump, acting upon the
Lecbanism in the socket, opens and ni*
mis the lingers and makes them pick re^
p and hold any article desired. The
ngers are composed of a steel skeleton. ,.e:
ivArnri with soft India rubber. well- 1.
laped, arid thev have a natural feeling '
> another person. One man writes S11J
lat lie can draw and paint, and that he ?e!
olds a medal for his drawing from the ^aj
ew Hampshire State Fair. Another
its that he can write well, as indeed
Ls letter shows, and caD send telegraph '
lessagps as an operator. | th<
I th<
The Human Ear. k:
I nn
Few people realize what a wonderful |
slicate strncture tbe human ear really i fcV,
. That which we ordinarily designate j fv
? in ottfli' r.ll nnlr rr>ata Anfpr r>nre>ii I
/, a~ ??w -?rv-? acr
I a series of -winding passages which, j
ke the lobbies of a great building, lead j i0I]
om the outer air into the inner cham- j qT~
jrs. Certain of these passages are fall i w
[ liquid, and their raembranees are J j|j,
retched, like parchment curtains, \ ^n(
:ross the corridors at different places, i arc
id can be thrown into vibration or j
ade to tremble as the head of a drum ^
the surface of the tambourine does I mjj
hen struck with a stick or the lingers, j ^
etween two of these parchment like j av
irtains, a chain of very small bones exnds,
which serves to tighten or relax j jen
lese 111 em bran ces, and !o communicate
f/-> tlnam Tn the innprmnst 1
aca of all, rows of fine thread, called 0Vc
rves, stretch, like the strings of a pi- i ^
to, to the last point to which the tremings
or thrillings reach, and pass in- ! nea
ird to the brain. If these nerves are j ten
;st roved, the power of hearing certain-! departs,
as the power to give out;
unds is lost by a piano or violin when ] T
5 strings are broken.?Philadelphia ,
i li?J
? | tba
The rise of the American word 1 or:
aucus" is becoming common in Eng- on,
nd, and the London newspapers are 5 in
izzled over its derivation. it is saiu :
* come from "caulkers' meetings," ; aga
ild by Boston shipyard employees in , of
tte-Eevolutionary times. AJ1 confer-; tioi
ices to arrange for concerted political j lam
tion were soon called "caulkers" and ! des
time the term became "caucus." j mo
In I'ndertaUei-'s !?torie? and Meditation?.
"JJid I ever bury any one who was
iliveV" said the undertaker, leaning
against a comfortable-looking black
calnut casket, and polishingoff a dusty
lame-plate. "Weli, no, but I came
sear it once. It was in the winter
ime, too, and when I got to the house
ehere my services were needed I found
he wicdows of the room wide open
.iid the cold, wintry air blowing
hrongh, and there was no one in the
oom with the corpse, it was so chilly
here. It was a woman who had died
-a yotuig, good-looking woman, and
he lirst thing I noticed was that her
heeks were stained with red. This
5 not uncommon when people die sndenly,
and she had only been sick a
jw days, and I congratulated myself
n the tine appearance she would make
Dr iier triends to see. i naa an assistant
and we placed the casket on snports
by the side of the bed,"and were
ist going to lift her in when I discovred
that a pillow we needed had been
ift in the nezt- ^QQjW^^feeTOttng, |
lgfhe lamp with minan?[feavMJg me'
ith the head of the dead woman suported
on my arm; he had some trouble
1 findine it and I was iust going to
ill him when the wind blew the door
) and I was alone in the dark.
Now I am not a coward, but my first
npulse was t-o drop that woman's head
id run out of the room. I actually
embled with nervousness and imagin1
that I could feel a thrill of life in
te neck, which was still warm; at
lat moment I hoard my assistant com,g,
and at the same instant a voice
roceeding from the dead woman said
istinctlv in sudden, sharp tones:
Auntie! Auntie ! Auntie!"
The return of the light brough
ick part of my courage, and I looked
jenly at the corpse to see if I could
itect any signs of life, but the rtd was
ding out of the cheeks, and the signs
: death were unmistakeable. I learn
L Uvy uunub (4uea1.1u.mijg uiiiu iiii a.uuii
' the deceased, of whom she was very
nd, had arrived at the house a few
oments before she died, and then the
ck woman had expired in the vain atmpt
to speak to her; my theory is
.at the words stuck fast in her throat
id were expelled with the final breath,
hen I moved her. What else could I
ink ?
Then there was a beautiful girl who
is engaged to be married, and was
tddenly taken ill and died. I wa3
nt for to prepare her for the grave,
id as tliey lived in the country I was
send out the casket and all of the
lishings. It was to be there in the
eiiiog early, as at 10 P. M. the remains
sre ;o be taken east. The young man
tic drove cut with it stopped at a wayile
taverir, became intoxicated, and
mained drinking and gambling all
ghfc. When at noon the next day he
ached the house, the corpse was sitig
up holding a reception. She had
in in a trance all night, and but for
s delinquency would have been buried
The friends of a dead person are al
ivs anticipating their return to life
iring the first few hours ; sometimes
e features will suddenly become life;e,
and a slight color will suffuse the
)s, and frequently a bead-like perspiticn
will appear on the forehead. To ,
ose of our profession these signs are
re tokens of death and decay. I
ve ka own people-.who would be strick-^ j
with a panic a' few hours" after ' the'" '
.rial o? a friend and insist on disin- .
"How is it when post mortems are
K'l, or embalming takes place ?"
"That settles the question definitely;
ere can be no doubt in the case of
esident Garfield, though the embalm- ^
2 urocess was a failure, or at least all ^
e undertakers consider it so; but unrtakers
are not embalmers; they <
ive that branch of the trade to men science,
professors of colleges of 7
idicine and snch. It may be impossi- *
2 to avoid discoleration as in the case ^
President Lincoln, bnt the iissnes ,
the body should be thoroughly pre- i
rved; Vice President Wilson was per- J
:ily embalmed, so was the late Mr. |
gley. The best case I ever knew was
it of a young man who died in Denr
and was brought to Detroit for i
i i ? - XT ~ I *
rial. Alter a tnree wcbns it mi juc ^
,s as natural looking as if lie had just
?d, and it was in hot w ther, too.
to trouble "with the late President's ^
so was that it was too hurried ; he
ould have been put on ice for two
T3 previous to embalming. The 1
nilv did not feel as anxious about it j
the people. A good many are much satisfied."
t; Folks think we haven't any senti- j
snt," said the undertaker, "and I (
sh sometimes I hadn't, but when I
; the little ones taken away I almost *
get my duties in sympathy for the j.
ends. The other day we took a baby
i little two year old?to Elmwood. *
lis casket was just filled with, tojs, ^
& one little silver bell rang every ^
le it moved, and that made the other ildren
cry again; it's a lonesome sort ,
business anyway, and there ain't j
ich money in it either; an undertaker
5 to wai: years for his money and *
;n he often is only paid half of it,
)ecialiy if the charges were for a ^
ell fnneral. The poorer class are the ^
tier pay. One of the richest widows the
state had the corpse of her hus- j.
id taken down cellar and sat np all ^
;ht fanning him to save ice. Death ^
-eals q neer traits sometimes, and there ^
! 101S 01 people wuu mouru uvei tucii id
when they lay them in a vault, as ,
they never'couid forget them, and
;y won't bury them without a law- ,
t. Here's my card if you should 9
jd anything in my line?children
if price."?Detroit Free Press. Great
Tilings. ^
rhe greatest cataract in the world is
5 Falls of Niagara; the largest cavern, \
; Mammoth Cave of Kentucky ; the ]
crest river, the Mississippi?4.000
les in extent; the largest vallev, that ]
the Mississippi?its area 5,000,000 1
xare miles; the greatest citv park,
it of Philadelphia, containing 2,700 <;
es; the greatest grain port, Chicago ;
i biggest kke, Lake Superior; the c
.gest railroad, the Pacific Puilroad? e
;r 3,000 miles in extent. The most j fc
ge mass of solid iron is Pilot Knob of fc
ssouri?height, 250 feet circumfer:e,
two miles; the best specimen of
hitecture, Girard College, Philadelia
; the largest acqnednct, the Croton
^ "^T ??iU a?A Vlrtlf I __
JLOrn, xtrxi&;tu, iuiuj- auu uuc-uau i p
les, cost 812.500,000; the longest! s
dge, the elevated railroad in Third j t:
mue, New York ; it extends from the ! u
:tery to the Harlem Kiver?the whole j o
gth of the eastern side of the Man- ! J
tan Island?seven miles long, or | jj
irly 40,000 yards. The longest bridge j k
r water, however, will be that now j a
ng constructed in Russia over the a
Iga, at a point where the river is t]
irjy four miles wide. The most ex- d
sive deposits of anthracite coal are ?
Pennsvlvania. h
" t
ienorts from more than one hundred i o
ithouses and lightships have shown ; ii
t the migration of birds of one species j d
mother are almost continually going 1 "
although the great migrations occur ! p
the spring and fall. Vast numbers | v
birds arc jkilled by flying at night t
inst the glass protecting the lights j 1
lighthouses, being, while in migra- j "
i attracted by the bright glare of the ! y
ips. No less than six hundred were d
troyed in this manner in a single ; t
ath at one lighthouse. j o
! Darwin says the tendency to painful
blushing is inherited.
English folk-lore says that if bees see
a frog near they will not swarm.
About 1,000 caves in India are said to
be of architectural importance.
Marggraf, an eminent Prussian chemist;
first drew the attention of the pub- *
i li/? in rnnt S7i car in 1747.
Bake<3, coarse bread, called horsebread,
was common food for horses in
the time of James I. instead of grain.
Drinking out of the same cup was a
mark of great intimacy in the Roman
era ; a polite thing to ask and a handsome
compliment in the middle ages.
Europe has now a population of 315,920,000
inhabitants, Asia 834,707 000,
AfnVa 90n 000. America 95.405.000.
Australia and Polynesia 431,000, the
Polar regions 82,000, giving a total of
If the English language were divided
into One hundred parts, sixty would be ,.-r
Saxon, thirty would be Latm^inciudipg, ^.4*?U?e;
tKfe fcatin that- --h^cssne to y^f :
3??feough the French, ' and. five parts
would be Greek. *
Henry Murat, once called Count of
Colorado, because he was a severalmillionaire
and ihe leader of fashion in
the West, is in Denver, and is so reduced
that he often seeks the hospitality of a
/>TT WATTT A 1/N/^/tinrr
l?Cbj -1?X\J nr ?KJL c* uiguv a xvyvi^jjL>?^4
A sheep dairy for the manufacture of
cheese has been started at Chattanooga,
Tenn. Sheep cheese is a popular article
of food in Austria, and this enterprise,beginning
with 1,000 sheep, is under
the management of an Austrian.
Farmers along the Carson River,
in Nevada, are said to be troubled with
porcupines. These intelligent animals
are said to dig up the potatoes and roll
on them until they can walk off to the
Viille tr-if-Vi o r\r ca nf fVia tnVvorc nn
tlieir quills. Melons disappear in the
same way.
After the overthrow by an earthquake
of the Colosusat Rhodes, the fragments
remained scattered on the ground for
nine hundred years ; for the inhabitant#
alleged that they had been forbidden
by an oracle to raise it. "When the Saracens
became masters of the island, the
brass was sold to a Jewish merchant, if*
who loaded nine hundred camels with
In Alaska, northwest of Behring^
Lj <11 LCI l.uLC U1 AUU CVUOtt' -*
found in the cliffs bordering the ooe^n.
In the face of the precipice is, first, ff-jsnrface
of solid ice; upon this four Ration
is a layer of soil two or three thick,
and bearing luxuriant vegetation; a
little beyond this the banfc; -ises again
by a second lajer of ice, op which rests
soil, yielding, like the firsj'c, a vegetable
growth. ?
Tiie Presidents.
1. George WasW^fcon, of Virginia,
born February 22^-w 32; elected Commander-in-ChiefiF^jf
the Continental
army in 1775 ^frst inaugurated as President
in the fl^xty of New York, April 30,
17SQ* ca^ov r? inoncmraHnn in 1793?
died December 14, 1799, aged sixtyeight
y ear j.
2. John Adams, of Massachusetts,
born in 1735; inaugurated March 4,
1797; died July 4, 1826, aged ninety
3. Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia^born
En 1743; first inaugurated in Washington
in 3801; seee^--inauguration is ?1805;
diedibh July, 1826. aged eightytwo
4. 'James Madison, of Virginia, born
in 1751;first inaugurated in 1809;second
inauguration in 1813; died 1837,
iged eighty-fire years.
5. James Monroe, of Virginia, born
in 1750: first inaugurated in 1817; died
n 1831, aged ssventy-two years.
0. John Qnincy Adams, of Massachusetts,
born m 1767; inaugurated in
L825; died in ISIS, aged eighty-one
7. Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee.
jorn 1767 ; first inaugurated in 1829 ;
second inauguration in 1S33; died in
IS45, aged seventy-eight years.
8. Martin Van Buren, of New York.
jorn in 1782; inaugurated in 1837;
lied in 1S62, aged eighty years.
9. William Henry Harrison, of Ohio,
jorn in 1773 ; inaugurated in 1841;
iied in office, April, 1841, aged sixtyiight
10. John Tyler, of Virginia, bore in - [
790; elected Vice-President, and inLncrn
rate/1 <i<! PrAsi^pnt in Ar>ril. 1841 :
- X- # /
lied in 1862, aared seventy-two years.
11. James K. Polk, of Tennessee,
)orn in 1795; inaugurated iQ 1S45; died
n 1S49, aged fifty-four years.
12. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana.
)orn in 17S4; inaugurated in 1849;
iied in office in 1850, aged sixty-six
13. Millard Fillmore, of New York,
>orn in 1800; elected Vice-President in
.S48, and inaugurated as President on
he death of General Taylor in 1850 ;
lied March 8, 1874, aged seventy-firo
14. Franklin Pierce, of New f.amphire,
born in 1804; inaugurated in
S53; died in 1869, aged sixty-five
15. James Buchanan, of Pennsylvaiia,
born in 1791; inaugurated in 1857;
lied in 1804, aged seventy-seven
16. Abraham Lincoln, cf Illinois,
>orn 1809; first inauguration in 1861;
;eccnd inauguration in 1865 ; assassiLated
April 14, 1S65, aged fifty-nine
' ears.
17. Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee,
>orn in 180S; elected Vice-President,
md inaugurated as President, in April,
1' ^ T 1 rt 1 1 rifT." J
.?t>o; aiea jujv 01, iota, ageu bLs.Lv;even
years. "^Si,
18. Ulysses S. Grant, of Illinois, born /w- "' "**
n 1822, first inauguration in 1S69; sec>nd
inauguration in 1873; term expired
tfch March, 1S7719.
Rutherford B. Eaves, of Ohio,
)orn in 1824; inaugurated in March,
.877; term expired March 4 1881.
20. James A. Garfield inaugurated
tfareh 4, 1881; assassin at- d July 2,
8.S1; died September 19, 18S1.
21. Chester A. Arthur, inaugurated
September 20, 1881; still in office.
After the experience of America
ities with wcoden pavements, it is
trange to hear that Piccadilly, London,
las been paved its entire length with
locks of wcod.
Hv.l Am
Ilbli i lli'IIl VII.
In cne of the Parisian bureaus de
olice correctionnelle a few days ago, a
on of toil, accused of stealing a pair of
rousers, was discharged by the sitting
magistrate, after a patient investigation
f his case, on the ground that the evience
brought forward against him was
asufficient. He continued, however, to
eep his seat on the prisoner's bench
fter his acquittal had been formally
nnounced. The lawyer who had connoted
his defense, observing that he
id not move, informed him that ho
ras free to go about his business, if he
iad any. He shook his head slightly
mt did not budge. By this tune, anther
case being on hand, his defender
quired with some irritation " why the
euce be did not get up and go."
1 Step this way a moment, please," reilied
the steadfast sitter, "and let me
rnisper in your ear. I can't go till all
he witnesses for the prosecution Lave
eft the court." "And why, may I ask?"
: Because of the stolen trousers?don't
ou understand?" "3Iost assuredly I
o not understand. What about the
rousers?" "Only this. I've got 'em
- "
. i

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