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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 22, 1882, Image 1

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WEEKLY EDITION. WIXySBORO, S. ,C.. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1882. _ ESTABLISHED IN 1844.
a ? _ ?
.1 Coanuy Boy in Winter. r<
The wind may blow the snow about,
For all I care, says Jack,
And I don't mind how a id it grow^
For then tie ice won't crack. ^
LOid folks may thiver all day long, J ^
But I shall never freeze; |
x?Vhat csrcs a jolly boy like me j ?
For winter days like these.
* Far down the Ions enow-covered hills J j"*
It is such fan to coast, I ^
BBfr So clear the road: the fastest sled ?
There is in school I boast.
St
T^. The paint is pretty well worn off, .
But then I take the lead;
A dandy sled's a loiterer,
And 1 go in for speed. _
oL
? vVhen I go homo at supper-time,
kKi! but my cheeks are red!
They bum and sting like anything; 01
I'm cross until I'm fed.
Xou ought to see the biscuit go, ^
X am so hungry then: ^
"And old Aunt Tolly says that boys cc
Eat twice as much as men. ?
Vfi
There's always something I can do p<
To pass the time away; TO.
The dark comes quick in winter-time? &
A ehort and stormy day P]
* ,'.77 And when I give my mind to it, ^
^ xv o j uoi <0-3 tauia
X almost do a man's work now, ^
And help him many ways. ^
I like to hear the old horse neigh hi
Just as I come in sight,
The oxen poke me with their horns fcr
6k To get their hay at night. cr
K Somehow the creatures seem like friends, se
And like to see me come. ea
Some fellows talk about New York, th
Bui I shall stay at home. at
?Sarah 0. Jewett, in Harper's Young People. ^
? m
wi
A DUNCE'S WORK. ?
-an
W(
:'Hamp See, a dunce! Weil, maybe in
so ; but arter what I've seed, it 'ud take za
a smarter schoolmaster than you to ws
make me think so." he
It was old Riley Vaughn who spoke, as
and although old Riley had no educa- be
tion, his hard sense and sound judgment
were respected by all the men
who sat there in the village postoffica ^
waiting for the mail. He had grown
prosperous by dint of hard work and aggood
judgment, and his neighbors were
accustomed to ask for and to respect his s?(
opinions. '
'I did not say precisely that, Mr.
Vaughn," rep-ied Mr. Penruddock, the
schoolmaster. {,I only said my best
efforts to educate the boy were rendered
futile a*ad negatory by reason of his in- 0}(
-explicfkblr inability to grasp and retain gaj
so siir.ple a thing as the accidence of v0
the Latin verb." 2c<
"That means, in plain English, that wc
he ain't got no grip on what you teach
him, don't it ?' asked Rilev.
" Yes, that is what I mean," replied ar(
the schoolmaster, -with something like a ?0[
- , shudder at old Riley's English. "But
I will make an honorable exception in ^
the matter of mathematics. He seems on
instinctively to grasp arithmetical prin- ^
ciples/' f
"Yes," drawled old Eiley ; " one 'o de
your boys tole me Hamp could figure
out how long it 'ud take for a cistern to no
get full ef they was three pipes 'o difierent
sizes a rnnmn' into it, an' two
others 'o still different sizes a-runnm'
>? , no
QSL1
"Yes, he is expert in the practical ^a*
L applications of arithmetic ; and yet in no
arithmetic his standing is not good, ^
because he seems incapable of mastering
the exact terms of the formulae and an
rules." _ m(
"Well, now, look here," said old ca]
jsiiey, rising ana sin King ice counter ,
with his big fist; "it jest comes to this f0(
here, the bey ain't got no grip on yonr
W words an' things; but he's got a good
grip on idees and principles, an' it's
my belief that's the inside o' sense I ,
don't want to be unnecessarily offensive,
but yon an' all schoolmasters like an,
you ought to teach parrots. They don't ^
want no idees; they just want the ,
words, an' that's your notion o' learnin'. j _
That's the trouble o' this here country ,
down here; men learn wor Js an' kin ca,
make speeches, but they can't do no- ^
* thin'. Now I've seed that boy Hamp ^
See do what nary a man in this county jycould
do. I bought the fust reapin'- ^
^machine as was ever seed in these parts, ^
an' whea it came it was all to pieces, ^
an' packed in boxes. I sent one arter
another fer all the blacksmiths- an'
wheelwrights an' carpenters hereabout c^,
to set the thing up, an' I'm blest ef one
on 'era could make out which end o'
the thing was foremost. Not one on gv
'em could pnt any two pieces together. i
That 'ere boy hnng around all the time, caj
wiiu"' his forred creased tip like, an' ani
finally he says to me, says he, 'Mr.
r Vaughn, let me try.' 'Well try,' says I; ^
'an' ef yon git her together, I've got a WQ
five-dollar bill fer yon.' Maybe yon 0?c
won't believe it, bnt afore noon that 0?c
very day, that there reaper vas a-reapin' -n(
wheat like a dozen hands. The boy ^
jest seed right into the thing. Now I ,
. say ef he's a dunce, the sooner most
b poople in these parts lose their senses as
an' gets to be dunces, the better 'twill an
be for all concerned." And with that at
^ old Riley stalked indignantly ont of the
m. DostoSce.
r Notwithstanding all that old Riley als
could say, however, public opinion was
against Eamp See. It was certain that ^
he was dull in his lessons. He could
' not keep up with Mr Penruddock's
classes, and instead of stndying his jjLatin
verbs, he was perpetually intert
rip ting the school by asking Mr. Pen- gruddock
to explain things like thunder ;
and lightning and the presence of shells jac
in the rocks on the mountain, and the
( curious ways plants have of taking care ^
of themselves?things which had no QU
relation to the work of the school. It ^
was agreed that Riley Vaughn could not i
know anything *bout education, be- cause"
he was not himself educated. It
was even said?and this came to Rilev's fV,
e.rs?that he was prejudiced against ?t
education. Even Hamp's mother was wa
f discouraged. Hamp was always '-potter- ^
ing," she said, instead of attending to
his books. ge,
"Why," she said, "he is been fooling ^
with a spring on the bill back of the ^
house the whole season through. He's
.0*5a pipes to bring the water down here, ?,
* and now he's turned the whole house
into a mill." Then she would show her ?
r~ visitor what Hamp had dor^. He had ^
constructed an ing^uious water-wheel
* with -xhich to make the most of the ej{
L power afforded by the spring, and had ^
set it to a variety of tasks. A stretch of
line shafting passed under the Hoor of v r
V J v 1? UI
jjjfly* uHG JJEULIU.O yaootu
through the floor to the chum and the ^
sewing-machine, and even the sausage
chopper could be attached at wim "I
don't deny that it's handy, and saves
* work " said his mother. ''And now he's ^
made a sort of a fan in the dining-room,
and has set chat going, too, so that it ^
keeps the flies oS the table. If we had
a baby in the h->use, I believe he'd Wj
make the water rock the cradle. But ^
it's discouraging about his studies. Mr. ^
Penruddock is in despair, and says he j
don't know whatto be made of the t,
s boy." tl
k The summer proved to be a very dry
one, and the gardens especially suffered ^
for water. When the people began to
U 'V~r?i/^oo W Ck Q1 _ I
V/VUJLU1U1U, i xlttU. au u.w ?*
ways bad an idea when au emergency 3'
art.se. Be went into his mother's gar- ^
den and worked all day, digging a &
trench down the middle, and making _
? XittJa trenches at right angles to the I ^
aaia one, so thai each bed was but- j B
IP':.'
|fe
jurded by them, and the larger beds i
rossel as well. He was very careful '
d keep all these trenches on one level. |
ifhen he had finished, he laid a drain
om his "water-wheel to the main
ench, so that the waste water, after
irning the wheel, was carried into the
arden and emptied into the trench,
little by little the main trench filled;
len the water trickled into the smai. -i
enches, and as the spring from which
came was a never-failing one, the !
irden was supplied with water j
iroughout the dry, hot summer, and j
icn a garaen noooay in tnat region |
id seen that season.
People caid that Hanip See certainly J
as a bandy sort of boy; but they were !
ire to add, "It's a pity he is so dull." '
One day eld Riley Vaughn was offer- j
g extravagant prices for horse, mule, I
ox teams to hanl stone. He had |
ken a contract to supply from his
larrv the stone for the railroad bridge
rer Bush ran, and now the time for
slivery was near at hand, and no teams
>uld be had. All the horses were at
ork on the crops, and it began to apjar
that old Riley must either lose
oney on the contract by hiring horses
id mules and teamsters at ruinous
ices, or forfeit the contract itself. He
ied in every direction to get mules
?* wagons, offering twice the usual
ages, bnt still he could get very few.
e was in real trouble, with a loss of
veral thousand dollars threatening
m.
One day Eamp, who knew what
ouble Riley was in, went down to the
eek, and, cntting several twigs, began
ttjng them up at a distance from
,eh other, and sighting from one to
.e other. The few teamsters who were
work watched him curiously, but
2, ~ ? i. T L "U
>uiu xiui mase out wuai* ue was uuiug, i
e went up the creek with his sticks,
oving one of them at a time, and aliys
earefullv sighting from one to
LOther, or rather from one ove
tother to a third. In this way he
Drked np to the quarry, which was j
imediately on the creek, nearly a!
Lie above the point where the bridge j
is to be bnilt. When he had done, !
> walked back, examining the banks |
he went; then he presented himself!
fore Riley Yanghn.
"Mr. Vanghan," he said, "I've an
ea that will help yon ont of yonr
fficuity."
"Will it hire teams to hanl stone?"
^ed Riley.
<<\TA V?T?f if imll ATI oV\!a TTAT1 f A
i.W) u Ltu xu mu wowio j vu lv uaui
me without teams."
"If it will?. "Well, let me hear what
is," said Riley, changing his purpose
lila speaking.
' 'Raft the stones down," said Hamp.
"Now look a-here, Hamp See," said
1 Rilej, "I've stood up fer you, an'
id you wan't no dunes when everydy
else said you was; but this here
)ks as ef they was right an' I was
ong. How in natur' kin I raft stone
wn a creek that ain't got more'ne six
: inches o' water in it, a-bubblin'
jund among the stones of the botn?"
"Well, you see," said Hamp, "I've,
reled up from the quarry a ad there's
ly two feet fall, or a little less, and
* banks are nowhere less than five
it high; and so, as there's a good
ai more water running down in a day
in anybody would think, it's my
tion to build a temporary dam just
low the bridge?you've enough timr
and plank here to do it with two
urs' work of your men?building it,
j, sis feet high, there vhere the
nks are closr&t together. Refore
on to-morrow the water will rise to
$ top of fche dam, and run. When it
es, you'll have six feet of water here
d four feet at the quarry, and your
sn can push rafts down as fast as they
i load them."
riTT J T 4-tttss 1
" JCLUW UU JiUU W LliCtC D UlliJ unu
)t fall 7" asked old Riley, eagerly.
"I've leveled it," said Eamp.
"That is, you figgered it out with
jm sticks?"
"Yes."
"Are you sure you've got the right
3wer?" asked the old man, wild with
jemess.
"Perfectly sure. You see, it's" simple.
>lant my sticks?"
1'Never mind about how you do it; I
1't understand that ef you explain it;
t look me in the eyes, boy. This
ing means thousands o' dollars to
ley Yaughn ef you've got your answer
:ht. I kin understand that much;
' ef# you've worked out this big sum
;ht for me, I'll choke the next man
it says you're a dunce jest 'kase you
n't take kindly to old .Penruddock's
itterin' sort o' learnin'. I'll do it, or
' name ain't Riley Vaughn, an' that's
:at I've been'called for nigh unto fifty0
year now."
Did Riley was vividly excited. He
led all his men to the place selected,
3 set them at work building the dam,
lile Hamp looked on, and simply
.de a suggestion for simplifying the
rk. The dam was finished at three
lock in the afternoon, and at six
loc\ the water had risen two feet six
;hes, while the back water had passed
:'There!" said Hamp "tliat proves my
>rk. The water is level, of course,
far as the back water 3hows itself,
d we have six inches of back water
the quarry and two feet six inches at
3 dam; so the fall is two feet."
"It looks so," said Eiley, who was
o eagerly watching the rise of the
ter. The workmen had gone home,
of them convinced that this attempt
back the water a mile up the creek
s the wildest foolishness; but old
Ley and Hamp waited ancl watched.
"It doesn't rise so fast now," said ;
ley.
"That's because it has a larger sur- j
:e; but it still rises, and the surface j
n't increase much mere now, as ;
ire's a steep place just above the j
arrv, and it can't back any further
The two waited and watched. Midjht
came, and the measurement j
awed three feet six inches depth at i
3 dam. Still they waited and watched. i
six o'clock in the morning the depth j
s four feet two inches. Then Riley j
it a boy to his house with orders to j
' * * -i. i. >> A i. I
mg "a Dig Dreasxass lor iwu, i
ren o'clock the breakfast arrived, and |
b measurement showed four feet three j
ihes and a-half.
"It's a-risin' faster again," said j
lev.
"Yes ; the level is climbing straight
i the blnff banks now, and not spreac.I
out as it rises,'' said Hamp.
nine o'clock the depth was fonr feet
jht and a half inches, and the men at
e qnarry had a raft ready, and were
ginning to load it. Ten o'clock
onght four feet eleven inches of
iter, and at noon ihere were five feet :
d fottr inches.
"I've missed it a little," said Hamp. |
said the water wonld run over the j
m by noon, and it has still eight j
ches to rise before doing tnat."
"Well, that sort o? a miss don't j
rant," said Riley. "You've worked i
e sum out right, anyhow, an' tha 1
iter's deep enough for raftin', ar.' I
ill a-risin'. It'll go over ihe dam i:i j
70 or three hours more, an' I'll do what j
said: Til choke s?ny man 'at says '
>hn Hampden See's a dunce or an\- ;
dng like it. An' that ain't all," said j
Le old man rising and striking his fist j
t the palm of his hand. '-Thej've been ,
sayin' that ole Riley Vaughn didn't j
illy edicatioD ; now I'll shew 'em. Tra :
goin' to make this dam a permanent |
Lstitution. I'm a goin'to build Yaugha j
See's foundry an' a ?ricnltooral m.liment
factory right down the creek
lere, an' put a big lot o' improve 1
Lftckiueryis. it; &a' I'm u-goin' to send
~A 'X. J*'V ""'*U '' 'ir-f&J v
my pardner, John Hampden See, off
next week to get the rest o' his edicacation
where thej sell the sort o' edication
as is good for him?not a lot o'
words, but principles an' facts. You
tell your mother you're a goin* to New
York right away, boy, an' 'at ole Riley
Vaughn's a-goin' to foot all the bills
outen your interest in the comin' facory.
You'll study all sorts o' figgerin'
v- ork an' machine principles, in the big
r>rvn 1 it> \T^t27 "VnrTr TrViof'o no 11^/^ f V>a
scnooJ o' mines, an' then you'll go to all
the big factories an' things."
This scheme was carried out. Hamp
spent three years in study, and returned
an accomplished mechanical engineer.
He went into the factory as old Riley's
partner, and his work has been to improve
machinery and processes. The
firm own many patents now on things
of his invention, and the factory is the
center or a prosperous region, in which
Hampden See is an especially respected
citizen.
A Mine of Precious Stones in North
Carolina.
Glittering accounts are given of the
curious and interesting products of
what is said to be the only mine of
precious stones in the United States.
The mine is owned by Hidden, Roberts
& Yerrington. It is in Alexander county,
North Carolina, about sixteen miles
from Statesville. It has been worked
to thirty-six feet depth in the lowest
place, and a tunnel 261 feet long has
been cut. mostlv through solid rock.
for drainage. One of the proprietors,
Mr. William Earl Hidden, said :
"Oar mine produces a considerable
variety of precious stones. We have
already sold enough material to pay all
expenses of the mine and our outlay
for the property, which covers 153 acres.
We have surplus material on hand.
The largest gem yet taken out is a Hiddenite
stone, which, when cut, weighed
25-6 carats. The Hiddenite is a spodumene
emerald, composed of alumina
and lithia. The real emerald is composed
of alumina and glucina. The
Hiddenite is valued at from $48 to $150
a carat. Lately the mine has yielded
about $5,000 worth of true emeralds.
Although none have yet been found to
cut very large, they are valuable as
specimens. The largest piece yet taken
out is a triple prism 81-2 inches long.
It is valued at $2,000. Many smaller
pieces have been found. Some pieces
are of very deep color. About onetenth
of the Eiddenite found is fit for
cutting. The colors are very bright,
and even the smaller pieces are quite
brilliant.
"A new gem called rutile is among
the products of the mine. It is valued
at a carat, cut. It resembles the
black diamond in its sparble. The luster
is said to be unalterable by fire, air
or water.
"A peculiarity of some of tbe Eiddenite
stones is that they are dichroic
or two-colored. They seem to be dark
blue-green in color down to the axis.
The green is tinged with yellow through
the axis. One very peculiar yield of
the mine is what are called 'arrows of
love.' The stones seem to be like
pieces of clear agate embedding little
pencils or webs of sparkling hairs.
When turned in the light, these carious
stones glitter with beautiful changes
aad reflections. Most of the gems grow
in pockets, being attached to the wails.
In some cases prisms have been fonnd
with the center? attached and the ends
growing into space. Some of the terminations
are peculiarly beautiful.
"A very curious product of the mine
is a peculiar crystal enclosing fluids.
Sometimes one of these specimens left
in the cold will explode like a pistol
when the crystal freezes. Many of- the
large crystals are valuable its specimens.
Some weigh as much as twenty-five
pounds. The fine gems found in the
mine are worth from ten to thirty times
their weight in gold. A good deal of
iron pyrites, or fool's gold, has been
found."
While searching for minerals, the
farmers of Alexander county have found
many curious Indian relics manufactured
of stone. Although many of these
stone articles are deftly fashioned, and
the work of tools, they must have cost
long and patient, as well as skillful labor.?New
York Sun.
I
Mormon Proselytism in Philadelphia.
The Mormon missionaries are operating
in the mountain townships of Fayette
county, Pennsylvania, and a correspondent
says the numbers of accessions
to the ranks of polygamy are daily
increasing. They are holding revival
meetings and report good success. One
of these missionaries was formerly a
resident of Pennsylvania, and returns to
tell his old friends and neighbors what
a good thing polygamy is. He is producing
a profound impression, and a
large emigration to Utah is predicted.
They think tha:"the day of miracles is
not past, but that they are being daily
performed by the prophets in Salt Lake
City." His meetings are held in schoolhouses
about here, and are largely attended.
Any orthodox prayer-meeting
stands no chance of a large gathering if
held in the community where prophet
"Pnrrlo i*a af. tVifl Rflm? time T>reachinsr
? J. w
Mormonism. He says the spirit of the
word is upou him ard he must proclaim
His word. One of the voting men who j
has lately become a convert here, when
asked his opinion as to a plurality of
wives, said: "If one wife is a blessing,
as all Christendom admits, how can two
or more be a curse ?" There is a real
danger that if the government does not
soon emphatically and thoroughly crush
polygamy it will finally take root in
many parts of our country. There are
many dark and ssciuded places where
the soil is ready for the noxious weed
that now flourishes in Utah in defiance
of law and government. "If one wife
is a blessing, how can two be a curse ?"
In Thibet they ask, "If one hundred is
a blessing, how can seven be a curse ?"
Such questions properly come from
people who believe that miracles are j
now performed, and unhesitatingly ac-1
cept the prophets who claim to be
divinely inspired. An itinerant preacher
is now'holding forth to large congregations
in Louisville who pretends to
the gift cf healincr. He carries a vial
of oil in his pocket, and after preaching
anoints all the afflicted who present
themselves having faith. "Would it not
be well to call our missionaries home,
give the heathen of the South Seas and ;
India a rest, and set them to work in
our own enlightened, civilized and
christianized America ?*'?Indianapolis
Journal.
A Bi?r Head ol Steam,
Topnoody made up his mind that he !
wa> not going to be bossed any longer i
by his wife, so when he weD* horns at I
noon he called out impetuc sly, "Mrs. !
Topnoody! Mrs. Topnoody!" Mrs. T. j
came out of the kitchen with a drop of J
sweat on the end of her nose, a dish-rag j
tied round her head, and a rolling-pin j
in her hand, "Well, sir," she said, j
"What'll you have ?' Topnoody stag- j
gered, but braced up. "Mrs.Topnoody, j
X want you to understand, madam"? j
and he tapped his breast dramatically!
?"I am the engineer of this establishment."
'-Oh, you are, are you ? Well,
Topnoody, I want you to understand
that 1"?and she looked dangerous?"I
am the boiler that will blow up and
sling the engineer over into the next
county. Do yon hear the steam escaping,
Topnoody ?" Topnoody heard it,
and he meekly inquired if there was
any assistance he could reader in the
i hotsee work.
FARM, GARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD.
Fertilize the Garden.
Our vegetables are noi; as progressive
as they might be. Fraife culture has
been brought, upon the whole, to a
higher degree of perfection than vegetable
culture, and there is still much
to be desired in the way of growing
vegetables. We believe that much fault
lies in the manuring of vegetable
grounds. The soil is allowed to got
too poor, and it is believed that vegetables
can be grown anywhere. Many
vegetables rerin.i-e a. rinli mmstRnil. an.'?
wherever droughts are feared particular
pains should be taken to give the earth
a moist and full manure. Those dried
np beans really lack moisture, so do
many carrots and turnips now in the
market. The carrots that we have examined
have not half the sugar in them
they should hsive, and the bust roots are
poor in color. Turnips are woody, and
that delicious vegetable, the kohl-rabi,
is as hard as stone, instead of possessing
a moist, soft flesh. There is no ,
doubt about it, we want much teaching
in the growth of vegetables, and those
small, green tomatoes tell their tale
also. There is not much encouragement
given at fairs for the growth of
vegetables. There would be no harm
if all agricultural societies, colleges
and meetings were to give their very
best attention to the vegetable market.
The First Calf.
T+. is nftanAr fha tt'TiPn a Tipifflr
hasher first calf, says the Indian Farmer,
that the farmer thinks she will cot give ]
more milk than will keep her calf in
good condition, and lets them ran to- |
gether to teach her the mystery of being ,
milked when she has her nest calf. In
this decision there are two mistakes that 1
go far to spoil the cow for future use- j
fulness. Cows are largely tha creatures
of habit, and with their first calf every \
thing is new and strange to them, and
they readily submit to be milked, and ^
think it is all ri^ht; but sufi'er them to
run with the calf the first season, and !
a vicious habit is established that they '
will hardly forget in a lifetime. If they ]
ever submit to be milked qaietly, it is 1
evidently under protest. But there is 11
a greater objection than this. The calf !
running with the cow draws the milk 1
every hour or /ai o, so that the milk <
vessels are at no time distended with ;
milk, though the quantity secreted in a \
given time may be large. But this is
the natural timo to distend the milk <
ducts and expand the udder to a good <
capacity for holding milk. "When, with !
her nest calf, you require the milk to
be retained twelve hours the udder becomes
hard and painful and the milk
leaks from the teats, or more likely, i
nature accommodates ?he quantity of j
the milk secreted to the capacity to re
tain it, and the cow becomes perma- ,
nently a small milker. Much of the j
future character of a cow, therefore, depends
on her treatment with her first :
calf. <
Drouubtn aud Fertility.
A wise provision of nature says the
Prairie Farmer "turns a long continued !
drought into one means of restoring or '
supplying elements of fertility of which
many soils have been depleted by constant
cropping. Mineral ingredients .
are indispensable to good crops. Chemical
research has shown that an explanation
for failing productiveness of soils
that were originally rich, is found in *
mnr rr a^qa(i -iTt fitn ^.v^onefin^ *
jj-i iui; cauo.uouiuu ui jjjwaganic
or mineral constituents -within '
the reach of the roots of plants. '
Manures and judicious rotation of crops
are the expedients of the pr ovident and t
intelligent husbandman in restoring cr '
supplying these ingredients which are '
taken away more or less, by what is re- i
moved by the land in the shape of farm <
products. A very dry season may be 1
accepted as not utterly unprofitable, '
for by a wise provision the ingredients *
so much needed ?.re brough t up from
depths below the reach of ordinary j
farm crops, and in this way when there |
is a long period of hot and dry weather J
a vast amount of moisture is carried J
from the earth by evaporation, and in ;
the process of capilliary attraction, the ]
moisture, which has been stored by j
previous rainfalls and snow, is brought <
from depths that vary accorcb'ng to the <
texture of the soil and the severity of 5
the droughts. With the water comes, in ]
solution, a proportion of the inorganic j
or mineral constituents of plants, which
are thus deposited within the reach of
present or future crops?that is, where
they are needed and will do the most
good. !
Poultry. J
In the opinion of an English breeder !
fowls are largely neglected in the
winter months, and it is then when
they are of the most value as layers and
when their retnrn ghould be tb e greatest.
If it is right to give pigs and cows addi- 1
tional warmth, better food and housing 'I
sure the same principle should apply in <
dealing with poultry. Some animals ]
feed all night as well as all day, and in
this respect, winter makes no difference 1
to them; but with fowls it is quite ]
different, for the poor things have to i
combat severe weather and long hours ;
without food, and yet they are expected
to be productive. Long, cold winter
nights "are enough to give disease to (
any fowl in the world when its stomach
is empty and has nothing to snpply !
artificial warmth ; but no one seems to :
think of this. In the present month,
for instance, feeding must take place
socn after four, and it cannot well be
repeated until seven the next morning
at the earliest, and on cold mornings .
that is in all probability eight, so that
the bird's last meal has to last them
sixteen hours out of the twentv-four. '
This is not as it should be, and otir
opinion is that feeding should be equal- '
ized, and, above all, the birds should |
have ample sustenance in the night to 1
enable them to withstand the cold. It 1
is more important than the day feed- '
ing, because then they are active and
find a great deal of food. We can only 1
say that if we kept a farm and intended ;
to supply eggs to the markets our ;
idea would be to arrange a system of J
night feev 'n winter, so that the
birds won ave food enough at the 1
last meal to ^arry them on well to the '
morning. Simulating food would then '
do wonders, more than warmed houses '
and all the artificial heating we hear
about. In the summer time there is no :
necessity, for the hours of daylight
permit of three times feeding, say at
six a. it., at two o'clock and at eight
o'clock at night. We know very well :
that many of the finest birds have been
reared to their size in this way. This
feeding has won many prizes and improved
breeds, and, depend upon it, j:
would increase the number of eggs laid
by a very large number, and when the i
system has been well adopted it will
not be found to be very irksome.
Farm and Garden Note*. I
In an experiment at the Illinois Industrial
university., corn cultivated six :
times gave eight per cent, more crop ;
than that under same conditions, but 1
cultivated only three times.
Fowls will never touch food, if they
can help it, which lies near any croppings
or an unclean place. Special care
should be taken, therefore, to cleanse
the ground of all pens and runs daily.
The smaller the runs the greater must
be the cleanliness and the labor spent
on it.
A very well-known and justly honored
[horticulturist, author of books
find president of a state pomological society,
confesses that, "after experimenting
with all the complicated methods
discovered," the pruning o? his grape
1
vines "is of the most primitive description
; merely cutting back all growth
of the present year, to, say, three buds,
and thinning ont superfluous shoots." !
As fertilizer for the crop he uses i
crashed bones and well rotted barnyard '
manure. - ' i
A cow with three rings on her horns :
is six years old ; with four she is seven.
No new rings are formed after the tenth
year. The deeper rings, however, and 1
the worn appearance of the horns, are j
pretty sure indications of old age. j
Cows should have no more hay, says f
the National Live Stock Journal, than }
they have time to masticate, and if this ^
is not enongh for their necessities, they (
shonld havfi some easv diffestinc con
cen crated food along with it. The
quantity of hay given should never exceed
what they will eat up clean, and
twice a day is often enough to give
time for properly ruriiiiating.
It is the opinion of m'.ny that a fowl
fattened quickly wiE mike a far more
juicy and toothsome ir.eal than a chick.
One thing is certfju, a three year-old
fowl will mike ?. much better broth for
an invalid thin a six month's chicken.
Poor shelter, care and feed, will, in a
few generations, Tnuke scrubs of the
finest thoroughbret-^atock. Tnoroagh-bred
scrubs are litGe be'ter than, native
scrubs, and the farmer who raises either
will always be poor. Breeding the best
stock and keeping it in the best possible
manner pays the largest profits.
The best way all ^grapes, and especially
with those not quite hardy, is to
prune in the autumn as soon as practicable
after the fall of the leaves. If
ii .. . i i J n
cue vines are pruned ana xrainea upon
the renewal system it will be a very
?mall matter to lay them upon the (
ground and give a covering of two or ?
three inches of earth upon the shortened j
canes, which covering should be left on c
antill all danger of severe freezing is a
passed in the spring. 1
"When young poultry have, been f
allowed to contract the habit of of roost- i
ing in the trees no time should be lost i
in breaking them of it. Confinement t
to the poultry house and yard for a day j
sr two will generally effect a cure. Get 1
ronr dust baths ready for winter; Sand
ind finely-sifted coal ashes with a pound
3f sulphur to each bushel of the mix- g
;ure, is the best This should be put r
in large boxes, and kept out of the rain. ]
Whitewash the houses, putting in a gill j
:>f crude carbolic acid and a pint of T
sommou kerosene oil to each pailful of 2
slaked lime. t
I
Recipe*. t
Baked Soup foe Invalids.?Take 'a I
pound of jucy steak, from which, all the <
fat has been removed ; cut it np into <
pieces of about an inch sqnare, salt and i
pepper it slightly; take a stone jar to t
bold two pints; pour into it a pint and a t
half of cold water ateaspoonful of whole I
rice ; cover the saucer, and let it bake j
3lowly for four hours ; remove any fat i
present. ?
Apple Trifle.?Scald as many apples 1
is, when palped, will cover the dish you *
iesign to use to the depth of two or J
three inches. Before you place them in 1
the dish add to them the rind of half a *
lemon, grated fine, and sugar to taste. 1
Mix half a pint of milk, half a pint of ?
cream, and the yolk of an egg. Scald
it over the fire, keeping it stirring, and
io not let it boil Add a little sugar, i
aid let it stand till cold; then lay it (
:>ver the apples and finish with the cream e
whip. t
Beef Ptodisg. ?'Cnt -np nice roast or *
3tewed beef into neat pieces; lay in a ^
buttered dish and pour over a few *
spoonfuls of cold gravy. Let it soak *
in while you prepare a batter of a pint *
jf milk, three eggs, a cupful flour, a T
tablespoonfnl melted butter, a little ^
>alt. I'our this over jour meat. Set in ^
i quick oven to cook through. Serve hot. |
VA/l IAliii X UJJJLJJLJHU. n. uupiui j
i cupful sweet milk, two and a half
;able spoonfuls melted butter, two cup- j.
tuls flour, two 1 easpoonfuls cream tar- ^
^ar, one teaspoonlul soda, a pinch of
salt; put into a two-quart dish well s
buttered ; bake three quarters of an
lour in a moderate oven. Sauce: A
jupfui sugar, one beaten egg, a half {
jupful butter, a half cupful hot water,
i little nutmeg ; put in a dish, set in a ?
settle of hot water ; cook till it thickens ^
i little and serve.
t
Household Dint*. ?
Stale bread, should be cut in slices, ?
iried in the oven, crushed with a roll- r
ing-pin, and put away in a jar. It t
makes mach better crumbing for frying 1
oysters, croquettes, veal cutlets, or \
ihickening soup, than cracker dust. s
Fish can be improved in flavor by t
tubbing a little vinegar over the skin i
:>r adding a half-cupful of vinegar to o
the water it is boiled in. Fish-soup c
[chowder) is the most economical of all ?
:iishes; baked fish comes next, es- 1
[leciallv when stuffed. c
Cologne water can be made at home. *
]?ake 60 drops oil of lavender, 60 drops *
bergamot, 60 drops essence of lemon, *
E0 drops orange water, 60 drops musk. 8
il> AM A A 4- aIaaU a1 C
I Uu ILL t* piuo ux aivAjiiui*
Mildew may be removed from linen *
by mixing with soft-soap a little powc
ered starch, half the quantity rf salt,
and the juice of a lemon, and applying
b to the mild;ew stain with a paint
brush on both sides of the linen. The
stained article should shen be left out
on the grass day and night until the
spot be removed.
The followiDg is recommended as the
best mode of cleaning gloves : Mix onefourth
ounce carbonate of ammonia,
one-fourth ounce fluid chloroform, one
fourth ounce sulphuric ether, one quart
distilled benzine. Pour out a small
quantity in a saucer, put on the gloves,
and wash_, as if washing the hands,
changing solution until gloves are clean;
lake off, squeeze them, replace on
hands, and with a clean cloth rub fingers,
etc., until they are dry and perfectly
fitted to the hand. This cleaner
is alsn an ATr?Allf?nt nlnthes. Tifobon and I
silk cleaner; is perfectly harmless to 1
the most delicate tints. Apply 'with a \
soft sponge, rnbbing gently nntil spots
disappear; care mnst be taken not to
use it near fire, as the benzine is very
Lnflammable.
The following is a good recipe for removing
grease spots from paper : Scrape
finely some pipe clay on the sheet of
paper which is to bo cleaned. Let it
completely cover it, then lay a thin
piece of paper over it, and pass a heated
iion on it for a few seconds. Then
take a perfectly clean piece of india
rubber and nib off the pipe clay. In
most casee one application will be
found sufficient, bnt if it is not, repeat
it.
Good Hnmor.
Surely nothing can be more tinrea
3onable than to lose the will to please'
when we are conscious of the power, or
show more cruelty than to choose any
kind of influence before that of kind- (
oess and food humor. ?
He that regards the welfare of others ?
should make his virtue approachable, 1
that it may be loved and copied; and 2
he that considers the wants which every j
man feels, or will feel, of external as- '
sistanco, must rather wish to be sur- 1
rounded by those that love him, than
by tbose that admire his excellencies
or solicit his favors, for admiration <
ceases with novelty, and interest gains I
its ends and retires. ]
A man whose great qualities want the ]
ornament of superficial attractions, is 1
like a naked mountain with mines of <
gold, which will be frequented only tU). 1
the treasure is exhausted.
i
TIMELY TOPICS.
Twenty-nine railroaus cf the United
States, with a mileage of 2,617 miles
and an apparent investment of $51,278,000
in capital stock and $76,645,000
in bonds and other indebtedness, were
foreclosed the past year.
An Indianapolis child became a
smoker under two years of age, beginning
with very mild cigarettes, which
bis mother tanght him to nse in order
to keep him quiet, and soon takiug to
strong cigars with great enjoyment. Bnt
it four he is in a hospital, undergoing
treatment for spinal troubles brought
du bv the effect of the tobacco on his
serves.
We are glad to learn from the Rochester
Democrat that the face of the sun is
gradually brightening np, and that the
storms in the great orb which are
thought to have had such an unhappy
effect upon onr own globe are slo wly subsiding.
With these sun spots removed
7ennor may be able to resume his
veather prognostications with some
slight possibility of verification.
A Wisconsin farmer has been put '
inder bonds to keep the peace on acjount
of his attempts to mutilate an
)ld lady whom he believes to be a witch.
5e avers in defense that she has bewitched
his cattle and has repeatedly
mtered his domicile through the chirniey,
the keyhole and other inconvenient
and inappropriate apertures,
sontrary to his wish and to his great
>errur auu uiaureas.
The late Orson Pratt was one of the
original Mormon apostles, and none exjeeded
him in zealous propagation of
Mormon doctrines ; but he failed to
;onvince his own son of tbeir truth,
md the latter gives the reasons as folows
: " I am the son of my father's
irst wife, and had a mother who taught
ne the evil of the system. There are
nany such persons in Utah, and the
endency of their education being op)Osed
to Mormonism, they grow up
lostile to the institution."
An extraordinary and melancholy example
of the miscarriage of justice is
eported from the English town of
jeek. About a year a5o two farmers
iving near tbat place were convicted
lpon strong circumstantial evidence
ind upon the positive identification of
he prosecutor, of committing an out ageous
assault upon him, and sentenced
;o ten years' penal servitude. The
prosecutor has just died, leaving a full
;onfession that the injuries were infiiet;d
by himself in the hope of extorting
nonev from the accused persons and
;heir friends. In the meantime, one of
;he innocent convicts, who has a dependent
wife and nine children, has
ain in jail ill and near death through j
mnrisnnmpnt; an/1 desnair. Tfc is a
:ligbt consolation to learn that- the |
nemorj of the heartless fiend whose
;onfession has been made pnblic, is
leld in Ench ntter loathing by the comnunity
in -which he lived that the utnost
difficulty was experienced in
liring men to carry his body to the
p-ave,
The irrigation of large tracts of land
n some of the southern counties ot
California has produced malarial disuses
to such an alarming extent as
op>esent a serious problem in conlection
with the further settlement of
hat region. Most of the lands in
Fresno, Talare and Kern counties that
lave been subjected to irrigation are of
he class frequently termed desert lands;
rithout irrigation they are utterly
clueless for agricultural operations,
iut with it their productivity is asonishing.
Since the latter fact has
>cen demonstrated there has begun a
arge emigration into the counties
tarued, and extensive irrigation works
lave been constructed at heavy expense.
Che possibility of chills and fever was
tot thought of in connect' u with the
UUUy cUll uuu ULJ uumaic omtil
the malarial symptoms made their
.ppearance. The progress of the ague
or the last two years has been rapid and
;eneval, and as irrigation has comparaivel*"
as yet merely begun, the future is
lismal to contemplate. '.The inhabitants
?f the Brazos bottom are no worse off
han those of the irrigated lands of
3a]-'omia are likely to be. There is no
ixemption from the attacks, it being a
lotable fact that the Chinese, who are
o a considerable extent employed as
aborers, do not enjoy the immunity
phich attaches to the negroes in the
wamps of the Sonth. Various stiggesions
of remedies have beer nade, one
dea being that if a system c thorough
[rainage should be combined with that
>f irrigation, it would mitigate the evil,
iome benefit seems to be derived from
laving rooms used as dormitories at a
:onsiderable elevation from the ground,
.nd hnts raised on long poles have been
ried, while one wealthy vine-grower
las built a three-story dwelling. Others
eek immunity by living in villages at a
listance from their farms and the irrigating
ditches; and perhaps this pracice
will become universal.
Killing Snakes TTitli Dynamite.
The following is an extract from a
etter which appeared in the Little
Sock (Ark.) Democrat: "After a long
search we found what is known as the
Old Jackson Copper Mines,' situated on
;he rolling fork of Little river, Sevier
:ounty. -We commenced cleaning out
in old shaft, and when about four feet
3eep a large rock was removed by Mr.
rhompson, and before it could be raised
;o the top, the head of a monster rattlesnake
peered from the opening made by
;he removal of the rock, and before this
shake was killed we found them brea?ug
in upon us from other portions of
;he wall, and from their hissing and ratling
and onward march upon us, retreat
vas our only safety. With rocks, shotgun
md revolver we battled with the enemy,
managing to keep them all between the
shaft, but with all we could do it was
Impossible to destroy them, and a half
pound stick of dynamite was charged
md thrown m their midst, and wnen tne
smoke cleared away victory was ours,
md all that were not entirely i estroyed
retreated, as the tails of several were
seen protruding from the wall.
" Words cannot describe the picture
presented, and the opinion of all was
:hat at least fifty of these hnge reptiles
lad been killed, but when counted
wily eighteen rattle and one black
make, with the remains of a half dozen
nore shattered and scattered by the
;iplosion, was the result of our nardjarned
victory. The snakes were the
argest of this species I have ever seen
?the smallest one measuring four feet
seven and a half inches and the longest
me inch less than seven feet. The least
lumber of rattles was twelve and the
greatest twenty-three, aid the weight
)f the largest rattlesnake was twentyiix
pounds and four ounces. The black
make was perfectly immense, but we
vere unable to get the exact length, as
- ' ? i j _ /*? . _ 3 i
: portion 01 ms Doay was torn on ana
brown heavenward bj the dynamite,
>nt eight feet of this monster still renamed
with his strange associates."
Professor Edward D.Cope, the Philalelphia
geologist and palaeontologist,
;hmks he has discovered a "missing
Link." In the tertiary formation of the
Big Horn valley, Wyoming, he dugout
the skull of a species of monkey which
exhibits human characteristic in miniature,
and is vaatly superior to the
monkey skulls of the present day.
LIFE AMOXG THE SIOUX.
The Romantic Career of a White Captive.
Sabastian Beck is a name which no
novelist would select for the hero, but
a man bearing it is now in Chicago,
is heroic enough to be the skeleton of a
most entertaining frontier romance.
Mr. BeGk is fifty-seven year3 of age,
sunbrowned and considerably shattered
in health, but he is intelligent, and his
story is vouched for in several letters
7_ _ ? ?%n/MTTr? QVWV
ne carries irum w?i jb..uv*t.u. ,
officers, who have had means of
determining its truth.
From 1867 to 1870 the subject of this
article was a soldier in the regular army,
and when mustered cmt was a private in
Company E. of the Ninth Infantry?the
regiment now stationed at Fort Omaha.
Retiring from the service, he settled in
Chicago, where he worked at his trade,
being a shoemaker. Business was
good, and, himself and three other
workmen had all they could attend to ;
but his years of army life, during which
his regiment had been frequently transferred
from one fort to another on the
frontier, had rendered him uufit for the
unexciting life of a cobbler, and in 1875
he sold his business,determining to seek
a fortune in the .West. The gold discoveries
in the Black Hills about this
time hooon f.n PTrtitA nnblic interest.
and Mr. Beck was among the nnmber
who caught the mining fever.
He packed up his household goods,
and with his wife, two daughters and a
son of 12 years, be left Chicago March,
10, 1875, and landed in dne time at
Cheyenne. Here he joined the company
of General Carpenter of Sedalia,
Mo., who led twenty-five families into
the hills. They had wagons, camping
outfit and provisions for six months.
Just about this time the President
issued his order to the army, commanding
the arrest of all persons who should
attempt to cross the line into the Sioux
reservation, which included what is now
the prosperous Black Hills gold mining
region. However, this party was not
detected by the troops, and they reached
Deadwood Gulch in safety, and part of
them went to'work developing the St.
John Mine. Beck was of this number,
and he erected a log cabin abont threequarters
of a mile from the diggings,
whicb himself and family called their
home.
All went well with the daring miners
until July 18, when they were surrounded
by Sitting Bull's band of Sioux
and were made prisoners. Beck was
separated from his family, and has never
st en or heard of them since. He was
taken with several men of the company
to the Indian village of Rosebud, then
consisting of four hundred lodges, and
expected to be the victim of an extra
scalp dance. The Indians, however,
offered the white men their choice between
death and becoming members of
the tribe. Death is not often the choice
of the Caucasian, and Beck formed no
exception. He doffed his mining garb
and assumed the blanket, paint and
feathers of a Sioux brave. He was given
a young Cheyenne squaw, about eighteen
years of age for his wife, and soon
became to all appearances a thoroughgoing
Indian.
Moneka was the name of his dusky
sweetheart and bride. "Moneka," in
the Sioux tongue is translated "my
'' love." She had been made captive by
this band when but eleven years of age,
' ^ * 1 - - T J A _
ana ?5ecK oecame srrongiy anacueu tu i
her. He soon learned the language j
of the Sions, and adopted himself to
his surroundings. Five weeks after his
capture he was an tm willing participant:
in the massacre cn the Little Big Horn.
He followed the fates of his captors
through all the weary months which
followed while the war continued, and
at last with them crossed the boundary
into the British possessions.
His story of the bufferings of the red
braves and their wretched families in
that wintry clime are enough to excite
the hearer's compassion. Their clothing
worn out, their game supply seant,
and the deep snow and severe cold were
bravely borne, and they struggled along,
keeping soul and body together as long
as their pride could endure, but finally
were forced to surrender. Beck and the
cantives returned to civilization
?- ?
witli their red comrades at Standing
Rock agency, bnt so bronzed vy exposure
that they conld with difficulty establish
their identity as white men.
Mr. Beck says he could have escaped
almost any time since they crossed the
border, but his attachment to the gentle
Moneka had grown upun him and been
cemented by the birth of two papooses,
and he conld not consent to leave them
in exile. After the surrender he joined
a wagon train en route to Fort Laramie,
and, with Indian wife and babies, went
to that post, where he left them and
started east to Chicago. He is now striving
to find his white wife and children,
or learn their fate.
The Pjramids of E^ypt.
The pyramids have three groups, and j
are about sixty in number. They are j
all within a circuit of twenty mile3. I j
heard Professor Proctor declare tha'
they were astronomical observatories;
or stony telescopes. This has just this
much truth, viz , that the opening is on
the north side, and out of the dark
tunnel in daytime the polar star can be
seen. Ofhers regard the large pyramid
as a standard of measurement; that the
angles of its passages indicate latitude,
based on the circumference of the earth, I
and the seasons and time. This is absolute
nonsense. The angles were made
for rest for those who buried the king
i -3
ana queen, ana wnu vibawsu. mem oa.ici
buiial. The truth is that the pyramids
are tombs, aud nothing more. There
were two places for ventilation They
are now closed.
After seeing these six pyramids in a
group, and the other three groups in
sight, you become as silent and thoughtful
as the Sphinx seems to be. The immensity
of the larger ones would not
seem so great if they were Alps or Atlas
or Lebanon mountains?God's handiwork.
The largest one, the one we
entered, is only 780 feet high and 764
feet square. It employed 100,000 men
ten years to make the causeway to
transport the material for building, and
to build it 360,000 men twenty years 1
It does not, however, compare with
"Nord Cap," even, nor with the Cathedral
Dome in the Yosemite. But the
pyramids are man's work. God works
geometrically in the petals of the flower,
in the laminated foldings of the pearl,
in the strata of the mountains, and in
the evolution of the constellations ; but
ner2, tins simpie Dig square or inangie,
set on its larger end, now rongh with
rugged stones, though once glossy and
smoothed bj the same manual dexterity
which lifted them in their geometric
order because man made it, becomes
sublime by its work and its permanency.
No demi-gods, no giants piled
up these honors to dead royalty; but
the ambition to be remembered made
the kings of Egypt confiscate and press
the labor of hundreds of thousands of
slaves for a score or more of years, and
ail thi-t their mummies might be handed
down for transportation among subsequent
nations.?Congressinan S. S. Cox.
a retired nnoae isiana sea capiam,
who boasts that he has made over 170
voyages to the "West Indies, besides
other sea navigation, and never had a
keel touch bottom and never collected
a cent of insurance, says that he takes
little stock in the alleged changes in
currents which form the exc use for so
many mishaps, and believes that more
\ratchful oare vould prevent a Urge
o! t&era.
RELIGIOUS READLVS.
Education.
I have long since Gonclnded that it is
the will of God that there should not be
an ignoramus on the earth. I believe
that it is the will of God that the whole
human family should be liberally educated
; and in order to bring about what
we might properly be called a liberal
education it is only necessary to observe
one commandment in the decalogue,
namely, "Remember the Sabbath day
to keep it holy." If you have lived to
be twenty-one years of age you have
had three whole years of Sabbaths ; if
you have lived to be fifty years old you
have had six vears of Sabbaths, in which
to cultivate your n obler faculties. When
the religion of Christ shall become the
religion cf the world, when all mankind
shall "remember the Sabbath day to
keep it holy," I believe there will not
be a fool nor knave on the face of the
earth. It is the will of G?;d that our
intellectual faculties and "our moral
faculties should be highly developed,
and that they should control our actions.
Nor does this interfere with the
duty of labor. Work i3 honorable;
work with the hards is as honorable as
work with the mind; and when all men
remember the Sabbath and carry out
the principles of the Christian religion,
something far in advance of these glowing
pictures drawn by the false reformers
n? mn/lom fimoa Trill nhtftitied.
and will be the property and inheritance
of the whole world.?#. 0. Haven.
Relizions News und Notes*
Three Congregational churches have
been dedicated in Denver, Colorado,
within six months without debt.
Of the 6,229,000 Baptists in the
United States, 1,698,000 are in the
South, of whom 740,000 are colored.
Five thousand Pagans are reported as
converted during the last executive
year through the missions in Siberia
of the Russian Holy Synod.
There are in the Canadian Provinces
91 Congregational churches, with 51
pastors and 5,635 members. Their
church property is valued at $500,000.
As to the fruits of the meetings of
Messrs. Moodv and Sankev in New
castle, England, an observer speaks of
1,000 being on the "anxious seat" at
one time.
It was reported at the recent Evangelical
Alliance Conference that King
John of Abyssinia had agreed to allow
the circulation of the Bible in his
kingdom, bnt was averse to Protestant
missionaries settling there.
Dr. John EalJ, of New York, is reported
to have recently given the difference
between the religions aspect of
England and this country thns: "In
Eo gland the people are divided into
Churchmen and Dissenters, but in America
they are divided into Churchmen
and Absenters."
A report made to a Lutheran synod
by a committee appointed to examine
the facts, says: " More than four-fifths
of the young men of America are not
under the immediate influence of the
church, and more than half are not
under the direct influence of Christian
or even moral homes."
The American Sunday-School Union
gives the following statistics in regard
to its work of 57 years: 69,846 schools
organize-i, containing 447,380 teachers
and 2,969 037 scholars; 109,402 cases of
aid to schools, having 6,720,000 members
; value of publications distributed
by sales and donations, $7,000,000.
' There aire-'irow-'at?out~ 40Protestant
Episcopal parishes in Massachusetts
*,vhere the sittings are entirely free?
some free partly through endowments,
some through gifts, but many absolutely
free and carried on in entire depend ence
upon what the people contribute
from Sunday to Sunday at the services.
The English Church Missionary
Society reports that on the Niger tribe
after tribe are ready to receive teachers.
On the delta of the Niger the people
by hundreds are throwing away their
idols, and the churches are thronged
every Lord's Day, while the famous old
temple at Bonny's, studded with human
skulls, is going to ruin.
The Methodist Freedman's Air
Society reports receipts for the year oI
$96,141, and an expenditure of the
same amount There is a debt of $17,138.
The society has collected since
its organization $990,059. The number
of students in all its schools the past
year was 3,138. It has six chartered,
eleven ncchartered, one medical, and
three theological institntions.
WORDS OF WISDOM.
m
4
Yonth locks at the possible, age at.
the probable.
Hope is the only good which is common
to all men.
Snccess makes ns soon forget the fight
we made to attain itPoverty
wants some, luxury many,
and avarice all things.
It's easy finding reasons why other
people should be patient.
Beautiful are the admonitions of him
tfTioop life with his teachings.
Tho.-e who are disposed to be uneasy
will never want something to be uneasy
about.
Sorrows are onr best educators. A
man may see farther through a tear
than a telescope.
Sincerity is the boat in which is embarked
as motley a crew as Charon ever
ferried across the river Styx,
Life is not so short but that there is
always time enough for courtesy. Selfcommand
is the main elegance.
Language is a revealer of character,
and that which a man would conceal by
bis acts and manner he cannot hide in
his words.
Let us have done with reproaching;
for we may throw out so many reproachful
words on one another that a ship of
a hundred oars would not be able to
carry the load.
Sorrow is a kind of rust of the soul
which every new idea contributes in its
passage to scour away. It is the putrefaction
of stagnant life, and is remedied
by exercise and motion.
Humility is a virtue all preach, few
A**/} TT ^ J /?/VTl TAiri f.
pittCCiUCj a 111-1 YOU CYOiJf 1/V/ViJ AO WMUVU u
to hear. The master thinks it good
doctrine for his servant, the laity for
the clergy, the clergy for the laity.
The best rules to form a man's character
are to talk little, to hear much,
to reflect alone upon what has passed
in company, to distrust one's own opinion,
and value others that deserve it.
It is easy to live in this world's opinion
; it is easy in solitude to live after
your own ; but the great man is he who,
in the midst of the crowd, keeps with
perfect sweetness the independence of
solitude.
If you stick your finger into the
water i?nd take it out, it is in vain to
look for the hole; and equally so is it
to suppose, whatever space you occupy,
that the world will miss you when you
die.
Conclusive evidence: Mr. Slobson
walked into the police office on Satur
day and complained to the officer in
charge that the star ronfce thieves had
broken into his house and robbed him.
"How do yon know they were star
route thieves?" inquired the officer.
"Because,"replied tbe old man, " they
stole everything I had; didn't leave me
one single thing." There was no getting
around that kind of logici? R*ch?s*
W Xnprtts,
uabj's Dying.
'-Sf'-i?
Baby's dying, j ;
Do not stir?
Let her spirit lightly float
Through the sighing
Lips of her?
Still the murmur in her throat;
Let the moan of grief be curbed?
Baby must not be disturbed!
ijaoyauymg,
Do not stirLet
her pure life lightly swim
Through the sighing
Lips of her?
Out from us and up to Him?
Let her leave us with that smileKiss
and miss her after while.
?J. W. Riley.
HUMOROUS.
The weather is a proud, old thing?
how often we hear of the weather-vane.
Gets matters down to a fine point?
The clerk of the police court?Boston
Bulletin*
There are no ptunps where the cooo*>
nut grows, which perhaps accounts for
the milk init,
"No I shall leave my wife nothing,"
said old Gribbs; "she's always had her
will, and Til have mine."
She told him that she could read his
mind like an open book, and then soft- /
ly added, "blank book."?The Judge.
"I feel for you deeply," said the
hungry man, probing about in %is soap
bowl for a stray oyster. ?Bradford
Star.
Tyndall's theory is that heat is simply
motion. The man who sat down cn a
hot stove agrees with him.?Lowell
Citizen.
An exchange says the Nihilists threa en
to put Alexander IIL "in a hole."
Wouldn't that be czar-chasm ??Norristown
Herald.
The careless man and the thief are
equally troublesome. Neither of them
ever leaves anything where he finds it.
Courier-Journal.
The Indiana secretary of state re >
ceived an application from a justice A . v
the peace who wanted an appointmc nt
as "noter public."
A while ago a party of lynchers out
West postponed the hanging five minutes
to allow the victim time to finish
smoking a cigar. This proves that the
use of tobacco prolongs life.
A man employed as a porter in a
Texas hotel lifted a piano not long ago?
and carried it up one flight. He got
hold of it in the darkness by mistake,
thinking he was carrying the trunk of a
Boston drummer.?Boston Post.
The best sermon In tne world never
yet reconciled the proud man, trying to
curl his feet np and ont of sight tinder
the pew, to the painfully obstrusiveand
evident fact lhat the wife of his bosom
had used his blacking brush to polish
he kitchen stove.?Hawkeys.
New Yorkers meditate a new line of
steamers which are to make the trip io
Europe in six days. This is pretty
quick ocean traveling; but until a line
is started that will beat a cable dispatch
America's defanlting cashiers will
not feel safe.?Norristovcn Herald.
i It is the night that a man is engaged
j to take his girl to the theater that it is
sure to rain ; but it is the cloudy day
when he leaves home with his umbrella
i that it is sure to shine hard enough to
make ice cream blossoms and cause the
mayor to issue a dog-muzzling bulL?
Puck. '
Entertaining dialogue between a Danbury
man and a New Gaven man, at the
Bridgeport railway station: New Haven
Man?Any shooting up your way? uanbury
man?Lots of it Slew Haven Man
(eagerly)?What ao they shoot ? Danbury
Man (looking up at the clock)?
Guns, mostly.
"You must not smoke in this car,"
said an Austin avenue car driver to Gilhooly,
who was the only occupant of
1 tho car. "Why can't i smoke?" I
am the only person in the car." " It
don't make any difference. Even when
there is nobody in the car, smoking is
not allowed."?Texas Siftings.
A man in Paris advertised for a domestic
who was neat. There came to"
| him a man with blue spectacles. "Your
eyesight is bad," suggested the gentleI
man. "No," replied the applicant, "not
at all; but I clean silverware till it
j shines so brightly that I am obliged to
, wear glasses to protect my eyes."
Hymeneal?A tall servant A very
emphatic personage?G. Whittaker! A
site for a gas bouse?Anthracite. Law- _
*vears in Massachusetts carry green bags
jgshow that tuey belong to the "Old
" x troolr 1v li?fc of business
^ mvw< u nw?J - v. ?
embarrassments might with propriety
be called " Review of the
Week."
" I know," said the little girl*to her
elder sister's young man at the supper
table, "thatyou will join our society
for the protection of little birds, because
mamma says you are so fond of larks."
Then there was a silence, and the Limberger
cheese might have been heard
scrambling around in its tin box on
the cupboard shelf. .
Zoologist.?How do we account for
sudden impulses to commit crime?
Well, we accounted for our sudden im
pulse to murder oar neighbor's boy on
the ground that he put a string across
the street to trip us up. Don't think,
though, that he succeeded. We merely
felt the string with our foot, and got
down on the ground~i<rsee what it was.
?Boston Post.
An instance of professional friendship " ' ->.
is thus recorded in Figaro: "Two dramatic
authors are present at the first
night of an opera written by a mutual
friend. A passage received an encore.
'An encore for those lines 1' exclaimed
one of the rival dramatists; 'I do not
see why!' 'It is not,' said the other,
'because they are good. They are called
for again to see if they can be understood.'
v * Jf
Cornstalks as FueL
An Iowa farmer, wno nas octn coai
and wood on his farm, warms his house
with cornstalks, and claims that they
make the best and cheapest fuel he can
get. He nses a large stove, and burn*.
the stalks in tightly-bound bundles,
weighing about forty pounds each. A
bundle burns three hours (without
flame) in an air-tight stove. The large
stove offers so much radiating surface
that it does not need to be very hot.
Five bundles a day, or 6 '0 for the winter,
suffice to keep the stove going and
the room warm. The farmer, Mr. Baggies,
says: " I can bind up six hundred
bundles of corn stalks in two days
alone. I couldn't chop the wood to
warm this room in a week. Then in the
spring I have a load of strong ashes for
my wheat field, while my neighbors
have to cut up the same cornstalks in
the spring to get them away from the
harrow. It makes me smile when I
bear about these idiots up in Minnesota
who have fifty-acre cornfields, and still , ?|
go cold or buy coaL Why, Td rather
burn cornstalks than cut maple wood
itiiin sight of the house."
Eagles, some of them of very large
size, are unusually numerous along the %jj
Juniata river ; and the Narrows, on the
same river, near Lewisfcon, are full of
wild turkeys. Jl
THe dentist snoiuu. 00 ? gwu mmI
man. He is used to pulling in singly . ,

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