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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 01, 1882, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1882-03-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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Our School-Honse by t:ie Way,
Some distance from the roadside inn,
Adown a pleasant street,
Wheio, summer (lavs, you'd see the prints
Of little, bate, brown feet,
\ O'er which the great, cool shadows fell
. Through all the gladsome day?
There stood, by trees a secret kept,
Our school-house by the way. *
Outside it had a dress of white?
Had windows half a scoreHad
blinds as many, brightly green-?
wbp1 a sicgse western aoor.
Within, a uall of dainty white,
Of books a bright array,
With flowers and pictures; all made glad
Oar schoil-hoiise by the way.
Southward, two maples, twins by birth,
And twin-? to growth aud mien,
With branches, twisting overhead,
y* Where bird ling nests were seen,
y Stood guard, and through the summer-time
i he sunshine kept at bay,
Lest it should beam unkindly on
Our school-house by the way.
Northward, an elm of wondrous size,
His branches drooping down,
Threw all the day its waving shade
"While looking toward the town.
"Westward, in front, were poplars three,
Arms lifted, as if they
Would call rich blessings down upon
. Our school-house by the way.
*> *'
Eastward, 80 near, the golden fruit
Tempted oar childhood eyes,
An orchard str?od within the mead,
With trees of giant size.
It had an ancient, time-worn look,
Being old and somewhat gray;
^ 'Twas planted long before they bnilt
Oar school-hoase by the way.
Its owner was a kind old man,
His mien and manners mild,
He thongh fourscore, had not forgot
That he was once a child.
And so, to gather flowers or fruit
In autumn or in May,
There went the bright-eyed children of
Oar school-house by the way.
Ten paces3onthward tbrougti tne ra eaa
There ran a babbling brook,
Coursing beneath the orchard trees
With many a carious crook.
There at the sultry noontide hour
The children loved to stay,
And with them she who taught within
- Our school-house by the way.
But years have passed; another band
Sits by that dainty wall,
Or wanders by that orchard brook
Where early robins call
And still, adown the pleasant street,
Through all the gladsome day,
There stands, by trees a secret kept,
y Oar school-house by the way.
? ?The Teacher.?C. S. Y.
'z -
A Touch of Jealousy.
"Done! finished! Thank fortune!" eaid
Kate Wise, with a great sigh of relief,
as she threw down a velvet huntingjacket
which she had just been mending
- - - t 11 *_ t j
jf lor ner cromer-iu-iaw; tmumg, ai? wc
next breath: "If I thought I should
ever have a husband to make and mend
for all the days of my life, I should get
some kind friend to put me in a lunatic
# asylum to begin with."
" Then, if you really do intend to remain
a maiden, Miss Wise, it is quite
time you were beginning to put your
wf age back/' commented a mischievouslooking
young man who seemed very
much at home in the cozy morning-room;
"for you know that some oi your illnatured
friends already believe you to
be twenty?at least."
"As if I care who knows it!" retorted
Kate, with a scornful toss of her dark,
ATrwlv Vino.3 <*T rrm. twftntv?fit least."
J - ? ? ? ?
movingly, "and I hope to b? twenty
more before I even begin to think of
\ settling down. Just look at Laurie,
there?orJy two years my senior, and 1
> have actually looked upon her as an old
married woman for the past five years.'
"Nevertheless," put in Laurie, smiling
contentedly over her work, "my
weight of years has not utterly crushed
mc-. At least, I believe I am not grayheaded
Oh, no, not quite so bad as that I"
admitted Kate, rather reluctantly. "But
you know very well that you spend
many an evening in the nursery or the
sewing-room, when, if you were not
married, you would be enjoying life,
dancing and flirting, like the rest ol
us. Beside, you no longer have the
delightful privilege of choosing your
escort from among half-a-dozen anxious
suitors, but have to content yourself
with the same one always, whether you
r lite it or not."
"Still, I am always sure of some invitation,retorted
Laurie, with a goodnatured
laugh at her sister, "and that
one is certain to be from my favorite."
"Oh, pshaw!" said Kate, contemptuously.
"You can't make me believe
f that that married woman lives who
does not regret the freedom she has
thrown away!"
"Mark my words, Kate, you will live
to take back that assertion, and wonder
that you ever made it 1" exclaimed Jack
Brandon, rising from the sofa and
gathering up his hunting-traps, as
J TKncHa-nr? AnfprAfl to doll the
jaunty shooting-jacket which his kindhearted,
but liberty-loving sister-in-law
had mended so neatly.
But Kate's only acswer to Jack's
taunting remark was a decided shake of
the pretty head and a saucy, defiant
J laugh, as the two gentlemen strode
down the walk in the crisp Autumn air,
whistling to their dogs as they went.
Accustomed as he was to hearing- it,
Kate's latest tirade against matrimony
jarred unpleasantly upon Jack Brandon's
ears. All day l^ng, amid the
most exciting sports of the chase, her
^ taunting words rang through his heart
and disturbed the full tide of happiness
which the bracing air and his
s-rnmal sr>irits sect throucrh
every fiber of his young and healthy
"I can't doubt that she things she
means it all," muse-I Jack, walking
slowly up to the biii which had just
f dropped, with a last fluttering gasp, to
the ground. "Poor thing!" he said,
pityingly, as he took it up, "I wonder
if Kate would care if she saw mo lying
wounded and dead like this?killed by
her cruelty! Bah ! I'm getting sentimental
! The truth is, I know she likes
me?and I believe that she would dis
cover that she loves ire, too, if she
would only take the trouble to -look
S into her own heart a little. But that
S she will never do while her life glides
on so smoothly. No wonder single
blessedness looks delightful to her?
half a dozen devoted slaves always at
her command, and myself the greatest
boobr of the lot! Well, suppose we
disturb the evenness of tie current a
little, and see what will come of it I"
That evening the pleasant parlor of
Laurie Morton's hospitable home was
'f- brilliant with light and music, and her
sister Kate, the willful seamstress of
the morning, was entertaining,. in a
charming fashion, a party of gay young
friends, herself the most attractive and
admired of the group.
Jack Brandon lingered about her,
with his usual half-careless, half-devoted
manner, save that to-night there
was a preoccupied air about him,
so different from his natural sunny
gayety of disposition that Katesoon began
to rally him upon it.
"To tell the truth, Kate," said he, "I
have been thinking all day of what you
said this morning. If yon really mesji
all you say "
"Mean ifel" she interrupted, indignantly.
"Of course I mean it! Have
Sf'"-:- .
I ever given yon, or any one else, any
reason to snppose I did not V"
"No, I can't say that yon have," admitted
Jack, ruefully. "But, as I was
saying, if yon really never intend to be
married, why, there's no use in a fellow
making a fool of himself for your sake
forever. So I must seek elsewhere for
the love which I foolishly believed yon
I rrnnlrl oranf mo BAmft dar Of rwnrao
J O- ?* ?WW ? ./ - ^
a girl knows best what will make iier
happy, and I won't annoy yon any more
abont the subject. Bat we mast always
be good friends, Kate, even though yon
won't marry me."
"With all my heart, Jack!" said Kate,
a little huskily, giving him her hand.
"You are the most sensible man of my
acquaintance. No doabt there sire plenty
of other girls who would be only to glad
to resign their freedom and become
Mrs. Jack Brandon."
"Oh., I shouldn't wonder," returned
Jack, complacently (the hypocrite!)
"only, you see, my preference for yourself
made me blind to their charms.
However, I must now make up for lost
time, since nature never intended me j
fnr a. hanhftlnr "
And with one of his brightest, friendliest
smiles, Jack nodded a pleasant
au revoir, and sauntered across the room
to the vicinity of Rachel Bo wen, a young
lady who had always ranked next to
Kate in Mr. Brandon's warmest regards.
"How coolly"he takes it!" thought
Kate, her glance following his movements
with a little surprise which she
could not quite conceal. "Of course, I
never meant to marry him, though he's
good enough for any woman living.
Still, I must say, I never dreamed cf
his over growing tired of the situation!"
So the weeks went by. Jack Brandon
called upon Kate frequently, but she
was no longer bored by any lover-like
demonstrations. On the contrary, he
was so entirely and simply the disinterested
friend that she often found herself
longing for some of his old fond glances,
some of those countless indications, in
tone and manner, that she was more to
him than all others. But none ever
came. Never did one of Cupid's slaves
shake off his gilded fetters so easily,
and "with such graceful good nature, as
did tae once tiresomely devoted Jack.
Occasionally he brought Rachel
Bowen's name into the conversation,
quite casually, but with a certain air
which showed that she was fast gaining
a deep hold upon his interest. And in
these days it was not handsome saucy
Kate Wise who received Jack's
invitations to party and theater, or who
rode behind the musical jingle of his
sleigh bells, tucked up in warm fur
robes, in the nattiest little cutter the
town could boast of.
Oh, no ! it was pretty, winsome, dove
uke Kachei ?5owen wiio earned on all
these honors, and who evidently enjoyed
it to the utmost, too. Kate was
rallied unmercifully about the sudden
defection of her chief admirer ; and
the worst of it was that nobody seemed
to think of him as her rejected lover.
She could not even have that triumph,
for she was too proud to intimate such
a thing, herself, and Jack's demeanor
was such that no one could possibly
imagine to be a disappointed swain.
So, though deeply chagrined at heart,
she bore the situation bravely, and
pleasantly joined in the laugh at her
own expense.
But a time came when Kate's laughter
changed to tears; at least, in th9 solitude
of her own room. Jack Brandon
had broken his arm, and had been taken
at once to Mrs. Bowen's motherly roof
to be cared for. Day after diy Kate
pictured her pretty rival bendirg gently
over the handsome sufferer, isoothing
his pain, and rendering herselE dearer
to his heart each passing hour.
It was now that she most keenly
realized what a sweet privilege she had
thrown away. To see Jack's handsome,
sunny face daily brightening her home
had been such a common thing that she
had thought nothing of it; but of late
she had come to treasure np every word
or glance of his as something precious,
and now it was Rachel who was always
to be blessed with those loving 5 looks,
those radiant smiles! To be sure,
Kate would still have her glorious freedom,
but, alas! what was freedom
without Jack ?
In the midst of her grief she was one
day surprised by a summons to Jack's
bedside, and it came from Rachel herself.
"Poor Jack seems out of his head,"
she eaid, "and as you and he were such
5 3- T U1
gooa inenas, x tiiuugm? j^uu wuiauu n
mind helping us to watch with him occasionally."
"Wouldn't mind!" Kate's heart was
throbbing to suffocation as she stood
by the couch and looked down upon the
sleeping sufferer, with his poor, bandaged
arm and deeply flushed cheefcs.
She had expected to find him looking
pale, but, thinking he had a high fever,
she stood watching him in silent pity
Ion? after Rachel had pleaded fatigue
and left her alone with the handsome
Of course her womanly compassion
soon conquered her pride, and a few
pitying tears fell upon Jack's hot cheeks
as she smoothed his brow and murmured
seme Iot, caressing words. Then Jack
suddenly opened his eyes and caught
the fond, wistful look and the sweet
1 *-?? ?^ TPflQ n A
earthly use in her trying longer to conceal
her feelings ; and then, somehow,
before her considerate rival again entered
the room, Kate found herself
actually engaged to Jack Brandon, and
learned at the same time that his supposed
love for Rachel and his broken
arm was a shameful h^az, end that
Rachel and Laurie had both been in
the plot.
Of course Kate threatened to break
the newly-formed engagement straightway,
but, having once conquered, Jack
was cot afraid of that.
"I knew you loved me all the time,"
said he, composedly, "and I thought a
touch of jealousy would show you what
a treasure you were in danger of
! losing.''
Let any one ask Mrs. Jack Brandon
to-day if she regrets her girlhood's freedom,
and she will answer, with the
evasive diplomacy of a Philadelphia
The Symptoms of Smallpox.
In the first place smallpox has five
stages, namely: Incubation, primary
fever, eruption, secondary fever and dequamation.
The stage of incubation is
when the disease is not known to be in
the system and is gradually matarir^
toward uneasiness and pain. The stage
of primary fever may be generally defined
by saying that this is the time
when it is first noticeable by pains in
the back and head. The stage of eruption
is when the virus comes to the
surface and breaks out. The s?x:ondary
fever is when the patient is delirious
and most sick, and the last stage,
that of" dequamation, is when the
eraptions dry np and scale off.
"Whenever you see pimples depressed
in the center yon may take that
as a sign of smallpox. Smallpox pustules
appear first on the face, then on
the neck and hands, end afterward on
th(i body. At first tbty are the size
and have the soliditv of small shot.
! but a layman would "not be able to
judge of tkem until on and after the
fourth day, when they become depressed
in the center, and surrounded by a
circle of pink that turns a dark crimson.
These pimples are often eo thick
tbat they run together. There is an
odor accompanying the disease that,
c ;e noticed, cannot be forgotten. The
urease lasts generally about three
' weeks.
Warm ajtd Cold Baths.?The physiological
effects of warm and cold baths
are thus noted by a writer in an English
medical journal: Warm baths produce
an effect upon the skin directly contrary
to that which is brought about
by cold water. The cutaneous vessels
dilate immediately tinder the influence
S\? An rrVl A !ftfl An
vx tuc neat, auu, ?VLLUVJU.?JLL ijllu uiiouiun
is followed by a contraction, this contraction
is seldom excessive, and the
; ultimate result of a warm bath is to increase
the cutaneous circulation. The
pulse and respiration are both quickened
in the cold bath. The warm bath
increases the temperature of the body,
and by lessening the necessity for the
internal production of heat, it decreases
the call which is made upon certain of
the vital processes, and enables life to
be sustained with a less expenditure of
force. While a cold oath causes a certain
stiffness of the muscles if continued
too long, a warm bath relieves stiffness
and fatigue. The final effect of both
hot and cold baths, if their temperature
be moderate, is the same, the difference
being, to use the words of Braun, that
"coid refreshes by stimulating the
functions, heat by physically facilitating
them, and in this lies the important
difference between the cold water system
and the thermal mode of treatment."
Teb Management of Sick Chudben.
?The vicissitudes necessarily incident
to an out-door and primitive mode of
life are never the first cause of any
disease, though they may sometimes
betray its presence. Bronchitis, nowadays
perhaps the most frequent of all
infanti e diseases, makes no exception
to this rule; a draught of cold air may
reveal the latent progress of the disorder,
but its cause is long confinement
in a vitiated and over-heated atmosphere,andits
proper remedy, ventilation
and a mild, phlegm-loosening (saccharine)!diex,
warm, sweet milk, sweet oatmeal
"porridges or honey water. Select
an airy bedroom, and do not be afraid
to open the windows; among the children?of
the Indian tribes who brave in
open tents the terrible winters of the
Hudson Bay territory, bronchitis, croup
and diphtheria are wholly unknown;
and what we call "taking cold" might
often be more correctly described as
taking hot; glowing stoves, and even
open fires, in a night nursery, greatly
aggravate the pernicious effects of an
impure atmosphere. The first paroxysm
of croup can be promptly relieved
by very simple remedies : Fresh
air and a rapid backward and forward
movement of the arms, combined in
urgent cases with the application of a
flesh-brush or piece of flannel to the
neck and the upper part of the chest.
Paregoric and poppy syrup stop the
sough by lethargizing the irritability
and thus preventing the discharge of
the phlegm, till the accumulation produces
a second and far more dangerous
paroxysm. These second attacks of
croup (after the administration of palliatives)
are generally the fatal ones.
'When the child is convalescing, let him
beware of stimulating food and overheated
rooms. Do not give aperient
* *
meaicine3; costiveness, as aii aiuer
effect of pleuritic affections, will soon
yield to fresh air and a vegetable diet.
?Dr. Felix Oswald.
Staying1 Off a Run.
In times of severe panic people have
been known to refuse Bank of England
notes and prefer local notes. In country
<listricts of Scotland the old one-pound
notes were greatly preferred to sovereigns.
It is said that when there was a
ran upon the Bank of England in 1765
the device was resorted to of paying the
country people in shillings and sixpences,
One acute Manchester firm
painted all their premises profusely,
and many dapper gentlemen were deterred
from approaching the counter.
A story is told of Cunliffe Brook's bank.
When there was an impetuous and unreasoning
rush for gold, Mr. Brooks
obtained a number of sacks of meal,
opened them at the top, put a good
thick layer of coin upon the contents,
then placed them untied where the glittering
coins would be manifest to all
observers. One Dank procured a
cumber of people as confederates, to
whom they paid gold and then slipped
around again to a back door and refunded
ic. and thus the effect of a stage army
was produced. At another bank the
chief cashier himself examined every
note with the most searching scrutiny,
holding it up to the light, testing the
signature and making believe that, on
account of alarm as to forgery, there
was need of the most scrupulous care.
When he had completed his pretended
examination he handed the note to one
of his subordinates very deliberately,
with, in slow and measured terms,
"Yon may pay it." Other plans were
to pay the money very languidly, counting
it twice over, so as to be sure the
sum was right, and to give a sovereign
short, so that the customer should complain.
and the counting have to be done
over again. At one of the banks peck
measures inverted were placed in the
windows facing the street, a pile of
gold upon the top, after the manner of
the fruit exposed to sale at street corners
in the summer. At another the coin
was heated in shovels over the fire in
the parlor behind and handed out as
"new" at a temperature of 300 deg.
Fahrenheit. The clerk in charge,
accommodating his phraseology to the
occasion, cried out loudly every halfhour,
"Now, Jim, do be gettin' on with
them sovereigns; folks is waitin' foi
their money." "Coming, sir, coming."
wss the ready reply, and the "folk"
thought the power of production boundless.
It is ahvays the simple-minded and
the uninformed who constitute r such
: v#
UUUHSlUilS 1115 CiXiCi j^uiuva v>i buu
throng, jast as the people "who go to
extremes are the half-edacated ones.
The crowd were easily persuaded, the
proof that all was right was burning
their lingers.?London Society.
The Man of the Period.
I wonder how much right men have
nowadays to rail at women for extravagance.
* Let us figure npon the outfit
of this man, who comes this wuy with
a gay swing, softly whistling an air he
can?lit at Boccaccio last night when
Gettinger sung. He swings a cane worth
$5, there is a silk hat worth $7, his
? n? nc ~????r oo <5 3ft
UUiittr AO cento. suoii gu, suux yj? u. vj\s}
overcoat $60, shirt $4, undershirt $2,
coat and vest S75, pantaloons ?15,
accessories $4, shoes SO, seal ring $40,
watch and chain seal S250?how mnch
have we? About $500. He is only in
his business suit, and he hasn't got his
diamond studs in his shirt, and wears
a cheap pair of sleeve buttons. The
average 'woman on Fifth avenue doesn't
represent a greater investment, dia- j
monds excepted, and she has a faculty !
of having her dresses made over, 1
whereas our lord of creation spurns a
renovated coat.?New York Letter.
One Mile Square.
A correspondent wishes to know
whether there is any difference between
one tuiu I/JLIC muc
There is not. Either expression denotes
a square surface, each one of
whose sides is a mile in length. There
is a considerable diffeience, however,
between two square miles and two miles
square?a difference amounting to two
square miles. The difference between
three square miles and three miles
square is six square miles, and so on.
If, instead of saying "three miles
square," the proper expression, ''three
miles squared," were employed, the
obscurity of thought abont the matter
would for most persons disappear.
Salamanders, during the first part o
their lives, breathe by gills alone and
are thus related to fishes; in the latter
part they breathe by lnngs and are other
ways related to the higher animals.
The archaeopteryx, the famous fossil
reptile-like bird, was about the size of
a pigeon, and had a tail as lorig as its
body, supported by numerous vertebrre,
a t>air of feathers corresponding; to each
Dr. Sternberg, who has teen investigating
the causes of yellow fever, believes
that its germs are carried about
in clothing and other articles, and are
only invisible on account of their
minute size.
Whether an animal will suffer or not
from eating mold vegetation depends
very much on the constitution of the
animal. One animal will suffer no bad
effects from the same fungus which will
destroy the organs of another animal as
a malignant parasite.
A bill has been lodged in the English
Parliament for the construction cf an
electric railroad under the Thames, to
connect Waterloo and Charing Cross
stations. As the gradients on each side
will not be great there wiil not be much
power required to work the line.
Dr. Alexander Graham Bell denies
! the assertion that deaf mutes, when
taught to speak, have the accent of
their native district. Some children
8rticulate after peculiar dialects, but on
investigation it always turns out that
they could talk before they became
deaf and this cannot correctly be ascribed
to heredity.
Two new kinds of preservative paper
have lately come into commerce in
Europe. One is produced by dipping
soft paper in a bath of salicylic acid
and then drying. The bath is prepared
by mixing a strong solution of the acid
in alcohol with much water. The paper
is useful for covering apples, etc. The
other paper, meant to preserve from
moths and mildew, consists of so-called
Manila packing paper, dipped in a bath
and dried over heated rollers. The bath
in formed of seventy parts spirit of tar,
five parts raw carbolic acid (containing
about a half of phenol,) twenty parts
coal tar at 163 degrees, and five parts
refined petroleum.
From the phenomena presented by
retraction, Dr. A. Kerber has estimated
the height of our atmosphere to be
between 117.4 and 119.7 miles. The
editor of the "Journal of the Franklin
Institute," says: "Some of the observations
on meteors and anreras hs.ve led
to the conclusion that the atmosphere
reaches a height of mora than 500 miles.
Laplace's limit of synchronous rotation
would allow a possible height of more
than 26,000 miles. The theory of
Fresnel and Grove, that the lnminiferous
ether is only a very tenuous atmosphere,
would make the portion which
belongs to the earth of the same height
as. Laplace's limit."
Influence of the Soil on Health.
The influence of the soil upon the
health of those living upon it is brought
out very plainly during the prevalence
of epidemic diseases. That malarial
diseases, like intermittent fevers, originate
from the soil, is already accepted,
and the more exact studies, in recent
times, of the manner in which cholera,
abdominal typhus, yellow fever and the
plague are spread, has convinced many
that these diseases, also, which were
formerly considered independent of the
soil, because: their specific germs are 1
communicable and are actually communicated
by human intercourse and
trade, are still in some way connected
with it, although the nature of the connection
is yet to be found out. The explanation
of the frequent, sharply
defined local imitations of cholera and
typhoid has been sought first, in influences
not of soil but of water and air,
to which the germs of disease have
been imparted from men ; but a clear
and impartial examination of the local
prevalence of these diseases in circles
of greater or lesser extent, has now fnrniahed
evidence that in many cases air
and water can no longer be maintained
to be the cauee3 of the localization, but
that the sources of the epidemic must
be sought in the soil
In the occurrence of cholera on ships
at sea, where any influence of soil
would seem to be absolutely out of the
question, that influence often makes
itself apparent in a striking manner by
tV.ii {onf tViaf orilv novarmR wlin Vi&va
come from certdn places are attacked,
while other parsons on the ships do
not even have a diarrhea, although
they are all the time with the sick, and
use the same food and water and air.
Ships at sea may be considered as in
themselves safe from cholera ; usually
sickness brought upon them in individual
cases di ss out; and it is regarded
in seafaring practice as an excellent
prophylactic measure to go to sea.
taking the sic1 \le <? and breaking up
all communicat" the men with the
infected port or shore. Exceptional
cases of epidemics breaking out on
ships cannot be regarded as arising
from contagion from person to person,
but always from previous communication
of the ship or its crew or passengers
with some placa infected with the
disease.?Popular Science Monthly.
A Corn-Crusher Wanted.
A Louisiana sugar planter writes us
that there is great need in the South
for a machine that will crush or grind
unshuoked ears of com, as they come
from the field, into a coarse meal of
com, cob, and husks, and do it rapidly.
He is aware that there is a machine that
will crash com in the ear thoroughly,
one ear at a time;
what he wants is something that
will receive a bushel of ears or nubbins
at once, and cruuh, say, twenty tushels
an hour. One oi the great trouble? of
sugar planters, he says, is the preparation
of food for their mules. To crush
com in the ear with existing appliances,
the com has to be hasked, costing
rr>T7<Vh labnT. and there is ant to be
great loss of small ears. "A fortune
awaits the inventor of a machine to
crash by the wholesale corn, cob, and
shucks together." The problem does
noc seem to be a difficult one, and some
of our inventive readers may find it
profitable to undertake its solution.?
Scientific American.
Joe, a monkey at the London "Zoo,"
could never be got back into his cage
when once he was allowed his liberty
outside. But he had one weakness?
that of curiosity?and the keeper, looking
down a dark hole, attracted the
attention of the monkey, who slowly
approached him to find out the cause of
the investigation. Suddenly the keeper
would start back and the monkey's
courage, deserting him, he flew to the
i .1 r 1.1 r.?
sneiser ui ma cage wucu tuouvui nuiuu
be shut. This trick was successfully
played on him every time, month after
month, he never seeming to learn it.
Another monkey, "Miss Jenny," that
came from India, and parted her hair in
the middle, smoked real tobs,cco, and
wonld snatch a half-smoked cigar from
a visitor and finish it. She wonld also
hold a bottle of ale with her hind foot
and take long draughts between the
priffs of smoke.
Abont $40,000 a year are now paid
ont in scholarships, loan and other
pecuniary aids to poor students at Harvard.
About one-eighth is paid to
students of theology. ~
Si?ns of1 Insane Neurosis.
Professor Charles Dod says in the
New York Home Journal: "An irregular
and nnsymmetrical conformation of the
head, a want of regularity and harmony
of the features, and, as Morel holds,
malformations of the external ear, are
sometia^s observed. Convulsions are
apt to occur in early life, and there are
antics, grimaces or other' spasmodic
movements of face, eyelids or lips afterward.
Stammering or defects of pronunciation
are also sometimes signs of
the neurosis. In other cases there are
peculiarities of the eyes, which, though
they may be full and prominent, have
a vaccillatine movement, and a vacantly
abstracted or half-fearful, half-suspicious
and distrustful look. There
may indeed be something in the eye
wonderfully suggestive of the look of
an animal. The walk and manner are
uncertain, and, though not easily described
in words, may be distinctly
peculiar. With these bodily traits are
associated peculiarities of thought,
feeling and conduct. Without being
insane, a person who has the insane
neurosis strongly marked is thought to
be strange, queer and not like other
persons. He is apt to see things under
novel aspects, or to-'think about them
i under novel relations;, which would not
have occurred to aj- ordinary mortals
Panning on words is, Tarn inclined to
thiak, sometimes an indication of the
temperament, and so also that higher
kind of wit which startles us with the
use or an idea in a double sense; of
both which aptitudes no better example
can be Riveofthan that of Charles Lamb.
This case too may show that the insane
temperament is compatible with, and
indeed it not seldom co-exists with considerable
genius. Even those who have
it in a more marked form often exhibit
remarkable special 'talents and aptitudes,
such as an" extraordinary talent
for music or for calculation, of a pro
digious memory lor details, wnen tney
may be little better than imbecile in
other things. There is indeed a marked
instinctive character in all they think
and do ; they seem not to need or to be
able to reflect tipon their own mental
states. At one time nndnly elated, at
another depressed, without apparent
cause, they are prone to do things differently
from the rest cf the world ; and
now and then they do whimsical and
seemingly quite purposeless acts, especially
under conditions of excitement,
when the impnlses springing ont of the
unconscious morbid nature surprise and
overpower them. Indeed, the mental
balance may be easily upset altogether
by any jjreat moral shock, or by the
strain of continued anxiety.
Stopping a Panic. Six
or eight congenial spirts sat
around a stove in a Grand river grocery
the other night, and after several other
subjects had been exhausted some one
introduced that of panics in churches,
theatres and halls. This gave Mr.
Hopewell a chance to remark :
"Gentlemen, I just long to be there."
"Where ?"
"Why, in one of those panics. Yes,
sir, Td'give a new twenty dollar bill to
be in the theatre one night when there
was an occasion for a panic."
_^"Why, because one cool, levelheaded
man could stop the thing as
easily as yon could end up that barrel
of flour-"
"Well, I dnnno abont that," ob
erred one of the Bitters. "There is
omething awfnl in-the cry of fire, and
hear it where- ^nff-r:>hen von may if:
'startles and frightens. What wonld
yon do in a theatre in case there was a
cry of fire and a rnsh ?"
"I'd stand npon my seat, pnll a revolver
from my pocket, and shont ont
that Td shoot the first man who attempted
to crowd or rnsh. One cool
man wonld check the panic- in ten
While the snbject was being iontinned
the grocer withdrew to the rear
end of the store, ponred a little powder
on a board, and gave three or fonr men
the wink. Directly there was a bright
J-ufrOJLi} jf'eiib ui JUUO i ttuu. puwuci i
and every man spvang np and rushed.
Hopewell didn't spring np and talk of
shooting. On the contrary, he fell over
a lot of baskets piled between him and
the door, got np to plow his way over
a rack of brooms, and when he reached
the sidewalk he was on all fours, white
as a ghost, and so frightened that he
never looked back until he reached the
opposite side of the street.?Detroit
Free Press.
Lire Animals Thrown Into a Crater.
Ancient Hawaiian history attributes
the periodical outbursts of the volcano
Kilauea to the power exercised by a
mythical female, the goddess Pele.
From time immemorial it has been the
custom whenever a volcanic eruption
took place, for some notable chief or
chieftainegs to proceed to the month of
the crater ancl throw various articles of
food or drink into the burning mass as
a species of offering. The eruption of
1846 passed over without any such offering
being made, but the avalanche of
lava which threatened to destroy the
town of Hilo during last fall having
assumed gigantic proportions, the natives
clamored for a repetition of the
old custom. Notwithstanding the remonstrances
of the missionaries, and
the religious advisers of the present
royal family, the Princess Rath?a sister
of Eamehsmeha?accompanied by a
number of Kanaka chiefs, came from
Honolulu and ascended to the crater.
Into the burning, seething mass of lava
two or three dozen fowls were thrown,
a couple of goats and pigs immolated,
garlands of flowers, and a dozen bottles
of whiskey, rum and Holland gin served
to wash the solid matter down the insatiable
maw of Pele. Strange to say the
day after this performance, which
wound up with a hulahula, the lava
stopped short of a thousand yards from
the town. The natives attributed this
x _ x-L ZH J3 - K? i.l~ ~
occurrence 10 me saunuue xuauts l?j wo
Princess, much to ihe disgust of the
gospel-spreaders, who had vainly interposed
their objections.
Poes's Last floors.
Dr. J. J. Moran, of Fall Church, Va.,
who was with Edgar Allan Poe in his
dying hours, in a recent lecture said
that the slander had been reiterated
that Poe died while under the influence
of liquor, and nothing could be further
from the fact. Upon his arrival at the
hospital the doctor questioned the hackman
who brought him there, and he
declared that Poe was not drunk, nor
was there the smell of liquor about
him when he lifted him into his vehicle.
As Poe's last hour approached, Dr.
Moran said that he bent over him and
asked if he had any word he wished
communicated to his friends. Poe raised
his fading eyes and answered "Nevermore."
Jn a few moments he turned
uneasily and moaned, " Oh, God, is
there no ransom for the deathless
spirit V Continuing he said: "He who
rode the heavens and upholds the uniyerse
has His decrees written on the
frontlet of every human being." Then
followed murmuring, growing fainter
and fainter, then a tremor of the limbs,
a faint sigh, " and the spirit of Edgar
| Allan Poe had passed the boundary line
[ that divides time from eternity."
There are in Philadelphia fourteen
churches, eight ef which are German
and tun missions bearing the Lutheran
name. They have an aggregate of
8,785 communicants. In their parochial
schools are 702 children.
Its Co?t, Its Size, Its Character, and the
Result of the Exhibition.
The cost of the exhibition was $250,000,
of which $150,000 in round figures
was in buildings and improvements, and
the balance paid out for running expenses,
printing, etc. The receipts were
from $220,000 to $250,000, of which
$115,000 came from stock, $15,000 from
privileges, $15,000 from entry fees,
$90,000 from gate receipts, and $5,000
i fvr-m micpfinononno rocnnr/>aa A/-?r1 tn
those receipts whatever the buildings
will bring, and we have about the total
receipts of the International Cotton Exposition.
Patting the gate receipts at
8100,000, which is a fair estimate on the
figures, we see that we have about a
quarter of a million visitors at the exposition.
At 50 cents each, $100,000
would give 200,000 people. It must be
remembered, however, that on several
days children were admitted at 25 cents,
and that in many cases schools and colleges
were passed in at these reduced
rates, and that every day during the exposition
hundreds of children were
carried in through the gates by their
parents without paying for them at all.
There must be added to this a large
number of complimentary tickets, or
tickateto employes and exhibitors, ol
which it is said there were over five
thousand issued, and invitations for the
opening and closing exercises, and for
special days during the three months.
It is safe to say, we think, that a quarter
of a million people witnessed the
Cotton Exposition. Outside of these
three points, however, the exposition
did a vast amount of gord in tlie diiec-1
tion of improved agriculture through- j
ont the South. The amount of sales
made of improved machinery was simply
marvelous. The exhibitors all
agree that they never saw a better selling
exposition. There is scarcely a
neighborhood in th6 Southern States
into which an improved stomp pnller,
post hole borer, plow, cotton planter,
manure distributor, sulky plow, cultivator
or barrow,has not gone, and which
when introduced will induce the purchase
of others. The benefits which
will come from the sale of improved
machinery may be accounted among the
very best benefits to be derived from
Changes of a Century.
The nineteenth century has witnessed
many and very great discoveries and
In 1809 Fulton took out his first
patent for the invention of a steamboat.
The first steamships which madereg
ninr trips acros3 the Atlantic ocean
were the Sirins and Great Western in
The first pnblic application to practical
use of gas for illumination was
made in 1802.
In 1813 the streets of London were
for the first time lighted with ga'
In 1813 there was built in Wu:cham,
Mass., a mill, believed to have been the
first in the world, which combined all ,
the requirements for making finished :
cloth from the raw cotton.
In 179C there were only twenty-five
postoffices in the whole country, and up
to 1837 the rates of postage was twentyfive
cents for a letter sent over 400
In 18C i wooden clocks began to be '
made by machinery. This ushered in j
the era of cheap clocks.
About the year 1833 the first railroad .
of any considerable length in the United
In 1840 the first experiments in pho- ,
tography were made by Dagucrrc
About 1840 the first express business ,
was established.
The anthracite ccal business may be
said to have begun in 1820.
TV. 1 QQft + t-i/i r.ofant -f/vr +.Vio ir>vonfirvn
of matches was granted.
Steel pens were introduced for use :
in 1803.
The first successful trial of a reaper '
took place in 1833.
In 1846 Elias Howe obtained a patent '
for bis first sewing machine.
The first successful method of making
vulcanized india rubber was patented
in 1839. j
Mirage. '
Professor Tait describes three forms j
of mirage. The first, and most com- i
mon, is that seen in the desert, where (
the sunlight is reflected from the heated ,
layer of air resting upon the sand to the i
eye of the observer, and irresistibly <
?ives rise^to the impression of a reflect- .
ig surface of water at the point in the \
q sert from which the rays are pro- ^
jected. A second form is that observed ,
in the Arctic regions, of which many ,
beautiful illustrations have been given (
by Scoresby. The principal phenomenon
is what is called "looming"?distant
objects showing an extravagant increase
of vertical height without alteration
in breadth. Distant hummocks of
ice are thus magnified into immense
t.nwors and m'nnft^lpR. and a shit) is i
sometimes abnormally drawn out until
it appears twelve or fourteen times as 1
high as it is long. The celebrated 1
"fata morgana" of the Straits of Mes- '
sina is of this character. Rocks are 1
seen drawn up to ten or twelve times j
their proper height; and houses, as
well as human beings and animals, ap- 1
pear in like exaggerated shape. The
most remarkable instance of this kind '
of mirage was observed in 1798; when
from Hastings a portion of the French
coast, forty or fifty miles away, was
seen as plainly as though but a few
inilos distant, although ordinarily hidden
by the earth's convexity. The third
and perhaps most extraordinary form of
mirage is that observed by Vince in
1799, in which a ship at sea showed
three distinct images?a lower and an
upper one in an upright position and
an intermediate one in which the object
Jtood inverted.
A Cat Boxing a Child's Ear.
The Spectator delights in cat stories.
May I add one to the interesting list
which has from time to time appeared
in your columns ? Picture to yourself
a little girl, about two years of age,
sitting on a low stool b9fore a drawingroom
fire. Coiled up on the rug is a
favorite domestic cat. The child is in
a fretful mood, and has been erring for
an mo TVia f?af, PTidnrps th? an
novanee for some time, though evidently
displeased. Bat even feline patience
has its limits. So pussy uncoiled
herself, walked up to the child, and
gave her a box on the ear with her
closed paw, and then lay down again
before the fire. The child, taken completely
aback, cried louder than ever..
Again passy tried to endure it. AgaiSy
her patience became exhausted, and she
delivered a second box upon the ear,
which nearly knocked the child off her
stool. It was now the little girl's turn
to be enraged. She rushed at the cat,
and dragged it round the room by the
tail. The story rests on the authority
of the child's mother, who was witness
of the scene.?London Spectator.
The escape of Colonel Tom Buford
from the gallows, after his deliberate
murder of Judge Elliott, has been con
| demned in the Kentucky legislature,
I and a formal expression of dissent with
the verdict was all bnt secured. A resolution
to erect a monument to Elliott
was introduced, and the preamble asserted
that he had been "shot down
and murdered in the sight of the Capitol
by the ruthless hand of an assassin,
who escaped just punishment under
the guise of the recently popular plea
3 insanity."
Sufferings of a Convict,
A recently-discharged convict was
convicted in Owen connty, Kentucky,
of a crime committed by others, that
crime being grand larceny. He was a
stranger, and was assured that, by consenting
to a plea of guilty, his punishment
would be but a light one. He
was sentenced to a servitude of two
years, and his labor, with that of fortyseven
others, white and black, was contracted
to a firm known as Warner,
Tabler & Co., to work on railroads.
They were afterward stib-Iet to Irwin
& Long, and put to work in Bath county,
on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad.
These men, according to the convict's
story, were quartered in a miserable
cabin twenty feet long by twelve feet
wide, and compelled to labor fourteen
hours a day. They were allowed no pay
for extra work, although the law made
a different provision. Daring the rigorous
weather of last winter they were
constantly kept out, working on the
railroad each secular day and cutting
wood for their taskmasters on Sunday
Their own iires were insufficient to keep
them warm, and the convict says:
"Often and often I have gone in from
work late at night with my clothing
frozen stiff, and would have to go to
bed without being allowed to make a
fire to thaw and dry myself." He was
a good draughtsman by occupation
and unused to hard work, but was
placed between two negro men and
compelled to perform as much labor as
they did. Failing to always keep up he
was ordered to be whipped, and the
negro convict appointed to inflict the
lashing, not performing the duty in ac
cordance with the wishes of the fiend in
charge, was savagely beaten with an ax
handle, and died two days afterward
from the effect of the blows. In continuation
of his story the convict says :
"I belonged to a gang of seven?six
negro convicts and myself?and before
spring came the six negroe3 were dead,
but I stood it through. John Dowell,
a negro, had his hands badly frozen
and begged the boss to let him go to
the fire and warm them. The boss said
he was playing off; but, in order to convince
him that he was not, Dowell
struck his fingers on the cartwheel and
they rattled like stocks, but he was not
allowed to warm them. His fingers
dropped off shortly afterward, and he
was not able to work any more. "We
were locked up in the log shanty
on Saturday night and not even allowed
to go after water until Monday morning,
and, unless the bosses wanted us to do
something for them, the door was not
opened in the meantime. Before the
State Inspector of Convicts would arriver
to look after us we were quietly
informed that if we gave him any in
iormation we wouia pay aeariy lor it.
?Louisville Courier Journal.
I)arty*s Ham-Pie.
On the lines (45, 46) in Pope's "Imitation
of the First Satire of Horace:"
" Each mortal has his pleasure; none deny
Scarsdale his bottle, Darty hia ham-pie,"
is found the following note: "Charles
Dartinenf, or Dartiquenave, was .surveyor
of the king's gardens, and paymaster
of the board of works. Jis
character is frequently noticed by writers
of the period, among others by
Swift in his 'Journal to Stella.' He
died in May, 1738. * "We have found in
a cookery book published in 1730, a receipt
for a 'Westphalia Ham-Pie,' which
will illustrate the meaning of
the text, and which is worth preserving,
both for its own sake and for DartVs.
- rtrscn5onr~yoTLr namTHBtar nor-Twr mnch;
take off the skin and pare off all
the inst and ontside, and take out all
the bones; cut some hacks in it in the
inside and season it with pepper
cloves, mace and ginger, and wash the
top with the yolk of an egg, and season
md strow over some thyme and parsley
oinced; make a coffin and put in yonr
ham in the middle, put some forced
meat ronnd, and round that partridges,
chickens and pigeons, and some
Forced meat between ; season
ill ; but lay over some hard
yolks of egg?, artichoke bottoms
quartered, and chestnuts blanched;
Ly scalded lettuce or asparagus scalded
in short bunches; put over butter, and
close it and bake it; cut it up and take
out the fat, put in some good gravy,
md shake it together, and put over it
i ragonst of pallats and sweetbreads,
cockscombs, morrelles, truffles and
serve it away hot to the table; garnish
with the cover cut." The book from
which this ingenious idea is extracted
was written by Carles Carter, cook to
the Duke of Argyle, and is said on the
title page to have been " approved by
drivers of the prime nobility, and by
several masters of the art and mystery
Df cooking," of whom Darty was doubtless
fe'ct Health.
No labor, pains, temperance, poverty
nor exercise that can Rain it must be
grudged. For sickness is a cannibal
which eats up all the life and youth it
can Jay hold of, and absorbs its own
sons and daughters. I fignre it as a
pale, wailing, distracted phantom, absolutely
selfish, heedless of what is
good and great, attentive to its sensations,
losing its soul and afflicting
other sonls with meanness and moping,
and with ministration to its voracity
of trifles. Dr. Johnson said, severely,
"Every man is a rascal as soon as
he is "sick." Drop the cant and
treat it sanely. In dealing with
the drnnken we do not affect to be
drunk. "We must treat the sick with
the same firmness, giving them of
course every aid?but withholding ourselves.
And the best part of health is
fine disposition. It is more essential
tnan talent, even in tne vrorKs 01 talent.
Nothing will supply the want of sunshine
to peaches, and, to make knowledge
valuable, you must have the
cheerfulness of wisdom. Whenever
you are sincerely pleased you are nourished.
The joy of the spirit indicates
its strength. All healthy things are
sweet tempered. It is observed that a
depression of spirits develops the
germs of a plague in individuals and
Fasting Sixty Days. <
In regard to the case of Miss Chloe
Ann "Violet, who died in Alexandria,
Ya., recently, after a voluntary fast of
sixty days, Dr. Alexandria McWilJiams,
who attenaea ner, siatea m an interview
with a Washington Star reporter,
that the fast was commenced on the 4th
of November last, Miss Violet having
been for some years out of her mind
in consequence (it is supposed) of the
death of her brother by drowning.
She claimed that she had received an
inspiration that if she would not eat any
more she would be sure of heaven
Dr. McWilliams states that every conceivable
measure suggested was tried
to induce her to break her fast, but she
resisted, and would become furious
when they attenpted to force food on
her. They endeavored to give her
liquid food in her water, but she was
not to be dec~'-el The only food
they succeeded in getting her to take
was two teaspoonfnls of milk the
night before she died. Dr. McWilliams
regards this case as a genuine
one of long fasting, and taken altogether,
the most singular case he ever saw,
for she did not at any time claim that
she could not eat what was set before
her, but said that she could eat at any
time, but would not.
All railroad conductors in Georgia
are now clothed with the power cf polioemen.
The mackerel buries itself in mud
during the winter.
The pattern of the Dutch crying dolls
came originally from Japan.
London cream is said to be sometimes
thickened with calves' brains.
The religion of the Siamese forbids
them to kill animals, but they elude the
1 1 11* XT A _ J
.law uy Bulling luem iv iixonammeuaus.
The eggs of the dinorius, an extinct
species of bird, from the island of Madagascar,
were large enongh for a footbath.
Forks are mentioned in a charter of
Ferdinand I. of Spain, 1101. They were
introduced into England in the sixteenth
The oldest bank in the United States
is the Bank of North America in Philadelphia,
which began active operations
on January 7, 1782.
When a Laplander wishes to marry
he courts the girl's father with presents
of brandy, offering her a beaver's tongue,
or some such delicacy.
A swam of locusts invaded Italy in
591, and being drowned in the sea,
produced a pestilence which carried off
nearly a million men and beasta.
Fleur-de-lis is not, as some suppose,
a lily, but as iris, the common name for
which is flower de lace. It was assumed
by Louis YII. of France as his device.
Along the main road from Sacramento
to the summit pass of Sierra Nevada the
annual rain-fall increases at the rate of
one inch for every hundred feet altitude.
The Indians of South America eat
white ants, which they catch by pushing
into the nest a grass stalk, which
the ants seize and hold on to most
3ince 1610 523 theaters have been
burnt down in the old and new world,
460 disasters of this kind having taken
place within the last 100 years (up to
1 frnm 1R71?S f.lio ?T7oro.r7fi
rate was thirteen theaters per annum.
It is estimated that 378,151 persons
are employed in coal mines in Great
Britain, working in galleries extended
over at least 58,744 miles. The greatest
depth of the coal mines is estimated at
2,800 feet.
It has been stated that a horse requires
at lease 2,466 cubic feet of fresh
air per hour. The army regulations
allow in new stables to each horse
1,705 cubic feet, and 100 square feet of
floor space. This allowance is shamefully
deficient in many stables.
So microscopically perfect is the
watch-making machinery now in use,
that screws are cut with nearly 600
threads to the inch?though the finest
and in the watch has 250. These
threads are invisible to the naked eye,
and it takes 144,000 of the screws to
weigh a pound, their value being six
pounds of cr re crold.
It is a mistake to suppose that the
Arctic winter, in the higher latitudes,
is a long, dreary one of opaque darkness.
The highest latitude yet reached
by man is eighty-three degrees twenty
minutes twenty seconds, and there
twilight lasts four hours and forty-two
minutes on December 22, the shortest
day of the northern year. Man will have
to go some 327 miles further north than
he has yet gone if he is to reach the
region of absolute darkness. The pole
itself is in the dark but seventy-seven
days?from November 13 to January
29. There is a period of about four
dflyq WhiVh ffy*-Rnr>
shines onboth poles at the same time.
This is due to the fact that the sun is
larger than the earth, and that his rays
are bent by tne earth's atmosphere in
such a way as to converge upon its
Nativity or Congressmen.
During the first forty-five Congresses
all but 142 of the 5.237 members were
born in the United States?New York
ha\.nc 704, Pennsylvania 598, Virginia
532, Massachusetts 439 and Connecticut
340. Most of our foreign born statesmen
have come from Ireland. England,
Scotland and Germany have followed in
about equal proportions. There have
been two who were born in Bavaria, two
from Bermuda, five from Canada, seventeen
from England, five from France,
twelve from Germany, fifty-two from
Ireland, one from Madeira, one from the
Netherlands, one from New Brunswick,
one from Nova Scotia, twenty-one from
Scotland, two from Switzerland, four
from Wales, and four from the West Indies.
Out of that long list there have
been some 2,000?considerably less
than half?who received a classical,
collegiate or liberal education. It has
VIA at* in f.Vi &
Eastern States than in the West, to
send their representatives to Congress
for long-continned periods.
From the colonial days to the present
it has happened that several generations
of the same family have served in
one or both branches of Congress. The
most notable among these are the
Adamses, Bayards, Breckenbridges,
Harrisons, Chandlers, Stocktons, Frelinghnysens
and Heisters.
Cry for More Oysters.
At the same time that the more
thonghtfal and observant are nttering
protests against the extinction by
wholesale dredging, of the oysters of
the Chesapeake and its tribntaries,
there come3 a cry from England for
more American oysters. The New
York Herald qnotes from a private
business circular which has foundjts
way into the office of that paper. The
circular in question is a piteous appeal
to be furnished with more ousters, on
the ground that the supply in the
English market falls below the demand.
The trader in question states that
nearly twenty-eight million American
bivalves were eaten in England between
the middle of October and the
day of the new year. Between March
and May will be the season for planting,
and when the demand on this
account is supplied it is'estimated that
no less than tifty millions of our oysters
will have been either devoured or
naturalized in Great Britain. This
exibit only makes it more apparent
that the oyster beds of the Chesapeake
and its tributaries?the chief source of
supply for the most succulent bivalves
?must be protected from depletion,
if an industry promising such large
proportions and valuable returns is to
be fostered. There is food in this
English circular for the Maryland and
Virginia Legislatures.
A. Montana Farm*
Mr. Curtiss has a fruit farm in Helena,
Montana, says a correspondent, on
which he has 8,000 currant bushes and
5,000 gooseberry bushes. Last year he
gathered off this farm 7,000 quarts of
strawberries, gooseberries and raspberries,
and ripened 1,000 bushels of
tomatoes. His sales of fruit during the
fruiting season often ran as high as
?200 per day. But why say mere?
This one little farm yields Mr. Cnrtiss
from 84,000 to $7,000 per annum, and
he could sell ten times as much fruit as
he does if he could raise it. Strawberries
bring forty cents to SI per
quart. Raspberries fifty cents, currants
forty to sixty cents per gallon,
tomatoes ten to twentv-five cents tier
pound, and all other small fruits twentyfive
cents to forty cents per quart and
gallon. Turkeys sell at $2 50 each,
chickens at fifty cents to $1 each, and
butter at fifty cents to sixty cents per
pound all the year round.
Seed and Harrest.
When the balmy winds of spring-time .,;3|
Blow their breath across the plain,
Melting off the snows of winter,
Filling things with life again-? . *
Then within tbe earth's broad bosom
Scatter we the precious seed,
Looking forward to the harvest,
Providing for a future need.
And, as days of summer lengthen,
How we watch with eager eyes
The slow progress of our harvest,
Growing to a ripening size.
For when summer's heat is over,
And autumn winds go blowing past
If we've been faithful to our duty,
The seed will bring good fruit at last.
Thus ic is life's seed is planted,
Planted in our youthful days,
And it grows into a harvest,
As we go upon life's ways.
_ .
If we plant the seed <Jf wisdom,
And destroy the weeds of sin,
Happy lives and many blessings Is
the reward we'll surely win. ..-yjgj
No matter what our worldly profit,
No matter in what place we go,
Our reward will be according
- To the kincUof seed-we sow.
Then as we sow good seed in springtf rrw.
Let us sow good seed in youth;
Always trying to be faithful
To oar duty, and to truth.
^ ?Boston Pilot.
While stingy husbands are not popular,
every maiden likes to have her bean . _*-;4
very close. *' v||j
A man named Onion lives in a neighboring
town. He does not care a scant ,
adoue ms queer name. .::r3
Physical heat is only motion. Mental .^J
heat is only emotion. The two combined
make commotion.?Lowell Courier.
Boiling hair in a solution of tea _
will darken it, says an exchange; but ." |j
some folks don't like to have their tea *%??
darkened in that way.
When a man is headed for the pawnbroker's
with the money to take out Ids
pledge, he may be said to have a redeem- >v|l
ing point?Boston Bulletin.
Mistress?"Bridget, I really can't allow
you to receive your sweetheart in
the kitchen any longer." Bridget: ?g|g
'Thank you kindly, mum, but he's too
bashful for the parlor.1' ^11
A Michigan girl tried to commit - ^
suicide by swallowing thirty-six skirt
buttons. Fortunately her digestion
mistook them for railway restaurant :
beans and she was saved.
A Norristown second-hand furniture
dealer has a toy said to have been made ~\~fjgjn
bv Georee Washington. This reminds -
us that a Philadelphia dealer in brio-abrae
has a soap bubble blown by George
wh^r. years o\<L-Philaddpkia Jfevu.
A drop of ink may make a million
thiii k?Byron. Yes and, it may
make one woman express, in very %gS
strong terms, her thoughts regarding %
man who can't write two lines without ^
getting it on his shirt cuffs.?Siftingu
A Missouri woman has collected 17,000
spools. Being an industrious woman, . *
she was only eight years in making the
collection; but unfortunately by the
time her task was accomplished, spools
had gone c ut of fashion in the bric-abrac
line, and the Missouri woman sold
Vr fift**?!? ?r- T~^
An es-Sfcai&. senator of Colorado; ^wc~~
while recentlyin New York, rode up to
Central park to see the Obelisk. He
immediately xm dors toed why the government
brought it here. He said ik"
showed that the Egyptians had recorded
on it the same kind of cattle-marks that ^
are employed by the Mexicans.
An out-of-town druggist entered a
Boston apothecary shop and had &sim- .
pie prescription pnt np. The charge . i
was $1.50. He remarked that it was
rather dear, because, as he was a druggist
himself, he knew the price of the
ingredients. "That alters the case,"
was the response; "seventeen cents,
There is a dentist up town who ad- vjigj
vertises that he can make a set cf teeth
for a person in ten minutes. Double c >^Js3
sets are set on hinges, and if they don'fc
happen to fit the owner, all he has to
do is to grab them and chew his food V
with his hands, which is not only a
novel invention, bnt one thatisveiy
saving on the jaw.?Puck.
"Pray excuse me," said a well-dressed
young man to a young lady in the
second tier of boxes in the theater; "I
wish to go ont and get some refreshments?don't
leave your seat." A sailor
seated in the box near his sweetheart, ,
and disposed to do the same thing
arose and said, "Harkee, Poll, I'm going
ashore to wet my whistle?don't
fall overboard when I'm gone." "
That was a sorrowful sight presented
on one of onr streets yesterday. A blind
man and his one-armed deaf and dumb
companion ground music from an orguinette
for some time, in front of a recently
vacated ice cream saloon. "When
the deaf and dumb man went to the
door and found it locked he commenoed 4
swearing in the meifc terrible manner. *
The eruption was something wonderful
for a one-armed man.?Oil Ciiy Derrick,
When Middle ton's boy was led out
into the woodshed to receive parental ^
discipline for punching the heid of a
neighbor's son, the old gentleman
anticipated the regular proceedings of
the meeting by the remark: "You've
been licked for this sort of thing before,
and know what to expect." "Yes,"
whimpered the culprit, ' I know I did.
wrong, but I couldn't help it I had un
inspiration." So had his father, and he
fulfilled it with a trunk strap.?Brook-, '-vQ
bjn Eagle.
We are too busy to go down to New ivS
York and welcome Oscar Wilde to this
country, the heme of the sunflower, a0
it were. Nevertheless we rejoice that
he is with us. In honor of his presence
we have endeavored to dine off a long
look at a lily, and we fonnd that the
more we stared that lily out of countenance
the more hungry we grew. There
was a nine hours after breakfast frenzy
at work in our gastric juice factory that _ *3
refused to be satisfied. When we assume
the role of the aesthetic again . %
it will be on a corn beef and cabbage
basis.?New Kaven Register.
The Denizens of the Jo Boats.
TCMoVn*/* "Pa Vioo n Annnn* IMIa
community who live in what are called .
"jo boats'" A jo boat is an old barge
or flatboat, no longer useful for cany- ' j3|j
ing coal, which has built upon it a kind ,'M
of house, like an enlarged freight car,
that serves as a human habitation. In
the old times jo boatmen were peddlers, and
carried stocks of dry goods, ionware
and notions up and down the
river, stopping for a hail from either
bank, and selling, buying and swap- ~
ping everything that came to hand; but
railroads and steamboats took their
occupation away, and jo boatmen have
fallen. Now they mostly toil not, bat
f.hftv ahpal and ati^r niek Tin nncon
sidered coal from about tne river, and lead
the most shiftless, worthless and
disreputable lives. The boats are
knocking about in the water and mud,
and sometimes half on dry land, and
are dirty and comfortless; but they
furnish roots, such as they are, the J|9H
dingy decks make play grounds for the -'-^1
children, and they are free from visit*) .~$sm
for rent and tax collectors. ' .*!?

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