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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 29, 1882, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1882-03-29/ed-1/seq-1/

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V Euildin:* on the Sand.
11 well to woo, 'tis well to wed,
For so the world hath done
Since myrtles grew and roses blew,
And morning brought the sun;
But have a care, yo young and fair,
Be sure ye pledge with truth;
Bo certain that your love will wear
Beyond the days of youth.
|||g, For if you give sot heart for heart,
gsy . A3 well as hand for hand,
You'll find, you've played the unwise part.
And " built upon the sarrd."
'Tis well to save, ?t:s well to have
A goodly fctore of gold.
?*\UU Il'JM fXIOUgU Oi Oiuily
For charily is cold.
But placc not ali your Lope and trust
In what the deep mine springs,
We cannot live on yellow dust
Uniuixed with purer things:
And he who piles up wealth alone
Will often have to stand
^ neeiue ms coner ciiest auu. una
'Tia " built upon the sand.''
'Tis good to speak in kindly guise,
And soothe where'r we can;
Fair spcech should bind the human mind,
And love link man to man.
Put stop cot at the gentle wordsLet
deeds with language dwelL
3 he one who pities starving birds
Should scatter crumbs as well;
The mercy thai is warm and true
Must lend a helping hand,
For those that talk, yet fail to do,
JUut " uuiiu upon me sana."
?E iza Cook.
tt A n/5 eawo T"?im VIOrT">f CQ1/1 Tlfrfl
AUU ? f * MMV4
Wjnhart, grimly.
If Mrs. "WTDhart had lived in ancient
times, she woald most assuredly have
been ranked araoDg the Scribes and
She was always criticising and finding
fault. Ncbody suited her. Acd
when she spoke out the short, decisive
sentence above recorded, she set down
the tea-kettle with an emphasis which
jingled the very lid.
The neighbors had been there to
** - ? TT71 ?4/UJ?
anuK tea. whenever &juvi>mug ui ?ucial
importance happened in Sandville,
the neighbors always went somewhere
to drink tea. And Mrs. Wynhart had
had plum cake and frizzled beef, fresh
doughnuts and damson jelly, to celebrate
the occasion.
And now that tea company was gone
. (Sandville people always put their
knitting work in the bag and vent home
early on account of the beach road and
the rising tide), Luella, the eldest
daughter, was washing up the dishes,
and Wintred, the younger, was chop
ping raisins lor a pnaamsr.
"Oh, mother!" pleaded Winifred, who
was a fair-} aired, cherry-lipped girl,
always hanging down: her head like a
wild anemone, "don'rtalk in that way,
"Mother's right enongh," saidLnella.
"Why shonldn't I talk that way?"
Baid Mrs. Wynhart. "It's the gospel
+rr?tT> oin'fc if.? .Ta?V .Telliffe vras a wild
fellow, always careering around tlie
country when he'd onght to be at home
reading his 'Notes on the Catechiz!'"
"Bat, mother," ventured Winifred,
"yon let him come here to see Luella,
v when you supposed he was old Squire
Sandiman's heir."
"I couldn't put him out doors, could
mi" I?" retorted Mrs. Wyrihart, severely.
Mr "Besides, that's quite a different thing.
* Squire Sandiman cught to know his
own nephews better than any one else,
and he's left all his money to Simeon,
while Jack has only got the Beach Farm,
thfi?e's nothine on earth but sea
weed and samphire, and long clams,
to be had !n
"It's an unjust will!" said Winifred,
reddening to the very roots of her flaxen
"Hoity-toity!" said Mrs. Wynhart,
wheeling suddeniy around, and regarding
Winifred sarcastically through the
moon-like spheres of her big silver spectacles.
"What business was it of yours,
Td like to knew? He never will be
Luella's husband low !"
"There never was an engagement,"
T ^T-^K^Irr CtClf Annrco Q I
SitiU. iJUCUO, ka>ouulj< vi vuixlov, <m
girl must amuse herself; but I don't
care for him."
Winifred looked up -with her soft eyes
brimming over -with tears. "Was there
no such thing, she asked herself, as
truth and loyalty in the world? Why
did they all turn against him in this
way, just when his uncle's will had sc
cruelly disappointed him ?
So Mrs. Wynhart and Luella went to
the "Weekly Chorus of Song," wher^
Deacon Throney led the tunes very
much through his nose, and Miss Bet
t* -"i 3 l.f 3 _ 1^1..
sey xioxneia laooreu a.iter, uu a
i melodeon which wheezed audibly at
every 'note and Winifred remained behind
to dam the stockings and put her
twin brothers to bed.
' Some one must stay, to see that
BeDjamin and Abijah don't set the
f house on fire," said Mrs. Wynhart.
"And Winifred never cared for
music," added Luella, "nor for society,
I either."
It was the way in which matters were
always decided in tho Wynhart household.
Winifred was quite used to it,
and never dreamed of making an appeal.
. Luella was undonbtedly the beauty
of the family; but there were those wbo
1 i l r .111.. 11 1 1
xmgnc cave preierreutce jeuow iuci.s
and limpid bine eyes of the younger
sister, in spite of her iound little nose.
>nd the month which was perhaps too
wide for classic comparison.
Bnfc while she sat there all alone,
, with the twins snoring npstarrs, and
the fire crackling on the hearth, and
" *-? _ _
tne goiaen rtiarcH mooa cixtauxiig tuo
sky, there came a tap at the door, and
in walked no less a personage than Jack
Jelliffe himself.
"Ob, Jack!" said "Winifred, jumping
up with a slight scream.
- "Yes, it's I," said Jack, somewhat
mondilv. "I inst met vour mother and
sister. They wouldn't speak to me."
"Wouldn't speak to yon, Jack ?"
"Pretended not to knew me," until I
spoke. It's all the same. Winifred,
you don't believe it, do you r" he burst
out, abruptly.
k "Believe what, Jack ?' she faltered.
* "That I am wild and worthless?that
I deserved the slight my uncle has put
upon me."
t "No, Jack," earnestly responded
Winifred, with tears in her eyes, "I
never believed it i uecause we were
WBUT playmates together, ana you were
sLvays, ob, so good to me ! And be^
sicies, Jack, I hoped?I thonght yon
might one day be my brother."
"I liked Lnella well enongh," said
i the yonng man, slowly, "bnt it wasn't
she that I wished to make my wife. It
was yon, "Winifred!"
"T ?n r.j ii ;_i
"X i cneu lilt) giri.
"I loved you Winifred," said Jelliffe,
in a faltering voice. "Whenever I
dreamed of a home of my own, it was
your face I fancied beside my hearth;
but now?"
"Well," said Winifred, "r ow?"
"I don't care to ask any girl 10 be my
wife. I couldn't expect any pirl to go
to the bleak loneliness of the Beach
"Farm, with its acres of sea-grass and
shingly sand, and its old, one-storied
house, all leaning to one side with the
east wind."
Winifred looked at liim with soft,
?__ glittering eyes.
."Jack," said 5he, *lI don't mind the
lonlinegs nor the east winds, if?if only
you love me ! I'd risk it all, if?"
''Winifred I Do 793 really mean itr
And she answered, blushing beautifully:
"Yes, Jack."
"You'll risk it all, "Winifred, for mr
"Yes, Jack."
Great was the tumult and displeasure
in the Wynhart family when it was
I >; ..1 luIl TT7:?ir J u _ ,3
uiscuvexeu tuai* >fmiireu JLI&U eugageu
herself to Jack Jelliffe.
"It it had been Simeon, now," croaked
Mrs. Wynhart, "1 shouldn't have so
much objected."
"Bat I didn't love Simeon, mother,"
pleaded "Winifred.
"Love." repeated Lnella, angrily.
"Bah! I've no patience with snch sentimental
trash; and if Winifred is really
determined to go to Beach Farm, she
mnst make np her mind to separate
herself from us
"Ob, Luella!
"Luella is right," said Mrs. Wynhart.
,!I never expected to see a child of mine
deliberately turn pauper."
, And "Winifred, who had been secretly
contemplating the idea of a new white
alpaca dress to be married in, now resolved
she wonld have to wash and iron
her old white mnslin, because it was
very plain that her mother wonld not
open her purse-strings ia her behalf.
Winifred, soft and yielding though
she w*s in other matters, was most truj
j i t A_
auu tu tiitt/A* oviiinc, AH. oyiuu ut
the vehement oppositions she met with
from her family.
'*1 love him, mother," she said, piteously,
when Mrs. Wynhart was most
merciless in her vitnperation.
"Humph!" said the stout matron.
"It's a pity you didn't fall in love with
Billy Seeley, who has just been sent to
the poorhouse!"
So matters stood, one bloomy, blowy
April evening, when Winifred went oat
under the crimsoning maples of the
woods to meet Jack Jellifie.. For Mrs.
Wynhart had made herself so obstrusively
disagreeable that all hopes of
pie sant evenings by the fireside were
abandoned, and Winifred lived only in
the brief, bright moments when she met
her lover in the winter sunset, with the
frozen branches crackling overhead and
the chill stars shining in the sky.
Jack Jelliffe was there before her.
| "Well, lassie," he exclaimed, joyously,
as she came up, "I've been waiting for
yon this half-hour! And I thonght you
never were coming!"
* ****** *
Mrs. Wynhart was cutting out little
cloth waist-coats for the twins, by the
light of a smoky kerosene lamp, when
the door opened, and Winifred came in,
leaning on?Jack's arm!
She glared at them over her spectaclerims
with most ungracious eyes.
"Mother," said Winifred, in a low
voice, "we have something to tell yon.
Jack has sold the Beach Farm?"
"Humph!'' said Mr3. Wynhart. "And
you're expecting to come here to live,
are you? Bat you can't!"
"To the city cf Sandport," went on
Winifred, as if her mother had not
spoken?"for a sea-side park. And they
have paid him twenty thousand dollars
for it."
"Twenty?thousand?dollars I" gasped
Mrs. Wynhart. "For a hundred acres
r\f Viorron oao.oan/^ ' Tt nin'f. tmp?T
don't believe it I"
"And," added valiant Jack, "we have
bought Doctor Bailee's farm, with one
stone house, and I rjn give Winifred a
home at least as gtf^d as the one I take
her from."
"As good as yon take her from ! I
should think soejaculated Mrs.
Wynharfc, remembering with regret that
all this golden prize might have been
Luella's. Squire Bailey's stone house !
With a bay-window and donble parlor?,
and blinds, to everv window! Well!
Only, Winifred, I hope you'll not be too
set up to speak to ycur mother and sister
when you've moved there ?'
"There is no danger of it," said Winifred,
laughingly almost hysterically?
for, brave as she nad been in the face of
trouble, good fortune almost took her
by surprise. "Bat oh, mother, if you'll
only kiss me, aud say that you're glad
I'm going to be so happy?if you'll only
do that!''
And Mrs. Wynhart did so, from ,the
very bottom of her heart. Neither was
it: on nf {- mofTw'ttv. "For Winifred
*v J f J ' j
engaged to a man -wort!: twenty thousand
dollars was a different sort of person
frora Winifred who had resolved to
marry a panper. And this was the sort
of logic by which Mrs. Wynhart argued
her way through life.
Squire Sandiman's will was so different
from the way in which people generally
had interpreted it. Simeon, with
his five thousand dollars in cash, was all
very well?but the Beach Farm had sold
oi-rv^Ti-nf OT?^ f.nO fllSU
I 1V1 1VU1 Iri iiii.,1 UUUU CilUVUliV) MMVk
inherited nephew had become the hero
of the day. How was Squire Sandiman
to have foreseen all this ?
Btit "Winifred cared little for all that.
She had loved Jack before, and she
loved him now. It was nice to be married
at home, in a new white dress, with
Lnella to arrange her hair, and she was
gkd that they all liked Jack so mnch.
But she loved him?nothing else mattered
much?she loved him, and that
was enough.
A Tartar's Courtship.
"What do pay in ycur country for a
wife V asked a Tartar of an Englishman.
"We pay nothing. We ask ihe girl,
and if she says yes, and her parents
don't refuse, we marry her."
"But if the girl does not like yon ?
If she hit yon on the head with her
whip,or gallops away when yon ride up to
her side V" replied the Tartar, referring
to his nation's method of courtship by
running alter a girl on horseback, "wnat
do you do in that case 7"
"Why, we do not marry her."
"But if yon want to marry her very
much; if yen love her more than yonr
best horse, and all yonr sheep and camels
pnt together?" the Tatar persisted,
putting an extreme case for the sake of
the argument,
"We cannot marry her without her
"And are the girls moonfaced?" he
continned, setting forth a Tartar's per
fection of female beauty.
For a few moments he seemed lost in
meditation. Presently, removing his
sheepskin hat, and rubbing his shaven
neaa, ne as-sea:
"Will you take me with you to your
country ? It would be so nice. I should
get a moonfaced wife, and all for nothing.
"Why, she would not cost so much
as a sheep."
' Bat suppose she would not have
"Not have me!" and the Tartar
looked astonished "Not have me!
Well, I should give her a white wrapper
or a ring for her ears or her
"And if she still refused you?''
"Why, I should give her a gold ornament
for her head, and what girl could
resist such a present ? "
At Centrcville, Ark., where there is
no Bergh society, a wager was made as
to the endurance of a certain tough mule.
The trial drew a crowd, and the betting
was heavy. The treadmill of a threshing
machine was used, the mule being
fastened in it and compelled to walk
without rest. Whenever he was inclined
to stop h9 was goaded to keep
him moving. He was not allowed food
or water. For over three days the
-walked, and when he finallv fell
down it was to die.
The value of the writing paper annually
manufactured in the United States
A Boston tiirPs Whim.
For the past scvon months there has
been living with the Omahas, thirty
miles below this city, an educated
young lady?a Boston lady, too?who
ic ir\y i.TtA fimc* o m^>rr>Af friViA
because she hopes in this way to learn j
something of the inner life of this, the
oldest tribe, excepting the Pawnees, in
this part of the West, This lady, Miiss
A, C. Fletcher, was in the city, on Tuesday,
with Dr. Wilkinson, agent of the
Omahas and Winnebacos, The agent
says that on taking charge of the Oma
has a few weeks ago, he fonx d this lady
with them and nearly starved. Miss
Fletcher is a brunette, soiidly built,
about 25 years old, rather goodlooking,
and with a directness of speech
and a way of standing silent while irrelevant
conversation is going on that
probably comes of her present mode of
life. Miss Fletcher intimated to Dr.
Wilkinson that before coming to the
Omahas she had been with some of the
warlike northern tribes, and from her
present place of study she would go to
the New Mexico Pueblos, thence to the
Flatheads of Washington Territory, and
retnrn East by \ray of the Sioux country.
?Sioux City Journal..
Lace ribbons are the novelty of the
e^oo/vr* imifofa a /3ooinmc r\f !
moresque and Spanish laces, which are
woven in thick figures on a lace-like
ground that forms the ribbon, and the
edges are scalloped. The familiar arabesques,
great rose:?, and leaf patterns
of Spanish laces are perfectly copied,
and a soft, light, lace-like trimming is
the result-, that will be very effective on
the bonnets of plain English and Tuscan
straw. Trimming ribbons are wider
than those of last season, and will measure
three to four inches. Another new
j ribbon combines faille seduisante with
the lace patterns and with satin; thus
the center stripe will be faille; a lace
stripe edges this on one side, while on
the*other side is satin with brocaded
small flowers cr leaves. There are also
ribbons that are moire half their width,
and the moresque lace designs make up
the other half; sometimes a watered
string is through the middle of the rib
I bon, and there are lace stripes on each
edge. Lace designs in one color, however,
promise to be the favorite, if the
bnlk of the importations predict fairly,
as all the new shades are seen in these
patterns of ribbon three inches "wide.
The old-time chine effects that look like
hand-painting arc also revived on faille
gronnds. These are seen not only in
ribbons, bnt in silk dress goods, with
alternating stripes of moire or of satin.
A Romance of the Telecraph.
During tlie last two years Miss Lonise
Eib and Miss Laura Jordan, telegraph
operators, have worked together in the
Western Union office at St. Joseph, Mo. .
Persons about the office who could not !
read the tickings of Miss Eib's instru- !
rnent were puzzled frequently to see
Miss Jordan put her hands up to her
ears. The very inquisitive, noticing
that during the quick motions she j
shoved bits of cotton into the auricular J
channels, sometimes would ask if any- ,
thing was wrong, but Miss Jordan would
avoid the question. Not until two
weeks ago, indeed, was light thrown
upon the mysterious movements of the
young woman and the smiling habits of 1
her associate. Then it "was revealed !
that Miss Eib is to bs married shortly; .
that the yonng man in the case is John !
Martin, a Kansas City operator, and :
that the young couple have been mak- ,
ing love by wire since 1879. In that (
year they agreed upon a cipher alpha- (
bet, by the nse of which many tender (
sentiments passed to and fro. Miss ,
Jordan soon caught tip the key, how
ever, and, that she might not be in the j
way, kindly stopped her ears. The !
men in the office oftsn wondered at? j
Miss Wh's f/lmno'htfn] silfinfift thft"
happy smiles that completely mastered \
her at she sat at her operating desk;
and, now that they know the secret,
they insist that she shall be married by
wire, but, being a sensible girl, she (
prefers the hand-to-hand custom.
* Fa?bion Notes.
Faille is coming into fashion again.
Pearl combs are a Parisian novelty.
ccc??t ~ ~,
gDULiyuuL lauc j-o <x new xuipux
Worth loops tulle drapery with birds.
Tulips are worn with street costumes.
Double trains sompleteFrench dresses.
Pink acacias trim garnet velvet dresses.
' The English dress is worn by children.
Tiny humming-birds loop lace drapery.
French dresses are voluminous at the
A comb of roses fastens up low coiffures.
Scantily gathered Mils trim new
Tan colored fluffy feathers appear on
black bonnets.
Two points finish the back of new
evening dresses.
Violet velvet corsages are worn with
white moire trains.
Pink hyacinths are worn with pink,
white, oi black dresses.
TiorKps wvTi Titian red hair delicht 111
j ' - O
black satin and jet toilets,
New bodices have short basquss
| pointed in back and front.
India mull, with rosebuds, is used
for trimming velvet bodices.
A jabot of lace trims each side of the
square neck of dinner dresses.
Ecru Venetian embroidery is used on
black velvet and satin dresses.
"Eighteen Century embroidery'^ is
tne name given new open worE.
Fringes of silver and pearl beads are
used for trimming evening dresses.
Artificial flower garnitures are de
rigenr, with a gauzy and semi-diaphanous
ball toilet.
Lace and gauze brocades in lace designs
for millinery purposes are brought j
l out in large quantities.
Tan-colored long gloves with loose
wrists axe -worn on all sorts of occasions,
and with any kind of a dress.
Dentelle Orientale is a new darned
lace much in demand for bordering
large collars of Surah, satin, or mull.
Prevailing styles in silks are rich brocades,
moires in antique styles, and
satin striped and brocade striped
The looking-glass beads used in millinery
are toned down with opaline, iri descent,
and milky pearl effects that
modifv the slitter.
Artificial facetted glass beetles, ccccinellas,
dragon flies, and butterflies appear
as ornaments on the first importations
of Paris bonnets.
Tbe most elegant white wash dresses
of the coming summer will be of linen,
lawn and sheer linen cambrics, soft as
India muslin and almost as transparent.
Paris prescribes very plain dresses for
young ladies, evening w;ar, on which
no lace appears, the only trimming beins:
plaitines of tulle or of the material i
No lace is worn in the neck, only tnlle
Medium-length bodices seem to be going
out of fashion, for, if not extrava- j
gantly long, the basque, so-called
hardly deserves the name, as it is but a !
waist pointed in front, and very much i
up over the hip3. )
A new skirt is coming in favor in
Paris, called the fourreau. TJntrimmed,
save with a huge niche of the material
around the bottom, ifc will be a violent
reaction against, the over-trimmed skirts
eow universally worn.
A Picturesque Beggar.
A New York paper of recent date
s*ys: People who took a stroll on the
lower part of Broadway early yesterday
morning had the pleasure of witnessing
an unusual sight, even in this ~~smopolitan
city. This was a thoroughly characteristic
specimen of the lazzaroni of
"sunny Italy," without the hand-organ
and monkey attachment. The specimen
had evidently been out of Castle Garden
but a very short time, presumably
but a few hours, for while pursuing his
profession of begging he frequently
stopped to gaze abont him in apparent
wonder at the massive buildings on
either side ol the street. Jie siowiy
forged Lis way up Broadway, crossing
from one side to the other, as he espied
a specially susceptible looking party
strolling toward the Battery. He was
the picture of health, and was apparently
not more than twenty-five years old.
His most noticeable characteristic was a
peculiar jacket. II; was made of undressed
skin, trimmed with fur. Down
the center of the back were two stripes
of embroidery in gay colors, each terminating
in a bit of fancy-figured work.
The jacket was caught together in front I
by loops of imitation gilt braid. Taken
altogether, it was a picturesque bit of
costume to find on Broadway, and attracted
considerable attention. It was,
however, the peculiar style of begging
in which the artist?for he was an artist
in his business?indulged that was a
revelation to nearly every one who bslw
him. "When a person approached him
the beggar would take off the
shaggy cap he wore and with a graceful
sweep of his arm seem to deposit it on
the walk close to the person appealed
to. At the same tiir.8 he ben!, one knee
until it almost touched the sidewalk.
Surprise was the first thing noticed in
the features of the party appealed to.
followed in most instances by a smile
and a look of disgust. Immediately
opposite Trinity church two well-dressed
me:: to whom the beggar appealed tried
to kick him, evidently disgusted with a
specimen of mankind x?ho could so
thoroughly degrade himself as this one
was. doing. After these rebuffs, which
seemed to cause the lszzaroni more surprise
than the peculiar manner of begnrin
rt cTTrriVic^^ fit a Tio<3COrC- TlV f.VlA
Italian crossed to the other side of
Broadway, possibly because he thought
he wa3 working on some other beggar's
territory. For fully half an honr, while
a reporter watched him, the fellow received
nothing in the way of alms,
although the bootblacks and proprietors
of peanut and fruit stands from the
same sunny Italy looked most contemptuously
at him, and followed him
with volleys of curses as he ^movedr'on.
In front of Triniiy church he practiced
successfally his plan of begging upon
a Handsomely aressea iaay wno was
walkicg down town. A dainty purse
was opened, a few coins were taken
therefrom, and a small cleanly gloved
hand was extended to d:*op the coins
into the cap. Suddenly the beggar
caught the har l with his right band
and pressed it to his lips. Surprised at
this action and at the muttered Italian
words that accompanied the action,
* * ? 1 1 ?3 1
tee iaav quicsiy witnarew ner
band from the contam inating touch of
the lazzaroni's lips. The action scattered
the coin on the sidewalk ?>nd
[lightened the beggar so that he dropped
forward on his hands and knees as
ihe lady moved rapidly down Broadway.
There was a look of astonishment
on the beggar's face and a mutte:*ed
oath, presumably at American manners
or lack of manners, according to the
manner in which he looked at it. Then
be gathered up his coins and carefully
deposited them in a rather plethoric
puree that he took from an inner pocket
of his jacket. He looked down the
street after the rapidly retreating form
of probably his first victim, turned on
his heel, shook his head, pulled down
his cap, and slowly started up Broadway,
followed by the gibes and jeeers
of several Italian bootblacks, who apparently
were ranch ashamed of their
A Suggestion.?A correspondent of
an exchange says: "I wonld like to
mention to any among yonr readers
who have charge of invalids or delicate
children, or who are not able to go cnt
tilnrinnr fVio h nf TroafVior t.Vl af, air of
the room may be mtich improved by
hanging thick towels dipped in cold
water, with a little vinegar added, to
the open window sash, so that the air
passing through is refreshed with moisture
and becomes easier to inhale. This
is in imitation of a custom prevalent in
Calcutta, where matting is kept sprinkled
on the sunny sides of the houses.'
Foreign Bodies in the 'Windpipe.?
Foreign bodies in any part of the windpipe
are always serious, and may be
immediately fatal. The accident commonly
happens frcm a child having
some plaything, such as a bean, small
marble, bead, or nutshell in its mouth,
' ' 3 A_l._ ZL L
ana Demg aesirea 10 iaK.? is> uui>, citxici
in the hurry to obey, [or possibly
its disinclination to do so being
quickened by a cuff, the foreign body
slips into the windpipe and produces
seriou3 mischief. In the well-known
case of the late Mr Brunei, the eminent
engineer, whose life was endangered by
an accident of this kind, it arose from
his performing a conjuring trick with a
half sovereign in his mouth and the
coin slipping into his windpipe. When
the foreign body becomes fixed in the
upper part of the windpipe, or laryns,
so as to obstruct the breathing, the
UtjUUiUCS Uiaun. XU bUV it*VQt (*UU
falls back apparently dead. This sometimes
happens during a meal, from a
child or grown-up person happening to
cough while eating, and thus drawing a
piece of food into the air passages.
Whatever the cause, a bystander should,
without hesitation, thrust his forefinger
to the back of the throat, and endeavor
to hook up with it the offending body
and this can often be done, when the
patient can at once breathe again. If
this method is not successful, the patient,
if a child, should be held up by
? > 1 - XI? 1.1 Kn _
me legs ana oe smartly tiium^cu u*tween
the shoulders, when not improbably
the foreign bcay will drop on
to the floor, and the child will then
begin to respire and cry; but if respiration
is still suspended, cold water
dashed on the chest will probably
rouse it, or, if not, recourse must be had
to artificial respiration. Of course,
medical aid will be summoned at once
in any case of serions choking, if possible,
but the majority of cases do very
well without it. If, however,the foreign
body is not dislodged by the efforts of
bystanders, an operation will be necessary
to save life, and every moment will
1,- - Pron if tfift nrtronf.
uc Ui lUipuiittatc. A*
symptoms have passed off, and tlie
child appears to be restored to health,
yet, if the foreign body has not been
found, the advice of a surgeon should,
nevertheless, be sought at once, as it
may still be lodged in the deeper air
passages, where it may cause fatal mischief
if not dislodged at an early
period.?Family rhysician.
On some of Italian railroads the cars,
which are of the American type, are
warmel bj hot water contained in metallic
cylinders. Theso cylinders are of
a portable size, and as they get cold are
changed at the stations for fresh ones,
The heat is said to be particularly
An InfctramcDt of Death Which Will be
Used n the Case of Gnitean.
A "Washington letter to the Philadelphia
Tin ?$ says: The scaffold upon
which Bedford and Queenan were executed
will be used for strangling Gnitean.
It is standing in the north wine
of tfc6 jail, snd has been painted a drab
shade. It is of Georgia pine, and stands
twenty-one feet in height. The cross
I beam is of six by eight timber
(strengthened by a heavy top piece for
double works), supported by timbers
eight inches square. The platform is
thirteen feet from the ground, and is
made of tvo-inch boards, on stoun
joists, morticed and bolted, and in
eleven feet s snare. It is supported by
siz eight-inch uprights in addition to
those supporting . the cross-beam.
Abont three and a half feet above the
platform there is a .surrounding rail.
The trap is five feet square, framed in
the center of the platform, and is flush
with it. It is attached to the platform
by two heavy strap hinges, and is held
in place by the ends" of the U-shaped
iron. At the bottom^?? the ircn is attached
a small but st'ong rope passing
over the pulley at th^back of the structure
into a bos about jour inches square,
through which the rope runs into one
of the cells, where some person, unknown
to outsiders at the signal from
the warden (usually a motion with a
handkerchief), gives ttie fatal pull. The
platform is reached by flight of steps
with a railing on either side. To complete
the structure aad make it ready
for use, it is necessary that the rope
should be attached arid the hinges oiled
For a single hanging it is customary
to use a rope of manila seven
eighths of aii inch in diameter and thirty
feet long. It is not the custom here,
as in Eome cities, to use a rope specially
made for the purpose and have it prepared
outside the building, for the officers
of the jail here are always equal to
the occasion. In fact, with the exception
of the manufacture of the rope
and 'the iron, the structure has been
made in the building. There are on
band now several ropes purchased for
banging purposes, and recently several
have been received at the jail contributed
by persons anxious to have them
tried on Guiteau. When it is necessary
to rig the scaffold a rope will be select
ed and the hangman's knot will be
made by one of the guards, who is quite
an expert at it. Then it will be run
through the center hole of the cro3s
beam, thence to the side, passing down
one of the uprights to a cleat on the
side, where it will be made fast. Generally
the slack is four to six feet, and
commencing near the knot the rope is
for three or four feet anointed with
soap, that it may slip easily. In
some parts of the country tallow
or other grease is used, but General
Ci-ocker!"and his associates prefer the
soap. There is also on hand a full supply
of small rope to use in pinioning
the armi5 and legs A the victim of the
law, and black caps to draw over his
face. It is customary to rig the rope
4-lia An-rr \yafn-ra +V>a avarm f l'ntl an rl
it bj letting drop a hag of sand weighing
from thirty to fifty per cent, more
than the doomed man. Never having
met with an accident or mishap in hanging,
the jail officials look on this test as
useless; but it is always made as a precaution.
To make sure, however, of
carryiD g out ihe sentence within the
hours specified th^-eia (Usually two
hours being allowed), the prisoner is
bronght in on time to allow fifteen or
twenty minutes for services prior to the
trap being sprung, and with thirty
minntes or more to spare beside. Thus
should there be a mishap of any kind,
there would still be ample time to prepare
and rig aaother rope if necessary.
The Tarantula.
The Texas tarantula when ifc it, full
grown, is bos;j among spiders?"what
Jesse Jame3 is among robbers, or Jay
Gould among railroad magnates. He
has hair all over his legs, and wears his
eyes on the top of his head to see that
nobody takes advantage cf him. "We
are not describing Jay Gould, but the
tarantula. He is big enough, and hungry
enough to gobble up all the rest, which
remark however, applies as well to Jay
as to the tarantula. The tarantula is a
desperado among insects. In one respect,
V? A. trflTHT WTIaVi iTATYi
JUOYCX LJIdi-COO) XJLC> f j amuvw
the Texas desperado. The latter is more
dangerous wher. in liquor .than at any
other time, while the tarantula is the
most harmless one on the road, as
long as he is under the influence of alcohol,
and the bottl6 is corked up tightly.
The tarantula makes himself respected
with a pair of hooked fangs, which at
the same time axe the principal cause
of his unpopularity. As long as this
amiaole insect ::s not interfered with,
he attends strictly to his own business,
but if anybody punches him in the
small of the back with an umbrella, or
spits tobacco juice on him, he becomes
irritable and peevish. Under such
provocation he will jump up and down,
sling his arms and legs about, gi\ash
" " ' ' ? * ? -11 ?"U 1J3
his teem, ana go on 10r ?u me wuuu
like a stump speaker whose veracity
has been questioned by a man in the
crowd. On such occasions he will
jump on anybody, regardless of his
size or social status.
Like all disagreeable people, the
tarantula has his personal enemies. The
enemy he likes less than all the rest, is
a large black wanp, whose only mission
in life seems to take the conceit out of
the tarantula. Be accomplishes this
remarkable feat by vaccinating the
tarantula on tha back with a sting.
When the tarantula goes out to bulldoze
inoffensive tumble-bugs and grasshoppers,
he has to look out for the
wasp. A fight between the wasp and
the tarantula is almost as interesting as
a Congressional debate on sectional
issues, and it alwa s ends with the
death of the spider. As soon as the
tarantula hears the buzz of the wasp,
he looks for a hole to crawl into, and
if there is none handy, it is "good-bye
T^Kt. " irri+Ti "Mr Srviflor Tho TFRRn fvir
U \JU>?? rnu*.\ w ., -?
cles around the excited spider, very
mnch as a hawk does over a barn-vard.
Suddenly he dives down, vaccinates the
tarantula, and flies up again. It does
not seem as if he had touched the spider,
but he has, and it has taken too, for
in a few seconds, the desperado of the
prairies begins to walk zig-zag, very
mnch like a fashionable young man
returning from an oyster supper. In a
short time the tarantula feels tired, and
finally swoons away, whereupon the
wasp alights, takes a good look at his
victim, and, seizing him by one of his
legs, drags him off to some seclnded
spot where he administers on his estate.
The would-be desperado can learn a
great deal if he will ponder over the
relations between the wasp and the
The bite of the tarantula is not as bad
as has been represented. It rarely
causes death, but it is very painful,
causing the bitten person to dance
about as impatiently as a man who goes
to the postoffi?e, finds his box full of
letters, and then discovers that he has
left the key in his other pants. The
tarantula can be successfully tamed by
patting him on the small of the back
with the flat of an ax.?Texas SifLings.
"Yes, sir," said the market-man,
"plenty of game on hand. "What'll you
TmvA?" And th-3 Gentleman replied:
"Oh, I don't wish to purchase any now.
1 don'c know as I shall want any at all.
But I expect to go hunting this afternoon,
and I just thought I'd make sure
there was some in thi market, in case I
didn't bill any." 'i
Ashes us a Fertilizer.
Charles A. Green, of New York, holds
that ashes are a feitilizer of unquestioned
value. Most constituents of the
oat! ?*a ^ar> Irtr.
ouu axe xuuuuiu uuo aougo ui ?
Ashes liaving been once used in the
growth of vegetation may.be largely
used again to nourish renewed productions.
The farmer is indifierent, careless
and wasteful of this great ally,
though if a supply chances to be lying
about in the way, he will, from necessity
apply it to the fields, often inconsiderately,
and breathe freer for the
riddance. A large part of the most
valuable ingredients of ashes is lost to
the farmer through exposure to the
rain, as ashes are often out in boxes and
barrels six or eight months.
Barley for llorucs.
The Arabians, and we believe the
Spaniards also, feed this grain to their
horses almost exclusively, and never
experience any bad results from it.
Not so the English, for with their horses
it swells in the intestines and produces
many evils, even death sometimes. But
if boiled before feeding, it is not injurious,
as this swells the grain to its
full capacity. On the other hand, oats
are said to be very injurious to Arab,
Spanish, and some other horses, which
have not been fed thereon from colthood
up. When these are brought to
England, where oats are exclusively
fed, tbey must get accustomed to them
f-o-yrr erm AnQ 11 Tr on/1 Tuifh ft mfrfcTITA flf
other food in order to prevent injury,
and even this, we are told, does not always
prevent it.
Rotation of Green Crops.
A writer in the Journal of Horticulture
says that the common idea of the
necessity of rotation does not apply to
the quick-groining vegetables that are
used green, and that even cabbages after
cabbaces mav be continued without rest
' ? ?O y
or change for years if good dung ie used
and occasionally a dose of lime or
charred refnge. He has raised salading,
cauliflower, peas and broeoli unremittingly
on the same ground for a
dozen years quite satisfactory. This
may be. Plants which do not mature
seeds take little more than carbon for
their structure. But one important reason
for rotation is the plague of insects,
some of them unseen and unsuspected,
which are parastic on certain plants
and which are apt to increase to a destructive
extent if the s*me place is resown
and no insecticide measures taken.
Charred refuse is probably as useful in
repelling insects as in refreshing and
dividing the soil.
There is no doubt, says the Prairie i
Farmer, as to the benefit derived from !
subsoiling?that is, loosening the earth
below the furrow of the turning plow
?tinder various circumstances. For
instance, in stiff soils imperfectly
drained, and again in the case of lands
that have lost much of their original
fertility by continuous cultivation. Ex
ptjllIIIGilta UitVS ucmuiujbxa^cu uum uvi', |
and removed the question beyond the
realm of profitable controversy. In the
cases mentioned, the roots of plants
penetrate more readily and deeper in
the earth, and thus are brought in contact
with food necessary to their growth.
But in gravelly or sandy soils, subsoiling
xnay be, and generally is, injurious,
for obvious reasons. Instead of penetrating
the subsoil and rendering it
more loose and porous, the object
should be to make the subsoil more
compact and tenacious, so that the surface
soil or tilth will retain moisture
? ?*> maffnra +.V?o.f. mav
Chilli UUC Jic-x uwwvv^w WMMU j vw
supplied by manures or the roots of
vegetation left by the crops that have
been grown partly for the purpose of
making the soil more compact and fertile.
Take Care of the Cherry Tree*.
"PwAiwf CQTTO fVlQ
AH V CXjr VUCliJ c?jo uuu v< vx
man town Telegraph, must be fully aware
of the great necessity to observe the utmost
care in protecting cherry trees
from injury of any kind, especially
bruises. It if, therefore, not for them,
but for those who do not know, that we
give these hints. A blow of the hoe,
tfiie scratching or barking by the single
tree jlll miuyvillv <j? ncuiv*1^5, vi ^ * wu
a kick by the heel of the boot will almost
invariably causa damage that the
tree will never outgrow. A kind of
gangrene sets in, which all the efforts
of the tree, however young and vigorous
it may be, will never recover from.
We had a Downton tree as thick as a
man's arm, which having a few ripe
cherries that we wished to jar off and
taste, it being the first fruiting, we
struck the trunk with the heel, of the
boot, which broke throngh the bark.
It seemec. to be so trifling as not to be
worth a thought; but the following
year tne Darfiiwas aeaa two incnes in
diameter. The following year it was
three inches, and in four or five years
after one-half of the wood was exposed
acd dead, and in a year or two more the
tree itself died, clearly from the cne
slight blow of a boot.
The crvinfif need of American asrricul
I * O W
ture to-day is a mora general incorporation
of the sheep into the farming
economy. More prolific than horses or
cattle, as well as more tractable, subsisting
on scantier herbage and requiring
less supervision, it claims an additional
advantage of "paying for its raising"
in annual instalments of marketable
fleece pending its growth to maturity.
It is more readily transferred from
one inclosure to another, and is easily
restrained by fences which would prove
no barrier against the encroachment of
other farm stock. Its light tread and
love of repose warrant its access to
fields and pastures where the tramping
of cattle and the tearing of hogs would
not be tolerated. It wastes less food in
proportion to the quality consumed,
and will hunt and utilize much that
would otherwise be lost to the farmer.
Yielding a return in both fleece and
flesh, it furnishes its owner with the
double advantage of catching a good
market for his product, requiring less
water and disposed to work for its food.
It is without a peer when summer's
drought taxes the farmer's resources for
enabling his live stock to maintain an
average of thirst and flesh. All tbat
can be said in behalf of feeding live
stock on the farm, as distinguished from
the soil-impovensmng policy 01 placing
the raw grain and grass upon the market,
will be found to apply with double
emphasis to the farm that carries as a
part of its outfit one or more sheep per
acre. No, the animal returns more fertilily
to soil in proportion to the amount
exacted for its support, while none
equals it in the evenness with which
the droppings are distributed. Notwithstanding
the evident advantages an
increase in sheep culture brings, the agriculture
of a country is generally and
especially inuring to the benefit of such
farmers as incorporate it into their sjstem,
the fact is apparent that sheep are
not so numerous or so evenly distributed
as they should be.?Breeders' Ga
Flecks, or "Wbitecap*,"' jn Cream.
Flecks are generally supposed to be
pieces of dried cream, and possibly
sometimes they may be, but usually
they are not, for occasionally they
eiist in the milk before any cream
xises, and sometimes are mingled with
butter made by processes of cold-setting
in which the cream remains soft,
no part of it being dried at all. They
I seldom appear, however, in butter
made by eold-setting; they are saostly
/ MM
found in butter made in dairies where
the milk is set without any other cooling
than that of the air in the room
where the milk stands. For the most
part they are developed in the milk
after it come3 from the cow. By quickly
cooling milk to a low degree change is
so much arrested that they cannot de|
velop. They can only form within cer
tain limits of temperature, and when
they do are likely to appear as plentifully
in the milk as in the cream, and
often more so, which is evidence averse
to their being originated from dried
cream. In milk which is in a perfectly
normal condition they never appear.
They always occur in milk which is
more or less faulty. They are very apt
to accompany an inflamed state of the
udder, and seldom or never appear
without it. When milk is all riglit the
surface of the cream may be exposed to
currents of dry air, until it becomes
quite dry and hard, without showing
any indication of "wtate caps," as iney
are sometimes called. The dried cream,
when mixed with the rest and well
stirred np, soon becomes soft, and
chnrns like the rest. But when milk,
which is a little feverish, or in some ;
other way faulty, is thus exposed to the
air without being first well cooled,
flecks will be pretty sure to show themselves
in numbers proportioned to the
exposure. Whenever flecks are liable
to bo developed, there can, with the aid
of a microscope, be seen in the milk
small specks of solid matter, with fragmentary
shapes, which form the nucleus
of the flecks. When such milk is set
in a giass vessel and kept without much
ittAOA AOT> OQOn fft AH,
^UVXIUgj tUCOO Ovau Kf\j uwvu ww %/**- i
large bv the coagulation and adhesion
of the milk in contact with them.
Sooner or later they swell from gas
forming within them, and becoming
lighter than the milk, rise toward the
surface and more or less of them become
imbedded in the soft cream. When
they form in the milk they are almost
wholly composed of curd, but when
formed in the cream they are very rich
in cream, having as much, and perhaps
more cream in their composition than
curds. ?A merican Agriculturist.
Household Hints.
Chapping of the hands, which is one
of the most disagreeable inconveniences
of cold weather, can be easily prevented
by rubbing the hands with powdered
You will not be troubled with carpet
moths, if you scrub your floors with hot
brine before tacking the carpet down,
and once a week ecrub your carpets
with ccarse salt.
Housekeepers will find that zincs may
bo scoured -with great economy of time
and strength by nsing either glycerine
or creosote mixed with a little diluted
sulphuric acid.
Glue frequently cracKs because of
the dryness of the air of the rooms
warmed by stoves. An Austrian paper
recommends the addition of a little
chloride of calcium to glue to prevent
Black cotton gloves will not crock the
hands if scalded in salt and water before
wearing. The salt prevents fading.
When almost dry, one should put them
on, in order to stretch them and keep
them in good shape.
Beeswax and salt will make flatirons
as cle?.n and smooth as glass. Tie a
lnmp of was in a rag and keep it for
that purpose. When the irons are hot,
rub them with the wax-rag, then scour
with a paper or" rags sprinkled with
A lady correspondent of tbe Country
Gentleman claims that by dipping the
joint or fleshy ends of turkey, geese or
uliiu-kcj-l wljjgd iulu a OUL\jjj.g ova u. lavs .u v/jt
copperas they are made moth-proof, as
well as more durable than when treated
in the ordinary way.
Quick Boiled Kice.?Have ready a
kettle of boiling water with a tablespoonful
of salt in it, also a cnpful of
rice picked over and washed; throw
into the boiling water and boil fifteen
minutes. Skim out; drain wsll and
serve hot with meats.
Cold Slaw.?Chop half of a good
cabbage-head very fine; put a cupful of
vinegar in a spider on the stove, add a
half-cupful of sugar, a piece of butter
as large as a walnut,and a little pepper ;
pour over your cabbage, stir well together
and send to the table.
Plain* Tapioca Pudding.?Soak a cup
ot tapicca over night in a little cold
water; an hour before wanting add a
quart of boiling milk, a coffee-cup of
sngar, four beaten eggs, half the lind
of a lemon, grated; stir thoroughly,
pour into a buttered mold, cover tightly
and set into a pan of boiling water in
the oven; cook from forty-five to sixty
minutes ; turn out and eat with hard
Berbox Cake.?Two cups of sugar,
two-thirds cap of butter, one cup of
sweet milk, three cups of flour, one tea
? - * ** ?? ~ a x
epoomtu oi soaa Gissoivea iu uuu, iwo
teaspoonfuls of cream of tartar sifted in
the flour, salt and flavor to taste. Put
half of the above into two square, oblong
pans; to the remainder add a
tablespoonful of molasses, one large
cup of stoned and chopped raisins, onefourth
pourd of sliced citron, one teaspoonful
of cinnamon, one-half teaspoonful
each of clove, nutmeg and allspice,
and add a large spoonful of flour.
Put into two, or one, as you prefer,
same size of the pans as above, then
put the sheets together while warm,
alternately, with a little jelly or raspberry
jam' between. Cut in thin slices
or squares for the table. It will cut
?-i_ a. 3 cl?
easily tut: uitj? muet iu ua&cu<
Timl)er in Europe.
Some European countries are almost
as bad off, as far as supply of timber is
concerned, as is the United States.
According to a French agricultural
journal, the oak of Sweden and Norway
is about exhausted, and they are compelled
to buy their wood in Poland, and
the pine is being rapidly removed. The
forests rf Russia, along the shores of
the Baltic, in Finland and in the southern
provinces, have been so rapidly
thinned that the forest area of the empire
is now only one-tenth. The forests
of Germany are well cared for, and there
Amr>ir? Jihnnfc 34-. 000.000
acres of forest, (over half of which are
in Prussia,) valued at about $400,000,000,
and producing an income annually
of nearly ?50,000,000. The greatest
effort is made to preserve the forest
acreage (about ?500,000 being annually
expended iu replanting by the State,)
and the imports exceed the exports by
over 2,000 tons. There are about 43,000.000
acres of forest in Austria. Austria,
however, has so recklessly cut her
forests that she is obliged to buy most
of her timber in Bosnia and Montenegro.
Servia, Honmania and Portugal
have good forests, but the fine forests
of Italy and Spain are so situated that
they cannot reach a market when cut.
It would seem that the United States
might profitably follow the example of
Germany and save her forests. South
Australia is at present engaged in this
work and planting trees on an extensive
An employer of many laborers in
Scotland sought to encourage their attendance
at church on a holiday by
promising that all who went to hear the
service should be paid their wages the
same as though they had worked.
Thereupon a deputation was appointed
to wait upon him and say that if he
would pay for over-hoars they would
"attend likewise the Methodist chapel
in the evening."
"If we work on marble it will perish.
If we work npon brass, time will efface
it. If we rear temples, they will crumble
into dnst. But if we work on immortal
minds?if e imbne them with
high principles, with the just fear of
God and of their fellow-men?we engrave
upon these tablets something
which no time can efface, bnt which will
brighten to all eternity."
In this way we may all be artists;
and even the most ordinary and unlearned,
if we have but an earnest and
loving heart, may produce a masterpiece.
The profesor or lecturer may
cut deep lines and fashion wondrous
forms on the unwrought material before
him. The teacher in the common
- _i * n n i_v .il. - -1 i ?x_i_
scQooi or cue oaooain-scnooi may, wim
the sunlight of truth, photograph upon
the tender minds committed to his
charge a thousand forms of holy beauty.
The humblest, most quiet man may
write upon his neighbor's heart good
thoughts and kind words which will
last forever. And such a monument
will be a real immortallity?"More enduring
than brass, and loftier than the
real majesty of the pyramids." Such a
record, instead of growing dim with
time, will grow deeper with eternity;
and will still be bold and legible when
the sculptors of Nineveh, which have
outlasted the centuries, shall have
faded out. and the steel pictures of
modern art shall be all forgotten. And
when the things which the dimness of
time obscures shall be revealed by the
light.of eternity, the names of these
unknown artists shall be found written,
not on tables of bronze or stone, but on
' the fleshy tables of the heart aad the
unfading pages of the soul."
Religions News and Notes.
In Scranton, Pa., with a population
of 50,000, there are six Baptist; churches.
The Lutherans iu this country built
141 churches last year, and 505 in the
last four years.
There are at thi3 time thirty theolocical
students in the Lutheran Semi
nary at Gettysburg, Pa.
A "Ministers' Anti-Whisky Convention,"
of all denominations, has. been
held in Lexington, Ky.
There are in Boston f487 charitable
organizations against 191 in New York
and 215 in Philadelphia.
There are now more than 700,000
members of Baptist churches in the
United States who ara of African descent.
Within the past six months three
Congregational churches have been
dedicated in Denver, CoL, all of them
free from debt.
It is proposed to unite the three
i _v . _T _ n J- ?
jsnecnoaisi; cuarcuss in v^anaua iu uue.
A few years ago three united to form
the Canada Methodist Church.
There are in the Canadian provinces
91 Congregational churches, with 51
partors and 5,635 members. Their
church property is valued at $500,000.
At a meeting of the board of the
Congregational Union held in this city
a few days ago, tho Keverend L. W.
Cobb was chosen secretary for the ensuing
Daring 1881 the missionaries of the
American Sunday-school Union in the
Northwest, established 547 Sundayschools,
aided 1,044 old schools, distributed
5,142 bibles and testaments, and
visited 9,188 fam^es. - '
The Protestant* Episcopal Diocese of
Philadelphia CBishoD Stevens), which
covers Philadelphia city, and Montgomery,
Berks, Delaware, and Chester,
counties, numbers about 200 clergy
and 26,000 communicants.
Of the 12,142 ministers of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, 2,808 are not
in pastoral work. Upwards of 2,000 are
superannuates and supernumeraries,
204 are connected with college?. 88 are
editors, agents, secretaries, &c., and
445 are Presiding Elders.
There are 20 churches connected
with the Harpoot Mission of the American
Board in Asiatic Turkey. These
churches during the past year paid
their pastors 82,793, and gave $5,748 to
schools and benevolent objects. It
a aounted to an average of nearly $12
to each male member.
The JTonntain Laplander
The Laplander, says Da Chaillu, in
his "Land of the Midnight Sun," by
the severe training he undergoes from
childhood, sleeping on the bare ground
or resting against a stone, suffering
hunser, and being exposed to great
changes in the weather, has very great
powers of endurance. In summer he
hss constantly to follow his herd, which
is for the greater part of the day on the
march, as they are not then obliged to
dig to get to the moss. He is also compelled
to go through swamps and bogs,
or to cross patches of soft, deep snow,
to swim or pass rivers swollen by melted
snow or the flow from the glaciers, as I
havo frequently done; often hungry,
and obliged to milk a reindeer for subsistence,
when he comes to the kata he
is generally overcome with fatigue, and
changing his wet clothes, fails into a
sleep brought on by sheer exhaustion.
Frequently he wanders over a tract of
nearly one linndred miles, remaining
three or four days in a district, then
moving six or seven miles farther. In
winter he travels over dreary wastes,
dnrinst violent storms, suffering from
hunger and cold. On the watch night
and day for bears, wolves, and gluttons,
perhaps he is suddenly awakened after
sleeping an hour, and summoned for
the protection of his stock against enemies
which may scatter the herd and
reduce him to poverty. All this makes
the mountain Laplander one of the
hardiest of men, and hia physical
strncture shows at once that he :'s equil
to the demands of his life. He i& of
short stature, compactly but slightly
built, with strong limb3, his light
weight allowing him to climb, jump,
and ran quickly.
Ophthalmia is quite prevalent, on account
of the cold winds and the glare
of tee snow; m tne spring great care
has to be taken with the eyes, as the
reflection of the sun is very bright in
April, May, and the beginning of June;
without bine or green goggles one
easily becomes snow-blind. The men
and women are active to a great age.
Their life in the open air and constant
wandering on foot preserve the elasticity
of the muscles; their simple habits,
the keen invigorating dry air, and the
' ? ? ? ? ?in wifViAnf oil
puro Wilder ^yyiiiun xo TTibuvuu xxuxvy uia |
contribute to sccure longevity to those
who have been able to pass the severe
ordeal of childhood. Many attain very
great age, some more than a hundred
years. Although the Lapps live chiefly
on animal food, barley flour is almost
always found in the kata, to be used for
mush, unleavened bread, or blood-pudding.
They often mix their m'lk with
sorrel grass (Eumex). They are great
drinkers of coffee, inveterate smokers,
and snuff-takers. The vice of diunkenness,
once so prevalent, has now almost
entirely disappeared at home; but whenever
they go to a town, and can procure
spirituous liquors, they generally have
a frolic for a day or two.
A mail may have a thousand acquaintances,
arid not one friend among them.
It is better to live on a little, than to
outlive a great deal. By others' faults
wise men correct their own. We should
take a prudent care for the future, but
so as to enjoy the present.
A sage hen: One who avoids the
A Love Songr.
Whisper it softly, breathe it low,
Tis the sweetest hope that my heart hath
Tis the sweetest seed that was ever sown
In human hearts; to ripen and gro'x
Where the tides of an endless affection flow?
Whisper it softly, breathe it lowl . . jg
Whisper it sol tly, breathe it low;
Tis like a song from snother shore,
More wildly sweet than ever heard before
la this dull life; 'tis like a glow
Of heavenly fire, it thrills me so. v \
Whisper it softly, breathe it low!
Whisper it softly, breathe it low,
T il-n thA snff: low moan of the throbbing sea:
'Tis a song that lias an attraction for me;
It thrills me o'er, and the heart below
Throbs with a joy that I only know.
Whisper it eoftly, breathe it low!
Never judge a man by his clothes.
His tailor may have a suit against
When a man coins his own words, he . J
does not necessarily make cents of them.
?Yonkers Statesman. _ .
The home paper having- said, "Great
credit is due to Mr. Smith," etc., Smith
showed the paragraph to his grocer.
The shoe worn by a horse is a wronghtiron
shoe, but when the horse loses the
shoe from its foot it becomes a cast-iron
The careless man and the thief are
equally troublesome. Neither of them
ever leaves anything where he finds i<?^ *
An editor who thinks he knows all
about farming, says in speaking about
strawberries, the best way to raise them
is with a spoon.?Rawkeye.
"Don't you think that Miss Brown is
a very sweet girl ? " asked Henry. "Oh,
yes, very sweet," replied Jane; that is
fA flflw olifl \a WAII TM^corrTA^ "
W o<i t j ouy io n via ^/ivuMiwvM -^355
No tidings have been received from
Stanley, the explorer, for two years. It
is rumored that he did not go to Africa,
but that he joined the New York police
force and has gone to sleep on^his
beat. ?
The other dav seven Denver girls,
each worth half a million dollars, were
standing together in front of the same.
store. Can't see how any young man
stays East on a salary of $3 per week.
Free Press.
Sophia, sentimentally: "I dearly love
to listen to the ticking of a clock. It
seems to me that a clock has a language
of its Q7T2." Mr. Smart: "Ye3, Sophi^
the clock has a ianpruage?yoa might
say, a dial-ect." >?4k
A Western editor receive 1 a letter
from a subscriber asking him to pablish
a cnre for apple tree worms. He
replied that he could not suggest a cure ^
until he knew what ailed the worms.?
Net* York Post.
The czar has ordered that onjy wood
shall burned in the imperial palace,
It would appear that the Nihilists are
making it warm enough for him with
otic tne assistance or any ocner generator
of heat.?Rome Ssntinal.
__ _____ SMw
Little Bobby, who talks slang for the
whole family, said to his father the
other night, "There are fixed stars,
ain't there, papa ?' To which the father - ~j|
replied, "Yes, Bobby." And then the
young rascal asked, "Are they 'well
fixed,' papa V?Philaddpkia Sun,
? Fritz has- been- huniiug up-ihe-pedi?..
gree of Dr. Tanner, the celebrated
hungry man, and finds ho has very
ancient lineage. The forty-third verse
of chapter nine, Acts of Apostles, reads:
"And it came to pass that he' tarried
mauny days with one Simon A Tanner."
Two old ladies, evidently from out
town, were walking along the street,
one day last week, when one of tUem
discovered a bunch of bananas. Stopping
to look at them, she adjusted her
glasses and exclaimed: "Well, I do declare,
if them ain't bigger string beans
than I ever saw in my life."
A philosopher says: "The man ^rho
laughs is the sympathetic man." That's
about the way philosophers make don- .
keys of themselves Hang it! The
sympathizing man is the one who
doesn't laugh, but looks the other way
acd doesn't pretend to see you, and
gives you a chance to get up.
"I just went out to see a friend for a
moment," remarked Jones to his wife
.as he returned|to his seat in the theater
"Indeed," replied Mrs. J", with sarcastic
surorise. "I supposed, from the
odor of your breath, that you had b een
out to see your worst enemy." Jones
winced. 'fx
'Oh, papa, that plaque is just too
too," said a lovely young girl as she
stood looking in a shop window in
Water street "Only $2.02!" said the
old gentleman in surprise. "I should
think that was cheap,"'You'd better buy
it" It was a natural enough mistake,
but the old gentleman bought the plaque
nil the same, thouarh it did cost
him fifteen dollars.?Keokuk Gate
This was in a restaurant: A gruff
old fellow had ordered broiled mackerel,
and just as the waiter was rushing along
between the tables with it, he slipped,
and in an endeavor to catch himself, the
mackerel, plate and all went skimming
through the air and landed in the cornor
of the room. "Well, well," said
the gruff old fellow, "I've been to sea
most o'my life,but I never knew mackerel
was a fiyin fish afore."? Weaver.
Physicians at Shanghai.
The authorities of Shanghai, China,
have recently brought the native physicians
up with a round turn, It appears
that the doctors, relying upon the demand
for their services, have not only
been charging exorbitant fees and requiring
their patients to pay for the hire . -'3
of the chairs in which they are carried
upon their professional visits, but have
fallen into habits of indolence and neglect.
The decree just promulgated declares
that an evil practice exists by
which doctors will not visit their patients
before 1 o'clock in the afternoon;
some will even smoke opium and drink
tea until late in the evening. These are
abuses, the magistrates say, which they
will on no account permit Doctors
must attend their patients at all times;
11 ? -X. lll/lTn CAT?.
iney must, n .uwca&aij', timu lugui .
eral times daily; they must think more
of them and less of their fees. Notice,
therefore, is given to all officials and
people that a physician who does not
attend when he is called must receive
only half his fees and half his chair
hire. -|gj
Old-Time Tithing.
Around some of the parsonage houses
of England may yet be seen enormous
V?a?rie /3aHncr from the time when tithes
were paid in kind. The author of "Not
Many Years Ago" relates some stories
about this period, which few now personally
recall. His father, a farmer,
sent a polite message to the rector that
he intended to gather his apples, and
thought the yield promised some fifty
bags ; he would, therefore, if the rector
pleased, send six. Bat the recicr preferred
to send his man to watch, who,
therefore, appeared witn a cnair, muie
and a good supply of cider, and after
sitting in tha orchard two days, carried
back three bags. On another accasion,
some potatoes were taken np for dinner, --Jl
and half an hour later a message came
from the rector's daughter, demanding
the portion due of the potatoes taken up
that morning. Erery tenth day the rector
sent to take the milk of the cows,
and on those occasions the milker was not
too careful to extract the last drop.

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