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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, April 12, 1882, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1882-04-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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If ?'e Had but a Day.
We should fill the hour* wi'h the sweetest<
If we had but a day; j
tL Wo should drink alone a: the purest springs,
Iu our upward way;
Wo should leve with a life-time's love in an ;
If our hours were few :
r\\ e snoulu rest, not lor dreams, on: :or iresner
To be and to do.
Wo should bind our weary and wanton wills
To the clearest light;
We should keep our eyes on the heavenly hills,
If they lay in sight;
We should trample the pride and the discon- i
Beneath our feet;
We should take whatever a good God sent, j
Wirli *> pnmnlffp *
We should waste no moments in weak regret,
If the (lav were but one?
If what we remember and what we forget
Went out with the sun.
We should he from our clamorous selves set !
free, |
To work or io'praj,
| And to be what our Father would have ua be,
" If we had but a day.
The familiar sight ol two young asses
is ' or "Jacks," as the miners call them,
loaded with mining tools and provisg
ions, and driven along by two miners,
m who walked behind them, would have
attracted but little attention among the
' loungers in front of the Grand Hotel at
Cedar Gulch, had it not been for two or
three peculiar circumstances which
*'Col." Brown proceeded to narrate to
the bystanders.
Since coming to Colorado three years
^j^^j^thecolonel had succeeded, with- j
means of support, in |
free free
ly the
r The j
Bed Grand
gprflood at a
P^tnose. There's Bob
Bnn t much more than a
?^ut he's a white man right
I^But as for Sandy J<je, I
BPt trust him as fur as I could see.
M^didn't jump that claim o.! Cap,
Harry's last winter, I'm a Coyote. How j
Dayton ever happened to strike in with ;
Joe, I can't see. except that Bob's rather '
fresh in this country. You out<;ht to ]
have heard him last night tell me in j
confidence all about his cirl out it. Ohio, i
Lizzie, I think, he called her. He was
poor, and she was poor; and he didn't
^ see much hope of getting married unless
they wanted to live on a little less
I than nothing. So he came out hero to
* find his fortune. Hope he'll get it. He
deserves tc, anyway, going out prospectiDg
on the mountains in Colorado
^ in October. Like as not there may be
three feet of snow on the mountains tomorrow.
Joe ought to know better, at
any rate; but he's reckless enough to
do anything. By the way. Bill, what j
about"that roan Jaorse that Powers lost !
V* iinnn Mrm-nt. Shflvano ? TTn^n'f-, found it
yet, eh ? He better be looking around
^ lively, if lie expects to get it down before
the snow comes 7*
. Anr^ tneii the -conversation
group in iron; of tho hotel at Cedar
Gulch driited off on to other topics,
while the two men of whom the colonel
had spoken proceeded on up the gulch,
and turning to the right struck the trail
leading no the sides of ilount Shavano.
A great contrast was apparent rln the
looks and manners of the two men
working together in the close companionshiD
which is implied in mining
regions by the term "partners."
Robert Bayicn was a tall, fair haired
** young man \>i:h a frank, open countenance
that made him iriends even
among the rongh class of men among
whom his lot was cast in a Colorado
mining camp. Ee had been well edurcated
by a father who had left him only
his education as an inheritance. He
had become engaged to a pretty and
rich giri, bat her father lost in a grain
speculation roost of the wealth that he
had acquires, and Sobert was unwilling
to urge her to a speedy marriage unless
he could provide for her a home 1
with at least- some of the comforts to
r which she had been accustomed. Accordingly
he bad sought the silver land
of the West, in thj hope of there
obtaining more speedily sufficient
mean3 to justify him in making her
whom Le loved his own. But his sanguine
expectations had beeu disappoint^
ed, and for seveial months he had
P* wandered from one mining camp to
another, till at last he arrived at Cedar
Gulch, weary and disheartened. He was
just in the mood to listen to a reckless
prope^l which he heard made in the
hotel one day by Sandy Joe, to go on a
^ prospecting tour in spite of the near
JT approach of snow. Robert did not
know, and did not care much, who his
^ partntr was if he could have another
mBl chance to labor for the treasure which
gfflL he was seeking. No one knew the real j
|L name of Sandy Joe, as be was called, |
R with the frequent inappropriateness of !
Western nicknames. He was a short, j
r dark-complexioned, and dark-haired,
man, with an unenviable notoriety for
quarrelsomeness. This ill-assorted
couple proceeded on their expedition
% without mnch incident the first day,
driving their ''Jacks" tip the stony trail
toward the summit of Mount Shavano,
that towers high above the surrotmding
On the second day of their journey,
when they had not xet reached the
place where thev had to leave their
"Jacks" and proceed oil foot, there j
came down over the travelers a heavy i
mist, not uncommon on the mountains, j
end soon after the snow began to fall, |
very lightly at first, asd then more
heavily. Tbe trail, which had not
been very distinct before, began to be
almost hidden from vievr. But the sagacious
animals seemed by some in- j
stinci to pick out the true path, and
the journey was still slowly conticued.
Oae of the animals, however, wandered
A a little from the path in the afternoon,
and steruins on a loose rock near the
H edge of a steep ravine, slipped and
roiled over and over down the bank,
KLl and was seen no more. A hearty earse
hfe from the lips of Sindy Joe greeted this
I '"'nil \\k 1' i' flu journey was continued.
HP The path "oe^s^to grow steeper, and as
WBF the snow begau piled up before
the travelers it became?- J?lmcst impossible
to go on. Joe, who washed-tempered
enongh when everything"''***^
well, began now to show signs of- ia-1
creasing ill-temper. He cursed and I
ctt/ira of, t}-.A storm and snow, and then
vould subside into moody silence. He
beat with merciless blows the heavilyladen
' Jack," that straggled along on
its hard jonmey. It became evident
at length that the men conld not reach
the camp to which they were bonnd by
walking, and the animal was unloaded,
and it was decided that the men should
take turns in riding till their destination
was reached. But five or fix
miles now lay between the men and the
cluster of cabins where they hoped to
find aid, but the darkness was already
coming on, and the way was getting
^ almost impassable.
Joe insisted upon taking the first
turn in rising, and Dayton allowed him
to mount. In this way about a mile
was passed over, when Dayton, almost
overcome with fatigue, called npon his j
companion to dismount and exchange ;
places. The way at that point was nar-1'
row and led alongside of a steep incline j
on the mountain side. Joe, who was
riding ahead, stopped when he heard /.
his companion call, and allowed Day- i1
ton to come np to him, as if to allow j2
him to take the animal. Then sndden-1 *
Jy bending over, Joe drew from his t
belt a Ions knife and plunged it into j *
his partner's breast.
"There," said he, "as we can't both 1
get through to the camp, I won't be the
one that's left behind," and then giving }
poor Bob a push over the edge of the 1
bank, the assassin rode on. c
The wounded man rolled down the 1
stony side of the mountain, the kindly c
snow shielding his body from some of 2
the sharp boulders, till the gradual I
declivity down which be was precipita- *
ted changed to a steer* r?recioice, over c
* o - ^ i A. 4. '
the edge of which he plunged on to a ^
level surface several feet below. Stun- I
ned as he was by his wnund and fall, he k
was still able, on looking around him, c
to see in the side of the precipice a
large opening like the entrance of a cave, 1
f:nd with the instinct of self-preserva- c
tion, he dragged himself thither, and a
succeeded in reaching this shelter from 3
the storm before he fainted away, over- f
come by the loss of blood.
Meanwhile, Sandy Joe struggled on *
his way, and by using the animal as far *
--:l ??u j .u? i? u ? t
10 WUIUU ftitu tiiCil lcaviu^ xu a
snow-drift while he continued on foot,
finally reached the little camp to -w hich
he was bound. He told his tale oi! the
great dangers he had. endured, but
without mentioning his companion, ana
received sympathy and attention from
the miners.
The morning sun was just darting his
straight beams from the eastern sky
across the valley and into the interior
of the mountain cave when Bob Dayton
awoke from bis sleep of exhaustion.
The storm had cleared from the mouna
- J xt
iam, anu as me amuing rttjro wac mu
upon the interior wall of the cave, Bob, t
lying with his eyes just opened and too i
weak to feel a disposition to rise, no- 2
ticed gleams of light where some bright r
substance reflected the sunlight. "With j
difficulty he made his way on his hands i
and knees toward one of these points of c
light, and taking the glittering object i
in his hands, found, with trembling de- i
light, that it was a bit of native wire sil- s
ver, such as is found sometimes even on j
the surface over rich Colorado mines, j
On further examination he found rich 1
indication of the same nature in va- s
nous parts 01 tne cave; ana ne was soon x
aware that be had made one of those 1
discoveries which incite so many to seek 1
their fortunes in the mining grounds of t
the West, and that are really so infre- (
auent and exceptional. The ambition S
oi his life was accomplished., and he i
might now, he felt, make a home as rich t
and pleasant as he had imagined to t
which to take the one he loved. But t
while in the first joy of his discovery he i
thus pleased himself with grateful j
images of the future, there came to him t
a new thought of his present fituation, 1
which had for the moment passed from ?
his mind. I
"Alas," said he, "the willful fortune t
that kept from me the riches that I de- 1
sired brings them to me now when life 1
itself seems doubtfal, and when I see no a
way to safety, weak as I am and far from s
my rescue. Must I die in the midst of s
this nAtr-found wealth?" Just as he t
was occupied with these thoughts he t
heard a noise in a dark recess of the ^
cave, which he had rot vet explored, e
ar^L "?th- anrnal 1
apparently been lying there, rose to it? f
feet and came towards the light. For a 1
moment Bob thought it might be one of 3
the few wild beasts which are occasion- s
ally found in the mountains; but as it f
advanced he saw,to his joy,that it was a
roan-colored horse, such an one as he had \
heard had been lost from Cedar Gulch f
on these very mountaius, and the very s
one to which Col. Brown had alluded ?
when he talked to the loungers on the t
departure of the miners. Poor Bob's *
TiAarf, fairlv leaned to his mouth at the l
hepe of rescue presented by the appearance
of the horse, who had apparently
wandered into the cave to seek shelter
from the storm, and most opportunely
presented itself.
Bob took tip and put in his pocket a
few specimens'of the silver-bearing mineral
about him, and leading the animal to
the entrance of the cave,succeeded after
several efforts, in getting on its back.
The feeling of a rider on its back
brought the horse to its habit of sub
jection, and almost witnout direction it
found its "way back to the path, and
down the side of Mount Shavano toward
Cedar Gulch.
The horrors of that journey to the
rider it would be hard to tell. His
wound, from which the blood had csased
to flow, began to bleed again somewhat,
and was with difficulty stanched. The
weak man could scarcely retain his
position on the horse's back, but with a
brave determination and strong will he
kept his seat while the sagacious animal
decended the trail.
The evening had just set in when Bob
tumbled faiating from the horse in front
cf the Grand hotel. The rough but kind1
L-J <-/va V.^-rv-% riY-v r*r?/3
for liim till by skill and patience he was 3
again restored to strength. Sandy Joe, \
in the distant camp, heard of his vie- j
tim's escape, and quickly departed from
that part of the country, and was afterward
killed in a fight with a fellow-out- .
law. Bob recovered from his wound, ]
and before the winter snow had melted
from the mountains he had staked out
for himself a claim called "The Lizzie ;
Claim," and including the cave where
that memoiabie night in his history was |
passed. He is counted a rich man in ,
the possession of this mine, now iamous
for its mineral wealth, but he considers
himself far richer in the love of the
1 "? - - J -il. ~
woman now ms onae. ana me twu
bright-eyed children growing up in the
circle of home.
Difficulties of Newspaper Men.
Here is how a brother journalist puts
it: We presume that some people
think newspaper men are persistent
duns; let a farmer place himself in a
similar position, and see if he would
not do the same.
Suppose that he raises one thousand
1 ~ o-Mrt V?tc? v? qi rrr?V*rvy?
UlUSJUeJLS Ui VA/JLU, 4. mo |
should come and bay a bushel, and the
price was only a small sum of one
dollar, or less, and tho neighbor says,
"I will pay you the amount in a few
days." As the fanner does not want to
be'small about the matter, he says, "All
Another comes in the same way
until the whole of one thousand bushels
of corn are trusted out to one
thousand different persons and not one
of the purchasers concerns himself
about it, for it is a small amount they
lowe the farmer, and of course that will
rfi^it help him any.
He does not realize that the farmer
hasv- fritcered away his large crop of
corn,^ and that its value is due in a
thous^nj little dribblets, and that he is !
seriously embarrassed in his business j
because his debtors treat it as a little !
matter; Bat if all would pay him j
prompt!-which they could do as well
as not, it -would be a very large amount
to the fa'nner, and enable him to carry
on his bilsiness without difficulty. The
above comparison is too true of the difficulties
ti^t the newspaper man has to
Cork_ trees are being successfully
raised in Gt?orgia. The cork on some i
specimens pjanted there i3 already j
thick enough for use. It is supposed i
these trees caa be successfully raised in i
most of the Southern states. |
rhe Wonderful Story of It* Effect* Told j 1
J'rom Personal Observation by a Woman
ol Seventy-Six. |
A writer in the St. Louis Republican, [1
n pursuit of some definite statements jc
is to tie cures said to be performed bv j 1
he mad-stone, was introduced to Mrs. 11
smith, whom he found to be a bright, j1
ntelligent and sprightly old lady of IJ
leventy-sis years of age, and who will- 1
nglv gavo all the "information she ^
30ssessed, interspersing the interview c
vith many anecdotes. The mad-stone 1
s in shape of a Masonic badge worn by |
:hapter members of that Order, with 1
ound instead of square comers. It is 1
>ne and one-half inches long by one ^
tnd one-half inches wide at the widest *
>art and two-eighths of an inch in (
hickness, its weight being about one \
ranee. It is of a copper color, tinged 1
vith green, some portions of it being c
>rowD, others of a lead color. As Mrs.
Smith said, it is somewhat of the nature ?
>f the chameleon as to color. I
Mrs. Smith said: "My husband got 8
t from Mr. John Giger, of Jefferson 1
:ounty, Mo., about thirty-five years ago, *
,nd he got it from a friend somo thirty J
rears Drevious to that time, and that I
riend got it from the Indian;;. This c
riend resided in Arkansas. I do not ?
;now where it was originally found, *
rat I have heard that they are fonnd in )
he head of an elk. The stone was 1
.bout twice as large as it is now. Mr. r
Jiger broke it in two and gave half of *
t to a Mr. Boldduke, his nephew, who *
ised his stone on horses and cattle that *
lad been snakebitten until it would not 1
ake hold on a person who had been c
)itten by a mad dog, and for that reason c
Japtain Smith would never aEow this ?
>ne to be used to cure anything but the 1
vifa nf ? md rlno- or a marl Per? a
;ons frequently applied to him to cure *
hem ox a snakebite, but he would cot 1
ry it. a
"The first person bitten and to whom
his stone was applied coming under ,
ny obseiwaticn and knowledge! wa3 a ,
ilrs. Spon, who had been bitten by a
naa cat, and the mad stone was ap- a
jlied and struck many times, ?.nd she f
ecovered from the bite. She is now
lead. A large ju amber of persons, jj
learly a hundred, I suppose, have had *
t applied when bitten by mad dogs,
md only one went mad after it was ap- I
)lied. That was a verj sad case. That :
>erson was Mrs. McRea, wife of Major 1
I'.-Ptea, at Jefferson barracks. When 2
;he was bitten ?he wanted to go to the c
nad stone, but her husband did not be
itve the dog was mad, and consequent- ?
y she did not go. After nine weeks 1
he lady went mad. Then he sent for T
Captain Smith, Dr. Pope (who s
cept the college in St. Louis and died v
n Paris), Dr. Taussig and Dr. Bailey, ^
he surgeon at the barracks, and had *
.he stone applied. Captain Smith told .
he physicians it could do no good, and 1
t did not, although it "struck to the )lace
where the dog had bitten her on 1
he face. She died in a few hours. I
kfter that, because he saw the stone ?
tick, Dr. Pope sent every one bitten 1
>y mad dogs to Captain Smith to have x
he mad stone applied, and I believe a
le had great faith in it or he would not ^
rave sent them. It will not stick when c
ipplied to an ordinary bite of a dog or ?
ore, but when the dog is mad it will J
;tick sometimes as much as twenty
imes, in some cases only two or three ;
-imes. aomeiimes persons nave stayeu
fith us for weeks, applying the stone ]
ivery day. One young man from Illi- ?
tois stayed eight weeks. If; is wont^erul
how frightened persons become who 5
lave -been bitten by mad dogs. Dr. c
Perkett, residing in Carondelet, always ^
;ent patients to us, and I believe had
aith in the mad stone.
"I will refer to two cases to prove t
;he power possessed by this stone?the a
irst was that of a Mr. Nicholas Bore I
tnd his little son, about eight years r
Lgo. They came to our house and had ^
he stone applied. It stuck to both of
hem, but only a few times to the little +
joy. The man was badly bitten in two ^
>r three places and he would not re- r
nain nntil the stone quit sticking, but c
;rent home. The man went home and c
Jied, bat his sen got well. The other a
is the case of Mrs. Court and daughter, c
residing at Benton station. They were {
bitten and did not know that the dog ?
*as mad until the girl went mad. The r
nother came to me in great fear. I
ipplied the mad stone ana she did not r
2:0 mad. In a great many cases the
log would bite other animals, as dogs,
;ows and horses, and they would go g
nad, and the person, when the stone 5
s-as applied, wouia not. ic never
iailea when the person came in time, j.
except in the case of Mr. Bore. When v
;he stone has been applied and it sticks, j
[ let it stay on until I can snap it off t
with my finger. The person can walk ^
ibout the room with it sticking on.
rhen I place it in milk warm water.
[ have used ono cup ever since we had
ihe stone. It sinks to the bottom and j
little bubbles about the size of a grain t
Df wheat, and resembling a person's ^
Bye in appearance, will rise to the sur- a
[ace of the water and disappear. There ^
K ill be a green substance sometimes, I T
have fancied, on the water, yet they |
may have been only imagination. Af- T
ter these bubbles auit rising the stone ;
is again applied, and this is kept Tip *
until the stone will not stick. T
"The directions we got wit'i the
stone were to put it into warm milk, e
but it would not work. You see it is ^
very porous and the pores would ?11 up ^
with the particles of milk and would ~
Dot stick, as we always used wate::. .
"A German doctor offered Capt. ^
Smith one thousand dollars for the j
&tone after seeing it work, but the cap- (
tain said he would not part with it for
fear one of his own family might be
bitten. I never had another one. There :
used to be one in St. Charles, but it has 1
been taken to some place in Illinois, I
don't know where. Persons coming to j
as to be cnred would offer any amount
of money to be cured, but I have never 1
charged any one more than three dol- ,
Iars a day for it, and that was because (
I had to board them and they gave me .
a great deal of trouble. I have never ;
refused any one the use of it I don't ;
think it right that such a thing should
be charged for.
"I read some years ago of some dcc
tor who hunted up all the madstones
in the country. He found thirteen, no '
two of which were alike."
Any one wishing to try this wonder- '
fnl stone can find it eight miles west of
St. Louis, on the Manchester read, at
? - -J _ ? T_ T? _ X 0 ? i.t
me residence 01 juiiu ju. outtuu. iino.
Smith never allows the stone out of her
immediate controJ, and consequently
the person bitten must go to it unless
the eld lady will consent to go frori
home with it.
A Farmer's Curious Will.
An eld farmer at Guelph, Canada,
recently made a curious will, which is
substantially as follows: The son works
the farm till his stepmother's death, at
the end of which time he commences
-1-11 i-- AAA i."U ~
paving installments uu w,uw iu iue |
rest of the family at a yearly rate of $50
a year, and ^hen be gets all paid off lie
will get the farm in his ow^ possession.
It will be seen that after the stepmother's
death it will be sixty years before
the son gets the farm, and as the woman
is yet in the prime of life and healthy,
it "is calculated that she may live j
another forty years. The son is now I
thirty years of age, and when he can j
claim the farm, by his reckoning, he !
will be 130 years old.
The caterpillar destroyed 300,000 j
bales of cotton last year. " I
A'hat to Put in Delicate Dishes for Weak
!?tornr-.cIis, and How to Prepare Thctn.
Cooking for the sick must do half the
7ork of digestion. Everything that is
>ffered to an invalid must be done to
perfection. If the dish is a failure it
nust r-.ot be served in the sick room. I
^nd sometimes one's best efforts are
'allures from some cause impossible to
prevent, leading one to believe more
irmly than ever in the total depravity
)f inanimate matter. Indeed, this is a
loctrin'3 that impresses itself with painful
distinctness on the woman who sees
ler carefully prepared custards separate
into cnrds and whey at the moment
vhen r ougH to attain perfection; or
;he jelly that shonld stand proudly
irect, clear as a crystal, lying limp and
nuddy in its mold. Happy the patient
:hat has a nurse who rises to the oc:asion
and tries until she does succeed
When fresh eggs are to be had they
ire a great resource. They can be prejared
in so many different ways, and
ire usually liked, and are oaten with a
elish. In dropping eggs it is someimes
difficult to preserve the form,
[little wine-strainers are sold for the
)urpose, which are very useful. When
,ne is not at hand a small half teapoonful
of vinega.r added to the water
lelps to set the egg. The water must
)e boiling at the moment the egg is put
n, and a square cf hot, buttered toast
eady to receive it when it is taken out.
V. simple omelette is made with an egg
>eaten very light, a desert spoonful of
lour, the third of a cup of milk and a
ictle salt. Grated ham may be added if
iesired, or fresh parsley shredded fine,
>r spice. The omelette is poured into
b hot pan with a little butter melted
n the bottom. It is unwise for an
mof/ani. +n at.bmnt, to t.nss an nm
ilette. When one side is nicely browned
old it over in the shape of a half moon
,nd serve on a hot dish.
It is asserted that gelatine contains
ibsolutely no nutriment; so, however
empting the jelly made from it may
ook, it is practically useless, except as
i vehicle for wine or nourishing sub
.tances. A nourishing jelly is made
rom rice by boiling a quarter of a
>ound of rice flour, with sufficient sujar
to sweeten it, and a slice of lemon
>r rather flavoring, with a pint of
cafpr. rmtil the -whole becomes a erlu
inous mass. The jelly is tlien strained
nto a mold. Jaime mange is a pleas,nt
change from blanc mange, of which
;onvalescents have a surfeit in the
iarlier stages of their recovery. To
nake it, boil half an ounce of gelatine
n a little more than half a piot of
rater; strain it and add the juice with
i smaJl part of the grated rind of an
irange, a tablespoon of sherry, the
^olks of two eggs beaten and strained
cith sugar to taste. Stir it over a genie
lire until it just boils ; then strain
t into a shape.
Lemon sponge is very light and del- |
cate. Nothing that contains the wintes
>f eggs must be looked upon as unim
)ortant in an invalid's bill of fare. It
s made with half a pint of water, in
phich is dissolved half an ounce of gel,tine
and a quarter of n pound of su;ar,
with the juice of one large lemon
>r two small ones. Tie whites of two
'ggs beaten to a stiff iroth are stirred
n last. It must c^oao scarcely to a
>cil and be put to cool in the dish in
rhich it is to bo served,
Snow jelly has a refreshing sound in
farm weather, when even a suggestion
>f coolness is grateful. To make it,
ake half.a small box of gelatine asd.
oak it in half a pint of cold water ; add
>ne gill of boiling water, one cup of
ugar, and the juice and grated peel of
wo small lemons, JPut it in a disn to
tool, and when stiff add the whites of
wj eggs very lightly beaten, and beat
he mixture well. Serve with a custard
ironnd it made with the yelks of the
!ggs and half a pint of milk. In sumner
it is advisable to make this dish the
lay before it is desired to use it
The us;e of sago is not as general in
his country as it is in England. If its
nerits were better kno^n it would be
nore poyular. Put a dessert-spoonful
>f sago iato three-quarters of a pir.t of
sold milk, and let it simmer gently for
r> Vinnr an<l n nnartfc!*. stirrinff fre
[ueittly ; skim it as it approaches holing,
and uweeten with a dessert spoonnl
of sujjar. It may b9 flavored with
mtmeg if the taste is liked.
Tapioca can boasr more friends, and
nakes a delicious dish. Pat a large
ablespoonful to soak ovei* night; boil
, pint of new milk the next mornin?,
weeten it, add the tapioca and the
'elks of two eggs well beaten; flavor
pith extract of vanilla, and put in a dish
o cool. Then cover the top with the
whites of the egcs beaten stiff, wi;h a
ittle sugar and vanilla, and place in
he oven to brown slightly.?Christian
Ileuses Built of Cotton.
Of all substances apparently the
east likely to be used in the construoion
of a fire-proof building, cotton
tould, perhaps, take the first rank,
md paper the second; and yet both
hese materials are actually being em>loyed
for the purpose indicated, and
heir use will probaply extend. Compressed
paper pulp is successfully used
n the manufacture of doors, wall panding
and for other similar purposes,
vith the result that all risk of warping
tnd cracking is obviated, while in-1
ireased lightness is obtained and the
:ear of drv-rot is forever banished.
^ i : ?n
rapier-macne, snur navm^ oa^cu <*
2S2fal purpose in an unobstrusive mantier
for years as a material for small
irays, paper-knive3 and other siich
Light articles, has now tnddenly as umed
a still more important position
in the industrial world. A still mere
sudden and striking advance has been
made in the' employment of cotton as a
building material. A preparation
called celluloid, in which cotton is a
leading ingredient, has been used lately
as 2. substitute . or ivory in the manufacture
of such articles as billiard
halk p.nr) mr>er-cutters>. and now a
"" JT '
Canadian manufacturer has invented a
process by which compressed cotton
may be nsed not merely for doors and
window-frame3, bnt for the whole facade
of large buildings. The enormous
and increasing demand for paper for
its normal uses as a printing and writing
material, prevents the extended rise
cf papier-mache as a bu:1ding material,
ior which it is so well smted in so many
ways ; but the production ot cottcn is
practically unlimited.?Exchange.
A Sort of Intermixing.
A few years ago there lived in Oxford
county, Maine, an aged widow, who had
fifteen children. A peculiarity in this
family was what may be called a "double
marriage." Thus, two of the daughters
married brothers, named Palmer;
two of the sons married sisters, named
Barrows; two oilier sons married siiters
named Bonney; two granddaughter?,
sisters, married brothers, named Jtsonney,
and thus became sister-in-law to
their uncles' wives, two other granddaughters,
sisters, married brothers,
named Bcnney, cousins of those already
namedt Thus there were five double
marriages in this family, three of the
children and two of the grandchildren
of this old lady. Another peculiarity
in this family was that twelve of them,
six sons and six daughters, settled
down on farms within two miles of their
mother. On one road tnere were tliree
owning farms next to each other, aDd
on another road five in snceession; and
the farms on the first road were only
divided from some of those on the
second by a river that ran between
them.?Boston Journal.
How to Escape Xervonsne&s.
Nervousness is nervous weakness.
The principal sign of a feeble nervous
organization is an excessive degree of irritability
of one or more of the organs
of the body. li! the nervous system be
weak, the organs to which the nerves
are distributed will also be weak, and a
weak organ is always an irritable one.
' ? lilil . AT "L ^ _
it taees very junte to taxuw suuu <xu
organ out of its orderly course of action
Some slight cause or other acting on
a "nervous" brain creates such a degree
of irritability th&t its possessor feels as
if he would like to "jump out of his
skin," or he may be thrown into a
paroxysm of intense emotional disturbance,
or a sick headache, an attack of
hysteria, or even a more severe disorder
may result. A "nervous" eye or ear is
annoyed by unusual or presistent lights
or sounds; a "nervous" heart palpitates 1
or flutters after slight mental or bodily 1
exertion; a"nervous"stomach is irritated
by food which a healthy baby could :
easily digest, and the condition known 1
as "nervous dyspepsia" is induced; and
ii JLLCrVUli.3 O^iuc, t'U a^fX^>XJ.J uu auavuva,
causes derangements of nearly all the
organs of the bod?. To cure these various
disorders ** xften difficult and ;
sometimes impossible. To prevent
them even in persons predisposed to 1
nervousness is comparatively an easy
matter 1
The whole hygiene of the subject is 1
embraced in this sentence: Strengthen I
the nervous system.
How is this to be done?
1st. The first prescription is an am- 1
p]e supply of pufe, fresh and cool air. ]
The nerves "will always be weak If the 1
greaterpart of the dayand night bepassed 1
in close, ill-ventilated and over-heated ]
apartments. Tha nerves mere than the (
rest of the body, to be properly nourished,
require a frill snpply of oxygen. '
They will not endure vitiated air, *
whether from savers, gas-lights, sub- 1
terranean furnaces or the individual's *
o^m person, without making an ener- '
g tic protest.
A gas-bumor consuming four cubic '
feat of gas per hour produces more car- <
bonic acid in a gi.*en time than is 1
evolved from the, respiration of eight ]
ac ult human beings. Bear this in mind, {
ycu who suffer from nervousness, that '
when you have shut yourselves up in '
ycur rooms and lighted anargand burner
(which consumes sibout twelve cubic (
fort, nf pas ner hour! vou are to all in- ^
O XT / tents
and purposes immured with, twen- <
ty -three other persons, all taking 02y- i
gen from the atmosphere. Is it a won- J
der that after several hours' exposure to
the depraved air. your nerves should 1
rebel as fast as their weak state permits *
and that your head should ache,- your 3
hands tremble, and that your daughters *
playing on the piano almost drives you j
An overheated apartment always enervates
its occupants. It is no uncom- 1
? * >/ *?! 'kin/* r/M-imo in win. J
LUVU imug UWV. AVV1AAU uvMwt'Vfc T|*M
ter by an underground furnace np to
ninety degrees. Fights and murders
are more numerous in hot than in cold
weather, and the artificially heated air
that rushes into our rooms, deprived as
it is of its natural moisture by the baking
it has undergone, is even more productive
of vicious passions. Ifc is no
surprising circumstance, therefore, to
find the women, who swelter all day in
such a temperature and adds to it at
night by superfluous bed-clothing,
cross and disagreeable from little every
day troubles that would scarely ruffle
her temper if she fcapt her rooms at sirtyfive
degrees>af?d ;bpeacd the windows
evary now and then.
2d. Eat plenty of well-cooked and
nourishing food. The nerves cannot be
kept healthy on slops. Gruels,panadas, 1
teas are well enough in their way, but 1
the nerves require for their proper
nourishment undiluted animal and vegetable
food; as a role the former should
predominate. Meat-eaters are rarely
troubled with nervousness. Americans
eat more vegetables than any other
well-to-do people, and they are probably
the most "nervous" nation on the
face of the earth.
3d. Take sufficient physical exercise
in the open air. When you feel irritable,
tremulous, fretful, fidgety, andunrtVvl/%
+A T?AT1> -f l-> r\Ti nrll f C
CiUID IU OUXJLU^AJl ox a W J W v**
the veriest trifle, take a long walk, or
split half a cord of wood. Even the
extreme nervonsness of lunatics is best
quieted by bodily labor. The homicidal
maniac who cannot if kept in his
cell be trusted with a bodkin may safely
be given a spade, pickax or hoe and
set to work in the garden. His irritability
is quietly led off into another and
safer channel, and his nerves are
These are tlie principal rifles. If
they -were faithfully followed, there
would be less work for us doctors to do.
? Wm. A. Hammond, in Our Continent.
A Gollen Deed.
It was during the wars that raged j
from 1652 to 1660, between Frederick (
III.,of Denmark, and Charles Gustavus, (
of Sweden, that, after a battle in which >
the victory had remained with the }
Danes, a stoui btxgher of Flensborg .
was about to refresh himself, ere retir- ,
ing to have his wounde; dressed, with a (
draught from a wooden bottle, when an ]
4vn-r,\ o xnrxTrnA&A
XliiyiUAiUg ViJ JiV". ? TTV^UVU ~
lyiBg oil the field made him turn, and
with the very words of Sidney, " Thy
need is greater taan mine," he knelt
down by the fallen enemy to pour the
liquor into his mouth. His requital
was a pistol shot in the shoulder from
the treacherous Swede.
"Rascal!" he cried, "I would have
befriended yon, and you wonla murder
me in retnrn. Now will I punish you.
I would have given you the whole
bottle; but now you shall have only
/3vinlr?n<y Tiimcolf Tift ffaVA
the rest to the Swede. The king,
heariDg the story, sent for the burgher
and asked him how he came to spare
the life of such a rascal.
" Sire," said the honest burgher, " I
could never kill a wounded enemy."
'Thou meritest to be a noble," the
king said, and created him one immediately,
giving him as armorial bearings
a wooden bottle pierced with an arrow!
The family only lately became extinct
in the person of an old maiden lady.
From >"eTT York to Paris by Rail.
"From New York to Paris by rail in
fifteen days and a half, the land journey
only to b9 broken once by a two-hours'
? "L AT. ^ 1.i.
sea-passage ?suuu ia lueiitesipruyuoi
tion submitted to the consideration of
capitalists by American engineering
enterprise. The plans for this gigantic
undertaking have been drawn out
by a Mr. Gregory, well known in
transatlantic railway circles, whose
readiness to carry them out, so soon as
the necessary funds shall be placed at
his disposal, may be taken for granted.
His line of route, starting from the
commercial capital of the States, passes
through Canada, New ^Georgia and
Alaska to t ape Jfrrnce 01 vvaies, wnence
the passengers are to be conveyed by
steamer to East Cape, on the opposite
Asiatic coast of Behring's Straits anddistant
abnnt forty miles from the northwestern
extremity of the American continent.
From East Cape the iron road to
be constructed will cross Russian territory
in Northern Asia until it joins
the Siberian railway system, already in
direct connection, through Moscow and
St. Petersburg, with all the European
capitals. Mr. Gregory calculates that j
the distance between New York and 1
Paris, the American paradise, can b9
i traversed by this route in 372 hours and
' * -i i. il-.'-i. J -
I at a COSw 01 aocxis iiutt>jr puuuus tauu
j passenger.?London fetegropk.
The National House of Representatives.
The national House of Representatives
presents, in many respects, a
striking contrast to the Senate. The
apartment in which the popular branch
meets in the Capitol is much more spacious
and more richly adorned. A
irocf ennotfl rnnm V>V IdTCfi
"a"-' ~J oskyliglits
in tbe ceiling, with broad
galleries extending down on all four
sides, and the desks ranged, as in the
Senate, in a wide semi-circle; two
white marble desks, or tables, rising
one behind the other opposite the
members' seats; a green carpet and all
the furniture of light wood ; these are
the first general features which strike
the eye.
Above the white marble table at which
the speaker sits, two American flags are
i -l i i.1
crossed, ana aoove mem u guuca
eagle with outstretched wings. On
either side of the speaker may be seen
full-length portraits of Washington
and Lafayette, while on every hand is
a profusion of rather gaudy frescoing,
gilding and dainty decoration.
But the attention of the stranger,
who has taken his seat in one of the
galleries, is soon withdrawn from the
inanimate features of the scene to its
living and bustling occupants. It is a
3cene of hubbub, confusion and noise.
The members flock in and loll in their
jeats in all sorts of postures, or pass
up and down the aisles, or chat in
groups in every part of the hall.
Even when the speaker has called
:he house to order and the business of
the day has begun, the bustle and
noise continue. Loud as the speaker
}r the clerks may speak, frequent as
may be the raps of the gavel en the
marble table, the apparent confusion
loes not subside.
There is a continual buzz, mingled
with the occasional eager conflict of
ttalf-a-dozen members, who rise simnlianeously,
shout and wave their arms
;o wards the chair, and say in every way
;o catch the speaker's eye.
The members of the house do not, as
lo the members of the English House
}f Commons, wear their hats while sit- i
in-r ir> casta "Rnf. nt.TlfVrWlSA fhA17
nanners are, to express it mildly, easy
md informal. Now and then you will 1
see a member with his legs stretched
aigh upon his desk.
You observe another puffing his
:igar right under the speaker's nose,
[n the midat of business you will perihance
note a group who are cracking
jokes with each other, and laughing
heartily at each humorous sally.
You wonder liow any bn?iness can advance
in the midst of such a scene; yet
imid all the confusion motions are
nade, bills or resolutions are read by
;he clerk, and questions are put from
;he chair, and thus the affairs of legislation
go on.
Occasionally, when some noted mem
Der is speaking, the House becomes
lushed and intent, and a calm comes
)ver the scene. Members huddle close
n the chairs immediately around the
- - > --a ?i?i. v.
ipeaser, ana wiuto ue says xs uiouiu^uxjr
ieard in the gallaries. Bnt there are
;ew members who can command thus
;he attention of their colleagues; and a
lull speaker is sure to be impeded by
;he noise, or to be left in a thin House
;o conclude bis effort
When you have observed the general
ispect of the house, you begin to pick
>ut, by means of the plan of seats which ;
rou have bought for the purpose, the
nore eminent politicians to be seen in :
;he House.
He is almost as thin and gaunt as <a
skeleton; bis face is of a deathly yellowivhite;
his skin looks dead and dry; his
jves are black and bright; his grayishvhite
hair falls in long locks down his 1
Yet his movements are active and ner,Toas,
and he is constantly wheeling his
:hair suddenly and quickly from one
>ide of the open space to the other. You j
.earn that this bingular figwe is no less
than Alexander H. Stephens, once the
Vice-President of the Southern Confederacy,
now a member from Georgia, and
jy all odds the most distinguished
nember of the House. When Mr.
Stephens speaks, he continues sitting in
lis chair, which, when he becomes exl?io
Vl & -nOTtTATl el V
JlliCU. vrxcu. UiO QUk/jwvU) iiu x^.v/*. T V ?K/4J
:erks hither and thither, His voice is
ligh and shrill, and can be distinctly
aeard in every part of the vast hall.
It is interesting to sit for a while and
;?atch the proceedings of this noisy assembly,
and to reflect that iiere the
laws of u nation of fifty millions of people
are made; but one soon tires of the
hubbub, and the novelty vanishes, and
it is a relief to return to the galleries of
;he more quite, sedate and dignilied
Senate.?Youth's Companion.
South American Habits*
The politeness of the Argentines is
meqnaled. Of course they have a
jreat many little formal phrases that
mean nothing, bnt which, nevertheless,
creates a pleasant atmosphere. Every
3ne lives there ;,in order to serve yon."
rhey are all "your servants." You admire
an article belonging to one cf
them?f,it is at your disposal." You
receive a note- it is dated from Li casa
3e Ud?your house. Even the children
lisp the little formal phrases in the
most charminc wav imaginable?thev
are born polite. You pay a visit?evsry
one in the room, known and unknown
to yon, rise and remain standing
until you are seated; the same ceremony
takes place when yon leave. And
these forms are just as rigidly adhered
to by the lower orders. You enter a
ranch and are received by the mistress
of it with as much savoir-faire as if she
were a queen of society. They are a
pleasure-loviug people. Every town
has its plaza or park, surrounded
by wide graveled walks that in Cata-1
marca are shaded by orange, pepper,?
and willow trees, and bordered by rose j
and oleander plants which blossom all
the year round. Comfortable benches J
are stationed at intervals, and in the j
center of the plaza is stationed a kio3ka i
or pagoda, where on Sunday and Thurs-1
day nights, and on tbe evenings of
QTl/1 Tl Q+.i/in 0.1 fo.TSf. !1V I
throughout* the year, the military band
discourses sweet music, both classical
and popular. And here, on these nights
assemble the people, los rico3 y los probes,
la catagoria y los plebes?(rich and
poor, high and low)?and walk, or
seated, partake of coffee or beer perhaps,
brought from their homes. They
are very -fond of music, and I have
- *i AWrtn rtrt T*1 y?V> r\Q TrVlrt flQ/]
UlltJil CYCU ^auuuvo, nuv u.mv?
strayed in from the country, applaud
with great gusto a selection from "La
Semiramide" or "Los Hugonotes," presented
for the first time.
A Probable Success in Journalism,
One day an editor was visited by a
committee of villagers to urge upon
him some argument in favor of a new
town pump. Being an amiable man, although
it was just his busiest hour, he
asked them to be seated until he had
finished an article he was writing on
the application of ensilage to green j
picket fences. While waiting, they all j
began to talk to each other at the very j
pitch of their voices, until the distracted |
editor could stand it no longer, when, 1
wheeling round in his chair, he re- !
marked, with an expression sweetly ut?<Y/tn'd
nhliVe me. centlemen. bv
-V- o- SKJ , ?
conducting your conversation in a lower
tone. There's a men sick with smallpox
in the next room and you might
disturb him." As he gathered up the
hat?, canes and umbrellas that were
left bv the committee in their eager
; bolt for the fresh air, he said to himj
self, quietly : "I reckon I'm going to
I be a success in journalism."
Saining the Baby.
"I think," said the fond mother,
" that as the baby's last name is Brown,
it wonld be better to give him some
first name less common than Henry ?
There are eleven columns of Henry
Browns in the directory."
" Thirteen, darling," said 3tlr. Bicwd;
" I counted them yesterday. What we
want for the baby is a unique first name,
a name that will be distinct and peculiar,
that will make it possible always to
identify him. Isn't that it, dearest ?"
" Certainly."
" Well, I bave prepared a list from
which we can pick. Suppose we skim
over it ? Let's begin with the twelve
tribes of Israel. Are there aDy among
them that you like V
" I think not."
" Eow would Gad do ? Gad Brown ?
That would bo novel, anyhow."'
" But too startling, perhaps ?"
" Possibly. The others are all rather
common. Does Ivanhoe strike you ? I
ratiier like lvannoe ?5rown. ur, 11 we |
wanted to give him a middle Dame we I
could call him Ivanhoe Alcibiades
" It is too long; and, besides I'm not
certain I could always spell Alcibiades
correctly in marking Eff underclofliing."
"Plutarch, then?"
" Mr. Brown, that's outrageous!"
" Ontrageous, love! Plutarch I Why
what do you mean ?'
"No child of mine shall ever be
named after the god of the infernal regions
Mr. Brown explained tiie biunder and
passed on. " What do yon say then to
Galileo? There is not a single Galileo
Brown in the directory."
"Was Galileo an Israelite?"
"No, love, I think not"
"I thought from his name perhaps he
came from Galilee," ^said Mrs. Brown,
Mr. Brown was too mnch astonished
to try to explain. He resumed the
reading of his list:
"Pelaliah is a Scriptural name. Would
you care for Pelaliah ? Pelaliah
Brown ?"
"I think not," said Mrs. Brown. "It
sounds like an impeachment of the dear
child's veracity. I don't think we ought
to start him in life with an insinuation
that he will bo a storyteller."
"It might not be right. Sappose
then we call him Petrarch ?"
"Is that a Bible name!"
"No, love, not a Bible name."
"To be sure not; I was thinking of
St. Peter. I think, William, I should
prefer an American name of some kind
if we could find one."
Mr. Brown concealed his feelings and
turned a new leaf of his list.
"I have a few Aztec names," said he,
"that belong on this continent and that
are marked by strong individuality.
Tegozoiroc, for instance. He was an
Aztec kirg."
"Was Li3 last name Brown ?"
"I think not. No. I am certain it
wasn't, and there was Nezohualcoyotl;
he was a king, too.'*
"Oar child could never put such a
name as that on an umbrella handle."
"True," said Mr. Brown. <vThe king
probably had no umbrella. Spotted
Tail however is a native American name,
"And you would give that name to
vour child?your own child?"
"I don't know. Spotted Tail Brown
might answer for?"
Mrs. Brown suddenly flirted oat of
the room wtth a remark intimating that she
was going home to her mother's.
Aiter she had had a good cry, Mr.
Brown folded up his list and agreed to
call the child Thomas.? Oar Continent.
About Advertising.
If you can arouse curiosity by an ad- j
vertisement it is a great point gained.
The fair sex don't hold all the curiosity
in the world.
A thing worth doing is worth doing
well. A thing worth advertising is
worth advertising well. A newspaper
worth advertising in once is worth making
a contract with.
It is a mistaken notion that a fine
store in an eligible location, surrounded
by attractive signs, is a superior advertisement
; for the experience of the
most enterprising merchants is that it
pays better to spend leas in rent and
more in advertising.
Advertising is the pole that knocks
the persimmons.
Don't be afraid to invest in printer's
ink, lest your sands of life be nearly
run ctit,
Trjing to do business without advertising
is like winking at a pretty girl
through a pair of green goggles. Yon
may know wha1: you are doing, but nobody
else does.
The enterprising advertiser proves
that he understands how to buy, because
in advertising he knows how to
Bread is the staff of human life, and
advertising is the staff of business.
A simple card may profitably stand
years without change, but a sensational
advertisement should be changed as
often as you can get the printer to do it.
A heavy advertisement once is more
than quadrupled in value by a small
card, published for a few months after,
giving your address.
ion can't eat enougn m a weea.
last yon a year, and yon can't advertise
on that plan either.
Now is the time to think abont advertising,
and reflection should be followed
by judicious action,
To make a man realize an idea as yon
realize it is what is necessary to make
him understand his needs. Advertisements
should aim to place a matter so
clearly before the public that they see
it as clearly as the advertiser does.
Enterprising people are beginning to
learn the valae of advertising the year
round. The persistency of those who
are not intimated by the cry of " dnll
times," but keep their names ever be
fore tiie public, win snreij piace xnem
on the right side in the end.?Traders'
Tricky Devices in Gambling.
A New York letter in the St. Lonis
Republican says: One of the newest
tools is the poker ring, an ingenious
little contrivance for marking the cards
while playing, in a systematic manner,
so that in a half hour one can tell each
card as well by the back as by the face.
Although it is not generally known, it
is now in use by a few of the oldest
and best professional players in the
country. It is no secret that in the
" _ _
gaming nouses marsea piajmg o-arus
are used. The pattern on the
back seems innocent enough until
held at a certain angle under the
light, and the difference between the
cards may bo seen. The greenhorn
cannot tell the pack from fair cards in
common use, but the professional can
tell precisely the cards that his opponent
holds. There are loaded dice,
*hich are made in exact imitation of j
Tlion fhotv* is tVip snv. n. I
Ui KklLiUi. J UiwWl ? ?X'.' J ? I
reflector about the siza of a half-dollar, |
which, it is said, can be used with per-1
feet safety either on the table or on tHe
; knee.
i As for "strippers," another device in
I card*, a gambler says: The benefit of
j these cards can be estimated only in
' oneway, and that is by the amount of
j money your opponent has got, for you
! are certain to get it, whether it is S10
1 or 810,000; the heavier the stakes the
! sooner you break him, and he never
| knows what hurt him. The " bug" is
; a device for withdrawing from the pack
; a number of cards from which the
j plajer can mate up a hand to suit.
Ilowthe Fraternity In London Deceive the
The reader may be surprised to learn
that it is not in all cases that bona fide
cripples, acd those who are nnmistakably
afflicted and who implore charity
are really entitled to commiseration
and relief. It is quite within the verge
of possibility that they have rendered
themselves objects of compassion deliberately
and with a purpose. At a
notorious common lodging-house in the
noiofViVw-irTioA/^ nf Timrv TroriA flip man a
ger pointed out to me two such characters.
The one was a wretched-looking
woman, of past middle age, who was
very poorly though tidily dreased, and
who, while I was talking with the man
in the passage, passed throngh, carrying
in her hand a piece of romp steak
and a small cauliflower. "That's how
she does it," said Mr. Manager, as the
woman, too weak to walk well, held on
the balusters with her disengaged hand
while she descended the steps that Jed
down into the cellar; "that and a pint
of stout will make her a decent dinner.
She can afford it, and if she couldn't
she would be dead in a month." On my
requesting an explanation of this enigmatical
speech, the manager continued:
"I can't give you all the particulars,
because what she doses herself with is
i. -n_i 3 1 l* n
a secret, xsut aose uerseu cue uues.
She remains indoors till after the gas
is lit, and an hour cr so before
she starts she takes her dose, whatever
it is, and it makes her that horribly
ill that 'pon my soul, it's a wonder how
she finds pluck to continue at the
game. Her face grows ghastly aad
pinched, and she grows black under the
eyes, and she's so weak that there's no
gammon about her hand shaking as she
leans on her stick. She toddles out
every evening, and you may find her
afterward standing just off the pavement
with a paper pinned to her breast,
on which is writ, 'I am very ill and in
deep distress.' She doesn't say a -word,
I am told, or even hold out her hand.
She hasn't any need to. I've known
her to go out from here at six o'clock,
and she'd been going it so the night
before that she's fairly stumped and
been glad to borrow two-pence-ha'penny
of me for a half-quartern of gin to
start her. Well, sir, I've known her to
go out at 6 and be home before 10 with
a matter of eight or nine shillings all
in coppers. Does the stuff she tafce do
her any harm ? It makes her thin, and
she has such pains inside her that some
times all the drink she can swallow
don't make her forget 'em. Bat it is
an out-and-out game while it lasts, and
plenty of 'em that lodge here would
give her something handsome if she
would put 'em up to what her 'dose
is. Do I thiak they would? I am
sure of it. Why, take notice of that
chap out there in the yard, washing his
shirt. You see his arm 7" I looked at
the individual indicated, whose braces
crossed his naked shoulders, and I saw
at once that his right arm was frightfully
attenuated?seemingly mere skin
and bene, while the corresponding
limb was well nourished and plump.
"There is no pretense there," I remarked;
"the poor fellow has a with
ered arm." Mr. Manager grinned. "i
don't say he is a liar," said he, "bnt he
brags that he did it himself on purpose
that he might have the advantage of
being a cripple. He's been a soldier,
and what he says is?between friends
and in confidence, yon know?that
wanting. io?get :ont. oL. .the service
and. not caring to work for
a living, he gave himself a bang
on the elbow with a hammer. It passed
as an accident, he had 3 few months in
the infirmary, and came out of the army
with an allowance of sixpence a day for
eighteen months, and his arm has been
gradually wasting to what you see it
now. Does he show it to excite compassion?
Bather, He can use it a bit,
and he plays on the fiddle witli it
about the streets, shoeing it all bare
np to the shoulder. But he doesn't ever
make much. Not more than four or
four-and-sixpence a day." "But that is
much more than the average hard-working
laborer earns," I remarked. "The
hard-working laborer?" returned Mr.
Manager, with undisguised contempt:
Til find you dczens of fellows about
here who haven't got the advantage of
being crippled, who'd be sorry to earn
as little as a hard-working laborer."
And there is no doubt that there might
be found scores of men and women, disabled
and helpless, who make such an
excellent living by displaying their infirmities
that they" would decidedly decline
to be made sound, were such a
miracle possible. I can speak positively
as regards blind men who are streethAtro-nrs
Finding t.liem in wretched
homes, with a drunken wife, and grownup,
lazy children, living in clover on
the money bestowed on their sightless
parent during the day, I have interested
in their favor those who, had they been
willing, would at once have placed them
in a comfortable asylum where, for the
remainder of their lives, they would
have b8en well fed and lodged and
taught a trade as well. Buc in at leastfcliree
instances they declined to aval
themselves of the opportunity. Two ci
them excused themselves on the pie
that they could not bear to live among
strangers, but the third bluntly told me
that, though he was blind, he was net
exactly a fool, and it wasn't very liiely
that i.e was going to be caged tip for
the sake of his food and a bed, when he
could "make" seven shillings in a short
day by going abont with his dog, and
enjoy his pipe and his glass every evening.?London
Siam's King Mourns His Loss.
The Siamese nation has been plnnged
into mourning by the death of "His
Sublime Grandeur, the Court and Body
Elephant of the King." Says the Indian
Herald: We regret to learn that; the
animal departed this life in a highly
sensational manner, fraught with irreparable
disaster to the staff of his household.
One morning, after a hearty
breakfast, he went mad quite unex
pectedly, and trampled live ox nis attendants
to death. To shoot
him wonld have been sacrilege.
[An attempt to tranquillize
his perturbed spirit by encircling
him with a huge ring o! bamboo, specially
blessed by the high priest of his
own particular temple, proved worse
than ineffectual, for he broke through
the ring and all but terminated the high
priest's career upon the spot. He was
then wif.h or^at difficulty driven into a
close court of the palace, where, after
several f arious endeavors to batter down
the walls with his tusks, he sadden Iv
toppled over on his side and uttered
a last cry of raga. Naturally
enough, this heavy calamity was attributed
to criminal carelessness on the
part of one or other of the attendants
intrusted with the sacred elephant's
feeding. The king thereupon interrogated
the members of his sublime
grandeur's household in parson with
respect to their treatment of the il1
~ -3 ,3 nmA Km ct fa cA i f.
any individual confession of delinquency,
decreed that they should one
and all be punished. Having thus vindicated
propriety, his majesty assumed
the garb of woe, and is understood to
be still inconsolable for his loss.
Manitoba has a real live peripatetic
! tcwn. It is called "Boontown," and
moves as the Pacific railroad advances.
A camp is made at ibe end of the line
i and building lots bring fancy prices,
j and with another advance the place is
! d^sorted and another locality is called
I "Bcomtown,"
Told by a (5nilele?s Drummer. .
Kecently a sad-looking drummer arrived
in Little Kock. He had just made .
a tour of several of the northwestern
coon tie?, and, as he expressed it, had
enough experience in one house toward
tha "shank" of his trip to serve for
yeirs of adventurous reminiscence.
"Several days ago," said the drummer
to a party of acquaintances, "I
was riding along through the woods,
wet and weary, and hungry. I had
hired a horse at a farmhouse, and was
ort/?/vmr?j.rnA/3 hv ft ftolnred bov on an
other horse, who was sent to take my
horse back when I reached the railroad.
Well, as I was riding along throngh the -M
country where the road was a mere ^
path, and where the woods were so
thick that they reminded me of a perpetual
evening, I was suddenly confronted
by two men who, with leveled
guns, told me to hold up my hands. I
would like to have had an explanation,
but my hands went up. Several other
men advanced, and two of them searched
me. They found a borrowed revolver
and a watch. They did not take the
watcb, but relieved me of the pistol."
"'What's the boy doing with you?"
one of them asked. I replied that he. - .
had been sent along to take my horse
back when I reached the railroad.
" Yes; when you reach the railroad T
one of them said. I asked for an explanation,
but they cursed me. I didn't
know what to do, and it didn't seem
that they desired me to do anything.
They tied a rope around my neck.
"Letf s swing him up here," said one
festive young fellow whom I took to be
in something of a hurry. Then they
began a debate. The colored *oy was
frightened out of his wits. Pretty
soon they told him to go back, and to
take my horse with Mm. To this h9
readily 'assented, and in a minute more
I was on the ground. I begged for an
explanation. One man solemnly pointed
to the rope I wore.
" 'Fellers,' remarked a tifonghfcful
looking man, 'we'd better take him ~ ^ ^
over and see if he is the right man.'
This motion seemed to prevail. They 3
threw me onto a horse behind a little
fellow, and I started off through the
woods. It seemed to me that we had
traveled an age, when we reached a
clearing, in the center of which stood a
small house. Several men were gathered
in the yard, and I noticed excited
women moving around. Our arrival
was greeted with a loud shout. v.
" 'Where's Abram ?' asked the
on* TTA
bliuuguuiui man v* vuk ??w . ?
reached the gate. 'Atram' would be
out in a few minutes. He came ; ail old
mon with gray hair and a hickory shirt.
" 'We've got him, Uncle Abe,' said
the man who had proposed to hang me, '|jS
'and we're only watin' for the word/
The old man regarded me for a moment,
and then said, 'Boys, he ain't the man,
turn hi cd loose.'
"The rope was taken from my reck.
'What was I seized for? I asked of
Abranu js
" 'Wall, you see,' he said, *a feller
came along here this mornin' an' tried
to steal my dog. You ain't the man.
You can go.' I turned and walked
* tT-3 -T?*
away, i una gone auuuu mu uu^
when a man on a horse overtook me.
'The old man must see you,' he said;
'hurry back.' I trudged* back to the farm
house. The old man was at the
gate. 'What do yon want?* I asked.
'I want to say,' young feller, that it Jgi
would be a good idea for you never,
never to steal a dog." Then I walked
ten miles wefeog.d.-?
thought the matter over since, and
blamed if I intend to steal a dog."
Ancient People of America.
At the New York Academy of Sciences,
Professor John S. Newberry lectured
recently on " The Ancient Civilization
of America," and said in substance:
When the savages were pressed back
by advancing civilization until they had
passed what was once the great natural
water-gap between the lakes and the
Mexican gulf, it was ciscovered that
they were not autochthonous, for
mounds, caves, palaces and remains of
cities showed the existence of a race
that lived in the highest state of civilization.
Investigation and research by
- - - ... . i ?*?i - _
Historians, geologists ana arcnajoiogisus
have brought to light much concerning
these wonderful people. They can be
divided into two classes, which, with '
local differences, are genericaily the
same. One is the mound-builders, who
dwelt in the fertile vally of the Mississippi,
following a sedentary and peaceful
life. Mounds built by them, and
instruments and pottery and copper
ornaments made by them, have been
discovered all through the Mississippi
miiur Tbo-p tPArfi miners and farmers.
raised tobacco, and remains of their oil
wells still exist at Titusville, Pennsylvania.
In numbers they probably
equaled the inhabitants of the region at
present, and enough is known of their '
osteology to say they were of medium
size, fair proportions, with a cranial development
not tinlike our Ted Indian.
Their teeth were large and strong. They
buried their dead with great ceremony.
When, and why, and how the moundbuilders
disappeared we do not know.
Their ultimate fate was probably entire ?extinction.
The second class of these early Amer
icans was the palace-builders of the
table-lands, a class that was spread
from Chili, on the south, to Utah, on
the north," reaching their greatest degree
of power and civilization in Central
America, Mexico and Pern. The
ard Montezumas were types of this race,
and though, when swept from the earth
by the brutality of Pizarro and Cortez,
their glory was already in its decadence,
we can scarcely conceive of the extent
of their macmificence. This Mexican
and Penman era far surpassed anj thing
in our day in the construction of public
works, roads, aqueducts, palaces and
cities. The macadamized road that led
from Callao to Lima exceeded in cost
the Union Pacific railroad, and if ali
the fort 8 within our borders were put
into one it would not eqnal the fortified
structure that is yet to be seen en the
Peruvian coast. Louis Hoffman, an
engineer who was with Maximiilian,
has described the ruins of a large seaport
town on the Pacific coa>t of Mexico.
The Central American country
abounds in evidences 01 me Aztec ract,
and this winter many archaeologists
have gone thither, and from their labors
we shall soon learn more of this wondrous
people. Their origin is lost in
antiquity. They may have coma from
the seed borne across the sea by Phoenician
traders?perhaps they sprnn?
from the fabled race of Atlantis. They
were either indigenous or imported iu
an embryotic state from the oriental
archipelago?the latter the most
Two Stories.
In a trial before a justice at Do3go
City, Kansas, a witness who was beic^
bullyragged by a cross-eiaminiag lawyer
cilled on the court for protection.
The justice handed him a pistol. "I ?
have no further questions," said tha
lawyer. Another story of the same
character is of a horse and two men Li
Missouri. The owner of the animtl
was trying to sell it, and meeting a
stranger taid ; "How ranch do you ij
- - - . ?vi ?/i? 1 ?,v
think, my horse is worri
ing at the gothio 6teed the stranger
replied : "About eighty-seven c^nfcj.'' ;3|
; Reaching behind him the owner of M>e
horse palled forth and presented as tho -^Jg
stranger a revolver, with the question :
"How mnch did voa 827 this h-:ss is --^^5
worth 5" The rt ply quicfcly cace : Z&Gf
' Under the circnmstao?es I tbick that 4||jjgK

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