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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, October 11, 1882, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1882-10-11/ed-1/seq-4/

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fjr the faib sex.
Fimininc Land Settlers.
a "Wisconsin girl some years since
removed with her parents to Dakota.
Sue exercised her prerogative as a j
settler, and took unto herself 160 acres J
of fruitful land, erecting her cabin and
dwelling thereon lor tne anouea six |
months, when she was enabled to secure
title at government rates. Some
of her Eastern girl friends haye gone
C-ut to visit her, ;tnd should that region
"pan out" to their satisfaction they
jrill take up a quarter section of land
ach and also a tree claim. They propose
building their "claim shanties,"
which in this case will be transformed
into villas or cottages, and spend
next summer out there. What girls
ran do when they set out to become
farmers is shown by Miss Kreamer, a
young girl living near Helena, Ark.,
who has twenty-two acres planted in
com and seven planted in cotton, and
will make forty bushels of corn to the
acre, and a bale of cotton to the same
amount of land this year. She did all;
the plowing, and has attended to the ;
crop without assistance so far.
The following challenge, issued by
^ Lady Butterfield, proves that the
women of " the teacup days of patch
and hoop" could hold their own at
r masculine snorts: ' This is to <rive
notice to all ray honored masters and j
ladies, and the rest of my loving friends, j
that my Lady Butterf.eld gives a chaly~.
lenge to ride a horse, to leap a horse, or
run on foot, or halloa, with any woman
in England seven years_you&ger7 But*
not a dayolder,-beeauSe I won't underv?_Iiie
myself, being now seventy-four
years of age. iiy feast will be the last
Wednesday o? this month (April),
when there will be a good entertainment
for that day and all the year
after, in Wanstead, in Essex." This
cartel of defiance to the sex was issued
annuallv; but we have never heard
? :
iiiab ?? CvO CL+J.J iJLllia^VU MUV yiVAVU
up the gauntlet. It was before the
time of "Mrs." Thornton, who rode for
thousands of guineas and hogsheads of
claret at Doncaster and York, and beat
even the "crack" jockey Frank Buckle
himself; otherwise ?ady Butterfield
might have found a foewoman worthy
of her steel in the mistress of the eccentric
owner of Thornton RoyaL?London
:;V ?y Kissing the Bride.
TKai-n io o TvmnUr r>AtiAn it. is
? - thepriyilege of the clergyman who ties
the knot to he the first to kiss the
bride on the conclusion of the ceremony.
Mr. Henderson, in his "FolkLore
of the Northern Couties," relates
liow .a clergyman, a stranger in the j
neighborhood, after performing a marriage
in a Yorkshire village, was surprised
to see the party keep together
us if expecting something. "What
are you waiting for?" he asked at last.
"Please,"sir," was the bridegroom's
answer, "ye've no kissed Molly." Xot
manv vparc 9rrr> wp flXP t.nld how a
fair lady from the county of Durham,
who was married in the south of England,
so undoubtedly waited for the
clerical salute that, after waiting for it
in vain, she boldly took the initiative,
and bestowed a kiss on the muchamazed
south-country vicar. The
practice, too, was in years past much
kept up in Scotland, and is referred to
in the following old song, in which the
bridegroom, addressing the minister.
"It's no very decent for yon to be kissing;
It does not look weel in the black coat ava;
Twocld have set yoa far better taehaegi'en yonr
Than thus by such tricks to be breaking the law.
Dear Wattie, quo* Robin, it's jnst an old custom,
And the thing that is common should ne'er be
ill ta'en
For where ye are wrong, if ye hadaa na' wished
Yon should ha' been first. It's yonrsel, is to
It has been suggested that this custom
.-may be a relic of the osculum paeis, or
t.hp rirepntation of Par tnjftfe..
** ^2156 miorms ustnat some years ago it
r-'; was customary for the clergyman to
conclude the marriage ceremony with
, the words, "Kiss your wife," and occajjj*
sionally "the bridegroom is hard put to
prevent one or other of his companions
from intercepting the salute designed
for himself."
Fashion Notes.
Soft pillows are made largely of
Young ladies are wearing yoke
Embroidery and lace are leading garniture.
Long flat trains are anticipated for
winter wear.
American twilled silk is in demand
for matinees.
Soft neckties of foulard silk are
again in style.
The gigot sleeve is seen in dresses
with short waists and wide belts.
Costumes in which everything
' matches are to be worn this winter.
Bonnets have -appeared witn one [
string of ribbon or velvet and another j
of flowers.
"Women appear more slender in:
black and dark colors and stouter in ,
light colors.
Bronze, gilt, old silver and jet ornaments
will all be much worn on hats
and bonnets.
Silver bands in lace-like patterns
come for felt beaver blue, gray and :
garnet bonnets. .
The new ottoman velours silks are as |
heavily repped as Sicilienne, but have j
a softer finish.
Dresses of one material bid fair to be j
more fashionable this fall than com- j
JL/VOI WV VVvwv**?*VW?
Black and gold embroideries on1
rough linens are used for fancy cos-!
tumes at European bathing places.
The first importations of velvet and
plush brocades have flowers and figures
in long pile plush on velvet
Long pelisses, trimmed all around
the bottom and up each side with
pinked rouches, are seen among the
new fall wraps.
Embroidery on plush is now executed
with silk leaves and flowers worked on
v - - linen and transferred to the plush. The
work is rather heavily padded.
Precious stones worn as ear ornaments
are mounted on screws which
pass through the ear, or on the old- {
fashioned curved hook, made as short j
as can be worn.
<>n/i folt TV? 11 rn-rkhnMv take i
T VW UUU iVAV !?*** ..... - j
I;- the place of plush .and beaver this win- J
? > ter, but velvet hats with brims of \
striped ostrich plumage are shown for
those who fancy the effect of a furry j
border about the face.
The only beaded trimmings among j
new goods are " solid " passementeries ,
that show nothing but beads, but there 1
are many sizes and shapes, such as :
bugles, fiat nail-heads, large balls and
- - the smallest beads-like seed pearls.
Milliners select the best feathers of j
eight birds to make a single turban, j
Blue jays, black birds, magpies, crows, i
partridges, hawks, wild ducks, pigeons,
swallows and many other familiarly!
known birds aro stripped of their feathers
to minister to the new craze.
Half-high bodices are coming rapidly
into favor for evening wear. They are
cut away about three inches from the
neck all around, and are usually worn j
with lace or transparent, beaded
W sleeves, which reach to the gloves that j
L:. quite cover the elbows, tan-colored'
mousquetaire gloves continuing still to '
w be the height of style.
fe Mrs. Oakley says: The shorter i
the woman the shorter should be her
dress-waist and the longer her skirt.j
??-- The throat is apparently shortened by j
Kf..- the hair or any ornament hangingj
I from the head, and only where the j
Egx ; throat Is long should any such fashion j
be indulged. The throat is shortened
by standing ruffles, and the shoulders
heightened by a square-cut dress. A
dress cut up into triangles and stiff
forms is trying for any kind of a figure.
Long lines from the shoulder to
the feet give height. Horizontal lines
crossing the figure shorten the person.
Short, stout women should avoid
basques or any dress that makes a deceptive
line about the hips. Tall
women may use the horizontal line
with advantage. A woman should be
wider at the broadest part of her hips
than at her shoulders, therefore all ornaments
which alter these proportion.'
are to be avoided.
Horrors of a Boll-Fight.
The circus, as it is called, is simply a
great amphitheatre. All the boxes
An thp <*h?dv sir]p>\ to the rifht and
left of the king's balcony. Here the
regulation black mantillas, black fans
and black dresses for the ladies are
imperative, "while across the arena, in
the glare of the sun, the gay senoritas
of the fandango and admirers of the
matadors flash all the colors of the
rainbow. Time is up, a bugle sounds,
a mounted knight enters and rides
slowly around the ring, stops in front
of the president's box and salutes.
The banderilleros follow, and then
come the picadores on horseback,
wearing broad-brimmed hats with
long feathers, a cape hanging carelessly
over the shoulders and a long
lance resting on the stirrup. The
chulos, with their red capas in their
i^dSpbring up the rear. The column
comes into line, in front of the president,
each man salutes and retires to
his place in the ring. The knight receives
the key to the door of the bullpen,
gallops across the arena and hands
it to the keeper. The primero espada,
with cap in hand, offers himself to the
president as the champion of Madrid,
and asks permission to kill the bull.
The president nods, the espada throws
his cap on the ground, the bugle
sounds, the band plays, the door opens,
and, amid the shouts of fifteen thousand
Madridlenians/the bull, decked with
ribbons, dashes in.
I shall never forget that first bull.
He -was was a great black fellow
with strong, sharp horns and a
wicked eye. He stood still in the middle
of the ring an instant, stopped to take
in the situation, then bellowed and
jumped clear from the ground four or
five times and plunged straight for the
nearest horse and rider. The lance of
the picadore met him and went hard
into his shoulder, but it did not even
check him, and in an instant more
horse and man were both gored
through and tossed against the wooden
barriers like a bundle of straw. The
chulos rim up with their red capes,
flirted them in the bull's face and
enticed him away from the
wounded picadore, when another horse
caught his eye, which in a second
more was on the bull's horns, pierc-ea
through and through. The horse did
not go down, and this picadore kept his
seat, and both were driven against the
barrier, and the bull again attracted
away by the red cajfes; but the poor
horse, with his sides literally torn open
and the blood spurting at every step,
was beaten and hammered to another
" * ? ? n - -1
parr 01 ine ring 10 case me shock ul
the bull again. In less than live minutes
one picadore had gone to the surgeons
and a priest had been sent for,
and three horses had been laid out on
the ground, a sickening sight. The
pools of blood are covered with sand,
the band plays, the bugle calls again
andthebanderilleros with barbed darts
in their hands come to the front.
Only one of them approaches the bull,
and with no means of defense,-not
eyeu a cu tui u? uc-lvic ^
eves; he tantalizes him to the attack,
meets him face to face, and as the mad
toro dips his sharp horns close under
thfr little, man's iacket he throws his
'into the duU's two shoulders, jumps
aside in a flash, and, if he makes no
slips or mistakes, gets away. Largatijo,
the great espada, the man in
Spain next to, if not above the king,
leaps into the ring and goes straight
for the bull. With his straight sword
in one hand and a red capa in the
other, he waltzes with him around and
across the arena: backward and forward
he pushes him, or falls back before
him. The bull gores the air
where the man stood, then paws
and bellows and plunges again
and stops. Largatijo stands in front
of him and almost between his horns.
The bull's time has come, and quick
as lightning the long blade is driven
through the back of his neck and down
deep between his shoulders. He
makes another plunge, t'.ie blood spurts
from his nose, he glares at the man defiantly
and drops on his knees. A
quick stroke back of the head with a
stiletto gave by one of the attendants
and the bull is dead. Every man, woman
and child in the vast amphitheatre rises
and yells. Hats, handkerchiefs, fans
and shawls are waved as the great
espada bows himself around the ring.
Goat-skins filled with wine, cigars,
cigarettes are thrown at his feet. The
king tosses him a purse of gold, and
one enthusiastic Spaniard, not to be
outdone even by the king, threw him
all his money, then his hat, and finally
took off his coat and pitched that into
the arena.
The door opens again, and four
horses harnessed abreast are driven in
and hitched to the dead bull, which
they drag out out of the ring to the
srrand. march of the national air of
Six times in one afternoon we sat
through this same performance. Six
dead bulls, thirteen dead horses, one
picadore killed and one espada badly
gored, and the crowd goes back to the
city to sip coffee and drink manzanilla.
and talk of thQ bull-fight until morning.?Madrid
Cold Winters.
The following static ics of the good
old winters are curious: In 401, the
Black sea was entirely frozen over. In
A TM -K,,* t-V.^
I go, llUl/ UIU> me JJia*. n. octi, i_?uo uic
straits of the Dardanelles were frozen
over; the snow in some places rose
fifty feet high. In 882, the great rivers
of Europe?the Danube, Elbe, etc.?
were so hard frozen as to bear heavy
wagons for a month. In 860, the Adriatic
was frozen. In 991, everything
was frozen; the crops totally failed, and
famine and pestilence closed the year.
In 1067, the most of the travelers in
Germany were frozen to death on the
roads. In 1133, the Po was frozen from
Cremona to the spa; the wine casks "were
burst, and even the trees split by the
action of the frost with immense
noise. In 1236, the Danube was frozen
**atv\ om a/1 1 /-\-r\ rr
LU LlltJ IXJttUxII, auu x cii-icvi-u^u xvjli?? ail
that state. In 1316, the crops wholly
failed in Germany; wheat, which some
years before sold in England at six
shillings the quarter, rcse to two
pounds. In 1339, the crops failed in
Scotland, and such a famine ensued
that the poor were reduced to feed on
grass, and many perished miserably in
the fields. The successive winters of
1432-33-34 were uncommonly severe.
It once snowed forty days without interruption.
In 146S. the wine distributed
to the soldiers in Flanders
was cut with hatchets. In 1684, the
winter was excessively cold. Most of
the hollies were killed. Coaches drove
along the Thames, the ice of which was
eleven inches thick. In 1709 occurred
the cold winter. The frosts penetrated
three yards into the ground. In 1716,
booths were erected and fairs held on
the Thames. In 1744 and 1745 the
strongest ale in England, exposed to
the air. was covered in less than
fifteen minutes with ice an eighth of
an inch thick. In 1809. and again in
1812, the winters were remarkably
cold. In 1S14 there was a fair on the
frozen Thames.
The oldest twins now living in the
. United States, it is said, are Bernard
and John Kepler, who still live in the
quaint old hillside house in Plumj
stead, Bucks county, Penn., where
I they were bom on March 27, 1892.
j They never have parted company for a
uay, ana nave omy uetru um ui. .
county once, when, in 1S60, they visited
Philadelphia for a short time. They
voted for President Madison for his
second term, and have voted at every
presidential election since.
| An Indiana farmer, like other foolish
I fathers before him, recently gave his
, son and his son's wife a deed of his
j farm, on condition of their supporting
him the rest of his life. Xo sooner
was it in their possession than they
told the old gentleman it was time to
light out for the poorhouse. He
; begged to stay one night longer, to
tvhifb thpv reluctantlv assented. In
, the night he arose, got possession of
j the deed, burned it up, and in the
; morning kicked his unnatural children
j out of the house and proceeded to dis:
inherit them.
! The Texas Hangers are said to have
| done more to suppress lawlessness, capi
ture criminals, and prevent Mexican
j and Indian raids on the frontier
j than any other agency. They are emi
ployed and paid by the State govern!
ment. Nearly all are young men.
I They are enlisted for a year, and are
j required to provide themselves with a
> horse, saddle and bridle, a repeating
Winci ester rifle and a navy revolver.
The State furnishes rations and pays
?30 a month to each private. They
wear no uniform. Each man dresses
as his taste or the condition of his finances
may dictate; but they all wear
broad-brimmed sombreros. Considering
their small number, less than 200,
they have rendered remarkable service.
! China leads civilized countries in
finding a use for its ants. Professor
Riley, of the agricultural bureau,Washington,
has received from Han Chow
an account of a curious use made of
ants in that part of China. It seems
that in many parts of the province of
Canton the orange trees are injured by
certain worms, and to rid themselves
of these nests the inhabitants import
ants from the neighboring hills. The
hill people throughout the summer and
winter find the nests of two species of
ants, red and yellow, suspended from
the branches of various trees. The
trees are colonized by placing the ants
on their upper branches, and bamboo
rods are stretched between the different
trees, so as to give the ants easy
access to the whole orchard. This
remedy has been in constant use at
least since 1640, and probably dates
from a much earlier period.
Modern researches im:o the origin of
disease leave no doubt that impure ice
is frequently the cause of typhoid
fever. There was formerly a theory
t.hf* process of freezinar would
eliminate any impurity which might
exist in the water, but science rejects
this notion as absurd, while outbreaks
of typhoid fever have repeatedly been
found to follow the use of ice cut from
foul ponds. It is probable that many
cases of disease which appejir otherwise
inexplicable might be traced to
! this source, since a considerable proI
portion of the vast amount of ice anj
nually marketed comes from contam!
inated water. The matter is one which
i demands the attention of the authorii
ties .everywhere, and the Detroit board
i " - ? I
i 01 neaiui nas set an e.\?uupie ?mui
| may well be imitated by other cities in
; prohibiting, after the 1st of January
| next, the sale of ice for food-preserving
and drinking purposes which
has been cut from water that is unfit
for drinking.
~"WaTers'~aI ways' seem" to have a wonderful
power over the imagination. The
last contribution in that line comes
from a paper of St. Catharines, Canada,
and is as follows : During the war of
i 1812 an American squadron of war
vessels, on Lake Ontario, were coming
! up from -Fort Niagara convoying a
! schooner which, it is said, carried nearly
?1,500,000 of money to pay the troops
on the peninsula and on the lake. The
British commander noticed them coming
round the eight-mile point, and at
once gave orders to engage. The wind
was favorable and he met them broadside
on. A short cannonade and close
lire of musketry took place and the
two leading vessels surrendered, while
a well directed shot from the thirtytwo
pounder sent the treasure ship,
with all on board, said to be two hundred,
to the bottom. The remaining
vessels escaped by superior sailing, and
the Britain brought his captives to
! Kingston. The newspaper now calls
| for volunteers to hunt for this hidden
; and possibly apochrypbal treasure.
2so thoughtful man can read without
dismay and sorrow the story of the
young Baltimore lad who was arrested
i in \"pu- Vnrlr fnr fnrcrf>r\' Thfi liov
who is only fifteen years old, was employed
in the Baltimore Produce Exchange,
where he earned good wages,
held a reputable position, and assisted
in taking care of his mother, who is a
widow. But this lad was ambitious.
" He bought pools and speculated on
j horse-races, and in that way became
involved in financial difficulties." That
| is to say, this fifteen-year-old boy gamj
bled as grown men gamble, and com
Ulll/bCU Ct JLUlgClJ dd JJIUVVJ-L JLllCll WHT"
mit forgen-, in order to " get even"
with the world. It is a sorrowful
thing to consider that one more young
life has begun so unpromisingly and
that shame and disgrace h;."e been
brought into one more household.
But more lamentable than this is the
! fact that society is so feverish with
I the haste to be rich and so callous to
C the requirements of honesty and fair
! dealing, that this lad should have been
| involved in financial difficulty in any
I way, and that he should attempt to esI
cape from his embarrassments by for!
gery. It is no new thing that boys
1 should be "fast." Unhappily,this has
long been true of many boys. But
this particular case reveals a precocious
! greed for money-making which is start|
lingly abnormal.
The >*ew York "Ferries.
! The ferries of New York city emj
ploy seventy-two large steamers and
! one thousand live hundred men, exj
elusive, of course, of many summer
: excursion lines. The principal com'
puny is that which controls the five
: most important ferries to Brooklyn.
| It employs about four hundred men
and nineteen boats. About sixty
million passengers are carried by it anI
nually, and the daily earnings are over
two thousand eight hundred dollars in
; summer and over two thousand five
j hundred dollars in winter.
The pilots are paid one hundred and
1 twenty-five dollars a month each. They
! are seamen who entered the river-ser;
vice as deck-hands, and before promoI
tion they have been required to show
; thorough familiarity with the treach|
erous currents of the river. A countless
flotilla is in their path day and
| night, and they must have both disj
cretion and nerve to avoid the sloops
! and schooners which drift about helpi
lesslv when the wind falls.
The engineers are paid ninety dollars
and one hundred dollars a month, the
firemen sixty dollars a month and the
deck-hands fifty dollars a month.
The largest boats are employed on
the North river in connection with the
railways which have their termini in
Jersey City. Some of them are one
thousand tons measurement or as large
as the smaller ocean steamers, and they
are strong enough to crush through j
the great ice-floes which often fill the j
river in winter. j ,
House Slops.
Ail economical farmer writes: This
is wnat i ao wicn my nouse siojj;>?x
have most of it carried and thrown on
tOjth>; stable minure, which is under
cover. This irakes the manure in
better order for use in three months
than it otherwise would be in nine
months. I also keep a box or barrel
near the kitchen packed full of the
short straw* and dust such as comes
from a fanning mill, etc. Into this
barrel or box are thrown small quantities
of wash and dish water. The
water drains th rough, leaving the substance
in the straw and dust. "When
it is fully charge d I move it away ana
supply another box. You "will be
surprised to see what a valuable
feeder you will acquire during the
year. This substance is generally
thrown on the ? "round, which finds its
way into the .veil, is drank and followed
by sickness in the family.
Handling Horses.
Men differ greatly in the amount of
work they can get out of a team of
horses, and the animals know this as
well as the drivers. Some will fret
end sweat a team when onlv drawing
an empty wagon, while others will
drive the same horses before a large
load and not wet a hair. This difference
is more easily seen than described.
Kindiess in manner and
tone of voice go a great way toward
making the lead draw easily, the
owner's handling of the reins is frequently
far different than that of the
hired man. Wt have seen teams kept
poor in flesh by an almost incessant
worry from an ill-fitting harness, an
inhuman jerking upon the b;ts, or a
frequent and injudicious use of the
whip. Boys are not exempt from
these strictures. Many teams have
had their usefulness impaired by a disregard
of the feeling of the horses,
It is not tne weu-iea norses oniy i;nav
does the most work and keeps in the
best condition; he must also have a
kind master, and be treated with a just
regaru for equine sensibility.?Agriculturist.
IDirectlons for Seeding Lawns.
Prepare the ground by having it
thoroughly plowed, harrowed, cleaned
and leveled. If poor, put in plenty
of manure?say forty loads per acre.
"When stable manure is difficult to obtain
use bonedust?one ton p^r acre.
If wet, see that it is properly uramed.
The months of September and October
are generally considered the most
favorable time fcr preparing the ground
and sowing the seed, as it makes sufficient
growth the same season to resist
the winter frost, which kills all annual
weeds and leaves the grass clean.
When the SDrino; comes the crass is
ready to start with the first of "the season,
and covers the surface, which
prevents the intrusion of the weeds ;
that is. to say, it has the start of its
enemies, hence the advantage of seeding
down in the fall. "When it is not
practicable to do so at that season
it shoidd be don<? as early in the spring
as possible.
The sowing of the seed should be
carefully done. Choose a calm day
and see that the seed is distributed
<m/l -n / \+- -i r>
UVeULJLV U\Ci tuc ?>UiJ.av.c, anvi nvyu aia
spots, which looks bad, and is far from
being creditable to the sower. After
the seed is sown cover it with a light
seed harrow, or brush placed between
two boards, say i;en feet long and nailed
together. Finish by rolling.
Two and one-half bushels of seed and
one pound of white clover Avill be sufficient
for an acre.
The next important thing to be attendee!
to in making a lawn is to keep
the giass short; it ought to be mown
every two weeks, rolled whenever opportunity
offers, and top dress every
fall ? Young & Elliott's Catalogue.
xx 11 xxtm$rcm^-fimiiccrc-ganieutn" m - J
A AT. rvy*/-\n r\ rl rv?or?^r on/l
plants nearly every variety of truck
known to the market. The French
gardener gives himself up to the cultivation
of a special class or succession
of fruits or vegetables, and by long
study and pract ice, by experimenting
with various manures, soils and modes
of culture, arrives at perfection. lie
is also much more economical of space
and more prodigal of labor than we
are, or, in fact, than we need be. lie
seldom suffers his ground to lie fallow;
crop succeeds crop in endless*rotation;
ine caauiiower is set among me mtuuu
bills, ready to spread as soon as the
melons are gathered. Between the
rows of asparagus are planted early
potatoes, lettuce, etc., in such a manner
as to keep the ground constantly fruitful,
and when the weather becomes
frosty and the sun loses a goodly share
of its forcing power large bell glasses
are employed, one of which is placed
over each plant?especially in the case
of the salads?and heat is then
concentrated upon it until its full
growth is fairly attained. The enormous
size of the French asparagus is
f>Tiinflv rlnp tn t.hp. nmnnpr r>f nlant.innr
Instead of settir.g the plants close together,
as we do, a space of at least
six inches square is allowed to each
"stool," which enables it to suck a
large amount o'nutriment from' the
soil and become a strong and solid plant.
Each stool is also manured repeatedly
every season, the soil being carefully
scraped away down to the roots, the
compost being placed around them and
the earth put back again. The French
system of cultivating the apple, pear
unH -noofh 1C Jll?A nfflllinr. TllR t'-pps;
are all grafted and dwarfed. A strong
wira is stretched along in front of each
row, about three feet above the ground.
Upon this wire a single branch of each
tree is trained, and as soon as well
started this branc-n is made, by heavy
pruning, the only fruit-bearing one, on
the tree. The consequence is that the
entire strengtli of the tree goes to the
nourishing of the fruit upon this
branch, and the fruit becomes h:rge
and fair in proportion. This process,
by-the-bye, is borrowed from the
Farm an-.l Garden Nctes.
Fresh barnyard manure is conducive
to potato rot, and if used it should
always be largely mixed with lime or
saline manures.
Trees that liaye a good top-dress.ing
of straw, chip manure, sawdust or
shavings will b?i found growing well
dnring the hot months, when they will
- -11 ? 1
ripen up iui tiic lien tvuiru ? c.u m uic
Do not water your plants a little at
x time too frequently. A thorough
wetting less frequently is better. Continual
wetting kills the plants. A
little wood-ashes put on the earth will
remedy the trouble sometimes when it
has already been brought about.
Every farmer should grow plenty of
small and orchard fruits. "When per
feetly ripe they are healthful, and will
keep the system in good order : but
half-ripe fruit is to be shunned. A
nice row of blackberries, raspberries,
currants and the like around the garden
fence affords substantial enjoyment.
In regard to fattening geese an experienced
practitioner says: Put up
two or three in a darkened room, and
give each bird one pound of rats daily,
thrown on a pan of water. In four
teen days they will be found almost
too fat. Xever shut up a single bird,
as geese are sociable, and will pine
away if left alone..
By the use of short wliifiletrees, and
some kind of muzzle for the horse the
cultivator or horse-hoe can be kept
running quite late in the corn. "When4-\~
^ if crltrml/1
ever uie giutmu 11 iu ....
stirred on the surface. Unless tno soil
is extremely well fertilized arrange
the truck for shallow culture, instead
of root pruning. Unproductive stalks
may be cut out for the covrs if one car j
get time.
Do not relax any efforts; in manure I
making at any season of the year. If ;
the cows are kept stabled at night dry :
earth or sandy loam may oe useo. ror j
bedding to absorb the liquid droppings j
made when at grass. Such manure |
should be abundantly supplied with |
absorbents or the hogs will not work j
it from the heap. They may be encouraged
somewhat by punching holes |
deep into the piles an-3 putting some |
shelled corn into tu' v _-s.
The Massachusetts agricultural society
concludes that salt, as a manure,
has the property of hastening the
maturing of all grain crops; that
wheat on salted land will ripen six to
ten days earlier than on unsalted land,
all other conditions being equal; that
it incre:ises the yield from twenty-five
to fifty per cent.; that it stiffens the
straw and prevents rust and must;
that it checks, it; does not entirely
I prevent, the ravages of the chinch bug.
I The quantity used may be from 150
to 300 pounds per acre, but the
greater the quantity is the better.
Management, says a sensible writer,
is the cheapest and most practical manure
on the farm. The common plan
is to have but one pasture, upon which
cattle must graze at all times. If it
comes to the bare :>ods during seasons
of extreme drought the stock must
continue to grab away at the sod for
want of better food. This exposes the
roots of the grass to the sun and injures
or destroys the plant. Suppose
we should use our trees and shrubs in
that way, the deteriment to growth
would at once be apparent. Good management
with grass is as necessary as
with trees.
A correspondent of the American
Farmer says: I preserve green tomatoes
in this manner: Before the approach
of frost I spread about six
inches of straw in my hotbeds and in
all the cold frames that I can spare,
and when I think the tomatoes are no
longer safe in open'ground I pick them
from the vines and place them on the
straw in my frames, being careful not
to heap them much. I then put on
the sash and treat them pretty much
as I would tender plants in my hotbed,
giving them air whenever the weather
will permit. Tomatoes can be precar\'cn1
in thic xrmr nrtt.il .Tii.mifl.rv 1.
On no point do farmers mope need to
be admonished and exhorted than .in
the matter of breeding domestic animals.
The difference between a good
cow and poor one is the difference between
profit and loss. The best milkers
return twice as much as they receive,
the poorest run their owners in
debt. Touching cows, two points
should be insisted upon?the progeny
of the best must be raised not destroyed,
and they must be bred to the best, at
whatever cost and trouble. Xo citizen
has a moral right to own a strictly firstclass
cow unless he takes the trouble
to breed her to the best milking stock
and put her progeny into hands that
will care for it.?Rural Home.
Feeding young pigs is most profitable.
A bushel of corn will produce
more pounds of increase in weight
when fed to a pig three months old.
The cost of producing a given weight
of pork increases with the age of the
swine. If it is desirous to produce an
increase of one ton of pork by feeding
one hundred swine that increase will
be more cheaply obtained by feeding
pigs under six months of age than by
feeding those which are a year old and
older ones. The man who allows his
young pigs to have a scanty allowance
of food permits the opportunity for
most profitable feeding to slip by and
is obliged to produce his pork at an in.
creased cost by feeding when his swine
are older.
Cream Pancakes.?Take the yolks
%ugif ;''Mr
. your pail with lard and fry as thin as
: possible, grate sugar over them and
serve hot.
Russian Tea.?"Russian tea," or
tea with slices of lemon instead of milk
' or cream, is the best for those who suffer
from indigestion. It may be taken
11 hot, in cups, just like the ordinary tea,
and may be sugared or not, according
! to the taste; but it should never be
; strong. The lemon counteracts the
1 injurious properties of the "social
: herb," and when once a taste is acquired
for it, it will often be preferred
to milk.
! Cabbage Salad.?Two quarts of
finely-chopped or sliced cabbage, two
tablespoonfuls of salt, two of white
sugar, on*e of black pepper and one of
ground mustard; rub the yolks of four
hard-boiled eggs until smooth, add half
a cup of butter slightly warmed; mix
1 thoroughly with the cabbage, and add
a teacup of good cider vinegar. Serve
1 with the whites of the eggs sliced and
placed on the cabbage. Fresh, crisp,
; new cabbage sliced fine and eaten with
I good vinegar is easily digested and
1 often highly relished by those suffering
from a " weak stomach."
How to Can Corn.?Cut off the
com, scrape the cob with the back ox
the knife, pack the corn in the can
with a potato-masher, pound it down
till there are no spaces for air in the
: can, put on tne rubber ana top, screw
the ring on loosely, put the can in the
boiler, and boil two hours after the
water begins to boil, screw down the
ring and put in a cool place. It takes
one hundred good-sized ears to fill ten
quart cans. The success of this method,
let me say, depends on pounding down
the corn until it is packed solid in the
Household Hints.
Salt and water will prevent the hair
from falling out and will cause new
hair to grow. Do not use so strong as
io leave wane panicies upon me nair
when dry. A
Thin slices of bread dipped in tomato
sauce, and then fried in butter
until they are brown, take the place of
| an omelet. This is a good way to util!
ize stale bread.
The rind of a lemon is recommended
by a noted cook as giving a delicate
j flavor to tomato catsup. It should
| not be put in until the catsup is done
j and is cool. Cut in small pieces.
Blackheads may be removed by
washing the face at night -with hot
water, then drying briskly with a crash
towel and applying a mixture of one
rtiinna r\ 1 i n /~?y? s\f r\Afocco Orwl twn
UUUtt VI. iJV^UVi UJ. ?S\S UliU V t? V
ounces of cologne.
If you wish to clean your spice mill
you will find that by grinding a. handful
of raw rice through it this can be
! accomplished. The particles of spice
| and pepper, or of coffee, will not ad|
here to it after the rice is ground
j through it
The Empire of the Dead.
According to M. Maspero, the soil of
1 Egypt is thick with mummies. Dig in
j any part of the country and the pre
i served cornst-s of thfi ancient Effvu
j tians are brought to light. Indeed, at
; some distance from the Xile the soil is
j rendered unproductive and therefore
j cannot support population because of
j these artificially-preserved dead bodies.
; It is, after all, a wise provision of na|
ture which decrees that the body shall
: niolder away after death. The preser;
vation of the dead is unnatural, and, ;
i if universally done, would, in time,
; make the world uninhabitable except !
i by dried corpses. The cremationists
j have a new argument in the lesson
taught by the burial of the Egyptian
dead, but, after all, would it not be j
i better to place the bodies at once into i
. the earth, so that the component parts I
| would assimilate naturally with the '
: s?sil to which it belongs. Cemeteries '
' - ? - . 1 A . _ X _ 1
I an<t gravc-yarus violate tne intention ,
i of nature as much as did the burial ,
j customs of the Egyptians
A California Gold .Miner's Story.
Tn the pprlv in Pnlifomia. sflv?
a writer in the Downieville Messenger,
claims were small and road agents
numerous, and men, if they found a
nugget of extraordinary size, were
afraid their ground might be jumped
or themselves robbed and perhaps murdered
going below, and thus kept the
largest gold finds a secret until they
could get out of the mountain and the
State. The following facts, that have
never before been in print, I came
across in a most singular way, and I
?an relv on the word of the narrator.
In 1851 and 1852 I mined with a man
from Massachusetts named John Dodge
on several flats and places around
Downieville and the Middle Yuba. In
1853 I lost sight of him, but heard he
had gone East. In 1858 I went with
the rush to British Columbia, and
j worked out a good claim, and then
fnnlr -a trin tr> Australia. Tn <rnin<r
www*. V o O
from Sydney up to the mines we
camped on a creek by the roadside,
where a great many teams stopped on
their up and down trips, as water
supply in that dry climate was a long
way apart. The great teams and
American wagons arrived along toward
evening on the creek in a perfect
As we were eating supper we heard
a teamster's voice that I thought was
familiar, and driving into camp I
strolled among the teams, and almost
the tirst man I met was my old Downieville
partner. He was glad to see me,
and 1 being so recently from Downie
ville, he requested me to call after he
had fed his animals and eaten his own
meal, to talk over old times in California.
He owned the whole fit-out
that he was driving?was freighted up,
buying hides, tallow and other colonial
products, oh his own account for back
freight. He had married in the country
and was doing a profitable business
with his team.
After talking of old times here in
California, the whereabouts of old
friends and acquaintances, he said:
; ' Bv-the-bye, George, you never knew
why or liovv I left California so suddenly?"
I answered "No;" but he
had not slipped from my memory; but
many men in the mines like ourselves
were missed, and often turned up
thousands of miles away. He said, "I
can give you the eventful story now."
" VVell, when we worked together in
the summer of '52 on the Middle Yuba
I heard you tell of the rich claim and
coarse gold you found on Slate Castle
ravine on the south fork, one mile
above Downieville. Myself and Bill
JLiopKins, togetner wiui aijerman pariner,
-went quietly there in the summer
of '53 and occupied an old cabin that
had been deserted and the ground
abandoned. We stripped the claim in
another direction, and came across the
lead containing coarse gold, as you had
described, and made for two -weeks per
man from -one to three ounces. The
ground was getting deeper and heavy
-i.??a T 4-^A ? /}?; #>
iu sliip, tUiU jl suiilcu a oiuaii. uiui iu
see how wide the lead was before
we stripped further ahead It
was Saturday, about noon. The
ground continued still to pay, and
we were down in a soft slate crevice,
when I struck the pick into a bright
lump of gold that seemed to run into
the solid gravel. I tried to pry it out,
but it was too lirmly imbedded. Then
I dug carefully around it, and it appeared
to grow larger as I dug the
gravel away. "We placed one on the
lookout to see that no one surprised
us, and I tell you we were excited; and
after some time I got it loose, and by
hard lifting, and there it lay, almost
pure gold, nearly the shape of a heart,
ana it fitted exactly the bottom of the
crevice. The quartz that was attached
to it was crystallized, and would not
exceed three pounds in weight. We
got it in the cabin as quick as possible
"the bunks, intending "to "^examine it
more thoroughly at night.
"We stayed away from town on
nn/1 Clnn/^ov Ortrl KrAnrrllf if
kJtll'UJL KX<XJ tUiU KJ y Ci^AVt */AV/U.qAAU 1U
out at night to feast our eyes upon it
again, and each guessed it would
weigh at least two hundred pounds.
We concluded not to take it up to town
to weigh, but divide it some way; for
if it were known there would be intense
excitement. We had gold scales,
but they would only weigh one and a
half pounds. After some time spent
in. consultation, Bill Hastings suggested
a rough pair of original scales;
we piled on rock and iron weighed by
the gold scales till we got the balance,
arid the nugget brought down two
hundred and thirty-one pounds, gold
weight. We burned the quartz and
i thoroughly nicked it out with
I " A
the point of a knife; the pure
gold then brought down two
! hundred and twenty-seven pounds,
i and the grand specimen looked more
j beautiful than ever. If we had taken
it to Longton express office thrre would
have been the wildest excitement. On
Monday we cleaned up the remainder
of the crevice and it paid well, but to
us the pay now seemed small in comparison.
Now each had enough. "We
had at least $50,000 to divide, enough
to make all three comfortably rich.
Xo doubt we could have made more by
exhibiting it, but we could not run the
\\Ta t-.aitta tn flin r>nr>r>l nnn tn
cut it up, divide it, roll each one's
share up in his own blankets, and start
for the steamer to Panama and the Atlantic
States. I went to town on Monday
evening, got a sharp cold chisel
made to cut and divide the prize in
eqgal shares, and it took us about alJ
night to cut and weigh it with our rude
" It seems like vandalism to destroy
the grandeur of such a precious specimen
of nature's work. At the first
j blow of the chisel it sank deep into the
j pure yellow metal, it was so soft and
I yielding. Before daylight we had
completed our singular dividend. We
caved down the b;mk near the mouth
of the drift, took a brief sleep, got
! breakfast, roiled up our blankets and
passed through town early, not caring
to bid any one good-bye, and then no
explanations were required. "We left
the cabin and everything for the first
lucky ones to possess. There was
nlontv nmrp <nYlfl no 'doubt. for the
rA~?" ? o?? ? '
ground we left contained big pay; but
we had $16,000 or $17,000 each, and
were satisfied with our good fortune.
"\Ve tried to appear like three prospectors,
carrying our blankets, and
hurried to San Francisco, arrived in
time to board the next steamer and
landed safely in Xew York. I have
| many a time regretted the way we de!
stroyed that natural gold specimen,
j perhaps-the largest ever found in the
! world in ancient or modern times."
j "When I returned to Downieville
j after fourteen years' absence, I visited
| old Slate Castle ravine and tried it
j once more, but twenty years had nearly
! exhausted its riches; still I tried, and
j made small wages, but its glory had
j departed. My old partner, Dodge, was
I an earnest, truthful man, I believe
| tons of gold were carried below in early
I 1-iL. l-.-l... oil l-Jn.lo
limes U\ LI1U 1UCM ClLIVl 14AA AillUi?
of deviecs were adopted to evade the
highwaymen, and often large parties
went below together, well armed, and,
perhaps, many a large nugget, besides
; millions of dollars in gold dust, never
i again saw the light until it was safely
; deposited in the banks or mints of the
Atlantic States.
The largest suspension bridge in this
world will be the one now building
between Brooklyn and New York city.
The length of the main span is 1,585
*?v jn/.iiou TJip pntirft length of
the bridge is 5,980 feet.
" 'Twere better we had never met,"
as the goat -remarked after his unsuccessful
attempt to knock a cast-iron
dog clear across a three-acre lawn.
1 Scenes at the >'ew York Ilorsc Markets
| The stranger who is passing Twentyj
fourth street, in the Third avenue elevated
railroad, does not need to be told
| that he is 111 the vicinity of the great
! horse marts of the city. ' His olfactory
nerves speedily assure him of the fact.
If anything further is needed he has
j only to glance out of the car windows
; and he will catch fleeting glimpses of
! stable boys and men, whose "horsy"
proclivities are not to Jje mistaken, enj
gaged in handling refractory beasts or
j discussing the points of the animals
j with the air of connoisseurs. Let the
j stranger get olf at Twenty-third street
! station and spend an hour among the
I numerous long, narrow stables that
i make up the neighborhood known to
! Xew Yorkers as "The Bull's Head,"
j and he will wonder where all the horses
come from that supply this market.
| The countryman who spends days hag
i gimg over a traue win see a single
dealer sell horses as fast as the stablemen
can trot them before the eyes of
the purchasers.
" How many horses do you sell in a
year?" asked a Tribune reporter, recently,
of a Bull's Head dealer.
"Ten or twelve thousand," he replied.
" Where do they all come from ?"
" From all over the country ; Canada,
theJSew JEngiaL l Mates, tne jJiiacue
States, the Southern States and the
Western States, and recently there
have been importations of the thicknecked,
heavy Xorman horses from
France. These latter are for breeding
purposes. To supply this market
thirty thousand horses a year are required.
Every street railroad keeps a
man scouring the country for suitable
horses for its use. They want light,
quick horses that weigh about 1,100
pounds. The brewery and egress
companies and the heavy truckmen
wilTtake the largest horses they can
get. The nearer to 2,000 pounds a
horse weighs, the more they will pay
for him. It is to supply this demand
that the Norman horses are being
brought to this country. I have a
stable of Xorman horses, one of streetcar
horses, one filled with old hacks to
sell to street peddlers, and one where
the young fellow who wants to take
his girl out behind a 1 toppv' team can
be accommodated."
When the young horse is brought
from the country he receives his
"breaking in" at the hands of the
street-car or truck-driver. In either
case the result is the same. He
is 'well fed and well groomed, but
driven remorselessly over the Belgian
V>W.l.-e fVip twn vp;itx until hfi is stiff
and spavined. Then he is sold on a
" cleaning out" day to a street peddler.
The poor horse then finds that his
troubles have just begun, and henceforth
there is only the watchful humanity
of Mr. Bergh to protect him.
Last year Mr. Bergh kindly killed
about 1,500 of these horses. Then
their carcasses were sent to Barren
Island. There every particle of them
is utilized. Their bones are made into
knife handles and combs and find a
ready sale. Their hides are tanned for
leather, and their hoofs are made into
glue and mucilage.?New York Tribune.
Healthy Teeth.
The Herald (X. Y.) correspondent
with the party in search of the lost
crew of the Jeannette was impressed
by the beauty of the teeth of natives
of Northern Siberia. He saw old men
of sixty and seventy with sets of teeth
small and pearly white, polished and
healthy. Decay and suffering are unknown.
A physician of Yakutsk attributed
this to the habits and the kind
of food eaten by the natives, and to a
certain care taken by them from childhood
up. First, the natives do
not touch sugar in any form,
? *-vl r\ rnocATi f.V&of".
i they cannot afford to buy it.
C/> * *? ** "* * "?
Printing aailv large quantities "of ferinented
sour milk summer and winter,
which is antiscorbutic, and is very
beneficial in preserving the teeth. And
lastly, they have the habit of chewing
a preparation of the resin of the fir
tree, a piece of which, tasting like tar,
they masticate after every meal, in
order specially to clear the teeth and
gums of particles of food that may
remain after meals. The gum or resin
is prepared and sold by all apothecaries
in Siberia, and is much used by
Russian ladies.
Tlie Plain of the Journey of Death.
Nearly every one has read of the
Journey of Death, ninety miles wide,
located in tlie "western part of New
Mexico. It is a' plain covered with
grass and delightful to the eye, but was
for some years entirely devoid of
water. The soil was Of a peculiarly
porous quality, but would not hold the
rain that fell on the surface. It was
J the great bugbear of emigrants travel|
ing through the Southwest, hundreds
; of whom with their cattle have perished
with thirst within its confines.
Some individual, however, went over
it prospecting for water and finally,
after expending some thousands of dollars,
succeeded in striking an abundj
arce of water in a well dug about mid{
way - of the plain, where he made
considerable money supplying emigrants
with water. The government
I afterward bought the well, making it
I free, paying the owner a very consid
erable sum for it. Since that, however,
the railroad lias been built across the
plain and the company has dug innumerable
wells, so that the plain has become
a real grazing ground.
Says the Brooklyn Eagle: Mr. R. C. Moore,
of Messrs. Vernam & Co.,34 New street. New
; York, was almost instantly relieved by St.
i Jacobs Oil of severe pain following an attack
! of pleurisy. The remedy acted like magic.
A prosperous Michigan baby-cari
riacre manufactory had its origin in
j the birth of fifteen babies in the town
; in thirteen days. A carpenter got the
'job of making carriages for the whole
number and from that start the business
The art connoisseur and exhibitor, Prof
Cromwell, was cured of rheumatism by St.
Jacobs Oil ?Norfolk Virginian.
! It is very easy to stare false reports.
Just because a Philadelphia woman
while buying a broom wanted one with
a heavy and strong handle, it was reported
around that she was in the
j habit of beating her husband.
A .Smart .Han
i -c nnA nrhn r1rw?? Viw wnrlr nniofclv nnrt tcnll.
| This is what Dr. R. V. Pierce's '"Golden Medii
eel Discovery" does as a blood purifier and
j strengthened It arouses the torpid liver,
I purifies the blood, and is the best remedy for
j consumption, which is scrofulous disease of
the lung3.
at sale of public lands at Austin, Texas,
60,000 i cres were sold at fifty cents, a man
| named Forsyth taking it all.
IScaatifnl Wosneo
j are made pallid and unattractive by functional
irregularities, which Dr. Pierce's
j "Favorite Prescription" will infallibly cure.
' Thousands of testimonials. By druggists.
The Kentucky penitentiary numbe ?
i among its inmates ten children under the
| age of fifteen.
Extra-varan ce
j is a crime: and ladies~can?iof afford to do
! -without Dr. Pierce's "Favorite Prescription,"
| which, by preserving and restoring health,
j preserves and restores that beauty -which dej
pends on healthy
I At Henrys. N. C.. a vein of meerschaum
; of extremely fine quality has been discov;
Pens cod-lxvee oix.,"from selected livens..
! on the seashore, by Caswell, Hazard ?? Co., N.
Y. Absolutely pure and sweet Patients who
! have once taken it prefer it to all others.
; Physicians declare it superior to all other oils.
Chapped hands, f--.ee. pimples and rough
i skin cured by using Juniper Tar Soap, niadj
| by Caswell, Hazard & Co., Now York.
Mother Shipton's prophecy is about 400 years i
old. Every prophecy has been fulfilled except
; the end of the world. Buyyocr Carbolins, a
deodorized extract of petroleum.the great-hnir
restorer, before the world comes to an end.
I ~~
Professional Kno-wletljej I
Jicbsei Crrr, N. J.. Sep:. 16,1881. I
H. IL Wabxeb & Co.: Sirs?I have been |
cured of Eright's Disease by using tha reir.e- i
dy known as Warner' Safe Kidney and Liver >
i Cure. Rrrus W. Peacock, iL D. \
{ Eighty-hght Swiss convents contain 546 1
I -rvvoTii or?#i > n n f inmn^. Th^ acfrrfi- \
! gate wealth i- 5, XX),000 francs. j ^
25 Cent* Will Buy '
| a Treatise upon the Horse and his Diseases. \
j Book of 100 pages. Valuable to every owner ! |
of horses. Postage stamps taken. Sent ! \
j postpaid by New York Newspaper Union, 150 \
i Worth Street, New York. j*^
Cattarh of tlio Bladder. "j
Stinging irritation, inflammation and all : (;
KidneyandUrinaryCornpiaintscaredby'"Biz- j *
chupaiba." $1. Druggists. Send for pam- ! 6
phlet to E. S. Wells. Jersey City, N. J. t <
The Science of Life, or Self-Preservation, a \
medical work for every m?n?yoang, middle- /
aged or old. 125 invaluable prescriptions. *
William J. Couahlin, of Somervills. Mas3., sirs: 6
In the fall of 1876,1 was taken with BLZiDEca 07 "
the lungs, followed b7 a severs coush. I lost my ?
appetite and flesh, and wasconflasi to my bed. Ia J
1S771 was admitted to the Hospital. The doctore ^
said I had a hole in my luns as biz as a fca.'i aoiiar. j j
At one time a report went around that I was dead, j S
I gave up hope, but a friend told me of DS- AVIL- j ?
KOt abottlo, when to my surprise, I commenced to 5
feel better, and to-da71 feel better than for three &
years past.
BAKER'S PAIN PANACEA cures pain in llan or
Beast. For use externally or internally.
ALLE>'S BRAIN FOOD!?Most reliable tonic
for toe Brain and <Jcnerative Organs. It
positively core* Nervous Debility and restores lout .
virile powtsrs. Sold by drugziits. SI; 6 for S-5. l'
Free by mail on receipt of pric*. JOHN H. 5
ALLEN, Chemist, CI j F'rjt Avenue, New York.
25 Cents vrill Bay a Treatise upon D8
Horse and his Dissasss. Book of 100 pages. Valuable
to every owner of horses. Postage stamps taken. Sent
po?tpaid by iN?.v? ium
150 Worth etrect, 3ew York.
- 9 i
Beef cattle, good to prime, lw 11 @ 12 <
halves, com n to prime veals 8 @ 10 <
L-ieep \
Lambs 6 @ 7%
Hogs?Live %] {(& $3?
Dressed, city. ll/[email protected] 11?^'
Flour?Ex. St., good to fancy 4 55 @ 7 00
West, good to choice 5 05 (3 8 75
Wheat-No. 2 Red. 1 07%@ 1 09
No. 1 White 1 [email protected] 1 14
Rye?State 71 @ 77
Barley?Two-rowed State ... 1 07 (a 1 12}-?
Corn?Ungrad. West, mixed. 71 @ 77
V^iT/vrer SUvithArn 92 (cb 92
Oats?White State 43 (3 53%
Mired" Western 32 @ 42
Hay?Prime Timothy 75 @ 95
Straw?No. 1, Rye 55 @ 60
Hops?State, 1881, choice .55 @ 60
Pork?Mess, new, for export.21 70 (S21 90
Lard?City Steam 12 25 @12 25
Refined 12 7o @12 7o
Petroleum?Crude . 6>^@ TA
Refined 7>?(g 1%
Butter?State Creamery 28 (? 32
Dairy 17 @ 2o
West Irn. Creamery. 18 @ 26
Factory 15 @ 18
Cheese?State Factory 8 @ 11%
Skims 2 @ 5
Western 5%@ 10%
Eggs?State and Penn 25 @ 26
Potatoes?L. L, bbl 2 50 @ 2 62
Steers?Good to Choice 6 25 @ 6 75
Lambs?Western 500 @565
Sheep?Western 4 25 @ 4 65
Hogs?Good to choice Yorks. 8 00 (& S 70
Floor?C'y ground n. process. 7 25 @ 8 25
Wheat?o.l, Hard Duluth.. 1 20 @ 1 21
Corn?No. 2, Mixed 72 @ 74
Oats?No. 2, Mixed Western. 64 @ 65
Barley?Two-rowed State ... SO @ 90
Beef?Ex. plate and family.. 17 50 @18 00
Hogs?Live 8 @ 9
City Dressed 113^@ 11%
Pork?Ex. Prime, per bbl.. .21 00 @21 50
?CnMti rf Wlioat natpntc 7 9/> frf) 8 7f5
Corn?High Mixed 84 (3 85
Oats?Ertra White 50 @ 52
Rye?State 85 @ 90
Wool?Wsh'd comb <fc delaine 44 @ 48
Unwashed " 28 @ 3)
Beef?Extra quality 7 50 @ 8 37^
Sheep?Live weight 5 @ 6
limbs . 5
Hogs?Northern, d. w 11 %(& 11%
Flour?Penn. ex family, good 8 25 @ 8 25
Wheat?No. 2, Red 1 02 @ 1 02
Rye?State 97 @ 97
Com?State Yellow. 82 (3> 82
Oats?Mixed 69 @ 69
Butter?Creamery Extra Pa. 32 & 32
Cheese?N. Y. Full Cream... 11%@ 12
Petroleum?Crude 6 @ 7
tvc.uu.cu ..? |
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago, ^
Backache,'Soreness of the Chest, \ '
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell- ,
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily '
Tooth, Ear and Headache , Frosted I
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
Kg Preparation on oarth equals St. Jieous On.
as a safe, sure, aim-pie and cheap Extern*!
IUaedy. A trial entails but the comparatively
trifling outlay of SO Cents, and every ono suffering I
with paia can havo cheap and poeitive proof of its
claims. -J o
Directions In Eleven Lacguagofl.
Baltimore, 2ftL, V. 8. JL | .
K Y NU?3S } J
An Only Daughter Cured of
Consxunution. I '
When death wm hourly expected, all remedies having I ]
failed, and Dr. H. .Tames was experimenting with th<? ! J
many herbs of Calcutta, he accidentally made a pre- j
paration which caJcd Ills only child of Consumption. I '
Kis child is now in this country, snd enjoying the be-it [
of health. He has proved t?thuw-?rM '"-.-t ?" cijup.
tion can be positively and D"-i> - - i. " : ) . doctor
now (rives this Rocipc frre, <:: y .1 .'.,41three- .
cent stamps to pay expenses. Tuis lierbais-t cures >"ight I
Sweats, Juausea at the Stomach, and will break up a .
frosh Cold in twenty-four hoars. Address CraddocK & ?
Co., 1032 Race Street, Philadelphia, naming this paper. _
^^^^1 That terrible Jcocrga j
: rj ??>.. 6EIJ5JUTCB remittent, besides si- |
I . v feet ions Of the stom^?*5CE"
*ch, liveraod bowels,
^*5 produced by miaematgAffLjs33&
% tic air and water, are
^ ~ ^>0^1 enu^cat?<^ a:l^
and mcro extensi7eJy
used as a remedy for
' the above class of disw
orders, as well as" for
Hkfr ., STOMACH ^ F*3 many others, than ?wy
&S B $?? ???#fl ??3 ^S?x medicine of the .-%J:e>. j
O w Pi f&? For si!? by ail Drag^3?
H C M pS fa ^*fcp'^ gists and Dealers sen- I r,
* a g fcflg- ejaKy. | 2
flk 0 &2 ? Rrc certainly best, having been so I
IStsSsSra^ decreed at EVtltV (-REAT I
i o.fBBoflBiags^a w??rr.irs ivnrsTierAr. i i
j Co3fPJif ITiil.V for SIXTEEN YEARS; no i VI
I other American Orjr^ns having been found equal at any. c
Also CHEAPEST. Stjrlo 1<j9; 3*t octaves; sufficient I C
compass and power, with best Quality, for popular j I
sacred and secular music in schools or families, at only J
S30, So7, S6G, S'2. S78, S93, S10S. S 11 J, I
to S'30O and upward. The larger styles ere tchoity u,<- ' 7
rivaled b'l any other Organs. Also for easv payments. t'
P, E\ Fi3 This Company Iiato commenced c.
hc3K83N^S th" manufacture of UPRIGHT
ES$S w URAM> PIANOS, introducing ]
i important improvements ; adding to power and beauty of
1 tone and durability. Will not require tuning ane-qunrter r
\ as much as othrr I'ianos. ILLUSTRATED CIR- {"
CULARS, with full particulars, tree. 0
j PIANO CO., 1.54 Trciuo:it Sr., Hoston; 48 E. "
| 14th St., N. York: 140 Wabash Ave.,Chicago. ?
1 ^Common Pbotoaranh,ornny ut her kind of small 1
I picture. We will send fi:ll dC'HcriptioiiH, prico, <-;c., *
J toany reliable manorwom.mwho willact aaour.ijjent. 1 8
i Tosuchapartywecfferapcruianentand profitable 1
I business of the highest respectability. Photo-Copying r
] agents should address cs by letter, stating experience, !
| quality of work they handie, and prices j>vd. _ THE ,
AUBURN COFYIXJ CO., and ST <i?neic? A
Street. Aabcrn, New York. p
YAIIHR UCH If you want to Issni tc'.-sr^hy in a C
1 \JfUrtU IWEll few months ar.d be certain ot .1 situa.
[ tion, address Valentine Bros., Jamwille. "Win. !
<9 tent* bu*j 3 I.oielv Ad. Cards and a Xcne r
SuchCoolt Boo!<._<;. C. Han ford, Syracuse. X. V.
ynw TO MAKE. A FORTUNE, only 10c. C. B? I
ft J W THUKBEK, Box 41, Bay Shore, X. V. 4
LkkU I ?" a - PRINTI9
j Docs o laso backoradiscrdar*dTirinela4L
j csto tiat yea aro a victim? TTrgy jjo KOT s
! hzsiimts; hzo KCDN57-WOBT at onMbK "*.
I (i^^rlsts rocosncad it) and it trill speedily 18
> ?*c?cozze the disease zn<l restore healthy aatiaa,f?
[t 13 "a SURECUREfor all >11
I DESEASES of the LIVER.*! * .f
1 It fcaa specific action on most important C
j organ, onabling it to tirow oi? torpidity and B
; action, Btinulatias tiis healthy socretion cf the 9
El>, and by keeping tho bowels infceeoondi- f
j; tica,ito rggslar I
i * rU35?l5??ia ^yonaresn2feringl^om c * ^3
|| eaaC?3CiI l<3a inalaria, have the oh?l?,
i' trc "bilious, dyspeptic, or constipated, Kidney- C
!: "Wen -willsnrely rsUoToaiid Qnickly cere.. *C
:| In the Spring, to clrmsc tia Sygtrrn, every 9
!;onachoaldteioaticrosc'A.conrsooflt fcj
I ? ? For comply pe?o2i*rto'J
I LatC4,^63WSayour:ez, cachaa^ainead
: ireainewes, KLDN3Y-W02.T is tmsgrpaoaed. I
j: cj it Trill act promptly and safely. ?. g
3thrr Cez. Incontinence, retention of oxlne,' G # j*!
j! bricidnst crropy deposits, and dnll dragging B
i pfiins.aU speedily yield to its carattygpo^er. p
!| grit Acts at the same time cn the 7TTTOTES8, J?
j'LTV33. ZI-TD EOWXL3.JCJ For Constipation, g JfrfA
(i Piiss.orShcnmatismit is a permanent cnxo. jl fi ^ .
i! SOLD EY DRUGGISTS. Pr!ceSI.*<*i | /
mbhiswism j
ggia Afrf rtMH ^
oldest aud the standard 15rument of the
United States. Large size, SLOO; medium 50 'i
cents: small, 23 cents; small size tor faxgfiy
use, 23 cents; Merchant's Worm Tablet*. 4.
cents. For sale by every druggist and deafer
in general merchandise. '
For Family Usft {
The Gargling Oil Liniment frith uiQua '
ymxppsR, prepared for human flesh, id pat
up in email bottles only, and daca not stttta
the skin. Price 23 cents. W-Tlid
Gargling Oil Almanac ier 1S83
Is now in the hands of our printer, snd wflj
be ready for distribution during the months
of November and December, 1882. The A?- 4
irt&nSc for the coming year will be more useful
and instructive than ever, and willbe
sent free to any address. Write for one. . ????
Ask the Nearest Druggist.
,v 'it the dealers in your place do not keep.
Merchant's Gargling Oil for sale, insist updft
" ?V. ?? tVair Mt "HM
weir sending' 10 us. or nu?o . .._ _
mediciac-i, and petit. Keep the bottle wean
corked, and shake it before using:. Yelknrl
wrapper for animal and white for human*
flesh. . I
Special Notice." j"
The Merchant's Gars-ling: Oil has been to
use as a liniment for half a century.' All yA
, ask is a fair trial, but be sure and follow directions.
The Gargling Oil and Merchant's Worm
Tablets are for sale by all drujnrists and dealera
in general merchandise throc^hout the *
Manufactured at Lockport, Jf. Yi by Marchant's
Garbling: Oil Company. .
[ Secretary. ^
pta wns -11
For Sale tar all laadinjr Piano Hoc aw. CAZA
'2E?T ^
Sellable, Durable and Economical, via fvrnith a
horse power teiA lets fuel and vaur toon am other
Engine built, not fitted with an Automatic Oufc-off. Send
for Illustrated Catalogue "J" for Informationart
Prices. B. W. Pay>*e & Soss, Box 860, Corning, N.Y.
<# Get up Clubs &r oar cklb- -S^sSSi
Bb3S? SEATED 1X13, isd ?cu? a Wstltal
"2?j:j H?o cr Sold Sui Tea Set,'1
?'*"*>' enr own taporUtlon. OM
SaBajainViVrl or thtie bcacUfal T? S?U clTtm ?v?y
to t?e party ???iUnr ? Club for }5i.OO. B?war? of Cta* ao-ct&M
* CECJ.P TIAS " that ar? btlax a<irertU?d?tliey ar? 6*ac*r*a :
l?<ltf?trl??e?Ul to health?t!oir pclton. D?al only wit&wDrtll ?
2oe?t? aid wits firat bands If po?tlbI?. No liurobuf. * . ^
Tho Great American Tea Co., Importers,
r. o. Jot as. ;i * a teszt st., x?w Tqa. -5^.
Br? In tlie world. Get the gennine- Eyer*
mckage hn* our ir*?5??-iTmrk nn?i >* marked
trn7.cr>*. SOLD EVERYWHERE. if
Parsonv t'nrgntlve Pills mako liew Ktea . .?
Blood, and will completely change the blood ia the eaire
system ia three months. Any person who will talcs
mo pill each nipht from 1 t-o 12 weeks may be re?tor*d
/> scrnnd health if ccch a tfcinjj be possibly. Sold ?rery- l.jjs
rhore or wnt by mail for eifrht >tter*tamps.
I. S. JOHNSON & CO-, Boston, Slatt* fornerly
Bangor, 31c.
& ^' Sf*
W BestCooghSyrnp. Tastes good. {a
^SMbreE^aawiMay *
^BV WnT TTASTC MONET! Yoni* ?r old. ^
38 A If too wiat * Luxcnaot nooiuckc, t^rxnr "?
f^TC wb'ukon or & hr**T rrvrth of h?ir c? fetM fl v!
? ? v h^i! or to THICKEN. STRKXGTi1LN ud hgW
!X?lGORAT? tbo flAJR *ojw??r? doa't bo hu?tba?r*d. |T- ' ?H
rr7 tbo ma Sp*n:*t ducotrry whtcb bu NKVXR VJT vPnC^X
JZZ, Box'1643. C?c.'o, Mm i^raxc of oil IrrHifWog.
fee?. '?112 A ULTMAS A TAYLOR CO..
JT Fruit Evaporator?So' on theeartli. Vomtm
vidence. Write to 3IcBridc & Co.. Atlanta. Ga*
Lgents wasted in evtry county in the Lnited isUtcs.
* a medical treiti-') ?>a Exhar.ated Vitality, Nerrora*
ad Physical Debility, Premature Decline in Mas;
i an indispensable treatise for every man, whether
ounfr, middls-sged or old.
s beyond all comparison the most extraordinary '
ork on Pbysiolocy ever published. There is nothing
hatever that the married or sickle can either require
rvnsh to know bat what* is fully explained.?Toronto
inr? trrrviT nr itvv. ni? >5t"t."f_
nstnicts those in health how to remain so, and the in*
ali<l how to beccuip well. Contains oae hundredandf
irenty-five invaluable proscriptions for all forms ocntw
and chronic diseases, tor oach of which a first 'Sfi ;
lass physician wjuld charge from S3 to $10,?Londot%
lontairs SCO paces, fine s>terl cneravirys, is superbly
oand in Frencu muslin, erabos^-i, full cilt. It is a
jarrel ox art. and beauty, warranted to be a, better
icdical book in every wawo than can be obtained else,
rhere for double the prico. or the money will be refundd
in every instince.?Auihor.
s so much sur?rii>r to all other treatises on mwiicj
ubjoct.s that comparison is absolutely impossible.?
'.nn'o.i J is raid.
s sent by mail, secnrely sealed, potttpaid, on receipt of ..
rice, ccly$1.2s(ncw edition). Sniali illustrated samples,
Sc. "Send now.
The author car. be consulted on all ^diseases requiring
kill and experience. Addrea
or W. II. PAitKER, 91. D.,
Delfinch Street, Bo?,tsn. 31 oaa.
rEfitr^D~TC0IS~F0Br~fYP2 ^
EAlfSES, & HUKS. >^M
I 83 Jackson St., Chicr ?.
STKAJCDEB, late of H. Ilirtt k Co. .iWM3fcChas.
Hcas, l?to of-Hoke 4 Sr
: - 'jJaB
* *^3B

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