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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 22, 1882, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1882-11-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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% Hsajriliter sxirce -was over,
Some snow flakes tarried yet*
When in a garden corner
^ /A little root I set.
The friend who sent it promised
That it should surely bring
To me some fragrant treasures
__ ?j Before the flight of spring,
i- * And patiently I waited,
As April came and went,
\ And May taught all the song-birda
A song of sweet content.
But bonny spring departed.
And Jane the roses brought,
L And, save two slender green leaves,
Pi The rootlet gave me naught.
i t And so my mem'ry lost it,
B/ And summer also passed,
When in the garden corner,
? One day I found, at last,
BP A very pearl of lilies?
P A snow-white flower gem?
With conscious beauty treabling
Upon a graceful stem.
Oh.' weaiy hearts, take courage,
With Faith and Patience wait;
Though sown to blossom early,
Full many joys bloom late.
rro.? ui : J? - ? J
xuo uuo ui spring- lliaIO
M&? l inger on the way.
And like my pearl of lilies,
Make sweet an aatnmn day.
C ' -
?rMargaret Eytinge, in Ehrich s Quarterly. ;
Miss Enlalie's Elm Tree.* j
r It was a magnificent work of nature,
Miss Eulalie's elm tree; so tall and !
graceful, overhanging the street with
its green banner, lending a charming
shade to her little parlor, which gave
it the air of a dim, cool recess in the j
*>* woods on a summer's day. Miss Eula- j
lie loved it, and, except for her gay
young ward, it would seem as if she;
had little else to love. Her grand- j
father had planted it; it was a sort of
. heirloom. She hail passed her youth
beneath its boughs; her name was
carved on its stem. She never looked |
at the tree without thinking of the
one who had carved it there ; of the I
. still, moonlight nights they had spent
together in its shadow. It gave her |
i both pain and pleasure?pleasure, because
it reminded her that he hal
^ loved her once; pain, that he loved ! |
her no longer. She could not guess :
why he had never returned to her;
what had estranged him was still as
great a mystery to her as in those early ]
days of her bereavement, when sorrow
. and suspense had been her daily companions,
rising up and sitting down
j with her. Perhaps some fairer woman '
had enslaved him, perhaps he had i:
never really loved her at all, and she j J
experienced" a pang of mortified
pride when she reflected that she had '
possibly been vain enough to make the I!
-mistake. YGt by year she watched;
>V- the tender green. of the elm thicken i
into dark masses of leaves; year by '
sue watcneu meiri laamg anu
falling, Rke her own hopes and illusions
; it was a poem to her ; and yet, '
after all, it was only Miss Eulalie's elm _
tree by permission. The home of her 1
ancestors had fallen into other hands;
I . she had only returned to it by a happy k
chance, not as its owner. Mrs. Vaughn, 1
the purchaser, had a daughter to be ]
.educated, and Mi*s EuMiehad taken , i
^e""*5rttrafrK-JBut hcr?s thew^r,',,; befo
died she devised that Miss jJuIaiie ; J
should make a home with IsabeL be i1
mother, sister and teacher, all in one, (
to that wayward young person till
she should marry?in short, stand in
the gap. Miss Eulalie had been used i
fcgpv;; to standing in gaps all her life; this 1
was nothing new. And it was a home
-r-her old home where she had dreamed
dreams. When she walked at twilight <
beneath the old elm its leaves seemed
kL - to whisper, "Just here he kissed you
first," and " Here you said good-bye." ;
No wonder she loved the old tree! j *
"Dangerous thing," said Captain \
Valentine, tapping its trunk with his t
A cane as ne walked oy; noliow-nearted
jr--'. as a jilt, Miss Eulalie."
"You are mistaken," she rejoined:
"it is as sound as a nut."
" But it must come down," he added,
as if his word were law.
"Xever, while I live, Captain Yalen- s
tine." j'
"You forget that I am a man of j
*? property; that I pay more taxes than
any one in Littleford; that I can buy ; 1
every tree in the place and cut it j
down, if I choose.'* j 1
" Then it is only from pure good na- ' (
ture that you beg my consent to cut jr.
down this beautiful tree? Do you 1
know I have loved it from a child; my s
grandfather planted it?" <
| ^ "I know that Miss Isabel owns the 1
I 7 whole estate, and I know that this ;"
* i bone of contention, this tree, obstructs 11
* ' 4Vksv tt ' C
bUC YiCttO iiUIU JJUJ- 1U.U.V V> o, -UiOO *
gw- Eulalie, which is more to the point? I
I that its boughs leap into the air so 5
high and spread their branches so ]
wide that it blots out the view of the i 1
B sea,' the open sea';" and he passed on i (
up the long green lawn to his new ; <
home, with its marble steps and broad i
. - balconies, which made its humble;
Jk -. jf neighbor seem forlorn and shabby, i
Miss Eulalie looked at the imposing ' <
structure, at the parterres of brilliant \
flowers, at the fountain tossing its ]
head into the sunlight, the velvet ter- j s
~ races and lawn, and smiled. Why had j 1
p/: Captain Valentine chosen to build his :)
palace so near her home? Why had j}
he built at all, at his time of life, with {
no family to inherit and no wife to do
Kfv its honors? How lonely he must'be, h
I she thought, in the spacious mansion,; ]
V with nobody but the servants to speak i1
t.with! Why had he never married?' <
Pp'o In the humility of her heart Miss Eu-;;
laiie never dreamed that it was because <
V" she would not marry hiiu. That had j i
happened so many years ago, before he ]
and Anson Andrews had sailed to-1 <
getherinthe Water Witch. How angry !
fue naa neen men : now je<uou? ui au 11
son! How bitterly he had sworn that!
^ the day should come when she would j s
U give her heart's blood to recall the 1
y words?when she should regret her 1
folly in dust and ashes ! But of course i <
he had forgotten all that?the ravings 1
. of an untamed nature. H e had been
only second mate then, with little or '
' - wnt.hincr ahead in the world: to-dav lie ! 1
fwas Captain Valentine, w ith that:;
world at his feet; the richest man in :
town, perhaps. ;
"You might have been mistress up .
there, Miss Eulalie," he h ad reminded ! i
her one day, pausing at her gateway !
after the house was done. "But you
took your choice?you took your :
_ choice, and"?laughing?"they tell us |
IB that beggars shouldn't be choosers."
From the very first Captain Yalen&
" itne had raised a hue and crv about;
Miss Eulalie's elm tree; it almost
p::\' seemed as if lie had selected the site to
tease her. as if he wished to strip her
of ev erything she loved, since she depjlp;dined
to love himself. " I have
bought the most expensive spot
in town," he said, "and spared
no money, in order that I might open
my eyes every morning on my beloved
"ou refuse to sacrifice a tree .
Bk Id friend and neighbor, a tree
rv (irop of its own will
^ons,.th$?alentiiie," site said, "you |
m k once for all; the elm
as I ara mistress
here. There need be no more words'
about it."
"Xo more words, but deeds," he
answered, and a wicked, angry light
flamed in his eyes, such as she had seen
thprp nnr?p h^>ff>rp Thf m.tn rrvnlrl
fire like iron.
But then the subject dropped, as she
believed. He did not mention the tree
again. "He has given it up," she
thought; "he makes a great noise
when he can't have his way, and then
forgets about it." But Miss Eulalie
did not do the captain justice. One
twilight, as she returned from a sick
neighbor's, it gave her a curious shock j
to see her pretty ward, Isabel Vaughn, i
talking over the hedge which separated
the grounds, to Captain Valentine,!
who wore a rose in his buttonhole.
^ AC 1 i
o?e, ufcfiti jyu&s x-uiaue, sue cneu? ,
"see what a basket of roses Captain |
Valentine has brought us! And j
might I go up to The Towers to-rcor- J
row with Mrs. Van Buff to see Captain |
Valentine's Corot?"
Miss Eulaiie could hardly refuse?
why should she??and Isabel returned
in ecstasies with the medieval furniture,
the Persian draperies, the wonderful
carved ivories, the carpets like
woodland moss, the Oriental rugs, i
and skins of ant-eaters and tawnv '
" It is just heavenly," she said. "It
makes home look squalid and mean.
It makes me low-spirited to come back.j
Why did you let me go, Miss Eulalie? i
And the elm tree does interfere with j
his view more or less; but what of ;
that? He has everything else. He j
can gallop to the sea in half an hour, j
Such horses ! I've always longed for j
a saddle-horse. Captain Valentine has
promised to lend me a safe one."
And day after day he kept his word,
and brought his horses round for Miss
Isabel to try, or left flowers and fruits
that fairlv inundated the small house :!
or perhaps he gathered the young p<?o-!
pie together, and gave a fete under .'lis |
trees, with dancing on the broad I
veranda hung with festoons of Chinese
lanterns; and sometimes Miss
Eulalie was obliged to chaperon Isabel,
and sit, a faded wall-flower, in the
house of her old suitor.
" I wonder why Captain Valentine
never married?" said Isabel, after one I
of these fetes. "I wonder how it
seems to be so everlasting rich ; to
have no worry about money; to?"
" Isabel," warned Miss Eulalie, "you
care too much for monev. There are
better tilings."
" Mention one, please."
"You will think I am a sentimental
old woman, but love is better a thousandfold."
"I don't know. Love is very nice,
but if you must go without everything
rise, without pretty gowns and. jewels
and splendor, give me money."
"You are too young to choose. Pretty
gowns, jewels and splendor lose their !
:harm when you are used to them, hut 1
love outlasts everything."
But Miss Eulalic's words were
wasted. " I love money," Isabel confessed;
"I adore clothes. I don't know
about love."
in spite or an tnat naa Happened
Miss Eulalie was quire unprepaied
svhen Isabel said to her: '-I've sonie;hing
to tell you. I dare say you know
x already, though. I'm going to marry
re I "am ft] pjj tia^afid wfe^r cashmeres
uiu sapptiires, and go abroS^FT"^*^
lever have to count my change again.
Congratulate me."
" You are joking," cried Miss Eulalie.
"Then it's the best joke in the
vorld ! It's no joke to the other girls,
of. mp t.plJ vaii "
"You are going to marry Captain
Valentine? Do you know that he is
>ld enough?"
" To know better."
"Do you love him, Isabel?"
" I like him well enough. I love his
' Isabel, don't do it. You will sow j
;he wind and reap the whirlwind. I;
?an't allow it; the idea of your many- !
ng him! It is too preposterous, too j
nercenary. "Why, he was once a lover <
>f my own," pursued Miss Eulalie, for- j
jetting herself.
"Why didn't you marry liim and;
;ave me tne trouuie.' saiu isaosi. .
4 But perhaps he was poor then ?"
"It was not that."
"What then? You loved soir.e)ody
"I don't mind telling you now, Is a-1
)el, I had another lover?Anson An-:
Irews. I've never gotten over it. j
rhere have been weeks and months j
.vhen I've tried with all my soul to for-;
ret him?to unlove him. He and j
Captain Valentine sailed together in j
:he "Water Witch, and when Captain
Valentine returned he brought me {ill
;he Irinkets and letters I had sent Anion
Andrews, but never a word more."
"You dear old faithful thing! you
;hall dress in satin de Lyon and thread j
ace; we shall live in the lap of lux- I
iry, and I'll send word to Anson An-1
Jrews if he is at farthest Thule. How !
>ddly things turn out! Fancy my
narrying your cast-off lover!"
a TcoKnl T 1 \&fr mil f r* "
" 2vot marry Captain Valentine fce-j
?ause I'm not in love'? Perhaps I
lever shall be in love. You would
iave me give up so much for a mere ;
sentiment. You mustn't expect every- j
Dody to have as intense feelings as!
rourself. I couldn't remember a man j
ifteen years if he were the Great Mo-1
rul himself."
Captain Valentine and Isabel were j
narried in the little parlor of the old <
louse, shaded by the old elm tree,!
svhich made pretty daocing shadows j
)n the wall. It was a most informal
iff air; and when it was over and the '
clergyman had pocketed his fee, and !
:he bride was trying on her traveling
iiat, Ivliss Eulalie stepped into the g?.r:len
to draw a long breath. What
ivpro flip work-inorm^n flnincr thore at !
" v*v O o ?- j
;hat hour? j
" Go into the house, Miss Eulalie," j
said Captain Valentine. " I am going :
to celebrate my wedding day. Isatel j
has made me a wedding gift of the |
aid elm tree, and I'm cutting it down
to burn on the hearth at The Towers, j
while we look out at the 'dreary winter
sea.' Miss Euialie, when you |
thwart a Valentine you do it at your j
[>eril. Do you think I married Isabelj
t'or love? Revenue is sweeter than
love. "When you refused to marry me :
I swore I would make you repent in
dust and ashes."
Miss Eulalie turned silently toward j
the house, but paused to look back
from the doorway. There was a crash,
and when a strange blur had cle?r ;d
away from before her eyes Captain
Valentine lay dead beneath a great arm
of the tree, which had snapped as it
"I feel so awfully wicked," said
Isabel, some months later, awed and
ashamed at finding herself in possession i
of the coveted wealth without the1
burdensome conditions. " I've been !
looking over his papers with Mr. Bill
ings, the executor, and we ferreted
out this letter. It's from Anson An/tr-nnrc
T t.hmiorht. it. pvnlained some
thing ; at any rate you might like to
see it. It's dated Australia, a ytar i
"Dear Yal" (Miss Eulalie read)
?"Here I am, leagues from home, tut j
possessed with an unquenchable long
ing to hear from the old place, and a I
I homesickness which no money can rej
lieve. Sometimes when I'm smoking
in my bungalow, alone, I fancy I am
; home again under the old elm tree
with Eulalie, still young, with hope in j;
! my soul, and presently I awake from j
1 the day-dream and berate myself j
soundly for allowing the old wound to i;
throb and ache. Believe me, eld j
boy, in spite of the fifteen |;
years behind us, ray bald head, and j'
her double-dealing, I cannot think I'
of her and all I've lost without a i:
weight at my heart. I was a happy '
wight when we sliipped in the Water '
Witch. I'm free to confess I've never '
seen a happy day since you confided to '
me that you were going to marry Eu
lalie. I remember how black you
looked when I tcld you she belonged to '
me, and how we then and there swore
we v,-ould neither of us marry such a
neartless jilt! How have you weathered
it, messmate? And .v*hat has
happened to her? Has she befooled
any more true-lovers V After all I believe
" 'My heart -would hear her and beat
Had it lain for a century dead.'
"Write me about her, and if the old
elm tree, where I kissed her first, is
still standing. ' Our love is dead, but
the tree is alive.' Xo, love is not dead;
I cannot slay it; it smolders and torments
"Miss Eulalie,'* said Isabel, when Eulalie
had folded the letter with trembling
fingers, ' there has been a great
.?? >r? t>:ii:?t ? i
WiUllg UU11C. Jli. (VUU Jl JLUCClH
to right it. We mean to send word to
Anson Andrews; we are going to tell
him -what an angel you are. We have
talked it all over. And about this
money?I couldn't make up my mind
to touch a cent of it if I were starving.
I shall found a hospital with it. Mr.>
Billings is to help me. AVe have talked j
it all over; I don't care for splendor j
any longer; I have found out, Miss j
Eulalie, that love is best."?Harper's j
Weekly. j
A species of cactus is made useful j
in Florida. The strong fiber of its i i
leaves is turned into rope, its juice into i
a pleasant beverage and its trunk, after 3
the removal of the pith, into pails. s
It is related of the Tahitians that, *
when Captain Cook first burst into <
their lonely isle, they were using nails' <
of wood, bone, shell or stone, and that '<
when they beheld the iron nails they 1
conceived them to be shoots of some t
very hard wood, and, accordingly, d-2- 1
sirous of securing to their own island I
such a valuable commodity, planted 1
them in their gardens. . <
Flint was used very early as a cut- ?
ting instrument by the nations so for-1*
frnnate as to rtnsspss it. A sort, nf saw. 1 k
r 7 c
which passed for a knife, consisted of *
flakes of flint inserted in wooden j
handles and secured by bitumen or by
lasting?; of gut or sinews. Obsedian (
was used in the same way. The 3
South Sea islanders bad no flint or ob- (
sedian, and used shell, splinters ol' 3
bamboo and flakes of tortoise shell
In Australia there is a handsome }
shrub known as the " stinging tree." j
It grows to be about ten feet in height, j
Dogs, when stung by it, will rush t
about, whining piteously and biting j
pieces from the injured part. Hunters | (
by its odor, wiiich is I ,
disagreeable, and thus many persons
escape the sting. A traveler writes
that the sting leaves no mark, but the
pain is agonizing. For months afterward
the place hurt is tender in rainy
French enterprise is steadily persevering
in the work of redeeming the
desert of Saraha by moans of artesian
wells. A large number of wells have
been sunk along the northern border, j -c
more than 150 in the province of Con- j r
stantine alone, and the work is ad
vancing into the interior. One of the
curious phenomena which tl.e digging
of these wells has brought so notice is
the existence of fish and crabs at great a
depths. The learned engineer, M. Jus, c
who for twenty years has directed the I
work, avers that he once boiled and i
ate a crab which had been drawn up ?
from a depth of 250 feet, and that, s
moreover, it was of an excellent flavor, s
The apparatus used for the purpose c
of measuring the heighth cf the Xile *
is situated oil the island of Eoda, opposite
Cairo. It consists of a square i
-.veil or chamber, in the center of t
which is a graduated pillar divided 1
into seventeen cubits, each about t
twenty-one and seven-sixteenth i^Jies 1
long. Owing to the ?p|aigPQ *
of the bed of the Xifc^the ^
relative proportion of the rise of i
water has been altered, and it 1
now passes about one cubit and two- a
thirds above the highest Dart of the r
column. The state of the stream is
proclaimed in the streets of Cairo
during the inundation every day by
several criers, to each of whom a par-1
ticular district is allotted. From twenty-four
to twenty-six feet may betaken
as the ordinary maximum of the ris'3
at Cairo. i
??? 11
>'amfS Tak n from Trades. I s
The Baxters belong to the same class ! x
oe T oCAnc? Porniun+Qrc? fVin ' ^
cio iuu -utiovuo, tao j
Taylors, the Smiths, the Gardiners and ^
the Fullers. In fact, the surnames s
derived from trades or occupations are \
more numerous than those of any other c
classy except patronymics and" place f
names. Some of them belong to existing
trades, like those quested above, t
while others represent obsolete trades, (
or at letist obsolete trade terminology, s
like the Fletchers, or arrow makers, i
the A '/blasters, who manufactured j
crossbows or arblasts (areubalistse), s
and the Tuckers, who worked in the c
tucking mills where cloth was prepared s
for market. A man v.ho bakes is -i
called a Baker; but in earlier times a c
woman who baked was called a Bakester,
or Baxter. So a man who brews r
is a Brewer, while a woman who 3
brews is a Brewster. In medieval
English the termination "ster" was
a feminine one; and it still survives
with its primitive signification 1
in spinster. A huckster was origi- r
nally a marketwoman, but the word c
has now come to mean anybody, male t
or female, who hawks about goods in t
the public streets. The same chancre 1
has come over maltster, throwster and ; i
many other analogous words. But i <
sundry surnames will show us the two j i
forms side by side, as in Webber and ?
"Webster, ilenee we may conclude ' t
that the ancestor of all the Baxters ! t
was a woman who kept a bakehouse. <
Why her descendants should take their 1
name from her, rather than from their ]
father, is easy enough to understand j <
on a number of natural hypotheses. J i
Joan Baxter may in one place have 1
u,?~ ? 1 ,
Uccu a. \wuuw, w UU5C cu wuuiu, ; $
of course, be called after lier; in an- j 3
other p)ace she might be a person of ; 1
some character, while her husband ;;
was a field laborer or ne'er-do-well, ! 3
and in another, again, there might be i 1
two Piers gardeners or two Wat Car- j 1
ters in the same village, so that it' ]
might be more convenient to describe
. = . ... ..1
the youngsters by their mother'3 calling
than by their father's. 1
Six hundred liens were killed at one '
I show given by the Reman Pompey. j;
The Tbrilline Romancc of a Celebrated
Necklaco Now in New York.
In the show-case of a jewelry establishment
on Broadway, Xew York,
there is a rr kl: -e on view composed
of about fi oriental pearls of the
x. i i 1. .1 ~
most v aiuauiu escnpuun, neiu vviui a
black jet clasp, set with two dazzling
solitaire diamonds. It is valued at
$40,000, and is said to be unmatched
either in this country or abroad. The
string of pearls rests in a purple, satinlined
case. The necklace was the property
of the Duchess de Kaufraumont,
now of Paris, and as an heirloom has
come down from the family of the Emperor
Napoleon Bonaparte. It was secured
by Bonaparte from a Koman
diamond dealer. Before his last de
feat the emperor presented the jewels
as a wedding gift to the De
Daufraumonts. Its last owner
was the Countess Petrovosky, a
Russian lady and a near relative of the
Duchess De Kaufraumont, who was
living in St. Petersburg in retirement
with her married sister, Baroness De
Seigfretowsky, until misfortune compelled
her to part with the precious
pearls. It appears that the Countess
Petrovosky was a strong advocate of
the liberal movement in Russia. She
became so enthusiastic at last that she
began to write anonymous letters and
articles under a nom de plume, urging
on the socialistic or nihilist movements.
Then came the plot 'or blowing up the
- t.:? i
l/,<u <inu iuivuj^ ixid mu wim uuaiw.
Although the Countess Petrovoskv always
was enthusiastic in the cause, she
was never in favor of the killing of the
?zar. The police were ordered to arrest
any and all persons suspected of being
engaged in the plot. This order was
executed indiscriminately, so that
10 guilty one should escape. The
Countess Petrovoskv was grief-stricken
it the fate of Alexander, and delounced
the action as wanton to a
iegree and a dishonor to the people,
riie detectives not only arrested editors
>f liberal papers, but seized their private
manuscripts. Among the manuscript
confiscated were found writings on
xaper that were at once recognized as
laving been written by a female The
oaper on one corner bore the impres;ion
of the manufacturer, and through
;his and other marks the papers were
it last traced to the countess. Immeliately
her arrest was ordered as one
it least sympathizing with nihilism, if
jot directly connected in the plot for
;he czar's assassination. The lady felt
ler position keenly, endeavored to explain
and show her innocence, hut ail
ivas useless. Through the inlluence
)f her family and connections she was
illowed a private tribunal. It was alnost
decided to send the countess to
Siberia for life, when through almost
superhuman efforts she was at last reeased
on the payment of an enormous
ine and an agreement to leave the
country for life. Xot only did this arrest
take <dmost every coin the lady
)wned or could get together, but also
'orced her to part with her jewels,
imong these went the string of
jparls mentioned. The necklace was
pledged and only became the property
)t its holder through the
iailure of the countess in the
jiven time to release it. The lady
:ept her pledging of the necklace a secret,
until, being unable to get money
enough to redeem it, it slipped from
ler possession. Countess Pefcrcvosky
lad worn the necklace at some of the
eading fetes at the czar's palace, and
;he rarity and beauty of the gems
vere known all through St. Peters>urgh,
vhere the oriental pearl is
preatly prized for its purity. At present
Countess Petrovosky lives dependent
upon her relatives, but helps to
:heer herself by contributing sketches
md writing stories for French jourlals.
Recipe for Ivy Poisoning.?Muriite
of ammonia, one ouncp; water, one
piart. Apply as a wash to the affected
>art frequently. Or place a piece of
inslacked lime the size of a walnut in
i saucer of water and use the water
ifter the lime has had time to become
lacked. Or olive oil, two ounces; sali:vlic
acid, one dram.?Dr. Foote's
health Monthly.
Eating Before Sleeping.?Man
s the only animal that can be taught
o sleep quietly on an empty stomach,
[he brute creation resents all efforts
o coax them to such a violation of the
aws of nature. Tiie lion roars in the
orest until he has found his prey, and
vhen he has devoured it he sleeps over
intil he needs another meal. The
lorse will paw at night in the stable
ithI the r>ior will Rnueal all nicrht in the
r~n -a - o
)en, refusing all rest or sleep until
hey are fed. The animals which chew
he cud have their own provision for a
ate meal just before dropping off to
heir nightly slumbers. Man can train
limself to the habit of sleeping with>ut
a preceding meal, but only after
ong years of practice. The sleep
vhich comes to adults long hours
ifter partaking of food, and when the
tomach is nearly or quite empty, is
rot after the type of infantile re>ose.
There is all the difference in the
vorld between the sleep of refreshment
tnd the sleep of exhaustion. To sleep
veil the blood that swell the veins in
>ur head during our busy hours must
low bac^, leaving a greatly diminished
-olume behind the brow that lately
hrobbeci with such vehemence. To
linroct tcoII thic IVInnrl ic nppilprl in t.hp
tomach and nearer the fountains of
ife. It's a fact established beyond the
>ossibility of contradiction that sleep
lids digestion, and that the process of
ligestion is conductive to refreshing
leep. It needs no argument to convince
us of this mutual relation. The
Irowsiness which always follows the
vell-ordered meal is of itself a testirtony
of nature to this fact.?Chicago
A Testamentary Curiosity.
In 1877, a man who died in Berlin,
eaving behind him a fortune of 34,000
narks, surprised all who knew him by
levising that 32,000 marks should go
onfV?/vri + i s\f ivo nlo/>o onrl
,\J CvUlUVU ll/A'.O V/A- AUO iHUi ? V, UliU
,hat the remainder should be divided
)et\veeii nine relatives and a friend with
vliom he had quarreled, the share of any
me of the legatees becoming forfeited
f he followed the testator to the
jrave. His relatives religiously obeyed
;he dead man's decree, but the es:ranged
friend, remembering old times,
;ould not refrain from going quietly
;o the churchyard and paying his last
respects to the deceased. By-and-bye
i eouicii camu 10 ugut, uuecuug uiau
f any one of the ten legatees under the
svill should disobey the injunction regarding
the last ceremony he was to
receive the bulk of the money left to
the testator's town, and, thanks to the
shrewd device, the man who thought
more of his old friendship than his old
friend's money found himself comfortablv
provided for for the rest of his
Life.?Chambers* Journal.
The Rothschilds are virtual owners
of one-fifth of the fertile lands in the
delta of the Nile. Their share in
Egyptian bonds is popularly estimated
at $12,000,000.
y -
Chemically regarded mica is made of
I silica, albumina and'potash. Silica is
i one of the hardest^substances in na
; ture, known in itsjsf>urest and most
; beautiful lorm as rqjck crystal.
A tree called th^travelers' tree, ol
Madagascar, yields" at copious supply of
fresh water fr^n itsfeaves, very grateful
to the traveler. $<Jt grows in the
most arid countries^'and is a good
proof of the wondemil' wisdom of nature*
!& 1
Experiments witl^a submarine telephone
were made &e other day at
Havre. France. A's^ip was sent out
a considerable distajifce on the ocean
with a wire, and the'ifesult proved that
the voice can be transmitted under
water more distinctlyzand. louder even
than on land. ?
Dr. I-Ianamann h appointed out that
the practice of removing leaves and
twigs from wood covered land is a pernicious
one, as it depsYjeS. thesoil; of.the
nutriment which t^e"deca^.'.-6f-the .
vegetable matter wa^^as^jielaljned
to it, and also impairs^tf Voil's power
of retaining moisture.-:A
quality of California redwood is !
its ready absorption of water when
heated, which, for a ume, makes it almost
fireproof. The quickness with i
which fires are extinguished in San
Francisco has often been remarked, ;
and the celerity with which blazing j
buildings are often transformed into i
charred remnants is greatly facilita- i
ted by the entire lack of resinous ele- I
ment in the redwood lumber.
The amount of water which passes :
through the roots of ,a plant is enor- ;
mous. jjr. j-iawes, or Jingiana, nas i
found that an average of 2,000 pounds ,
of water is absorbed by a. plant for i
every pound of mineral matter assim- i
ilated by it. At the French agricul- j
tural observatory at Montsourw it wa3 I
found that 7,702 pounds of water '
passed through the roots of the wheat i
crop for 10? pounds of grain produced, j
or 727 pounds for each pound of grain i
in rich soil; while in a, very poor soil |
1,616 pounds were passed through the j
same quantity of wheat for a product j
of about half a pound of grain, or !
2.693 pounds of water 'for each pound j
of grain.
o - --r V- TT^ ut- T>i?
aume ui neu xurn's x?ig jduuuiuks. i
Forty millions in nine months for ;
new buildings, says the N ew York cor- j
respondent of the Detroit Free Press. \
Gotham keeps growing right along, j
The forty millions, though, cover improvements
in Brooklyn as well as
New York. Many of the buildings
are prodigious in size and enormously
expensive. We don't build mere j
houses any more?at least not many, j
Mansions and palaces lake the place j
of old-i'ashioned homes, and the new I
! T->iiciniico 1-milrlinoNj are such Annr- !
mous piles as were not thought of !
twenty years ago. The Mills build- |
ing on Broad street, for instance, put j
up at a cost of $3,000,001'. is a huge '
mountain beside any building erected 1
in the same neighborhood before the j
war. The new produce exchange at '
Bowling Green will be another mon- j
ster, costing, probably, nearly as much. !
Cyrus W. Field's ""Washington" build- !
ing, on the other side of-the historic
little park, if a place that is never open^
may be called a- parkfwiff
-$1,000#00. The same figure is named
as the probable cost of the two mansions
which Mr. Yanderbilt is about
to build near St. Thomas' church for
his two daughters. He will spend another
million on a hotel opposite the
Grand Central depot.
On the next block a hotel building
that will cost ?1,150,000 is now going
up. The total cost of the Metropolitan
opera -house probably will not be
| less than $2,000,000, though the presI
ont octimofod firmro il SI SOD OAA
That of the new Casino, hard by,
which was to have been finished a
couple of months ago, is set down at
$1,000,000. The rage for putting up
enormous flats shows no abatement.
A score of buildings .of this class, of
fairly stupendous proportions, are'
under way. The largest, as well as
the most costly, will be the Navarro
co-operative Hats at Seventh avenue
and Fifty-ninth street, facing Central
park. The outlay on these will be
| about $5,000,000. Another gigantic
pile is the enormous hotel flat,
nine stories high, that the late
Mr. Clark, of the Singer Sewing
Machine company, was putting up at
the west side of the park, near the
museum of natural history. As to
high buildings, though, the elevenstory
flat called the Knickerbocker, on
Fifth avenue not far from Delmonico'p,
nans the climax. A family livinsr 0:1 '
i the eleventh story might be said to en- i
joy high life, anyway. The cost of the
Knickerbocker is about $1,000,000. The
Hat craze may yet prove a serious one
for the speculative builders. Should
another panic strike Xew York before
they "get out," some of them will
probably be laid so flat that they will
never sret up a?ain. Many of the flats
are put up wholly on speculation, i
Enormous loans are made on them, i
and while the boom continues every- :
thing is all right. But just wait till !
the next big panic comes along. If
some of the speculators don't go with
a crash, I am no prophet.
A Unique Hotel.
Joe Beefs hotel is unique. It is a
big four-story stone building on the
river front of Montreal, and its cus- :
tomers are chiefly boatmen. On the j
first iloor is a barroom, decorated with j
human skulls (the proprietor says they |
are the heads of his relatives), and on j
one end of the counter, for a free lunch,
always lies a huge piece of raw beef,
with a knife for hacking off pieces.
The second floor is a cheap restaurant,
and above are lodging-rooms at ten !
cents a night. There is also a concert j
hall. But the strangest feature of j
the concern is a row of cells in the j
cellar, where Joe locks up bis guests j
when they become boisterously* drunk. j
" I won't have any policeman around j
my place," he said to a Boston Herald j
correspondent; "I'm my own police, i
inrlo-A nnrl inrv ami 1 TfPf-r> mv mvn
J""ev r ?j ~ ' ?
jail." His followers submit to his j
system, because they escape the fines :
that would be imposed if they fell i
into the hands of the police.
Hard to Counterfeit.
The Bank of Prance has just issued '
; some hundred-franc (twenty dollars)
! bank notes of an especially elaborate j
pattern, wnicn win Dame me most
: skillful of forgers. An eminent painter
has furnished the design, and the engraving
has been executed by artists of i
; the first rank. The distinguishing !
1 feature of the new note is its double 1
j water mark. That to the left is the
head of Ceres, and that "o the right
i the head of Mercury. 0:ae is visible
, with the note placed flat, and the ot her
when it is held up to the light. Thesf
! water marks are not printed over.
Louisville. Ivy., has an establishment
which manufactured over 75,000plows
| in 1881, and now has a capacity for
i turning out 600 plows a day?one
I plow every minute.
The Yibratioii of Buildings.
Few persons who have not looked
into the matter have any idea of the
trouble which the managers of large
manufacturing establishments often
have in preventing vibration of the
buildings in which their work is carried
on. This is not due to faulty construction;
indeed, vibration is found
usually in mills winch are admirably
built. In all cases it is what is termed
synchronosis, that is to say, it is occasioned
and maintained by the vibration
of some other object which strikes what
may be termed the key or note of the
building. Just as the wire of a piano
will respond to a proper vibratory
force, so a bridge or a building will vibrate
when its keynote is struck with
sufficient force by some other object.
If the human ear had a greater range
of power the sound made by the vibra
tion might be detected. It is not now
heard simply because it does not come
within the limits of what are to human
beings audible sounds. In a recently
published "work, on mill construction by
L Mr.-C.X H. Woodbury, a number of
interesting instances of this synchro^
vibration are given. Ac one of
the print works of Xorth Adams, Mass.,
a new and unoccupied building was
fonnd to vibrate in consequence of the
puffing of a small steam engine sixty
feet away. At Centredale, R. I., it has
been necessary to change the height of
the column of water flowing over the
dam to prevent the excessive vibration
oi tne adjacent mm. s\z ii.mesoury,
Mass., out of eleven mills that are near
the river, two vibrate when water in
certain quantities flows over the dam,
but the tremor can be wholly stopped
by changing the flow of water. The
most frequent cause of vibration is due
to the running of the. machinery, and it
has repeatedly happened that a complete
cessation lias been obtained by
increasing or lessening the speed at
which the machinery is run. This is
not always profitable or possible, and
the fact that this vibration results in a
loss of power, variously estimated at
from ten to t wenty per cent., is a strong
argument in favor of the construction
ui uuc*otuij liiiiio, which. v>uiuu liacy
sarily vibrate much less than factories
having a height of six or eight stories.
But it is not alone the loss of power
that has to be considered, for in addition
there is the straining of building
and machinery, and in the manufacture
of -textile fabrics this unsteadiness
causes a great breakage in the threads,
and a consequent damage to the
The Yellowstone Part.
The Yellowstone park is simply a
land of wonders and surprises. Such
photographs as I have seen totally fail
10 give tne sugniest conception oi it
There is nothing like it in the world ;
the Swiss Alps appear small and insignificant
to me after seeing these
mammoth sulphur springs and geysers.
They are literally indescribable.
Their extent, their variety, their infinite
irregularity must be seen to be
resized. Their in crusted forms seem
to have a law of their own construction.
Imagine a series of huge
basins formed as regulariv as the fountains
in a European city, leaning over
each other hundreds of feet in height,
and each varying in color from a duU___
crystallized suipnur, countless geysers
of hot sulphur -water that
throw up jets and columns from
twenty to 200 feet. As a great sanitarium
it seems to me the park will
some clay be a national resort. It is
bountifully watered by clear streams
that abound in fish, and game is plentiful.
Except the Marshall house, a
rude frame structure, there is no place
or accommodation there as yet, and
while the trails and roadways are obvious
enough and fairly passable for
veliicles, there lias been a strange omission
on the part of the government
custodians to erect sign-boards at the
crossings giving the distances and the
directions to the various points. A
government police N is sadly needed
to prevent wanton and careless
conflagrations, which have already
destroyed vast bodies of valuable
timber, and disfigure the face of the
country. There can be no doubt of
the abundance of game in the park. I
saw a herd of elk on three different
occasions, scattered antelope every few
days, aad bear tracks were plenty in
the snow. We had no difficulty in
procuring elk meat, and, what was far
better, the meat of the "wiltl mountain I
sheep. It was the best mutton I ever
tasted; in flavor and delicacy I think
it was superior to the famous Welsh
mutton. We met every now and then
camping parties. Captain Gorringe
counted more than 300 sight-seers;
they came principally from the Pacific
siope. >v c aiso came across companies
of men engaged in fishing and
shooting and drying and salting the
trout for winter use.?Senator Bayard.
His Goods Advertised Him.
A solicitor employed by a well- j
known publication recently stopped at
a leading hotel in a Western city and |
asked the proprietor for an advertisement
for his periodical. The landlord,
who was not troubled with an excess
of modesty, turned upon his interlocutor,
:md with a look that was meant
to be annihilating, and in a tone intended
to be crushing, said:
"Young man, my goods advertise
me better than any other known
method could do. They are sufficient."
" Well," said the apparently some
1 *- L - Ii ? ? io fV*A
WI1UL ftUciSIieU bUUCitUl) IJL uiau xo vlus .
case I will invest seventy-five cents in J
studying your plan of advertising. I
will take breakfast here."
" Do so and be convinced," said Boniface,
The young man paid his money and
entered the dining-room. When he
emerged some time later he seemed intent
on making an immediate departure,
but mine host was on the watch
for him. He had, in the interim, informed
those who were standing about
how easily he had silenced the man of
the press, and he now wished to m^fee
his triumph more complete by having
the advertising man confess himself
worsted in the presence of the assem
Med company.
"Hello," he cried, as his guest j
seemed about to depart. " What do :
you think of my advertising now, ay?"
" Capital, capital," replied the other, j
"Well, guess you'll remember that |
meal longer'n you would a card in a
paper, wouldn't you ?"
" I certainly should and will."
"Ah! well now, you can tell your j
friends where to get a meal when they i
come to , can't you?"
" Oh! I don't know about that?"
"Xo! why don't you ?"
"I didn't suppose you meant that
breakfast to advertise your table. I
thought it was intended to impress the
guests with the fact that you ran a
curled hair factory, and had invented j
the most perfect cockroach traps ever .
known, and you couldn't have hit on a
better scheme."
The guest left then. It cannot be
said that be carried the door away
with him, for, fortunately, the door
happened to be open when he wanted
to pass out; but?he left,
A Wonderfnl Parisian Store?An 'Employer
Who Looks After All the Needs of His
A Paris correspondent of the Boston
Traveler writes: This afternoon we
have been to the " Bon Marche." Al- j
most every one knows that wonderful;
>tore, but I think not many know that |
it is an admirable benevolent work as
well as a successful business undertak- !
'ng. We were in the reading-room of i
the store this afternoon, when a gentleman
entered and offered to show
the household and business parts to as
nany as were curious. This offer is
nade every afternoon about 3 o'clock.
Mr. Boucicault began life as a poor
>oy, and when able to have a little
;tore of his own his attention was at
>nce directed to the welfare of his
;lerks, and he gave them, as soon as
le wasabie, a home in his own house.
From this small beginning the work
las grown wonderfully. Mr. Bouci:ault
died a few years ago worth mil
ions ot dollars, ana. to-aay trie r joon
\farehe," carriedon Jby his widowv*wiploys
3,000 people,' / f
Two thousand of those people live
in the building and the 3,000 take
their meals there. "We were first
taken to a large hall filled with desks,
where a great many boys and young .
nen were studying bookkeeping.
They have the benefit of reviewing all
the books of the store and are paid a
small amount on every mistake they
find. In the evening lessons are given
gratuitously to the employes in English,
German, instrumental and vocal
m o r-? oi?a rnvan
uiuoiVs, aiiu JL vuLv^ci uo aic^iv CJLI
by the store, in summer, in the square
by the side of the building; in winter,
on the ground floor, which can be
cleared by the porters in twenty minutes
of counters and goods, when it is
needed for that purpose or balls.
There are four dining-rooms?one
for the men clerks, one for the girls,
one for the workwomen, and one for
the porters, messengers and drivers.
The menu for dinner we saw: it con
sisted of soup, one kind of meat, one
kind of vegetables and dessert, and
for each person a half bottle of wine.
Coffee is extra; it costs two cents for a
small cup, and three cents for the
larger ones. The kitchen was very interesting.
Thre^ hundred people are
employed '\jie as waiters in the "dining-rooms.
The kettles are perfectly
immense; they must be certainly three
feet high, and I am sure no man could
meet his arms around one of them. Of
course, when they are full and hot,
they are beyond the ability of any man
to move, so pulleys are arranged which
lift the kettles from the fire and place
them where they are wanted.
For the clerks there is a room for
amusement, where there are billiard
tables, chess, checkers, dominoes, etc.,
but no card-plaving is allowed. The
lady clerks have also a pleasant little
parlor, where there is a piano and
where they can spend their evenings
when they choose. Each girl has a
room entirely to herself, which is
plainly furnished. There are rules
to be observed by all. but they are not
burdensome or oppressive ; the doors
are not closed on week days until
eleven, and on Sunday until 12:30 at
ilarche " receives a certain commission
on everything sold or delivered, and
after a certain number of years' service
each acquires an interest in the
<tore that increases yearly. It seems
to me this is the most complete, most
beneficial work of benevolence that 1
have known. It would be almost impossible
to think of any details that
are rot attended to. There is a barber's
shop in the building for the use
of employes; a physician is employed
by tiie store and his services are free
to all; moreover, there is an infirmary
in another part of the city where those
who are sick are cared for; indeed, a
pair of boots is blacked for every member
of the establishment every day.
We asked if any board was paid, and
the answer was "JSo"; 'out I suppose
at least some difference is made in the
Domestic Life Anions the Battas.
The following extract is from an article?"Life
Among the Battas of Sumatra"?published
in the Popular Science
Monthly. The Batta does not
make his morning toilet in the house,
but at the special bathing places, or
pantjurs, with which every village is
provided. These places are arranged
at a running stream or a canal made
tor the purpose, by fixing a water pipe
of bamboo in such a manner that a
man standing or sitting under it can
Krt*r/\ TTofai* rim oil rwrcxr* Vnc
HclVC 1/11C ? atci X cti-1 au w ? VI 1110 wvuj
Sucli baths are taken morning and
evening. Sepal-ate pantjurs are provided
for the women. It is one of the
morning duties of the women and
girls, even down to children of four
and five years old, to bring drinking
water in the gargitis, a water vessel
made of a thick stalk of bamboo. The
size and strength of growing girls are
generally measured by the number of
gargitis they can carry.
Let us follow a woman into one of
the inclosed dwelling-houses. The
floor is made of round bamboo beams
about as large as one's arm, across
which are laid split bamboos far
enough apart to let the water and dirt
through and make sweeping unneces|
sary. Broad, raised seats and lounges,
covered with mats or various patterns
and styles, are arranged on either side.
In the corners are fireplaces of a primeval
simplicity, fiat, square boxes
filled with earth, and upon these some
thick stones, between which the fire
burns quite briskly, while the rice
is cooked in home-made earthen vessels
set upon them. The number of
families living in the house can
J generally be calculated from the
I number of fireplaces to be seen. Xo
! division is made in the daytime between
the parts of the house occupied
Hin rlifforpnt families hilt a spr>?
ration is made between the sleepingplaces
at night by hanging up mats.
Ordinarily, only blood relations live
together in the same house. The children
of both sexes, after they have
grown up, sleep outside of the house
and not with their parents, the young
men in the sopos, the girls in parties of
several with some old widow ; but the 1
children, till they have households of ;
their own. take their meals with their
parents. At meals the whole family
sit around the rice-pots. They formerly
used leaves for plates, but they
now generally have European plates.
As a rule, they eat immediately from
the hand, wK">js previously washed
in a vessel 01 .. .?er kept ready for tlie
purpose. The nice point in eating
consists in not allowing the fingertips
to touch the lips, but in letting '
the rice drop from the fingers into the :
hollow of tny band just before it is ;
given to the mouth.
It is proposed to erect anew morgue
in Paris, the present building being'
ton small. Twentv ve.irs a<ro the num
ber of bodies carried th(jre for identification
was not more than 500 a year,
but of late the average has risen to {
1,000. I
Selection of a Farm.
There are many things to be consid|
ered in the selection of a farm. To
j the rich gentleman who wishes to re1
tire from the noise and tumult of city
; life a farm has a different meaning than
j to the poor man who must toil daily
for the maintenance of himself and
family. The former will look through
golden eye-glasses and seek tor luxuries
in the country, while the latter
must obtain the necessities of life.
The one will let individual taste rule
in the choice, the other asks himself,
" Is this the best place for me to do
substantial farming?" Xo general
rules can be given for the rich man
who buys a farm lor the purpose of
spending money, while for the one who.
seeks to make a living from the land,
there are some words of advice.
to the capacity of the pocketbook.
Many young farmers make the mistake
of buying a large farm with little
money to pay for it. There is nothing
.that so binds a man as a heavy mortgage.
It eats the yery l\eart out of
lie farmer and hangs- Hfe a- teamen
weight upon every aspiration of his
wife and children. It is better to buy
a small farm and have enough capital
to work it weiL As the surplus
increases it may be invested in more
acres, or in a better culture of those
that have already proved profitable.
There is a size below which many of
the economies of the farm cannot be
practiced to the best advantage, and
on the other hand there is danger of
going beyond that acreage where the
most nrofitable farming mav be carried
on. It requires considerable executive
ability to manage a large farm, and
therefore many men are excluded from
such a lack which they may not
fully appreciate until the trial
has been made and the
failure recorded. Farming is not like
the taking of a citadel, and cannot be |
done successfully with a rush and a!
noise. It is a thoughtful and steady
working out from well-laid plans?a
conquest for crops, and the head must
be clear that wins where the seat of a
campaign for a lifetime covers townships
or even square miles. The soil
is the foundation of farming, and it
should be fitted to the kinds of crops
that it is desired to raise. The difference
in the nature and capabilities of
conrl on/1 chnn'M Via r>^prcfnn/1
and a favorable mixture of the two
obtained if there is an opportunity
for choosing. A rich soil, with proper
management, means good crops at
once, but it may be as profitable to invest
much less in an equal area of
overcropped land, and bring it up to
a high state of cultivation by green
manuring and other methods of restoration.
The farmhouse is to be the
home of the family, and therefore the
locality for the farm should be healthful.
The richest land for the
price may be on the border of a malaria-breeding
swamp, but the profits
of the investment may be more than
balanced by the doctor's bills and loss
of time, not to mention the discomfort
of fevers in the household. It is important
that there be an abundant
water supply on all farms, both for the
family and the live stock.| ^There are
^fecial" consider^' *ws^ nfP.<
should overlook in making a choroerOf"
a farm. He lives not to himself alone;
the children need the privileges of
good schools, etc.; in short, the community
should be one in which sympathy,
goodness and intelligence prevail.
"With a good farm of proper size,
healthfully located, abundantly supplied
with water, good neighbors and
a handy market, a man is so well situated
that lie ought to make himself
and those around him happy. Choose
well, and hold on to your choice.?
American Agriculturist.
Yampire Bats in Brazil.
Probably no part of Brazil is
more afflicted than a portion of the
province of Bahia with the scourge of
vampires. "Whole herds of cattle are
sometimes destroyed by this venomous
bat. It was long a matter of conjecture
how the animal accomplished this
insiduous and deadly work; but scientific
men have now decided that the
tongue, which is capable of considerable
extension, is furnished at its extremity
with a number of pipallae,
which are so arranged as to form
an organ of suction, the lips
having also tubercles symmetrically
arranged. Fastening themselves
upon cattle, these dreadful animals
can draw the blood from their
victims. The wound, made probably
from the small, needle-like teeth, is a
fine, round hole, the bleeding from
which it is verv difficult to stop. It is
said that the wings of this deadly bat
fly around during the operation of
wounding and drawing blood with
great velocity, thus fanning the victim
and lulling while the terrible work
is in progress. Some of these creatures
measure two feet between the tips of
their wings, and they are often found
in great numbers in deserted dwellings
in the outskirts of the city. The
?? /\/WAAO on/1 Tn/^ione oorkGniollv ArAO/1
I "^lUCO cuiu xuuiaiio vvikal^o.\x
them, and there are numerous superstitions
among the natives in regard to
Extermination of Salmon.
The destruction of fish seems to be
going on in a terrible way, both in
Oregon and at Lake Tahoe, in Nevada,
as the following two items frill show:
The first item notes that a gentleman,
who came down from the Cascades
lately, states that one of the fish-wheels
there caught 4,100 salmon in twentyfour
hours. The fish appear to be running
in vast numbers, as he saw a man
with a dip-net catch seventy-eight at
the head of an eddy in less than an
hour. He caught three at one scoop.
The lish, in making a passage
of the cataract, are compelled
to keep close to the
shore, and so are readily captured.
The second item, from the Reno (Xev.)
Gazette, states " that 1,200 pounds of
Tahoe trout were shipped below by
express one night. Of this amount
H. D. Burton caught 400 pounds. For
the past two weeks an average of 1,000
?\Annrlc Tiorn fhrAnrrli .
jjuuuuo nave uttu ciiiyyw uuvMgu I
Wells, Fargo & Co.'s express at this j
place daily. There is little credit in !
matching trout at Lake Tahoe at pres
ent. Women and babes and sucklings !
are catching-their strings of from forty i
to eighty trout in the space of from od<*
to three hours."
Among the creatures which attracted j
Professor Haeckel's attention during j
a recent tour in Ceylon was the great i
black scorpion?nearly a foot long?;
wnicn ne-ioima u> exist iu j>uuii iiuixi- j
bers that he collected half a dozen speci- j
mens in the course of an hour. Snakes j
were also noticed in great abundance, i
Slender green snakes hung from almost
every bough, and at night the great;
rat snake "hunted rats and mice over
the roofs of the huts. Although these {
rat snakes are harmless, Professor
Haeckel considers it by no means a '
pleasant surprise when one of them,;
five feet long, suddenly drops through
a hole in the roof into one's room, per- j
haps alighting on the bed. 1
A Monterey (Mexico) paper says it
is impossible to say who afford the
small boys of that city the most
amusement?the Kickapoo Indians,
who are constantly seen strolling
through the streets, or the recently arrived
Americans, who are commencing
to pour into that section.
A London statistician figures up a
sum!us in all wheat-Droducinsr conn
tries of 2,350,000 quartets of wheat?
18,800,000 bushels?over all possible
demands of wheat-importing countries.
In his figures he puts the import
demand of Great Britain at 126,400,000
bushels (more than is usually
allowed by other statisticians); and Vjl
raits the prrwirt. <uirnlns of the TTnited.
States at 160,000,000 bushels, which is ;
40,000,000 less than the Produce Hay - Jjj
change Reporter estimates, and that
paper usually is under the real out"
An Erie physician and chemist, Dr.
. i<wett;-is credited with discovering
[process of embalming which consists
or placing in a comn, irom wmcniae
air has been exhauked, several ingredients
that, being dissolved by electricity,
fill the vacuum with a preservativegas.
The body of a young child in
the first stages of decom]>osition has
already been preserved two months ;
without change, decay being arrested
and the odor of decomposition destroyed.
He also claims it as a preservative
of meat, his experiments so
far having been successful. The gas is
not injurious to food nor to water.
An Illinois farmer went home the
other day, and throwing his coat on
the around leaned his farm vard fence.
A cow took charge of the coat in the
meanwhile, and in doing so swallowed*?
$600 in paper money he had just borrowed
from the bank He immediately
called for his deposit, but this new " v|||
savings bank had already closed its
doors and declared itself insolvent But -:^Wi
the money not being insolvent, he
at once proceeded to break into the
bank by force and recovered $400 of the
assets, which, however, had, such was
its condition, to be sent to Washington
to be redeemed. So $200 and a valu- "WM
able cow was the price he paid for
leaving his coat on the ground that
Mr. C. Piazzi Smyth, the astronomer
royal of Scotland, predicts that the
comet now visible early in the morn- *
ing will collide with the snn a year
hence, with such results to the people
of the earth that "subsequent pro- ceedings
will interest them no more."
On the other hand, Professor Swift, of
Rochester, says it has gone as near the
sun as it will, and is now receding,
while a distinguished European scientist
thinks that even if it should strike
the sun it will affect the inhabitants
of the earth about as much as a man's
striking a match to light his cigar
would affect a man looking at him
Ft/wi fhn other aide nf the sfc. "*fc.
There is, however, a good de?l of perturbation
among certain portions Qf ^7^
jhe people in Europe, and it has begg^^T
issue proclamations dispelling these """
fears and quelling alarms.
The veracious Detroit Free Press
tells this story about a funny election ' J
in Dakota: In Huron, Dakota Terri- *">
tory, not long since, the citizens assembled
to hear the result of the
election. They were all impatient to
learn the vote on judge of probafce^^^^ggj^j
The clerk read the returfisfor county
commissioner. "Bother the county
commissioner! We don't care anything
about that. Go on to the next"
" For register of deeds?" "Go on! Go
on!? "For sheriff ?" "No matter
about the sheriff. Go on to probate ^ 0
judge! probate judge! probate judgeT
cried scores of voices. "I am sorry to
announce that the vote for probate
judge is a tie and that therefore there . - ^
is no election to that office." Fierce
cries of fraud and treachery arose and
the igures were demanded. "Gentlemen"
said the clerk, "there were
9 37?: vnt.As There were 2.378
names. Each received one vote.
Every man voted for himself."
The members of the council committee
of the city of Cleveland appointed
to confer with the trustees of
the Garfield monument fund will, says
the Cleveland Leader, probably exert
their influence to have the eastern end
of Lake View park, or the grounds of
the city hospital, formerly the Marine
hospital, selected as the site. The last
named is considered by many the best
place, as the property belongs to the
A 1 11_ ' 'J&Sk
United States government, js. kuk
with prominent East-enders developed
the fact that popular sentiment out ?
that way is strongly, in favor of Lake
View cemetery as the most fitting
place in which to uprear the pile of
granite and marble in honor to the
memory of the late President. They
argue that his remains lie in Lake
View cemetery, and the monument
should mark the grave. Those who
favor Lake Yiew park base their argu- ^
ments on the fact that the cemetery is
the property of a private corporation,
and is six miles from the center of the
Mr. James Temple Brown has been ?4^
collecting in New Bedford, Mass., for
the museum of the Smithsonian insfci- .
tution at "Washington, a multiti&e of
implements illustrating the history
and present operation ot tne wnaiing
industry. No article properly connected
with the subject lias been despised,
and even a sample of the "pigtail"
tobacco supplied to the sailors has
been included. Thus far Mr. Brown
has not succeeded in making a complete
collection of harpoons, although
he has obtained fifteen different varieties.
The collection of these articles has
not been the sole purpose of Mr.
Brown's visit. The literature pertaining
to whaling isjjrincipaliy of the sensational
tvoe,ariu^<otally untrustworthy.
To fill this gap it was resolved to publish,
a complete history of the whale fishery,
and for three years Mr. Brown
has been engaged in studying the traffic
and collecting material for the
work. The history of whaling has
been traced to its beginning, and Mr. .
Brown has secured valuable diagrams
which will illustrate the work, and the
various methods of taking- whales and
securing the oil will be given with the
greatest exactness. As Mr. Brown expresses
it, " there are as many methods
of conducting the whale fishery as
there are ways of getting to heaven,"
and it has consequently been a difficult .. ?
matter to obtain definite information.
In the season of 1881-82 more than
3,000,000 trees ^ere planted in Great
Britain, out of *r?iich number Scotland
claims about 2,000,000. England 600,000.
Ireland 300,000, and Wales
4 A AAA ' " ; ' |
A glass factor}-, the products of
which, it is claimed, will rival the I
foreigD manufactures, is being erected :
in Guadalajara, Mexico.

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