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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, July 22, 1885, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1885-07-22/ed-1/seq-4/

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An EfcKay Delivered by Mr. H. R. Tillman, j
of Hamburg, before tbe Farmers' Club of j
Edgefield County,
Having been selected, at the last t
meeting of the Club as one of the
sneakers to ODen this discussion on
"Ilotation of Crops" and outline the j
sorts best suited to our hilly country, j
I have deemed it worth while to givt ;
the subject patient thought and study j
and to present my views in the best |
possible manner, hoping that some j
good may result from my suggestions.
The topic for discussion is perhaps
the most important question connected
with intelligent farm man- |
ageinent; and nothing in our business
as farmers require more thought or
will better repay thorough study.
As I could not possibly hope* to do
cnhi<>i?t in nil ovtoinnnra
-"VJVVV JV ... I
neons address, I have written out what
I have to say; and my only apology
for its length must he the vastness of
the snbject. As it is, I shall only
attempt an outline, and shall confine
myself to those parts of the question
which bear directly on our immediate
A celebrated physician once said that
"the first thing to do in attempting to
cure a sick man, is to gel him to
acknowledge that he is sick." And it
r- t 1 +.t
II x 6ka.ii uppeur iu uiwyunsuuic iuiug?
which are paiufullv familiar to you all
it is because I desire that y?u should
be as thoroughly convinced as I am
that .ve are desperately "sick" agriculturally,
and nothing but a change
of methods can save us. Let us take a .
brief glance at the situation.
After eighteen years of farming with
free labor, a large majority of our
people find themselves gradually but
surely getting poorer and poorer; and
LUC lucu. suui an v? ^Iiij[/.auuu as
this has never been before in oar
midst is proof sufficient that we have
only begun to realize the unwelcome
truth, and so seek at this late day the
reason. I cannot but think that all of
us feel, as well as see, the need ol
some changc in our present system;
and it is the business?far more important
than any other business?of the
members of this Club to discover the
cause and apply the remedy, at lea=t
among ourselves. It will require our
united and unremitting efforts to find
a way out of this agricultural wilderness,
because it involves ;<s great a
revolution in our present, system of
farming as the emancipation or tne
slaves produced in oar labor. And
right here I wish to caution you
against a fatal error peculiar to ns
as a class. Farmers?when they attempt
an organization for any purpose?want
somebody else to do the
thinking and let them derive the benefit.
It"worries them to have to think
about anything but their accustomed
work. And if?after a few visitors to
the Grange or agricultural club?no
other member has read or spoken
something which thev consider has re^
paid them for the time, they lose in- i
terest and soon the organization dies.!
If it is queer expectation, gentlemen,
that yon are to'come here to learn and
endeavor to teach; that yon are to
receive while you give nothing in return;
that you can derive much benfit
from meeting once a month to give
expression to rude opinions and suggestions
on the subject tcybe discussed,
without any previous thought or preparation,
von will b.c woefully disappointed.
That sort of thing has been
going on time out of mind at church
and other places, without any one
heimr mnch benefitted therebv. No
stream can rise higher than its source.
Ideas born without thought are generally
worth no more than the breath
wasted in. giving them birth. This
beautiful building (the drill hall of a
cavalry company) in which we sit is
an example of"what organized effort
can accomplish. Allow me to express
the hope that, ere many years, the
farms of the member^vf this Club will
be as shining examples of the benefit
organization has been to its members.
If we make an earnest an honest effort
as individuals to discover a remedy for
m m >-? r-U /\ 11 a af>n?*
UUL piCOCilL UiiU^UlUC>).?C SAiail <?5iuedly
find one. The trouble, I tear,
will be to get our farmers to apply it.
It 5s a fact acknowledged on all sides,
thc.t our hilly lands are the most productive,
naturally, in the State; "while
we all know that for health and an
abundance of good, pure water?furnished
by never-failing springs and
streams?"they are' unsurpassed the
Tt wnnlfl annpar. then, thai nature
designed these lauds for something
better than to be washed away byconstant
clean culture in cotton, with
no attention whatever to rotation of
crops or rational methods of farming
which would at least maintain their
fertility for a longer period than the
brief time they now last, if not indefinitely.
Our present system?or rather
no system?of fanning has rendered
barren fully half of our arable area;
and, if persisted in, will soon render
the res>t so poor that we will not be j
able to wriug out of the murdered land j
even the bare living we now obtain.
I say "murdered" because-1 can find
no other word to properly express my
meaning; and I venture to assert that
the world has never seen, in all its
history, such butchery of land or such
a reckless waste of the accumulated
fertility of centuries, as has been witnessed
in the hilly sections of the
South devoted to cotton since I860 ?
and nowhere greater than right here
Cast your mind's eye around the sections
of country from which the members
of this Club have come this morning:;
recall to mind the hundreds?nay
thousands?of acres of land now cleared,
which at the close of the war were
in original forest or had a heavv
?1 ^ J ^
growm 01 oiQ neia pines, 10 say uoining
of those other thousands then in
cultivation which were in good heart
for making crops. See the present
condition of these lands; much of it,
too poor to pay for cultivating and
seamed with gullies by the thousand,
has been abandoned, while the rest is
fast becoming so. Most of these gullied
fields, wheu cultivated at all, are
in cotton, and controlled by negro
* mu*.. ?:?i .
renters. j.ijcv win suvu l>c ojcuic,
while the black horde like a swarm of
devouring- locusts, moves on to the
next pine"thicket on the remaining few
acres of woodland left, to repeat the
operation. The land owner, to all
intents and purposes having sold his
broad acres to these tenants ought to
have something to show for them.
Bat ask him; ask yourselves! Ask
even those men who themselves work
in the field and control every foot of
their land, directing how it shall be
worked. This last class will tell you
they are clearing no money, and every
one can see even their places are going
down hill; while if any man who rents
noe orAf onr mrvnor fn cl?r\rtr -fm* Inc
ilUO UU * UiVll^ ? W I* AVI
skinned acres, he has changed the
investment only, and got some money
and a lot of poor washed away land? I
both together not worth as much as
the land originally. But most of us
have not even that small consolation.
Our lands aie gone, we are in debt,
and we have nothing for them. Truly
one may well ask "Have we not, like
Esau of old, sold our birthright for a :
WJwOO V* [;V.liS,V . A i<v? v ? .? -W v .
something radically wrong in our J
whole system, then*. Onr lathers, the i
old slave holders, got rich under this !
system of taking all from the land and ;
giving back nothing, while we grow j
poorer. The explanation is this, they
as a rule bought nothing' but sugar and
coffee, salt and iron, and a few clothes,
while they sold everything, flour, meat
aHd corn, in addition to their cotton.
We sell nothing but cotton and buy
everything, even axes and hoe helves
while the only live stock raised on our
land has been negroes who belonged
to tnemseives. uui even 11 mey ue-1
longed to us instead, as did their ancestors
to ours, we would be in a bad
way unless we changed. -We are killing
the goose that laid the golden egg,
in thus sterilizing our farmers by constant
tillage in cotton, and have nothing
to show in return except a poor
living; thus proving that we are really
eating up our capital and working for
Ipse than nnr victuals and clothes. We
kill our goose but find no egg; they
also killed theirs, for they were as
great butchers of land as we are, but
they got their egg and had something
to show for their butchering.
This is a dark and gloomy picture,
but a little reflection wiil cause any
fair-minded man to acknowledge that
it is not overdrawn. If any one, after
contemplating it. does not i'eel that we
are desperately "sick" and in ir ?" of
a physician, he must be blind inured.
"Taking into consideration, then, the
nature of our lands?their friable
texture and broken character?I make
the assertion that we are committing a
crime akin to suicide to continue longer
our present system; and not to devote
our energies entirely to stock raising,
as being the only method by which we
can derive any income from our lands
without, at the same time, losing as
much or more from the washing away
of the soil than the profit 011 the crop
cultivated amounts to. And this
brings me back to my subject?"Is the
rotation of crops a benefit to land?
Ana if so, what rotation is best adapted
to'our immediate section?" To the
first proposition I answer emphatically
yes; and will proceed to give the
reasons why.
Plantgflike animals, differ much in
their hamte and in the differenct sorts
of food upon Which they subsist. The
broad leafed cfovers, turnips and peas
obtaiir mtrrir of thSirnourishment from
the air; while the narrow leafed
grains and grasses?especially if their
seeds are ripened?withdraw mainly.
mineral food from the soil. The
cererls require large supplies of phosphoric
acid and silica for their healthy
nutrition,; TheLegames require lime;
and turnips, clover and potatoes take
up a great amount of potash. Some
crops, as clover and peas, feed on the
subsoil from having, a tap-root, and
thus bring upslores of fertility from
below, which ibey store near the surface.
Indian corn and the small grains
being surfacc-rooted plaiits, derive
llieir SUUSlCHViC HUUi iicai u;t cuuav.v.
Indian corn, when sown in peas, the
small grains, peas sown alone, clover
and the grasses tend to keep up a
supply of huinos; while cotton our
principal crop heretofore, requires
clean culture so late in the summer as
to allow no other growth on the land
and leaves it bare the whole time, thus
exposing it to the washing rains of
both winter and summer. If it were
not for the constant washing and
leaching, cotton?which practically on
hillv lands will imnoperish afield
sooner than any other crop?would be
the least exhaustive of any we could
plant continuously; provided the seed
were returned to the land and stock
kept o ff it. The reason for this is:
The lint which is sold is nearly all
carbon, a five hundred pound bale only
containing five pounds of mineral elements
or ash, while the rest of those
elements tnken. from the soil remain
on the farm in the seed. A crop of
corn, or oats, or wheat, of equal money
value to a bale of cotton, wonld remove
several times as much of these
? ? ?? ' art a knlrt / . /t/vtf aii
mineral eieuicuio mc c/<n?c vi wicvu
without the seed. But if those crops
are consumed on the farm and the
manure saved as it should be, they
will not exhanst the land as soon as
the cotton, simply because thev are
humus-producing instead of humusdestroying
crops; and as they do not
leave the land bare all the time, (end
to keep it from washing, which is the
source of the greatest loss of fertility to
Eoerv one knows that a new ground
will not wash under three or four years
K/vitr cfftan 4 Ka IIIIIOUIA mQT*
Iiu HiaiLci iivw oitc]; iX.HtAciuv Ki*<*v
be. If, then, by a proper rotation, we
could keep our lands charged with
humus, they would never wash to
injure; and it would seem but the
dictate of common sense to endeavor
to so manage our farms as to keep up
a supply of this all-important constituent.
But we do not do this, be-1
cause we plant cotton continuously,
almost, therefore we are not following
the dictates of common sense; and
this too, in the face of the fact which
we all admit, that there is no money
in it. But suppose our lands were
level and did Kot waste. To plant any
one crop continuously on the same
field wouid be poorfarming, and final
iy reduce that field to a state of barrenness
as regards that crop, unless an
eqnivolent of all the mineral elements
removed each was returned to the soil
annually; and in addition thereto as
much vegetable matter as had been
fUken up or evaporated by the sun.
But to return this vegetable matter to
large fields is impracticable. They
cannot be treated like pet patches, ancl j
the problem is how to keep up the
supply of humus. It can only be
done by growing it on the land. This
is both the easiest and the chcapesst j
way. Bat if, while growing this vegetable
matter, we cau at the eame time
grow a crop which will yield an income,
we kill two birds with one
stone; and the science of farming consists
in learning to do this very thing.
Let ns only solve this problem?or i,f
it has been solved by others let us
follow their teaching?and it will not
be long ere we will see both profit
and pleasure in it. This is what is
meant by rotation of crops.
Prof. Tnomev, who made a geological
survey of this State in 1845, remarks
that the soils in the upper part
of South Carolina have all the mineral
elements necessary for plant growth
in inexhaustible quantities; and that
our lands onlv need the suddIv of veer- i
etable matter to be kept up to yield
good crops for all time to come. That
this is true most certainly of our
neighborhood, demonstrated by the
short time it takes these lands to recuperate
and regain their fertility
when the soil is not washed away,
even after they are to all appearances
completely exhausted. What folly,
then, to pursue a system of farming
which quickest robs the land of allimportant
substance, and soon puts the
best field in such a condition 'nat no
amount of fertilizers or guanos can
make it yield good crops of cotton or
corn. When there is not sufficient
humus in the soil these mineral ma
nures only cause crops to fire or burn
up if there is at any time a Jack of
moisture; and if there is rain sufficient
cotton rusts or sheds its fruit, aud corn
fires. Oats, rye, clover and peas are the
only plauts, with which I am acquainted,
which are said to yield maximum
crops on soils comparatively exhausted
of vegetable matter, provided the mineral
elements are present in abundance j
These are all humus-prodrrcing crops,
and can be made to yield an income
while supplying humus for future
crops of corn aud cotton.
But here comes in the question j
UU??TT /sKfoir* m?r>oivtl I
11V? aic WC IV \Jkswni IUVOV uuuviM
manures?" They cost money and our
worn out fields cannot yield us a
living and buy our guanos too, wi.Ji
which to raise" only oats, rye and peas.
Granted; but they certainly will not
much longer do that in cotton, either;
and but for the continued clearing of
the old worn out fields we would have
long since touched bottom, and now
be in a desperate condition indeed.
Luckily most of us have some good land
yet left, and we should husband it as
shipwrecked sailor does his last loaf.
For if we shall regain our reason and
commence a rational system of farming
these few remaining acres ofgood land
* ? - x. L..U iL. A *
will enaoie us to unu^u uver mu uiut:
which must elapse ere we could expect
to obtain an income from other sources
than cotton. If we will concentrate
our efforts upon this good land?and
what is more, concentrate the manure
upon it too?by proper rotation we
can keep it good and use the income
from it to build up the rest of our
lands which are now roo poor to pay
for cultivating. There is not a farmer
in this neighborhood who does not
yaar after year cultivate, or allow
reuters to cultivate, land which he
knoics to be too poor to repay the
expense 01 working", me uesi- cn s*;?suii=>,
and the good land he works has to
carry this poor land, and his profits
are thus lessened or entirely lost. We
have been using onr brains too little,
and following in old ruts without considering
whither they are leading us.
There is not now, and never has been
ill our county, a single man who has
more than a vague conception of the
possibilities of an acre of land thoroughly
and properly worked.
[continued next week.]
What General Hampton Claims for His
Lesion at Manassas.
The News and Courier publishes a
long letter from General "Wade Hamp
ton, correcting errors in articles of
Generals Johnston and Imboden,
touching the first battle of Manassas, or
Bull Run. General Hampton shows
that the Hampton Legion, 600 strong,
which he commanded, arrested the
victorious columns or t>nerman una
Keys, who were driving the Confederate
forces back, and that the Legion so
delayed the Federal advance as to enable
the Confederate reinfor&ments to
be brought np. The Jfetcs and Courtier
gives an elaborate review of the
battle, the history of which, it claims,
must now be rewritten. Its conclusion
is that Hampton was to Jackson
and Manassas what Jackson was to the
whole Confederate left?Hampton
saved Stonewall Jackson, as Jackson
saved the army. It was the magnificent
fightingof the Legion under terrible
odds that gave Jackson time to
bring his troops into position. Had he
not had time to form the Virginians,
who afterwards stood like a stone
wall, the battle would have oeen inevitably
lost. The opportunity io
form those Virginians was given to
Jackson by Hampton and his men, and
was {riven by them alone.
For a JLffc-Timc.
I have suffered for years with an
eruption?bring out at intervals all
over my body. At times my hands
would be useless, which were both
painful and annoying. All other remedies
had been exhausted, when my
merchant here, who handles S. S. S.",
induced me to try Swift's Specific. I
tried one bottle and could see that the
sores on my handftwere drying up.
After the use of several bottles I was
entirely cured. My skin is now as
fair and smooth as that of a new-born
babe. This eruption was hereditary,
as my father was similarly affected.
He had also been entirely cured. I
tate great pleasure in recommending
it to others who arc similarly affected.
I can vouch for it. It is all it claims
to be. I consider it a God-send to this
generation, and my house shall never
be without it. # J. D. ROSS.
Sparta, Ga., November 21,1884.
Treatment on Blood and Skin Diseases
mailed free.
Thk Swift Specific Co., Drawer 3,
Atlanta, Ga., *
A Sensation In Lauren*.
The young man Verdin. who was
badly whipped in Laurens county week
before last under the impression that
he had defaced a school room with
obscene writing, is said to be at
Woodruff, where he has wealthy and
influential relatives who are very indignant,
and say they will prosecute
the men who whipped young Verdin
to the utmost extent of their means.
Twelve prominent citizens of Laurens,
including one trial justice, are said to
have been implicated in the whipping,
which was a terribly severe one.
Verdin claims that the only evidence
against him was the similarity between
the obscene writing and some writing
in his music book which was supposed
to be bis, but was not. He says he
confessed because the muzzle of a
loaded and cocked revolver rested
against each of his temples. Lively
legal proceedings are probable.
An Tn/li'flna TTrtrrnr
At Mariou, Ind., last Saturday', a
colored man named Wallace assaulted
the fourteen-year-old daughter of a
well-known citizen named Vinson.
The girl was thrown into spasms and
her death was declared to be but question
of a few days. On Monday night
it became evident that an attempt
would be made to. lvnchthe brute, and
Sheriff Ilolman surrounded himself.
At 12.45 o'clock the mob made a desperate
assault on the jail. The sheriff
warned the mob and then fired a vol.^v
killing James Keily and wounding
three or four others.
The Spanish Mission in Demand.
The applicanis for the Spanish mis
sion will equal if not exceed the number
of applicants on file at the State
department for any of the foreign
missions. The office of minister to
Spain is regarded as one of the most
desirable appointments to foreign
countries. No action has yet been
taken towards a successor to Mr. Foster.
When he left Washington for
Spain to negotiate the second conrmcr*
cial treaty between the United States
and that country the appointment of
his successor was postponed until his
Bidding for Totes.
There is a weakness on the part of
the Georgia Legislature for ordering
pictures of distinguished Georgians
Dr. Felton, who is a member of the
House and is spoken of as a possible
Governor, moved that $500 be appropriated
to secure portraits of the late
Rev. Jesse Mercer and the late Bishop
Pierce respectively. This was making
a bid for two religious sects at once.
Mr. Arnbeim, who is a Hebrew,
brought a laugh upon the whole subject
by moving that $25 12 appropriated
to'seenre a cheap picture of*Moscs.
Although a practitioner of near twenty
years, my mother influenced me to procure
B. B. B. for her. She had been confined to
her bed several months with Rheumatism
which had stubbornly resisted all the usual
remedies. Within twenty-four hours after
commencing B. B. B. I "observed marked
relief. She has ju>t commenced her third
bottle and is nearly as active as ever, and
has been in the front yard with "rake in
hand," cleaning up. Her improvement is
trulv iconderful and immensely* gratifying.
* Jacksonville, Ala., June 6,1884.
?A new base ball club has been
organized in Edgefield, composed of
| the members of tbe bar, with Lieutenant
Governor Sheppard as captain.
, Facts of Interest, Gathered irom Various i
? Dried beef canned is credited with
| poisoning many people in the West.
Thp Vienna Tnnhlntt cava th<?t thp
Czar will visit Emperor Franci3 Joseph
111 September
?The prospects for a heavy ricc
crop in South Louisiaua continue to
be promising.
?Everything will be ready by August
1 for the active operation of the
Meridian, Miss., Phosphate Company.
?The Mormons commenced a crusade
in London on Sunday. They
intend to hold meetings every Sunday.
?General Sheridan has telegraphed
the President from Fort Reno that no
serious Indian tronbles need be annre
? ? - I I
Miss Cleveland has left Washington
for New York City, and is not ex|
pected to return until the heated term
is over.
?The cholera in' Spain continues
without any falling off. Sanitarv
measures are applied in every way
?During the past week the Plvmonth,
Pa., epidemic has not shown
any marked abatement and three deaths
have occurred there.
?James G. Wintersmith, doorkeeper
ot the iNational House of .Representatives,
died at Louisville, Ky\, on Tuesday
afternoon, aged 36 years.
? Storms continue to destroy life
and property in hundreds of parishes
in Austria and Hungary, and there is
a gloomy prospect of a heavy loss of
At Utica, New York, on MondayRichard
II. Williams, of Williams &
Roberts, builders, fell through a skylight
a distance of forty feet and was
?The report that Russia is negotiating
a war loan, and a crisis betweeu
that country and England is imminenf,
a pauiu 111 iuc land uuui&c la&i i
week, ?iik! securities fell flat.
?There is 110 important change in
General Grant's condition, except that
from a long and technical report made
by the consulting doctors, it seem?
that the cancer in his mouth is rather
?Joseph Taylor, who on May 31,
1S34, brutally murdered Keeper
Michael F. Doran at the Eastern penitentiary
by beating out his brains with
a wooden bobbin and bar of iron, was
hanged at Philadelphia last Friday.
?At Watertown, III., last Thursday
evening lightning struck the barns and
residence of David Lewis, instantly
killing Lewis and injuring several
members of his family and destroying1
the buildings.
?J. N. Lynch, a farmer of Washington
Township, Gibson county, Ind.,
last week poisoned his four children
with arsenic on pie crnst, and tried to I
poison his wife. One child is dead and j
Lynch has disappeared.
?There is high authority for the |
statement that the President has not
issued an order to the heads of departments
to the effect that dismissals and
appointments to fiLl places not vacant
must cease.
?The News and Courier's Fayetteville
correspondent states that the recently
published sensational accounts
of an alleged negro plot against the
white people in Chatham" county,
North Carolina, is a canard, which
originated in a hoaxing letter.
?The Republican State Convention
of Virginia last week nominated John
S. Wise for Governor, H. Clinton
Wood for Lieutenant-Governor, and
Frank S. Blair for Attorney-General.
The Readjusters and -Radicals have
joined forces, but the Democrats are
confident of victory.
?R. D. Bridges and T. J. Martin
fought a duel at Riverside, Texas, a
few days ago with shotguns. Tliev
were placed thirty yards apart and
fired simultaneously. Neither was
hurt, although one of the duelists was
a crack shotT It is believed the guns
were loaded with blank cartridges by
the seconds.
?Reororft F. Stedman. 40 vears old.
of Sebec,~Me., was married a few days
ago to Grace Preble, a girl of 11 years,
living in tbe same town. The "town
clerk at first refused to issue a license,
bnt the consent of the child's parents
being given no legal ground for refusal
remained, and the marriage ceremony
was performed at once.
?Mr. J. B. Watklns, of Kansas,
who not long since purchased from
Louisiana and the United States a
large area of land lying in Calcasieu,
Cameron and Vermillion Parishes, has
acquired from Mr." Lastie Dupre, of
St. Landry, his stock of cattle and
horses ranging m those panshes. The
price paid is said to have been $66,000.
? A fire in Washington city on
Thursday night destroyed the offices of
the Post and Republican, but the
papers were issued as usual the next
day. While the Post building were
still in flames, the printers of the Post
and Republican were hard at work a:
the Star office, preparing for the next
dav's issue. The loss by the fire was
?Edward Farris, a white boy, aged
9, and Arnold Daniel, colored, aged 7,
got into a quarrel in Atlanta on Friday,
during which the white boy hit
the negro with a rock, inflicting a
braise. Daniel drew from his pocket
a huge knife, such as is used to prune
fruit trees, and stabbed Farris, inflict
ing a wound that will probably prove
fatal. . Daniel has been arrested.
?The dreaded web-worm has made
its appearance in several cotton fields
south of Dallas, 'Lexas, along the river.
Thus far their ravages have been confined
to a district only a lew miles
square. Planters dread this worm
more than any other, and considerable
anxiety exists among cotton dealers of
North Texas over the sudden appearance
of this scourge in the very heart
of the cotton belt.
?A terrible affray took place at
Brook's Station, Ga., on last Saturday
night. Young Dr. Gable had made
some slighting remarks about Pompev
Drewry's wife. Drewry approached
Gable about the matter," when Gable
reiterated the remark. Drewry closed
in on Gable with his knife and cut him
very badly. Gable picked up a scantling
and struck Drewry, breaking his
arm. Both parties stand high in the
community. Gable is dying from his
"Wonderful Efficacy."'
Some neoole are slow in tellina what
yood things have done for them, hut
Mr. John P. Daly, of Gillisonville,
S. C., says he take's <*reat pleasure in
testifying to the wonderful efficacy of
Brown's Iron Bitters in dyspepsia,
fever and ague, and generally debility
of the system. He has personally experienced
the most satisfactory results
from the use of this valuable medicine.
Make a memorandum of this, all ye
whose systems are run down. Brown's
Iron Bitters will cure yon. *
-Mrs. W.B. Plunket, ofBatesburg,
made 165 pounds of butter from two
Jerseys in the months ofMay and June
? ana one weeK ot tne time only one
cow was milked. The record for
week before last was 23? pounds.
Mrs. Wixslow's Soothing Sykcp shoald always
be used for children teething. it soothes
the child, softens the gums, allays aU pain,
cures wind colic, and Is the best remedy lor
diarrhoea. Twenty-five cents a bottle.
is*. >
V . *
- &
Some of the Late&t Sayings and Doings in
South Carolina.
?Senator Butler has returned home
from Washington.
?The grapes in York county are
said to be rotting very rapidly.
?There were four deaths from scarlet
fever in the town of Fort Mill last
?Company G, Orr's Rifles, C. S. A.,
will have a reunion at Abbeville on
the 7th of August.
?The Abbeville Rifles have made
arrangements to go into camp on
Savannah River for a week.
?There are 140 visitors at Glenn
Springs, about three times the number
that were at the springs at this time
last year.
?Thn IJock Ilill llerald suvs that
there are forty-one unmarried ladies
and seventy-six marriageable" men in
that town.
?There are twenty prisoners con
fined in the jail at Edgefield, of whom
several are colored people confined for
breaking their contracts.
?The Spartanburg and Asheville
Railroad is now graded to within five
miles of Hendersonville, and 250 men
are at work qn the last section.
?On the 10th inst. a kiln containing
11,000 feet of lumber belonging to
It. w. iJramn ik uo., ox .lancaster,
was destroyed by an incendiary fire.
?The new cotton seed oil mill in
Columbia is approaching- compaction,
and the new cotton compress will be
ready for work with the beginning of
the season.
?John Sou, colored, eighteen years
of age, has been committed to jail in
York county, for making a criminal
assault upon a colored girl, eight years
old, on the 4th of July last.
?Susan Crosby, colored, has been
lodged in .the Lancaster jail, charged
with killing her infant child. The
woman said she buried the child, thinking
that ^ had been born dead.
? l&frli A norncf MiiiPtr-Siv
V"1 U'V il""
will have an exhibit of fine cattle,
horses and mules, which will, doubtless,
reflect credit on the best stockraising
country in the United States.
?The agricultural department has
returned to Mr. Joseph Ogden, the
treasurer of the West Gold Mine in
Union, u $400 ingot of gold lent the
department tor the New Orleans exhibit.
?W. L. Wo9d, Jr., white, and
Charlie Carter, colored, got into an
altercation in HotteaPathon Thursday
morning about sunrise which ended in
the former shooting the latter with a
shotgun, killing him instantly.
?Fnrfv-eiorhf. candidates for teach
ers' certificates were examined at'the
recent meeting of the board of examiners
for York county. Of this number
thirty-five received certificates of
different grades, and thirteen were rejected.
?Governor Thompson has appointed
Mr. C. C. Tracy, of Waltcrboro, jjchool
commissioner of Colleton county, vice
Jesse DuBose, deceased.' Mr. Tracy is
a prominent voting lawyer and a pro?
gressive and competent friend of education.
?The congregation of Cumberland
A. M. E. Church at Aiken have seceded
from the African connection. It
hoe omnlnroil tVif? T?PV_ "R. WillStOll
Taylor to fill the pulpit, and now
styles itself the Independent Methodist'
Episcopal Church.
?Mr, George L. Holmes, of Charleston,
the special agent of the United
States bureau of statistics for South
Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi
and Tennessee, is on a tour
through the State securing data for fti?
I work.
?The President has appointed B.
I Husrer Ward and II. W. Riohurd>on
collector of customs at Georgetown
and Beaufort respectively. Senator
Hampton recommended the former
and Senator Butler the latter. The
Charleston case is still in theijmnds of
the President.
? Vinnie Nance, the young colored
woman charged with the murder of
Daniel Kleckiey on June 27, was convicted
at Newberry hist week. The
case against Amy Ilntherford, an alleged
accomplice, was not pressed. The
case against Martha Liles, another *
alleged accomplice, was continued.
?The total receipts of the State
treasury for May and June, 1S8-A and
1885, as ascertained upon inquiry at
the comptroller-gcneral's office, were
as follows:
18S4. 1SS5.
May... .5 37,184.99 May... .? 39,890.45
June ... 1G7,4G9.38 June ... 178,440.73
Total .$204,654.37 Total .$21S,331.1l4
?Mr. F. C. Caughman, of Columbia,
one of the new -deputy marshals,
made his first capture in Fairfield !
county last Wednesday. He arrested
Bunyan Collins, colored, of Monticello,
for retailing liquor without a special i
tax license and brought him before
Commissioner Bauskett of Columbia.
The commissioner held him in $200
bail for his appearance lor mai at me
Greenville term of the United Stales
District Court.
?On last Thursday morning a negro
boy, aged eighteen years, was shot
and killed while hoeing cotton in a
field near Hickory Tavern, Laurens
county, in the Tumbling Shoals sec
tion. The person shooting him (name j
not given) fired from the road first i
and then climbed over the fence and 1
then shot twice again. The boy was ;
killed instantly. The negro had been
talking disrespectfully of a white lady ;
liviuff in the neighborhood, of unblem
isbed reputation, and her brother
had sworn revenge.
?The crops along the lines of railway
from Columbia to the North Carolina
line on the Ashevillc Road are
finer to the sight than they have been
at this time for several years past.
Corn is particularly flourishing. Even 1
bevond the mountaius and about the
South Carolina colony of Flat Rock,
N. C., the seasons have been extraordinarily
propitious. Everywhere there
seems "to have been a sufficiency of
rain. The corn crop is already practi
callv made and cotton will soon be ou*
of danger.
The London Leprosy.
The Pall Mall Gazette declares that
there exists in London, in full operation,
a system for the violation of
girls, raostiy of tender age and too
young to understand the nature of the
crime of which they are the victims,
these outrages being constantly perpetrated
with almost absolute impunity
; aud that the arrangements for
procuring, certifying, violating and
t disposing of these ruined victims of
London's lust are made with a simplicity
and efficiency incredible'to all
w ho have not an actual demonstration
of the facility with which the crime
can be accomplished. Some of these
helpless victims are snared, trapped
and denied either when drugged or
after a prolonged struggle in a locked
room, in which the weaker succumb
to sheer, downright force. Others are
reg-uiariy procurea--Donguc ac so j
much per head, or enticed under van- j
ous promises into the fatal chamber <
from which they are never allowed to :
emerge until they have lost what
woman ought to value more than life.
The prices mentioned as paid to the
agents vary from ?40 to ?3.
Outers tile system from unknown
causes, at all seasons.
Simttcss the >'eires, Impairs Digestion, and
Enfeeble3 the
Quickly and completely cnres Malaria,and Chills
and Fevers. Forlntcrmittent Fevers, Lassitude,
Lack of Energy, it has no equal. It
enriches and purifies the blood, stimulates the appetite,
and strengthens the muscles and nerves.
Tt. not in inrft t>tA tAftt.h patim nr I
produce constipation?all other Iron medirines do.
Father T. J. Rehxy. the patriotic and scholarly
Catholic Divine, of Arkansas. Bays:
"I have used Brown's Iron Bitters with the greatest
satisfaction for Malaria, and as a preventive of
Chills and like diseases, and will always keep it on
hand as & ready friend."
Genuine has above trade n vie and crossed red lines
on wrapper. Take no other. Made only by
Ladies' Hand book?useful and attractive, containing
list of prizes for recipes, information about
coins, etc., (riven away by al! detlers in medicine, or
mailed to any address on receipt of 2c. stamp.
Bottled Advertising.
It has been demonstrated that bottled
advertising is superior to any and all modes.
We have adopted the plan of placing the
bulk of our advertising IXsII)E of the
bottle and corking it up, while others do
all their work on the outside.
That is the reason that 15. 12. prows
so valuable in the cure of ail uo<?l diseases,
Scrofulous Swellings and J-oivs, Kiieumatism,
Catarrh, Skin and Kidney affections.
Merit is in the bottle and tLe patient is at
once convinced of the fact. Lance bottles
Si; three for Address, Klood Balm
Co., Atlanta, <la.
B. E. B.
J. M. Ellis, Atlanta, Ga., writes: I have
had a severe form of Eczema ten yearn,
and have failed to secure relief from various
doctors, and about 14:) bottles of a
noted remedy. It was pronounced incurable,
but the use <>f I). !I. 15 has effected a
cure, and I refer to Dr. I). O. C. I leery,
Dr. F. F. Taber, Atlanta. Ga.
W. M. Cheshire, at W. !!. Urotherton's
store, Atlanta, writes: "1 have had a largeeatin<r
nicer on mv lei cured bv the use of
B. 13.' B.
' It is decidedly a most wonderful medicine
for the cure of blood diseases, and it
will please everybody."
Nashville, Tf.xx., Nov. k, 1S?4.
One of my customers, Mrs. L. Williams,
has been using B. B. B. a short time and
reported to nie that its effects were simply
marvelous, and that it far surpassej any
blood remedies she has used, and that she
could lieariily sanction anything said in its
favor, as it hurt given licr more relief than
anything she had ever used before.
W. II. OWEN, Druggist.
A ;>2-p?ige book filled with information
about your blood, your skin. Kidneys,
Rheumatism, Old Ulcers ami Sores, Blood
* IA-., IIUIIII.U mu- b?* ?i;ij wwu.
Sold by all Drusjsists.
Address, BLOOD BALM CO.,
July 22 Atlanta, (Ja.
The Greatest?Medical Trium'Dli of the Aee!
Loss of appetite* Bowels costive, Pain in
tbo bead, with a dull sensation in the
back port. Fain nnder the shoulderblade,
Fullness after eating, with a disinclination
to exertion of body or mind,
Irritability cftf temper, Low spirits, with
a feeling of haying neglected some duty,
Weariness, Dizziness, Fluttering at the
Heart, Dots beforotho eyes, Headache
over the right eye, JLestlessness, with
fitfttl dreams, Highly colored Urine, and
TJJTT'S PfliTiS are.espeeially adapted
to sueh cases, one dose effects such a
change of feelingasf" - >nish the sufferer.
They Increase the .ppetite,and cause the
body to Take oa Flesh, thus the system Is
nourished, and by their Tonic Action on
the Digestive Orcans,Ue^ular Stools are
Eenovates the body, makes healthy flesh,
strengthens the weak, repairs the wastes of
the system with pure blood and hard muscle;
tones the nervous svstem, invigorates the
brain, and imparts the vigor of manhood.
$1. Sold by druggists.
OFFICE 44 Murray St., New York.
TP HTTP T ]?!"> With any disease pe1-LtU
U DIj ij j ) culiar to vourgentle
sex? . .
If so, to you we brings tidings of comPnvf
oiirl rrvncit i?'iv V/m r?nn
and restored to perfect health by usinji
If is a special remedy for all diseases ;
pertaining to the womb, and any intelli- <
gent woman can cure herself by following
the directions. It is especially efficacious
in cases of suppressed or painful menstruation,
in whites and partial prolapsus. It
affords immediate relief and permanently
restores the menstrual function. As a'
remedy to be used during that critical,
period known as "Change of Like," this i
invaluable preparation has no rival.
ltidc.ic, mcIntosii Co., Ga. ;
Dk. J. BnADKfcLD?Dear Sir I have
taken several bottles of your Female Re^u- ,
lator for falling of fhe "womb and other
diseases combined, or sixteen standing, .
and 1 really believe I am cured entirely,
for which please accept my heartfelt
thanks and most profound gratitude. I
know your medicine saved my life, "so you
see I cannot speak too highly in its favor.
Ihavereeoinmended.it to several of my
friends who are suffering as I was. Yours
very respectfully,
Our Treatise on the "Health and Ilappi
ness or woman" maiieu iree.
Y Atlanta, Ga.
Is the onlv scliool for Boys In the south with 1
GAS LIGHT, a tlrst-class GYMNASIUM, ana
a first-Class I5ATH HOUSE.
Special terms to young men of small means.
The iS3rd Session begins August 25th.
1'or Catalogue address '
r..SrvnniM y,ywnrii x C.
o ui > xji,*1v>v v>^.
jE5C. Xj. ZOA-^R/IE^, CFIR/.j
M A X ]V I 3T O, S.
Only $1.50 per annum in advance. Cheap
advertising medium.
- ' - " -
The All Healing Mineral Springs,;
Gaston County, North Carolina.
nouncing to cur friends and the
public that the XEW HOTEL buildings
ard now open for the accommodation of
guests. The buildings are larger, more
substantial, better arranged and* located
LAST SEASOX,) where a good dry atmosphere
can be had, overlooking the springs
and valley, which will prove a benefit to
toe invalid and pleasure seeKer. 1 no accommodations
and comforts will be found
superior to those offered heretofore and
will compare favorably with other firstclass
resorts. The waters of the All Healing
Mineral Springs are well known to
cure Dyspepsia and all diseases of the
digestive organs, Gravel, Diabetes and
Kidney affections, Scrofulous an? Syphilitic
complaints, White Swelling and"skin
diseases generally.
All persons afflicted with Lung troubles,
find great relief here from the
Climate and the Use of the Waters.
The.Springs are beautifully loc.ced, on
the Richmond and Danville Kaiboad in the
Piedmont Belt of mountains, Lid at the
base of Crowder's Mountain, being four
miles east of King's Mountain, six miles j
West, of (inxtonia. and two miles south of i
the Atlanta and Charlotte Ilailroni known
as the Richmond and'Danville Line. All
persons wishing to find a pleasant and
comfortable place, in which to pass a few !
weeks* for health or pleasure, can do no 1
better than to give the climate and waters
of All Healing Mineral Spring-! a trial.
For testimonials, Circulars, terms, etc.,
All Healing P. 0.
Gaston County, North Carolina.
June 6
The Religions Weekly of the 3'rotestfint
V?*Tiii2/?An5il fllinrftli.
A magazine of Ecclesiastical IrreUlgeaee. devotional
and general reading. and the i-'.rgest
and most Influential weekly la tlw Piou-stant
Episcopal Church. .
In the Xcws 2>epartment the energy <?r
Thk Churchman Is well known. and its organization
is very complete for procuring news
which it elves with remarkable promptness.
The JIasazinc Department alone contalus
In a year sufllcierit reading matter to
make more than live i-2mo hooks of 3au pages
Irs Book Reviews are a prominent feature.
JLiterary. Art and Scientific Xotes arc
carefully prepared by specialists.
Its European Correspondents are persons
of eminent ability.
The Children's 5)epartinent is Illastrated
and specially edited for ths children.
S3.30 a yoar in advance, post paid. Three
dollars to Clergymen, single copies ten cents.
J7 l^arayette ?'iace. .lew x orst.
A Matliematical and Classical School
with a complete BUSINESS COLLEGE
attached. The largest male boarding
school in Western Xorih Carolina. Military
plan, except in its Business Department.
One hundred and forty students
last year?over ninety boarded. Its graduates
"in Bookkeeping iill lucrative positions
in every Southern State. One hundred
dollars will cover'all expense ot'iull course
in Business College. Two hundred dollars
will cover all expense for ten montlis in
regular departments, and furnish botli
dress and fatigue suit* of uniform.
Next session opens 24th' August, 1885.
Semi for Catalogue to
W . T. R. 23ELX. A. 51.,
.J uly0i.2ui . I'rineipa!.
IN the complaint concerning our cooks,
which never seem to lessen as tne'
rears go by, but 011 the contrary seems to
swell in volume, we wonder that it has not
occurred to many of those who find the
zompiauit unavoiuaoie mat iiiey uave one
svay of remedying matters a good deal in
their own hands. An active half hour,
thre^ tircies a dav, with a "HOME COMFORT"
RAX(tE in the kitchen, is all that is required
to prepare the most substantial
weal without'fatigue. These celebrated
Ranges are sold only from .wagons by our
iuthorized salesmen, nr.w making headquarters
at Winnsboro, S. O.
Yours truly,"
May 19-3m St. Louis, Mo. J
nrr ? n : r\rnnnTi
UJtlAit i.Ui 1 i j
Female Institute.;
SESSION* BEGINS September 2nd, ]
LSS.", closes JuiH' -in!, IS.*. ;.
Unsurpassed *i:i the Uioiwu^lmess ami 1
high standard of its Literary, Music and j
Art Departments. ]
For Catalogues apply'to j
jiEV. \\\ K. ATKINSON', j
f !l>nr!r?ttp V C.
P. 8.?Persons receiving catalogues will ]
take, notion that the session begins a week .
sooner than announced in the catalogue. J
.JulySiJm ]
IE"1 -A. IR< S, S ! \
YV E offer you the celebrated Poierkin |
Cotton Seed at Si.50 per bushel. It will j 1
srive forty per cent, of lint, and equal the !,
yield in seed cotton of any other variety, |
We are agents for tiie IX-cring Binders. j j
Reapers and Mowers, the Thomas Ilake, j
Corhin and Acme Harrows, Farqiihar Cotton
Planters, Iron A pre Cultivator*. Saw !
Mills, Engines, Gins, Presses. Plows, Etc.!
Repairs for Champion and Buckeye Ma- J'
chines and'for Watt Plows. Write to us.
Mar4L6m Columbia, S. C,
fiood P;ty for Aceats. $IOO to S200 7>er , j
mo.iu:i?lo>tellinsrour<?rasi<illiitory. ! 1
Faiuoukaud Occitirv B:tttl*>suf tin-World '
Write to J. C. 5IcC'tvrdy tic Co., tfulaueipUia, l'a.
Civil Enjrineerinc: .and JIanual Technology erabi
Riven to Civil Engineering. Full course in Man;
Literary and Scientilic Department, iaXhec
Opens its 16th session Sept. 9th. 1SS3, with a corps of
buildings. Elegant and LealthJul location. Home ii
Departments oX ilosic and Art in tie hand* ol skilled t<
afciag? Bi-| iTriftiT i rrirttf'ya' 'j*. wrJia
reel's ratent improved Ousmonea
THE HEARING, and perform the work oi the . <
Natural Drum. Alwais In position, but In- *
visible to others and comfortable to wear. All . ^Sa
conversation and even whispers heard distinctly.
We refer to those usinjr them. Send for
illustrated 'ooolc with testimonials free. Address . ' v
F. JIISCOX, S43 Broadway. N. Y. -Mention .
tills paper. t
? +,
you railing, try Wells' Health iientwer, a 4
pure, clean, wholesome .
For Brain, Nerves. Stomach. Liver, Kidneys,
An immunized inviirorant. Cures Dvsnensla.
Headache, Fever. Aaruf*. Chills. Debility r ,
ana Weakness. >
Instant relief mr Neuralgia. Tootliaeli, Face- A
ache. Kk* '6 ;[email protected]
K. S. WKLLS. Jersey City. A*. J.
Parker's Hair Balsam Is Hnely perfumed an J
is warranted to prevent falling of the lia r and ,jH
to remove dandruff and ,r :ung.
Parte Tonic. <1
, -t
A Pure Family Medicine That Neve v
If you are a mechanic or firmer, worn
v.'lib overwork. or a mother run down by fami. f \
Or Household duties try Fahksk's'Toxic.
163 William Street, Xew York.
50c. and $1 frizes, ?t all dealers !n medicine. , ?
Great saving In buying dollar size. ?. f
MOSQUITO BITE CURE, gives Instant' r
reller. and drives them away. Address , |
SAL LADE ^ CO., S East l$th St., Xew York. 1 )
131 PROVED , M
Is tl?e KF.ST constructed and
ior LESS MONKY pc-v
Pamphlet FREE bv
the r -p
Oolumfeia Music House
ing 3 y.
Pianos aM 0rpi= r
?0? ~ :* i
i "
o o i 1
IS. Vv. THUMP, Manager, *
Local agents in Fairfield Count}*:
J. 0. BO AO. ?V innsboro. ;-v
A. A. 3101111 IS, liliigcway.
^ ' v;
wiarjoue. . oiusiuu <e Aplasia ii. ii " v
?Eastern Standard Time.
Leave Augusta 9.05'a. m. v\
Leave V.\ C. &. A. .Junction 1.12 p. m. . \
iri'ive at Columbia 1.22 p. m. :
Leave Columbia 1.32 p. m. 'K
Leave Kiilian's 3..>sp. mt
Leave ISiythewood 2.1? p. m
Leave RidgCNvay 2.31 p. m. vH
Leave* Simpson's 2.47 p. m. ,
Leave Winr.sboro 3.02 p. m.
Leave White Oak 3.22 p. m.
r A'lrm TT,u\/?^"o v/T'o *? A *5 ?v *?? X
Leave Rlaekstock 3.50 p. in.
Leave Cornwall's 3.58 p, in.
Leave Chester 4.17 p. m.
Leave Lewis' 4.:>2 p. m.
Leave Smith's.... 4.40 p. in.
Leave Rock Hill 5.01 p. m.
Leave Fort Mill ">.-()p, m. /SH
Leave Pineville 5.40p. m.
Arrive at Charlotte.. 6.10 p. m. SH
Arrive at Statcsville.-. 9.35 p. m.
No. 19, Way Freight, Passenger Coach
Attached, Daily, except Sundays;
Leave Columbia. .1.55 p. m.
Leave Wiansboro 5.25 p. in.
Leave Chester s.20 p. m. \?
Arrive at Charlotte 12.45 a.m. ~
(ifUV.'t ^riTTTTT
Leave. SuteSvillc 7.43.a. m. . . ? #
Leave Charlotte 2.00 p. m.
Leave Pincviiir .1.27 p. ih. -f
Leave Fort Mill ..1.44 p. in.
Leave Rock liiil .. .2.02 p. ix. ^ :
Leave Smith's 2.22: p. t?.
Leave Lewis' 2.30 p m.
Leave Chester *_'.44 pL in. - \
Leave Cornwall's 3.03 p.m. /'
Leave Blackstock 3.12 p. m. . -g
Leave Wood ward's .o.?S p." m. i ||?
[^eave White Oak .3.30 m.
Leave Whmsboro .3.48 p. m. J||
Leave .Simpson's 4.03 o. m.
Leave Ridge way 4.10 p. m. , m
Leave Elythewpbd 4.32 p. w. V
Leave Kiilian's 4.49 p. 21
Sjrivc at Columbia ..".1" p. to. . 4 j
Leave Columbia 5.25 p.m. A
Leave W. C. & A. Junction 5.57 p. m. ><|jj
Arrive at Augusta. 9-.3S pj m. fl
So. 20, Way Freight, Passenger Coach TB
Attached, Dally, esccpt .Sundays. __
Leave Charlotte 9.45- p. m.
Leave Chester 1.50 a. m. - ~ ^
Leave "Winnsboro .5.25 a. m.
Arrive at Columbia 8.20 a.m. ?
C?nr.ection is n: v/made at Chester (by W r-*~'
trains 52 and 53) for Lancaster and inter- 't - *
mediate points on C. A C. H. Ix.. and f.->r ,
ill points on C. & L. II. R- as far as Xcr:- j
ion, X. C. < ~ '
:.r. slaughter, g. p. a. ' w
G p. TALCOT3", Superintendent:
D. CARDVv'ell, a. g. p. a. :
Easy to use. A certain cars. Is ot expensive. Thr??
months' treatment in one paefcage. Good for Cold jg
Is the Head, Headache. Dizziness, Hay Fever, <tc. y
v Fifty cent*. Ey all Drogjista. or by mail. f
E. T. HAZBLnSE. Wenen, Pa. f
rT^T"^"^ STfnr5^ Nashville, Tenn. /
I J. V JL $6 Departments: ,
race-! in Academic Department. Special attention . J
lal Technology. Session opens Sept. 16. Tuition in
ilogical, free. For Catalogue (tree) scad to Sect'y. f
sle"sehhnaryt iAS.
WILLIS, A. M., Principal.
12 ?deer* uk<1 Teacher*. Excellent brick a
atiuence. Moral culture receives carclul attention. 4B"V
;achers. Number ui pupils limit id. ^
: - 1
; i

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