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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, September 02, 1885, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1885-09-02/ed-1/seq-4/

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CHAELTGTOX suffers the ravages
OF A FEARFUL cyctene.
k'."'. ? - Great
Loss of I'ro^erty-No Loss of Life
?Wli'arvcB. Vessels, Churclion atul Ktsit]?-iK:eg
I)t!itroye<l or It>jure<l--Th?; Storm
/ - ,
ojj Miiiiv.m s isianu.
The. daily papers of Wednesday,
August 20, contained accounisofa fearful
siorm that visited Charleston during'
tlie day previous. The sign-; were unfajroi-aTjJe
on the Monday previous, and
tHfe wind continued to increase in
.vetnrcafv and violence, till it developed
fiilo isi- veritable cyclone. At two
O"*clock fon Tuesday afternoon this
cyeiofee/>track Charleston. The wind
b!e\V-? stitt\ northeaster, and the work
of damage commenced. Uool's were
twisted away, fencing was levelled
and trees were stripped and lorn. The
gale must have reached sixty miles an
hour, and at ten o'clock it seemed to
lull for half an lionr. Then with the
return tide a violent south wester turned
in and completed the wreck in the
path of the storm. Roots of slate and
tin that had been unsettled before
were blown bodily into the streets.
Scarcely a tree stands symmetric ;n the
city. One-fourth of t lie houses .verc
unroofed. Paris of the spires of the St.
Michael's and St- Matliew's churches
were blown down, ami the spire of the
Citadel Square Baptist church was
demolished. The wharves and warehouses
were badly damaged. On
Sullivan's Island two steamers were
run aground, and the wv Ashley
river bridge, in course of construction,
was swept away. Four vessels were
wrecked. The loss is estimated at one
million dollars. The work of restoration
and repair has already begun.
The work of repair of the principal
wharves for the season's business had
*nst been finished. In many places
.hese were torn up. x\ loaded schooner
was blown from the river across the
track ot the Northeastern Railroad.
The tracks, wharves, depots and warehouses
of the South Carolina Kail road
were also badly damaged. The stone
flagging of the beautiful .and famous
Battery was demolished and blown
into the water.
There is not a whole tree in Charleston.
The walls of the battery are
demolished all around, and the place is
a complete wreck. There was considerable
damage to shipping, and the
wharves are all torn up and unroofed
or tunica over. Ihe railroad tracks!
arc torn up and bent like kiiitfing
needles, and the depots arc unroofed
and badly damaged. A large vessel
lying at anchor was blown up on the
marsh and lies stranded there. A
schooner in a little creek running out
from the harbor was blown square
across the Northeastern railroad track.;
Fortunately, there was no loss of
lii'e. A most serious accideiit befel
Mr. Doiterer, living on the corner
opposite the Citadel Square Baptist
Church. The spire of the church was
blown down across his house while
the family were all at breakfast. The
spire of the German Lutheran Church,
perhaps the tailcst in Charleston, leans
worse than the tower of Pisa, and if it
does not fall will probably have to be
torn down. A large wholesale store,
corner King and Reed streets, had the
gable end blown in, and a large number
of other buildings were more or
The phosphate works near the city
are but little injured, except the Atlantic,
which loses its acid chamber.
The German bark H. Peters was
driven ashore; the German brig Freiheit
was sun,k in a collision; the dry
dock schooner William E. Lee was
blown ashore; and the Norwegian
bark Veritas and the Italian brig San
Prieco are ashore at Castle Pinckncy,
with a three-masted schooner, name
unknown. No lives were lost.
Steps will be taken at once to rebuild
the fallen houses and to repair
the other damage done.
On Sullivan's Island the hurricane
was terrific and destructive. A number
of houses were blown away. The
New Brighton Hotel had over one
hundred guests, and great fears were
r?ntpr(!)infti fnr tlion* ?;)t'e! v. Almtit 0
o'clock on the morning *>1" August 2o
the storm reached its greatest velocity.
At = that-hour, while the hotel people
were at breakfast, the Casino fell with
a great crash. Fortunately all the,
rooms in that building had been
vacated, but there were grave apprehensions
that the dining room
and the main building would sooji
succumb to the violence of the .storm.
Brave men were blanched with fear,
and their hearts almost ceased to pulsate,
so fearful was the apprehension
that the ladies and children were
doomed to instant death. The ladies
behaved with a heroism that was
really grand and sublime. Not a murmur
escaped their lips. They faced
the danger with such fortitude as to
challenge the admiration of the men.
At 0o'clock the wind changed from ihe
southeast and stood increased from the
southeast when the Casino full. It is
thought Ihut the maximum velocity of
the storm "was from sixtv-fivc to sev
enty wiles nit hour. The main building
of the hotel is intact, having stood
the storm without very serious damage.
it is said that this storm was the
most violent in thirty years. At 10
o'clock it was nearly over. The loss
to ttic New Brighton will he 830,000. i
There was a very general destruction j
of property on the Island; hut iliej
people are profoundly grateful that j
their lives were saved. The Island j
was in the main submerged, hut when !
the wind changed tho waters receded
and all hearts rejoiced and were made
Telegrams from Wilmington, X.
Jacksonville, Fla., and Fernandina,
Fla., and other places on the coast, j
indicate that the stonn was almost as :
wiue-spreau as it was uesmiouve.
..iCiiARi.KSTOX, Auirast 2(5.?It was j
impossible yesterday to telegraph an !
adequate description of the cyclone. j
It proves the most disastrous storm '
that has ever visited Charleston, i
Within a comparatively lew minutes |
the iiijtiy-jtojpaivatc residences was'
very large lii ' the aggregate, though I
the individual losses were compara-1
lively small, consisting chiefly in roofs I
and fences. ^rt:ne of the wholesale I
dealers, however, lose heavily by
damage to their stocks. The heaviest j
losses were along the water front. A|
description of the damage in this j
locality, however, was given in the j
Augusta dispatch. The Snllivairs I
Island steamers PocosTn and Sappho j
are aground in the harbor and are!
considered beyond repair.- The Union, j
Naval Stores and City Wharves are !
badly wrecked. On Charleston's fav- i
o'rite i)romenade, East Battery, the
ground floors of the residences were
from three to six feet under water,
and the handsome gardens were cov
ercd deep with sedge. The sea rose so !
rapidly as to have the appearance ot a i
tidal wave.
The steamer iiontfcello of the Florida
line encountered the gale 24 hours be- !
fore she reached Charleston and had a i
troubled passage, but was not injured.
The railroads leading to Charleston
are considerably damaged. On the
Savannah Railroad several hundred j
leet of track was washed away, but the j
road was in working condition last j
night. The freight depots ot the <
Savannah and Northeastern Railroads !
are badly damaged, but the freight in
depotsisiuunjnred. The Northeastern
Railroad track for a mile and a half is
covered with water and one-half of the
track is washed off. liunninjr arrangements
have been made with the South
Carolina Railroad. -
.\e\\ > coinci mug me crops i> Ji?e;i- .
gre. The rice factors believe the rice
crop not damaged much, as tide ?
water would scarcely reach the _
fields before :i change in the direction ^
of the wind ..otild take it down the
river. There is no doubt, however, a
but that the cotton crop on the sea 11
islands is seriously damaged. P
The coastwise steamer St. Helena is .
ashore at Martin's Point and a canal J|
will have to be cut to get her off.
On Sullivan's Island many houses J!
were damaged to a greater or less jj
extent*. The New Brighton Hotel had
its windows blown in and crockery "
broken, but withstood the storm brave- *
Iv. The Casino was lifted entirely .
from its foundations and dashed to the !'
ground. J!
The J?ew$ and Courier makes the .
following rough estimate of the losses; 11
Wharf property, $3o0,000; private l!
property, 8:300,000; churches, $30,000* 11
cotton presses, $80,000; city property, a
streets and parks, $35,000: railroads,
$50,000; Ashley River bridge, $8,000; 0
shipping, $1-00,000; lumber mills, $20,- J?
000; miscellaneous, $100,000: total, !'
$1,12:3,000. Jj
Ciiaklkston, S. C., August 27.?The e
city is ringing with the sound of hammers
and pile drivers, and the work of ^
repairing and rebuilding is proceeding^ a
with great rapidity. The wharves are ^
alreadv prepared fur business, but ..
there were no marine arrivals or de- l(
partures to-dav. All of the railway
tracks have been repaired, aiul trains 0
on the various roads are running regu- n
ii P
larly. a
The town of McCiellanville, between g
here and Georgetown, suffered severely J,
by the storm. A number ot houses t]
were blown down and the loss to j
turpentine and terrapin farms in the c
vicinity was serious. e
The roads in Magnolia Cemetery in ^
the suburbs of Charleston and the f.
Catholic cemetery adjoining are washed
and many monuments blown down c
and defaced. k
How the Radicals Managed to Rob a Postmistress
in Spartanburg.
(troin the Carolina Spartan.)
Several years ago when it was
difficult to get a postmaster at the i
small offices, the people about Campton
secured the appointment of Miss
Lizzie Camp. Mr. Bray was in business
there and he took charge of the c
office and attended to the business, c;
Squire Camp and Dr. Dean went on o
Miss Camp's bond. The reports were S
made out resrularlv and Dr. Dean si
always attended to these to see if they p
were correct. In 1879 Miss Camp was si
notified that her office was in arrears t<
something over $23. This was a sur- ti
prise. Dr. Dean went over all the ti
reports and verified them and ascer- v
taincd that the office was owing the b
department only three dollars and a o
few cents. But he and Squire Camp ti
concluded to pay up the amount claim- a
cd rather than have a squabble with v
the Postoffice Department and perhaps c:
have their office closed. A few days li
ago Miss Camp was notified that there ti
was an amount placed to her credit in o
the Department and that if she could e
send on a statement of her manage- a
ment the money would be paid. The C
papers hart ail been kept and copies of v
the reports forwarded and pronounced h
satisfactory, and Miss Camp was g
notified that she would soon receive a h
check for the amount due. The ex- I
nlanation of the transaction is that n
Miss Camp was assessed $*20 for elcc- T
tion purposes, and not responding wilh f;
the money, it was charged up to her is
and taken ont of her salary. Tins is v
dishonest partisanship of the worst ii
type. * e
?The Washington correspondent of ?
the New York Sun makes a serious ^
charge against the Hon. John Sherman,
lately secretary of the treasnry,
and now Senator from Ohio. The
accusation is that Mr. Sherman, while .
secretary of the treasury, being about (
to build a new house in Washington,
caused' designs for it to be made in the toffice
ot the supervising architect of tj
the treasury, and had the buildiDg of
it overseen by persons employed in
that office?all being paid for, not by ^
Mr. Sherman, but by the Government.
From the Reverend Clersry. ^
Among the many ministers of the t<
gospel, who have been helped by j,
Brown's Iron Bitters, the Ilev. E. A. tj
Spring, Condon, Iowa, says, "I used e]
ir f<?i* rmrl form/? if n
great help." Ilev. Jas. McCarty, Fort t,
Stevenson, Dakota, says, "It cured me j-j
of severe dyspepsia and increased my 0l
weight twenty-five pounds." The n
Itev. Mr. Offtiy, Newborn, N. (J., says ?
he ha? taken it, and considers it one of aj
the best medicines known. The Rev. jc
Mr. Whitney, Hingham, Wis., says, ^
"After a long sickness from lung fever, ,r
I used Brown's Iron Bitters and gain- r
ed strength." So throughout the f(
State.s with hundreds and hundreds of ft
other clergymen. * <c
? tl
?Mr. Thomas Fitzpatrick, a mer- ft
chant of Lancaster, is on a business
trip to New York, with his wife, si
Tuesday afternoon he went c^jwn is
town alone, stopped in a saloon, took si
? JJ J 1 1.1 3 .. r 1*
a iirniK, was uriiggcu, iuuwu 01 uts tl
watcli and ?30, thrown in the street,
when the police gobbled him up and
he was'surprised next morning to llnd
himself in limbo. After an explana- r
tion of the circumstances, he was released.
Statement of Facts. jj
Tiie Itev. James L. Pierce, of Ox- 2s
ford, Ga., says: My- wife from early 0
girlhood has been suffering frcrii rheu- tl
mutism. She has tried many remedies p:
and I must frankly say has derived 0]
more benefit from Swift's Specific than j[r
all the others after long and faithful n;
trial. cji
Mr. T. L. Anderson, a prominent
business man of Temple, Texas, under &
date of February is, 1 885, writes: I oi
can certify without hesitation that-the C;
medicine known as Swift's Specific w
is the best blood purifier I have ever p
used. tj
Col. A. J. Brooks, of Round llock, V)
Texac, under date of February 18, tc
1885, says: I have been afflicted with a tl
blood liumor and indigestion for fifteen tj
years. I have used various medicines ni
but with little purpose. I have re- rn
ceived more benefit from Swift's SpeciHe
(S. S. S.) than anything- else I jj
have taken. It is the best blood puriiier
on the market. ffi
The Kev. W. K. Kirk, a member of
the Alabama Conference, M. E. Church fc
South, says; Through gratitude to the gj
proprietors of Swift's Specific, and a q
desire to benefit suffering humanity, I fa
heartily recommend S. S. S. as the Sc
best remedy I have yet found for $<
rheumatism, with which I have suf- u,
fered for years. By the use of this a.
medicine 1 was enabled to resume my ti
pastoral work in October last, for ti
which I had been disabled for two or 0]
three years by rheumatism. jj,
Mr. T. J. Treate, of Wacissa, Fla., q
writes: Swift's Specific has cured a
cancer on my face, and has almost q
made a new man of me. . a
- Treatment on Blood and Skin Dis^ Y<
ea^.s mailed free. d<
Tiih Swift Sfecific Co., Drawer 3, tc
Atlanta, Ga. * is
i.i ir
?Savannah suffered no damage from al
the cyclone of last week. I tt
en Walker Gives the Kea.?ous for Iiij
Charleston*, August 22, ISSo.
To the Editor of The JS'ews and
'ourier: The resignation of the unersigned
as a. member of the board
f visitors S. C. M. A. having become
nown, and having been mistakenly
onstrued into a reflection on the
oard, I desire, in justice to the board
nd myself, to have my position fully
nderstood, and therefore ask yoiu
ublication of this letter.
I tendered my resignation because
ie work of the board has recently
ikeu up and would probably in the
nmediate future consume inor<> of my
me man in previous years, aur uiort
ian I could give, consistently with
iy duty as president of the Charleston
lannfacturing Company and othei
usiness engagements. I was renderiga
voluntary publicduty,so when this
iterfercd wiih business obligations,
lie business notso much of myself, bui
nportant interests of others confidec
:> me, 1 was necessarily forced to renquish
what I have always cherished
s a most honorable public trust.
I have since authorized the chairmav
f the board, through whom I forwarded
my resignation, to withhold it
3r the present, with the understandrig
that I am to be relieved of am
uties interfering with my business
Inquiry of the chairman of th(
oard reveals the fact, which I mighi
s well stale, that no other member o:
he board has resigned, nor has he am
eason to suppose that any one con
emplates doing so.
I heartily concur in the recent act;
f the board of visitors, which are tlx
resent subjects of public criticism. J
ssuine my full responsibility for mj
hare in these act?, all being the unani
ions actions of the board. I be!icv<
hem just, politic and wise, in the
irect line of the maintenance of disipline
and good order in the Acad
my, that they will be of ultimate
enefit to the Academy and put it h
ar better condition for its high anc
oble work; and I have the lirmes
ouviction that if the facts wer<
nown, the public, including our pres
nt critics and even our enemies, wouli
3in inc cordially in this opinion.
Very respectfully,
C. I. Walkek.
he Incendiary Speech Made by the Olc
Sorehead in Ohio--The Sonth Still in th<
The opening speech of (he Ohic
ampaign, on the part of the Republi
an party, was made at Mount Gileat
11 Thursday afternoon by.Senator Johi
herman, before a large" open-air as
smblage. The speech was carefullv
repared in advance, and makes aboui
ix ordinary newspaper columns. A
iw passages upon the changed condl
:on of affairs in the national adminis
ration are as follows: "Some of the
cry men who boastfully threatened tc
reak up the Union, and, with the
ath of office in support of the Constiutioii
fresh on their lips, conspired
nd confederated to overthrow it,
raged war against it and were the
ause of the loss of a half a million
ves and thousands of millions o]
. ensure, have been placed in higL
ffiees again, in the very seats of powr
which they abandoned with scon
nd defiance- Two members of the
!onfederate Congress and one mar
/ho sympathized with them are at the
ead of the great departments of the
overnmeHt. I saw the Union flag al
alf mast floating over the Interioi
)epart.ment in "sign of honor anc
lourning for the" death of Jacot
'hompson, whom wc regarded as demiter
and conspirator. This countrv
? now ronrftsfinted abroad bv rnei
rlio, within twenty-five sears, wen
i arms to overthrow it, and the govrning
power of the Executive brancli
f the government io in sympathy
,'ith their ideas and selects chiel
fficers ot the government from mei.
?ho were in war against it. This
trange tarn in events has but one exmple
in history, and that was the
sstoration ot " Charles the Second
fter the brilliant but brief protectorte
of Cromwell, and like that restoraon
is a reproach to the civilization ol
ic age. In the South it may be said
lat 110 known Union man has been
ppointed to office. The offices arc
lied from the rebel ranks. No man
dio acquiesces in the results of the
rar and honorably demands a fail
allot and fail1 count can be appointed
> office in the South. The rebels arc
i as absolute mastery in the South a*
icy would have been if the Conl'edracv.had
"Fellow-citizens, the line drawn bciveen
the two panics is now as disnct
as it was during the war. but we
ccupv a different field of battle. Then
n f/\i* tKn r% f* f lir
lvuOllw xyyL 1 4J^ ' unvu * ?*v
'nion, and, as a means to that end, the
bolition of slavery. Now that t lie Un>n
is saved and slavery abolished, w?
ght for equal political rights for all
leu and a faithful observance of the
institutional amendments. We are
>r the exercise of national authority
>r the preservation of the rights consrred
by the Cohstitution, and upon
)is broad issne we invite co-operation
om the South as well as the North."
Rather more than one-half of the
;)eech is given to discussion of the
sue between the two parties in terms
milar to those employed in the ex acts
here quoted.
he Territory Forming the Cau^e of Trou.
ble between Spain and Germany.
(From t/te St. James Gazette.)
The Caroline Islands arc a rcmarka1
r? rfi?onn r\ f fAmnnfmnc in tVin
forthcrn Pacific- They are, perhaps,
f no great strategic importance, since
icy lie on'the road to nowhere in
articular; but, from the point of view
f the archaeologist, they are interestig
in the extreme. Certain Dutch
avigators, who visited them nearly a
encration ago, returned to Europe
itli wondferful stories concerning the
igantic ruins that had been discovered
11 some of the smaller islets at the
istcrn end of the archipelago, but it
as not until 1883 that anything aproaching
to a systematic survey of
ic group was undertaken. In that
sar her Majesty's ship Espiegle
inched at main* of the islands, and
lose officers who went ashore found
lai the magnificence pf the reinins
had hot been exaggerated. The
iost imposing rnins are at Metalanim
[arbor, :in Ponape, and at Chabrol
abor, in Kusaie, and an idea of their
randeur may be formed from the fact
lat some of the stones of the buildigs
measure as much as thirty-five
et long by twenty feet broad and
Etcen feet thick. They are ornaraent)
with rude sculptures, which bear a
.mily resemblance to the well known
:ulptures of Easter Island, in the
Diithern Pacific. Yet Easter Island
id the Carolines are fully 6,000 miles
?art, and, so far f.s is "discoverable,
. ?V. rt V) rtA*V\T?nmAO_
LCit; u*w litre; w;vii an v tvnuiiuaxva011
between them. The object and
igin of the monuments are alikfc uunowu.
It my be added that the
aroline group, which was discovered
y Spain iu 1526, has hitherto, even by
crraan geographers, been regarded as
Spanish possession, although for
;ars there have been no Spanish resists
on any of the islands. The ex;nt
of the laud surface of the group
rather more than three 300 square
liles, and the estimated population is
_>out 22,000 souls, all of whom are of
le Malay race.
t Facts of Interest, Gathered from Various
?The smallpox is on the increase in
Montreal and is spreading to adjacent
' towns.
?Queen Victoria and the I'rinccss
; Beatrice and her husband have gone
, to Balmoral.
?The King of Bavaria is to be
placed under guardianship, as lie is
. undoubtedly insane.
?An expulsion of Polish subjects
! from Austria has been begun. All
classes alike arc expelled.
! -Ex-Governor Reuben E. Fenton,
of New York, died suddenly at his
! desk in Buffalo, on Tuesday.
?Many houses and other buildings
. at Boston were damaged badly by
_ .lightning and rain on Tuesday.
< ?An earthquake shock was felt
through the Canary Islands on ThursI
day, but 110 damage was reported.
I ?There has been a remarkable fall
ing off 111 the importatiou of diamonds
I into the United States within the past
1 ?After losing SO of their 120 men,
me ronuguese Airican exploring ex:
pedition found the sources of the
' Lualaba River.
5 ?All the emblems of mourning for
General Grant have been removed
> from the public buildings in New York
t and Washington.
f ?Mr. Alex. Vogelsang, of Philadelr
phia, is about to astonish the world
- with a flying machine with fans two
feet long instead of wings.
3 ?President Cleveland has not yet
* returned from his summer vacation.
The report that his health was failing
turns out to be groundless.
[ ?The Ilcv. Henry Ward Beecher
indignantly denies the report that he
^ never pays his bills and that his con*
gregation are trying-to get rid of him.
> ?The Pennsylvania Prohibitionists
j in a convention of three hundred and
t Prohibition candidates for State treasj
?The people of Ohio vote at the
1 next election for an amendment to the
State constitution changing- the time
of State elections from October to
?There is 110 falling off in the rav}
ages of the cholera in Spain. The
i daily average of deaths is nearly fif5
teen hundred, and of new cases nearly
five thousand.
) ?Col. John S. Mosby, late United
- States consul to Ilong Kong, has been
I presented with a silver cup and an
1 address by the Chinese merchants of
- San Francisco.
?The "Washington correspondent of
t the New Orleans Times-Democrat says
k that the correspondence of President
' Cleveland in reference to the unfit
* judge is bogus.
' ?Floral offerings are being sent to
, the tomb of General Grant in such
' profusion that it is thought that it will
[ become necessary to provide a place of
deposit for them.
! ?There seems to be something in
i Montreal that favors the propagation
f of smallpox. In 1872 it broke out
! there, and in the following nine years
. 5,000 people died of it.
i ?H. II. Day, a Chippewa chief,
5 while en route "to St. Paul last week,
i was taken from a train at a way stai
tion, and so brutally beaten that he is
; not expec.ed to recover.
?The commissioner in lunacy reports
that McCullonafh, the actor, is a
' decrepit old man, in a condition of
' hopeless lunacy, and that his death is
" only a question of a few months.
( ?The grand jury of Buncombe
, county, North Carolina, have returned
[ true bills against William H. and E. P.
' Jones, father and son, for the murder
. of the Joyce family of four in April
^ last.
[ ?A dispatch from Jackson, Miss.,
; reports that six passengers were fatally
. injured in an accident, on Friday
. morning, on Bayou Pierre. The
[ engineer, n reman ana a Drakeman were
. killed.
?A Philadelphia man asserts that he
f saw Preller in that city in May, al1
though he denied his identity. Max*
i well's claim that the so-called mnrder
; was an insurance doclgc may yet be
i verified.
; ?Secretary Bayard wants a consul
i for St. Paul de Loando, on the west
, coast Africa, at a salary of $1,000.
[ Mr. C. II. Davis, the consul, has re'
signed and returned home. He paid
over $2,000 for traveling expenses and
doctors' bills last year.
?Light frosts have fallen at various
: points in Wisconsin and Iowa. The
t damage to the crops is inconsiderable.i
The weather is exceptionally cold for
i the season throughout the West. Frosts
have also fallen at Staunton, Va., and
! in different parts of Pennsylvania.
-The rush for vaccination at Mon
| trcal is so great thai policemen are deI
tailed to keep back the candidates. It
is reported that small pox hae broken
| out at Richelieu, some miles from
( Montreal. The proposed excursion
, to New York has been postponed.
s ?Miss McLeod has arrived in Amcri
ica to lay the claims of the Scotch
i crofters before her countrymen in the
United States, and to make arrangements,
if possible, for the transportation
of several hundred families to this
country. The immigration i9 expected
to be very large.
?Patrick Eajran, president of the
Irish National League of America,
says it is a mistake to suppose that the
; League is dead ; that it has six huni
dred branches which will be in working
order at the time of the convention
to be held in January at Chicago.
Pnninll will nrMinhlr l\n nnoeonf- oc
well as T. D. Sullivan who has also
promised to attend.
?The New York Republican Stale
Convention will be held at Saratoga on
September 22. The State committee
adopted resolutions declaring that all >
voters whose general intention 19 to
act with the party and to promote its
success at the next election be invited,
without regard to any so-called "fun!
damental tests/' to take part in the
primary elections for the delagatcs.
A Doctor's Wots.
Crawfordville, Ga., June 11,1883.
For ten years I have been suffering with
muscular Kheuniatism. Patent medicines
and physicians prescriptions failed to give
relief. "Last summer I commenced to usa
B. 13. B., and experienced partial relief before
using one bottle. I continued its use
and gladly confess that it is the best and
quickest medicine for Rheumatism I have
ever tried and I cheerfully recommend it
to the public.
* J. W. RHODES, A. M., M. D.
?Joseph E. Bowen, who is said to
be the oldest member of the Masonic
Order in the United States, and the
senior member of the Grand Lodge of
the State of Pennsylvania, is dead, at
the advauced age of 95 years. He retained
possession of nearly all of his
far?nHir>s nn tn ?hf? <imf? nf his
and seemed to take great pride in referring
to events which occurred nearly
a century ago.
Mrs. Wisslow's Soothing Syrui? should always
be used for chli.'ren teething. It soothes
the" child, softens th.^ gums, allays all pain,
cures wind colic, and Is the best remedy for
diarrhoea. Twenty-Ave cents a bottle.
JulyHLtyi 1
Some of the Latest Sayinsrs and IJoIngs in
South Carolina.
?Drought in the upper part of
Edgefield is materially atlcctijig crops,
principally cotton.
?The Abbeville Medium says this
is a most suitable year in which to
repeal the Lien Law.
? Milledge Harris-the negro for
whom the Governor- offered a reward
has beeti lodged in Edgefield jail.
?The joint council of the Lutherans
of Lexington have extended a call to
Rev. Mr. Itahn, formerly of Augusta.
?The Teachers' Institute of Lexington
county closed on Friday last,
after a highly successful session of two
?Mrs. Claudia M. Fishburne has
been appointed postmistress at Summerville,
vice Ahrens, an obnoxious
?Adam Williams, the fifth victim of |
the female poisoner in York, is recov-1
erinff. lie did not eat so much cake f
as the others.
?Lucien Douglas, of Abbeville, has I
one stalk of cotton containing' 438 j
blooms and bolls. It covers,36 square j
feet of ground.
?CoVccfor Bradley has lemoved |
a lot of Revenue officials of the old
Republican crew and appointed good
men in their places.
?Mr. .lacob Keistler, one of the
oldest and most respected citizens of
Lexington, died on the 13th. His age
was nearly ninety.
k ?Mrs. Martha Gable, of Lexington,
has a curiosity in the way of a double
egg?two pcrfect hen eggs joined together
at their cuds.
?The first bale of neve cotton in
Suinter wa9 bought on Thursday, 20th
ult., by O'Donnell & Co., from Essex
Taylor, for 10$ cents.
?The supposed murderer ofLomax,
in Union, for whom a reward is offered
by the Governor, has been lodged
in jail for identification.
?B. F. Welsh, who killed W. C.
Moore at Lancasier on Saturday before
last, applied to Judge Witherspoou
for bail last week, but it was refused.
?A partridge in York has taken
charge of two young chickens, and
when an attempt was made to capture
the chicks the usually wily bird showed
?An itinerant sleight-of-hand performer
has been imposing 011 the
people of Marion. His so-called entertainments
were "thin," and the
auditors were wroth.
?Hickson Jackson, a colored man,
injured by a locomotive during the
storm in Charleston, died on Thursday.
Joseph Grant, colored, was struck in
the head by a flying brick and badly
?A large water moccasin was killed
about ten feet from a pond near BatesKii?vr
Tf flttomntncr tn Bwnllow
"ulO' -"v."!-.. ,, - -
a trout weighing a pound, and the fish
wriggled and squirmed after the snake
was killed.
?Mrs. Clara S. Cook, of Aiken, last
week attempted to jump from a buggy,
which the frightened horse was backing
into a ditch, when she-fell between the
wheels and was seriously injured by
being kicked in the head.
?Dave Abnev, colored, who lived
on Mr. Mat Coleman's place, in the
Saluda section of Edgefield, was bitten
by a dog last May. On the 14th ult., he
was attacked by hydrophobia^and after
suffering great agony died the 16th.
?A negro girl employed by Mr.
Monroe Shealy, of Langley, to look
after his infant daughter, becoming
angry at Mrs. Shealy, took the child in
t^ie woods and beat it terribly with a
stick. The brute was lodged in jail.
?Mr. M. C. Longshore, of Silver
Street, who is in his sixtieth year and
is the father of about a dozen childre*
and of seventeen grandchildren, was
made happy last Thursday by the
arrival of twins at his house?a boy
and a girl.
?The widow of Col. Jack Bnrriss,
of Edgefield, died recently, under mysterious
circumstances. A bottle containinga
preparation of morphine and
t. _: c i,^?
SU'YCIlIlllli; Was luunu mjai IIUI nuintj
which she is supposed to have fasted
with fatal results.
?A dog took a fit in an Edgefield
Baptist church a few days ago, and the
congregation, mistaking it for hydrophobia,
were in a state of consternation.
Order was finally restored, the
dog was removed, and the sermon was
concluded before a demoralized audience.
?The 13-year-old son of Jesse Johnson,
living about s?ix miles east of
Greenville, was killed by a train on
the Air-Line railroad on Thursday
last. The young man and his two
brothers were walking on the traek,
when the train upon them unawares.
The two brothers cseaped by jumping'
from the track.
?An Egyptian nlnmmy has been
received at Due West, which is a
present from the Rev. John GrifSn to
Erskine College This mummy was
the daughter of a priest and is recorded
to be between three and four thousand
years old. It has created some
sensation in this vacation village. It
will not be opened entirely before the
session begins. A mummy is rather a
curiosity in the South.
? A handsome monument has been
erected in the Spartanburg cemetery,
to the memory of the late Congressman
Jno. H. Evins. It is made of Aberdeen
gray Scotch granite, highly polished,
while the base is of Winnsboro granite.
The weight is 12,500 pounds. The
rlAeiorn nf the. mnnnment is in wood taste
" ? """ ? a - - ? J
and in keeping with the character of
the man to whom it is erected. The
workmanship is excellent.
His Responsibility for Military Rule in tha
Southern States.
A correspondent of the New York
Herald shows that Jud^e David Davis
is responsible for the military rule that
the South had to endure in the Reconstruction
period. When the case of
McArdle, of Mississippi, came before
the United States Supreme Court of
that district for a writ of habeas corpus
to discharge him on the ground
that tfoe Reconstruction laws under
which he was held were contrary to
the Constitution of the United States,
four Judges of the Supreme Court held
that the laws were constitutional and
five held that they were unconstitutional.
Judge Davis was for the unconstitutionality
of the laws. When
the morning came for the announcefKa
flA/?iciAn if nroc rM*An<%c^
ilUJtJL V/X 111V UVVlCiVtl AV If Uw) l/l V^/VOVU IV
defer it for a week. Judge Davis's
vote carried the adjournment. In the
meantime a bill was introduced into
Congress repealing the authority of the
Supreme Court to hear appeals in
habeas corpus cases. It was rushed
through both honses and passed. It
wa6 vetoed by President Johnson and
passed over his veto before the day
appointed for the announcement of the
decision. On that day the Supreme
Court was compelled "to dismiss the
appeal in McArdle's case, Justices
Grier and Field dissenting and protesting
against the outrage on justice and
law. The Southern States by this
means became the victims of all the
terrible phases of Reconstruction, with
all its carpet-bag horrors.
?ALl'S. ouoiner, 01 .Daiesuurg, uaa a
banana tree bearing fruit.
?A camp-meeting- held by Northern
Methodists (colorcd), at Piney Hill, |
Rutherford county. N. C., last week,
was attacked ?>>' an armed body of j
Zion Methodists ami fired into. The j
Northern Methodists lied in disorder,
seven of them being badly .vounded.
The invaders then collected the effects
of the routed party, piled them up and
made a bonfire of them.
?The treasury department is informed
tlj#t a party of armed Cubans
have left the Island of Cuba for the
Florida Keys, audit is supposed that
their object is to organize a filibustering
expedition to overthrow the Cuban
Government. Instructions have been
issued for the revenue cutters to look
out for the party and prevent their
?John Hughe?, a New York peddler,
who wished to commit suicide,
adopted the novel plan of throwing a
stone in the air and letting it fall on
his bare head. The police stopped him
before he succeded.
?Abbeville received her first bale of
new cotton on the 25th from Mrs.
E. A. Robertson's place, it brought
9+ cents.
Browns Iron
The question has probably been naked thousands
of times "How can Brown's Iron Bitters cure everything?"
Well, it doesn't. But it does core any disease
for which * reputable physician would prescribe IEOS
Physicians recognize Iron as the best restorative
agact known to the profession, and inauiry of any
loading chemical firm will substantiate the assertion
that there are more preparations of iron than of any
other substance used in medicine This shows conclusively
that iron is acknowledged to be the most
important factor in successful medical practice. It is,
however, a remarkable fact, that prior to the discovery
of BROWN'S IRON BITTERS no perfectly
satisfactory iron combination had ever been found.
headache, or produce constipation?all other iron
m edlcincs do. BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
cares Indigestion, Biliousness, Weakness
Dyspepsia, Malaria, Chills and Fevers,
Tired FeeIinar,General Debility,Pain intho
Side, BackorLimbs,HeadacheandNenral?
gin?for all these ailments Iron is prescribed daily.
minute. like all other thorough medicines, it acts
slowly, when taken by mm the first symptom of
benefit is renewed enersrv. Tho muscles then become
firmer, the digestion improves, the bowels are active.
In tcomen the effect is usually more rapid and marked.
The ejea begin at once to brighten; the akin clears
up; healthy eelor comes to the cheeks: nervousness
disappears; fu?<-tional derangements become regular,
and if a nursing mother, abundant sustenauco
is supplied for the child. Remember Brown's Iron
Bitters is the ONLY iron medicine that is not injurious.
Phyriciant and VruggitU recommend it.
Tho Ge^ line has Trade Mark and crossed rod lines
on wrapper. TABLE NO OTHER.
Tbe Grcateat'Medical Trinmph of the Age!
Loss of appetite* Bowels costive, Pain in
the bead, with a doll sensation in the
back part* Fain under the shonlderblade,
Fnllness after eating, with a disinclination
to exertion of body or mind,
Irritability dftemper, Low spirits, with
a feeling of having neglected some dnty,
Weariness* Dizziness, Flattering at the
Heart, Dots before the eyes, Headache
over the right eye, Restlessness, with
fitfal dreams, Highly colored Urine, and
TTTTT'S PILLS are especially adapted
to such cases, one dose effects such a
change offeelingas to astonish thesufferer.
They Increase the Appetite,and erase the
body to Take on Flesh, thus (bo system Is
nourished, and by their Tonic Action ort
the l>isestiTeOrzans,lteetilarStoolsare
Renovates the body, mates healthy flesh,
strengthens the weak, repairs the wastes of
the system with pure blood and hard muscle;
tones the nervous system, invigorates the '
brain, and imparts the vigor or manhood.
81. Sold by druggists.
OFFICE 44 Murray St., New York.
How an Atlanta Woman was
Matle to See and Hear.
Miss Minnie Wallace resides with Mrs.
George Fickland, 41 McAfee street, At
lanta, ija., ana iromner own jijjs u
tution reporter learned the following appalling
Several months ago she became almost
totally blind and deaf, and could not taste
anything except salt. Her bones became
the seat of intense pain, her joints were
swollen and painful, and eventually her
whole body and limbs became covered with
splotches and small sores. Her appetite
failed, and she gradually lost llesli and
strength, and had but little use of herself,
as her limbs and muscles were paralyzed.
She, . i well as her friends and those with
whom she lived, despaired of her recovery.
Her sufferings, combined with loss of hearing
and taste, and blindness, were truly
All treatment from physicians and the,
use of medicines seemed powerless. Her
disease was blood poison and rheumatism.
As she now seemed well and hearty the
re porter asked what wrought such a wonderful
?<T nco/l fi hv a
friend," she replied, '-and before one bottle
liad been taken I began to see ar.d near.
The second bottle relieved all rheumatic
pains and improved my appetite. When 1
nad completed the use of six bottles my
eyesight and hearing were fully restored,
sense of taste returned, all splotches disappeared,
sores all healed, and my strength
and flesh restored I now feel as well as I
ever did, and my friends, as well as myself,
are astounded."
'What was the medicine?" asked the reporter
"Botanic Blood Balm?B. B. B.?was the
great remedy that acted so powerfully on
my disease and. cured me. 1 never experienced
any unpleasant symptoms from its
use, and its action is so quick that it surprises
The reporter tl:en sought a physician .
who knew the case, whereupon lie handed !
us me ionowiiig mies: 1
"I examined the above case of blood .
poison and rheumatism, before and after
being cured, and certify to the facts as .
above stated, and must acknowledge that I
the B. B. B. effected a most wonderful (
cure in this well-known case.
Blood Balm Co., Atlanta, Ga., will mail \
a 32-page book free, filled with magical
Sold by all Druggists.
Most economical and durable. Cheapest in the i
market, quality considered. SAW MILLS, 1
Send fof Catalogue. A. B. FARQUHAR,
Pennsylvania Agrlcoltural Works, York, Pa. .
Did you Suppose
Mustang Liniment only good
for horses? It is for inflammation
of all flesh.
tmtmiwl a certain core. Not expensive. Thr??
montM' treatment In one package. Good Jot Cold
Id tbeHead,Headache,Dizziness, Hay Fever, <tc.
im m mm ram i
Dr. BipRcrs' Huckleberry Cor- j
dial is the great Southern re met? v for curing
Diarrhoea, Dysentery, CrampColic
anil all bowel affections, and restoring
the little one suffering such a drainage upon
the system from tlie effects of tketeing.
For sale by all druggist*, at 50c. ,
a bottle. Send 2c. stamp to Walter A. j
Taylor, Atlanta, Ga., for Kiddle Book.
Taylor's Clicrokce Remedy of
Sweet Gum and .Mullein will euro I
Coujihs, Croup and Consumption. Price,25c. ,
and ?1 a bottle. I
NO More Terror! This invaluable prep-,
a ration is truly a tri-'
urnph of scientific j
No More Pain t skiII>and n? more in-1
' estiniable-benefit was
ever bestowed on the '
No Mors SaTiffer'imot,H*1"s of tl,c workl- I
ano jjLore i/angeiv It 110t on]y
ishortens the time of j
?,A (labor and lessens the |
[intensity of pain, but,
ibetter than all, it;
*/r J.T. ni. n greatly diminishes the
Motner or ufllLCLi ganger to life of both
'mother and child, and
leaves the mother in a
condition higlilv fa-1
The Dread of vorable to speedy re-1
coverjr, and far less
.. , , liable to flooding, coi.
MotherhOOajvulsions, and other
alarming symptoms
incident to lingering
Transformed to ami painful labor. Its
truly wonderful efficacy
in this respect entitles
the Mothers'
LJ Friend to be ranked
as one of the life-saving
appliances given
to the world by the
?nd discoveries of modern
From the nature of
~r x "Y7- the case it will of
I I a Y course be understood
B # jMidi vvc i
jlish certificates con
jcerning this Remedy
j without wounding the
Safety and Ease'5??'icacX oft'ie %vrit" *?
J Yet we have hundreds
iof such testimonials on
' file, and no mother
?to jwho lias once used it
will ever again he
_ _ . ___ (without it in her time
Suffering womaiijof trouble.
A prominent physician lately remarked
to the proprietor, that if it were admissible
to nuke public the letters we receive, the
"Mothers' Friend" would outsell anything
on the market.
Send for our Treatise on- "Health and
Happiness of Woman," mailed free.
Buadfield Regulator Co.,
Atlanta, Ga.
We want 1,000 More BOOK AGENTS for tlie
Personal History of
40,000 copies already sold. We want one
agent in every (irand Army Post and in
every township, Send foi Sj'Kcial Terms
to Agents, or secure agency at once by
tun/lJnrr in tfontnc fAt* ontfil'
Aujf20L4t Cincinnati, Ohio.
IF1 -A. 23/ jVT IL"! IR, 3 !
W E offer you the celebrated Peterkin
Cotion Seed "at $1.50 per bushel. It tvill
give forty per cent, of lint, and equal the
yield in seed cotton of any other variety.
Wc are agents for the De^rinjj Binders,
Reapers and Mowers, the Thomas Rake,
Corbin and Acme Harrows, Farquhar Cotton
Planters, Iron Aire Cultivators, Saw
Mills, Engines, Gins, Presses, Plows, Etc.
Repairs for Champion and Buckeye Machines
and for Watt Plows. Write to us.
Mar4L6m Columbia, S. C.
X the first Wednesday of Sei<tcmbcr,
1885, and closes corresponding time in
June following. Advantages for instruction
in all the branches usually taught in
first-class Seminaries for Young i.adies,
unsurpassed. Building heated by steam,
and in every way as to equipment, &c.,
equal to any in the South. A full corps of
First-Class Teachers engaged for session
commencing in September Terms as reasonable
as any other Institution offering
same advantages. Convspon-'mce solicited.
For catalogue, containing full particulars
as to terms, &<*., address
July21)L2m Principals, Raleigh, X. C.
-EiILC3-?? fc3CJJfc?CJ OJ-?,
A Mathematical and Classical School
with a complete BUSINESS COLLEGE:
attached. The largest male hoarding f'
school in Western Nor li Carolina. Mili-j
fcary plan, except in its business I.Vpartrae'nt.
One hundred and folly students
last year?over ninety hoarded. Its grauu- :
ates in Bookkeeping iill lucrative positions
in every Southern State. One hundred
dollars will cover all expense of full course
in Business College. Two hundred dollars
will cover all expense for ten months in*
regular departments, and furnish both ;
dross and fatigue suits of uniform.
Next session opens 24th August, 1S85. J
Send for Catalogue to J.
W. T. R. BELL, A. 31.,
July9L2m N Principal. J
Female Institute J
Session begins September 2nd,
tcax Tnurt on<1 i?xt;
Vlt/OVO WJ uuv -??MJ ? -" ' '?
Unsurpassed in the thoroughness and
high standard of its Literary, Music and
Art Departments.
For Catalogues apply to
Charlotte, X. C.
P. S.?Persons receiving catalogues will
take notice that the session begins a week
sooner than announced in the catalogue.
Good Pay for Agen<*. SI!M> to S200 per
mo. ma<lc xelliae ourGraud Now Hivtoi?.
Famoaiand Drcliive lialtlvo cl IheWorld 1
Write to J. C. Jtct'nrdy <t Co., Philadelphia, Pa. J
Civil Engineering and Manual Technology em
pi ven to Civil Engineering-. Full course in Mas
Literary aati Scientific Departineut, $?; ia Th<
Opons its session Sept. ?th. 1SS3, with a corps o
baildinss. Kl- rant and tit-althful location. Home
Departments 01 Music and Art in Ibc iiancU ol skilled
r; j
A Clear Skin
is only a part of beauty; .
but it is a part. Every lady
may have it; at least, what
looks like it Magnolia j
Balm both freshens and'
"".MOSQUITO BITE CURE, gives JnstanC
reller. and drives tliem away. Address A
SALLADE & CO.; S East iStii St., New York. ?
Is tbe BEST constructed and jfr
finished Turbine In tlie world ?
gives better percentage J
.vitb part or lull gate, and is - irrnM
>o!d rnr LESS MONEY per ?
wWS^^SgRaiS 3or?e Power tlian anyotker
t-atffeaaB Turbine.
Pamphlet FREE by
Julv'23L4vv * .
Established FAY'S 1866. A
Manilla Hoofing!
Resembles line leather. For Roofs, Outside
Walls, and Inside la place of Plaster. Verystrong
and durable. Carpets and Rugs of same
material, catalogue wltli testimonials and J
samples FREE. Vt . H. FAY & CO, Cam- M
den, X. J.
Columbia Music louse 4
Pia* aM finis i
OF THEM. -id
?o? 'vi
0?0 A
. o o
Respecifully, ^|j
N. W. TRUMP, Manager,
Local-agents in Fairfield County: Jk
J. O. BOAG, Winnsboro. I
A. A. MORRIS, Ridgeway.
itttt (JHUKUllM AJN.
The Religious Weekly of tlio Fi of est
ant Episcopal Church. itu
A magazine of Ecclesiastical intelligence, Ce
votlonal and general reading. aad the largest ^
and most Influential weekly la the Pidtestant * ' AS
Episcopal Church. >JH
In tlic Xe*.vs Department .the energy of ^
The Churchman Is well known, and Its organization
Is very complete for procuring news
which it gives tvltli remarkaoie promptness. r .s
The Jlasraxine Department alone con- *
tains in a year sufficient reading matter to
make more than live i2mo books of soo pages a
each. ja
Its Book Reviews are a prominent fea- iffl
JLiterary. Art and Scientific Xotes are
carefully prepared by specialists.
Its European Correspondents are persons
or eminent ability.
SsThe Children's Department is Illostrated
and specially edited for th; clilldfen. a
$3.50 a year In advance, post paid. Three A
H/* I lorc tn <"'l??mvwon Cln/vla aat\<oc L."?n r,r.r\tc
uwiiuio v vivii.i uiuu. ciumn iva vguusi,
M. H. 3IALLORY ?fc CO., M
47 Lafayette Place. Xew fork. r ^
Apl2i/.m '
Charlotte, Columbia & Arurasta R. K
?Eastern Standard Time. -i
Leave Augusta 9.05 a. m.
Leave W. C. &. A. Junction 1.12 p. m. ^
Arrive at Columbia 1.22 p. m,
Leave Columbia 1.32 p. in.
Leave Killian's 1.58 p. m.
Leave Bly the wood 2.13 p. m
Leave Ridge way 2.34 p.m. j
Leave Simpson's 2.47 p. m. _ A
Leave Winnsboro 3.02 p. m. MI
Leave White Oak 3.22 p. m. .ffs|
Leave Woodward's 3.43 p. m.
Leave Blackstock 3.50 p. m.
Leave Cornwall's 3.58 p. m. Leave
Chester 4.17 p. m.
L.eave L.ewis 4.32 p. m. t
Leave Smith's 4.40 p. m. t
Leave Rock Hill 5.01 p. m.
Leave Fort Mill 5.120 p, m.
Leave Pineville 5.40 p. m.
Arrive at Charlotte 6.10 p. m. A
Arrive at Statcsville 9.35 p. m, A
Leave Statcsville 7.45 a. m.
Leave Charlotte 1.00 p. m *
Leave Pineville 1.1.27 p. m
Leave Fort Mill 1.44 p. m.
Leave Kock Hill 2.02 p. is.
Leave Smith's *.. .2.22 p. m.
Leave Lewis' 2.30 p m.
Leave Chester 2.44 p. m.
Leave Con 1 w?ali"s 3.03 p. ni.
Leave IJlackstock 3.12 p. m.
Leave Woodward's 3.18 p. m.
Leave White Oak 3.30 p.m. A
Leave Winnsboro 3.48 p. m. Jta
Leave Simpson's 4.03 p. m.
Leave llidgeway 4.16 p. m.
Leave Blythewood .4.32 p. m. ^
Leave Killian's 4.49 p. m
Arrive at Columbia 5.15 p. m.
Leave Columbia 5.25 p.m.
Leave W. C. & A. Junction 5.57 i>. nt. * f
Arrive at, Augusta 9.3x i>. m. jA
v*;ij:uc<.:uii is now maue at v^jiesier i,uy
trains 52 and 53) for Lancaster and intermediate
points on C. & C. K. R., and for
ill points on C. & L. K. R. as far as New- m
ton, N. C. j
G. R. TALCOTT, Superintendent. ^ J
fs the onlv school for Boys la the South with
GAS LIGHT, a tlrst-class GYMNASIUM, ana A
1 flrst-clnss liATB-HOUSE. M
Special terms to young men of small means.
The lS3rd '-csslon begins August 23th. 48
For Catalogue address ^
July23L2m iiINGHA>l SCHOOL, X. C.
f & 2?| 3 8 3 R S ?=4 WHISKY HABITS car*
d 3 W S 2 8 l\li at homo without pain. BOOK ,
I 3 fil 11 fir S ?'f particulars sent FREE. A
* WOOLLET, 2C. D., Atlinta.Gk. jM
JTT/rPgTTV Nashville. Tenn.
MX V XjJ?&dXX X 96Departments:
braced in Academic Department Special attention
lual Techsiolojfy. Session opens Sept. 16. Tuition in
sological, free. ForCatalogue(tree) *aid to Scct'y.
J AS. WILLIS, A. M., Principal. W
f 12 Officers and Teacher*. Excellent brick
influence. Moral culture receives carelul attention,
teachers, dumber oi pupils limited.

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