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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 10, 1886, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1886-11-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOT XI HI WIXXSBORO. S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1886. . NO.15.
-i '> 0 .:-iUU .?>' --ir ' ' " : J
"
m mm i wmaamagam aweapgnaweaege ?o w a?aan
I A POLITICAL GE3ltTER)V j
i
HOW TZiL fASUASTjBLittiST* A l'i ULK i
.v\v? casser.
I Tin' OiJ s:i'pji;n-.-:vn?* to ;;:i- l*rr?i<ivi?ey
Turned :? a >ur<- gcZ-.ion --?.?.'???!>!;.- i
SWiT ? A - - 'd . I
HI t>2 In BSightis;
i
(Letter !o the.?"cw Votk.-v^n.)
Washington*, November 2.?From the j
time of JohiKAt^ijas,. lUirii tiie
? tralion of Amfr&iKfifes.?o:i,. tl/c sl??ne* j
was the steppiug-?tonc.;io ihe PresiuenHr
cv.-' -Jefferson, \Mauiscre,- Moflrcw and"}
" - j.
^' John Quiucy Adams, had beta Secr*}ta-;
ries of State. Van Buren, though he j
:
had the j>ortfoIio of the StAio *Vp?.r?-1 <
ment during Jackson's first term, sispped "
. - from. the, Vic.e-PresiUeni's choir in the :
Senate chamber to the head of the tabic j
in thc*V>*]::te House.J "With a single ex- j j
eeptiimofSadi^ar?, iid ;nau. sinc'j?Van !
Burets, iipie.hjis. bcea . elects*! to .the.1,
Prpsidfcn^ wici fcwl ^previously aserruH
iii a Cabinet, though (General Grant had | j
been in charge of the ;.Var Department, j,
temporarily during Johnson's aumniis- i
iration. A number of very able men ;
^ who had served as Cabinet officers were ;
nominated fdr^the Presidency. Clay, .'
Crawford, "^VVister, CaVi and J&uhe j l
wei'e of Has iramber, ami ;.x:k: all do-,'
feated. Indeed, for very many years it ij
- has seemed as much o: a barrier in the j'
way to the White House to have been a :1
f Cabinet member as to have served m-tne iJ
Senate. No manias ever oeen ciicseu ;
President from among,the Senators, a: d<J
since "Lincoln's time "nq one lias either .<
been" nominated or elected Vvlio bad at 3
any previons time in hi* career .served in,
* tke Senate. 2Iore and more the temlen-j<
the people as pcssll^e m cnoosmg can- [ -tiidates
for the executive cliice. The]]
- history of the career'of Cabinet1 .officers |' <
for the last half century seems to indi-' 1
-7 eate not oni^ that the cSiee is alrapsi!
fatal to 'any higher aspirations, ' but, {"^
v>ms* rtiHiazkabiv. has 'culminated the ;
political careers ox nearly all those who j-3
j have acted.-asiadvisors for trie- PresKJehfe: .5
If tlie record of those wlio Lave been j:
CVoijjfV^i%crs $iK^?3y&iaorg,.s$ itili-:1
eates that ar seat- ia the Cabinet- is the r i
climax of tfce/p$lic life of who f<
^ hold it. Xol alfraya? ,bn|" ins i^nfjy all i
cases, this "can-l^-h^^ to-be' truef H
The historian, George Bancoft, is tlie j *
only living representative of an adaci^- t^
istration prior to 1850. Bancroft was Tin <
original member of President Polk's j
' Cabins*. /?J&pg , sjtfj oiiiee /*>:?\v "i'prurv- *
years^gii |t^4. tjpe ;?Ba$J 1
crofts ]$>iitje|i |career, ^Shuiigh he! <
aft^TOrfi^tepreJ&iit&i the g'o^tniienf[(
at one oi the .European Comis^aiU^iiitic^
which he was induced to accept mainly p'
because of, * ?uc it aiibrded 1
for Hstoricai research*. With an escop- j
tion of one or two of the .. }
Mr..Baehny.an.s.Cabinet^. who -espoused
tiie Co'nfede&to side, there are iieiu?. ^
) alive, and-^ of Mr. Lincoln's original: (
- ' Cabinet only one is lefD-vith us. Thisisrl J
k / General Cameron, wflby ihofc^L-. IS Ina;.
m &th year, retains his keenness of Intel- i*
H. lect, and his- accurate pcrw?r of <judging r1
nien and events. General Cameron I c
k served in the Senate, is is tcnei - Id? two
k terms after Le retired from Lincoln's! *
Cabinet, but had been a Senator four- "1
^HL^tccn years fofiqxplie. en^eu.. He. had j,-1
been a possi&je ^.uc?t?*t-e |o$ iyfe TfiSoi? ?<
l^fcics^in 18l!ct ij
^Kvfib<^u toil.' to-Viiy. tt]i& tjoa^secj^
Hndy Johnsons CibhieL? E^ikvt?fcor?
Sire, Iield the oiliee of Attorney-General: J
Kr a sfccirt ihne, ancVEvarts has since i \
H1'1- 85 Secretary of ' State under |
Mjayes, doubtless regards aconcat="ti
Bftiation of events as possible in the 1
BSiture which will permit hie: to. ^deliver :
Hi inaugural on the east step's* "of the 1
Hlipitol two and half years hence. But !
where are the^ others? 3IcC alio ugh has j 1
^r>-?r>nr!>rv:Seeretarv of the Treasu- i J
rv again, but. only to iUi au -emergency I
that occurred during, ArJbur s/admkasr. ;
Of General Grant's first Cablr^,! '
Washburn, who Las since dreamed oi"!1
being President, cultivates, a :Hfcr~o?^
elegant leisure;- iarHHnois. Hamilton
L Fish is living in retirement in New York,
f ' - George f3qutv>eM is law !
L. befor^tWtpairt of Liai^*,and ik the 1
Treasfe$J ^fct-aytmcn^j c-y$r jyvJiiql -^o I
H' used to preside. Ebenezer lu Soar js [
Bl practicing law in Boston. His career in |
pp. the Cabinet was such thall tlie
v -ivould not cohlinn his nomination lor'j
Thief Justice of the Supreme bench. |
Secor Robeson is $ political bankrupt |
i aid a petty lawyer in Camden. Colcm-1
V bus Delano is a farmer in Ohio, Bristc x j
a lawyer in 2s ew York, and the only one j
of thrift all-who has now aplaceof- conr j
HHN^?"&equenee and honor is Don Cameron, i
now a United States Senator^ yOiQ for a
few months was General-'Grinf s Secretary
of War. Belkaap was dismissed in
g v disgrace.
:: ? What shall he said of -Hayes's bogus
Cabinet? With the exception oi Evarts
and Sherman, every one ci'theia .-Ijas
g Jk lapsed * intc 'cbsccrityl Even Carl j
? 2?.-?~'o Tfliov<vi'hn'nfj?flre> unknown. Mc-i
.gujKMHft O r* ,, ?
n Oreerv is a justice in onexJT !
Bfc tnitect states districts. JDevecs is a |
B Sate judge in ^Tassaciiusetts. Key is a [
V H United States judge ?? jqzjsj of t?e ?f qu?f> f
> 5n distncte/ 1?cfitas| filled a? nbws- [
K j*per odi^ryfiatted &s~4. lartgxratify^ahd I
Wk <eturer, and is believed to be earning j
H ?i bumble living in some railway comH
Pay's employ. Thompson is Relieved
H to be earning a living - as counsel for
|& I^seps; little Gfoft, who succee&pd
I Xfcmpsbn, i?. a liembei; 6i! tuo flower
Btfc?&se, and a very'inconspicuous one.
Wf Of Garfield's Cabinet, Six.- Blaine, of
course, lias a possible future; but poor
V old Kirkwood is forgotten, except l?v nis j
WF neighboring fanners in Iowa, and "they i
Spf are going tc-send'liim Lack to Congress. ;
Y/ayne 3IcVeag'a is practicing law in
H Fiiiiaddphia; .1 iGenewk! Barnes is-'i? biuSfcer
in'New York; Lincoln is a lawyer in
wjv Chicago, and Windom is trying to make
Wfc a^j^ure in New York. He suffered al>
Wr s#?e political; banlxupt^ ..uri account
of his short cure;. in the Cabinet. Hunt
I ' General Arthur's Cabinet has only one
I representative now in public Hie. Teller'
t was fortunate enough to, step .from the
Interior Pcixirttcent info the Senate, but
vithtdl the. supposed iniuence o? the
Navy Department; Secretary . Chandler|
tnrec times failed.to secure election as
1 United States ^enaior.
i' - > .r'li'Vi:::, >
?Sfoacwall .Jak&son ne*er; pcstfetl. a
letter Tvidjout^ <SiIeiilai -ug: ?vlic.iU4r it
wo^iW MY^toUraMel oB^Sa^a^loMeaeii
its place of destination^ and* i: so he
H^^^voTild r^ot mail'it till- ^foaV.ay teeming.
"^SES further did lie carry his ^Paritanica
observance. - Unnumbered times he was
Ichown to receive important letters so
I . late on Saturday night that he would
I not break his fixed resolution never to
E use his eyes, wiueii were very aencate.
B bv artitlcial liglit: Le would ?any the
I .letters in his-pocket HH Moiiaay'morning,
then rise with.the sun *> read thein:
Ihe gcff?a?n u^ pays ;.r)ut ^7,1)00 in
eyciy' ,;
gjtf mmjuLMjjm ' wmurim rumpccar mm, hij?jl
SYOIVEKS O.N STEAMSHIPS.
rfaiaro of tin* Li\rs of ,?!en U lio Work J
ijnrc to Goo?j i'lirpow.
"How loug'uo stokers live?'' asked a |
Tribune rf-]>orter. of an engineer of one j
oi the swiftest ocean racers that ply be-1
twecn lUis countrj; and Eoglaiid.
<;A? ]<?'iK?.s*sttnvlxj(]v." was the uiiex-!
pdGted reply. . , ;
"Eow do they like'their work?" . J
"If they don't like their work, they
get,out: Uic-i'c are^plenfcy willing to take
t-ueir^iiaci'.-''' wafe^tae fcnsweftv' But it is
hard to persuade the average landsman
that the stoker's ;ftfe is not shortened by :
constant espoShre'. fp the 'extremes "of j
fe^ipeKi'iire. TrabV Allan tic passengers j
\< h6 Lave "braved fhe^intehse heat of the '
furnaces uml visited the fire room won- J
il-n Lo>'jagu can endure such a life even
i'or^a. roViigo. The stokers work four
hours at a stretch, hemmed in between
two long linos'*# furnaces that1 keep the
temperature ordinarily at 120 degrees*
;ODieti:ncs sending it as high as 1G0.
The space between the furnaces is so
narrow that when the men throw in coal
thoy must tiki* caret, vxen. they" swing
bofck th(ir Iho vols/-lekfc they should burn
their arms on the furnaces behind them.
The only n;eans of ventilation is one
large, air pipe that reaches down into the
L-entre oi tiic stoicers quarters, ami on j
x big steamer the men have to -take the |
iir ii batches. On a great ocean steam- [
er like the Cmbria, the meii come on ii
g;cags or eighteen stokers ami, twelve
2oai passers, and the "watch" lasts four .
hours. The Umbria has 72 furnaces,
tviiieh require nearly 350 tons of coal a .
ilay, at a cost of almost 820,000 ?>er voyige.
"One hundred and four men are !
employed to man the furnaces, and they >
have enough, to do. They include the
;hief engineer, Lis three'assistants, and
Liinety stoke rs and coal passers.
The stoker comes on to work wearing ]
?nly a tain undershirt, liglit trousers 1 :
uiiwooue? shees^Qnrtiie Umbria each H
&&vr* tends lour furnaces. /"He first
rakes open the furnaces, tosses in the
joal, and then cleans the fire; that is,. :
^ries the coal apart Tvith a heavy iron
xix, in order' that' the fire may bum free- ,
y. ' He Wishes from one furnace , to j
mother,; spending perhaps two -or - three ]
iunutgs at each. Then he dashes to the :
lir pipe, takes' his -turn at coolings oft :
md waits for another call to his furnace, :
5-hich conies speedily. t When the :
i'.gatch-. is. ovez, the men shuMe clt', j
Iiipping^iths^-eatli-Q^ Ijcad-. to *oot, j
;iijcu$h Song,: cold gaiferies to |he fore- :
iastlo,< wliei-e'- they turn in 'for eight! i
lours. Pour hours of scorching and |,
:ight-hours' sleep make up the routine !
a;stokxirs*life on a voyage. .
The reporter ran across a group of iJ
' * "r"tt ^' ' 1 3- - *t jlJ
m ai^t .Tiau-a jvaum
fifei (H-e ofgl&ml \'f f#4$p $&jas a| i
fc>&.p&sser.$'Seii I if as fc&iteea jsirsl;
)id, %^hc salcfr ffTlien *1 got to be "a! 1
,^jkpr.. j-i^g T am now twenty-eight." (
rhe speaker was about six feet in height, i
ind weighed Impounds or mojte. : /-His
ace was ruddy with health, and his eyes .<
xAined with goodnature.;. His robust 1
ippearance.was in strong co ntrast to that! (
>? soike of Lis mates .who had just. land? ,?
id from a voyage, a pale, streaked < out, !
istless-iookiiig set of .men.
i :${<)* do we stand the work'? YveU '
?nough if we get plenty to eat. But the J
,tork-is?eixibrnhdi& all tl?e 'same:.ft
;omes hardest, of course, on those "who I
lonli follow- it regularly. They are the ; '
fellows who get played out so badly. I j
imrd once of a young English doctor j
sho came over here on a visit,. He got!
;and; xnj& tiiat prbjjd that | i
le wouldn't sejid home for soiue.
ie-worked- hiswiy back'as a stoker, and 1';
rot a sickness that ;he c./uld never get | -1
id of. But if we get plenty to eat, and j;
;ake care of ourselves, we ar3 all right. 1
Here's a mate of mine nearly seventy
old, who has been a stoker all his
ife, and can do as good work as I can. 1
Stokers nevc-r have the consumption,
.rf.l T^Vplv ^:siVh colfl."
''Why do you, appear more healthy
:han the-other men -here?" asked the reporter.
r""WeIL I have been on land now^about
:\yo weeks, and these men just oaiue off
:he shi;j. 1'uu see, when we finish cuy
aatch at the furnaces, we are just coycr:-d
with sweat, dirt and oil, and we have
t-t>- wash- the stuff off with warm water.
Washing so much with warm water gives
ns that streaked out look that makes
people thin,k *we .areTbe'ing killed^ with I
K>teumufi<aiJ j But after we have-been.'
? >. : a iiLi n_ J-Ij-_-J "i
on Jana tnrc?> or logxj^'^ajwis^+vioie uis-j;
appears, "-^md "the men lock natural 1
again. We get more ventilation than
fljgdjjjfl juaiers used to get. but we don't
Have any too ranch. I tell 70*, vvhen I
used to go down into the tropics I
v/ante:d to_keep under the air' pipe'all I
could! XoV 1 go to England and l>ac?v
and have four furnaces to tend. Four
hours is just iVuc-ut as xnudi as can
stand before the fires. Ifcnses soxne of
ike. men up so badly tuat when the
watch is over they ean'iust orawl to the
forecastle, and throw themselves on their
bunks without washing a bit. But others
of us don't mind it so much. We
heat our water, take a wash, and then
have a pipe or two before forming in/"'
"What do v:o adt whd drinkt:! : *!!
' We Have hash, all the oatmeal we
want, cOilee other good things."
. "Sow about.the |gj:og2". _ - .
4 *Wett vthe ^ciis. that' tEe' grog was
rtflF ahnnt. piprilt VP..1TS a?0 OU
she English and American lines. The
fcruth is the men got drunk too much,
and grog did them much harm. "When
I used to take my grog I'd work just
like a lioh while the effects lasted. 14
throw in coal like a dant'oad' net-mind
the heay'a hit j-"bat when it worked off,
as'it did in a*very?. few. minutes, 'I was
that weak that -a child could upset me.
Take a n}an':clgad drank before the fires, I
and the be^^rdulcrsober hiip. off-in half !
j an tour" or " a ctro*e ef
; apoplexy. CCLo 'i;.rencli lilies still' give
! their; nibu grog.. I have seen "big tanks
\ on their ships tilled "with brandy, rum:
| and wine, jJI for t lie m. stokers." Tlie
French are .great fellows for that. Their
men look strong, but I think it muS$
Iiurt them. We: get g;-og occasionally'
now whtis ws aixf" having a race, and
Hicrt xr.a s-^-rc- it;.' T remember one race
we had about a year ago with a Doming
ion'ihail steamer- She. got ahead,
our. captuiu was. mighty ar.^ious to", beat
her. - So he sent down grog to us, and
1 told us to fire up like mad. Well, we
! did until we learned that we were ahead,
i Then-v.e took a rest. Down cornes the
captain with another Jot of grog. Tire
r her up, coys,' yells he, ahd we. , did fire
her up like lions, until we were ahead
! aaruiu..* sWe.kaptthat tip for'three days,
and got itii the grog we wanted. But
Scully Vc* let her beat us, as the grog
playeiTus out ioo much. But we don't
often have s ich-rantis that'," stoker
added, as he strolled aboard ship.
A happy couple from the ruiai districts
oecupiea.front seats at Heuck's in Cincinnati.
and after the falling of the curtain
on the second act the young fellow
placed his -'arm around-the' neck "of the
girl, and/ as .Hie end man "would sir;
-kissed-her smack in the mouth." AE
eyes were now on the pair, and they were
loudly applauded; 1 >ut sefused .to respond
to an^coier
THE \0\ KWBKK EI.ECTIO.Y*.
South Carolina All Solid? Democratic bws
in Other States.
Tlie election" on the 2nd instv resulted
in a Democratic triumph in South Curo
una. mere was no oppusiuuii c
in the counties of Berkeley and Chesterfield,
where there was an Independent
ticket, and in the Seventh Congressionr 1
District, where the contest was; between
Col. Wm. Elliott, ^Democratic nominee,
and Ivobert Smalls,. the nugro incumbent.
The Democratic ticket won in Berkeley.
as' also in Chesterfield. Latest returisjy
the election of CoL Elliott
over Bob Smalls.
..OIHEKSTAXiiS.
Great interest all along centered on the
city of- Xenv York, where there were three
candidates for mayor. Henry George,
the well known writer1 on political econ"""
tt-oc r>/vrv>ivi.-ifn;! l\V t.llA TVvinor ITill]
Democrats. The Tammany Democrats
nominated Abram S. Hewitt, whose services'in
the campaign of 1876, and for
some terms in Congress, have made him
prominent-in tiro- party. The Kopnblicans
nominated Theo. Roosevelt-, a wealthy
young man who distinguished himseif
in his three years' service in the State
Legislature by active efforts and great
success in reforming Jong-standiug abuses:
-in. the Government of New - York
fiitv. Fow t>ersons seriouslv thought
fcliafc Henry George -would be elected, but j
that lie miglit receive votes enough to
make the contest elose between other
candidates. It-was thought his votes
would be drawn principally from the
Democrats. Both Democrats and Republicans
were confident uf success.
The probabilities.' however appeared to
be in favor of Hewitt's election. Of the
Mugwump papers,-the Post has vigorously
supported Roosevelt. Eighteen out
Df twenty-four aldermen elected are
Democrats. The city complete, with t!>e
Deception of one election district, shows
the. following vote: Roosevelt 00,392,
Hlwift George 67,CD?;- ^ardwell
574.
In other States the chief notable re
suits arc the changes .in the Virginia
lelegation, -which will: stand six Republicans,
three Democrats,, and one Labor
man. In tiie eighteenth district of Illinois
Morrison is defeated by Jehu
Baker, Republican?owing, it is said, to
Morrison's free-trade \iews. ' It .was at
first thought that- Speaker -Carlisle' was
defeated-by George H. Thoebe, a woodnnrl
. ITAifi'hfc At'- T.flKnr* 'hilt, tllA
last returns -give Carlisle the victory bv
i few hundred majority-.-' " ; ! * '
Further reports'are given in the dispatches
published beloVv*1" ";:-:
Wasimngtox, November 4.?Edward
Mc'Phersoiij -Secretary 'of the Republican
Dongresaional. Committee, makes the fo!
'owing compilation-;from returns -rec&iv&l
ap to 1) o'clock this evening of the political
iompkxion at tlve .youse of Kepresenta,ives
of the Fiftieth Congress:
Returns so far as. received .indicate the
?lectio'n of 154 Republicans, 139 Democrats,
live Labor and Independent. six
ioubtful and one vacancy; tofail, 325'.
Tlie "doubtful" are one in Illinois
Landes), one in Kentucky (Carlisle). one :
in Ohio (Campbell), and three in Mississippi t
Tl?> T-Vlirvr i
ViiliUJf, UiV'VCi aau ?:iUU>3Ui (. Jk ,
Mid Independents are one in Florida fPen-!
lleton), one- in "Indian* (Marsh). one in
[owaAnderson), one in Virginia (i Iopkins),
\nd one .in. Wisconsin .(SmiUiV if uxc
Democrats get four of the doubtful they
will have 163, or a majority of the House,
Mr. McPherson says the attitude of the !
Democracy toward ,tfcc yrusent administnr- j
LiomS si mil; i r to that of the Republicans to-1
card the aiimijiistratian of Bresiiisnt Iiayc>>,
md that many dissatisfied Democrats voted
:he Labor ticket. Lul>or, he thinks, will be
m organized Taction in the political contests
* 1 r 1 3 *' " ^ 1\A
yi me iuiure. ami me iuuui > utt wu^
Laken into serious consideration.
Phil. Thompson, Secretary of tfie Democratic
Committee, says the Democrats will
Siave a ?00(1 working majority in the House.
xevy yokk.
New Yokk, November 4.?Considerable
imcertaiiily attends'the election in the Third
Congressional District. "Deacon A". "While,
Republican, haj been credited with the vie:
tofV until-'to-day. "Bill. Democrat.: novf
leads ."White 1U voteig, w^th two districts' tp
hear frym. _
KfcW I!AMi'SIUUK.
Coxcoiii), N. II., November 4.?The
election of McKehny, Democrat, to Congress
in the First District over' Haynes.
Republican,; is conceded toy a plurality of
^ibout 130. - Thi< is Vr ; iemo?-ratlc gam of
one fflsmbc4-, and equally divldes'tlie New
Hampshire delegation.
"I)ARK PL ACE*. i
Kaleh:ii, 2s*ovcniV?r 4.?rijie Second
Cc^grc'isi^uai District carried', by the Republicans?Abbof
(colore*!)-being electcd.
S.taui't.ox; Ya.; November 4.-;TiiC Republican
majority continues to grow in the
Tenth E<i$inci. Yo?t, for- Congress,- now
c&ima34*0^. Diajont\v *.
Vnifs^Mawirig'-is$
rotuia*^ combed
with tue Republicans. In Rhode Island
V-l -l- i. 41.? L< 1 Ti:?
inert.' wi;u tMCiruun ?' iuc ocwuu i/wtrlct,
tiicsAVGUiJjitioji ^pdidate potting
enough vot&To pVbvQnt cuner Democratic
or Republican candidates from obt-un:n? a
majority: " ' v
. U ' I / .Uiob0SS, <?ain.
-. ?ta4;X i>: ir.
Alabama' 8 .. ..
Arkansas 3
CaliforniaC;. -3. ''' ?i ' 5
fCoip,3fadQ 1 .. i
o;mecticut 3 l
Delaware .,1
Florida
Georgia .10
Illinois S 12 . 'J
Indiana i (* * * t ? . 3;
T/-?Tn<i 1 ' ' 'A k ' .
Kansas..'.....:.'...!) 7
Kentucky . .v....... 8 6 .. 2
Louisiana .v:..' 6 ... 1
Maine.0
Maryland .*... 3 1 ......
Massachusetts 4 -a 4
Michigan 3 6 .. 2
u; vj ? fx }* *
I ~MlIlZlt2fttt<9.V-. t.*'
Mississippi 7 0"
i Missouri.....,.'.. . 12 2 .. . ^
Nebraska. 1 2 "1
| X evada . .> / - f .vft f' ' I
j New Hampshire...., 1 i . , A.
| New Jersey........T 2 3 .1
New York;.. 20 . .. ' }
North'Carolina.'...... 8. . 1 ,
Ohio.G l-~, . ... w ii5;
Oregon I,'- - it*r& 1 1 -
Pennsylvania. %... 8 * 20
EJiodeIsland U l .
South Carolina -. 7 .. '
Tennessee . 8 2 I
Texas.... .....11
'Vermont u 3 . ; - ..
Virginia.-. 8" 7 " .. 3
'West Virginia -J 1 .. . .
Wisconsin 3 (' .1 ..."
173 141) 14 24
The Jiew county rotary jail at Cuunou
-Blujfis became locked Monday morning
by some disarrangement of the machine
ry, and no prisoners could be taken out
nor any admitted. A'large force of men
were at work all day on the machinery,
but the trouble was not removed until
Tuesday morning.
It happened to strike Mrs. Watkins oi
Ironton; Mo., one day last week that he:
husband hadn't been home for three day;
*'and nights. She decided that a searcl
I* ought to be made, and he was found a
; the bottom of ah old shaft at the base o:
1 Pilot Knob, rather hungry, but still ii
'.hopes that something would turn up.
THE MIfKVJGJIT st X.^
V. L'rre P<ronk- Co to Ep.i1 in Broad. j
**"" A t'otrf Fourth of.!a!v."
' Tve^-been across the ocean id ore times!
than I carp to. toll, anil I knov.^ London j
almost as "well as I do Philadelphia, Lat I j
have never been in Northern Europe be- j
i'ore this summer," said ex-Attorney j
General Brewster to a Philadelphia;
Times reporter. "I left Here on tlie 12th j
oi' June and arrived in London on the
21st. I -went up to Hull on the 23rd,
and on tlie 24th I joined the ship Angelo,
and after a very smooth and pleasant
passage arrived at Christian sand, in
Xorway, on the following Sunday. It's
a very interesting old place. I went to
church there. It's a clean, nice style of
Norwegian town. The people are very
quiet, nicely behaved, plain and simple.
Monday was passed in Christiania, a
town of considerable importance. I
siayed there one dav and went by rail up
x :m j.1. . X'
K> iJlfOIlllJCIU, LiiU Uili CUpitill Ui.
way, which at one time was the largest
and "wealthiest town in Norway. It had
at one time. many monasteries and
churches. I was there three days.
In Throndjein is the cathedral in all
Norway. It was founded in 1016 by St.
Olaf, and on the ground where he ^was
buried the present building was erected
in 1151 and completed in 1210, and was
enlarged m . ioUU. . 'i'lie catneurai is a
very interesting work of gotliic arelii- .
tectare.. It was damaged three' or four
centimes ago by lire, and in .rebuilding
ft large walls' were erected, winch
changed the architectural appearance of
the structure.v It is now being restored
with very much pains and care. There
was an annual fair beirg held in Throndjem
while I* was there, and it was filled
with specimens of farmers and working
people. It was held in an open street.
It was quite crowded, and everything
was orderly and quiet, and all of the
people appeared to be comfortable, well
dressed, sturdy, vigorous and simple in
their ways, and a very lionest people.
The fair was lield lyr . business and
friendly intercourse. All the time I was
in Norway I saw no dirty poverty, no
beggars, no tramps or idle, worthless .
people. The farms all appeared to be
thoroughly taken care of. Everything
around the house was kept in good order.
Farms were in perfect condition.
The houses -were clean and comfortable,
and small and unpretending. All the
women are plain looking but vers- vigor- '
pus, and they are quiet and clean and
mild in their ways. They look as if they .
were exposed to hard work, and they
have a healthy, comfortable, satisfied
look. The men had a sturdy, manly-,
look. They look like people who have
no wealth and they appeared to be all on ;
a social level. There seemed to be no ;
distinction between them, but they wear
au aii- of independence. I-saw no drunken
people there and heard no noisy people. <
It-is a very peaceful place. Throndjem j
is "built of wooden houses, good broad .
streets, well paved, and has plenty of :
good shops. >
The suh reaches its uppermost point j
on the-1st of June. I got in Throndjem
at 7 o'clock in the morning on the ,
29th of June. There was no night. It
was broad daylight at midnight. There '
was scarcely any darkness. The sun ;
shone night and day. The people went ,
to bed regularly at an early hour, with ;
the sun shining, and' closed their shut
ters and jralled down their curtains and \
slept, and tie town vqs as quiet as if tlie ^
night was totally dark. After leaving
Throhdjein I took a ship named after 1
some ancient Norwegian king, and in [
company with fifty or sixty other tourists,
all people of respectability and intelligence,
and men from' different nations.
There were twenty-two Ameri
cans, the rest were natives ox France,
Spain, Germany, Denmark, Norway,
Sweeden and England. "V\*e went up the
coast to Tromso and then to Hammer- (
fest," the most northern to^n in the 1
world. I saw the high mountains and ;
the whole coast ^11 the way" up to the
North. car^, the extreme northern point
of Europe,
I arrived on the -1th of July. It
\yas a cold, wet day. The climate is}
harsh, cold and wet, rainy and fl*r,p. |
Wlien it's not raining t-llCre is a lieav}
mist. I'iie ^Orth cape or, a point of
!ahu at least 1;?00 ieei above the level Cn
^hc When I was at the North capc
the sun was obscured with clouds, At
.12 o'clock at night the sun was visible
.for a time. In "winter it is dark there
ne?>xly all day, as well as all night. I
returned by the same towns, but through
different waterways. The whole of the
navigation was protected by land, therefore
the sea was mild, we were surrounded
by immense mountains, covered
with s*\qw. Cm my return to Throndjem
$ went across Norway through a country
iw^ ' ih was filled with lakes, high moun"Ufcinfl
and green valleys^ cascades and
falls, and farms well cared for. It all
had a solitary and bleak appearance. ;
People were making the most out of
what t&.ej had. but their life was evidently
a'hard one. ' The railway stations are
?' 11. ai rv 4" ni'/i
SUppxieu NYiiiix uutii tvivclean
and with 2,b.iUiuance of good and
wholesome food and fruit and wines at
reasonable pviQcs. The traveler is treated
honestly. TliC women attend these eating
houses generally. They are all quiet
women, pleasant and prompt."
* /
, ; . .. Xf?x=z^-r ?
Frrnrj^ 4iiUj,vay Alen-Alarrnrd.
| According to the. J^ench press the
French railway _<*)riipailie&are in alarm.
iThp.v liava-lonff had the raono'Ddlv of
English fou lists making for t-19 itfvifera,
and. in c'daseotfenee, peiphaps, there is no J
Continentalniare. illiberally man-!
aged tdaii H^-^oh; ;connect? Calais
with- tii?. French capital. They hav^.
had, too.-almost a monopoly of jfch&
glish feaffie- -wifli Milan vi^^gouoaSahd
the St. Gfothard, this has' developed
unexpectedly fcot? m goods'^d passengers.'
They afe'mo'st ..att\ioas joQ^tin;
both. couple pf'. days^p -4l^lwn?*
of the Belgians arrived at Calais incogtiito,
having crossed over" from. Dover' in
the Victoria. TSp'passage." was made,
with an adverse- tide, in. Co Minutes.
.The King's object'tfas to judge for himself
whether better beats might not; be
" put on The mail service between Ostend
and Dover. Lf this could be done part
a? tn.o tlivnno-li flint -now takes the
route of Laon and Tergxde? might be
deflected and the Aelgian lines divide it
with the French. Competition is always
healthy, and the press is already calling
on the Government to push forward the
work of deepening the port of Calais.?
I'aii vrazeue.
A c-idr was killed in ZionviUe, Pa., one
morning, the skin was at tlie tannery by
noon, was tanned and turned over to a
> shoe-maker that evening, and by the
next morning was made into a pair of
boots which were worn by the man who
I a-wa/I 4."I> /\ norl Ti*Ai?n flm clrin
w U? ilt'U IIIV UiJH lliOiV axih?v n VAJU Uiv
the day before.
r ?Men are being paid .$2 per day to
circulate petitions for the pardon of the
I convicted Chicago Anarchists, and they
I are securing many names,
t A brakeman on the Delaware and Hud[
son saluted an exclusion party with the
i warning, ''Gents, take partners for th(
tunnel.*'
" FATHER. YOU Mi'ST MB.**
The Fell Denunciation of a Son jijioh Hi.* father
?The End of the I'arricide.
Prank H. Walworth has just died at
Saratoga, aged thirty-one.
The young roan descended from a-distinguished
ancestry, and might liave been
very prominent himself had it not been
for a cloud which overshadowed his life.
. His mother was a wonderfully ben/ati- :
ful woman at the time of her marriage, 1
but her husband was a mam of. dissolute .
habits, and was very cruel. The coming
of the baby // Frai'k" did not work a re- '
formation in the father. At list a divorce '
was granted Mrs. Walworth, ani she *
moved from Saratoga to Kentucky.
In the course of time the divorced hus- -J
*J<A?iUj ?XXW ?<VO XiW UtUW I.LXA1X .^Z.tt..LI.OJJLVXV4. J
Tracy Walworth, began to maJxe fame 1
and fortune as a story writer. i j
In 1873 Mrs. Walworth moved Lack j
to Saratoga and established a girl's school. '
Then lier ex-husband began to pester her J
with notes, making improper proposals. ?
He went farther, caused the poor woman 1
great annoyance, talked against the legit- ]
imacy < of Frank's birth, and threatened 1
to kill both mother and son..
T-*1 - r< + U/\n -*-s Anmtwy* wvl ? *
JL ict-LUV ??*o tilUU. : wuii?vvm. ,
He had looked upon iiis father^ -only ,
the tormentor of his mother, aud when ]
by accident lie discovered tlie real bur- :
deu which, was being heaped upon Lis .
motlier lie grew desperate.. j1
He went to New York, where liis father lived,
sent him a note to call at the Stur- 1
tevant house and then waited in his room.
That was in. June, 1873. . . : j
Just before dark his father's card was {
sent up. "Show the gentleman up," :
said the son. ;
The boy. returned with the;; answer, ,
and Mr. Walworth walked quickly up to
his son's room, humming a tune as he c
did so. When he. was admitted to the, T
room, the young - m;\n placed his back; ?
against,the' d<!or, -and drawing his pistol, A
presented it at' his. father's breast. -.. c
"For Heaven's sake, what do you }
mean ?" the father cried. " Do you mean 1
to murder me ? Think of what you are 1
doing!'' ?
The son shuddered. *41 know you arc ?
my father," he said; 4' but now you must ?
die." * " v. J
"i^iesiineiiea tne latner.. -nave you
called me here to murder*rae?your. r
own father?
"Yes.- May God have mercy on your c
soul, father, but' I have none. "You have a
threatened and insulted my mother." ?
The father sank on his knees'and ap- .L
pealed for- mercy and promised to leave ~
them alone and "never interfere with his r
wife, again. - ?
'.'^ou have lied before and you would ;
lie again?rl cannot believe you," was the r
son's cold.answer. " Father you must die. **
3ayyo\ir]ast prayer.''
An instant later there was u dash, an- 1:
->ther,;-&!id.the father staggered back a? j
if struck by lightning. "My son!1' lie 11
breathed, gave.a gasp, and as three more j ^
shots finished the work, the pallor of j ^
icath overspread his features. ' fie had I ?
.lied at the hands of him .to whom he Il!
iiad given life. j c
The young man gave himsL-lf up, and j ^
tfss convictcd of murder in the second j ^
.legree. ile was sentenced to nte im-1 ~
prisoninenfc in Slug Sing, but in 1877; ^
was pardoned out. About two years ago f1
,ie married Miss Corinne B ramie tt, daugh j
:er of the late Governor Bramlett, of j
Kentycky, who, with one child survives ^
iim. fie wgs a grandson, of tiio late a
3hanceilor Reuben If. Walworth, bis s
naternal grandfather having been Col- 5
Duel John J. Hardin, of Illinois, who c
cv*aa kiliai at Buena Vista. ~j
WAATFD ?T UHMfcgLf.
TKm VV<irif(f>pfnl Pnmilnpitv ill \V!iih?-HflIrf(l tl
Joe Brown Down in Georgta. j
(Carp in Cleveland
Senator -Toe Brovra is u? strong in !
Georgia as ever an'cl'1 notice a Sim<lay j 1
school'story going around press in (
which one oi 1&e pupiis, on being asked I
who. WW' ihojworld, replied "God."
"Aud \yho~made GodV" was the next | c
question, r. | v
"Joe Brown," was ike. -tf-P*.); att<& A ' ~
thought. . j 1
liiw same state admiration pro-'t
\cm^u iu v.^rgia wnne .brown wis uov- <.
ernor ol'the State. He Lad been Gov- i
ernor for several terms and it was the I
question in the minds of the people 1
whether he would accept a rcnomina- i
tion. The other aspirants for the posi- t
tion were especially anxious to know. If (
Brown desired to run they knew there i
was no hope for them, and if not, the c
man who got the knowledge of the fact ]
ii(T,iTn irt t.ho start nrul wir> the "
race. But Brown is a very ticklish man ]
to handlev- His fur is like that of a cat. 1
It doesn't rub well the wrong -way, and :
the candidates were afraid to ask hiru a J
question, One of them, however, con-' 1
eluded to toy to worm it: out of Brown's .*
wife, and, as the story goes, called upon 1
Mrs. Rrovn while "the Governor was j
away. After hemming and hawing about ;
for some time, he finally said:
"Mrs. Brown. I understand that the ,
Governor does not intend to run again,
and that tie is going to give the other
boys a chance. Now,, "if he wants the
office, of course we would not run against
him, but if he don't, we think he ought
to let us know."
Mrs. Brown, who is a very charming
old lady, and who has some of her husband's
ability, replied: "I liaVen't heard
Joseph say as to whether he is going to
be a "candidate for Governor or not; in
14CCII; i-LC IUM LIVb 0?SV/A-VJ-J. WiAj uajhq I?w WW
it, but from -what 1 know of Joseph I
rather think he -wants it himself."
The Earthquake Ouiloo'x.
5 That the eastern shore of the United
States is, and has been, gradually settling
for the last one hundred and fifty
.years, is 'well known. Buried forests
and the. hooding of lands "once high
and dry." attest this fact. That the
seismic*focus should be at Charleston,'
where the coast line is comparatively
straight, seems somewhat strange. A
more probable place would be in south
"ielonriti
era ? xunua, ux u?i m.c .
before alluded to?the Greater ar.d Lesser
Antilles. It is not unlikely * that
shocks will continue till?a- destrnctivejearth<juake
or the opening of a volcano
will bo experienced at some point on or
neat these islands?most likely on or
near one where hot springs occur?similar
to the case at Casaiulcciola, in Iscliia,
July 28, 1884. A volcano may break
forth in some of them, or in the sea, or
at some other weak spot in the earth's
, ?t v.A/,1. Til*} 71 nYim^TlQP
crust luciu. i
pressure and unrest beneath that unfortunate
city will be removed, the
shocks will cease, and it is highly probable
that the portions of the earth near
Charleston that have been subjected to
the most severe shakings will settle to a
lower level, and furnish another instance
in proof that the earth is gradually
growing more solid and consequently
smaller.?Chicago Inter-Ocean.
A buck witli a while head and white
spots on his body wa> killed on Waccamaw
recently h}*'Mr. "John LaBrucc. The anii
mal's liead resembled a goafs in shape and
v -the horns, which were very short. mrved
l>:K-kwards towards the neck.
\
Fnll I'foushins.
(From the Atlanta Cor-siituUon.)
Is it better to break up land before
Christmas, or wait until spring? Mr.
David Dickson, of Hancock county, a
wonderfully close observer, states as the i
result of liis experience, that fall plough- J
mg gave best results in about, one year
out of seven. "When the "winter is dry
and colli, fall plowed land grew better
crops than spring plowed. ZNIrl Dickson
tested the matter by leaving strips
through, the middle o? 1'aii plowed fields,
which strips yere not broken till spring. |
Ma L>;eKsou r, experience was a xocai one;
iviE it hold good for all climates and soils?
fiie prime object of plowing land is to
loosen up tlie soil, to make it friable, so
:Hat gases may jjenetrate it, and roots
ruay grow and ramify and spread through
.t readily. Why docs land liavc to be
broken every year?. Once loosened up by
lie plow, why does it not stay loose?
Becadse it is beaten down and ran toother
by rains. Every rain drop hampers
it down, and the earth, semi-iiuid
.vhen wet, yields readily to this hammer- 1
jug. Moreover, th.;j rain water, as it <
auks in the soil carries down with it the <
iiiur particles (particularly clay)- ami ;
.odges them between tlic coarser particlcs i
>cIow. This also, tends to consolidate 1
lie soil. 1
Xow at the south our greatest rainfalls 1
ire iu winter and early spring. Hence 1
and plowed in the fall has unusual op- t
jortunities of being compacted again
jefore- planting time. But is this not s
norc than compensated for by the up- t
leaving, loosening effects of freezes? I
Sear the surface it-may.-be, buthowsel- 1
I'.?i :.> ;< 4.T,.,+ fw, rrt^r\ 1 T
ivaj. XI UJL CUiXC U1V/ UVliWU iU HJ. nehes
id depth V. .Plow in autumn that e
lie soil may bo pulverized by the frosts I
>f winter is frequently urged by northern r
niters. In their climate the advice is ^
food. With them the ground is often a
rozen eight to twelve inches deep?the 2
;entle falling snow settles down quietly 1
ipon the upt jrned furrow?does not-pelt r
t like the falling rain, hence, land there, t
>lowed in the fall, is almost in the same c
ondition when sirring comes as it was t;
rhen freshly plowed. The rain has not a
ompacted and run it together, and the r
reezes have made it, if anything, lighter i:
ban it was left by the plow.1 Such is t'
arely the case in our southern e>:pe- 11
Tn. twr nnM Trinfprs. flip 1!
onditions approximate those at the north t.'
nd the results' are.some what similar;-but e
rdicarily land is none the better for 2
ieiug plowed in the fail. Breaking just d
efore planting, if the ground is not too ti
.ry and one has the team and time to do a
t, is the best plan. An exception raaj ti
e made in favoa: of sundy soil^ these are r
ather too open and loose immediately r:
fter- plowing, and it is well to -give time n
Dr them to be settled by rain before ti
'lanting a crop on them. u
But, it may be asked, if sandy lanos t;
re too loose after they have .been plowed a
rhy .plow them it; all.- Sometimes a g
lu-iiov.' turning-is desn-abie to bury and I
lix with tlie .soil vegetable, matter which j
> on the surface. iiut,. inasmuch as de- f F
omposition goes on more rapidly in an i
pen soil than in a dense' (day) one, the j
Liruing in of vegetable matter on light
mdy soils should never be don$ long in ,
dvance of planting a oj-op. After the ^
jest of January worjd he ample time lor | j
fueling over sandy soils. Again it is ,
ometimes desirable to turn over a soil /
eeply, to bring back to3 or near, the
ariace fertilizing substances which have t
ank down in the soil. There is a C9?f-oiSf
Mn/lMicr fnv c'nVtnfv ' *
ially in wet seasons; a,iia it is greater in 1
andy in clay soils. An occasional _
.cop^'tiiming of the former is, therefore, v
ecidedly beneficial, provided it does not ,
ring some objectionable r?,v; aubsojll U>.
lie surface, "W. L. Jt.
.. .. u
WOMEX A\D >IO\EV. t<
lew Many an Old Maid i?oci> an 3iach Good a* ^
Tvvrnty Married Wamco. ' ^
1 " ' T> ^
Every girl wl;a * m\ ontiiv^ J a_ 'J
nfc 011 -tier iuLUo-r"'"'
iiicL <-"*-' --xenons?a position c
dueling all the ups and downs c
n life, the sooner she gets out of the t
.setter?ought by the time she is old l
.-nougii to possess any money to know 1
;xacttyhow much she has,, where it is
n-i-iof if niirrh'-. vpfirlv to r
ii. tfxuw j ?j A
jring in. Jiv this time also she should 1
lave acquired some knowledge of bus?- t
less?bank business, referring to checks, J
lividendsand so on?and as -much of t
ordinary business as she can.- To her
nformation oi a practical kind never <
jomes amiss, especially to three golden :
Lilies, which have very rare exceptions: i
S"o investment of over live per cent, is
really safe; trust no one with your money
;vithout security, which ought to be as <
strict between the nearest and dearest ]
friends as between strangers, and, lastly. <
keep all your affairs from day to day in 1
is accurate order as if you had to die
to-morrow/ The mention of - dying suggests
another necessity?as soon as you
arc 21 years :o? age make your will. You
will not die a day the sooner; you can
alter it. whenever you like, while the
ease of mind it will be to you and the
trouble-it may save to those that come
after you are beyond telling.. It cannot
be too strongly impressed upon every
girl who has .or expects"that not undesirable
thing, "a little income of her own,"
what a fortunate responsibility* this is
and how useful she may make it' to others.
Happier than the lot ot many married
women is that of the ' 'unapin'opriated
blessing,'" as 1 have heard an old
maid called, who. has her money, less or
'more, in her own hands, and can use it
as ,she chooses, generously as. wisely,
without asking anybody's leave and being
accountable for it .to no one. But
then she must have learned from her
youth; upward Llow to use it; she must
not spare any amount of trouble in the
using of .it and she must console herself
for. many a lonely regret?we are but
human, all of us?with the thought that
she has beeii trusted to be a steward of
tilG vTl'CivX JilUjUir* ouv^u. <aix v/im uiui?
often docs as much good in her generation
lis 'twenty married women.
F?H fcrom the Wrrat Pyramid.
- Tiie accident which recently occurred
at tiie Pyramids was very shocking. A
corporal.in the Army Hospital Corps,
who, i>Oi>r fellow, was just going home,
having served his time, had a picnic to
the Evmaiids with some oi hiscomrades.
" " * ? ' 1 x T-i
He ascended to tue top 01 tue vreai ry tumid,
and was seen to pause when about
a quarter ui' the way down, and make a
signal us if for help. Suddenly he was
seen to slip back against the step or
block below him, and then to rebound
! from each successive .step. The peculiarity
of the accident is that the body did
not roll or tumble from each irregularity,
but bounded into the air as it struck
tiiese in succession asix auraew:u tneretu,
in fact, a series of parabola were performed.
The corpse when it reached
the base was a shapeless mass.?London
Daily News.
A citizen of Minneapolis is building a
genuine log house right in the city. It will
Be a hig, rambling dwelling, with queer
corners and quaint windows, but; it will
have all the modem improvements and will
r-<M **20,00<>.
WITH A \EEDLE.
lion it i? Fosflibje. With Practtcc, to Foretell
Weather Probabilities.
:
(From the Rochester Democrat.)
rrlnlunmoflV TIAAflle is (init/k ftX snrfi
an indicator of the condition of the sun j
as storms or telescopic observations.
There should be observers throughout j
the country. Tnev will appear in time, j
They will 'find it the most interesting j.
study they ever entered upon. We j
would advise all to provide themselves j
with a large magnetic needle. If observers
do not care to obtain anything elaborate,'
an old file that is not too heavy,
say fourteen inches long, may be employed.
The cutting portion may be
ground off if it can be done conveniently.
The pointed end for attaching to
fclic handle may be broken off up to the
point -where the cutting portion begins, j
Pi--- 111 - i rt 1. _ xi T? 1 L
xms me siioutu ue moruuguiy
ized and suspended in a box turned on
its side, tlie open side being covered
svitli a glass, although this is not necessary.
A tube of brass or a long wooden
x>x, say twelve or. fourteen inches long,
^in be fastened on the top of the box
)ver the centre of motion of the needle
md through this the thread for suspending
or Ijjilaicing the needle should run.
Loosely twisted silk is best, as there is 1
ittle torsion. The string is made quite
ong to avoid torsion. Ihe point of sus- <
)ension should nearly correspond with ;
he middle of the file. j
TIia hr>\- with flip innlospfl- .
should be placed where it is not subject <
o jarring. If an iron rod is placed in a )erpendicular
position to the right or 1
eft of one of the poles of the needle the ?
leedle may respond more readily to the '
;arth currents. The rod. of soft iron has {
jolarity, acted upon by the earth cur- (
ents, and becomes an electric magnet.
IVlien the earth currents are strong it ]
ttracts the pole of the needle strongly, i
.nd when the current falls releases it.
rhe rod is not necessary, but its ordina- i
y attraction is a constant force, so only c
he changes in the earth currents can I
hange its attraction. Iron in the vicini- 1
v of the needle should not be disturbed, i
" n - # *? 1 . _ i n _ ; _ _n
na iron articles snotua not oe cameu i
tear it. A small glass mirror, say a half 1
nch in diameter, may be cemented upon s
lie centre of the flat needle so motion a
lay be detected by the shifting of the x
mage of a distant object reflected from ?
[ie mirror to the eye. It Trill be inter- C
sting to watch the" behavior of a heavy e
cedle as above described before sjad ^
aring an advancing storm. Great dis- i
Lirban'ce mav be seen in the needle for a
everal dayalieiore-a storm approaches' t
l\e jJace oi observation. : There will be *
egoiar .motions ol the needles at sun- .2
iso, as me time me sun crosses iJio i~ag-.. ?
etic meridian and at subset. Observa- 'c
ion -frill show wh?? are usual and un- -j
sual motions if proper precautions are .a
iken. Until the "habits'' of the needle t
re observed for some time there iz dan- t
er of false alarms. 1
. * . C
V-\ptlrw6 THE C*>O\VU. |r
ihyin iiootli Improves oa. SJwKcapcarc Co the
Delight of a, Virginia Audience. (Ifrom
tie Buffalo Tim^) Or>,ce,
daring the days of kio early ;
Iruggles, Booth was "barn-storming" ?
own in Virginia. at a called T *tV.%s
,anding. Tiie improvised theatre was a ! j
3bacco warehouse, and it was crowded .L
y the planters, fo.r rajJ.es around. Booth j r
nd his ^mparuons had arranged to take ! j
b.e ^'eelily steamer, expected to call late j '
i night, and between the acts were busy jL
ackuig up. The play was " The. Mex- ;
hant of Venice," and they were just |
oicg on for tho tsiel secno wnen tlic/ |
icard a whistle and the manager came j
Mining in to say that the steamer had j
rrivod and would leave again in ten, min- [.
_ * . xi. _* i__ t i
res. as tiiat was iiimr ui^r euauce ior | ;
week of getting they were in a <
jrrible (piand#^ * ]
'' If Y\Q. explaiii mat cers, said the niana- ;
y\) ^ " mev tliink tliey are being
^tedT" and we shall have a free light.
;iae only thing is for you fellows to get ;
ip some" sort of natural-like impromptu
nding for the piece and ring down the ;
urtain. Go right ahead, ladies and genlcmen.
and take your cue from 2s od j,
icre." and lie hurried away ix> get the .
uggage aboard. i
Med. of course, was Bassanio, and lie
esolved to rely on the ignorance of tlie
Virginians of tliose days to pull him
lirough all right. So when old George
Juggles, who was doing Shylock, began
o sharpen bis knife on his boot Booth
valked straight up to him and solemnly
aid:
"You are bound to liave tlie flesh, are
Fen?" ' .
"You bet your life!" said Kuggles.
'-'Now, I'll make you one more offer/'
continued Booth : "In addition to tins
oig bag of ducats I'll throw in two kegs
Df niggerhead terback, a sliotgun ana
two of the best coon dogs in the State."
,;rm blamed if I don't do it!" responded
Shylock, much to the approbation
of the audience, who were tobacco
raisers and coon hunters to a man.
v And to show that there's no ill-feeling,"
put in Portia, We'll wind up with
a Virginny reel."
When thev crot on board the steamer
tlie captain, -who had -witnessed the conclusion
of the play, remarked:
1' I'd like to see the whole of that play,
gentlemen. I'm blamed if 1 thougiit
that fellow Shakespeare had so much
snap in him."
Beauregard at the Grave of Grant.
A gray-moustached man of medium
height, dressed in dark and genteel
? ' .p. x ~e
ciotnes, was sia-noing m irum ui wuc
Grant's tomb at Riverside Park to-day.
Ee looked for several moments at the
plain brick tomb, the only monument
New York can afford for the great dead.
The visitor carried a small bunch oi'
violets in his hand and wore a small rosebud
in the lappel of his coat. The policeman
granted him the privilege to
walk up to the tomb and the stranger
tenderly placed his violets on the grave.
.He turned to walk away, but stopped,
and removing .the rosebud, bent his head
over it and placed it with the violets.
The stranger was General G. T. Beauregard.
of Louisiana.?New York Special
to the Boston Herald.
7VIIIC VWU ,*u?ivv?
Tramp?Please give me ten cents, sir V
Gentleman?Why, I gave yon ten cents
not an hour ago.
Tramp?I'll bet you five dollars you
didn't.
Gentleman?I liaven't that much
money with me.
I Tramp (with some disgust)?Well don't
make statements unless you've got money
to back "em up.
Early Thursday morning a mule was
stolen in the upper pan 01 vjrceuvme
county. A party -was organized and set
out to catch the thief. They overtook, a
v.-hite man riding the stolen mule, and ordered
him to halt. He answered that he
would kill or be killed before he would
give up the mule, and made a motion as if
to draw a weapon, whereupon he was shot
down with a shot gun and died instantly.
The parties were arrested.
A Chinaman and a white girl were married
in carriage at Council Bluffs, lmv:t, 1?
escape the gaze of a large crowd.
A RICH MAVts RICH WIDOW; : L
Soino Fnci* and Rocollections of Mrx.' Alexander
T. Stewart. '? ' ' J'-'
Mrs. Stewart always called her lmsband
"Honey", and lie always called her
"My dear."' . . . . ...
Now that the millionaire and his
widow have passTed from earth it is .said
they never spoke harshly to each other,
but" always lived a devoted and happy
pair.
Mrs. Stewart survived her "husband
ten vears and six months. Her death !
was comparatively painless. The funeral
took place Thursday. At one o'clock
there was a private service at the beautiful
marble palacc. The remains were
taken to Garden City and the services
were held in the Cathedral of the Incarnation
which was erected through Mrs.
Stfitrnrf's After ?/? > _
vices the remains were deposited in the
crypt under the altar and elaborate precautions
will :bc taken to guard against a
desecration of the grave. :
The death of Mrs. Stewart arouses a
fresh interest in the husband. One of
the remarkable things about Alexander
X. Stewart was the brevity of his will, *
It would occupy, only four or li /e inches
and ho disposed of fifty or sixty million
dollars in less than five lines. Said he: 1
i.^Hrst?All my proj^erty and estate,
j! any and every kind of description,
xnd wherever situated, I &ive and devise
ind bequeath to my dear wife, Cornelia
M. Stewart, her heirs and assigns forsver."
Aftfvr
ft-ivnr>rnfin<r .Tn<-l<n> TTpiit-p- TTilfc.n.
2is cxucutor and directing him briefly
iboiit the affairs of the estate he added:
"For Tvhich service, as a mark of my regard,
I give to said Henry Hilton SI;
)00,000.'; .
Tkerc Trere a number of legacies.-to.
rarious friends, employes and servants
n the household.
When the death of Mr. Stewart was'
nade public Mrs. Stewart was consid
^red t.he richest woman in the United *
state's. When the bequest of all lier, .
lusband's property to lier was published
n the daily papers the enormous burden - rat
on her aged shoulders was universaly
believed to be greater than she could
iustain. Fortune favored her,'however,
ind she sold to -Henry Hilton all her
ncTrf n.rin Hf.lo in +Tia ImcririAca nf A T
Stewart and Co.; for the sum of $1,000,-.
)Q0 cask, which -sum: had been bequeath-:
id to Henry Hilton by" her husband.:
rv hether this was. in accordance with a >re-uhderstahding
of'Mr. Stewart's deiire
was never publicly explained,
hough it was an open secret; that such '
vas the fact. But tliat fact iii 'nowise ' utered
the legal aspect of the ease. She >
vas the absolute legatee and could have:,
lone with the property precisely as she
)leased. That- her action in parting with
i business believed to be worth from
Twenty .to thirty millions of dollars: for
ne compareave tmuiig sum ox one.mnion,
and that a gift, was the sensation
)f the day and excited widespread comnent,;.
:?
The theft of Stewart's body is still a nystery!
Since tlie theft various expla- .
iations have at different times been asserted,
the most frequent statement "being
hat the body had been privately recov- ?1*
>x k>\ v uu^e ju~lLiAJU zuiu. .lb. i/iio
nausoleum at Garden City, Dut no statement
has been authorized and' supported
)j any show of proof, and the wheretboufc*
of the body is still a secret, which -
he d::ath of JIk. Stewart may -finally wen
the door to disclosing.. - ?
ARTIFICIAL UlIXiXE.
V l.vn>iDii i'hjjirian DiscovcifS a JPrOCCSD TOT
Making thai licncilcent Drug.
/Itlinino irn nn?nm in v-irrniic fr?rTT!<l
inil under various names are used by phvsi ians
more than any other drugs," said jbr.
3. >1. Wlielpiey, editor of the National
Uragfjixt, in a conversation with a reporter.
"Chemists have for several years said it-r
ft'as possible to make quinine chemically,
;nd tlie world of those interested has been
waiting for some one to do it. In 1S82 a -
frenchman announced lie liao. aiscoverea
[be process, and deposited a sample of; Ms.
'quinine' with the Frencli Institute. On
j.vuniualion it proved to bo sulphate of ammonia
instead of sulphate of quinine. Most
of the experiment has been directed toward
making quinine of cinehonidine, which is
made from the same hark, but "is of lesser
value and is cheaper than quinine. 'Chemically
there is little difference between them.
Cinehonidine consists of 19 parts carbon,
22 parts Jiydrogen, Sports nitrogen and 1"^
part oxygen: quinine contains 20 parts of
carbon, 24 parts hydrogen, 2 parts nitrogen
and '? parts oxygen. Ji ue pro mem uas
been with chemists to add 1 pari carbon, 2 f
purts hydrogen and 1 part oxygen. They >
have not been successful in this endeavor, :
There is nothing wonderful in the claim .
that quinine could be made from other
things than the bark.
"Fruit essences are now made without
fruits, and other items of chemical stock
are made chemically without the interven- !
lion of the usual natural product. Yet the
medical world was disturbed last Semtem-''
her when Dr. Cresswell Hewitt, of London,
announced that he had discovered a process
to make quinine. He made no effort to
r>sf.ih1isli this claim or submit his oroduct
tc test; but 1 have just received a letter from. $
London telling of tlie formation of a com-")
pany to manufacture the drug on Dr. Hewitt's
process. Hejstill keeps all particulars :
to himself, audit is not known whether the
cinchona bark is the basis.of his process, or .
from what he manufactures the drug. The
company is called the Atlas Quinine Company,
and I am informed has large capital,
if Hewitt has discovered what he claims
he will have made us independent;of the '*
irregular supply from the countries where
the trees grow that produce the bark,.and '
while the price of the drug may not be1 ma-1
teriallv reduced it will not rise in time of
war in those countries. Then, too, his success
will stimulate other chemists to exper- I
imcnts looking to the manufacture of other
drugs without reliance on the natural
product. Morphine may be made .from .
something other thanopjum^etc. It, however.
remains to be seen what Br. -Hewitt
has really accomplished."'
:5S.i
The Editorial of the Future.-. :
The days ot editorial essays m a daily '
paper have passed, and what is now wanted }
are short, snappy expressions, of opinion,
sharp and directly*to the point, without-.~
proloxity. It is a great thing for a youDgiA;*
writer to learn to stop when he gets through, J
a lesson which some older writers .who
have been fairly successful have never ,
learned. Long editorials are more fre- "
quentJv a ?-ign of laziness than of ability. '
Ox course tllere are some subjects which.
require exhaus' /e treatment, but under
ordin&'rv circumstances lona: editorials are
written because the editor has neither the :
time nor the brains to write short ones.
Thf >hort editorial, the concise clearly ,x
written article, will go to make up the
moJel paper of the future. Punctured "by
j paragraph is more than an alliterative
conceit. The paragraph is the most ?orm- *
| Ktaoie weapon m me cauors arsenal, ana
liie long editorial is the least effective. Old.
fogies may speak with admiration of die
"thoughtful"' writer who turns the long
newspaper columns, but the man who will
weild real inliucnee is he who can put his
"thmisrht" in :i few oithv -entenees. Ver
biatre has had its day, and in the best papers ?
brains are slowly taking its place.?Tlt&
Journalist.
A German waiter at the Astor House, .
Mew York, last night, shot tlioc-hicf cook
ami then committed suicide.

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