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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 02, 1887, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1887-02-02/ed-1/seq-2/

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F " HE NEWS AND HERALD, j
WiXXSBOBO, s. c.
I
I
I
96 wednesday, itBKlAKl : : I5S7.
E. It. KA.GSTiA.LE, )
} Ekitoks.
W. i. JfcZiONALD. )
It is now said to be about as hard
for a poor mai: to get into the United
States Senate as it is for a catnei to go
through the eve of a needle.
Governor Ross, of Texas, recommends
that the conspiracy laws which j
have been used against labor boycotts '
shall be mate to apply also to railway
pools.
The numerous admirers of a Mon- j
tana great man recently gave him a
r1itinpr_ fr. consisted ofi
three courses?boiled cabbage, prairie
dog and whiskey.
When we see it written down in the j
columns of a paper published in this |
State that free trade is 'lead in this |
latitude, we are constrained to a.-k,
how Jong did Rip Van "Winkle sleep? j
Tue question has been raised, by j
what law Pinkerton's myrmidons are ;
paraded about from State tu State i
as a military force bearing deadly i
weapons to be used for hire? \Ye are i
obliged to confess frankly that wc do
not know. They are not United
Siates troons nor do thev form a r>art
of the militia ot any State. If they
can appeal to any legal authority,
what is it?
For the past month the New York
Star has been pleading the cause of ;
Mrs. Druse, the convicted murderess,
with as great earnestness and eloquence
as could possibly have inspired
her counsel on her trial. It has presented
her case in Its most favorable
light over and over again and still exhibits
untiring zeal. Thus the wretched,
penniless woman, under the
shadow of the gallows, finds a power-,
fnl advocate who makes no charges.
This is the way that they go for tue
farmers' Legislature at other places:
There were no measures adopted, or
started, to make it live in the minds of
the people as an institution having
their interests at heart and laboring
for the public good; but it will go
down in history, marked with a white
stone, as notable for its picayunish
bickerings, its senseless curtailings, its
mean penuriousness and its false ideas
of economy. And it will be remembered
as a Democratic General Assembly
of South < aroliua giving as little
satisfaction as did any Radical Assem
bly.?Berkeley Gazette.
There seems to be some difference
of opinion as to where the proposed
Constitutional Centennial should be
held. Philadelphia has perhaps the
strongest claim, although it has been
forcibly suggested that she has already
had her due share ot the centennial
business. Congress will no doubt
take some action in the matter at an
early day. A fitting celebration should
be provided for what Mr. Gladstone
has prononuced "the greatest work
ever struck off by the intellect of man
in the same space of time."'
The State department didn't make
much glory for the administration out
of the late trouble with Mexico. The
management of the affair did not disclose
any great diplomatic skill on the
part of either Special Envoy Sedgwick
or his superiors. Ex-Minister
.Jackson is now doing his best to turn
on some new light. He means to saythat
could he have had his way this
Government would have come out of
the tiling much more creditably. The
Senate will likely find out before it is
through with it exactly how the matter
stand?.
Some envious newspapers now
charge that "the two great editor?,"
Pulitzer and Watterson, having conspired
together to knock the President
out in one round, have made an ignominious
failure. But we don't think
the charge, that is as to the attempt, is
sustained by any evidence worth considering.
Both of the aforesaid gentlemen
are good Democrats and are
really striving to serve the party. It
is true they have bad tiie misfortune to
get on the wrong side of some impor- i
tant issues, but the best of us will get
into bad company occasionally.
The railroads will have to be brought
down to the hard pan of impartial
justice. They will have to be taught
a fact that they seem to have forgotten,
that the people have granted to them
enormous privileges, and that these
must be exercised with some regard to
the people's rights. The fact will have i
to be impressed upon them that they |
will not be allowed to hoid down one :
section and lift up another. They
shall not be allowed to force the
people of one section to pay the freights
nf the* r?pnr>l<? nf snntiipi- cor?f?A?i hi- !
thus impose upon us a species of in- ;
dustrial slavery. If the railroads can t!
comprehend these truths, so much the '
worse for the railroads.
The Democratic party is now pretty j
well tired of Samuel J. Randall, and
he ought to have the good breeding to
get up and go. lie is entirely out of
harmony with the principles of the
party, and it is difficult to see why he j
is so auxious to remain in it. There ;
is this Kno-offtstion. Iiowpvpiv whiph i
may throw some light on his persis-!
tency in hanging on. The Republi-;
cans don't want him. They look upon
him as a sort of disturbing element
likely to bring more trouble than
profit. True, he is with them in the
matter of no tariff reform, but then he
has several cranky notions that they
do not care to be encumbered with. |
Altogether they prefer to look upon
him as a nominal Democrat.
Bncklcn"^ Arnica Salve.
The Best Salve in the world for'
Cuts, Braises, Sores, Ulcers, Sa't
Rheum, Fever Sores. Tetter, Chapped
Hands, Chilblains, Corns, and aW Skin :
Eruptions, aud positively cures Piles, (
or no pay required. It is guaranteed !
iw give ytTieci sausiacuon, or money i j
refunded. Price 25 cents per oox. |.
For sale by McMaster, Bricp & Ketchin ;
August assemblies should be particular
to talk as little nonsense as possible,
(.specialty when high themes are
under discussion, ki is oeuer 10 oe
content with monotony at ali times, if!
variety cairt be had on reasonable
terms. We were very sadly reminded
of the truth of the proposition a few j
days ago when we read of the United
S'ates Senate whooping about war'
before we have been even insuited.
Why threaten Great Britain? Why i
threaten anybody? The common ex-j
perience of mankind is that the man :
who is profuse with threats is entirely
harmless, and what holds of the in- j
dividual generally obtains also of men
in tut- nro-vfo-iip Thr? fishorv flisnntes
can be settled without war. At any j
rate it will be tiaie enough to talk j
about war when all efforts for peaceabie
adjustment have failed. It must
be remembered that a good many peo-,
pie arc just now short of rations and
therefore naturally enough in no
humor to listen to mere belligerent
rant. We have no objection to innocent
foolery in proper season, but the
propiieties of thne and place should
be consulted.
The New York World, it seems, has
had a great deal to say lately about
flio mntjfliufOi' ?>nr? it }if>? C!lf?. !
ceeded in displeasing1 that fraternity |
very much. One of the little fellows
replies at length through the
columns of the Scar and makes it at
least pretty evident that some of the
messenger boys have about as much j
good sense at at limes as some of the !
editors. Here is a sample of his argu- i
ment:
I want yon to know that there is a ;
great many messengers v?hat are sons j
of res. ectable parents and don't "live
in the sharties that the paper World is \
kind enough to describe: but a boy has !
to do something for a living, and some- :
times it may be hard for a boy to get a ;
place that he is fit for, so then he will j
have to take what he can get.
Now there is no use in making any j
mistatc about it, boys; when you find i
one of your number who can talk in j
that strain you may bo assured that!
there is something in him. He is not;
without abilitv, and a little later on ne |
' 7
may edit a great paper. Nor is he i
without courage, and ere the gray
hairs predominate on his head, the
occasion offering, he may command
an army. Not only will he do whatever
his hands find to do with all his |
might, but he will also be after finding j
something for those hands to do.
General Boulanger.
General Boulanger, the French minister
of war, is probably at this time,
excepting Prince Bismarck, the most
prominent figure in European politics.
Since the death of M. Gambetta he j
has come to be the most conspicuous !
living Frenchman, aiid he seems to be |
the only prominent man in the Repub- j
1*" *T* W/\ Avn T t? IT" Vl<l f I
HUJUSL IICJ>V >> uv rwuiswa ? IIUK
he wants to do. He is known to be a
man of towering ambition, anxious to
try his hand in thfigame that makes or
unmakes nations. He is described by
his political opponents at home, in the
bitterness of party spirit, as "a Bona- j
parte without victories." But even j
here the fact is disciosed that he is a
"Bonaparte."
How long he is to remain without j
the victories is perhaps a problem that j
must await the slow solution of time,
but it may be said at least that the
indications are that he may soon have
an opportunity fo win them. The
relations which exist at present between
his country and Germany are
certainly "strained"?a momentary :
declaration of war by either country |
wonld surmise no one who is informed !
upon the current topics of the day- j
It mav be that the opportunity which
promises to come is one of his own i
planning; it may be that it is not, but j
all the .-ame he stands out before his :
countryman as the coming man who is
to win back Al*ace and Lorraine and
avenge the 'humiliation of Sedan and !
Paris.
j
The Way the Railroads Have Been j
Doing.
From that it will be seen that Spar-1
ta:iburg, which is a longer haul than i
Greenville by thirty-six miies, has the j
sa?.ne rates as Greenville, whereas i
Easier, a shorter haul than Grennville j
by fourteen miles, has a difference of;
five cents a Hundred on bacon a eleven I
cents a hundred 0:1 fbur in barrels in j
its favor. Pendleton is thirteen miles j
a shorter haul than Anderson and pays !
three cents more a barrel on Hour and
tne same rate on bacon. Belton, nine
mnes longer man Anderson, pays nve \
cents more on bacon ami seven cents |
a barrel on flour. Greenville is a .
longer ban! than Anderson and Spar-!
tar.burjr is more than forty miles long-1
er and both ha\e less rates. Whilel
the fourteen miles in Greenville's!
favor makes 110 difference in the rates j
between this city and Greer's, the |
twelve in Easiey's favor is made a very ;
considerable difference.? Greenville j
JSrews.
Just upon what principle of justice ;
or injustice a railroad tariff i.s founded
is probably past finding out. It is ;
apparent that the presumption of lair :
dealing must be eliminated from the i
? i
problem at the outset.
ijut tne aoove i= moderation itseii. .
We hid almost said virtuous, when !
compared with some things that we j
know in connection with railroading, j
But if anybody can explain these j
peculiarities wc would like to havej
them tell us while they are about it
why it is that it costs only one dollar
more to ship a car-load of cattle from
Statesville, X. C., to Charleston, S. C.,
than it costs to ship a car load from
Winnsboro to Charleston. We are
creditably informed that this is a fact, j
Now Statesville must be something j
like one hundred and thirty miles
further from Charleston than Winnsboro
is. This is not all: we promise
some interesting revelations in the
future.
Hill's Hepatic Panacea
Is the very best remedy ever offered for
sale for the cure of Constipation, Indigestion,
D\>pepsia and Sick Headache. Prescribed
by all the leading pnysicians as the
greatest family medicine.
Gensie ana effective m its action, pieasant
to take, does not purgo or gripe.
Never failing to greatly benefit delicate j
females.
One trial will convince. If not benefitted
money will be refunded. Only 50 cents
x bottle.
McMaster, Brice & .Ketch in.
What is I5ie 3Io?t Equitable Tax?
When men of noie, habitually separated
by whole diameters, come ?ud
tieniv to a common centre, they may
fairly expect to be the recipients of
some attention; and it is perhaps only
just to observe that, the point on which
they agree is more likely to be true ,
than the peculiar tenets of .-ither. j
But the simple fact of agreement will ;
nor. warrant the assumption that the i
matter is of the nature of necessary i
truth. Oit the contrary it may be, and j
indeed occasionally is, the very em- J
bodiment of error.
The editor of the Sum and the edi- j
tor of the Standard are both men of:
unusual sagacity, albeit they generally j
entertain very divergent opinions, j
Mr. Dana, as he is at present constitu-1
r-nni/1 vnf n. t?it*n finv infnr. '
VVV4) I'VVCIWI I VW.J ? ?%.?
est iii cutting tlie intellectual somer- :
saults that so delight Mr. George.
Such practice would ruin his digestion
in twenty-four hours, and thereby
endanger the peace of his household.
Mr. George, on the other hand, would
be just about as little satisfied with
the former's habits of thought. But
on one proposition of perennial importance
the two now stand shoulder
to shoulder.
"What species of property shall bear
the burden of taxation, is now a live
question in New York. Dana's answer
is that it should fall on real
estate. So says George. But we are
among those who believe that both of
the learned gentlemen are wrong. An
ad valorem tax 011 all property alike
nas ine mem 01 oemg simple, out
those who try it Jong enough generally
conclude that its simplicitv is the only
feature that there is to commend it.
But we think there is one good reason
why the burden should not be imposed
on real estate. Millionaires and very
rich people in general, who of course
more than all others need the protection
of the government, own comparatively
little land, and the scheme of
Messrs. Dana and George is simply to
confiscate some poor widow's little
homestead in order to save Gould his
millions. It won't do. People should
pay taxes in proportion to their wealth;
that is the corrcct principle, and if
personal property can oe mace simpiy
to bear its fair show, real estate will
oe everywhere greatly exonerated.
When "inquisitorial" laws are necessitated
by the rascality of the times
they may then be looked upon at worst
as a bencficeut evil.
Henry George and the Archbishop of
Xew York A grain.
An interesting controversy is now
being waged between Henry George
and Archbishop Corrigan, in which
the relation of the Catholic clergy to
the politics of this country is involved.
The controversy grows out of the conduct
of Dr. McGlynn in supporting
Henry George in the recent municipal
contest in Xew York, greatly to the
displeasure of the Archbishop, whom
Mr. George accuses of something like
secret political wire-pulling.
This is the way the editor of the
Standard comes at the acclesiastical
dignitary:
In the last issue of the Standard I
made, in an article to which i attached
my signature, a statement that Archbishop
Corrigan had in the last campaign
endeavored, through priests of
his diocese, to defeat the cal! for a
Constitutional Convention, lie has
been quoted as saying to a Herald
reporter that this statement was false,
and to a Tribune reporter that it was
ridiculous, -buch denials are too vague
to call for specific reply. But I am
not in the habit of lightly making
statements of this kind, and "this statement
I now reiterate. If Archbishop
Corrigan sees fit to deny over his own
signature the as>ertion I make over
mine, and, in language which gives
room for no equivocation, declares
mat tie am not use ins iimucncc against
the Constitutional Convention by communicating
v. itli priests of his diocese
lor that purpose, I will either give
authority for my statement or publicly
retract it.
I an open letter to the press supporting
his own side of the issue, the
Archbishop says, quoting from a letter
written by him to Dr. McGlynn:
So flagrant an act ol disobedience
cannot be passed over. Before accepting
the invitation to address the
meeting you knew full well the distinct
wishes of the Cardinal Prefect of
ths Propaganda. You were not ignorant
of my own mind on the subject,
as you expressly alluded to it in your
note to me introducing George. The
objection consequent to your course of
action, ha3 nothing whatever to eo
with this or that political party, but is
founded on the instructions of the
Holy See, and the nature of Episcopal
authority on the one hand and of
sacerdotal obedience on the other. In j
view, then, of these, and much to my j
regret, 1 am constrained to have recourse
to ecclesiastical cer.sure. I
hereby suspend you from all sacerdotal
functions for the space of two
weeks, frem date.
Those vvho can read between the
lilies here will learn enough to know
that the Archbishop will not accept
the challenge o: ihe editor of the
Standard. It may be observed also
that the liberty of an American citizen
who professes the Catholic faith, to
teke part in the great political issues i
of his country, depends at least to
some extent upon the wishes of the
Cardinal Prefect of the Propaganda.
Tiie great principle of free thought is j
set at defiance. If there were any j
Catholics in Xew York who wanted to |
vote for Henry George in the recent j
election, they had the undoubted right j
to do so, and any attempt on the part
of organized catholicism to prevent
the exercise of this right may be put
down as a conspiracy against the principles
of popular government. The
world owes very little to its supersti- j
tions.
Gilder's Pills
For the Liver. All Druggists have i
them. Wholesale and retail at McMaster, j
Brice and Ketchin's.
Their Business Booming.
Probably no one thing has caused such !
a general*revival of trade at McMaster,
Brice & Ketcliin's store as their giving ;
away to their customers of so many j
free trial bottles of Dr. Kinir's New Dis- ;
covery for Consumption. Their trade is !
simply enormous in this very valuable i
article from iluvfuct that it always cures :
a.4 never disappoints. Coughs, Colds, j
Asthma, Bronchitis Croup ami all throat j
? 1 -i: . ^i *
;um niuu: ui>ea>t* (juicKiy cured. 1 on can ,
test it iieTo. buyinsr by getting a trial !
bottle free, iargc" size ?1. Every bott.!<; |
warranted. " *
The Inter-State Commerce Bill.
The inter-State commerce bill, or
perhaps more properly speaking, the
railroad bill, has passed both houses
of Congress and been sent to the President
for approval- In al' probability
it will bocorne a law. We have not
seen a full text of the bill, and consequently
cannot give a definite opinion
as to the virtue of its several provision?.
We have gathered, however,!
from ti e discussions in the press, some
feotures of the bill which have been
the subject of bitter opposition.
The "Jong and short haul clauses"
coniani uie provisions upon wmcn |
opposition hinges, and we gather the
idea that the^e clauses of the bill simply
provide that the railroads shall
chursre no more in proportion for a
short haul than is charged for a long
haul; and we take it that this propoi>
tion is not to be derived from the simple
conditions of quantity or quality
of freight and distance to be hauled,
bat that other questions are involved,
such as the work of loading and unloading,
etc.
Now the justice of a law founded
upon such principles is so manifest
that those who oppose it ought to be
able to show some very strong reason
for the faith that is in them; unfortunately,
hewever, the reasons have not
ocen iortncoming.
In order to fully understand the
tender ot the opposition, it must be
observed that heretofore those places
that have enjoyed the advantage of
being "terminal points," or perhaps
more accurately speaking, those places
thai; have had competing lines, have
had their freight hauled at rates for
below those paid by places not so fortunately
situated?while freights to
"terminal points" have been nominal,
freights to intermediate points have
been all that the people could bear. It
is to be expected then that a law based
upon the principles above indicated
should have two classes of opponents
?first, the railroad companies, and
second, the great cities, the "terminal
points," the places that have heretofore
enjoyed these unjust advantages. Ifv\e
understand the law correctly it is a
judgment day to these.
Now this is just the condition of
affairs which we have; the railroads
oppose the law and the "terminal
points" oppose it. Quite natural. It
is not the first time iu the history of
the world that the overpowering principle
of selfishness has attempted to
stifle the voice of justice. It would
seem, however, that all parties concerned
had just as well prepare themselves
to bow gracefully to the inevitable,
the day of unjust discriminations
by railroads we believe to be drawing
to a close. The inter-State commerce
1. Ml ?i? .. 1 .1 xl r - i _
Dili, ii not oaseu upon ine priucipie
which we have indicated above, will
ultimately be amended until it reaches
that basis. It is a step in the right
direction, and we hail it as a measure
of reform that is second only in importance
to that greater measure which
is to follow it?the absolute repeal of
the protective tariff. *
flight here we have known what it
is to suffer from unjust discrimination
by the railroads, and our State Legislature
has been unable to remedy the
evil on account of the constitutional
limitations that were imposed upon its
authority; but since Congress has
taken hold of the matter we are led to
hrmft thftf it mav he settled once for all
upon a just and permanent basis.
The railroad problem is a serious
one, especially in the South, where we
have few competing lines, and thesodaily
fumbling into the hands of one
great corporation. They have not
been over-scrupulous in the past about
doing exact justice to the people who
support them. They have hauled
goods to and from'"terminal points"
for a compensation that is nominal,
when compared with the tribute thr.t
they have levied upon the cities and
towns and people, who are beyond ihe
reach of competition. It was folly to
suppose that this thing could continue.
If the law just passed by Congress
does not meet the difficulties it will be
amended until it does meet them. The
people cannot and will not permit the
very achievements of civilization to be
made the instrument of oppression.
They will be just to the railroads and
they will compel the railroads to be
just to them.
"AV REPLIES TO "S. JIT. S."
Messrs. Editors; I am sorry that I
offended the . fastidious taste of
M. S.;' by making my "introductory
process too long and too irrelevant
to the prime object" of my communication;
however, as this was
merely a matter of form and taste, and
as '-S. M. S." did not attempt to disprove
or deny any of the material allegations
therein contained, they may
be taken as in the main true. I did
not attach any great value to my long
article; but it is to be regretted as a
general proposition that "long aracles
are often left unread by intelligent
readers," since from the magnitude or
importance of a subject, or the cbarac*
ter of the audience, a writer or speaker
is compelled, even at a sacrifice of
brevity, in order to catch the attention
to support his propositions by forcible
argumeuts and homely illustrations.
"Brevity may be the soul of wit," but
it is by no means a cast-iron rule in
argument or discussion.
If a man may be permitted to believe
what he has "seen with his eyes
and heard with his ears," I will admit
that I believe that there is some slight
prejudice existing against lawyers. I
do not think the prejudice is mutual,
as lawyers as a rule do not allow
themselves to be governed by unrea- i
sonuble or unreasoning prejudices
against a class "S. M. S." may not
have seen them, but during the past
yeaa I have seen in the newspapers <
communications denouncing the State j
Government as a corrupt ling ruled
and controlled by ari oligarchy of law- ]
vers, who make laws which oppress <
the farmers and which are made in the ;
interest of the lawyers. I have read '<
speeches reported from various agri- i;
cultural convocatiaus, made by various
apo.>tles of agriculture, in deunucia- "
tiou of lawyers, aud these I have taken \
iMBHHnBKBBHHMMnanunns:
as indicative of the existence of prejudice
against lawyers. I may be wrong,
and it may be that I have read backwards.
If "S. M. S.?? has not seen or
I ,! . V, ~ It
lieai u OUUJUIUUI^ Ui L11C 3UUJC 1MIJVI 11 j
must be thatiie lias eyes and sees not
or ears and hears not."
The lauditory terms ot my "high" v !
eulogistic vindication" were not u?ed
with any intention of arrogating to
myself the championship of the profession
with the hope ot thereby plac
ing them under any "great ob'i?rat ion."
And as "S. M. S." has seen lit to suggest
to me the propriety ot studying
brevity, ami applying the lesson to the
form of my communication, L will
take the liberty of >usrgesiimr to him
some things as to the substance uf
his communication. Be very tlow,
"S. M. S.," to impugn the motive of!
your adversary in an argument, for, i
at be>t, it is but a scurvv trick, and !
- i? j: ... r,... _ .k,*'.,.* : i
Olliv uivens iui u lime inc iincnuuu yi
the reader from the weakness of your
side or the strength of \ our adversary,!
and if the material facts are not denied
or disproved your jugglers trick is
discovered, and you have lost a great
deal and gained nothing. Too have
no facts by which to judge of my motive
in writing as I did, and in attributing
to me the desire to curry favor
with the lawyers, remember the
maxim, honi soit qui met I y pense ?
evil to him who pvil thinks?and bear i
in mind that others have been highly
eulogistic' of that benevolent, honorable
and high-toned class." Candidly
my comparison was intended entirely
as denunciatory of the farmers' j
methods ef business without intending |
to elevate others by the comparison,
and I hoped to show by means of a
homelv illustration that they would be
justified in making an experiment;"
"if that be treason uiakc the mot of
it." You see, my dear "S M. S-.,"s
that it is impossible to be br "lien 1
am forced to explain my illustrations*
even to such an intelligent reader as
yourself. The fault is entirely -mine
that I cannot enunciate my proposition
with sufficient clearness to be taken
into the recesses of your highly intellectual
brain, but I do my best.
If it is necessary to mortgage properv
or to give liens in order "to keep
business moving," and the experience
of twenty years proves that though
business "has been "kept moving" "it
has been moving in the wrong direc-i
tion, and that they who have kept
their business so moving are now deeper
in debt than when they started, then
the most charitable term to be applied
to such men, whether farmers or not,
is th-'tof "fool." "He who buys aud
lacks the wherewith to pay" is either
fool or knave. Fool is the more char-1
Itable term.
"6. M. S." wishes to leave to the
people to juctee whether last year did
not eclipse anything we ever saw, as
ruinous to the planting interest. This
fact is entirely "too irrevelant" to the
main issue and is not denied. But
does "i?. M. S." mean to say that the
present condition is because one crop
bas failed or because ot consecutive
years of bad crops? Disastrous as last
year was if the farmers had planted a
little grain during each of the proced-j
ing years, the failure in cotton would
not placed them in so grievous a condition.
If it can be shown that the
farmers have been gradually improving
their condition, if prior to the bad
series of years they have had well
filled granaries and smoke-houses, and
that even in those years when they
made most cotton they cleared oil'
debts, then it would be competent to
show that the present state ot affairs
was due entirely to the failure in last;
years's crop, caused by a special dispensation
01' Providence. If lie can
show that month in and monih out the
farmers have been busy in their cotton j
field?, in their grain fields and in their j
orchards, busy in repairing their shattered
houses, their tailing barns and ,
gin-houses; attending to their cattle,
hogs and stock generally; saving their
lands by an intelligent system of ditching;
raising everything they can on
their farms instead of buying everything
except cotton from the stores,
then have I made an unjust and outragoes
charge egainst the hard-working,
economic and thrifty farmers of Fairfield.
But 4-S. M. is." does not deny
the general condition ot things in
Fairfield, he simply denies that it is
due to bad management, iazines, cxtiavaganee
or want of thrift and economy,
and says that it Is brought about
by "Providential circumstances." We
are all prone to shirk responsibly and
attribute our (roubles to causes be-,
vond ouiycontrol, and excuse our mis-,
doing.-, but there is a great deal ol
truth in the maxim that "he who ex- ;
cuses, accuses himself,"
"S. M. S." asks "'where are the |
heroic minds of the Confederacy i
This would be a -difficult quesiion to j
answer as regards ail; but there is a j
very good contingent of them in Fairfield
county, bewailing the speciai
"Providential dispensations" which
will not furnish them bread without
honest work, and bewailing the fact
that they are not now as comfortable
as they were "befo'de wah."
"S. M. 5?." thinks that if the negro
leaves the State that South Carolina ;
will become bankrupt. As a South
Carolinian, I take issue* with him on.
this point. South Carolina's future
depends upon her white population,
and not upon the negro. It' the intelligent
men of the State have made up
their minds that South Carolina's
prosperity is dependent, upon her colored
population, then God help South |
Carolina.
He thinks that because the negro !
leaves South Carolina the native j
American wiil not come here. Tins is :
susceptible to demonstration, let in i
ducements be offered and then if white :
settlers refuse to come, we have done ,
our best. Let us make the effort, other ;
Southern States have made a success-1
ful effort' why not Souiii Carolina? |
Now in conclusion permit me to sav |
that I mave used unnecessarily harsh
terms, but they were intended for
"measures not men," and I have no
apology to make for them. You may
polish a spade and smear it with honey
but it is stil! a spade, and 1 prefer to
call things by their right names. Insole
object in writing on the subject
was in the hope that some little atten
\.f i.~ ?
llOn WOU1U UU UUlWii iu Liiu u/nuiiiun
of affairs, &nd that abler pens would
take up the discussion and that eventually*
some good would result. I have
no favors to ask of the law vers, nor
have I anything to fear from the
farmers. They know that though I
may have put my statements with
more force than elegane, they are,
nevertheless, true. T repeat that the
Legislature cannot help them, and that
if they want help they must help
themselves.
"And now "S. M. S." thou "Disciple
of Brevity," I have taken to heart
your suggestion and have studied
"brevity," so that you poor farmers
might learn, and I hope that you will
"read. mark, learn and inwardly!
digest" this brief maxim, "The Lord :
helps th jse who help themselves."
x. !
Let No Man Si:eer at a Want of a Fortune. [
The great increase of business throughout
the"entire Union is shown by a largely
augmented monthly s hemes of distribution
presented by the Louisiana State Lottery
at New Orleans, drawn at noon on
the second Tuesday of each month. On
Tuesday, February's, over $522,000 will be
scattered am ng ticket holders at S10 each,
and fractional tenths ai ?1 each. In June
md December the Capital Prize will be
5300,000, and on otiier occasions $130,000.
But full information can be had on application
to M. A. Dauphin, New Orleans,
La. Jbec no one compiain 01 a wain 01 a \
fortune who has never tried. ^ i
^iT' u uw ^
CAPITAL PRIZE, $150,000.
He do hereby certify that icc supervise
tu- armngemcnUfor all the Monthly and
Semi-Annual Drawings of The Louisiana
[ State Lottery Company, and in personminj
age and control t!te, Drawings themselves,
and that the same are conducted with lion|
esty. fair m*s and in good, faith toward all
I parti's, and ire authorize the Company to i
use this certiji'-at'', <rith the facsimile* of our
signatures attached, in its advertisements."
Commissioners.
We the undersigned Banks and Bankers
will pay all Prize* draicn in The Ix>uisi/ina
Stole Lotteries which may be presented at
vur counters.
J. II. OGLESBY.
Pres. Louisiana National Bank.
.5. W. KILBRETH.
Pres. State National Bamk.
A. BALDWIN.
Pre*. New Orleans National Bank.
UNPRECEDENTED ATTRACTION!
uYEK HALF A MILLION DISTKIBTTED.
Louisiana State Lottery Company,
incorporated in 1SGS for 25 years by the
Legislature 1<)!' Educatiosal and Charitable
purposes?with a capital of ?1,000,000?to
w! ich a reserve fund of over $">50,000 has
since been added.
By an overwhelming popular vote its
franchise was made a part of tiie present
State Constitution adopted December 2nd,
A. D. 1S7!>.
The only Lottery ever toted on and endorsed
bxi the jjeople of any State.
It never or vostjwnes.
Its Grand Single Number Drawings take
place Monthly, and the Semi-Annual
Drawings regularly every six. month**
(June and December).
A Si'I.KXDi 5> OPPORTUNITY TO
iv i x a fo jrr e x k. secon d g k a n d
DRAWING. CLASS IJ. IN THE ACADEMY OF
MUSIC. NEW ( RLEANS. TUESDAY, FEBRUAliY
S, 1SS7?201st Monthly Drawing
CAPITAL P1JIZE, $150,000.
K?~NOTICi?.?Tickets arc TEND 0LLAItS
ONLY, liaives, $j. Fifths, $2.
| Tenth?, ?1.
LIST OF PHIZES.
! " 1 CAPITAL PRIZE OK f 150,000..$150,000
1 GRAND PRIZE OF 50,000.. 50,000
1 GRAND PRIZE OF 20,000.. 20,000
2 LARGE PRIZES OF 10,000.. 20,000
4 LARGE PRii.ES OF ">,000.. 20,000
20 FRIZES OF 1,000.. 20,000
50 do 500.. 25,000
100 do 300.. 30,000
200 do 200.. 40,000
500 do 100.. 50,000
1,000 do 50.. 50,000
APPROXIMATION PRIZES.
100 Approxi't'n Prizes of ?300.. $.'50,000
l 100 do do 200.. 20,000
i~ .i? 1 iva in ni,n
JLUU UU UU xtsv* . Av,vvv
! 2.17'J Prizes, amounting to $335,000
Application for rates to clubs should be made
only to the oflke of the Cumpany Id New
Orleans.
For further information write clearly, giving
full address. POSTAL NOTES, Express
Money Orciers. or New Yurk Exchange In ordl1
nary lettor. Currency by Express (at our ex.
pense) addressed
M. A. DAUPHIN,
New Orleans, La.,
! oral. A. DAUPHIN.
Washington, D. C.
Make P. 0, Money Orders payable
: and address Registered Letters to
NEW ORLEANS NATIONAL BANK,
New Orleans, La.
RFATFVfRFR That the presence of
(jeaerais Beauregard
and Early, who are in charge of the drawings,
I Is a guarantee of absolute fa mess an J integrity.
that tn chances are all equal, and that
I no one can possibly uivme what numbers wiU
draw a Prize. All parties therefore advertising
I to guarantee Prize- in this Lottery, or holding
j oui any other impossible {Inducements, are
swindlers, and only aim to deceive and defraud
| the unwary. . Janvi
lilOHiiOXD & DANVILLE R. R.
! SOUTII CAKOLINA DIVISION.
(J C HEDULEIX EFFECT OCTOBER 10,
0 1886.?Eastern Standard Time.
GOING NORTH.
NO. 5.'), MAIL AND EXPUES3.
Leave Augusta 9.20 a. m.
Leave W. U. ?. A. Junction 1.10 p. m.
Arrive at Columbia 1.25 p. m.
Leave Columbia 1.35 p. in.
Leave Kiilian's 1.58 p. m.
LeaveBijthe wood 2.lop. m
Leave Ridgeway 2.34 p. m.
Leave Simpson'* 2.47 p. m.
Leav?: Winn -i>r>ro 3.02 p. m.
Leave V/hiieOak 3.22 p. nr
Leave V/ond ward's '.. .3.44 p. ui
Leave lJIaek?toek 3.51 p. ui.
Leave Cornwaii's 3.59 p. ni.
Leave Chester *. 4.18 p. m.
Leave Le\vi.V . .4..S4 p. ui.
Leave Smith's 4.4:: p. ai.:
Leave Koek !ii!l 5.0."$ p. m.
Leave Foil Mill 5.22 p, m
Leave FineviHe 5.*.2 p. m
Arrive at CiiarU>::e t5.i5 p. m.
Arrive at Swte>vi!le y.5o p. m
OOIXOSOUTH
NO. 52. .VIA11. AN1> EXritEaa.
Leave States v:!le 8.30 *. ui.
Leave Charlotte 1.00 p. m.
Leave Pincviile 1.27 p. na.
Leave Fort Mill 1.44 p. m
Leave Rock lliil 2.02 p. m.
Leave Smith'.-' 2.22 p. ih.
Leave Lewis' 2.30 p m
Leave Chester 2.45 p. m.
Leave Cornwall's 3.03 p. m.
Leave Black stock 3.12 p. m
Leave Woodward's 3.18 p. m.
Leave White Oak 3.30 p. m.
Leave Winnsboro 3.48 p. m.
Leave Simpson's 4.03 p. m.
Leave r.idicew.iy 4.1(5 p. n:.
Leave l?lytliewo*o:l 4.32 p. a.
Leave Killian's 4.49 p.m.
Arrive ac Columbia 5.12 p. m.
Leave Columbia 5.22p. m
Leave W. C. & A. Junction .,.5.57 p. m.
Arrive at Augusta .*.9.20 p. m.
Connection is now made at Chester (by
trains 52 and 5:?) for Lancaster and intermediate
points on C. ? C. K. II., and for
all points on C. & L. li. R. as far as Xewton*
>*. O.
li.il. TALCOTT,
Superintendent.
J AS. L. TAYLOR,
General Passenger Agent.
1). CARD WELL.'
Ass't Cen. Passcngtr Agent.
SALE
.'nV % ? '
; ' * : ." " yt ~ - ~ ??w,
/- ;v
. ^ I i
NOTICE.
ALL PERSONS BUYING STOCK
from us last spring and winter ami giving J
their notes payable on the 1st October and
the 1st Xaw'nvifr, 1X8(5, will please prepare
to meet -aid notes, as full payment
will be ivquircii, ami will force collection
if not paid when .Lie. We will take stock
at the market value in payment.
V,V -til! have those-SECOND-HANDED
nOLI'MUrs UHUilES or.hand, and two
two*house wagon's, which we win
trade for mules or horses.
We sti!! have p. few M1LCI1 COWS
whi<*h wp will exchange for horses or
mules or heefcatt!?.
A. WILLIFORDASOX,
WIXXSBORO, S. C.
ff WVG T3 a ~~T? mar ho fcoad on ?e at Coo.
-* -1 *3 'i Z** K Howeii * Co'a Jiowupaper
A<ivtr?fciie?3we.r.u t10 Sprue* St. 1. wt>CTcadverQKlng
ecatt-cw lasjr i?-r ic IX >?W XOU*
THE WINNSBOKO BAR.
H. A. GAILLAKD,
ATTORNEY-AT-LA W,
WIXNSBORO, S. C.
Office in building of Winnsbo'ro National
Bank.
A. S. DOl'GLASS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Xo. i) Law Range,
W I X X S 1) O II O, S. C.
Practices in the Stite and United States
Courts.
OSMUND W. BUCHAXAX,
A T TORXEY-AT-LA W, j
Xo. 7 Law Range,
WIXXSBOKO, S C.
?+;/*/%<> l'n <*11 T7niK*/1 Sifofnc Ssf.ntA
X laV^llVCO 111 <111 IV.iVI H.VWVV
Courts. Special attention to corporation
and insurance law.
W. L. McDOXALD,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
WIXXSBORO, S. C.
Office up stairs in The News and Herald
building.
H. X. OBEA.R. W. C. Riojt.
OBEAR & KION,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Nos. 7 and 9 East Washington St.,
TI 'rvvcnAPrt o n
Offices same as occupied by the iate Col.
James ii JJion.
J. E. McDonald, C. A. Douglass
Solicitor Sixth Circuit.
Mcdonald & douglass,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLOR.' AT LAW,
Nos. 3 and 4 Lavr ilange,
W1NXSBORO, S. C.
Practices in all the State and United
.States Courts.
E. B. Ragsdale G. W. Ragsdale.
ragsdale & ragsdale,
attorneys and counsellors at law,
No. 2 Law Range,
WINNSBOKO, S. C.
jas. glenn 31ccants,
ATTO RNE Y-AT - L A W,
No. 1 LAW KAXGE,
W13i 2T S B 0 R 0, S. C.
JigrPractices in the State and United
States Conrts.
CHRISTMAS GOODS.
A New Supply of Fancy Goods
Suitable for Christmas and
Bridal Presents.
Such as
SILK PLUSH WORK-BOXES,
OTT T7" "DT TTdTT TYDTCJOTT'IYl f! A CT?C5
Olim 1JJU JJ_L\U \jn.U UK)
SILK PLUSH HAND
SATCHELS.
ALSO,
PINK, WHITE AND AMBERNIA
WATER SETS.
FANCY FINGEllBOWLS, TUMBLERS,
ETC.
JUST RECEIVED AND FOR SALE AT
THE DRUG- STORE OF
W. E. AIKEN.
THE CELEBRATED
NEW HOME
SEWING MACHINE.
IT SHOES FOR ALL
-AND ISThe
Best and Jlost Popular Sewing
Machine
ON' TIIE MARKET.
Not? some of its Most Excellent Points
he Above Cut.
IT IS FOR SALE A r PRICES TO SUIT !
TIIE TIMES BY
R. W. PHILLIPS,
Nov2fx6m ^VINXSBORO, S. C. ,
CoIiltlylTiff.
WJE WOULD RESPECFtTLLY ASK
VV' the readers of The News and
Herald, and the public generally, to bear
Ir* win/? fhof wo boor. /vmctiintlv nn lian/1
a choice and select stock of Family Groceries,
and wili sell them at the
LOWEST CASH PRICES.
We have just received fresh Buckwheat
Flour, Oatmeal. Corn-starch, Pickles.
Sauces, and a general assortment of
Canned Goods, together with a full stock
of Heavy Groceries. We always..keep on
hand Corn, Oats and Lime.
Remember that our terms arc strictly
CASH, and govern voursclves accordingly.
Jan^O-jjjjB "McCARLEY & CO."
RTLIMOTI.
COLUMBIA, S.C.
7ST NEAR TO BUSINESS PART OF
CITY.
\
i
?3F* Hot and Cold Baths free to guests
Situation qnict.
The only First-Cla>s Hotel-Ja Columbia
run at $1.50 per Day
W. M. XELSO.V,
OWNER A XI) PnOPItlETOU.
DISSOLUTION.
THE law copartnership heretofore existing
between the undersigned is dissolved.
on account of removal of Mr
Reynolds to Columbia.
H. A. Gaillard will continue to practice
in same office
II. A. GAILLARD.
J>'0 S. REYNOLDS.
Jan25f3xl
?amna inn cna?am?^
MifilfsM. ?
miw CGYESIISS.
^
1
On and after this date we a
will oiler our entire stock of
Ladies' New Markets, Russian
Circulars, Short Wraps,
Jackets, etc.,
J
You will find an elegant lot f
of these goods at
Unheard of Prices.
**4
We are now offering bar
stains in all lines. .
BLUE S. BLMBTS.
Call and examine our stock
of BLANKETS. They are
to be <
CLOSED OUT, k
and it will pay to call and
Drice them. ' ^
I
M'MASTEK. JBRICE & KETCH IN. . .
ISO Sis Bf II? ,
A
I APPEAL TO TKE STROSGEST
sentiment you knu-.v iti asking to try
my tailor-made" suits r.:i?l my low p.rices.
it's ro your own iiiu'r?'si. iou win uc y
gainers by it in tiie satisfaction of lor.g
wear and the secyrity of my guarantee.
It's beyond the ability of an expert in
clotb to kn^w what is in it by looking at
it. Only one of long experience in the
work knows :ow to fl-rrit out whether tlio
clothing is carefully made. You may be a
judge or iiiay not. "I take both risks from
your shoulders. . .
It's the fairest bargain I know?to make
you sure of the quality and the work: tell
you plainly what sort"it is, and make you
feel safe :n trading he re.
Can y . f;ire as well as that anywhere?
Could i do :i if i did not have confidence
=- --* l
Ill LI II,* lllti.. li i ris Llltii. Uicliv^ tiiCOCJ
taiioixnade :us? You shoot wide of
the mark <-;w ^ottiug the best for
your uioia y ;f y.:u buy without seeing my 'W
beautiful st"jk of clothing, and what it
sells sit.
TO THEE HdTiSKRS.
/
I>o not opportunity. I have
received tjumitity oi knee pants suits
from f>iir'y.*:;rs to ch-ven years, and they ^
will <; . .vC J ;>ri.-e th ir wi=i astonish you: at
first you \vi 1 haw !;:::<! \\\ rk to keep from
buying the:::, i will iuL name* the price
here, but prefer you should eail and see
these suits and learn the price. This is
the b?>t o])po>tU!tily you will have this
season to secure a bargain fora mere trifle.
No such bargains ever offered in'this city
before. The.-;* suit? are well made and
cut in the; latest style. Now, don't wait
until the !a>t moment and expect to get
your choice. It' you do you will miss it, V
for these suits will go with a rush. When
you are here ask to see the DEGUEMONT
and DEAN Suits, the latest novelties? in
boys' suits.
MATS.
You will find the latest styles. The
YEOMAN ziid tile m-NLA-'T/t-OCK are
a.aong the ii:.voltios hi this line. Just received
a line of siiu huts?Broadway style.
I a:n the for t::e celebrated Duiilap
Siiic and itift* Hats. ...?jS
S22<?5?$.
This line of iroods must br; seen to be
appreciated. A!i ti:<r lrading styles of
nne siidcs can oc lounu nere. me
Waukenpiiast; anil i)i\>ad way lasts are the mg
favorites. (JkII anil wee this magnificent JV
stock of Clothing, (Rents' Furnishing 3
Goods, etc., before you purchase else- fj^F
where. You will savetime and money by
trading herr. Jtrspeetfuilr, W
M. L. KIXARD, / -m
COLUMBIA, 5>. Q.M ^ ^
7.-5 =? f - , "W
TAKE NOTIGffi !
1 AM ready to renew subscriptions to the
"SOUTHERN CULTJV.VTOK AND "
DIXIK FARMER,5* Ok ' take new subscriptions.
f
You wi!i soon /owl COTTON* SEED
PLANTERS aiupCULTIVATORS. I
have them for \--M Also, SMOOTHING
HARROW'S andJpULKV PhOCGIIS. f
Janl5fxGw Jr JAMES PAGAN. J
DISSOLUTION NOTICE. ^
TIIE im/let signed having dissolved by
mutual agreement the partnership
heretofore existing under the firm name of
R. II. .JENNINGSJc CO. hereby -jivenotice
to parties indebted to said firm that
they cmi settle without cost such indebtedness
at any time on or before the 1.1th of . i
October next. After that tiate their notes,
accounts and other evidences of indebted- -? ']
ncs* wili be put into the hands of an att.f.
...
WIHV> lUi A. i.. Ui\
f ' K. II. JENNINGS,
C. E. LEITNEK.
; January <i. 1 ^ '
jan.-Vxtiut
NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION.
rv.HE cupiuliu-; -:.:p heretofore existJL
iisir under the firm of McDOXALDS&DOTJ
JLASS, is thisday dissolved ^
bv the withdrawal of the junior member,
Sir. W. L. McJ-onald.
Tiu.* .senior n:eni;>f;s of the said firm will
continue to practice law on the civil side
of the Court, under the firm-name of
M< LK;N A Li) ?!: DOUGLASS.
E. MCDONALD,
( HAS. A. DOUGLALS, . -*1
W. L. MCDONALD. ^
Jan4xt lm
i
'\
. *
? ' A

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