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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 03, 1897, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1897-11-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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flu Mtfttli 3taw anii Heralit.
Dealers of South at Fault- Offsr Same Lot
y of Cotton to Several Different Fiimf,
Htnce Large Estimated TkW--B*?*dy '
for the Evil*
^ Since the beginning of the rew sea- J
son on Sept. 1 cottc-w ius declined 1? J
cents per pound in New York, and
correspondingly in ail American markets.
The present price is the lowest
since March, 1895, wfcen sales were
made at 5 916 cents?a price lower
than during any season since 1848.
" - - tt
xne price is now cruio w? <.*
a year ago, despite the fact that on
October 15 the stock of cotton in all
the American markets was 560,000
ba]es Jess than at the corresponding
> time last year. Net only this, but the
stocks of all descriptions of cotton in
the European ports were 269 000 bales
less than at the corresponding Eirre in
1896; 991,000 less than 1895, and 734,1
000 less than 1894, while the combined
stocks ofi European and American
k spinners are moderate and much less
l uiau a jiaur agu.
The season opened with small supplies
of cotton in the markets and the
mills and the actual statistical position
was and is strong. The chief causes
?w. of the existing depression are the
opinions held by many spinners that
our crop will certainly reach, and
may considerably exceed, 10,000 of
bales; the unsatisfactory condition of
the cotton spinning industry in England,
with the fear of a strike in the
near future in view of the proposal of
mill owners to reduce wages of operatives:
the denression in trade in some
sections of the continent in conse
quence of poor crope, etc.; the temporary
dullness in the cotton gocds trade
of the United States, and more especially
in Fall River, and the liberal offerings
of cotton by sou t Hern interior
merchants and brokers to northern
and European markets at constantly
^Jiing prices. I do not think there
will be a strike in the English mills.
^ In my opinion the persistent offerings
of cotton by southern dealers nave
contributed to the depression more
than all other causes, inasmuch as
they, indicated weakness and tended
to confirm the idea of a large crop.
The prevalence of yellow fever at
New Orleans and other southern ports
and the closing of the offices of some
of thQ cotton buyers and exporters in
I each of these places, broke up the
L business connections of many of the
T cotton buyers and shippers of the inB
terior towns, and these interior ship
pers were forced to seek new connections
in this country and Europe, in
oidssr to find an outlet for the cotton,
?nlk?KW. !4- 4-V. r+Z-m kiifliviAM) VvTITT OC
HUlbU Xb VYAO kJUCU k/UOUi^? W muj, no
marketed by the producers, and to sell
to Europe And the northern and eastern
markets. In order to sell to newcustomers
it was necessary that they
should offer cotton at. lower prices
than-the old correspondents of the
firms to whom they were seeking to
i raJI Mttfori. Thus a sharo comDetition
gkfc "was started, with the result that northern
and European cotton spinner3
and dealers were constantly receiving
offers of cotton at low prices. Southcrn-dealers,
in their eagerness to sell,
wtr wohld simultaneously offer the same
lots of cotton to several firms, ana this
would cause the quantity of cotton so
offered to appear many times greater
than it really was. A lot of 1,000
balesj if offered to t"ro fi.'ms in each
of fhe markets of BosU,.- , Fall River,
Providence, New York and Liverpool
would have the weight on the general
market of the offering of 10,000 bales,
and it must be remembered that all
these markets are in hourly commu_
nication by means of telephone, tele
graph and cable.
Opinions" differ as to whether the
decline has now proceeded far enough
or whether the price will fall still
lower before any subs'aatial reaction
to better prices will cc3ur. (It is perfectly
evident to me that sooner or
later a reaction must come.) It is only
a question of time, and the greater the
decline the greater will be the rebound.
It is always so. Taking a
bioad view of the present and pros
^ 3 j jt ? _r
pecuve supp. y ana aemanu, aiiu ox
^ the causes of the existing depression,
I think the decline in cotton has been
greater than the conditions waraanted,
and, therefore, that a moderate reaction,
which might easily develop
into a decided one, may occur at
any time. Frosts in the cotton
belt, or liberal buying of spinners,
investors or speculators, would, at
once, check the declining tendency,
ana turn the current of the
market quickly in the opposite
< direction. The first sign of a decided
reaction would undoubtedly cause liberal
buvinc bv American and foreign
spinners, who would suddenly discover
what they ought to know now?
that cotton is cheap and a safe investment,
even at prices considerably
higher than those now ruling. There
is doubtless a large "short interest" on
the New York Cotton Exchange. No
people are as quick to see the incom
ing of a rising tide m prices as those
gentlemen who sell for future delivery
thousands of bales of cotton which
they do not happen to own previous to
the little formality of selling it. When
they "scent danger," and start in to
buy "futures" to cover their "short
sales," they will rush the prices up on
themselves, and on the belated spinners.
An advance in "futures" started
by the buying of frightened "bears"
f to cover tneir "snort saies," ana sus
tained by the legitimate buying: of spot
cotton by spinners would quickly attract
to cotton the attention of outside
inventors and speculators, and thus a
permanently .higher range of prices
might suddenly result European and
American spinners alike complained
of unsatisfactory business last season,
but the fact remains that oa each
A A 4 1a Irt A AAV. m 2 w VM
cotton was cocsumed than the previous
season. My friend, Mr. T&omas
Edison, of Liverpool, tee most eminent
and painsta&insc cotton statistician
in Europe, has jist published an
estimate lhat European and American
spinners will consume duringtnis season
228,000 tales (of 500 pounds net)
^ more tJhan last season. lie also estiV
mates than an American crop of 9,400,nnn
halpc will h? in nrrlpr t.r?
keep stocks at tue European and
American markets and mills at the
close of the season from falling below
the small figures at the ead of last
season.' At about the present range
of prices our own spinners and the
continental spinners might each safely
buy 500,00U bales above tiieir requir
meats, just as they have done before
when Uiey thought cotton was cheap. |
Another block of 500,000 bales as an I
zSK v
addition to the stocks of European and
American markets at the end of the
season would not be a burden. Indeed,
such an increase in stocks, by j
serving to prevent such an undue advance
as occurred last summer, would j
stimulate consumption. I have tbusj
indicated bow, with iow prices, a crop
of 10.900,000 bales cculd fce disposed
r>f althmiwh Tirnhabiliiv of so laree
a crop is tco remote for serious con
sideration. Indeed, under certain con
ditions, the crop may fall 1,000,000 to
1,500,C00 bales short of that quantity. J
When prices are low it is astonishing j
how much more cotton is consumed,
and how quickly a big visible supoly j
disappears If our crop should be 10,- j
000,000 bales, and the spinners butj
only what Mr. Ellison says they will j
probably need for actual consumption,
the result would be an addition of less
than 600,000 bales to the stocks of European
and American markets at the
end of the season. If, in January,
when arangements being made for another
crop, low prices should prevail.
~ IvA f Hot thp
i? i-L>txy jsaicxjr yu a^uiuwu ?uhi vmw
acreage in cotton will be materially re
duced. It will be a matter of necessity
and not entirely of choice, from
the simple feet that investigations,
made by me as secretary of an invss
tigating committee of the senate, convince
me that a majority of those who
raise cotton cannoi produce it at so
low a cost as the amount they would
realiza from present prices.
A probable surplus of 600,000 bales
I over ihe actual requirements of spinners
from the present crop would have
Tin cnnTP^ifthlA ftflFfy.t in Dreventins"
the advance from the low prices wbicK
would certainly follow the belief in
any considerable curtailment of acreage
of the next crop. The 600,000
bales would be quickly absorbed by
spinners, and prices might be carried
up as much too high as they are now
too low. It is urged by some of those
who hope that cotton will go still low
er, and who would profit by the decline,
that print cloths are selling now
at the same low price at which tbe?
sold during the season of 1S34-95,
when cotton reached the low price of
5 9 16, and they argue from this that
because print cloths have declined to
the low price of that season, that cotton
should also decline to the low
price to which it fell in that great depression.
At first this statement seems
plausible, bat it reveals only one half
of the truth. The other half of the
history of that season is that tiie price
of print cloths, in consequence of the
small stock and good demand, did not
decline in anything like the same degree
as the decline in cotton. As a result
of the far greater decline in cotton
goods, the cotton mills of the
country did a profitable business. The
dividends of the Fall River cotton
mills for 1895 averaged aboat 8 per
cent., against only about 5 per cent.
friT tnfi m*0Tnmi<3 xrpar Tndf*?d. t,h?
mills of the entire country were exceedingly
prosperous during the season
of 1894 95. Moderate prices,
which will afford the spinner a fair
margin of profit, and yet give th9 cotton
growers a fair and proper remuneration
for his toil, are in the end,
for the best interests alike on the man
ufacturers and producers of cotton. ,
Alfred B. Shepperbon.
A Convention Called to Meet In Colombia
President Wilborn, of the State!
Farmer's Alliance, Wednesday issued \
a call which meaas the inauguration
of a movement towards securing a
convention of the cotton growers of
tb.? southern States for the purpose of
taking definite action in regard to the
planting of next year's crop. The
call provides for the holding of a State i
convention in ihat city during the ap j
proaching State fair. The following j
is the call for the State convention of {
cotton growers for fair week:
As president of the Farmers1 State
Alliance organization cf this State, I
have been requested by numbers of
the representative members of the organization
to take the initiative ia
calling a meeting of the farmers of the
southern States, with a view of suggesting
some action in the future,
looking to the regulation of the acreage
of cotton, also to discuss the plans
and methods of marketing the cotton
crop so that the producers of this great
staple shall receive the real value of
the crop, and not be forced to sacrifice
the crop by unfair combinations, together
with the manipulations of the
gambling cotton exchanges of the
country, aided by the unjust accumu
iation of all tne money 01 tne country
at one center at the principal time
of the year when our cotton is going
into market. With these objects in
view I desire to request the cotton
growers of the various counties in this
State to meet on salesday in November
and select one or more delegates to
represent them at a meeting to be held
in the city of Columbia on Wednesday
night of fair week for the purpose of
discussing matters mentioned above.
President Farmers' Alliance S. C.
"in? uoiamDia."
Columbia can now boast of one of
the neatest and best furnished hotels
in the south. Nothing has been left
undone that will gditothe comfort
of the guests of The Columbia. It is
furnished from ground floor to roof
with new and elegant furniture, each
and every room is elegantly lighted in
day and the entire house furnished
with electricity and gas for night
The house has many elegantly ap
pointed rooms with baths connected.
Parlors and reception rooms for both
ladies and gentlemen and one of the
handsomest dining rooms ever seen
anywhere are features. Arrangements
have been made by the proprietor to
give to his guests the best of attention.
The Columbia will not be depsndant
upon the city market alone for its supplies,
but it is the intention of the
management to supply the table with
the best that can be obtained from!
other points as well. Tiie proprietor
of The Columbia offers this elegant
resort as a place of delightful rest to
the many tourists on their wav to at?d
from Florida, belie flag that he can
send them on their journey either going
or coming witn loud praises of
The Columbia and of the prettiest city
ia the south, where they can eDjoy
elegant drives, pure air and the bssi of
attention. The proprietor, in opan
ing The Columbia, says he feels that
he has accomplished a long felt want
in Columbia and hopes by giving the
irablie an uo-to-date hotel that iie wili
gain their liberai patronage. The
doors of this new hotel will be thrown
open Nov. 1, and Mr. M. P. Nixon,
the proprietor, hopes to see the pleasant
facts of his many friends and his
former patrons at The Columbia.?The
The l9lard to Have a Goverrmrnt similar
to Cacsda.
The Spanish minister, Senor Depuy i
De Lome, consented for the first time j
Wednesday to speak concerr-ins; the
policy of autonomy vymcn tne span-j
ish government proposes to apply to j
Cuba. This has been referred to in i
general terms since the advent of the1
8?gasta ministry, but there has been j
Jack of authentic details. Bsfore Jeav-1
ing Washington for Ne?? York, Wed- j
nesday, where the minister and his
family will spend several weeks,Senor!
DePuy De Lome gave the evolutions!
| through which autonomy had passed, |
i leading up to the present policy, and !
i the general outline of the policy it- j
Under the provisions of the treaty
of Z injon, concluded in 1878 at the
close of the last Cuban disburbancs, it
was provided that Cuba was to epjoy
the same liberties as those accorded to
the Island cf Puerto R;co. This latter
island had the same liberties as those
of any province of Spain. This
brought the Autonomist party, so
sailed, into existence, its essential
principle being; that of self government
for Cuba, and not treating Cuba
as a province of Spain, as was the system
in Puerto Rico. That party adopted
a platform and in 1886 offered a
complete program of autonomy for
the consideration of the country. A.
peacsful agitation of this autonomy
program was then inaugurated. Ia
1S93, fcr the Art time, a minister m a i
L;.oeral cabinet, Senor Maura, saw the]
mistake of that system of rule known ]
as "assimitlation," which treated Cuba
as a Spanish province, and he presented
a plan of reforms. This was
strongly opposed, and after two years
of discussion it was found impossible
to put the plau through the cortes.
Then a compromise rerorm measure
was framed which acknowledged the
personality of Cuba as a s?oarate body
but under the Spanish flag. These
reforms having been considered ini
sufficient, on account of the State of
| the island, Premier Canovas proceed|
ed to greatly enlarge them, his plan
being, howevar, short of absolute autonomy.
Now Mr. Moret, minister of the colonies
in the new cabinet, fulfills the
promise of the Liberal party when it
was in the minority and proclaims
autonomy as it had always been de
manded by the Home Rale party of
TTnrta* fhia rvVIi<T7 as armliftd to Ollba
! the island will have a system on the
lines of those of Canada, or of the
| American States, maintaining its individuality
on all internal affairs and
yet retaining its place as a part of the
| federal system. It will have a vica:
roy, or governor general, as is always
j the case in the maintenance of a colo!
uial system, such as that of Australia,
j New Z ialand or Canada. The island
j <*iil have its own legislature, chosen
j directly by the people, who will enjoy
I ? - 1 ?-cc tn
I universal &uur<igo. JL< xuujl IUC jxiaj-.sixty
in the legislature the governor gen|
eral will choose his ministry, consist;ing
of a president of the ministry and
j four- min sters, namely, minister of
I the interior, minister of public works,
minister of public instruction, and
j minister of finance. At the sam*? time
[ Cuba will have representation in the
Spanish cortes, as ?:ell as her local
legislature. Tne representatives to the
cartes will also be elected by tne people
of Cubs, through universal suffrage,
and will not oe selacttd by tne
; LHLLU.&U1 V <xa XXAO UVVU wiivuwv/u^;
stated. "The ministry will b3 responsible
to the legislature and not to the
governor general. The subjects be*
fore the legislature will include those
of taxation, public instruction and all
matters of the internal administration
of the island in the broadest sense of
this ten.
Officials of a Leading Company Comment
on a Recent Loss.
Recent press dispatches, reporting
the mysterious disappearance of a
low/va cnim mAnorrin tvdneif I
th8 mails from a banking house in
Chicago to one of its western correspondents,
prompted an inquiry as to
the caus8 of such an amount being
intrusted to the postal service, and,
when approached on the subj jet, a
prominent official of one of the leading
exoress companies stated yesterday
tha* the last year had witnessed a
radical change in tie transportation
of moneys, which formerly had all
been forwarded by express, but were
now being sent in many instances by
mail, the aggregate postage and regis
try fees presenting a difference as
compared with express rites that
tempted many to depart from the old
method and adopt, the new.
The official added farther that frequent
train robberies had compelled
me express companies to go to great
expense in equipping their through
cars with stationary combination
safes, which, as recent hold-ups had
proven, afford security against any
attempts on the part of road agents to
nat or t.h? v?ntpr.t.3 nut tVint: Awn
should they succeed in ttie ma j Drity
of cases littla would now be obtained
for their pains on account of the diversion
of the money from express to
the mails, and that it would'not be
unnatural to expect tnac Uncle Sam
would soon have his hands full lookini*
after the nroteeiion o? the valua
bie parcels in bis care, and train robbers
will, of course, go where the
money is, and it is now in the mail
instead of the express car.
Inquiry as to what steps the express
companies would take to regain the
traffic ilicited the reply that tney had
expended all the revenues from this
source in the past in surrounding tne
money with every possible protection
ard running do-vu. aad punisaing
thieves, and t\at they would simply
wait until such losses as one referred
to and the attsntioa of train robbere
to this new channel for transporting
money proved it to ba neither a successful
ncr profitable experiment.
A. Murdsror Captured.
The Columbia State says a telegram
received by G-ov. Eellerbe Thursday
morning stated that at last those vrho
have been in search of the negro who
murdered Policeman Wolfe in Orangeburg
some time ago had succeeded in
capturing him. The telegram also
stated that the negro had been placed
ml&e Orangeburg jail and the governor
^ras riquestaa to order his removal
to Columbia for safe-keening. Thurs
day night the murderer was brought
up and placed in tiie State penitentiary,
wnere he will t>3 kept until he goes
! back to Orangeburg to stand his trial.
[The feeling in Orangeburg is thought
I to b8 very high against the negro.
Clinton ColUns Draws a Parallel Between
Two Cord'ticns?Dear Money Reverses
the Wheels ct Progress Paraljzes
Beople seem to look aiwajs only on
one side of this money question. They
ail seem to know what "cbeapmorey"
means, but when you get to talk about
t;dear money1' they do net seem to
h?^e any clear conception of what it
is. The advocates of cold never vet
saw a cass of "dear money," but they
have seen one or two cases of "cheap
money," and havs never yet got
through talking about it. "Dear
money" they can't see, and don't know
what you are talking about when jou
speak of is. It may be well to investigate.
What is cheap money and
what its effects?
Cheap money does not mean that a
dollar is worth forty, fifty or sixty
cents. It means that when you go
around with a dollar you cannot get
sj awful much for it. It means that
dollars are so cheap that men will not
give much of their land, produce,
merchandise, shoes, dry goods, CDtton,
corn, wheat or labor for thsm. Ia
other words, you have to give a good
deal of money for these articles; not
because tnese articles nave oecome any
more valuable, but because money is
cheap. Darin? the war period we
paid $14 for shoes, $20 a barrel for
i Sour, faoulous prices lor laud, not because
these articles had become any
more valuable, out because the government
by setting the printing: presses
to work to turn out millions of dollars
(so called) had made dollars cheap.
Now waorn does it benefit and whom
hurt to have money cheap? It
hurts ail tii03e who have the greater
part of . their wealth in the shape of
money?either actual money, or in
the shap9 of actual money due them,
or money lent out. It enriches all
those who have tbe greater part of
their wealth in other shapes; such as
cotton, oats, corn, lumbar and forms
of merchandise or real estate. For
instance, a man is worth a thousand
dollars, all in the shape of money, or
money due him. He will be hurt by
having money become cheap, because
he can no longer procure as much of
other things for it. If he is worth $500
in monev and $500 ia eoods he will
! not be affected; oecause, although his
money will not buy as much, his
goods will 00 up in price. If he is
worth $1,000 because he has $1,500
wortn of goods and owes a five hundred
dollar debt, he will fiad oy making
money cheap that his goods will
be quoted at $2,500 or $3,000, so that
by tne sale of a very small part of
them he can wipe out his debt and
have $2,000 or $2 500 worth of goods
This is why the creditorr class raise
a howl and Justly about makin> moraycheap.
Cheap money helps all those
who do not have the bulk of their
wealth in money shape, and hurts
those who do hava the greater par: of
their wealth in money snape. As the
amount of wealth in tue forms of land,
dry goods, manufactures, merchandise
farm products, labjr, aad30 forth, exceeds
the amount of wealth purely in
j? _ i ?. ^ ?
money iorm aaoui, as iuuuu as uu?
hundred exceeds oae it is easy to see
that it nelps one hundred where it
hurts oue to make moaey cheap. Bat
our mohey should be scaole, and once
being established, it is not right for
congress, by legitlaiion, to make
money either "dear" or 4'cneap." This
is why we hear the cry of the injustice
of the demonetizttion act of 1873,
making money "dear." Prior to 1873
ail silver and all gold could be taken
lo tho mints and made into dollars;
I ^2 -IO^
since ?010 LLLU uwucisuj guiu. uuxy arc
allowed to do this. This brings into
existence only half the number of dollars
that could be brought into existence
prior to the passage ol this act.
It goes without saying tnat the making
of dollars scarcer and consequently
dearer must be the result of this act.
We have snonn whom cheap money
hurts and whom it benefit. Now,
who is hurt or benefited by "dear
money," its opposite? By "daar
money" we do not mean that a dollar
passes for $2.00, or $1.50, but that people
who have goods or la tor in * any
" ? +ui\rfA -4" Am * H
lUrxLf LUUOb gIVO LliUbd UJ. bLTCOO ICi. Xb?
If a man iias the greater part of his
wealth in the form of money, or
money loaned out, he will be benefited
by dear money; because he will find
taat he can get a much greater quantity
of goods for it. If he loaned
money oat before money became dear
he will find that besides having received
his interest he can exchange
his money for much more goods after
he is paid back. If a man has his
wealth half in the form of money and
half in the form of goods he will not
be affected by "dear money."
If a man is worth $1,000 because he
has $1,500 worth of goods and Owes
S^Ofl hA will fir.H whftn jnr?7i#?,sr hft
VVWj ?v !? ? ? ?
comes dearer that he wiil have to give
His $1,500 worth of groods to get six or
seven hundred dollars in cash with
whica to liquidate his $500 debt, and
his property is practically wiped out.
Where a man owed $300 and had
$1,000 worth of merchandise or other
property in any form other than
money, he is rendered bankrupt and
utterly wiped out at once. As property
in the form of money compared to
prooertv in ail other forms is only
about as one is to one hundred, soft
follows that making: money dear helps
the one while it hurts the hundred.
"This is the evil of "dear money."
It is one hundred times, possibly five
hundrt d times, greater tnan the evil
that can arise from cheap money, and
yet we have statesmen and so-called
/>iiiT?ne nf rrii-fno onrt Mmmrvn CAnee
who refusa to see any harm in it and
stand out in defense of sucli an enormity
in the way of uoiast legislation.
Money sUould be established upon
a given footing, and then when business
is built up upon this basis there
should be no legislation making
money either dear or cheap. But if
either demand that the tendency be
tow&rd making it cheap. For when
cheap money slays one dear money
slays us thousands. The founders ot
tins country knew what they were
doing. They clearly* declared ?nd estabiisned
of what a dollar should consist.
It should have remained for the
supplies of goid and silver discovered
from time to time to regulate whether
that dollar should vary and grow
"dear" or "cheap." No end of evil
may arise when legislation tampers
[WiUi ?uuxiiwu vsiuxiua.
Having Murder?d Bis Neighbor BeBeame
a Convict.
One night in a felon's cell in the
State penitentiary -with the prospect of
spending: the remainder of his life
within those massive stone walls aid
grated doors and windows proved too
much of a strain for Stephen Bryant,
a white convict who had just been re
ceived at the prison, to stand and he
has ended his life. He secreted a nair
of scissors about his person wliile
working in the hosiery mill on Thursday
and during Thursday night he
plunged them into his neek twice, fell
over on the floor and died. His life
blood quickly flowed out through the
gaping wounds he had made. The
guards discovered him just as be was
? . _ii i i mi._i._j_i !i
Dreaming nis last, ?ne Doay lay as 11
was found on the cell floor, making a
ghastly picture, until yesterday morning
when the coroners went ddwn to
the prison and gave a permit for the
removal of the body. The story of
the unfortunate man who has thus
died by his own hand rather than face
a life term in prison is a readable one.
Only a J;short time ago Bryant was
living quietly upon his farm in Marion
county; close bv lived another white
farmer named Prevatt. It seems that
one dav Brvant's 12 vear-old brother
in-law went over to visit Prevatt, Upon-going
home he told Bryant stories
about the domestic affairs of Prevatt.
When Prevatr, neard of it he warned
the bey, who later came to see him
again and once more told tales. Then
Prevatt gave the boy a moderate
whipping. This made Bryant vary
angry and getting his gun he rode
over to where Prevatt wa<? working in
his field. He called him up and asked
him why he had whipped the boy.
rravait fully explained trie matter.
"Will you do so again?'' demanded
"If he gives me the same provocation,"
was the cool reply.
"Then take that, and that, shouted
Bryant as he discharged first one and
then the other barrel of his gun at the
head of Prevatt, almost tearing it off
and killing him instantly.
At the trial, which took place in
Marion and was ended last week, the
evidence against Bryant was overwhelming,
out on account of the plea
of unsound mind, which was worked
for all it was_ worth by the counsel for
R?tt?nf +V>a in?T7 nrhila fin<1inop Rcb.
ant guilty, saw fit to recommend him
to tne mercy of the court, thereby securing
a life sentenca for him instead
of giving him death upon the scaffold.
B?yant was brought here to begin
his life term in prison on Wednesday.
He was put to work in the hosiery
mill ana given a comfortable cell in
the main building. He managed to
get through Wednesday night in his
cell, and on Thursday appeared to be
passive and resigned to his fate. He
naa men determined, nowever, 10 kiul
himself, for he watched his chance
during the day and slipped a pair of
scissors into his jickefc wnile working
in the mill. At 5:30 o'clock he was
sent to his cell for the night Nothin?
more was heard or thought of him unlit
$d:3$oek>ek-at-nigiit. At night a
UUrtTT MAvt " /iAY\Tin/th {er ironf in
j&.cj j-llaiij Ck wx uowjr o
the corridor inside the main cage, to
attend to the wants of tiie prisoners
duriag the night in case thay are sick
or anything of that kind. On Thursday
night Convict Hunter was on his
duty- In answering a call from one
of the cells he had io pass by the cell
occupied by Bryant. He heard a
strange gurgling sound in the cell
and notified tne guard.
Corporal Smith catn9 quickly and
the cell was opened.' a. revolting
scane was presented. Oj the floor
lay Bryant breathing his last; the
body lay in a pool of the man's life
blood, which was still floiving from a
gaping wound on the left side of his
heck. He died in a very fe w moments.
Still tightly clinched in his hand were
ttie scissors witb which he had ended
his earthly career.
4usv u~/l ^ 4-1+~
Oyraigui/cunig mo u*iujr uuo iac utuporal
aad the gas.rds oace more locked
the door and left the building to
wait the coming of day. Then Coroner
Green was notified and in a short
time he was at tie prison. Ha entered
the ceil and saw enough to convince
him that it was a case of self
dsstruction and that it was not necessary
to hold an inq uest. Accordingly,
he granted a permit for tbe burial of
tha body and it was removed to the
prison morgue.?Columbia Ssate.
He la Charged Wish a Serious Matter and
Had to Escape.
A special dispatch from Conway to]
the Columbia State says: Tuesda^
morning at about 3:30 Mr. Jeremiah
Smith, proprietor of the Commercial
House, was waked by some one
knocking at his door. He went out
and found Mr. W. D. Coleman, a special
deputy from Marion, with a prisoner,
Dr. Biajamin A. Hill, a Baptist
preacher and a faith-cure doctor. Dr.
Hill was brought over for safe-keeping
and lodged in the county j ail. Both
?. U ? ? A iL.
luc ucpufcj auoriJ-L auu iuo
were iaterviewed by The State's
corrsspondent. The details as related
by the sheriff are these:
For some time past Dr. Hill has
been living in Marion and making a
living by preaching and curing people
by the laying on of hands. He possessed
the arc of hypnotism and it
seem? that some of his patients were
young ladies. Several days ago a
young lady was taken with toothache
and went to cousult Dr. Hill about it.
tT* J?"U/vm MA 4/v +
JLL3 UU V ibca nor UV kKJ bJO UOJIUOb CkiX\A.
have it extracted, wnica she did.
Ia pulling the toota the dentist
crushed it and gava her a good deal of
pain. She went bacls to see Dr. Hill
and was hypnotised by him and taken
undue advantage of. The youag lady,
wnose name would not De divulged,
was of good family and such conduct
was resented. On Monday afternoon
the report leaked out and a moD soon
gathered. They began immediately
to look the doctor up. Taev soon had
him backed up in C. AS Wilcox's
store. i'he sheriff, his deputy and th?
mci-nnw eAAn hie? VOC/>HO Qt)H hA
Vi. awu vauau vv/ i ui awwvww
was spirited off and brought here for
safe keeping.
While in jail the prisoner was inter
viewed, but would not say anything
excspt that he was innocent. iLe
ealled in Senator Scarborough, who
began by trying to see if he could not
get him out. Mr. Scarborough telegraphed
to the sheriff of Marion coun
ty ana received in reply a message
sxating that no specific charges had
been made against Hill, and to have
him turned loose. So Hill got off on
the 2:45 p. m. train, and Horry's name
was saved from the blot of a lynching..
Several Governors to be Elccted acd Sena- (
.Knt. 4m T??>? of i
the Goldbag Damocratlc Strength.
Elections were held in fourteen States
last Tuesday, but in one of them, New 5
Jersey, only members of the assembly ;
and one third of the senators are to be
chosen; in another, Delaware, only j
assemblymen from the northern sec- (
tion of the State are to be elected, and (
in Nevada and Washington only leg
islatures are to be chosen. Governors :
and ether State officsrs are to be chos- ;
en in Iowa, Massachusetts, Ohio and (
Virginia; legislatures in the same (
states and legislatures or parts of lee- ,
islatures in Maryland and Virginia
will have th9 choice of United States .
senators. Oaly minor State officers :
are to b8 elected in Kentucky and :
Nebraska, but the election in those :
States is of special interest as a test of j
the gold-bug Democratic vote. There
will be a like test in the vote in Iowa
and Ohio, where the gold bug Democrats
have conducted an energetic ,
Below a*e stated the office? to be
filled in each State with the parties in
the contest and the returns of the two
preceeJing elections:
Only a justice of the supreme court
will ba chosen in Colorado. There are
IWU xu liao UQiU, VLLV> xrjpiAMi*
can and the Populist, the nominee of
the latter being accepted by the Silver
Damocrats after their candidate had
withdrawn. The Republican candidate
was also nominated by the Silver
1898 (President)?Republican 26,279;
Democrat, 158,880; Populist 2,389.
1894 (Governor)?Republican,
93 502; Democrat, 8 337; Populist, 74,/ */%
In Iowa these state officers vtiII b9
chosen to serve for two years: Governor,
lieutenant governor, supreme
judge, railroad commissioners, and
superintendent of public instruction.
A house of representatives and part of
the senate are al30 to b9 elected. The
tickets nominated are those of the Re
publicans, ttte i\ationai .L/eraocrais
(eold), the triple-alliance ticket of the
Silver Democrats, Populists, and Silver
Republicans, and a bolting ticket
of the Middle-of-the-Road Populists.
1896 (President)?Republican, 2,89,- ,
293; Democrats, 223,741; National De- (
mocrats, 4,516; Populist, fusion with
Democrats. 1895 (Governor) ?Republican,
208,659; Democrat, 149;189;
ss> sis
Only one office is to be filled in Kentucky,
that of clerk of the court of appeals.
The tickets nominated are those
of the Republicans, the National Democrats
(gold), and the Silver DemoCratS.
1896 (President)?Republican, 218,171;
Democrat, 217,890; National Democrat,
5,019; Populist, 23,500. 1895
(governor) Republican, 172,43811)391-. ?
orat, 163,52i; Populist, 16.911,
Ia Maryland a comptroller general
and a clerk of the court of appeals and
membsrs of the legislature are to be
chosen. A constitutional amendment
on civil service reform, modelled
somewhat after the clause in the NewYork
constitution is to be submitted
to the people. Four tickets have been
nominated, the Republican, the Silver
Democratic, the Socialist Labor, and
the Independent Rjpublicans?the latter
largely a negro movement. The
National Democrats {gold) maae no
nominatians, and their votes are expected
to be cast for the Republican
legislative nominees, in order to pre
vent the return of Gorman to the
Uaited States S9nate.
1896 (President) -Rjpublicau, 136,978;
Democrat 104,747: National
Democrats, 2,507. 1865 (3-overnor)
Republican, 124 936; Democrat, 106,169.
In Massacias9tts, governor, lieutenant
governor, secretary of state, attorney
general, state treasurer, auditor,
and members of the legislature are to
be chosen for one year. The tickets
are those of the R publicans, the Silver
Democrats (?oldj, and the Prohibitionist.
1896 (President)?Reoublican, 278,976;
Democrat, 90.1530; National Democrat,
11,739 Populist, 15,181. 1895
(G-overnor) Republican, 186,280; Democrat,
121,599 ;*Populist, 7,786.
A supreme court judge and two regen
ts of the State university are to be
chosen in Nebraska. ThejSilverites
have united on a ticket, and the Republicans,
the National Democrats
(i?old) and a fraction of the Silver Republicans
have made nominations.
1896 (President)?Republican, 102,564;
Democrat, 115,624; National Democrat,
2,797; Populists fused with
Democrats; 1895 (Supreme Court Justice)
Repuolican, 79,156; Democrat,
10,214; Populist, 79,566.
A chief clerk of the court of appeals
and members of the assembly are to be
chosen, in New York. The candidates
for chief justice are those of the Republicans,
of the Silver Democrats
(endorsed by the National Democrats),
of the Prohibitionists and of the Socialists.
1896 (President) ?Republican, 819,8B8;
Democrat, 551,369; National
Democrat, 18,950; Prohibitionist, 16,052;
Socialist Labor, 17,667. 1895
i--\ T*> 1. 1 >
(Secretary or ernie; xwep-iuueiui, oyi,205;
Democrat, 51.1,060; Pronibtionist,
25,239; Socialist Labor, 2L497.
Iq Ohio, governor, lieutenant goverott/Mtnaw
or^npral state treasurer.
XAWXj ?fc?VAi*wj ? 7
member of tne board of public works,
and school commissioner are to b9
chosen for two years, A judge of the
supreme court is also to be elected,
and members of the legislature, which
is to choose a United States senator.
There are eight tickets in the field?
the Republican, the Silver Democratic
(sndorssd by the Silver Republicans),
tne National Democratic (gold), the
Prohibitionist, the Liberty (silver and
woman suirrage jrrouiuiuuuisus;, mc
Populist and tie Negro Protective.
1896 (President)?Republican 525,991;
Democrat, 474,832; National
Democrat, 1,858; ProhioiUonist, 5,068
1895 (Q-overaor) Republican 427,141;
Democrat, 334,519; Populist, 52,675.
State treasurer and auditor general
are to be chosen in Pennsylvania, as
also members of the legislature from
tne northern part of the Ssate. Norn?% ? ?
c bo noon moHp hv t.hp TJ.^
| ^uaiauu<a M-V** *? - .
I publicans, the Silver Democrats the!
[adeDendent Republicans (anti-Quay),
;be Populists, the Prohibitionists and
he Liberty party.
1895 (President)?Republican 726,- i
)S8; Democrat, 422,054; National
Democrats, 11,000. Prohibitionist, 19,274;
Populist, 11,176- 1S95 (Trc-asur
jr) Republican, 456.475: Democrat,
282.481; Prohibitionist, 20,779; Popu
liist, 7,802.
Ia Virginia, governor, lieutenant
governor, and attorney general
sre to be elected for four year3.
A. hcuse of delegates and part of
the senate are also to be chossri,
the members of -which will
*Iect it successor to Senator Daniels.
Nominations wel-e made by the Silver
Democrats, and the Prohibitionists,
fhe Republican State committee declined
to call a State convention, but
raewas cJl d under other direction
iDd a ticket LCnr'netM.
1898 (Presideu-) ? Republican, 135,388;
Democrat, 154 985; National
Democ- it, 2 127; Prohibitions*. 2 344,
1893 (Gwwr "*? ) Kooublican, 8L.239;
Democrat, l'~? OH; Prohibitionist, 6 '
Seventy-third Annual Session oi Jc.rBody
Recently Held.
The seventy third annual session of
the South Carolina Lutheran Synod
convened in Macedonia Church on
Wednesday last. Rev. Dr. Hallman
conducted the opening prayer service
Rev. Dr. Kiaard of Columbia preached
tbe annual sermon. The following
officers of the Synod were elected for
tbe ensuing year: Rev. M. M.
Kinard, Ph. D., president; Rev. W.
A. C. Muller of Charleston, vice president;
Rev. S- T. Rallman, D DM of
Prosperity, secretary; a. j^onn 01
Prosperity, treasurer.
Tins Synod represents about 8,000
communicants, the greater number of
which live in Newberry, Lexington,
Richland, Barnwell, Orangeburg and
Charleston counties. They have four
churches in Charleston and two in
Some of the most prominent minis
fcers of the Synod present were Rev.
D *. Hall man of Prosperity, editor of
the Lutheran Visitor; Rev. A. G.
Voigt, D. D., professor in the Theolo=
- a?: 1 "D T>
gicai oammary Ui luc
0. Holland, D. D., of Charleston ;Rev.
Drs. Wingard and Kinard of Columbia;
Riv. L. K. Probst of Atlanta;
Bay. J. H. Wilson of Barnwell; Rev.
W. A. C. Muller of Charleston; Rev.
J. A. Sligh of Sligh's; Rev. J. Q-.
G-raichen of Lexington; Rev. Messrs.
Wyse, Horine and many others.
The routine work of the Synod was
done in good order. The president's
report showed two dismissals for the
year?R 5 v. Dr. Horn of Charleston,
who -went to Reading. Pa., and Rev.
J. 0. Trooger of Samter?and two
resignations, R jvs. Wyse of Orangeburg
and Deatonofthe Fork of Lexington.
Rev. Wyse goes to Burks
Garden, Va., and Rev. Beaton to Dallas,
N. 0. Two cornerstones were
laid during the past year and two
churches built, namely Newberry and
The Synod'has .had one accession
from otner Synods, Rev. J:
H. Horiue of Pensylvania, Rev. T.
W. Sh(iely was ordained to preach the
The treasurer of the seminary fund
rennrtfti over -?21.000 invested in good
interest-bearing securities. This is
one of t be best funds Newberry College
has. receiving therefrom upwards of
The Synod has akothe Bachman
endowment fund, which pays about
$1,000 annually. These funds, together
with the plant at Newberry
rv*l Ifterpi mikes the holding of the
Synod yery nearly $75,000, and she
needs that muck more, for every one
of her dormitories are full and some
class rooms are being used as such
Good work is being done in educational
lines by Newbsrry College, over
which the gifted lawyer, G30. B. Cromer,
now presides, succeeding the
Jate lamented Dr. Holland. This
Synod is carrying on mission work at
Sumter, Florence, Orangeburg, Granitevillt,
Orange Chapel, Elioree and
other points in South Carolina and in
Augusta. The executive committee
uii iuiv)ijij3 icpuiliu jjj.cooili.? yiugrsss
of the missions under their care
and sskad for the usual appropriation
for the work.
The treasurer's report showed a
larger amount of money. received the
past year than any preceding year,
which fact was very encouraging,
especially so' in these times of depression
and low price of cotton. The
congregations nave met their assessments
with cDmmendable promptness,
and the work of the Synod can be
pushed for the next year as it never
haa hppin hftfnrA.
Synod pat itself on record by passing
resolutions favoring temperance
and opposing the sale and use of alcoholic
liquors, urging the necessity of
using such text books in all schools as
treat upon the ills and evils of intemperance.
The entire session of the Synod was
harmonious and pleasing, and it adj
Durned Sunday afternoonProsperity
A Horrible Death.
Putnam Biker, the 18-year-old soil
of John Baker of BatesviUe, 12 miles
below Greenville, met with a horrible
death Wednesday morning, having
b3en caught by a revolving shaft in
the Batesville cotton mill and whirled
around until his neck was broken.
The body was badly mangled and the
legs and arms broken in several places.
The boy was a grandson of the late
(leorpe Putnam, who established the
mill, and was a youth of great promise.
He was at Farm an university year before
last and last year at sc&ool in
Providence, R. L He was greatly interested
in machinery and had baen
working in the mill to fit Mmself for
manager. The accident occurred
while he was trying to throw a belt on
a running pal ley. A projection from
the shaft caught his clothing and threw
him over and against the ceiling.
A a *>s*f H or* f". j
It does seem that a mule can do
anything, except run a newspaper,
and we have actually known some of
the long-eared variety to even engage
in that pleasant pastime. Here's an
account of the latest caper by the
cheeky all-round brute, taken from a
Georgia paper, the Oglethorpe Echo:
A mule cut a young man's throat in
Madiso?. county last week. Henry
Hart was leading a muie ana peeiing
an apple. The mule got frightened
and j irked the young man's arm back,
bringing the knife across his throat,
making a bad but not a dangerous
wound." j
History Incomplete Without Them?Un
less Interest Is Taken in the Hatter Now
They May be Forever Loet.
CoL John P. Thomas has issued the
following appeal to the public in reference
to miasing rolls:
To the Press of South Carolina and
the General Public:
I have an appeal to make to the patriotism
and pride of the press of the
SfAtft in -whifth T ha-uw nnnfidflnea. and
to our people in general.
Upon assuming this office I find
many rolls missing. My first duty if
to secure these rolls, if possible. The
complete rolls and accompying rec- r
ords of the troops from South Carolina
that engaged in the war between
the states was the primary purpose of
the legislation creating and continuir?er
this office.
This is the foundation of the hiatal*
ic edince that the State Historian may
be commissioned to build. There can
be no superstructure of history until
his foundation is well laid with not
ustrtre missing. There ought to be
none. Better no history than that .
there should be missing the rolls of
gallant companies from the military
Confederate record of South Carolina.
I appeal to the press to extend this
notice throughout the State, and I especially
urge the county press to help
in this business to the best of its ability.
We have had our Iliad. No man
witn Homeric aspirations can pnma
to relate the story until the Gatoc an
Nor is our appeal to the press only.
It is addressed to all the men and all
the women in the State who hare a
Confederate interest. And I farther
mII niwii oil noMnna tft vhnm thfl Iftin
General Farley, my predecessor, confided
rolls, or sketches to return the
same to this office without delay.
South Carolina was the first to lead
off in the war for states rights. Let
her not be the last to put upon record
the noble services of her devoted soldiers.
John P. Thomas.
The following are the rolls missing
October 2d, 1897, numbering: infantry,
62; artillery, 14; cavalry, 20; total
Co. F, Gregg's.
HA D D-Mffff'a
Co. E, Hagood.
Co. A, Hagood.
Co. B, sec ond regiment ^
Companies B, C, I), ?, P, Q, H; I,
K, second regiment.
Co. A, fourth regiment.
Companies C and G-, Oct's rifles.
Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H,
I, K, Moore's second rifles.
Cos. A, B, K, L, Palmetto sharp .
/-I- UI T? ,Cf6
V>J. XU, jamas OMUUIUII.
Co. B, fifth regiment.
Co. H, sixth regiment
Co. A, seventh regiment .
Co.-M, seventh raiment.
Co. A, eleventh, regiment.
; Co. B, eleventh Regiment. - ?*!
Ooi Gt twelfth regment
Co. K, thirteenth regiment.
Co. H, fourteenth regiment
Co. H, fifteenth raiment.
Co: G-, twentieth regiment.
Co. D, twentieth regiment J*
Co. G, twentieth regiment. ^
Co. C, twenty-fi-^st raiment
Co. C, tw8nty-third regiment
Co. E, twenty third regiment.
C\n n twnnhf-frtni^h MaimAni. 2J
\/v# ? nvu?j
Co. E, twenty-seventh raiment. ?
Co. K, twenty-seventh resjiment. r;:M
Companies B, C, D, E, F, Q, H, I, &
K, first regiment regulars.
Companies A. P. G, H, I, first cavalry,
rt : TT J 17" .aMl.
ujiti^iuuca a nuu xk, xvuuu vaiwrv.
Co. D, fourth cavalry.
Companies A, B, C, D, E, P, G, H,
, I, K, sixth cavalry.
| Companies D and F, seventh cavalry.
: <..3
ATtri r.T.mtv. ?3h
Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G-, H,
I, first regiment volunteers.
Eirle's cattery.
Smith's battery. -
Ferguson's battery.
One Way of PilntlBt Paper.
Gen. Joseph 8. Smith, of Maine, - -?~
tells how he published a paper without
a press in Bath, Me., many yean
ago, says the New York Tribune.
"When I'd get my paper all set up
and ready for the press, Fdlay the
type on a washstand, get it all leveled
down well in the chase, or the frame
in which 'twas locked up. and then
I'd call in the hired girL one weighed -:M
oVvciT-if tom knnilwu) and ton nnnndi
when she sat down. That's what I
wanted?sitting-down weight So, ?jj
after the hired girl came in I inked
the type, laid over it the sheet of paper,
and on too of that the blanket,
and then I politely invited the hired
girl to sit down on the washstand.
Two hundred and ten pounds, remember.
The result was just as good
an impression as you could get on
any $100 hand press made in the
United States. My edition in those
days was about two hundred copies,
and' the hired girl was good for trie
job at one sitting?no, at two hundred
sittings. And she took an intezest
in it, too, and was just as ready
for business every publication day as
a $30,000 Hoe perfecting press would
be." i. - M
Stalled by SeewMd.
The Pennsylvania Btilroad com*
pany Wednesday morning started to
run the regular 8:45 o'clock express
f,mm A . nit* v:-.?ia
bU JL UiiOUCXpmU, U.VU4 vr*?/v
N.J., having decided to risk a run
across the meadows over mandated
tracks. When about half way across
the meadows the train was stalled.
The tracks were fairly matted with the ' -J
seaweed, besides being covered with
water and mud. The passengers
agreed to wait until the tracks were
: cleared. Big gangs of workmen are
I laboring to clear the way from Abes!
con out. Tbe railroad officials hope
to move the train some time this after- v "3S
Storms In California,
Reports from the interior of California
show that the heavy rains which
fell last week all over the northern
part of the state have caused immense
loss to farmers and vineyards and
wiil in all probability put an end to
shipment of grapes to the east. The
on/la *1 <mnnrt_ In Fr?j.
no county alone it is estimated that
the storms caused a loos of at least
. $600,000 to raisin men. At least one\
quarter of the entire crop is lost,

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