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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 25, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-01-25/ed-1/seq-1/

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J~ VOL. LI 11. WINNSBORO, 8. C.. WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 25, 1899. NO. 25. |gj
What the Grave Senators Are
( Doing in Columbia.
% .
l5 what they have done.
Work Done by the Upper House
of tfre Legislature During the
Past Week of General
r interest
On Monday, Januan 10, nearly all
the sens.tors bad returned after the two
days' recess, and were in their seats and
"'ready :ror business," as the senatorial
parlance has if, when that body was
called to order at noon,
yl. Mr. Henderson offered a resolution
Kgi - instructing the secretary of state to
have 175 copies piiiited of the county
government act and laid on the desks of
the members. This measure has been
wj .if held up by the governor and only be)?>
came law on the third day of this session.
There were numerous inquiries
about the law, and there was no way
for its text to be seen without referm
. .1 ^ x7
ence tome origina: m tuu secieisj.) ux
lit- state's office.
;J[ Mr. Appelt's bill to exempt Claren%$k
don county from the operations of ail
acts providing for the licenses and license
fees for trafficking in seed cotton
A was, on motion of Mr. Douglass, killed.
Before the vote was put, >Ir. Appelt
Wj spoke in defense of the measure. It
FSjtfsgT was purely local, he declared, and said
that year after year the Clarendon del\
2 egation had been urged to seek the re?*$1
of tlie act so far as it applied to
that county. The law was practically
without force and effect in Claren.^1
"don. He made an earnest effort to &e|2l4
cufe the repeal.
j Mr. Manniug, of Sumter, insisted
"1J' that the measuie did affect other coun
ities contiguous to Clarendon. For the
reason that it affected Sumter county.
r- he urged the adoption of the motion to
| *- kill, which motion prevailed.
One o'clock, the hour the senate was
rr~tin joint session with the house
having arrived, that body adjourned to
the hall of the house. There the vote
in the last general el. cticn was declared.
The Senate then returned to its own
J ' chamber, and, on motion of Mr. Archer,
adjourned until luesday at 12
* ^ Among the first things taken up
Tuesday were the resolutions authoriz
ing the introductions of bills to amend
the charters of several corporations.
They were considered successively and
Mr. Love of York is anxious for an
| ^ v early adjournment. He offered a resolution
fixing the day for final adjournment
on the 10;h of February. >"o ac"
lion was taken' on the matter.
The chair announced the appointmsit
'^3ESl ^r* Eugene Cooper as doorkeep*
TfflT er in tne gaiiery.
^ $ The bill to require county boards of
* k commissioners to deduct from salary of
regular constables compensation paid
rf persons acting as constables on a particular
occasion, unless such service was
rendered in an emergency wherein the
regular constables could not perform
the servioe, passed its third reading.
Mr. Henderson's bill fixing the time
at which objections to the qualifications
of jurors must be made was taken up.
This bill provides that if objection is
not made to a juror before he is sworn
in n'r? Ywdift r>an thereafter be set
f aside because auy of the jurors happened
to be disqualified. The need of
such a measure was manifest that the
bill passed its second reading without
discussion and by a unanimous vote of
the senate.
. Mr. Mower has undertaken to rectify
the evils of the act providing for the
formation of new counties. He had offered
an amendment and secured its
adoption Monday, making it incumbent
on the county boards of election commissioners
as judicial officers to settle
all election contests which might arise
on questions of facts. By the same
"* amendment the State board of canvass'
i n i._i. i_ .r? I
I '* ers is maae tne last court ui appeal
, against the decision of the county
boards. The contests which have been
|s . had with Lee and Pee Dee counties
? made the senate anxious to accept any
' law which would prevent a repetition
of such contests.
| The Senate met at 11- o'clock Wed?t
\ | nesday. Thursday being Gen. Lee's
B 4^ birthday, Mr. Manning moved that
w when the senate adjourned it be to meet
at 11 o'clock Friday.
The regular order of tie calendar being
taken up, these bills were speedily
eiven a third reading:
jf Mr. Henderson, fixing time at which
* objections to qualifications of jurors
' X~ must be made; Mr. Mower, amending
the act providing for the formation of
new counties; Mr. Graydon, relating to
filing affidavits; Mr. Barnwell, amending
law with regard to sealed inst:uf
? ments.
The hour at which the senate and
F - house were to meet in joint session for
the inaugural ceremonies having ar.
I ' rived, the senate went over in a body to
i 11 1? *1 .
c tne nan 01 iue lauer.
r> Upon die reassembling o? the senate.
r*y Mr. Graydon spoke in favor of his resold
' lution looking to a striking out of the
U provision of the constitution for the
legislature changing county lines. Mr.
Graydon awe'-t upon the injustice to the
counties in allowing any section, no
matter 1k?w small. even to a single
A ^ plantation, disrupting county lines at
will. It was. he said, new-countyism
^" run mad. He cited many instances in
which injustice or evil might be
* -i nought by allowing the people without
- I restraint to change th? map of the
J" Stale to suit local issues. The vote
?? being taken, the unfavorable report of
^ the committee was adopted.
After the transaction of some other
^ 3 business of miuor importance the senI'
~ 1 ?t? adjourued to meet at 11 o'clock Fri"A
? Aott
The first matter to draw the senatt
out of its usual quiescent state Fridav
' " ' was Mr. Sullivan's amendment to the
* constitution abolishing the homestead.
On motion of. Mr. Henderson the reso*
^ lution was killed by the following vote:
_?eas?Archer. Blakeney. Connor.
Dean. Douglass. Graydon. Hough. SarI
ratt, Sudduth, Sullivan?10.
If I Nays?Aldrich, Alexauder. Appelt,
* Barnwell, Bowen, Brown G. A.. Brown.
H ]
I \]
W\ A., Dennis, Glenn, Griffith, Gruber.
Hay, Henderson, Ilderton, Manning.
Marshall, Talbird. Walker, "Wallace.
Waller, Williams, Standland?25.
Those who voted yeas are in favor of
abolishing the homestead and those who
voted nay arc opposed to abolishing it.
A Feast for Solomon Island Cannibals
Provided by Boat's Crew.
Mail advices from the South Pacific
inlands, via JaAan. give details of the
scuttling of the schooner Sea Ghost by
Solomon island cannibals last October.
The cannibals killed all the crew of the
schooner with the exception of two
men, who had a remarkable escape.
The Sea Ghost was owned by her
master, Capt. Kohlj-ohn, vrho sailed
from Queensland with a cre'T of ten
men late in September for Buka, an
island of the German Solomon group,
to procure a cargo of copras. The two
survivors reached the Australian coast
recently. They said that Capt. Kohlsobn
arrived at 13uka at night. The
nest morning five or six native boats
came alongside, and in a few raoments
the vessel's mate and crew were talking
and making friendly signs to the islanders.
Several members of uhe crew
went below to secure goods for trading
purposes, when thirty natives suddenly
jumped on deck with natives.
? " ' I - * 1 - l -II.JV?i. A 1
j -.in me sanors were Kiueu oui- iuiue.
One of these jumped overboard, swam
ashore and was taken prisoner. His
two surviving comrades were - bound
hand and foot. Capt. Kohlsohn was
dragged from his cabin and run through
with spears.
The natives then went ashore with
their prisoners and took the dead sail '
ors with the3f. The two prisoners were i
left on the sands while the i slanders ;
prepared to eat the bodies of their ;
comrades. While this feast wns being
made several natives went ott to the
schooner and found a barrel of liquor
t r_ _ * i.; a.
in aer cdoiu. xu a suuru ntuc tuc cutire
party became stupidly drunk. The
two sailors managed to free themselves :
from the throngs which bound tbem
jumped into a small boat and put to
sea. After floating helplessly about
for two days they were picked up by a ;
trading vessel, which carried them to
other islands from where they finally
secured passage for Australia. Before
proceeding to get intoxicated one party
of the natives unloaded part of the
^ > J 44.1 _ J T
| seaurQOSt s cargo auu men scuuicu nei.
In an Attempt to Escape He Cuts a
A dispatch from Greenville to The '
State says: ''Charles Johnson, a white
member of the county chaingang, during
a brief season of partial freedom '
Monday afternoon, managed to raise (
a considerable disturbance and to-wouna a
soldier. Thomas Wilton, a trusty, with
three other prisoners, ;am? to the ]
Laurens depot to get *ome freight for
the convict camp, and Wilson, who is :
more guard than prisoner, left the oth- 1
er two "trusties" and Johnson at the .
depot while he came np town to get the
supervisor's order for the release of the !
freight. During thS short absence of
Wilson, Johnson, who was the only !
one with shackles on, left the others !
and it seems made a dash for liberty.
Some one, not yet apprehended, cut his 1
shacklcs loose. The other prisoners 1
gave the alarm and the provost guard {
i ? . J l
ana ponce were iiuuueu.
"Johnson ran near the post of Thomas
Hickey, of the provost guard, at ]
Gower and Speights' coal yard. Hickey !
made an attempt to arrest the convict
and was having a rough time of it. He j
had great provocation to shoot, hut '
withstood the temptation. Adolph Alf- 1
piper, a German member of the Fourth
Missouri, Co. A., ran to the help of the 1
guard. In the struggle he was sudden- 1
ly given a rake across the chin by the .
convict, who in some way had acquired ]
a knife. Alfpiper was not seriously
hurt, but he bled badly. The leng sav- !
age cut wa3 frightfully near the throat.
i ''T n enn w ilenn ffiA nfTipr r>nn- I '
victs and Alfpiper were carried to the
station house. The soldiers generally
and the citizens were indignant about :
the affair. Superviser Speegle will see*
that Johnson is dily punished. Johnson
is serving a nine months sentence 1
for breaking into Endel's store. Wilson
bears a good reputation, and though
a convict is not blamed. He ha/won
hisrh.re.card during his term.''
Cob Charcoal For Hogs.
Fattening hogs eat charcoal greedily,
but that made by charring corn on the
cob is eaten best, and is all that is needed
to keep them in health. In one of
the Minnesota Farmers' Institutes,
Theodore Louis tells how he makes cob
charceai on a large scale where hojrs are
kept by the hundred. He digs a hole
five feet square at the top and five feet
ceep. Into this be throws some cobs,
setting fire to them as they are thrown
in until the hole is filled. Then the
fimnnlptelv covered, banking
earth against the edges of the cover.
In twelve hours uncover, and the cobs
will be completely charred, so that they
will easily crumble. Six bushels of
this are mixed with eight pounds of
salt, two quarts of air slaked lime and a
bushel of wood ashes Dissolve one
and a quarter pounds of copperas with
hot water, and sprinkle over the mass.
This mixture aids digestion and de?troys
the iutesiinal worm? with which
fattening hogs are always infested.
Hogs, thus fed, have no occasion to
root, as they get what they require without
this labor.
Will Be Courtmartiaied.
! President McKinley announced Wednesday
to the cabinet shortly after it
assembled for its regular Tuesday session,
that he had decided to order a
courtmartial to try Commissary Gene
| ral Eagan for the abusive language he
I had used respecting Maj. Gen. Miles
J while on the witness stand before the
I war investigating commission last
s j Thursday. Ever since the sensational
- | event the president has been carefully
! | deliberating over the matter and has
j had frequent consultations with army
j officers and others regarding the steps
: j that should be taken, for he was conI
vinced at the outset that the question
I for consideration was what action
should be taken, and not -rhether any
disciplinary measures ;it all should be
What the Representatives Are
Doinor in Columbia.
Work Done by the Lower House
of the Legislature During the
Past Week of General
The House accomplished very little
the first week besides organizing and '
getting ready for work. A great many
new bills have been introduced, but
none of a very important nature. The
following is a report of the proceedings
since our last issue:
On Monday. ICth instant, a large
L -i j J ]
UQiDer O" urns were lairuuuceu auu
referred, but beyond this nothing much
was done.
The calling of a third reading of Mr.
E. D. Smith's bill '"to appropriate ?2,000,
or so much as may be nccessary,
as an emergency fund, to be used by
the State board of Health in dealing
with certain diseases:" was the signal
for an attack by Pr. Woods, of Claren
don, aud others. After considerable |
discussion pro and con the bill passed j
its third reading by a good majority, j
At 1 o'clock the senate came over in
a body for the purpose of canvassing,
in joint session, the vote for governor
and lieutenant governor.
Senators Brown and Sullivan and
Representatives Theus, Simpkins and
Grantt were appointed a committee to
canvass the vote. This occupied considerable
time, and when it was finally
announced officially that W. H. Ellerbe
had been elected governor, Mr. Magill
moved that a committee be appointed
to wait upon the governor-elect to notify
him of his election and to ascertain
his wishes as to the inaugural. This
motion was carried rnd the committees
will be appointed at the convenience of
the presiding officers.
_ There was quite a debate over Mr.
Stevenson's bill to repeal an act passed
in 1S88 entitled ' ;an act to protect primary
elections acid conventions of political
parties and to punish fraud committed
thereat." However, it passed
its third reading.
The JHouse then adjourned to 10
o'clock Tuesday.
On Tuesday fcr the first time, the
House met at 10 o'clock and continued
until 2 o'clock.
The resolution to present Lieut. Victor
Blue with a sword was withdrawn
from the files, because there was an evident
desire to kill the bill?^
There were two bills on the calendar
marked "No. 38:" the original of Mr.
Jeremiah Smith to "devote the net proceeds
from the privilege tax to the
jrection and maintenance of academic
preparatory schools in the counties of
:his State.1' and the substitute offered
oy the committee on public schools to
ipportion said funds among the free
public schools of the several counties.
Mr. Prince moved that debate be ad
journed until Friday, when all matters
elating to the privilege tax could then
De discussed. This motion prevailed,
ind the fertilizer tax in all its phases
md features will then be considered.
A concurrent resolution from the senite,
that the State printer be instructed
:o print 300 copies of the county government
law. The house concurred in
:be resolution.
A concurrent resolution that a committee
of two senators and five repre
v , i J I
sentatives De appointed 10 wan upon
[lis excellency, William H. Ellerbe,
governor, and Miles B. McSweeney.
lieutenant governor, to inform them as
to when they wished to qualify.
Mr. Magill moved to insert 'three'"
representatives for ; 'five.'' The amendment
wa3 adopted with t.he resolution.
There was some debate over Mr.
Blease's bill to provide for the selection
by primary of the nominees for the positions
of superintendent of the penitentiary.
county auditor, oounty treasurer
and trustees of public schools. The
bill was killed.
The house received and accepted an
invitation to attend the awarding of a
medal by the Wade Hampton Chapter
_ ft . > /I P 1 A 1_ _
L>augnters or tne uomeaeracy, tne exercises
to take place at the South Carolina
college Thursday night.
Mr. Blease offered aresolutioo thanking
all who had volunteered to serve
the country in the recent war with
Spain. The resolution was unanimously
adopted, and the House adjourned
to 10 o'clock Wednesday.
The session of the House "Wednesday
was interrupted by the inauguration
ceremonies, but considerable work was
Mr. Ashley moved to strike out the
cnacting words of Mr. Blease's bill to
increase the punishment for refusal to
pay road tax.
Mr. BleaFe said that he would make
no argument on the biil but would merely
make a statement in regard to it.
The highest punishment now inflicted
for refusal to work the ro-ids was five
days and he thought that the punishment
ought to be made more severe.
Mr. Sturkev thought the present lim
it of punishment enough and moved to
indefinitely postpone the bill. This
motion was lost.
The bill parsed its second reading
The section when amended will read
as follows:
Section 5. That it shall be the duiy
of every overseer to make out a list of
all persons liable to road duty. S?id
overseer ;s hereby authorized to demand
of any person or corporation the
name of any and all hands in his, her
or its employ; and any person or corporation
receiving of such overseer or
warner by him appointed, such demand,
failing or refusing to furnish a list containing
the names of ail male employ
ees, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor,
and for every such offense shall le subject
to a fine of not less than $10 1.0:
more than $30, or imprisonment in the
county jail for not less than 10 nor
more 30 days, and place said list in
hands of the warner. who shall serve
notice, either by seeing the parties personally
and giving verbal notice, or
leaving written noticc at the residence
of the party, to order out every such
person resident as aforesaid, between
the first day of January and the first
day of December, annually, to do and
perform the work aforesaid on the public
road to which each person may be
assigned; said assignment to be on
roads near residence of said party, or
any road to be changed or opened within
four miles. And if any person being
"warned by such overseer a3 aforesaid, i
shall Refuse or neglect having had at
least 12 hours' notice, to attend by
himself or substitute to the acceptance
of the overseer, or, having attended,
shall refuse to obey the direction of the
overseer, or shall spend the time in
idleness or any inattention to ihe duties
assigned to him, shall be guilty of a '
n i demeanor, and on conviction thereof
I cV>ol] Vna r>nf mnro tVian S10 dnl- i
lars nor less than $5, and costs, or be
sentenced to county chaingang not
more than 30 days nor less than five
Mr. Jenkins' bill to limit the time in
which the State can enforce the payment
of taxes occasioned a long de 1
bate. ,
The original bill provided 'That from i
and after the passage of this act the '
State shall not have the right to enforce i
the collection of any tax after the ex- ]
piration of two years from the last day <
on which such taxes are payable with- <
out penalty: Provided, that this act i
shall not apply to taxes for the collec- i
-~.IxC.~U *V?a rV\o 11 mcHfnfn ]
LIU LI Ui WHICH LUC 'Jtaic ouuix ^uguvuvu j
judicial proceedings within the time i
limited above." . i
The ways and means committee sub- 5
mitted the following substitute bill:
That from and after the passage of 1
this act all taxes hereafter levied, or
becoming due under the laws of this i
State be conclusively presumed pafd t
after, six years from the last date said 1
taxes could have been paid without '<
Denaltv: Provided, That this act snail (
not apply to taxes for the collectioa of
which the State shall institute judicial
proceedings within the time limited
After a long debate Mr. G-antt offered
an amendment ?o limit the time to ten
years. This was adopted, and the substitute
bill subsequently passed its second
Mr. Wharton's bill, regarding the
traffic in cotton in bales weighing 300
pounds and over, passed its second
reading after a discussion. The bill
reads as follows:
That it shall be unlawful for any cotton
buyer to refuse to accept any bale
of cotton, after he has bought the same
by sample thereof, weighing over three
hundred pounds, provided same correspond
with the sample cotton; and any
sue', buyer who docks or deducts any
amount from the purchase price of any
such bale of cotton, or attempts to dock
or deduct any amount from the purchase
price of such bale of cotton, shall
be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and,
upon conviction before any court of
competent jurisdiction, shall be fined
in the sum of not more than one hundred
dollars nor less than twenty dollars.
Mr. Stevensons Din proniDiung *
frauds at the polls passed its second ;
reading. 8
Following are the provisions of this
That from and after the passage of
this act it shall be perjury for anyone
to swear faisely in taking :my of the
oaths prescribed by the<respective authorities
of political parties to be taken
in the management or conduct of any
primary elections for the nomination of
candidates for office, or for any voter to
swear falsely in voting or offering to
vote at such primary elections, and the r
same shall be punished in accordance
with the punishment now prescribed by
la./ for perjury.
Sec. 2, That it shall be a misdemeanor
for any one taking part in the management
or conduct 01 a primary election,
or voting at the same, to commit
any fraud in the management or con
duct of said primary election, or in vot
ing at th? same, or in making returns of a
the same (other than committing perjury
as above specified), and the offen- *
der shall be punished by fine or imprisonment,
or both, in the discretion of t
the court. g
Sec. 3. That anyone giving or offer- r
ing to give a bribe, or anyone accepting \
a bribe, to vote or to influence votes in J
any primary election shall bs guilty of g
tt misrlompflniir and on conviction i
shall be punished by fine or imprison- (
ment, or both, at the discretion of the T
court. 1
Quite a number of new bills were in- <
troduced and the House adjourned to ]
meeton Friday, Thursday being Gen. j
Lee's birthday. l
"When the house reassembled Friday ,
Mr. Bacot's bill to change the color of j
the State flag from blue to purple vras |
taken up and promptly kiUed, as it ,
should have been.
The matter of fraud and intimidation i
at the polls called forth much spicv re- :
partee between Mr. Blease, the author .
of the bill, and Messrs McCullough and 1
Prince. The bill finally passed in the ,
following shape:
That any person or persons who shall
employ or have control of, either as superintendent,
manager, overseer or otherwise.
of any person or persons in this
State, and shall by any threat to dismiss
them from employment attempt to
make them vote at any primary election
against their own will, shall upon conviction
be finci a sum of not more than
$100 or less than $25, or be confined on
the chaingaug not more than 30 or less
than 15 days.
The committee on privileges and elections,
throusih Mr. S. P. Dendy, reported
that it recognized that Mr. D. G.
Keels was not entitled to his seat as
' * - - r t
tne representative irom Jjee county. ,
I There was no discussion and the mat!
ter was laid over for consideration. .
Arrested at Lake City. '
A dispatch from Lake City. S. C., ,
says: Wednesday evening E. Brooks ,
Sligh. United States deputy marshal, :
canje up from Charleston on the train .
arriving here at 6:25, and arrested A. ,
C. Belk. one of our white citizens, on
a warrant charging him with having (
taken part in the killing of Postmaster .
Baker and burning the postoffice on .
February 21 of last year. Mr. Belk j
quietly submitted and went along with j
.>]r. Sligb, wno returnea to vjaarieston .
Wednesday night. The incident was .
without excitement here. Mr. Belk ^
will likely waive a preliminary hearing.
Standland Elected. \
The tabulated returns for election of :
senator f'.?r Dorchester county are as '
toliows: standiana zyo: ;>nnus i.w; j
Behre 120: Fishburne 37. T. W. Stand- !
land is elected to fill the vacancy erea- <
ted by the death of senator McAJhany. !
Gov. Ellerbe and Lieut-Gov. McSweeney
Sworn in.
The Addresses of the Governor
and Lieutenant-Governor Short
OIIV4 bV WIIV Vlllki
Governor William II. Eilerbe and
Lieutenant Governor M. B. McSweeney
were inducted into office Wednesday.
The ceremonies attending the change
of Administration were brief, not lasting
over twenty minutes altogether,
rhere was nothing unexpectd or remarkable
about the exercises. It would
have been difficult to have made the
jeremony more formal or brief. Several
hundred visitors, at most, witnessed
the swearing-in of the Governor.
The young ladies from the colleges
were present in a body, also a
number of Governor Eilerbe's friends
? 1 ' . S\ _ P ll __ A. A 3
:n tne' city, une or me interesiea
spectators was Mrs. Ellerbe, who was
Lccompanied by her children and memjers
of the household.
The procession was not over five '
ninutes behind the Lour appointed for
:he exercises, oergeant-at-arms Gasion,
oft"he SeDate, with Sergeant-at- '
irms Stansell, beaded the line of march, j
jovcruor Ellerbe, who came in on the 1
irm of Senator Mower, came next. 1
ie wore a black frock coat and black
:ravat, and looked quite well. Follownrr
noma Ttono nf fi-nrvirnnr lYT
Sweeney with Mr. Magill, Judge Earnest
Gary with Sen tor Graydon, the '
3ev. Mr. W. 11. Richardson with Mr.
Montgomery, Comptroller General Der1am
with Superintendent of Education
VlcMahao-, former Adjt. Gen. Watts
vith Adjt. Gen-elect Floyd, former i
ittorue) General Barber with Attor- 1
ie} General 13^ linger and Mr. Simkins ^
vith Sutc Treasurer Timmerman.
As soon as the Suite officers, their '
sscort and the Senators arrived in the ?
louse and were seatel Mr. Scarborough, <
President of" the Senate. announced
he purpose of the joint assembly and
,Uat the Rev. Mr. Richardson would |
leliver the prayer. Mr. Richardson; j
if the "Washington Street Methodist J
Ihurch. delivered auite a lonsr and fer- y
:ent prayer. . j
It was then announced that "the '
don. Wm. H. Eilerbe, Governor-elect, 1
?as present and ready to qualify.' J
Jovernor- Eilerbe placed his hand on J
he Bible and held it while Judge Gary
;ad the oathof office. As soon as he had '
;ad the oath, to which Governor Eller- 1
>e gave concurrence, Governor Eilerbe 1
valked to-the front of the Speaker's J
tand and spoke as follows: *
ITfWrt mora a rrr\ T J
X" 1 >TU JV/ftiO a^v Jk.
vas called by an almost unprecedented J
najority to the highest office wi;hin '
our gift. The reasons for my overwhelming
victory are not far to seek. '
fVTe had just passed through four years }
?f the bitterest partisan warfare that
lad eyer shaken the State. It had j
irrayed brother against brother and J
riend against friend. It had engend- 5
:re the bitterest feelings between the !
liferent classes of our population. ]
Town and country were at war, instead J
if working harmoniously together for a *
iommon good. The Reform Move- j
nent brought many substantial gains to !
he people; but, like every other social ]
evolution, it brought with it the con- *
omitant and inseparable ills of which
have spoken. The good remains; the '
:vil in time disappears. The people, '
ispecially the people of South Carolina, !
ire generous, and in their hearts the :
>assions of partisan hate soon die out,
elf-consumed. , (
'Twas thus, afterfour years of strife, '
' *? ?.1 ?. . i i.,
lie people now, in mutual, wen-uc;eeming
ranks, marched all one way, no
nore opposed against acquaintance,
kindred and aU'cs. Ignoring party ]
inc?, they turned with characteristic (
jeuerosity to me; not because of spceial 1
vorth or fitness on my part, for I had ,
lone nothing to merit such marked es- ^
;eem, but because they who knew me,
)est believed that as Governor, I would
~ /\%* tmi v a rrru a! a t%aa_
JCI'VC JUt (X lttULlUll, uut cue VTHV/ie yov
?le, and strive to bring in an era of
;>eace aud good fellowship. Thus was (
[ enabled to launch the ship of State
mder lavoring breezes. Knightly and
generous souls came forward with pled- |
$es of cooperation. The press, with
scarcely an exception, promised sup- '
port and prophesied a happay voyage
under favorable skies. With many
misgivings I undertook the task to
which I was callcd, scarcely daring to
trust my ability to meet the expectations
of' the people. Would that (
it had been possible. The scant
majority, however, recently accorded
rr.e after a stnbbornlv foueht fight is in
sharp contrast with tbe overwhelming
victory of two years ago, and yet I have
qo reason either to complain or whiue.
My duty I have performed to the best
Df my ability. My mistakes I shall
neither attempt to condone nor shift
their responsibility on others. With
deep gratitude to the friends who have
never wavered in their support, with
malice towards none and good-will towards
my fellow citizens, with a proPound
appreciation of the great honor
conferred, I enter upon my second term
is Governor of this historic Commonwealth.
To the citizens, let me repeat,
whose votes were cast for me, I can
never express my gratitude: but, while
ieeply grateful to my friends, I shall
endeavor never to forget my duty to the
whole people and to treat with fairness
ind consideration even the bitterest of
my political enemies. I repeat what
was said two years ago: "I assume
this office untrammelled by a single
promise inconsistent with the welfare
of the people." To discharge my duties
faithfully and well to win the approval
and to merit the confidence of
all patriotic citizens shall be my highest
ambition. In my former inaugural
was outlined a policy which, in the
main, I shall endeavor to pursue. In
conclusion, my countrymen, i bespeas
for myself during the two coming years,
if my life be spared, the ''utmost
stretch" of your generosity and charity.
All./good citizens are straggling,
though over different roads, for the same
s;oal, the highest welfare of our beloved
Sta'e. Let us vie with each other not to
sngender wrath and bitterness of
speech, but to allay passion and pre>
/ "
judice and to enkindle in the hearts of
the rising generation a deeper love for
our grand old State. With confidence
in the integrity of our people, with
faith in a God who favors and protects 1
the righteous, I shall take up the burden
of this high trust with fresh hope
and strong courage.
There was applause at the conclusion
of Governor Ellerbe's address.
Lieutenant Governor McSweeney :
was then presented and took the oath
of office, and. at the conclusion of the .
ceremony, said:
Fellow Citizens and Gentlemen of
the Gereral Assembly: It has been a 1
time honored custom for the Lieutenant
Governor simply to thank the people
for the honor conferred and to adjourn
the joint assembly. I shall not
deviate from that custom, and simply
desire to express to the people of South
Carolina my deep appreciation of the
honor they have conferred in electing
me for a second time to preside over
the Senate. Two years ago, when I
assumed the duties of this offce, I
promised to preside with fairness aad
impartiality. I simply renew that
promise now to treat with courtesy
and impartiality every member of the
Senate and to discharge the duties of
the office faithfully and to the best of !
my ability.
The business of the joint assembly
having been concluded, I now declare
the joint assembly dissolved. The
Senators will now return to the Senate
Thus ended the exercises. The Sen- 1
ite returned to its chamber and the
newly elected officers went to their offices
to assume their new responsibili ;
rwo Spartanburg Men Killed Over in
North Carolina.
Last Saturday night Robert Huntsnger,
of Greer's, and Toliver McCurry
;vent over to Polk County to visit at
:he home of Houston R'oupp. Arriving
;here they found a party of others
ilready there and they spent a pleasant '
jvening. (
After twelve o'clock several of the i
jarty retired for the night. Mr. and *
Mrs. Huntsinger and Mr. and Mrs. !
Lloupp and one other visitor,
veie sitting around the fire, when Mc- j
Jurry came in and asked for Durham.
3e was informed that -he had retired
ind he said he would wake him up so s
V*iarr />An 1A r>c~?m o 4*rin Tnef fhon
VUU1U k_> J ti 1 AUU V UkIV VUV'M
ie saw Mrs. Euntsinger sitting on her
lusband's knee nodding. Ee placed
lis hand on her cheek to arouse her, ^
is they had known each other well for
nany years this was taken as merely a
pleasantry, but Mrs. Euntsinger gave
i sudden jerk and her husband being '
infuriated arose with a pair of- brass ,
* - .1 rr v , r f
?nucK8 presenting tnem in nuntsmger s j
:ace said "I'll give him this." , ?
McCurry gave back to the wall, when ,
Suntsinger advanced upon him where- <
lpon McCurry used his knife upon ?
Buntsinger with deadly effect. Mrs. t
Suntsinger during the fuss called for t
ler brother Otis Durham who wa* j
deeping in an adjoining room. He |
;ame in with a revolver and began fir- ,
ne uDon McOnrrv hittine him three ?
:imes. He advanced to the door and {
:ell dead. Durham shot himself t
;hroagb the thigh, inflicting a painfui :
Dut not serious wound. He was lodged s
in the Columbia jail, his wounds being '
Iressed by Dr, Green. t
Huntsinger was taken to the home 2
)f Brady, near New Prospect, where he ]
.ingered until Tuesday night. He was ,
attended by Dr. King, of Inman, but i
uhe wounds proved to be fatal, and at '
L2 o'clock he breithed his last. Cor- ]
Dner Bishop held an inquest Thurs- ;
iav- ]
Made Them Mad. ,
Representative Berry, of Kentucky, ^
has gotten himself mixed up with the j
German Emperor. The German Am
bassador in an unofficial way called the
attention cf the state department Thurs- (
day to the statement made on the floor .
of the House by Berry that "he be- ;
lieved in a stronger navy to protect the .
newly acquired territory but, that we
would not be hurried by any nation on
earth, even if it involved the necessity ,
to whiD Germanv as we did Spain. 1
Simultaneously with the complaint of
Germany's ambassador came dispatches !
from Berlin to the effect that the press .
is urging the Emperor to demand an <
apolygy from this government for '
Berry's remarks and in failing to make j
it, an international complication, that
home of the Reichstag should seek satisfaction
from the Kectuckian, that !
Germany will not permit herself to be ,
insulted as Spain was.
Suicide of a Tramp.
Thursday night at 12 o'clock an unI?
oU,t Q" -.u o rvo _ I
rVUVVTII UlCLLlj ftUVUl W J vai J VlUj
rently a tramp, was found in the waiting
room of the union passenger station
at Augusta, Ga . with his throat cut
from ear to car, and fast bleeding to 1
death. lie was on hi.-i hands and knees
letting tbe blood run oui of the gash. '
He was almost unconscious, and when ]
asked his name said, "Herman." That
was all that could be gotten from him 1
before he died. lie had written a pa- i
thetic nolo saying he had no friends. ]
no money, and was suffering from an
incurab'e disease He prayed God to
forgive him, and bid farewell to the
sad, wicked world. There was nothing 1
about him to identify him or tell
whence he came.
His Mind Unbalanced.
A speeial from Anniston, Ala., says:
Lieut. Leroy Brovm. Co. D. Third
Tennessee, against whom very sensa
1 .1 1 1 J. I 3 _ !
cionai caarges na\e ueeii iiiaue. uau a i
dispute today with Capt. Toneray of
the same company, which went into
blows. Brown got a shotgun and went
to look for Toneray. Capt. Stevens, offi- ;
cer of the day, took the gun away from him.
Brown, who seemed to be in a ;
frenzy, then got a revolver and went to
the tent of Capt. C. S. Andrews, whom i
he tried to shoot. Andrews caught the ,
weapon and received a flesh wound in
the hand from the hammer as it came
down. It is thought that Brown's
mind had become temporarily unbalanced
as a result of brooding over his 1
troubles. The officer of the day took him
in charge.
Some Good Advice to the Farmers
of the South
It would seem that the low price of
cotton which has prevailed for the past
few years would be the strongest argument
against too much acreage in cotton,
but there is so much speculation in
the fleecy staple, that even the farmer
catches the air of chance that seems to
hang ahout it, and feels every year that
he will try it just one more time, and
that he is bound to win next time, and
strike a year of high prices. He don't
want to be caught with a short crop on
i high price year, so he puts io full
acreage and probably a few more than
the 3 ear previous. Ever> farmer reasons
about the same way, and the result
is big crops and low prices. Referring^
the acrcage for this year, Mr.
Alfred B. Sheppersoo says in a private
"Under the present conditions I
think it will be very unfortunate if the
South should plaut this spring an increased
acreage in cotton. Even with
the comparative moderate crop which is
now being marketed it has been extremely
difficult to hold prices even
where they are now notwithstanding
the fact that Europe is consuming more
cotton than ever before. I have no interest
whatever in the cotton market
but I feel a deep interest in all that
concerns the welfare of the South.
The wisdom of the moderate acreage in
otton last year has been made and it is
Dot likelv that any change will be made
from the acreage now in contemplation.
With the other 'State?, however, there
is yet time in -which the acreage contemplated
may be reduced or extended.
Cottoi. is very low and therefore
;here is rcom for considerable advance
lO take place between now and the time
for planting and such an advance might
jause an increased acreage, which would
mquestionably result unfortunately for
;he South." The low price which cotion
has brought for the past few years,
;he earnes't appeals of the press, the
idvice of the alliance leaders, and the
lemand for hog and hominy has in a
neasure checked the mammoth crops
:hat were being made, and slightly cur
.aueu l/UC 5c. uuiiucic 10 iwJUU XV/X
?urther improvement, and the farmers
)f the South should give more acres to
log and hominy, and fewer to cotton
;han last year.
Sever Expect to See Party on Board
Paul Jones.
A dispatch from Mobile says Messrs
raggart and .Jones- hare practically
n . l - - t* - s ' .y
iDauuoDsa tne nope 01 -ever seeing tne
)arty on board the yacht Paul Jones
ilive. The finding of a telescope by a
.rapper near the mouth of the Mississippi,
and the identification of it from
i description as a part of the fittings of
he yacht, and the finding of the two
-ranks washed ashore containing clothng
belonging to Miss Florence Taggart,
las convinced them that the yacht met
mh disaster. It is barely possible that
he party have survived and are in Lousiana
marsh, near Bird Island, and
he engineer's steamer Maud, with
Messrs Taggart and Jones on board.,
tarted to the marsh tonight at 8 o'clock,
rhe waters, inlets and sounds along
:he coast of Horn ship and Petit Bois
5 r? A Phonal donr ic!on<3 tr/sro nrnri or li.
y explored today, and nothing whatever
found. The yacht had not at any
time touched at Chandeleur island.
Ihe opinion of all is that the disaster
happened not many hours after the
pacht left the mouth of the Mississippi
The customs officials are doing their
utmost in trying to get information
from every vessel or sailing craft from
along the coast and numerous islands
that daily enter the river here. The
Paul Jones went to sea through Pass-aLoutre,
with Colonel Yocum and party
Dnboard in charge of Captain J. Sturreant,
on January 3, and was passed
by several small craft next day sailing
along the coast, and since then nothing
has been heard from her.
The lighthouse tender Pansy, in command
of A. V. "Wadhams, is making a
thorough search along the shores of
Breton and Chandeleur islands and
may return at any hour with tidings of
the yacht. According to reliable information
received late last night, the
/?V < -Pov.1 Ta? ao ia in oil kill fv o
x am y uuto 10 ILL an piuwauuiij a.
total loss, with all on board. Fishermen
from the back bay between Bird
island and Colletts canal report finding
a quantity of wreckage, such as windows
and doors, of the cabin of a new
Loved the Place.
.Recently a man aiea up m rennsyivania
and left the town of Winchester,
Va., $700,000. having previously
requested that his body be buried there
as near as possible to the dead Confederates,
so that in the resurrection he
might right rise in line with the men
that wore the gray. His request was
religiously fulfilled and he was buried
near the grave of that '"noblest Roman
of them all," Turner Ashby. He was
a. northern man by biathand lineage,
but he had lived in Winchester for a
limited period since the war. and had
become so i.jfatuated with the place and
its associations that his love for it became
the ruling passsion of his life.
A Jealous Woman.
A sensational shooting took place
Wednesday night at the Ellington, a
fashionable apartment house at Cleveland
Ohio. A stylishly dressed and
handsome young woman, said to be
Miss Edna Raymond, entered the
rooms occupied by Mr. and Mrs" John
A. Hanna during the absencc of the
husband and opened fire on Mrs. Hanoa
with a revolver. Four shots were
fired but only one took effect, causing
a painful wound. Miss Raymond made
her escape and has not yet been located.
Mr. and Mrs. Kanna were married on
Christmas. Up to a short time previ
ous Hanna had kept company, it is said
with Miss Raymond.
"What the world needs to-day is great
moral, spiritual and intellectual leaders
who will lead the people upward
and onward in the direction of a better
and nobler life.
Mataafa's Followers Loot and
Burn the City of Apia.
How the American and British ' "
Consuls Had to Put the Officious
German Consul
. * ...:
Samoan advices say that Chief Justice
Chambers on December 31 declared
Malietoa Tanus to have been elected
king, in succession of the late King
Malietoa. The consuls of the United
States and Great Britain and captains
of the warship Falke and the British
warship Porpoise met the German
consul, who refused to recognize
Malietoa Tanus, and declined to co-op
erate in the dispersal of the Samoana.
who thereupon assembled in large numbers
at Mulinuu. armed themselves and
surrounded the municipality. Malietno
on^ Tomtcrtifl oViArif 9 HAH
men. well armed, but supplied with defective
ammunition. The British and
American consuls endeavored to avert
hostilities, but they commenced on
January 1. Malictoa Tanus and Tamasese
fought-bravely, but 500 of their
followers were captured. Then, disheartened
and outnumbered, the two
chiefs sought refage on the British warships
and their followers sought protection
under the guns of the Porpoise.
Mataafa's loss was 61 men killed and
wojmded, and Malietoa Tanus lost 12
men killed and wounded. The foreign
residents were placed under the protection
of a detachment of men belonging
to the British ship, and Chief Justice
Chambers and his family went on board
of her.
The followers of-Mataafa looted and
burned Apia, destroyed the plantations
and pillaged considerably iu the country.
The consuls later decided to recognize
Mataafa and his chiefs as a provisional
government, pending the receipt
of instructions from the powers.
When the British and American consuls
were informed as to the situation
they adjourned the court and locked
the building. The German consul demanded
the keys, which were refused
him. He then broke open the doors,
removed the locks and replaced them
with others. He afterward brought the
German municipal president into the
chamber and the latter went upon the ?<balcony
and shouted to the British and
American marines assembled on. the
square: "I am the supreme court. I
am the chief justice."
The crowd replied with jeers and the
British consul demanded the keys of
the building, which were refused. A
Scotchman named Mackie thereupon
climbed on top of the building and
hoisted the Samoan flag, while the British
and American consuls and a number
of- marines invaded the building,
forced the doors open and pushed the
German consul into the street. Then
the two consuls formally and legally, /
according to the special dispatch,
opened the court and issued a warning
against any further interference with
its jurisdiction, threatening to arrest
and imprison any one attempting to do
so. Matters, the dispatch concludes,
are now quiet and the German consul
remains in his ^nsulate.
Interesting Feature of Lee's Birthday
Celebration in Savannah.
The Thirty-first regiment Michigan
volunteers, which is in camp near Savannah,
Ga., was given a camp dinner
Thursday on the anniversity of the birth
of Robt. "R. Lee by the First volunteer
regiment of Georgia, formerly the
First G-eorgia volunteers, the Michigan
soldiers' neighbors in _ camp at Chickamauga
and Knoxville. The dinnerwas
served by members of the Georgia regiment
and by the ladie3 of Savannah.
The camping ground looked more like a
park than a military reservation. Pines
and palmetoes had been placed in the
ground and the company streets looked
like a grove. The men ate at long ta- ,
bles, which had been decorated with
potted plants. Each table vwas occupi- ^ /
ed by one company and had the company
letter suspended over it with
''welcome." Despite the cold weather
the ladies went out to the camp and
waited on the volunteers in the bleak
vrnd. The men sat at the tables foY
an hour.
During the dinner speeches were
mafio hr flnl fr-ar/ln#*-- ftf flip
regiment, Col. Lawton of the First
Georgia and Lieut. Col. Schubcll of the
Michigan. After the dinner the regiment
gave a dress parade in the park.
The Georgia Hussars, the famous Jeff
Davis legion of the Confederate army,
which acted as President McKinley's
escort during his recent visit to Savan
nan. and the Chatham artillery, next to
the Ancient and Honorable artillery of
Boston, the oldest artillery organization
in the country, paraded. The artillery
marched through the streets to
the park, where the customary salute
r>f 21 guns was fired iu honor of the
Confederate hero.
' V
Three Lives Lost.
Out of the wreck of the steamer
Ouachita, which burned at the Memphis
wharf early Thursday morning,
the charred loiica of three persons
have been taken. Present identifications
of the bodies is purely circumstantial,
but they are believed to be
those of Dr. Murray, of Greenville,
Miss., and Mr. and Mrs. Keck. Keck
and his wife were en route from Columbus.
0.. to Vicks'burg. Miss., and Keck
is supposed to have lost his life trying
to save that of his wife. No other
bodies could be found.
Tle Yorkville Enquirer says; "We
believe that the people of South Caro- r
lina would gladly adop": a constitutional
amendment providing for biennial '
sessions of the general assembly; but
we arc doubtful as to whether the ?res-'
ent generally assembly is willing to risk
a vote on the subject." The member
of the present legislature who fails to
vote to give the people an opportunity
to decide this matter for themselves
should be left at home next time.

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