OCR Interpretation

The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 01, 1899, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-02-01/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

^ VOL. LI 11 ~ W INNS BOKO. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 1 1899. NO 26. ^
??? ? ' - HI
A Bill to Repeat the Law Debatec
inthe House
Full Report of the Discussion anc
^ How Each Member
Voted on the
^ x!-u?
| uuestiun.
Thc^Housc spent the whole of Tuesday
of last week vj the consideration ol
; a bill to repeal the lien law, giving it a
| year for it to become operative. The
* bill was introduced by Mr. Verner.
who said he had been trying for ten
years to get this opportunity. lie
wanted to be listened to for ten or fifteen
minutes. He had something im*-n
ssv. He had something in
|/V4 w %v ? - his
heart and his head to show why the
lien law should be repealed. This law is
a remnant of the old times. About ali
that was left every two years was a croi
of political corpses. There is a reason
for this, and it is because the people
want relief. The maik cause of our
troubles is this remnant of Republieau
rule. This law has been here sincc
the war, and is the worst creature ol
the war. "When this bill was foisted
upon us we were helpless. We fought
the war to remain in control of our domestic
affairs, but we lost not only tht
Negro, but so much else that we be
discouraged and have not tried a?
we should to regain what has been lost
We are to-day going to the United
States Government and trying to have
the Government stamp half a dollar ;
worffh of silver for a dollar. Let u>
remedy things here at home before ap
pealing to Congress. Let us be independent
at home, and there will be no
uc" *.* appeal to Washington. Wt
a: 7* i. ade one gain, and that is, thai
we nave learned that it is better to reason
for a thiDg than to fight for it. He
wanted some of the smart fellows whc
opposed the bill to give some reason.
It is a cry about the "poor man." It
is. always the poor man. This thing
has gotten the poor man down so pooi
that he cannot move. If this lien system
has been tried thirty-five years and
has been a failure, how much longer is
it wanted for an experiment? It is
now time to stop and try something
else. He took it for granted that everyone.
knew how poor the people were.
There are two remedial propositions;
one to decrease the cotton erop, and
second, to increase the money crop.
The people at home want something
done, but often do not know what they
want. It is much easier for the South
to control the cotton crop instead of the
money issue. He was not such a great
believer in free silver, as it was too far
off. It was not worth a shuck. It
made him sick to think his people were
chasim: free silver instead of trying to
regulate" their home affairs. Then tie
branched out and asked if anyone evei
.thought -whatwould happen if the tide
fwere not to come back. He did not
. _ Jknow what it meant, bnt if it did not
r .. >come back there would be the devil tc
j>?y. -The lien law has been carrying
: . _ ^he tide out for thirty-five years.
: What is to be done? Try to get free
silver? It is pitiful to see our people
waiting for free silver, bat there is
much to be gained instead of waiting.
We've always been led in the wrong di
rection. "What we W3nt is to control oui
own affairs.
There is one question to be answered.
How-to do without the lien law? H?
. ' was talking what he knew and had tried.
He told those who applied to him foi
liens that they could get nothing bul
something to eat. .Let mem wear wun
they already have to wear, and do with'
out dry goods and bicycles, and thej
can get along. If they stop the diy
goods bill they will owe only half as
much, and then make their molasses,
hominy and things at home. What h(
wanted to do was to make the pooi
farmer stay at home and n;row what h?
needs, and stay away from the dr.*
goods store until he is able to pay foi
what he buys.
Mr. "Wharton: "Do you think if .w<
repeal the lien law in South Carolina i1
will help or hurt free silver?"
Mr. Yerner:';Do you think the lier
law will bring free silver?"
Mr Wharton: "It hasn't a thiug t(
do with it."
Mr. Verner said that if the State goe:
back to a cash basis other States willd(
the same, and if the States go back t<
a cash basis there will be a reduction ir
acreage, and that is bound to help H<
was not asking for support for his bill
for he believed it right. The lien lav
frinrrarv to a leiritimu^e credit si s
; tem.
t Col. K. B. A. Robinson, of Anderson
said no man gave a lien unless be has i
to do.
Mr. Verner: "Yes they du."
Mr. Robinson: "If the lien law is th<
poor man's only credit, why rob him o:
it. The extention in the time for pay
ing taxes was for the poor people. I
the poor people wanted calico let then
have it. Pass this bill and he did no
see how the poor people would ge
Mr. Mann, of Abbeville, was op
posed to the lien law. It encourage:
idleness. It makes the white man de
pendent. It is a custom of poor met
"* * T T.J
to De required to give a lien. jlz ae
moralizes the poor farmer. He want-tc
the bill passed in the interest of th(
poor farmer. The bill has nothing t<
do with free silver. This bill will giv<
the people the freedom they have aske(
f I or. V
A*Ir. F&ifey;;pf Orangeburg, vrantec
^ to know wKv the people generally wen
so bad off He had some experience ir
III mercantile business and was a farmer
r" When a man approaches a merchant t(
get alien the first question is: ;;Ho^
much cotton are you going to plant?"
If he says he will plant rice, pota^
toes, sorghum and the like he cannot
get advances. The only man whc
maVw aiivthinsrout of srivinir the lien is
the farmer who acts rascally. It has z
tendency to wrong. It does not builc
up credit on a proper basis. He woulc
relate a case he knew of. A farmei
gave a lien year after year. He wem
backwards, and was finally sold out.
and lo his horse, mule, and all. Th?
mtrchant who had run him for five year
refused him advances. He we^t hom<
and cried until lie was wvak. H<
braced up; went and got an ox from
neighbor. He gathered up the ol
ploughs. Three days he worked on th
field with his ox, and three days h
1 worked out and made rations for hi
family. At the end of the year he ha
? three bales of cotton and did not owe
cent on them, and today that farmer i
pretty well off and does not owe a ceni
The lien law is a rainbow to the mei
chant. Ninety-five-pper cent of th
merchants who deal, in liens fail soon*
i. or later. The lien law is calculated t
I make men dishonest.
Mr". Threatt, of Chesterfield, tnougr
this law best with the homestead lav
A roan is bound to have something t
eat and wear, and with which to fee
his stock. This bill will make ever
poor man a hireling. Men cannot g<
'] credit unless th iy have something o
:' which to base that credit. He hope
? the bill would be killed.
. Mr. K. D. Smith, of Sumter, said 3]
Faircy's man made his independent
t with the lien law in existence. If th
lien tarr Hnvre this man and others t
. independence then it does no barn
. The lien law is wanted for a class (
t people who cannot be reached othei
; wise. Under the homestead law ther
; is an exemption of $1,500. Kepeal thi
[ lien law and no business-like busine?
> man will make him avdances. Kepct
! the lien law and there can be no shar
> crop with the smaller and poorer cla;
of farmers, especially the colored one.'
i In every country where there is
i free tenantry the tenant will have soiut
thing to say about the crop he helps t
t mase. He lived in the line tobacc
; section and business men were quite a
willing to stipulate tobacco as cottor
To pass this bill will do no good.
Mr. Woods, of Clarendon, though
; this the most important bill of the ses
sion. The bill affected every one. Vh
[ tually South Carolina has no homestea
> law. Every day you see homestead
; passing from the hands of their owner?
; We must give the people of the Xort
credit for taking advantage of our posi
tion. They know our crop must go o
i market. He saw no use to retain thi
: relic of Radicalism. This is not a
: honest law as he viewed it. A grea
deal has been said about doing awa
s with small farmers. If you let the lai
> stand in a few years there will be n
one here to rent to. He saw no reaso:
; to retain this statute. Who are profitc
; by this lien law? Not the poor farm
Pn-m +V. AfT ttymA V J A T\AA1>Ocf /vf f A Y\flAT
Cia5 1VI W1.-5 Jpvvivjwi j/vw?
A motion to. indefintely postpone th
[ bill was last, and the further c&nsidera
i tion of the matter was then postpone
i until Wednesday when it was taken u;
; again and debated at eonsiderabl
length. On a motion to kill the bii
the vote was:
Yeas?Speaker Gary, Ashley, Bell
J. B. Black, Blythe, Bolts, Colcock
Cross, Crumm, Dargan, Davis, Dean
; Dowling, Epps, Estridge, Floyed,,Gam
ble, Gantt, Hill, Hopkins, Jenkins
W. J. Johnson, Lockwook, Lofton
Lyles, Manning, Laban Mauldin, Me
Cullough, E: D. Smith,; McDill, Mc
^ i'AV/lU WU0J
Mobley, Montgomery, Moss, Nettles
Pyatt, Henry B. Richardson, R. B. A
Robinson, C:7?. Sanders,
1-1 or A P Smith. .Tereniia]
Smith, Stackhouse, Stevenson; Suber
W. J. Thomas, Threatt, Yarn, West
> Weston, Wharton, Whiaonant William
; Wilson, Wimberly, H. H. Woodward
t M. B. Woodward, Your;g.
; Nays?Bacot. Bailey, Blease, Brown
ing, Cangh'man, Cosgrove, DeBrnhl
! Dendy, Efird, H. H. Evans, N. G
! Evans, Fairey, Gause, Graham, Hen
> derson, Hoftmeyer, Hollis, Jackson
Mann, Marion, WUlis.m L. MauldiD
in \fuonc
* iuv;v;ian, iuvL.ii" j
Patterson, Peurifoy, f.ichards, Georg
W. Richardson, C. JE. Robinson, Rog
. ers. E. L. Zanders, Scabrook. Sharpe
! J. L. 6:?>ii, Strom, Sturkie, Tbeus
W. H. Thomas, Timmsrman, Verner
Wingo, Winkler, Woods, Wyche.
i After the bill was killed Mr. Ashle;
t moved to consider the vote and to la;
the motion on the table, which wa
' adopted, and the matter is now at res
r for a year at least.
, The Word Damn.
[ The State of Mississippi has decide*
r that the use of the word "damned"' i
\ profanity, says the Memphis Commei
cial-Appeal. This seems singula
: when we consider the origin and th
meaning of the word. It comes fror
1 the thorough reputable Latin won
t "damnare," to condemn, and, taken b;
itself, there is no profanity in it. Yer;
1 often the preacher does not hesitate t
tell such of his congregation as are de
^ 1 imAiiAnt fK/iTT orfl rlor?no^ ' or?i
11 UU UOil u tuuu v> uauiuwu v
the use of the word here is prof an it
' under the Mississippi decision, whic
5 dof?lnTv?s flint ''anv wnrd<i imnnrtin? a
} imprecatior of divine vengeance. o
1 implying divine condemnation," cor
stitute profanity. If one person speak
' of another as a "condemned'' 'or i:hope
' less"' fool, he could not be hauled u
for swearing, yet the meaning would b
about the same: as if he used the wor
' "dammed." Of course, the latter wor
is Jacking in gentility and politeness
but there is no more essential profanit
in it than there is in the word "unmit:
j; gated."
Town Killers.
The following from an exchange ma
t apply to more towns than the one. a
t seme of the types meniioned exist i
nearly every community: '"Town kill
. ers: First, those who go out of tow
5 to do their shopping; second, thos
who are opposed to improvemeut; third
j those who prefer a quiet town to one c
push and business; fourth, thos? wh
j imagine they own the town; fifth, thos
a who deride public spirited men; sixtl
j those who oppose every movement tha
a does not originate with them; seventh
I those who oppose every movement tha
does not appear to benefit them j^ightt
3 those who seek to injure the credit c
1 ?. .. . r _ j:j l^ n
> | reputation 01 lauiviuuais.
1 Augusta Strike Ends.
The strike in the Augusta, Ga., cot
I ton mills, which began Nov. 11, wa
' ended Friday by the operatives- return
in'g to work at the reduced scale c
' wages. Abort four thousand hand
' were involved in the strike, It is sai
1 that the prices charged for fuel hav
been cut in half by the mill companie
i and the house rent reduced most mate
[ rially.
: _ The old Confederate veterans wi]
t assemble in large numbers in Charles
, ton on the 10th of May, and prepers
i tions are already under way looking t
i their entertainment. Every county i
i the State will be represented and ever
: county should lend a helping hand.
u i 5
e I .
e | <
is Buried on Every Battlefield from I.
a Gettysburg to Rio Grande. <
.e ]
o The Number of Our Heroic Dead j:
it is Not Known Accurately. <
o Many of the Rolls Are
d . 1
IncomDlete. I<
'n Col. Fox, in his valuable and pains- j "
d taking book on ''Regimental Losses in i ;
the Civil War," says that a summing j ?
r up of the casualties of battle anu all j 1
minor engagements?using ofiicial re- ; )
o ports ouly, and in t!ic ir absence accept- <
j ing Confederate estimates?indicates j
^ that 94,00(1 men, in round numbers.
.. were killed or mortally wounded on the
e Confederate side during i he war. That i ,
[s the aggregate must have been fully j <
,3 this number is made plain by the fol- i (
j] lowing official figures i'rem incomplete : (
c official Confederate ruiis on ii!e in the ! (
ar^T- c rtt Wuliinorfnn i /
jg | K?UVU * M.V . f . ^
Died of Pied of -,
0 State Killed wonnds. disease. ,
0 \'irginia 5.323 2.511) (J,i) 17 !
13 North Carolina 14."iliil 5,151 20.002 .
' South Carolina 9,187 3,735 4.7(10
Georgia. 5,553 1,711' 3 702 j j
* Florida 793 50?> 1.047 i
*' Alabama...... 552 31)0 724:''.
C Mississippi. .. 5.807 2.051 (i,807 |
u Louisiaua 2,1118 S68 3^059 i \
s Texas 1.348 1*241 1.260 ;
; Arkansas 1'.1U3 915 3.7S2 *
u Tennessee 2.115 874 3.425 \
L" Regulars 1.007 408 1,040 ;
n Border States.. 1,938 672 2.142 s
n Totals 59,954 21,570 59,297 U
-t While these returns are obviously in- !
y complete, they are worth noting, as
7 they show that at least 74,525 were kill0
ed or died of wounds, and that certainly ?
jj 59,297 died of disease. The only States -r
where the figures approximate to fulness
are North and South Carolina. Those
'* familiar with Southern war statistics 1
e are confident that the Virginia killed v
and died of wounds exceeded that of ?
any other State, except perhaps North .
P Carolina, yet her losses in this compili- ?
e f?nrn Jn /v-minlate rf>- I
1 CtlrJU/l* ilVUA VUV ^UWUi|/ V V*w. - ?
turns are but little more than half those a
of the small State of South Carolina. a
' The official records of the war show 11
; conclusively in the running reports that ^
' Alabama lost in killed and died of ,
wounds fully 15.000 men. The losses ^
'' of'the "border States," Missouri, Kentucky
and Maryland, are obviously in- S
" complete. Missouri alone lost more ^
killed than is here stated. The re'
cords of battles.do not show that South
'' Carolina lost in killed and died of
r"~tne other States, excepting North Car--"'-'
olina. Her iroops fought very well,
' and sometimes lost heavily, .but the
'> losses of Georgia, Alabama, Mississips
pi and Louisiana regiments were cer- ]<
' tainly as great, if not greater, besides j S(
which most of the States named togeth- ft
er with Virginia, had a greater number f(
? of regiments engaged in most of the
* great battles. The explanation of the p
~ figures is that the losses of the Carolina
' States are fully set out, whereas^ those i]
' of the others are only partially includ- c,
' ed, because the official rolls were, lost h
0 in the hurly burly of the wind up. But h
enough is shown in this table to con- C(
' firm the official records quoted by Col. a
' Fox, showing that the Confederate q
' killed and died of wounds numbered n
fully 94,000. ^ i
^ Of course the statement of the aggre- h
[ gate that died of disease is far below tl
, thetotal. In the beginning of the war h
the Confederate regiments were terribly
ravaged by disease, as fugitive state- b
ments in the official records make per- ^
fecfcly plain. If North Carolina lost ?
^ 20.602 of her soldiers by disease it is t
s hardly credible that Georgia, famishing j t
approximately the same number of | i]
r troops, lost only 3,702 from the same i a
e cause. It is probable, as lias been j t
Q stated by high Southern authority in ; b
& recent years, that the Confederate iosses j
y from disease approximated closely to j a
v 19^ nnn m^n Tt i* to deduce 1
0 from the foregoing tabie that the death j I
' from disease could hardly have fallen j 1
^ short of that total. ?
v The Confederate dead like the Union 3
h lie buried on every battlefield from >
11 Gettysburg to the montR of the Kio $
r Grande, and at. all the prison depots \
l* throughout the North. A lew of their
s dead have been exhumed here and there I
and removed by their friends, but there
i' has been no general care of the Confed?
erate^iead like that which characterized
'l the Union policy, for the rensou that b
" there was no central authority to direct p
and no Government treasury to pay the n
y expense of such an undertaking. The s
1- ^nt'h hn? jilwivs lonL'nd to mark and n
care for the graves of her dead soldiers I o
on a similar plan scale with that of the '
North, but. impoverished by the war, s
y she has been unable to do so. Several r
s patriotic societies have made efforts to a
n do something toward this much desired
1- end. but compared with thf vastnessof
n the whole task but little may be said to t
e have bee*i accomplished. ?
i, In some of the principal battles of ,
tf the war, selected from the various thea
o treSj the gallant Confederates made the
e following losses in killed outright, the t
l, figures not including those who afterit
ward died of wounds:
Battle. . Killed, i
l> Bull Run (first Manassas) 3S7 t
'r Wilson's Creek 279
Fort Donelson 4U6
Pea Ridge 300
Shiloh 1.723 r
Fair Oaks (Seven Pines) 980 a
Seven Days' Battles 3,2S6 v
e Bull Run (second Manassas) 1,553 1
Antietam 1,512 a
j Corinth 1,200 l
e Penyrille 510 J
Fredericksburg 596 '
Murfreesborough 1,794 c
Chancellorsville 1.665 T
unampioa s xiui .juu
11 Vicksburg seige 805
s- Gettysburg 3,500
l- Chickamauga 2,389 2
o Missionary Ridge 361 1
d Olustae 93 c
y Sabine Crossroads 850 S
Wilderness 1.630 o
Atlanta campaign 3.1
3pottsylvania 1-3'
Drewry's Blufrs\ 3;
Dold Harbor
Atlanta. July22, 18G4 1.5<
Wincester 2:
(Jedar Creek 3:
Franklin l.Ti
Nashville 3*
Bentonvillc 21
Five Forks 3:
Many important sieges and battl
t... 4. ?(? T
ITU ULUltLUU 1UI w<xu\, \ji opavu. j. ,
[; Dion losses of killed in battle ai
lied of wounds exceeded Confedera
:igures by about 13,.")00 men.
The official records show that 26,7
Confederate .soldiers and citizen priso
jrs died in Union hands during the fo
years of the war. The tabulated stat
nent specifically enumerates 10!)poin
it which prisoners were held who die
md (jj died at unknown places. The
rcre only about twenty-five regul
ipti/mnar.rtfcaf tlid \"r>rt.})_ hrtVFeVC
Hie following are t he totai deaths
Confederates at the more irnporta
prison posts during the war:
Prison Depot. Deatb
Utoiu 111 1,6
Ja up JJutler. ill S.
Jam]) Chase, Ohio 2,1'
.'amp Pougiass, 111.. 3,7;
,'aiup Morton, 1 nd l,7l
Jamp ilaudail, Wis !
Chester, Pa 2
David's Island, New Yoik Harbor
Elmira. X. V.. .. ?<S
\>rt Delaware. tfei
^ort Warren. Boston harbor.. . .
Frederick. M<1 -Gettysburg,
Pa Jart's
Island, New York harbor.. 2Johnson's
Island. Ohio.
\noxvi!le, Tenn K
Little llork. Ark -Nashville
Sew Orleans, La &
i'oint Lookout, Md 3.4r
Richmond. Ya
{ock Island. Ill U>:
k. Louis. Mo &
ship Island, Miss It
Yashington, JD. C ^
Of the total of 2l>,774 Confederal
rho died in Northern prisons, tl
;raves of 19V920 were originally markc
'known." and (>,8.")4 "'unknown.
Yhether it is still possible to identif
he graves marked as "known''I a:
mable to state, but probably the]
i rr i. rn i _
rouia DC some aimcuity. me gravt
if those Confederates who died in tt
lospitals of their towns and cities coul
n most cases be found and identifiec
'he graves of those who died in th
rmy hospitals would be hard to fim
nd in most cases must necessarily I
narked :'unknown. tOf the thousand
rho died on the battlefield have left n
race of their being, and can no long*
e cared for iu the sense of the Pres
ent's meaning. They will hencefort
ive no sign except as their bones ai
loughed up by future generations.
tc, Armnrtioh thfi Sohnol Pnn
Between the Races.
In the State Senate on Tuesday c
ist week Mr. Ilderton's bill to requii
ihool trustees to apportion all scho(
inds between the races was taken u
Dr third reading.
Senator Archer moved to indefinitel
+ Tl/3f T-? o f if V?orJ n
kJCliaLUX JLXU.^1 tuu oaxu tuat xuuau mvv
itimated to him that his bill was ur
onstitutional. He was no lawyer, bi
e thought he understood English, an
e failed to see where the bill was ur
onstitutional. The people wanted :
nd lie.had offered the bill at the r<
uest of many citizens. Ht foun
othing in the Constitution of th
Jnited States that would conflict wit
is bill, nor could he find anything i
tie State Constitution to conflict wit
is bill.
Senator Henderson srated that pr<
ably if we consulted our wishes ^
rould agree with the Senator froi
'lorence. If this bill should be passe
he chanccs were that in a few montl
he whole school fund would be tied u
a. tbe federal Courts. lie tnougnt
very bad experiment for the Legisk
are to pa>s a law which it knew woul
e declared unconstitutional.
Senator Iiderton demanded the yec
nd nays.
Yeas? Aldrich, Archer. Blakene:
Jarnwell. Bowcn, G. W. Brown G. i
Jrown, Dean. Dennis. Glenn. Griffitl
fenderson, Hough, Livingston, Lov<
Ianning. Marshall. Mauldin, Ma\'?el<
lower. Ragsdale, Sarratt, Scarborougl
' ' i r* *1 .1 p..n!
>neppara, otanaiana, oumvan, xaium
Valker, Wallace ana Waller?29.
Nays?Alexander. Appelt, Graydor
Idcrton, Sudduth?5.
Only Wore a Smile.
Private Karl Agnew, a Minnesot
fO.v at Manila, says in a letter to h:
>areuts: "The inhabitants here ai
iot very modest. Some of them wea
imply a smile, while the more bashfi
f them wear a garter string.'' Th:
bsening young man also notes thr
'during the dry season it only rait
ix days in the week, but daring the
ainy season it rains only once, an
nrl rVinf- i? nil fTip rimr>."
The German Way.
A German editor has been sentence
o more than four years' imprisonmer
or lese majestie against the Emperor
econd son. a small boy ;n knickerbocl
rs. Yet the offending article whic
q itself was nothing, was published i
he absencc and without the knowleds
f the editor. Convictions for lese m:
estie under Emperor William have e:
eeded anything ever known before i
Curone. whether in medieval or anciei
ire cs.
An Honest Woman.
An old woman stopped a retired bus
tess man cf Ebensburg, Pa., a few da?
.go on tha street and handed him $2.51
rhiph shfi said she owed him. T1
nan protested that he knew no?hir
.bo.ut it, but the old woman insiste
hat it was correct, and he took tl
noney. He afterward hunted up h
>ooks and found it was a pair of sho<
iver forty years ago. when the woma
ras a girl living in Ebsnsburg.
'jSix Men Scalded.
Whilp r?leamnff a boiler in thecruisi
sew York at the Brooklyn ->~avy Yai
Thursday sis men were injured by e
aping steam. One of them. J. 1
ihea. a coalpasaer. will die. Tim
thers were scalded slightly.
55 |
DO ; By a Republican Congressman in
26 I *" ^
?0 a Hot Speech.
50 |
50 j :
,cs i tl? /**_ r\~
he i iic ricsiueiu d vuurst; ue\Q
nounced as a Policy of
-4 Evasion, Hypocracy
n" and Arrogance.
e* While discussing the army reorganijjs
zation hill in the House of Representarg
tives last 'Wednesday Mr. Johnson, a
ar Republican member from Indiana, took
r. occasion to pitcli into President Mc0f
ICinlcy vrl'tli gloves off.
nt "Whilo the president in the prcsI
ftnCfi nf what linmflv tn Ko n
of popular demand,*' he began, ':is hurrylS.
ing the army and navy across the sea
to inflict upon an alien people a govern1G
ment against their will and propose,
38 fearlessly, without regard to its effect
upon my personal fortunes, to make a
53 plea for liberty, and an argument
57 against the perpetration of injustice." {
13 "We were on the vej"ge of a crisis,'' J
said 31r. Johnston. "Those who failed
;"3 to rush 'forward in support of the .
^0 schemes of the imperialists were being :
12 denounced here in the public press as
[3 'Spaniards.' and men who failed in their
>i; duty. His answer was that if the chief
10 executive would break his silence and '
ft) openly state the he did not propose to
*0 enslave the^people of the Philippines,
the present strained relations in the is- !
>0 land would cease. those who were but j
]9 yesterday our allies would return to
>9 their homes and there-would be no neK>
cessity for this proposed increase in the
*7 standing army. No. this would not be (
>2 done."
J9 Continuing he drew a parallel be;2
tween' our revolutionary struggle and
>7 the struggle the Fillipinos made for in2S
dependence, lie argued that today 2
ie they had a stable government, republi- i
:d can in form, a president, a vice-presi- ]
" dent and congress, the whole founded i
'y upon the free consent of the governed, i
m To attempt to subvert that government, j
-e he charged, would be an "unspeakable z
>9 crime that should bring the blush of i
ie shame to the cheeks of everv free born 1
d American." Mr. Johnston paid a high, a
1. tribute to ' Aguinaldo and to Agon- i
,e cillo. 1
1. "If William McKinley ever changes
>e his policy regarding the Philippines,"
is he declared in stentorian tones. ,:he
o will bend to the weight of popular opin>r
ion to which he bows right or wrong."
i- This utterance raised a storm of aph
plausefrom thi Democratic side. Mr.
e Johnston requested that such interruptions
cease as thf.y took up his time.
Several times before he had made a
similar request.
"I fhould imagine the gentleman
could tolerate JL/emocratic applause, t
d ictoTUifed Hcn^Nnn. "Rpr)TiV)K<>;in. of V
Iowa. "~t
'"Thegentleman can always tolerate i
the applause of honest men. no matter 5
when it comes,'" replied Johnston p
'e quickly. - i
>1 As the applause which greeted this g
P rejoinder died away, he added:
"And he can also tolerate the narrow s
y censure of those of his own party, as I
he has done frequently in the past. He
n has never been so well satisfied with v
1_ himself as when his narrow colleagues f
were cryiDg him down."' (
d "I pride myself, Mr, Speaker," he i
}' continued, drawing himself up to his s
full height, *'t'iat I have broadened c
3" since I entered public life. My party \
is a means, not. an end, with me, and c
when Jt oeiieve my party is wrong notn- <
k ing can make me abate my independent j
? convictions " .? ?
" Proceeding he denounced the presi- 1
dent's course is a "'policy of evasion," <
and charged that his supporters were f
'e conjuring up specters to drive in the i
^ opposition. If we set the example and
^ withdraw, recognizing the indepen13
dence of the Filipinos, others would do r
P likewise. But if other countries did
pounce down upon the islands, let them
l" do it. Wc were not expressively or
impliedly responsible. If there was .
to be a European war. let us. in Grod's 1
IS nam1;, keep out of it. The cry went c
up, "Ratify the treaty and stop the i
war." The president arrogated to c
L- himself the right to speak for 70.000.- i
000 people. a
p '"I thank God."' shouted Johnston, c
- "for the spirit of independence in the I
senate of the United States, irrespec- i
tive of party. Bryan never made a i
greater blunder than when he said the t
* * ? 1"! I. 1 ' C - J J 1 T
troarv saouia oe rauaea anu our poii^ j
determined afterwards. Andrew Cur- c
negie was nearer right, but he said the ?
treaty should be fought in the dark, t
:a not the open. I say we should fight it c
15 from start to finish. Public sentiment a
'e should be arousfed. It is Being aroused, ?
as evidenced by the great public meet- ?
. ings in New York and Philadelphia, t
ls and my word for it, it will not be many i
lt months before the tide of public senti- t
IS ment which the president vainly im- a
lt agincs is now carrying him to a second t
term will rcccde and leave him high i
and dry. The voice of the people will e
rebuke the spirit of commerce which c
d has supplanted the spirit of liberty. \
it "If the treaty is ratified without be- e
's ing coupled with a resolution declaring g
c- for the ultimate independence of the t
h islands, it will be the death knell of all \
n our efforts to stop the torrent."' c
;e He would vote for a bill to reorganize
i- che army, but before God he would
j- I never vote for a standing army of 100.n
000. whose ultimate object was to es- J
it tablish a colonial system. <
''If I were in the senate." he said, ^
"I would rot in my seat first. I would ^
scorn the demands of a state legisla- t
i- ture and the clamor of the press. I '<
-*s would not let them malign my charac- *
ter and misinterpret my motives, but I !
ie would never swerve from what I "believ- 1
lS ed to be right." <
!d Johnston next referred to the part
je Great Britain had taken in inducing the
is United States to enter into controverts
sies in the far east, and of the manner i
n in which British assistance was being i
given to the "iniquitous policy of Wil- t
ham McKinley." ? I
Mr. Johnston now turned to the <
:t "cost of expansion." He detailed the :
d cost of the war and the estimates of s
s- $145,000,000 for the military establish- <
?. ment. and $45,000,000 for tie naval (
:e establishment for the next fiscal year. 1
It showed, he said, that our war bud- t
get exceeds that of the great military
powers of the world. It is within three
millions of that of Great Britain's vast
establishment by which she ruled her
colonial empire; it was more than the
war budget of Germany; more than that
of France or any other nation on the
face of the globe. And this was to realize
"the wild dream of expansion."
Mr. Johnston's time was twice extended,
Democratic members of the
military committee yielding their time
to him.
The Monroe doctrine, he declaed,
would vanish with the annexation of
the Philippines. If we reached far out
into the other hemisphere we could not
with propriety resist aggregation on this.
In concluding Johnston said that the
cup of our national humiliation was
filled to overflowing, and closing, he
'"We have witneesed the achievements
of our soldiers and sailors and
have inspired in the Old World a feeling
of respect. This country, the beacon
light of liberty, this locked and intrenched
continent, this proud and
erect nation, which never in its history
was oblighed to ask a favor of any other
pountry on earth, now depends on the
intervention of England to keep other
powers oft' its back. We have become
a miserable mendicant, dependent upon
the mother country. We are compelled
to abandon the cardinal principle of
protection and submit to the open door'
policy?at this point the gavel fell and
Johnston said lie would not trespass
further upon the time of the other side,
though he was urged to go on.
"I thank the other side," said he.
''for the opportunity to be heard which
I could not obtain from this sides."
There was a whirlwind of applause
when Johnston took his seat, and many
Democrats crowded up the aisle to congratulate
Short Sketches of Senator Griffith and
mr -n.v; j t>?1_;_
liiessis. xvuujjxsuii aoiu uoymii.
Capt. D. J. Griffith wiil soon lay
iside the senatorial t:ga for the garb of
mother office. Senator Griffith is a very
popular man personally, and is regarded
i good businessman, having been in the
ailroad bussness 14 years. Last year
senator Griffith won the gold watch
iwarded by The State to the most popllar
member of the general assembly,
le has served as clerk of the court and
is treasurer of Lexington county for a
lumber of years, always winning over
lis opponents by large majorities.
Capt. Griffith is colonel of the Lexngton
regiment, United Confederate
veterans. In the civil war his service
is a private for the first few months
ras so faithful and valuable that he
ras promoted to lieutenant at the age
>f 16. He was a captain when IS years
>ld. Hfc made a good soldier, has been
squally as good a citizen, and promises
o do just as well as superintendent of
he penitentiary.
Mr. T. C. Robinson, who was elected
o succeed Mr. Bouthit on the Staii.
ywrJ nf onnhol. was a candidate for
ire-office of-State super i ntenden t -or-ecteication
three years ago. He was a law er
of good standing in Pickens, and
>roprietor of the Pickens Journal. He
s a Wofford college man, and possesses
;ood business qualifications.
Mr. Burrill H. Boykin is a clear-cut
uccessful business man and farmer,
lis father, for many years before the
ras a member of the general assembly,
. O . l /? , , P T
ras captain 01 tne nrst troop 01 cavairy
rom South Carolina which entered the
Confederate service. Mr. Boykin, who
s now 48 years old, received his colle;iate
training at Yale. He has since
levoted his time to farming, and has
)een very successful. He was once
:aptain of a cavalry troop, having revived
a commission from Gov. RichirdsoD.
This is the first time he has
ipplied for or received an office of pubic
trust. His work on the board of
:ontrol is expected to be honorable and
Chey Present an Ultimatum and
Threat to the President.
A dispatch from "Washington says it
s acknowledged in administration cir:les
that Agoniallo, ths Filipino's rep esentative
in Washington, has practi:ally
submitted an ultimatum to the
^resident to recognize him at once as
imbassador from the Filipino republic
>r take the consequences. The Fili)ino
delegation who have come to Washngton
as the agents of Aguinaldo have
ssued an address to the public in which
hey say: (iGen. Francisco Villanuedaly
Felipe, governor general of the Yis:ayas.
' has, upon the retreat of the
Spaniards from Iloilo and its occupaion
by the Filipino troops, acting unler
directions from Aguinaldo. issued
i general manifesto of amnesty to the
Spaniards of that city and province.
;uaranteeing them all liberties under
- ? "L. 11~ Z n r Vi r* 4-V* /\ XT'* 11 rvi /\
lie repuruic iio cujujcu iuc ? myiLiv
jeople. The manifesto also calls upon
he Spaniards to stand by the Filipinos,
is brothers with mutual interests, for
he establishment of a just governnent
The proclamation has had the
iffect of pacifying the Spanish residents
>f the city and causing them to yield
rillingly to the authority of the govirnmeut
of the Filipinos. The paper
ihows much ability upon the part of
he governor-general and a familiarity
nth many of the most important events
>f history.
Sensational Charges.
Senator Whitesides. of the Montana
Legislature, created a scsation Thujslay
by openly charging that every man
dio voted for Clark for United States
Senator had been bought. He nienioned
Representative Garr by name,
tnd that gentleman shouted '"you are
n infamous liar."' The grand jury reported
that money had been used on
Doth sides, but there was not sufficient
ividence to warrant an indictment.
Big Falling Off.
The Atlanta Journal has been looking
;nto the matter and finds that the total
rertilizer shipments in Georgia this
on zr\- *??
season are oni^ w.oci tuus. wunc mc
;otal to same date last year was 122,300
tons. The sales later in the season
are expected to raise the proportion
somewhat, but manufacturers do not
jxpect the trade to exceed two-thirds
jf 'that of last year. The fertilizer
:rust may hare something to do with
:he falling off of shipment?.
Not a One of Them a Rebel or a
In the United States Senate on
Thursday Senator Marion Butler, of
North Carolina, made a notable speech
in support of his bill to pension Confederate
soldiers. Senator Butler's
speech developed, as he proceeded, into
quite a remarkable utterance. After
presenting an analysis of the compact
of 1787, 'he declared that ;'not a single
southern soldier was a rebel or a traitor."
He maintained that the great
fratricidal conflict was forced upon the
south, and that the people of the south
simply defended their personal and
constitutional rights. Under the compact
1787. the southern state undoubtedly,
in Senator Butler's opinion, had
a right to withdraw from the Union.
He was inclined to think the compact
was not ri{,ht, but it was a compact,
ana ought to be and ought to-have -been
respected. Senator Butler said that
his own state oi' -North Carolina fully
and completely recognized the right of
South Carolina to withdraw from the
Union, but decided herself not to
withdraw. Not until forced to defend
herself did North Carolina vote to withi
draw, together with her sister southern
| states. This Senator Butler said was
i true of a majoritv of the southern states.
| They had been forced by the northern
states to take up arms in self-defense.
''Every gun tired by a southern soldier,"
declared Senator Butler, *'was
tired in self-defense of the constitu
uuuai vji luc suuLueiu states, auu
in defense of his home and fireside."
Further along. Senator Butler said,
speaking of the civil war. i;It was a
most unnecessary war. The southern
states did not desire the war. They
asked only to be allowed to exercise
their constitutional rights and withdraw
peacefully from the Union. The south
was right, and history will so record.
The south knew she was right at the
time and she knows it now. It is the
duty of th" southern people not to permit
a prejudiced historian to brand
their fathers and brothers as rebels and
traitors." He believed that the states
whose soldiers are being pensioned
would not object to the pensioning of
tug CA-^N^UiCUCiJ.t'' 3U1U1C13.
Interrupting Mr. Butler, Mr. Chand
ler said he had no doubt the exsoldiers
of the north would be perfectly willing
to set on foot any reasonable testimonial
of regard ana respect, but he did not
see how the government of the United
States could recognize, as Senator Butler
had suggessed, those who had taken
up arms against the Union.
Senator Butler protested against the
language of Senator Chandler, as he had
already explained, he said, that the
south did not take up arms against the
Union except in self-defense.
"I wish the senator would explain.''
inquired Senator Chandler, a little later,
"upon what theory the United States
government could be asked to pay for
property in the south destroyed by the
forces of the Union?"
'"'"^WheTaever," replied Senator Butler.
r"sh^i^""pay"^a'in" SfffifOtTOOO'' TG"T LTLB"
privilege of not being whipped by the
Filipinos i will answer his question."
"For an answer to his questions," retorted
Senator Chandler, "X must refer
the senator to the senior senator
from Massachusetts," (Mr, Hoar.)
At the conclusion of his speech, Senatos
Butler withdrew his amendment.
How ths Counties Are Grouped in the
New Districts.
The House of Representatives spcn
a great deal of time Wednesday in discussing
the bill proposed by Mr. Patton
rearranging the congressional districts
in this State, The fight against the
bill was a hard one, but it passed by a
safe majority. This measure purposes
to repeal the law creating the "shoestring"
districts formed to keep the Republicans
out of power. The following
are the proposed new districts:
Pee-Dee District?Marlboro, Chesterfield,
Darlington. Marion, Florence,
o T\* A r\ 1 TT.'l I
santee jmsirici?u-eorgeiown, vvn-j
liamsburg, Berkeley, Charleston.
Wateree District?Fairfield, Kershaw
Richland, Sumter, Clarendon.
Edisto District?Orangeburg, Barnwell.
Bamberg, Hampton. Colleton,
Dorchester, Beaufort!
Saluda District?Aiken, Lexington,
Edgefield, Saluda, Greenwood. Laurens
and Newberry.
Keowee District?Abbeville, Anderson,
Oconee. Pickens and Greenville.
Catawba District?York, Cherokee,
Chester. Spartanburg, Union and Lancaster.
A Remedy for the Grip.*
Rev. W. T. Lander of Williamston,
S. C.. published in the State a year ago
a remedy for the grip which has had
i 1 " ? "-1 * 1
most Deneuciai euect 111 a numoer 01
cases. He says: For the sake of the
suffering public I would say that the
dose I have used for grown patients has
been a level teaspoon of baking soda,
dissolved in plenty of water, taken
every two hours until the headache and
soreness are gone, then one extra dose
for good measure. It is not the best to
take a dose just after eating. I have
rarely found more than four doses needed.
Since the system is in an acid
state, calomel, of course, it is very
dangerous medicine, and many deaths
from influenza are, without reasonable
doubt, traceable to the use of calomel
in the disease.
Tolbsrt Must Leave.
The citizens of Abbeville held a
meeting on last Wednesday at which
resolutions wore adopted to the effect
that K. R. Tolbert, Jr., must leave
Abbeville. This action was taken on
account of 'lolbert's recent conduct in
the Phoenix trouble his presence here
is undesirable and for the peace and
good order of the community he had
best make his permanent abode beyond
the limits of this county. Xo objection
was offered to his remaining to transact
necessary business, but it was advised
that he leave as soon as possible. The
sense of the meeting was that this is a
white man's government and it would
be maintained-by citizens of this community.
Messrs. Wyatt Aiken, L. C.
Haskell and Jones F. Miller were appointed
as a committee to inform Tolbert
of the action taken by the meeting.
Kills an Old Man and his Son
for Revenge.
j One of the Dastards Fired at
the Head of a Woman
But it Hit Her
j A dispatch from Colqnit. Ga., gives
the details of the blackest crime that a
has ever been committed in that State.
The dispateh, which was sent to the f
Atlanta Journal says
The officers of Miller county are
gathering all- the evidence possible
against the Phillips gang which attacked
the home of J. V. Rnstin, a farmer
I hnnff nnor HAWV W-A
ucic. vu oaturaay mgnt or
last week, and murdered. Rustin and his
young son. shooting them down in cold
blood. As told of in the Journal dispatches
yesterday, nine men have been
jailed as members of the gang and other
arrests are likely to be made soon.
It developes that several days before
the killing of Rustin and his son th$ old
man was warned to leave the county.
Jle received a threatening letter ana a
picture of a coffin and skull and cross
bones, all of which was thrown into his V-' j*
yard by unknown parties. He was told
that he must leave the county because
his daughter had sworn a lie and caused
the arrest of Ccot Phillips for wronging
The old man paid no attention to this
warning, not thinking that the men
would harm his family. He determin
ed to prosecute Phillips for ruining the
reputation of his daughter, and when
this determination wasrmade clear the
mob was organized to kill him, and the attack
on the house arranged.
The details of the murder have been
recounted iQ the Journal, except that
the daughter of Rustin was also shot by
the mob, which fact has been learned
today. She was shot through the hand .
while screaming for mercy after the
murderers had already killed her young
brother as they broke in the door, and
while her father lay gasping on the floor
in his own blood, which flowed from five
Trnnnds in his hnrlv
The young woman lay in bed screaming
and wringing her hands, and fearing
every moment that she, too, would
be killed. * One of the murderers leveled
his pistol at her and fired, but the
bullet missed her head, and crashed
through her hand, and then into the
headboard of the bed.
While old man Rustin struggled on
the floor and writhed in pain from his
wounds one of the murderers shot holes
through his feet just for the fun of it.
The men thought that the old man was
dying, and seeing that they had killed
his son they evidently became frightened
and left the house, dispersing quickly.The_
wounded woman, who was .;ii
a <terrtt>w H if nwn 11
as soon as* the men left and she made
her way to the nearest neighbors,
screaming out and crying for help.
The alarm was given and in an hour
a large crowd assembled at the Rustin
house. The scen?-there was horrible
to contemplate. -.The floor was covered
with blood, and the -old man was gasping
for breath, but he was conscious,
and he made a dying statement, giving
the names of the men in the mob whom
he identified. He died from his wounds
the next mornings _
Coot Phillips is said to .have been the
leader of the crowd. He is c^arged^a
with having wronged the RnstiiT^gST
and becanse she prosecuted him he
wanted to get her and the Rustin family
out of the way.
A Burglar Killed.
On Jast Wednesday considerable excitement,
was created-in Anderson by a
jail delivery, George J. Rice, who was ' * ^ jg
in jail for breaking into C. F. Jones & '<
Go's clothing store some time ago, and a ^Jj
Negro named Green escaped from jail
about half-past 9 or 10 o'clock in the "jfi
mornin.g The sheriff, at the time, was .Jl
absent from the jail. Returning, and
finding the two Negroes gone, he organized
a posse and started in pursuit. A
young boy. Frank Hammond, joined
the posse. A messenger had been sent
to Quince Hammand's farm, a short
distance from the city, for bloodhounds
to track them. In the meantime the
mnaways had been apprehended on the
Murray Spring Branch. Youne Ham
mond called on them to surrender, but
their only answer was to hurl stones ' ^
and other missies at him. Hammond
then fired a pistol, the ball striking
George Rice and wounding him fatally.
He died in a few minutes. Green was
finally caught and brought back to the
city, and safely locked up. 'Jj
Against lnn County M
The committee on privileges and ^
elections in the State Senate submitted
an unfavorable report against Mr. R. E. i
Carnes. senator-elect from Lee county, I
taking his seat. The report is lengthy ?j
and the committee bases its finding on ./j
the ground that Lee has been declared ,,1
no longer a county and hence is not entitled
to a senator, in the House the jyS
question of the eligibility of Mr. D. E.
Keels, member from the "county^' of ^
Lee, came up. The committee on
privileges and elections reported ad
i? A. i_:_ -1 -m. . i
i veiauiy lu uis ciuixii. o.ne nouse sustained
the report by a vote of 90 to 17.
Died While Speaking.
Former Attorney General Augustus
H. Garland was stricken with apoplexy
at Washington while addressing the '
United States supreme court at 12.15 .
o'clock Thursday afternoon and died
within ten minutes. The occurrence
came with startling and tragic unexpectedness.
changing the usual calm . '
and dignity of the court into temporary
confusion, while the dying man was
carried rrom the chamber in a futile
effort to alleviate his conditions- The
deceased was a prominent Democrat,
and was a distinguished man. J|
A Hew Motive Power. jifl
A mammoth New York company,
headed by Joseph Leiter and Richard
Croker, has been-formed to operate all JO
vehicles by means of compressed
thereby doing avray with the horse as a
motive poweY. Plants will be established
in all the principal town* of the M
United States.

xml | txt