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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, February 01, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1899-02-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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M M.-m i - I . ...... r .....v.... V.,. >r.
He Will Succeed Col. Neaf at the
State Penitentiary.' j
Result of the Elections Held by
the Legislature last Week.
How Each Member
The Legislature met in joint assembly
on Tuesday morniug of last week to
elect a superintendent of the State penitentiary
and other officers. J ust before
the election was held the frieuds
of Senator D. J. Griffith claimed that
that gentleman had Gt> votes pledged to
him, but there were few who expectcd
to see liim elected oa the first ballot.
The result of the election was that
upon the first ballot Capt. Griffith reeeived
71 votes, and before the vote
was declared over a score of votes were
changed from the other candidates to
him and he was declared elccted.
Miss Nannie Montgomery was elected
State librarian and Messrs. A. K.
Sanders of Sumter, T. J. Cunningham
of Chester and W. T. Odell of Pickens
were elected directors of the penitentiary.
But the closest contest of all was the
vote for member of the State board of
control to succeed Mr. J. }?. Dou.hit,
whose term had expired. Mr. Pouthit
wa? nominated for reelection and his
opponent was Mr. T. Chris Robinson of
Pickens. The vote was so close that
there was much dispute over the result
announced, and it was only after a succession
of recounts that Mr. Robinson
was declared elected by a majority of
I wo votes.
The house of representatives assembled
yesterday morning, but there was
a feeling of restlessness in the very atmosphere,
and nothing was accomplished
until the hour of 11, when the joint
session of the senate and the house of
representatives was called to orde* by
Lieutenant Governor McSweeney.
Gea. Hemphill, clerk of the senate, j
read the concurrent resolution ordering j
this election, and President McSweeney j
announced that the first vote would be j
Under the rules previously adopted,
no speeches of nomination were per- J
mitted. A member of the joint assembly
merely put a name in nomination
and but one second was allowed for
Mr. Jos. W. McCullough of Greenville
nominated Miss Xannie Montgomery
of Marlboro, the present incumbent.
This was seconded by Senator Ilderton
of Florence.
Senator Marshall of Richland nominated
Mrs. LeConte of Columbia, formKki-oi-ion
Sunntor "Bam
A J> liK/iUUAMUl N,
well .of Charleston seconded the nomi
nation. The ballot resulted in Miss
Montgomery's election by a vote of 96
t? 53.
Following was the vote:
Mrs. LeConte?Senators Aldrieb,
Barnwell, Blakeney, Dean, Glenn, Gruber,
Henderson, Kough, Manning, Marhall,
Mower, Standland, Sheppard,
Walker, Waller?15.
Miss Montgomery?Senators Alexander,
Appelt, Archer, Bowen, Brown
Geo., Brown W. A., Dennis, Douglass,
Graydoa, Ilderton, Livingston, Love,
Mauldin, Mayfield, Ragsdale. Sarratt,
Scarborough. Suddath, Sullivan, Talbird,
Wallace, Williams?22.
Mrs. LeConte?Representatives Gary
Ashlev. Bacot. Bell, Colcock, Cosgrove,
Dean, DeBruhl, Efird. Gantt, Hender?son.
Hopkins, Jenkins, Lofton. Marion.
W. L. Mauldin, Mehrtens, Mitchell,
Mobley, Nettles, Patton, Puerifoy,
Pyatt, E. B. Ragsdale, II, B. Richardson,
R. B. A. Robinson, C. P. Sanders,
Sawyer, Seabrook, Simkins. Sinkler.
G. P. Smith, J. L. Smith. Strom. Suber,
W. H. Thomas, Vernor, Wharton.
_ Miss Montgomery?Representatives
Bailey! Black, "VT. D. Black.
Blease, Blythe, Bolts, Browning, Cross,
!>arga?', Davis. Denay, Dowling. Epps.
Estridge. H. II. Evans. N. li. Evans,
Fairey, Floyd. Cause. Graham. Hill, f
Hofi'meyer. UoMis. Jackson, W. J.
Johnson, Leverctt. Ljlcs. Magill. Manning.
Laban Mauldin, McCoy. McCraw,
McCulIough, MePow, Mc-Lauchlin,
Means, Miley, Montgomery. Moss.
Patterson. Prince, J. "W. Ragsdale.
Richards. G. W. Richardson. C. E.
Robinson. Rogers. E. L. Sanders.
>' '* Sharpe, E.* D. Smith. Jeremiah Smith,r*'
* * r*. rr\
otacxnouse, ctevensou. j.ucu>. miwu. .
Timmerman, Yarn, "West. Weston.
Whisonant. Williams. Wilson. Wimbcrly,
Wingo. Winkler, II. H. Woodward.
M. B. Woodward. Wyche. Young
Mr. Geo. R. Jones Sras paired with
Mr. Gamble, and Mr. L. K. Sturkie
with Mr. Dnkes.
The total vote was 149, of which Miss
Montgomery received 96.
_ , The galleries and the floor of the hall
were crowded with visitors, who were
present to watch the contest for the position
of superintendent of the
Col. Nea: was there, looking <juite
unwell, and surrounded by a number
of friends. Capt. Griffith looked confident,
and his friends were buoyant with
Tho prominence of Col. Xeal in affairs
political lent peculiar interest to
this race. Although the race was won
partially by Capt. Griffith's popularity,
there is no do?ubt that the feeling of
politicians toward Col. Xeal had a great
deal to do with the result of the election.
Mr. Stevenson of Chesterfield norui
nated Senator Griffith. This was seconded
by Senator Talbird of Beaufort.
Mr. Timmerman nominated Representative
Bell of Aiken. This was seconded
by Senator^Sheppard of EdgeHeld.
Senator Mayfieid nominated Mr. H.
H. Crum of Bamberg, chairman of
the ways and means committee. This
was seconded by Mr. Moss of Changeburg.
Col. W. A. Neai was nominated by
Mr. Prince of Anderson. This was
seconded by Senator Manning of Sumter.
Mr. John Vr. McCullough of Greenville
was nominated by Mr. "ft*. L.
Mauldin of Greenville. This was secoaded
by Senator G. W. Brown.
The nominations were then closed j
upon motion of Mr. Wyehe.
When the roll of the joint assembly j
^ had been called, and each member had i
voted for the candidate of his choice, it :
was seen that Senator Griffith was far in
the lead. The vote was not announced
but the first roll call resulted as follows:
Gr;4ftth. 71; Neal, 34: McCullough,
23; Crum. 21; Bell, 4. Total.
153; necessary to elect, 77.
Seme of the members had kept ac
votes. Mr. lldcrtoh Started ihc break j/y i
changing his vote fromCruru to GnitTJr.
Senator Standland changr-u from X-ral
to Griffith. Mr. G. P. Smith from Mc
Cullough toGrillith. Mr. Sheppard from
Bell to Griffith, and in a few moments
:l score of others followed their exam
| pie. Xo one candidate was injured by
I this slump, a a eacli 'lost a number of i
; supporters and when the vote on the j
I first ballot was declared. Senator Gri:- !
| fkh was announced as elected. Fol- j
i lowing was the final result: Griffith. j
j 9G: Neal. 23; McCullough, 10; Crum. !
| 11: I>ell. 2. 31 r. Crum lust more than j
j any other candidate when the break to
I Griffith began.
! Following *, as the vote as first record;
Griffith?Senators Alexander. Archer,
Barnwell, Blakcney, Brown, Douglass.
Glenn. Graydon. Gruber. Hay,
Henderson. Marshall, Mauldin, Mower, j
Ragsdale, Sarratt, Scarborough, Sud- i
dath. Tolbird, Wallace, Waller. Wil- j
liams. Representatives: Speaker (>a- i
ry. Black. W. IX, Caughman. Davis, j
Dean, Kiird. Eitridge. Kvans, X. G.. i
Fairy. Gamble. Gause. Graham. Hop- ;
t kins, Johnson, W. J.. Lookwood, Lof- j
ton. Lyles, MauD, Manning, McDill.
McLauchin. Mehrtens. Mobley. Net
ties, Patterson. Patton. Peurifov. Kags'
' * i ' C* J? 13 T
dale, .ft. IS. iticnaras, canaers n. jj. ;
Sawyer. Seabrook, Shary, Simpson.
Sinkler, Smith. Jeremiah: Smith. J.
L.. Stcvensen. Strom, Starkie, Suber.
Theus. Thomas, W. H., Thraatt, Whisonaat.
Winkler. Woods. Woodward.
I H \H'
Xeai?Senators Appek. Bowen, Denni?,
Livingston. Love, Manning. Stan- j
land, Sullivan, Walker. Representatives:
Ashley, Bacot, Blease. liolts.
i Coloock, Cosgrove. Demiy, Kpps: Kv'
ans, II. H.. Gantt. Jackson, lycverett. j
| Mauldin. I,., McCraw. Means, Mitchj
ell, Pyatt. Prinee, Hichirdson. II. C.. j
! T> R .\ Hnn-orfl Vi?rrifcr. !
IAVv'k/iUJVUj JL.V. A/. ?* , ? - ,
Weston. Williams. Wharton?34.
; McCulIough?Senator? Brown. Dean, j
Ilougii. ilepresectative* Pargan. I>e- j
Bruhl. Dowling. rloyd Henderson. |
i Hofl'ineyer. Magill, Marion, Mauldiu. ;
j W. L.. McCullougb. Montgomery.
Ragsdale. J. W.. Richardson. G. W.,
j Robinson. C. R Sanders. C. 1>.. Smith,
i G. P.. Smith K. D.. Wilson. Wingo,
Cram?Senators Aldrich, Llderton,
Mavfield. Representatives JLailey.
Black. J. B.. Biythe. Browning. Cross,
j Hill. Ilollis, Jenkins, Jones, McCoy,
j McLaurin, Miley. Moss, Thomas. W.
J.. Yarn, West Wimberly. Wvche?
21. '
: Bell?Senator Sheppard. ileprescnj
tatives Richardson. Geo. W.. Timmer;
man and Woodward ?4.
There were three vacancies among j
j *he board of directors of the penitenti- ;
ary to succeed Mr. Wharton, elected to
j the general assembly, and Messrs. CunI
ningham and Blackwell. whose terms
j have expired.
Mr. Wharton nominated Mr. J. II.
i Blackwell of Barnwell.
Mr. McDow nominated Mr. Jno. W.
j Lyles of Fairfield.
Mr. Biythe nominated Mr. T. J.
Cunningham of Chester.
Senator Mayfiela nominated Mr. W.
S. Odell of Pickens.
Mr. J. Harvey Wilson nominated
Mr. A. K. Sanders of Sumter.
All five of the candidates were voted
for on one ballot. 156 votes were cast.
79 being a majority. Mr. Sanders received
130: Mr. Cunningham 115: Mr.
Odell S4: Mr. Lyles 73 and Mr. Black,
well 62. The first three having receiv!
ed a majority, were declared elected.
I ' I
I President McSweeney then announced
tnat it was in order to elect two members
of the State board of control, one
fo? a five year term and one to fill the
unexpired term of Mr. M. K. Cooper.
It was decided to ballot for these
terms separately.
For the five-year term, Mr. J. B.
Douthit, the present incumbent, was
nominated by Senator Sullivan of Andersov
This seconded by Representative
Mr. T. C. llobinson of Pickens was
nominated by Mr. Laban Mauldin. seconded
by Senator Dean.
These were the only nominations.
The greatest interest was manifested
while the vote ./as being polled. There
was lobbying going on even at this
time, and unless a member enunciated
distinctly, it was difficult to distinguish
the name of the candidate for whom he
voted. Those who kept tally sheets
wore satisfied that Douthit was elected
when the last vote vas polled. There
was considerable surprise when the
president announced that Robinson had
been elected, having received 76 votes
and Douthit 75.
Prince demanded that, as there was |
dissatisfaction as to the correctness of
that vote, the joint assembly be polled
to see if the votes had been recorded
nrrm^rl v
Graydon made a point of order that J
the vote had been declared, and tint
the election could not be re-opened.
Senator >heppard said that such a .
condition had confronted the joint as- ;
sembly often before, and the natural
course was to poll the vote.
President McSwecney ruled that as (
there had been a difference in the vote
as recorded by the tellers for the senate .
and the tellers for the house that no :
election had been held.
This made the vote open for changes. .
Sawyer changed from Robinson to (
Douthit. Stuikie from Douthit to Robinson.
Montgomery from Robinson to
Douthit. DeBruhl from Douthit to i
Robinson. Whisonant from Douthit '
to Robinson. Pcurifoy from Robinson
to Douthit. In this way Robinson
gained one vote. ;
When the vote was polled, it was seen
that there had been 154 votes cast, and '
that Robinson had received 78. while
Douthit received but 76. Robinson
was declared elected.
The vote was very close and there ,
was considerable feeling over it. Chair
man Haselden and others were on the
fioor working for Robinson, and there :
was a great deal of excitement at times.
Senator Sheppard was applauded upon ;
his construction of a point of order, and ,
Sturkie was applauded when he changed
from Douthit to Robinson in order to
offset Sawyer's change from Robinson
to Douthit.
The friends of Douthit do not seem
to be disposed to concede that he was
beaten on the first ballot, and that ihere
was so much confusion afterwards that
the' result was unfavorable to Douthit.
Following is the final voce:
Douthit?Alexander, Appelt. Archer i
Blakenev, Brown. Connor. Hay. Love, !
Manning, Marshall. Mauldin Mower. I
Scarborough. Sheppard, Suddath, Sullivan,
Talbird. Walker. Waller. Williams i
i Robinson?Aldrich, Barnwell. Bowen, j
| Dean. Dennis Douglass. Glaydon, Gru- i
I ber. Henderson, Hough, Tlderton, Liv- |
I ingston, Mayfield. Ragsdale, Sarratt, j
j Stanland, Wallace?IS.
j Douthit?Ashley. Bailey, Bell. Bolts. \
| Browning Caughman. Cress. Davis, j
I Dean. Dendy. Dowling, Efird, Epps, j
i Estridge. Evan? IT. H.. Evans X. (r. i
G&ttible. 9-ai;Uj (J rabuui, Jackson.
Jenkins.. Jones. Leverett, Mann. Mc
Coy. McDill, McDow, Montgomery.
Netties. Pat ton. Peurifoy, Prince,
Pyatt. Richards, Richardson George
W.j Richardson Henry ]?.. Robinson j
R. B. A.. Sanders P., Sawyer. ;
Sharpe, Smith Jeremiah, Smith J. L.. j
Stevenson, Strom. Suber, Thcus Thoin- j
as W. H.. Thomas W. J., Timmennan. j
Ycrncr. Weston. Williams, Wilson. I
Wingo Winkler. Woods?."ili.
Robinson?Speaker Gary. Racot.
iiiaclc J. B. Black V>\ I)., Blease, i>ly- I
the, Oolcock. Cosgrovc, Crumn. Dargan,
DeBruhl. Fairey, Floyd, G; use.
Henderson. Hill, Hoffmeyer, Hoilis
Hopkins. Johnson W. J., Lock?rood,
Lofton, Lyles. Magill, Manning. Marion,
Mauldin L., Mauldin v,\ L., McCraw,
McCtillough. McLauclilin, McLaurin,
Means. Mehrtens, Miley,
Mitchell, Mobley, Moss, Patterson,
Kagsdale E. 1>.. Ragsdale J. W., Robinson
rj. K., Rogers, Sanders E. L., Seabrook,
Simpkins, Sinkler, Smith G. P.,
Smith E. 1).. Sturkie, Threa;t, Yarn, j
W'psf \Vh;ii-rnn Whisnnant. Wimbcrlv. I
Woodward II. II.. Woodward M B.,
Yvychc, Young?'30.
The balloting for this place was not
concluded until 2:20. and the joint assembly
then took recess until 8 o'clock.
The joint session was resumed at S
o'ciock for the purpose of concluding
the elections. This session contained
quite a surprise, for Mr. B. II. Boykin
of Kershaw wa3 eiectcd on the first bal!/->*
MV Rrvr-L-in ln.fi brtf>rt flnnkpn of
as a candidate to succeed Mr. Douthit,
although he was a candidate to succeed
Mr. Cooper, and it was feared by his
fronds that this oonfusion would injure
him, but it did not after all cause
his defeat.
When the joint session had been
called to order by President McSwecncy
Senator Gruber of Colleton nominated
Mr. M. W. Simmons of Dorchester as
candidate for member of the State
board of control. This was seconded
by Mr. Stevenson of Cheatertield.
31 r. Winkler of Kershaw nominated
Mr. Uuriili II. JJoykiu of Kershaw,
seconded by Mr. Woods of Clarendon.
Mr. J. 0. A Moore of Darlington
was nominated by Mr. Efird of Lexing
tod. seconded by Mr. Floyd of Darlington.
Messrs. Yerner and Means protested
that as there had been so much lobbying
and confusion on the floorbv
siders in the morning, that the f! ? -i ' i
the house be cleared of visitors. j
* ^ n "? x ^ _v xl 11
coma nna seats in me gmigry.
Mr. Timmerman said that thi> was
unnecessary if the sergeants at arms
would obey the orders of the presiding
When the roll call was finished. Mr.
Boykin had a majority of 6 votes, he
having received TO. Mr. Simmons CU and
Mr. Moore 10 votes. Messrs. Dowiiog,
Floyd, Magill, Rogers and C. P. Sanders
changed from Moore to Boykin,
maln'ru* vote 81. Mr. Simmons' le
maining unchanged, and Mr. Moore's
vote being reduced to 5.
Following is the vote as finally recorded:
Moore?Archer, Ilderton?2.
Boykin?Appelt,- Blakeney, Brown,
Connor, Dennis, Douglass, Glenn. Kay,
Hough, Livingston, Love, Manning,
Marshall. Mower, Sarratt, Sheppard,
Suddath, Sullivan, Talbird. Walker?
Simmons?Aldrich. Alexander, Barnwell,
Bowen. Brown. Dean, Graydon,
G ruber, Henderson, May field, Ragsdale.
Scarborough, Standland, Wallace,
Waller, Williams?10.
Moore?JDargan, Jtttird, Lofton?'6.
Boykin?Ashley. Bacot. Bell, Black,
W. D., Blease, Bolts, Caughman,
Dendy, Dowling, Epps, Floyd, Gause,
Graham. Hoffmeyer, Hollis, Hopkins,
Jackson, Leverett. Magill, McCullough,
McDill, McI)ow, McLauchJin.
McLaurin. Means, Montgomery, Nettles,
Patterson, Fatton, Peurifoy,
Prince, Pyatt, Richards, Richardson,
George W., Richardson, Henry B.,
Robinson, R. B. A., Rogers, Sanders,
C. P., Sawyer, Sharpe, Sinkler. Smith.
E. D., Smith, Jeremiah; Smith. J. L.,
Strom, Sturkie, Suber, Theus, Timmerman,
Yerner. "Weston, Whisonant,
"Williams, Wilson, Wingo, Winkler,
Woods, Woodward, H. H., Woodward,
M. B., Wychc, Young?61.
Simmons?Speaker Gary, Bailey.
JLJiacic, J. IS., ?Jlytne. J5rowmng uoi- .
cock, Cosgrove, Cross, Crumm, Dean,
DeBruhl, Estridge, Evans, H. H.,
Gamble, Gantt, Henderson, Hill, Jenkins,
Johnson, W. J., Lyles, Mann,
Manning, Marion. Mauldin, L.k Mauldin,
William L. McCoy, McCraw,
Mehrtens, Miley. Mitchell. Mobley,
Moss. Ragsdale, E. B. Robinson, C.
E., Sanders, E. L., Simkins, Smith,
G. P., Stevenson, Thomas, W. H.,
Threatt, Yarn, West, "Wharton. Wimberly?i4.
Three trustees of South Carolina college
to succeed Messrs. F. II. Westou,
W. D. Evans and Jno. T. Sloan were
Mr. 1. L. Withers of Columbia was
put in nomination by Mr. Means, seconded
by Mr. Ashley.
Mr. J. 0. Davis of Winnsboro was
nominated by Senator Barnwell, seconded
by Mr. Stevenson,*.
Mr. F. P. McGowan of Union was
nominated by Mr. Simpkins, seconded
by Mr. Gantt.
Mr. Jno. T. Sloan of Columbia was
nominated by Senator Marshall, seconded
by Mr. Moss.
The total number of votes cast was
150, of which Withers received 105;
Sloan 110; Davis 127, and McGowan 90.
Ihe first three were declared elected.
There being no further business, the
Snint aoaaiATi-troc
of representatives also immediately adjourned.
Storm-Swept South Seas.
The steamer Aorangi. from Australia.
brings the details of the terrible cyclones
which swept the south seas about
the middle of December, devastating
villages, wrecking shipping and causing
many deaths. In the Solomons the
hurricane did most damage, whole villages
being destroyed. Hundreds of
cocoa plantations were uprooted and
vam patches leveled. Over 500 natives
are reported to have been killed. Capt.
Pentecost, of the yacht St. Aubin, who
brought the news of the disaster to Syd
ney, says he saved a woman who was
to have been killed as a sorceress, she
being accused of having caused the hurricane.
He bought her. the purchase
price being a pig, and took her to another
island, where she was released.
Tiie most diabolical revenge ever
conceived was perpetrated upon a South
Dakota soldier while he was in the
Philippines. He insulted some petty
Spanish officials who had him wine drugged
and the blood of a leper injectedin
his veins. Hanging is too good for such
an infamous wretch, in fact any death
would be. The pocr Dakota soldier
must have died a thousand deaths.
One of these geniuses that is always
planning for the good of the country
says that the cotton can be brought up
to 25 cents a pound, if Congress will
furnish rations to the tenants of the
cotton States for twelve months.
AS Act Establishing Thein Passed by
the State Senate.
The Muestion of establishing county
courts occupied the senate Thursday
and after over two hours of' debate, resulted
in a big victory for Senator Gruber
and his bill, providing for the formation
of such courts. The bill was
called up as a special order immediately
after the morning hour, and Senator
Archer moved to strike out the enacting
words. Gruber arose to the defense
of his bill and made an able argument
in its defence. The debate then became
general and a number of speeches
were made for and against the bill.
Finally a vote was reached and the bill
passed by the following vote:
Nays?Aldrich, Alexander, Archer,
Brown G. W., Brown W. A., Connor,
Graydon, Kagsdale, Suddath, Sullivan,
Wallace, Waller?12.
Yeas?Appelt, Blakeney, Bowen,
Dean. Dennis. Douglass. Glenn, Gruber,
Hay, Henderson, Ilough, Ilderton,
Livingston, Love, Manning, Marshall,
Mauldin, Mayfield, Mower, Sarratt.
Scarborough, Sheppard, Stan!and, Tal
bird. Walker. Williams? 2K.
The first section of the bill provides
that whenever one-fifth of the qualified
registered electors of any county in this
$tate shall file a petition with the clerk
of the circuit court of such county praying
for an election to be held in such
county on the question of the establishment
of a county court therein, it shall
be the duty of the said olerk within ten
days to make an order thereon, and
serve the same or the commissioners of
election, requiring the said commission
ers cf election of such county to hold
an election, after first giving at least 30
days' notice thereof in the newspapers
of such county, upon the question of j
establishing a county court in such
county, not later than CO Jays nor
earlier than 40 days thereafter. Said
petition ahall be accompanied bp a ceitificate
of the board of supervisors of
registration that the names appearing
upon said petition constitute one-fifth
of the qualified registered electors of
such county.
The Severest Ever Known in the History
of That Country.
A special from the City of Mexico
T x _j> 5 * _ x\_ _ il.
says: -in point 01 Gurauon me earinquake
"Wednesday evening was the severest
ever known in the history of
Mexico. The movement began in the
City of Mexico at exactly nine minutes
past 5 o'clock. The oscillations were
from northeast to southwest, and lasted
one minute and fifty-six seconds.
Three minutes later came a companion
shock, which lasted five seconds, also
oscillating northwest and southeast.
The movement made a perfect cross.
mi_ . lT ; n_ ji.ii.
j.ne earinquah.e was unversauy ieit
over the entire republic, and it had a
very general movement from the Pacific
to the Atlantic. It ereachd Colima at
seven minutes past 5 o'clock, oscillating
from cast to west. It lasted one
minute and twenty seconds. It reached
Vera Cruz eighteen minutes past 5
and the oscillations were from south to
north, lasting ten seconds. Many
houses were cracked in this city. Some
were entirely ruined. Fully a dozen
walls were crushed and broken in the
national palace. A '.wo-fooi iron pipe
carrying water from Chapultepec to
the city was broken in seven places.
Intense cold and other phenomena followed.
Andrew Jackson.
This countiy has produced no more
remarkable character than Andrew
Jackson, the first of our presidents who
came from the loins of the people. He
was a Democrat in every sense of the
word. He had confidence in the people
and the'people believed in him and
trusted him. and he never betrayed
fViAiT h PVtorloc T corc
uxi^ix tj xu^uxovu o?;?
or iiim: "He was a combination of wisdom
without learning, passion with
gentleness, animosity with benevolence
devotion with destructivcness, homicide
with homily, seldom, if ever, seen in
any man. Nothing was wanting to his
amazing triumphs but that Wellington
instead of Packenham, as wa3 intended
should have headed the invasion of
Louisiana, that Jackson might tear
from the brow of Napoleon's conqueror
the laurels of Waterloo. We find him
in Washington one day hurling defiance
at his political opponents in volleys of
language and the next day carrying into
the white house a little girl and her
? ~ l x"L JC ? "L t i
uu$ tu witiui at mc are oecause ne naa
found the child crying on the street.
In the intervals of political strife we
see him at his dinner table, singing
songs with Daniel "Webster and Martin
Van Burcn, each laughing at the efforts
of the other." The country has probably
ijf ver needed aJsokson so badl]
as now.
Beady to Fight.
A dispatch from Manila says the Republican,
the official organ of the Filipinos,
announces that the congress at
Malolos has adopted ihe Philippine
constitution, passed u vote of confidence
in Asruinaldo. and pnmowf>rr?d
him to declare war 011 the Americans
whenever he may deem it advisable.
At a mass meotsng of women at Cavite
yesterday, the paper adds, it was enthusiastically
resolved to petition Aguinaldo
for permission to take men's places
in defense of independence and to bear
arms if necessary. Paterno has asked
for, and, it appears, has been granted
the privilege of "taking a prominent
place in the line of battle against the
Americans." .
43 I : 4c. Prices.
Not o^ly on Provisions, Clothing,
Furniture and all the actual necessaries
of living, but as well on things appertaining
tz our enjoyment and culture.
This is specially true as to Pianos and
Organs. Wise Manufacturers realize
that in these close times prices must
W exceedingly low, and they are meeting
the emergency. Notice the latest
advertisement of Ludden & Bates
Snntliprn TTrmoo QnrnnnoV fl~
*A ^avuuuau, \J a..
in this issue, and write them for their
Four Cents Prices. This is a wideawake-nsver-get-left
and thoroughly
reliable house, whose offers always
mean just what they say. It costs
nothing to write Ludden_& Bates for
catalogues. Prices and ttasy Installment
Terms, which they send with
The "Oceanic," the largest steamer
afloat, was successfully launched at
Belfast. She is owned by the White !
Star Line and is 704 feet long and
weighs 17.000 tons. Her coal bunkers
will hold enough coal for her to circumnavigate
the world without recoaling.
She is built upon different lines
from the uGreat Eastern" and will be
used for freight.
S4BS01?v'"E*.Y \
Makes the food more de
Picturesque Cook*. V ilia miliar fruits ami
Live I'isli S>t?eu There.
The Havana market is crowded at
daybreak by Spanish, French. Chinc-se
and colored cooks of both sexes. Some
chefs, who affect the dignity of a coat,
are accompanied by their apprentices
or scullions, who carry baskets. Spanish
cooks, who usually are employed in
second-class restaurants, wear flat, red
woollen caps., and shuffle along slipshop
with their baskets slung over their ,
shoulders, while oblique-eyed Chinese
wear all sorts o? queer headgear; loose
trousers and blouses. Colored women j
don bandanas, -which lend a dash of |
color to the scene, as they waddle along
through the market, their fat sides
[ shaking with laughter, while they
boisterously greet their friends as they
go from stall to stall, haggling with rho
market men. Marketing is always done
by cooks in Havana, because employers
are aware that they can drive a better
bargain, even taking into account the
perquisites allowed them by tradespeople.
Golden, jnicy oranges are symmetrically
piled on the stalls, flanked by
j bunchcs of luscious yellow and red
bananas, and nutbrown zapotoes which
outwardly resemble an Irish potato.
! but contain a luscious pulp inside.
Green cocoenuts contain a sweet
j liquid like water, as well as a soft .
white pulp. Other tropical fruits which :
abound in Cuba are mangoes, chirimoy-1
as and ciruelas, which are juicy and
sweet. Fish caught in Cuban waters ;
are especially nice, and the pargo, a
species of red snapper, is very toothsome,
as is the cherna, which tastes
like salmon. No Havana cook will buy
fish unless they are alive, and the flsh
[ market with big tanks full of fresh
fish, with white marble slabs and
scales, is very picturesque. Sea crabs
! and land crabs are also good. The lat
ter grow to a large size, and their
bodies stand high from the ground on
their enormous claws. Land crabs burrow
in holes, and their locomotion is
clumsy, sounding like that of a
drunken man. Cooks feed' these crabs
on corn meal for several days before
they cook them, as this makes them
more palatable.
The First Flying Machine.
Roger Bacon, in his writings in the
thirteenth century, predicted the use of
the baloon and flying machine. It is
said that Jean Baptiste Dante, an Italian
mathematician, crossed Lake Trasimeno
on artificial wings in 1400. Leonardo
Da Vinci, in 1500, made some experiments
in aerial screws, designed a
parachute, and left some sketches of
mechanical wings in his notebooks. A
famous bishop, na^ned Wilkin, in the
seventeenth century wrote on the subject
of artificial flight, and was so sure
of the practicability of it that he declared
the time would come when it
would be as common a thing to hear a
man, -when starting on a journey, call
for his wings as for his boots and spurs.
In 1709 Friar de Gusman, of Portugal,
asked and received assistance from the
King in puns he had for constructing
a flying machine. About the middle of
the seventeenth century a Frenchman
named Besnier constructed a pair of
oscillating wings, with which he made
several experiments. He tried them first
in jumping from a stool, then from a
table, then from a barn, when his
progress was interrupted by his falling
and breaking his leg. In France the
Marquis de Bacqueville, in 1742, attempted
to cross the Seine on wings.
T-T^s. Viimcnlf frAT>i a
xic lauuwiitu jajaaaqwj. i.* viii u,
and flew for a short distance, then fell,
landing in a washer-woman's barge,
breaking hiy leg, which discouraged
him from further experiments in that
An ELxi>Ia?ation.
A recent issue of the Hardemaji
(Tenn.) Free Press contained the following
paragraph: "We wish to explain
our lack of editorial this week. We
was down to Memphis, and a smart
Alec at the tavern put train oil on our
greens, and said it was vinegar. Of
course, we were horse dew combaw foi
three days, and now that we are able
to talk, our language is not fit for publication."
A Big: Apple Tree.
Alexander Bates, a Bowdoinham, Me.,
orchardist, has just .sawed down a
mammoth apple tree, the biggest in the
town and perhaps in the whole state.
It was 28 inches across the stump, six
feet trunk, then branching out in long
branches. It must have been nearly or
quite 100 years old.
Water Dearer Thau Champagne.
Sneaking at a meeting of the London
Corporation, Mr. Miller said that owing
to the system of the water companies
of charging for water upon the ratable
value of premises instead of for the
quantity used, water in Newgate street,
where he had premises, was dearer
thin champagne.
The Dromedary's Hump.
The hump on the back of the dromedary
is an accumulation of a peculiar
species of fat, which is a store of nourishment
beneficently, provided against
me Gay UI W?..UC, iu w; aunuai
Is often exposed.
We All Knoir Him.
The mail who has a most exasperating
laugh is the man who laughs the
longest and the loudest. It must be
a great joke to him to think of the
misery he is inflicting upen humanity.
Book of Mnrbie.
At the Strozzi palace, in Rome, there
<a o TwVk- TnfldA of marble. ?he ]eavp<?
being of marvelous thinness.
A girl can't be In love and have a
bad cold in the head at the same time.
Value of Crops?The North Carolina
labor commisssioner has prepared a
statement .showing the average profit
per acre of seventeen of the principal
crops grown in the State. The figures
??? P/Nftrtn <"> 00 trViont ?1 07 film
d,iC. Wtvvu VV. ?.'?J ?? uvuv -r-.-.j
S3.53. tobacco $20.97. sweet potatoes
$29.5G, Irish potatoes ?28.37, peanuts
$23.23 sorghum $19.85. hay $14.93.
rice $12.25, bean? $9.80. barley $9.64,
peas $5.07, broom corn $3'HO, flax
$3.15. rye $2.93. oats $2.51.
Tiik Ilichmond Times thinks that,
"before Eagan gets through eating the
dish of crow in front of him. he will
think that embalmed beef is angel's
* .- . ... ... _ '., v..'.. * t
flMtooflSMBaatt^aa?mbm wtmmm n?i^ j
tiicious and wholesome
saKKnsfflnanBnggRMBM |
? !
DiiDCiicn D\/ \A;UC AT
rungutu 01 vnntni
' n'orkiiirn Clia-ed Out of a Wareliou5?
by :? 1'lond of Grain.
I Six 'thousand bushels o? unsacked
.vheat got. loose and went on a tear- It
lappened in the warehouse of the F.
?. Avers Mercantile Company at Den- j
;er. The scenes that followed were
.omethiiip: simila Lo tbose described by
vriotor Hugo when a cannon got loose
'rom its fastenings on board ship and
: 'oiled and reared from one end of the
| ;un deck to another until the ship was
i li sab led and a number of the crew
i tilled. Only, nobody was killed by the
i .vheat.
' In the rear of tlie Avres warehouse
ire four great bins, built up from the
ground floor and capable of holding
.wenty-five carloads of wheat at a time.
Tr company's bookkeeper, sitting in
lis office at the front of the building,
100 feet or more from the bins, heard
i terrific ripping, tearing, splintering
sound, as if the whole end of the warehouse
was being torn out by a monster
liand. lie rushed from the little box
of an office out onto the main floor of
ihc warehouse. Tie paused, gasped for
breath and threw up Iks hands.
"What "he saw was a giant wave of
wheat flowing toward him. licking at
the very heels of a dozen laborers who
had been at work near the bins and
who were now fleeing for their lives.
The ocean nf wheal- mnvprt nnward
for a scorc of feet or more and then
calmed down as suddenly as if a barrel
of oil had been spread on its troubled
waves. The bookkeeper yelled to the
laboring men to stcy running, pulled
his hands down to their accustomed
pockets, took a deep breath and
By and by the cloud of dust that had
arisen drifted away and the bookkeeper
and the laboring men could see what
ua.u nappeneu. u man t iaKe long.
une 01 me sioui Deams naa grown
weak from the burden on its back and
snapped in two. A hundred other stout
beams had followed suit. There was
nothing left for the imprisoned wheat
to do but make a rush for a less confined
resting place. There were 6,000
bushels of it in the bin, and it was no
wonder that its moving caused conster
After the dozen laboring men had recovered
their wits and gone to -work
again the little bookkeeper in the front
office said the damage done ^ould not
exceed ?50. Ail that was necessary, to
do to savo the wheat was to sweep it
up off the floor and pack it in sacks.
The Monkey Bread Tree.
Cape de Verde, that is, the Green
Cape, is said to owe its name in part
to the foliage of the Adamsonia digitata
which adorns the whole of Senegambie
and Guinea with its green elliptic
arches; a full-grown tree presenting
at a distance almost the appearance of
a forest. According to Adamsori, trees
are met with having a diameter of
thirty feet, although the height of the
tree is moderate, varying from fifty to
The lower branches, however, shoot
out to an incredible length, at first in
a horizontal direction. . These are covered
with an immense foliage, which
from its weight causes them to bend
toward the ground and thus there is
presented a huge hemispherical mass
of verdure, 120, 140 or even 150 feet in
diameter and perhaps 60 feet in height.
The fruit is an oblong, dull green,
downy body, eight or nine inches long,
containing several cells, in which there
is a number of hard shining seeds, immersed
in a soft pulp, which is scarcely
juicy. From this pulp the native
negroes prepare an acidulous drink,
much used in the fevers of the country.
The bruised leaves in a dry state
form a substance called halo, -which
they mix w;ith their food, and imagine
it useful in checking or counteracting
the effects of profuse perspiration. All
the soft parts of the tree are emollient
or mucilaginous.
Actiou of Sea-Wator on Cant Iron.
Some cast iron cannon balls were recently
recovered from the sea near
Brest. They had been under the water
for over a hundred years. They
could be cut with a knife, a great part
of the iron having disappeared. Exposed
to the air, the interior became
quite hot, of course losing the heat in a
short time, after the oxygen of the air
had ceased to act upon it.
Xutional Impoverishment.
Hitherto it has been supposed that
the record of national impoverishment
was furnished by the Transvaal, in the
treasury of which, when Great Britain
took it over, was the magnificent sum
of about $3. But Sir George Bcwen,
When he went as the first governor to
Queensland, found in the public chest
no more than 17 cents.
Life of the Mnaiirooru.
The mushroom's life is measured by
hours, but it flourishes long enough for
an insect to hang its eggs on the edge
of the "umbrella" and for the egg to
become an insect ready to colonize the
next mushroom that springs up.
Plenty of Gold.
The gold contained in the medals,
vessels, chains and other objects pre- !
served in the Vatican would make more I
gold coin than the whole of the present j
European circulation. j
A 15ird Habit. j
Among the many mysteries of bird j
migration is the fact that over-sea '
journeys are generally conducted in
the darkness and invariably against a
head wind.
English Pickled.
About 1,300,000 pounds of pickles and
sauces are exported yearly from England
to other countries.
Mr. James M. Smith of Columbia, S
^ 1 ? * TA~A_ C.*. Tf /-r-1na ma I
Vj., writes. Oil AU ei>K- AUV
great pleasure to say tnat tne Uld i
North State Ointment bought of you
has entirely cured me of eczema when I
everything I had used previously failed I
to giye any relief. It is a great medicine.
and I would not be without it in (
my house. I use it for almost every- (
thing, where any medieiije is needed. 5
and have gotten the best of results i
everv time. Respectfully.
James M. Smith. I ;
. In spite of Senator Tillman's charge j
that the Nicaragua canal bill is a steal,
it has passed the United States senate j
by an almost unanimous vote.
flaST'- - i S-i-iifTi ' "jiirT^V.
p bisgustea "With Political life.
Robert L. Taylor, thrice governor of
the State of Tennessee, a man much in
public life, 'li^s evidently'discovered
the path of politics to. be "a rough and
not entirely pleasant bn?f. 1 R<?ad an
extract from his farewell speech:
"While I believe that the good in
politics outweighs the bad, ret how
thorny is the path and how unhappy
the pilgrinage to him who dures to do
his duty? There aie no flowers except
a few bouquets snatched from the
graves of fallen foes; there is no happiness
except the transient thrill of cruel
triumph, which passes like a shadow
across the heart.
"Every honest man who runs for office
is a candidate for trouble; for the
fruits of political victory turn to ashes
on the lips.
"To me there is nothing in thiB
world so pathetic as a candidate. He
is like a mariner without a compass,
drifting on the tempest-tossed waves
of uncertainty, between the smiling
cliffs of hope and the fro wing crags
of fear. He is a walking petition and
a living payer; he is the pack horse of
public sentiment; lie is the dromedary
of politics. And even if he reaches
the goal of his ambition, he will soon
feci the beak of the vulture in his
heart and the fang of the serpent in
his soul.
"I am no longer a candidate. Never
again will I be inaugurated into public
offioe. The ark of my humble public
career now rests on the Arrarat of private
life, and I stand on its peaceful
summit and look down on the receding
flood of politics. The dove of my destiny
has brought me an olive branch
from happier fields and I go thence to
labor and to love."
And he anticipates that Benton McMillin,
his successor, is going to find
thorns among the roses in the gubernatorial
career, for he says:
"I now have the distinguished honor
to close the scene, so far as I am concerned.
Benton MoMillin has given his
heart and hand to Tennessee. I uow
pronounce them husband and wife?
and may the Lord have mercy on their
Our young men should read and remember
what Bob Taylor says.
Robet Edward Lee.
Last Thursday was the birthday- of
one of the best and greatest men of this
or any other country or age. He com'
- i -L--I-*
Dinea in nis uie anQ ueauuj.u.u.y muotrated
by his acts those virtues which
make manhood noble and lovely. Robert
E. Lee was great as a soldier; he
would have been great as a statesman
had he served in civil instead of military
office. But, as the Atlanta Journal
says he was greatest as a man. He
won many tattles; he put many armies
to rout; he took many cities. But a
mightier conquest than any and all o(
these was his mastery of his own spirit.
No man who is conspicuous in history
t: \ trr iieiu uia yvnao uuuci ouvu wuiplete
self-control. As a soldier he was
almost beyond criticism, but as a man
he was spotless. No mean action was
ever charged to him. Many a time he
tyok npon himself the responsibility
f or faults andfailures which were due
it others. His "great heart went ouno
tender compassion as readily as it
leaped forth to meet and dare the dirt
est dangers. Malice was alien to his
nature. The petty jealousies and hates
which have specked and married so
many strong natures were absolutely
and immeasurably beneath him. His
-1 - i-* j v_ r x :_Vi
wnoie lire movea von ine su-aigut wauig
line of duty. The ideals of chivalry
never in history, legend or poetry had
a finer or fuller expression than in the
actual life of this man. He won the
respect of his foes even in the heat and
tempest of war; he captured the admiration
of the world; he went, deeper into
the hearts of his own people than ever
any-leader has gone since William the
Silent. It is weil to give up one of the
many days of the year to the contemplation
of such a man's life and character.
There can be few better inspirations
to youth and few sweeter refreshments
of the faith which is often beaten
down in the contact with ordinary
The dawning of the new century is to
witness an era of independence in politics
such as this country has never
known, and if the country is to be saved
from the trusts at all, it will be by this
means. So long as the voters of the
country allow themselves to be blindly
led by the party bosses?who invariably
represent boodle in its most obnoxious
forms?just so long will the liberties of
the people be a matter of barter and
sale. When the voters begin to think
tor tbemselves and vote as their own
conscience dictates, regardless of the
orders of the bosses; when they have
thecourage to break loose from the ties
of mere partisanship; when reason aud
judgment instead of prejudice decide
{fce complexion of the voter's ballot,
fliAn ^ nrft is V* An/i aP auv iilflmof a cnlrrt
yii^u tucic uui uiviiua^ ^atra
M From Maker Direct to Purchaser. ^
? A C^ood ?
I . Piano I
1^^||||jj^ ia8t a ^
38/ give endles? Sbs
The vexation.
I Mathushek t
Hil Is always G^urf, always Rellable?
5gffj alWay.-i rtatls.nciory, always Last- SgS
Sal in^r. Ycu take no chances In bay- 2BB
m inKiu v 4U -. m
3B? It ccsls somewhat more th?n a SBa
SSjj cheap, poor pic.no, but Is much the
?? cheapest in the end.
gg reasonaDie. factory prices to reian an
jSC buyers. Easy payments. Write us. ?g&
|? * LUBBEN & BATES, ??
jjjj Savannah. Gru. and .New Tori City. w|
Address: D. A. PRESSLEY, Agent$
Columbia, S. C.
Liquor, Morphine, Totiaceo
Which is easily cured at?
(eely Institute, c"",ssrec
The Remedy builds up the system in_>
jvery way, removing permanently any
iesire for Liquor or Drug. AJ1 patients
ire under the care of a skilled institute i
physician who is a veteran graduate of '
:he cure and six years exclusively in
K.eely work. Write for literature. ;
Large mansion. Steam heated. Large !
Keel* Institute &?*
V' " " .v ^
Old iorffi State Ointment' >
The Old North State Oint ment
is a medical wonder discovered
by Jasper Miller. It
cures Piles, Eczema, Carbuncles,
Boils, Inflammatory
Rheumatism, Corns, Bunions,
Sore Eyes, Sore Throat, Prickly
Heat and all skin, diseases,
or money refunded. Only 25
cents per box. The discovery
was a case of seeming necessi- , ,
ty. His little daughter had
fearful case of eczema 6f the
head and eyes, and it finally 4
got into the upper lip, causing
it to turn inside out. He had
her treated by leading?the
best?physicians in Columbia
and Charlotte for nearly two
years, and the disease con- *
stantly grew worse. He began
reading a standard medical
journal, and saw many
things recommended for ecze- ma,
and went to work nd
took of the many things and
UUIUJJUUUUCU 11UO '4J.CU.HJiU. ?t under,
Old North State Ointment,
and cnred, in the case of this
little girl, one of the most
stubborn cases of eczema; after
which many other stubborn >
diseases hare been experimented
with and cnred. .
Cuthbert, Qa , September 1, 1897.
Mr Jasper Miller, Columbia, 8. C :
Dear Sir?A friend of mice had eczema, in
Savannah, and he had tried everything recommended
to him without success. I recommended
your Old North State Ointment.
Heos?d ore box, whiah made a complete
care. I take pleasure in recommending it
to any on* suffering from eczema or any szin -affection.
Yours truly, K C. Bacot.
For sale by all Dealers and druggists "at 25
cents per box.
Flour Mill
Machinery. |
Roller Floor Mills. i
Richmond City Mill Works,,
One of the largest manufacturers -o.
Flour Mill Machinery in the country,
and having experienced Millwrighte.,
I am prepared to build mills on.
the most improved plans and at.
prices to compete \rith any one.
in the trade. We guarantee,
the products of our mills to.
equal the grades of the best.
"Western mills. Before. 3
placing your orders. u
^rite to me.
I also handle a complete Woo<rWorking
Machinery: Saw Mills, En
gines and Boilcra, Corn Mill* and Machinery
in general. -s
Having been established in business- _
here for sixteeu years, I have built up.
my trade by selling the very highest
class of machinery, and am in a better
position to serve the interest of my
customers than ever before.
V. C. Badham, |
rp?lr? n d~ /\ 4- 4
vaic ui -7
. .
Your Property.
- ?? :r^gx.
Save money x>y keeping your
Gins in thorough re|>air.
Yon get better results j
please the public
and save vour
Fourteen years practical ex- -""j
perience in the ELLIOTT G-IN
SHOPS at Winnsboro, S. C.,
a guarantee of good work.
Send your gins at once to
he undersigned, '"^J
Located adjacent to the Toier
Engine Work Jnly27 3m
' . A
. '^4
We will exhibit at the State
Pair to be held here Nov, aM
13th to 19 th, ia operation
a v
" ji
complete hurray oixxixg
Complete muBRAY winning- /
System, J
vctttat v
Built by Iiddell Co, CharLotte,
N. C. A
This will afford ail interested an opportunity
of seeing the most modern
and simplest ginning machinery. Y?u. ^8
can't afford to miss it.

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